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pasyMHOMy noHUManiio CBoero no^osema h cbohxx o6a3aHHOCTet. 



rosopi Tasoro coAepacaeia: «y uesa bb Mockb-b ecTB 6paTB, — caasarB eiiy MexawL 
JlKOBJieBH^i, — He 3Haeie ah bh ero?»— «Bamero 6paia 3HaeTB bcs MocsBa h * bb hb> 
cj-b ApyrnxB, — OTBt^ajn, cryAeHTB, — ho jhhho 6utb eiiy h3bbxthmmb a He hm£i) ^ecra». 
— <CRaxHTe noacajycTa, He BHaeie jih bu, hbmb ohb acHBen>?» npoAOiacaJiB Mnxanj* 
JIxoBJieBHYb. — «ch"oroB coBctMi He 3oa»», cKa3aji CTyjeHrb. — «Ho HamcMy pasAt^y, — 
noKoeifu-b MHxaiui ^kob,icbhhi, — 3a mhok) ociaBajca nopiuoHHHR ero KanHraji, <tl 
EOToparo eseroxHO a eMy Bucujaji npoD;eHTu; Tenepi, h jcanHTaji h npon;eHTu xaBHo 
yojaqcHii: ho Tain, nam a 3ea», ito eMy xhtb ueitMi,, to Bee npoAOJisau Bcucift roxi 
BucuiaTL npon;eflTH ci xo.ira, yze norameHHaro n HecymecTByDinaro; OAHasoze TBep^o 
yBtpeHx, vto BToft ne oneus 3oa^HTe^bHofi cyMMw AocTaTOYHo ^a Hero 6htb ho mo- 
xerL». Obo Ha casioMi Atat ott> cJOBa h ao CJiooa TaKi h 6hjio. KpoMi* h cBepxi aioro 
on Aoyxi, bi npoAOJaceHie hxt» xhsbh, npnmeAimixT. kt» hhmi Hacj-BACTBi, b3i> koto- 
pyxi oaho 6ujo AOBOJbHo ivfcHHoe, MaxaHJi AsoBAeBH^x HaaAaeBi oTdynHica, 6e3i 
Bcasaro B03BarpajtAeui«, npeAOCTaajiaa hxi 6paTy. 

Bt> oaKJioqeuie cuaay, ^to HenoMtpHuft h homth ^yAOBBiUHyR ero 9roH3iTB, npecTyn- 
naa cia6ocTb, no uecnacTii) Tast nacTo, aaai 6yATO otfmaa h rjy6oso sainisAiiBniaacJi 
bo BceMipuofi cewt-B Heo6uKBOBeuHuxi Ataiejiefl, hctohubkb h upHiRHa h ero pacTo^H- 
TejbHocTefi, h ero TmeuaBiR, h ero HepiARnxi MaaoAymifi, 6blzb ero eiHHCTBeHBBiMi 
HeAocTaTKOMB hah HopoKOMB. He 6yAB BToro, ohb 6bub 6u coBepmencTBOMB, a coBep- 
mencTBa Tochoab BorB, sairB H3BtcTHo, Ha 3eMAD Be nocujaerb. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



12 BSCTHHK* IBPOIIH. 

Oefc ypasyMiBajia boo Tiueiy h rnfiejib, bck) cyeTy h npnspa*!- 

HOCTB rfexi OrpOMHUXfc pa3BJieHeHi2 f T'fcX'B HeH3MtpHMHX'B HMnpo- 

BBsaiuft, KOTopua najiararoTca HejoBinecTBy TaKi-HasHBaeMUMa 
remaMH h BOTopua croJibKo Hecoo6pa3HO floporo otfxoaaTca h 
BHAHBH^yaiBHUH'B jiHHHocTBM'B , h napoflaMx. BeJiHKoe flBHseHie 
Toro BpeMeHH, b*b Haniaxt rja3axi> npoflOJiffiaiomee coBepmaTB CBoe 
Heno6iAHMoe ne yMaparomee Te^enie, B^nnaa cjaBa, necrB h rop- 
joctb Tenepenmefl bhoxh, BcnoMHna;io npo aepaaBHoe 3,naHie, co- 
8HAaeMoe sa eBponeScKoS no^Bi xpHcriancKHM*B HeJOBiiecrBOM's 
h npHBUBaJio Hapo^H, orjyuieruiiiie 6e3iLiOAHUM , B rpOMOMi, k'b bos- 
X^jiUBaHiK) crapofi, 6.iaroaiooenuofl, n-io^aMH h MnpoMT> oGfubhoS 
hhbh, K'B oTAajHBniHMca b'b pa3noo6pa3m H TpecBOTiii coSuTiw^ 

HO He npOnaBHIHM'b, HO.JHLIM'B JKH3HH H lOHOCTH, Bi I IHMM'B H^ea3!*K 

npeKpacHaro, pa3yMHaro, cboCo^w, npaBflu h Ciara. yqacTJiHBoe 
jho6ohhtctbo ^aa^aeBa He Morjo ocTaTLca paBHOAymnuarb Kb bc- 
jHHaBofi KapTnni: anoxa Tam»-Ha3LiBaeMofi pecraBpaitfn Hartja Ha 
ero cymecTBO Gojibme BJiiania, Heate-m KOTopaa-Hutfyab 231 apy- 
rHxt nepeatHTuxi but* 3110x1 h ao KOHua jKU3nH ohx cocroa,ifc 
noffB ea MorymedBOMt. Ho acHo h narJiaflHO bto BJiianie Bupa- 
bhjiocb h o6o3na^HJioci> TO.ibKO nocii ero B03Bpamenia b*b Pocciio, 
nocjrl nepeffiHTia hmi eme H'fccKOJibKHX'b ^asHCOBX ayxoBnaro parj- 
BHTia, nocfli nepenecenia apyrHxi HcnuTanifl, ne3pnM0 h, Moa>eri» 
(Shtb, desco3HaTejbHO, ho HeoTpa3HMO BoenpHHHMaeMHX'B. 

MHoro 3aHaTiiS cbohm-b 3A0p0BbeMi>, noA'B BneHairfcHieark 
ropbKaro jyBCTBa cjyatefinofi iieyAani, npn bh;$ eBpontfflcKara 
sptjinma, Hado OTxo^HBmaro, ho nacTO h B03BpamaBniaroca, a 
rjiaBHUM'B o0pa3OMi, xo^omx toaobx, npaBCTBeiinuMi ycoBepmeH- 
CTBOBamearb h cb hhm* nepasjiyHHUM'B npiofJpiTeHieM'L h ynpc- 
HeHieM*B 6ojiie hojihoh HHTe,iaeKTya:ibHOH caMocmaTe;ibnocTB; Bee 
(Jojiie h CoJiie BbixoAHBnriH EZb-uoxb BJiiania npu3HaHHbix f & aBTo- 
pHTeTOBi h rpoMKHxi 3HaMeHHT0CTefi, Bee MeHte h MCHle npiy- 
qaacB tthtb Jiio^efl, h dojiie h Cojite yBaaaaTB yqpea^eHia h 
Ben^H, ^aaAaeBi, ckojbko a Mory npnnoMHHTb, hc cxkjisun> HHKa- 
khxi ocofieHHHX'b CBa3efl Bt EBponi. CiuxajTb a otx Hero, hto ohr 

6UJL1> 3HaK0M*B Cb ryMCJo^b^TOM-b H Cb KlOBbe ! ). Olb ' 9T0r0 3Ha- 

KOMCTBa, BnponeM'b/ 3aMiqaTejibHaro y Mena Ha nanaTH HHHero He 

coxpaHMOCb, ^a KaseTca Hinero h He 6ujio. Ha Bap.ic6a^cKHxt 

^Bojax'b owb cflfkisa'b BCTpiny Co.rte naaiarayK), ct> $Hwioco$03i'b 

IIIeJIJIHHrOM'B, H npOBeJTB CB HHiWB H'feCKOJIbKO ^Hefi BX 6jH3KOM^ 



') 3hsltl ohi eme naseTCA Bn^JtMena, CapoHa 3araTeRHa h Kap^nnaja $ema, no 
3th seaKOMCTBa, ecjia ore h 6ujiu y nee paoHo tto ninero, xota kt» 3i;aiTefiHy ohi po3"b 
J1160 XBa nncajii h noJiy^aii OTBbiH. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



n. a. nAkikiwb. \S 

oCmeHiH h kopotkomx pasroBopi. Oahfb H3i BCTHKanoB* eBpo- 
neucKOM mhcjih ropa3^o cnycia He ynycKa^i'B cayqaa npo ?aa^aeBa 
ocBiAOMJiaTBCfl h nepecKa3HBaji , B MnorHMx BHA^Bnumi ero pyc- 
CKHMt, a bi tomt> HHaifc KHA3K) rarapeHy *), hto, no ero MHiniio, 
t^aaAaeBt oahhi H3X saaiijqaTejiBHHX'B juoacS samero BpeMeHH, 
h, KoeenHo, caMwfi 3aMiqaTe.ibnuu b3*b Bcixi H3b , 6cthhx'b eiiy, 
UlexaHHry, pyccKHxxi. B'B CyMaraxt ^aaaaeBa coxpaHtuocL flBa 
HHTepecHHX'B nacbMa kt> (J)0Jioco<J)y, KOTOpua Clijh He^aBHo Hane- 

HaTaHU B'B OflHOM*B H3*B MOCKOBCKHX'B JKypHaJOB'B 2 ). 

Ha BOSBpaTHOM'B nyTH b*b Pocciw bx Xv e W eE % ero Hacrarayjra 
ffiSi noTpacaiomia H3B*fccTia: AjreBcan^p'B I cornea* bx Mornjy m 
b* neTep6yprfe coBepnmjocB coCurie 14-ro aeKaCpa 1825 ro^a. 

OrpoMHoe ^eKaCpBCKoe npoHcmecTBie, flo cefl nopn Ha^esa- 
iuhmx ofipasoM* HM^fe He nepecKasamioe, oahhmh npeB03HOCHMoe 
h BocxBajraeMoe KaKi> BejHKoe, paayMHoe h MHoro-npoponecTByK)- 
mee npoaBjienie pyccKOH HCTopHnecKOH atH3nn, apyniMH, h He bt> 
OAHofi tojibko Poccia 3 ), HH3BOAHMoe h yunataeMoe ao deneHH hhs- 
koh H3MiHH, npe3p1>HHaro KJiaTBonpecTymiema, nosopHaro napy- 
meHia BoeHHofi npHcani h caMaro nouuiaro rocyaapcTBeHHaro 6e3- 

CMHCJlia, HH CB KaKOfi CTOpOHH H HHKaKOS CBOefi HaCTBH) He Ka- 

caeTca uoero pa3CRasa. ConyBCTBiewB h cnMnariaMH ?aa^aeBa oho 
HHKorAa He nojiB30BajiocB. B*b o6meM*B HacTpoeHin ero noHHwaiiBa 
h b'b otfmefi CBa3H ero H^efi, oho 6iuo Aaate ABnateHieM'B hcocho- 

BaTeJBHHM'B, 0HIh60HH0 SaAyMaHHBIM'B, HeC006pa3HUM'B CB IVfejBK), 

6e3njiosHHM'B, roAHHin* tojibko Ha sa^epatanie h oT^ajteHie Bca- 
Karo poAa npeycniania. Ho oho 6jih3ko h 6o.ii3ncHHO Kacaaocs. 
HantfoJiie HyBCTBHTeatHux'B CTpyHi. ero Ayxa h cepaija no otho- 
meHiaM* t4choS bopotkocth cb 6o,iBmeK) nacTBio mi* caMKixi 
bhahuxi h zmbTEUTb ero ynacTHHKOBX, h no ero noBO^y B'B era 
XH3HH npoH3orae.TB cayiafi, KOTopufi a ne Mory He nepecKasaTB, 
B'B KOTOpoM*B 6yaT0 6u b*b ero cyAB6i npnnaji'B acnBoe y^acrie 
BejHKia KHa3b KoHCTaHTHH'B IlaBjioBHq'B, c^ajica ero 6jaro;$- 
TejeifB h cTaatajix Biniioe npaBO Ha ero Cjaro^apHOCTB. 

Ecjih He omafiarocB, b*b Kobh* (hjih b-b BpecT*-JlHTOBCKOMx) 
^aa^aeB* 6ujii> 3aAep&aH'B h AajibnMwee cjih^oBmie eMy 6ujio 
3anpeE^eH0 6e3T> H3*acHeHia Ha to npH^HHi>. O^eHB BipoaTHO, mo 
9th npniHHu Haxo^HJiHCB b'b CB53H cb neTepfiyprcKHMi co6uTieM f t > 



*) HHHt CBflmeBHHKl iHCyCOBa 6paTCTB3. 
f ) Bl ^PyCCKOMt BtCTHHui*. 

*) KpoMt Apyrnzi hctoihijkobi, ji)6onuTHHe Moryn BSriflHjTB 06% stomi co6uTiEi 
iraiBie, HcnojHenHoe nocjiAQefi crporocTii, uozeTi 6htb omnCoHHoe, ho yxe HaBtpao 
^BCTOcepxe^Hoe, repuora Pary3CKaro bi ero «3anHCcaxt». 



Digitized by 



Googk 



H BfcCTHHKb KBPOHH. 

otohb noHATHO, tto ^aa^aeBX BoraexB bx tiojBmofi nepenyFB h 
OBjiBHoe Ce3noKoScTBO. B*b Tose Bpena HaxoAHJica b'b Eobh4 (hjih 
b* Bpecrfe-JlHTOBCKOM-L) npoi3AOMi>, He 3Haio Ky^a, bx MocRBy hjh 
Derepfiyprt, BejHKifi khb3b Kohctehthh'b HaBjOBHTL. Beiepoii-B, 
bt> oieub cHJbHyio rpo3y, ^aaAaeBi yB$AOMHjrB hhcbmowb ojHoro 
88% ero a^'BioTaHTOB'B o CBoeirB nojioatemn, KOTopoe ciio ate mh- 
ayry 6ijjio AOBeAeHO ao BejHKaro khbsh. Mh4 Hea3BicTH0, HMijn> 
jm Tyr& JHHHoe CBHflame ^aa^aeBt cb bcjhkhm'b KeaseMX, hjk 

A* JO HCHOJIHflJlOCB HepeSt TpeTBHX'B JIHIJ-B, TOJIBRO ^OCTOBipHO, HTO 

eeiBBii rhasb ero hphhhji'b ex caMOity y^acurHBOMy cBifliHiio, 
BCAHecRH ^aa^aeBa ycnoROHBaorB, myTHJTB, cm&mch, rOBopaxB, hto 
oh*b <Bce ofiAiJaeTt h yja,n,HTT>>, h npHRasajTB eMy, He TporaacB 
ct libera h ne CMymaacb, aoatHAaTBca bx KoBHi (hjih bi> Bpecii- 
JIhtobckomt>) CBoero BOSBpamema. TaBT>, pa3yirfceTca, h hcdojhh- 
jiocb. IIo B03Bpan\eHiH ace ohb 6yaTO 6u CKasaji l laaaaeBy: 
<maintenant vous avez la clef des champs>. Hoc^i Hero ohh, 
Kax^ufi bi cbok) cropoHy, pa3*B$xajiHCB, h HHEor^a yate 6ojibme 

He BHflaJIHCB. 

Bi HacToamee Bpena aoraaaTBca, ht6 hmohho CflfoaHO bcjh- 
shitb KHB3eM , B ajih tIaa,iaeBa, He tojtbko TpyaHO, ho xase h bi> 

SOHeq'B HeB03M0»H0. MOKHO HOJOatHTeJIBHO CKasaTB, HTO HO fi&AJ 

-saroBopa ohb 6hun> BHHOBarB b'b 6e3BOHeHHO Majiofi creneHH hjh 
ate h BOBce ne npHiacTenB: HHaie HHRaRoe BMiinaTejiBCTBo bcjih- 
*aro BHB3A ero cnaerH 6huio 6u ne bt» coaroaHia; h, Kone^HO, 
B'B TaBOM^ aayiai BejHBifl rha3b HHsaKoro xoaweHia hjih sa- 
•CTynHHiecTBa Ha ce6a HHRoraa 6u ne hphhhji'b. Bcero BipoaTHie, 
ito cyn^ecTBOBaao KaKoe-HHfiyflB He;i;opa3yMiHie, BecBMa HeipyaHoe 
B'B pastfuraiK) hjih B'b pasxacHemfo, ht6 B&iHROMy khh3k>, oco- 
<5eHHO npn ero TorAanraeM'B nojioaLenin, Hireero He ctoh.io c^ijaTB. 
EpefiHBaHie b'b EeTep6ypr6 h b'b Mockb* MHoro 6buio OTpaB- 
jieHO HeAaBHHM'B dpamHUMB co6uTieM*B. Kb rpycTRHHi, Tase- 

J!UM*B BOCHOMHHaHiaM'B CaMBIXX 6jIH3KHX , B JlO^flXT*, B'B HeiTB 6e3- 

BO3BpaTH0 norefifflBx-B x ) } npHcoeflHHHJiocB en^e ne^ajiBHoe, yHUJioe 



! ) Bo BpeMA KopoHauin HMnepaTopa HHKOiaa I, bi MoccBt ^aaxaeBi Hifiit pa3- 
TOBopi -cb EayxoBHirb (noTom rpa<|vL, npe&chjfrTeAb rocyjapcTBeHHaro C0B*feTa), <5ubihhmi, 
jmlkt. HsrfecTHO, cecpeTapeni «cj-B^cTBeHHoft KOMMHcciH» h cocTaBHTejeMi 3HaneBHTaro 
<lOHeceeia>. PasroBopi cam no ce6t He oco6eHHo HHTepeceai, h h npo Hero dome- 
iiaD TOJbio notOMy, tto o6* sthzi npepieTaxi Boo6me oqeHb msulo 3Hanr&. Ha ynpesi>: 
<jya nero no^cywHuit bo bco Bpeiw npouecca crapajHCB npexcTasHTB b*l citboihom^ 
JUfl hhxi BBA*fe»? HiyxoBB 6ywo 6u OTB-feiarB, «tto bto, no ero MHtHin, 6hjo eAHH- 
(CTBeHBoe cpeiCTBO, ecjiH He cnacra bxi, to, no KpaftHeS M^pi, o6jerinTB hxt, yqacTB». 
iMsB'BCTeB'b 6eanomaAeo CTporift npnroBopi o6i o6paai noBexeHk BiyxoBa, npoESHe- 
ceHHiift H. Hb. TypreHeBiuii wb ero KHerB. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



spi.qHme hxi ocHporfcjiux'L h oropieHHHX'B ceneficTBi. PaHa co6- 
CTBeHHaro Heycnixa no B03Bpamemii bi> Pocciio pacKptuacs h o<5- 
HapyatHJiacb Cb hoboh chjioh h hoboS CBiaecAio *); CBoe hojio- 
seme out c^HTajt nojioscHieM'B coBepioeHHaro naaeHia. Cocroa- 
Bie s^opoBbfl yxy^majiocb; HMymecTBesnua xbJia, TpeBoaLHJiH. Owl 
npHAyMai'B yaajieme b! AepeBHK) k*b CTapyxi-TfiTKi, 17$ oaHaKO 
ace He yaiucfl *). IIpotffciBiDH Tain> oiem> He^ojiro, OKonqaiejibHO 
BepHy.ica bx MocRBy, h3t> KOTopofi HHsorxa yae Coirfje ho huiz- 

HocejiHBiiiHCL Bt MocKBi, cb coBepmenHO pa3CTpoeHnBiM'B 3JO- 
poBbeMt, noHHTaa cbojo Kaptepy HeB03BpaTH0 yHHHToseHHOio, owh 
# npeaajica HiKOToparo pow OTqaaeiio. ^ejiOBiKi CB^Ta h ofime- 
CTBa no npeuMymecTBy, cxfeiajicji oahhokhmx, yrpwMUM's hcjiioah- 
mohi... Yse rpo3Hjin noMimaTejbCTBO h Mapa3Mi», Koraa npaxoT- 
j&B&a, nojrnaa HeB^AOMux'B em,e chjii ero Haiypa 3 ), BHeaanuLiMt 



^ 



*) Bb dTOxe, saseTCff, Bpena ohb xtiaJB B-fcaoTopua bohutkh ohbtb BCTynnTB b*b 
cjyarfy yxe no rpaauaecaofi qacrH, bo sth bobutbh ue hm*bjh hh ycnixa, hh 3HaieHis 
■ xtjUBCB barb 6m myTKH hah aadasu paxH. 

») Mockobckoh ryoepaiu bb ^mhtpobceomb yfesxii. Bb t4 KopoTsix MrHOBema, xo- 
Topua ohi npoBOAB bb xepeBHi, ero aoAnoHAa MOAojaa x^Bymaa B3B oxHoro cocixHaro 
cesteftcTBa. BoAfeHeBuaa h cjaoaa, ona ho noraa noMunuaTt o 3aMyacecTB'fe, bhckoabko 
ae xynaja cxpiuaTB cBoero nyecTBa, OTKpoBeuHo h oeaoineTHo OTAajiaci. 8Tony nyB- 
cTBy BnoJH-fe, h hmb 6uxa CBeACHa bb Mornjy. JTdoobl yMapaniaefi At By in eh tiiua, mo* 
serb 6bitb, caMUMB TporaTeabBHMB h caMUMB npespacBUMB H3B bcbxb anaaoxoBB ero 
zhsbb. SL hm£xb c^acTJHDufi cjyqafl HWTHTb iiHCbua, en Torxa xb Deny nucaHBLia. He* 
3HaK), Kan. obi OTBirajB Ha 8Ty npoBjnaHHocTB, BcnoAneHuyn bbicokor hhctoth, cbh- 
Toro caMOOTBepaceHifl, oesycaoBBoft npexaeHocTH, noAflaro 6e3aopucTia: bo nepexB hob- 
Homi obi bcbomhhab npo Bee nasi npo canoe xparoutBHoe CBoe xocToaaie h noacejiajib. 
6bitb noxopoaeHHUBi Boaai Toro assaaio cymecTaa, x^a aoioparo 6tut bcbmi. Ho- 

CjijHDD BOJID BT. TOHBOCTO BU00JBBJ1B. 

a ) Cjynafi, cb KOToparo Haiaaoct, ecxn se BuaxopoBjeoie ero, to, bo spall Heft ntpt^ 
ropa3AO jy^mee cocroaBie, no-Jioeiiy, aobojibho 3a6aBem>: BTouy cjiyna© obb, 65jBinei> 
^acTBK), npHOBCNBajB CBoe cnaceeie, h He cobcbmb 6ujtb BenpasB, noTouy hto oneBHABo,, 
*to hub Bocnoju»30BaiacB naiypa A<ia (uaroAfcrejiBHaro, en 3aAynaHHaro h coBepmoBHaro 
nepeioaia. HaaxaeBB 6oibbo& 6uab aecBOceBB m* bc^xb BHX'BBmHXB ero Bpaneft, so- 
TopuMB Bcerxa BcaiecKH, cbojbbo chxb y aero AOdaBajio, BaxotxaJB. Hpo(J)eccopB. 
Ajt(J)OHCKifi (ootoub peaTopB nocKOBcaaro yanBepcHTeTa), bbab ero bb tomb Beciepna- 
momb iin Bpana noioseBia,. soropoe Ha o6MKeoueHeoMT> a3Uk"& aoeeTca «hh bb aopo6B y 
eh H3B aopo6a», npeAHHcajB euy «pa3B.ieHeoie», a Ha xajiooH: «KyAa ice a notAy, cb 
ri-MB Mai BHxiTBca, aaEB rx* 6utb?» oTBi^aiB rfiaB, tto- jhhho cbcsb ero bb mo- 
ccoBcidft aHijificaift BjyOB. Bb Kiytifc ohb BCTptTBiB oneet MHoro snasoMuxB, koto- 
piixB h caMB 6ui% xoBoieflB BBxtTB, h KOTopue h eMy o6paxoBajHCB. Haaxaeai H3-B 
eoBepmeoHaro 6e3jnxBfl OHyTHBmifica bb o6mecTBt , 6e3B BcaRaro npeyBeJHH6Hia r 
MorB 6utb cpaBaeflB cb ph6oh, H3B cyxoro Mtcra o^yTHBmeftca bb boa*, cb boa- 
bomb, H8B BJ-BTBH BOnaBBIHMB BB itCB. floOuBaBIUH BB KJ}6t, yBHXaBB, HTO 06lD,eCTB0* 

yxocTOBBaeTB ero eme BBBMaaieMB, obb craiB CKopo h saM^TBo nonpaajaTtca, xota 
x* coBepmenHOMy axopoBBi) HBKorxa He BOSBpan^aJca. Cb rfcxB nopB t 6e3B xmbhhx*. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



16 BftCTHRl XBPOOH. 

TaHHCTBeHHHirB ycjuuearB Biinecara ero H3X 9Toro tffejCTBeiraaro CO* 
CTOflHk h yKasajw eMy HOBoe, HHoe nonpHm,e, uHiae neHSBtxaH- 
Hfcie nyTH, npociiaBJieHieMx, 6xecKowh h nojbsoio tfojiie 6orarwe 
h ofiHjLHue, HeaejiH bc4 jo Toro ero MaraBmie... Ho** rojoko- 
jiaMH daparo KpeMJia, Bt caMOM* cepaivfe pyccKaro OTeiecTBa, bb> 
<BiqHOMi» ropo^> Poccia, bb bcjihroS HCTopiniecRofi, aRHBonHCHOft, 

CTOJIBRO eMy 8BaK0M0fi H CTOJIBRO EWb JTfOtfHMOft M0CRB$, 6bIIO 

eMy cyaaeHO BnncaTB CBoe hmh b*b CTpaHMju HcropiH, BRycHTB 
otb cjraAOCTH sHaMeHHTOCTH h orb ropeie roHeoia h, nenpHMH- 

PHMS1MH, 6e3nOmaAHUMH HenaBHCTBMH, IMaMeHBHMH IipHBHSaHHO- 

ctamw, ynoHTejibHHM'B rpoMOMt XBa-iu, nosopnuMt rpoMOMt pyra- 
TejiBCTBa, cmboh) h npearfeAOBaHieM 1 * — B03.jBHrHyTbj.ia ce6a to 
caMoe BHcoKoe H3B Bctx^ ^ejioB-feHecKuxx cyaoaiivb, ROTopoe cy- 
mecTByerB, MOserB 6HTb, hc b*b ojhoS tojibro cBoeii CTpairb, h 
jae, KOHe^HO, tojibro b*b oahomi noTOMCTB* 1 ). 



OKOlBIBOCTeft , OBI 06BBBBJTB BpO$eCCOpa AJB$OBCKarO HeiOBtKOMt xo6poxtTejB- 

hhmb (sara nocji* ipyroro itexHaa, xofrropa TefiuaHa, npo aoroparo rosopuB, ito 
-«eiiy B03ABBrHyji aaiMTBHBB bb CBoem cepxai*), cbohmb cnacflrejeMB, oxaaaBBiBHv 
euy ycjyry h oxojiaeeaie ae Bpaia npocrro, bo Hacroamaro xpyra. 

l ) Ero otfmecTBeHHoe Boaoaceaie bb Mockb*, 6e3B scaicaro B3irfeBeHia, npojoiacaB- 
neeca xo aoBaa eroacassB, 6ujo coOctbcbho toibo Taaoe ae, Kain» h bb IIeTep6yprii, 
cb tod paaaaaeft, hto bb aeMy npBCoexflBHJBCB eme rt ottbbbb, totb cmhcib b to 
8BaHeBie, aoTopue aaaoMy 6u to hh 6mjo cymecTBOBaniD cooGowtb BiPoccia nosers 
tojbbo oxaa MocsBa. Yjobbtb btotb cmbtcjb, 3to SBaieBie, bth OTrsflci, ceojbxo a 
noBHMai), xobojibbo Tpyxao, b oan 6oihme qyi»CTBy»TCH, aexeja oflpexfaaDTca. Jbtooctb, 
• o6jaxa»mji> coBoxynflocTBi) bjb OTrfuBBUMB nepTaMB TasaxB BflinmaxB npasHaaoBB, a 
eaauBai) «uockobckhmb aBTopaTeTouB», rs BOTopuMi, bi oieBB Bucosoft CTeneBH h 
6e3% Majiifimaro saTpyxBeBia, npHHHCja» HaaxaeBa. <MocKOBcidft aBTopBTen>» tbko- 
bumi X'BJaeTca co6cTBeflHo ae bo BBXBBBxyajn*Bofi ctobmoctb, bo bo sbbtboctb, Be bo 
BaciyraMB, se bo 6oraTCTBy xaace, xotb b to, h xpyroe, a TpeTte, a eme MBoroe cbo- 
coCcTByerb eMy Bupa6oTHBaTi»ca; a bo Toay noHATiio, KOTopoe 6e3i Bcaaoft xpyroft npn- 
ibbu apoifi CBoero npoH3BOja, coexasflerb ci bbmi MocaoBCsoe o6n;ecTBO, bo tbm-l 
-CBoficTBaai, BBorxa bobco ae cymedByiomnirB^ KOTopua dTOMy o6n^ecTBy vt Bem» yroxno 

BBXtTL, no TBMl aaHeCTBaMB X'BfiCTBHTeJBBHMl HIH BHMUIBaeBUblMl, KOTOpHMB MOCEOB- 

CKOMy iDxy BBorxa coBepmesBo cbocboibbo B3xyaaeTca ero aax^iBTB. noaarie o <no- 
caoBCBOMi aBTopBTerB» ae npBBBMaeTB bt> coo6paaceaie xaxe ataoTopuxi ^Bsa^ecaarb 
ycioait, HanpairBpi, noia bjb Bospacra. Bt» TaaoBue, a b*l caaue 3HaiHTejii»aye, 6e3t 
qacia Boaaxaja aceamBBu; BBorxa xaace xiBymaB b MBoroo6-Ema»mie dbobtb, 06a nocjtx- 
flie, apaBxa, ropaaxo p*ace. A*& noxTBepzxeaia caaaaHaaro bi npaMipaxB,aBeaxoTax'b b xo- 
aaaaTejiBCTBaxB, BexocraTxa se^ero onacaTBca. BesB Taanxi aBTopaTeroBB Mocasa Baaorxa 
ae ZBBaja b bb bbxb xajoBaia cb BeBipoflTHoft npnxoTjQBOCTfcD BBorxa caayxt 3a- 
MiTBbixB a bbxbhxb ii>xeft bb Poccifl, BBorxa caaHXB nycTuxi, BBHToacfluxi a xaxe 
BBxyxa aeroxBuxB; aiyqaxocB, b xaace lacro cjy^ajocB, xotb, pasyaieTca Be xajte B3- 
B-BCTBaro, onpextieaBaro, nnpoieax BecBMa o6mBpBaro Kpyra, hto aaorxa a xaaoxB bb 
Ha ecTB riynopoaueBBtixB 6jaxeaBuxB, noaycyMacmexaiBXB bjb njyTOBamxB npoxa- 
bbixb, nojydimeBBixB xypaaOB% a iypt. IJtiB a apcxiiBi Moeft Tenepemaeft saaHCKa 
Me no3BO«iai)TB Met pacnpocTpanHTtca oOmapHie o6b btomb xixobbbbomb, bb Bucmeft 



Digitized by 



Googk 



n. a. minuLVb. 17 

Bo BpeMH h ceilqac^ noc-ifc nepecKasaHHUxx mhok> coCirrift 
h 03HaqeHHaro mhok> uojio&emn, ^aajaeB* jocthib BepmHHu cbo- 
•ero yMCTBeHHaro, HpaBCTBeHHaro h ayxoBHaro pasBHria, h crosm 
Ha Tofi bhcot4 HHTejuieKTyajiBHaro MorymecrBa, jajibine KOTopoft 
yse HHKor^a He nojHHMa.ica. Bcio npexmoK) ero »H3Hb, Bee ao- 
TenepeniHce ero cymecrBOBame moh&ho CHHTaTb npHroTOBjremeM'B 
vb nacroameMy MrHOBeHiio. Hh o^na H3*l o&iacTeft lejOBiiecBaro 
3Hama He 6ujra eny coBepraeHno HeH3B*CTH0K). OrpoMHoe bhijhrjo- 
neiaqecKoe ofipasoBame hhcbojbko ne eckjuowjio h4kotophx*e 
cecbMa oSmnpnuxt ciieD,iajibHuxi» no3nani8 bt> ?pe3BuqafiH0 3a- 
}rfrcaTejn>Hofl crreneHH. Ohx BJiaj'fci'B qeTupsMa *) hobhmh asuKa- 
mh, ii3^ KOTopux^ AByiia 2 ) bi coBepmeHCTBt. noBepxnocraoe 8Ha- 
nie jraTHHCKaro a3HKa; TmaTcibHoe H3yneHie rpeiecEHX* h paic- 
<kutl nucaxeieft, H3i> kotop&ix'b pi^Kifi He 6ujit> eHy BopoTBO 
BSBicTeffB, npHM*^aTeJibHoe SHaaoMCTBO cb ipeBHOdaMH Tpe^a H 
PuMa coo6mn.iH ero yMCTBeHHOCTH xom hchojihh8, ho o^enb A&Jb- 
euB c&Jia;rb h o*reHb saarfcTHuft ott^hobi RjiaccHiecaaro nacTpoe- 
uifl, cBoficTBCHHufi TOJiBKO BHcoKqnpocB'fcmeHHOMy HejiOB^Ry. Ero 
acropmecKia h 6orocjioBCRia nosHaHia paBHajiHCb oahhm-b no3Ha- 
HiflMt cnei^iajiHCTOBi 8 ). Bx Poccin, Moserb (Stub sa BecbMa co- 

. UHHTeJII>HBJMT> HCKJHOHeHieiTb OieHb HeMHOI'HX'b AyXOBHHX'B JIHIJl, 

TOHeHHO, HHsor^a He CuBajio HeaoBiaa, croJibKO pa3Hoo(Spa3HO h 
V rjy6oKO H3yqHBmaro ijepKOBHyio HCTopiio ci ea 6e3qHCjreHHUMH ro- 
jie(5afliaMH h paaBiiBJieiriaMH. OGaacTb BcempnoA rpaaaaHCrtofi no- 
jiHTHHecBoft HCTopiH HOJiosHTe^bHO He saRjnonaja vl cetf* HHiero 
jijfl Hero coKpoBeHHaro. Bt> btomt* OTHOmeniH ero Haysa 6biJia 
cTOJibKo oGmapHa, h mraaxb &o Toro Bipeni, hto bo Bpena ny- 
<uH<iHHX'b jieBi^iff TpaHOBCBaro, ohb, npn KaRoB-Hntfynb Ba»HO& 
snoxi, B036y»AaBmeft otfujee JiotfonBiTCTBO, 6e30niH6o<rao npejCKa- 
^UBa-TL, na RaKi& $aKTH 3HaMenHTu8 npo^eccopt cTaHerb oco(5eH- 
«o yw^HBaTb h KaayK) Mticjb hpoboahtb 4 ). Ero pa3yM$Hie hcto- 
piH, noHHMaHbe CMucia coCurii 6hjh reBia-ibHH h r.iy6oBH. Ecie- 



CTeneHn saTifijHBOiii npoaBjeHin mockobckoS xh3hh; a xojxeHi orpaeH^HTtcfl tojbko 
rtiTB, hto npo Hero noMfleyTb, h o6o3Hairn>, hto bt. rjia3axi 6oibmHHCTua mjih tojhh 
MOCxoBCKoft ny^JiHEV h HaajaeBi. HisorAa 6aai TasHMi «aBTopeTeTOMi». nojoaeHia 
a» ero nepejii msaim Mycjunxaro neiibmHucTBa 6yxer& ene CEa3aHO ou'LiiHO. 

*) PyccsHMi, (J)panny3CKHin., HiweuaiiMi h aHrjiAcamrb. 

*) PyCCKHMl H 4>paBuy3CKRMi. 

9 ) Bo BpeMg noxBJCBia ■ rpowaofi 3HaMeRHTOCTH Bctm H3B*BCTnofl KHHra HlTpayca, 
eeciiMa o^pasoBairaue h oneub eerjiynue jdah paaiBHHuxi BipoBanift h y6izAeHifi 
roBopnjH, hto bi PocciH toj&ko oihhl naaxaeoi bt. cocToaeiH HatiHcaTb Ha aee onpo- 
BcpaceHie. 

*) Bcero Meeie yxoaieTBopnTejBHO obi seaii pyccK-y» BCTOpiD, xoth h bi Heft 
<>imi XOboibho CBt^yim: (facn, no-MoeMy, Becma saawTeibHiift. 

Tom* Y. — Cbhmbpb, 1871. 2 



Digitized by 



Googk 



18 MCTBHffb EBPOIIH. 

CTBeHHua h TOHHKifl Hayra cocTaBHjH npeAMeT* ero oneHb paH- 
Haro 3naKOMCTBa h K)HomecKaro Jio6onHTCTBa, — nenaTb h npasHaKt. 
BHaHHTaibHofl AO.in aHrjiiScRaro nepentca u anr.iificKaro BJiiaHia 
bt» ero nepBOiiaqa.iBHOin* BocniiTanin. 3th CB^A^Hifl, npaBAa, Cujia 

He OHeHi 06uiHpHU, HO npiotfp'fcTCHb] C03HaTejbHUM'B H TpyAOJIK)- 
6BBS1M-B 06pa30M'B, H HCMaJIO CnOC06CTBOBajIH B-B pa3BHTJK) B*B 

ero yMCTBeHHOCTH cejohhocth h cTpeMJeniio k*b o6o6mefliio, k*b- 

eflHHCTBy, Kb npaBHJIBHOH, HeyBJIOHHOH HOC^tAOBaTeJIbHOCTH, KS- 

pa3yMHOMy C0CTeiiaTH3HpoBaniK), cjobomx kt> rfeMx CBoficTBaifb,. 
KOTopua Bcer^a h Be3A$ ofijiHiaiorb npecyTCTBie B&iHBaro ywa. 
Hsyienie HCTopin ^Bjoco^ia h saM^aTejibHoe 3nanie $hjioco4>- 
ckhx'l CHCTeMi oSoraTHJiH ero CojitraoH Haynnofl ohuthoctlio- 
06t> ero CB*A'kHiax'& b*b ofijiacTH hhctoS iHTepaiypu (belles- 
lettres) coficTBeHHo h noMHHaTb neqero. Ohh 6hjih Hpe3Buqafieo 
pa3HOo6pa3Hu, h mojrho yTBepAHTejibHO CBasaTb, wo 1131 npoH3- 
BeAeniS nncbMeHHOCTH Kaxoro 6h to bh 6ujio HapoAa, Kasou 611 
to hh 6ujio cTpaHH h MKoro 6u to HE 6hjio BpeMeHH, piA^oe- 
He 6hjio eMy kopotko h3b4ctho. He pas* CJiyraaocb, ito kto-hh- 
6yAt> H3i> BecbMa o6pa30BaHHux*b JuoAeB, CB'tjanuiH npo KaKoe- 
HH6yAb satfuToe xaBHHinHee coHHHeHie h coofimaa eMy CBoe ot- 
sptme, bx OTBirb nojiyiajrb oCcToaTeJbBoe ncTopHKO-KpHTHHecKoe- 
ero ofiosp^Hie 1 ). IIo3HaHie h ouun> BoeHHaro A^a h no3HaHie~ 
CBfcra h ofimecTBa, o6uKHOBeHHO ctojilko ojeAeHfliomee Ayniy h 
nepcTBBmee cepAue, ?pe3Bbj<iaiiHO C.naroA'fcTe.ibHo bjiIhjih na cTpofi 
h yMaABy ero pasywa. H3*b nepBaro ohi Bimecb DJiaMeHHue no- 
puBU BAOXHOBeflia h HMnpoBU3au,iH, Bupa6oTHBaeMue bx npaBHjb- 
Hyio $opMy, b*b CTporyio CAepsaHHOCTb HeyMOJiaiiofi Hecra6ae- 
MocTbio ah^hdjihhh. 3piJiHme BTOporo, bi CBoewx 6e3KOBeiHOM'B~ 
pa3HOo6pa3iH 11 nps cbohxt> HenpecTanHKixt BOJmeHiax'b, Topaecr- 
BeHHO-cnoKOHHoe, BUcoKOMipHO-HeKOJueCHMoe, HenoABHSHO-ojerap- 
XH^ecKoe, wb ropasAo 6oji4e 3HanHTejibH0H CTeneHii, HeraaiH Ay- 
Marorb, bocuojhhjio npHpoatAeHHyio ewy BaK^ouHocTb kt> ciiokoh- 
HOMy oficyjBAeHiio, m> HeB03MyTBMowy MiiurjieBiK). MeorojiiTHee,. 
spHjesHoe HTeHie jyirnHxt npoii3BeAeHifl, paHHee h 6jiH3Eoe sea- 
komctbo cb KHHraMH cBameHHaro nucaHia h cb 6a<5jie3cKHM f b cjio- 
roMT*, H3yieeie oti^ob'b ijepKBH, — Bwpa6oTa;iH wr Hero nyAecHiifl, 
B'b BbicoKoS CTeneHH HHAHBHAyajibHUH h caMOCTOBTejibHbiS 0000061 
H3J0»eeia, bsuki, HHorAa ao CTpaBHOCTH HenpaBHJibHbiB, h hotth 



J ) 9th cjynan 1 IaaxaeBi o^eHt j»6hjii h HMtax cja6ocn> mm ee bi iif.pj tb- 
niHTkCfl; npa hhxi Bcerjia noMHHa.ii. cjOBenKo, KOTopoe 6yxT0 6n csasajia r-xa Ctjuis 
upo o^uoro pyccKaro: «a ero oneai. 4d6j» h yBaaa©; HeBosnozHO 6utl jyqine, yMHf.e 
B oCpasosaHHte: tojilio yxiBHTCitno, sasi* imoraro dTorb qexootsi ne 8Baerb>. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



n. a. iiajieb'b. 19 

*ceraa He fb wipy H3UCKaHiiufi, ho nojieuft. oraa, BHpaaHTejbHO- 

■CXP, SH3HH, atHBOUMCHOCTH, KpaTBOf! OpHrHHaJlbHOCTH, 06ayMaHH0H 

yqenofi cAepataHHOCTH, Bupaaenie Atiuiamee chjioh h suepriefi, 

JieTBOCTbK), JOrUHeCKOfi BtpHOCTblO H flCHOH ODpeAtJieHHOCTbK). Ha- 
KOHeU'L, CO BCliMH 3TIIMH npiofipiTeHHUMH CHJUiMl!, on-b coMeTa.n> 

yAHBHTOjibHyK), npHpoaAGHHyK) eny cnoco6nocTb HafaioAaTejibHOCTH, 
jipjiMo, seyKiOHHo nonaaafomeS b*b ivkib, cpa3y cxBamBaiomeft 
a ofiflHMaiomefl cymecTBeHHtifl ocoCchuocth KaKoro 6u to hh 6bijo 
oiBJieHifl, cnocoCnocTb, Bcer^a BOopyateHHyio bu.ihtok) H3o6pa3HTeJb- 
HocTbK) BupameHia, nopaaaiomefi BHe3aimocTbK), h, caMoft HeH3-b- 
,hchhmoS HeosHA^HHOCTbK), Macro Hajiaraiouj.il mi> 6c3MOJiBie pa3y- 

Or* naioBtKa, oCjiaAaiomaro TaKHMH h CTOJibKO pa3HOo6pa3Hti- 



*) 3to cboRctbo ero cymecTBa, xoboabho, Bnponein, o6m.ee bcbmb. BexHKUMB yMaMB 
ti sa hhiih 6e3i» BCflicaro coMH'feeia acajiK><uiTejBHoe, npaiio poxcTBeanoe tomj, aoTopoiiy 
qfeiuft Jiipi ooasaHi 3eaiieiiRTUMi, xo hobjjoctm h3b£cthbimi aHeKAOTOMi Kojyatfa cb 
afiuom,, npoflBjfljocL bt» uem BocToaano u Tarae iiajo ero aoKiixa.io npa pa3cnaTpa- 
BaHia b&ihkhxi npeAMeTOBB, KaKi h npa nnjit nycTtfimaxi, camjxB mcioihuxb Ce3At- 
jbd;b. 3a npHM-fepaMii xoahtb He xajeao. H uori 6u hxb npabecTH <$C3B <nicia. Orpa- 
HniycB to.ilro TpeMA, no noeuy, oieHB xaparrepHCTUHHUMn, h npexHairhpeaHO npHBoaiy 
•hx-b caMue MexoHHue: 

Bt> oxhomx Katfaiirfe, rx*B mbi otftxajia <n> HaaxaeBWMi, no apaftReft lrfepi paai 
&HTBxecarB, h HHorja ho babogmb tojbko, bhcbjh ABi uapTHHLH, H3T» koto pu XI OAHa 
B3o6pasajia pyccKaro uMneparopa cb ero mTa6oMB, a xpyraa iipyccrcaro icopoja cb Ta- 
kobbiih ace. HjiKorja biikto bb btbxb aapTHaaxB Haiero oco6eHHaro ne saitiwaiB a°> 
Toft nopii, nosaMtcrb bt> oahhb jeeb qaajaeBB hh-b He caaiajB: <IIociiotpb, hhkto He 
bhxbtb, yto bb 3Tnxi xapTHBKaxi, Ha oxaoft opxeHcda jchtu bcb oxtTH ua oiHy 
CTopoHy, a na xpyroft a* xpyry»: onero 6h bto? a, b*i>, xoraxaTbca He TpyxHo>. Si 
npHBuajca, hto npa^HOu He nouHMat). <dio orroro — npoxojaajii oui — hto Ha pyc- 
ckhxt. Bci jeuTbi npyccKiH, a ua npyccaKaxt Bet pyccaia>. 

Bt, oxhojib AOM-fc MH-fc nonaAo6n.iocb cA^jaTb neperopoAKy bhcokoh CTO-iapHoft pa- 
f>OTH, xoTopaa Mena oienb 3aHHMa.ia. PncyHOBb a 3ai:a3ajrb xopomeMy, aoboasho H3- 
BtcTHOMy xyxojcHiisy, acnojeeHie Bumio upecpacHoe, a db xo6aBOci, CTonja oHa npa- 
. Mt^aTejBHO lemeBo. H.JBtvCTBo, ito cTOJapnaa pa6oia ByxjaAUBaHifl crt>HB xcpeBom, 
Taa-b HaabiBaeMaa «boiserie», bb Poccia h cieub ptAaa, a <ipe3BbiHafiH0 xopora. A ' 
bojbhuh ycntxom CBoefi BwxyMKH, a MHoraMi BTy neperopoAKy noaa3UBaJi h hh otb 
toro Hnnero He CAtixa.ii., spout, ito coieHb xcckbtb xopomo, a aasi 3to Tam» AeraeBO 
yAajocB?> Toibko hto Bomej'B bb soMaaTy HaaAaeB* n ee yBBA^AB, uaicB ci» ace xu- 
HyTy 3autTHJB, rro bt> pacyaa-B ecrb o^enb cutraHoft HeAOCTaToat, hto neperopoAaa 
noxooica ua UKOuocmacs, IIotomi ctohjo Ha Hee B3rjaHyTB, ^to6u C03HaTBca, tto oh* 
6bi.ii npaBB. 

y Meaa bb KOMHarfi bmcbai nopTpert o^enb H3BicTHaro BctMB BxoiaBBiaifB bb 
xoiiHaTy ^eiOB-BKa. 9topb nopTpeia BBxtjo ohcdb MHoro ixuefi, h y Mena, a bb at- 
BOTopBixi xpyraxB MtciaxB, a aacorxa npo Hero uhkto HHiero He roBOpHJB. KaaB 
yBBA^jB ero HaaxaeBB, HeMerjeeHO bb uetn> yaa3aj* oieot oeiecrHoe cxoxctbo cb ox* 
hrxb ne coBciMB 6iaropoAHUMB jutBOTHUMB, bb HeMB npeafxe iixtBane, tevb Bcasaro 
. apexociOBia, hotomb h corjacaiacB. 

2* 



Digitized by 



Googk 



20 BftCTHHEft KBPODH. 

vh opyAiflME, nosBOJiBHO osHAaTB MHoraro. Eoih dtorb bsltreuS 7 
naaMeHHufi, GoraTO CHafiseHHufi yM'B Haifaerb, hjh aaate tojibko* 
noAyiiaerB, mto HamejrB iipeaMerB aoctoiIhmh cBoero BHawaHia h 
CBoefi paapafioTKH — cipaHa, bo bcakomi c-iynat, npioGpiTaerB Be- 
jHEaro h aiaBHaro aiaiejiH, KpacnopiieBaro, rjyfioKOMUCJieHHaro 

DHCaTeifl, H, MOJEeTB 6UTL, OflHOrO H3*B T'fcX'B H36paHHHKOB'B, BO- 

Topue BimaiOT* HapojaMi BiiHua, Benpexo,immia caoBa npaBAHk 



npeAMeTOMx ero nocTOAiraiJX'B saHATiS, oco6eHHaro BHnMama 
h HHTJiHBaro paimwiDJieHia CA'fcJiajiHCb Bonpocu $H;ioco<f>cRie, 6oro- 
caoBCBie h HCTOpHqecsie. CaMO cofioio pasyatieTca, hto Ha nepBOM 1 *. 
njaHi, npeat^e Bcero h npejvb bc'Ismi npoHnxix npcanoiTHTeJibHO, 
ero sa6oTH.JiH pyccKaa HCTopia h $H.ioco<|)CKie b3tjlrwi Ha hcto- 
piiqecKyio «h3hb Poccin. 

IIocejiHBinHCB B-s Mocbb^, ^aaaaeBX npoatHBaji'B na pasHux'S 
BBapTapaxi, Bt KOTopuxt npoBOAHJit Bpewa oKpyaeHHUU BpanaMH, 
noMHHyTHO :ieiacB, Bcrynaa ct MeAiraaaiH b*b necsoHHaeMua cao- 

BOnpeHIA, H BH^aflCb TOJIbEO C'B OHeHb HCMHOrHMH pOACTBeHHHKaMH 

h Cb 6paTOMt. IIo HiKOTOpoM-B yKpirueHiu ero 3AopoBba, na 
OBOHHaTcibHOMt oTifo^ M. H. ^aa^aeBa b*b j.epeBHK) 1 ), h, do 
c6jH«eniH ero onaTB co CB-fcTOMt h o6u;ecTBOMi, oht» no3HaKOMu:ica 
cl ceMeficTBOMt JleBaiiioBUX'b, cb kotophmi h ocoCenno c-b waiepbio 
8Toro ceMeflcToa KaTepimoK) TaBpejioBHOK) 2 j boiiictb b*b ^pe3BU- 
tohho ^pyasecKyH) cbasb. CeMeficTBO JleBamoBux'B 6uj\o oahhm'r 

H3t T^Xl CTapHRHHX'B CoraTLIX'B flBOpaHCRHX'B CeMeHCTBl, KOTO- 

pux* He tojtlko cymecTBOBame, ho h naMJiTb b^ HacTOflmyro 
MHHyTy HaHHHaerB yate ncne3aTB. Oho srujio b*b HoboS Bac&iaHHoS, 
bi npaxofli* Ileipa h IlaBja Bt co6cTBeHHoai*B npocTpaHHOM^ 

AOM4 3 ), CO BCtxi CTOpOH-B ORaflMJieHHOAH OrpOMHUMX BiROBblM'B 
Ca^OMX H CHafiateHHOM-B HtCROJIBRHMH ABOpaMH, — paCUOJO»eHHOfr 

b*b hath hjih mecTH noMimeHiflXT>, OBpyateHnoe noj^ioatHHOH no 
pa3HLiAn, pe3onaMT> npa HeMX nposHBaiomHX'B paxinqiiux'B jihh,!) 4 ), 



l ) M. H. 'laaAaeBi yfexa.TB H3t Mockbh HeMHoro cnycTa nowfe 3Han(mcTna 6paia 
c& JleBamoBMMH h aaace Caeaji y nero ua Hooofi KeapTHpt. 

a ) KaTepnna raopRjoBHa JteBamoea, no cjyxaMi, 6uja owHieaa n He coBd^i. 
o6uKnoBenHaa senmnHa: BecMOTpa na woe KopoTcoe TOBapnmecTBO ci o^hhmi wn> est 
cuHOBeft, a ea ahhuo ne 3eaii. 

9 ) UpH TaKHXi xoiiaxi bt. Mockb-b CwBajH, — npeiiMyn^ecTBeuno, BnpoMein., ^o 
4>paHu,y30Bi, — co6cTBGHHua 6ann a npyiu bi ca^axt, bi kotopuxi neoria npoe3Bo- 
XHJacL n x03aficTBeHiiaa cinpxa 6ijBa. Ilpa «JeBamoBCcoMi» gout o^HaKoacB hii apy^a, 
ah 6aHH He 6ujio. 

*) Kto sthjii Tyn H3i ^pys6u, kto h3-b mhiocth, kto xm yAODOJfcCTuifl, xro uo> 



Digitized by 



Googk 



noMHHyTHO noefemaeMoe otfrnnpnuirB KpyroM* 6oj\ie hjth Men'Le 
SHaTHaro, 6oj , fee b-ih Menie 6oraTaro poACTBa n 3iiaK0MCTBa, coAepaa 
orojto nojicoTnH HeJOB*K^ npnciyrH, ao ABa^am jiomaAeft, niiCKOJiBKo- 
AoAhhx'b KopoBt h usuepmuBan otb da naTHAecaTH ao AByx* cott> 
tbicatb pyfijieS accarHaiUJiMH b*b roAt. Myatt h accHa JleBauioBM 
noApy»H.iHCB cb ^aaAaeBUMt, npe&iojKMH eMy jkhtb y hhxx bf» 
AOM't hajih 9Toro Ha cBoeMx ABopt onpcA^JH^H ocofieHHuft, BectMa 
npHjui^HuS $.inrejiB. tlaaAaeBfc noMicTH.ica bo $Jinreji4, hjih, RaK-B. 
oht, ero HaaiiBaJTR, — BnponeMi, tojibko no«<|>paHijy3CKH, — b* na- 
Bivihon% — a noTOMx KorAa, no kohhhh* K. I\ JleBaraoBoff, ea nys* 

OKOH<iaTeJBI10 H3T> MOCKBLI Ot6uJTB H AOMT> tftUTB HpOAaOl, TO tt 

npn hobom-b xoBAHni ^aaAaeBt ociajica Ha CTapoii KBapTHpi ao 
caMoS cMepTH. 3ia-T0 KBapwipa CAiwiajiacB hsbIjcthok) nijjioil 
MocKBi. Kto h kto b-b nefi He nepefiuBajii? IIo He8 ^aaAaeo'K 
nojiy^Hjn npo3Banie <6acMancKaro 4>ajioco<J>a>, BOTopuirB Aaae 
h b-b AaJieicoM-B DapHsi 3BajH ero Me»Ay co6ok> T&wb APyn> 
Cb ApyroM'B BCTpiwaBHiieca pyccKie. 3to npo3Bame h cbok) y^iHi^y 
^aa^aeBX h cawB jik)6h.tb; na BC'fcx'B, 6e3i> nciuioieHiH, cbohx^ 
nHCBMaxT* bt, 3aro.iOBK^ BUCTaBJiflji'B <BacMaHHaa>, a co^HHeHnyio 
hitb OAna^AU nponoB^AB noAnacaxB HueHeirb CBameHHHKa <IIeTp& 
BacMancicaro>. Ob TcnenieMX BpeMeHH KBapinp^, irwcorAa He tfHBmaa 
npo*mo OTAtjannoio, onenB cocTapa.iacB; npHiueAnm hohth bt» BeT- 
xoctb, CA*Jia,iacB ajh jkhtbh ne coBciai'B yAotfnoio, h opo Hee-io- 

HyCTHJI-B B*B CB^n JKyKOBCKlfi Bl TO BpCMfl AOBOJIBHO H3B*feCTHyiO 

myTKy, hto ona <AaBHuirB a^bro ya&e AepatHTca He na CTOJi6ax , B> 

a 0^HHM7> TOJII.KO AyXOM*B>. 

B*b JleBanjOBCKoa^ ceMeficTB-fe, vl myMHOMX o6mecTB$ cbohxt> 
MHoro'iHc.ieHHUX'B AOuo^aAi^eB'B h nociTHTCjrefi, HHRorAa He npe- 
RpamaBinea^ ynpaacneHia bo bchicckom-b cjiobcchomx npenapa- 
tcjibctb*, KpyrjiuS toa'b, BcaKifl Coarift aghb, cb yTpa ao no3AHeu 
hohh, ne nepecTaBaBineii'B 4>HJioco$CTBOBaTB h ^K)6oMyApcTBOBaTB, 
6wjio ^eTBepo cuHOBefi, hbhmx BoenHTaHieMx niKOTopoe Bpena 



Heo6xoxHMOCTn, kto noTOMy, *to 6ezT> Hero He Morjn jkhtb xo^eBa, kto noTosiy, hto 
caiii 6eai hiixi o6o&Tncb He Mori>, kto, naKOHeui, 6e3i dcakoh npniHHu. KpoMt 
HaaxaeBa, bo <J)JHrejit 3Toro ABopa xhjh eme HtKOTopoe npeMH nepeBOAHnirb HIcKcniipa 
Kenepi h CTJtxaBmift ntTOui TaKy» K3BtcTH0CTb MnxaHJi, AjieKcan^poBHHi BasyHHHb. 
Rorxa, imoro roxooi en y era, Bauynnei, b3athR nocii ipea^encuaro B03MymeHin, 6u.ii 
aecTpifiuaMH Buiam. pyccicoMy npaRHTe-ifccrny a coAepajajca bi HeTponaajioBCKoft Kpi- 
nocTH, wb KaKofi-TO npit3^T> jBopa hi Mockbv, rpa<J)T> A. 6. OpjiOBi, pa3roBapuoaH 
ci ^aaAaeBUM-s, cnpoceji. ero: «He OHapaji. m tu BaKynnea?* HaajiaeBi. uutA-b ho 
coBcfcin, o6MKHOBeHHyD cmIijioctb otb*btiiti»: «BaKyHiiHi «njby nacbBijoM'B h Moft boc- 
nnTaHHnRx*. — <nenero caaoaTt, xopomt y Te6a BocnHTannuKX — csaaajn> rpa$i Op-ioBt— 
h ^tay ace th ero Buynnji*. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



22 BftCTHHKL IBPOIIH. 

43aHHiiajicfl KaKoS-TO <f>paniiy3'B, no hmchu EappajiB. 3totb <J>pan- 
n,y3'B, KOToparo a, BiipOMeM^, He shu**, Cu.it>, cjiuiiiho, lejoBiR-b 
yMHufi, yneHufl h naqinaiiHtifi. IIpoBOAfl u/fc.iue jhh b*b pa3ro- 
Bopaxt cb ^aajiaeBUMx, onx 6y^TO 6u nepBwfi naBaTB ero Ha 
mucjib HCnojiHHTb HdopimecRifi TpyA'b, HanncaTb coHHHeHie, Hirfjiomee 
/ i^'kibH) cpaBHeHie pyccKaro oCmecTBa cb otfmecTBaMH sanaAHO- 
-eBponeficBHMH, po/cb napajijejbHofl $hjioco$cko3 HcropiH, He H3Jia- 
-raioiueH cotftnifi, ho B3BiinHBaK)me(l hx*b cmuctl h sHaneme. 

TaRaa orpoMn&a pafioia, CTOJibKO ae b-b Koneq,i» HeHcno.iHHwaa 
Tor^a, CKOJibKO HeMUCJiHMaa h Tenepb, pa3yMi>eTca, HHRorAa He 
•tfujia npHBeAeiia bt> A^ficTBie. Tiifb He wen-fee, no6y»AaeMufl ju 
BappajieMi, hjih TOJbBo ct> hbh-b coB^maacb o HOApotfnocTBX'b 
Tpyja, no rocnoACTByiomeft mucjh hmx caMHMt saAyMatmaro, 5aa- 
flaeBi, npHHfljica patfoxaTb. HsCpaHHaa hmi> $opMa fiujia nicKo^LEO 
/ ycTap'kiafl <j>opAia nnceMi R*b KaKog hh nonajio ateHmnHi 1 ). Ilo- 

JIBHJIHCb AOBOJbHO A^HHHUe OTpUBRH, KOTOpwe OHX CTa.TB npOIH- 

TBiBaTb h AasaTb npoiHTUBaTb KOMy 3a6jaropa3cy»Aaji , b. TaKHMt 
•oCpa^OM'b oht> oqenL cRopo nojyHHJi'b, h He bi> oahoh wise Poccia, 
eiKOTopyio, TaR* CKa3aTb nojy-ny6jiHHHyK) H3BicTHOCTb He neia- 
Taiomaro, ho oneHb #apoBHTaro, oparHHajibHaro h SHaHHTcibHaro 
nHcaTeja. BcaRifi sHaeTi, tto 9Toro poAa h3b4cthocth, BOilsACTBie 
TaeHCTBeHHOCTH h, jo HSBtcTHoa deneHH, nenpoHHi^aeMocTH, BcerAa 
h Besjifc, a wb Poccia ocofieHno, conpoBO»AaK)Tca AoraARaMH h 
npeAnojioaemaMH, hx-b oieHb yBejaqHBaiomHMH n bhaobsm^ha^u^bmh. 
TaR* ciyHHJiocb h b* 9tom*b pa3t. IIpo ^aaAaeBa y3naJH jhoah, 
KOTopue HHKorAa ero He BHAajin, Rpyroarb CBoero cymecTBOBaHia 
-6ujih otl Hero coBepmeHHO ota^ichu, HBRorAa H£ mikm HHRaicoft 

BipOETHOCTH Cb HELM* BCTp1>THTbCJI, H 6eST> TOrO, 6iITb MOSeTX, 

npo Hero bo bck> »H3Hb 6u He cB$Aajiii. Ho mhjiocth ero G.mcTa- 

TeJibHaro, HCRpuBmaroca mucjiou pasroBopa, ct&ih eMy npHna- 

«cuBaTb to, Hero OH*b HHRorAa He roBopujn>: no Tofi npuqwHi, hto 

-OHi nncajix He no-pyccRH 2 ), CTaaaji'b, — nero cb RpoBHO-pyccRHMH 



') Boibmax ^acn ero co^HHeHift — b^ 4>opiii miceiti, HHorxa bi iRitaMi cymecTBo- 
BaBfflHMT., HHorxa xe dotth BUMnnueeHUMi. Ctojbco BSBtcTeoe iihcemo, nowtmeuHoe 
B* <Tejeccont», xojueho 6uio 6htl otpubkom'l H3t» utjaro pa^a iiHcent, aipecoBannuxi, 
Ri m oAHoft rocnost DaHOBofi, KOTopaa bi arisen HaajaeBa HHKor^a HHKaEofi pojn ee 
Hrpaja, HBROua HHKaKoro zntmema He HM-feja, n, o^enb jemo Moxerb 6htb, npo cy- 
mecTBOBanie nacaBHuxi ki Heft uucewb hjh BORce Be 3Raja, hjh 3Hajia oiem. cwyTBo. 
Karx& npaBUTejBCTBo Butmajocb bi dTo xtjo, rocnosy flaHOBy jaxe h ne 6e3BOKOiuin. 

*) Bo BpeMa B3puBa HeyxoBOJbCTBia, npoH3Be^eHuaro ero CTaTsefi hi* uTejecnoutn, 
yaopaxi h 6paHB loaMtiii h iia qero pyccKift iiHraeTi no-(j)paHity3CKM?» He 6ujio 
HHKaKoro npe^tja. Bi btoki nycTOMi, no caMOMy ce6t b^ kohcb.i HH^ToajHOKi oCctoh- 

TGJIBCTBt BBA*JH H OTCyTCTBie BaTpiOTH3Ma, H3Mtfly, H pO^HOMy CJOBy, H OTe^CCTBy. 

.fie aeanmie Haa^aeBa, Cesi ^ajbHHKi cupaBort, npaaio h npodo ynipajiH, hto obi 



Digitized by 



Googk 



n. a. ^uaasb^. 23 

hohth hto BHKorAa He (SuBaeTi, — onenb (JojBniyK) nonyjiapHOCTb 
KesAT HHOCTpanuajm, y HacL npoaHBaiomnMH. Ero coHHHeHia 
HaiaJiH yaie xoahtb no pyKaMi, pasHUMH jiHijaMa nepeiiwcannu)! 
cb oranfiKaMH h nponycKaMH, a npo Hero canoro BHAyMMBajiii 
netiuBajiue aneKAOTH, Koxopwe noBTopajincb Aase jiioabmu bucoro- 
nocTaMeHHUMH 1 ). HacKOJiLKO to BoaMO»uo b-b Poccia, noABepr- 
ny-ica noqecTjjM'B KappHKaiypu, h bi bha4 6e3cn.iBHo-3aBHCTJiHBaro^ 
03Jio6,ienHaio ocMinma, m bx bha1> Jiiofiflmeft AodpoAyniHofi myTKiK 
OneHb eme MOJioaaBwfi co6ofi, He H36irHyjn» jno6orii>iTCTBa h npn- 

BH31HB0CTH SeHU^HH'L: pa3,lHHHUJI 6apUHH, HO-CBOeAiy H3'BflCHiIA 

HeBejiHKoe Ha hhxi» otfpamaeaioe BHHMaHie, jiobhjih ero m> Macsa- 
pa^ax-B h eMy miKOB&aH npo KaKyio-To ero o6ManyTyio jtio6obl h 
npo H3MiHy, HBKorAa h hh Bt KaKofi ctpani ne SHBnieS, 060- 



no-pyccKH ee noHHHaen,: jaxe ero npiflTejH yTBepamajn, hto cb pyccKoft piui> e*iy 
KaKx ct» <|>paHiiy3CKoft He coBjax*ETB. Kona hotomb eiiy cjynajiocB nacaTB no-pyccKw,. 
MHorie, jobojibho 6jH3Kie, ero BHaxoMue jbbhjihcb, Kair& xopomo, oofiso h jobko ohi. 
ynpaBwiaen. pyccxHMB c-iobomb, — KaxBtfyjiTo saoHBatf, hto oho eMy KopeHBoe, npHpojHoe... 
EpocTOTO ice, Heunparoj ctojbko eciecTBeeuaro yM03auD«ienifl, hto nacaTeJB, na 
cnpaBexJiHBOHi ocHOBaaiH hjh hbtb, aejiacnuff Chtb HHTaHHHMB bcbmh idabmii 6e3B 
paajHiia hxb crpaHB h npoHCxoaweHia, He hm-bctb BuGopa bb h3hb*b, hto ohb ne 
»ozen» nncaTB Ha TasoMB, KOToparo Bnirro He noHHMaerk h cb KOToparo hohth hto 
Be cym;ecTByeT*b nepeBojOBB, hto ohb xo,ixeHB nncaTB Ha asusi BceMipnom, noBce- 

MiCTHO BtjOMOMB, — HHKOMy H Wb TOJIOBy H6 BODXIO. 

*) Mat noJoacHTejLHO b3b£ctbo, ito ojBa bbb cbmhxb BaxBHXB Gap hob bb Poccia 
rpa4>HHH G. B. II., HaaAaeBa bb kohcu/b ho Tepntcmafl, paaB y ceoa BeiepoMB uepe- 
cicasuBaJia cboumb rociaiiB, h m> bxb HHcrfe oco6eaeo ojHOMy, weHy rocyiapcrBeHHaro 
coBtia, hto «botb, mojb, xasofi xyp&K'B HaaxaeBi: ohb sasaaajB cboh nopTpen> u 
Bej-fcjt BaoHcaTB ce6a bb KaoAa.iaxx>. Taaoro nopipeia hh HaaxaeBiiMB, hh atemb 
XpyrnMi, HHKorjia hh 3aKaaaHO, hh HcnoiHeeo He 6hjio, h HHKorxa h BHr^t He cyme- 
CTBOBajo. IIoao6hiiUlb aHewoTOBB npo Hero 6buo mbosbctbo, hs-b botopuxb 60.1 Bmaa 
nacTB rjynu, bo HtaoTopue h aobojbho hotbhihii, 

C-b rbxB nopB, icasB 3to lianucano, stotb Aypai^Kift aHewoTi nonBHJca jas© 
bb neqaTK, bb neMHoraro ctoddxhxb jischbuxb h 6e3*apHHXB «3anHcaaxB ^n.innna 
^HJiannoBBHa BHreia», ^OMtI^aeMux^ bb oabomb H3B mockobckhxb xypaaJiOBB (PyccKift 
BtcTHnm, 1865 r., aBrycn, dp. 547 h lpyr.). Tyrb se npHBe^eHa, ja xaxe h to He 
BipHo, nynicHHCKaa aajUiHCB bb nopTpery ^aaxaeBa. 

BurejiB 6ujib doctoaqbo aenpuHHpHMiiMB 3aBHCTUHKOMB ^aa^aeBa, h ropaa^o 
cnycTa nocMt anoxu «ceueHOBCKOR BCTopiiio, — no cjiynao stoh HCTopia ohb roBopHTB. 
npo Hero bb btomb m*bctb «3anncoKB», — xhbji openeHBO bb Mockb-b jlh h noBcewECTHo, 
6e3B saKoro 6bi to hh 6u.io ycntxa, BcaiecaH crapaica euy BpexaTB. Bb copoaoBuxv 
rojaxB ohb eiiy ^ui npo3Bauie «iucaro ixeupoposa*, KOTopoe, BtpoaTno, CHHTajt 

Hpe3BUHafiflO OCTpHMB H yMBHMB, H KOTOparO B840 OXHAaTB BB laJBHtfimeMB HpOAOI- 

xeHia «3anHCOBB». KaaB stbmb cjynaeMB, TasB h BooOme Bceft utjiocTBD CBoero uoBe- 
xeaia, ohb noxajB hoboab Haaxaeoy csasaTB oiho hsb caMBiXB rjiy6oKHXB h BipHiix-B 
CBOHXB BBpeneHifi: 

«U9 ennemi impuissant est le meilleur de nos amis: an ami jalonx est le plus, 
cruel de nos ennemi b». 



Digitized by 



Googk 



24 BfcCTBHRX XBPOIin. 

scaeifoi aeHmnHH.... Cjobomx, ciaBa ciajia cRJionaTbca kx ero 
na^HHaBiuefi ofiflaisaTBca on, bo.iocx roJiOBt.... Octbbhmx Teneps 
aa MHHyTy h ero nojioaeHie h ero saMTia. 

Bx HacTOjnu.ee Bpeiia a Haxoay Heo6xoAHMtiMX sadTH HCMHoro 

Hasa^X H CBaaaTb HiCKOJIbKOCaMHXXROpOTRHXXCJIOBX 0<5x yMCTBeHHO- 

4yxoBHOirB cocTOBHin pyccsaro o6m,ecTca bx ^anHyio anoxy. 



H3BicTHo, hto ex Banana ijapcTBOBama HaROJiaa I, TaRx-Hasn- 
raeMaa peaRitfa npoTHBx nepeBopoTa, npoH3BeAeHHaro IleTpoiix Be- 
jihrhmx, HHKor.ua He nepedaBaBmaa TafiHO rnlj3AHTbca nocpejn 
o6medBa, BHe3anH0 ofinapyauLiacb co Bceio nojinoToio h pimH- 
TejibHOCTbK), KOTopua ona TojbKO Morjia HM^Tb bx PocciH. Hpa- 
mhhu dToro BBJieHia hh am Koro He cocTaBjraioTx TafiHu; ho oieHb 
HeipyAHoe hxx HCHaaieme ne bxoahtx bx moS iipeAMeTx. JJjia 
Moero H3Jio»eHifl AOdaTOHHO CRasaix, mo ona Bupaaujiacb bx 

^OpMi AOBOJbHO CMyTHOfl H HeyjIOBHMOfi, M& BOTOpoS AO Cefi HOpH 

eme TOTHaro, onpeAiaeHHaro nasBauia He npnAyMaHO. Ee Ha3UBajfn 

pyCC0<|>MbCTB0MX, CJiaBBHCTBOM'b, CiaBBHO^H.lbCTBOM'B, naHCJiaBH3M0MX 

h H^ROTopuMH ApyrnMH HMeHaiiH, OxapaBTepH30Banie h noApo6Hoe 
usjiOKeme BToro $enoMeHa, xpoHnqecKaro HeAyra 3ApaBaro CMUcjia, 
a HMiio bx BHAy b*b APyrofl pafiorfe, bx ROTopoB, ex fioarieio no- 
Mon^bH), HaA^rocb H3o6pa3HTb KaRx otfmee nojoiKeHie TorAaumaro 
o6iueCTBa, TaRx h r.iaBBtamux'B jriOAefl, npHHHMaBuiHxx yqacrie bx 
/ ^Tofl 6opb6t nycToro ex nopoatHHMx. Bx TenepeniHeMx pa3$ ao- 
BOJibHo TOJibKO ynasaTb ero cymecTBeHHtie pe3yjbTaTu h no bo3- 
mo»hocth onpeA^HTb ero caMua p$3Ria OTJHHHTejibnua nepTM. 

BjHCTaTejibHHfl pa3CRasx KapaM3HHa, saBepinHBinifi npeAine- 
-CTByiomie TpyAM no nacTH pyccRofi HCTopin, bx CBoeMx OROimTejib- 

EOMT> BHBOA* OCTaHOBHJICa Ha MUCJIH, HTO 3Ta HCTOpifl, T01H0 TaRSe 

KaRx h BCBRaa Apyraa, HMfceTx m'Ijcto rpaatAancTBa bx ofimeft no- 
BtcTH ^ejOB^HecTBa, hto fHJia Bca HOBiflmaa Hdopia AoaatHa 
-<Je3M0JiBCTB0BaTb, hjh pyccRaa HM^eTx npaBo Ha BUHMame Hapo- 
AObx>. He nponuo qeTBepra B*Ra noevfe H3AaHia ero KHHra, BaRx 
y»e pyccRoe o6mecTBO A^eRO onepeAHJio ero 3ano3AajBie B3rjiaAu, 
h Ha HeH3MipHM0Mx npodpaHCTB^ ocTaBHJio hxx C3SAH ce6a. 

cPyccRaa Hdopia— roBopnjiH pyccRie hobhc mucjihtcih — He 
TOJibRO sacjiysHBaeTx BHHMaHia napoAOBx, ho oua ein,e ecTb rjia 
hhxx eAHHCTBeneaa. JEh3hb Bcfexx ocTajibHbixx napoAOBx noifepR- 
neTx h npeBpaTHTca bx hh^to cpaBHHTejibHO ex aasHbK) pyccRaro 
Hapo^a, ecjia BHeuaTe^bHO, pasyMHO h jik)6obho ee nocTHrHyTb. 
Cx cauaro nepBaro npoacxosAeHia Pyca, h Aaae ao Hero, bx 
*€JiaBaHCKOitx Hje»ieHH jieawura sapoAHnm TaRHXx BejHRaxx h 6jia- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



n. jr. minim. 25» 

vwvb Haiaji, npo Koropue hhkoimui h hc chhjocb Hapoxavi 3a- 
naaa, hoctoahho ivfcjaMH h cootipa&eHiaMH seMHUMH coBpaujae- 
muut> cb nyrefl Aotfpa h np^BAU h BBepraeMUMi b*b nyra nopoaa, 
npecrynjieHifl hjih Heciacria* UTecTBya no 8thmi nyTam>, sanaABaar 
EBpona jonua HaKOHeiVB ao nojroaema CesBtixoAHaro, b-b KOTopoMt 
Teneps HaxoAHTca, Bnajia bb rHieHie, h siaer* Ha&i> Hew, roTOBaa 
ee norjiOTHTb, HeoTM^HHaa, HeMHHyeuaa, HHiforB HeoTBpaTHMaa 
nonrfeib, ec-in cjiaBBHCKoe njeMH, a bi ero rjiaBi pyccsifl Ha- 
po^t, HapoAt, OAapeHHufl Bcaxaro po^a npeaMymecTBaMH h oco- 
6eHHO EoroMx juo6bmu& h noapoBHTejibCTByeiiuft, ROTopovy b& 
btotb KOHen,^ AaHO h 6e8npnM*pHoe MorymecTBO, — ee He cnacen> 

npHBBBIflH KT> Heft HOByiO JKH3HE, H TSKT* CRasaTB, BJIHBaft OTB CBOeft 

BHoft, 8aopoboh h 6oraTOH KpoBH bt> en RpoBb HcnopieHHyio, <5ojb- 
Byio h ycTapijiyio. EBpona, bi cbohxt> HecRonnaeMUX'B CiACTBiaxTw 
norpyseHHaa, bi» cbohx* ry6HTeju>HuxT» HCTopHiecRHX'B asBax'B 

ROCHtlOmaH, BT> CBOBXt HeyMOJlHMHX'B HCTOpHieCKHX-B BOCHOMHBa- 

niax'B saKOBannafl, HHoro ce6t cnacema Rpoirf* PocciH He HMfcera; 
h esejiH 6u TaROBoS PocciH He cymecTBOBajio, to hbaoCho 6u 
6ujio H3o6p*CTH ee, hjih, eaejin 6u ona (Jwjra HeH3BtcTHa, to HfcrB 
coiiBiHia, CBiame Cwjtb 6u nocjaHt hobfjA h 6ojte BejiHRiS Ko- 
jyntf-B am ea OTRpirria 1 ). 

<Ho caifaa Poccia, bt> npoAOJixeniH CBoero HCTopn^ecRaro cy- 
mecTBOBaHia ne Hs6irHyjia CTpanmaro npaBCTBeHHaro HecHacria,, 
DOABeprayjacB HecioxaHHO TasROMy yA&py, CesROHeiHUM-B o6pa30MT> 



l ) Am text., Koropue ee noBt.pniH 6s, tto Tak-ia Bema Moryr& 6wn nepecca3H- 

BaeMU H npHBOjDIMU Bl CHCTejkiy JD^BMB JlinUMH, npOCBtmCHHUMH H BUCOKO iapOBBTHMH, 

npexcraBnTb xoKa3aTe.»CTB* ueuan, uorouy tto, irb coawutnio, nojearo «aBSHo<J>MJi»- 
cxaro laTHXHHHca Re cymecTByen.. IIoMiunae to Bpeui oieHb xoporao aaaim., oxaaaoxe, 
tto bi uoewk paacaasi Htn hh oxaoro cjoaa nenpaexu. Eaeeja, bo Bceft CBoeft doji- 
hotb, cjaBaHo<()HJbcxoe yieHie BBsoria Be BucsaauBajocb, to otx^xbhub ero nojoseaia 
■IB Te3acH np oiJBOCHJuci* noBiiByTHo ci» Heo6HiaReoft TpecKOTaei) h rpoMoui h bt» 
ezeiBeBBiixi oectxaxi, a bi KHHacsaxi zypoajioBi, ■ bo bcbmi HSBicTauxi a najurr- 
buxi npexpaceuxi craxaxi, h ci nyC^Hieuxi xaeexp^ yneouxi npo^eccopoBi. H ro- 
tobi ycrynHTB, tto ae bcb «cjaBaue» Taxi xaJieso oanun bi cbohxi MHteiflxi», tto Mesiy 
bimh 6ujb CTeneew: bo bi BpafiaeMi CBoeBi buboi-b mxi yneaie 6uio iiMeeeo TaxoBUin., 
xaxBMi x ero B3o6paacaD. Ero rjaBHtfimie apeicTaBHTeJB, irpaBia, Heweorie, 10 btbxi» 
repxyjecoBCXHxi npextjoai toyMia yxe xomia: rb xe, ROTOpue hxi Be locTarByia, 
Bea86tacBO h BeyMoiaMo ioxzrm 6lijh 6mtb ki rbmi npaBexeaii npa naxo-MaibCKoui 
coojnsaeuiB JorHieocni m noaa-BAOBaTCiLHocTH. Hejboa ae xooaBmb, tto bt» cauyo an- 
ByTy BOBBieaia vTaaiaeacaofi CTaTbRv, cxaBHeo<f)HJi.cKaa cHCTeaa eme Be cobcbui^co- 
aptxa ■ aupaooTajacB, tto ex>-To BMeueo a xaat 6hji btob cacTeMt oxoBTaTeJiBBufi, 
pifflBTejbauB tojhoki: 6e3nomaiHya aoioareBia ^aaxaeBa, b% aoaeai padxpaaBBBi^ca* 
xojuD6ie cxaBaBo^tfxoBi, iob6jh ero 10 niKOToparo poxa 6tmeaaro aoaiuiaTexbCTBa, 
sacTaaxxB axi ot6pocbtb Bcaayx) yMtpeoBocrb, onposBByia ct» pcjbcoBt bxi iokomo- 

TBBl B CBOpOTBXfl BXl CO BCaXOB pOByMHOfi XOXeB. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



26 BftCTHEfffc IBPOIIH. 

ce nopa3HBmeMy, ejBa ee b% ROHeivb ne yHH^TOSHBmeMy, h tto 
ropasflo xyate, nyTB ee He HHSBeameMy jo (J^CTBeHHaro ypoBHA 
EBpona, yaapy crojrbRO norymecTBeHHOMy, hto hm-b, ROHeiHO, 6rao 
<Su no^aBjeHO Bcjreoe apyroe cymecTBOBame, ho KOTopufi oaHaRoae, 
kt> HeonncaHHOMy ciacTBfo n npeBejiHROH pajocTH, uon> 6htb bh- 
^epsaH'B CTOJibKo KpinKHMH h ynopHUMH »H3HeHHUMH cMaMH, sa- 

BOBH CHJH PoCCiH, H, Ha*0 HpH(5aBBTb, TOJBKO HMH OflHHMH. 9TO 

CTpamHoe Ci^CTBie, stotb HeH3M*fepHMHft yjap* 6hjtt», Rani bch- 
KOMy H3B4CTHO, pe<|>opMa IleTpa BeJiiiRaro, Toro rocyaapn, KOToparo 
bb HenoHflTHOMi ocjinjemH h b* 3a<Sjry»aeHiH, He nya^OMt npe- 
CTynjieHia, ctojlko npo^ojaHTe^bHoe Bpeiia CHHTajiH bcjihbhm'b 
npeofipasoBaTejijBM'B Poccin h caMUMi cjaBHHM'L h nojie3But!i hjtb 

pyCCEHX-B BJiaCTHTejeH, HO KOTOpuft, Ha CaifOMl-TO tftafe, huh**!* 

hheutb 6u.it>, KaK'L 3jiumt> remeirB pyccKofi seiuiH, nepBOHanajB- 

RHM'L HSMliHHHKOM'B pOAHHlTB HaTOJiaBTB H pOftHUM'B BtpOBaHiflMX, 

^ecnoTHqecKHMt H3BpaTHTaieM^ cipaHU, noxHTHTeJieMi, po*Hoft Ha- 
POXhocth *), jep3HyBmHiTB HajaraTB Hapoay n Kpaio Hyawyio jhi- 

HOCTb, CIOBOifB, pe^OpMaTOpOMt, npaBHTeJieMB H MeJIOB+>KOM7, aHTH- 

iian,ioHajibHUM'B>. 

<KaKT> hm CTpameH'B 6ujtb oflHaRo»e yaapi n RaR*B nn BCfrHKO 
H3BpameHie HapojHot jihhhocth, OT*iajraHaro bt> noJiojEeflin Poccin 
eaiero h*ti, h jtjio TaKi, Kara oho otfcTonrb, coBctM'B He h3*b 
incjra t^xx, KOTopun npHHa^JieaaT-B rb pa3paay HeHcnpaBHMuxB. 
Itfotfu Bee npHmjio omtb b*b npeacnee nojiowenie, now* ROToparo, 
unpoHeM'B, h sejiaTB Combine 6yAerB Heiero, cTdnrB TOJibRO B03- 

BpaTHTbCH RB pOAHUMB Ha^ajaMB, ITE COCTOflHiK) AO-neTpOBCROMy>, 
T.-C, BMKHHyBB H3B HapOflHOft JRH3HH CTOJltlie CJIHIHROMB — HO 

BupaateHiio Toro se ^aajjaeBa — coBepmHTB RaRofi-TO o6paTHu8 
npusoRB HasaA*B bi rayfo npoTesineft HCTopia, RaRyio-To oieHb 
MyxpenyK) BBOJiroijiK), KOTopyio HeaoBimecRoe edecTBO hh hciiojihhtb, 

HE HOCTHrHyTb HC BB COCTOflHiH. 

#pyroro npaRTHHeciearo pe3yjBTaTa h xpyroro ce6i* ocymecT- 
BjeHin cjaBflHo$HJibCBoe y^eHie He npeaeraBjiajio. 

^[to RacaeTca jo cpeACTBB r*b ^ocTH»eniio 3TOro sejiaHHaro, 
<S.iaro,n'feTej[bHaro h cnacHTcibHaro B03BpaTa, to mosho nojroan- 



% ) Ha sto nojoxeeie ^aajiaert bi opocTovb pa3roBopt (ckojbeo MRi domhhtcs, 

BH Bl OJH0M1 B31 CBOHXX COHHBeHlft OHl BTOft MHCJR Be B3JaraJll) B03paxaXb «CJEBJI- 

BaMi» nt BHpaxenin ctojlko ace 9BeprH<iecKOMi h Hcno^HeenoMi KapTneeoft opHrHeaib- 
bocth, csojbco BeoTpa3BMUMi, yRH^TozaDB^RMi o6pa80ui, hto BR «IIeTpi BejiHsift, HE 
kto ipyroft, HnKoria Be Curb bi coctobrIr noxHTHTb y i^-bjiaro aapoxa ero irvboctk, 
^to na cbbtb b*tb, h 6ut& ae Moxen ctojiko caTaHHiecKoft HHXRBRxyajbBocTR, koto- 
pan Bosnorjia 6h b% KpaTcoBpeMeBBuft cpora nejorfe'jecBofi zrsbh yicpacrb y qiiaro 
sapoxa ero (J)R3ioHonii) h xapaaTepi ■ yaecrR m uorh boiod njan»fl>. 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



n. a. qiAMMi. 27 

TejiLoo csasaTB, vro <CJiaBjme> hx* BOBce He ysaSHBa.iH, ht6, Bnpo- 
HeMi», no JorircecKHM* sasoHaifb Mwui^enia Tan* h aojijrho <5wTb r 

DOTOMy qTO OHH EJOHHJIHCb He TOJbBO KT> HeB03M0»H0My h Heo- 

cyniecTBHMOMy, ho Aarae h HeiracjinMOMy. Ilpe^araeMhie hm» 
nyTH, flja BHCinaro cocaoBia— eflHHeHie ct HapoAOMt, ajih Bctxs 
cocjiOBifl— 3HaMeHHToe <B03Bpameme in> poflHH*n> naqajiaMi>>, ofimee* 
aficTpaKTHoe ypaBHeme Bcfexi pyccKHXt juoxeft Meamy cotioio, h 
eme onenb MHoroe, hmh npiuyMaHHoe, npa h^ckojibko 3opBOM*B> 
pa3rjiaAUBaHBH h bt> iiepeBO^t Ha o6uBHOBeHHU§ asuB'b hbhIims 
Apynufb OKasuBajiocs, KaKt hhcthmh h npocraMu cJioBaMH 6e3T» 
BcaBaro coflepataHia. B'b 3tomt> oco6eHHaro po^a asHR-fc, aiBCTBeH- 
hom-b ott> KaKofi 6u to nw (Shjio mhcjih, h caMua aiOBa-TO no* 
HHHyTHO *py rb Apyry npoTHBoptqHJiH. HaBoneivb, Har,** <a/raBaHe> 
ues^y co6oS ct6jh>ko HecowacHu He (Stun, mkx b*b cpeflCTBax's 
Vb AOCTHaeHiio CBoefl iv&jih, h MoatHO CKa3aTB, 6e3t npeyBCiH- 
neHia, hto hxi (Shjio ctojbko »e, ceojbeo Baamoft rojOBi, sapa- 
seHHoB cjaBaHCKofl anHjeMieft, yjiaBajiocb npHjiyiiaTB. B'b oahom^, 
BnpoqeM-B, ohh cbo6ma " eA»nor.iacno co3HaBajm Ha(rroaTejibHyK> 
HeofixOABMOCTb, b'b oBOHHaTejbHOMi yHH^TO^eniH HeTep6ypra, Bant 
ropoAa He pyccBaro, 6acypMaHcaaro, HCTOiHuaa h npeToarb hckjiio- 
wre-ibHaro HeB'fepoaTHHx-b 30.tb, h, CBepxx Bcero, «HBoro naMHT- 
HHBa HenaBHCTHaro hmt. IleTpa. Ho 9to HCTpe&ieHie cocTaBjajo 
npeAMerL hxt» oienb BTopocTeneHearo none^enia n hxt» osa6o- 
HBBaJio AOBOJbHO Jierao. B'b CHJiy c.iaBaHo^njibCBHX'b BipoBaHifl He 
no,ueauLio coMHtHiio, ^to paHo hjh ho3Aho, He cero^na Tas* 
saBTpa, BOJHH BajriflcKaro Mopa sajibiOT^ UeTep6ypn>, h TaEHin* 
o6pa30MT, hxi xe.iania caiin co6ok> npnayrb Kb yBiHiamio ! ): 
Ha tomt> M$crfc, rxb hhh$ B03BuniaeTca ropojvb IleTpa, CBOeHpaBHO 
saerpaeTi Mope; CTOJiei^efi, aAMHHHcrpaTHBHUMi h npaBHTejib- 
CTBeHHUM'b ijenTpoM'b, pasyirfceTca, CTaHeT* MocBBa; Bee Hawyn- 
mmrb o6pa30MX B'b Hau.iyqujeM'b vsi* MipoBi y^a^HTca, h 

«HoBropoxcsaii Ayma saroBopHTb 

MOCKOBCKOA pt4bH) BeJHiaBOfl*! 

IIo crpaHHOMy npoTHBopiqiio, juin nex'b, Bnponeirb, ne nepBOMy 
h ne noaiiAHCMy, o6h^rmu npHHii.nnaMH neTeptfyprcKaro npaBH- 

TejhCTBa OHH 6bWH COBepmCHHO AOBOJIbHU, HaXOAfl TOJIbBO, MTO BT> 

nacTHOCTaxx oho bo MHoroMt MOJKerb h ao.ikho 6uTb ycOBep- 



*) Hajit 9thms saiaBiexi nocM^uaiHCb iHoria i**e Hisoropue H3t «ciaMHi»», ■ 

oun XoiiaKOBi, wb npHnaxKaxi CBoeft, no^-iact oieHb in6esBoti BeceiocrH, c& xo- 

; xotomi roBapuadTB, hto «KOHeiHO, HecxaaaeHO craHyrB 6jarocJOBJUTb aaTonieHie 

1 DeTep6ypra bc4 x*th pyccsaro OTeiecTBa, ho npennymecTBeHHo t4 X3i hexi, KOTopue 

1* Hem coctoatt. xosaeBaMK naTH-»Ta*HUxi KaMeHHiixi aomobi». 



Digitized by 



Googk 



23 BftCTHHffB KBPOHH. 

nieHCTBOBaHO xoaowb BpeiceHH, B03pacTaHieM , B nan;ioHaji>Haro co- 
suaHia, aa yEasamaMH, B.iiaHieM'B h pyeoboactbomx Mysen dpaHu. 
9to y^eflie, KaKt jierBO mojeho saaiijTHTB, no CBoeMy cymecTBy 
npeuaToe 6e3<iHCJieHHHMH mcikhmh h KpynnuMH no;iHTHqecBHMH 
nepeBopoTaMH, m> KpafiHeMy yAHB.iemio h npoTHBt Bcasaro laaHia, 
RHCEOJbKo He cTpeMHJocB hh kt> KaKofi no.iHTH*ecKo8 nponaraHA*. 
XoTfl, KOHe^HO, uojoatenieMx BcepocciScsaro HMnepaTopa ccmBflHe> 
{Jlijih He oqenB yrfcineHH, h c*b atapoMx npoBoarjaraajiH ero n.apeMt 
BceciaBflncKHM'L; xoTfl tji)6oko yABBjfljiHCB Hea3i>acHHMofl Cesnei- 
hocth neTeptfyprcKaro npaBHTejbCTBa, ao chxt» nop* no HenoHaT- 
hbutb npaqdHaM-L ne^HBmaro npHcoeAHHeHieifB k*b Poccin Mens- 

UIHXT* CJiaBflHCKHX'B {JpaTbeBX, KOTOpHMt, HO HXT> HH'lHiH), ^BHO 6bl 

yxe cjrfcAOBa.io o6p*fccTH npirorb nojn> kpujilamh pyccKaro opja, 
bm^cto Toro, *jto6u, 6e3i> nojiL3U, 6esi> aiaBu h 6e3i, cboGoah 
nposafiaTB uoa* n3HenoraiomHMx cKnneTpoM'B ra6c6yproB*; xoth, 
npaB^a, hto ohh qpe3ii$pHO onacajiucb h bi> xpauHee bxoahjih 
<5e3noKOficTBO, He nponyenua <5u Poccianopii <nepeKpecTHCb, y^a- 

PHTB B1» KOJOKOJIt Bt IJapbrpaA^ H OrJiaCHTB CJiaBflHCKOS MOJIHTBOH 

Co^iHCEift cotfop* h fiepera Eoc$opa: OAHaBOKt, BoopyseHHue 
necoKpymHMOH Btpofi b-b CyAymia cyAbtfa PocciH, Hepno osHAaJH 
TopaecTBeHnaro naca bxx HeH364atHaro h HeMnnyeMaro licno.inenia. 

IIpaBHTClbCTBO, KOTOpOMy BHOCJI^ACTBiH OHH 6UJIU CTO.ILKO BpGAHIi, 

OTHioAb hmh He HeAOBOJbHoe, A±Jidu\o bhai, CyATO hx*b He BtAaeTt, 
xotji, KaK-B roBopnjii ^aaAaeBi, cot* BpeMeun ao BpeMeHH yAO- 
CTOHBajio Karaiix-HH6yAB HeywiiBUu* nanaoM* KOToparo hh nonajo 

H3*B HaHMeHte OCTOpOKHUX'B HJIH HaflCO-lie BHCyHyBHIHXCfl H3T> 
<>Jia»eHHOft KOropTU>, H JOBOJIbHO HCKyCHO, Cb yMtpeHHOCTbK) H 
OCMOTpHTeJbHOCTbK), HO^b30BaJlOCb T'I>MH HaCTHHEaMH hxi> yneHia, 

KOTOpwa uorjiH jiacKaTB ero Tmecjasie. 

nepexaBaa yneHie cJiaMHO^H^oB*, a nponycmrb oieHb Hnoro 
M3i> ero noApo6nocTefi, cnaTaa hxt» hsjhihhhmh b*b TenepeuiHeft 
3anHCK'fe h AOBO.ibCTByacb tojibko KpaTKHMt ero H3JoateHieMi b*b 
Kpynnux'B o6me - xapaETepncTHHecKHX'B nepTaxx. B*b saEJiioqeHie 
naAofiHO AotfaBHTB, hto, hoch na ce6fe npH3nasH ryfiaTejib^aro 

HOBiTpLfl, OHO paCnpOCTpaHHJIOCB CB yAHBHTe,TMIUMH, nOHTH HeBt- 
poaTHUMH CbTCTpOTOH) H nOBCeMtCTHOCTbK). Bo BCixt CJIOflXX H 

bo Bckxi, co^.ioBiax'B pyccEaro o6uj,ecTBa oho oCHapy»MO CBoe 
pa3pyuiHTeJibHoe, CoraToe onycTomeHieMi h neupoH3BOAHTejibHuM , B a 
6e3njroAieM'B A^ficTBie. O^eHb Ma^o tojob*b Raa&e h bi TaEi- 
ra3UBaeMo8 oana^nofi napiim ociajiocb coBepmenno HenpHqacT- 
humh oti ero sapasHTejbHaro BJiirinia. Oho 6ujio itb B03Ayx4. 
IIpoHHEajio h npocaiHBaiocb bi Macca, HesHaBOMwa hh cb yne- 
hbimh BipoBaHiflMH, hh cb nocTpoenieMT* HayHHtixt chctcmt>. Maccu 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



n. a. ^aaa^sbi. % 29 

9to yneHie ncnoB^AHBajiH 6e3C03Haie.iLH0, cana Toro He B$Aaa, 
ho nepenojHMCB bhhjihbocti>k), npeB03HOiueflieMi>, xBacTOBCTBOMi 
u H3yBipnuMi> caMOBocxBajieHieMt. Oho Kocnyjiocb jno^efi, no CBOeMy 

npH3BaH)K) AOJIHieHCTBOBaBUlHX'L 6UTB 6u BHOJIHi OTp*feineHHHMH 

opb Bcaitaro poAa naipioTHHecEext npeApascyAROB'b, oti KaEoro 6u 
to eh 6ujo ^aHaTH3Ma, hbh Tpyxu h BipoBaHia, Ka3a;iocb, MorjiH 6u 

CUTL TOJ1LKO H HCEJHOHHTe.lbHO UpHMHpfllOmMMH H JK)6amHMH, 

reniajBHUxi noaTOBx-cosepijaTejefi, xyAOSKHimoB*, BaaTejefi, soa- 
mbxi, atHBonnci^eBx h My3LiKaHTOBi>, BpaqeS, aKTepoBt, jiK>Aefi 
Topra h Aase* JiioAefi tohhhxi> h ecTecTBenHuxx no3Hamfi. B*i> 
Mnpoyio, 6csMj3TesHyio »e3Hb, otfpeqeHHyio HayKi hjh HCnyccTBy, 
0110 bhochjio caMooaa4njieHie, npeyBejimeHHoe u Harjoe o ce6t 
D03iieqTaHie, pa3jopi> h HeHaBncm... Hen3M'I>pnMufi BpeA*, hm*l 
npoB3BeAeHHufl, BipoaTno, emfi j^uiezo He HcromMCH. 



MHoropiHHBHfl 4>paHuy3CKiS hctophrx 1 ), nepecKasaBi, npo Be- 
jHSoe ywcTBeHHoe ABH&eme bt> cBoeMi OTeqecTBt bt> BOCbMHaA- 

UaTOMl BtKi, EOTOpOe, CO CBOflCTBeHHOH ero HapOAy XBaCTJIHBOCTbK), 

oai He i^epeMOH^CB nasuBaerb <Se3npHM , fcpHHM , b , cl jk>6obbk> 
nepecMOTptBt poAnua eaiy coKpoBHma TorAaniaaro ^paHi^yscsaro 
wunuieHia, BApyrb o6phbhcto ocTaHaBJiHBaeTca, h, Bne3anH0 nepe- 
HocacB on OAnoro npe^MeTa k*b ApyroMy, npoAOJUKaeTb: 

<Bceiiy oTOMy ABHaieniio, yBJiesaBnieMy utjufi HapoA*, a Moserb 
CuTb h 66 j bid y 10 iacTb nejiOB^HecTBa, Kan'L hh chjIBho, Eas-b hh 
Bceotfme, KaEt hh HeyAepsaMO h EaE* hh CTpeMHTe-ibHO oho 
Chjio, ocM'fcjiHJica daTb noneperb hcjiobIje*, TOJibEO oahhi nejo- 
Bi)Ki>. ^ojtjkho Omtb 9T0t*l qejOBforb 6um cajenx h hoo^h hc- 

DOJIHCH'L>. 

3arfcMx $pani^3CEifl HCTopHB*b fijiarocsaoHHo oSbaBjaeT*, b*- 
poaTHO noAOspiBaeMOMy hot bt, HenpoxoAHMOifb neBisecTBi hh- 
TaTejiro, hto TaEoro HeycTparnHMija sbojih JRaHB-ffiaEOM* Pycco, 

*Ito-to HicEOjbEO noxoatee Ha HenswipaMufl B3puBX hcceoh- 
naeuaro H3yM.ieHia, npon3BeAeHBu8 nepBoft p*fcibK> Bejaaaro ae- 
HeBija, noBTopiuocb y Baeb B'b Poccia npa noaBJieHia ciaaAaeBCEoft 
CTaTLH> 2 ). IIepecBa3UBaTb coAepasaaie 9Tofi CTaTba a ne ciaHy no* 



x ) Jl}TI BjaHt. 

*) XoTfl HCTopix nauevaTama <HaaxaeBCKO& CTaTbH* o^eHb H3BicTHa, ojHaron 
naxo6HO uepecKa3a?i» ee s^icb bi caaiuxi HeMnoraxT, ciOBaxi. BuBifliQ npo(j)eccopi» 
iiocsoBCEaro yHHBepcHTeia, HHKOJiali HfiaHOBaqi HajieacjuiHt mwajn* bi MockbI; 
acypnajn non HaiBanievi «TejiecKoni». Ho^aHie mio oieHb ^ypHo h bji^hmo MOHHJiocfc 
ai yoaiay. Dpn Tasaxi o6eroflTejibCTBax'B HajLeatXHHi TBep^o piraiuca, no co6cTBeH- 
Hony ero BupaseHk), hjh «oxaBHTb cBoft xpeimoiaia sypn&n, hie noxopoHJin ero 



Digitized by 



Googk 



30 BftCTHHffb EBPOIIH. 

CJl4 TOrO, KEKt 9TO CA^jaHO T. JIonrHHOBHMl, H OCOtfeHHO noc;ife 

Toro, KaKi> ona iianeiaTaHa bt> no^JinnniiKi bt> Ilapii3vt ; bt> to- 
CJii HiKOTopuxx Apyrnx* coHHHeHift ^aa^aeBa I ). 

Okojo hojiobhhh OKTafipa 1836 ro^a pa3necca, cb HeotftiEHO- 
BeHHofi fiacTpoTOfi, no MocKB-fc cayx* caMaro CTpaHHaro h HeBi- 
poflTHaro co^epataHia. BApyrt, BHC3anHO, 6e3x Bcaicaro npnroTOB- 
jema daflH roBopHTb, h npnToii* bc6, noHTH hoiuiobho, o Heno- 
HflTHoS, HeH3*BacHHMoft eraTbi, noarfemeeHoft bt> <TejiecKoni>, 
H3BepraBiuefi CTpainHyio xyjy Ha Pocciio, OTpnijaBmeff b*b Hefi sa- 
KyK) 6u to hh 6ujio HCTopaqecKyio »H3Hb, KaKoe (Su to hh 6ujlo 
pa3yMHoe cymecTBOBaHie, HMeHOBaBnieft ea npomcAinee hhhtoshuitb^ 
ea HacToamee npe3p , fcHHHM'b, ea tfyaymee HecymecTByiomHM'b h He- 

MHCJlHMHMt... ^,ep3H0BeHHHfl $HJOCO$l-HCTOpHB'B, OTCTynHHBT. B^pfc 

npaoT^eBi h OTenecTBy, jpyrb sa ApyroM* nepe(5paB*B bc* npoaB- 
jieHia pyccBofi HCTopHHecaoi »h3hh, He Harae.n> bt> hhxt> hh OAnoro 
AOCTofiHaro fijiaroooBeoia hjih conyBCTBia, h ct, oTBpameHieirb h 
y»acoMi otbopothjch otb npoTeKmaro 6uTia CBoero HapoAa, HeyMO- 
jhmo npasHaBaa bck> ^jioctb ero cymecTBOBama ^yAOBHmHUMt 
BemecTBeHHHMx (JaBTOMi ^ e3<L BiiyTpeHnaro co^epaiaHia, orpoMHofl 
aHOMa^iefi, hhi4m^ ApyrHM* icas* oTpnijaTejibHHM'b noyieHiearb *re- 
jiOBi^ecTBy h Bt nearb npoS'fcjioM'b, »EBOTHUMt npo3a6aHieM'B > He- 

COrptTUMt HH TenJIHM^ HyBCTBOMt, HH CaMOCTOaTGJIbHOft MHCJIbK)... 

B*b fiesatajocTHOMi anajiH3t owl npaMO h neyK.ionno ynasuBaji'L 

TOMy npH^HHH^ H B'b HXl HffCJrfc TJiaBHOK) nOJiaraJTb HCAOCTaTOHHOCTK 

pe;iHrio3naro HanpaBJieHia h pa3BHTia, nenpaBAy h pacTjrfcnie rpe- 
necKaro npaBOcaaBia, no mhjocth BOToparo ciHTajrb Pocciio CTpaHoio, 
Haxo^ameioca bh* eBponeficEaro xpociiancKaro eAHHenia, a pyc- 



ct» HecTbD». Dojry^HBi CTaTBD *IaajiaeBa, ohi bm£ct£ cb He» nojy^HJit on nero h 
HeofiAynaHHoe neocTopoxHoe corjacie ee HaneiaTaTb. IJeH30pa, Ajeccta BacHJteBHva 
Bowipeaa, TorxaniHaro peirropa vocitoBCKaro jHHBepcHTeTa, yroBOp&r& HxeHex*. 
CBoero AaBHHOJHaro 3HaKOMCTBa h oGmeft 6e3onacHOCTH, nponycrHTB ee, He TOTaa. Korja 
npiraia nopa Hasa-iamB h pacnpaBH, xypHajt 6uat> ci» se iiaayTy 3aupemeHi, a Hxt. 
ofoHxi, h Ha^ez^Hna, h BoiAupeBa, noTpetfouaiH bi Eeiep^ypn Kt OTBtiy. Ha^ez- 
iwwb Ciut cocjiaH-B Ha XHTeiicTBO fioioroAcaoft ryCepma bi ropoAi ycTb-Cuco^bCKt. 
Ho nporaecTBiH ntKOToparo BpeweHH on* 6hxb npoiaeHi h iiotomi ciyaciut h yuepi 
bi UeTep6ypri. BojjHpeBa OTCTaBHJiH orb ciyacfin ct» HeonpeAtjeHien-B HHicyxa h ci 
lameHieiii nencioHa. DeHcioHi e>iy raaze 6wn> Bnocj-BACTBin BaiBpameHi., ho vh cayx6y 
owb yze 6ojie HHsor^a He BCTynaii, h Bcaopt yuepi. IlepeBOAaumaro craTBD ch 
4>paHay3CRaro jyui pyccaoR ne^aTH bobcg ho (5e3noaoHjiH. 

l ) «Oeuvres choisies de Pierre Tchadalef^ pubises pour la premiere foia par le p* 
Gagarin e de la compagnie de Jesus». Paris. Librairie A. Franck, Alb. Louis Herold, 
8ucc. G7, me Richelieu; Leipzig, A. Franck'sche Verlagshandlung 10. 11. Querutrasse* 
1862. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



n. s. mk^itn. 31 

ckhxx — HapoflOM* hohth HexpHCTiaHCKHiTb h TaEOBHMx ropaajo 
MeHBffle, nanpHMip'B, HeaseM Hapoju npoiecTaHTCBie. 

BnocjiiACTBiH, ropa3jo cnycra, Chjto CKasaHO 1 ), ^to <^[aaw- 
Wb b*b CBoefi daTbi npoTOTajii oTxoflHyio pyccsofi shshh h pyo 
' cBOMy Hapojy>. 

EoJIBIUHHCTBO 6v&h flaiBHHX'B OBOJIHHHOCTefi HaSHBaJIO CTaTBH) 

aHTH-HamoHa.ii>HOK), HeBisecTBeHHOK) h B3£opHOK>, He croiomeK) hh- 
BaBoro BHHMaHifl, a Meamy rfcwB, He npepuBafomnMHoa npo Hee 

<5paHTOBHMH TOJIKaMH H CySA^HiflMH CaMO 03a6oqHBaJOCb 06% OKOH- 

^aiejiBHOM'B onpoBepa^niH h yHHiToseHW CBoero MHima. HpocBfc- 

meHHOe MeHblDHHCTBO HaXO^HJlO CTaTBK) BHCOKO-SaMisaTeJIBHOK), HO 

bi BOHeij'B jioatHOK), neMy, no ero noraTiaM-B, npHHHHoio tfiui 

npHHflTUH 3a ToiKy OTiipaBjieGia h b*l jocHOBame nojoseHHufi 

^pesBuqafiHO sarfcfljiHBHft h ci^ianTH^HHecBn ofiMaHHHBufl co^hsmi. 

BojBmHHCTBO, H3T» BOToparo 6esno^e3HO (Jhjio 6u BHRjimaTB b&ih- 

eo^dhux'b CapuHB h .w£efi npn Kpynnuxi, HHHaxi h ob rpoMBHMH 

^MenaMH, Ha ciOBax* cotfnpajiocB BoopyatHTBca yHHYroataiomHM'fc 

npesptnieMx, a Ha yfe.ii; ofiHapyatHBajio pacn*TyinHBineeca, caMoe 

j pasiJipeHHo - HeHaBHAamee 03Jo6^eHie ; MeHBmHHCTBo roTOBMOCB 1 

B'B cnoKofiHOMy, CjaropoAHOMy, npiflTHOMy, Hcno.iHeHHOMy H3amH0ft 

ivIxjihbocth h yroHHeHHaro npHJH^ifl, Hay^HO-KpHTHHecKOMy onpo- 

BepaceHiio. Be3yci0BH0 coiyBCTByiomHX'B h coBepmeHno coiviacHHX'B 

He 6ujio hh oflHoro HejoB^Ba. CiaTBH, ex cbohmh MH-fcmaMH h 

1 y6*2E,neHiajfH, cTOMa o^Ha b* BejHHaBO yHBraofi, TopaecTBeHHofl 

I H HeB03MyTBM0fi okhhobocth, BOopyaeHHaa HenpeBJOHHofl (Sesno- 

j maflHOCTBK) H CTpOroB nOCJ^AOBaTeJIBHOCTBK) CBOHXX BHBOflOB'B, 
DeyMOJHMOK) pi3BOCTBK), TOHHOCTBK) H OHpe^JieHHOCTBH) BBipaate- 

Hia, Mpa<?Ho 6e30TpaAHHMx, no^aBJiflion^HM'B cnoBoficTBieMx. 

HnKorAa c*b t^xi nop*B, Bas* bx Poccin craw nncaTB h HHTaTB, 
cb rfcx-B nop*, naicx saBciacB b*b nefi sunsHaa h rpaMOTHaa xha- 
TejBHOCTB, HHBaBoe JiHTepaiypnoe hjih y^eHoe cofimie, hh nocjrfe, 
hh npeat^e 8Toro (He ncBJiFonaa aaace h ciiepra HymsHHa) *) — 
He npoH3BOAMo Tasoro orpoMHaro BJiiama h Tanoro oCmepHaro 
jMcTBia, He pa3HOCHJiocB <tb Taicoff cbopoctbk) h cb TaBHM*B myuowb. 
Obojo Micfln,a cpe^H u.'fejiofi Mocbbbi ho^th He 6ujlo ^oaia ; b*b bo- 
TopoM'L He roBopH.ia 6h npo <HaaAaeBCByio CTaTBK» h npo <iaaAa- 
eBCByfo HCTopiK»;^a»e jio^h, HUKorAa He 3anHMaBmiecfl HHBaBHMi 

*) TepaeHoirB. 

f ) CiitraHo 6uio 6u yTBepxwn., yto Biume, npoi3BexeHBoe CMepTbD IlymKHHa, 
<5iuo MeH*e, ho oho 6mo coBepmeHHo paseopoxHoe h xpyroro cBoficTBa. Bi KOH^HHt 
UyiiKHHa HHqero 6oji»me Re bha-bjh ■ ne Hona bbji-bti,, saai H6H3iitpHxyD a HeBos- 
BpaTBfD , vpexietpeueERjTD HapoxHyD noTepD , o6my» aapoxByo oe^an , o<5ntfi 
Hapo^Huft tpaypi. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



32 BwrrHiiro ibpohb, 

jiHTepaTypHUMi a^omx; Kpyrjiue Heyna; tiapuHH, ho crenenn HHTej- 
jieKTyajitHaro pa3BHTia iiajio i4mt> pasHHBiniacfl ora cbohx'b syxa- 

pOKl> H npBXBOCTHBU'B; HOAMHie H HHHOBHHKfi, yBJI3fflie H HOTO- 

HyBniie b*b Ba3noKpaACTBt u BaaTOTOeqecTBi; TynoyMHue, HeBtse- 
CTBeHHue, no.iynoM-feraaHHtie cbjjtoidb, H3yB4pu hjih xaHJBfr, no- 
ciAiBtuie h OAaqajiue bt» ntancTB*, pacnyicrB* h.ih cyeBtpie; 

M0J0AH6 0T1H3H0JIK)6HU *) H CTaptie TiaTpiOTU — BCe COeAHHHJOCb. 

m> offlowb ofimeirB boili4 npoiuirrifl h npesptHk TOJOBiray, Aepa- 
HyBmeMy ocKoptfaTb Pocciio. He 6ujio ctojibbo hhsbo nocTas- 
jeHHaro ocjia, KOTopuft 6u He CHHTajii, sa CBameHnufi aojtb h 
npiflTHyio o6B8aHHOCTB JHrnyTL RonuTOirb bt> cnHHy JibBa hctophro- 
$iuoco$cbo3 BpHTHBH. BpflAi jh KOMy - HH<5ytfb h RorAa-HH6yAk 
BunaAajo Ha ao.ik> bt> Poccis bi TaBofi irfcpi h bt> TaBofi cTeneHH 
HSB^xaTb BOJireHU Apyroft, otfopoTHofi cropoHU cjiaBH, Bcerxa h 
BesAit, KaaeTCB, (Jojiie 3HaiHTe;ibH0fi, HenorpiinnTejbH'fee piuiaiomefi 
h BipHte ivfeHameS, nesejin ea iHijeBaa cropoHa, (JjiHCTaiejibHaa, 
rpoMOSByiHaff h jyqesapHaii. CBepx* Toro, na <qaaAaeBCByio 
CTaTbK>> o6paTHjin BHHMame He oahh ToabKo pyccsie: bt» cHJiy 
yse oananenHaro mhofo otfcroflTejrbCTBa, hto CTaTba 6ujia nucaHa 
oo-^panuyacKH h BcjiACTBie (fa/ibmoi h3b4cthocth, KOTopoio ^aa- 
AaeBi> nojib30Bajicfl bt> hockobckomt, HHOCTpanHoifb HacaieHia, Becbira 
MHoroMHOiennoM'b h cocTOfln^eifb hs-b JioAeft Bcasaro poAa, Bcfcx* 
8aHflTifl h Bcasaro oCpasoBania, — sthmi cjyqaewb saHBJiHCb hho- 
CTpaHiju, sRByn^ie y Hacb, o<5urhobghiio HBKorAa HHsasaro bhh- 
Hanifl He o6pamaK>mie hh Ha sasoe ynenoe hjih jiHTepaTypHoe 
X&io vb Pocciu h TOJibKO no cayxy e^Ba sHaronue, hto cyme- 
CTByerb pyccKaa nHCbueHHOCTb. He roBopa npo HicROJibBO Bbirae- 
nocraBJieHHUX'b HHOdpaHijeB'b, H8i>-3a cnaaAaeBCRoft CTa*rbH> buxo- 
Ahjih H3i cefia B*b pasjHHHuxs ropaiflX'b cnopaxt HeB^secTBeaHue 
npenoxaBaTejiH $panuy3CKofl rpaMMaTHKH h niMei;KHxi» npaBH.ib- 
huxt> h HenpaBH.ibHux'b rjiarojiOB-b, jkbhhuS cociaBt aBTepoB'b 
mockobckoh $paHi^y3CRoS Tpynnii 2 ), HHOCTpaHHoe ToproBoe a 
nacrepoBoe coc^OBie, pasHue npaKTHKyiomie h HenpaKieRyiomie 
BpaHH, My3biKaHTU ci> ypoitaMH s 6e8i ypoBOBi, SBBOnncuu ce 
8asa3aMH h 6e3i» 3aBa30Bi», — ja^e HiMen,Kie anTesapH 3 ) 

f ) Bi to BpeMA x ciHmajr&, 6jxto CTyxeHTu noccoiiCKaro yHHBepcHTeTa npizoinxir 
n CBoeMy Bft^&ucTBy ci H3inBieHieMi zeiania opyziem BCTynirrtcj sa 0CK0p6jeiiHyi> 
Poccud m nepeiOMHTb bt, necTb est icoube, ■ ^to rpa<J>t, TorAamuift none^HTen., hxl 
ycnoKOHBaji. 

f ) Tor^a cymccTBOBaai vb MocBBt $paHnyacxift TeaTpi. 

•) SL 8Ha» AOCTOBtpno, ito bt, bto Bpena h no BTony npe^neTy HJiiio iiicTO^ 
oxHHm Be^epom, xapKoe npeeie, Bt hhh£ eme, KazeTai, f& crapoft 6acMftHHoft, 
cymecTBy»Hieft anTerf, Htcoero UlTOc((>Hnia, npaient 6e3i Bcataro coxaxiBia leiuo* 
cepxHUMi oCpaaom icoBepaaiH ^aMHiiD HaaAaeBa, npoEBHOca ee «IIIaTaiie((^». 



Digitized by LjOOQlC 



...Ohh pasA^HJTEc^ MeacAj co6ok> na napTia h BOJtHOBajmcs 
no MajeHtKOMy o6pa3ijy h noAo6iio bcjihkhx'b BOJiHenifl bt> cBOHtffc 
ore^ecTBaxt.., npta BceMi toarB moxho, oAHaKoae, yTBepAHTejitHt) 
otasaTB, *ito HacTOautaro ciiucjia h Bce2 Baa^HOCTH dToro cotftiTia 
fb Ty MHHyxy hhbto sme He tqjibbo He oivfcHHBaji'B, ho aaae h He 
nofl03pfcBajrB.M. r (JraTba noaBHJiacB 6ez r b hmchh aBTopa, ho o6t> 

9T01TB OfiCTOflTeJIfcCTBi HHKTO He 3a60TMCa 1 ). Ee HpflMO 3BaJlH 

<qaaAaeBCKo3 CTan»efi>, saBB 6yjvro 6u ero hma (Shjio hoa*b HeK> 
BciMH (JyKBaMH npoiincaHO, h rohchho HHrai h HHBoraa HHBaKoe 
HMfl cbohm-b OTcyTCTBieM* tfojie saM^THo He CBepRa.io... Meayjy 
rim oCnjee nerb^oBanie aouiiio no^TH ao osecTOieHin, — h Bt 

CffOBaXl, CKasaHHUXt MapKtf30M'B KlOCTHHOM'B BB ero KHHTi 2 ): <il 

n'y avait dans toutes les Russies pas assez de Siberie, pas assez 
de mines, pas assez de knout pour punir un homme traitre 
a son Dieu ct h, son pays>, — He saRJiKmeTca HHKasoro npeyBe- 
jHHema. IlyfijiHKa TOMHJiacB OKHAaBieM'B, ht6 6$neT% m-b HeTep- 
tfypra: pimeHie orry^a Ao.iro a^aTB ce6a He saciaBHjio. 

Pa36npaTeJiBCTBOMX Bonpoca, BaKHarB hmchho o6pa30M , B npaBH- 
TejiBCTBO H3BicTMocB o cymecTBOBaHin CTaTtn, mh$ KameTca, oco- 
CeHHO Henero saHHMaTBca. Otiparan'B jih Ha nee ero BHHMame 

MHTpOnOJHT'B MOCBOBCBift H BOJIOMeflCBJfi, HJIH OHO HpHCJiymaJIOCB 

vb TOJiBaMi eio BecLMa sanHTepecoBaHnaro oanoro h3*l 3aMiTnuxi> 
^LjeHOBx AHnjioiiaTHqecKaro Kopnyca, BHyHHBmaroca no-pyccKH h 
npocTOAyniHO paAOBaBinaroca noaBJieniio bx Pocciii ^yxa cepi>e3Hoft 
kphthbh h spijiaro 6e3npncTpacTnaro caMoo6cyjKAeHin; 6lijio jih 

OHO yB^AOMJieHO COtfCTBeHHHMH areHTaMBJ 03HaROMHJOCB jih, na-" 

BOHei^'B, coeAHHemeMt Bcixx bthx* cnocoCoBX bm4ct4? — 3to, no 
Moewy, xkjio BaxHocrn AajieRo He HepBocTeneHHoii h ^ase co- 
bc£mt> 6e3paaflH^Hoe. 

npe&Ae Bcero neoCxoAHMO 3aM$THTB h o6o3Ha^HTB, hto n4pa, 
npHAyMaHHaa npaBnTejibCTBOMx, He 3aBJiK)iajia bt> ce6i Hnqero oco- 
6eHHO atecTOEaro h CBHpinaro, hto OHa Aaate iiorjia <5htb co^Tena 
sa spoTsyK) h MHJocTHByio, h hto, CBepxx Toro, AOJUBHa 6*ua Ka- 
saTbca b*b BHcoRofi CTeneHH HonyjflpHOK) pfl Toro, hto— saBB co- 
waniajica Kb tomb h caar& ^[aaAaeBi — ne tojilbo He npeB3omjia 
oasHAami h raiaa doabumacTBa ny6.iHBH, ho h He cobc^m'b hm*b 
yAOBJieTBopHJia. HaBoneijB, OHa dujia Hpe3BLiqaiino neTBo, BtpHO 



') SaMiqaTeibHO, mo n npaBHTejbCTBo, Hana3WBaH ^aaiaeBa, He cnpocH^o ero: 
«npn3Haer& jih ohi ce6a hjih HtfB aBTopoMi CTaTBH?» Toraa roBopiuiH, wo ecjn6u 
obi B3jxynaj% on nex oTnepeTbca, to nocTaBnii 6h Bcixi bi eme 6ojte, in. iom- 
^ecKOMi cMHCjf., 8anyTaHHoe nojoxeme. 

*) La Russie en 1839. Mapsudi Kdcthhi npR6aaiaen: «F^tersboarg et Moscoa la 
•aintc latent en feu». 

Tom Y. — Cbhtjibpb, 1871. 3 



Digitized by 



Googk 



34 BICTHKl IBFOm. 

h hcbjcho npirayMaHa, nojBepraa tojbbo oj(HOMy> ocx&amio tojio- 
Bfata, no MHiHiio Toro ate tfojiBiiiHHCTBa, Hecmaro osojiecHyK), He- 
npoxojHMyio, cyrytfyio rajHMaTBio, h, HecMOTpa Ha cbok> sjiocthoctb 
h jyKaBCTBO, 6ojbme Htiiero He CTOHBmaro, vpoub yjui&etH sa- 

JOCTH H HpeSp^Hifl f ). 

Bi nocriAHHXi TOciaxi OBTatfpa 1836-ro row ^aajaeBa no- 
TpeCoBajH b*b MocsoBCBOHy o6epx-no.iHUMeficTepy 2 ). 3a^ce exy 
tfraa npoTOTaHa 6yMara, hsx HeTep6ypra nojryneHHai, no ero ot- 
stiBy, MacrepcKH HanHcaHHaa, BOTopyio oh* npociwB Bsaifc cx> co- 
<$o8, ho KOTopofl eMy, oAHaKosi, He AaJH, h bx BOTopoB sHaiejiocB, 
hto: <noaBHBmaflca TorAa-TO, TaMx-TO h TaKaa-TO CTaTsa, Biipa- 
atenHtiMH b'b Hefi mhcihmh h cbohm'l HanpaBjeHieM'B B036yAHJa 
fio bc4xi», 6ez*b HCBjmenia, pyccRHx* nyBCTBa rH*Ba, OTBpamema 
h y»aca, b*b csopoMi, Bnpo^eMx, BpeneHH cM^HHBmiaca Ha nyB- 
ctbo cocTpa^aHia, Bor^a ysHaje, ito aoctoBhhS coauufcma cooTe- 
uecTBeHHHK'L, aBTopi CTaTBH, dpaAaerB pascrpoficTBOVB h nox£- 
maTejiBCTBOMx pascy^Ka. IIpHHHMaa b*b cootfpaaeme <5oxfc3HenHoe 
eocTOAHie HecHacTHaro, npaBHTejBCTBo, bt» CBoefl satfoTMBoft n 
OTeiecsoft noneiHTejiBHOCTH, upeAnucHBaerB eMy He buxoahtb hs* 

JflMSLj H CHa^AHTB erO AapOBUM-B BaseHHUlfB MeAHaBHCEHMX noco- 

CieiTB, Ha BOTopufi KOHen.'B MidHoe HaiaiBCTBO uuberb HasHaiHTB 
ocofieHHaro, H3t eMy noAB$AOMCTBeHHHX'B, Bpana>. 

TyTi ate 6ujih ^aa^aeBy npewoateHH BonpocHtie nyHBTH, Ha 
BOTopue, a ne 3Haio rA*6 oh*b OTBiiaa*, cefiiacB jh Ha Mte$, hjh 
nepesx h*cbojbbo Anefi y C e6a <tb BBapTHpu. BonpocHue nyHBTH 
HH^ero oco6eHHO naMHTHaro h Aase nnnero SHaiHTejiBHaro b*b 
ce6i ne BaBiroiam 06ep , B-no^Hi^MeflcTep'B ofiomeica cb ^aa^ae- 
s£im*b ^pe3Buqa3HO b&whbo, h HacKOJibKO to cb ero £0.aatH0CTBK> 
cobm^cthmo, npeAynpeAHTejiBHO. 

TorAamraro MOCBOBcaaro BoeHHaro reHepajn-rytfepHaTopa, bhhsa 



*) a Be 8Hao, kto BxeBHo npxxyxaxi 03eai eHByD irfepy. Toria roBopxxx, tto ee 
•ooiepirayxi im xaxoro-To saxoBa, Korxa-To Haiaeaaro HeTpom B.--o6%n&un 6ee7MHHipi 
t&xi, kto hto-jih6o ocm'Luitcji npoHseecTH npoTHBi npaoocjiabHoft Btpy. ToBopalH 
«eme, vro npaBHTeucTBO nocrynnjio ct. ^laaAaeBiufL ocofeHHO mhxocthbo, t.-c ne noj(- 
neprayio ero iaKOny-HH6y^i. 6oj%e HyBCTBHTCiBHOMy Baraaami), ccuiKi, HanpHntpx, 
noTOMy, tto sb&io h npHHUo bi coo6paaceHie Hexopomee noxozeHie ero niymecTBeH- 
«axt x*». 

f ) JfcBy MxxaftjiOBX^y IjHHCKOijy. He SHaD, Heuocpe^CTBeHBO ih Hanepex^ no Tpe6o- 
Aasix) ^aaxaeaa si otfept-noxamieftcTepy , hih HenocpeicTBeeHQ bcj*^ 3a hhmi, 
oihhmi H3t 1100X080X11X1 noiHQMeficTepoBx BM&cTt ci zaHiapxcxBirb mTaoi-o4>xD;epon 
6ujii npox3BexeBi xoManraifi o6hcki bi ero raapTHpi. Ero 6yMari OTo6paiH h nociaxi 
vb neTep6ypn. Dotomt* BisoTopyx 6hxh BOSBpam^eBii, xpyrix Taxi x ocTaxxcb. Tyrb 
ate npoB80ffleaT. saoaxBuft cxyiafi, Bi HHcat 6yxan noiHoja aaxBaTxia orpoxeuft bo- 
poxi. «Mocxobckxx'l IttioxocTefi>, upe Hexi ^aaxaesi 3axtTnrB, hto «9Toro 6pan He 
xxx *ero, xto sto ae 6yxarx l — a <5yxara>. 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



E. M 4 W&kMVb* 35 

^MHTpia B.iaxHiipoBH*a romiiiiHa, naxaBHa ^amaeBy BHasoiiaro, 
wb to Bpeiffl n MocfiBi He (Jhjio. He ew&h hh Majiifimefi bob- 
MOSHOCTH rOBOpHTb o6*e jiBTepaTypBOMs j-fcjLi ci otfeps-nojEij- 
MeficTepoMi» > ^LaaAaeai nonpocEjrb no3BOJteHia yBBAaTbca cb rp. C* 
HoaBoiesie 6h<jo ciio ae MEayTy who h cb 6ojh>uiok> oxotok>< <Iaa- 
AaeB-b rpa$a C. yBEA'bJ'b, ho rasoe CBHAame he npanofi nojibBH, 
Base npafiTHHecKaro peayjbTaTa HHKasax'b He bm4jio. CBepx* Toro, 
ero, co CTopoHii *IaaAaeBa, ue saoEH&acb mosho HasBaTB aM- 
CTBieMi», HcnoaraeHHHM'B TpycocTH h najioAyniia. Hotomi* ^laaAaeBs 
eme (fe^noBOEas rp* C. iihcbmomi,, ocTaBinHMca 6esT> oTBfrra. 

Repeal MicaiVB BosBpaTEJica bs MocBBy bbasb Fojhijhh'l. 
UpH nepBOM'B cBHxaniH cb ^aaAaeBUMt ohs pacxoxoTajca co cjio- 
BaKH: cQa n 9 a que trop dure; il faut pourtant que cette farce 
finisse>* JUivtesbBuwh xoAaiaficTBOM'L asasa rojumuHa ^aaAaeBi* 
6bun> npomeH* repeal oabbs roAfc h oahhi> Mican,!,, bo ahk> 
BcrynjieHia Ha npecmirb HflBOJiaa I, npHxoAEBmexyca ABaAuaTaro 
Hoa6pa. Ohatb npiixajn> bt> BeMy nojnmMeflcrep'b oCmbetb, mo 
<no npocbCi h xoAaialcTBy resepajft-rytiepHaTopai eicy BOBBpa- 
maeTca cBo6oAa h npeapaiuaerca BOjmieficBifi BaAsops. 06s toms 
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6tuo CBasaHO he aaoBa. 

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jyHBBmee Tasyio ebb^cthoctb e btb Poccis e sa rpaeEijefi, 

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ce6a em^ji'b cBo6oAy npEBEMaTb aoro e cbojibbo xoneTi*. OCeps- 
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XOAHTB HO yJIHIjaM'B ntniKOMT*, %1> TOMy 0E% npBBHBS, ht6 6iuo 

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ropoAy, BBByAa Be saxoAa, CBo.ibBO a sorAa eiiy 6uao yroAHO. 
OdaBajocb HacajibCTBeHHoe JieneHie otb noMiinaiejibCTBa. Oho 
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Digitized by 



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36 BwrmrB ibpohh. 

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ne CMOTpiura h BOo6m,e r*b ero (fwsHiecRofi ocoOi HHsasoro np*- 
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6e3yRopH3neHHUM'B noBeAemeMi nopJWHHaro qejroBijRa... 



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IIoBejedie jhtohxb Apy3eft ^aaweBa, T.-e. hohth Bcero mh- 
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€My npo TO nonoMHHTB>... 

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xejbnoB no61iA* Ba^t CHibHum npoTHBHnKOMi— BeJiHKOAymie naio o6uKHOBeHHoe. 

*) «Apologie d'un fon». 

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$8 BftCTHim ibpoiiu. 

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HspeieHia, bb kotophxb hoith Bcer.ua rayfiBHaa BtpHocTB HatfaioAeHiff 

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nuTKa b*b Poccul 

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cay ea npnroBopa, hah bb HeH3MipHMo3 pajocTB npHBiTCTBOBaTb noa- 
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aBaeHiaxB; nepeuii, ycrpeMJiaa bb rayfo npoTeamefl shshh Poccia 



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Xo6pocoBicTBO cam ce6st jm co6crBeBHaro yrfemeHij! ociiiufljrb; fl3Bicrao, vro n)X> 
bcb BOo6me i»6flTT» Bspira, sorxa BipHTb xoneTca. «Le pass^ de la Biunie, — oTvawnk 
eify rpa^i BeHKeB^opiJ)i>, — a €t€ admirable; son preaent est plus que magnifiqne; qaasa 
a son arenir il est an dela de toot ee que l'imagination la pins bardie se pent figarers 
▼oila, mon cher, le point de vne sons lequel l'histoire rnsse doit 6tre C0D9XW et €erke»- 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



n. a. mifjLm. 39 

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Bh npo^ojimeniH BOCBMHaxAara tojobi cb h*crojbrhmk icfccaijainr. 



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o$$HitfajiBHiie jh)xh nepecrajiH xhshtbch, a r*b poCkhmi BOSBpa- 
THiacb 6oxpocTB, h bx hhctoitb pe3yjJBTarfe oRasajiocb, qTO ero 
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HOCTBxeeia pyccKoft acropiH Heo6zoxaicu hhuo hcxoxhh6 nyHKTH, hhuo areToxu, Bene 
choco6m ypasyiciBaHiH. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



40 



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h 6uBajii> nparjiainaeM'B na npa3AHHKH, r;$ npncyTCTBOBaja rocy- 
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HH CB HieHaMH HMnepaTOpCKOH $aMHJliH oitb He AoaHJiB. 

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l ) Btbmi pacnojoxeHieii* xi ce6i OHt noJbaoBajcx Be Bcerja yiitpesBO. 

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nepeOpaHKofi flauxoBa. flaxotiao sauiTHTb, ^to Hexoiiy Haxaxoro Bpeja oea He cj&iaja» 
h eaiH Ha xoro Kaxyx> rfcut h 6pocH*a, rant cxopie Bcero Ha oaiioro ffstiKOBa. Tax*, 
xaxi ona m&io HSBtcTBa h, caepxi Toro, oieu WHHea, to a eei noMtmaw x*. 
ocooeHeom. npHjoxeHiH. 

3xtcB ace wfexyerb ynoMHHyTb «coBpeiieHHoft irfecHt* ^eHiica A,&Biix.0Ba, o<reHB> 
BaoaBHoft cTHxoTBopuoft sappHKaTypirB, BecbMa, Bnpoiexi, xaxo oopaTDBmeft Ha cete 
BBjmaHiH. UpMBoacy H3i Hex cthxh, oTHocainjeca xi ^aaxaeBj: 

< H BOTl 

«Bi KHnen> coBtmaHba, 
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«CTapnxi (5apHHb xyxoBHHKt, 
«MajieHi»Kii atftfaTHKt, 

«1T0 Bt rOCTHHBIXl 6htb npHBIIXl 

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«Bc* xpnaTT. eny npHBin 

«Cl OXaHLeifl H HHCK01TB, 

«A OFB BaSHO Mb Bl OT,BtT*t: 

«Dominu8 vobiscnm*. 
ToBopuni eme npo dnHrpaimy na ^aa^aeBa xaxoro-TO r. HeeJOBa,"npBMi^aTejiH«> 
nyiiyiD, ho m iobojmio CMtmHyD oiaaBose: 

<JLer J hrb xt CeacMepTM) Haaxaesi cxoxom 
«H B^pyra 6hun, ocTaHOBieni «Tejiecxonoii'B». 
*) O^eHt aaxisaTftibHo, hto HaHOoate necorjacBuo 6ujh ct mno. h HaHCori© 



Digitized by 



Googk 



» » 

BecBMa CKymtiff, Kan*, HanpHM'fcp'B, npnAHpiEBaa B3ucKaTejrBH0CTs 
bt> BH3HTaxi h feoofime bo Bcircaro poja HapyatHoarB mme'riff, 
jkirajrercB npewewwh Jno6ame5 majroBjiHBofi BecejrocTH, joCpoaynraoft 
Sa6aBU. TaEia cjiatfocra 6um aobojlho Mnoropasjraqmj, h hhkto 
wa hhx-b He cepjHjrcff, xotjt bc4 hmh oieHb 3aHHMajrncB. K-b KOHijy 
CBoero nonpHuja on* yace hot™ He hm*jh> saaaptHBaioHiix'B bhh- 
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»to ero He awuroBaji'B, nonm Bceivia hm'&i'b nojiHoe npaBo ropflmcH. 
Ero ^ noJoateHie b*b Poccih cpaBHHBajH cb nojoateHieM'B Etta- 
T0<5piaHa bo $paHi*iH. Ilpn 3KB3HH eme oh* hm*j-b yjOBOJB- 
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Kidcthitb, CapoHT. TaKCTray3eH^, rpa$T> JKiojiBBeKyp'B, CasonoB*, 
SHaMeHBTHfl HCTopHRx Manure, H*KOTopue Apyrie, a bx ocotfenHocTa 
r fiojiie Bcixx, Tepijen'B. 



T. JIdHrHHOB'B, bx CBoefi CTaTB*, roBopnTi, yro ^aa^aeBx 6ujl%, 
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ojHoro oh-b yTBep^HJTB bx KaKOi-H06y^B ^oflpofl mhokh, bx apyroM* 
npoCyAMx KaKoe-HH6y^B tfjiaroe ^bctbo, TpeTBeMy pasptniHJTB co- 
MH^Hie h t. *.; h ^to ecju6u Moatno 6lijio Hanaro hsx hhx* 

jpyxHUMH. PimHTeJbHuft ero bpothbbbk* 0. H. T. nacTO roBapHBan: «rAomwe, ?tie> 
contredis le plus est aussi celui que fame U mieux*, Hxb CBOptl Mesiy CoOOD lOXOXJUK 
xo BesipoflTfluxi spafiBOCTeft. Paa*, cepeja aBrxificaaro uyoa, 06a npiaTexa noiHaxw 
tekoh myMB, hto ajytfauft mB6HD;apB, qtb hhxb bb iobojbbo noYreaHOMB pa3CToamit 
Baxo^nBfflificH, cepi>e3H0 noayMaxB h faariMi MaTQMB npatfiatajiB bocmotpbtb, He npo- 
ssoiuo jh bb iLiytft He6uBaaaro flBxenia pyKonainnoft cxBaTKB, h He npHnuoct 6u 
pa3H(tifaTB jipaxy. , 

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aaciHTUBaiocB onenB mbjo, ho bb saTaeHHUx*, saBHCTB HcnoiHeHHuxt h noxicoyioKk 
xpauBmnxcM aojixbo 6htb ne 6hxo AocTaTsa. He roBopa npo oaxoCieHnoe npoTHBB Hero 
oTBpameoie $. ^. B. h khash ^., Hej©6Bio kotopuxb noacao toibko pajoBaTbca, y»a- 
awBaJH Ha o^Horo H3i TaaaHTJHBHX'B coBpeueHBuxB ApaMaTHHecxnxB nHcaTejeft, 6yj|T0 6b 
oOiiuaBmaro Kpyry cbohxi. jpyaeft Be SHaKOMHTBCB ci ^aaiaeBUMi. Mai BeH3BBCTH0, 
npaBia jib sto, Hen3BicTB0, 6lub hib hbtb btotb nacaTeJiB jhhbo ci HaaxaeBUMi aaa- 

BOMB, BO B 3BaX> BOlOXHTeJBBO, TTO OBI HBSOrAa H6 6uBWb J Hero BB AOMt. 8ts 

eeeaBHCTM bb He^aBHee Bpeiia hmb.ih cayiaft noBOZbuo rpowco BiiCKaaaTBca. BciBxcTBie 
Ha to BBKOTopuMa H3i>aBjeflHaro aceiaflia, o*BOMy o6mecTBeHBo»y 3aBexeBii> bb Mogkb% 
(aeniftcKOMy iuy6y) 6ujb no^apeHt nopipeTB HaaxaeBa. MeBBmascTBo btotb nopTper&> 
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Taxofi raaxTB, hto ero *hb nepe37, ^Ba xojukbu 6u jh cbhtb. Oicbhahh mbb nepecxasBiBaii^ 
«rro BOJBeaia, noxo6aaro TOMy, KOTopoe npoHsomxo no ciy^aD nopTpeia bb Kjy 6b, hhkto 
«e 3anoMnHTL. Bb 9totb pa3i 6uzo cb oojbbiod cnpaBejUHBOCTBD CKasaao: «I1 faut 
ponrtant que cet homme fat bieo et.vraiment un homme sup^rieor pour pouvoir exciter 
4e pareilles anthipathies bait ans aprbs fla mort». 



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Googk 



42 ncTrara worn. 

noABeprayTt xonpocy, to oicasajocB 6u, hto vl CBoeMB BpaBCTBen- 
hom'b npeycniamH BCSRifi HfofB-HHSyftB ja 6hi*b eny o6asaHB. 

9to3 bucosoS xBajiti, uoxerb 6utb, canaro B&iHBaro hsb bc£» 
BoexBajenifl, BOTopiw tojbbo m osera Bucjy&HTB neaoBiRB Ha seif j£, 
oh*b 6ujb BnojHi h 6e8B orpaHHHeHiA joctohht*. ^aajaeBB o» 

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Hofl BosCyxHTesBHOCTBK). Ohx, B*B BHCOBOfi creneHH, 61111 T^MX, HTO 
Hiimu HasuBaiOTL anregend. Ero pasroBopt h aaate oaho ero 
npHcyrcTBie x^CTBOBajra Ha jipyraxB, BaBi xtficTByerb mnopa Ha 
6jaropoAHyK) JomajB. IIpH Hem Bast-TO HejiBsa, hoiobko <5hjk> 
OTxaBaTBCA es^neBHofi hohuocth. IIpH ero noaBjemH Bcasift saiei-TO 

HeBOJILHO, HpaBCTBeHHO H yMCTBCHHO OCMaTpHBaiC*, npfltiBpaJCfl H 

oxopamBBajca. 

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ct> MHpeuMx 6iaroBOJieHieM f b BHCjymHBaa MHiHia He tojbbo pas- 

JIHIHIM, HO H COBepmeHHO npOTHBOnOJOSHHa, CB Heo6lJKHOBeeHUMH 
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TO BaSHUMl CepBe3HUMI> CflOBOMB, /TO OflHOMy eMy HCBJIKWHTeJIBHO 

CBoficTBenHofi, ctojibbo y.a.aqHOH, HecpaBHeHHofi, ycnoROHBaiomefi 
myTKofl, ohb coxpaHHJTB OTJiflnaBmyio ero cHMnaTHHecByio Boatiy/iH- 
TejitHocTb iv£jok), HeBpeAHMOK) h A*BCTBeHHOK) jo noarfeflMro JM, 
h wb hojihomx ea Bceopysie onoHBjB bohhhhok).... 

£a 6yxeTB h unb nosBOieHO obohhutb mok> sanecsy Tiitx se, 

*&Wb 3aKJIH>HHJ'B CBOfl TpyA*B T. JIOHrHHOKB. 

B% HHCji xpHCTiancBHX'B BipoBaoifi ^aa^aeBa oahhitb m-h 
caMtixi* jik)6hmiixb, h3t» caMHX'B yTiraHTejBHUXB 6hjio BipoBaHie, 
hto ?eji0BJ>KB ne nepecTaeii> shtb aa rpotfoMB, hto bcj^ab a& 
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cb nyBCTBOMB MaiieHHaro, TBep^aro ynOBaHia h rjyfioKaro caMOOT- 

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bb B^HHoe TRWLumfi cRflmeHHHKB H. A. CeprieBCKifi, bb KpaTKyio 
MHHyTy nponoBi^H, npHHecB nosjpaBJieHie oTineAmeMy cb AapeMjb 
jneft, co AEewb BejiHKaro xpecTiaHcsaro TopsecTBa. H BeiH^aBO- 
TporaiejiBHO, h HeBupasniio OTpa^HO npoHSHeciecB o6pan^eHHua 
bo rpody ero cJOBa: 

fYicepniiH o XpncT§ 6paTB, XpncToro BOCBpece!> 



») Bt nHCtici si MHX&Hjy OexopoBH^y OpxoBj. 

1865. 
Aewt6pB. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



n. a. iiaaaeb*. 43 



EPHJIOatEHIfl. 

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B* nymee Bpemi CTOJKHOBema h pacnpiT neatly napTiet ccjmbjiho- 
$ubCKofi> h TaKi-HasHBaeMoB c3ana,KHOfi>, Ashsobi Haniicajrb nocjraHie 
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BCKopt iiotomt> yate h cb HM6H6MI. 9to noaaHie €3anaAHy»> naprii> 
oqeEB pascepflHJio. 9HeprHqecKifl Tepi^eHi ofoflBHjrB, cvro <$63A0RasaTejiB- 
Doe o6BHH6Hie jooxel bi> Bdvbwb OTeqecTBy em ocRopfaeme seem, h wo 
msbIictho, RaRi pasptmaDTca o(5h*h 9Toro poAa>. BraoBa OAHaso xe hh- 
wro He noAMJii. Bora sto nocaaHie: 

BBI, KOTOpHe X0THT6 

Ilpeo6pa3HTB, HcnopTHTB sac& 
H o6einenHTBtPycB, BHeiUHTe 
UpocTOcepAe^HBifl moS BoarjiacB! 

Kto-Gi HH 6BIJII TBI,— OXHOnjeMeHHHK'B 

H 6parB mo3, — asaiKoB ih CTapHKi, 

Efl TOpXeCTBeHHBlfi HSM'BHHHK'B, 

Efl HaAMeBHBlfi BJieBeTHHRl, 

HJB TBI, CiaAKOp-feqHBBlfi KHHSHHK'B, 

OpasyjTB »Honiefi-HeBtaycB, 

TBI, jerKOMBICJieHHBlfi CHOABHHHHK'B 

BesnyTHBixi Mucjiefi h Ha^es^; 

&IB TBI, HeBHHHBlfi H IK>6e3HBlfi 
IIOKJIOBHHK'B T6MHBIX'B KHHFB H CJIOKL, 

BocnpHHHMaTejB cjeaHBift 
HysHxi cyameHiB h rpixoB'B: 

BBI, UDRb SaBOC^HBBlfi h aep3Kifi 
Bbi, OnpOMeTHEBBlft OIUOTB 

yqeHM iDKOjy 6oroMep3Bofi, 
Bbi bcb — ho pyccKift bbi aapo^B! 
He wo6o Bam, cMToe jrfuo 
H ciasa HameS CTapHHBi, 
Bb Ba<rB bo HflBen, bt> BacB noMepTFkio 
PoAHoe nyBCTBO. Bbi hoihbi 
He Toft bbicokoS a npeKpacHoR 
JJkXSoBBK) k* poahh'b; He TOTl 
OroHB ^HCTBRmiB, iuaMeeB acHBifi 
BacB noxHBiiaerB. B* BacB suseTB 
JIk)6obb He kb hcthh'b h Hi 6xary. 
Hapo^HBiR rxacb — oh* Boarift riaci. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



;£4 BfcCTHWb EBPOIJH. 

He obi posxaen m> Baci OTeary. 

Oh* crpaeeH'B, ahri, oh*l qyaui jm Bacb. 

BaMi HamH jyqinia npe^EUiBH 

Cm-bibho, 6e3CMucieBHO SByqaxx, 

MoryHHxi nparftaoB'b a^hlh 

Ban Be^ero ne roBopjirs. 

Hxt> npesHpaerb ropjocTb Baraa. 

Cbhtuha xpeBBiiro RpeMJu, 

BoraTCTBO, cma, spinocTb nama, 

Hhito BaMi. PyccKaa seiuui 

On Baci. hg npHMerb npocBfcnteHb*. 

Bu CTpauiHH ell. Bu Bjrofaeeu 

Bt» cboh npexETeiLCBia mh*bhbji 

fl CBBTOTaTCTBeHHHe CHH. 

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H He yiffceTe bh cb He» 

HH SHTb, HE n*TB, HH rOBOpHTB. 

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3aMperL nposjUTuS Banrb rauicb. 
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H pyccsifi Bort eme BeiHKi!.. .. 

IIoqTH OAHOBpeneHHO totb so JteHKOB'b Baracajrc wiiiAyDmee nocja- 
Bie kt> K. C. AscaROBy, b*b KOTopoMi ero yaopaerb 3a sHaaoMCTBO h npi- 
23Hb c& HaaAaeBua^. 9to craxoTBopeHie ^aa^aeBi Tor^a se qHTajra h 
iipH qTeuin octsjicb coBepmeHHO cnoaofiHbiarb : 

Tu Mojoxeux! Bb Te6t npeRpacHO 
Kinmn>, 6ypjnn> Miaaafl KpoBt, 
Bb Te64 B03BunieHHO h bcho 

CBBTafl KT> pO^HHt JK)60Bb 

Hujaerb. BofiKo u noHTeeHO 
3a Pycb h HainnxT> tu ctohiiib; 
06b Heft noeuib th baoxhobchho, 

O&b Hett TU CTpaCTHO rODOpHfflb. 

Cyxb6u BeiHKofi, sh3hh cjaBnoft 
HauHoro, iraoro, MHoro AHeft, 
H caMo6uTHocTH xepataBHoft, 
fl Ao6poA < BTejBHHxi> ^pefi, 

MoryHHX'b chjoio poahok), 

Tu elf xejaemb. Mbjt- mh* tu. 

CiflK)Tb CBBTJOH HHCTOTOK) 

Tboh HajiesAU h veiTir. 
AaH pyKy mh4j. Ho Tyace pyKy 
Tu apy»ejK)6H0 nojaemb 
ToMy, kto ropayio HayKy 
H TopatecTBy©n;yK) loatb 

rjy60K0MUCJeHH0 CTaHOBHTb 
HpeBUBJe HCTHHU CBBTOfi, 

Tony, kto Hamy Pycb 3*oaK)BHTb 



Digitized by 



Googk 



n. jr. nu&ixn. 4fr 

H BenaBuxHTb Bceft xymoif, 
H kto, H^MenHH* jyaaeoS 
HepeAaicji.— H bcj^ai sa Bell, 
3a rocnoseK) BemnaBoR 
Haerb — CiHCTaTejbHHft jasefi.... 
A npaBocjiaBHyio uapunj 
H naTepi, pyccKHXi, ropoAOBfc 
GiitHirrb Ha nuinHyBO 6jyAHHn,y 
Ha BaBHjOBCKyio totobi.!.... 
JJaft pyKy mh-b. Cm-bxbR, Myatafica, 
Cbbthmt. BaxexAajn* h ueit^wb 
BnoJH'B cxysai, bbojih'B BBipaficB, 
Ho bo MHpBdL cbobmi Bparaan>. 

nocjiameni <KzHe-navxuM5> oMa^tJiH h CTaJur, ckojibro euro h bo3- 
xoshocth y hhxt> (Shjio, ero pacnpocTpaflflTb Roe-Kaaia j&ah, sejiaBmie 

npHMEByTBCfl Kl> CJiaBJiHO({)M.iaMX, BO 06l> KOTOpHX'B CJiaBBH0<}>HJ[H He xo- 
TtJH H CJHfflaTB, H KOTOpHX'B OBH B6JM0JIHM0 OTb Ce($Ji OTBepraJH. C/KOJIbKO 

mh* h3b*ctho, AKcaaoBi He OTBtqaji ilsHKOBy Ha ero oCBHBeeie bt> 06- 
meflia ci T laaAaeBUMX, ho Hanacaji, cb CBoefl ctopohu, CTexoiBopeflie : 

KT> C0K)3HHKAM f &. 

He Ta Hajema m> Bam cjerfeia, 
He to xaero oroBb cepjwairb, 
He sa oabo ctohjit, bu abmo: 
Bu sysAU b npoTHBou Ban. 

Tu, c*b BB^a KaBomiBca mhtbbk'b, ' 

PocdH caMosBaflHBif! chat,, 
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Ha ace oaio6ieBBuft xopabbbi; 
* Tu, HapunaTOibHoe hma *), 
MtdOHMeHbe nojLieaa, 
Tjiacfliiufi k-l TocnoAy «cmbph me> 
H xnecb CMHpeHBbifi ao JbCTen,a; 



l ) 9to to ze canoe jumo, KOTopoe Bucjyziuo orb H. $. HauoBa, xozero 6uTi> 
canyi> MacTepcKyD H3i ero o6pa3n/)BHX , b aniirpaiciii: 

HHOH BCD 2KR3HL jiXH Bl SatiOTaXt 

BoTme TpyxHTCfl jo Komja; 
Haofi no** CTapocTb KpoBbD, n&TOMt, 
noxywra hxh nojjena. 
Ho th He pa6oT&rb ynopHo, 
HaBicTHocTK He xoxro xiajt; 
Th, <5eai Tpyja, xento, npoBopHO 
Bo UBiTi xirB ero CHHCRarb. 
He no liiaMt tu tioroxoieffb, 
Ha yrozxeHbn ho cnicaBi, 
He no liTaxi HHSRonouoHeHi, 
He no jitaMi. tfxaroiecTHBt. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



46 MOTBtfK* BBPona. 

H th, iracaTeiB eatfoaj&iirt, 
KiaccHHecEHxi HoatreiB j3x, 
BeiHKifi sioctmo, Tkiom xaiuft 
ynpmiHfi iKHHTaTeiB vy3i; 

H MHOrO lieJIO^H BHVTOXHOft 

(Ee h rjaro He pastieperb), 

HO pa3XflpeHHHff, HO TpeBOZHHft, 

Ho sioft h MCTHTeibHuft Hapoxb. 

He CBexHHHTB Haci 6ysBa MHta&fl, 

Bo Been mm pasHH Meat* coftoft, 

H Bame 3Jio0Hoe nrairfcHBe 

He rojocB chjlhu8 h npocToft. 

Hint,... Baci Be npfraeirB mh b*b otffery, 

He Bam BHHuaTB poxHoiiy 3By: 

Mh oncaaaiH MapaepeTy, 

Kara huh ocBoGoamaxt Mockbr 

Ha 6htbh biixoaa cbhthh, 

Jta 6yAeifb tooth nesi C060B! 

BH npOHB, COD3HHRH THMHe, 
A BH, npOTHBHHKH, Ha foil!.... 

HaROHeifB, Sshkobi otfparajica jurmo cb •pyraTeiBHHm nociaderK 
npflMO Kb caMOiy ^aajiaeBy. 9to nocaame xpaHMOcs bt> (foi&mot Talta* 
h now BeraMMi cnywMt, ito(5h RaRi-HitfyaB npo Hero He npoBtjaxs 
^aa^aeBi. ^aajaeBi aMctbhtojibho, npH sh3hh flsHROBa, ero HHKor^a He 
qHTaJi>. SI caul Mora ero nojyiHTB wrhflyronunrB o6pa3oin>. CmmaBira, 
qTO oho cymecTByere, npjwo nonpocHjrB ero y A. C. XoMHROBa, seHaTaro, 
KaKi) h3b4ctho, Ha pojHOfi cecTpt Jl3HR0Ba. Xohmobi ciro se MHyry mfc 
OTRaaajTB, roBopa, tto repeat mohh Moaen ysHaTB npo Hero x IaaxaeB%>. 
<AecjH, AiieKcta CienaHOBim, — h BospaBHJTB,— h Ban tocthhitb cio- 
bovl o(J4marocB ^aa^aeBy HHRor.ua npo Hero ho roBopm, h HHRor^a eiy 
fie noKa3HBaTb?> — cBi TaRomb cjyqa*,— cm*hcb OTB*iajr& Xoihrob*, — * 
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ciame, h no jocroHHCTBy noeTjraecROMy, h no OAymeBieHbo ratea, h ho 
wytfoRofi, ToiHTejibHoft naTpioTHWCRoS tocr4, h no (faecRy h SBOHy cth- 
^xobT) qyTB jra He caioe npenpacHoe mi> Bete, BHrneAnnm H^-noA^ 
otoibro BHaieHHTaro, vb CBoe Bpeiw, nepa JfeuROBa: 

Bnoint nyzxa Te64 PoccU, 

Tboji poAHMafl CTpaHa: 

Ea npejama cbatha 

Th HeHaBHAHmB Bcfc cnoiHa. 

Th htl oTpeiccH Maio^yniHo, 

Th jo6HsaeniB Ty<J>iK> nairL.... 

HoHTeHHuxi npexROBb chhi ociynrauft, 

Bcero nysoro ropAuil pa6i!.... 

Th Bee CBoe npesptxb h BHAara.... 

H th eme Be coKpymem*... 



Digitized by 



Googk 



n. s. uiAiiBi. 47 

TH BOO CTOHOI&, KpSCBBUfi H*0» 

CrponTHBiixi xynrb h ciafoix* k^hi!?.... 
Th Kin eme....! xe64 noHuat 
BtHKH niereri 6oismoft Ham* cb4tb; 
TBoeft aacMtnuHBoft ropjuHi 
7 saci HaxaxHmB th npHB&r*.... 
Hani bo CMiuiBO, Hani bo o6kxho, 
He crpamao nan Te6a lacaaTb, 

Eorxa H3BOJBUHb TH 6e3CTH*H0 

Cboh xyjeHBfl HsparaTb !?.... 
Ha see, Ha Bee, hto Bam csameHHO, 
Ha Boe» vbu% Pycb eme Sana.... 
Te6a mu ciyniaeMi cbhpohho.... 
Tboh npecTynwia ciOBa 
Mu ociinaem noxBaiami; 
Apyrt xpyry hxi nepejaeMT, 
CTpaHHOnpiHMHHMH ycTaMH 

H He6pe3riHBHjn> juubomi.... 

A tki rbm BHme.... rbwb th spame.— 

Te6t no6eaem> 3totb cpaMi.~. 

Te6* npisTHO pa6cxBO name.... 

rope Ham>.... o rope nam....!! 

Bi to Bpeui Ha JIsHKOBa MHorie oieHB nporaiiBajHCB. SL can cjih- 
nrajft, sara oahhi H3T>caiHXT>6jaropoAHHXi>npeACTaBHTeJiefl <3anaAHaro> 
HanpaBJieBiji roBopui nyCjnwHO, Koiy 6mo yroflHO caymaTB, wo cnicaiv 
noAofaaro poAa cthxh, njBHpm mi-hoa* noKpoBHTOjacTBa cnHHHOfi qa- 
xotkh — (flOTKOB'b TOtya y*e yiHpaJiT)) — Kb qecTHHX'b juDftei ra- 
MeHBfliH, na bc4xi> jraHKarb h bo Bctxi rocyAapcTBaxi), rto 6h Toro hk 
Ataajre, 80B6TC2 nowocTb»>. SA'bcs ho HtcTO pa36npaTB, ckojbko npe- 
yBeimemaro h ho cobcIhi npaBOcyjHaro 6wlo vb Tasora paawpeHHOis 
h cTpacTHOu HeroAOBaHii. fia^DCb bto hchoahhtb bt> xpyrofi pa6or6. 

Xoahjo eme no pyKam cnocjraHie si Jl3HR0By> K. K. II — oft, mrfc- 
hLs KOToparo ioxho pa3A*MTB hah ho paBA*JWTB, tn> rocnoACTBy»meft 
iHCjn>» KOToparo hoxho comma-rLca hie ho eoriamaTbca, ho KOTopoe, 
OAHaso ze bo bcakohi cjiywi, no MoeMy MHtHi», ctohtl Toro, TO)6a 
6mb coxpaHeHHHii: 

Ho wb nip* 6yxi> BenraecraeffB h cbbto. 

&8HKOBI. 

What is writ is writ. 

Byron. 
Hferb, Be Bona a *»tb oTBirca 
Ha BH30B& jHpHHfi Kara Bcer.na, 
Mh* craia hhh* jvpa ara 
H HenoHHraa, h nyama. 
He npHSHaD en santBa; 
He oh-b bi t* xhh nxfeHjuB Boft ciyra: 
Bi neft ephki asmecsaro raiiBa, 
B* neft mo6hh1 npo6yAaica jyx*. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



48; BftCTHHtt) BBPOBS. 

He naxoxy fl xynrfc a jaHH 

JImh xhxb ropAHHH ff rpfoa; 

Hferb Ha npoKUim h 6paHH 

Bo MH-fe oTSuraaro CTexa. 

Bo mh* flirt lyecTBa KpOirB topa, 

Korja 3BaKomiff raaci uiena, 

GjinuifB CTpacTHMi 6ed6osfto BTflpa, 

BiHBaerh BeHaBHcr* m cepjwa. 

H a rjy6oso neroxyK), 

Hto Ton>, Hbfl ntcHs 6uja HHCTa, 

Ha niomajb Myay oner* CBjrryi), 

BioxhbV pyraetH efi B* ycra. 

Mh£ thjkko 3HaTB h 6e30Tpaxno, 

Kan* ftbimerb crpacraoft oht. BpasAOfi, 

^yzyK) Mucib sapaa acajeo 

H poflCb vl cob-bcth nysoff. 

MHi ctuaho 3a Hero h 6oibHO 

H BMicro niceHi, sarb cnepea, 

Jleinb BupbiBaKyrca HeBOJbHO 

Hvb eepjma roptKui ciOBa. 



n. 

BcKopt nocjit $eBpaju>CKoft peBOJiwuia 1848 r., HaaAaera nojyum 
noropoACsoi noqrb nicbio. 9to nicbuo, Ha oieHb meroaeBaioirb h bhahmo 
BHpa6oT8HHOM^ <J)paBijy3CKoirb bshk*, ra coxajrtHiro, KameTca, nponaBinee, 
<Jbuo 8anoAQHCBD <Louis Colardeau>. B* Herb r. KoaapAO «3aaBMffb 
<ce6a Bpaqen, H3yqaBmHMT> npeaMymecTBeHHO AymeBHiw <tojib3HH b toibko 

«IT0 npBdHBfflBH'b M3T) IlapHXa, TOpOAa, Kan* B3BtCTB0, B*b HaCTOHHee 

BpeMfl nepenoiHeHBaro (iesyMuauH Bcasaro poAa. HpitxaBi bt> Mocebj, r. 
JlyH KojiapAO nocntmaerb otfpaTmca ra r. ^aajtaeBy, cyfoesTy am Hera 
^pe3BtiqaflH0 saHHMaTeJbHOMy, JBtfonjUTHOMy h HHTepecHOMy, cyMacmecTBie 
KOToparo, BOo6me mbho h xopoino h3b*ctho h coctohtt> bt> Tora, w> r. 
^aaAaera, tfyAyiH nyarbiirb h HHwoxEHirb HejoBiKOirb, cetfa Boodpasaerb 
renieirb. I\ JlyH KoaapAO npewaraerb r. ^aajiaeBy cboh iieAHijKHCKiH 
yciyrn (Je3B03M63AH0, h npocHrb ero nx'b npHHHTb, Kara jumhoo h 3Hau- 
TejibHoe am Hero, r. KojiapAO, OAOJaeme, noTcmy wo 0H*b nojaraerb B03- 
MOXHHM'b coBepmeHHoe H3Jeqeeie r. ^aaAaeBa, wo hbotm^hho HaBcerAa 
•ynpowrb ero 6yAymH0CTb. Tara Kara Hira HHKaKoro coMHiHia, wo eaeM 
«My nocqacTJiHBHTCfl mcu^MTb cy(fa>eKTa ctojibko saM^qaTejibHaro h hhtb- 
pecHaro, Kara r. ^aaAaeBi, to oht» cb ocHOBaTejibHOCTbio moxoti HCKaTb 
m HaAtflTbca MkTa Bpaqa npn rpa$t MaMOHOBt *), ht^hi Ha BtqHHfl Bpe- 
neHa o(5e3neqaTb cboo nojo»eHie>. 



x ) Bt, .HJHHnufi nepio^L BpeMeHH BciMi. H3BicTHtifi yiiaiHineHHHfi, ojhht, H3t ca- 
araxi BucoKO-poAOBUTUXL h caMuxt 6oraTHxi jD^efi bi» Poccis. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



OAHOBpexepH* vb bt«m> Tajurx* naceirB, rogoparL, (faio nowaHO «• 
^iox'b ao cenii^ecaTH b* paaaHM-B junpn, ^aa^aeBy 3HaKOMuan>, Bt hhxt* 
agaiHAOCb Toxe comob c^ rbm H3M*HeHieMi, qTO aTHxi jihi^b, 6oite hm 
«ate ^aaAaeBj APY»flHX^, r. KoJapAO npocarB noxaonoTaTb, <oto6h 
jQTh corJiacMca y Hero aeiHTbcai . 

^aaAaeBi oiem> caopo — ah* ^epm Tpa — OTaptufb Hacroamaro co- 
^TaBHTejw ngcbiia, h b^ CBoein* A03HaniH o6HapysBjn> npHntqaTeabHHH h 
wcoucbwb oxBAaHHEia ocipoyiiie, npoHgqaTejibHOCTb h cueiay. ^ificTBia 
BneqaTJitflk ehcbmo Ha Hero HHKaaoro He npoH3Bejio, fl kt> hcmj oh*b 
ocTajica coBepmeaeo paBHOAymenb. Hmh cocTaBHTe-ia qh*b <5e3T> 3aue,peHia 
<efiqaci> se ofoaBHJi'b Bcaaoiiy, kto ero sejajrb ysHaTb. Bi otfmecTB* 06% 
HHCbMaxi He 6aao hh oAHoro (JjaronpiaTHaro 0T3HBa. Hxx aBTopa bc4, 
<$e3i HCKJUD^eHk, nopaAO^HHe jik>ah HMeBOBajw HeroAaeirb, ap^hbd, ma^- 
cofl, ABopHflmKofi fl TOMy hoaoGheim, Majioe yBaseme BHymajpnpHH Ha- 
^BamaxH. 

Oqeflb *Mb, ito otb^tb, HanncaHHHfl ^aaAaeBburb He r. JEyn Ko- 
aapAO, a Haoroameiiy aoppecnoHAeHTy, BnpoqeMt HH&orAa no aApecy ho 
OTnpaMeHHHft, Tose nponajrB. Bt> Hean> 3HaqHJiocb. wo <Tasofi-TO ***, 
cefa BOo6paaa»mifl ysacaromaifb HacirfeniHHKOM'b h rposHUxi (teieBaTe- 
jieiTB, Ha caMOM^ a***. He HHoe yto ecrb, nasi saaaoe, naieHbROe, (5e3- 
<HjH»Hoe cymecTBO, nepenoiHeHHoe saBHCTbio h xo^bw>. 

IIpo 9to KpomeiHoe rpaaHoe A*Jbno a h nonHHaTb 6a ne CTajrb, ecmfa 
CKpHBaBfflifica noAT> neHeirb KoaapAO BnoatACTBin He CTaxajTb oqeHb 
<lojbmofi h oieHb njiaqeBHofi h3b4cthocth iiocthahhmi> npoijeccoirb, npo 
BOTopufi, bi> cBoe Bpeia, Bcb roBopHM, h, oco6eHHO, ccjih6h He eny se 
jipHnHCHBaexn (Jnjih noAMeTHM, 6e3T>HMeHHtifl nactMa, omacTK 6nBniia 
npflqHHOK) hjih hoboaomi ki npeAciepTHofi Ay&ui UymsHHa. 



HI. 

Bt> kohi$ TpHAn;aTHXi toaobi HaqajiH ypHBKaMH h xejbROMi hohb- 
aaTbCH bt> HHOdpaHHoft neqaTH Koe-Eaaia CB*A*Hia HaaAaeB*. Uep- 
BHfi 061 Heirb, ecM He onmtfaDCb, saroBopHJi napKHst KrocTHffb (1839). 
9th, BDpoqeMi>, BecbMa ptA^ie c/iyqaH TporaJiH ero bi> BecbMa ua^ott h Be- 
3HaqHTeJbHofi CTeneHH. He to npoH3onuio, Kor^a bt> eBponeficaoi neqaTH 
CTajrb BHcaasHBaTbca Tepi^eHi. Orb nepBaro ero 061 mwb 0T3HBa ^aa- 
AaeBi npHHiej'b bi BOCXHmeHie, Aapo», ^to ao ero h3b*cthocth Aonua 
TOJibKO KHHra: cDu developpement des idees revolution naires en 
Ru6sie>. ^0 Apyrnxi owi He AoatH^t. 9ro BocxH^eHie 6ujlq em,e rim 
nojmle h SHBte, qTO npo AtaTejbHOCTb TepueHa ohi npoBtAaJi'b npn oco- 
<6vREux , b, no CBOfidBy ero juhhocth otm^hho JiecTHUXt oddoaTeJibCTBaxi. 

Tom V. — Cehthbp*, 1871. 4 



Digitized by 



Googk 



50 MCTHm iBPomL 

Upo qmecTBOBame khiti eiy nepBHt cnuan rpajrt A. 9. Opiora, n 
caiofi cepe^Kt jAte ciywBmiJtar wb Mockb* npofaAora vb cboi Bopo- 
Hezcsu jepeBHH kjih roi rara. Bt pa3roBopt rpa^ Opiora sarinui, 

*T0 CBl KHHrt H81 XIBHTb HIKTO HO H16HI H6 HaSBaHl, KpOtffc Tefa 

(ero, ^laaAaeBa) h rorojui, no-roiy aouho ($htb, to> ra Ban otionra mnero 
npH^aBHTt h on BacB 060m mraero ytfaBHTB, bhaho, yxi h6JB3*>. Ta- 

KOft 0T3HBI, HCnOIHeHHHfi JIBCTHBOft, yTOHTOHHOB BEtpa^HBOCTH, CA*JaHHHf 

qejioBtsoiTB, HeHSitpno bhcoko nocTaBJieramrB no otinpeTBOHHOiy noio- 
xeHM>, ho ho no oraoraeHi© HHCBiieHHO-mTepaTypHOMy, ynoHTejMo noia- 
esan canojnotfie h TnjecjiaBie HaaAfteBa, h, hohhtho, tto hvb owi 6wn> 
HpiBOAeffB bi cocToraie HeorpaHneHHaro &OBOJU»CTBa. 

KaWTCH B* TOTB 26 A6HB H y**B HHKaKB H6 H03AH*e APJTOrO, Haa- 

Aaera Hamcait h otocjuutb ra rpa$y Opjiosy Aaa4e npHBOAOHHoe hicbmo, 
npo Roropoe * ho (Jepyct roBopHTB rase OAHoro caoBa, noTOiy vto oho 
caio ce(ia AOCTaTorao p*3K0, Heyvojuvo h 6esnomaAHO xapaKTeprayerB^ 
IIhcbmo, Kara oho Toro cb hs^htbovb 3acayMBajK> h Kara Toro oxhabtb 
cjrtAOBajo, odaaocB h ($631 BCHKaro OTBtra, h 6e3B BCflsaro BHraam*. 

BOTB 9T0 H6H0MTH0e, yAHBHT6JIBH0e npOH3BeA6Hie, KOTOpOe H0Z6TB cjy- 

zhtb qpesBHiatao yAa^HHMB h qpesBiraafiHO p*akocthhitb otfpaswKors 
HenocTHSHHnxi npoTHBopiraifi qeaoBimecBaro cepAW : 

cM.T. 

Tpa$B AjOKCtfl OeAOpOBHTB. 

< C jramy, vro bb KHirrb repn,eHa mh* npHMCHBaroTCH KHtHia, koto- 
psa HHKorAa He 6hjih h HHKorAa ho tiyAyra mohmh iHtHiniH. Xoth ira* 
aoBB Bamero cijmjBCTBa h BH«y, tto bb stoB Harjofi KjeBerh ho bhahto 
oco6eHHofi BaatHOCTH, oahbko ho Mory ne onacaTBcn, *no6u OHa He ocTaBHja 
bb yrb Bamera HtKOToparo BneqawbHia. rjytfoKO faaroAapera 6u (Jhjtb 
Bameiy cijuejiBCTBy, ecjinfo BaMB yroAHO 6ujio AOCTaBHTB mh*bo3ho«hoctb 
ee onpoBeprayTB, h npeACTBBHTB BaMB nHCBxeHHO sto onpoBepawme, a mo- 
sen 6htb h onpoBepaeeie BceS khhui. JIjul 9Toro, pa3yn4eTW!, HyxHa 
MH* caiafl KHHra, KOTopofl He lory hm*tb HHaqe, Kara H3B pyra Bamnra. 

cKaxAHft pyccKifi, KaacAufl BtpHonoAAaHHHfl H,apa, b^ kotopomb Bees 
nip*B bhahtb BoroHB npH3BaHHaro cnacHTeM otfmecTBennaro nopaA^a bb- 
EBpont, AOJzeH^ topahtbca 6htb opyAieMB, xoth h hhitoshhitb, ero 
BHconaro CBameHHaro npH3BaHia; Kara se OcTaTBca paBHOAynmurB, KorAa 
Hamuli (JtrjeifB, raycHHra o6pa30MB HCKasaa HCTHny, npenncHBaerB Hara 

C06CTB6HH£IH CBOH lyBCTBa H KHAa6TB Ha HIH HatHO C06cTB6HHHfi CBOfi HO- 

sopi? 

c Cm4» HaAtHTBCH, Barae ciHTejbCTBO, ^to tfiarocKJOHHO npnere mod 
npocB($y h ecjH He aa6iaropa3cyAHTe ee hchojhhtb, to coxpaHrre mh* Bame 
($jaropacnojo«eHie. ' 

c^LecTB rato (5htb. . . . > 



Digitized by 



Googk 



JJm qeenr rpa<J>a OpjroBa h npmoiiraaa cbo&ctbo er6 OTHomeHifi Kb 
^aa^aeBy, a ocM*MBai>cB iipeAnoiaraTB, hto 9tbmt> mcbmoitb owb 6un 
9 yAHBwieHi) h one^flJieHi) tasso. Oht, ejwnreoirB xopomo SHajrb t&ej no- 
Ao6hhxt> aaflBJieHifi h, rohowo, ie ewrajrB ^aajaeBaB* %cjrb rtxi, or& 
Koro hxi cj£*Aywi «aotb. Hitb aojimo (Jhio OBJiaAin rpycTHoe h owaii- 
Ba»mee paaoiapoBaHie, yHMoe, (JesorpaAHoe paaAyMBe, HeoawAaraoe ropB- 
voe npe3p*Hie a* TOMy, w6 hphbhr* yiiasan, lyBCTBO otfiara, ocotfeHHO 
v HecTepnirao rHerymaro wb nepioA* nocjrtwaro cajiOHa roAOB* shshh. 
CJkoibko a noHHMai), oht» h toGmb ^aa^aeBa h npHBHiaJH ero ocotfeHHO 

OXOTHO HH6HHO 3a H63aBHCHM0CTb XapaKTOpa. CkOJBRO AO 16HH fflmiO H31 

hx& pa3roBopoB , B 9 mh* KaxeTca, *to rpa^y Op.iOBy bt> hex* hmohho Hpa- 
bhjiocb oTcyTCTBie o$(J)HuiaJibHOCTH, doibKO piicso eMy nona^aBineecfl, hjte 
Jiy^me, coBcfcarB HHRor^a He BCTptoaBmeeca. HtaoTopM BHpaateaiji h 
Aaxe i^bjina mhcjih, KOTopaa h3*b bthxi paaroBopoBi a aanoMHHJTB, no- 
KasHBaronb, *rro rpa^ OpaoBi b^ hhxi otboam* syray, roBopmrt no- 
-qTH na pacnanray, aaai cb Tanm leioBtaoMt, Ha KOToparo bhojh* no- 
jaraeTca h otb KOToparo osHAaTB HHaaaof h3m*hh h bi roaoBy npHjTH 
ho Moatera. Bi 9T0ft mhcih a erne 6ojrfee yTBepAMea, aor^a ropas^o 
tnycTH ycjramajrB otphboihho nepecaasH o CBHAariax'B HHaoaaa Ifea- 
HOBinia TypreHeBa vb rpa^om OpiOBHin bt> IlapHxt vb 1856 roAy, h 

SaMiJTHJrB, qTO TOWb dTETb pa3rOB0p0Bl>, HCHOmeHHHft CaMOft MMOft, B6- 

teaoft .iK)6e3H0CTH, coBepraeHHO CBO<SoA&Hft, He3aBHCHMH9, qyatAHt hocto- 
POhhhxi> cootfpaaeHifi h saAMxi MHeaeft, Mta nopasHTeaBHy© poACTBen- 
hoctb el tohoitb OTHomemfi rpa<j>a OpiOBa Kb ^aa^aeBy. 

OqeHL csopo nocjrb HanncaHia h ompaBRH nacsMa k*b rpa$y OpiOBy, 
soniD ct> Hero ^aa^aeB* npacjiajrB so mh*, b1> Toze Bpeiw HasHaqaa Ha 
^pyrofi aeHB cb hhm'b r^*-TO bm*ct* o&bflprb. Eowa mh nepo^ o(J4Aom 
€om.iHCi), ^aa^aeBi ctohm chhhoB bpb ne^at, sajiosHB'B pysH sa cnray. 
SI noffijrb eiiy hhcbmo h caasaiTB, hto <He eiy se pacroiaoBHBaTB 3Ha^e- 
frie ero nocTynaa, vro ohi> cars jyirae Bcaaaro Apyroro ero noHHMaerB, 
ho ito tojilko He lory nocTHTHyTb, jyw lero owb c^tjajn TaayiO neHya- 
Hyro rajocTB?> l ) ^aa^aeBi bsjutb hhcbmo, 6epeatno ero cjo»hjtb bt> ia- 
jieflbKii nopT$eJibqHKi>, KOTopafl Bcer^a hochjtb npn ce(J4 h, noMOjqaB'B 
cb nofflHHyra, caa3aiTB: <Mon cher, on tient a sa peau>. BoiBine 
o&b aTOMT) npeftMeTt Hesxy Hain raaorAa He (Jhjo csasaHO hh ciOBa. 

J^ysiai), ito 9T0 caxafi spyHHaa n eAHHCTBeHHaa HH30CTB atoro poAa, 
^A^aHHaH hmt> wb npoAOJizeme Bcefi sh3hh 9 ($e3*B cohh^hui HeHSBHHHTeiB- 
Haa, ho, HaAO($HO npH3HaTBca, HHoro H3iacHaeMaa BOspacroarB bt> to Bpeiui 
yse iipeajiOHHHirB, HeyAOBieTBopHTeiBHUVB cocToamesrB saopobbh, a raaB- 
Euwb otfpasovB o6wpm HpaBCTBeHHHMH pa3CTpofiCTBOH , B h ynaAaoi'B OTB 
crtcHeHHaro MaTepiajiBHaro nojio«eHiH. 



l ) BupaseHie, KOTopoe s. ynoTpe6iu'b, 6hjo «buseMe gratnite». 

4* 



Digitized by 



Googk 



52 BMTBHSb IBPOipi. 

Hoejrb ero exepTH M* owa xortioc* hhcbmo nosasaTB repiwHy. 
dy^aflHoe h aoubo <Jhtb npeAonpeAlueBBoe odcTOJueibCTBO Tony no*** 
inajio. KaKi* he 3a6oTHJicji a, yteaaa H3i> PocciH, Bam ero cb co6ofi> 
QAHasoai* Ba6ujn> y cetfa hoa^ saMsom b* AepeBHt* GsaatiBaTB se npo 
nero repneHy, se mta vb pysax* seonpoBepxHiiaro Aosa3aTeju>cTBa 9 se 
noorfeai, 6yAy™ y BtpeHt, ito ohs othocca 6a bo mh* ct> npeapaTejbBHM'b. 
HeAOBtpien h, cyAfl no Bceny Btpoaiiio, aanoAoapHJPB 6u bt> Hiasot h 
Harjofi MOBert. TaBHit o6pa30M> repeal h yiepT>, ho HcniiTaBi woro 
pasoqapoBaHia, 6htb mowtb, ho caMaro aeraaro H3i Bctxs tfeaqHaeBHHXt* 
ero nocMrniHX'b. 



IV. 

Bt> loefi 3aracB4 a cjurmsoHi iHoro roBopHjrt o caMoarotfiH h thw~ 
cabbIb ^aaAaeBa, h, csojibso Met KaaeTca, anniKoifb mbjio yaaaaji Ha t* 

fl06yABT6JIbHlU npH^HHU £ BOJftOAH, BOTOpHC B* H6MT> 9TB HeAOCTaTKH pa3- 

bhjh noqTH ao 6e3yMLa. Heiero noinnaTB npo to, csojibso h KasT> on* 6hat> 
H3dajioBaHT> bt> ceMeicTBft. HoTOMt, BCTyQHB'b wb cb^tT), cAtaaKH sep- 

TBOfi MHOrOTOCJeHHHXT», WCTO ^aHaTHqeCBBX'b nOBJLOH6Hifi, EOTOpHVB Hd 

nepecTaBajTB noABepraTbca ao Koana xhsbb. I^tJioe ero cymeeTBOBaaie 
6uao noqTH BenpepuBHUMi pbaom'b xpoBaqecBBXT> noxBajiaBaaifl, BOTopun 
Tin h 6tua onacate, sto Be hochjh aa ce64 xapaoepa yjiaiaHXt OBaitf ff, 
a Ki B6Hy BecJiBCb, KaK'B BOBOJibHaa abbb cbo($oaho h CHMnaTaqao ciuo- 
bbbibbxcb BBABBBAyajibBHXi yMOBi. B tflXQ cepAei^. On p4AK&ro H3t 
BaMtqaiejEBHX'B jiioAeS Bt Poccia cBoero BpeneaH oh* He nojyiHJft xotb 
KaEoro-BBdyAb tfojrfce bjb Meate JiecTBaro EOMMBMeaTa. Jiyae yaonHBajrb,, 
Kasi) paHO oBi) npBBjeB^ e* ce6t pacnojioaeaie BinepaTopa AjiescaBApa L 
Gb caiiofl nepBofi eojoaocth abb bcjibkhx^ khb3J3 l ) cA^aia ero npeABeTOMS 
CBoero oco6eaaaro BBHMaaia. nojioxeaie, B'b OTaomeHia at Heiy npaaaTOd 
IlymKHBHM'B, h3B*ctbo. BapaTHBCsifi, HaBtmaa ero Ha cipacTBOfi BeA***, 
roBopajra eiy, qio <bt> 9th BeJiHKie h CBBTue ash He HaxoAurt jyqinaro 
h (Jojite AOCTofiHaro ynoipe^JieBia BpeieBH, Kaa^ otfmeaie ci hhs^>. 
MeHte 3HaneHBTtie ero saasoMHe BuciynajH ct> Heneste co6ja3HH- 
TeJbHUMH HB^BBJieflijiMH. Hflofl, HpiixaBoiH B*b Beiy BT> nepBtiB pa3ir 
h ae 3acTaBT> AOMa, bxoabtt> vb EBapTapy h ee ocMBTpaBaerb, a no- 
tomi cBoe HOBeAeaie HSMCBBerb t4mi, qio <aeJiajn> bha^tb noaimeBie 
refliajibHaro qejioBtKa>; Apyroft npocarB y Hero no3B0Jieaifl npiioTHTbCii 
noA*B cfeHb» ero KOJioccajibHofi <<J)nrypu>; TpeTifl bt> nacbMt aoboabtb ao 
ero CBiAiflin, qio <cqHTaen> ero bsi oahbmt. saMiqaTejibatfifflaxi mxeb 



] ) KOHCTaHTHHl H MHiaHJB. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



n. a. uajmjm. 5ft 

CBoero Bpexeu i CBoeft CTpaHH>; h t. a *) Bcfeb cjyiWB* noAO^Haro 

poA& He uepeqTemb. A. C. Xoiw&offb, ragorna, m cb b4mi h hota* h& 
poMpmia CBoero AOCTOHBCTBa, peBHHBO, noA03pHTejbHO, CTporo-3a6oT- 
ihbo CTepermifl cbod HesaBHCBMOcTb h cbob caMOCToaTejibHOCTb, Aaxe h 
HacynpoTUB^ TaaHXT> jraqHOffreft, b($jb3h soTopuxi bt> HiKOTopux'K. 
CTpaHaxi» Hcqe3aerb Bcaaaa neaaBHCgiocTb, nepeA* kotophm nponaAaera. 
i CTymoBUBaeTca Bee oapyaaioinee, cnosofiflo bhhochjh pasjuraHHa <bh- 
xoj*h> ^aaaaeea, qacro Hey Micros* , h Aase HflorAa HecoBcb» yq- 

THBHH *), CI HtKOTOpofi ropeibft Ha HHXI S&ffOBaiCfi, H BT* OTBtTB rb», 

kto ynpeaajrb ero bt» H3JHraeen> AoiroTepirfcHiH, roBopnjrb: fHy, n> hem*. 
ccopHTbca Mflt He xoqeTC2>. repijenb, Bcer^a so Bcbro ($631 HCKJiDqeHia 
CTOJibtto B3ucsaTejbHHfi h HenpewoHHO-tfesnomaAHHlt, He HaxoAHJTb npeAOcy- 
XHTejibHuvb HiKaaoro nocTynaa ^aa^aesa, h bt> sasyi) 6u he Bna^ajis 
OHiHenpocTHTejbHOCTb, BcerAa H30<fp*Tajrb eft pa3ynHoe HmcHeme h npn- 
xyiUBaji (faaroBHAHoe onpaBAaaie. Ofo Torb, aaai offb 6wn> 3a6ajOBaHi>. 
zeantHHaiiH, mozho 6ujo 6h HcnacaTb HicaojbKO cTpaHHirb. Kaaab Hb. C; 
TarapHffb nydjiaqHO npH3HaBajica, qTO nepemejrb bt> pHMcaoe icnoB'bAaHifr 
otipameHHHfi ^axaeBHHi. ^eJOBta'b oqeflb tioraTtift, otfpaaa MHCJiefi 6ojtd 
BCxejH He3aBHCBMaro, ct> 6oJibmo» HaiuoHflocTbio kt» $poHA6pcTBy h on- 
no3Hn,iH, roBopyffb HCspoMeTHuft b pa3Hoo6pa3Htifl ao oatnBTeibHOCTB^ 
oaho upeMfl oqeBb 6jiHCTaTejibHKfi h bhahhA b^ mocbobci£Omt> otfmecTBi, 
cb hb Mtmaiomefi BHqeny penyTaniefi otm4bho xpa6paro cowia, HaaorAa^ 
(sorAa to npH3HaBajn> HyjtHHM'b) He ocTaBJUBinifi (to cnopa h (to npo- 
THBoptqifl BcecHJbHux'b cjobT) TorAafflHHro MOCKOBcaaro reHepajn>-ry6ep- 
HaTopa, (5e3HpeA*JibBO BceMorymaro KHH3a #. B. ToJiaiiUHa,— AjreacaHAp^ 
CeprbeBHqb DjpHKOB'b, OKaflqHBajrb cboh nHCbua a* ^aa^aeBy aoBaia: 
cje baise vos pieds, maitre cher et respectable! . Bi aomtfi TpHA- 
ijaTHxi roAOB*b (1839) oht> nepe,j ( *Jiajn> Ha <J>paHuy3caift H3fiirb b3b4ct- 
Hoe CTHXOTBopeHie IlyinsBHa cKjieBeTBBsaMi Poccii>. Cbod ncpe^tJiKy 
HaneqaTajrb OTAtJibHoft kbhikoS, b a&P& (Jponnopay ^LaaAaeBy, CA'bJiajrb Ha 
flefi cj^AyDinyH) HaAnncb: <MorymecTBeHHOMy BaacTHTejiH) Ay** h maett, 
BucoKOMy anocTOJiy h nponoBtABBay bctbhh, DJaweHHO yBaataeMOMy h jijo- 
($HMOMy HacTaBHBay h Apyry>. IlyeKaft, kto yroAHO pa3cyABTb, edb jib B03- 
loaaocTb, qTodu Tasofi OBiiiiavi He noAtficTBOBajrb, mo6a Taitia noxBajiu 
He ynoMH, tto(5h Taaia noKJioHOHiH ho B036yABJiH ropAOCTH, rtirb (5oJite r 
qTo BT> rjnaa 6pocaeTca, qTO ohb momh 6uTb npHBJieqeBH HEqim ApyraM^, 
East HCBJiroqHTeJibBO TOJbso OAHofi HqBOCTbiD ^aaAaeBa h t*mb AyxoB- 



>) A BOe > 3 * BTHXi rocnoxi, uoxH coBepmeHHO He3aBHCHirae h 6esi Bcjrearo o6me- 
iSBicraaro njiTHa, (5uih iohciho HCKpeHHH. 3to npaBja, tto TpeTift npHHaxiexaii. 
ii pa3pnxy rbxi inxet, KOTopuxi 6paflb ■ pyTaTeucTBO noieTHte wlt> noxBazu. 

') 3th bhxoxkh bt» OTHomeHiH kt> Xom/ikobj (5uxh HpesBBnaflHO ptffH h o^eHK 
yxipeHHu, oxHaxoxi 6ujh: am, noxBeprauc& Bet 6e3t HcaiD^ema, wanntOMt iacTO 
ci , IaaAaeBHiTB BaxiBinieca. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



354 BftCTHIBl KBP01TH. 

bhhh liaraiH h epaBCTBeHHHo HacaasjeHiaMH, kotopm Mono xocraBirrb 
itb hhmi o(5meHie, a He BemecTBekHHMH Bantam, ho ocjreaTeJbHHMH ea- 
tjihahhhh npeHMymecTBaMH, HafltJMTB KOTopMi no CBoeHj nojoxeeiia 0H% 
*e mrbJTB boshozhocth *)• 
M. JRhxapebi. 

! ) #a*e «>xh 6pyTa»H0 cBHpiniie, o&ioojeHHHe, He Tepu-feBinie oopasa xncxeft 
*IaaxaeBa, Bcerxa roTOBue 3ajiBHTB kv 3Tony o6pasy MHCiet HenaBHCTt h npetpiaie; 
npH TaKHxi aaaaieHkxt, no HexocTarxy BocnHTaHia h cb£tcbocth, hotth HHxorxa ho 
jMiBinie otx£jhtb zhihocth ott. MH-femft; rpy6iiMi h HariuMt o6pa30Mi> nopaxa* mh- 
cjHTeja, Bcerxa KyxHnxH HexoBao xBaTaBinie 6yiiuKHHKOMi h no ^ejofitay, h t* HHor.ua 
upHxoxHJH Bt ceoa h buabht&ihcb cb o(5BopoatHTeJLHHMH npexynpexHTejEBHOCT^KE. 
Korxa bi Mockb* bhctpohjk h otkphjh HUH-fenraii xaiui TeaTpi, Torxanraift Teai- 
-pacHiifi xapexrop* M. H. 3., ?ejofitai MHorocTopoHHaxt h pa3HOo6pa8HHX* h3b*ct- 
~hoct6H, — (npo Hero npHxynaHa <5iua oxhou H3i coBpeMeHHiixi sHaxeHHTOCTeft cit- 
/y»maa, ctojbko se xoiKax, otfHjHaa, ceojbko h HecnpaBexiHBaa ocTpoia, 6yxro «b* 
ycTaxi boxo6hhxi juoxeft, *to 6h he npoH3HeciH ohh, Bee ixhbo, r.iyno h OTBpaTH- 
TeiBHo; hto eciH6u hmt> npHouocb cxasaTB, tto XBa h xaa scrape, to, xoHerao, 

OTfc HHXl H 9T0 BCAXOVy nOKa3aiOCfc OH H B6BipHHMl, H H6 yXHHMl, H HH3KHin»»), — 

03i nepButt pass, Korxa npiixaii vb Hero *IaaxaeBi, npexioxHii eiiy <He yroxHO in ero 
ocMOTpiTi», h 8toti ocmotpl npoH3B&ra TaKi, xaxi 6yxxo TeaTpi noxa3HBatt saxony 
Ha^aiBCTBy. JlD6e3H0CTi>K) 3.... HaaxaeBi 6ut oieeb xoboich-b. Bi ropox* o6t Heft 
"3aroBopHJH. 3.... xe na Bonpoci: «Kaxoft d;4jh paxn oh* coBepmart 9Ty xeMOHCTpanjto»? 
<<>TBl>iajra, yto «xaBHO hckjUx cxy?aa ny6jureH0 noxa3aTB HaaxaeBy noTTHTeitHoe bhh- 
jiame, BeiEsoxymHO nponjax eny ero ciatiocTH, OTnycxax nopoxH, chhcxoxh xt npe- 
•rpimeHuifi, ace-TaxE bhx* bi Hera leiOBfcxa ci HecoBctxi xypnuxx aawxaxH* 
X^aaxaeBy Torxa 6u&o u&Tb&ec&Tb roxoBi), «h, b* cymHocTH, foaroxynraaro, 6oiie He- 
c^acTHaro HexeiH BHHOBHaro, HcnopieHHaro ypoxiEBUMi, 6e3T0iK0BHMi,, Hediaropa- 
syMHHMi, HexoBOUHO Cjaro^ecTHBUM^ BocnHTaHieirB, nary6HUMH npHM^paxH, pacTii- 
Ba»meft cpexoft, ocjiioieHHaro h inmeHHaro ocHOBaieitHOCTH 6e3yima, ho He 3asope- 

"H^iaro h co3HaT6Ju>Haro npecTynHBxa». HsBicTHO, tto eme ropasxo npexxe 3 , bi> 

•oxhoh H3i cbohxi xoiiexiH, BUBeTt HaaxaeBa Ha ci^eny, bi cb*t4, soToposy CTapai&s 
•upHxaTB xapaxTepi msjio npHAxexaTeuHUfi, CMinraoft x He^xaroBHXHiift. 



» 0^ 



Digitized by 



Googk 



.rami OEomML. 

HAPOJHKft PA3CKA3I). 



Thxo, Heaairi&THO 7 Hacx b* ApMeHBax* npoxosHTB chobuA 
ro^>. 3HaK)Ti», hto Ha yipo (SyjerB BacHJii>eBi aeHB, a hto <ho- 
bhS ro#B> tfyaeTB, Tas* bto th hoah npea^e rpaMorfc noyiHCB, — 
bx K&ieHAapii noqirra&... Hnnero Ham nosa, BpoM* HOBaro ropa 

B HOBHXX SatfOTB, He HpHHOCHJlH 9TH CHOBHe rO.HU> -TO. BOTB Ba- 

chjilcbb BeqepB, ocotieHHO easejm BacHjiteBB aem, TaBB bto y 
Haci bc4 anaioTL h no^HTaioTx: onoro, hto Be^epoMB 3thm*b 
j$bbh ra^aioTB, napHH pawrcfl Me^Bi^flMH h nyraioTB no cejiy 
6a6T>. CaMiift npasAHHE'B nyme Toro HaMB naifflTeHB, noTOMy, mo- 
aerL, enje npa^Au-TO Hamn 3HajiH, yto stem* BpeaieHeMB Ha#o 
yxoAHTB bb cejo BacHjiteBCKoe, b* AByxi BepcTaxB otb Had — no- 
TOMy bb dTOTb ffiRh npecmnB TaMB CHBaeTB. Hy, yai h npasa- 
HyforB ae Hanra MysHBH bb BacoBeBCEOMB! Ijijuft Benepi, cb 
cyMepeKB h jo caMofi noJiyHOTO, xoaatb ohh hsb oahoA h36h bb 
flpyryio h Bee yromaiOTca: nonBiorB y OAHoro, noHAyi"B, — eb #py- 
rOMy, otb dToro kb TpeTBeMy, #a Tasx H3B EOHija b*b bohcivb h 
o6ofi^yTi noffB-paAX Bci hsCh bb cejit 3a to yat*, imlbb BepHyica 
cb npaaftHHBa, HHBoro hsb hhxb ysHaTB HeB03MO»Ho: tohho ohh 
H3b-iioab CeBacTonoja aoiioft bopotmhcb, bc6 bb paHaxB h yB-feiB- 

— H-ny, npasAHHRi! CKasyr* Hamn, KOTopue ocTaBajrac* 
AOMa h He xoflMH bb BacHJBeBCBoe, h pyKaMH aaae on> ysaca 
npH 9T0MB pasBOAflTB^ — 9sa, yrocTMHCB-TO, o6pa3a HejiOBinecKaro 
hh Ha komb HiTB... Axb, bu nposaaBeHHue, npoKaseHHtie! 

A npoKaaeHHBiMB coBcfcifB yai He jt,o Toro: nocKopie cxBa- 
TaTB hsb AOMa, hto nonajo Ha riiasa, h npaMO bb KaCaBB, jih6o 



Digitized by 



Googk 



56 nv t nn 

TpasTHpi! Ob HeA^JiK) nbjorB, *to6h onpaBHTbca, h pa3B$ tojbeo 
kb KpeiAeHbio Majio-MajtcEH oiyBCTByioTCfl. Boo 3Ty neAtJK) no 
ce*y niam* h peB* HAerb... 

— HpoAt! Aa otto-si th 3to rfuaemb? ixmochtb Ba*aa-HH- 
<5yAb 6a6a! — Fa* y Te6a noJiymy6oEB-TO? 

— H-Ht-t-rb, hoaosah, EaTOpaHHRx, 3a aeHHHHy OAeajy 
cpHHHMaTbca! nponcxoAHrB Ha yjHq.t, dt> ohbio Bcfcxi*, 6opb6a 
MeaAy AByMH cynpyraMH. Cboio-to OAeaAy nporyjuub, Tenepb sa 
TedeBO npHAaHoe npHHHMaeiDbcu. — My^b, ypoAyfi! JL Bee nepe- 
Tepiuio, a npH^aHaro Koero Te64 npoiiHBaTb He a^mi! Mh*6 6a- 
<5ymEa-To cro co6»pa.ia-co(5Hpajia... 

— Onyerii! bohhtt* cynpyrb. H Te6i Tasyio 6a6sy 3aAaMT>!... 
a?.. SI B*b noJiHOMi nojioaeHbi, a th?.. Th sasoH-b-To bhaho no- 
•3a6u.ia? HaKOCb, hto B3ayMajia: cynpoTHBi TocnoAHeBa saEOHa? 

A TpaETHpmnK'b Hauix, BoHH^ariS Mnxa&iH<rB, Buien b*b 6a* 
pauiKOBOMX Tyjiyni na pacnucHoe BpiLieHBO h rjiaAHrB, Bas* iiy- 
shbb ct> cBoeft 6a6ofl ynpaBjraeTca, — h nocMiEBaercH. 

— Haiero! fl BHTepn-iiol He nepecTaerb orjiamaTb yjaiiy 6a- 
<>ifi rbioci. 

— YBHAHyi! Y-yBHAHM-b! SI nooaay, saBB th 3to CTepnnmB... 
OnycTH!.. Th anaenib .in, hto 6uBaeTB sa nenoBunoBeaie — yjiepeTB 
«a m4ct4? Aa a Te6a kt> MapoBOMy caqacL, a to h npaMO si 
npeocBflmeHHifluiefi BjiaAHB*? Mab 3a 3bto, CTemsa, axi> saicB ct> 
Te6a B3H^yrb! 3aK0HB, Aypa!.. Ilona-ia jih? ,3,a Jiyqme ys* OTAafi 
capa^an* no jik)6obh! ^to Te6$ b*b neMB? HeBHAajB saKyrona- 
nua? 

— Afi, EBiwefi! Botb mojioacivb, cn^acx ynepeTB, XBajinn. 
aiyanBa BoHH^aiiS Miixa8jiHTB: — Bas* ohb aeH'b 3aBom>-TO npe- 
HOAaBaeTx! 

— jfl^a, BHymaeTi snaTHo! noKpuKHBaerb h3t> OKna ivfcjiOBajiB- 
hhbb, BucyHyBfflH Ha yjmijy CBoe pyM^Hoe jihijo. B4ab botb, co- 
-cliKb, HeJiOBiicB, KaancB, He yMeH&ifl, a He xyae jiroCoro nona 3a- 
fiOHX btotb noMHHT'B. ^acTaa ae neaoBiKy TaKofi pa3yMB. 

A HejiOBiKx cb TaKHMB paaywoMB yax cipijioii Heceica b-b 
ca6aKT>, A^pata bb py&axi* othatuS capa^anx... 

Ka6aBi> bb ApwenKaxB hsb CTapneH, hhbto h He sanownoTB, 
KorAa ohx aaBejca, a TpaKTupB y Bcixx na naMum: pobho mecT- 
HaAUaTB roAOBB, Bam* cpiixajiB bb cejo BoHH^aiifi Muxa8,iuTB, 
h nocTpoHJii na Myani^Kofl 3eMJii, hoaji4 caMaro BaCana, 6o.il mo 2 
^epeBAHHufl aomb, a cnycia 3TaBT» nua Tpu en;e noACTpoHJi-B h 
BUBeji Apyrofl 9Ta»B. O^chb BuroAHO eaiy y Hac-B co^epaaTB 
TpaKTiipt: no cepeAaMB 6aaapu, HapoAa Bcaicaro CB^saaeTci h^ctb 
'MBCJia, a hto ao npnc^yrn, xaKB Haran MyaaBH 6o.iBme 3a A^powb 



Digitized h y CiOpCj|p 



* l i*iniB OBOfflEJB. 5? 

OTnpaBjrfliow y Hero aojhehoctb hoiobhx'b h MHoro ocTaiotcH ao- 
BOJbHtr, Bor^a BoHH^aTift Maxafi jhtb nonoA^yerB sa ycayry crra- 

Kan^HKOM'L BOARH. OCUKHOBCHHO Mil flJTH TpaBTHpiIJHBa BCBByiO 

Bem,L A^JiaeMi coo6qa, bc4m^ cejoMi: BOAy hochmt> eMy, ApOB* 
pyfiHM'B, h bi ropw C'B hem* 3a noEynKaMH isAHM*. 3a to h 
BoHH$aTift MBxaftAUTB Haas He ocTaBJiaerB: chah y Hero cbojibk* 
Aynrfc yro^HO, HHSor^a oht> Te6a He BHroHHTt, cjiobom , b AypHHM's 
He ofisoBeTt, pasB* tojibko bto HBaHt B'B Ka6aK§ Han&eTca Aa bs 
HeMy pyraTtca npn^eTt, Toro, H3BicTHoe A*-**), bi tpw jbhjih. 

^acTo, SHMHefi nopoio, safinpaeMca mh bi TpaBTHp-B a npoca- 
XHBaeM^ TaMt Aoarie Beiepa: bto chaht-l h nters naff, bto BOAKy; 
6ojiLme o^naKO Tasi, npa3AHo Bpewa npoBOAflTB, Ha pa3roBopaxi> > 
noTOMy y HacL bt> BapMaHaxx-ro oAHa tojbbo A^pa bt> rop- 

CTH... 

CofipaJIHCB MM TaB'B-TO OAHa»AU IlOA'B HOBUfl rOA'B E*B Bohh- 

4>aTiK> MHxafijiuqy h nocnaHBaeM'B. Ohb HaM*B nafiBy cofipajil,. 
noTOMy mh eMy 9tcmt> AHeMi xjiiBi A-*a ceothhbh HcnpaBMH, h 
ctoBjio JIOUiaAAMl ofiopyAOBajiH. . 

^eHB 6hji^ npocTofi, HeCaaapnufi, h noTOMy, BpoM* cbohx'b^ 
HHBoro Bi aiOTi Beqepi* h3t> rociefl He cjiynnjiocB bt> TpaETupi. 
3a6pajiHCB mh, bhxoahtb a&io, bt> 6oju>inyK> BOMHaTy, caMyio jyH- 
myio. BoHH^arB ouemrB ee raseTaMH, Aa reHepajaMH bohhhmh, 
<ABopaHCBOK» 8Bajii. Ha ctoji* cirlm ropijia, a bi yrcrfc todh- 
jiacB »ejrfe3Haa ueHKa, cmotp^tb Jtotfo. II npo 8HMy saCujra mh, 
b^b 3Tofi CjiaroAaTH cha^biiih. Bi» ORHa H'feT%-H*rB Aa CHiroMS 
yAaparB, Ha yjirnvfi B^Tep-B BoerB, a mm* h ropiomica wajio. Boh, 
mm, cBO^bKo TBoefi Aym* yroAHO. HaM* sa*cb Ten.io. 

IIoAome.TB TyrB b^ Hauieft BOMnaaiH GeAopi. rparopBeBX, — 
TaJiTCHKOMi sboh. XpHCTOCB 3HaerB, no*ieMy ero Taie* nposBa-iH, 
Aa h He oAHoro ero, a h oTija h A^Ayurey Tasi BeiaiajH. KorA* 

©Tei^ H A'bA^ HaXOAHJIHCB B'B 2KHBWXI, B% ceJlt HXl TaB"B OTJIH- 

^ajin oahh'b oTTi Apyroro— raaneHos-B caMufl CTapHfl, TajiHeHOB'B 
cepeAHifi h TajreeHOE'B mojioaoA. Ciapue rajnaTa npHMepjin, oc- 
tajica oahhi ^bjiOAOft, h yati c^ t4x^ nop^ ero crajiH 3BaTB npo- 
cto rajreeHOE'B. 3BanBe 8to, BnponeMi, eMy saB'B pa3-B bt* mepcTH 

HOAXOAH^O: fiUJIX OHTi H81> Cefifl HHSeHBKifi TaKoS, xyAeHBBifl, HO 

6oHKiS, niycTpufi MysHHOHKa, Bas% ecTB rajKa, a BorAa ao' pasro- 
BopoBi, j&jio aoxoaH'IO, TaB'B OH^, CtiBajio, oahhi AecflTepux'B ne- 
peroBopHT^! 

— %a Aa caxapx, HapoA*B hccthoA! csasajii oh%, npoBopno 

HOAXOAA K^ CTOJy CT> HOJIUITO^OM'B, BaKOfi OWL npHXEaTHJH y TpaB- 

THpmnBa. Moikho mh4 B'B Bamefl tfecfeA* ^pHC4CTb? 

— C&AWk, caAHCB! nomyTHJiH mu ct hhmb.— Mftcta y Hac^B 



Digitized by 



Googk 



58 Monro bbpobh* 

soma h HeMHoro, a xm TBoero nojniTO^a HafixeirB,— pasxBHaeiica. 
IIpHcasBBaficii! 

— raj^eHOEx yc&ica h nojyniTO$i npex* cotioft Ha ctojtb 

DOCTaBHJ'L. 

— J[sl Te6fl 9 MHJui neioB^siy &> t6mt» h6 nosxpaBHTB jih? 
ocB^AOMJAJiofl y TajiHeHBa MaBCHici apHBoft h no naeiy ero x*on- 
Hyj*. 

— H cioxa ors ^eKTHCTa-ABopHHBa, oTBtaaj* rajieHoai. — 
BdpiTHj^ y Hero npofaaaro nepexiaja, sanpoxara eiiy HajocTB 
neHfeKH... 

— Bora bto jiK>6e8Hoe xk*o! paxocrao saroBopoiff HaeBHHBff. 
3HaHHTL th HaMi Tanepna <mfi-TO nanrB bhhu.om'b cmowhib?.. 
3to th, raiaa, xopomo Buxynaia, — xapom hto nrimaL 

— Mh BuxyMaeMi, — noxBaiHJC* ra«eHOKX, HajHBtfa CTaaaHx. 
Tojbbo boti Moa 6bj» f pe&raa, cnaoxoBajr* a, npoxemeBWB neHB- 
ny-TO. Ka6u He noxynratia, xerory 6u xopomyio a aa Hee Ha (5a- 
*ap$ cJiHaai'B. 

— PasroBapHBaft npo noxymBua-To!* Te64 xotb npojaTb 6hjk> 
hto, a mm shbotu-to cboh pasiMflAUB&iH - pasrjaxHBajiH Ha abo- 
paxx, HHHero He yaycHja.,. 

— H b*xb dTaaofi HapojT> npo^yBHofi bth HepexiaHe! npo- 
j,0A2ELSun> rajiqeHOKt, sunHBaa 3a pas* CTaaaHX, — najo Toro, mo 
jjiHoS ohh Tetfa HaatMyTx, x& enje h o<5b4chtb HapoBHTi. Kant 
hh CMOTpijT> a 3a hbm-b, a 6e3apeMiHHO oh*b MeHH, 6eswiERSL& 
jyma, ^yHTOB'B Ha xecaTB otforpiu'L! 

— Em,e Bora fijaroxape, eacejra Ha xecaTb tojibso. Oht> re6a 
Ha no^OBHHy oxBararB, t2lkt> h to ho npHM$THinb. He japcwb npo 
hex* roBopjan,, hto HepexnaHe Bojry Ha 6eswhwk nepenjiaiH... 

Buhhjih mu TaKHM'B uaBepoifB rajqeHKOB^ nojrniTO^'B — h 
caMH eM7 Ha OTMecney yxHTpHJHCB xpyrofl co6pan>. 

— 9to Ha xBopi* TBopHTca — crpacTB! 3aroBopnxB raiieHOVB, 

BOpOTHBDlHCb H31 ABOpa, Kyxa OH*B, DOCl* BTOpofi BUOHBEH, XO- 

Xhjtb 3a xeHBraHH, aaaia otb noxynraaro ocraBajHCB. Taa* h Ma- 
Ten>, TaEi> h B3AyBaen>, CBiia 6o&baro He BexaTBl Easi Ha yipo 
HaifB 6yxerB a* npecTOJiy hxth? 

— Rb npecTOJiy-To? HefioflcB, a* HeMy cumeniB xopory, no- 

TOMy, BHIHB, TyrB He MOJOTHTB, a BHHO HHTB... 

— A hto, petfflTa, npaBxy bto ToancyioTB, tto B^ hohb na 
BacHjbeBt xeHB nepTH 6ojbho Jiioxeft HyxarB? cnpocurB kto-to. 

— BuBaiorL TaKie pasroBopul CaMony hto6x bhx*tb, — Bofb 
H36aBHj*B; a Ha aoro BTa HanacTB Haxoxnjia, Taai tott> naMaTH 
piraajca, a to h Bceft xhcth. & Taat otl dapux^ Jiioxeft ciu- 
xaj'B, hto h naTeJB ohh se noxHHMaioTx: noTOMy buxoxhti bthitl 



Digitized by 



Googk 



iwmfi OBomu*. 59 

XbflBOjaifB Ha BacHJiWKB AGHb bojw— noEpyxHTB no (SiuiOMy CBfery 
jo BTopux'L niiyxoB'B. Bora ohh, BUJieT^BiiiH, h npaicyTca HyAHTfc,. 
•rasx hto spujiMMH cbobmh b6cb cairo b3m4ck)T'l. Bott> OTiero 
Rasxui rox'B Ha BacajBeBi nenb BpyTart Maiera-TO. 

— 9bto TaKt: MaTaib HeiHCTHa cmh BSAHMaioTt, CBasa^^ 
raJineHOK'B. J],baBO.ro — npoAyBHaa mejibna! ohx He tojilko iiaiejiB. 
B3^HMen», a canacB Ha ce6a BaaoA yroAHO jibet, MoateTt npnHaTB r 
specTKaHHHa jib, aia shbothhh KaKofi... 

— A&io! rajieHoai npaBAy cEasuBaeTi, o6*b btomx bc4 otohb* 
Aaase HaaiumaHu, East bto oht*, T.-e. nepeMeTHBaeTca fit paa- 
Btie o6pasu, — corjacBJiacb EOMnamfl; a rajneHOBi, — bhakmh, ^to 
Bci ero yBaataiorB, ^a h Eponi, aaa* budhbidh HaxOAHJica, sao- 
poBO 8a6axBajHJica h npHHaaca MyKHBOBi pyraTB. 

— CjiumajH, cjiumajiH, — pa&MBaa BOABy 6jiaronpiaTejiaMX > 
cjiobho 6h nncapB Ha cxoak£, bosho saroBopnjrB oht>. A hto bu 
caumajiB, sor^a a ero caati bha^jii cbobmh rjia3aMH — botx bc& 
paBHO EaR'B Baci BH&y, TaEt h ero bha4ji>... IlefiTe-KOCB, a a 
BaifB pa3caasy. Y uena eme nopaABOMi jeHert-TO otl neHBBtt 
odajocb... 

— HeyauH &e th ero cam bha'Sji'b? 

— Ka6u He BHA'kra, Taa* h He roBopHJTb! Bora npHCjrymafiTe 
sa Aocyrfe: pas* noA* BacHJiBeBi achb MeHa Jiimifi otfoniejn*.... 
HaTepnfoca cipaxy, npesHaTbcal H caiacB Mopo3i no eo»4 Ae- 
pera, EaEi, posy ero HAOJiBcayK) BcnoMimy... 

— *Ito Bpenib? Ey&TO yan h bt> posy BHA'fejn*? 

— BipHoe ciobo, — noATBepAMB ranneHOKx. 3aBTpa BejHBX- 
AeHB, BpaTB He CTaHy! 

— Kaaofi ate oh* co6ok> H3t jran,a? 

— C060K) oht>, nasi ecTB HacToan^ifi nejiOBiE'b, a jihijom'b hb 
AaTb hh B3aTb, mBem> Maaapx, Kasofi bote no cejiaan* xoaht* h 
sara nojyniytfKH mbera. 

— ^to th! Bp-peniB? 

— BtpHO CJOBO. 

— A TH no6(MKHCb! 

— #a no mh4 noawuiyfi! SL h no6o»HTBca i-otobx, noTOMy 
npaBAa (Jujia. 

— IIo6oshcb Cojbmofi 6o»6oft: jiohhh moa yTpoda. 

— Xopomo! JIohhh Moa yTpofial fiesi Bcaaaro ncnyra no6o- 
SMca rajqeHOKi» btoA crpamHofi rmtboA. 

— 3HaqHTT> npaBAa, CpaTi^u! Txh se th ero yBHAkto? 

— A noBCTpiqajica a ex hhmt> Ha nyra. TyTi eme a homhio, 
CHirb BHCHnajii bto Cojibnioft— 64 Aa!.. 

MysHKaicx Tasi jho6oiihtho nosasajiocB Hanaio TajqeHBOBa 



Digitized by 



Googk 



60 BftCTHHlTB EBPOUff. 

pa3CBa3a, ^to toHorie, (fpocHBnm *aft, ftiuriteiH hsi sa cbohtb cto- 
jiobt. h bt> Haui noAomm 

— H-ny, TajHeHOKt! JI/fcScTByS! PascKa3HBafl! bc4 iiyanKH 
otfpaTHJiHCb Ha HanrB ctojh ct TasHMi npHBa30Ml. 

rajrceHOEb Ha^ajii pascBas*. 

— Pobho ABa ro^a nponwo TOBiy, petfaTa, mki MeHa btote 
Jiimift o6ome.rb. nomejrb & HaKaHyH* caMaro npasAHHEa bt> Ba- 
CHJibeBCKoe, b* BacHJitH) HBaHu^y. 3flaxapa Bacnjiia EfoaHHHa 
seaeTe? TaB* bot^ 3to a ex HeMy nomejii. Has* CH*jacb homhio, 
noorib noro^a, acHHft TaBofi xenb doa^: na ABop* Tast-To Ba- 
3KHo Mopo3i noTpecBHBajn>. 3naTHO MeHa o Ty nopy b*b apMa- 
neHBi MoeirB npo6pa.no! Hy, BtAOMoe jtjio, npHinejTB h roBopio: — 
3ApaBCTByfi mojix, BacmriS HBaHim!— 3aopobo, i*OBopnrb, OeAop* 
TpHropBHq'B! CaAHCb. IIpiaTejiH mh ct> hhm*b, h3b*ctho, 6ojbmieL 

— Hy, sa^ajrb $acraTb! nepefiHjra BOMnania. BacH.iiS-To HBa- 
hobi, neCofica, noinme Hacb ex to6o9. Oht» TaBBxi-To npiaiejeft 
orb cBoefl H36w sanopoMx no met roHaerb. Tu HaM*b pa3CKa3H- 
safi npo Jifcraaro, a npiaTCTBO CBoe no** EonuTy ce6t no.*o»H. 

Tyro ra-menoicb pa303J!H.ica h 3aBpma.ii na Ky»HKOBx: 

— A bu kojih cjymaTb B3ajwcb, TaKT. asymafiTe, He nepetfn- 
BaflTe! A enje bhho Moe nbeie... fl BaM*b Bee no nopaAEy Ha<iajrb 
ofoacnaTb, a bu rawy noflnaaa... KaB* He cthaho B*b BOMnaHbH 
xopomeS nocrrynaTb Tatcb, Ha qyatia Aenbrn nHMmn?.. H — Hy h 
jia^Hd... npHme,naiH, 9bto a B*b «36y bt» Bacmibw HBanoBy, c4jt& 
na jaBBy; a y Hero, pe6aia, Be3A* <5o<ieHEH ct> BHnoarb nona- 
CTaB^eHH, TaBi no Bceft H3frfc Ayx* n pa3HocnTca! Ha hojih- 
ijaxx y Hero pu6a, nnporn, — Bee et> npecTOJiy, 3Ha*rorb 3a- 
roTOBJieHo! — flBXTefi* 3a A^^eMi, roBopio, Bacn.iift HBaHtnx! — 
3a naEHMx TaBiiiix a^^cmx? cnpainHBaero. — Hlrro jih y Te6a, 
npiaTCib, TpaBBH EaBofi: jRena 6ojrbno pa3HeMor.mcb, acnBOTb y 
Hefi pacxBaTHjo; H3*b ^oMa, roBopio, no^TH BHJKHJia!— KaB^ He 
<5siTb, ecTb! roBopHTX. — ^jih Tefia, w« wyra, nafl^y- A^ 1 0Hl 
mh* 9Tof! caMofl TpaBH h ^to ct> Hero ^^^ nanHCajix na 6y- 
wari. — Tm, roBopHrb, xomb rpaMOTi h ne 3Haeinb, ho Bee paB- 
ho, Bor^a 7RQE3. BH3AopoirfceTi», (rr»trab th 9Ty 6y»iary; a Tenepb 
Bapn 9Ty TpaBy bi Tpexx BHnaTKax'b h nocjii ropa«ieft oCkjislru- 
BaS EpyroMx Toro M^CTa, v^k y TBoefl ateHH 6oJibno. ^epe3i Tpn 
^na, TO.iByeTi., BaBi pyKoft chumcti! Hy, o^natco, h ro.iOBa ate 
3T0T-b BaciuiS HBaHHHT,! Kaicx MO.Tnii.Tb, TattT> h bmutjo: nocjii 
Tpexx aetrb y Ocaockh atHBOT^ VHajca, — 3AopoBi>fi npeanaro, 
MoaieTt, bx AecflTb pasx dajia. KaB-b Koposa Basaa pa36yx^a. 
Ho6.iaroAapHJib a ero, no.ioatn.Tb 3Ty cawyid TpaBy Kb cefi* bx 
inTanu h coCnpaiocb yxoA^Tb, a ohk cnoroAHj roBopnrb. BBinb- 



Diqitize d by 



Googk 



•Mmi! OBomE.n>. 61 

eirB cb Totfoi no CTaKaHHBKy!> — Ha npasflHiteBi rcBopio, kb Te64 
saBTpa npnay, a hoh* He CTaHy... 

A ohb: — cDpas^HHRt caMO co6oft, a HOMe wu ex to(5ok> bb 
necTB npe^npas^necTBa BiinbeMB. Hy-Ka, nosjpaBb MeHa cb Ha- 
CTynaiomHMB-To aHreaoMB, b^ab a saBTpa HMeHHHHHRB>. KattB 
TyrB He BanHTb? Ha#o apyra no3jpaBHTb! — AHrejiy TBoeiiy, 
roBopio, aejiaeMB 3.mrB Binei^s, a Te<54 jbtfparo 3flopoBba, Ba- 
CHjifl HBaHHqi! Bhhhjih. 3a nepBHMB no apyroMy nponyeman. 
Hy, CTaKaraEH no Tpn mm cb hhmb TyTB h KaqHyjin. V.nnx,y. bb 
H364 hto-to TeMii^TB CTajo. IIoTOMy j&jio 6hjo Ha Be^epi y»B. 
3acHA*Jica a y Tetfa, BacHjift HBanu^B, roBopto, na^o sacfffeTJio 
so ^BopaMB npotfHpaTBca. Hpomafl! — A Ha flopomRy-To! BuneS! 

PacnpocTHJca a TyTB cb hhmb noofc nocatflnaro CTaRarasa, 
h BHmejiB Ha yjiauy. Hanero! Ha yjiwvfe enje cBtao - sacB^TJio, 
a no^B ropoS rff& cojHHmKO ca^HTca, H66ymE0 popHo 6h noaa- 
poMB sajiHToe, TaKB h ropHTB Bee, TaKB h nujaeTB! Hjty — h Ha 
<Jjfaro^aTB 9Ty jiiofiyrocB. JQ^yMaio: kakb 9to TocnoaoMB see qyaec- 
ho ydpoeHO. TaMB bohb HfifiyniRo, TyTB seii-aima, — ch*»okb xpy- 
cthtb noAB Horamr... A y caMoro Ha ^ym* TaRB-ro cnorcofino, — 
TaRaa-To TenjHHB no cepauy pa3jHBaeTca. Yxb&\>: rphtotb rto- 
to: 0e^opB rparopbHqB! OtfepHyjca— HHKHTa Hferofi! — A-a! Hh- 
KHTa BacobHiB! Cb HacTynaromnirb! A ohb, BorB ero 3HaeTB, 
BanHMUiH hto jh 6hjib, hjih tsrb 6aaoBa.ica, — torero Tuamero 
ce6$ janoTBaMH no CH$ry, yjiatfaeTca mh* — n nicHK) noeTB: 

Bx'h! yiajan rojOBa! 
Hex-xoAH mhmo ca*a, 
He npoKjaaiiBafi ci-fc^a! 

noTOMx saKpa^ajiB: oaBepHe, apyrB! Memo flBopa He xoahU 
31 eMy Aaio otb4tb, *ito, mo.ib, ko flBopaMB nocntxaro, — sanos- 
jajrb! Ohb ^ae% myTOBa rojOBa, ohatb cb TanijaMH cbohmh h co 
•carfexoMB myMOTB: cb*l paio, roBopmB, He 6y,neuiB, a aona (Jyaeinb! 
UpHBepTUBaS bb xaTy, y nacB ona T0njenaa>. IIonyMa.*B, nojty- 
iiajiB, — Hejib3fl He saBepHyTb, uyatnRB Tome xoponiifl — H3CTapH mbi 

•CB HH1TB XJl46B-C0JIb BO^HMB. Cb nirUM-J^TO, BH^HO, T0»e CTaKaffl- 

sa no #Ba ajin, MoaseTB, h no Tpn mu npoTamnjin! Bb H36-fe yjRB 
Jiy^HHy saatrjn... HlafiamB! HnKaKHMH cn:iaMH, AyMaio, ^ajbnie hh- 
kto HcyflepjKHTB, — ^oMofi! — Ho^cmb BMicrfc, B XOTb RO OROJHI^H 
TeCa npoBomy, tobophtb n^rofl. A to <5yflb ^pytB — ocTanbca no 
-saBTpa, nepeno^yS y MeHfl! — ^to tm, KpnqaJB n eMy, HeinTO 
wo3kho! 31 cb TpaBoft, ronopro, kb 6ojilho8 meH'fe nay. Hoiiijih! 
^onuiH mm ^o okojhijw, a TyTB RaKB pa3B Ka6a^eK , B ctohtb h 
H^JiOBa^bHHKB-TO ffliBuviumsui saKa^asa HaMB, o6ohmb!.. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



62 B*€TUKl ItPOflH. 

IIponycTHjH mii cb Uimwb bv»tom* Ba6as£ no najiofi to- 
mb* h Ha pa3CTaBaHBH ocTaHOBHJHCB Mu cb hhmb, Ha Aopor£> 
h i$jyeMC*, — Bjpyri hsx ceia AHApionuca 6iatHn>, MaTB$eff& 
chht>. — Ky*a? — A a B0TL Ha npa3AHHK'B Ha 3aBTpenmifi, roBoparB, 
BHHi^a 6try BaaTb! He xoroTe jih Bcnpo6oBan>? — Kattt mo&ho! Ha* 
jo nocaimaTt, sanosAajil Hirofi MeHa ynpauiMBaTb ct&tb: 8a- 
BepHeMi>, roBopHTt, rpnropbHTb! KaHeirB, kphihtx, Chtky b*k 
boht>,— b*ab npasAHHBB saBTpa. Rbjib hto jh 8a HaMH icasia? — 
Or^aineHHiifi, roBopio, — a& th no3a6iLiB, *rro a cb TpaBofi? B^ab- 
y MeHa sera na CMepTHofi nocTejuomai jcelhtb. Pacnpociejincbt 
tlomexb a, — caateHB hhtb OTomani ajia H4TB,-T-rjiaHyjrB BBepxB, 
aHi> ya* TaMi M^caifB BsoinejTB,— hohb CBiTJiaa! BopoiycB, Ay- 
waio, onaTB bb Ba6ai?B, Tenepaw Tara Hapoay MHoro, a npe 
BTaaofi cb4tjiuh4 aasi aomoh He aohth. Botb a bsjmb h noBep- 
Byj*B HasaAB. Hy h qyAecHo! Cn?acB Buna CTaaaH* cnpocH.iB ce- 
6t h easy; a hs* cejia-To HapoAB Taa* h sajiHTB k'b n,tjOBajib« 
HHEy. Kto my6y Hecen> eiiy, kto OBijy TanjHTB, a oahht> My»H- 
neBB, ne 6yAB AypaBB, cbhhbio Aaae bb Heny hphbojobx co bc6mhl 
MajojiTKaMH. XpfoaatorB oh4 y aero bb M'tinai! Cm4xb! <Boti> 

OHB HpaSAHHKB-TO HT0, tiaTIOIHEa, 8Ha9HTO>! Cwta^UCb My&HBH. 

A a t$itb BpeMeHeMB Bee ko ABopaMB cofiapaiocB, — Ay^aio npo 
3to bbho: airB, mojb, maanuib, — ne co6jia3HHiub 6ojibuie, cefiqacB. 
BCTany h noflAy, a caMi ace he cb MicTa! Tojbeo BcxaHy, xo^y 
hath,— waAB yaai BT0-HH6yAB h BJmerB Te6a: c GeAop* TparopB.- 
htb! Hy-sa cb HacTyuaiomHM'B-TO>L Hac&iy a H3B Eatfaaa bh- 
Cpajca! AyMaio: nBaHX a Tenepb: B03Bny Honyio y HfcroBa. Bh- 
mejiB na bojiio — saBB he bb newb — TpesBufi pa3Tpe3BHH, xaB*B 
ecTB hh bb oahomb r.ia3i. Rojih TaBB, He ocTanycB y ntroea, nofi- 
Ay AOMOfi. A Iltrofi mh4 h roBopnrB, cjobho 6u oht> bo hh& 
n,4^bifl b^bi upuiDHrL Cuji'b: <uojiho Te64 6pexaTB! Hy, ayAaTii 
Tenepb aomoS noflAeuib? HepeHonyi y MeHa, b*ab tu ys*B coBciMt 
XMiibHofi!* — HeBOSHOSHO, roBopio, — MeHa AOMa cb TpaBofi 
asAyrB... Hh sa wo, a He ni>aHB... fly, peCaTa, TenepB HaAO bu- 
uhtb, — o6opBajrB Taji^eHOBi cboh pasroBopB h HajiHJx CTasaHu. — 
HaAO ropjio npoMUTB. 

— A ^LTO-aBi tu npo Jiimaro-TO sorAa! 

— CaqacB h npo Jiiinaro p*qB, OTBiiajB TajiHeHOBt. Ho- 

TOMy H HBK), HTO A*JO BB CaMOH CTpaCTH H0AX0AHTB. XopOHIO-dl 

PacnpocraiHCB mu cb nirHMT, h nonie.iB a bb ApMeHBH. Hay 
ce64, HH^ero!.. Hohb MicaqHaa^ BoapyrB Aaaeso bhaho, a CHirB. 
TaKB h CB$THTca! H^y a h riasy na m^chi^b, a Micai^i Tasoft 

aBCTBeHHUfi, CJIOBHO SHBOff CB HGfiyillBa-TO Ha MCHa TJiaAHTB H 

6yAT0 TO-ecTB BHBaerB mh* h, bb npHM$py, HaA*B. Moefi BbinuBBoft 



Digitized by 



Googk 



jiiihiI OBOinuv 68 

ycnixaeTca. Baan h a paacxfcajca!., H npexcTaBHic* oh* Tor^a 
ub& bsmitb-to 8HaK0HincB mojoaaomb! Basy, napeHB aHaEOMHft, 
A rasas* He Mory coo6paaaTB, eto ohb, hsb Basoro ccia h rjfc 
& ero BaxajrB... 3acM$ajca ohb Torja HaXo mhoS nyme npea&Ha- 
ro; a a Ha Hero b* o6hat BTanajca. YcTaBHJica a Ha Hero rca- 
saaa h apa*y: oft, He cMfcftca, nojioxe^l Th MoaerB jyMaemb, 
tto a HBflHi? Tas-B 3to tbi HanpacHO, npiaTeiBl fl noser* no- 
TpesBie Te6fl, bb Tumy pas*; a th bote t&b* hbbhb, — bto a 
BHsy; a a hh Hyrowa, nay Bast ecn> ipeaBuft aeHy jewrB,— 
jieBapcTBHi^a eft Hecy — TpaBBH rocnoAHefl... H hto bh jyMaeie, 
MyaaBH? Mtcam-TO mh4 Bciyxx h saroBopajB: cAxb th, nui- 
HHn,a, nBOTHija! Kan* th mh4 Taaia cjOBa MoaeinB tobophtb? He* 
alio a, HetfecHaa CB^THja, Mory, tobophtb, Baa* th no BaCaaaM* 
macTaTB *a cb npiinejjiMH bhho dhtb. Mem aa to cojhhihbo 
CB^TJoe bx Ch6hpl MOserL cocjaTb>! Hy, jyMaio, Micau^-TO to- 
ae, joaaHo (Shtb, npa3jHHBB-To hih6ko saiya.ii*. Korja bto cb 

HHM* fiUBaJIO, 1T06u OHB pa3rOBOpB CB npOCTUMl HySHBOMB 3a- 
MySHBH pa8CM4flJIHCB. 

— Heyaceja ae ohb cb to6o§ bmbb TOJiBoaajB? 

— UpaBO cjiobo! A *to eaeaa co mhoA jimia BCTpiHeica? 
cb nero-TO mh4 B^pyrB noayiiajrocB Torjja, #a h4tb, aaaie to- 
nepB Jiiuiie, AyMaio: iaft bc4 cnarB jaBHo! Tojbko, Cpamw, cjih- 
my noBafla mchh pobho a^erB bto... OrviaHyjca. Toiho merB bh- 
cosift #£THHa bb HOBOifB AyfaeHOM'B nojiyniyCB-fe a Boaanux* py- 
BaBHi^axB, a Ha rcuoB-ft CapaniBOBaa mansa Ha^^Ta. Ilpa Micaiji- 
to MHt Bee 10 hhto^bh bhaho! HaraaxB ohb MeHa. <Map* jo- 
poroft, Ao6pufi h6jiob^k'b!> tobophtb fffeTHHa.— 3^opoBO a th, bo- 
jih He uiyTaniB, roBopio a, a caM* sbto rjiaay eMy bb jihi^o. — 
Ea! mBeivB Maaap*? A napeHB bb AyfijeaBt: cHHBaBB apMen- 
CBifl! Th GeAOpB rparopbeBB>?— Si caMufl! OrByw Te6a, Masa- 
pyma, Bopb HeceTB? — c^a bb Amhhobo npo6apaH)CB, roBopaTi, 
ynpaBJiaiomifi aeai ca.iom> xoierB Ha .iHCbeMx Mixy ^ aT ^ > * 
TTAeMi* hh TaBi>-To cb niBei^OMB MaaapoMi a pasroBapaBaeMB, — 
ohb myTKH myTHTB, — Bece.iHfi a^bojib! h CMteica, jia TaBB He- 
hito ny^Ho CM*eTca, & nirB-HiTB xa h B3oaHy Ha cbobo to- 
Bapao^a, c6oay 9TaKi>... ?to sa npaT^a, AyMaw: ohb h niBe^B 
Maaapx, — a cjiobho 6h He ohx! A Maaapaa-To, noweijB, y»^ 
eacqen> ^bob'b co mhoS saBe-iB MaTepiio. c^epeBeHcaia, roBO- 
Phtx, MHi 6o.tlho naaoi^H, npocTO cnepTB, aaax onpoTHB&ia. 
TanepoHa xo^y, roBoparB, bb CTaHOBaxi kt> oahoh kb MOJO^eHB- 
boS no^HTBca, My»B-TO y Heft rt> ryfiepHaTopy Ha pacneKaHn.iio 
noixajx, Hy OHa, 3HanaTB, Tanepana bb ropeciaxB; a to ecTB y 



Digitized by 



Googk 



<54 Mcmm xbfohh. 

neHk em;e he npmrirrt KyneiecRaa AOHRa, Taxi 9Ta rpoxoien, 
cjiobho xajnraa Rasaa nepe3p&raa, Tan* jamb tojibro B3rjaHera» 
na MeHft, Tairb Bca h pasBajiasaeTca, TaK^ h pacKHcaerb... Cay- 
man) a bto h MeRaio bt> yM*: ly^eca, xyvaio: mBenrb Masap% 
Be*iep* Kt KocrpoMy nomexb, a b4ab ao ropoja-To naTbAecar** 
Bepdrs otx Hacb. Heyarco oh* ycn&rb otfopoTHTt? ^yicaio TaRi- 
to xa raamy cGoRy Ha MaRapRy.., 3-d! Jlp hh sasi y Hero Ay6- 
aeHKa-To na jfcByio eropony sacTemyTa! Torao Ha jitayio... Ax% > 
Ay* Te ropofl! #a y Hero, HOtneHHHKa, h npaBaro yxa H*fcr& J X 
Moposx TaR-b h saxoAMT. y Mena no saRoatbio! Bote, moji-l, ohl 
aimiS-TO KaKofi (JuBaerb! 3aopobchhuh dTanii MyxHiHHa! ^yiiaior 
npaiiofi i&mifi!.. OAHaRoarb co6pa.ica a ct» ^yxowB ^a h roBopxv 
eMy:— nocjiymafl-Ka, noweHHufi, crynafi tu cs rocnoAOirb CBoes> 
Aoporow, a a nofiAy no cBoefi: ryet cbhhb* He TOBapHovb! A om y 
*epTOBX cuHt, TOJbKO ciiieTca! — <H«iero, roBopnrb, rajieHOR'b,, 
bm*ct*-to naMx ex to6o8 noBaAH*e 6yAerb A^a oCAfouBaTb. J£ 
ie6% roBopHTB, TairB bhaho TOMy A&iy h Cuts... a Tefrfc 9Ty 
caMyw fiapumo npeAOCTaBJiio, sasyio tu bi nponuowb roAy ofaio- 
6oBajrB>. A ro mh*, npe3HaTbca, nponuiuifb-To ji^tomi Bsxisza- 
ja Ha ABopx 6apuHa RaRaa-TO npoi*3xaa — KpacaBHija H31 cefia 
HHcaHHaa!.. Hy a, npHMipoMt, rjiaAioiH Ha nee, rpiraHUM-b a** 
jiomx, noAyMajix: Bx-xi, iio,rb!.. ffiHByrb ae jiioah na CBiT*, — 
HMfaoro npn ce(J4 cynpyrb... He to hto naniH 3aMapamRH. 

Mvjrhrh o^eHb cM-fcajacb, cjyraaa, RaR-b ra-ineHOfrb bx rpfcm- 
hoh Aymi CBoeft npHSHaerca, a Ta^eHOR* roBopmrb: 

— Tyrb, Aotfpue jioah, mh*6 ya* ne ao CMfcxycTa.no. 3a mojht- 
bu a Tyrb npimajica. Caii* qHTaio, a y caMoro syfix Ha 3y6*. 
He nonaAerb: npo^HTSUTb bc$, Kania MajbqoHRoirb y3Hajrb. He a*8- 
CTByerb h maSanix! HAera co mho3 nraeivb MaKapRa h see npo 
CapuHb MHi Aa npo RynqaxT* HantBaerb. Tu, roBopHTb, ne tjih- 
AH, hto y hhxi TaKofi nasHufi Aa cypoBufi bha^, sto Bee npn- 
jhrx oahhi, a Ha caMoin>-To A^Jrife bi hhxi» TaRaa ate cjia6ocTK 
8acunana, RaRi h bx Haranx-b A^peBeHCRHX'b CaCaxx. He njoxoaiy > 
CMymaji'b Mena ManapRa, Te6a ofiyqaio, — xopomeny. Botx RaRL 
tu, roBopiiT'b, no Moefi peROMenAa^H kl RaRofi-HHfiyAb CapuHbRt 
npHMameuibca, — skhbu He Tyate! Bet OHa TorAa RanHTajiu cboh^ 
aeMJio h ycaAbfiy hoa* Te6a noAnunierb... 

— Tbt|>y, tu a^hbojii! ]1& y iieHa CBoa 6a(Ja, AyMaio:— npaB- 
Aa xBopaa, a Bee ate OHa EoroM-b caMHMt mh4 sa rpixn hob 



! ) Bi» ry6epHiflxi: KocTpoMCKoft, apociaBcsofi h TBepccofi cymeciByerfc bi napo- 
ji TaKoe noBtpte, hto jtmaro moxbo Bcer^a y3»aTt no OTcyTCTBi» y Hero npaBaro 
yxa m no uanept 3acTeruBarb o^ea^y a» ituoS ctoponu Ha npany©. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



ramft OBOmaaB. 65 

npncyauraaL. He iiomhio y»B, petiaTa, hto fb to BpeMa eusfi a 
xya&jB. Tojibko Maaapaa mh4 BxpyrB h roBopirri: <^aBai-aa, 
XpyrB, cb ToCofi bb nexapxy curpaeiiB, — fijiaro ho*b CBfruiaa!... 
Oiultb se xojiox* BTaaofi, »hbo corpieMca>... A sto eMy xot*- 
jocb Ha nena BepxoMB-TO BCijapanaiBca x& no TOCTOMy hojik) no-* 
$sxhtbL. 

— EaKOBil aaaoBB! yxHBJiajHCB iiyaaaH. 

— ?to AiuiaTB, ajusly), 6£jfL mh4 Tenepaia npanua, safexaTB 
ohb MeHa ci Maxy, noTOMy a My«H*onaa CeacHJiBHufl. Ha Moe 
ciacTBe bchomhhjb a, hto b1>x& otb jrfcmaro-To ecTB saaiaTBe. 
OcTaHOBHJca a h xyMaio: >afi-aa a ero bthmb aaajiaTBeMB ma- 
paxHy; a ohb xoraxajca hto jih, TanjHTB MeHa, onoMnaTbca-TO mh4 
He x&ctb! cHewro ocTanaBJieBaTBca-TO, cl bjoctbio yse saapa- 
iajrB Ha MeHfl apu&Haa xynia, — noffxeMB, ciirpaeMB fb ?exapxy>l 
A a aaaB bo bch) mo% raapany: OBenba MopxaL obwbh MopxaL. 
H npaiio, T.-e., roayfaaaH mob, bb p<my eMy TasB a h xapanyjiB! 
Tmt&j: ysB niBeijB Maaapaa, bobcg He niBeuB Maaapaa. Bh- 
Pocb oh*b B^pyrB cl kojioeojilhk) 6ojsmyK), x& mbb cbhcthctx, 
xa aaaB saxjonaeTX MeparaMH pyaaBHijaMH, — oiuymajB cobc4mb 
toptobb cuhb! Otb ero nocBHda cH&KHaa dij.il noxHuacB, ae- 
XaHua bhciojikh cb sbohomb cb xepeBB nocunaaacB, a caicua *e- 
peBBa cb sajo^HUMB capantHbeM* TaaaMB MaaoBa&MH seujA no- 
rjohhjhcb... cA y xoraxajca, myaiHTB. Hy, xe Haqero: CyxeniB tu 
ueua homhhtbi! A a Bee eMy: OBe%a iiopxa, Mopxa! Torxa ohb 
bhxbtb, hto f&Jio ero He Biirop&io, eme nyme bb pyaaBHijH sa- 
xionajiB, #a npusaaifH otb iceHa caaeHB 8Tam> no xsaxijaTH ct&tb 
yxoxHTB... & BaMB npexcTaBJiK) cefoacB, aaaB ohb h npiir&iB-TO; 
uaxHTe, jcyatHaa... Bfcx* a Bee bto caiiB bhx&ib. 

TaJraeHoaB bjhckohhjib sa CTOJia h Ha*a*B npexB bc4mh noaa- 

8HBaTB BB mUTO, BaKB npHIUIB jAfflifi. Mu TaKB TyTB BCt CO 

orixy h noaaTHjiacB. OneHB HyxHO buxoxhjto! 

— Tojbso ohb He bb npHMipB BHme opurajB^ — a no eBO 
He BitnpurHy, hoachub TajiHeHoaB. Om> obto nparaeTB x& bb 
pyKaBHD,u xjionaeTB, xojijkho ncnysaTB MeHa eme Bptnqe xot&sb; 
a a, bha$miiih, hto 3aa.iaTLe ero xo saBoro naca xBaTaers, Bee oto 
eMy bb phjio-to n njiofo: OBenta, mojb, xa OBe^Ba!.. He no caycy, 
XOjaHO, roiy6HHay y npenuio, He Bmepnijix: aaaB yxapmca otb 
HeHa 6*ataTL, aaaB npnnycTHTca — to.ibbo CHirL hsb-hoxb ko- 
hbitb y Hero eb netfy BSBHJicaL. YtSeb! Botb, 6pamu, npocToe 
aaajiflTLe, a a hmb tojbko h otx cMepTa OTomejiB, eS-Bory!.. 

— Hy, htosb, HeTepn&iHBO nepeCwjin MyauiRH Taj^eHBOBB 
pa3caa3B, — saaB aoHwsocB, (JaaronojiyHHO jlvl tu xo ceaa xo- 
<5pejiB?„ 

Tom Y. — Cehmbpb, 1871. 6 



Digitized by 



Googk 



66 BftCTHHKb EBPOIIH. 

— H h4tx, tfpaTijw, He Aotfpejix! Yarkjrb OHi-Tara o6o$rte 
Mem, hoptob* cuht»! cb AocaAofl nporoBopwB raAieHOKB h mro- 
HyjrB. CiuoxoBajrB a MajiocTt: h$ao 6u mh* Tomac*, He MimKaMiDH, 
jijBofi Horofi do^t> xboctb ero nxuyTB, h mraero, Bee 6u Caaro- 
nojiyqeo okohhhjiocb, a a no3anaMaTOBajrBL 11001611 a bx t4 nopa, 
KaKi> HenncTaa cajia CBaju.ia ex iiena h AyMaio: aBocs saKt-BH- 
6jjv> Aonojiay. H bot'b cnepBa noimio: Micaij* nponajrB y MeHa 
hs'b rjiaax. Bee cbIthxb, Bee cb4th-i'b ao 9Toro, a to BApyn npo- 
najfB, He CTaao ero bhaho! Hotom* B^Tepx dpameHHufi noAHajica 
h aacBHcrfcjrB, h saBfcurB! KpyTHTB, RpyTHTB TaKB-TO okojio Tetfa 
Mopo3HUMT» BHxpeifB, — BApyrB p-pas* no post, Tasx h Bet rjiasa 
h sacjrfenHrB!.. TaRaa MaTejB no BceMy no.iio nonua, poBHexoHBBO 
HHHero He Bn^aTB! Ko.iOKOJBHa y weiia CHaqajiy-TO Ha Bwy 6tua, 
a Tyr* cobc4mt> h3*b r.ia3* nponajia! *Ito xbjMih? xoahj*, xoahjtb, 
MyTaj*, iuyTan — He Hafi^y joporH! A B^Tepi ya* peBX Kasoft- 
to HecjuxaHHuft noAHB-ix, cjiobqo MeAB-fcjL c* rojoAy... B^pyrB 
aiumy: bojobojbhhbi ta^-to sbchhtx. GjiaBa Tedfc, TocnoAn! Hpn- 
ciymHBaiocB... MaTCJB pobho 6u nocTHX-ia.*. Toiho ro^obo.ib^hbi 
6BeTT» h aBCTBeHHO 6bert. CepAUe MperB y MeHa... Mojiocb: To- 
choah, BiJ3Baju! a kojorojibiihk'b yat'B coBciMt &1HBR0. Ymtrj 
TpoSsa csaneTx h opsin* Ha mchh. IIoctopohhjch... Tnpppy! Ctoh! 

RpHIHTl JIMIAHK-L H OCa^HJCB JIOHiafleS. fIIp0X0»i3! B3M0IHJCa 

MHi aMmaKi,, — CA^Jiai (JosecKyio mmoctb, norjaAH Ha xoatyrB y 
BopeHHHsa: He pascynonuca jh oh* y MeHa, — jrfemifi 8Tasoi? SL 
c^ypy-To h npo MHTejiB noaaCuj-B, — paA* paAexoHesx, too xotb 
SHBoro nejOBisa b-b MepTBoin* nojii bctp4thjtb. Tiasy, HH^ero: 
cynoHB KpiuKO noxTanyTa. Hy, a h roBopio aifn^Hsy: uoiaatat, moji*b, 
Aofipuft tcjiobIjr'b, — cfipya Ha JomaxKax'B bb nopaABi. A Kopen- 
ebkb-to sasi saxpanerB, Kaici 8aiBerca cjiesann... c6e»it tobo- 
Phtb. Hjh tbi MeHa He ysHajTB?..> cmotpk) — h B^rjaaaxx y MeHa 
noMyTHiocb!.. B*b kophio-to HaxoxMca nanrB dapufl oBpysHOft, — 
AaBHO yatt oetb noMepuia 6ujn»; ho, npa CBoefi jrhcth, CapHHOMx 
CHHTa^ica xopoiHHMx. fl cHqacB inanny aojioS nepe^x hhm-b h Tyi-B 
ate wb BapMaHx, no CTapofi npHBu^Kt, no-iisx, noTOMy hoChj'b 

OH'B UOKOfiHHK'B, HT06h MySHR-B. npH BCTpiH^ CB HHMl TOCTH- 

Heu'B eMy KaKofi hh na ecTB atepTBOBajrB, xonib-6u, b*b npHMipy, 
MaxopKH ropcTb, ajiH cfeHa kjiotcki... HeB3ucsaTeabHuft 6ujn> 9 
TaKT» mu, 6uBa*o, Bcasyio aphhb BajiHJin b*b neny bx TapaHTact... 
A oh'b 3to saMaxan AyroS, sa3Beefej'B kojeobojbihkom'b h &a- 
joctho TaB*B roBopHT'B mh4: <He 6e3noKOflca, Oe^a! He ia3B fb 
KapMaHx, — a Tenepma hh c-b Koro He 6epy...> 

CjiymaK) a 9Ty pt?B h cb A^By a^k)cb; a aMH^HKi npo- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



jrcmifi oBomsjTB. 67 

EJflTBlfi C* BOSejTB-TO HajO MHOft TaEX-TO JH rpOXOTCTB, TaB*B-TO 

jra HSfliBaeTca, — npocro bo Bee nojie paserB. 

— *Ito, roBOpHT'B, — y8Haji r b BopeBHoro? A? TenepHia Ha npH- 
CTflffiHMX'B norjwsn. Hx'b Tose, MoaterB 6htb, He ysHaemt je? 

— BsrjaHyj'Bl.. Chjui HetfecHwa! ct» npaBofi CTopomi 3anpa- 
seH'B — 6apHHi nanrB CTapufi — Tose noKofiHHKi, fla <|>apTajibHHi 
hs* Hamero ropoxa... 0(5oMjrfcjn> a! A ohh mh4 roBoparB: <He 
60&C& th Hac%, MysHiOKB, MH TenepB jiioah CTajia cMjipHue, ao6- 
pue... Bli*3ahjih Bacx, cam bhahqib mki>! Kocth ja BO*a on> 
npearearo Tiuia octbjihcb!.. Thxo DTaBi roBopara, co cjiesaiiH — h 
no raiaaaifB bhaho, hto jkhtbc hmt> y nopia He o?eHB-To BOJBHoe... 
OftHasose, norjua^BfflH Ha hhxt> npacTaJiLHte, yBHAajii, ^to ohh 
yati h sytfEH Ha ueua ocKajiHBaTB npHHOBCb... Tor^a a bt> 6ea- 
naifflTCTBi xpajxo ora hhxt>! 

^OJiro jih & otb hex* 64«ajix, KopoTBOJiH, — y»x He HOMHK). 
Tojbko iuasy: i^epBOBB 6oxia npe^o mhok) ctohtb — He aepeBeH- 
csaa, a ropojcKaa, 6oraTaa i^pbobs. MHoro CBircefi bx neft ro- 
Phtb, — niiBiie, cjinniy, bi HeS Taa'B-To jh ryjBO hoioti. IIoa- 
xosy kt> nanepra; a Ha Bcrrpfriy mh4 Ta fiapuna, saBaa bo mh* 
bo abop* H03anpomjisi3 roax Biisauma h spacoTofl CBoefi Ha rptni- 
Hyio xjMy Mera naBejia. H roBopnrB mh4 Ta CapuHa: axi, Ge^fl! 
Kasx a pa^a, hto iu co mhoS BCTpijica!.. Botb Bain> npaBoe 
cjobo, pefiaTa, He jrry: TaBi-Tasn h OTJiamnacB... IIpoboah MeHa 
jo MorajiBH Moero cynpyra, — bm4ct4 cb to6oS mii ero jiioCesHOiiy 
npaxy hokjiohbhca. SI efl flaw otb^tb: cb HaniHMx, 110.1*, bcih- 
XHifB ywBOJiBCTBieMi, Bame BucoHofijiaropoflie! OHa Baajra MeHa sa 
pysy h noBeaa 3a co6ofo... 

TyTB, 6pamH, BpfcnBo ona moio s^opoBeHHyio, MosojHctyio 
pynnmy CBoeft 64jioS, MHKeHBBofi py^Bofi xaja h topbbhhh cjie- 
saMH njiasajiacB: axi>, njiaiera, JUHmmiacB a Moero noaro cynpyra 
npH MJia^ocTH hohx'b j&rb. H a, bhakhh ea Tasia cjneaa, Tose 
HaB3pHAi> njiasajTB... ^yBCTByio, ^to ctuaho mh4 HysHBy no 
6a6teMy njuucaTB, a caMT> Tasi h pasjHBaiocB pisofl — noTOMy oneHB 
ee mh4 sajiBO 6bijio... 

B^pyrB, Gpatipi, cjmniy a rojrocB Bacn^ta HBantiqa jesapa. 
3acjraniaMuiH rojroci, npocHyjca — h BH»y: ctohtb Haw mhok) Ba- 
CHJiifi HBaHOBi* h bi Coki HeHa canoraMH To^KaerB. 

— %o th, roBopBTi, TpBropBHHi, aJ!H OHOJOyM*JIX? KaK'B 
me Te6* He cthaho? npRmejii na npa3^HHB'B, a cavBCi ny»H- 
mh 6a6aMH saarpHBaTB npHnajca!.. Past CBoefi y Tetfa h*ti?- 

Cmotpk), a bi bb64 y BacHJiia HBaeM^a 6a6i BH^HMO-HeBH- 

XHHO H BCt OH4 H8AOMHOH CM*K)TCa... By^TO, T.-e. a BT> HBH- 

HOMX HOJOyMCTB* 6$rajrB 8a HUHH H pyBaMH JIOBHJIT> HXi... IIo- 

6* 



Digitized by 



Googk 



68 BftCTHHKi iBPonn. 

cthamh owk MeHfl h HHHero! Oiutb Bci c&rn sa ctojx, a Ha 
CTOJife y BacHJita (hsbIictho, MyatHKX 6oraTufi!) bhho, nHpora, Ra- 
nyda ex MacaoMx, eyjtfUHHBa 9to cymenaa — npocro irat He xoiy! 
BecejHMCfl mh Tasx-TO y npasAHHKa, napyeMx h pasjiotiesHO npo- 
He&x ceCa fieci^H Beaeiix... Bjpyrx cjuiidhmx: HcnpaBHaax ex 
ceJiBCKHMx erapocTofl npiixajH. 

— Botx He.ierKaa npnHecjia! neperoBapHBaeMca mm bx hs(H&, 
& T$ y»X H bx ABepB, 

— Bh, roBopaTx, hto ae sto gfaaere? Otx nojaiefl ot(Jh- 
BaTBCH, a nnpa *a npasAHHBH ropa ropoio cnpaBMTb! 

— IIoMHjiyflTe, Banie (faaropoftie, aa Hemt mh nacTO 8th nepu- 
to cnpaBJiaeux? Pa3x bx nwx tojbko y Hacx npecToax-TO 6h- 
Baerx, roBopaxx MyatHBH. 

— 3a noaa'fcflHioK) TpeTB nojaBaS noAara, no^aBaS! Tpetfyexx 
«cnpaBHHKx. — HnBaKx H'feTy, enje He npn jeH&raxx, roBopaTx 
*ci. — A Ha hmhctbo ecTB AeHBra? CTapuiHHa! Henero ex hhmh 

<TB HBflHHItaMH HOHyCTy p*HH TpaTHTb — ODHmM-M TH y HHXX HMy- 

mecTBo! — Ho Moeny, roBopHTx CTapraHHa, — cnepBa HanepBO'Hafto 
Hsx hbxx (taoxx noBHnyawnx, Bame 6«iaropoAie, a nocjii ysx sa 
HMymecTBO... Botb a nomjifo circacx sa bojocthhmh cy^Baim... Met 
sfffect, roBopaTx cyAtn h jrfrayTx bx H36y. — Hy, TenepB posorx! 
BpHHHTx HcnpaBHHBx. rjiasy, h posrH roBopaTx, mh 8a*cb, Bame 
faaropoAie, — h Toae bx ns6y nojsyTX, — stBABia Tasia, aahhhhe... 
Bcixx MyatHKOBX nepeCpajin, — Aonura o^epe^s jo Mera. 

— fl He SAfanmft, roBopio: — a hsx ApneHOKx!— cA no Hacx, 
roBopaTx, xotb <$h th H3x a^y (Shjx, Tasx HaMx Bee paBHo... 
HaMx, TOJByioTx:— Bee paBHO, Boro hh nojocoBaTB... Hy, a BH*y, 
hto Tyrx HH^ero He HOA&iaeniB — jerx hoa> posrn (Jesx Bcasaro 
cnopy. H yatx TyTx Kpum MeHa, TyTx jpajre — bx jkhctb mok) Ta- 
Kofi nopKH He tojibko max co6ofi, max ApyrHKH He BHAHBaax! 
H pesy a, fipaTiju, hoax posraira, ropBKO, — cjobho bojkx bok>!.. 
B^pyrx rojiocx: FajneHOKx, o ^eMx th, sypanx peBemB? Hpocnyjca: 
ctoetx nepejo mhok> hohobx pafioTHHBx, a caMx a aesy bx co- 
jom* y cBoero OBHHa — a TyTx ApMeHEH h Ha jBopfc cb^tjio! 

— IIpHHajica a TyTx, 6paTi;u moh, Ha naray i^epsoBB Bpe- 
CTHTLca! ^ojro mojiejica... ^a botx ex t4xx nopx h He hbk>..» 
Hy ee cobc^mx! Taax saBOHHHjrx TaaqeHOBx CBoft pascsasx h bu- 
jih^x hsx noJiiHTO^a noc.iiAHK)K) BOABy. Taax botx HHor^a ex npi- 
HTejiaMH notfajyembca no MajocTB, a ^to 6h, to ecTB BjocTaiB, — 

mOHHIB... 

— A a 9T0 BAKaa ate nHTBa? npoTHSHO h ymwo TOjreyroTX 
vysHBB. 3to hto sa naixe! Bx npoxjiaA* nojimTO$a bhhhtb!.. 
9to, 6paTx, He 64Aa!.. A botx dTasx-TO esejin... 



Digitized by 



Googk 



jremiB OBoniLTB. 69 

— #a 8TaKB~T0 esera, Tasx Eoxe H36aBnL no^XBamiH Ba 
COCiAHHXX CTOJiax*. 

— Hy, raaieHOEb, noMaajica &e (Jparb, th! 3a6pobo npo- 
tfpajrb Te6a jiiua^OB*!.. Xopoino, hto Bort H36aBH„Tb, a to 6u 

— HsbIjctho! h3b4ctho!.. TyTt 6h th cobc£m , b sanrayTb aoji- 
xeHx... ^a-Bafl-Te-Ka, petfaTa, Ha cBJia^HHy... Bcefl soMoaHbeS!.. 
J^a upaBO efi-Bory! Ho ABopaarb eme paHo hath; a Tyrb eme mo- 
«erB, KTO-HHfiy^s Apyryio pai;eio pascsasera... 

— Bx caMOM-B h$j&, peCflT^t! ^y^ecHoe xhjio saAyMajra! e*H- 
EOAyfflHo corjiaciiJiHCB My»HRH, BUTacKHBaa H3t 3ana3yxx KO»a- 
Biie KomaiH h bbchh m4ahhmh AeHbraMu. 

ftojiro eme MyatHKH cvlj&jlh bt> TpaKTHpi, okojio aejitanoi ne^BH. 
HnsOMy He xotIjjiocb otb TaKofi CuaroAara aomoA hath. 

A Meaay t4mx Ha flBopi MaTejib MeTeTB, TaK* h KpyTHTB, h 
BiTept bjioCho h HeoTxoTHO Boert bx MajieHbKia OKOHija xarb. 
Bt> 8thxt> OKOHijax* Koe-rA* eme qyTb-nyTb 6pe3aterb jiy<raHa, o»h- 
jaiomaa, Korja npa^eTL HO^eBaTb BjiaAHica h xo3aHM> ^OMa. 

— Giunib; boht> saBB jrfcmie-TO pasrajiAkiacb! neperoBapn- 
BaioTCJi bt» TpasTHpHOifb Teiui xosaeBa h BJiaAHKH cejbcsuxi H3- 
<5eflOKT». IIonaAHCb kx hhmi Tenepb bi Jianu atHBaa Ay ma, — Hy h 

DpOCTHCB Cb OijULWh CB^TOMl! 

BoaTCfl y nacfc na Pvch hchhcto3 cmh ao cjiepra! h RaK* 

He 6oaTbca, aor^a piRH y Haeb 6e3A0HHna, nojia HeorjiaAHHa, a 

j[$ca, cypoBUMH ApeMyHHMH 6opaMH Ha MHoria THcaiH Bepcn> 

HAyrb... IIo TaBOiiy pasAOJibio He ryjiaTb HeiHCToS chji4, TaKT> 

-rAt-fflfb e8 h ryjaTb?.. ^a ee cb dToro nojeBoro h xfecHoro pas- 

JOJbfl HHKaKHMH KOJISHMH He BHfOHHHIb, H H»b HeAOB^AOMUX'b 

pt^Hiix-b oMyTOBx HHKaKHMH yfl&MH He BujiOBHfflb... fta RorAa &e 
^to Hamx Kpafi hpocb4thtch?! Pobho van h He AO»Aefflbca!.. 

$. HeMAOB*. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



KAK1> HPESMETX 9K0H0MIEL 



i. 

Kazxuft H3"B Haci b-b cBoed npaETHiecEoff sbshh pyKOBOXHTca 
Bec&ifa npocToi cacTeMofi A*ficTBia, ocHOBaHHofi Ha noeroaHnuxL. 
HSM'fepeHiflX'L h BSBimnBaHiaxi rkxT> ycjOBifi, hsi ROTopuxt caa- 
raeTca ero &hshb. Ka&Auii SHaeTt 3a co6oh HSBicTHuft pax* no- 
TpeCROCTefi ex oahoh CTopoBu h paA* cpeACTBi ci Apyrofi, so- 
Topua x&eTi eMy ero BHinmee ncioseBie Ha yAOBjeTBoperie araxt 
noTpe(5HOCTefl. KasAtrf RMierL CBoe tfojiie hjih Meeie onpejiuieH- 
Hoe npeACTaBjeHie He tojibko o6t> oTjkibHHX'B BH^axi 3thxt> no- 
TpefiHocTefi, ho h 061 OTHOCHxeJiBHoii'L hxi b4c*& h sHaieHiH ajih 
shshh; Kasxufi H8M4pHJii hxx ao h3b4ctho3 cienena KOjanecT- 
BenHO h OTEOCHTejibHo APyr* Apyra, h othochtcjibho t4xt> cpexcTBt, 
soTopuMH ofijiaAaeT'L rail bxt> yAOBJieTBopeHia. Do spaiHefi ukpi 
A^ficTBia saacxaro MoryrB pascMaTpnBaTLca He HHaie, Kara pe- 
syjibTaTi TaKoro pascieTa, BipHaro hjih h4t'l, acnaro hjih cnyT- 
naro — 8to Apyrofi Bonpoci, ho Hen36isHO pascieia. KasAufi hb- 
jiaeTca onpeA'fcjiHTejieM'B sacjia, JtaiecTBa, cToneHH HacToaTCJibHocTH 
hjih ycTynHHBOCTH h MipH cbohxx noTpetfnocTefl h onpeA^JHTejieMt 

HHCJia H M^pU CBOHXX CpeACTBX, H B*B OCHOB* npaKTH*eCR08 A*" 

ATejiLHocTH BsusAaro JieaiHT'L n,4;ibHaa cacieMa pa3C?eTa. Haqajio 
noAOdeofl chctcmh poahjiocb y HejOB*Ea, iioatno ciea3aTB, ct> nep- 
BUMt ero noaBJieHieMx. 1131 nepBUxx cbohx'b cxojiKHOBeHift cb 
OKpysaiom.HM'L MipoMi oh*b noji&eR-b 6ujit> yBHaTb iiftpy onacHO- 
crefi, BOTopyK) HecerL or& bctp^hh h ctojikhobchui ct, rtiiH hjih 
XpyruMH 3B*paMH, jhoamhh hjih ButiiiHHMii aaaeaiaMH; aripy Tpyxa, 



Digitized by 



Googk 



JOOajL KlEb HPSAHETB 3E0H0MIB. 71 

BOTopiii HyateffB w& npiotfpliTeHia Toro hjih apyroro MaTepiajia, 
cooTB^TCTByiomaro noTpefiHOcraMi; Mipy MaTepiaaa, HyaHaro jm 
Haciimema TOfi hjih apyrofi noTpetfHocTH h M'fcpy jHfmema or& 
HeyAOBJieTBopeHifl to8 hjih Apyrofi noTpeCHOCTH, To-ecrB, Mipy 
803Mo&Haro noAHHnenia o^hoh noTpetfHOCTH apyrofi. Gb nepBux* 
AHefi CBoero cymecTBOBama ohx ciajit y»e BH*racjiHTejieM , B h hs- 
MipHTejieMx BiCBoeft HpaBCTBeHHOfi ^Hjoco^iu, KOTopaa no9TOMy, 
mojkho cKa3aTB, fiujia ex caMaro Haiajia $H.noco<|)iefi BOJHiecTB'B, 
nojiosHTejibnofi $HjiocO(J)iefl. Maio Toro, Basx a roBopio, ona 6u- 
jia i$jibHofi <j>HJioco(|>ieK), To-ecTt o6HHMajia bc4 aieMeHTtr, bxo* 
jjanjie bt> , pascierL nociynKa, onpeaijiaiomie Biifiop'B Toro hjh 
jpyroro pimiema. 3th saeMeHTti pa3CMaTpHBaaacB ?eaoB&EOM'B He 
HHaie, sara bx cb£3h Mea^y cofioio. KasHKB stotb ^ejioBtex Chjtb 

B3aTX BX OTA*fcjlBHOCTH, TaBHMX OHB 6HJIX H Bl KOWeBTHBHOM'B 

BHfffc, TO-ecrb, cbok) npasTHiecKyio $HJ0C0(|>iK) ohi nepeHecx b*b 
o45m.ecTBO h ero cTpofi, ero Hcropia onpeAfoaJiacB coAepaameMx 
h xapasTepowB noaotfHHxi pa3CHeTOBX pTA'fcaBHEix'B jfHqHoerefi. Bx 
cBoefi (J)fl^oco(|)iH oht, BHAi.TL, cjobomt>, npaRTHiecsoe opyaie, He- 
o(5xoAHMoe Ha xMRjtflWb mary bt> shshh, h ocjh bth HHflHBHflyajB- 
Eue pa3CMeTH atoran 6htb He hchh h He toihh, molih npoTHBO- 
ptqHTB Apyra jpyry, to HCTopia npeacTaBaajia tojbbo cpejHifi bh- 
BOKb H3i dTHXx pasHoraacifi. IJoca* BToro o?eBHAHO, yto h no* 
HaTB jornsy HCTopia naibaa neaqe, sasx cjhbihhcb cb btoS <|hi- 
aoco<f>iefi, BosHHBmefi HenocpejCTBefmo no yKasamio cauofi Heoti- 
xojbmocth, bo§ah ,; b'b ea ayxx h npoHHEHyBinHOB ea ivfeaauH. 

Ob Apyrofi CTopoHU, ecjiH qeaoB'feE'B BnpaBi sx&tb otb m- 
yEH tojbeo 6oa$e tohhhx'b h 6e3omH6oTOHX , B piunemfi Tfexx 3a- 
jaTB, KOTopua eMy npeaaoateHO ptmaTb caMOJH<rao sa ea OTcyr- 
CTBieMt; ecjH 9Ta Haysa cTpeMHTca, bxkohi^ EOHn,OBT>, CuTB^opy- 
tiewb npaETHqecEofl jehshh HejiOBiKa, — to h HpaBCTBeHHaa $hjo- 
co(|)ia, sasx Haysa, He MoaterB hm4tb ^pyraxi EoneHHUXt i^tiefl, 
iulkx npexcTaBHTB Tanyio xe npaETaqecsyK) ^hjioco^ik) o6m,e»HTia, 
Bt BOTopoi JH^Hufi ooutl, jiHHBufi TasTL, aH^Hue pasraeTH H 
H8MipeHifl, h JiHqHBie bubo^u 6ujih 6u saM^HeHii HayMHiiMx onH- 

TOM*B, H8ll4peHiaMH, COOTB^TCTByiOn^HMH Hay^HOH TOHHOCTH H CTpO- 

tocth. Ct BTofl eropoHbi Beiuinafl nporpaMMi HayBH o6n^esaTia 
onpeA'fiaajiacB aobo.iluo acno: H3yHHTB, cb ojHoft CTopoau, noTpe6- 
hocth, cb Apyrofi cpeACTBa y^oMeTBopeHia, hsm^phtb rfe h Apyria 
h onpe^tjiHTB BOJiH?ecTBenHoe uesxy hbmh oTHomeHie, cbbsb h 
B3aHMHoe noA^HHCHie. Ecjih mu craneMt o6o3piBaTB spyrB Meao- 
B^necBHX'B BHaniff, to yfiiAHMca, mto EaKftuft hsx ota*jibhux , b 
npeAMeTOBi> aToft nporpaMaiut HMtax h HHi>eT'B cbok) cneAiajibHyio 
flpe^cTaBHTejiBHHi^y b*b hx*b spyry. Ho mu ctjuih 6u HanpacHo 



Digitized by 



Googk 



72 BfcCTBHKB IBPODH. 

/ 

bcketb Toff seiaHHoft Meamy hhmb cbbsb h ejBBCTBa, xaxaa sa- 
MinaeTCfl bi eAHHHHHux'L HH^HBH^yajBHuxx <t>Hjoco<|>iflXB. 3x$cs> 

I^JBHOCTB HCTOSJia, OTA^JIBme MCMeHTH CTUH npejpfeTOMl B8Cjft- 

AOBama ota&ibhhx'b Hayxi, npH neM'B ecTecTBeHHaa cbasb Me** 
xy hhmh jaae BOBce yTpaTHjracB. 

Onpe^iJieeie ecrecTBeHHuxB HOTpefiHOCTefl qejOBfosa naio Ha 
AOjk> paaaEHHuxi HayxB, sanaBmaxca HsyneHieirB $b3btocbbx%> 

H HCBXEHeCXHXl CBOfiCTBB BHftEBHAyaJIBBarO HeJOBtKa, ^H3i0JI0riH 

h ncHxcioriia. Cb apyroft cTopomi, mh HMien-B naysy, samniaB- 
inyroca saxoHaMH npoBSBOjCTBa h pacnpeA^ieHia tioraTCTBa, TO-ecTB, 
Marepiaaa, cjyatamaro yAOBJieTBopeoiio rtxi hjh jpyrnxB noTpeti- 
HocTei. HaxoHeivB mh vwkewh nayxy hojibtbbb h npaBa, kb cy~ 
n^ecTBi nocBam,eeHyK) ejBajn He caMofi HacToaTeiBHofl H3B BcteB 
noTpeCHocTefl HeiOBfoa. 

Ho Meawy stbmb HayxaMH He cymecrBOBajo npjoiofi cbbsb: 
xaauaa pa6oTajia BposB h caMaa mhcjb, bxi cBasyronjaa bb cyme- 
ctb£, no^BHfliomaa hxb OAHOMy h TOMy se Hauuy h itfuni, He 
cymecTBOBajia jm HayBB. Cjobomb, xasftiift HejoBixB 6hxb cbo- 

HMB COtiCTBeHHUKB (|)H3i0JI0r0MB, nCHXOJOrOMB, dKOHOMHCTOM'B H 
HOJHTHBOMB, HO MU He BM&ffB HHBaKOrO nOA06Ll TaBOft U$JLb- 

hocth bb Haysfe. Mh jaate He SHaeifB BOBce, xax-B, HanpHM*pB r 
CBfl8aTB fb oaho iv&aoe npaBO h aBOBOMiio, xom h aojshu 6ujh 

CMyTHO HyBCTBOBaTB HeB3(SiSH0CTB pOACTBB H CBB3H Me»J,y HHMB. 
IDpHCTH H HOJIBTBBB yTBepatAaJIB, ?TO HXB HayBB BM&eTB CBOHM'B 

tipe^eTOMB Hi^TO cepBesHoe, HeotfxojHMoe jjh HejoBisa, b3b£ct» 
Hyio noTpe(5HOCTB, noTpe^HocTB cnpaBejiHBOCTH b nopajpca; ho Ba- 

BfllTB 06pa30M'B 8Ta H0Tpe6H0CTB BUTeBMTb H3B OCTaJbHHXB, BB- 

serca ci odajibHHMH, ysasaTB ea ecTecTBeflnyio cbbsb h Micro 
Meaxjy hhmb, — xaxofi en yxiiBHui b&cb h Ha tomb ocHOBRBaerca 
ea HeoCxo^HMocTb, HacsojiBBO 8Ta noTpe6HOCTB 6onme hjh m6hb- 
me Apyraxi? bc$xb Taxaxi BonpocaxB, sacTaBjaromHXB pas- 
CMaTpBBaxB npe^MeTB xaasAoi HayBH, xaxi cBoeotipasHoe ecTecT- 
BeHHo - HCTopHHecBoe flBjeme, BOTopoe aoj»ho HsyroTBca coBep- 
meHHO TiMH se cnoco6aMB h b*b TaxoM-B se cmhcj£ 9 bb bbbom^b 
Bcasaa Ha6jnoxaTej[BHafl nayxa HsyHaerL cboh aBjeHia— 060 Before 
TaxHXB BonpocaxB iopbcth o6tiKHOBeHHo 8a6oTHJBCB oqeHB Majo. 
He MOserL 6htb OAHaxo coMH^Hia bi tomb, ?to eciH toxbko 
Moa^Bo roBopHTB HpaBCTBeoHofi ^>Hjioco4>iB, xaxB Hayxi, TO 
ydaHOBJieHie toS shboS crs3h Meat^y ot^bhumh 9ieMeHTapHu- 
mh 8HaHiaMH, KOTopofi Ej&Tb pi^B, jeaiHTB Ha ea npaMoft 06a- 
3a h hocth. H dTa cbbsb yxaseTca caMa cofioio, ecjra tojibbo cmh- 
pBTBca npex'B npocTtiMB naiOBiKOMB b corjracflTBca ynHTBca, TaxB, 
cxasaTB, y caMofi npBpo»i, ecjB npH3HaTB, hto Ta ^BJioco^ia, xo- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



OHim KAffB mZSUVTb 9E0H0MIff. 73 

TOpofi 06ASWteTb BOSAUfl HHSHBHjyyM*, BaBl MS ofofiCHMH, flOJIK- 

Ha ciyxHTB npoTOTHnoM'L hjth, no KpafiHefl wfepi, paMBofi h Hayi- 

HOi $HJlOCO$iH. a CKa3a.TB, HTO EaBOBl 9T0TI ^eJOB^BS 6HJT& 
OAHHt, TaBOBl OffB 0HJI* H BOJIJeETHBHO, TO-eCTB, B'B CBOefi HCTO- 

pie, ero i&aBHafl $HJioco<|>ifl 6mia b-b Tose Bpena Tofi $hjioco- 
$iefi, BOTopaa pysoBOAHja HCTopiefl. 

#m npaBTMecKaro ^ejiOB^Ba, ofaaaaBmaro TasoS ivfcjBHoft $h- 
joco$ieio, h bi HCTopia He cymecTBonajio yix-h coMHimB, boto- 
pufl cymecTBOBajH jm HayBH, He snaBraefi ijIuibhocth. Hayica bh- 
jtffejia, HanpHMip'B, qpesMipHoe pa3BHTie nojHTHqecsaro 9jeMeHTa 

B'B HCTOpiH HWT» Ha^aJIOM'B X03JjffCTBeHHHM'B H MOIVia OCTaHaBJH- 

BaTBca nepejT> 9thmi ^aBTOirB. HcTopHqecKifl ae tcjiob'Ie'b, botO- 
poMy npexo^KJiocB BHfiHpaTB MesAy ABynfl HHTepecaMu, He ycyn- 
hhjca nocraBHTB HHTepecB xoaaftcTBeHHuft na BTopofi n.iaH%. H 
jfbfiCTBHTejiBHO, Tasoe coMHiflie moimo po^HTBca TOJbBO npn ao- 

BOXBHO HeB*pHOM'B DpeACTaBJiemH HeJIOB'feqeCKHX'B HOTpetfHOCTflX'B, 

oho Moaten cyn^ecTBOBaTB tojibbo ao t4xt> nop*, nosa mu <5y- 
jjeM* xynaTB, hto yaoBJieTBopeHie jaHHofi noTpefiHOCTH saBHCHT* 
HCBJio^HTeABHO otb npHcyTCTBia cooTB^TCTByiou^aro efl Hacume- 
Hiio MaTepiajia, TO-ecTB, ecjin mm CyaeafB apiaTB, *rro am HacH- 
m,eHifl rojoja Hya&HO mnicTuoe bojuhhcctbo nemn h tojbeo, ht6 
coBepmenHO oraaCoHHO. 

PascMaTpHBafl BonpocB HapoAOHacejiemff, a cTapajrca noKaaaTB, 
■qTO jbhshb ?eji0B&Ba, pairfce saBHCHMOCTH ot*b MaTepiaja, (Siura 
nocTaBJieHa hctophtocbh b*b sebhchmoctb ott, noTpe^HOCTs <5ojE*fce 
BicKoS, HMeHHO — BHtfflHefl <5e30nacH0CTH, h TaKHM'B tojibbo npn- 
SHaeieM* sa btoA noTpe6HOcn>K> b*b HenocpeacTBeHHOM'B otfesne^e- 
nie Cojitniefi HacToaiciBHOCTH, niwb sa bc*mh ocTajBHHMH noTpetf- 
hoctamh, hosho ofi'BacHHTB to npeo&iajaiomee 8Ha?eme, KOTopoe 
furfuo h Hirfeera nojiHTHnecKoe Haiajo b*b HCTopia Has* Bcfe- 

1IH OCTaJIBHHMH, H B'B T01TB IHCjrfl Haj^B HBHaJIOM'B B'B rfeCHOM'B 
CMHCJT& BBOHOHHqeCBHM'B. MET, nOBHJHMOMy, HHTOrO He HOXeH'B 

cetfi npe^cTaBHTB HacTOflTejrBH*e noTpetfHOCTH bi Bos^yxi, a 
iies^y riufB Bce-TaKH, npeas^e niMt Hys^aTBCxi b*b B03,nyx4, 

HySHO HMiTB B03M02SH0CTB HMt HOJBSOBaTBCA — BH^mHAH B03- 

moshoctb BBecTB 9T0TB Bos^yxi B'B jrerBHL Tohiio Tasse Majio 
hm4tb roTOByio nnmy, ho Hyano hm4tb b03MO»hoctb h eio boc- 
nojiB30BaTBca. CaroBOMx, BonpocrB o noTpefiHOCTaxi b hxi y^oBJie- 
TBopeHiH 8aBJiK)HaeTca He b*b oahom'b Bonpoci Maiepiajra. 9to 
edB Bonpocx cjosHufl, bt, BOTopoMi BonpocB uaTepiajia, BOTO- 

pUMX TOJIBBO H 3aHHUaJiaCB HOwlHTHHeCBafl dBOHOHifl, COCTaBJflerB 

OAHy cocraBHyio ^acTB, BOTopyD HasoBewi b*b t^choitb cxkcjA 
^KOHOMHHecKofi. ^yrafl ?acTB, xpyrofi dJieuenn'h 3asjiK)HaeTca bo 



Digitized by 



Googk 



74 BfcCTHfllTB EBPOHH. 

BH^nraeS bosmojrhocth noJiB30BaTBca whhhm'b waTepiajiOM*; 9Toft 

CTOpOHOH 3aHHMaJIOCB npaBO H HOJIHTHKa — 9T0 9^eMeHTB nOJIHTH- 

necKia bi Bonpocfc HejioB'fciecEaro cymecrBOBania. Cmotph no TOMy, 
BaEaa dopoHa Bonpoca fiojiie saipyAHena b*b AaeHyio MnnyTy, Ta 
h fiy^eTt npe^CTaBJiflTb fio.iLmia Btcx fljia HenoBisa, 66jitmyio Ha- 

CTOaTeJIBHOCTb. Om> COrJiaCHTCfl VAOBOJIBCTBOBaTBCa: MeHBniefi nn- 

mefi W& Toro, HTo6ti mmItb bobmohiioctb ero BOcnojB30BaTBca ? 

H3*B ^ByXl TOTOBBTX'B q6j\OKOBT> OXOTHO yCTyHHTX OAHO TOMy, ETO 

aamnmaiTB ero »h3hb b*b to BpeMa, Bas* ohi 6yaer& aoCbi- 
BaTB 3Ty nnmy. IIpaB^a, cb Apyrofi cropoHH MoryrB CBa3aTB, hto 

B'B CBOUCTB'fc qe.10B*Ka T01HO TaK^e pHCKHyTB CBOeft JKH3HBK), HTO- 

6h jodaTB 06a atfaoEa;' ho a He ayMaio, qTotfu KTO-Hn6yjB bh- 
6pajn> nodiAnee, 3Haa, *rro oh*b hagtb Ha BipHyro CMepTB. Bee 
saBHCHTi otb pasMipa Toro pHCKa, KOTOpBifi on* Hecert, bh6h- 
paa ABa a<5,ioBa bm4cto oahoh>, h oti pa3Mipa ero rojuoja. Ecjih 
Phckx TaKOBx, hto m% ^ecflTH HejOBiEi, KOTopae npeAnoTryr& 
Asa atfjiOKa, BOcnoJB3yeTca hmh oahhx, a 9 norH6HyrB, to Bipo- 
athoctb ero c^tcTB ABa afijroKa CyAerB 1 / l0 . CnpaniHBaeTca, hto 
se oh* npeAHOHTeTx: cb4ctb jh 10 pa3x no y 2 aCjiOKa h^h ciActb 
pasx OAbo afaoKO, hto a^h Hero (JojiBnie: oaho hjih uatb afaoBOBT>? 
EojiHTHqecKaa HCTopia cjiyaterB BaaeTca jyimiiM'B AOBasaTOiB- 

CTBOM*B TOMy, HTO HeJIOBiTCCTBO B'B Macdfc CE.10HHO B'B 9T0WB CJiy- 

lafc cjiAOBaTB pascneTy BipoaTHocreS h npeAnoqaTaerB no*B30- 
BaTBca MeHBniHirB, ho cb CojiBineft wfl Hero <5e3onacHocTBio, h^vb 
HaoCopoTi, h ecjiH nepBofiuTHBiH ne.iOBiKi pa3cy»Aajn>, Movers 
Cijtb, HtcBOJBKo HHaie h OTJiHiajica OTBarofi, 3a BOTopyio ero *ia- 
cto xBajBjiH, to yMyApeHHaa ohutomx ero BOJia nojuyinja ct to- 
ro BpeMeHH Hnoe HanpaBjieHie. Hquh piwemn cocTaBjaiorB hc- 
B.iK)HeHie h mm Mosem Ha6jiH)AaTB 9to B'B Hame BpeMa, noTOMy 
* ^to ohh-to cocTaBjrarorB B'B HameMX ofi^ecTB^ EOHTHHrenrB TaBl»- 
Ha3HBaeMux , B HMy^ecTBeHHBix'B npecTyn^eHifi. 

IjH<|>pa npecTyn^enifi npeACTaBJiaeTx HaMx »HByio M*py nncaa 
rpaaiAani, BOTopue npeAnoiHTaiorB ABa afi^oEa OAHOMy, a cpaBHHBaa 

9Ty AH$py CB HHC.10MX rpaffiA^HX, AOBOJIBCTByiOmHXCa oabbmi afijio- 

eomi, M03EHO ytf^AHTBCtf, hto pa3CMaTpHBaeMoe HaMH B03pa»eme 
cocTaBjaerB tojbeo HCEJiioqeHie h3*b oCn^aro npaBBjra. 

yneme o MaTepiajii cocraBJiaeT'B, TaEHMx ofipasoMii, tojibeo 
^acTHbifi 9JieMeHTi> bi $hjioco$ceoh Hayst o6nj,ecTBa. H ecjia 
noAi o6mecTBOM*B mbi CyAeM-B pa3yM*feTB Tasoft opraHH3M-B, $yHE^ia 
EOToparo coctohtb bx HaHJiyqnieM'B yAOBJieTBopeHiH Bcfexi noTpe6- 
HOcreS HHAHBHAyyMa, to 9Ta ^yHBiya — roBopa MaTeMaTa^ecEH — 
GyAerB, a-«« ashhoS noTpeCHociH, $yHEii,ieft h4ceojibehx , b nepe- 
niHHtix'L, oahoh TicH0-9E0H0MnqecE0ft, s ApyrHx-B nojiHTaqecKofi 



Digitized by 



Googk 



IIHIIU BAB* nPEAHBTL 9B0H0MH. 75 

h BopHAHHecKoS, — $yHBijiefi naTepiaaa, 6esopacHOCTH h cnpaBe^- 
jhbocth, nopajiaa. IlocjitAHeH) b 3aHHMaeTCfl cnei^aibHO npaBO h 
nojHTHEa, nepBOH) — aaoHOMia. 

TaKHMT> otfpasoMi, npaBO h 3B0H0iiia pimaiorB oahh-b h tote ace 
eonpocB o cpe^cTBax'B. Ho aTOMy Bonpocy npejmecTByerB jpyrofi 
BonpocT», 6eaT> KOToparo caMsifi Bonpocx o cpe^CTBaxt He Bitters 
sHaiema h CMuaia, — Bonpoci o HOTpetfHOCTaxx. HpaBCTBeHoaa 
4>H.ioco<|)ia hjih ^Hjroco^ia o6m,ecTBa, HMiiomaa bt» bbx7 CBasaT^ 
Bci qacTH oCmecTBeimaro Bonpoca b*b o^ho itftaoe/AOisiia HaqaTtca 
pa3CM0Tp r fcHieM , B Bonpoca o noTpeCHOCTaxx h hxt> H3yieHia. 

Heo<5xo^HMue iiaTepiajiu jjia onpejijieHia paaiOTHuxx aie- 
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jojisea saaMCTBOBaTB H3x rfcxi, naynt, EOTopua cneijiajbHO hocbh- 
maiOTca HsyieaiK) 3thxt» 9jieMeHT0Bb, h noTOMy eciecTBeHHofi coapo- 
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xojioria. IIpe&Ae n'bwb pascyawaTb o cpe^cTBaxt, Hysao 3HaTb, 
^eMy xo^ishu yxoBJieTBopaTb 9th cpeflCTBa, a noTOMy HpaBCTBeHaaa 
<$Hjoco$ifl xomHa onpe^tJiHTb bth noTpeCHOcra h H3yiHTb cne- 
u,iajibHyio npHpoxy aaaiofi, H3M'fcpuTb hxx BejaraHy h B3aHMHyK> 
ycTyniHBOCTB h HaaoHeivb EJaccH^HijapoBaTb hxi>. Mm nocBjrrnM'b 
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^ejiOBiaa — noipeCHOCTH mump. Ma aojhrhh (JyaeirB, noaTOMy, 
ocTaBHTb Tenepb oTBJieieHHHa paacys^eeifl h nepeflTH, HacBOJbico 
9T0 HeH36t»HO, b*b ofaacrb (|)H3iOJ10riH, &JUI Toro, hto6li HCKATb 
OTB&ra na cjlwyiomifi Bonpoct: — <Bi> saBofi rami h bi» Bason 
ea KOJiHHecTBi Hyawaeica ^ejiOBiKx?> 



n. 

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saHMCTBOBaBHofi AJ\K 3Toro chjih HSt oapyaaaiomaro BemecTBa. Taaoe 
aaeMCTBOBaHie coBepmaerca He xapoMi, a cb nocToanHoA ynjarot 
3a to opraHHSMOMi nacTH cotfpaHHOi hjh saaMCTBOBaHHOfi yse 
npeayje chjh. YcjoBie 8to h cjiyaarb ocHOBameMi toS 6opb(fo 
3a cymecTBOBame, KOTopoio flwmerB, Tara cBasaTb, &&3H& npupo^a 
h BOTopaa BexeTca MesAy opraHH3MaMH h Meawy opraHH3MaMH a 
BHimaeio npapoAOfi. Bcaaaa noCiAa b*b 8toS 6opb6i Btipaataers 
TOJbBo nepeBicx npiotfpiTeHia Ha^x Tpaiofi; ho HHBasoe npiofi- 
p^Teme He o6xoflHTca BOBce 6esx TpaTH. 

TaKHMt o6pa80Mi, Bcaaoe npio6piTeHie pacnpeA^^aerca b& op- 
raHB3Mi na ftBi naciH. O^na nacTb coxpaHaeica opranesMOiii, 



Digitized by 



Googk 



76 BfcCTBHK'B EBPOIIH. 

HAero Ha ero poor* h pa3BHTie, Ranirrajra3HpyeTca; apyraa bxoahtr 

Bl» OpraHH3H'B AJB TOrO TOJTBKO, 1TO(5h CHOBa HCTpaTHTBCB BCROpfe 

na flajibHMmee npioCpiTenie. Ho h Ta nacTB, BOTopaa coxpaHaeTcn; 
He B36aBjieHa, He 3acrrpaxoBaHa on bo3hoshocth h x&se Heofao- 

AHMOCTH TOHHO TaR&e TpaTHTECfl. 

3a HexocTaTKOMi Apyrofi, ona MonzeT^ tohho TaKse hath, bo- 
nepBuxx, na noRpuTie TeRymaxi Tpara, h opraHHSMx 6ywn» 
HcromaTbca; BO-BTopuxx, 0Ha toiho Taiune noseTi 6htb HcrpeftieHa 
HacHJibCTBeHHO BiiinmHMH CHJiaMH h ApyraMH opramsiiaMH, h na- 
KOHeu.'L, ecjiefoi OHa H36faRajia Toro n Apyroro, to Bce-xaRH 
BanHTajiH3HpyeMaa nacTB noABepraeTca TaRHifB »e hoctojjhhums 
TpaTaui hjih TasoMy «e yrcTy. 

$H3io.iori& y^HTB, hto He tojibbo Ta toctb BenjecTBa, BOTopaa. 
ynoTpetfjiaeTca Ha o6pa30Bame tchjioth h iiycEyjBHyK) pa6oTy t 
HCTpa^HBaeTca BMtcrfe cb rbwb h Tpe<5yerB o6HOBjrenifl 1 ho *to 
h Ta nacTB BemecrBa, BOTopaa nocTynaerB Ha otipasoBaHie trbhb, 
He ocTaeTca b*b btomi bha* hoctobhho, a to^ho TaRoe bhboahtca 
H3X opraHBdiia; hto caMaa tbbhb hoctobhho paspymaeTca h bo- 
sotfaoBjraeTca Ha ctctb hobhx , b nocTynjemft BemecTBa, HaxoAHTca 
kb AHHaiiHHecBOM'B coctobhih, hto bx nefi hoctoahro coBepmaeTca 
pa^x KpyroBuxx npon.eccoBt. IIoKa bi pesyjibiaii KajK^aro spy- 
roBoro npon,ecca, Baaaytaro B03o6HOBJieHia trbhh, b*b TsaHB owa- 
FaeTca 6ojiie BemecTBa, ^m-l paspymaeTca, ao rfcx* nop* t4jo 
pacreTB; ho 8th nojios^TejrBHua npepamenia tkbhh HirtiorB CBoft 
upeAfttt, sa BOTopuMx oh* cTaHOBaTca OTpni^aTejiBHiiMH, h Torxa 
TsaHB cjiaeteTx h, HaROHei^B, CTaHOBHTca Hecnocofooii kx shshh* 

Tasi sas'B t4jio CucTpie Bcero pacTerB b% a^tcroh* bob- 
pacTi, to 9th HOJioatHTejiBHua npHpameHia ociatifoaiorB, Bee 
fojr&e h 6oj$e, ri spiuioiiy B03pacTy h, HaROHe^B, bo BTopoft 

HOJIOBHH& SH3HH CTaHOBBTCB OTpHH,aTeJ!bHHMH. 9tH1TB eCTeCTBCH- 

HHM'b noHHsemeM'b o^HoaieHia TRaHH 0<5yci0B.iHBaeTCfl ecTecTBen- 

Haa CMepTHOCTB. 

TaEHifB o(5pa30M7,, BaB'B nexaHHiecsaa shshb opraradMa, Tax's 
h njacTHHecBaa ero shshb npeACTaBjiaerB paA* hoctobhhhx'b pas- 
pymeHifi Bem,ecTBa pas'B npeHBTaro rt^oirB, paspymemS, ROToptia 
ROHHHjiHCb 6u cMepTbK), ec]n6u opraHHsm ne npHHHMajb, fb 
Tose BpeMa, hoctobhho hobhxi nocTyn^enifi, hobux-b sanacoFB. 
bt> bha* name. IlHma, c^iAOBaTejibHO, Heo6xoAHMa a*h nocToaHHaro 
noAAepsania ne tojbbo a^btcjibhocth opraeH3Ma, ho h ero naa- 
CTHiecKaro CTpoeHia. Hac^erB nom,H nocToanHO o^HOBjaeTca He 
tojbbo sHBOTHaa TenjioTa h MexaHHHecBaa pa6ora rfjra, ho h era 
CTpoeme. Ona HiiierB ab* onpeAiieHHiia h paaiHHHtia ^yHBi^iH: 



Digitized by VjOOQlC 



nem,! raeb hpeametb skohomih. 77 

Cb oxhoS CTopoHti oCHOBjaeT* caMyio Mamimy, cb Apyrofi co^ep- 
atHTi ea A^ficTBie. 

Ciapue $H3iojorH oCxacHOH cetffc nowepsame «h3hh bi op- 
raHHSHl; npHcyTCTBieMi ocoCofi chjili, KOTopaa Ha3HBajiacB hkh 
sh3H6hhoS chjio3. B'L Hanie BpeMH OTHomesie Meawy noAAep- 
jRameMi* sh3hh h nnmefi nojyHaao 6oji r le onpe^eHHtiH cmhcjtb, 
h (|)H3iojiorHqecKifi npoijeccB, nacx saHHMaionut, ciajra oGbhchjitb 
Cojiie npocTUMt nyienx, ne npH64raa hh Kt KaraM* ocotfuMi 
caaaMx, Ha ocHOBamH o6ih ) hx'l $H3nqecKHxx saaoHOB-B aBjeHifi. 
HoBifimaa $H3HKa o6xacHHJia TeiuoTy, Kan* poA* MOJieicyjapHaro 
ABHaseHia iecthip, oTHCjaaaa cbasb iieatAy TenjoTofl h MexaHH- 
necKOH pa6oTofi. 

#jih Hea o(5a aBaeHia — a TenjioTa, n MexaHmecaoe AMdBie, 
dajiH aBJieHiaMH oahopoahhmh, otaIwibhhmh BHpasemaMH, $opMaMH 
b,ih npoaBJieHiaMH oahoS h Tofi aae chjili, KOTopaa Mowa npHM- 
naTL Ty hjih Apyryro $opiiy. Doc-it dToro Tarawa ate oahopoahhmh 
aBJieHiaMH aojhrbh 6hjih cTaTB a-i* ^nsioaoroBx Tenjoia h Mexa- 
HHHecaaa pafioTa BBHameMB oprami3Mi, h ass. otfxacHeHia Mexa- 
HHHecKofl A^ATejBHOCTH opraHHSMa ne 6hjio npHHHHu npn6^raTB 
a* npeAnojioaeHiK) Kaaoft-JiHtfo ocotfofl chjui. Cb Apyrofi ctopohh, 
XHMHHecsia H3aii*AoeaHiH noaasHBaan, hto HSM^aeHie xaMHTOcaaro 
cocToaHia t$jtb conpoBoagiaeTca $H3HiecRBMH aBaeHiann notjio- 
menis uau oceoCootcdenvi menAomu, notAOu^enui uau oceoCooicddma 
cuau. H3b$cthh2 paA* xHMHiecRHX'B npoijeccoBB, Taai-HasHBae- 
mhxb npaMuxs npoijeccoBB, — hjh coeAHHemfi, oKHCJieHifi a crapa- 
Hifi, — oaaaaaca conpoBO»A&K>mHMca ocBo6osAemeMB chjh, Apyrot 
paAB npoi^eccoB'L, — otfpaTHUXB B03CTaHOBJieHifi, — conpoBoauaxH 
npraca norjiomemeM'B chjih. UocjA 9Toro xenjoia opramreMa h 
MexaHHHecaaa ero a*htcjbhoctb ne tojbko CTajra aBaeaiaMH oa- 
hopoahhmh, ho caMB cotfofi yaasHBajca otfntfft hctohhhkb otipasq- 
Bania toA h jpyrofl bb opraHHSMfr, hctohhhr* 8toto, oh6bhaho 9 . 
ca^AOBaJio bha*tb b-b xHMHHecraxi npoi^eccaxi, botophm* m>A- 
BepraeTca wb opraHHSMi nHma. 

Ilnma, nodynaiomaa wl opraHH8iCB 9 noABepraeTca bb ueui> 
crapamro hoab BJiianieMi BHcaopoAa BOSAyxa, soTopHfi mh tohho 
Tasase bboahm'b bi opraHHSMi nepesB jersia; h Tasoe OKHCieHie 
aoisho conpoBOSAaTBca o6pa30BameMi TenaoTH, h oaiAOBaie-iBHO 
Mo»eTB cjrysHTB h hctohhhkomb MexaHH^ecicaro A^ScTBia. Majio 
Toro, ^H3HBO-XHMH^ecBia H8MipeHia nosasajui, hto crapaHie pas- 
jhhhhxb BemecTBX conpoBOSA^Tca BHA^aemeicb paajuiHHHXi ko- 
jHHecrFB TenjOTH h wo HantiojBmee kojehcctbo TenJOTu A^erB 
crapaide BOAopoAa, wrbwb ywepoAa h t. a* 

Hama nuii^a, xaax h name t4jio, coctohtb, oaBHHMx otfpasom, 



Digitized by 



Googk 



78 B1CTHHR& IBPOHH. 

h3*l yrjreBO^opoAOBt, T.-e. BemecTB*, o6Mj&jQwjsTb HaatfoxBiiunre 
BajiopH^ecRHifB naein. CrfcAOBaTtubno, opranasMB Hami, bb 3tom-b 
OTHOffleHiH, aaRB-6u npHHapoBjieHi. r* npoHSBOxcTBy eaH6ojBmet 
iiexaHHqecKoi pa6oTH HacierB xHMaiecKaro npoijecca. 

Bb 3tomt> oTHomenin ecTecTBeHHo 6axo npoBecTH cpaBHeHie 
MeacAT 3TH1TB opraeHSMOMt h napoBofi MameHofl h Ha&TH h*£ro- 
Topoe TosAecTBO npuHn,anoBX Bt tomb h jpyroMB cxyqai. 

Bb napoBofi MaoiuHi bh caeraeie HSBicraoe sojiHHecTBO Ta- 
EHxt 2se yrxeBOAopoAOBB jjh nporaBOACTBa TenxoTH, ROTOpaa 
HacrbK) TepaeTca x^a patfoTH bt> $opMi TenaoTH, qacTBib nepesi 
pacmapeHie napa ABHraerb nopmeHb h npoasBOAHrB MexaHeqecRyH) 
pa6oTy. 81 opraHH3M*fe csaraeTca Taaate H3Bt(rruoe ROxnqecTBO 
yrxeBOAopoAOBB, soTopue nacTBio npoHSBo^arB H3B*CTHoe RoxnecTBO 
TeuoTU, uctbk) nepexoiart Ha ABHsenie ifycRy.ia. 

Ecxh <5h 3to noAotfie'tfuxo noJiHoe, to Bonpoct npeBpanjeHia 
hhhih bi pa6oTy bb opraHHsni He npeACTaBiax'B <ta HHsasHX'B 

COllH^Hifl. 

$h3Hrh He orpaHH^HJiHCB onpeA^JieHieMi OAHOro poACTBa Me*Ay 
TenjOTofi h MexaaHHecBHMT» A'McTBieM'B; ohh H3M$pHxn saiHie- 
CTBeeHoe oTHomenie iiea^y o6ohmh HBxeHiaifH, onpeAiuajiH, saaoe 
KOjaqecTBeHHoe oTHomeHie eymecTByerB Meawy TenxoToft h Mexa- 

HHieCRHATB A*fiCTBieM-B, HJH OHpeAiXMH MexaHH^eCRifl dRBHBa- 

jeHTi> Tenjiom. B3jibb 8a eAHHHijy aojiHqecTBO TeujoTti, ROTopoe 
Harp-feBaeT-B 1 RanorpaMMB boah Ha 1° H,exB3ia, ohh ysHaxa, ^to 
9Ta ejHHHua Tenxora hpoh3boabtb eAHHimy pafiorH, paBHyio 424 
HJiH 425 RHJuorpaMMOMerpaiTB. Uocjik oToro, aasaxocb 6h, ocia- 

BaXOCB TOXBRO 3HaTB ROJBieCTBO pa60TH, KaKOe AOJ&HO coBep- 

mHTBca bt» opraHH3iii bb Teiemn cyTOBi, TeMnepaiypy, Kasaa 
AOJisHa 6utb noAAepsaHa bb opraHHSMi, h nponopijiio TenxoTH, 
yTH4H3HpyeM0ft opraHHSMOM'B bb patfoTy H3B npoH3BOAfln^eflca y to- 
ecrB, SHaTB CTeneHB coBepmeHCTBa opraHH3Ma aaRB RaxopHiecaaro 
ABaraTexa, yto(5h SHaTB aoxaqecTBO TonXHBa hjh nama, bt> roto- 
poM*B eseAHeBHO HysAaeTca cpeAfliS opraHH3MB, h oaijOBaiejiBHO, 
tto6u cocTaBHTB Towoe npeACTaBxeme KOjaiecTBi nama, Heotf- 
xoabhoS Ha coAepsaHie a^atcjibhocth opraHHSMa. Ho h bb btom'b 
Aase OTHoineHia BonpocB oaasajca 6o,iie cjokhumbt, vim* Morxo 
KasaTbca. 

KaRB hh npeACxaBxaxocB, cb h3b4cthoS cxopoHu, HarAHAao 

cxoactbo opraHHava cb Ra-iopH^ecRofi MamaHoS, TiMt He Mente 

MesAy 06 ohm h cymecTByiorB BecBMa cymecTBeHHHa paaiHHia. 

*H RajiopaqecRofi MamHHi toiuihbo npeAHa3HaueTca npaMO s 

'"ejibuo Ha npHBeAeHie MexaHHSMa bb ABHaaeaie 9 a^toxb- 

momt> ycTpoficTBi MamHHU tohjiuo He ynacTBy^Ti; 



^ Digitized by LjQOQJC 



EHIIU BAKft HPEAMETB 8K0H0MB. 79 

oea aiuiaeTM B8T, oco6aro Maiepiaja h, CA^aHHaa pasx, ocraeTca 

Bl 9T0MT> COCTOJiHiH, DOEa He H3H0CBTCB. 

JKhbothhA opraHH3Mi> npeACTaBjraeT'b Maninny, EOTopaa AOjatHa 
hoctobhho oCHOBJiaTbCa bo Bpena canaro ea ^bficTBta s o6hob- 
jeaie ManiHHU aojijkho coBepinaTbca HacierB t4xt> se eae^HeBHuxt 
nocTynjiemi b*b Bee nnm,H, saftifl cjiy^an, h bctohhhkom'l uexa- 
HHiecKofi pafioTH oprann3Ma. Cji$AOBaTejibHOy Kpoiit Bonpoca o 
tomi>, Baicaa toctb hbhjh iieofixoAHMa Ha A^aTe-ibHOCTb opraHH3Ma, 
npeACTaBjaeTca cam, cofiofl Apyrofi: Kanaa .^am HeofixoAHMa Ha 
oCfiOBJienie CTpoeHia canoro opraHHSMa? Majoo To'ro, tombbo aa- 
jtopH^ecROH MainHHu coctobtb B3X yrjeBOflopoAOB*. llama, KOTOpyK) 
npBHBMaerB opraHHSii'B cooTBfrrcTBenHo xuMH^ecROMy cocTaBy Tiua, 
coctohti>, KpoMi yrjeBOAOpoAHCTHx-B coe^HHenifi, h3t> coe^uHeHifi, 

KB EOTOpHB BXOAHTl aSOTT.. 

3a*cb aBjaiOTca ab* iuaBHua cepin xhmbtcckhx'b BemecTB* — 
Ben^ecTBa 6e3T>a30THCTua h BemecTBa asoracTBia, na cnerB koto- 
piixi SHBerB h coAepatHTca opraHHSirB. CnpamHBaeTca, ecTB jh 
saKaa jh6o pasnHija bx Ba3HaHCBin btbxt» BemecTBx, ciyaaT'B jh 
MexaHHqecKOH pa6or6 oahh CesxasoTBCTua BemecTBa, a asoTH- 
CTua HeoCxoAHMu TOJbKo jjia oCpasoBaaia TttaHH, bjh h t$ h Apy- 
ria yqacTByioTx b* MexaHH^ecBOfi pafiorfe? 

HaKOHeivb, TaKi» KaKi> nnm,a, kb Tose Bpeiia, AOJana cjiyaHTL h 
MexaHH^ecKOH A&reejibHocTH h cTpoeniK) opraHHBiia, to cam cotfofi 
posA&eTca BonpocB o tomt>, kbbhmi nopiiABOMx npoBcxoAHTieapac- 
npeA&ieBie ne»Ay o(5ohmh HasHaneHiaMH hjih <|>yHBniaiiH, TO-ecTB, 
pacnpeA'fcjaeTca jib, ona iipano Ha nwb nacTH, H3i> kohxt, oABa 
hactb Ba otfpasoBame TenjOTu h jiexaHHiecEofi chjiu, a xpyraa 
BOCTyBaeT-L bx tmhb, bjh ona npexBapHTejBHO nocTynaera b*b 
TKaHB h MexaHHHecKaa a^tcjibhoctb coBepmaeTea tojibeo yae Ha- 
cnerB crapama Mycayjia? Cjobomx, t4 $B3HnecKia yKaaaHia, koto- 
pua jajin HOBifiniefi <|>H3io.fforiH bosmoxhoctb OT^tjiHTbca otb bo- 

HHTia O SH8HeHH0fi CHJlfc, CO^CTBeBHO TOBOpa, AOCTaTOHHH 6lUH 

juul yflceeaia sabBcnuocTH Mes^y nnmeft h sasHBto jbihb bt> ca- 
irax'B o6uyai> nepTax'b. KaKt tojbko mu saxoTHMx hath Aajie h 
nepeiTH bt» boapoChoctam'b, mki BCTpinaeiica ex paxom Bonpo- 
cofb, KOTOpue AOJatna 6uja pfcniHTb caMa $H3ioJOiia. 

Cboab bc4 bth Bonpocu kx ojHOMy, Ham npejCTaBJiaeTca bo- 
npocB o pacnpeAijeain bhbi,h Me»Ay AByMa ^bkh\hme 9 no ea 
XHMHnecsoHy cocTaBy, h o nopaxfti Tasoro pacnpeA&ieHia. 

IIoHaTHO, hto acmifi otb^tb Ha btotx Bonpoca npeftnojaraera 
TOHHoe 3Baflie bc4xx MeTaMop^osi, BOTopua ncnuTUBaeTX nnn^a 
Vb TeneniH Bcero cBoero BpyroBopoTa bt> opraHHsni. Ho h pas- 
pimeflie nepe^BCJieHHUXx BonpocoBi 6hjio 6& BeAOdaTOHHo a- 1 ^ 



Digitized by 



Googk 



80 BtCTHHTB IBPOHH. 

coBepmeHHaro pasxacHeHi* toto $H8OTecxaro npoijecca, KOTopuft 

JieSHTB KB OCHOBaHiH XH8HH. OTHOCHTeiBHO napOBOft MafflHHU mr 

8HaeMi He tojbbo b^b* OHa HHTaeTca, ho dHaexi camiS nopa- 
XOBb, KaBHMt ocBo6o*xaeMaa CHJia nepexoxHTB sxiJCB b-b MexaHH- 
qecEoe jificTBie. Ho BaKHin otipasoxi cua, ocBottosxaioniaHCA na- 
cneTB nniqn, npeBpan^aexca MycKyjoirB kb MexaHHqecByio pa- 
(JoTy? 

9totb BonpocB, cboibbo ohx hh jiiotionHTeH'B, eme aaTpyxHE- 
TejBH^e npexHxyniaro. 

Ilocjii Toro mosho xoraxNBaTBca, hto ^nsioioria He MOserB 
XaTB HaM'B osoHHaiejBHaro OTBiia h Ha totb rjaBHuft BonpocB, 
BOTopHfi nacB saHHMaerB bb HacToameMt cjynai h KOTopufi b*b 
npasi npexJOSBHTB eft asoHOMia n ofimecTBeHHaa cTaraBa — onpe- 
X&ihtb TeopeTHqecKoe KOjnqecTBO nHm,H, vb BOTopoirB HysAaeTca 
HopiiajiBHuft tcjob^bb. Tiro He MeHte oTCioxa BOBce ne crtxyeTs, 
tto Bee, ht6 OHa iioaerB CBasaTB, Chjo <5h jnimeHO HHTepeca. 

Mil yBBAHMX, HTO T* CBi*X$Hifl, BOTOpUfl OHa HOSeTB XATB HaX*, 

HMiiOTx cbok) cor^iojiorH^ecKyK) BasHOCTB. Ecjh OHa MeH^e snaen 
o nopwfc o6pameHia chjh b*b MexaHHiecByio patfoTy MycKyjoMB, 
to yse ropasxo 6aH»e noxonuia b*b pasp&memK) nepBaro Bonpoca, 
o pacnpedtbJieniu nuuw ez ojnanusMrb no en xuMmeatoMy cocmaey 
u nopxdKTb smaw pacnpedtMenix. 

Bonpoct 3TOTB noxBeprajicfi, bb nocjiixHee Bpexa, xoboibho 

TH^aTeiBHUHS H3CJrfcA0BaHiflM^. 

TaK's saB'B pe3yjLTaTti bthxi HscjfcxoBaHift 6ujh pesHinipo- 
BaHH b*b HexaBHeft pa6oT$ aHrjific&aro xHMHEa $paH&vaHxa no 
TOMy ate npexiieTy, to a npe&xe Bcero ocraHOBiiocB Ha 9toS pa- 
6ot£, TtH*B 6ojiie, mo OHa 6mia H3JoaeHa bb nonyjapHOi <|>opirt 
h cj^xoBaTeiBHO npexcTaaiflerL yxotfcTBO xm HHTaT&iA Hecne- 
ijiaracTa *). 

Eme HexaBHo, othochtcjibho Bonpoca o nopax** pacnpex*- 
xema hhii^h b*b opraHHSM* Mesxy XByiia <|>yHBiuflMH, patfoToft h 06- 
HOBjeHieMB TBaHH, y (jmsiojioroB-B npeo&iraxaio to MHieie, hto 
b* CBoeicB Henoq>excTBeHHOMB bhx& nnn^a cirysHTi bb rkrfe 
tojibso hctotohbomi TenjroTH, HCTOUHKoarB ate MexaHH^ecKOfi jjha- 
TejbHocTH OHa cjiyaiHrB He HHa^e, Kasi nocTynHBB cnepBa na 
otfpaaoBame MycKyjBHoft TBaHH. 

MH^Hie 9to, BnepBBie BucsasaHHoe JTh6hxomb, 3amHm 1 ajocB 
CojBmaHCTBOMB (J)H3iojioroB'L. <Ohutb HayiaerB HacB, — nacajitJlH- 

6HXB, — HTO B*B OpraHH3M4 eCTB TOJIBBO OXHffB HCTOHHHKB HexaHH- 



^ HoiiyjiiipHoe ^Teme no btomy npe^ieTy 6hio, bi cboc BpeMjr, nepeBe^eno n 
xypDaiB «Kocmocl», /6 6-ft h 7-ft, 1869. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



mjnu bibb npsAisn beohomib. 81 

-^ecsoft cmh: sto npeBpameme shbiixi qacreft riia b*b Heopra- 
HHHecEia coe^HHema nyTen hx*b OBH&iemai. B* CBoefl <OpraeH- 
qecKofi XnMie, bi npHMieeHm ea kb ^Hsioaorin h naTaJorin>, 
b'b <IlHCBMax'B o Xhm1h>, JIhChx'b ofoacHajra 9to TaE*: <Bci 
opraniraecBia TKaHH, BOTopaa ofoapyatHBaforB CHjry b*b rkii, 
npoHcxoAan hsx CtjKOBHHH spoBH. E&isoBHHa »e nponcxojnrb 
esi qaerefl nemii, roflHHx-B jja ofipasoBama kpobh. OieBHAHO cji*- 

XOBaTeJIBHO, TTO HCTOHHHKOM'B MexaHH?eCBOfi X^TeiBHOCTH ftOJI&HH 

eiysBTB njacTOTecKia tooth nnm,H, h caiflOBaTejiBHO efepHHcraa h 
asoiHCTHa tooth ramH, BemecTBa se 6e3T»a80THCTUH cjysars 

TOJBBO HCTOHHHBOM'B OtfHOft TeiMOTH>. C'B T^X*B IIOp'B 8T0 MH$Hie 

noBTopajocs b-b TpaBTaTaxi $B3ioaoriH. Ero aanjiimajiH ILiai$ep , B, 
^panepi h HejaBHo noBTopaxB PaHKe. Comoro stoS TeopiH, 
saKB 6e oC'BflCHHJi'L PaHKe, bi MycEyjii, Haxoxan^eHca kt> choeoI- 
bom's cocToaeie, npoHCxoxHTi nenpepuBHO $H3HEO-xHMHHecEiit npo- 
ijeceB Mewemaro crapama siycsyja; MycKyj* jpmen, TO-ecTB, 
ohi npHHHMaerB bhc.iopoa'b h BEJA^JfleTi) yrjieKHCJOTy. PesyjiB- 
tbtomi TaKoro npoijecca aBjraeTca ocBotfoacjeme chjili bi caMOM* 
xycKyjrfs Aaae b*b cocroaHin noKoa, h npacyTCTBie 9Toi cmh bh* 
pasaeTca vb 8*eBTpH?ecKHx , B Tosaxi, BOTopue o6HapysEBaen cno- 
koShhA nycByjcB. Korxa nycByjn HawHaerB patfoiaTB, to b*b Hero 
tojlko ycwHBaeTca toti ae nporjeccx, eotophS o(JHapy»HBaeTca 
h b*b cnoKofiHOMX cocTOaHie, h TenepB ocBo6osx&K)n^aaca caaa npe- 
Bpan^aeTca He tojbbo Bt BjeKTpHnecTBo, a nepexojHrB fb uexa- 
HHqecEoe jticTBie. Hafijuoxema HOBaauBaioTB, bo bcakom'l cjryHat, 
tto bi paCoTaBmeMt Myacyii npoHCxoAan* 8Ha?BTejiBHua h3m£- 
Eeeia. Ohb tforane boao3 h 6*xHie TBepatiMH ?acraMH, cjii^OBa- 
TejibHo ohb noxBepraeTca HecoMetHnoS Tpaii h crapaHiio bo 
Bpeira pa6oTBi. Hctohhhbom'b ocBo6osxaion;eBca npn stomi chjiu 
PaHKe, BaKi h (Soibiiihhctbo $H3iojoroB*, npHflepawBaiomHXca Teo- 
piH crapama MycKyjia, npnHHHaerB 6^jloyh> hjih asoTHCTiia Beme- 
CTBa. IIpaBxa, ouhth $ofiTa noBasajiH, h caM-B PaHse y6*AHJica, hto 
pa6oTa He pejiHHHBaerB KOjaqecTBa BLi^jeHin opraHHSMOitB asoTa, 
ho, no eiOBaifB PanKe, stotb pesyjBTarB mosctb hm4tb coBep- 
meHHO xpyryio npHHHHy, h^mi npexnojaraeTca, a HMeHHo: — BHrfi- / 
jLeEia MoryrB B03BBimaTBca bo BpeMa pa6oTH, ho sa to HacTOJBBO ace 
yneHBHiaTBca bo BpeMa hokob, catxyion^aro sa pa(5oTofi, Tasi, ^to 
b-b cyMM* o64 BejiHqHHu CyxyTi KOMneHcapoBaTB xpyra xpyra. 

PaxoM'B n bthmx MH^HieMi cymecTBOBajo xpyroe. ^OETOpi 
Maffepi xaBHO nacaji'L, ^to MycKyji ecrB tojbbo annapaT'B, no* 
cpe^CTBOMi KOToparo npoHSBOAHTca npeBpan^eHie chjih, ho hto ca- 
Moe Ben^ecTBo MycBy-aa bobco He caysHTB ea hctotohkom-b. Ohi 
yTBepatAajrB, hto 15 $y HT0B,B cyxHxx MycByaoBi, KOTopiie ecrb 

Tom* Y. — Cehthbp*, 1871. 6 



Digitized by 



Googk 



82 BftCTHUffB BBPOHH. 

7 HejofOB^Ba, Bfccamaro 150 $., aojikhh ORHCJflTBca bt, 80 AHefl, 
eciH6u padoTa wycRyjia nMcThwreJum npoasBOAioacB Hacsera. 
roptnia caaiaro BemecTBa wycRy.ia. CepAije orhcjhjiocb 6u bt> 8 
AHefl, a ero sejiyAoiKH b-b A^a aha c*b nojiOBHiiofi. 

Eme paHie, noma ab4cth j^t* naaaA*, Bpa^x b*b Barfe #»• 
MafioBt yTB^paAaJit, ?to A*ia npoasBOACTBa MycKyjBHaro abiuec- 
Bia Heo6xoAHMi>i wh Bemjn: nepeHecenie ropiOHHXi Beiu.ecTBt kt> 
MycKyjiaMi) nocpeACTBOMt bpobq h noraomeme KHCJopo^a nocpes.- 
ctbomt* AuxaHia. 

Bt nocjitAHee ate BpeMa bto MH^Hie ciajio 3amnmaTBca h Apy- 
thmh: rafiA^nrafiHOMx, Tpay6e h othrcth ^oHAepcom, *hkomi» h 
$paHKJanAOMT>. 

#o chxx nop*, no cjiOBaiii $paHBJiaHAa, A*a pimeHia MesAy 
o6ohmh MniHiaMH HeAOCTaBajo onuTHaro A0Ra3aTejsBCTBa. He^ae- 
ho Aaa <|)H3iojiora 7 <J>hkt> h BacjiHijeHycB, npoesBejiH jnoContiTHUft 
omitb. Ohh HSMtpHJiH pafioTy, coBepmeHeyio bxt> MycKyjiaMH npa boc- 
xoxrAeHiH Ha ropy <frayjiBropffB c kojiehcctbo cropiBinefi, bt> TeneHiH 
Tasofi paCoTH, MycKyjitHofi TKaHH. c&paH&iaHA'B CA*-iajrB Heo6xoAHMu& 
AonoJHHTe.'iBHwa HBMineHia, KOTopHxx neAOCTaBa.io onuiy $uita am 

TOrO, HT06U M03RH0 6bJJ10 CA*JaTB ptuiHTGJIBHHfi BUBOA* Vb nOJIBBy 

toS hjih APyrofi H3-B AByxx npeAJoatenHHX'B Teopifi. 

^jia ptineHia saHHnaiomaro Hacx Bonpoca, no MH^mio $paHR- 
jaHAa, nysno 3Han> OAHOBpeifeHHO Tpn ROJiHiecTBa: 1) KOJinne- 
ctbo pa6oTH, cooTBiTCTByiomefi OKHoienito eAHHHi^u MycRyjia, 2) 
KOJiHqecTBo patfoTH, coBepifieHHofi MycEyjiaMH rfejra bt> TenemH 
onura, 3) ROJiaiecTBO orbcjibbhiexch MycKyjiOBi bt> rki% fb Te- 
HeHie BTofl paCoTM. 

OnuTt BncJiHi^eHyca n $HRa hmSutb ivfcjiBK) onpea&iHTB ab£ 
nocjiAHia B3t HeofixoAHMHX'B a&hhbix'b; HBMtpeBia $paHKjaHAa 

BM'LlH IJ&IBK) OnpeA&IHTB BCpByK) BCJHHHHy. 

OqeBHAHO, hto 8Haa 3th Tpn A&HHBra h cpaBBHBaa Hxt HesAy 
C06010, mosho 8HaTB ; AOCTaTOiHa jus cropiBmaa cymca uycRyjiBHoi 
TKaHH am npoesBOACTBa, nyieMx CBoero oRHCJieHia, Toft pa6oTU, 
soTopaa 6mia A*ficTBHTeju»HO coBepmeHa bo Bpeiia omiTa. 

Ecjh OHa AOCTaTonna, to mosho em,e AynaTB, ^to MexaHH^e- 
CRaa CHJia o6pasyeTca Hac^erB rop^Hia caMoro MycRyja; ecjH 
se h*tb, to HysHO AyMaTB, hto CHja o6pa3yeTca HenocpeACTBCH- 
ho HacnerB nen^H, a iiycRyjx CJiyatHTB tojibro annapaTOMX, Kasi 
Aynajx Mafiepi, b*b hpotbbhoctb JIe6Hxy. 

Jl^s. onpeA^Jienia nepBofl hckomoh Bejra^HHH b*b HacroameM'B 
Bonpoci, ^paHRjanA'B cserajit MycKyjn> 6uRa npe nocpeACTBi 
uopnoBaTO-RECJiaro Ra.ia bt> KajopHMeipi ToMncoHa. KojH^ecTBO 



Digitized by 



Googk 



rami rirt> nPEAMsn bbohoiih. 83 

ocBOtJoat^aiomeflca chjbi onpeA&HMOCb npn stomi npaico no hhcjj 
rpaAycoBt, Ha KOTopue noBiimajiacb TeicnepaTypa bojh, OBpyawtB- 
niefi annapan, Bt KOTopoMt npoHcxojHao caeraaie. 3aaa bto ihcxo 
rpa^ycoBT, h oftbeMi HarpiBaBinefica boau h npoB3Bexfl bx btoitb 
Ko.iHHecTBi HiROTopua nonpaBKH, saBHcamia cfT* norjomeHia Ten- 
jlotu h BHifflHeS patfom yjEeTaiontHXi ra30Bi, fiyjeifB 3HaTb ?hcio 
ocBofioAHBDiHXGa aajiopHHecBHX'L eAHHaivb, a yirHosaa bto hocjiIja- 
nee hhcjo Ha MexaHHnecEia BBBBBajenrb TemoTH, Cy^eM'B sHara 
acHByio CHJiy hjh pa6oiy, cooTBiTCTBypomyK) cxHraHiio Baaiaro a-** 
onma KOJH^ecTBa iiycKyjia. 3thmt> nyieMi *paHiuaHji Hamex*, 
hto nojiHoe crapame 1 rpaMMa CuqaHtaro iiycayjia bt» KajiopuMeipi 
jjaerb 5,103 BajiopnqecBia eAHHHijBj. (Mu tfyAeui BcerAa npflHHMaTb 
sa eAHnnuy TenjiOTH koxhhcctbo ea, HeotixoAHMoe aa& HarptsaHia 
1 KHJiorpaMMa boah Ha 1° I^aibdia). 

Bt> Tijii MycEy.it HaaorAa He crapaera coBepmeeHO, aaa* oh* 
crapajix bt> BajiopnMeTpfc. Ilpn crapaHin Mycayjia Bt bhcjopoa*, ero 
yrjiepoAi npeBpamaeTca b*b yrjieaHCJiOTy, boaopoa* bx BOAy, aaoT* 
noJiy^aeTca Bt ra3oo6pasHOM f B bha&; npa crapania MycKyxa b* 
Tfcrfc, Bees asorb BHAixaeTca bt» bha* mo^cbhhh h npn btoitb 
crapaHin b^cb MoieBHnu paBHaeica dohth pobho */ 3 Btca era- 
paiomaro Mycayaa. Ecxh MOieBHHy cacenb b*b BHOiopoA'fc n onpe- 
^-fe^HTB qncjio BHA^JiaBomnxca npn 3tomi> BaxopHqeCEHx* eAHHHivB 
t4mt> ate chocoSomi, KaKi, 9to CA*JaHO jwa Mycayxa, to nojiy- 
naeTca Ha aasAUi rpaiiM* MoqeBHHU 2,206 Kaxopaqecaia eA«- 
HHn,w. OAna TpeTb dToro EoanqecTBa hjth 2,206 : 3 = 0,735 sa- 
jiopHqecKHxt eAHHHu.'L, npeACTaBjaeT'L to ihcjo BaxopaqecBiix'B 
eAHHan.'B, EOTopoe npHXOABJOcb Ha aojh) crapaBmei MoneBHHH nps 
csaraHiH B* BaxopHMeTpi 1 rpaMMa Mycayxa. - 

CjtAOBaTejiBHo, ecjia mh BHHTeMt bto ihcxo ezt> o6m,aro HTora 
EajiopnqecKHX'B eAHHHivb, noxyiBBinaxca npe wKurama Mycsyxa Bt 
KacxopoA*, to h nojyqgM'B hhcxo Baxopn<iecBHX'B eAHHHiyb, koto- 
poe aoj»ho AaTB HenpjiHoe crapanie Mycicyjia, EaKoe hpohcxoahti 
bt> Ti.it, a HMeBHo 5,103 — 0,735 = 4,368 aaJopHqecBax^ eAH- 

HHI^t. 

TaEHMt nyieMx $paHEjraHA'B onpeA^xHJi nepByio hsi Heo(5xo- 

AHMHXt B&IHqHH'B. 

OnuTb $Hsa h BHCJiHDieHyca codoajB wb HSMipeHia pa(5ow, 
KOTopaa CA^aHa 6uiia hxi t4jomi qpp bocxokachIh Ha ^ayjib- 
ropHi, on. BpieHq,cKaro 03epa. Bucoia ^ayjsropHa hba'b noBepx- 
hoctbk) osepa no TparoHOMeTpHqecKHMi H3MipeHiaMt pasHjieTca 
1,956 MeipaMT,. $hkt> b*chji, BMicri ct OAeasAoi, naisoS h XQJifl- 
nofl 66 KHjiorpaMMOBt, a BncjHi;eHycT> 76. 

CjiiAQBaTe^BHO, bboSaa Ha ^ayjibropni, $hipb qoahjub cwh 

6» 



Digitized by 



Googk 



ft 
84 BfcCTHHK* BBPOm. 

hmh MycKyjiaMH 66 KMorpaMMOBx, a BHC-mmeHycB 76 Ha BHCory 
1,956 MeipoBt, h BH$niHflfi paCoTa $HRa paBHoacs 129,096 khjeo- 
rpaMMOMeTpaMi, n BncjHi^eHyca 148,656 KMorpaMMOMeTpaii*. 

KpOM^ 9T0ft 1HCTO BH^niHeS pafiOTM, BO BpeMH BOCXOSAeHifl r 

opraHHSMi nyTeraecTBeHHHKOB'B coBepniHJTB xpyryro patfoiy, KOTopaa 
sua Ha AtixaHie h 6ieme cepxija h npoq., KOTopyw mosho onpe- 
A*kiHTE TOJbKo npE6jH3HTejiBHO. Pa6oTa cepwa npueaMaeTCfl okojo 
0,64 KHJorpaMMOMeTpa xia Rasjoft chctojih; 0,43 KHJiorpaMMo- 
MeTpa npe^CTaBjaiOT'B patfoTy jrfcBaro h 0,21 npaBaro aejyxKa* 
Bo BpeMH Bocxoamema nyjitcx $Haa x&ia,r& okojio 120 yxapoB* 
B'B MHHyTy, cjii^OBaTejLHO patfcua ero cepxija 6uja jih hath 
nacoBx ct no^OBHHOfi, ynoTpe6^eHHHx , B Ha BoexoaxeHie, — 6,055* 
120. 0,64=25,344 KMorpaMMOiieTpa. ^jih pa6oTH xHxama <J>hkt>, 
na ocfiOBaHin H3CJiiA0BaHifi JJoHxepca othochtcjibho ycJOBift, bt> 
KOTopMxi, x^cTByerB rpyxHaa KafcTaa, CHHTaerB bo3mo:bhhm'b bh- 
hhcjehtb 9Ty paCoTy B'B 0,63 KHjorpaMMOMeipa na Basque 60O 
KyfiHTCCKHxi ^eHTHMeTpoBx Bxuxaeuaro Bosxyxa. *hkb bo BpeM& 
Bocxosxeeia xfcian 25 BXuxaHii fb MHnyTy h nOBTOMy cseTy 
ero pa6oTa .nuxaHia paBHajacB, b-b TenemH Bcero Bocxosxema, 
5,197 KHJiorpaMMOMeipaM'B. 

064 pa6oTH bm*ct6, TO-ecTB, patfoia cepxn,a h xuxaHia co- 
CTaKiajH jyia *em 25,344-4-5,197=30,541 MJiorpaMMOMeTpa, a 
9Ta patioTa cjoseHHaa cl paCoToro, coBepmeHHOK) MycayjaMH xm 
BocxoaxeHia = 159,637 KHJorpaiotoiieTpaM-B. <KoHe?Ho, — nHmers 

^HB'B, — H 9T0TB HTOFB eme TOdBEO npH6jH3HTeJIBHIlfi, HOTOMy TTO 

ne Bca xiiJKTejiBHOCTB MycKyjOBt BupasaiacB npg btomi bo bsatoS n> 
pasciei-s BaifflHefl patforfe. ITyTemecTBeHHEKH npoxoxHjra npn stomi. 
poBHHa Mida h x&se cnycKH. B* bto Bpeica ohh He no^HHMa- 
jihcb, KOHeMHo, na BHCoiy, a Me»xy tiwb npoi^eccB, ocBofosxaio- 
mii CHjy B'B rkz% xoJseH'B 6ujlt> npoxojsaTBca h vl bto BpeMH,. 
h xoth dTa CHJia He yTHJiH3HpoBajacB xm BHimHeft paGoTH, ho 
OHa Tepajracb, vl btomi cjiyqai, B* bhx* /remoTH. Kponi Toro, 
XJa nowepaaHui paBHOBfccia T&ia H3B$CTHaa toctb MycKyioB* 
XOJSHa Haxo^HTBca bi coctohhIh nocToaHHaro Hanpasema mb 
TeTaHoca. ^ja BToro TpetfyeTca tohho Tax&e nocioaHHoe ocbo- 
6o&xeme chjh, h(5o xoth cejia npa btomi h He Tpanrrca bt> 
$opM4 BH&mHefl pa6oTH, ho oaa TpaTirrca bi bhx* TenjoTH>. 9ia 
oroBopxa crfuaHa x»h Toro, ttoCu nowtsaTB, hto onpex&ieHHaa 
Bume pa6oTa nyTemecTBeHHHKOB'B npn BoexosxeHia na $ayjBropH^ 
hh fb saKOM-B ciyHai He Mosere c?HTaTBca npeyBanHneHHofl. 

Mu HM*eMi» Tenepb h BTopyio Heo6xoxHMyio BejiHHHHy. Haxo- 
HeivB, Hocjiixnaa BejHHHHa hih bojih^octbo Mycsyjia, x^flcTBHTejobHO 
oMcuBmarocfl m> Te^emn BocxosxeHia, Tasate 6iua onpextiena 



Digitized by 



Googk 



rami EAK'L nP^METb 3K0H0MIB. 85" 

CaMHMH BKcnepHMeHTaTopaMH. Ohh onpe;$rajrB kojibtcctbo asoia^ 
BH^ijiHBiiiaroca bx moy£ bo BpeMa Bocxoaaema h b*b Teiemn 6-ra 

^aCOBl, CJliAOBaBIDHX'B 3a BOCXOatAGHieM'B. #Jfl $BBa 8TB ^HCJia 

<5hjih 3,21 h 2,43 rpaMMa. B^cl cyxoro MycRyaa, C00TB^sTCTByK>I^iii , 
sthm'b qHCJiawB, cocTaBjraeTt 20,98 h 16,19 rpaMMOBi.' PFroro,, 
CJiiflOBaTeJiBHO, bt> Te^eHin IIV2 *acoB*B bi t4j* $EKa ao-iarao 
6iwo 6htb coatateHo 37,17 rpaMMa cyxoro MycKyaa. 

IlpHnoMHHB'B, hto, no onpe^iuieniK) $paHKjraH^a, crapaHie bs 
rtjii 1 rpaMMa MycKyaa jjojurho ^tb 4,368 KajropH^ecKHX'B e^B- 
hhui, HaflAeMi, ^to crapame 37,17 rpaMMOB* aojikhh <5hjib npo- 
H3Becra 4,368. 37,17=162,36 BajopBqecKBX*B e^HHHi^'B, KOTopua 
(nojaraa MexaHnqecsifi asBEBaJieHTx TenjioTu, Kara bto npBHBMaerB* 
^paHKJiaHJt'B, paBHUMi 423) cocTaBara 68,090 BBjorpaMMOMeTpoB^ 
pa6oTti. Pa6oTa se, fl-fcHCTBBTejbHo coBepmeHHaa ^hkom'b bo BpeMfl 
Bocxoamema, paBMJiacB, sas's Hanum BHrae, 159,637 KHJiorpaMMo- 
MeTpaMi. ConocTaBjeHie sthx'b i^p* noaasHBaerB, hto pa6oTa r 
coBepmeHHaa $ekomt> bo BpeMa Bocxoswemfl, 6ujisl Cojiie vhwb. 
B^Boe (SojBme toA, BaayK) moimo <5h flaTB crapaHie Mycayaa, a 
noTOMy OHa, he b*b BaaoM* cjyqai, ne Morjia 6u (Jeitb coBepmeHa 
HacierB crapaHia Mycsyjia. Ho h dto oTHomeme Mesay o64hmb 
paCoTaMH BBiBe^eHO enje bt» tomt, npeanojosemH, yto Bca sb- 
Baa CHJia, nojiyiaiomaaca npa crapama Mycayaa, npeBpamaerca b-s 
pa6oTy. Mu 0/tHaao he b*b aaKOM* cjyqai He MoaeMi aonycTHTB* 
TaKoro npexnojioseHia. Jtyqmaa napoBaa MainaHa npeBpanjaerB b'k 
AifiCTBBTejfBHyio pa6oTy e*Ba y 10 ocBotfoamaiomefica Ha pa6oTy 
TenjOTii. IIo H3MipeHiio re-UBMro-iBija, bt, opraHH3Mi 3tot* npo- 
i^eHTT, aoxoahtt, £0 l / b} a no B3M4pemK> rafl^eHraflHa, npE faa~ 
ronpiaTHUxx yaiOBiax* Mycay.TB Moaero otfpamaTB bi paCoTy */* 
shboS emu b-l HeM*B ocBofiosAaromeiica. Ecjib npEHATB ^Ty Han- 
66jihmyio BeaBTOHy, to b-b TaaoM* ciynai 37,11 rpaMMOB* cro- 
pforaExx MycKyjOB* npoB3Be,nyT , L Bcero 68,690 : 2 = 34,345 bbjo- 
rpaMMOMeipoBi patioTti bje pa6oia, BOTopyio bx cocTOAHiE npo- 
BSBecTE hxi crapaHie 6yxerB cocTaBJiaTB tojbko V5 Tofl > ROTopaa 
A*ficTBBTejiBHO 6ujra coBepmeoa bi onurfe $hkom^. Cmhtt» npo- 
hsboahjh noAofiHHfi se oqutl hwb pafioTofi npccTynHHEOBt Ha 
KOJieci, ynoTpefijiaeMOMi npn nocTpoflRaxx ^ia noxnaTia TasecTet^ 
Hjiafi^ep'B— Ha^B pafioTofi HHCBMOHoci^eBi. 

^paHRjaHAi npBM*HHJi pa3c?erB, cx&iaHHtift bm*b no noBOxy 
onuTa $HKa, kt» btemi onutaMi h Besx^ pe3yjLTarL oxasajics 
Ton se. Bee bto, ho ero MH$Hiio, xo.iasHO BecTE a% eecoMHtHHOMy 
y64a^eHiio, hto pafioTa HaraHXi MycayjOB-B coBepmaeTca npano Ha- 
cnen hbh^Ei He Tpetfya npexBapHTe^BHO o6pam,eHia ea bi tbehb^ 
<Bce, ^t6 wa 3Toro Hyseo, roBopBTx ^paHEJan^, sto, ito6» 



Digitized by 



Googk 



86 



BftCTHHKl IBPOIIH. 



COCTaBHQA laCTH JlEVOJi IiepeBapBJIHCB, aCCHMUHpOBaJIHCb XpOBbK) K 

bt> Hefi ivipRyjiHpoBaiH>. 

cTorxa,— namer* ^paHRjiaHj-B, — mh 6yxeirc hm4tb bt» spobh c* 
ojHofi dopoHU ropioiyio nnmy, KOTopaa nocTynaert bi Hee ox- 
ehm-b nyTein>, ci xpyrofi KHCJopoxt, nocTynawmifl xpyrairB nyreirB, 
h hu 6yxeni HictTb 06a xuMHqecKie a.ieiieHTa, HeotixoxHitue xia 
rop^Hia h ocBoCoawenia cbjh. KpoBB 9Ta nocroaHHO r^HpsyiBpyeTi 
no uycKyjiy h hochtb bt» ce6i oth aieiieHTiz. Ho Mesxy o6ohmh 
BjieiceHTaMa He npoucxoxHTB nosa HBKasoro BdaHMOxticTBia. Heps* 
€Cts totb annapan, KOTopufi pa3pimaerB HaqaTBCa OKBCJiemto; 
Torxa DHiL^a crapaen> HacierL sucjopoxa kpobh, cua ocbo6ok- 
xaeTca h MycKyxB npeBpamaerB nacTS btoS chjhi bi patioTy, 
xpyraa se nacTB ea npHHHMaerB $opMy tcimoth, h bto, npHtias- 

^eTt $paRBJiaHAT>, DO BCefi BipOflTHOCTH eCTB H eXHHCTBeHHUft 
BCTOIHBB'B XH BOTH OH TeiUOTU BT> T*JTfe>. 

' <& 3aKjK)qy H8JioseHie patfoTH $paHBjasxa npBBexenieirB Ta&iHn> 
$paH*uaHxa, Bupasaioauix* peayjibTaro ero ohutobt, Hax* aura- 
niewB pa&raiHuxi nHTaTejiBHtixT> MaiepiajoB-B, Taa* Kan bth 
Ta6,ieiju cociaBJifliorB xparoi\fcHHHft naTepiara am Bcanaro, bto 6h 
sejaji noxpo<fa£e ocbohtbcjbl c* npexneTOHi. 

JRueaa cuja f pa3eueaeMaH odnum tpaMMom pasjunnux* numa- 
meMHuxs eeu+ecmez, noxda vxb comiatoms en Kucjtqpodtb. 



HaaBasde iiHTaTejcBHuxx 
sen^eoTBi. 



Cup-B (qeniHpcKifi) 
KapTo4>ejb . . 

«H&10KH . . . 

OBCflHaa Kama . 
Mysa .... 
TopoxoBaa MyRa. 
PflCOBaa Myna . 
Apopyrt . . . 

Xa£6l (MflBBID'B) 

Xaifi* (Kopaa) . 
ToBaxHHa ((tea* anpy) 
TejaTBBa (fiea* SHpy) 
Beraiia (6eax auipy) 



SXHHHI^H TEMOTH 
7BUH1ATC4I BI 100 


BUOrPAJOtOIOTPH 


a 


PA31. 


cam. 


1 




o « a 
« S «* 

«0 B 5 

«8 


a 


* 

o » a 

H S « 

« 2 * 

*§g 


o 


6,114 


4,647 


2,589 


1,969 


24,0 


3,752 


1,013 


1,589 


429 


73,0 


3,669 


660 


1,554 


280 


82,0 


— 


4,004 


— 


1,696 


— 


— 


3,941 


— 


1,669 


— 


— 


3,936 


— 


1,667 


— 


— 


3,813 


— 


1,615 


— 


— 


3,912 


— 


1,657 


— r- 


3,984 


2,231 


1,687 


945 


44,0 


— 


4,459 


— 


1,888 


— 


5,313 


1.567 


2,250 


664 


70,5 


4,514 


1,314 


1,912 


556 


70,9 


4,343 


1,980 


1,839 


839 


54,4 



Digitized by LjOOQLC 



Mm! BAR* nPEAMETB 9K0H0MI&. 



87 



Maicpeji& . 
MepjiaHi . . . 

Shihuh CijOlCB. 
KpyToe afiijo . 
JInqnuH ^e.iTOKi, 

MeJISLTUESL 

Mojioko . 

MopKOBB . 

Kanyda . 
KaKao 

roBiiatig atept 
Macjio. . . . 
TpecKOB^fi amp* 
BijiHfi caxap* 
3jb (Bass'sale). . . 
IIhbo (Guiness's stout). 

JEuean cma, pa3eueaeMas oduuMs ipaMMOMt pa3Aunuuxz nu- 
mam&tbHuxi eevtecmes, OKUCJwmu,uxcH es mn>jw>. 



6,064 


1,789 


2,568 


758 


70,5 


4,520 


904 


1,914 


383 


80,0 


4,896 


671 


2,074 


284 


86,3 


6,321 


2,383 


2,677 


1,009 


62,3 


6,460 


3,423 


2,737 


1,459 


47,0 


4,520 


— 


1,914 


— 





5,093 


662 


2,157 


280 


87,0 


3,767 


527 


1,595 


223 


86,0 


3,776 


434 


1,599 


184 


88,5 


— 


6,873 


— 


2,911 





9,069 


— 


3,841 


— 


_ 


— 


7,264 


— 


3,077 





— 


9,107 


— 


3,857 





— 


3,348 


— 


1,418 





3,776 


775 


1,599 


328 


88,4 


6,348 


1,076 


2,688 


445 


88,4 



HaaBame UMTarejaoEm seiqecTB'B. 



Bi cyxom 

Cap* (TCmapcEifl) ....... 2,429 

KapT(y$ejiB 1,563 

fl&IOKH 1,516 

OBCfiHaa Kama 

MyKa 

TopoxoBan MyKa — 

PacoBan MyKa —^ 

ApopyrB 

XitC'B (MaKHmi) 1,625 

ToBa^HHa (6e3* anpy) 2,047 

TejijJTHHa (6e3*h atepy) 1,704 

BeTHHHa (6e3i »npy) 1,559 

MaKpeJiL 2,315 

MepjiaH* 1,675 

Hmnutii 6i^OK% 1,781 

KpyToe aBijo 2,562 

flmnuvi mejwoKh 2,641 

ffieiaTHHa 1,550 

Mojoko 2,046 

MopKOBB 1,574 



KHIOrPAMMOMETPH CHJH. 

B* ecTecT- 



BeHHOMl 
COCTOilHiH- 

1,846 

422 

273 

1,665 

1,627 

1,598 

1,591 

1,657 

910 

604 

496 

711 

683 

335 

244 

966- 

1,400 

266 
220 



Digitized by 



Googk 



88 bicthhbi iBPomi. 

Kanycra 1,543 178 

Kasao — 2,902 

ToMsifl anp-B 3,841 — 

Macao — 3,077 

TpecROBHfl amp* 3,857 — 

Bijufi caxapi — 1,418 

9jb (Basg'sale, bt> 6ynuzi) .... 1,559 328 

IIhbo (Guiness's stout) 2,688 455 

OTHOCHTejBHO BOHpOCa TOM*B, KaBifl COCTaBHUfl HaCTH iramH 
CjysaTB HCTOIHHKOlfB CHJIH, adOTHCTBIfl HJIH 6e31»a30THCTUa, $paHB- 

jaH^B ocHOBUBaica Ha Tom, ?to sojiHiecTBO BujijaiomarocH 
a30Ta He yBeMTOBaerca bo BpeMfl patfoTii, h noJiaraen> bosmosheius 

CIHTaTB, HTO rjaBHUMH HCTOUHBaifH CHJIU AOJSHH CJJSHTB yiMe- 

BopoxHBia HacTH, Bast* -to: BpaxMajrB, SHpx h npoi. 

Hacroamee se HaaHa^eme asoia aojsho 6htb njiacTHiecsoe 
ofoo&ieHie canoS MycsyjibHofi twihh, xom OTCKua BOBce He c-rfc- 
jyero, hto6u h asoro 6e3ycjOBHO He uovb cJiysHTb TOMy ate m- 

^HaTOHiH), KaK*B H yTJLeBOfflJfOffl. 



III. 

Teneps mh hocmotphm'b, HacsoJB&o aaHHua, cotipaHHtia sa- 
m,HTHHKaMH o64iixt» H3JioxeHHuxi Teopifi, AOCTaTO^HH &ia onpe- 
jiuema cpe^Hefi HopMaibHofl nnmeBoft nopn;iH. Mu HaiHeMi c* 
nocaiAHefi esjioseHHOi TeopiH, Tax* Baa* co6ctb6hho roBopa OHa 
oxna fjBLerb bo3moshoctb crfuaTb onpealuieHie Tajtofi nopnJH ny- 
TeMi hhcto TeopeTHnecBHiTB. Mu yBHAHirB, *tol TaKoe onperfueHie 
<5yAeTx CJiysHTb bm£ct$ cl t4mx jyraiefi noBipKOfi ocHOBaxeiB- 

HOCTH dTOfi TeopiH. 

B* MexaHHKi npHHHMaeTca, tto HejOBiB* hpohsboshtb mh- 
<56«ibmyK> pafioTy bi> tomx C4y?a$, Bor^a patioiaerB cb cpe^HHifB 
yc&iieira, cpe^Hefl gbopoctbk) h cpeAHee hhcjio nacoBi. IIpHHHMaa 
corjacHo repcraepy fljia nepBaro 0,85 nyja, j-ia BToporo 2,5 
<J>yra h wa TpeTtaro 8 tocobx, nojiyiHM'B jm jHeBHofi pa6oTti 
HeiOB^sa 61,200 nyxor^yTOBi hjih 293,760 KHJiorpaMMOMeTpoB*. 
Stj pafioTy nejOB^BB Mojaera hpohbboahtb hso am b*l jem He 
HCTomaacb. K* btoS patfoii cji$AyeTB npatfaBHTB pafioiy Auxama 
h patioTy cepAua. Ilojaraa cpe^Hee ihcjo chctojl b*l TeiesdH 
24 HacoBt no 75-th b-l iqrayTy h 0,64 BHJorpaMMOueTpa pa6oTS 
Ha saasAyio cHCToay, nojyrairB .Bcero wa paCoTH cepma 69,120 
em, HaBOHe^, no $HBy, pafioia npn BjuxaHin 600 By6H?ecBHXi> 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



IIHIHA BAB<B HPEAMTB 8B0H0MIIT. , 89 

iteHTHepoFB Bosxyxa, bboxhmhx'b ci oxhhot xuxaHieirB fb MrayTy, 
paBHaeTca 0,63 BMorpaMMairs h npraHMaa 12 BflHxaHift vl mh- 
HyTy, pa&wa xHxania 67^611 10,886 b.m. 
Htoto: 

patfoTa uycRYJiQWb . . . 293,760 

> cepwa . . . . 69,120 

> AHxaHia .... 10,886 

373,766 KBJiorp. MeT. 
Ecih npHHHMaTB, hto bi 3T0TB cierB He Bomjin nepncTajroTHqe- 
csifl ABHsenta, HanpaaeHie MycByaoBx yjep»HBaK>mHX , B t&io bv 
paBHOBicia, HaKOHeAi Bci nponia ABusem*, KOTopua coBepmaert 
HMOBiK-B bo Bpena oT^Hxa, to 400,000 BoorpaMMOMeTpoB* pa- 

* ^ 400,000 -.- 

00TH ne oy^yTi npeyBejiiraeHH. —425— = 941 BajopiraecBHX* e^E- 

BHICB. 

IIo Tatfjumi $paHBJiaHxa, csHrame b* raoropofli 1 rpamca 

xjrfcfa jaeTi 2,231 b. ex. 

roBAAHHu 1,567 > > 

arapa 9,069 > > 

GrixoBaTejBHo, hto(5bi npoH3BecTH osHaneHHyio patfoTy, tojio- 
Bfoti, fl TeneHiH cyTOKi, xo-mkchb caent: 

KHJOrpaMMH. <J>yHTH. 

M itfa . . .»" = 0,492 1,09 

roBawBH 94 * = 0,620 1.5 

*npa ™— = 0,107 0,26 

Bee 9to bi TOM'S cjiyqa*, ecjratiu irama crapajia coBepmeHHO 
h, BpoM-i Toro, bca ocBQ<5o»xaeMaa npH btomt> cajra o6pan^ajiacs 
b*l pa&rcy. Ha caMora x*** aroro nfcrb h MycByjrB, aaa* hsbI*- 
ctho, itoserb otfpaTHTB wb pa6oTy tojibbo toctb ocBoCoatfaiomeflca 
cuh, no rejtMrojibi^y y 6 , no Tafl^HraflHy ! /2- OciaBjaa noBa b* 
cropoHi HeTOHHOCTB pasc?eTa, npoecrreKaiomyio otx nenoAHara era- : 
paHia, pa8CMOTpHMi nocjtibpfliA Bonpocx: Basoft kbi xojubhu npH- ; 
HflTB H3x npHBexeHHUX'L K03(J)(|)Hn l i3HT0B'B xm nojesHofi patioTU My- 
CByja? 

Ecjih H3JiaraeMaa Teopia sacjiysHBaeTi Bipojnifl, vt> Tasoics 
cjyroi, bb onpex$JeHifo dToro KO^x^aijiBHTa mo»ho hoxoSth boc~ 
Berao. Mh 8HaeirB, hto KpoMi chjth, o<5pamaiome3cJi bi patfoTy, 
opraHH8MB HysxaeTca b*b nponsBOxcTBii BSBtcmaro BOJHiecTBa 
TenjioTH. CjixoBaTejbHO, apoMi 941 sajiopiraecBHx* exraHi^, ko- 
TopHfl xojubhu 6htb otfpameHU bi pa6oiy, opraHHSirt Tpetfyerfc 
HSBicTHaro wcjra KajopeqecKHxt exnHHii* bi $opM$ TemoTH. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



$0 BftCTHHKl EBPOHfl. 

Bcfl 8Ta TenjoTa, corjiacHo Hsjaraeaofi Teopis, otfpasyerca toiho 
Tasse HacieTi crapaaia TaRoft se namn, BaR* h Ta, Hacker* 
EOTopofi o6pasyeTca patioTa. &$A0BaTeJibH0, 3Ha& 3to ROjaqecTBO 
TenjoTti bt> Kajiopa^ecKHx-B eAHHim&x'B, noAJiesamHX'B cyTOHHOMy 
npOH3BoxcTBy a** patfoTH, y.3HaeMi> oTHomeme sajopuqecKux^ 
^hhhivl, oSpanjaiomeeca b*b pa(5oTy h omiomeeca b* $op]ri& 
TenjiOTU. 

OnpeA&ieme easejHeBHaro pacxoAa tchjioth 6ujio a&bho c*4- 
jaHo TejibMrojifciteM'B *). 

OnpeA*Jafl: 1) rojihhcctbo Tenora, Hyaeoe, tto(Sh HarpfrrB 
iramy h DHTte ot-b Toft TeMnepaTypu, npa KOTopofi ohh nocTy- 
naiorB b*b opraHH3MB, ao cpeAHefi TeMnepaTypu rfcia 37° U,ejb3ia; 

2) KOJHiecTBO Ten.iOTu Ha HarpiBame BAuxaeaiaro B03xyxa; 

3) Ha o6pa30BaHie boahhuxt* napoBt, BUKhM&euarb ier- 

EHMH, H 

4) Hcnapeoie qepesi nosy, — 

rejbnrojbi^'L nojiarajci 2,700 KajiopaqecsBxt eAHHHivb am e«e- 
^HeBHaro pacxo^a; npe Heart 77,5% 3Tofi cynMH npexoAtuiocb Ha 
HaRosHoe HcnapeHie. PaHRe bhboahtb hsi cbohxi coticTBeHHircfr 

Ha6jIK)AeHifi npH oCuRHOBeHHOft H HCRJHOHHTeJbHO aSOTHCTOfl, h 

HaKOHem> HCMioiHTeJibHO 6e3i,a30THCTofi nnmi, cpeAHee 2,200 
EajiopHqecKHXT, cahhhivb. 

3T0 eCTB TO MHCJIO KaJlOpHHeCKHXt ejBHHI^'B, SOTOpoe JfllXBO 
OCBOCOSX&TBCH B*B OpraHH3M* B*B BHA* TCHJIOTH. 

Ecjth kb HeMy npHAaTB to hhcjo, KOTopoe aojurho ofiparaTbca 
esexHeBHo b*b pafioTy, to cyMMa h cocTaBHTB o6m.ee KOJieqecrBO, 
BupaseHHOe bx BajropnqecfeBxx exBHEuan, toS cmu, ROTopaa 
AOJSHa 6utb ocBo6o»A«Ha bx opraHHSwk b*l cyTKH, a hmcbho: 
co6dBeHHO TenjiOTa . . . 2,200 
v patfoia . . . 941 

HToro. . . 3,141 Kajopiw. ejBiretvb. 
Bt 3TOWB HTori TenjiOTa, cooTBfrrcTByioiqaH pa6or&, 6yxer& 

SaHHMaTB 0,3. H Ha dTOiTB OCHOBaHIH BROHOMH^eCftift R03$$Hqi3HTB 

patioTu MycKyja aojixch-b 6utl 0,3 hjh H3i> Bcefl tchjiotu, roto- 
pan npoH3BOAHTca Hacierb hhuih, MycRyjii otfpawaerb bt> pafiOTy 
npa<5jiH3HTevTBHO l / z , a 2 / 3 ocTaroTca bx ^opM* TenioTH. 

Gji^AOBaTeJibHO, ecjia npHAep»HBaTbca TeopiH, no KOTOpoB nHn^a y 
npCTynaa bi opranasM'B, pacnpestJiaeTca Ha ab* nacTH, OAny 
yrjieBOAopoAHCTyio, crapaiomyro npaMo, He nocTynaa b*b Taanb &k 
npoH3BOACToi TenjoTH n BiexaHHiecRoft ch^u, h Apyryio asoTHCTyip, 
BAy^yio co6ctb0hho Ha o(5HOB;ieHie TEana, to npn btoitb cociae- 



2 ) cUeber thieriscbe Wftrmc*, Bt McdicinUche Encyclop. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



Mm! KAK"B HPEAMETB 9K0H0MIH, 91 

jaeTca oifcflyiomifl pa3CHerB am waBHfcamBX'B hsx ofinjeynoTpe- 
CHTejbHHX'B BemecTB'B, HeofixoAHMHxi na corpiBame h A*aTej!B- 
hoctb opraHHsna: 

KHJOr. fyHTH. 

uitfa . . . 1,26 3,27 

Mflca . . . 1,86 4,5 

3xo — to KOJiH^ecTBO yrvieBOAopoAHCTofi iramir, KOTopoe noTpetfno 
AM npoHSBOACTBa pafiora h corpiBama opraaHStfa. KpoMi dTOft 
wunp Heo6xoxHMa enje ^pyraa, KOTopaa mberb naacTHiecKyio 
<j>yH*ijiK> ; — nama cneijiaaBHO asoTBCTaa. 

OrHocHTejibHo BOJiHTOCTBa asoTa, wl KOTopoM'L Hysx&eTca op- 
raHHSifB, o6i napriB ^HsiojoroBX coraaoiaiOTca, hto BeiaiBHa pa- 
tera He BMierB BJriama Ha kojihtoctbo ero BUAiueHia h bto ko- 
junecTBo, HanpoTHB'L, cootipasaeTca He cb toA patfoTofi, soTopyio 
hPoh3boxhtb HejOBi>KT>, a cb rimx KOJHraecTBOMi asoTa, BOTopui 
oh-b cb$a&otb. THjitb CfojBiue oh* noTpe6HT < B asoTa, TfafB 6o,iBme 
h bua^jhtb. EyxerB jh qeaoBforB pa6oTa*n> hjih h^tb, TsaHB pas- 
pymaerca h aoji&esl o6hobhtlch, Kara corjiainaiOTca h caime sa- 
id,hthhkh noarfc^Hefi Teopia. HoTpefoocTB bx a30Ti edB, cji$n- 
BaiejiBHO, BeJiH^HHa npa6jiH3HTejiBHO nodoaHHaa h Be saBncanjaa 
on patfoTw; roBopio npa6j[H3HTejrBHO, noTOMy hto patioTatonuft iiy- 
esyax AOJseai Bce-iasa paapymaTBca 6ucTpte, h4m*b HepaCo- 
Taiomifi. 

3a HopMajiBHoe cyioraoe BHAijieme asoTa rejiLMrojm.T, h $hb < & 
npHHHMaiOTB 17,7 rpaMMOBi, a PaBBe 15, 22 rpaima. 9th-to 15 
hjh 17 rpaMMOBi, asoTa saui HysBo eme bsbtb bx pa3Cierc>. 

Ho bt> tcmbko-tto BUBe^eHHBixi yae BOJiHqecTBax'B cyroiHux'B 
nopijifi Maca h x;ii6a sasjiKraaeTca yae HSBicTHoe kojihhcctbo 
asoTa, KOTopwH, corjacHo asjiaraeMOfi Teopia, He cocTaBaaeT-B He- 
o6xoAHMaro BCToiBBsa cbjh. Cjii^OBaTeJibHO, Beet aaBJiHmiomifica 
b*b dTHxi nopijiax'B asorB MO»eTx 6htb otfpameH'B Ha ofipasoBa- 
Hie TBaHH, h npHfleTca npnaaTB kb Hewy tojbko Tasoe KOJiHHe- 
ctbo asoTa, BaBoe aysHO am AonojHema HMiuomaxca yae &o 15 
rpaxMOB^. 

MOSHO 8aM4THTB, HTO Hepeai 9T0 HOHHSHTCa TOCJIO BajOpH- 
HeCBHX'L e^HHHA'L, KOTOpUfl OCTaflyTCB BT> onpeAkieBaux'B Bume 

nopi^iaxx. To-ecTB, BajiopaqecBifi nafi x^46a b iraca dohhbhtch, 

eCJLH OTHaTB OTX BHXX a30TB. ^ifiCTBHTeJIBHO, 9T0TB nafi AOJISeHS 

6yxerB noHBSHTBca t4mx Cojiie, hto bm5>ct£ cb a30T0MX xojshu 
CyxyTi OTofiTH b cooTBiTCTByion^ia eMy ^acTH yrjieBOflopoflOB'B, 
HeofixoxBMux'B wo. ofipasoBaHia mohcbbhii. Ho ecia sto b TaKT», 
to bhtto He M^maeTi HaMi hohojihhtb btotx bcxotot'b hobumb 
jraeBOAopoAaMB. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



$2 BftCTBffKL 1BP0IIH. 

Bo bcbkoitb cjiynai, npea^e Bcero hjsho (JyaerB y3Han>, Kan* 
.bckhbo Cy^eri bto noHH&eme. Patera, npHBeaemHa no#B ^ep- 
toh ! ), noKasuBaeTx, hto noHHseme <5yaeTi Becsua HeBftirao h sa 
bhtotoitb odaHeTca 2,541,7 Bai. ej. 

A no Hameny pa3Cieiy Bcero HysHO 31,41 BajiopircecKHX'B 
€Ahhh^; TO-ecTB, ociaeTca noHTH Toate, to Hy&HO. HeaocTaTOK-B, 
( oco6eHHO npn xjii6i, CTOJib HUHToaeH*, hto flag's hhmi He ct6hti 
ocTaHaBJiHBaTLCfl. Ilpn xjiifii oht, MeHie, nim 200 Kaaopiree- 
.-CKuxt e^HHH^, a 200 KajiopHnecKHx-B cahhhivb uoKpoiOTca 22 
rpaMMaaiH jmh 0,022 KHJiorpaMwaMH aofiaBOiHaro arapa; npn rosa- 
j^HHi oht> paBeH'B noHTH 600 sajiop. eAHHHD,., KOTopua nosppioTca 
.<>6 rpaMwaMH aotfaBoraaro arapa. 

Cji^AOBaTejiBno, no HaraeMy pa3CieTy HopMaatHiia nopitfn 6y- 
j^yn: 1) bt> CJiynai nnTania xji^Comi: 1,260 BMorpaMM* xjrfrfa 
h 0,022 BMorpaif. »Hpa; 2) bx caynai naiaHia mbcomi: 1,86 



*) ysHaein*, HacBoifcBO xMcTBHTeifcHO noHiuwrcs Kajiopuvecsifl naft xxfc6a h nxca, 
€Cih othats ott. hiix* won. Mu B3AJH jxa 3thxi> naeB*& HHCja gpaeiuaHxa, nojy- 
qeimufl npaMHM'B caHranieMt 3thx*l BemecTBi, a sth nan 6hun ju& 1 rpaMMa ut6a 
2,231, roBa^HHii 1,567 h xepa 9,569. 

Ecjh pa3J0XHT& Tize Bemecma Ha xHMHiecKie aieiieHTH, to, couacHO PaHse, 
si 100 rpamcax'b 

N. C. H. O. 

roBaAHHH 3,4 12,72 1,73 5,15 

xjtGa 1,3 28,35 3,45 22,33 

Bt 1260 rpaMMax* xaltfa 6> N. C. H. O. 

*en» . . 16,38 357,2 43,07 817,78 

» 1860 » roBflXHHM. 63,24 236,60 32,18 95,80. 

Ecjh BecB aaoTi oopaTHTCfl bi MOHeBHay, to no (Jwpicyii MOieBHim Cj H 4 K, O t 

451 HHMl BMtdt: 

n N. H. C. 0. 

B* roBHamrB .... 63,24 9 28 36 

» xji64 16,38 2,34 7,02 9,36 

OcTaHeTCjr. 

C. H. O, 

Bt, x.i-B(5t 350,18 40,73 299,42 

» roBajHH* .... 218,60 80,00 60,00 

299,42 rpaM. KHCJopo^a noTpetfyrrrt jyta oopa30BaHia bojh 37,42 Boxopoja, a 60 rp. 
juc. 75 BOAop.— catAOBaTejbHo, ocTaeTca Ha dpoh3bojctbo tcilioth h patforu: 

C. H. 

npn xjij6i 350,18 3,31 

» tobhjhhs 218,60 22,50 

350,18 C. *a*yTB 350,18 — 8,08 = 2,829,45, k. e. 
3,31 N. » 3,81.34, 462 =* 114,07 k. e. 

HToro .... 2,943,52 

218,6 C AajyrB 218,6 . 8,08 = 1,766,3 

22,5 N » 22,5 . 34,462 = 775,4 

HToro . . . . 2,541,7 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



nnnu eae* hpehmetb skohomih. 93 

ehj. Mflca h 0,065 khji. snpa. Bt» nepBOMi, cjryiai opraHHSMi 
noaywrB 358,6 rp. C h 16, 38 N. ,Bo BToponx: 280,80 C h 
63, 24 N. 

TaBOBH npeABapHTejiBHHH aaHHHa, BHTeBaiomia hs* paacMaT- 
pflB&eBioi HaMH ^HsiojoraqecKofi TeopiH, wa ptmema uraBHaro 
Bonpoca, Haci> saHeitaiomaro, o BOJinqecTBi numn, bi> KOTopofi nya- 
aaeica cpeamfi tojobIjb'b. 

JUaHHHfl dTH, BaS!B Mort bhj$tb iHTaTeaB, HOJyHeHH HaMH Te- 
opeTHqecKHiTL nyieMt. Mu b3ajih sa Haiajio pa3c?eTa xaHHua o 
eoJHqecTB'b pa6oTH, Kanoe noser* coBepinaTB cpejait qeJiOBiKT,, 
H3T» o6jiacTH coBepmeHHO nociopoHHeS <j)H3ioj]orin — 031 MexaHHicD. 
Mu bhhhcjimh saT^Mt BcwraiecTBO ropioqaro MaTepiaja bjih hhuih, 
cooTBiTCTByiomee btoS pafiorfc Ha ocHOBamn KajopHMeTpHiecBHX'B 
H3Mipemfi, npoH3BeAeHH£ixx $paHBJiaHAOMi» Ha^ csuraHieici pa3- 
JlflHHUXl poAOBi nnma b*b BHCJIOpOAi. 

3aT^Hx, HenocpeflCTBeHHua ^HsiojiorHqecBk HsnipeHia HOBa- 

SaJH HaiTB BOJIHHeCTBO TeOfOTH, BOTopoe AOJJBeH'B HSpaCXOAOBaTb 

opraHHSMi b-b Teqenin cyTOBi, HesaBHCHMO otb pa6oTu. Mh onpe- 

tfiUHJIH COOTB^TCTByiOmee 3T0H TeQJIOT^ BOJTHHeCTBO.nHmH H CJO- 

jbhjih BMicrt 06a, nojyieHHHfl TasHMx ofipasoMi, BOJianecTBa mime; 
oaho, cooTB^TCTByiomee pa6oTi, apyroe— Temorfe. Htoitb noBasax* 
KOjnqecTBo hhu^h, HeotfxoflHMoe Ha cojepaame MamaHU b-b ;$8- 
ctbjh. HaKOHen,!* cooacHua ^HsiojornnecBifl HatfjuojeHia ysasajiH 

HaiCB HpflMO BOJIHHeCTBO HHH^H, BOTOpOe COOTBiTCTByeT* C06cTBeHHO 

coxepsaHiH) TBaHH. 

IIocmotphm'b TenepB, ht6 ^aera Ham ajlh. pimenia Toro ace 
Bonpoca Teopia JI*i6flxa h Panse. 

BumenpHBeAeHHBie pasc?eTU $paHKJiaHAa noBa3ajH, hto bg.ih- 
lecTBO crapaiomnx* bo Bpeiia patfoTH MycsyjoBt He bt> coeroa- 
His noBpHTB Vs coBepmaiomefica bi> Toate BpeMa patiom. Mm 
caMH nainjiH cyroiHyio paSoTy paBHOK) 400 tbic. B&norpaMMOMer- 
paui, hto npn BEOHOMHiecBoafB bo9$$h^8ht4 opraHHsua, pae- 
hom-l 7 3 , cocTaBHTB 1,200 tbic. KiuorpaMMOMeTpoB'B pa(5oTH. Cra- 
paionue se-Bi cyTBH 0,114 B&aorpaMMOB'B MycByjn b'b coctoahui 

MTB TOJBKO 210 T. BDJIOrpaMMOAieTpOB'B CHJH, HJH 7s 03HaHeH* 

naro KOJiaqecTBa. IIoBTOMy leopia .laCHxa He bt> cocToaniH jara 
OTBiTa Ha BonpocB, HacB saHHMawmifi, ocHOBUBaacB Ha Hanajax* 
MexaHHHecBofi Teopin tcmoth, BOTopaa cocTaBJiaeTx o^HaBO eAHH- 
^TBeHHoe pyBOBOAamee Hanajio h ajh ^Haio^oroBT, btoS mBoau b'b 
pasiacneHii ochobx SHSHeHHaro npouecca. PaHKe, npaB#a, o6iac- 
oaerB, HTa a^on MycKyjia jiMcTuyerh, b*b btomx ciyqai, BaBi 
ptsa hjb hotobi, BOTopufi, cMOTpa hotomy KSLK'b evo ynoTpe6HTB^ 
3foaeTX coBepniHTB CdJiBmyio hjih MeHBniyio patfoTy; ho bto noa- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



94 BftCTHHKb EBPOUH. 

nraecsoe ynoAofaenie utmo Euierb b*b ce64 y6$xHTejBHaro if 
xaxe noHaraaro. Ptsy mosho aanpyjoTb, mosho cxtjiaTB 6uct- 
pte hjh yBeiHHHTb najeme. Ho saBHifB otfpasoMB, catHraa MycKy*u r 
mojbho nojiynHTB 6ojibme XBuoi chjh, <ribifi Moa&erB jaTB ero cra- 
paeie; BasniCB otipadOM^ cropfeBmie nycByjiu mosho sacraBHTB eme- 
ropbTB — 9to npHHaxJiesHTB bi wcjy t4x*b TaffH-b, BOTopua, eca* 
6ujh 6u OTKpuTti, to HHcnpoBeprjiH 6n bc4 cymecrByiomia ochobh 
$hshbh, AOiuusajiH 6u bo3moshoctb perpetuum mobile h paspi- 
idhjih 6u cespen 6esrpaHH<raaro BsoGmria cpexcTB's. Kb coxarfe- 
Hiio, bto noKa npoTHBHO Teopie, BOTopaa BHe&ia nepBue Jiyna calm 
kb TeuHyio ofijacTB 4>H8iojoriH. 

IIpaBja, mojkho sacraBHTB Mycayro ropiTB HicROJbKo pas*, ho« 
He HHane, BaBi BoscraHOBJiaa ero sas^uS pan nocjii crapaHia. 
IIodToiiy hhyto He MimaerB jouycrHTB bohoiho, hto h bb na- 
CToameM'b cjyqaii cejia MoserB otipasoBtiBaTbca HacierB crapa- 
Hia, OBHCjema Mycsyja, hto MycKyjn> CyjerB oancjiaTBca, ho ito* 
sa TaKHMt ero oitHCJieniein* nosera arfeAOBaTb BoacTaHOBJieHie aao- 
THcrraro coAep»Hiiaro Mycsyjia. CaMO co6oio pasyMterca, hto Ta- 
Koe B03CTaHOBjieHie mojectb npoHCxojHTb tojibbo nac^eTB nocTO- 
poHHefi chjh; ho pa3B* y HacB h*tb nocTOHHHaro HCTO<!HHBa xa- 
soft chjh b*b opouiafomefl MycByjB bpobh? Hac^erB btoS-to chjm 
MoserB coBepniaTBca BoacTaHOBJieHie cojepaHMaro MycKy.ia; My- 
csyxB CTaHOBHTCfl onaTB rojenB bb OKHCjeeiio h t. j. Ho b*b Ta- 
boitb cjyial} MycayjiB ctbhobhtch yse anaapaTOMB, yTBiHSopyio- 
iahmx cHJiy, paaBHBaiomyioca bh* ero Hacien roplmia bpobh, 
h name o6BacHeHie hoaxoahto now Teopie $HBa h $paHBJiaHAa^ 
^Lto6u onpaBAaTB Teopiio PaHBe, ny»HO jonycTHTB Apyroe, Hya&HO 
XonycTHTB, hto bpobb HeceTB Mycayjiy ABoasoe cojepawmie: 1> 
KHC-iopoAt, 2) 64joki>. Co^epsHMoe nycBy.ia OKHCiaeTca Haciera* 

BHCJOpOAa BpOBH, H pa3B OEHCJIHBIHHCB, ero COAOpXHMOe CTaHO- 
BHTCfl 6aiie HeroAHO Ana npoH3BOACTBa chjth; ho bx Toae BpeMA 
fb MycKyjn> nocTynaioTT. h3t> kpobh hobua Ko.iaqecTBa aaoTHCTaro 
ropiwaro coAepsanin. 06iacHenie bto He hm^jio 6u b-b cefi* hh- 
*ero neB^poaTHaro. Ki coaajiiHiK), b*b btomi cjiyiai BOJiHiecTBa 
crapaioiuaro bt» rkil* a30Ta wmuu 6» 6hjh 6htb nponopaio- 
HajbHu npoH3BOAHMo8 pafiorfe, a 3to, oAHaso »e, npHssaeTca He- 
cnpaBeAJiHBUM'B o6iHMH maojiaMH. 

Cjit^OBaTejibHO, Taaoe npe^nojiOKeHie He OTB-fcnaerB a*8ctbh- 
TCiBnocTB h nyaHO xy^aTb, ^to bto b*b ciacTiio ^ejroBtiecTBa, 
noTOMy wo, bx ciynai ero b4phocth, KOJHHecTBa asoTa, KOTopua 
XOJiseux 6ujb 6u noTpefi.iaTb He-iOBiKi, 3Ha^HTeni,HO aojschu 6u 
6ujh yBeaHUTBca; a mu yBB^HMx, hto asorB h cocTasjaerB totb 



D i giti zed by 



Google 



II0IIU KIR* IIPEAMSTB BKOHOMIff. 95 

MaiepiaxB, KOTopuft npiotfpiTaeTca ^eaoBfocoM'B ex HaH&taBmHM* 
•rpyAOM-B h ct6ht*b Aopoae bc£xb BjeMeHTOBi nnn^H. 

HTaKi, noBHAHMOMy, npepoja pacnopaAH-nacB ocTpoyMH$e, h^m* 
CJiiAOBajio 6u H3x TeopiH PaHse h Jtafoxa, a nepBoe npeAnojio- 
aeme 6-iHxe aojurho hoaxoahtb kt> x^ctbbt6jibhocth. Ecjh oho 
cnpaBe^JMBO, to b*b hcmx mh HMieMi» earn He nojeoe o6 < BACHe- 
eie, to, no KpaflHefi nip-fe, aobojbho CBflSHoe npeACTaBJieHie h o 
TOMx cnocotfi, soTopuMi MycKyjTB yTH,iH3HpyeT'B ocBo6oa^aK>myiocfl 
«cn.iy. 

TaKoe ofoflCHenie, jificTBBTejBHo, 6tuo a&ho h^ckojibbo jfrrs 
TOMy Hasa^x TepMaHOMi 1 ). Si npHBe^y ero cotfcTBeHHua cjioBa. 

<OTfcocnTejiBHO Bonpoca o tomx jiopaAR*, BaBHMi coBepmaeTCfl 
«03CTaHOBJieHie Mycsyaa, — roBoparB ohx, — mo»ho CA^JiaTB ABa 
upeAno-aoseHia: 1) Moano npe^nojioaraTfe,. hto epobb, npBTesaio- 
maa Kb MycKyjy, buhochtb cb co6ok> KaaAufi paax Bcfe npoAyRTH 
-ero paspymeHia, Bee H3M^HBBmeeca pafioTofl ero coAepaame h 
B3aM-kHi> bhochti b*b MycicyjrB TaKoe ae KOJia^ecTBO HOBaro 11a- 
Tepiaia; 2) MoaHO npeAnoaaraTB, hto hoax BJiiaHieM* kpobh npoHC- 
xoaht-l He 3aad4meBie neroAHaro coAepaama roAHUMi, a BOSCTa- 
EOBjeHie neroAHaro coAepaama Mycicyjia; tto OHa buhochtb tojibbo 
^acTB npoAyKTOBi> pa3pymeHia, a bm4cto hx*b bhochtb HOBiie 3Jie- 
jieHTii y KOTopue, bx CBH3H <tb odaioD^HMHca npoAyKTaMH paspyine- 
fflia, cayaarB B03CTaH0BjieniH) coAepaama MycKyja>. 

<Mh, oneBHAHO, aoji»hh hphmtb nociiAHee, b6o mh sHaeici: 

1) TTO KpOBB HeceTl HOCTOaHHO MyCSyjy H Bl OCOtfeHHOMX kojh- 

•^ecTB* bo BpeMa patfoTH TaKoe BenjecTBO, KOTopoe HaxoAHTca b* 
•tfjraaafiraefi cbb3h cb B03CTaHOBJieHieM , B MycRyjia h OAHaKO cawo 
aio cefii He cocTaBJiaen roTOBaro coAepaama Mycicyjia— bto khcjo- 
POa*b; 2) tto H3i Tpexx npoAyRTOBx paspymeHia yAa^aiOTCfl He 
set. IIpoAyBTaMH pa3pymenia bo BpeMa patioTU nycRyja aajaioT- 
ca yraeRH&iOTa, MOJiowaa KHCJioTa h 6kisoBoe cTyAeHHCToe rkio, 
xoponio neH3CJi'iAOBaHHoe, Mio3HHB. YAa^raeTca yraeMCJioTa, mo- 
aerB 6uti> MOJOHHaa KHoaoTa, bo Mio3HH*B (a30TH?ecsoe coAepan- 
Moe) HecoMH^HHO ocTaeTca, h6o HHane, bo BpeMa pa6om, paexoxx 
opraHH3AiOMT> a30Ta aojisoh-b 6h 6ujtb yBejHHHBaTBCa, a sto npo- 

THBOptMHT-L BC4MI» Ha6.1K>AeHiaMl. Bee dTO npHBOAHTB Kb TOMJ 

B3rjiaAy, ^to B03CTaHOBjeme Mycsyjia AO-iaHO npeACTaBjaTB A*ft- 
CTBHTejiBHO CHHTeTHqecBifl ^po^ecc^, A^a KOToparo EpOBB HOCTaB- 
jifleTT> KiicJiopoAT> h yrjiepoA'B, uycKyjii> ae npoAyRTU pa3pyineHia, 
mh>3hh'b, a MoaeTX 6utb TaKae MOJOiHyio KHCJiOTy>. 

$H3iojiorH niBOJiH JlnSaxa, ne HMia bo3mo»hocth onpeA^iHTB 



2 ) Uaterfluchiragen fiber Stoffwechsel der Moskeln, v. Herrmann. Berlin, 1867, CTp. 81. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



$6 BtCTHHK'B IBPOBH. , 

TeopetHqecKH sojBiecTBO name, b*b soTopoifb HysAaeTca ?eio* 
BtfTB, npoE3BejiH Tn^aTejibHiifl Hafijno^esia a*h onpejkieHia aroro 
KOJH^ecTBa, nyieicB tocto dMinipiraecKHii'L. #o nocriAHaro BpeMeHB 
aTH aMnnpsraecKia a&hhiui cocTaBJuura eAHHCTBeHHua, kotopumh 
nor* BocnoiBaoBaTBCfl bbohomhctl. Oh4 HM&orb am HacB eme 
Ty BeiHsyK) BasBOCTb, hto noryrt cjiysnTb jyqmefi noBipsoft 
TOJfBBQ-HTO npHBeAeHHircb TeopeTH?ecBBx < b pascqeTOBi. 

IIo Ha6;iK>xeHifl]r& MojemoTTa, cyToraaa nopijia ceuho pa^ 
6oraK>maro nejOB^sa AO*»Ha BaBJUQiaTb: 

CijBOBUX'L BemecTBi . . • . 130 rpaM. 

jBHpa 84 — 

spaxMajbHux-B 404 — 

cojh 30 — 

boah . . . x 2,800 — 

3,448 rpaM. 
Bx tomx mab otfnjee coAepsame asoia — 20,2 rpl h yrje- 
poAa 320 rp.; oinomeHie Toro u Apyroro Kan* 1 : 15. 

IIo Ha6jiK)AeBiflM , b PaeKe, KOTopua oh* npoH3BOAH.Tb can> 
ma* C06010 bx TeqeniH n,t.io3 HeA&iH, coxpaHaa nocTOAHHO b£cb> 
CBoero T&ia bx 72 k. r. — am noBpuiia pacxo,na (5hjo AOCTaTO<raor 
250 rpM. Maca = 8,5 r. N. 1 31,8 rp. C. 

400 — XJifctfa =5,1 97,44 — 

70 — KpaxMajy =0 — — 26,05 — 

70 — 6'kiKa = 1,52 5,99 — 

30 — wacjra 67,94 — 

10 — COJIH. 
2100 — boah. 

HToro N. 15,22 rp.— C. 228,22 rp. 
OTHomeHie N 1 C = 1 : 15. 
HacKo.iLKO 9Ta nopitfa AOCTaTOiaa am noRpBrria pacxoAa, no 
KH^Hiio PaHKe AOJ^eHi, AOKaauBaTb H3M*paBnri3ca hm* b-l T0»e 
Bpena pacxoa*. Hpn npraoA* 15 rp. N. h 228,22 C, pacxoff* 
aaBJuoiaji'B: 

b-b mot& . . . . . 14,84 rpM. N. h 6,52 C. 

bt> Kaj* 1,12 — — 10,6 — 

b-b AHxaHin .... — — 207,0 — 

HToro 15,96 rpif. N. h 224,12 C. 
Ha 8tom7> ocHOBaHin 0H*b nojraraerb m& nejOB^Ra, b^com* 
vb 74 b. r., npn yMtbpennou pa6oi4 AOCTaTorauii'b: 

6*jiK0BHx , b BemecTBx 100 rp. 

«Hpa 100 — 



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Google 



imnu rakb npixnn skohomih. 9? 

KpaxMajy 240 rp. 

cojh 25 — 

boau . 2600 — 

3065 rp. 
GpaBHHBafl 9th WHHua, BHBefleHHHa ,pa yMtbpeuHOu pa6omu r 
cb x&hhumh Mojiemorra flja cobHofi patfoTH, — 0Ka8UBaeTca, ito 
rjiaBHaa pa3Hnn,a neatly bhmh saMKmeTca b-l BOjmqecTB'fc Kpax- 
MajiHCTLzxT* e jBHpoBux r B BemecTB*, HacnerB BOTopuxi npeHMy- 
H^ecTBeHHO h pasBBBaeTca TewoTa; noBTOMy, ecie npraaTB bt> 
cootipaseme, mo oah£ AaHHua BHBe*eHH flja chjibhoS, jpyria jjih 
yirtpeHHOfi pafioTu, to Aairaua otfoaxx $HsiojioroBT» Cy/tyra 
XObojibho cxo^hh. KojieqecTBa asoTa, BHBe^eHHMa pa yMipeHHoft 
h CHjLHofi pafioTH, ocTaioTca risae. 

ECJIH HHTaTB neJIOB^Ra OflHOfi rOBfl^HHOfi, TO w« BToro no 

PaEnce noTpefiyeTca 2 rajiorpaMMa tobjiahhu bt> cyTRH. B-b Heft 
tfyjerb 3aKjnoqaTbca 0,068 KHJiorpaMMi> asoTa h 0,25 RHJiorpamrB. 
yrjiepoAa. OTHomeHie o6ohx*b 6ya t erb KaRv. 

1 : 3,7. 

#jia nHTaHia bi nporojioflB (hungerkost), OTHomeme ywepo^a 
4TB asoTy HoserB 6bitb noHHseHO flo: 

1 : 20,5. 

Ilpa HCMBOHHTaJiBHO 6e3xa30THCTofl nnmi opraHH3Mi noipeC- 
JueTi a30T*B, yxe bi> Hem* C0Aepsau48ca, u Tor^a 9to OTBOineme 
joxoahtb xo: 

1 : 24,7. 

Bx 9tomi cjiyqai crapaeT* b«b cyTBH 8 rpaM. a30Ta. 8 rpanMOB*. 
cocTaBMiorB, cjiiflOBaTejiBHO, MHHHMyMi) KOJiHqecTBa a30Ta, Koiopoe 
opraHH3MT> ^ojateHi bha^jihtb bi, cjtkh h KOTopoe, cjiAOBaieJibHo, 
HeHs6&KHO npHAaTB eiiy ,pa noMepsama shshh. 

8 rpaMMOB-B asoTa CyflyrB, aaiflOBaTejibHO, hh3uihm , b npeaijiOM's 
noTpefijieHia a30Ta. Ha tom*b ae ocHOBaHiri kojjhhcctbo a30Ta, 
noTpefijiaeMaro npH ihcto machoS dhq;*, #oji»ho 6utb HanfiojiB- 
hihm'b npe^OMi noipefijieflia a30Ta, bo3mo»hkim'b ,pa opraHH3Ma. 
3totx npe#fcjn» hm^ct-b fliacTBHTejibHoe m^cto y shbothux'b, 
BHTaion^Hxca HCKJHOHHTejbno MacHofi namefi hjih njioToaflHwx'B. 

HiaK-B, OTHomeHie asoia ki> yrjiepo^y b*b iihiiv&, no npaMHM's 

Ha6jK)AeHiaM , B, MOaterB KOJieCaTtca ot*b -yy- ao -^y. 

nonpofiyeMi cpaBHHTB bth BMnapHiecKie pe3yjibTaTH ex t*£mh 
TOCJiaMH, KOTopua HaMH nojiyieeii Buuie nyieMi TeoperaqecKaro 
paacneTa. 

Tomi V. — Cbhtotpb, 1871. 7 



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Googk 



98 ncram ibpoiol 

Hpn hhcto machoS uninjb no PaHBe TpetfyeTca vl cyreH Ha 
HeJOBtKa 2 KHJorpaMMa roBaxHHii; mh Harare Bume 1,86 bhjo- 
rpaMna naca. — Ho HainH pa3C?eTii CAfciaHH b-b tom-l npe^no- 
joateHin, ito bca nnma nepeBapHBaeTca. 

Bi dToifB se npexnojoseHiii h PaHKe am roBaxsHH BHBOAHft 
1,8 KHjorpaMMa; nodTOMy, b*b dTOMi cayiai Hame i{H$pu coBep- 

meHHO CXOAflTCH CB BUBe^eHHIJMH MX DpflMHX'B Ha6jK)^eHifl. — 

B-l 9tomx cjiyqai, cj$AOBaTejBHo, h OTHomeeie yrjepoAa bt> asoTy 
b*b nam* toiho Tasse Cy^erB Tose, saBoe nojaraert PaHKe. 

Ilpn nHm.4 HCKJifo^HTeibHO xaftfaofi, mh Hainan 16,38 rpax- 
mobt» a30Ta e 350 rp. yrjiepoxa h ecM uojoshtb, hto hsx hex* 
nepeBapBBaeTca 85°/ , to 18,82 rpaM. asoTa h 400 yraepoAa; 
PaHKe ate nojiaraen* am cHjBHaro pafionaro 15,22 rpaMMOB* 
asoTa h 227,7 yrjepo^a, a ajia neTaHia, peryjrapyeMaro hcbjio- 
YHTeiBHO hhcthhktoitb, — 19,56 rpaM. h 218,l ! /2> — a .MojiemoTTB 
A-ia CHJiBHaro patfoiaro 20,2 asoTa h 320 yrjepoAa. 

BuBeAeHHHa naMH i^H$pu onaTB cxoAATca aobojbho (Sjhsko cb 
n,H(J)paMH, uojiyqeHHtiMH nz% npaMoro HaftnoxeHia, h aaHHMaKrrB 
cpe^Hee nojioseme nexAy BHBOAaMH PaHKe h Mo^emoTTa. 

HaicB Cujio jK>6onBiTHO cpaBHHTB Hamn pascieTu ex a^Actbh- 

TejBHUMH DOpuiflMH, BCTp^HaiOII^HMHCa B*B SH3HH. J[jlR npHMtpa, 

mh BsajH 9MnHpwHecBi3 eseAHeBHufi pacxoA* ceneBcTBa cpeAHaro 
cocroaHia bx HeTepfiyprfs, nHTaromaroca ex coBepmeHHBiM'B aoc- 
TaTKOMx. CeweScTBO coctohtb H3X 4-xx jramx: AByxx BspocJHX'B, 
1 pefieHka 11-th Jiirb h OAHoro — 2-xx ji-Stb. CBepxx Toro bx HeMt 
coAepsaTca 4 HejiOBiaa xeHCEoft npHCjyra. 

CA'fe.iaK) pa3cneTT» am npncjiyrn ota*6jibho, Tasx sasx OHa 
nHTaeTca oco6o. 



TOBaAHHU. 

xjii6a . . 


Bi CJTSH, 1 

cocTawjnonifl 
. . 2 
. . 1 


aa 4 JHija, 
ceMeftcTBO. 

BHJiorpaMMa; 
> > 


Ha 4 jnma 
npHCjyTH. 

1 k. r. 
3 > 


caxapy . 

MOJIORa . 

Macja • . 


. . 0,16 
. . 1,12 
. . 0,12 


> 
> 

> 


> 
> 

> 


0,12 > 


Kpynu 
KanycTH 








1 > 
0,5 > 



3a oCHOBame pascneTa npnMeMX cjiiAyromyK) Tafijinijy coAep- 
atama yrjepoAa h asoTa b*b pa3JiHHHBix , B BemecTBaxx, cocTaB- 
jieHHyio OTnacTH no AaHHHMX, saHMCTBOBaeHHMx y PaHBe, ottocth 
saHMCTBOBaHHHM'B H3*B KHHrH HEyMaxepa : <Ersch5pfung und 
Ersatz im Ackerbau>. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



wmjL Kim flPBAuro bkohomih. 



9» 



Bl oxbomx 


AsoTa, 


yoepoja, 


KiuorpaMMt: 


KMorpaiarb. 


KH-iorpaMMt. 


rOBfl^HHU. . 


. 0,034 


0,1272 


XJlitfa . . . 


. 0,013 


0,2835 


caxapa. . . 


. — 


0,3820 


cajia . . . 


, — 


0,6800 J 


Macjia. . . , 


0,0047 


• 0,4827 ] 


KanycTH . . , 


, 0,0026 


0,33 | 


KapTo$ejia . , 


0,0050 


0,109 


Mo.iosa . . 


. 0,0052 


0,07 


ropoxa . . . 


0,030 


0,4 


HHBa . . . 


. — 


0,035 | 


KpaxMaja . . 


. — 


0,45 ; 


6'kjlKSL . . ♦ 


. 0,155 


0,535 - 



« 
u 
ce 

PL. 



o 

X 

a 

H 

PaHKe. 



Ha dTOM'L ocHOBaHie noTpe^HTca: 





C e m e fi C T B O M r B, 


II p i c i y r o i. 


B*Cb 
npoAyK- 

TOBt. 


A30Ta. 


Yrjepoja. 


Btci 
npojyu- 

TOBl. 


A30Ta. 


Fnepoja. 


JV9B&XHHH .... 

Xjt6a 

MojroKa 

Caxapa V. . . . 

Macia 

KpynH 

KanycTH. .... 


2 K.r. 

1 

1,12 

0,16 

0,12 


0,068 
0,013 
0,006 

0,00054 


0,2544 

0,2835 

0,0784 

0,06112 

0,0580 


1 K.r. 
3 

0,12 

1 

0,5 


0,0340 
0,0390 

0,000564 
0,0130 
0,0013 


0,1972 
0,8505 

0,0580 
0,2835 
0,0165 




— 


0,08754 


0,73542 


- — 


0,088 


1,4057 



Gai^OBaTejibHo, cpeAHHM-b hhcjiomx Ha HeJOB*Ra, bt> cyrKH, 
npH^eTCfl Bt rpaiiuaxx: 

fljui ceMefidBa. J^a npHCjym. 

A30Ta. y*\iepoja. A30Ta. yr-iepoja. 

22 170,8 22 334 

Mh bh^hmi, hto KOJTHiecTBO asoia coBepraeHHO npn6jiH«aeTca 
k-b TOMy, Kanoe Ha6jnosajii PaHKe wa naTaHia, peryjiapyeMaro 
HCEjuoHHTeubHO anneTHToarB. 

KpoM* Toro, oho o^HHaEOBo KaKi pa npncjiynr, Taic* h jyia 
xosaeBi. CjrfcflOBaTejBHo, Hy»Ho saKJUOHHTt: KaKt xoaaeBa, Taas 



Digitized by 



Googk 



100 Bicnro* ibpohh. 

h npHCjyra nirraioTCfl cb dojihuitb xocTaTKora, *ro b*b (faiunem 
BOJHqecTB'fe a30Ta He HpuaioTCfl h xosaeBa, yBejHWTB BOTopoe 
saBHcfejo 6u otb Hit npoHSBOJia. 

CBepxi> Toro, stoti npHMtpi Moacerb Becbica HarjaxHO no&a- 
saTb, HacKOJbKO BOJHiecTBo noTpefi.ieHHaro yraepoxa HaxoxHTca 
vb cbush ch coBepmaeMOio pa(5oTOK>. HoTpeCueHie ynepoja npn- 
ciyrofi npeBumaerB hotth bi> jBa pasa ero noTpefaeHie xosaeBaMK. 
CjtAOBaiaibno, HysHo npeAno;iosHTb, hto ripecayra coBepmaera 
h BABoe Cojifcoiyio jiexaHHiecEyio pa6oTyt 

JIio6onuTHO onpeAtjHTb, Ha ocHOBamH Tatfjraiyb <J>paHRjiaHAa, 
na caMOM-b a*J* patfoTy, cooTBfcrcTByiomyK) noTpetiJieHho aja xo- 
3jieBT> h npuciyrH. 

CjiAyK)m,aji Ta6jiHq,a npeAdaBJiaerb btotb padcierb. 



Kno 


rpaMMOMOTpi 


p a 6 o t u. 




XoaaeBi. 


JIpHCjyrH. 


TOBflAHHU . , 


1,208,000 


604,000 


X*46a . • 


91,000 


2,730,000 


Macja . . 


. 369,240 


369,240 


MojOKa 


. 297,920 


— 


Caxapa. • 


. 226,880 


— 


Kpynw . . 


— 


910,000 


KanycTH . 


. . — 


89,000 



2,193,040 4,702,240 

Bhhth no 80,000 Ha patfoTy cepjua h KpoBOoCpamenia, nojiy- 
hhm^ Ha Kaawoe jihijo: juia xo3aeB*B 633,260 h npecjiyrn 1,095,560. 
Ecjih l / z ocBotfoatAaiomeSca cou otfpanjaeTca bt> A*ftcTBHTejibHyK> 
pa6oTy, to xo3aeBa coBepmarcrB eate^HeBHO no 211,087, a npe- 
ciyra-no 365,187 BHJiorpaMMOMeTpoBi pa6oTU. Mu RamjiH Bume 
A-aa HaH66.i'.raefi patfoTu bt> cyTBH 400,000 KHJiorpaMMOMeTpors; 
Cjii^OBaTejEHo, patfoTa xo3aeBT> paBHa l / 2 9T °8 pa6oTii, a patioTa 
npHoiyra no^TH Bce8. OTcro^a BOBce He cjrfeAyeT'b, hto6u OHa 
tfwjra TasoBofi Ha caMoirb a*-**- 3to noKa3UBaerb tojibbo, hto 
noTpe&ienie TaKOBO, hto oho 6ujio jocTaTOiHO wa Tasofi patioTti. 
Ecjih ea h^t'b Ha caMOMi rfuii, to yrjiepoAt MoaeTi toiho Tasse 
OTjiaraTbCH njiacTHnecRH bt> bha4 arapa. 

TasuM-b o6pa30M , L, MaiccHMyirb noTpptfjiema a30Ta jvlsl toio- 
Birea AOJiaseHx cocTaBJiflTb okojio 20 rp. b*b cyTBH. 

IIoTpc6jieHie ae yrjiepoAa MoaerB KoietfaTbca, CMOTpa no pa- 
<Jot4, MeatAy 180 h 400 rpaiiMaMH. 

Bi 3aiuK)qeHie npHBejeM*b eme HicROJibKo ^hhuxx, cotfpaH- 
hhxt> Panse, oTHocHTejbHO A^ficTBHTejibHHX'B nopijiS, cymecTByio- 
mnxx bi> pa3Hux% CTpanaxt. Bcfe oh* KacaioTca uotth hcbjikwh- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



IIHmi KAKft HPEAMTb 9B0H0HIH. 101 

tcjibho nopijift, ycraHOBJieHHBLX'L /ua Boficsa. Mh pacnoio&HHi 

BTb Wfl HarMAHOCTH Bl BHJ* TafijHIJBI, BT> KOTOpOli IIOEasaHO 

KOJiaqecTBO asoia, yrjiepo^a h, HaKOHen,i, cooTBiTCTByiomaa patioTa/ 
y PaHBe 8th nopq,ie, 66jbmefi nacTBio, onpextienu bt> BOJiHqecTfift 
npe^MeTOB-B, a He bt> xBMH?ecsHxi> djieiieHTaxv, mh nepeBejeM* 

HXt B* XHMH^eCEie 9JieMeHTH, Ha OCHOBaHiH TatfjHIJH, BOTopaa 

ynoTpe(5jfljaci> HaiH Bume jum hoxo6huxx pascqeTOB'B. 

r p a M M H. 
Ilopiii. co 11 it a. Am% y rJepo ^ 

Bi BaBapiH no $oxTy: 750 rp. xjrfctfa 9,750 210 

392 > roBfl*. 13,328 50,96 

33 arapa, 67 > cajia . — 68 
150 rp. pacy, aiMeHa, 

ropoxy (15 61*b. h 74 Kpax.). 2,32 36,14 

25,398 365,10 
Bo $pamjiH b*b MapHoe Bpeiia: 

328 rp. roBflAHHia 11,152 42,64 

846 > xjrftfa . 10,998 236,88 

22,150 279,52 
B*b ABCTpia: 

882 rp. x,i*6a ........ 11,466 246,96 

264 > roBAAHHU 8,976 34,32 

132 > ropoxy 4,752 52,80 

25,194 334,08 
Bx AnrjiiH: cojwarB bx EBponi, no ILiafi- 

$epy, 119,05 (SImeob. BemecTBi . 18,445 385,88 
h 385,88 6e3i»a30THCTux , B. 

B-l Hh^h: 112,46 6*j[kobuxx BemecTB* 17,43 339,82 
h 339,82 yrjiepo^HCTHX'B BemecTBi . 

MaTpocx 17,888 338,82 

Bt Hpyccia: 

xjrf>6a 700 rp. 9,100 196,00 

Mflca 150 > 5,100 19,50 

. ropoxy 230 > 8,28 92.00 

22,480 307,50 

IJh$ph 9th noKa3HBaKyrB, hto nopijiH, ycTaHOB-aeHnua npaETH- 
Boft Beiuefl Bt paanaqeuxx wfecTaxx, iioith oAHHaKOBH h hphtomx 
B0o6me coBepnieHHo AOCTaTOiHH aaa noTaHia. 

Ilo ILiafl<|>epy, aHrjificEie 3aRjiK>HeHHHe nojiyiarorB 60 rp. (Sta- 
bobhxi BemecTBt hjh 9,3 a30Ta h 430 rp. 6e3*a30THCTHX'& 
heuifiCTWb) a mbi bha^jh BHine, tto 8 rp. asoTa cocTaBJiawr* 



Digitized by 



Googk 



102 BftCTHIffB EBPOHH. 

minimum ero H0Tpe6.ieHia. TaRHMB otipasoMB, HayiHua H3di*AO- 
Bama no Bonpocy o KOJinnecTB* nnmn coBepineHHO cxowrca, saK 1 ^ 

*H BHAH1TB, CB npaKTHKOH ♦BemeH, a 9T0 He TOJTBSO HpHAaeTB He- 

coMHiHHyK) A^Hy HayiHUMx BUBO^aifb OTHOCHTeibHO KOJiaqecTBa 
uhu^h, nojy^eHHbiMt Hawe TeopeTHiecKH, ho h roBopHTi bi> nojBsy 
cnpaBeAJiHBOCTH Teopia, ROTopaa npHBejia HacB npH&iHSHTeaBHO b*b. 

Mu MoaeMB bha^tb TenepB, hto ecan (Jmsiojioria h He bb co- 
CToaHia HaMB a&tb OKonqaiaibHaro oTBtia Ha A&a nocTaBJieHHLie 
HaMH Bonpoca: 1) o nopaAR* pacnpe^t.ieflia nHma Meawy AByMa 
(^yHKi^iaMH ea n.m sa^aqaun o6noBJiiTb opraHH3MB h noAAep»HBaT& 
ero pafioTy; \2) o nopaairij ofipameHia bb paCoTy ch.ib, ocBotfoac- 
Aaiomaxcji Hac*en hhii;h, h o npHflmm*, Ha kotopomb ycipoeHa 
A^axejiBHocTB MycKyjia, — to OHa MoaseTB oTB^aTB Ha totb h APy- 
rofi BonpocB HnoTeraqecKH cb h3b4cthoh BtpoaTHOdBK). • 

Cb oahoS cTopoHH Bee dphboahtb kb TOMy npeAnoaoaRemK), 
hto pafioTa opraHH3Ma coBepniaeica Ha c^erB yraeBOAopoAHCTaro 
cocTaBa nuiMH, a a3on> cjivshtb MaTepia.ioMB o6HOBJiema MamaHu. 

Cb APyroS CToponu yacHaeica bb Toate BpeMa u caMuS no- 
pa^oKB o6pamenia t4xb h ApyraxB qaciefi nnma bb paCoTy, Te- 

HJIOTy H TKaHB. 

Bee npHBOAHTB kb Tony npeAno,io»eHiK>, hto pafioTa coBep- 
maeTca He Hac^eTB pa3pyiueHia caMofi waujBHu - hjh MycRyaoBB,, 
KaK"B AyMaan CTapue ^miojLOTa h RaKB yTBepatAaeTB PaHBe, a. 
hhumb nyTeMB. Cejia, hctohhhkomb KOTopofi c-iyaRHTB nnn^a, ocbo- 
6o»flaeTca bh4 wycRyjia h tojisko ymiiHSHpyeTca MycKyaaMB; 6jih- 
aiafluiHMB pesepByapoMB btoh chjih oiyatHTB kpobb. KaRHMT> o6pa- 
30mb MycKyjiB 3axBaTHBaeTB, TaKi CKa3aTB, in statu nascenti 
ocBo6o»AaK)iAyioca cn.iy, — 6ojh>iiihhctbo <j)H3io;iorOBB na 3tot*b 
c^eTB He al^aeTB HHKaKHXB npeAnojioaeeifl. Ho mo&ho hath Aaaie 
h a^tb B03Mo»Hoe ofiBacHeme caMOMy cnocofiy ofipamema Mycicy- 
jomb chjiu bb pa6oTy. 3to-to nocji^AHee AaeTB TepMaHB. MycRyas 
He pa3pymaeTca cb pafioTofi a^a Toro, hto6u 3aMi>HaTBca hobumx,, 
KaKB AyMaaa CTapaa mKO.ia, ho ohb tojibro OKHcaaeTca h bos- 
CTaHOBjiaeTca; bb hcmb, bo BpeMa atH3HH, coBepinaeTca RpyroBoft 
XHMH^ecKifi npoijeccB npaMoro h oCpaTHaro A^CTBia, TpaTH chjh, 
OKHcaenia h B03CTaHOB.ieHia hjh cnHTe3a HacieTB chjib, ocbo6ox- 

jaeMUXB KpOBBK). 

Pa6oTaK)mi3 MycKy^B HSM-feHaeTca bb cbocmb coAepawtniH. Era 
CtjKOBoe coAepatHMoe npeBpamaeTca bi Cojiie CTofiBoe coeAHHeHie — 
m1o3hbb; ho 9to coAepatHMoe He BufipacHBaeTca, KaKB Hero ah w 3 
npoAyKTB, a TyTB ate BoscTanoBaaeTca Ha o6n;eMB ^HSHqecKOMt 
ocHOBamH, Hac^eTB npn^aTKa shboS chjiu, KOTopyro HeceTB eMy r 



Digitized by 



Googk 



rami kakb npiAUTi 3KOhomih. 103 

Bl.XaBOt 6U TO HE 6UM $OpH4, — KpOBB. Ho TaEfc KOKl 81 CHJiy 

ofimaro $H3HiecBaro sasoHa aHTponin, o6paTHaa nacTB BpyroBoro 
npoijecca HHEoiyja He Mosen> <5htb paBHa npjraoft ero nacTH, to 
BOscraHOBjieHie HHEoraa He mosctt, 6utl hojihiimi hjih coBep- 
niBTBca Hac^erB hoctoahho oflHHaEOBaro BOJiraecTBa ocboGos- 
jaiomnxca chjcb b*b eflHHHijy BpeMeHn 6esi> ocTaTsa. Hsx othxi 
ocTaTBOBT* tojibko h caaraeTca xiificTBHTejiBHoe pa3pymeme Hy- 

CEJJia, H 3TH OCTaTKH TOJIBKO H BLl6paCHBaK)TCa OpraHH3MOM'L B*B 
BHflt MOHeBHHH. TaEHMfc HyTCMX HpHpOfta BKOHOMHSHpyeTB BT> 3M- 

HHTejiBHOH deneHH pacxoAfc opraHH3MOM-B asoTa h HHTaTejiL, cjt6- 
AHBmifi sa namHMH pa3cieTaMH, MOseTi jerEO hohhtb, hto b*b npo- 
thbhomx cjy?a£ pacxo^B opraflH3MOMT> a30Ta jojuKeHx 6im 6bi 
<Shtb ropa3^o (SojBme. 

06xacHeHie 9to, He bxoaa b*b ero noflpo<$Hocra, a pascMaTpn- 
Baa ero tojbeo b*b otfmeM'B npHHi^Hn*, — HMierB sa co6oS to 
CojiLffloe ocHOBame, yto bhojih* OTBiwaerB oCmeiiy ayxy opraHH- 
necKaro npoijecca, ero cymHOCTH, iaK*B csasaTB h o6meMy jyxy 
npapoAH Boo6me. Qnjiocofyia. He Majio Tparajia ycHJiifi w& Toro, 
hto6h o6i»acHHTB pa3JiH^ie opraHHqecKaro ott> HeopraeHnecKaro. 
Ecjih mnswejuo nona^ajiQCB co^HHeme aHrjiflcEaro <|>Hjioco<|>a CneH- 
cepa o Cioaorm, ohb homhht'b, b^pohtho, ceojibeo b*b HearB aB- 
Topi nojioatHJi'B Tpyaa h HCTpaTHJi*B cTpaHHivB ^jifl Toro, hto6h 

OtflflCHHTB, HT6 CJli^yeT*B Ha3HBaTB OpraHHHeCKHM*B. 

Mbi nocTapaeMCflAaTB o6i>acHeHie tfojrfce onpealMeHHoe h npocToe. 

HayKa ofi.iaAaerB, bt> HacToain.ee BpeMa, pa^oM* (JmETOB*, ko- 

Topue jifaajoTb wa. Haci #0CTynHBiM'B He tojibeo aHajin3'B aBJieniii, 

HO H HX*B CHHTe3HCB. 

IIoa'b CHHTe3HCOM , B, b^ ^annoM* cjryHafc, a pa3yarfcK) He HCEyc- 
CTBeHHoe o6pa30BaHie Mo^eBHHH, hjih Toro hjih apyroro opraHHHe- 
CKaro coe^HHema, He HCEyccTBenHoe o6pa30Banie opraHHHecEofi 
w6teh. Bt» btomi CMHCjrfc moh dOBa 6um 6u ciHraEOWB npeatAeBpe- 
MeHHH. OpraHH^ecKoft ej^teh mh He yMieM'B npoH3BecTH HCEyccTBeHHO 
bi peTopTax'B h EOJi(5axx jiafidpaTopin. Ho mu yae HacTOJBEO no- 
jBHHyjiHCB BnepeAT*, hto6h snaTB o6m,ifl nopaAOEi cjroateHia b'b 
i^i^oe aHajiHTaqecEux-B ^etobi, hto6h npeAyra^aTB npaHunnx, Ha 
EOTopoifB ocHOBLiBaeTx caMa npapo.ua cboh chhtcshcb h cjii^yeT'B 
caMoe o6pa30BaHie opraBHiecEofi KJiiTKH, TaEi KaKT> o Hen sam^a 
pi^B. Ewfi He^aBHO $H3iojrorH H0Ea3UBajiH naMi 9Ty EjrfeTEy cb 
€fl qacTHMH: ofiojio^Eofi, hapomx, coAepataHieM'B h a^pKiniEOM'B, KaE'B 
sa npoTOTHffB opraHHHecEoft 3kh3hh, a OTAtjiBHwa nacTH ea CTpoe- 
Hiif, EaEi xapaETepncTH^ecEia ycjiOBia 9Toro npoTOTHna. Ho3ate 
Ta se caMaa $H3iojioria flOJi»Ha CtiJia bctp^thtbca cb BemecTBaaiH, 
EaEi npoTonjia3Ma, EOTopua, He ofijaAaa achmmx erpoeHiearB, mo- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



104 BftCTHIBfc IBPOHH. 

ryrs o^HaEO xbts h cjyxeTB HanajroifB, hsi soToparo o6pa3jR>Tai 
cauBia BJiiTOHBH,^ KaKi AaJibHtfiuila $opifH opraHmecKofi shshh. 
OneBHAHO, hto BCjtACTBie 3Toro, Hanaio opraeaiecKOg xhshh, npi- 
SHaeTca 8to hjh HiTi oTKpuTO, 3to Bee paBno, caMO cotfofi OTO- 
jBHraerca sa npeA*Jiu KJiiTEH npocro k*b BemecrBy, othocht&ibho 
4>opMeHBaro CTpoema KOToparo mu HHiero pobho ee sHaem. 

C*b APyrofi dopoHU XHMia Haif& nosasajia, hto otfjiacTb ea 
peaKi^ifi pasA^JweTca Ha Asa bcjihmx*b h hpothboho.ioxhhx'b ot- 
jkia coeAHHeHifi h oBHCJiemff, pacBHCJemft h B03CTaHOBJieHiH, a 
4>H3HKa noica3ajia, hto, no EpaiHefi Mipi, bt> 6ojibniHHCTB'6 ciy- 
qaeBt 06a bhm peasitfH conpoBOSAMOTca cOBepmeHHO npoTHBo- 
nojiosHUMH $H3HqecKHMH aBJiemaMH: ocBotfoxAemeirB MexaHHro- 
ckoh chjiu h ea norjiomemeirB, hjih KanHTajH3ai\iefi at h boh chjibi 
bt> noTeHitiajbHyK). 9to saalmHie 6ujio BHymeHO rpoMa^HMMH pa- 
CoTaMH, cA*jaHHHMH bt» Teiema Tesymaro CTO-rimfl, Ha^t iiexaHH- 
necEoft TeopieS tchjioth. A &Ta Teopia, bm4ct4 ob t$ut>, nosasaja, 
hto bt> t4x-b o6pa3ii,axT> cHHTeseca, soTopue BHinjiH h3*b pyKi qejio- 
B^Ka 6c3i» BcaKaro noApaaumia cHHTe3Hcy npHpoAH, oahou npaKTH- 

KOll BeiUefl, B*B TOfi yCJIOBHOH »H3BH, BOTOpyK) yCH'&Jl'B HeJOBtB'B > 

nyTeirb npasTHiecBaro BiEQBoro ontiTa, baoxhytb jiepTBOMy Beme- 
CTBy hjh naTepiajiy, ero oKpyaaBmeMy, Becs % ycnixt ero, pas- 
CMaTpuBaeMufi TeopemqecKH, ocHoea^ica Ha BOM<SHHaiuH o6oext> 
npoiteccoBx, npaMoro h otfpaTHaro, b*b ivfejiBHuft spyroBofi npo- 
xjeccB. HapoBaa iianiHHa cjiysHTL rim nptiM^poirB qejOBiqecsaro 
CHHTe3nca, co3AaBaa KOTopufi oh*b, BOHeiHo, HeAyMajt o(fa> opra- 

HHqeCKOfi KjrfjTKij. HOHflB'B 3Ty MamaHy, OHt yBH,najrB, hto a*h- 

TeabHoe ea co ero a Hie noAAepsHBaeica Haq-feiit hhumi, Bas* no- 
ctoahhoS TpaTofl atBBofl chjiu h ea otfHOBJieHieM'b b*b $opMi TOH- 
JiHBa. IIoKa ohi Bu6pacLiBa,TL nap*B, coBepinHBinifi paCoiy, matuS 
napx, KaK*B Bupasaioica b*l TexHHKi, — Hapyay, ao t^xx nop^ 
ero MainHHa pa6oTaja TaE*, saE* pascya^TB JIh6hx'b h spyrie^ 
a Tenept PanKe, o pafioTi MycEyja, — ohi noJisRewb 6hun> nocioaHHo 
saMiHATB npeBpameHHyro pa3*B bx napu Bo^y hoboio. Ho Eor^a 
oht> ycTpoHjn> xojojiHjibHHK'B, bt> EOTopoMt MaTuft napt CTa.TK 
ocasA^TBca bi Bo^y h OTCiofla B03BpamaTbca b* eotcjix, — Torja 

OH* He TOjIBEO CB3KOHOMHJIX BO Ay, HO CB3E0H0MHJIX H TOHJIHBO^ 

noTOMy hto ocaatAaiomaaca b* xojioahjibhhk4 BOAa — Bucmefi TeM- 
nepaTypu h*6m*b Ta, Eaayio ohb Ha^HBaeTi b*b EOTejit cb y.iamj 
h, cJiiAOBaTejbHo, hto6u ofipaTHTB ee b* napu, HyaHO MeH^e Ten- 
jotu, nkwh A^ia Tasoro ate ofipamenia b* nap* boau, B3aTo2 cb. 
yjioijfci. Oh* hoctvhhji'b ya;e ocipoyMnie, h^mx nocTynnja 6u npn- 
poAa bi opraHHSMi, ecjiufiu ona a^Sctbhtcibho nociynajra TaKi*, 
jmlei AywaeT-B PaHEe. 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



IIHIIU KkK-b EPKAMBTL &BOHOMIH. 105 

UpHnoMHHM'B TenepB, hto mli HM^eir* nepe^ cotfoft BemecTBO, 
KOTOpoe OAHHaROBO chocoGho HCDHTHBaTs o($a npoi^cca— npaMoft 
n ofipaTHufi; BemecTBo, KOTopoe mu jioffieM-B cateqt, obhcjihtb h 

EOTOpoe npH BTOMfc J&eTh naMl H3B4CTHOe BOJIHHeCTBO CHJH H 

EOTopoe mm MoateMi sarfMi otfpaTHTB b*b npeaHee cocToanie, yto(Sh 
botomt* onaTb catenB. *Ito ate HaM*B MiraaerB cocpe^OTOHHTB Teope- 
TnqecKH n&Kb 9THMX BemecTBOM*B 06a 9th npoijecca bt> uxb He- 
npepuBHofi nocji^AOBaTejiBHOCTH? 

IlycTB sthm'b BemecTBOM* 6yji£Tb KycoEi ijHHBa. BepeMi yM&in- 
jeHHo npHMipi BemecTBa HeOpraHH^ecBaro. IlycTB 9tott> uhbk'b 
nocJiijOBaTejiBHO osacJiaeTca h pacKHCJiaeTca Ha Bamexx rja3axi. 
H TenepB cnpamaBaeTca: GyAeTi jfh oh* Ha Bamx BsrjraA'B npeA- 
CTaBJiaTB h*hto MepTBoe hjih h^hto »HBoe? CyAerB JH OHX ah- 
maTB tohho TaKKe, KaKT> bbi AHmeTe, sasi AHinerB MycKyj'B, 
docto^hho OKHCJiaiomiHca h pacKHCJiaromiSca? 

HojiaraeM'B, hto tojibko CHJiBHaa npHBuisa coeAHHaTB cb hom- 
TieMT> MeTajma npe^cTaaieHie nero-TO MepTBaro, MoserB noMtiuaTB 
yBHA^TB ToatecTBO aBJieeifi bi btom-b cjiyiaij. 

MoSHO 3aM*feTHTB, HTO I^HHB'B He paCTCTB, MeTKiy T^Ml, BaB* 

Bani'B MycKyjix pacTen. Ho cb oahoA cToponu h HanrB MycByj* 
pacrerB tohho TaKae He Bfrmo; ex ApyroB— b4ab mIsa* ouiaraeica 
se Ha oahom*b 1131 hojhocobx rajbDanaqecKofi napu, Kor^a oHa 
ecTB b*b pacTBOp*. EcjihCh, spoMi nocToaHHaro osacjieHia h bos- 
CTaHOBJiema, cpeaa, b*b KOTopofi oh*b conpHKacaeica cb chjioA ero 
BoscraHOBjiaFomefi, npHHOCHJia HOBue sanacu ijHHBa, to h u.hhk'b 
toiho 6u TaB»e pocB. 

3aM'iTHM'B, HTO OH*B He TOJIBKO MOJKCTB paCTH, HO HTO, AHHia, 

ohx HenpeMtHHO coBepinaerB Mexana^ecByK) pa6oTy, xoth mu ea 
He saMiqaeMi, noTOMy *rro ohx crapaerB, ocBotforaAaa cnjiy. 

SaM^HaMl H.HHB'B BemecTBOM'B, KOTOpoe BCTptTHTB, Kp0M*6 CHJIW 

ero B03craHOBJiaK)meff, bx $opMi TenjiOTH hjih CBivra, — waTepiaJH 
ero o6pa3yromie, sain, yrjiepoA* h boay, h mh nojiynHMi He to.ibko 
BeajecTBo ^umantee, ho h pacTy^ee, TO-ecTB o6pa^^eHie bt. AaH- 
Hoe SHBoe.cocToaHie Bee hobux'b h hobwxx Bejiennnx BemecTBi. 
HiaKB, cyn^HOCTB »h3hh, shshh opraHaqecBofi, 3aKJiK)HaeTca 
tn» HenpeptiBHofi nocjii^OBaTe./ibnocTH npaMoro h otfpaTHaro xhmh- 
^ecsaro npouecca bi AHxaHia. Ki^TBa shbctx tojibbo noTOMy, ito 
OHa AumerB, a BOBce ne noTOMy, hto OHa BJi^Tsa. H BemecTBO 
icoxerB shtb BOBce He Tpe6ya jua dToro $opMx bji^teh, xota 
RxfcTBa MoaeTx aBJiaTsca KaB*B nosAniflmaa $opMa SHByn^aro 
BemecTBa. 3Kh3hb npnpoABi coctohtb tojibbo bx noCwii^oBaTejiBHOM'B 
coeAHHeHin rfcx* caMuxx npoi^eccoBB, BOTopue Haysa upesAe 
Bcero H3yqHJia b*b ota^jibhocth. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



106 Bftcrmra ibpohh. 

CBHSirre 9th ffl& npoi^ecca b-b oaho h bh tfyxeTe hm$tb bjiotb 
on opraHH^ecBaro CHHTesnca. Bozbuewb Kasia xothtc BemecTBa, 
ycTpoHii *b TaKt, tto(5h ohh noABeprajHCb nocrfiAOBaTexBHO o6ovlut> npo- 
neccaiTB,— h mu dyAera Tarant se TBopueux xhblix'b opraHHSMOBi, 
BasHiii flBjLaeTca h npapoAa. Caiiyio nocji^oBaTejbHOCTt bthxi 
npoijeccoBx mu MoaeM* ycTpoHTB paanHqHUMt otipaaojii. Mli Moseiis 
ycrpoHTB Tasi, hto aa OKHCieHieirb BasA&ro aTOMa semecTBa <$y- 
xerB cjr&AOBaTB ero B03CTaHOBJieHie; w& aioro BemecTBO ao-mkho 

HaXOAHTBCfl BT> nOCTOflHHOMX HpHCyTfTBiH BOBCTaHOBJIHIOmefi CHILI. 

MoseifB ycTpoHTB TaKt, hto BoscTaHOBJieHie 6yAeTi> crfcAOBaTt 
TOJibKO sa coBepraHBfflHMca OBHCieaieMx h3b4cthoh jiaccu Benje- 
CTBa; ma. a-roro B03CTaHOBjaiomaa ciua AOJiaHa npHTeKaTb Kt 
Ben^ecTBy nepioAH^ecKH. 

IIoHaTHO, hto nepioAH DOTepH hjh B03craHOBJieBifl chjh Beme- 
CTBa 6yAyn» 6oj£e mh iieHie npoAO-MRHTeibHu. 3th nepioABi do- 
TepH b B03CTaHOBJieHifl noryrfc BasaTbca, b*b spaHHExi c-iyqaax-b, 
HyjieifB h 6e3KOHeqHOCTbK). Bx opranHHecicofi kji4tb* 3th nepioAH 

JJH HaCT> DOHTH He3aM*THH; HO yBeJIHHHMX 3Ty RJlliTKy Bt JIHJ- 

jioHU MHxiioHOB'B past h tohho Tauxe yBejiHHHMx nepioAti ea 
AHxaHia, h Torw Hama cojiHeraaa cHCTeaia yMfccTHTca bi> npe- 
xbjiSLX'h h ycjiOBiaxt Tasofi bjt&tkh, a noTepa chju, KOTopyio mbi 
b% Heft HaejHOAaeMi, CTaHen* am Hacx AOBasaTejibCTBOMi Toro, hto 
OHa coBepmaerb npaMyio nacTb cBoero A u xaie.ibHaro am hjih 
atH3HeHHaro asia. Kara npn BpaftHeft spaTKOCTH nepioA<^, Tara 
h npn hxx KpaftHefi AOJirocpo^HOCTH, BemecTBO wosen, HaMt Ka- 

8aTbCfl HJIH COXpaHfllOm.HM'b DOCTOfiHHO CBOe COCTOfiHie 6e3SH3HeH- 

hocth, HenoABBsnocTH; ho ecrb OAHaKO ycJioBie, conpoBo»Aaiomee 
HeHs6^SHo opraHHiecKift npoijeccx, KaifL mej ero npe^CTaBjiaeMT,: 

3TO HeBOSCTaHOBJieHHUi OCTaTOEt HJH HOTepa CmU npH KSLSi^OWb 

B03CTaHOBJieHiH, o6ycaoBjiHBaK)mi3, b-l rohi$ kohijob'b, cMepTB opra- 

HH3Ma. 

Bi opraHH3irt kji^tkh hjih pa^a minora, Kara, Hanp., My- 
CByjii hjih i^ijioe atHBOTHoe, — auxaHia cJi*AyK)Ti Chctpo Apyr*B 
aa ApyroM* h mii ofiHHMaeMt cbohm-b BswaAOMx cpasy He TOJbKo 

9TOTT, aKTl» BO BCeft ero ^JIOCTH, HO HOCJliAOBaTeJIbHOCTb aBTOBI 

co bc4mh hxi EOHn,eBUMH pe3yjibTaTaMH, To-edb: poctomx, bua^- 
jieHiaMH h cMepTbio opraHH3Ma,— h boti noneMy aTon opraHHSH'B 
npeACTaB.iaeTCfl HaM*B shbbimi opraHH3MOH'b. 

Tenepb Mosera 6utb nonaTHo, hto Teopia nHTama qaiOBiKa 
codaBJiaeT'b jihuib nacTHiift cjiyqaft o6m,aro CHHTe3Hca npupoAH, 
hto ona iiodpoeHa no Tony ase iuaHy, ocHOBaHHOMy na t^xt* && 
$H3HHecKHx , b saKOHaxi), KOTopue ynpaBJiaiOTx sh3hbk) MaTepiH 
Boo6me. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



nnin,\ E1E"B nPBAHETB 9eohomih. 107 



IV. 



CB^im*, KOTopua mu npioCpira, He JiHtuenu fljia Haci He- 
comh^hhoS BaAHocTH. Mbi y3HajiH cymoocTb iraTaHifi, BemecTBa, 
soTopufl Heo6xoAHMU HaMt Aifl oHTaHia, pojb ext bi noTauia h 
KOJa^ecTBO aTHxt BemecTBx. 3th CBlw&Hia AaroTt HaicB bosmos- 

HOCTB He TOJEbEO C03HaTe.IbHO OTHOCHTBCfl B'B HanieMy COSCTBeH- 

HOMy noTpedjieHiio, ne tojibeo SHaTB BOJiHHeCTBO Haceaema, KaKoe 
MomeTi co^epaaTb CTpana upe a^hhoS np0H3B0jHTeJiBH0CTH, ho 
ohh MoryrB cjiyatHTB K.iKweM'B Et pa3iacHemK) MHomxt Bonpo- 
cobt, 9KOH0MHHecaaro xapaBTepa, CBasaHHuxt c*b BonpocoM* o nnwfi. 

llama cocTaBJiaeT'B totb MaTepia,TB, npoH3BOACTBy KOToparo 
nocRsmaeTca noBceM-fccTHO HaafiojiBmaa cyMMa HapoaHiwB chjh, 
KOToptiM'B saHATa tfojibinaa qacTb Hacaaeeia. B*b cpaBHeHin ck 
seMJie^JibHecEHMi HacejieHieifb Bcfc ociajibHua, bi» CojibmaHCTBi 
crpaHi*, cocTaBJiaroT'B HHHTosHufi npoi;eHT*b. 

Be* yfloCcTBa shshh, kotopumh no-ib3yK)TCfl jtioah CBepxi 
iihiuh, BupatfoTHBaiOTca tojibko HacierB chjtb, ocTaiomnxca bt> 
tyrpaHi sa BuqeTOM-b chjtl, HeoCxoAHMbixt Ha npdH3BOjCTBo 
nHDD^H, h xoTa seMjieA^bqecEoe Hacaneiiie, Kpoarfc npoasBOjCTBa 
nnm,H 9 mojrctb HM^Tb apyria npoMwnuieHHua 3aHHTia, t4mt> He 
MeHie nocjii^Hia aBjaioTca saai nofoiHtia. Bt> caMoS HeseMJie- 
^ijibqecEofi nacTH Haceaenia edb eme HSBicTHaa nacTb jihivb, 3a- 

HHTUXt npOH3BOACTBOMT> DHIAH BT> EOCBeHHOMl CMHCJTfc, BaE^-TOI 

xjiidHHe h MacHHe ToproBijbT, noBapa, TpaaTnpHbia saBeaeHia h 
np. Mh bh^hmi, saEaa Macca HejOBinecaaro Tpyaa TpaTHica Ha 
yAOBjieTBopeme noTpefiHocTH bt» nnuvfe. HoaTOMy, noHaTHO, Ha- 
cEOJbEO nejiOBiEy aejiaTe.ibHo 6ujio 6u yaemeBHTb 3to npoHSBOj- 
ctbo, co^paTHTb EOJiH^ecTBo norjiomacMaro ' hm^ Tpyna. Ko.inqeeTBO 
TaKoro Tpy^a 6yAcvb, oqeBH^ffo, saBHctTb otb ycjioBifi npoH3BOjCTBa, 
cymecTByiomHX'b b'b aaHHoe BpeMa h b'b AaHHOWb Midi, — h Mosert 
<5htb pa3JiHHHo, cMOTpa too iitcTy h BpeMeHH. B*b HacToamee BpeMa 
mu He flOjiSHH BOBce bxoahtb bt> pa3CMOTp4me 3to8 ctopohu Bonpoca. 

HO, Bp6Mi 3T0H CTOHMOCTH npOH3BOACTBa, CTOHMOCTB HHTaHia 6yjlfiTh 

saBHc^Tb TaE»e otb KOJinqecTBa Toro MaTepiajia, soTopufl AO.iateH'b 
cjiyatHTB HHH^efi. ^to sacaeTca EO^HnecTBa nnma, to wa onpe^e- 
Hia ero mh co6pajin y&e b'b npeAMAymeMi Bet AaHHua, Rasia 

B03M0»H0 CfclJIO C06paTB Wa 3T0T0. BblBOAH HaiHH B'B 3T0MT> OTHO- 

meHiH npHBo^arB k% TOMy saEJUo^eHiK), hto hoa'b HMeHeM*B nHme mbi 
AOjxhu pascMaTpHBaTB He onpe^tJieHHua Ro.iimecTBa Tixt cjiokhux'b 
npeAMeTOBx, KOTopue cocTaBJiaiorB npeAMer-B Hamero noTpefiieHia, — 
a onpeA'kieBHUfl sojinqecTBa h3b*cthux'b xHMeqecEHx^ s.ieMeH- 
tobi. Bthx-b ajieMeHTOB'B ABa: asorB h yrjieBOAopo^'B. Ohh-to h 



Digitized by 



Googk 



108 BftCTHim BBPOHH. 

cocTaBJisiorB HenpeM^HHue h HeHsirfiHHue ajreiieHTH m iiaTe- 
piajiw tmuijii. Rhumb cjiobemh, cb toS to*bh spuria, k*b koto- 
pofi usLCb npHBejo shbbomctbo cb HayrauMH HBCjitAOBamaMH no 
9T0My npefliieTy, — nejoBtE'B HysAaeTca, ^ CBoero mrramfl, He 
bi xjrftf*, roBB^HH*, MOioBt h np., a Bt yrjiepoA* h asort. Mm 
yanajiH caMUfl so.iBqecTBa sthxi ajieMe&TOB'B h hmchho yaHajH, 
hto eyTOHHaa nopitfa asoTa Mosero BOJtetiaTbca Me»Ay 8,7 h 
25 rpaMMawH b*b achb Ha leJiOBiBa 6e3*B aBnaro ymep6a Bast 
opraimsMy, TaR* h npoHSBOAHMofi hm*b patfork, — a nopnia yrae- 
pojia H3MtHfleTca nponopi^ioHajiBHO pa6oT& h bi> stom'b OTHoineHia 
BOJie6^eTCfl o6uKHOBeHHO MescAy 200 h 400 rp. b*b cyTBB, CMOTpa 
no pa6or&, KaEyio HcnoJiHaerb opraHBBMx. 

Tt BemecTBa, kotopumh mu nHTaeMca, otfuRHOBeHHO cocTaBja- 
iDTb cM'kch Tix'B h Apyrax-b sjieMeHTOBi; ho Dpouopqiw, b*b bo- 
Topuxi ohh b*b HHxt cMimaHH, uov)Tb (Shtb BecbMa pa3JH<mbi 
h Boo6me yciaeoBJieHu domhmo Haraefl bojih. Bt> Hamem pacno- 
paseHiH TOJibKO H36npaTB bjh t* hb'b hhx*b, BOTopua fiojite Bcero 
noAxo^BTb no CBoeuy cocTaBy kt» HopMajiBHofi cities XHMHqecRHxt 

BJieHeHTOBl, B1H OtfpaSOBHBaTB HSfc EJSTb CJOffiHyK) CM*fcCb, KOTOpafl 

6li coftepxaja rojihicctbo ajieMeHTOB* HiieHHO TpetfyeMoe Hop- 
MajibHoS cwfecbio. Bt> 3tomt» oraomeHiH Budopi HeJlOBtKa H BO* 
o6m,e sHBOTBaro ijapcTBa aobojbho ranpoKX, TO-ecTb, opraHH3iTB 
Hamejn> b*b OKpyaaromefi ero npapoA^ MHoaecTBO pasjiBHHux'L. 
npoAyBTOB^, KOTopue oahhbrobo Horyrb ynoTpe6jtaTbca hmt> ki> 
ramy, KaKi> hctohhhrh yiviepoAa e asoia. Mosho CicasaTB, OAHaRo, 

HTO JO CHXt DOpi HH OAHHB H3T> 9THXT, HpOAyKTOBB, CaMT> no 

ce6% ne yAOB.ieTBopaerb BnojiHi yciOBifo HopicajbHOi cm$ch. Ha* 
npHBeAeHHux'L pume pascneTOBt mosho bha'^tb, hto BemecTBo, 
Han6ojte npHtijiH&aioiiieecH no CBoeMy ecTecTBeHHOMy cocTaBy kt> 
HopwajbHOH cMicH, — ecTb xji46i>; coAepatame se ocTajbHuxi npo- 
AyKTOBx en^e Cojiie yRJiOMeTca ot'b ycjiOBifi HopMajiBHoS ciiicH. 
MesAy hbmh edb BemecTBa, soTopua oahh 6e3yciOBHO He Moryrt, 
CJiyaKBTB cpeACTBaMH coAepasaHia opraHHsiia. Mu Moatein> neiaTbca 
cajioifb, caxapoMT*, RpaxHajiOMi, ho mu ne Moseni HHTaTbca huh 
HCKJiioiHTejrbHO, h6o ohh BOBce He coAepaaTT. asoTa. Ho ecTb 
MezAy hbmh TaRia BemecTBa, BOTOpUlfH SHBOTHblfl opraHHdifB MO- 
serB HHTaTbca HCBJUOHHTejbno, TaKOBo: Hflco h paaiHMHua pacTH- 
TCJibHHH BemecTBa, coAepaum^ia a30Tx. KasoBu 6u hh Cujih npo* 
nopuin yrjiepoAa h asoTa b*b bthxi BemecTBaxi*, Tasi saKi ohh 
8aB^iH)HaK)T f B 06a Ha^ajia, to ohh h b*b cocToaHia noKpiiTB cbohm'b 
H3BicTHuirB BOJiHiecTBOifB HopifajiBHyio cyTOHHyio nopqiK) yrje- 
poAa h a30Ta. Elpa stom'b raibso b*b cyTOHHoi nopi^in, cocTaBJieH- 

HOfi H3*B 9THX*B HCBJUOHHTeJbHUxi Ben^ecTBx, OBasseTCfl HeH36t2- 

hhS H36uTOK f b OAHoro ajeiienra HaA*B ApyrHMi. Bi roBBABHt, na- 



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Google 



Mmi BAEl HPl^lTB 8B0H0MIH. 109 

npurfepi, OTHomeme asoia ei yrjiepoAy Bume Tpetiyeitaro nop- 
MaibHofi CMictK); caiAOBaiejibHO, am Toro tto6u noapuTb roBa- 

AHHOli BCCb He06X0AHMUfl B'b CyTKH yMepOA*, SHBOTHOe aojijrho 

tfyAerb cvfecrb 6ojbwe asoia, niirb Hy&HO, h eecb Haiemaift 
asoTB AOJseHi CyAerb BUA^JaTbca B'b ero HcnpaaHeaiaxi. Ha- 
o6opoTi>, bt» pacmTejbHofl nmivfc OTHomeme a30Ta k*b yr.iepo.xy 
Ease Tpe6yeMaro, &i$AOBaTejibHO, wa noapuTia asoia aHBOTH^e 
joisho Cy^erb ebicTb (fojibme yrjiepoAa, MtMi HyaHO, a 8Torb> 
HajunDeffb yrjiepo^a BupasaTca OTJOseHieirb b'b ero t£j£ 66ju»- 
maxt EOJiHHecTBi, »npa. 

Mu MOseM-b bh^tb, hto npapoja, ycTanaBjHBaa Hopiia^ibHua 
nopijiH yrjiepo^a h asoia /jta. cyTO^naro nHTaaia, Aa.ia BuicTi 
ex Tim nyTH, BOTopuMH Moaen> BUA^JiaTbca H36utokt> bt> hhuv& 
Toro hjih ^pyroro 9JieMeHTa. Ha 3tomt> TOJibico ocHonaaiw oTAtjib- 
Hue bhah »hbotijuxt> MorjH npHaapoBHTbca B'b BcuioqnTe^bHOMy 

HHTaHiiO Tiifll HJIH APyrHMi, B3*b eCTeCTBeHHWX'b npOAyKTOB'b. Mu 
AtSCTBHTeJIbHO BCTptqaeifb JKHBOTHUXT*, DHTaiOIUHXCfl HCBJH04H- 

TCibHo MACOMB hjih pacTHTCJibHofi nHiiieft. Ho 9Ta CHCTeua nHTa- 
Hia, KaBi> CBaaaRBaa ct> h3b1>cthoh TpaTofi iiHTarejibHaro iiaTepiajia 
japoirb, He iioserb Ha3BaTbca, noBBAHMOMy, bdojih4 paijioHajbiiofi. 
DoaTOMy, Taaoiiy 6o.ite pasyMHony »HBOTHOMy, Bam. qejiOBtK-s, 
ecTCCTBeHHo 6buo BCKaTb h uhii^h Co.iie cooTBticTByromefi, no 
CBoeMy coAepataiuK), ycjioBiaMi HopMaJbHofl cwicH. 9ioro mosh 
AOCTHrHyTb oAHaao TOJbEO npn HBB'fccTnoM'b cwfenieain Mea^y co- 

<50H) B'b HHUV& paSHUXl eCTeCTBeHHUX'b npOAyKTOB'b. 

Ob BTOfi T01EH 3ptnia y BOHeHHO, He TpyAHO ydaHOBHTb Clf&Cir, 

bhojih^ yAOBJieiBopaioiiua itfuiH. CaMaa ecTecTBeanaa ciffccb 6ujia 
6u Tanaa, bi BOTopoS npeACTaBHTe.ieM'b AaHHaro a.ieMeHTa 6hjio 
6h Bu6paao BemecrBO, Haafiojiie hmt> 6oraToe. Tas-b roaaAHHa 
Cora^e aaoTOMi, x-iifii — yrjiepoAoarb. 

CjitAOBaTejibno, cocTaBjiaa ciiicb H3i> xjittfa h roBajHHLi, ca- 
noe ecTecTBeHHoe 6ujio 6u hah nospuTb asoTi roBAAHnoB e He* 
AOCTaiomee KOJiHqecTBO yrjiepoAa — x.it6oM-b hjh, nao6opoT , b, no- 
BpuTb Becb ynnepoA'b x.it6oM*b, a HeAociaio^ifl ^oti -roBaAHHoft. 

B'b dTOirb npHMtpt, Bi tomi h Apyrowb cjiynat, CMtcb He 6u Jia 
6u HopMaJibHoS h bi> Hefl oaaaajica 6u h36i^obi hjih Toro hjih APy- 
roro ajieueHTa. HaKOHen.t, haa tbkhmi njTewi, mosho 6ujio 6u 

AOCTHHb CMtCH, BOTOpaa 6U BHOJint COOTBtTCTBOBa^a HOpMaJII.HOfi. 

HanpHiiipi, cwiiuHBaa mbco h aap^, xji46i h anpi h t. a* 
HecMOTpa Ha to, mu bhahm-b bi HCTopia HCiOBtHecEofi nnui,ff r 

hto TaBtaa HAeaJibHaa CMicb He cocraBJiajia BOo6u;e r.iaBHofl saCoTti 

canoro HeaoBiaa. 

Mu SHaeMi napoAu SBipojiOBOBi h KO^eBHHBOBT., nHTaionyieea 

HCB^uo^HTeibHo atHBOTHofl HHmei, h Hapoft-b sewjieA'fcJibHecBifl, ah* 



Digitized by 



Googk 



110 BftCTHHVB BBPOflH. 

Taionjifica npeHMymecTBenHO xjirifaoft nameS. Ecaa mh otfparaiiear 
kt> HacToaiueMy BpeMena, to yBe^Hirb, hto nama, KOTopoio n«r 
TaeTca, rjiaBHHM^ oOpasoMi, Macca HacejieHia ota^jbhuxi CTpaHi, 
€CTb Taiuse Cojrfce hjih MeHie HCBJiioiHTejibHaa, h HiieHHO xjr£6Haa. 
Ecjiu ofipaTHMca R'b HameMy AocTaioqeoMy ceMefiCTBy, to yBHAHM?>, 
mo b*b AaHHoe BpeMa, Bt tomt» ate vfecrfc, noji oahoA h toS se 
BpoBJiefi HMiiorB npanaHy cymecTBOBaTb ab£ cutca, coBepmeHHO 
oaanaaoBO y^OBjeTBopaiomia npapoji, paBHua no BOJianecTBy 
aBOTa h, cji^AOBaTejibHO, paBuocHJibHiia bi> ciiucxt naTama, ho 
pasjiH^Hua no BHtiuneify coeraBy h npoayBTaMx. Ecjih mu, pa- 
jom* Cb bthmh nopuiaMH xosaeB^, npacjiyra, nocraBBMi nflmy 
naccH npocToro Hapoja, hohth HCBjioqaTeabHO xaitinyio, to ysHa- 
€M^, hto h OHa HoserB codaBHTb TaByio ate paBHonnTaTeiBHyfo 
CMicb npoAyRTOBt bt> 20 rpaMMOBi asoTa h 400 yraepojia. Bot-b, 
•CTajio 6utb, Tpn AtficTBHTejibHo paBHO DHTaTejibHiaa cm£ch, cy- 
mecTByion^ia paflOMi b*b Toate BpeMa. CnpamaBaeTca, saeaa Moatert 
<5htb npaqana ax* BHiraHaro pa&nma? EoieMy npacayra npe*- 
no^HTaerb ma ct» roBajaHoft nycTiiifL maM*b, h xosaesa npej- 
iiOHHTaiorL cboh) CMicb — cm4ch, BOTopoio naTaeTca npacayra? 
Otb^tx Ha 9to oahhi: oftHa CMicb BKycate apyrofi. Mu MO&eifB, 
<vi4^0BaTejibHO, hm4tb cm*6ch paBHofi nHTaT&ibHocTH, ho pa&iai- 
Hofi BKycHocTH. Ho Macca HacejieHia, ecTecTBeHHO, Cy^er* H36apaT& 
He Ty CMicb; KOTOpaa Bcero BBycfffce, a Ty, BOTopaa o6xoftHTca 
Bcero jeraeBae. CataoBaTeabHO, npapoaa onpe^aeTt TOJbKo bo- 
jia^ecTBO ajieMeHTOBx, BOTopoe aojisho Haxo^HTbca b*b nam*. IIoa- 
■tfop* se caMuxx ecrecTBeHHuxx npoayBTOBt saBHCHTt orb neao- 
a^Ba h onpeataaeTca BBOHOMnnecRHMH ycjiOBiaMH sbshh. T* npo- 
jjyBTu, BOTopue ofixoAflTca Bcero aeme&ie bi npoHBBO^CTB*, 6y- 
Ayra h HsCapaTbca HapoAOifB. IIoHaTao, hto npa 8thxt> ycaoBiaxs 
Hapo^y Moaterb 6uTb BuroAHie noTpefiaaTb TaByio nnmy, BOTopaa 
^y^eTx saBJHO^aTB hb^utob'b hsb^cthuxi BaeMeHTOBi, ho EOTopaa, 
eecMOTpa Ha to, 6yfler& cTOHTb eMy aemeBJie, i*$wb HcraTB H^e* 
aaBHoft cm£ch, KOTopaa He 6y&erb npe^CTaBiaTb bthxi noTepb, 
bo 6y^erB coCToaTb ^3* Tasexx upo^yBTOBx, KOTopae 6y&yrb cto- 
iETb eMy Aopose. 

Botx noieMy bi HOfeopia namn mu bb^hmi, wl Macci Haceae- 
Bia, npeofiaa^aio^HMi bsb^cthhS poA'b hbu^h, nan^y atHBOTHyto 
mjlhl pacTHTeabHyio. Ilpn BceM 1 * btomx nHma xaifiHaa, bbx Bcix-b 
ttCBaEOiirrejiBHijix'B chocoCob-b naTaHia, fioaie Bcero hoaxoaht'b k-b 
HopMajibHoS cm*ch; a noTOMy nan^a seMaeA'iabHecKHX'b Hapo^oB'b 
buxo^htb Haa6ojiie bbohomhoS bx cmlicj4 iiaaaro asaaniBa MaTe- 
piaaa, EOTopuft npa newb HCTpaqaBaeTca HenpoHSBO^aTeabHO. Po- 
j^oitb nan^a Hapo^OBi ynpaasaerb, TasaifB o6pa30M'b, ea othoch- 
TejbHaa ^ineBHsna. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



mntyL kjutb npifjarb brohohih. Ill 

• 
TaKHM'B o6pa30Mi, pojb ^eaiojioriH OKaHiHBaeTCfl onpe^JieeieMs 
dJEeiienTOB'B nHTama h hx*b ROJinqecTBa. 3arfeMB sonpocB man^H 
nocTynaera vb otfjacTb srohoiuh. 

ECJIH MH BCTpiHaeM'B ROieBHHROB'B, nHTaiomHxca SHBOTHOft 

iramefi, to HysHo AyMaTB, hto 3Ta noma ctohtb hm-b jemeBJie, 
nforB CTOHjia 6u xjriMJnafl. Ecih mm BCTpfoaeiii seMJieAfcjiBqecRie 
HapoAti, nHTaiomieca npeHMynjecTBeHHO xjiitfoirB, to 8Ta iran^a 
#oj«Ha hmx oCxoahtbc* aemeBjie, ^Mfc MACHSUI. 

CMOTpa no yaiOBiio npoH3BO£CTBa, to h apyroe MoaeTi uuin 
m4cto; h noTOHy mh h BCTpiqaeM-B MicTHoe npeo6jia,naHie Tofi hjih 
Apyrofi hhh^h. XjiW* h mhco, pacTBTejibHaa h atHBOTeaa rji^trh, 
cocTaBJiaTOT'B ri ^Ba rjaBHue ranHHecRie npo^yRTa, KOTopue aBJia- 
jihcb npeotfjEa^aiomHMH Bt HCTopis nHiu,H. Ohh pasA^JiaioTca p$3RO 
Apyro otb apyra He tojibro no cnocotiy CBoero nporaBOACTBa, ho 
h no CBoeMy nHTaTejiBBOMy xapaKiepy. Maco 6oraTo asoTOir* h 
6iAuo yrjepOAOMx; xjik&b, nanporaBx, 6orarB yrjiepoAOMt: cjijo- 
BaTOJiBHO, Mflcnaa nnn^a mosotb cjiyatHTB thhomx nnn^n asoTHcroS, 
a xjiifix — hhu^h yrjiepoAHCToft hjih pa6o?ei; OflHa Aozssna, npefl- 
CTaBJiflTB hsChtorx Ctea, apyraa hsChtorx yraepoaa. 

PascMaTpHBaa h cpaBHHBaa nojioaseme RoqeBHaROBi cl 6u- 
tom*b 3eMjreA*JiBHeB'B, Jierso bh;$tb, hto nniija SHBOTHaa cTOHja 
Boo6me MeHBrae Tpy^a, ho OHa Tpe6oBaaa 66zbmEXT> npocrpaHCTfrfc 
seaun flja CBoero npoH3BOACTBa; cjrfjflOBaTejiBHO, OHa AOJisHa 6ujl* 
vesjui ycTynaTB m$cto nam* xjrttfHofi no M$p4 saceieHia CTpasrB. 

BcJri&flCTBie 9Toro mosho CRasaTB, hto ifacHaa nama #0JURHa 
(faua npe^mecTBOBaTB nam* pacTHTOHBHofi. Bx CojiBmnHCTBi ciy- 
iaeB"B, oho ^ificTBHTejLHO TaKi> 6hjo. Hacejeme CTpatfH nepexo- 
AMO otx MacHofi nnmn r*b pacTHTejiBHoft, — Tam, kohc^ho, r^k 
napoA*B npHMO He npHHocHJn ci» co6oio Ha bhobb sacejieHHyK) hm'k 
seMJiK) semieflfcrie. 

Ho xjrfjfo h roBH^HHa npeACTaBjfliorB #Ba Rpafirie h npora- 
BynoJoaRHBie no CBoeiiy xa^aRTepy THna nen^H. Hepexo^B ott> o^- 
Hofi rx Apyrofi coBepmajicH, b^pohtho, He B^pyrB b*b 6ut4 Hapo^a^ 
a nocTcneBHO: hhlimh CJiOBaMH, hhcto xji46hoS nnn^i pfiAxewb 6hun> 
npe^mecTBOBaTB 6ojiie hjih Meeie AOJrifi nepioA'B, b*b Tenemn ro* 
Toparo jjii6 r b cnepBa hbhjch tojibro RaRx cypporan. Maca, hotomx. 
CTajix oaBHBiM'B npoAyRTOMx nHTania, a mbco dajio tojibro cyppo- 
raTOMt. Tojibko hocj* TaRoro nepio^a CMtmaHHoft hho^h xji46^ 
BtnicHHji'L hohth BOBce tfaco. TaKHM'B o6pa30MB, cM^maHHafl nnn^a 
AOJi&Ha 6ujia boo6me cooTB^TCTBOBaTB h4rotopoh cpeflHefi cTeneHa 
3acejieHHOCTH cipag^: DHm,a MacHaa — naHMeHBrneft sacejieHHocTH^ 
a nnma xji*6Haa — Han6oJiBraeft sacejenHOCTH. 

Mu, ytficTBHTejiBHO, BCTp4iaeM*B ao chxx nop* Hacejienifl so- 

H6BHHR0FB BT> CpeflHefi AaiH, KOTOpue, Ha pa^y CB CROTOBaflCTBWTB, 



Digitized by 



Googk 



112 BfcOTHMX IBPOHH. 

c$JDTb xailfe Kaxb cypporan.. Mh BCTpiqaearb cm£cb mhchoS 
HHm,H h xjiifinofi bi Haefiojiie Coramx* h moaohochux-b seM- 
jhxx k)»ho2 Poccin, rA* mbco aBjaeica cypporaTOMx. Huma 
HapoAa, TaiiHMx o6pa30Mi>, HMieTx cboeo HCiopiio, bx soTopofl edb 

•CBOH npaBHIbHOCTb, CBOfl SaEOHX, BOTOpUH H JK)(SOHUTHO H3C*4- 

jtoBaTb (hsiiate. 

Mu csaaajiH yate, hto caMua bth u3MiHeHia bx nniivfc Hapoja 
oy»aTX jOBa3aTejiLCTBOM , B TOMy, hto bh6opomx DHmn ynpaBjiaerx 
He dpeMJienie kx 6e3ycjiOBHO HopjiajibHofi cm^cb, a aaKOHX nan- 
6ojLhme& AemeBH3Hu neiaHia. 

Ctobmoctb »e iiHTama saBHCHTx He tojilko otx ctohmocth 
npoH3BOACTBa AaHnaro npoAyRTa, ho h otx ero 6oraTdBa nHTa- 
TejiBHUHH ajeiieHTaMH hjh KOJiH^ecTBa npoAyKTa, Heo6xoAHMaro ^2 
opoDHTaHia; Asa npoAyRTa, paBHou^HHtie no npoH3BOACTBy, ho 
HepaBHOCHJibHLie no neTaTe^BHOCTH, 6y&yn> hm£tb h pa3.iH<myio 
OTHocHTeunyio iyfeHy Ha napoAHOMX puHKi. 

He Harae fjhjio pa3cnaTpHBaTB TenepB ctohmoctb npoH3BOACTBa 
?fcxx hjih APyrnxx npoAyRTOBX, ho Hame xkjio paacMOTpInx: Basoe 
BjiflHie HMiioTX xHHH^ecBifl nocmoHHHUH npoAyKTa h ((>H3io.iorHHe- 
<*ia nocmoHHHUH nuTama Ha OTHOcnrejibHyio i$hhoctb npoAyRTa 
bx iuaaaxx HeaoBiKa, noHHMaa 3a*cb hoax i$hhoctbk) bhpoahoctk 
npoxyKTa HesaBHCHMo otx ctohmocth ero npoH3BO*cTBa; sasoe ohh 
bhochtx H3MiHeeie bx i$Hy npoAyRTa, onpeAtiaeMyio hcbjhohh- 
TejBHo ctohmoctbh) npoH3BOACTBa npoAyRTa. 

Beax TaKoro HSCJiixoBaHia He.iB3a snaTB toS i$hh, BOTopyK> 
4$yAeTx hm4tb npoAyBTx am noTpefieiejieft, a ctffcAOBaTeJBHO, h 
SHaTB, bx abhhomx oiyHai, ero Butfopx. 

J^Ba npoAyBTa, paBHue no ctohmocth nponsBOACTBa h nffra- 
TeiBHOCTH, 6y^yTx, ecTecTBeHHO, paBHH iie»Ay co6ok>. H3x AByxx 

Hp0^yKTOBT>, paBHUXX HO CTOHMOCTH npOH3BO£CTBa, HO HHTaTeJIB- 

boctb kohxx CyAeTx, Baiex 1 : 2 — nepBbift <5yAeTx baboc HeBiiroA- 
«4e Apyroro. Etex AByxx npoAysTOBx, paBHiaxx no nHTaTCJBHO- 

CTH, HO H3X BOHXX OAHHX CTdHTX B* npOH3BOACTB*6 BABOe 60Jb- 

me Apyroro, nepBbifi 6yAerB h BABoe HeBuroAHie Apyroro. Cjio- 

BOMl», MU MOaeMX B£ipa3HTB BJliBHie, BaBOe AOJISHa OBaSBIBaTB 
Ha BUrOAHOCTB HJIH IV&HHOCTB npOAyBTOB*B CTOHMOCTB HpOH3BOACTBa 

m mrraTejBHOCTB, csasaBx, hto £c6hhoctb AO^atHa 6utb npaaio 
uponop^OHajBHa HHTaTejBHOCTH h o6paTHo nponopi^ioHajibHa ctoh- 
mocth npoH3BOACTBa. Ha stomx ocHoeaeia /&& Toro, hto6h SHaTB 
OTHOCHTejiBHyio i^4hhoctb, saKyio 6jj^n r b upeACTaMHTB Asa npo- 
jtysTa, HysHO bshtb OTHOtuenia hx*b nHTaieJibnocTH b*b ctohmocth 
npoHSBOACTBa h oaho OTHomeHie pa3A*JiBTB Ha APyroe. O^eBHAHO, 
*^to o<Ja npoAyBTa 6yAyTx npeACTaBJBTB paBHyro i^4hhoctb bx tomx 
jihhib cjynat, BorAa o6a OTHomeHia 6yAyTx paBHH MesAy co6ok> 



-Btgitized by 



Googk 



rami Kin np tfjuri 8KOhomie. 113 

ue nacTHoe btwb oTHomeHiS paBHo 1. Ohcbhaho Tasse, hto 
coKa cymecTByen> Taaoe paBencTBo oTHomemit u, cjrfiAOBaTejibHO, 
H'feeHOCTefi, ao rfcx* jihuib nop* lejOBiai. He HMieri BuroAu 
«u6npaTb oahht> nepeA'B ApyraM-B h aojschi oraocHTbca bi hhmt> 
tfeapa&iHHHO. Ho pa3i> 3to paBeHCTBO OTHomeHifi HapymaeTca, bh- 
^opt Hapo.ua ecTecTBBHHo Ao^iseHx ocTaHOBHTbca Ha toA nam/fc, 
cb nojib3y KOTopofl CKJOHaeTca HepaBeHCTBo OTHomeHifi, To-ecrb 
ea TOfi, KOTopaa AOJi»Ha 6uti> am Hero ivfcHH-fce bt> npaBCTBeHHOH'B 
CMuaii, TO-edb flemeBJie. ^ ia pfcmeHia, bi AaHHOWb cjiyqat, bo- 
npoca, HaMi> HyaHO 3nan>, caiAOBaTejibHO, ctohmoctb npousBOA- 
<TBa npo^yKTOBi h axt nHTaxe^BHocTb. IlHTaTejbHOCTb npoayBTa 
jojama CuTb t^mi 6ojibine, liui* ifenscne ero Tpefiyerca Axa btoS 
ivkin. Hhumh CJiOBaMH: uHTaiejbHOCTb npojyRTa o(5paTHO nponop- 
HiOH&ibHa KoaaiecTBy ero, noTpeGHOMy A*a nHTania b% ftaHHyto 
'eAHHHi^y BpeMeHH. IIpHHHMaa sa Taayio eAHHHijy cyTM, OTHome- 
flie ejiHHHim e*b KO^unecTBy npoAyaTa, nqipe6H0My pa cyroiHaro 
cponHTama, h Bupa3Hrb iiHTaiejiLHOCTb Aaenaro npo^ysTa. Onpe- 
jijieme HHTaiejibHocTH MoserB 6htb, CJiiAOBaTejibHo, npHBeAeHO k* 
onpe^eHiio KOJianecTBa npoAyKTa, Tpe6yeMaro A^a cyTOHHaro npo- 
neTama. H ByatHo, cjrfcAOBaTejbHO, yarfcTb tojbko onpeA'kiBTb bto 

*OJIHHeCTBO. 

9to se BOJinqecTBo ecTb BenuHa, BcerAa BaBHcan^aa ot* 
MMHTOcaaro 6oraTCTBa npoAyKTa yr-aepoAOMi h aaoTom* b ott» 
noTpefiHOCTH opraHH3Ma bt> tomi h Apyrous BJieiieHTi. IIocjrkAHia 
Be^iH^HHU cyTb nocmomuua eonpoca y XHiiHiecaoe se coAepaame 
npoAyKTa Moae^ HSirfcHHTbca, CMOTpa no npoAyary. Tan* web 
nocmoHHHUH Bonpoca mm* Tenepb hsb^cthu, to mh uos&ewb 
onpeA^HTb h caMoe EOJiu^ecTBO npoAyKTa aa& Kaicoro 6u to hh 
4>hjo npoAyKTa. 

HocToaHHHa XHMHHecaia BOjianecTBa cyToraofi name cyTb 20 
rpaMMOBx a30Ta h 400 rpaMMOBi yroiepoAa. HeesBtcTHbia ao*h 
^thxi» B^eHeHTOB'B b*b exHHHiv& npoAyaTa 03HaHHMi> nepe3T> «HjJ. 
CaMoe noAJieaamee onpeA^eHiio BOJiniecTBO npoAyffra OBHa^HMi 
sepe3i> x; TorAa HCBOMoe KCiH^ecTBo npoAyaTa x 6yAeTT> saajiiOHaTb 
<zx asoTa x/? ynepOAa. 9 to x o^bhaho aojisho 6uTb BuCpaao 
TaBi>, tto6li bt> Tome Bpeiia yAOBjeTBopuTb XBym yoaoBiairB. 

20 

ax = 20 OTKyAa x = ~^- 

x/? = 400 > x = ^ 

Moaeo npeABHA^Tb, hto tslkl aaBi bx AaHHbixt npoAyRTax'b 
OTHomeHia yoepoAa h a30Ta Moryrb 6utb pasJiHHHH h yajioHaTbca 

OTb HXX OTHOHieHia EX HOpMajIbHOfi CMtCH, TO H31 8THX*B AByX*B 
Tomi Y. — CBeTJiBPb, 1871. 8 



Digitized by 



Googk 



114 MCTHIE* EBPOHH. 

ypaBHeHifi MoryrL nojiyroTBca h pasHiia bcjothhu am x. Ho Tas^ 
Kasi> no ycjOBin) Bonpoca x aojisho <5htb jocTaTOHHO am noKptiTia 

06$HXl IIOCTOHHHHX'B CyTOHHUX* HOp^fl, TO Mil OHeBHAHO sa&AtiiL 

past aojshu BHfipaTb to x, KOTopoe 6ypfirb 6oJn>me. TaKHict o<5- 
pa30M*L, onpefffejiHTca HCROMoe ROJinqecTBO npoAyBTa. 3Haa TenepB r 
KaKt onpeA^JiHTb miuqecTBO npoAyBTa, MoaeM* npHBecTH bc6 
pascyatAenia OTHOCHTeiBHO i$hhocth Toro hjih Apyroro MTaTejiBHaro 
nposyKTa B'B npocTOMy BHpasemio. 3Ta ijIjhhoctb jojatHa CtiTb- 
BgpaseHa, nasi mh CBa3ajiH, oTHoraeHieifi naTaTeibHocTH npoAyBTa. 
b*b ero ctohmocth nponsBOACTBa. IlHTaTeJiBHOCTB npoAyBTa o(5paTH<* 

nponopi^ioHajBHa ero BOJiesecTBy h cjiiAOBaiaibHO paBHa — . 
Cj^OBaTaibHo, ecjie mu dojiosemi ctohmoctb hpohsboactb^ 

paBHOio n, to ivfcHHOCTb npoAyBTa BiipaaHTbca BecbMa npocTO nepesv 

i 

xn. 

Ha tomx se ocHOBaHin, osHanaa nepesi x' h n' eojihtcctbo a 

ctohmoctb Apyroro npoAyBTa, ero i$hhoctb BbipasaTca nepesx: 

1 

xW 
Mb! BHAHMT>, YEO itflHHOCTB HJIH BHrOAHOCTB JByXX IipOAyBTOB'B* 

CyAeTx, Birjiasaxx Hapo.ua, otfparao npouopnjoHajibHa npoHSBeAeHiHM'B. 
hbt* KOJiHqecTB'b bthx^ npoAyBTOBx, TpeCyeMux* &jui nponHTamff^ 

Ha CTOHMOCTB HX*B npOHSBOACTBa, — HJIH, eCJIH OSHa^HM'B I^feHHOCTB- 

nepBaro nepesi a, a ivIjhhoctb BToporo nepesi a', 

a _ xW 
a ; xn 

Bupaateme ©to Cy^era cjiyxvrB Tiic* BpHTepiyMOMi, eotophms 
CyAerB pyBOBOAHTBca Hapo#B b*b CBoewb Bu6op* Me»ny AByMH 
npo^ysTaMH. Tasi sasi hsi AByxx npoAyKTOBi nemn ohi AOJUReH* 
BHfipaTB totb, BOTopwft npeACTaBMeT'B am nero 66jiBmyio iv6hhoctb, 
to noBa 9to OTeomeHie 6ojibme eAHHHiju, a>a', h Bti6op r b ero- 
W&mewb npHHa^JiesaTB nepBOMy npoxyBTy. Kor^a bto OTHomeaie 
MeHbme 1, a'>a, Bu6opi> ero AOJiseH'B npHHawe»aTb BTopoMy 
npo^yBTy, h tojkbo Bor^a bto oTHomenie paBHO 1, npoAyBTB HMteT* 
b*b ero rjiaaax'B paBHyio u$ej h BuCop'B ero CespasMHeH'B. TaBi 
BaB*B 9to Bnpasenie otfnjee, to oho iiphm1>hhmo kt> cpaBHemK) 
KaKHXT> yro^HO HHTaTejibHuxi npoAysTOB'B. DpHM^HHifB ero HpesAe- 
Bcero b'b cpaBHeniro Maca h xjrf*6a. J^jih aTOro HysHo onpe^JHTb 
npe»Ae Bcero kojihicctbo Toro h Apyroro, Tpe6yeiioe w& cyroHHoft: 
nopiUH, hih x h x', HM'leM'B ycJiOBia: 

^=-oSr= 588 x =-^- = 3,077 




0,034 

X/ =W =1 ' 540 X ' = -Sr- =1 > 3 33 

BuCflpaa 66.iBmia, nojiy^nicB 



Digitized by 



Googk 



mmu sin npifliBTO 9roho*i* . 115 

x = 3,077 BHjiorp. 
x' = 1,54 > 

C.rfeflOBaTejibBO, oraocHTejibHaa ivfcHHOCTb tobhahhbi b^ xjr&6y 
<5yAerB: 

1,54 n' 
3,077 n 

^jia Toro, tto6bi 8th iv£hhocth 6hum paBHU, TO-ecTb, roBa^nna 
aM^Jia paBHyio ivfcey b'b rjia3axt nejiOB^Ka ct xji46omt» h, cji4ao- 
BaT^ibHO, OHt He hm^jii npHqHHU npeAnosHTaTb xjA6ejio nmuy 
jjachoS, — 3TOOTuoineHie AOJisHo6uTbpauHO eAHHHivfc h cjiiAOBaieJibHO 
<tohmoctb npoH3BOACTBa hjih, hto Tose caMoe, npoAasHaa ivfeHa 
roBfl^HHBi n AOJ»aa OTHOCHTbca r* ufcn'h xjr&tfa n', BaR* 1,54 : 3,077. 

C^tAOBaTe^bHO, nejioB'feK'B MoserB HBTaTbca HCBJiKWHTejiBHO • 

rOBflAHHOft TOJIbKO, IlOEa npOM3BOACTBO MflCa 06xOAHTCfl eMy BABOe 

jjenieBJie npoH3BOACTBa xji-fcBa. draffs, mei ysHajiH Tenepb cnoco6i» 
•onpej'fc.iiHTb Ty npe^bjibHyK) ToproByro ijlray npoAyBTa, ao BOTopoi . 
jfomeTx npoAOJsaTbca ero HCKjiioHHTeJibHoe noTpedjieme. Ecjih 

Mil MOrJIH 8TO CA*JiaTb, TO TOJIbKO 6jiarOAapa <|>H3iOJ!OrHHeCEHM , B 
fl XHMHqeCKHM'B A^HHUM'By CB BOTOpUMH U03HaR0MHJIHCB BMme. 

BuBejieHHUfl HanH Bupaaema otfmn, TO-ecTb capaBeflJiHBH RJia. 
•cpaBHenia BasHx* yroAHo naiaTejibHbix'b npoAyaTOBv, cjr&AOBaiejiBHO, 
•ohh Tasse cnpaBe^HBu jum cm bee 3 ecTecTBenHUXt npoAyaTOB'B. 
IIojiBsyacb hmh, mei Moseifb onpeA^.iHTb npeA&ffbHyK) ijlmy npoayBTa, 

npH EOTOpofi OH* MOSteTB BXOAHTb B'B CM^Cb UVLWJI. 

3A^cb 6ujio 6w H3jHinHe ocTaHaBjHBaTbca na 6ojte hjih iieH^e 

npOH3BOJbHHX'B COHeTaHiflX'B, KOTOpblfl MOryTl ($HTB CA^JiaHH H3*B 

AaHHux'B npoAysTOBi, h n&me H3JHurae ocTaHaBJiHBaTbca Ha sasHx* 
.jim6o oilpeA*JieHHHX'B coHeianiax'B. Mu CBasajiH, hto no iiipi 
BSAopoasaHia liaca, Maciiaa nnma He npaMO nepexoAHT'B b*b hhcto 
jpacTHTe^bHyio, a nocjilJAHaa AOJiaHa aBJiaTbca cnaqajia Kami cyp- 
poraTi Muca, saTiwB Maco ciaTb ea cypporaTO&TB h HaEOHeivB yate 
Maco craTb HCKjfioqeHieM'b. B* btomtb CMLicii H3i> xjrfctfa h iiaca 
iioryTi 6utb o6pa30BaHH ab^ THiraqecRia cmIjch, hstb eohxt, b*b 
nepBoi Maco CyAeT* odaBaTbca rjaBHUM'B npoAyKTOM*, bo BTopoft 
-craHerB no6o<iuhiwb. ,fl,jia 9Toro mokho cnepBa Becb asorb hobphtb 
nacoMt h AonoJiHHTb xjiitfoM* to^ko HeAOdaiomyK) TOCTb yrje- 
poAa, hjih nospuTb Becb yr.iepoA'B xji'&Com'b h tojibko aohojihhtb 
HeAOCTaiomyK) nacTb a30Ta MacoM*. Hs* A^yx* dthx-b CMicefi nepBaa 
WJyAeTi Corane MacoMi, niwb BTopaa. Bi CBoeM* ecTecTBeHHOM* 
.HCTopHHecKOMi TeieHiH HH^a AO.i»Ha uepexoAHTb OTX ^HCTO MaCHOt 
cnepBa b'b nepBofl cm4ch, hotomx yate otb nepBofi cm^ch bo BTopofi, 
>« HaBOHeivB yae e* HCBJiioqHTejiBHOMy x^tfiy. 

HaqaeaeMt cb cpaBHeeia i^4hhocth Maca cl ^hhoctbk) nepBQft 



Digitized by 



Googk 



116 Bftcmro iBPomi. 

cm$ch. H^iHHOCTb Maca HaMH y»e onpex&reHa; oHa paBHa 8007 p 
YsHaearb A*HHOCTb nepsofi cm^ch. KoaniecTBo npo^yKTa, bt> He# 
sakjamiomeeca, ecTb cJo&Hoe, cocTOflm.ee nst Maca h xjrfc6a. Ho 
ycjioBJK) caMofi CM'fccn oho onpeA^JaeTca TaRt, hto Becb asorK 
noKpuBaeica macomi, — KOMiecTBO naca paBHo, ciiiAOBaTejibHO, 0,6- 
KHJiorpaMMaMi; — a ocTaTOK* nenoRpuTaro macomi yrjiepow noapn- 
Baercfl xj46omt»;— BOJiHiecTBO HeofixoAHMaro am 9Toro xjittfa paB- 
ho 1 KHjiorpaMMy. Hioro, cjrfcAOBaTejibHO, 6yAeirb muin sa^cb. 
x' = 0,6 k. Maca + 1 k. xjrfcCa. 

Ecjih cTOEMocTb npoHSBOACTBa Maca Ti h xjiitfa n', to yiiHosaa 
8th cjaraeMua Ha cooTBiTCTByiomia hmi» ctohmocth npoHSBOACTB'b^ 
nojiyHBM'b am ijIjhhocth cm^ch: 

i 



, 0,6nf n' 

IIoBa otffc u,4hbocth paBHti: 

0,6 n + n' = 3,077 n, n2, 477 = n' 

TO-ecTb, uhchblb nnoja AOJSHa CyAerb nepefiTH bt. nepByio cm^cb, 
KorAa ijiraa Maca CyAeTb cocrraBJiaTb 0,45 iv6hh na maco. 

IIocTynaa TaKHMX ae odpaaoicb am nepexoAa ott> ncpBOfi cmIjch 
so BTopofi, HafiAeMi. ycioBie: 

0,6 n + n' = 0,136 n + 1,3 n' 

OTKyAa^ r = - 6 ^ r = o.64. 

H HaK0Hen,T>, am nepexoAa oti> nocjiinnei cm4ch ki x.ii6y: 

0,136 n + 1,3 n'=l,64 n' 
OTByAa ^-=:^ = 1 , 76 . 

Bi pesyjbTaTi bthxi BUHKCJieHift oaa3HBaeTca, hto ecjm bsatb 

CTOHMOCTb npoHSBOACTBa xjrfctfa sa 1, to nepexoAHua cryneHH B-b. 

HCTopiH H3MiHeHia nnmn AO-iatHu CyAyrb coBepinaTbca npa cjt£- 

Ayfon^Hxi i^nax* sa Maco: 

» npH h%h4 

Ha xxco. 

^HCToe Maco HH»e 0,45 n' 

Xj^6*b, KaKt cypporarb (1-a CMicb) . . cuuuie 0,45 n' 
Maco, > > (2-a > ) . . > 0,64 n' 

Hhctum xjiifi'b > 1,76 n' 

Ha* 8to§ TafijHi^H bhahmt,, hto CMfcmaHHaa nnma rocnoACTByerB 
BOo6m,e AOBOJbHO AO-uro bt> HCTopiH HapoAa. OHa HanonaeTca, Boraa- 
n$ua, Ha Maco 6ojiie Tfeirb BABoe HH&e ivIjhh Ha xxfcfo, h ydynaerB 
MicTO HHdOMy Macy TOJbEo, KorAa ivfena Ha Maco cTaHOBHica horth 
BABoe Combine iv£hh Ha xji6i>. Ho h npn stoh ijtH'fe ynofpefijieHifr 
Haca He npeapaTHTca tfesycjiOBHO. IIpaBAa, noaiiuHaa cirfccb Aajiesa 
He BejuEa, no V4 4 ) Y H - Ha ^lOBiaa; ho eme bi> weHbuieMi sojih- 

HeCTBt OHO M0SeTT> HpOAOJISaTb BXOAHTb Bl> CMtCb H npB bTOft 



— Digitized by 



Googk 



HHIIU BIB* EFBAM1TB 8B0H0M1H. 1 IT 

niirt. 80 bcabomi cjyiaii OAHaso, obojio stoA i$hu aojih ero aojubh& 
craTB ctojb HHHToaHa, wo oho y»e aojhbho nepecTaTB 6utl. npeA- 
xeTOirB o6maro noTpefoeflia. 

HO, B* A*8CTBHTeibHOCTH, 9T0T1. HepeXOffB OTB HHCTO MHCHO& 
HHO^H E*B HHCTO XJltfiHOft BOBCe He CBJ13aHl> 9THMH OnpeA^eHHUMB 

rpajaiUaMH, BOTopua cocTaBjeHU nana TOjbso npHMtpHO, — oHt 
BOBce He o6ji3aHi hpqxoahtb HenpeMioHUMH CBansaMH ot*b Maca 

B*B OAHOfi CM-feCH, nOTOMX BT> APyroft, HaKOHet^X BB xjiioy, HO MOXeTT> 

npoxoAHTB tott> »e nyTB nocieneHHO, — TO-ecrb Mea^y b3htumb 
AJH npnM^pa cftffccaifH MoateT* 6htb cocTaBJieno MHoaecTBO cMiceit 
cb nOHHsaion^eflca aosoh Maca, KOTopua 6^vtt» 6e3BOHerao najio 
pasBHTbca APyrc orb Apyra. Ecjih<$u mh orBHCBajin am sa»Aoft 

H3X HHX*B C00TB4TCTByK)myi0 IJ'kHy Ha WACO, TO jrf*BUfi CTOJlfieUL 

Ta6jiau,u BupasajTB 6u nocTeneHHoe noHH»eeie cnpoca Ha mhco, a 
npaBbiH — cooTB^TCTByioiuyK) KasAOMy noHHseHiio ivtay Ha mhco. 
Haina Ta&iHija, hhumh cjoBawn, Bupa3HJia 6u saBHCHMOCTB, cyme- 
CTByK)iu,yK) MesAy cnpocoMX Ha uaco h ivfcHaMH Ha nero, saROHi no- 
HHsenia cnpoca Ha maco Bt 3aBHCHM0CTH otb ivfenu hjih oOpaTHO. 
HcsaTb aToro saBOHa omynBio, T.-e. nepexoAa otb oahoS onpeA&ieH- 
Hofi cwica ki> Apyrofi, 6huo 6u cjihiukomt, AOJiro. Mh MO»eMt HafiTa 
ero npome. ^Jia 9TOro BaAO HafiTH o&itfa BupaseHia a*h onpeA*- 
jeflia vfiEu, cooTB'bTCTByioiij.efi BaRofi 6u to hh 6hjio cm4ch. 

KaBoe 6u mu hh hmIuh hhcjio MaTepiaJOBi b'b cmIjch — 3to pi- 
mHTejbHO Bee paBHo; mu npeAnoJiaraeMt Asa MaTepiaja tojibro am 
npocTOTu pa3cneTa. IlycTB 6yAerB bthx* MaTepiaJOBi Aaa; nycTB. 

OAHHX H3T> HHX'B BXOAHTfc BB CM*CB BB BaBOMB yrOAHO BOJIHHeCTB'fc 

a, TorAa mu 3HaeMi, hto Hama cm^cb cBasaHa oahhm'b jhihb 
ycjaoBieMx, — »to, hto6u BOja^ecTBO ocTajiBHuxx MaTepiajiOBi cm^ch, 
BOTopue osnaiau'B qpe3i b 9 6ujio Tasoe, ?to6u oho nospuBajia 
BecB asoTi h yrJiepoAB cyTOHHofi nopn,in, HenospuToB a. Ko.iHHecTBO 
ocTaiBHuxi 6yAerB cjifeAOBaTe.ibHO ntBoropofi $y H KAi e A oti a, 
onpeA&iaeMoS 4 )H3 >°' ,l0rHqeCKHM P yc^OBiaMH, KOTopua HauB coBep- 
meHHo H3b*cthu, a aitAOBajejibHO, HaMB H3BtcTHa a caMaa <{>yHBuiH. 
Ha ui a cm4cb CyAeTB co^ep»aTB cjibAOBaiejibHo a nepBaro MaTepiaja. 
h b = f (a) BToporo. Ecjih puHoqnaa ^Ha hjh ctohmoctb npo- 
H3B0ACTBa nepBaro npoAyBTa n, a BToporo n', to puHOHHaa ijlma 
3Toi cm^ch 6yAeTi. an + bn' hjih an + n 'f ( a )» TaBOBi BOo6me 
bhat> puHOHHofi ^Hu Basofi yroAHO cm4ch. CocTaBHM'B Teneps 
Apyryio cirtcb, KOTopaa 6u HeMHoro pa3HHJiacB oti nepBoft. ^jih 
BToro ct6ht*b npeAno-ioaHTB, <rro MaTepia.iy a npeAUAyu^efi cm4ch 
AaHa EaBaa-ja6o npnfiaBBa, nojoatHTejibHaa hjih OTpaijaTeJibHaa — 
3to Bee paBHo; 03HaHHM'B ee qepe3*B da. TorAa bb hoboh CMica 
6yAeMB hm^tb bm4cto a nepBaro MaTepiajia hjih roBaAHHU a + da 
roBaAHHu. Ho mu BHaeMB, hto Boi^ACTBie Tasofi npnCaBBH AOJffiHa 



Digitized by 



Googk 



118 BftGTHlKb IBPOIIH. 

esM^HHTbCfl bt> hobo3 cm$ch h BejHiHHa apyroro iiaTepiajia, KOTopnft 
nydb CyaerB xjitfo, flJia Toro, hto6h KOJinqecTBO asoTa h yrjie- 
po^a b^ cyTO^HOff nopuin ocrrajiocB Toate, TO-ecTB aojiatflo H3Mi*HHTi>ca 
•£. IlycTB 3to cooTB^TCTByiomee H3Mi>HeHie 6 6y^eTt db; TorASL 
«araa HOBaa cm^cb 6yjerB saKJiroqaTB b-f-db apyroro MaTepiaja. 
PuHoraaa i$Ha nepBaro MaTepiaja hoboS cm$ch 6yflerB oieBHAHO 
*i (a-f-da), a BToporo n' (b + db); a Bca puHOHHaa ctohmoctb 
flOBofi cm4ch (a-f-da) n-f-(b-f-db) n'. 

OqeBHflHO, qTO flJia Toro, hto6h Hacejeirie He hm^jio buto^b 
upeAnoHHTaTb BTopofi cm^ch nepBoS, puHOMHbia ctohmocth o6$hx:b 
^CMiceft jojijkhh 6htb paBHM h, cjrtflOBaTejiBHO, mh HMieMi ycJioBin: 

an + bn' = (a + da) n + (b + db) n'. 
-OTKyja nda=dbn' = n' f(a) da 

BsaBi se' i$Hy BToporo npoayKTa hjih n' sa 1: 

db 
»«- sr = F(.) 

Hjih fljia bo3mo»hocth 3aM4m,eHia oflHoro npoayKTa apyrHMt i$Ha 
na Hero jojiatHa 6htb paBna npon3BO,KHofi BToporo npoayBTa no 
nepBOMy. CjiAOBaTeJLHO, ecjrn mu onpeflisJiHM'B b = f (a), to Cy^eM* 
3HaTt h o(Smee BwpajKeme i^hh MaTepiaJia h cooTBtTCTByionjoe 
KaKOMy yroflHO cnpocy Ha Hero. Mu snaewB, ^to saBHCHMOCTb 
Me»^y a k b onpeA'fcJifieTca <|>H3iojiorHqecKHMH h xHMHqecBHMH 

HOCTOHHHHMH H COCTOHT'B B*B TOM*B, 1TO eCJIH MH B03bMeMt a Hep- 

Baro Maiepiajia, to b aojhkho 6htb BuCpaHO TaKt, hto6h oho 
noKpiuo Beet HenoKpHTHii nepesi a yrjiepoA* h asorB. Ecjih b'b 1 
nepearo MaTepiaja a asoTa h /? yrjiepo^a, to a TaKHxi ejHHHiVB 
nepBaro MaTepiaja 6yAerB coaepataTB a<* asoTa h a/? yrjiepo^a; 
Bees ase a30TB paBen* 20 rpaMMaMi, a yrjiepo^B 400 rpaMMan-B; 
Ojii^OBaTejiLHO, asorB, HenoEpHTHfl a eflHHHijaMH nepBaro MaTe- 
piaja, 6yAerB 20 — aa, a yrjiepofl* 400 — a£. 3totb-to asoT'L h 
yrjiepoA'B aojhrhh (Sbitb noKptmi 6 eflHHHijaMH BToporo MaTepiaJia. 
Ecjih xHMfliecKia nocToaHHHH BToporo MaTepiaia cyTB a 4 h /?', to 
Kasaaa eflHHHija BToporo MaTepiaja coa'epaHT'B a* asoTa h /?' 

20 — «a 

yrjepo^a h 20 — aa asoTa nospoioTCfl — -, — e^HHHi^aMH BToporo 

A(\f\ — _ aft 

MaTepiaJia, a 400 — a/? efl;HHH^•B yraepoaa — j, — BToporo. Cxfe- 
^OBaTe^BHo: 

, £ , \ 20 — «a ww „ 400— a/J 
b = f (a) = HJIH ^ HJIH -jp-Z-r 

a 8 

IlpoH3BOAHaa 9Toro BHpaatema ecTB -^r h^h y, TO-ecTt BeiH- 
HHHa nocToaHHaa. HTaKi, nojiyiaeM* cjiiAyro^yw TeopeMy. IIoBa 
qirB BHroflH saMi^eHia o^Horo npo^yETa jpyraMi, i$Ha vrb 



Digitized by 



Googk 



Mm KABl HFIAVSTb 9R0H0MIH. 119 

JOJKHa (JhTB BCBHTOHOft HOCTOAHHOS H paBHOK) OTHOmemK) HXfc. 

nUTaTejibHocTH. Ho bx AByxx npoAyBTaxx nponopuJH o6ohx , l 
nHTaTejiLHuxt BJieMeHTOBt Me»jy co6ofo MoryTi 6bitb, h 6o:ibniefi 

nacTLK) CyAyri, BecBiia pa3JiHHHH, to-cctb oTHomeHie -jr He 6ypfirb 

paBHO ~r # Cjii^oBaTejibHO, mu nojiyHBMx h ab*& pasjraiHfcia iv&hu am 
saMimeHia. O^Ha BiipasHTB BuroAy saMimema bt> pascya^eHin 
OAHoro nHTaTejBHaro BJieiieHTa, Apyraa — Apyroro; to-cctb, noaa 
U$U& rOBfiAHHH OTHOCHTCJI Kt itfrai H8 xjiifo, mbx 

a _ 0,034 _ A1 

a' —"0^13" — Z > 0i 

XO'T&ra nop* Buro^HO sairfjmaTB asorB xjiitia asoTOMi tobaahhu; 
h noKa T4»e iv6hh othocatc* Easi 

/*' ""0,30 ~ U >*° 

AO rfcxi nopt Mosen (Shtb BuroAHO 3aM$maTB ynepox^ xji6a 
yrjepoAOMi roBaAHHH. 

OTHomeHie -p- = 0,43 6yAerB, CJ^AOBaTejiBHO, TforBnpeAfobHHMs 
OTHOmeHieH'B ivfcHi, npH sotopomi roMAHHa MOserB aairfemaTB h& 
tojibko a30TB, ho h yrjiepoA'B xji6A h, cjiiAOBaTejBHO, MoserB. 
rocnOACTBOBaTB, Kara HCK^ioHHTeJibHaa nama. Ilpa AaJbHMmeai'b 
BoapacTaHin ctohmocth npoesBOACTBa ro; aahhu oraocHTeJibHO x,vfc6a, 
roBAAHHa yse He Mosen saiiimaTb ynepoAa, a tojilko asorb» 

HaKOHen.'B, Kor^a i$Ha ea B03pacTerB ao ~r = 2,61, — to npe- 
BpaTHTCfl a 3Ta BuroAa a npa AaiBH^fimeM'B BOspacraHia ea h$hh 
OHa AOJiatna bhSth h3*b otfnjaro ynoTpetfjiema. OTHomeHie -y = 2,61 
tiyAera cjiiAOBaTejibHO ApyraM* npeA r kjibHUMi> OTHOmeHieH'B ivfeHi, 
npa KOTopowb HansHaeTca BCKJiroqaTeibHoe jtochoactbo Apyrora 
npoAyRTa. Me&Ay btbmb npeAiaaMa ajhtcji ijapcrBO cm4ch. 

Bb pesyjibTaT^ mh nojiyqaeM'b, cji-fcAOBaTejibHO, AOBOJibHO npocToft 
h acHHH saBOHi, ynpaMaiomifl bi btomi cjyiafe qejOB-fcqecKofi a 
HCTopnqecKOH BOJiefi; h iaBi> Kast btotb saKOH'B BUBeAeH^ paiuo- 
HajibHfiM'b nyieMt, to oex AOJiseH'B 6ktb o6nu& aia Bautaxs 
3airfemeHia. Ha ocHOBaHia cBa3aHHaro 6yAeT*B He TpyAHo npoasBecm 
Tasoe cpaBHeme. Bsjibi 6oraTCTBO aaoTOMt h yrjiepoAOM-B Basoro- 
jh6o OAHoro npoAyBTa sa eAHHHuj h onpeA^BB-B, saTim, othoch- 
TeJiBHiia CoraTCTBa a.30T0Mi> h yoepoAOMi Bcixt ocTajibHuxx b*b. 

CpaBHeHiH CB BTHMI HpOAyKTOM-B, B3flTIJMT> 3a eAHHHI^y, nOJiyMHMt 
Ty CTOHMOCTb npOH3BOACTBa, HpH KOTOpOH pa3JIH?Hiie HpOAyBTU 

MoryTi* cymecTBOBaTb bt> npPAaai xja 3aM r feuj,eHia Toro hjih APyrora 
djeifeHTa. Bi Hame BpeMa OTHomeHie vfiwb Ha roBBAHHy h pacTH- 
TaabHyio nHm,y Bospacao yse ao TasoS bcjihhhhu, npa KOTopofi 
mosho pa3CMaipHBaTb roBAAHHy TOJibKo sasi 3aMicTHTejra a30Ta > 



Digitized by 



Googk 



1 20 BftCTHTCB 1BPOHH. 

& 8a rjaBHufi nHTaTejibnufl npoAyKTB— xjftfo; no3TOMy mm h npn- 
uewb sa eAHHHijy cpaBHeuia xjiifo. 

Bt> dTOMi ciyqai nojyHHwx aalflyiomiH OTHomeHiA jjih pas- 
ohihhx* npoAyaTOBi: 

_£L A. 

of p 

XJlitf'B 1 1 

roBflftHHa 2,61 0,43 

caxapi — 1,34 

caao — 2,4 

Macjio 0,36 1,71 

RapTO<|>eJH> 1,39 0,40 

mojoko 0,40 0,25 

ropoxx 2,77 1,43 

hhbo 1, 0,12 

I^H$pH nepBaro crojitfija noKasuBaiorL Ty oTHOCHTejiBHyio cto- 
bmoctb hxi npoHSBOXCTBa hjih pHHorayio i$Hy wh cpaBHemn Cl> 
x.TfefioMt, npn EOTopofi oh-I* MoryTt noipetfMTBca, Rasi aaMicTH- 
TejiH a30Ta, a u,H$pu BToporo — ivIhh, npn KOTopuxi. otaIubhhh 
«emecTBa MoryTi noTpedjumca, KaK* saMicTateJiH yrjepoja. 

Ho Bcania npoAyitrB Mosera jihoib no cmiBKy aBjjiTBCfi na 
puHK*!, no CKOJbKy oht> MoaerB ciysHTb npejiieTOM'B cnpoca hjih 
noTpefijieHia. CxfejoBaiejiBHo, mei MoseMi bubccth 0R0OTaTejn>H0, 

^T0 pUHOHHHfl V&BU nHTaTMBHHX'B npOflyKTOB'B, COCTaRIHlOD^HXl 

npeAMeTi otfmaro noTpefaemji, CyayrB othochtbca weauy co6ok> 
saicB hxi nHTaTejiBBUA co^epsaHifl h, cJiiAOBaieaBHO, sthmh otho- 

CHTejBHHMH ^HaMH (SyAyTB ynpaBJIHTB XHMHqeCKifl HOCTOflHHHJl 

npoAyRTOBi, npnieiTB nHTaiejiBHocTB npojyKTa ecTB eflHHCTBeHRaa 
BejHHHHa, otb KOTopoft npejnojiaraeTca saBHcamHWB ero cnpoci. 
Tanoe nojo»eHie ocrraeTca cnpaBejJiHBHifB, noxa npojyKTB ocTaeTca 
npeAMeTOMx o6m,aro noTpe6jema. Paai oh-b coxpaHaeTca Ha phhk* 
tojbko saRi npe^MerB pocRomn, Toi\na kohchho cnpocB Ha Hero nepe- 
CTaerB onpeflijiflTBCJi HCiuioHHTe.iBHO ero nHTaiejiBHOCTBio, a onpea*- 
jiaeTCfl ApyrHMH nepeictHHUMH, BKycnocTbK), npHBBiqKaMH, Tmecia- 
aieifB h np. Ho pascMaTpHBaTB BJijmie nocji*AHHxi safccB h^ti 
arfecTa, TaKi KaKi naraa aa^a^a codoajia coCcTBeHHO bt> pascMOT- 
pi>Hin dKOHOMBHecxaro BJiiaHia oahhx-b jihidb (j)H3ioJorHqecKHXi> h 

SHMHHeCKHXI. nOCTOflHHHX'B. 

H). ffiyROBCBlfi. 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



SB 



IMOM H HAPOIHOE 0BPA30BAHIE 



B*B 



OBBEPHOft AMEPHK'B. 



I. 

Bx nepBoe BpeMH Moero npefiHBama Bt CoeflHHeHHHX'B IHra- 
Tax*L, naxoflflCB eme no** BJiinmewh eBponeficKHXi* oduqaeBx, a 
o6paTH^ca-6HJio, b*b raaBHOirB b^omctb* napoAHaro o6pa30Baiiifl, 
bx ropoA* CeHTB-JhoHefc, r*b npe3HfleHTy cb npoctfiofi ^ocTaBHTs 
Mni bobmojrhoctb 03HaK0MHTBCfl cb m4cthhmh fflBOjaiiB. HanajiB- 
hhkt, yie6Haro OKpyra He cpasy hohhji'b, b*b hcitb co6ctbchho> 
cocTOAJia Moa npocbfia, h aeaaa, cb CBoficTBeHHuarB aMepnRaHijaM'B. 
pa^ymieMT*, yro^HTB ^ynecTpaHijy, ovn> Bpyw.ro mh$ TomacB ate 
h1>ckojibko OTieTOB'B h nporpaMirB nocJi^nHXT* roflOB'B. Kor^a ace, 
noCjiaro^apHB^ ero, a cRa3ajrB, mo ate.iaji'B 6a. npeat^e Bcero 
no6uBaTb b*b caMKixi mK<mx , B h noTOMy npouiy ero a^tb irak 
Ha to AOSBOJieHie; to HanajiBHiiKx, RaRT. 6u H3yMHBniHCB, Bospa- 
shji: <noMHjyfiTe! na 9to He TpetfyeTca HHKaKoro flosBOJiema ot*s 
HaqajiBCTBa: ABepn Haranx^ idko.tb He sanupaiOTCfl hh ot*b Roro; 

OH* OTRpHTH fl.lfi BCfcXT., H MH flaate pa^H BCHKOMy HOCTOpOHHeMy 

nociTHTejiK). 9to kjih HacB CBOero po^a otfmecTBeHHwfl rohtpo.ibk 

OfiOApeHHBlfi TaRBMH CJIOBaMH, B BarfcWB fltfiCTBHTeJIBHO CTa^'B 

nocfcmaTB ynetfHBia saBe^eflia bcSjx'b poftOBi., He crrparanBaacB yme 

HHROrO, H BXOAHJI'B DpflMO BT> RJiaCCH, B*B ROTOpHX'B yqHTeJIE H 

ynamieca npoAOJiKajiH cboh saHjma, hhcrojibro He desnoRoacb 
upexoAOifB nocTopoHHjjro jHua. 

Tojbro pp& paaa cjiy^BJocB mh* bctp^thtb H^KOTopoe npe- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



122 BMram ibfodh. 

HflTdBie k*b nocfcmemK) micojrB. Bt nepBHft past, bto 6ujlo 
b*b ^HJiajejiB^iH, rj* naxoAHTca BejHBOjinHuft StapapAOBi koj- 

jre^B'B JM CHpCfTB. 3a*CB npHBpaTHBR'B OTftpHXB MH* BXOAB JIHIIIB 

no yxocTOB^peHm b-b tomi, hto a ne npHHa^esy b«b ^yxoBHOMy 
SBaHiK): bt, cHjy 3aB$maHia caiioro JRepapAa AyxoBBiiirB jHuaire 
<5e3ycjiOBHO nperpas^aeTca jocTyni bx saBejeme. Bt Apyrofi pas^ 
He TaKt yae JierKO fiujo oaoji4tb npen&TCTBie. Jlfao b* tomx, 
qTO bt» CeHT'B-JIiOHc6 HaxoAHTca BiaccHHecsifi bojjicas'b iesjwtowh 9 
He AonycKaiomHX'B Bt cBoe saBeAeme hchsbIjcthhxi ewl jhivb. 
Mh4 Tara h He yjajiocb npoHHKHyTB bi bto saMKHyroe xpaHHjnme 

KJaCCBU,H3Ma. 

Kara hh SHaMeHaTejbHEi 6uBaK)T f B CTaTHCTHiecsia Tafam^, 
said hh noyHHTe^BHH ne^aTHMa nporpaMMH h roAOBiie ottoth 
no qacTH dikoji'b; ho bc4 Tairie hctohhhbh, BecBMa BasHHe cain 
no ce<54, He MoryrB eme CTHTaTBca xocTaTOHHUMH a&hhhmh am 
<6ojr£e noinaro BHanoMCTBa cb ABHsemeifB HapoAHaro otipasoBaHis 
Bt cTpaH r fc. J{]\a dToro neofixoAHMO Tarate jn^eoe sHaKOMCTBO 
<cb ynefiHUMH saBeAeiiiaMH Bctxt poaobv, neoCxoABMO nocfcmaTB 
•caHEifl hikojisi h yae nociii dToro, conocTaBJiaa cboh HafaioAeHia 

CB ne?aTHUMH HCTO<!HHKaMH, WH B*B COCTOaeiH OIV&HHTB KaK1> cjt&- 
AyeTl H OTieTH H BHBOAH CTaTHCTHHCCBHX'B AaHHEIXX. J[jul Haer- 

Haro, Heo(J)({)Hn ( ia.ibHaro jnei^a y HacB e^BajH AOCTHSHMa Tasaa 
•HIjjib. HaniH niKOJiii, hoaoOho MOHacTtipairB h TiopBMairB, Maio 
jyxrrynHH wh nodopoHHHX'B Ha6jiK)AaTejieS, h ofimecTBO, OTAaBaa 
<cbohxt> A*Tefl bx Ka3eHHua yqainma, tojbko no CMyTHO AOXOAa- 
d^hitb ao Hero cjyxaM-B y3HaerB o toitb, qi6 TBopaica wl crfeHax'b 
Tixt o6pasoBaTejiBHHX'B saBeAenii, ABepe KOToptixi* aojjkhu 6m 
<5htb oTEpHTH am BcaKaro HacTHaro Jiaija, saHHTepecoBaHHaro 
£*b flfajii HapoAHaro npocB$meHia. 

AMepHEaHi^H, HanpoTHB'B Toro, hmchho CMOTparB na cboh hikojh 
&2lkt> Ha saBeAemn oCmecTBeHHua bi> nojiHOMt cmbicjA cjiOBa: A^epn 
Hxt, noAoCfio i^epKOBHuifB ABepaMi, otkputu wa Bcixi H BCfl- 
Karo, Kara w& ynan^HxcH, Tasi h ajui poAHTejefi h Aase A^a 
•coBepmeHHO nodopoHHaro nocfeTHTejia. BcjitACTBie TaKofl otfme- 
AOCTyriHocTH, niKOJiLi b*b AwepHB* aBJiaroTca, TaKt cKasaTB, a^&- 
-ctbhtcjibhumh, ffiHBUMH qjieHaiiH o6n;ecTBeHHaro oprannsiia. H 8Ta 
npHcyD%aa awepHKaHCKHMt mBOJiaMx SH3HeHHOCTB eme CHJbnie 
BucKa3MBaeTca bi> caMOMt BHyTpeHHeifB dpoi hxt,, bt> cyn^odH 
caMoro o6pa30BaHia, hmh pacnpocTpaHacMaro. B*b caMOMt &*% 

TaM1» ntT'L TOH p03HH Me»Ay UIKOJIOfl II SH3HBK), Ha EOTOpyK) y 

3iacB TaKi qacTo cjinmaTca awuoCu. TaMt mKOja h »H3HB npeA- 
CTaBjiaroT'B Kasx 6bi oaho dpoHHoe CBoCoAHoe pa3BHtie cnocotf- 
HOCTefi HejiOBiBa: OAHa AonojiHaeT'B Apyryio h npaKTH^ecBaa a*«- 



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mKOJLk H HAPOAHOI OBPA30B1HIB. 12 $• 

TeiBHOCTB mojoaoh) HejOB^Ka, OKOHOTBmaro KypcB ynema, MO»no 
CKa3aTB, ciyatHT'B npoAOJiaemeM'B nrKOJiu. TaKoe OTjaqaieJiLHoe 

CBOiCTBO DOCliAHei MOSHO 6u BHpaBHTB CJ10BOMT> npaRTHIHOCTB, 

jHmb 6u Be spoAaBaTB BTOiiy cjiOBy cjhiiikom'b y3Karo 3HaieHia r 
orpaHHHHBaji ero, saRi to tocto ^ijiaeTca, c$epo8 npaMum.ieH- 

HOCTH H TOprOBJIH. B'B 3T0MT> OTHOUieHJH AOJWBHO 8aMiTHTB, HTO 

b*b CoeAHHeHHux'B ffiTaTaxx ao nocjrfeAHaro BpeMeHH BOo6me 
Chjio eme BecBMa HeMHoro TexHHiecKHx*, peaecjieHHiJX'B h bca- 
bbxi jpyrHX'B cnei^iajBHHxi yuEJivwfb noAofaaro CBoficTBa. Ecjih ' 
hub* h cymecTByiorB TaKoro poAa aaBeAeflia, to ohu ocHosaHH 
TaKt eme se^aBHO, ito ne ycn^jrn o6pa30BaTB hh oflHoro hoko- 
jiima. A Me»Ay t4m-b, HecMOTpa Ha TaKofi HeAOCTaTOB*B cne- 
i^iajBHO-TexHBHecKaro ofipasoBaHia, bc6 hikojh — otx Ba^aJitHofi, tj& 
yqaTca iTeniio h nHCBMy, h ao Bucmefi, — bc& oh$ Aaiora yqamHMca 
HanpaBJieaie BnoJHi npaKTHinoe b*l o6mHpHOMi cmhcjl4 CJOBa. K/iuie- 
coodpasHOCTB TaEoro HanpaBjema AOKasiiBaeTca yse t4mi, ^to 
aiiepHEaHijH, BecMOTpa na cb,oio Hpe3BHqafiHyio hoabh»hoctb, tbcpao 
npH^ep»HBaH)Tca CBoeft chctcmh otfyqema, AaBHo ycTaHOBHBmefica 
Ha TBep^Hxt ocHOBaniaxt; Me»Ay t^mx, Kara b*b odpasoBaHHKix'B 
rocy^apcTBax'B EBponu, Aa h y hUcb b*b Poccin, ne npoxo- 
AHtt>, mo»ho CKa3aTB, AeeaTHJi'fcTia fiesx Toro, ^to6h He npHcty- 
na^n kt> pe^opwaM'B, cymecTBeHHO HSMlmaiomHM'B oah4 chctcmh 
b-b Apyria. ■ < 

IIpH^Bna TaKoro ycTofiqBBaro xapaKTepa aMepHKaHCKHxt 

CDCTeMl* CKpUBaeTCfl, OTHaCTH, B'B AByX^ BeCBMa 3HaMeHaTeJIBHHX^ 

ocoCeHHOCTaxt HapoAHaro npocB'imeHia B'B CoeAHHeHHHXfc IDTa- 
Taxx. Bo-nepBwxfc, TaK-B-HasiiBaeMoe oCmecTBeHHoe o6pa30BaHie 

KOpeHHTCa TaMT> Bl HHSUIMX'B CJIOHX-B HapOAa, B'B KOTOpHX* OHO 

co6cTBeHH0 m bo3xhm4jio CBoe Haiajio, h nocTeneHHO paciunpaacB, 
oho nepexo^HJio hotomi ot* HaiajiBHHX'B htboji'b rt> KOJUieAJKaM'B 

H yHHBepCHTeTaii'B. A BO-BTOpHXfc, I^eHTpaJIBHOe HpaBHTeJIBCTBO^ 

aaBaa nocofiia wa oCpaaoBama, npeAocrraBHjio otfmecTBeHHoS hhh- 
i^iaTHBi BecTH ero no CBoexiy pa3yMiHiio, He crfccHaa m^cthbia 
yne6uu& BiAOMCTBa HHKaKHMHaAMHHHCTpaTHBHUMH perjiaMeHTauiaMH* 
X*a Cosfce noJHaro noacHenia 9thxi> o6q;mxt> 3aMi^anifl Heo6xoAHMO 

BOfiTH B'B HiKOTOpUfl qaCTHUB HOApo6HOCTH H 03HaBOMBTBCA BaB'K 

cl nocreneHHUM'B pasBHTieMx hikoji'b bt> cTpaH^, TaKi h cb cym,e- 

CTByiOD^HMH npaBHTeJIBCTBeHHUMH HOCTaHOBJieHiaMH no HaCTH Ha- 

poAHaro npocBtn^eHia. 

Ecjih xothmi npocji^AHTB sa nocTeneHHUM'B pasBHTieMi HapoA- 
Haro o6pa30BaHia b*b CoeAHHeHHUXB HTraTaxx, to HeMBHyeno 
AOJiffiHu o6paTBTbca ei nepBUM'B nepecejieHuaMi hbi EBponu, HMeeno > 
kx nypHTaHaMi: hmi npBHaA^eatHT'B hohhh'b b*b stomi ^*ji*. 



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Googk 



124 Bicnm ibpohh. 

roHHMHH sa Ffcpy hot AhtjiIh, HfosoTopu* nypHTaHcri* ce- 
neficrea, cocTOflBmia hso cTa qejOBiKt HyaHHHi, seHn^HHi h rfnreft, 
nycTHjHCL, occhbk) 1 620-ro ro^a, na ROpatfji* Maiiacitl uemms 
<May Flower) TOpes* oseaai. Hoci* onacearo TpexirficATOaro 
njaBaHiji, CMijiue nepecejeniiu, yB$ROBfrieBHiie b*b HCTopin Ane- 
Pbkh noAt HMeHeicB 0fmto^nu4tttpti.MO03 (Pilgrim-fathers), Boca- 
jhjihcb Ha CeperB HUHfemHaro raTaia Maccaqyaeia. Bi HeBftxoMox* 
nycTHnHOifB Kpaio, saHATue ycTpoidBOMt cBoefi eojobjh m> onac- 
bomx codfcjcTB* cb BBAtfiijaMH, ohh npe&Ae Bcero aojukhh 6hj™ 
nosaCoTHfbCfl o eacymewx^ noTpefaocrax'B shshh. Ho jaae cpejM 

CaMOfi CypOBOfi 0<5CTaH0BRH, Bl DOCTOflHBOfi 6opL64 CB TpyXHOCTflMH 

h jrameHiflMH BCAKaro po.ua oti^obi - nMHrpHMOBt HHBorxa He 
noBHxajia satioTa o npocBimemH. CoseaBaa, hto CyAymee foaro- 
cocToame hxt> A*TeS qeiuicJiHMO ties** npoiHaro otfpasoBamH, 
ohh cpe^H nepBofiuTHuxi jiicoB'L nocTaBHjfH cboh msojiii. Hacsopo 
cKOJioqeHHtia H3* HeoTecaHHbixi* 6peBeHT>, 9th hirojih, cb Koe-BaROK> 
ne6ejii)K) BHyTpn, hoxoahjh cRopte qa capai. OftHaico vb hhx% 
ofiynajiocB yae ao-iOAoe nxeua h spiio am tfyAymnxi rpasAas- 
«bhx*b hoabhtob'b. IIo HexocTaTRy cpeACTB-B, caMoe npenoA&BaHie 
(Shjio, BOHeiHO, BecLMa necOBepmeHHo. HecMOTpa Ha to, hocj4a- 
ctbU OKasajiHCb BecbMa njoAOTBopHHMB : npoKunuieHHOCTb h Top- 
roBAH b*b KOJOHiaxx CTajiH npoi^BiTaTB, (foaroAapa npocBtn^eHHOny 
«HaeieiTB.TpyAOJK)(JiK) MTcieS, h HapoA* aocthctb 6jaroxeHCTBiH h 

CBJTBI. OhI BCKOpt ORptn* HaCTOJIBBO, HT0 B*B 1776-M*B TOjtf 

CBeprnyrB cb ceCa nro tipHTaHCsaro xecnoTHSHa h saBoeBan 

CBOK) HesaBHCHMOCTB. 

06pa30BaBineeca sarfcirB coiosnoe npaBHTejiBCTBO TpHHafflara 

JHTaTOBl BaHHTO 6hJ0 BHyTpeHHHM'B yCTpofiCTBOM'B T0JBR0-TT0 

BOSHHKmefi pecnyfijHRH. HecxoTpa Ha Bcfe sa6oTU HapoAHinrB 
npeACTaBHTejieft o cpeACTBax* noiHHTB spaft, pasopeHHuft HejaBBo 
jhidl OROHqHBnieficfl BOflHofi, o6*b ynjiarfc AOJira, o saKonaxi ijis. 
HOBaro CoK)3a, — HapoAHoe ofipasoBaHie He 6suio ynymeHO h3*b BHAy. 
YMyApeHHue ohhtom'b cbohx*l npeAROBx, npa coaMctbIh npocBt- 

meHifl AOCTHrillHX'B AOBOJbCTBa H He3aBHCHM0CTH, pyROBOAACB TkWb 

BtpHUMT> HanajioMX, hto HCTiiHHafl CBo6oAa MoaterB ynpoqHTbca 
jHiiib Ha ocHOBaHiu Bceofiiuaro napoAnaro o6pasoBaHia, rpasA^He 

iOHOfi pecnyfijIHRH BMtHHJIH El) 06fl3aHH0CTB CBOHM'B npeACTaBHT&iaiTB 

03a6oTHTbca o cpeACTBax-B A^ia noBceMicTHaro pacnpocTpaHema 
niROJii, AOCTynHux'B A-i« Bcfe'B jBHTejeH Cesi HCRJUO^enia. Bcj4a- 
CTBie 3Toro RonrpeccoifB 6hjih H3AaHH HOBHa nocTaHOBjeHia, koto- 
pbiMH, oAnaKO, nncROJibKo He crfecHMacb MacTHaa HBHi^iaTRBa rpas- 
Aam>. Bi> EBponi, aAMBHHcrpai^ia ao CHX^ nop* safinpaeT'B Bt cboh 
pyRH bc4 cpeACTBa oti ofi^ecTBa h saitMi topmosh^b ero HanH- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



union i iapojhob obpabobihii* ] 25 

r u.a Ha BasxoM'B raary; Torja KaKB vb AMepnicfe yae cto xfcre 
Toify Hasa^B yCiAHJiHCB, ito rxaBHax safora o&b ycrpoficTBfc o6pa- 
30BaTejiBHuxi» saBexeHift xox&Ha Chtb npexocTaBxena Ha ycMOTptaie 

X$CTHUX I B 06meCTB'B. CorJiaCHO CB 9THMT* HOBUfl HOCTaHOBXeHUI 

soHrpecca xaBaxii jihihb 6bjibwi& npocropi cbo6oahijmx HaTOHaHiaifB 
rpajK^aHt, cnaCaaa Micraua otfajecTBa cpexcTBaiin x-M ycTpoflcTBa 

IBBO-IT* BO BHOBB SaceXHeMUX'B CTpaHaXl. CpeACTBa BTH HamJIHCB 

bt> rfex'B He3aHaraxi eme seMxax'B, ROTopua, no corjiamemH) 
BiTaTOB-L nesxy cotfofi, Cbixh npexocTaBJieBii bt> pacnopaxeHie 
HeHTpajiBHaro npaBHTexBCTBa ct» ycxoBieifB, ito6h bth nycTUHH 
co BpeMeneMT,, no HaxxesanieM'B hx-b sacexeHHi, 6hxh opraHHSOBaHH 
bx HOBiie caMOCToaTejBHue uiTaTu. IIoxBsyacB xoxoaoitb cb npo- 
jtasH rtxi seifexB, npaBBTejibCTBo a nocTaHOBHJio, wo6h V36 nacTs 
hx'l, a HMeHHo, owa ceicijia bt> saa^oMi oKpyrfc, 6uja oTBexeHa 
b*b nojiBsy Hapoxnaro o6pa^oBama: xoxoxh cb dTHXi ynacTKOB^, 
HasHBaeMEixi ihkojibhumh ceKitfaMH, xoxshu nocrynaTB fb KaccBi 

irfiCTHHX'B yHeGHUX'B BtAOMCTB-B. 

06paTHicB 3a4cb ocoCenHoe BHHiiaHie na to otfcToaTexBCTBO, hto, 
o6e3neHHBT» Ha nepBLixt nopaxx HaqaxBHoe otfpasoBame, — Tara- 
Ea3UBaeMyio y HacB rpaMOTHOCTB, — wa Bcixi> cjiocbi Hapoxa, npa- 
BHTeibCTBO npexocTaBBJio noneqemio qacTauxi o6mecTBi h jihihb 
ocHOBame buciuhx , b yqe6Hwx , B saBexenift, bt> pox* HamHX'B rHMHa- 
sifi h yHHBepcHTeTOB'B. Bx btom-b-to h saKxioqaeTca cymecTBeHHoe { 
OTjH^ie aMepHRaHCRofi chctcmu otb eBponefiCKoffl, bt> KOTopofi, Kasi 
C3BtcTH0, npocBtmesie He Bcer^a HMieT'B npaBO HastiBaTBca Ha- 
poAHUirB, noTOMy yae, ^to caMufi HapoA*, no fiojibraefi nacTH, xh- 
meH'B bcabhx*b cpeACTB-B k% o(Spa30BaHiio. 

#0 KaKoS CTeneHH aifepnicaHCBoe o6mecTBO a npaBHTexBCTBO 
<5ujh Bcer^a npoBHKiiyTti co3HameM'B bhcokoS BamHOCTH otfme- 
HapoAHaro o6pa30Bania axa MorymecTBa h Cjiara cTpaHii, — b*b stomi 
yCiaAawTx sacB, Me»Ay npoqwMx, pt^H npexcTaBHTexefi Ha boh- 
rpecct, BaKx OTro^ocKH HapoAHaro B033p*feBiH. Oahhb H3 t nepe- 
AObux'b jifo^efi AMepHM, FeHpn Kae, bo BpeMa camixi autpKHXi 
npHroTOBxeHifi kx hoboh boSh* cb Anrjiieft, bx 1812-wb rojy, 
roBopejx: <IIpaBAa, mki ao chx* nopx He moa^m-b noxBajiBTBca 

TaKHMH BUCOKHMH y^enUMH. KaKHMH rOpA^TCfl HapOAU no Ty CTOpOHy 

ATxaHTHHecKaro OKeana. Ho pasB* Esponi xerne on ea JiHTepaTypu, 
ort en yHeiiux'B HHCTHTyTOB'B h yHHBepcHTeTOB'B, otb conMa ea 
SHaneHHTBix'B Myatefi no HacTH HCKyccTBi h HayKi, KOTopwe sa- 
nacTyio CHBaroT'B hmchho caMUMH npoAasHHMH pafiaMH MacTH. 
Cmowh xh eBponefii^u samHTHTB ce6a otb paficTBa? Pa3B4 hu He 
bhahm^ KaKi> HHBie napoAU EBponu yna^H TaKB hhsko, ^to He 
^yBCTByioTi A^^e CBoero yHBseHia!... Bx o6pa30BaHHuxT> iiaccaxx 



Digitized by 



Googk 



126 BftGTHISl IBFQHH* 

napoaa— bote rub KopeBHTca HacToamaa ceja rocyAapcTB*, bot-b- 
fl newb HdHHHaa ocHOBa cbo6oah! A yTBep*Aaio, h hhkto He 
b*b cocToania onpoBeprHyTb Mena, ito name Hacejreme o6ja,s,aen* 
fiojfcfflHM'B KOJiKMecTBOWL yiia h caM0C03HaBia, — BToro Heo6xo- 
AHMaro ycJiOBia Bcanaro SApaBaro CMUCJia, — h4mx KaRoe- jih(5o* 
apyroe Hacejeme Ha 3eMjrfe>. 

MoseifB npn6aBHTB otb ce6a, hto ct6hti tojibro no6uBaxB 
bt> CoeAHHeHHux'b HlTaTaxi, no»HTb HiKOTopoe Bpeua wb ropoA^ 
Haxoaanjeiica xoth pu bx KaKoirb-HH0yAb yAaJieHHOin> saxojycTbH, b 
y64AHTtca Ha caMOMX a*-^ ^to ofimifi ypoBeHb o6pa30BanHocTe 
SHTeaefi MHoro Biinie Toro, BaKoS BCTpinacMt bx juoComi hsx> 
ropOAOB* EBponu cb paBHuaix no ^HCJiy HaceJicnieMt. 

HacKOJiLKo caMH aMepBKaHH,Ki coaeaiOTt cBoe npeBOCxojCTBO 
bi OTHoraeHia ofimeHapoAHaro o6pasoBaHia — 9to moxho BHAin* 
Tarate hbx OAHOro OTBiraaro nacbiia AAaMca, fiuBmaro whhhctpomx 
b*b ABaAuaTUxi roAaxx Hacroamaro CTOjiTia. Bote b*b newb 6uao 
fl$Ao: wkuenfiii flBopaHHHt Herr von Fttrstenwerther o6paTHJCJi 
kt> MHHHdpy Cb KypheaHHjrb sanpocoirb, He AaAyrx jih eay B*b 
AifepHKi npHJiH^Hoe ero SBaHiio Micro. Bt> TaBOMx cjyiai, necajis 
HiafeijKifi ABopaHHH'b, ohx p-feiuHJica 6u nepecejiHTbca. OrB^r* 
MHHHdpa TaKt Ha3HAaTejieH'b h Tan* m^teo xapaBTepHsyerb cKm*^ 
odn^ecTBeHHaro o6pa30BaBia bt> IllxaTaxt, ^to ctohtb npHBecTS 
$ H3X Hero BUAepatKH. 

<Mu aHBeMx— uHmen A^aMCB — He b*b cTpaH-fc npnBHjeriii, 
ho b*b CTpaH*, rA*6 rocnoACTByerb paBeHCTBO npaBx wa Bctx-b 
jiiOAefi. HHoe A*Jio y Bacx, bt» EBpon-fc. TaMx rocy,iapH pa3AaK)T^ 
TOMy h ApyroMy jiHijy pa3Hua npeeiiymecTBa, HaAt-iaJoTt Toro h 
Apyroro pa3HHMH mmjoctamh. paBHonpaBHOdH Bcfcx-b y sac* h 
HOMHHy 6bnb He MoateTt; o6i> Heu Aase y Han6o.if»e pasBHTuxx 
eBponeflijeB'B eABa^a aioatHJiocb B-fcpnoe noHHTie.... Heo6xoAHMHM'B 
cjitACTBieM^ raKofi paBHonpaBHOdH bt> CoeiHHenHhrxT. HIiaTax's 
aMaeTca nyBCTBO topaocth h npeBocxoACTBa naAt ApyraMH FaAiaMH, 
npncymee aMepHBaHuaMi. BcaKifi H3i. hhx'b co3Haen>, ito bt> o6me- 

CTBeHHOMl CTpO* HHKTO He HOCTaBJeH'B BUHie ero. Bl 3TOM^ 

cosnaHiH ohx ex npespimieMt cmotphtx Ha napoAt, y KOTopara 
Macca Hacejienia oTAaeTca Ha upoHSBOJix npHBHJierHpoBaHHHx^ 

MaCCOBX, AOCpOBOJIBHO H.1H HaCHJIBHO HOA^HHaaCB HpHXOTflM'b- 

hocji4ahhx'b>.*.. SaT^Mx, yKa3HBaa Ha eBponeficKoe o6pa30BaHi^, 
KaKx Ha npHHHHy iaKoro nopaAKa Beme8, AAaMcx npHfiaB.iaeTir 
c^to npoKy bx Bamaxx yqeHHx-B saBeAeHiaxx, — KaKyio uojibsj 
npHHOcarB Baiix, eBponefluaMx, Bauia HayBa h Bawa yHetfocTt, — 
BorAa bm He CMieTe hh roBopnTt, hh nncaTB, hh A*2cTB0BaTB, 

HH &&&e MHCJHTL TaKX, BaKX 6m BaMT, XOT^JIOCb, KaKt Tpe6yK)TX 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



mKOIi H H1POJHOE 0BP18QB1HI1. 12? 

Toro sasoHU npHpoju. Bamn npocjaBjieHHsia yne^Hua saBexem* 
xaKB-tiu npexHa3HaneHH jramB jjra Toro, hto6u HajJioMHTB bi» Bac& 
Bcasyio caMOCToaTejbHOCTb h buiorojihtb H3i» BacL patfoB^, nocjiym- 
huxt, boji4 BjacTHTejiefl. Bees yMCTBeHHufi CTpoS eBponeftcaaro 
HaiepHRa npexcTaBJiaeTca mh4 nycTOio myTKpfl, cjy»amefl Ha nor&xy 
H'fcCROJIBKHX'B npasflHHX'B tojobx. Bh HHaorja He CMteie aificTBO- 
BaTt.corjiacHO cb t^m-b, hto caMH me npHBHaeie 3a HCTHHy>. 
3aM*THBt noTOM-L, ^to, BcaiflCTBie Tasoro CKJia^a otfpasoBama 

B'B EBpOni, BapOA* HaXOflHTCJi BT> 3aBHCBMOCTH OTb npaBHTeJIBCTBa, 

Tor.ua EaK"B b*b AiiepHKi, Haotfoporb, npaBHTejiBCTBO— otb napo^a, 
A^aMCT> sa&xioiaeT'B cbo3 otb^tx eBponeficROMy HCRaTejoo npuBH- 
jernpoBaHHLix'B uicrb TaKHMx cob^tom^: <Kto nepeceaaeTca Kt 

HaifB CB MHCJIBH) BeCTH SJ^Cb nOKOHHyiO »H3Hb, HOJiyHHTB TenJOe 

yfccTe^KO, tot-b jiyqme ocTaBaflca AOMa h noaopafica Hensfi'iatHOMy 
any; ht6, BopoqeMx, dyxeT-b ajia Hero He oiem Tpy^HO hchojihhtb 
noTOMy y»e, hto oht> h BCRopMJieHB h Bupocx bt> o6ua^hhom , b 
jyxi pa6cTBa>. 

B'B 9TOM*B HOCJiaHiH, imcaHHOlfB JL^Tb 3a HflTBAeCHT'B TOMy 

Ha3a^T>, acHO o6Hapy»HBaeTca Ta cba3b Memay o6m,eHapoAHLiMi» 
o6pa30BaHieMT> h BcfeMi. CTpoeMi> 3KH3HH, KOTopaa, (Jo-ufce hjih Menie, 
cosHaTejbHO nocTHraeica aaiepHKaHijaMH. Oiroro-TO ohh bo bc4 
BpeMeHa cb TaaoK) ycTofiraBOCTBK) h npeaiiAOBajiH cboh) cncieMy 
o6pa30Bama, h ecjin B'B Hen coBepmajiacb HiROTopua pe^opMH, 
to oh4 KacajiHCB, no npeHMymecTBy, xo3aflcTBeHHOH, pacnopaaHTejib- 
^3 ^acTH mKOJix. TaRi, Mem^y npoHHiix, b*b nocJiiflHie roaa ro- 
jinnecTBO yqacTKOB^, AapyeMuxx npaBHTejiBCTBOM'B bx nojit3y idkojix 
(Land-grants), 6uio yABoeHO hmchho bt> BH,ny ydpoficTBa y*e6- 
hhx'b 3aBe^eHifl BticniHX'B pa3paAOB , b. BarfccTo npeaLHefi oahoh ceR- 
nm huh* Ha stotx npeAMeTx OT*iHCJraK)Tca %*% T.-e. Bcero 1,280 
aKpoBt (ho^th 474 aec.) b*b KasEflOM-B oRpyrfc, saKJHonaiomeM'b bx 
cefji 6 RBaap. mmb (obo.io 9 kb. BepcTi). BupyqKa cb npo^aatH 
sthx^ soMCiB npHcoe^HHaeTca, k% TaK^-Ha3WBaeMOMy, tuKOMHOMy 
<pondy (School-fond). Kojibhcctbo Bcix'B noaepTBOBaHHHX'B npaBH- 
TejibCTBOM'B seMaib Ha hikojili b*b 1870-mx r. ^ocTHrjio rpoMa^Hoi 
i(H$pu 70.559,112 aKpoB-b, ht6 paBHaeica 26,106,871 AecaTHH*. 
Eo/ih npnfiaBHTb cioAa en;e y^acTKH, noAapeHHHe pa3HUM , b o6me- 

CTBaM'b Bb HHTepecfc 06pa30BaHifl H OTA'ljrbHHM'B HITaTaMX hjlk 

ycTpoScTBa 3eMje ( n^ibqecKHX , B h TexHHnecKHX'B hhcthtytob'b, to 
hhcjbo bc4xi nojBepTBOBaHHHX'B Ha Hapo^Hoe npocBimeHie 3eMeJb 

npeBHCHTB 81 MHJIJI. aKpOBX, HTd, CIHTaa HO OfiUKHOBeHHHMm'fe- 

HaMi, T.-e. no' 174 aojuapa 3a anpi, cocTaBHT-b BanaTajrb, no 
EpaHHefi Mipi, bx cto mhm. AOJwapoB'B (no ofiHKHOBeHHOMy Kypcy 
okojo 130 mdjiji. py6.). 



Digitized by 



Googk 



128 BftCTHKl IBPOIIH. 

9thmt> He orpaHBHHBaiOTCfl, OAHaso, cpejCTBa ideo.tl. IIo2b3y£C&> 

H3JIH1DKOMX OTB AOXOAOB* HtCROJbKHX'B JltTb, BaillHHrTOHCRifi BOH— 

rpcccB HasHaqHjfB pasHHifb mTaTaarb sHaiHTejibHHH cymfu aia 
ycTaHOBjienia nmojibHaro $OH*a. niTaTH, n CBoei cTopoHu, npn— 

COeAHHHJIH B'b HeMy pa3HHfl CTaTBH CBOHXt C06CTBeHHUXT» £0X0*08^ 

h xaEHiix o6pa30MT» otfesne^HJiH h ynponn jh, Ha bc* 6yAymifl spe- 
iiena, cpeACTBa HapoAHaro o6pa30Bania noMUMO jaara yiacria b^ 
HeMi. HacTHHXB oCmecTBT* h jthivb. ?to icacaeTca ff> noc^4^HHxi> > 
to cji^AyerB sairfeTBTb, hto irtcTHtia o6h^hhh BesA* caMH cetia 
o6jiaraK)T , B ctfopoifb bt, nojbsy niKOjn>, h TOJbieo b*b TaROirb CJiy- 
nat oh4 nojiynaiOT-B ppaBO Ha nocotfie orb npaBHT&ibCTBa. Pac- 
KjaxBa c6opoB*B bt» oCwflEWb coBepinaeTca o6uKHOBeuno no ^ncjy 
jixefi ynefiHaro BOspacTa. Tamil oCpaaoMi, na Kaamaro B3t xe- 
Tejiefi bi TORb npHxoflHTca, no tfojibnieft nacTH, He Coate OAHora 
AO-uapa niKOJiLHaro c(5opa. 

Bet BHiHUieHHua sa^cl rpoMaxHua cpeACTBa HapoAHaro o6pa- 
BOBama KacaiOTCfl TOJbKO yqetfHHX'b saBeAemfi o^^an.ia.iLHaro cboS- 
CTBa. KpoMi hhxt», b*b nrraTax'B HaxoAHm enje 3naqHTejibBoe hh- 
cjo ^acTHuxt niBOJn h HHCTHTyTOB'b, no npeHMynjecTBy cneitfaJB- 
Haro CBoflCTBa, HecocToan^HX'b bx cba3h ci o6mccTBeHHUMH ynpex- 
AeHiaMH, nojiyiaion^eMH nocotfia oti npaBHTeJibCTBa. HapoAHOfc 
o6pa30BaHie b*b CoeAHHeHHux'b HlTaTaxi h OAOJaeHO cbohmh yent- 
xaMH Hanfiojiie TOMy o6cTOBTejibCTBy, hto oho nojibsyeTca He- 
orpaHHieHHoft cbo6ojoh: otfnjecTBa h ^acraua Jiima BO.ibHu ot- 
BpuaaTb KaRia yroftHO hibojiu h bccth bi» hhx'b npenoAaBaHie no 
CBoeMy coficTBenHowy ycMOTptmio* IIpaBHTe.ibCTBO ptniHTe.TbH0 hii 
bo tto He BMtniHBaeTca jo rfcxi nopi, noKa cann coAepsaTejii 
saBeAenifi He oGpaTHToa k*b neMy 3a noAAep»Koft. B'b TaROirb, 
TOJbKO cjyqat npaBmejibCTBO nuaia, BHAaBaa noco6ia, npncBOH- 
Baerb ce6t npaBo HafijiioAaiejibHaro HaA3opa HaA* niaojofl. Boit^- 
CTBie TaKoro nopaAKa j&jh* HapoAHoe o6pa30BaHie nojbsyeTca Bctam 
npeHMyn^ecTBaMH sas'b qacTHoi o6mecTBeHHofi HHHijiaTHBH, TaKi> « 

pyKOBOAflUiefl EMI aAMHHHCTpaTHBHOH I^eHTpa,lH3ai^iH. 

AAMBHHCTpaTHBHwa y^peKAeHia no lacrH HapoA«aro oCpaao- 
Bania He coBctM'b OAHHaKOBBi B'b pasnux'b MtcTax'b CoK)3a. TaK^ 
EaBi uiTaTti, ero otfpasyiomie, npeACTaBJiaiorb HtuoTopua otjihhh- 
TejbHua ocoCeHHocTH, saBHcamia HacTbio orb pa3.iHHHUx , b Micr- 
huxt> ycaoBifi, HacTbK) h onoro, hto oahh cJioatHJiicb paHie Apy- 
texb, to Ka»AHff H3x nuaTOBt ycTpoHJica, TaKi cnasaTb, no-CBO- 
eiiy, npHHopaBJiHBaacb et» cbohmi MtcTHLiMB h BpeMeHHBiM'b oco- 
CeHHOCTaMx. Ho TaKoe pa3JiHiie B'b ycTpofidBt ynefinHX'b ynpe«- 
AeHifi, B'b cbok) oiepeAb Tame MHoro cuoco6cTBOBaBfflHX'b yentxy 
o6pasoBaHia 9 KacaeTca, BupoqeMx, 6o^te Bcero BHtmHefl, $opMajb- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



IDKOJl H HAPOAHOB OBP130BAHIE. 129 

hoS ctopohh ynpaBJiema. B'B cymHocTH »e bc4 nrraTH pyROBOA- 
CTByioTca, b-b btom'b cjiyqai, oahhmh h t4mh ate ochobhhmh npa- 
BHJiaMH. A noTOMy ynpaBjieme b*b hhx"b, no ^acTH napoAHaro o6pa- 
soBaHW, mo;kro ce6t npeACTaBHTB bi cjrfcAywmHX'B ofim.HX'B iep- 
Tax*B, KOTopwa nocTapaeMca sflicb H3o(5pa3HTB b'b tom'b reHeTH^e- 
CKOMt nopaAEt, bt> BasoM'B Ha cRUQWb nisi cOBepmaeTCfl nocTe- 
neeHoe pasBHTie o6pa30BaTejiBHux , B yipeatAemft B'B CTpaHi. 

OAHa h.ih HiCKOJLEo ofimHHi, cMOTpa no rycTorfe Haceaema, 
oCpasyiOT-B, Tasfc-HasHBaeMtia, yqetfHHfi yHacTOE* (District). Oh* 
coctohtb boa* pyKOBOACTBOMi. h Ha6jnoAemeM*b oAHoro H36iipaeMaro 

oClAHHHHKaMH AHpeETOpa. HtCBOJIbEO TaEHX* yiaCTKOB'B COCTaB- 

jaiOTi ORpyrB (Township), mecTH kb. mhjb npocTpaHCTBOM-B. Bc4 
niCTHue AHpeKTOpu OAHoro oKpyra b*b c(5op4 oCpasyKVTB yqetfHwft 
cob^t-b, saBtAyiomifi A*JiaMH MicTHaro o6pa30Bama. CoBirB HM-feeT* 
BjacTB, no CBoeiiy ycMOTptHiio, pacnpeAl^HTB h nepeyejpaHBaTB 
yqefiHue yqacTSH; 3aB0AHTb TaifB-Ha3HBaeMua HopiiajiBHBia n bhc- 
mia mKOJH, Ha3HaiaeMua a-kh npnroTOBjeHia HaciaBHHKOBi h na- 
CTaBHHi^'B; HanHMaTB h cm*hhtb y^HTe.iefi h Boofime HatfaroAaTB 
8a npaBaabHUM'B xoaomi yneHia b'b OBpyatnux'B niKOjax-B. HtcKOJiBKO 
oepjtobi, coeABHeHHHX'B B'B otfjiacTil (County, cooTBlsTCTByiomia 
HauiHMT, yf>3AaMT>), cocToarB hoat> B^A^HieMi* necneKTopa niKOjrB 
(Commissioner). Ohx o6a3aHT>, no KpafiHefi Mipi, no OAHOMy pasy 
m TORb noctmaTB KaaAoe mi> saBeAeHifi CBoefi otfjiacTH, cj6ahtb 
sa cnocotiaMH npenoAaBania n A^BaTB o6ni.ee nanpaBjienie bt> ureTO- 
Aax*B h npieaiax'B ofiynenifl. HaBOHeij'B, bc6 RbJia,, Racatonuaca Ha- 
poAflaro npocB^menia OAHoro caMocToaTejibnaro mTaTa, cocpeAO- 
TOHHBaiOTCfl bt> rjaBHOM'B yqefiHOM-B cob4t$ (Board of Education), 
qjienaMH EOToparo, Epoaii rjiaBHaro HaqajbHBRa niEOJ'B (Superin- 
tendent), dHBaioT'B o6uKHOBeHHO rytfepHaTop'B h BHi;e-ry6epHaTop , B 
mTaTa, h enje h$ceojibbo bh6ophhx , b jihivb. Ha hex* BosjaraeTca 
oCasaHHocTB' hmIjtb ofin^ift HaAsopi ma* o6pa30BaTejibHUMH saBe- 
AeHiaun B'b niTaTi h cofinpaTb no btoh nacTH CTaTHCTHHecRia cb4- 
A$Hi,a. Bc6 osHaneHHUH jinixa y^efiHaro BiAOMCTBa Ha3Ha^aH)Tca 
B'b AOjmHOCTaM'B na 6ojrfce hjh MeHie npoAo-i»HTejibHLie cpOEH no 

BU<SopaMT> H^CTHEIX'b »HTejiefi. 

TaseM-b ofipaaoM^ EaatAHft H3"b niTaTOBX, EOTopae bt> h4eo- 

TOpUXl aAMHHHCTpaTHBHHX'B OTHOmeHiaX'B mojeho 6u ynOA06HTB 

HauiBMi ryfiepHiflMi, BeAerB y ce6a At^o ofipasoBaHia, AaBaa niH' 
poaifi npocTop-B o6ruecTBeHHofi caMOA$flTCJbHOCTH h, B'b to ate Bpeaia, 
cocpeAOToqnBa^ bi pysaxx m^cthoA aAMHHHCTpaijiH o6w}v HaA- 
8op*B sa npaBHjiBHHM'b xoaom^ HapoAHaro npocBtmenia. ^to se 
KaeaeTca co6ctbchho ao i^eHTpajibHaro npaBHTejiLCTBa b-b BaniHnr- 
toh*, to oho, ao noayfeAHflro BpeMenn, BOBce He yqacTBOBajo bi 

Tomi Y. — Cehtubpi, 1871. 9 



Digitized by 



Googk 



] 30 B-BCTHHKT) EBPOHH. 

ynpaBJiema no aforaM* napoflHaro otfpasoBania, npejocTaBjaa ot- 
A^jibhum'b nuaTaM'B BnciH* safioTy o nouiijAHeMx. HeaaBHO jihhib, 
a HMeHHO b*b 1867^* ro,iy, KOHrpeccB yTBepAMt aKTx, b*b cajiy 
KOToparo h 6ujit> yqpeatfleH'B b*b BarnHnnont denapmaMeunw ua- 
poduaio npocemyeuui, cooTBtTCTByioiniS HanieMy MHHHcrepcTBy. 

HecMOTpfl Ha HtKOTopoe cxoactbo Mea^y t$mt> h jpyrHMB cb 
Bntmneo, ^opMa.itHofi cropoHH, mlj OAHaKO chjibho oeuh&ihcb 6li, 
ecjinfiti, no npaMtpy H^KOTopuxt eBponeflcKHX'B nncaTejrefi, cy*a- 
mnxB o(5b aMepnKancKHX'B fliuaxB jibidl no HapyatHofi <J>opMi5, Ha 
ocHOBamn 9Toro $aKTa, crajra npe^nojiaraTB, 6y*TO cb pacniape- 
DieMx pecnyCjHKn ycnjiHBafeTCfl crpeM.ieHie kb ijeHTpajiHsaijiH aAMH- 
HHCTpaTHBHofl BJiacTH. HacKOJibKo, bb HacroameMB oiy^at, aenap- 
TaMeHT^ aajieKB ott, noflotiHoft neHTpa-insauin, o tomb mohcho cy- 
jhtb no ocHOBnuM'B no:ioateHiaMB caMoro aRTa. IIo ero BEipase- 
niK), nfbxb 9Toro Bwcmaro o6pa30BaTeibHaro BtaoMCTBa saKJiio- 
^aeTca: <bb cotinpaHie TaKHXB CB'fc.n'feHifi h craTHCTHqecRHXB aaH- 
hhxb, EOTopua yKa3HBa:iH <5h Ha ycjroBia h ycntxH ofipasoBaHia 
bb pa3HHXB raTaTax*B u TeppHTopiaxx; bb pacnpocrpaHemH Ta- 
khxb CBtiiHifi KacaTejBHO opranH3an,iH ihkojib n npHMtHema y^e(5- 
hhxb cHCTeMT* h mctoaobb npeno;iaBaHia, KOTopua cjiysn.iH 6u ea- 
poAy CoeflimeHHHX'B UtraTOBB pyKOBOAdBOM'B npH BBeaeHie h no*- 
Xepxanin cymecrByromnxB uuui yqe6HHXB chctcmb, h bcakbmb 
hhhmb ofipasoMB cnoco6cTBOBajR 6u #fejiy ofipasoBama bo Bcefi 
CTpaH£>. 

Bo rjiaB^fe ^enapTaifeHTa ctohtb HHcneKTopB otfpasoBama (Com- 
missioner of Education), Ha3HaqaeMtifl npesHAeHTOMB IJlTaTOB'B cb 
corjacia ceHaTa. Ha HHcneKTopa B03.iaraeTca ofiasaHHOCTB: <no- 
jaBaTB emeroAHO KOHrpeccy OTqeTB, saoioqaiomifi bb ceCfc pe3yiB- 
TaTU ero H3CJiiAOBaHiii h TpyaoBB, h Bifid* cb t^mb npejcraBJiaTB 
otb ce(5a Taria aaHHua h cob4tu, KOTopue, no ero coofipaseHiaMB, 
hotjih 6h coAiflcTBOBaTB ivfeaaM-B ^enapTaMeeTa Hapo^Haro npo- 
CBi>mema>. 

03* bthxb ochobhhxb nojrojRemii yae aCHO MOaiHO BB^TB, 1TO 
npn yqpeawHin ^enapTaMeHTa hhckojbko He hm^jiocb bt> BH^y bm^- 
maTejibCTBO i^enTpajibHaro npaBHTejibCTBa bt> MtcTHua xbja.. Hanpo- 

THBB OE-b ^OJiateHT. JIBinB COA^flCTBOBaTB M'fcCTHLIM'B, pa3cunaHHHM , B no 

ofiniHpHOH CTpaH^ yHe6HUMT, B^xoMCTBawB, cofiopaa, Kasx b*b <Jk>" 
Kycfe, bc6 noJie3Hbia CBt^nia no yqe6nofl qacjn h pacnpocTpaHaa 
hxx hotomx no Bcefi dpaH*. HcnojRHTB Tanoe oSmHpHoe j&xo 
6ujio 6h, pasyM'feeTca, ne no CHJiaM^ Kaat^aro h3t> yqeCHHx-B b*6- 

^OMCTBl, OTA'fejIBHO B3aTarO. B^ TaKOMX-TO COA^fiCTBiH nOCJltAHHBTB 

h 3aKJnoqaeTca bx Bucniefi CTeneHH njio^oTBopnaa ^iaTeJiBHOCTB 
D,enTpajiLHaro ^enapxaMenia. HiaKx, cBO^a Bee BMicrfc, mli MOseMB 



Digitized by 



Googk 



IHK0J1 I HAPOAHOS OBPA30BAH1B. 131 

sauiDHHTB: yqacrie, npnHHMaeMoe ijeHTpobHUM'B npaBHTejibCTBOMi 
Coiosa bi> ^ijiaxT» HapoAHaro npocBtmenia, coctohtb, no npeaMyme- 
ctbj, bi» TOM'S, hto oho, pasAaseio saseHHuxi seMeas, AaeTi cpex- 
CTBa jjifl 9Toro, a coo6meRieirB yKaaaHHtixi, Biiine CBiAiHifi co- 
A^fiCTByen k*b AaJiBHiHineiiy pa3BHTiio h coBepmeHCTBOBaHiio ch- 
creu-b otipasoBaoia. 

Bt» AonojiHeHie namero onepsa aAMHHHCTpaTHBHofi jifc&TejibROCTU 
bo yqe6HOMy xk&y H30<5pa3HMT», naKoeeij,^, wa 6o.ibweu HaraaA- 
hocth h am o6pa3ija, nocieneHHoe pa3BHTie msojii bi> oahoh h3*l 
TaKHXi MicTHOdefi, tj& oni ycnijiH yate cjioshtboi bt> hoji- 
homx coBpeMeHHOMi cocrraBi. J{jui 8Toro H36npaeMx, HMeHHO, ro- 
poA* ^HKaro, naK^ TaRofi, Koxopufi, mosho ciw&aTB, Ha Hamnx-B 
rjiasaxi sapoAHJica h pa3BHJica ao coBepiueflnaro ropoAa co bc4mh 
ycjiOBiflMH coBpeMeHHofi i^HBHJiH3ai;iH. KcraTH MoateMt 3aM*THTB 
SAfccs pa3i» HaBcer^a: Kasx bi» npeACToameifB HCTopHHecKOMt o^epKi, 
Tas-B h Boofime bo BctxT> yBasaniaxi*, coofimaeMuxi bi> Hamei 

CTaTBi, HCTOHHHBaMH CJiyffiHJIH HaCTBK) COIHHeHLfl, H3AaHHUfl OT- 

AiJibHUMH KHeraMH hjih pa3ciflHHua no MicTHUMi, nepioAHqecKHM^ 
HSAaHiaMi, qacTBio CB'fcA'feHia, cofipaHHua HaaiH Ha caMOMx m4ct4 1 ). 
Bx Hanaai Hacrroamaro CTOJitTia Ha ioshomi npnfipesBH 03epa 
MuHHreHa, npn ycTbi> piqan ^eaaro, — Ha tomt> canoMi Midi, 
rAi hhh* pacKUHyjica ropoAt cb TpexcoT^ - TiicaqHUMt nacqie- 

HieMT>, — OAHHOKO CTOflJIl <{)OprB ^HpfiOpHX, H*fclTO bi poA^ naniHxx 

samara, cjiysan^HX'B am oxpaHenia asiaTcanxt norpaHH4HuxT> Mi>CT* 
on Ha6troB , B xamHuxx njieMeHX. 

He6o.ibinoMy OTpaAy coio3Haro BoScaa, cocTOHBnieMy h3*b 50-th 
cojiAaTx h saHHMaBuieMy ^npCopHB, nopyneHO 6hjio oxpanaTB He- 
MHornx'B nepecejieHu,eBi», tojbko-hto HaHHHaBinHxi noaBJiaTBca b* 
nycTUHHOM'B Kpa4, ott> HanaAenifi Bpa»Ae6Hux , B BRfl t MufiBi>. Bnpo- 
newb, eAHHCTBeHHufi nocejieHe^, npiioTHBmifica 6jih3i» $opTa, nps- 
HaA^esajii. kt» HHCJiy rfext caMuxx nepeAoeux'B nioaepoBt a^b- 
Hflro 3anaAa, soTopue, bcah HtnoBoS Topri, c/b KpacHOKoatnMH, 
npoHHKaioT'B bi, A^BCTBenHui Kpafi Aa.iBme Bctxt Apyrnxx ko.io- 

HHCTOBT). StOT-B HHAiHCBifi TOprOBd^'B »HJ11» Ha HOBOM-B m4ct4 (TB 
eAHHCTBeHHHM-B CBOHMX CHHOMX, MJiaAeHUeMX H'tCKOJlbKHX'L MiCH- 

HoCvliAHifi, MOSHO CKa3aTB, BHpOCB H pa3BHJCfl BMtCTi CI 



x ) CHHraeM'B 6e3nojie3HUM , B ccttjaTtca BCAsift pa3i Ha 9th Boo^me Majo^ocTyn- 
HHe hctohhhkh. O^HaKo, *w HHTepecy»mHxca npejMeTOMt, yKaxeMi 3yfect xotb Ha 
v&fcoTopuji H3t khhtb, KOTopHfl MoryTt cjyzHTB ^.ih cnpaBOKi bi HacTOflmeMt ciyiai: 
The American Year-Book and National Register; — Colbert's Chicago; — Wright's Chi- 
cago: Fast, Present, Future. 

9* 



Digitized by 



Googk 



132 v BftCTHHKb KBPOflfl. 

rOpOAOM'B, BT> KOTOpOMt OHI, ^OHLIH'6 COCTOHT'B UeHOM'B AyMU. 

3aMtT0MT» Bnpo^eMt, hto coGctbchho o ropo^t ?HEaro m> 1810-itb 
roAy eme h noMHHy He 6tuo. HeciiOTpa Ha to, bt> 9tomt> HMeeRo 
roAy, no CBoeo<5pa3HOMy Bupaa&emK) irtcTHoft jifcronacH, <6ujn> 
coDcpnieeT* nepBui asTi o6yqeHifl>. JHn , onHcei;'b cb TaiceMx npa- 
crpacTieifB ocTaHaBjniBaeTca Ha stoicb aKrf 3apo»Aaiome8ca hieojii, 
tto Ha3UBaen, no H^ena ca*iHXT> yqacTHHBOBt ero. Hstftraa no- 
^po6HocTefi, CKaaeM-B tojbeo, yto ho^hh'b bi> a*-** npHna^iesait 
OAHoiiy H3X cojiAart OTpaAa, npenoAaBaBmaro, bi CpeBenqaiofi Jia- 
nyjKKi, rpawoTy hmchho cuHy HHA^ficicaro ToproBua, AOCTarineMy 
Tor.ua mecTHj'feTHaro BospacTa. Cpein Kasofl otfcTaHOBEH nponcxo- 

flHJIH 3TH MHpHbJH SHE ATI R BOHHa Cb I0HUM1> yqeHHBOlTB — M02KHO 

cyAHTs yae no Tony, hto hxi yposn He pa3*b npepUBajiecb, bcj*a- 
CTBie HanaAeHia Ha Kpafi CesnoKofiHuxt BRA'fcfifl.eB'L. Jifijio aoomo 
HaBoneiVB ao Toro, hto He TOjbBO nepecejeHAii, ho h rapHU30HT> 7 

JIHfllHBUIHCB HiCKOJlbKO AGCJiTKOBl leJIOB^EX yfiHTWMH, npBHy»A6HU 

6ijjih yAajuTbca na Bpeaja hsx Epaa bi> (JoJiie 6e3onacHua MtcTa 

Ha BOCTOKt. 

HecMOTpa Ha TpeBoaEHyro, HcnojraeHHyK) onacHOCTefl »H3Hi>, o(Jy- 
^eme He ynycsajiocb mi> BHAy. KdrAa nocjii HeTupexjiiTHeS ot- 

JiyHBH rapHH30H7> B03BpaTHJCa Bt <|)0pTl ^Hp6opH*B, TO "EaKOfl-TO 

OTCTaBHofi coJAaTi OTKpuj-B mEOJiy bt. rpydo-cEOJioneHHofi 6peBen- 
laTofi jianyrfc, cHa^ajia npeAHasHaieHHoii, no ciOBaifB rfeTonHCH, 
AM nenapHH. YqeHnkaMH Chjih totb ae chhx HiuificKaro Top- 
roBn,a, MJiaAiniB 6part h ab$ cecTpti ero, u eme neTBepo A^Teft 
rapHH30HHux^ coJAaT*. ToAa neTtipe cnycra nocjrf* 9Toro 6iwa 
OTKpuTa APyraa mBOJia cepxanToifB rapHH30Ha jum A*Tefi, »BBy- 

JDflX'b Bt <|)OpTfc. riOTOMT* y»e, B*b HpOAOJSCHiH H^CKOJBKHX'L JI^TT*, 

noflBHJincb eme ab4 mso^u, b*b oahoA H3i> soTopuxi o6yqemeM f B 
saHHMajiacb mojoam mhccb. HanoMHEMi OAHaKO, ^to HacToamee 
ocHOBaHie ^HEaro CJitAyeT^ othccth, coCctbchho, kt> 1833-My roAy, 
BorAa ohi 6uj[ , b npanHcaH'b ex ^Hciy ropoAOBt OKpyra. HacejeHie 
ropoAa, wl to BpeMa, npocTapajocb Bcero ao 350 hcjob1se , &. JI,Boe 
H3T» ero SHTejiefi Tor^a ae bhctpohjh, Ha cboh cqen>, nepBoe 
cspoMnoe SAame a^^ mEoju. 

Bt eohi^* Toro »e roAa MOJiOAaa mhccb, coCpaBt oeojio A fi a*- 
i^aTH yqeHHEOBt h yqeHHi^'B, OTBpujia 6jjm3'b $o$t2l, t&k&q Ha co6- 
CTBeHHwa cpeACTBa, niEOJiy W& MajiojiiTHaxt A*Te8 (Infant School). 
Oeojio 9Toro BpeweHH Epan CTajix 6ucTpo HanojinaTbca nepecejieH- 

I^aMH, TaEX HTO BCEOpt H-feCEOJIBEO 06mj&Wb, COeAHHHBniHCB BM'fecrt, 

opraHH30BajH hzt* ce6a ofijacTb, npo3BaHnyK) Kysx-EOHTH (Cook- 
County). BcjiACTBie ycTaBa CoeAHHeHHHxx HlTaTOBi, HSBtdnaa 
nacTb 3enejib b-b 8to4 o6jacTH, sasx o6uEHOBeHHO, 6iwa Ha3HaqeHa 



Digitized by 



Googk 



fflKOJA H H1POAHOE OBP130BAII1B. 1 l\B 

tn> nojL3y hikoji*. Bx ^HKaro cb tok) ae i^jbio OTBe^eHi 6h.tb 
copa3Mtpflwfl y^acTOsrb. B'B Ha^ajii 9tott> hiro.ibhhh yqaeroR'B He 
HM*fejn>, KOflenuo, Co.ismofl ifbHLi; ho TaKt KaKx ropoA* poci He 
no ahhm7>, a no nacaMi, to hIhu Ha 3cmjih B03pacTajH ao rpoMaA- 
huxt> cyMin»; tfjiaroAapa qeMy bt, HacToamee BpeMa yiajramHui 
yqacroKb, npHCoeAHHemjufi ei ujROJiBHOMy $OHAy, U'iflHicfl b*l 40 

11HJIJU AOJ.iapOBT>. 

06paTHMCii oiiflTb kt> nasBaHHofi naMH mhccb, coAepaaTeiB- 
aanfb hibojiu a-m MajicniTHHX'L. Ona iiOBejia CBoe CBpoMHoe aaee- 
jenie, nepeHeceHHoe BnocjrfjACTBiH b'b caMuS ropoAi, ct» 6ojlhjom'b 
ycnixoM'B, TaR-B hto He nporajo AByxx jtrb, Kara efl on* ropoA- 
•cko4 AyMU npeAJioateHO 6uao npHHHTB na,uea;amee noco6ie hs* 
iHROJbHaro $0HAa cb t^mi, mto6u npeo6pa30BaTB CBoe nacTHoe 
saBeAeme b'b o6iuecTBeHHyio uiROJiy. TaKHMi-TO o6pa3oMi>, (faaro- 
japa noiHHy co ctopohu nacTHaro jinija, h 6uao nojoaeno nep- 
Boe uaqajio o6m,ecTBeHearo o<5pa30BaHia bb ropoAi. BcjiiwB sa 
T-feMt h Apyria qacTHua uiko.iu nocTenenHO h Bee TiMb ate no- 
paAKOMi npeo6pa30BUBaJHCB b'b oCmecTBeHHua. BcKopi ihcjio BcfofB 
3aBeAeHiH bt> ropoA*fc, icaR* qacTHux'B, TaKX h ofimecTBeHHux'B, ao- 
iujio ao oeMH, h iie^Ay hhmh, Rpott'fc HanajiBHuxx ihkoji'b, 6ujlo yate 
h^ckojibko cpeAHHXi yqefiHUXT. saBeAeniu h oaho yqujBme am 

Dp«rOTOB.ieHiH HaCTaBHHROB'B H HaCTaBHHIl'B. 

B'B Haiajii 1835rro roAa b'b sasoHOAaTe.sBHOM'B co6pamH nuaia 
HxjiHHOHca, b'b KOTopoM'B HaxoAHTca ^HRaro, 6iurb yTBepSACH'B 
&ktt>, paeniapHBinifi eiue Co-rfce cpeACTBa MidHaro o(5pa30BaHia. 
BcatACTBie 9Toro asTa cocroaica Bbi6opi> naTH HHcneKTopoBi, no 
pacoopaseniH) Koxopuxi oft/iacTHue AHpeBTopupaccpeA'fejiHJiH mso-ib- 
sue ynacTRH no cbohitb o6;iacTflM'b. KyicB-ROHTH 6hun> pasA^em 
Ha qeTupe yiacTKa. KpoMi Toro, Tpem Bu6paHHUMT> noneqa- 
TejiflMT> nopyqeHO 6ujo no3a6oTHTBca o Heo6xoAHMHX'B cpeACTBaxb. 
AJifl HapoAHHX'B msoJTB, BCJiiACTBie nero h 6hun> HasHaieffB Ha- 
jon> Ha asHTejeft, He npeBumaBmifi hojix - npot^eHTa roAOBoro 
AOxoAa saasAaro h3t> hhxt». TaKHM'B-To nyieM-B, hcxoa& oti 
lacTHofi HHH^aTRBH, nocTeneHHO cJiarajiacb aAMHHHCTpai^ia Ha- 
poAHaro o6pa30BaHia, h b^ ISST-m-b roAy, cob4t , b ropoAa 9h- 
fiaro yqpeAEU'B y cetfa rjiaBHoe b^aomctbo dieo^bhuxi HHcneR- 
TopoB-B (Board of School Inspectors), cocToamee He MeHie BaKt 

H3T> HflTH, H He 6o.lte KaKX H3*B AB^HaAI^aTH HJieHOBX, Ha3Ha- 

qaeiiux'L Kaauorcuno. Ct> aToro BpeMCHH Haqa^iocb neqaiaHie 
eaeroAHuxi oTqeTOBi 6 ABH»eHiH yqe6Haro A'kia. BnocJiiACTBie 

3TO B^AOMCTBO 6hMO OKOHqUTCJlbHO Hpeo6pa30BaHO B'b TaKT>-Ha3U- 

BaeiiUQ cob^tx napoAnaio o6pa30oaHi^ (Board of Education), bo 
iMaBi BoToparo nocxaBJieH'B HHcneBTop'B yqe6Huxi saBeAeHifi. Ta- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



134 BftCTHHBX XBPOIOL 

i 

bbmx o(pasoMx, $bjio HapoAHaro npocBtmeHia bx ^Hsaro, pas- 
BHBmeeca, aaax yBHABMx, ao BecbMa mnporaxx pasM^poBx, no- 
jyiHjio cbok) HacToamyio no.myK) opraHH3aiuio. 

IIpHfiaBHM'b 3A*cb eme, hto ro 1848-ro roAa yHefinaa aAMH- 
HHCTpai^ia He BwcrpoHJia, Ha cbo§ cieTx, hh oahoh) ^ona jjia ihkoju, 
h jiBiub bx 3tom*l n>Ay 6ijjio coopyaeHO nepBoe ofimecTBeHHoe 
s^aHie a-*h yqetfnaro 3aBeAema. Bcji4a* aa Hmx yae CucTpo no- 
cjitAOBa^H nocTpoflae Apynixx HapoAHuxx raao.ix bx ropoA*. 

Kaax hh MejioHHU, caMH no ce<5*fc, npHBeAeHHua HaMH noApotfno- 

CTH, HO 0H$ OHeHB BaSHU TfeMX, HTO BX 8TOMX, TaKX CRa3aTB r 

THnaqecKOM'B oHefpai, naMx npeACTaBJiaeTca oahhx hsx m^cthuxx, 
npHMtpoBx o6pa30BaTejibnaro ABHseBia bx nrraTaxx. Bx HeMx, Moat- 
ho caa3aTb, OTpaaaeTca Bees xoax h Bee HanpaBJienie napoAHaro 
o6pa30BaHia aMepnaaHCKoS pecnyfijiHBH. BnpoqeMx, ecradti Hairs 
npiiin.iocL ^a»e orpaHH^HBaTbca coficTBeHHUMH HafijnoAeHiaMH, co6- 
paoHUMH bx pasHuxx Miciaxx bo BpeMfl nyTemecTBia no uiTaTaMx r 
to, Kara o^eBH^H, Morju 6a tojibko noATBepAHTb, hto h bx Ha- 
CToaiuee BpeMfl coBepmaeTca noAofiHoe pasBHTie ujkojix t^mx a*e 
caifUMi* nopaAROMx. Hsx MHornxx naMaTHuxx HaMx cayqaeBX bx* 
9TOKX poA* npHBe^eMT) XOTB OABHX, SHaiieHaTeJIbHilfi wfl Hact BX. 
tomx oTHomeHiH, hto Ha mx yjajiocb HanacTb Ha mKO.iy nepBo6uT- 
naro CBoficiBa bx Taaofl MicTHOCTH, rxh MeHie Bcero mosho diuio 
oatHAaix OTKpuTia noAo6nofi HaxoARH. 3to cjyqnjocb hmchho bo 
^jiopHA*, cjiiAOBaiejibno bx oahomx hsx mojoauxx h iiphtomx ioac- 
hhxx unaTOBx Goiosa. A h3b1>ctho, hto 6uBinie HeBoabHHHbH niTa- 
th, bx A'fc-ri* HapoAnaro ofipasoBaHia, as^ro oTdajiH otx cbo6oa- 

HUXX ctBepHUXX, RX ROTOpHMX, — AOJMRHO 38M^THTb SA^CB JMBX* 

HaBcerAa, — coficTBenHO h OTHOCHTca Bee to, mo roBopnica sa^cb 
o6x o6m,eHapoAHOMT> ofipasoBaHia bx pecnyCjiHKi. IIpaB^a, bx no- 
ca^AHee BpeMa no otm4h4 HeBOJibHHMecTna, jbhtcjih lOra ex 6ojib- 
uibmx pnenieMx npHHa^ncb 3a a^o o6pa30BaHia, cTpenatx, bx. 
9tomx OTHonienin, cTaTb bx ypoBeHb ex CiBepoMx; ho cjyqafi, a 
kotopomx BcnoMHHaeMx, t4mx Cojite 3naMenaTe^eHx, hto ohx ot- 
HOCMTca kx TOMy BpeMeHH, KorAa HeBOjbHHqecTBO 6wjio eme bx hoj- 
ho§ CBoefi cHjrfc. 

Becnofi 1856 roAa a h TOBapnuix mob ho nepBOMy nyTeraecT- 
Biio, M. H. Xhjikobx, npafiujiH Ha napoxoA* bx IliBHsaKOJiy, OAHy 
H3X raBaHefi na ciBepHoMx 6epery MeKCHicaneKaro sa.iBBa. HaMt- 
peBaaeb npoCpaTbca najibe Ha 3anaAx, bx tojioax Motfajib, mu 
y3HajiH, hto bx npeAQiecTBOBaBiuie ahb uijih CHJibHue ao»ab, bcjiIja- 
CTBie Hero Becb totx apafl Clijix aa^BTx boaob, a mocth no ao- 
porfe, no KOTopofi xoAB.ua noHTOBaa Kapeia, Cujin CHeceHH pas- 
jiHBHiBMBea noToaaMH; cjobomx— coofimeme npeapaTHjiocb na He- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



IIIKO.U H HIPO^HOE OBPA30IUHIE. 135 

onpeaijieHHoe Bpeifa. Hairb ocTaBajiocs oaho cpeacTBo AO<5paTbca 

JO MofiHJa — HATH n'fcnJKOM'B. IlyCTHBfflHCB Bl nyn>, M1J Koe-KaKt 

npofiHpa.iHCL no saionjieHHUM'B nycTHHHHM'b wfecrnocTaM'b, nepe- 
xoaa Cojibmifl npodpaHCTBa no koji^hh bi boa*, no Aoporfe H3 . 
pi^Ka nona^aJiHCB jKMHma nepecejreHueBi., kotopumi, BcrfcACTBie 
Heo»HAaHHaro nojOBOflwr, pa3o6mnBraaro hx*b ct> ropoAaMH, yrpo- 
awuio coBepmeHHoe HcTomenie (n/fccTHux'b npanacoBi. CpeAH Ta- 
Kofi KpaflHe He&iaronpinTHofi oficTaHOBKH, Ha ApyroS AeHB na- 
inero nyTH, okojio nojiyAHa, ocTanoBMHCb mbi y nocciem^a, pacno- 
joatHBmaro cboio xjionqaTo-6yMa/BHyK) n.iaHTaijiio Ha Kpyroirb 6e- 
pery ptiEH. Hew.ieKo orb AOMa <£epMepa ctohjo Hefiojibinoe ag- 
peBAHHoe CTpoeHie, odpaTHBmee Ha ce6& narae BHHManie. OKaaa- 

JlOCb, TTO X03AHHX nOCTaBWJIT> 3A*CB HIKOJiy. MfiJ, KOHe^HO, HOJIK)- 

<JonHTCTBOBa,iH sarjflHyTb bx Hee. Taarb, cpeAH npocTofi, ho onpaTHO 
Me6jiHpoBaHHoS KOMHaTu 3acTaja mh canoro HacTaBHHica, Ma,ieHb- 
Karo, cfeAGHbKaro dapHHEa, — neTupex'b MaabTOKOBT* h Tpexi. yfe- 
BoqeK*b oti inecTH ao AecaTHJiiTHJiro B03pacTa. Tyrb 6hjh j&tv. 
caMoro xo3flHHa h Tame cocfcflnHX* ^epMepo^b, ^RBym,nxT» MHjib 
sa nflTb no 6epery piiicH. Corfum, o6iuhmh cbjuimh, buctpohjik 
nreojiy, HaHiuiH yqHTeja, pa3JrojRHB'b B<rfc pacxoAH Me»Ay cotfoft, 
h botb cpeAH nycTUHHoft m^cthocth, paaoCmeHHoii Ha BpCMfl Ch 
ocTaibHbiM'b Mipoajx, B03HHBJio yqefiHoe saBeieHie, nepBufi aapo- 
Xuui'b (JyAymaro ofipaaoBaHia bx CTpaH*. KaK*b hh cKy^ea 6uja 

o6CTaH0BKa HIKOJIU, HO OCMOTp*BX pyKOBOJCTBa H noroBopHBT» CT> 

ynHTeieicb, mh y6i*AHJiHCb, hto a*«h ofiyqeBia MOJio,noro noBO.rfeHia 
sx^cb npHMinaioTca Tt»e pauioHajibHwe, Bnoani coBpeaieHHHe 
cnocofiu npenoAaBaHia, ct» saBHMH npHinjocb naMt no3HaKOM»Tbca 
Bnocji^cTBin bt> HapoAHux-b mEOJiaxx Cojibraext ropoAOBi, nOAO<5- 
HUX'b HEiHtuiHeMy ^BRaro. 

Orb HainnxT> jihmhijxt, BocnoMHHaeiS nepexoAHMi bhobb ir& 
nocji^AHeiiy, qTo6u aobccth ao noBtflmaro BpeMeHH onepKi* pas- 
BHTifl yne6naro A'feja B-b CucTpo BOspacTaBraeMi ropoA*. 

Ho yqpeatAeHiH coB^Ta HapoAHaro o6pa30BaHia b-b ^HKaro, vh 
1855 roAy 6i»ua ocHOBana na cnerb AyMM Bucniaa mKo.ia (High 
School), HM^Bniaa, MeatAy npoqnM-b, iia^HaMettieMt nparoTOBHTS 
ECKycHBixx npenoAaBaTejiefi no B&kwb oTpacjiaM^ 8JieMenTapHaro 
snanifl. CBepxi Toro noaBHJiocb nicKOJibKO Be^epHexx iukojit* cb 
i^fcjiBio A^Tb MojiOAUM-b jiiOA^Wb, saH-flTBiMX B"B TeqeHiH ahh, cpeA- 
CTBa AonoiHHTB o6pa30BaHie, no^YHCHHoe bt> HapoAHbix'b uiKo.nax'B. 
Mhcjio nooi>AnHXT> B03pacTa^o cb KaatAWM'b roAOMT>, h bx 1868, 
BOivia bt> ropoA* cqMTa.iocB ao 250,000 amejiefi, oihhxx o6u\e- 
ctbchhbix'b 3aBeAeHifl nac^HTUBajiocB 38. Bx hhxi npenoAaBaHieirs 
saHiiMajmcb 60 HacTaBHusoB'b h 341 HacTagmi^a. KpoMi Toro bt> 



Digitized by 



Googk 



136 BBCTHHRB EBFODU. 

^uKaro HaxoAHJioct enje HeMa.ioe tocjio tocthhxb y^etfHHxi aa- 
BejeHiS, ne BOinexniHX'B bt> OTieTu HHcneRTopa. ^oxoa* no Ha- 
poAHOMy ofipasoBamio, cocroamiit h3*b npcmeHTOBB cb mKOJbHaro 
$0H&a h H3T» ihrojibhhxb c6opoBi» (School tax) paBHfl^ca 740,000 
XOJiJiapoB'B, pacxoAB se npocTepajjca ao 650)000. Ho pascwry 
coB^Ta bhxoahjo, hto Ha BaaAaro yneHHsa, nocfcmaBmaro HapoA- , 
Hyio mKOJiy, pacxoj'B npocrapajica ao 23 aojm. 84 i^htobx b-b roA*- 
3aiLiK)qHH , B Hanr* oiepai conocTaBJieHieifB jbijom'b r-b muj 
npom.iaro cb HacToaniHMB. Ha tomi mIjct*, r^4 b*b Hawaii hh- 
Htmearo crojiiTia, noA* pyROBOACTBOM'B rapoH30BHaro cojijaTa, na- 
wi CBoe o6pa30BaHie chhb HHAificRaro ToproBua, ao chxt> nop*** 
nposHBaioiiufi bi ropoAfy — vxk ji^tb naTBAecarB TOiiy HasaAB b^ 
CpeaeHqaToifB 6jioKray3i OTRpwTa 6u.ia nepBaa inaojia noA* B-feA*- 
HieMt Apyroro OTeraBHoro co-iA^Ta — TaM'B huh* naxoAHMi CMin- 
eomt> copoiPB o6mecTBeflHuxT> yqe6HUx*B saBeAeHifl Bcanaro poAa a 
hoith Tasoe se hhcjio qacTHuxi* yqn.iHmB. Kam> bhahmb, yqe6- 

HOe ffkjLO pa3BHJ0CB 3A*CB BB HIHpOKHX'B padlltpaxi BT> AOBOJbHO- 

sopoTRoe BpeMfl, fijaroAapa hmchho TOMy otfcToaTejiBCTBy, hto Ha- 
*HHaHia qacTHHX'B jlw*> He crtcHajiHCB nnaaRHMH aAMHHHCTpaTHB- 
humh perjiaMeHTauiflMH, BcerAa cjiyaiamHMH TopMasoirB aih paa- 
BHTia hiroib, sthx'b moepduHb ceohodHuxs ynpwcdeHiii) RaRB Ha- 
8UBaK>TB cboh napoAHiia ymuinmfl. ropAHD^iecfl hmh aMepnaaHijH. 

&na Toro, HTo6hi cociaBHTb cotf* Cojrhe nojiHoe noHHTie o co- 
CToaniH HapoAHaro o6pa30Bania bb CoeAHHeHnHX'B nTraTax-B bo- 
o6me, BocnoJiB3yeMca CTaTHcrnqecRHMH AaHHHMH, cofinpaeMUMH Ae- 
napTaMeHTOMB napoAnaro npocBimeHia. H30iraa MeJioiHUX'B no- 
ApotfHOCTefi, saTeMHaiouiHX'B jramb o(5mfe buboaw, mm 3a*cb, no He- 
o6xoahmocth, aojishh CyAeMB orpaHHquTLca oahhmh efeBepHKMit 
mTaTaMH CoK)3a, TaR'B RaRi ao nocjiiAMro BpeMeHH bb iojrhmx'b 
napoAHoe o6pa30BaHie ao Toro 6bno 3anymeno, hto He no3a6oTH- 
jracB Aaase o cofiopamH CTaTHCTnqecRHx^ AaHHUxi. Ho CBlzxkiiwwb, 
coCpanHHifB H3T> roAOBBixi ottctobt;, Kb 19-th c*BepHKixT> mTa- 
TaxB, bb 1867-mb roAY, Haceieuie RpyrjiuMT* hhcjom'b npocTHpa- 

20CB AO 23-TH MH^iOHOBl. 

^hcjo oCmecTBeHHHXB yqe6nHXB 3aBeAemS 6ujio 108,000 

^HCJIO HaCTaBHHKOBB 52,000 

> HacraBHHijB 104,000 

> yqeHHROBB o6oero nojia 5.300,000 

HiaKi, ffb cpeAHCMi buboa*, no^Tn na 213 HeJI0B4R^ npaxo- 

AHJocb no OAHOff niROJii. He 3a6yAeMB npHTOMB, ^to rb Hacaie- 
niio npHMHCJieHU Tanate npHfiuBUiie bhobb h3t> Ebpohm nepece- 
lenmi, b*b Maccfc eotopuxb a*th 3anHMaH)TT» BecbMa He6ojibrayK> 
YacTB. 3a*cb A° CTaTOqHO saMiTHTb, hto bx HtROTopae roAa b*b. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



fflKOJA H HAPOAHOB OBP130B1HIX. 187 

CoexHHeHHtie niTam npntfuBajro cjiHmsoM'B 400,000 nepecaieH- 

H.eB'B. C% APyrofi CTOpOHH, KT> HHCJiy OfimeCTBeHHHX'B msorb cifc- 

AOBajo 6u npecoeAHHUTb Tanate nacTHua saBexeHia, He BomeAinia 
bt> oTienj, h eiufi rh pa3CHnaHiiHa no OTAajieHHHMi KOJOHiam 
nepBo6tiTHua uiro.ih, o cymecTBOBaHia soTopuxi h He BiAaers 
jenapTaiieHrb npocBimeHia. EcjHfo mosho 6hjo npHMTb b* 
pascnerb bc*& 8th HeAocraiomiff ^aHHua, to HaBtpHoe OKasajoct 
6u, ito Ha RasAue 200 HeaoBiirB HaceaeHia npiixoAHTca, no spaft- 
nefl nipt, no oahoi} mBoai. 

TaKoe npeAnojroseme onpaBAaeTca Ha f!ba% ecjiu npHMeirs bs 
coo6paaeHie 6o.Tfee AOCTOBfcpnua CB'tAima oraocHTejibHO OAeoro 
H3i> cTapmnxi nrraTOBT>, bt> kotopomi ihcjo npetiuBaioiiiHX'B nepe- 
cejieHU.eB'i, Menmje h4mi> bt> Apyrnxx, n npHTOMt idkojiij (Jojibmeio 
lacrbio h3b4cthu npaBHTejbCTBy. TaE*b, Hanp., bt> unaT* Mhhh- 
reH* bx 1867-11* n>Ay 6ujlo: 

atoxejefl 900,000*. 

OtfmecTBeHHHX'b mBOJH 4,744 

'IHCJIO HaCTaBHHKOB'b 2,007 H. 

> HacTaBEHivB 7,377 > 

yqamaxca 243,161 > 

ToaoboS pacxoA* na hibo;ih .... 2.310,000 aojm. 

3a^CI>, KaKl» BHABMl, Ha 191 TOJOBiKX HpHiOAHTCa HO OAHOft 

niKOJii — OTnomenie, npHftiHaaiomeeca kx npeAnojioseHHony HaMH 
BHine. Jl.m cpaBHeHia npHBeAeMt eiu,e oahhi H3t MJiaArnHxt qje- 
hobt> Coiosa, a hmchho KajiH$opBiK), npaHHTyio bi hhcjo mia- 
tob* jhoib bi 1850-^^ roAy. TaM*b B*b 1867-M'b roAy HaxoAHin: 

J&BTejiea 470,000 

fflBOJT> 1,071 

HaCTaBHHKOB'b 616 

HacTaBHHifb 773 

YHeHHBOB'b o6oero nojia. 61,227 

HTaRb, OAHa nisojia npaxoAHTca na 438 nejioB^B'b. BcnoMHHMi, 

HTO HMCHHO BX 9T0T* MO.IOAOH fflTaTt BT> nOCJ^AHie TOAa npH- 

6hiJio 3HaHHTejiLHoe mhcjo hoblixt> nepecejeHijeB'b, Me»Ay rotophmh 
<>hjo B^cbiia MHoro pyAOKonoBb. 

H3* cTaTHCTHqecKuxt Tafijini^'b yietfHaro B^AOMCTBa noseirb 
HSBJie^b eme Apyria HHTepecBiia OTHomeHia. CpaBHHBi, HanpaMip'b, 
cyMMy, HspacxoAOBaHHyio bi T867_ roAy bi mTart MaiareH*, Ha 
o6m,ecTBeHHbia hibojih, ct> qnaiowb yqanjaxca, HaflA^Mi, hto Ha 
KaxAaro H3i uaxx npHXOAHTca no 9-th AOAffapoBi 49-th n,eH- 
tobi>; a cpaBHHB-b toti» se pacxoA* ct> HacejeHieMi, yBHAHifb, hto 
Ha KaatAaro mzT> »HTejie2 mTaTa bbixoahtb no 2 aojul. 59 i^eHT. y 
fun okojio 3 p. 50 b. kb nojibsy HapOAHaro o6pa30Banifl. Ecjm&i* 



Digitized by 



Googk 



133 BftCTHUKb KBP0I1H. 

iipiiu^HHTB 8TH OTHomeHia ki Hacejieniio Poccin, to Ham* 6k>a- 
aero HapoAnaro npocuimeuia nojimewb 6u 6ujn» npeBumaTb eae- 
roAiio 200 mh,iji. p. cep. 

BnponeMT,, saicb 6u RpaCRopfciHBH hh <5emh, bx 9tomt> cjiynafc, 
HHCJia caMH no cefii, ho He cjiiAyert safibiBaTb, *ito bt> hhx* ne 
Bcer^a aaR^nmeTca HCTtonnaa cymwocTb A^Jia. H A^HCTBHTejibHO, mh 
ropbKO oiDHfijacb 6u, ecJiHfix, AOB-fcpaacb oahhmt» m^paMi, cono- 
CTaBiuH bt> 3T0MX OTHoniemH CoeAHHeBHbie llIiaTU cb npyccieio r 
HMtiomeio, cpaBHHTe^bHO c* ApyrHMH rocy^apcTBaMH EBponu, Haa- 
6oJibHiee mhcjio yiefiHtix'b 3aBeAemfi. Mu pmutfjiHCb 6u noTOiiy yate,. 
hto oahoio MHOro^HoaeHHOCTbio hirojit* eme ne H3Ml>paeTca«HCTHH- 
Hoe HapoAHoe o6pa30Bame. Ho mu He muinnwh cBoero noHaria 
o ctBepo-aMepHEaHCEoB niKOJit, ecjin CyAeM-b cyAHTb o Hefl no ea 
HanpaBJieHiio, no ea odmecTBeHBO-BOcnHTaiejibHOMy xapaKTepy. Bt 
bi> Easofl Mtpi noAofiaoe HanpaBjieHie uikoju h sarfeMi zuishb 
0T3UBaeTca na pasBHTia Hapo^a, o6x 9tomt> uoaeM'b cyAHTB xase 
no jiHHHHM'b HaCjiiOAeHiaMt b* ctfrepi* coitfajbHaro 6wTa Bt A^yx*. 
TaEHX* CTpanaxt, Ran* Ilpyccia h CoeAnneimue UlTaTH. Xora 
bt> nepBofl Hawb cjiyqajiocb ocTaHaMUBaTbca jiamb Ha RopoTsie- 
cpoRH h npaTOWb 6ojibuieK) nacTbio bt> ropoAaxv, npa BceifB. 
tomt» Bt Ilpyccin npexoABJiocb ropasAO iame BCTpiwrbca e& 
rpytfuM'b HeB&RecTBOM'B , TynoyMieifb yrHeTeHHHxt hh3ihhx'b 
caueBT> o6mecTBa, h4mi bo Bee Bpewa AByKparaaro npetfuBaHia 
Hauiero b* CoeAHHeHHHx*b niraTax'B, ROTopue H3ii^3AHJia mu 
BAOJib h nouepen, eaeAneBoo crajiRHBaacb cb jHiHocTaMH Befcxt 
J&03MO»HHX'b ofimecTBeHHMxi cjioeB*. ^acro, CuBa^io, Bt a*b- 
CTBenHtixi denax-b AajbHaro 3anaAa HaxoAHJH mu npiiorB y 
CEBaTTepoB'b, y 3tbxt> ao^yFomHX'b xjiCondnmeBx, nepecejiBBUinxca 

H3T> BOCTOHHUXl HITaTOB'b, CI pySbeMfc Ha nJIGHt B03A'klhIBaK)mHX r b 

HOByio no^By. CpeAH HeofiHTaeMux'b npocxpaHCTBi, AajeRO otk 
Bcauaxi ycflOBifl u.nBH.iimiiJH nocTaBJieex hxt> HacEopo ckojio- 
qeHHuS ^3*b HeoTecaHHbix'b 6peBeni> 6.aoRray3 , b. BnyTpa Ha roaoi 
3eM-it, sajitnaiomefi nojn>, CToart cawoAt-HbHue ctoju h CTyjiba. 
A KorAa oayMajiocb paaroBopHTbca vb jwabmh, asHByu^HMH bi dToft 
nojiyABROfi oficTaHOBEt, to Hacb nopaaajM h jiio6o3eaTejibHOCTL. 
hxt>, h sApaBbia cysA^Hia Aa»e o Tannxt npeAMeTax-b, ROTopue, 
sasajiocb 6u, BOBce buxoaati> hsx Rpyra hxt> seMjieA^B^ecRux's 
3aHflTiB: ohh BbicRasiiBajiH AOBOJibHo oGuinpHoe sHaROMCTBO ci> yc- 
jOBiflMH JRB3BH bt> pa3Hux* ROHi^ax* aMepHRaHCKofi pecnyfijiHRH; Bt, 
Huxb h cjtAa Htn> t4xi, cyeBipHHX'b npeApa3cyAKOB*, KaKHMH 6u- 
BaeTi HanojiHCfla rojiOBa BuniRo^eHHaro bi> IIpycciH hjb dohth Bca- 
Baro Apyroro eBponefiCRaro RpecTbaHHHa. Pt3Raa npoTHBono-ioat- 
HOCTb MeiEAy yMHHMi aHRH h TynuMt Ha noHHManie HiMn.eM'b ew& 



Digitized by 



Googk 



fflKOJl H H1POAHOE OBPA30BAHH. 139 

CHJiBHie o6Hapy«HBaeTca, Kor.ua bhahihb hxi» bm4ct4, Korja npifc- 
xaBiuifi hsx EBponu nepece-ieHeiTB jihijomi ki> jhhj BcrpiiaeTca cb 
ypo^AeHHUMi aMepBKaHi^eM'B. He AOBipaacB Buoj\ui coficTBeHHHirfc 
HafijiiOAeHiaMi, mh moivih 6h bt> stom'b cjiyTOi cocjaTtca Ha ot- 
3hbm MHornx'b o6pa30BaHHux'B h$mi^bv. npoaetHB'B jojiroe Bpeiia 

BT> AMepHKt, OHH HM^JIH B03M0SH0CTB CpaBHHTB B*B OTHOOieBiK 

yMCTBeHHaro pasBH-ria cbohx'b cooTeHecTBeHHHKOBT> ex aMepa&aH- 
naMH. TaKx Mem^y npoiHM'B $p66ejib b-b cbohx* o^epRaxx ofo 
AMepnKi co3HaeTca, hto seMJiaBu npeacraBjiajiHCb eMy HacToamnMH 
OJiyxawn, He^oyMKaMH nepe^t bthmh CMuoueHUMH hhkh. *1to Ka- 
caeTCH ao caMHx*B aaiepHRaHneBx, to ohh ct» CHHcxoaueHiein» t ceoft- 

CTBCHHHM'B yMHMM*B JIIOAfiM'B, CMOTpflTb Ha TOJTHH JKajRHX'B DpH- 

me.im.eB'L h3t» EBponu, Bpamaiomnxca Mesjy hhmh. OiHaKo, npa 
EaKOM-B-HHfiyAB yAoCHOMt cjiyiai hcbojibho BtipuBaeTca wax hx* 
ycrt co3Hanie CBoero npeBoexo^CTBa. Taax, Hanp., bi oahoB pfoii, 
<CKa3aHH0ti no noBOAy AOMoraTe.ibCTB*B ^yxoBeHCTBa BBecTH b*b ihrojih 
ypoKH pejinriH, opaiopi roBoparb: <KaTOJiH*ecRoe AyxoBeHCTBO h 
pacnpocTpaHaeMoe hm* yieHie bx mRO.iaxt o fiesycjioBHoirb no- 
fiHHOBemH — bott> qTO noAopBajio ch.ih eBponeBcRHxi HapoAOB*b ao 
TaKofl denenn, hto ohh He b*b coeroaHiH Aaate CTpaxHyTb c& ceda 
aro npoH3BOja. H bt> caMO&rb xh&b, emu moccu Gimuxk pa6<m, 
na3bi6a><muxcx eeponefiacuMU HapodaMu, npedcmae.ixwmcH nam* 
npe3prbHHn>e dao/ce nawuxt 6e3noMOU}nuxz u 6e3ipaMomnuX5 ne- 
tpoes. KaRia onacHocra Moryr-b co BpeMeHeM-b otfpymHTbca Ha Hauie 
OTenecTBo no mhjiocth bthx^ b-b paficTBi BOCHHTaaHux'b eeponeft- 
<5rbx-b nepecejlem^eB-B. ,3,ep30CTb ext> CBameHRHROB-b xoiiMa ao Toro, 
ito ohh o6T>flB;iiiioTT>, 6yAT0 Hauia oSmecTBeHHua saBe^eHia hoa- 
sanuBaiorB h HpaBCTBennocTB n Bipy. Bcasifl saaerb, hto bto 
narjiaa JiojRb.... CyeB'ipie, ^ecn0TH3M , B h nonoBmHHa HenaBQAHT'B 
Hainn otfmecTBeHHUfl, A^ Bcixt oTRpuTHa mRojiti; pa3yMi», cbo- 
6o^a h nporpecci, HanpoTHBi Toro, JiK>6nrb 3th onopu Bticiuefi 
ryMannocTH>! 

TaRaa pi3Kaa npoTHBonojiosHOCTB Meamy HapoAHUMi o<Spa3o- 
eanieMi b*b Ilpyccia n CoeAHHeHHUxi. IIlTaTaxx CKasuBaeica, Mes^y 
npoHHMi>, TaR»e bt> KopenHUX'B nojioaeHiax'B ofipasoBaTejibHUxt 
<ncrewb toh h APyroS cTpaHU. H bx caMOMi Aiurt, bi Hpyccia 
npaBHTejitCTBO Hanuio neotfxoAHMtiM'B H3AaTB saKonx o6-b ofiaaa- 
TeJibHOCTH o6y?eHia, Tor^a iaR*B b-b CoeAHHeHHtix'B ElTaTaxi* Ta- 
koS saROHi 0Ra3&ica 6m BOBce h3jihhihhmi: Taufi eapoj'B caifs 
€o6ofi noHHMaeTi hco6xoahmoctb ofipasoBaHia. 

He pa8BHBaa jifljibe sthxt, cpaBHeniB, He Moseici OAHaso He 
ynoMAHyTB sjifbch o tomx, ^to npa 3tomt» caMt co6oft HanpaoiH- 
BaeTca Bonpocx: RaRaa h3t> cipaHx npeACTaBJinerL 6arf>e HaAesHua 



Digitized by 



Googk 



140 B-BCTCIIRX EBPOUH. 

onopa rocyAapcTBeHHaro MorymecTBa h HapoAnaro 6jarococToaHia? 
Ta jih, bt> KOTopofl HapoAHoe o6pa30Bame ycTpeiLieno Ha pacuiH- 
peme BoeHHoft chjiej; hjih Ta, b* KOTopoft iyfejibio craBBTca ryMaa- 
Hoe pa3BBTie HejiOBiaa? CaMUMi fiesiipHCTpacTHHMt cyAbeio b^ 
ptineHJH 9Toro Bonpoca aBJaeTca, koh6hho, Hcropia HeJiOBt^ecTBa, 
noB-fecTByromaa o tom*, Raax nocjii HeAOjiroB'feHHbix'b noCtAHHX'B. 
TopsecTBi BoenHaro AecnoTHSwa pacna^ajiHCb ocHOBaHHiia Ha mui> 
roeyjiapcTBa. PaHO bjih noaAno, ho BpeMa pokobumi ofipaaoM 1 ^ 
onpaBAUBaerB cyxb HCTopia. He ocraHaBJiBBaacb AOJite Ha btomi* 
Bonpoci, o6paTHMca Tenepb kt» onBcamK) BHyTpemaro ycTpoi- 
CTBa aMepHBaHCKHxi> raKOJ-b. 



n. 



IIoc*TBTejiflMT» nocjri&AHeS BceMipHOfl BHCTaBKB bt> IlapBasfe 
npeACTaBHJCfl yAoCnufi ciynai oanaKOMHTbca ct> ofipasaoBHM* ycrpofi- 

CTBOITL BMepHBaHCKOfi HapOAHOfi H1KOJIEI, HOMtweHHOli BX AepeBJlH- 

homt> CTpoeHiH Ha MapcoBOMt nojt. Ilpe bba* BecbMa ijtjieco- 
otipasHofi, xoia h He pocKOiflHofi, ho Bce-TaKH Aoporo CTOIOUiei 
oficTaHOBBH ki> Haifb He pas* otfpamajiBCB cn> BonpocoM*: cHeysejui 
Taaia niKOJiu CTpoaTca na caMOMx a*** bt> AMepaKt?> — B* OTBtr*. 
Ha9TO, mu MB Cojibmeft achocth npBtftraiB kt> cpaBaeBiio, yKasueaa 
Ha BafflH cejia: pascunaHHua Ha cbhtoS PycH, ohh saiacTyio co- 
CToarb Hat nepBofitiTHaro CBoficTBa RypHflxx hs6*; npn Bce*n> toitk 

OAHAKO B*B HBXT> BCTpfoaeiTB IjepKBH, o6CTaHOBRa KOHXl ^OXOAHTK 

jo MHoroAiHHoS pocROfflH bt> cpaBHedH ci> npafiHe ckyAHum» 6ti- 
tomi> npHxoataHi, npoaHBaiomBX'b cpe^a cupaja h AHMa cbohxi* 
SBJiHDDi'b. HpaBja, Meawy AOMamHHM'b ycipoBcTBOMi aMepuKaHueBi. 
h bxt> mBOJiofi He CbiBaeTi Taaoro KpyToro nepexo^a; oAHar?o sejibaa 
He sairfeTHTb, hto ohh BooCme oCcTaBjraKrrb e CHapasaforb cboio 
niRojiy, xota 6e3i> npaxoTJiHBbixi sarfcfi pocBOina, ho Bce-TERH 
jyqme jaxe, riiii hx'b coficTBeHHiia j&Hjmma. 

B*b HauieifB cpaBHeHin Bupaataeica, HbROTopuMi o6pasoMx > 
bsimaa'b aMepBKaBn,eBT> Ha cbok> mKOjy: oHa A.*a hex* BCTHHHuft 
xpam HapoAHoS C.iaroAaTH. To»e cpaBHeHie hikoju ct> aepaoBbfo 
Moaten, cjiyaBTb BospaseHieMi kamHifb mebmijm^ peBHHTe iami. 
pacnpocTpaHema rpaMOTHocTH, cfeTyiouiBMi, Ha HeAOcraTORi cpeACTB^ 
AJia ofisaBeAenia HapoAHiixi ynHJinnvL. Do noHaTiaMx aMepeKaHi^eBi» T 
t4mh ae cpeACTBaMH, soTopua noTpa^enu «a coopyseme i^epKBH, 
moxho 6u BOcnojib30BaTbca h Ha ofiaaBeAeme uiaojibi, 3Toi bcthh- 
Hofl ochobm Bcasaro HpaBCTBeHHaro pasBHTia, 6esri EOTopoi caMa 
qepKOBb He bhojih^ AOCTHraen CBoefi fijiaroTBopnofi iv&jih. Tasoe 



Digitized by 



Googk 



mROJA H HiPOAHOS OBPA30BAHIE. 141 

B033ptHie aMepHSaHI^eB'B AkffCTBHTejbHO npHM^HfleTCfl BMB HA 

npaKTHK*. H Bt caMOMt A*!*, naM-b He pas'B aiynajiocb bh^tl, 
EaBi> TaMi>. r^i He 6buo eme ijepKBH, noMiimeHie iukojli bt> boc- 
EpecHue am cjiy»hjio A.ia peji0rio3nuxT> OTnpaB.ieRifi, — h na- 
ofioporb — ecjre no<ieMy-;ni6o eme He ycn^JiH BLxcrpoHTb oTA'fcjbHoe 
8Aanie noAt mKOjy, to aa^acryio BHyTpeHHOCTb ijepKBH b% 6yi- 
HBHRtie ahh npeoCpasyeTca bt» yqefiHbifi Mace* co bc&mh Heo6- 
xoahmhmh ero npnHaAJe»HOCT«MH. B 006 me, bt, 9tomt» OTHomeHia 
anepHRaHuy TaKme cipanno 6ujio 6u yontiraaTb tomt>, mto H*fcrB 
cpeacTBt ^a otfyiema Hapo^a, Baa* pyccKOMy KpecrbflHBHy — 

CM3aTb, HTO HiiTB CpeACTB* Eory MOJHTbCa. 

KdaTH MoateirB sairfcTHTB 3A*cb, hto B'b tfojibinefi HaCTH cjy- 
iaeBi> 6uBaeTt Tain,: eaiH MoioAaa otfmena, ofaaAaiomaa jhihb 
CKyAHBiMH cpeACTBaMH, coctoht'b 031, pasnoB'fcpijeB'B, to eio BH- 
CTpaHBaeTca otfuKHOBeHHO, npejE^e Bcero, msojia, KOTopaa, B'b rose 
Bpeiia, cjysHTB iitcToifb Corocjiyatema me hjichob-b paajie^HHXi 
ceRTB no ycTaHOBjienHofi cb o6ui,aro cowacia o^epe^H. TaKHMt 
o6pasoMi>, HapoAHaa uiKOJia flBJiaeTca HacToamea npeACTaBHTejibHHueft 
npocBimeHHofi BipoTepnHMOCTH, 9toh HCTHHHO-ryHaHHofi pejiariH 
Haniero Btaa. Ecjih ate, beei caynaeTca Heor^a, HOBaa Boaoma 
ciaraeTca H3T» npHBepxeeijeB'b oahoS ceraa, to o6meHa craBHTB 
cnepBa OAHy ijepBOBb, h ao t^x* nop*, noKa He sapyiHTca cpeA- 
CTBaMH, nojibsyeTca eio t a Kate &&& hikojih b'b ahh, CBoCoAHbie ot*b 
CorocjiyaefiHux'B OTnpaBJieiuff. 

Bo BcaKOM^ aiyqai* auepHBaHipi, sam mh yse bha&ih, He 
8aTpyAHaioTca Bti6opoMi, wfecia a^h hieojih: Bee paBHO, rfft h vhwb 
oea ycTpoena, jhhib 6h MOJiojoe noKOJitHie ne ocraBOOCb 6e3x 
Hajuesaniaro otfpaaoBama. KorAa ae cpeACTBa o6ih,hhki yBeJiBqa- 
BaioTCfl, to sHTejH ne aajrfiiorB pacxo^OBt Ha nocTpofisy yiefiHaro 
saBeAeHia, n y TaBHxx oCmim* cdjohib h paAOMt BCTpinaiOTca 
yqe6HNfl saBeAema coBepmeHHO cxoAHua cb t^mb o6pa3n,OM'B, 

KOTOpufi MBI BHA*JIH Ha UapB&CBOH BHCTaBfe*. Ho 9T0TT> OTSUB'b 

o HapysHoifB ycTpoficTB* fflKOJit 6ujb 6u flfljme ue bhojh§ Btpeei 
noToiiy yae, hto, Ha caHoifB A*^i| b*b ropoAaxx, noAofiHiixi CeHTx- 
JIk Hey, ^HKaro, CaHiOpaHi^HCKO, mii bra^h dikoju MHoro npe- 
BocxoAao^ia totb odpase^, h oui BCTptnaioTca TairB He kslkt* 
HCUfoneHia, a HanporaB'B, saK*B npeAMeTu HacymHofi noTpe6flOCTH 
coBpeMeeeofi i^BBHJiH3aain. He tobophm'b yae o t4xt> Be^HBoxfen- 
Buxi MpawopHiix'b SAaHiaxt, wb poA^ ZSHpapAOBOfi hikojiu b*b 
$MjiaAeJb<i)iB ; cb BOTopuMH MoryT-b hath b'b cpaBHeflie pasB* tojibbo 
sAaHia HamBXT* TeaTpoB-b. IIoAo6eaa pacTO^HTeJiBPocrB b'b OTHomeHiH 
nocTpoeK'b yqe6fluxi saBeAeHifl, saiacryK) nopasaBmaa naci B'B 
AMepHBt, onpaBAUBaeTca OT^acTH rfeMX, hto Tasia SAaHia bos- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



142 _ BftCTHHKb SBPOnS. 

XBnrafOTCfl Ha AOJiroBiqHue cpoRH. He coftrasnaacB oxtoro 9n»i 
^epToraMd HapoAnaro o6pa30Bania , mh bx Haeroflmeidt oiepsfc 
CTafleMT> npa^epatHBaTbca ofiuRHOBcnHoi ropoACRoS hirojh, Bnojrai 
opraHH30BaHHOfi, Ry^a h npoHHRHeM* HaKOHen,^, nojiBsyacB pajyin- 
hum-b rocTenpiaMCTBOM'L oCHTaTeieft. 

BoSah npaMo ch yjiHn,u b*b nepexHroro y^acTKOBofl maojEi, Bcasii 
bhobb npHtfuBmifi h3T> EBpona 6yxers nopaaeffB OTcyT<rrBieir& 
CTopoaeB h TOMy noAofaofi npHciyrs: TyrB hhrto He BCTpiiaen 
Bara, He y Koro naBedH RaRia-HeGyAB cnpapRH. A b-l nepeAHefi, 
Mea^y t4mx, bhchti no crimaM'B Bepxnia oxexAH h rajanu yqeHH- 
kobt> h yqeBHi^t. Ka3a.iocB 6u TaR* jrerao BoraexraeMy cb yjeiju 
HesaM^TBO cTan^HTB Bee, ht6 yroxoo. Ho exBajiH TaKoe noRymeaie 
npomjio 6 li 6e3Haaa3aHHO, noTOiiy y»e, hto napoAHaa maojia, co- 
CTaBJiaa Kaax 6u qacTB xoMaraaaro oqara sasxaro H3T> saTeieft 
ynacTKa, nocTOHHHO HaxoAHTca noX* dAHTe.iBHUjfB naxsopoMi H*fc- 

CROJBRHX'B COTeH-B OHeS. 3a*CB H BT> CaMOH'B Akjlk He npHXOAHTCfl 

catiinaTB o nponasax'B mb nepexHeS hirojih. 

Ecjih bh BomjH Tyxa npn Haiaa* ypoKOBt, okojo 9-th ?acoBt 
yTpa, to He Aoaro ocTaHeTecB b* HeAoyMimH o tom*, Kyxa Ha- 
npaBHTBca: bh ycjiBunnre xopoBoe ntme cothh cb^shx^ rojocoB'B, 
pa3AaK)in,eecH co BToporo 9Taxa. Hoxhabhihcb no JiicTHHivfe, no- 
CTyqnTe &jl& npHJiniia TpoeRpaTHO bi ABepB h bxoahtc npaMO vh 
RjiaccB 6e3*B onaceaia noM-fcinaTB HeMy-HH6yAB. IIpHcaABTe Ha nep- 
BBifi nonaBinifica ctjvtb h, noaa npoAO.maeTca nime, bh MOseTe 
ocMOTpiTbca icpyroMi wa. Toro, htoCh osHaaoMHTBca HtcROJbRO 
cb oficTaHOBEOK) KJiacca, BMiiu.awm.aro bt, ce64 h4crojbro cotchb 
MajiBqaaoBi h A^Boqea'B. 

3a*cb Bee hobo Am Bacx: HaqaTB cb Toro, hto nepex* BaiiH 
TenepB b* c6op r 6 bc£ yqeHHRH, HaqHHaK)mie BaKAoe yTpo cboh ypoaa 

XOpOBBIM'L ntHieMX HOA'B pyKOBOACTBOM'B OAHOrO H31 HaCTaBHHKOBB. 

TaRoe Hanajro, ocB^ataa MOJiOAHa AyniEr, cjryatHT-B 6.iaroAaTHUM-B 
nperoTOBJieHieafB r-b npeACToau^HM-B ypoRaMx xhh. CoAepatame 
ntceH'B 6uBaerB BecBMa pasja^Hoe: H^ROTopua npaHapoBjeHU ro 
BpeMeHaMx roAa, Apyria nMiroTi Raaoe-HafiyAB oTHomeme r-b uiroji§, 
h t. a- OcjiaTpeBaa sajii, bh 3aM-feqaeTe, BO-nepBuxi, oTcyTCTBie 
nepHHX'B aocort>, BuxoAaiaax'B sxfccs BOBce H3b ynoTpefijieHia. 
BsaMtR'B hxt» Tpe ct4hh sajia Ha bucot£ cpeAHaro pocTa yqeHBROB-B 
ORpameHH mapoRoB qepHofi iiojocofi. TaauMi o6pa30M*B 9 OTRpuBaeTca 

B03MOSHOCTB HiCKOJIBRHMl yqeHHRaMl HHCaTB H lepTHTB Ha CT^Hl 

fb oaho h to »e BpeMH, hto bo MHormcB ciyqaaxi npeACTaBJiaen 
(fojiBmifl yAotfcTBa b-l OTHomeHin ypoROBi. J[ji& BUTHpama HaaH- 
caHHarc^ MijiOMt ynoTpefijraeTca poA*B meTORi ct> OBe^Beft mepcTbio 

B3aM^HX meTHHH. Bo-BTOpHXl, Baffle BHHHame OfipaTHTCa, ROHe^HO, 



Digitized by 



Googk 



IHKOJIA H HAPOAHOE OBPA30BAHIE. 143 

Ha yCTpoSCTBO CTOJIOBX H CH^Hifi. ^JlHHHLie fflEOJISHHe CTOJBI CO 

CKaMbiiMH SA'fecb ptuiHTeJibHO BbixoAarb H3t ynoTpe&ieaia. Barfecro 

HHXT> 3aB0AHTCa KOpOTttie CTOJIEI CB Cfl^nbAMH Ha A^a HeJIOBitta. 

Tairie riapnue cto.iu, OTA'kiaeMue APyn> or& APyra npoMeatyncaMH, 
o6xo;iaTca, Koneqno, Aopoate; 3a to npeACTaBjraioT'b amoro Baambix'B 
YAo6ctbi. IJpa hhxt>, pa3yMieTca, ropa3AO Jierne co&iiocth nopa- 
AOkx Bt KJiacci; a CBepxi Toro HacTaBnaKaan. npeACTaB.iaeica 
nojmaa B03MomnocTb, bo Bpeaia nacbMennux'b ynpa»nenift, Hanpn- 
nipt, o6xoahtb Bcixx y^eHHKOB'B noonepeAHO, citARTb 3a bx* 
paCoTofl h, npa CJiyiai, noMoraTb hmx cbohmh yKa3aniaaiH. Bx h£- 
KOTopHxx inBOJiaxT*, Bt Gawb-$paBu$cKo nanp., mm BHAi-aa Aaate 
OAHHoqnwecTOJibi, Tas^ mo Kasjuafi aax yHamHxcacBAHTboco6HaBoai'& 
sa CBOHMt nionHTpoMT>. Gryjiba cb njieienuMx ceA^HbeMx cnaCaeHU 
yAO^HbiMQ cnHHKaMu. Bo BceMi> nporjuAUBaerb saCouiHBOCTb, ito6h 
AiTflMX, DO B03MOJKHOCTB, CfcJJIO JOBie h hxi> rfcjecHoe pa3BHTie He 
CTpaAaw orb CHAtHba 3a ypoKaaiH. Coo6pa3yacb ex pocroan., am 
MajojrfcTHHX'b ycrpaBBaioTca ctojiu h cTyjiba MeHbniBX'L paaaiipoB'b. 
SaMtTBMt eme, hto MajibHBKB pa3M'fcmai0Tca ofitiKHOBeHHO no OAny, — 
a a^boskb no Apyryio dopony 3a;ibj; tojibko bi KJiaccaxt aiajiojrfcTHBX'b 
He co6„iK)AaeTCJi pacnpeAiJienie yqenHKOBX no noaaarb. J^jlr noJinoTH 
Hamero ofoopa npBfiaBHMt, HaKOHeivL, hto ct$hh 3a.ia, caioipa no 
npeAMeiaMi, bt> neui npenoAaBaeMUMt, yBtmaHH bjib reorpa^a- 
necsBMH EapiaMH, bjih KapTBnaMH, c/iyatamBMH aj\h. HarjiHAHaro 
npenoAaBama. IIocjii>AHee AOBeAeHO a^ics ao doabmofi denenn 
coBepmeHCTBa, TaK* hto dapal&Tca ynoTpefaraTb Bt a&io Bci B03- 
MOSHbia cpeACTBa, ito6u otfjier^HTb yHanjBMca noHBMame ypoKOBi, 
a oco6eHHO no nacTH eciecTBeHHHX'b HayKX. B% btomx oTHonieHin 
BecbMa i^ijiecoo6pa3HbiMH noKa3ajincb nam (fojibmie niKa^u a* 
BbiABHXHHMH KapTHHaMB. Taitoro poAa fflKa^ CTaBHTCfl nepeA* 
okbomi>; ci 6osy bt> nero BABHraioTca panu cb pacKpameeHUMH 
npocBtqHBaiomHMH KapxBHaMH, OT^eTJiBBo HapBCOBaHHHMH Ha <iep- 
HOifB Henpo3pa4HOMx noiit b H3o6paaaiou;HMH pa3nua qacTB pac- 
TeHifi, anaTOMBHecKie npenapaTu h up., oTiacTB bi yBeJiBqeHHHXi 
pasMipaxx. TaKia B3o6pameHia MHoro cnocoficTByioTt acHOMy hohh- 
itaniio saBHTepecoBaHHbixi> cjiymaieJieH h BBAHMbie npeAnem Kpin?e 
sajeraiOTx bt> nanaTH yiamaxca. 

3xbcb KCTaTH noacHBMT», hto no npsnaTofi bt> aMepiiKancKnx'B 
niKOJiaxi* cncTeaii sasAaa KOMnaia HasHanaeica He w& OAHoro 
MKoro-HB6yAb oTAijeHia yneiJHKOBT), a jvir H3BicTHaro npeAMda 
npenoAaBaHia, noAo6no ayAHTopiaifB bt> HaniBXt yHHBepcHTeiaxx. 
EasAaa 03i> KOMnaTt npBcnocofijiaeTca KaKt cjr^Ay^Ti, corjiacHo 
CBoeiiy HasHaneHiH). BcaiACTBie TaKoro pacppeA*JieHia yqeHHKaMi 
npnxoAHTca qacTo nepexoAHTB h3t> OAHoro sajia bt> APy^ofi, TorAa 



Digitized by 



Googk 



144 BftCTHlIKb JBPOIIH. 

Kara yqHTejia ocTaiOTca, no (faiBmeft qacra, bi» oahoS h toI 
ay^HTopin. 

Tenepb odparaiica onaTB rt> Hainan* HadnoAeHiaafB bi sajrii, 
rA*, Meamy'riirB, OROHqHjiocB xopoBoe n$Hie. HacTaBHHBi, chas 
Ha BOfcBumeHHofi KaeeApfc, noawurB npysHHy doaBmaro nepeA* hhitb 
8BOHKa, noAo6flaro TOMy, ht6 bi> MHorojroAflux'b sadkAaHiax* 
ynoTpefaaeTca npeAcfcA&TejiHMH am noAAepsaHia nopaARa npeeiiL 
YqeHHEH pa3BHXi oTAiJiOBi bbixoaht'b 3aT^Hi H3i» 3aia h pas- 
MtmaiOTca no cbohmi ayAHTopmix. Cxif,& ,sa noAofiHUMH nepe- 
xoAaMH MHoroMCJieHHux'B rpynnt hbx oahoh soMHam bi> Apyryio, 
hu, no saBOHy npoTHBynojioaraocTH, hcbojbho BcnoMHHain o biko^b- 
boh AHCi^HnjiHHi b*b HaniHX'B yqetfHHX'B saBeAemax-B, noAAepsHBae- 

MOfi H$CROJIbRHMH HapOHHO ][JISL TOrO HpHCTaBJieHnidMH HaA^HpaTejJIMH. 

He bi HHSfflHX'B, hh bt> BucfflHxx aMepaKaHCKHxi iuKOjaxt He 6h- 
Baero ocoCuxi HaA3Hpaxejieft, a MeacAy t4mi hcoCxoahmuh nopaAOK* 
noAAepsHBaeTCfl Kara 6u cairB co6oh, HecnoTpa Ha 3HaqHTejibHoe 
qncjio coCpaBmaxca BirfccTi mojoaux'b pecnyftiHRaHijeB'B, nenpH- 

BUKmHX'B CrfcCHOTbCH Bl> CBOHXl ABHSeHiaX'B HH B*B HIKOJTfe, HH 

AOMa. IIo BTOMy nOBOAy b*b npaBHjiax*, H3AaBaeMuxi yqe6HHM*& 
coBiTOMx, HesAy npoHHSfB CBasaHo: 

<Bcfc HacTaBHHKH, bo BcaKoe Bpeiia, o6fl3aHu noAAepMBaTB 
CTporifi nopaAora'a SjiaroycTpoficTBO bt> cbobxt> mROjiax'B h oaccaux-B 
BOMHaiaxx. Ran noAAepataHia Tanoro nopaARa HacTaBHHKH aojishu 
npH6iraTb ra uphctohhum-b MipairB, HeofixoAHMMiTB a-m toto, 
hto6u npHAaTB cbohmx OTHOineHiaaix ra yqamwaica HaA-ieawtmee 

AOCTOHHCTBO>. 

IIoAofiHua npaBHJia, Kara ORa3HBaeTca Ha-jiU, OTHOcaicaHe 

CTOJlbKO K'B yieHHKaM'B, CKOJbKO KB CaMHM'B yqHTeJIBM'B, KaffB 6m 

HaMesaa Ha to, ?to ot*b hocji^ahhx'b coficTBeHBO h 3aBHCHTB Becb 
HpaBCTBeHHufl dpofi idkojibi. IJpeAOCTaMaa yqam,HMCfl hojihyio 
CBo6oAy bt» oTHOuiemu npieMOBi, h o6pamema Me»Ay cofiofi, jihdjb 6u 
ne Hapyinaaca xoa'b yqeHia; H364raa BcaBHxi MeJioqeux'B, AOKyq- 
jihbuxi Tpe6oBaHifi h 6e3ivfeJBHo8 HaqajiBHHqecKofi npHAHpqHBOCTH 
bt» cbohxi oTHomeaiaxi kt> A^TaMx, HacTaBHHKH, 6e3B ocoCcrhux-b 

TpyAHOCTefl, HCHOJIHaiOTB AOJ»HOCTB H3JIHHIHHXI HaA3HpaTejieH, He 

HaxoAfl HyatHUM'B npn6traTb kt> spyxuMi nipawB HaRa3aHifi. Ecjh 
h cjyqaeTca hphm^hbtb nocjiiAHia, to ohh HHKorAa He HOcaTi Ha 
ce6i xapaKTepa Kapu, a CKopte npeAnnc^BaioTca Kant 6u caMHMi 
CBoicTBom npocTynsa. Bi> TaKOMx CMucjii Bupasajica TaKate oahh-b 
H3T> HHcnesTopoB'B bi CBoefi ptqH, r%b owl roBopHTi> Me»Ay npoqHMt: 
cGpeACTBa, npeAnncuBaeMua yqefiHUM'B coBiTom. A-aa ycTpaneHia 
BcaBHX'b ynH3BTe.iLHbixi> HaBa3aniS, 6o.Tfee Bcero cnocoficTByiorB 
pasBHTiio Toro HCTHHHaro HpaBCTBennaro o6pa30BaHia, KOTopoe 



Digitized by 



Googk 



IDBOJA H HiP0AH0*0BPA30BAHI£. 14ft 

XocTHraeTca HiteHHO rkwb, hto yqeHHBH no bosmoshocth paHte 
npiyiaioxca b*b caMOO&iaAamio. IloAAepatHBaTB cxporifl nopaftOK* 
xpomKUMU MftpoMU ecmt doM* HacmaeHwca, sadma — docmouua* 
eio 3danw>. 

Tojfie caifoe noAXBep»Aaexca h b^ npaBEjaxx: cyqnxejia, — csasaHO 
TaifB, — Hapymaiomie nofloCHHa npeAnncaHia BpyxuMi oGpamenieM* 
Cb yqeHBKaMH, cyAaxca yneHUMi coBixoMi h, no ero ycMoxpimio, 
seMeMeHHO oxpiinaioxca ot-b aojurhocxh. Ti se, soxopue, He npn- 
<5$raa et» HaKa3amflWB, ct> 6o-iBniHM*B ycnixoMt BeAyT* KOHxpojb 
eaxi yqeHHBaMH, yAOCTOHBaioxca oxx coBixa noBHinema m> aojub- 
hocth, conpoBOSA^eMaro yeejiHqeHieM^ oajiaAa>. 

TaKHML otfpa.soMx, gjiaroAapa npocBfcmeHHOfi 3a6oxjHBOCxH 
coB^Ta, hsx idkoju H3roHAK>TCH BCflBie AncijHnjniHapHHe npieiui 
rpyfiaro, BapaxejibHaro cBoicxBa. M&io Toro, b*b waccaxi HHBorAa 
He yciuniHniB KpHMHBaro, SByqain^aro 3jo6o3 rojoca HeB03AepjKHaro 
ywxejia, pa3Apa»eHHoe HacxpoeHie KOToparo HeBOJbHo coofimaexca 
jiase cjiymaTejiaMt. HpaBCTBeHHoe nyBcxBo hx*b ee ocBop&uiexca 

HeAOCTOHHOK) (JpaHbK), H HeJIbSH He npH6aBHTb 3A*Cb, qTO UOA06HOMy 

nopflAsy b% KJiacc* He Ma.io cnocoCcTByert, bi» cbok) oqepeAB, BBe- 
xeHie ynoMHHyTaro BBinie npodoro SBOHRa, pas* HaBcer^a H30aB- 
jiaiomaro yrax&aa ox*b HeofixoAHMocra B03BHinaxB CBoft rojoci no 
rposHaro KOMaHAHpcKaro tobsl.* 

ynoMBHe&fb 3A*cb enje 061 oahom'b (fraierfe, aiiy?HBineMCfl bo 
Bpeiffl Hauiero npeCuBaHia bt> uiTaxax'B h, no CBoeS hckjuohht&ib- 
bocth, HaA'feJiaBuiaro xam MHoro myny. B* yqacTBOBoS mKOjt 
ropoAa CaHi-^paHi^HCKO yqHxejb y^apajix no meai b*b qeMt-xo 
npoBHHHBinarocfl qexupeaAijaxH-ji'fexHflro MajiBiHBa. TaseTu — He 
rrojrbKO Bt CaH'b-^paHi^HCKO, ho iyTb-jiH He bo bc4xt> ropoAax* 
CoeAHHeHHHxi inxaTOBB — ci> HeroAOBaHieMi ESBbwjauivL q6t> axoi 
HeAoexofiHofl HacxaBHHKa Mtpi h nncajiH 061 HeS iyxb-jiH He Rant 
ofo yrojioBHOMi> EaBoifB-TO npecxyn^eeiH. y^efiHufi cob^tl HapaAHJTB 

KOMMHCCiK) A^H H3CJl4AOBaHifl A^Jldi. Do COCXaBJieHUI BeCbMa oCcXOfl- 

Tejibflaro AOBJiaAa 3toS bommhccIh, HeBosAepj&Huft Ha pysy yuxeiK 
6hun> npeAaHi ropoAOBOMy cyAy h nparoBopeHt e*b xiopeMHOMy 
3aBJiioqeHiH) Ha h^cbojibbo MicaijeB'B... %o, ecjiHCx h y Hact 
casaiH bt> TiopbMy hoao6hhx^ HCTasaie^iei mojioaopo noKOJiiHia? 
HaAO nojraraxb, Tasoe cpeACTBO y6^A^o 6u hxi CKopie BcasHxt 
Apyrexi AOBOAOBt 6e3nojie3HOCXH h abhomx BpeAi nofioeBi, nox- 
^acx xauT» n^eApo pacToqaeMuxx b*l msojii Hanepesopi ea HpaB- 
cxBeHHOMy HasHaneHiH). 

J^jiji xoro, qTo6u Jiyqine o^hhxb 3a6oxjiHBOCXb yqe6Haro coBixa, 
HSAaBniaro cboh npaBHJia, Heo6xoAHMO npnaaxb b*b coo6paseHie 
totb CBoeo6pa3Hufi cocxaBt yqHxe^efi, botophmi oxjinqaioxca Coe- 

Tom V. — Cehmbpl, 1871. 10 



Digitized by 



Googk 



146 BfcCTHHfi'b XBPOBH. 

AHHeHnue IQTaTBi. Ilpe otfniHpHOM'b pa3BHTia HapoAnuxi Hiso-rfc* 
b*b lOHofl dpafli AOJ»eni 6bun> omymaTbca CHJibnufi ne^ocTaTOK^ 
bi dHaioiuux^, najuieaKaiUHMT* o6pa30Mi noAroTOBJieHHHXT> kt> CBoewy 
SBaHiio, upenoAaBaTejDixx. IlpaBAa, ex stoh itfuibio b*b noc;ii>AHee 
AecflTHJi^Tie bt> snaqnTejibHhix'L ropo^axi Be3A*fe saBOAHJiacb Biacuiia 

H HOpMa^bHUJI UlKOJLbl. HO HHCMO HaCTaBHHKOBT> AO CHXt nopi* 

Aajieno eme ne yAOBjieTBopaeTb Bc&ifb Tpe5oBaHiflMT> co CTopoati 
idkojix; oco6eHno bt> HacTOamee BpeMa, KorAa Cojbmoe qaaio npe- 
noAaBaTe.iefi nepeuuo bt> iiikojili, BHOBb ycipaHBaeMua Ha rori a** 
oCyqenia HerpoBi, noiibsyFomHxca hwh4 no.inonpaimocTbio pecny6jia- 
KaHCKuxi> rpasAaHi. BcjiiACTBie Tanoro HeAOdaTKa bi» yquiejax^ 
na iffecTa hxi naaHaMajiHCb HHorAa jiioah Majio onuTHbie bi» a^-J* 
na^ajibHaro npeiiOAaBaHifl. Xotb coBirb, HaHHMaa yqaiejiefi Bt cboh 
hjkojih, h noABepraen> hxt* npeABapHTejbHOMy HcnuTaniio; ho ohi, 

DO HCOfixOAHMOCTH, AOBO-lbCTByeTCB Hpu BTOWb BeCbMa IIOBepXHOCT- 

DbiMH no8HaHi«MH. DpeAOCTaBjuia mapoKiS npodopt yHHTejbCKOMy 
BBaniio h ne crfecuaa ero HBicaKUMH AHOJiOMaMH h pa3HUMH peraa- 
HeHTai^iflMn, npaBmejibCTBO ciapaeTca npiiBjieqb bosmosho tiojibmee 
mhcjio jnoAefi kt> a* -ay HapoAHaro oSpaaoBaniu, h mli bhahm*, hto 
HacTittBBHKaMH aBJiaioTca Basi OTdaBHue co-iAaTU, Tast h yqeHtfiinie 
jiioah crpaBu: Bci ohh paBHO coAMcTByiorb lnnpoKoiiy pasBHTiio 
miBH.iHsa^H. OAnaKo bt> mojioaoA a CoraToS ecTecTBeHHUMH cpeA- 
CTBaMH pecny6jmirfc npeACTaimaeTca Tara MHoro BuroAnuxi npo^eccifi, 
hto My»qHBU cMOTpflTT. Ha A0Ji»H0CTb yHHTeJfl, no fiojibiuefi qacrH, 
saBX ua BpeMemioe, nepexoAHoe ajih hhxt> 3aHaTie, h jiHoib He- 
Hnorie H3t hhx'l no npn3BaHiio nocBamaiorb ce6a HaBcerAa A&*y 
ofiyqeHJa. IIo OTHeTawb ynetfnaro coBiia 0Ka3UBaeTca, hto TO^bsa 
OAHa TpeTb najiHHBbix'B HacTaBHBKOB'L nponua A^ficTBHTejibHo qepe^ 
HopMa.ibHyio uiKOJiy, h no BpauHeS Mtpfe 10 npou.eHTOB'b Bcero 
cocTaBa y^BTejeu noKHAaiorb eaeroABO cboh iiicTa. Ilpa TaKHxi-To 
BeBurOAHwx'b &jui ynefinaro A^a ycjioBkxi Ha nonpno^e HapoAnaro 
o6pasoBaHiB BwciynaioT'b aieHiuHuu cb bucokmm , l npesBaHieM^ 
cbohmt>, BaKi Maiepn h HacTaBHHuu MOJiOAoro noKOJiiniji. 

MexAy t4mi, KaK-b bi EBponi dpeMaTca kt> pa3piuieniio Tas'b- 
na3UBaeMaro sencEaro Bonpoca no npeHMyu^ecTBy nyieMi iHTepa- 
TypnuMi h TeopeTHHecBUHi; bt> Hobomt, CB'feTi, 6e3b bcbkhxi xjiouort. 
noAoCHaro fOAa, fijiaroAapa niHpoKOMy npodopy, OTKpuTOMy w& Bca- 
khxi> Ha^BHaHifi lacTHbixi jhii,t>, seBu^HHu a^bho y»e saxBaTBJin B^ 
cboh pyKH A't^io napoAHaro ofipaaoBaHia. Hejibsa ne npH3naTb Toro^ 
hto TOJibKo npe noMOiAH HX'b npocBtn^eHHaro coA^flcTBia bosmosho 
6ej:io AOBecTH ofiyneHie b*b niBOJiax'B ao HacToamefi bucoboh cxe- 
neHH coBepmencTBa. 

y^acTie, npHHHMaeMoe aeHmHHaMH bx o6pa30BaTejibHOMi» abh- 
sterna otfHapyaHBaeTca yse hsx CTaTHCTHHecKux'b a&hhhx'b, nosa- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



HIKOJA H HiPOAHOI 0BP130B1HIB. 147 

^HBaiomincB, tto bs HacTOfln^ee Bpeifa <ihcjo HacTaBHHiyB 3Ha- 
wreaBHo npeBuraaeT-B qacao yiHTeaeil. ^ia cpaBHema npHBeAeirB 
B3i» yqefiHofl cTaTHCTQRH 3a 1867 roA'B, na BHAepARy, Tpe mTaTa: 
-oARWb b3*b CTapmHX'B npH-aTaaHTHnecRHX'B, Apyrofi b3*b cpeAHHxx, 
jeatamHxi BHyTpH MaTepHKa, h TpeTifi — est* iiaaAiiiHX'B nps Th- 
xomi OKeaHt. Mm HaxoAHMi, ito b'b Macca^yserfe hhcjio 

HaCTaBHBROB'B 1,020 

HacTaBHBi^'B 6,739. 

HTaKx nocjiiAHex-B cjinmsoMX bi> mecTB pa3^ (Joate nepewxt. 
Bt> nuarfe MHTHrerh, aeatameM* Meamy tfoabmaMH 03epaMH 
TypoHOMt h MaqHreHOMi, OBasuBaeTca 

HaCTaBHBROB'B 2,007 

HacTaBHBi^'B 7,377, 

-T.-e. nocji*AHBX , B cjebdikom'b BTpoe Coate. 
HaROHeiVB b*b KaaH<|>opHiH: 

HaCTaBHBROB'B 616 

HacTaBHBi^'B 773. 

B'B 3T0MT> MOJOAOM'B IDTaT^ HHCJO HaCTaBHHIJ'B JIHfflB HCMHO- 
JUITB 60Jlie HaCTaBHBROB'B. 

Oho HHane b 6htb He MomerB, OTiacTH nOTOMy, hto crpaHa 
<eme Mano saceaeHa, h cnliAOBaTeaBHO bt> nycTtiHHiJXT» MtcTaxx 
npeACTaBJiaeTca MHoro TpyAHoctea b A^ate ' onacHOCTefi aah *eH- 
mHHi; ho eme Coaie noTOMy, ito Ha soaoTEie npoMucau bx Ka- 
JiH^opHiH) ycTpeMJiaeTca MHoro Cyfigaro HapoAa co Bctxi rohijob'b 
CBtia h HacTaBHnn,a, b'b oTAaaeHHOM-B Rpai, Moraa 6u noABepraibca 
^ojbfflHM'B HenpiflTHOCTaMi co CTopoHti rpyfiux'B pyAOKonoBi. "Tbwb 
(Sojiie cji^AyerB yAHBaaTbca TOMy, hto Aarae bi bto8 noayAHROfi 
erpaHt npeotfaaAame, xoia b He3Ha<iHTeabHoe, b*b a*J«* HapoAaaro 
ofiyqema ORa3aaocB Ha dopoHt senmBHT,. Ho Mipt Toro, Kaics 
"CTaHeMX nepexoABTB orB no.iyABRBxv nymiHB ri Cojrte saceaen- 
humt» rbpoAam, ycHJiHBaeTca h o6pa30BaTeabHoe Baianie »eH- 
h^hhi. TaKi>, yae b*b raaBHOMi ropo^i Kaaa^opmH, CaH*B-$paH- 

HBCEO, HaXOABMl, YTO IHCaOI 

HaCTaBHBROB'B 27 

HacTaBHHirB . . . . - 255/ 

T.-e. HacTaBHHij'B caBmBOMi b'b AGBaTB pas* tfoafce. 

B'B ApyroMi, yate BHasoMOM'B Ham ropoA*, Hanaro, HHcao: 

HaCTaBHBROB'B 25 

HacTaBHa^ 292. 

A fb CTapuxx ropoAaxx 3Ta pa3HHn,a enje nopasHTeaBHfee; 
terx, HanpHMipB, b'b $HaaAeab$iH 8Ha?HTca: 

HaCTaBHBROB'B ......... 79 

HacTaBHBi^B 1,235. 

10* 



Digitized by 



Googk 



148 BftCTHHffB EP.POBH. 

3TH BHAep»KH H3T» CTaTHCTHqeCRHXl ^aHHMXT* ^OCTaTOHHO CBH- 

X%TejibCTByioT r B o npeofijiaAaiomeM'B yiacriH seHmHH'b bt» otf.iacTH 
BOcoHTamfl. Ho 3thmh qacjiaMH jsfljieno He Bnojrat BupasacTca 
Bee B.iiflHie Hxt. na ^BeateHie napoAHaro oCpasoBama. H wb ca- 
momt> ^tjit, BaBHMH HHCJiaMH Bwpa3Hinb to yiacrie, BaBoe npii- 
HHHaioT'b MaTepa bx pa3BHTiH cbohx'b Atoefi, nocfemaiomHX'b yiefi- 
Hufl saBeAeHia. AiiepHBaHBa caaia nponura Hpe3t napoAHyio mBOjy, 
rxh b*b oahomt> Kjacct ct> MajibiHKaMH o6y?a.iacb BceMy, ieiiy 
yqaTaa nowfe^Hie; h noTOMy 0Ha BcerAa Bt cocto4h1h, eme jo 
idkojm, y ce6a AOMa, noAroTOBHTb CBoe ahta Kb yneHiio, a noTOMt 
h noMoraTb eicy bi HcnojiHeHin saAaHHUxt Ha aom* ypoBOBt. Ka- 
Kyio aojik) yqacTia cjri^yeT'b npHnecaTb bi btom'b cjyqat bjiLihuo 

MaTepHHCKOfi npHBflSaHHOCTH? 8T0r0, KOHeiHO, He BEipasHmb 1HC- 

jaMff. A Mem Ay rfeMi, tojileo TaKHifb ceMeiHUiTB BJiianieM^ mo- 
&ewb ofiiacHHTb ce6t to ycnimHoe paBBHTie yieHEBOBi, KOTopoe 
noparcajio HacB BCflBifi pa3T> npa riocimeniH napoAHoff uikoju. 

Eme 3aMtqaTejbHte bt> btomx oTHomeHiH nocieneHHoe Bospa- 
CTanie iHCJia HacTaBHHi^b, KOTopoe mojbho npow&AHTb wb TeieHiH 
nocjtAHHX'B AecaTHjrfeTifi. TaKT>, HanpHMtp'b, bt> ^Bsaro HaxoAHMv 
wo ao copoEOBHX'b roAOBt HacToamaro CTOJiima aeecKifl uojli> 
eme mejo saHHMajca o6yiemeir& bt» ihicojmix'b. Ho yse bt» 1846 
rofty, bt» oCm.ecTBeHHUX'B yqefiHux'b BaBeAeniaxi sHaiaTca: 

HaCTaBHHBOBl 3 

HadaBHHiVB 6; 

a B'B 1860 roAy 6hjio: 

HaCTaBHHBOB'b 17 

HacTaBHHivb 106. 

Bi HacToan^ee BpeMa, East bha^jih, hhcjio hocji , £ahhx'& cjBin- 
Komi BAecflTepo (fojrfee nepBtixx. TaBoe, BeaA* noBTopaiomeeca, no- 
CTeneHHoe BOspacraHie BHaMenaTejibHO a*h Haci yse noToiiy, hto 

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A*ji* npenoAaBaHia, hto bxt> daiB npeAHOHHTaTb yumeiBWb yse 

He pajH OAHHXX 3B0H0MH?eCKHX , b pa3CHeTOBT>, a BCJitACTBie EX'S 

cymecTBeeHurb sa?ecTBi. H mu bhahmx, hto npn BospacTaiou^HX'b 



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Googk 



mKO,U H niPOAHOB OBPA30BAHIE. 14£ 

cpetfCTBaxi* otfmecTBa, Kor^a oho, He sajrita pacxoAOB* na cboh 
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vb Bucmaxx aaBeAeHiaxT*. Haaqe »eHm,HHU h He 6ujih 6u bi. 



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Googk 



150 4 * BfcCTHHKB IBPOHH. 

cocToanin conepHHiaTB cb HyaraHHaMH Ha nonpnnvk H&pOAH&ro 
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<CToaTe^BHocrn h CBasaHHoe cb Heio 6e3cosHaTejBHoe noAHHeeme 



Digitized by LjOOQlC 



fflKOJIA H HAPOAHOB OBPA30BAHIE. . * 151 

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Digitized by 



Googk 



152 BftCTfllKb IBP0I1H. 

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Bi» aiOBaxt HHcnesTopa BUCEasuBaeTca, MesAy npoHHMi, bos- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



IUKOJA H nAPOAHOE 0BPA30BAHIE. 15S 

spieie aMepnicaHijeB'B Ha cncieMy npaBCTBeHHaro BoenHTaHw, npo- 
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AOCTaTOHHOMy qiiciy ohwthwx^ yqHTeiefl. B-b pyBaxT» ae bcrvc- 
hux'b HacTaBHHBOBT, Tiace caMHe yqefiHHKH cjiyataTi* B'fcpHifiniHM'B 

CpeACTBOMT. &JIH pa3BHTlfl CaMOCTOflTCIBHOH yMCTBeHHOS pafiOTU B'B 

mojioaom^ noBOJiiniw. BjraroAapa nepBoft bhhwb* wr A^TCKaro 
YreHia, a Taaae h reoppa^in, yqeHHRH B'B naqajbHOfl hibojiIj sana- 
caioTCH yme 3HaHiaMH, BxoAamHMH otqacTH B'B cocTaBi ecTecTBeH- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



154 BfcCTHHK'B KBPOUH. 

uofi HCTopin. Kpowfe Toro, bt> HaiaJiBHOi! mKOJ'fc b*b npHBejeHiimrb 
pyBOBO^CTBaM'L npHCoeAHH5ieTCfl enje EopoT&iil yHe6HHEi Hcropie, 

BT> OC06eHHOCTH OTCHeCTBCHHOfi. 

*Ito ae KacaeTca ao KaTexH3Hca h BOO(>me ypoKOBt 6orocjo- 
Bia, to ohh He BxoAarB bt> cocraBi npeAMeTOBi npenoAaBania hi 
bt> Ha^ajiBHHxt, hh Bi bucihhx'b HapoAHux'B fflBo^iaxt. Bo Bpeira 
Hainero npefiHBaHia b*b AMepeKt, bt» H'feBOTopux'B nuaTaxt poje- 

TPeJH, DOACTpeKaeMUe AyXOBeHCTBOlTB, 3aflBJIflJIH CBOe HOAOBOJBCTBO 

no 9T0My noBOfly, h BonpocB o pejieria 6hjtb noAHflTB n%xe vh 
caMows Konrpecd. ^yxoBeHCTBO, sairB BamiHiecBoe, TaR* h 
npoTecTanTCKoe, yate He b*b nepBuft pas* AlwaeTi 9th nonuTRH 
<5ocpeAOTOHHTB TaRHMt nyiewB Bi CBOHXt pysax* B-iiame Ha 06- 
mecTBeHHoe HacTpoeme, noAo6no TOMy, saB'B bto yaaaocb eay cjrfc- 
aaTB b*b HiROTopux'B rocyAapcTBax* EBponu, Me«Ay npo^HirB 

HMeHHO B*B IIpyCCiH, T^t, CI H*KOTOpUX'B HOpi, BCa IDKOJBHaa CH- 

CTeifa Haxo^HTca B* ero BJiacTH. HayneHHue ropBKHM** onuTOMt 
acropiH eBponeficKHxi HapoAOBi, aMepHKaHitfi, ct» caMaro bobhhb- 
fiOBeHia CBoefl pecnyCjHBH, ynopno otbjiomjih noAo6Htia BMiuna- 

TeJlLCTBa peJIHri03HHX^ BOnpOCOBX EaK'B BT> CBOefi fflROJlt, TaK"B 

b io BcaKHX'B Apyrax^B npaBBTejibCTBeHHHX^ yqpemAeHiax'B. Hc- 
toah otb Toro y6i»AeHia, hto jnaiHaa CBo6oAa rpaKAaH* Torja 
tojibko (JyAerB onwpaTBca Ha npoHHHx$ ocHOBax*, Kor^a ijepKOBB 
coBepmeHHo OTAtaeHa otb npaBHTejBCTBa, nepBtie cocTaBHTejH 

EOHCTflTyiI,in Coe.UHHeHHHX'B niTaTOBl BOBCe ne RacaJIHCB TpeBOS- 

hmxi BonpocoBi pejiHrra h bi KopeHHuxi nocTaHOBJieHiflx'B pec- 
ny6jHEH He ynoMHHaeica Bcye hmh 6oxie. IIoAHaBmeecH BCBopi 
^aT^M-B ppimeuie co CTopoHti HeAOBOJBHaro AyxoBencTBa no6y- 
jhjio oAHatco HapoAHtixi npeAdaBHTejiefl ws^aTB AonojmeHie (Amen- 
dment) m> KOHCTBTyijiH, b*b kotopom'b hmchho snaiHTca: 

cKoHrpeccB He bt> npaot H3AaBaTB saKOH'B, HMtioiniS n,^bio 
BBCuenie KaKoro-jinfio B-fepoHcnOBiAaHia (npaBHTejiBCTBenHofi uep- 
kbh) mh npenaTCTByiomifi CBotfojHOMy pacnpocTpaHeniro Basofl 6u 
to hh 6hjio pejinria bx CTpaHi>. 

CUnaKO, nowi HB^ania 3Toro nocTaHOBJienia, cBoeicopHCTHHe npo- 
uckh AyxoBencTBa Bee TaKH He npeitpamajiHCB. Pobobijux momch- 

TOM'B B*B HCTOpiH Coe ( H l HHeHHUX'B HlTaTOB'B ABJiaeTCfl, B*B 9T0M'B cjiy- 

^a*, OTBtT'B TpeTbaro npe3HAeHTa pecay6jiHKH, MaAwcona, Ha no- 
^annoe bt> EOHrpeccB npe^oaeHie Kacaie^tno na3naqenia ott» 
npaBHTe.ibCTBa atajioBaHba xpHCTiaHCKH>n> CBflmeHHBKaMT>. 3tots 
OTB'brb, AanHwft bx Hana^t Hamero cTOwTferifl, t4mi 6o.iie snaMe'- 
HaTe-ieH^, ^to oh'b bo bc* nocji'fcAyroDi.ia BpeMeHa wyasH^'B KaK* 
6u pyKOBOA»H\HM*B AorMaTOM'B a-ih aMepHKamjeB'B no oTHomeniK) 
E'B pejiHrio3HUM , B BonpocaM* Boo6me. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



mKOJIA H HiPOAHOX OBP130BAHIB. 155 

tVeJlHTlK — CKa3aHO El BTQWh AOCTOnaMflTHOlCB AOKyMeHTi — 

AOJizsHa cocTaMATt AOCTOAHie pasyMa h yfiisAeHia, a Be BaBo8-JiH6o» 
BJiacTH h nacHJiin. IIoTOMy pejinrifl ^oj»Ha 6htb npeAOCTaBJieHa 
ytfiraieHiio h coBicTH Baffi^aro ^ejoroB^Ra. 3to npaBO, no cyme- 
cTBy cBoeuy, ecTi> npaBO HeoTteMJieMoe... Ha 9T0Mfc ocHOBaHiH m» 
ciHTaeMT* 3a Henpeaoxnyio HdHuy to, mto HHBasoe rpaamaHCKoe-. 
o^mecTBO He aoj»ho nocaraTb Ha pejurio3Hua npaBa h noTpetf- 
bocth cbobxt> qjienoBt. Pejraria ctohtb BH't BcaBofi rpaasAaHCBoa 

BJiaCTH... Mu BHaeiTB, B1» BaKHMt BOuilOmHM^ HOCJltACTBiflMt DpH- 

boahjih yae npoTHBHua diOMy Mil ink! IIpaBHTejibCTBeHHoe Ayxo- 
BeHCTBO h bc4 ero yHpea^Hia hmIjjih nocjii^cTBieMt jhhib HCBa~ 
seRie hcthhhoh Bipti. Depe^i* uaMH ohhth Tasofi npaBHTeabCTBeH- 
Hoi pejunriH 0,/moro h3t> xpacTiaHCBHx*B rocyAapcTBt, cymecTByio- 
maro 15 CToaiTifi. KuiJiHBOCTb h pacnymeHHocTb CBameHHHBOB'b, 
HeB^secTBO h paticTBo itipflHt, cyeB^pie, (fcaHaTHsirb H cTpacTk 
ei» DpecjiiAOBaniK) pasBHJiHCb TaifB bo Bcix* B.iaccaxi> ao HeBipo- 
jithux'b pasMipoBi. Bt> o^HOMt Micri 9Ta TaB*B-Ha3UBaeMaH, npa- 
BBTe.ibCTBeHBaa pejmria Ha pasBajiHHax'b rpaamaHCEaro o6mecTBa 
coopyAHJia AyxoBHuS ^cnOTH3M'B h dTOMy sJiiSineMy MoJioxy ona 
npHHecia HecMimraa BpoBaBiia sepxBu. Bi Apyroirb Micri,— 
3to BCTpinajiocb name Bcero h noBTopaeica aohhh4, — pejiwriosHaa 
nojiuqia cjyj&Ma u cjysHTt jihqib onopofi AecnoTH3My upHBH.ie- 
rflpoBaHHUxx BJiaccoBi o6m,ecTBa. Hhkoi\u noAofinaa pe^uria He 
flBJuuacB xpanHTeJibHHi^eH HapoAHHx^ npaBt. HanpoTHBi, Bci BJja- 
ctojho6uu, y^HGTaBniie HapoA*, npiofipiTajiH ce64 b* npaBHTejb- 
CTBeHHofi pejTHriH caMyio BipHyio coK)3HHijy. HpaBAHBoe npaBHTejb- 
ctbo He Hy»AaeTca bi noAofiHofi onopi. DpaBAHBoe npaBBTe^bCTBO 
HaxoAHTi cbok) cmibHifimyio onopy b^ tomx, hto oho orpaa&AaeT'B 
KaaBAaro rpaacAaHHHa bt> cbo6oahomt> ompaBJieHiH 6oroCJiyseHia 
to<iho TaB»e, EaBi h b*b coxpaHemn JiumioR cbo6oa« h HMyme- 
CTBa... IIotobh epobh (Shjih npojiHBaeMH Bl CTapoM^ CBirfc OTTOIO 
TOJibKo, hto TaM-B Hapyinajmcb sth Haia^a. H Tanoe HCBaseHie 
^ejoBiqHOCTH, Taaoe ociepBeHiHie eBponeficBHx* HapoAOBi pac- 
TeT'B Bee Aa^iie, onoro, hto bo Bcix'b CTpanax'B daparo CBiTa 
Bee eu^e npoAO.isaiOT'B HapymaTb ochobhua Hanajia cbo6oau b 
npaBT> newioB'feqecBHX'bi. 

3aMiHaTejibHua cjoBa npe3HAeHTa pecnytfjiHRH He AapoM^ 6ujin 
saaBJieHU HapoAy. CooacHO BucBa3aHHOMy s^icb B033piHiio, po- 
AHTe-iH, bx (Jojibmefi nacTH oay^aeB-b, ne c^HTaK)TT> ce6a bi npaB& 
o6ynaTb cbohx^ A'^Tefl B'b niEOJiaxx Cb wajiojiiTCTBa hcbjiiohh- 
TejibiiUM'b AorMaTaM* sasoa 6u to hh (Jhjio Tpejinrin. IIo nx'b 
y64»AeHiaM , B, HaBa3HBaTb HecoBepuieHHOJiiTHHMi BaKia-JHfio pe- 
J!Hrio3Hbifl $opMti, 3naqRT^ nocaraTb Ha caMoe saBiTHoe npaea 
nejoBiKa, Ha CBO(5oAy jihhhocth. B% unaiax-B, Ha cauoMX &$>*% 



Digitized by 



Googk 



156 BucTHHirb iBPOOUi 

menb Hept^o, RaR* bx ropoAaxi Tasi h bi cejan, npno- 
jbtch BCTpiqaTb bt> ceMeficTBaxi* yate B3poc.iuxi> j^Tei Boece 
HeKpemeHuxt. — cKor^a ohh AOCTHrayrb coBepineHHOJi'feTia— roBo- 
Phjih Ham poamejiH— to Moryrb Bu6paTb cetf* pejiariio no cbo- 
€My y6tsAeHiio>. — BcjrfcjCTBie 3Toro h bx HapoAHiixi niROiaxt 
He xonycsaeTCfl npenoAaBame pejinriii, HeocoTpa Ha Bet hcki- 
TaibCTBa co dopoHu AyxoBeHCTBa h, tiiaroAapa Tasoi CHCTeiri, 
xojOAue jtoab buxoajttb H3^ ihkoju HesapaseHHue hh paieri- 

03HUMT> (|>aHaTH3MOM^, HE CeRTaTOpCRBM* AyXOMl HeTepMMOCTH. 

JScjb, orpaiiRHHBaacb csaaaHHUMH npejMeTaMH npeiiOAaBama, 
nocjifc Tpex^-qeTi^pexi j4t* o6yqenia MOJOAue jioah 6uBaK>n 
BiieyatAeeu oficTomejibCTBaMH noBHHyTb HaiaTyio micojy; to ohh 
BtixOAarb b3*b Hea y»e HajrkieHHue, bt» h$rotopo3 deneHH, coocofr- 
fiocTbfo Kb caMoo6paBOBaniio h cx TaKBMH saxaTsaiiH jiofiosHa- 
TaibeocTH, hto Bnoc^tACTBia, Aaate cpeAB uonorb npaRWie- 
CRofi SH3RH, nocTOjaHHO CTapaioTca pacniepHTb Rpyra cbobxt, no- 
3HaHifl. Sxbcb neMbicjiHMu Taicie CJiyqan, Kasie oieHb ucto hobto- 
paiOTca B'b eBponeficKHX'B rocyAapcrBaxi, r^i no o$$HiuaibHH)ft 
cB^jiiRijiM'B HHor^a oRasuBaeTca, hto jiioah, ofiynaBmieoi \b% duo- 
jtaxi>, 3a6uBaiorb co BpeMeneifb Bee, qeiiy yqoincb h jaate pasy- 
^BBaioTca ^BTaTb h nHcaTb. JUja ycTpaHeela noAo6Haro nponaxa 
B'b AiiepeK* npexcTaBJiaeTca irnoro cpe^CTBi. Upeat^e Bcero, ci 
ivLibio AOCTaBHTb mojioaumi jioahm*, saHaram bi> npoAOjaeHii 
AHa cbohmh A^jiaMH, bosmojeboctb npoAOJixaTb CBOe ofipasoBairi^ 
ycTpaeBaioTca ofimecTBeHHua Beiepma uiroju. Bt> hhxi ^HTaioTCi 
o6mexocTynHua jieai^in coo6iuaiouua ciymaTexairb cb4a*hui no 
npeouymecTBy npaRTH^ecRaro cBoficTBa. 

^Teaie nyfijiaqHuxi jeRi^ifi BooCme pasBHTo bt> mepoRBXi pas- 
Mipaxi, bo Bctxi> Koeuaxt CoeABHeHHtix'b HlraTOB-b. Taut otfpa- 
soBajica Aajte oco6uu Euacct CTpancTByiouiHX'b npo<f>eccopoBT>, p*3i- 
isasaion^Hxi no ropo;iaMi» h caiam w> rfewb, mto6u bi> Raauom 
wfecTenKi nponecTb, 3a yMipeHHyio n.iaTy, cofiBpaeiiyio co ciynia- 
Tejeft, no nicKOJibRy jieRi;ifl bsi ecTecTBeHnwx'b bjib TexHaqecKHXi 
HayKi,. B'b Ma.ionace.ieHHwx'b MicTaxt ^ajibnaro 3ana^a naMt He 
pasi aiyqa^iocb BB^'hTb coOpaBuieeca bo3.t6 RaRoro-HatfyAb AOMa 
^ojibmoe hmcjo AepeBencKBx-b <J>yproHOB*b b ocfeAJaHnux'b jomaArf» 
na ROTopuxi citxa.iBrb TyAa coc^AHie ^epMepu, nx'b jbcbu h 
A^th. BofiAa bx aomi, mu 3acTaBajiB bi ROMnarfc TOJny cJiyniaTe- 
Jie8, ex jnoGontiTCTBOM'b cjitAHBniBX'b sa .neRi^iefl npo^eccopa, H3- 
jiaraBmaro, B'b oou^enonaTHofl ^opMt, no.ie3Hbia CBiA^Hia b3T» xh- 
niB b.ih acrponoMiB. Bt. ropoAax-b ate cpeAncfi BejiBianu ny6^'" 
Hua JieR^B bouijib hT> ofiuqafi ao Toro, hto He npoxoABTb Benepa 
<5e3*b noAo6naro poAa ^TeHifl. TaKHMB nyTaMB 6ucTpo pa3H0ca*rcH 
bi, Kpai pasHaro poAa HOBua H3o6ptTeaia, yjiyqmenia no TexHH- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



HIKOjII fl H1POAHOS OBPA30BAHIK. 1 57 

MecKofl HacTH h Bootfme no pa3H*iar& oTpacMM* MaHy<f>aRTypHofr 
npoMuoueHHOCTH. Bx 3T0Mt, OTqacTH, ^aKJiioqaeTca bca Tag Ha 6u- 
CTpbiXT> ycnixoBi> Bcaaaro poAa npoHSBoflCTBi Bt niTaTaxi. 

Tiwb ate o6pa30BaTejibHHMt ^.iam'b coA^ficTByioT*, bi cboh> 
oiepeAb, napoAHua qHTa;ibHH, ycTpaHBaeMua bt> ropojaxt pa3HUMB 
ofimecTBawH, a Tasse h qacTHujiH jiHuaMH, sepxBOBaBniHMH 6ojib- 
mie EanHTaju Ha 3tott» npeAMerb. Bt> KaROM^-HH6yAb rjiaBHOMt 
ropoA*, bx poA* BocTOHa, CeHTb-JIioHca, uoAotfHHa qHTa;ibHH ytrrpa- 
HBaKuca caaiofi AyMofi b* ea co6ctb6hhom'b 3AamH. TaMt npoxo- 
jamie He tojilko nojiyqaiorb bhhph, ho qHTaiorB Taa»e pa3Hua 
ra3eTH, b-b 6o,ibuioM , b hhc^4 pa&iomeHHua no CTOJiaMi sajiu. IIo- 
BceMtcTHoe pacnpocTpaHeHie uocjLhunux'b Taase He Majo cuocotf- 
CTByerB pacnpocTpaHemjo napoAHaro o(Jpa3o6ama. OrpOMHoe *n- 
cjio raseT^, hsi kobxx niKOTopua pacxoAaTca no 50,000 h 60- 
xfce aE3eMHJiapoB^ Bt achb, xaerb y»e HiaoTOpoe noHaxie o mho- 
roqHcieHHOCTH qpiafomefl ny6jiHKH. TojibKO npn TaBHxt ycaOBiax'b 
peiaKTopu bt> cocToaHiH BunycKaTb 6ojibmia H3Aama no AenieBtiMi 
KtHaifb h CAiaaxb hxx AOCTynHHMH jvul Bcaicaro. Tase mexa, 
KOTopyio bhaIjjhi mu, CuBajio, Bipyaax'b oxAuxaiomaro oxx ahcb- 
buxi TpyAOBb (J)epMepa, npoqHXHBaexca xaase (JoraxHM'B aanaxa- 
jihctowl bo BpeMfl nepeisAa ero no atejrfraeoii xoporfe h3t> wm 
bt> ropOAi. Kaai bc6 ohh — h seMJieA&Heivb a 6aHKHp , B — cb Ma- 
jojitxcxBa yqmincb no OAHOMy h TOMy aae yqefiHHay, xaa* h 
BnocjiiACTBia bc6, otb (Joraqa ao noACHn^HKa, cji>Aax , B sa co6u- 
-riaMH AHa no oahhmx h T^wb *e ra3eTaMi». H npnfiaBHM^, bo 
Bcixt cjioiixi, ofimecTBa paBHo Bcxpiqaexca Apy»noe copeBHOBaHie 
Kb o6mecTBeHHHM , B fflKOJiaM'B, aaa^ kx TjaBHUM^ paacaAHHBatt'b 
HapoAHaro npocBimeHia. 

IIocejieDi^u m&iojiioahux'b CTpaHi* 3anaAa HHorAa no neotfxo- 
XHmocth orpaHHHHBaiOTca oCyqenieM'L cbohxi A^Tefi b*b oahoS Ha- 
^ajbHofi iDKOji. Ho vb HacejieHnux'b boctohhhx^ unaTaxx 6ojib- 
maa nacTb MOJioAese npoAOJisaera yqeHie bo BTopocTeneeeiJX'L 
jnsojrax'b ao cBoero qexupHaAuaTH hjih naTeaAr^aTH-jiTHaro bos- 
pacTa. ^ase bi CeHrt-JIfOHC*, cpaBHHTeabHO mojioaomi eme ro- 
poA^, no OTHfrraM** 3a nocJ^AHie roAa ihc;io yqeHHROBi CBUine 
lO-jtraaro BOspacTa npeBHraajo hhcjo yqa^axca MOJioae 10 
jirb, a HMeHHo, nocjiiAHBX'b 6ujio 47°/o, TorAa aaK^ nepBUxt — 
53 qejioBiaa Ha 100. Bx boctohhuxi mTaTaxx 9to ^po^eHTHoe 
coAepaianie otfyqaromnxca en^e (Jorfe cwonaeTca B'b nojn>3y cTap- 
maro BospacTa. HHcneKTop-b ihko.it> Bwpa3Hjn> B3rjiax*b aMepHsaH- 
i^eBi) Ha dTOTh cqeTT> TasHMH c^ioBaMH: cOahh'b jiHniHiS roA'b, na- 
qHHan cb TpHHaAuaTH-jiiTHaro B03pacTa, Aopoae am pasBHTia mo- 
jOAoro yMa, q^Mi ABa roAa ao fficam Jibrb. OfimecTBO MHoro Te- 
paeTB, BorAa a^th ero cjhuieomx paHo ocTaBjaiorb mKOjy, HMeHHo 



Digitized by 



Googk 



158 BfcCTHIKB BBPOHH. 

noTOMy, qTO oho BUHrpuBaert t4mi> 6ojiie, nim* fiojie o6pasyeTGS 

JllOXefi CX pyKOBOWmHITb yMOMB, OTKpUBaK)mHXt HOBUe SH3HeH- 

Biie nyTH am cetfa h pa cbobxb 6paTbeB*B>. 

Ho AJfl Toro, htoCh ofipasoBame, mkb bb cpeAHHXB, tek*b it 
bb bucidhx'b yiefinuxB saBeAeHiaxB yAOBJieTBopaiio coBpeneHHUM-B 
Tpe6oBaHiaMi> h Ha caMOMB j&jik 6ujio moaotbophhmb am otfme- 
CTBa, Heo6xoAHMo, qTo6tr bto o6pa30Banie mjo corjacHO cb o6mmrB- 

CTpoeifB AifiCTBBTeJbHOH JKB3HH. EcJIh6^ HySHO 6UJK> BUpaSHTB B*K 

oahomb cjob4 rjaBHoe cboSctbo otfmaro CTpoa awepHKaHCKofi shshh, 
to MU HaaBa^H 6u ero — nOMXHcumeMHOcmM. B*b BopoTRii cposi* 
BpeiieHH, bb KOTOpufi pasBHJiacB Moryqaa pecny6jHKa, HenposHB- 
mafl A&se OAnoro cTOjrfeTia, bb Heft He yentju eme cjoshtbc*, 
KasB bb eBponefiCKofl xhshh, hh Bama dtcHHTejiLHua Tpaja- 
ilia: aMepHKaHuaMt h$tb HaAo6HocTH cqHTaTbca ct> npomex- 
ihhmb; Ha nonpHmi A**Te.3BHOCTH hxb He CBastiBaeTB MHoroBii- 
KOBoe Haoir&Aie npeABOBB. Ha A*BCTBeeHoft noqBi hoboh sh3hb 
hitb Heqero ompumntb, neqero paspymaTb. fltetfaBJieHHue otb po~ 
soBoft 6opb6u cb npouieAiuHMT>, He ofiypeBaeaiue AyxoMB 6esuAoi- 
Haro OTpnitaHia, ohh cb rfeMt (SoJibnieft 9Hepriefi ycipeiuaioTB. 

CBOH CHJIM Ha npOH3BOAHTeJbHyiO A^BTCJIBHOCTB, H HOJIO»HTeJBHOCTB 

CTajia ouHquTejibHOH qepiofl aMepHsaHCKoft »h3hh. 9ia lepra 
npHAaerB HpaBCTBeHHOMy CKJiajy aMepaRaHijeB'B tott> SAopoBbifi or- 
rfenoKB, KOTopui TaRB ocBiatHTejibHO BJiiaeTB Ha 3atasaro ev 
hhmb eBponeaija, yroMJieBHaro TmeTnoo Copbfiofi cb a&bho otshb- 
fflBMH, ho Bee eme He ycTpaHeHHUMH, 6htobhmh HaqajaiiH cboc* 

POAHHH. 

Ticeo CBasaHHaa cb a^hctbht6^bhoh) aasHbio, HapoAHaa msoxa 
bx AiiepaKfe 0Tpa3HJia bb cefrfe 9Ty nojioxHTe,iBHocTB aMepwtaH- 
cxaro HpaBa. Xot& AenapTaMenrB HapoAHaro upocBtiuema h ot- 
npaBjiajiB Ha CBoefi cieTB bb EBpooy kommhccIh yieHUXB cb nopy- 
qemewb HBCsiAOBaTB cymecTBywmia Taan> cbctcmm otfyqeHia, bb- 
ocofieHHOCTH bb repMaaia; OAHaso aiiepHKaHi^u, saiiMCTBOBaBB ot- 
TyAa MHOro HOJie3HuxB yKasaoifi, He u3m$hhjih hh bb neafB cbo- 
eMy pasB npoflflTOMy HanpaB.ieHiK) b iuKo.ia hxb npoAO^aaerB pa- 
cth Ha ocHOBaHiH npe^HHX'B o6n;eo6pa30BaTejibHMXT> Haqajn*. He 
o6peMeHaa yqeHia bchkhmb x^aMOMB cpeAneBtKOBoft cxo.mcTHiw^ 
HeMHHyeMoft npHHaAJie»H0CTBK) mmibHaro npenoAaBaHia b*b Eb- 
poni, aMepHRanijhi nocTpoBja cboio o6meo6pa30BaTe.ibHyio CHCTeMy^ 
npHAepatHBaacb npea^e Bcero Toro npaBHJia, htoCu TaKb-Hasu- 
Baeiiaa ajieMenTapHaa njKO.ia nu^a bb BHAy — ne npuroTOBjenie 
y^amoxca kx BaKofi-HHfiy^B cneu,iajibHOCTH, mh Aaae k^ KaKOMy 
6u to hh 6ujlo BMcraeMy yqefiHoaiy 3aBeAeRiio, — a no bo3mo»ho- 
cth BcecTopoHHee o6pasoBaHie hxx. Bb neAarorHqecBOMB co^HHe- 

HiH, CJiysan^eMB pyKOBOACTBOMB ME HOpMaJIbHblXB H1R0.1B BB CO- 



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mSOJU H HAPOflHOE 0BPA30B1HIE. 159 

^HHeHHHX'B TIlTaTax'B, no 9T0My noBo^y roBopaTca: «Mh aojukhh 
pa3BHBaTb HHARBHjiyajibHwa ciioco6hocth yqamaxca TaBt, hto6h 
ohh, no buxoa* H3t DiKOJU, iforjiM caMH sufipaTb ce(y£ one- 
HiajibHoe saHjuie bjib nodynHTb b* aaRoe-HafiyAB saBeaeaie cb 
<5oji1>e cne^ajitHHM^ HanpaBJieHieino. K-b saBeAemaM'b nocxfcA- 
naro poAa aMepHfcamju OTHocarb ne TOJibao MeAaijBHCBie, iopbah- 
lecRie, TexHHqecKie a t. n., ho Taitse h TaKX-HastiBaeMue KJiac- 
caqecaie aojuieAJKB. — c06yqaTb b*b BJieMeHTapnofi inaojrb — caa- 

*aHO JieLlie BT> pyKOBOJCTB* — MaJIbHHKOB'b H A'&BOqeK'b KaRBM*b-HB- 

<5yAb cnenjajibTThiMT> snaniflM-b, 3Hannjio 6u npeApimaxb 3a hhxt» 
•BuCopx axx (JyAymnx'b saHarifi a b*b H*feKOTopo3 CTeneHa jHmaTB 
hx* HaBcer^a .bo3mojrhocth npaHaTbca sa Apyria Kaaia-JiBCo npo- 
ijeccia. 3to aBHo npoTaBopiqaJio 6u Hamefl napoflHoS a^et o cbo- 
4oxb jibhhocth a noTOMy Haraa uiKOjra flo,iaraa 6htb no npeaiiy- 
mecTBy oCmeotfpasoBaTeJibHHM'b saBeAeHieai'b* Ran 9TOro cacTeaia 
npenoAaBaHia AOJijRHa 6utl cociaB.ieHa Taaaifb o6pa3oarB, ^ito6h 
yqeHie, bx oaho a to ae BpeMa, pa3BHBajio AyineBHtia cnocotmocTH 
yqenHBOBt a caafiaajio ax* 3anacoMi> no3Hani8, HeofixoABMHX'b bs 
^tHcTBHTe.ibnoa »b3hb am BcaKaro coBpeMeHHO-oCpasoBaHHaro qe- 

JIOB*Ka>. 

06* ^jb: a pa3BBTie cnocofiHocTeft ex oahoS eropoHH, a ycBoe- 
Hie no3aaHifi cb apyroS no y6is»AeHiK) aMepaEancKax'b nejaro- 
tobt>, jojishw 6uTb HepaspuBHo CBaaanu Meawy co6o8: otfyqeme, 
Hwfciomee .iamb ivfejbio pa3BBTie yMCTBeHHHX'b cnoco^HOCTefl, — 
Taax-HasMBaeMaa yMCTBeHHaa raifHacTBBa KJiaccaKOB'b, — He otfora- 
maionjaa y.Mi> nojosBTejibHHMB SHamaMB, He BMfcerb ' CBasa c& 
3BB3Hbjo, oho OAnocropoHHe, oho ynoAo6.*aeTca MepTBOMy aanaiajiy, 
^apuTOMy bt> seMjiio. IIpoB3BOAHTejieHi To.ibKO otfpamaiomiitca B* 
3KB3HH aanBTa.Tb nojio»BTejibHuxx SHamil. B* Haxx— rjaBHaa CBja. 
HpiofiptTan bxt> nyieM^ paitfonajibHaro yqeHia, mojioaoA qeJOBtK* 
bi TO»e BpeMa pasBaBaeT^ a cbob cnoco6nocTB. Gniixyfl TaKOMy 
B3waAy, aMepaaaHCKafl neAaroraaa OAHaMi asx rjiaBHHX'b npaBH^t 
nocTaBJiaeTi: <He yHHTb HaqeMy TaaoMy, ht6 npaxoABJOCb 6u Bno- 
cjiiACTBia 3a6biBaTb ynau^BMca, a, Hao<Joporb, yqaTb Bcewy TaK^, 
hto6u MojioAHe jhoab He yipaHBBa^a npiofiptTeHHaro vb maoji*, »a- 
EBM"b 6u 8anaTiflMi hb nocBHiuajia ce6a bi 6yAymeM'b>. IIpaBBJio, 
npaBAa, ne hobog, ho ynycaaeMoe 83^ BH^y HamBMH nesaroraMa jo 
TaaoH CTcnena, hto bi Hajiaxx 3aBeAeniax-b yqarb MHoroMy TaKOMy, 
ht6 BnocjitACTBia, coBepuieaHo 3aBbAOMo AJifl nacb, OKaateTca Bosce 
^e3nojie3nuM'b &j\n qciOBbKa, a HaoSopoT-b — He cootfmaioTca yqa- 

D^BMCfl Il03HaHifl, AtSCTBHTe^bHO HeoOxOAHMHfl BCHKOMy CKOJbBO- 

naoyAb npaqacTBOMy kt> ABHatetiiflM'b conpeMeHaoS sbshb. 

OcHOBtiBancb Ha asjoateaHux'b Bwme Haqajiaxx, a cocTaBJraeica 
yqe^Haa nporpaMMa A^a cpeAHaxi a bbiciuhx'l hikojh bt> cji*AyH>- 



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Googk 



160 BfcCTHIEt XBPOIIH. 

mpwb bh^4. Pacnrapaa nocTeneHHO cb Baaw>8 Bucmefl crreneHBio 
KpyrL nosHaHifi, npiotipfrreHHuxt yse Bt HaqajibnoS niEO-rfe, no 
HacTH OTe^ecTBeHHaro asuica, apneMeTHEH, reorpa^in h HcropiH, 
npHCoeAHH^iOT'B Et 9T0My H3yHeHie hchbhx'b abmrobi, b*b oco6eH- 
hocth Hfofemtaro. Hact nopasnjo SHa^HTejibBoe pasBHTie, Banoe 
no^yiHja 9Ta OTpaoib npenoflaBama bt> aMepHKaHCKHXt msojax's 
bx nocaiAHee flecaTHjime. 

HoHATiio, hto KocMonojiHTHqecKia xapasTepi crpaHH MHoro 
cnoco6cTByeTT» ycnimmoMy pacnpocTpaHeHiio shbuxx jj3ejkobt> fb 
o6m,ecTBi. Meaiy rfcirB, East bb EBpon* hpohcxoahtb oatecTOieH- 
Haa 6opb6a HaitfoHajibHOCTefi, BpaKjyiomHX'b Me&xy co6oS h b* 
yrojy CBoeKopacTHux-B 3aMtic.iOBi» BJiacTHTeiefi, Bt HenocTHSHKOH 
8.106$ CTpeMHn^Hxca ciepeTb apyrt apyra ct>. JiHua eBponeficKoa 
8eMja; bt> to se BpeMa Ha MaTepnE'fc HoBaro CBtia coBepmaeTca 
HHpHoe ciuiaquBaHbe bo-cjbho pa3HomieaieHHHx , b pact, cTeaaiomHxca 
ooasl co Bcfcxt kohijobx seMHoro mapa. Ph> Apy»HOM^ cxpeM^enin 
kt. oahoS o6u;efi iv&jih HejiOBtqecnaro 6jara ohm cjiHBaioTca bb 
oahh7> aMepMEaHCKift HapoAi, OAymeBJiaeMbifi oahok) oCmeio npHsa- 

BaHHOCTbK) El CBOefi CTpanfc, KaEl Kl M*CTy, TXh Ha nOJHOXl 

npocTopi h Ha cboCoaI* jaHO 6hjio pasBepHyTbca bc4mt> jiyqnrairb 
HaMHHaHiaii'B jhoacehmb. HecMOTpa na TaKofi KocMono-flHTUHecsii 
xapaBTep-L CTpanu, mm, no npaBA'fe cica3aTb, HHr^t ne BCTptqajH 
Tasoro HCTHHHo-naTpioTHiecEaro saEajia bt» o6mecTBl>, nasi HMeHHo 
y aaiepHEaHi^B'B. IIpaBAa, aHoificEift asus* rocnoACTByerb BCiojy 
bx pecnyfijiHKi; no 3to HHCKO-ibEO He Mimaert paAOMt cb hhm* 

BOABOpaTbCfl B*b HtEOTOpblXl MfcCTHOCTflXt H APVrHMT> HaptniaMTu 

TaEi, Me-Efly npoqaMi, B*b JEyHsiaHfc npeofijiaAaerb <|>paHi*y3CRiH 
mbiK'b, a no cociACTBy ct Heio, bx Texacfc— H'fcMeijEift h jo ra- 
boh ereneHH, mo HaMB cjryqa^ocb BCTpftiaTb TaMt HtimeBi, y«e 
jecaTEH jrkvh npoaEHBmHX'b b*b cTpaHi* h BOBce He sHaBniHX'K 
aHiviificKaro a3HRa, ht6, BopoqeM^, RHCEOJibEO He MimaerB hitl> 
6wTb HacToamHMH aMepHEaHuaMH. IlpnBAa, bb HapoAHHxi> mKO- 
jaxi> flfkrn pa3Hoa3biqHwxB njieMenx ^sopo ycBOHBarorb ce6t roc- 
no^CTByioiuiH aHrjiflcKiH asiakt>, h Ha^o co3HaTbca, ^to amMO-caE- 
coHCKoe n^ena o6^aAaeTi> qpesBiJ^aHHOio cnocofiHOCTbio npeTBopaTb 
bb ce6a Bet apyria pa3HonjieMeHHbia pacw. Tkwh He MeHte, o^HaKO, 
aMepHEani^rj co^HaioTTR, hto rocnoacTByromee Bjianie Ha j^a, 
Bcefi CTpaHM aojimho nepefira Et T'iMt otfHTaTejiflM'b ea, EOTopae 

BJiaAilOTl HiCKO.IbEHMH »HBb!MH a3IJEaMH, H nOTOMy OHH BB CBOeU 

napoAHofi mKOjrh peBHocrHo npHHajHCb 3a hxt. H3yneHie. 

^to »e EacaeTca ao janiHCEaro a3UEa, to oht>, EaE^ npe^- 
neTi OTHocamiifca ei 6o.i1>e cnei^iajbHofl ofijiacTH no3naHi3, ot- 
jaraeTca ao 6oj\ie Bucmaro BoapacTa, tslkt> hto BOo6me, bt» cpej- 
hhxi yqe6Htix'B saBeAemaxi iiepTBue hbheh He bxoa^tt> bi> co- 



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DIKOJIA H HAPOAHOB OBPA30BAHIB. 1 6 1 

craBi nporpaMHH. npenojWBanie hxt> HaqnHaeica jihhib bt> bhc- 
nieft mRoai (High School), Kyia nocTynarorB MOJioAue jho^h jrifcrt 
14-th bjh 15-th, h ROTopaa, saM^TUM^ RCTaTH, no otf'beMy CBO- 
ero qeTupex'woflUHHaro Kypca 3aHHMaeTB RaRT>-6H cpe^Hee Micro 
Meatfly HaniHMH rHMHa3iflMH h yHHBepcHTeiaMH. ITocTynaH bt, nee, 
mojioaoA HejioBiiCB, xota eiue h ne Hsfinpaerb ce6fc HHRaRon cne- 
i^iaJibeocTH, ho AOJi»en*B, no RpaflHefi Mtpi, pimnTbca, HaM'fcpeH'B jib 

OH*B BHOCJltACTBiH SaHflTbCH HCKJIIOHHTeJIbHO <J)H;iOJIOrHqeCRHMn, HCTO- 

pnqecKHMH h.ih »e MaTeMaTHiecKHMH, eciecTBennuMH, Me^Hi^HH- 
ckhmfi n APyrHMH nayRaMH. CoofipasHO ci Bw6opoMT> yqamiaca h 
nocTynaerb na oahhx hs-b AByxt ot^job'b, na KOTopue pacnpc- 
jkiaeTca npenojaBame bt> Bucmefi uiKOJii. IIo noBoay HaaBaHiff, 
npHAaBaeMBixx RasjOMy H3i OTrftaoBi, neofixoAHMO ynoMflHyTb, qTO 
aMepHKaHALi He npoTHBOCTaB,i;iK)TX TaKx-na3KiBaeMOMy y Tract peaab- 
HOMy oCpasoBaHiio RjiaccnqecRoe: no hx*b no.ioraHTejiBHOMy bo3- 
3piHiio BCAKoe o6pa30BaHie aojijkho 6htb peajbnoe, h jpeBHie 
A3HKH no CTOJibRy ate OTHOcaTca rt> npeAMerawB peajibHHiTB. KaR* 
h AonoTonnaa <|uopa h (JmyHa, cocTaBJuiiomia npe^MeTu najieoH- 
mioriH. IIo3TOMy ota^-im BucineS inROJiw h Ha3BaHU oahitb — 06- 
tyum (General course), A^vo^—KJiaccuuecKUMZ (Classical course). 
TaKHMt o6pa30M*B, bt> caMtix'b Ha3BaHiax'b BucRa3HBaeTca yace 
tocthhS, tfojie cneijiajibnuH xapaRTep7>, Kanoa npa^aeTca 3A$c& 
KJiaccHnecROMy ofiyqeHiio. Kypct nooiiflnaro po^a HasHaqaeTca 
neRjiKHHTe;ibHO frix mojioabix'b jho^ch o(5oero noaa, seaaiomHX'B 
nocBHTHTb ce6a yqeniJMi saHaTiaM* b^ ofijiacTH HayRt <|>HjiojiorH- 

HeCRHX* H HCTOpHqeCRHX'B. JlaTHHCRifi HSUtih npOXO^HTCa TyTB, 

KoneqHO, b*b 6o.i*e otfinHpnoM'B pasMtpt, q'fcai'B na ^pyroMi Rypcfe, 
h CBepxt Toro npHCoeABHaeTca eme npenojaBaHie rpeqecRaro. Ha 
ofiment Rypci jraTHiiCRifi &3uki> npoxo^HTca, RaRi, Bupaateno b*b 
npaBHjaxi>: cnacTOjiBRO, HacROJbRo 9to bosmojkho h . saiareibHO 
AJfl o6maro o6pa30BaHia, wa 3HaR0MCTna ct> o6a\e\\ rpaMMaTHKofl 
h wp. yRa3aHia cba3h, cymecTBywiuefl wesAy JiaTHHCRHM-b h iiobM- 
hihmh A3UKaMH>. Bs 3T0M-L cjiyqat jiamHCKiu flauKt hm^t-k 
TaRoe »e 3Haqeme oTnocHTCibno anBiix-b poMaHCKax^ *i3biR0B'b > 
RaRx cjiaBAHCRifi— b'b OTHoraeHiH pyccRaro. 

Ecjh, TaRHM-b o6pa30M*b, b'b aMepHicaHCROH mKOjt A3HRH, no npe- 
HMymecTBy »HBbie, cjiyataTx MoryqnMi opy^ieMx ^.ia aajbffhfiinaro 
o6pa30BaHia h 6y,nyme8 , npaKTHqecRoS A*flTejibH0CTH ; to r^aBHaa 
o6me-o6pa30BaTe.ibHafl cajia ea 3aKJiK)qaeTca bx nay Rax* MaTeMaTHqe- 
crhxi h ecTecTBennnx'b. Out, mojbho cRa3aTb, ciysaTx Rpaeyrojib- 
humt> RaMHeM'b B'b mojio^oS pecnytfjiHKi B'B OTiioineniu ea npo- 
MHoiJieHHoa, ToproBofi h nojiiTHqecRofi JEH3BH. Ofiorautaa yqamnxca 
ToqflUAiH, HOJOSHTejbHUMH snaHiaMH, cRa3anHua uayKH b-b to ae 

Toirt V.— CBHMBPb, 18H. 11 



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162 BfcCTHHKl EBPOBH. 

BpeMH, (Jxarojapfl npeBoexoAHOMy MeTOAy, npBirfcHHeiiOMy nps 
H3yqeHia, cayaarb caMuifB HajesHUM'b cpeACTBOM* jm npaBHJB- 
saro pa3BHTia cnocofiHociefi yqaujnxca; onfc cjiyatarb .fyimefl no*- 
roTOBSofi kt> npaBTHqecKofi #6aTejibH0CTH Bcasaro HexoBtaa, ba- 
BOMy 6u saHanio oht, hh nocBflTHjrb ce6a: h x,iij<Sonanma n yne- 
Haro, ecjiH tojilro nocJiiAHift, saHHMaacb HayiHUMH H3CJfcAOBaniHMH, 
He xoierB pa30pBan> BcasyK) CBa3b ct> xh3hbio; — u TexHHsa k 
nponoB^AHHBa p&iuriosnofi hcthhh, cjobo KOToparo He jocTHrHerfr 
CBoefi 6jiaroTBopao9 n,ijin, ecja, BHTaa b*b 3ao6ja^nuxi> <J>anTa- 
CTeqecBHX'B o6pa3axi > , oho ue npoHBRHeica avU3iieHiiuMH BHTepe- 
caMH shbux*b jno^eft, OKpyateHHUxi MipoM* flfcficTBBTeJibHOCTB; — 
h MeAHKa h wpHCTa, BOTOpwfi B'b cyaefiHHX'b ^axx na Rasc^oirB 
mary npexoAHTb bt» CTOJKnoBenie cl oiyqaauB, rfecno CBasaH- 

HUME H CB IipOCTUHH H CT> CJIOSIWMH BRieHiBMH HpHpOAU; W 

HacTaBnHBa h Maiepa ceMeficTBa, BOTopue tfesi acnaro nonHMama 
yCviooia 4>H3HHecKofl SH3HH jierao BnaaaioT'B fb HeacnpaBBMua 
ouib6kh b*b cbobx'b 3a6oTaxt o a^tckomi BOBpadi;— cjiobomx, Ryja 
hh o6paTBJCfl 6u shboS leiOBto'b, sa KaKoe Kkio hh b3juch 6u, 
oh*b HHRor^a He Moa&erb OTpiuiBTbca otb cbb3b cb npapoxoft, oh* 
caMt cocTaBjineTt nacTb ea. IIoa'b pokobumt, aiiflHieMt ecTecTBeH- 
huxt, cbj-b, HenocBBiueHHHfi bt> TafiHu MipoBuxt ' BBJienift era- 
HOBHTca aMLiBBM'b patfoMt BemecTBeiiHaro Mipa, h TOJibRO Torw, 
sor^a ne.iOB'fcK'B ct» xioCobbk) H3yqajn> aBJieHia npHpoAU, oh* Bnpart 
HaBUBaTbca ijapeMx ea. 

He nyieM^ npejBsaTux'B TeopeTHTCCRBX-B aobojob* aoiiijh aiie- 
puKaHn.u ao TaKHXT» y6t»AeHifi; ohh BupafioTaHu caMHin* onuTOirb 
HapoAnofl aBB3Hn. Ecjih mu BsymtaeMca ne6uBajiOMy bt» HCTopis 
^aaoBiqecTBa paswaxy aMepuKaHCKofi n,BBH^H3au,in, eme hojioaoS 
h HaxoAamefica bt> nepioAt coBepinaiomaroca pa3BHTifl, bo no- 
BasaBineS yse HejiOB^qecTBy o6pa3i;oBua yqpe«Aenia HapoABaro 
caMOAepaaBia, OTKpuBiuefi nepeA^ hhmt> HOBue nym npou3BOAH- 
TejbHoS A*BTe^bnocTB, npojio»HBineft qepe3i, MaTepuBT> M^atiy- 
HapoAHyw pejbcOByio Aopory oti OAnoro OReaea ao ^pyroro, 
AapoBaBiuefi CBiTy h napoxoACTBO h Te.ierpa^u, b rocb.ibb b mBeft- 
Hua waoianu, h Meoro APyraxi H3o6ptTeHift, cnoco6cTBOBaBinHXs 
bo 6,iary jfOAefi: to hoao6humh ycntxaMH aMepHRaimu, no co6- 
CTBennoMV hxt» cQ3Haiiiio, OAO.iseiiu cbocS napoAnofi inucib, pa- 
D^iona.ibeoMy b*l nefi o6pa30Baniio, oceoBannoMy na nayRaxt na- 

TeMaTBHeCRBX* B eCTCCTBeHHUXl. 

Cawo co6oio pasyM-fceTca, hto nJOAOTBopHony pacnpocTpaHeaiio 
noc.if»AriHXT> MHoro cnocotfcTByeT'b ycntuinoe ofiyncnie hx-b bi ibro- 
jiaxi. Mm, OAHaRo, 3aTpyAna.iHCb 6u caasaTb, ^eMy Co.ite cit^yen 
npflnncaTb caMbiS ycntxi bt» dtomt» cjynai: cnocobHOCTHM-b jh yqe- 
hhkobt>, pa3BHBaBmBxcfl yse flOMa noAi> pjroboactbom'b o6paso- 



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HIKOIA H H1POAHOK 08P130BAHIE. 1 63 

BaHHofl Maiepn, hah ncnyccTBy npeno^aBaTe.iea, yMtiomnx* nojitao- 
BaTbCfl xopoino cocxaBJiennuMH pyROBOACTBaMR? He Meefee Tanace 
aaTpyAnHjHCb 6u mh cRaaaTb, kto tfoifce npeycntBaerb bt> bthx* 
HayKaxt: MajbiHRH hjih a^bohrh? Cjt&ah 3a ypoRaMH MaieMaTHRH, 

IKlK'b B*b CpeAHHX'B, TSLftb H B*b BMCUIHXT> IDKO.iaX^, MU yAHBwlflJTHCb 

,to8 oTqeTjHBOCTFf, n3o6.iHqaiomefi achoctb nomnianifl, ct> KaEOK) 
o6*BflcnfljiHCb yienHKaMH o6oero no.ia caMua TpyAnua TeopeMU, 
toS JierKOCTH h caapoBR-fc, ct ROToporo pfcmajHCb hmh AOBO.ibno 
sanyTaenue Bonpocu, h qacro Haarb Ka3ajocb, tto naibiiy nep- 
BeHCTBa wl TaKHx^ aiyiaax'b cjitxyen oTAaTb yqeHnnaarb. Mh 
y6t»AeHBi, no RpaflHeii iiipi, b*b tomt>, hto oienb HeMnorie H3i Ha- 
idbxt, raMHasHCTOB-b 6ujh 6h bt> cocTOflnia cpaBoaTbca ci noo/iiA- 
heme bt> 9to3 oipacJH snaHiS. He roBopHM'b yate o rtxi hsi 
y^eHHROB^ nainnx^ waccBHecKHX'b rHMHa3ifl, KOTopue, no KaKOMy- 
to cjioaRHBmeMycfl y nacb npeAyCiasAeniio, cqirraioTCfl orb npa- 
pOAbr BOBce JiMineHHUMH cnocodnocTH noHHMaTb MaTeMaTHRy. 

HoAofiHue yqeHHRH h.ih yieHHuu B^ aMepHRancRHxi inKOJiax* 
iroryn BCTptTHTbca pa3B* KaR'b anoMajiin, nanp., bt> poA* JiiOAeft 
HecnocofiHux'b BiiyraTbca imaTb h nncaTb. Eojibinyio aojk) ycnt- 
xob* b*b djowb uyiai arfcAyerb, KOHe^HO, npHnwcaTb onxrrb chjil- 
homj bjiijihud Ha pa3BBTi'e A*Tefl seHmHH^-HacTaBHBicb, nojy^HB- 
maro Tanoe npo<reoe o6pa30Banie. HeBOJibeo BcnoMHHae-rca Ham 
npn BTOMi, hto Fb CTapmexi RJiaccaxi* buceuhxt> iekojt», ta^ npo- 
xoahtch aHajHTHqecRaa reoiieTpia, Bucmaa ajirefipa, acrponoMia h 
4>B3BBa ci uaTeMaTHiecRBMH BUR.iaARaMH, jeKi;iu, no 6o.ibmefi qa- 

CTH, HHTaiOTCfl H3CTaBHHI*aMH. 

*Ito RacaeTca ao eciecTBCHHHX'b nays'b, to b*b stomi OTHome- 
hie moscmi> cocjiaTbca Ha saaBJieHie spaaienHTaro Araccima, npo- 
$eccopa b*b ynHBepcHTeTi TapBapAa, B-b ropoAK* KeBifipHAK* Cjihsi 
BocTona. Owl yB^pajii Hac-b, hto mhofhmh cbohmh H3cji1iA0Ba- 
nianH no lacm soo.ioriH onx OAO,imenx npocB'bmeHHOMy coAtfidBiK) 
jihivb, KOHqHBniHX'b KypCT bt> yHHBepcBTeii, conpoBoafA^BinHxi ero Bt 
nyTemecTBiaxT), RaRia oH-b emeroino coBepraaeT^ Cb nay^noio i^Jibio 
bt> Jitmee Bpeiia bt> pa3nue Konn,i>i Amcphkh. KopoTRO snaRoiduft 
c% o6pa30BanieMT» b*b EBponfe, ta* ohi na^a,Tb CBoe yqeHoe no- 
npHme, npo^eccop'b Bupasa.ii MHtHie o tomt., hto ajiepHRan^T, 
no npeHMymecTBy nepeA* apjthmr napoAawn, OT.mqaiOTca cnoco6- 
HOCTbio R'b pauiona.ibnowy myneBiio eciecTBenHUxi HayRT». TaRoft 
otsmbi npo^eccopa coBepinenno coBnaAaerb ci> wHtniaMH yieeuxi 
€BponeHCRBXT> nyTemecTBeonwROB^ no AMepHKi, h li oco6ennocTH 
H^MeijRHX'b. HocjitAHie, B*b BifAt \Ropa, npn6aB;uiK>rb TOJibiio, hto 
noAofiHoe aB.ieHie CBHitrejibCTByeT'b 6yATo 6u od OAnocTopouHeM'B 
naTepiajiH3M'fe aMepHRaHi^eBi. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



164 x B1CTHIBB IBPOML 

Hhw*, RaRB HMenHO na aMepHRancRoi! hoib£ He npiixoxHTC* 
TaKB jierso y6&RaaTbca bb tomb, hto bb btomb ysopi CKasuBaiOTCJi 
jiHinb HCKaaeHHua eBponeficaia nonaria o6*b OTHomeniaxt HejOBfaa 
kb BH*niHeMy uipy. npnpojia, b*b noHfliie aMepHKanija, He em 
*<Je3AyniHHfl cfiopt Bem,ecTBi>; HanpoTHBB, ona npejCTaBjaeTea ero 
^My shbumb, AtficTBHTejibHUM'B opraHHSMOMB. H Hsyieme ea,— 
tfyAera jh oho ciyjGHTb cpeACTBOM'b xia xocTBseHia Maiepiajfc- 
hhx* A'kiefi Ha ftiaro .iK>aeft h.ih npeAMeTOMi yMCTBeHHaro na- 
CJaameHia, — cctb Hsyneme jkhbo3 AiflcTBHTejibHocTH. Oho nepe- 
poayjaeTca bb MaTepiajiH3MB tojkro Torja, Roraa, orpaHHiBBam 
(J)aBTaMH, 9to H3yqenie He pyROBOAHTca HHsasofi Hjeefi, He oxymeB- 

JfleTCfl HH MHCJIbK), HH HyBCTBOMB. EoiH BB eBpOnefiCKHXB fflKO- 

jaxt sanaria ecTecTBCHHUMH nayaaMH He Bcerja hpbboahjih kt> 
atejaeMUMB pe3yjbTaTaMB, to bto citxyerb npnnncaTb ottocto 
neyxaqHOMy cnocofiy npenoAaBania, a onacTH Tasse h tomj 
oCcToaTeji&CTBy, hto bb necROHqacMoff Copbtf-fc cb raeTymeMH ycjio- 

BiaMH SH3HH, HpH 06pa30BaB0ie8ca HaKIOHHOCTH RB OTpHUaHilO, 

eBponefiijH bb eerecTBeHHtixx nayaaxB qacTO hcrs^h yxoCnoe opy- 
Aie Aia ncRopeHCHia sjhxb naiajB bb otiuiecTBeHHOft c^ep-fe e no- 
TOMy, npHHHMaacB sa nsyqeme npnpoAH one hm^.ih ivfeibio boc- 
HOJBsoBaTBca eio, RaRB CH/ibHOK) coK)3Himefl h npH3BaTB ee kb yqacrii) 
bb CBoeS oatecToqeeflofi Copb6i cb cyeBipiewb To.inu, cb 4>&Ham- 
momb xyxoBeHCTua h cb saxBaiaMH npHBH.iernpoBannux'B KjiaccoBi. 
HsfiaBJieHHue otb TaRoro HanpaBJienia OTpHi^TejbHaro cBoficTBa, ane- 
pHRamju, nanpoTHBB Toro, bb CBoeMB nojio&HTe.iBHOM'B Hacrpoe- 
flia oTHocaTca kb npHpoA* cb cbIjtjihmb qyBCTBOMB 6;iara, ci 
acnuMB nocTHatenicMB ea TBopqecRHXB chjib, BOsCyaxaiomMt 
xyxi qejiOB^Ra rb mhphoh npoH3BOAHTejibno3 A^aTejibHocTH. IIo- 
TOMy-TO H3yieHie npapoAw, CAfciaBineeca, iiosho CRa3aTb, otiiw- 
TejbHofl qepTofi Hauicro B*Ka, KaKT> bb CiapoMB TaK* h bb Ho- 
bomb Cb$t4, no npcHMymecTBy pa3Bffro b-b aMepHRaHCROMB Ht- 
poA*. Bb 3tomb o6pa30BaTejibHOMB nanpaBjicHia coBpeneHHaro 
o6mecxBa auepuKani^bi aB.iafOTca hcthhhmmh npe^cTaBUTejaMH n,H- 
BH^H3aniH HamiixB xnefi. 

Bb aaRJiioqenie cbcacmb bm4ct% Becb xoxb ofiyqema bb ea- 

PO^HUXB HIKOJiaXB. IIpo6uBB OROJO CeMH JltrB bb HaiaJBHoi 

h cpexnefi hiro.i* h nepexow sartiii bb Bucinyto, jcojojue 
jiioxh oGoero nojia, mosho CRa3aTB, saRan^HBaiorB 3A*cb, nocii 
qeTupexB-jitTHaro Rypca, CBoe o6pa30BaiejibHoe pa3BHTie, h o6- 
BHdynaa na ae3HenHoe nonpame ohh, CMOTpa no npa3BaHiio a 
CToaTe,ibCTBaMB, BufiapaiOTB ce64 yate 6o-ite cneijiajibHua sa- 
HaTia. ^Tofiu Aono.mHTb pax* yiefieuxB 3aBexeHifi, coxepaHMtfn 
Ha otfmecTBeHHufi c^eTB, cJiixyeTB np«6aBHTb cioxa eme TaRvna- 
5UBaeidua HopMaibHua idkojuj (Normal School), cjiysamia &* 



Digitized by 



Googk 



DIBOIl I HAPOJHOK OBPA30BAHIJ. 165 

npHroTOBJieHifl HacraBHHBOBi h HacraBHHivB. 1 Ierapex^'fiTHifi xypcE 
npenoxaBaHifl b* 8thxi saBeAeHiax*, b* tjobhuxi nepiax*, cxoAefi* 
cb KypcoifB Bucmei hirojiu, bo MHoraxx irfccTax* BaMieflfomefi co- 
<Sok> HopnaJiLHyK). PasHHi^a Me*Ay hhmh Ta, hto in> cociaBi npo- 
rpaMMBi nooaiAneft bxoaati TaK&e neAarorniecBia nayKH, n CBepx* 
Toro CTy^eHTu ofioero nojia npnroTOBJiaiOTca, noA* pyBOBOACTBOMi 
npotfteccopoBB, kt, cBoefi 6yAymefl aoji»hocth npaRTHiecRHMH sana- 

TiflMH CT» Ma-IO^THUMH BT> BJiaCCaXl 0&HO& 03* HaiaJLHUX'b HIBOJTB. 

Bt HacTOflin.ee BpeMa bt» nuaTaxi ciHTaeTca 6oxbe MTHAecaTH 
HopMajbHuxi y^HjiHa^. Has* nacToaujie pa3ca^HHKH CyAymnxs 
npocB^THTejiefi napo^a, ohh Ha a*** OKa3HBaioTca 6o.ite nojie3- 
humh j.ia dpaHu, h'Im'b eBponeScBie ynHBepcHTeni, Hecocroamie 

€0(5CTBeHHO HE B* BaROft HenOCpeACTBCHHOS CBA3H CT» HapO^HUMt 

o6pa30BaHieMi b* hcthhhom'b cmhcji* BToro aiOBa. 

y^OBjeTBopflfl, npe*Ae Bcero, caiium HacymHUM* noTpefiHO- 
cthm* HapoxHaro npocBtmema, Baa* BamHHrroHCKiB BOHrpeccx, 
TaK*B h npaBHTejbCTca oTA'foibHHX'b unaTOBx npeAOdaBJiaiOT'B y*e 
qacTRofl HHHi^iaTHB^ ocHOBanie Bbicnrax-s cneijiajibHHxx saBeAemB, 
h tojbko bt» nocjiAHee Bpeua n,eBTpajibnu3 AenapiaMenrL Ha- 
raexB bobmoshuhi otfpaTHTb BHHManie Ha H^BOTopua H3* hex*. 
B*b 3T0MI OTHomemH aaMi^aTejibHte Bcero noaBjeme HOBaro, jbihb 
BoceMb JiiTb TOMy Hasax^ yTBepatAeHHaro nocTaeoB.ienia Kaca- 
TejibHO ycTpoScxBa cneijiajibHHX'b 3aBeAeHift Bbicmaro paapaja bo 
BcfcxT, raTaraxx Coiosa. /I.4J0 Kb tom*b, hto b*b ciwy aKTa, m- 
xaHHaro b*b 1862-111 roAy, sas^uS H3T» nuaTOB-b, ofiaminiflca 
ocuoBaTb y ce6a aaBeAema cb ivkibK) pacnpocipanaTb b*b HapoA* 
sflaHia, Hwiiomia oraomeHia kt» caibCBOiiy xo3aficTBy h Texmie- 
cbhm*b HCByccTBaM'b, nojiy^aerB orb ijeHTpajbHaro npaBHTaibCTBa 
no 30,000 anpoB-B semiH Ha sa^Aaro h3*b cbohxt* cenaiopoB-b h 
npeACTaBHTeJieft bt> BaiHBHiroHCBOMB BOHrpecci. Kor^a as™ 6y- 
Aerb OBOHiaTejbHO npHM'bneH^ bo Bciwb nuaiaM^, to ROJuiecTBO 
^ewjiH, nocTynHBinefl bi» nojib3y zewiexhjimecmxi> h nojinTexHaqe- 
CBHX'B HHCTHTyTOBt, AOCTHrHeTL orpoMHofi i^H$pu 9.600,00 aspoBt. 

Mnorie unaTu BocnojibsoBa^HCB yae 9thmi> npaBOMi Ha 3eMJH 

H CB BaSAUM'b rOAOMl, TO SA^Cb, TO TaMX, B03HHBaK)T^ HOBUfl CDe- 

nja^bHuji 3aBeAema y HMiiomia npaMOK) uijbio pacmapenie o6n^aro 
(JjarococToaHia. 

^acTnafl HHHn,iaTHBa, cl cnoefl cropoHU, Tasse saaBJiaeTT. ce6a 
b-b mnpoKHXi pasMipaxi Ha nonpum/h yqe6noH A^aTejibHOCTH, oco- 
fienHO bi> oTHomeHin cnei^iajibHo-yTOHaro o6pa30BaHia. Jl,ocTaTO^HO 
<5yAeTB npHBecTH sa^cb, hto bi 1867-11^ roAy oahhxi MeAHi;BH- 
cbhxb BOJLieA&efi bt> HiTaiaxi 6hLJio HHdOM-b 51; Kpowb Toro 22 
lopHAWHecBHX'B. ^to me sacaeTca ao yHUBepcaieTOB-b h bucoihx'b 
BOJiieAseS BOo6m,e, to bt> sasAoirb ropoA*6 cpe^nefl bcjih^hhu 



Digitized by 



Googk 



166 BfcCTBHKl IBPQUH. 

HaBipHoe hosho pa3C?HTUBaTb Ha noAO^Hoe saBeACHie, buth ocho- 
BaBHoe na BaiiHTaju, AapoBaHHue Ha 3tott> npe^nerB pasauna 
o6iuecTBaMH h CoraTUMu peBHBTeJiaMH npocBimema, bjib no^ep- 
SBBaeuoe npodo, bi KaiecTBi nacTnaro saBeAeHia, B3H0caHH, co- 
(fapaeuuMH 3a cjiymanie jieKi^iff. TaKHMx o6pa30M*, nacTHaa bhh- 
i^iaTMBa, hh4*m^ He crfccflaeMaa, newb saKt 6u npeAynpe»Aaer& 
pacnopaatenia npaBHTCJibCTBa, ao chx-b nop*, Coffee Bcerp 03a6o- 
qennaro AOCTa&ienieai'B cpeACTBi> &w pacnpocTpaneHia bi> CBoeft 
CTpaHt caMaro mHpoKaro b*b wipi napoAHaro o6pa30Bania. 

Ecjih 3a HacToan^ee MipH^o CiaroAencTBia HapoAOB-B uibxyeTb 
npBHBTb — He npoii3BOjn>, He npnxoTb npHBBJierHpoBaHHuxt KJiac- 
cobi h jihivb, a HecrficHaeMoe pa3BBTie ch-tb, a&hhhx , b iejo- 
B^Ky OTb npapoAH, h tfjiarococTOflme naccL, to ne Moaten <5htb. 
coMHinia, hto aMepHKaHiju, bo Bceft CBoefi cobokyhhocth, hoib- 
3yK)Tca BucniBHi CjaroAeHCTBieM'B, Basoro KorAa-jra6o Aocrarajo 
qejoBiiecTBo. Ecjih npaBAa, ito ropAamaaca CBoefi yiefaofi cncTe- 
Mofl llpyccia OAOJiaeHa cbobm* BoeiiHUMi, iiorymecTBOM-B b*b Eb- 
poni xopomo AncuflnjiHUHpoBaHHUMt iuKOJaMt; to hbctojibko se 
npaBAa, , hto HapoAH CoeAHiienHbixt HlTaTOBt OAOjmenu cbobitb 
fijiarococToaHieMi no npeHMy^ecTBy cboCoahoi! HapoAnofi mK0.il. 
fljui HapoAOBi, HaxoAau^uxca hoa* rneTOMi pacniwpaiomaroca no- 
bcioay BoeHHaro AecnoTH3Ma, ocTaeica b-b yrfcnieHie mhcjibJ vro 
hh oahhx u,uBHjH30BaunuH HapoA'B na 3eMji4 He atHBers tojbeo 
caMi> A-Ja ce6a: Bee jiyqmee, AocTarHyroe oahhm*b bsi. hhxx, cte- 
HOBHTca AOCToanieMb Bcero HejOBinecTBa. 3ia H3BicTHaa HdiiHa 
t^hi CKopte Mosen> 6utl npHMtHena k*b aMepHKanijaifB, hto y 
hiixt,, Ha caMOMi a***, He pa3x coaHaiciLHO BiicRasuBaiacb Btpa 
bi> cBoe o6iD ( e t iejiOBiqecKoe npH3Bame. 9ia Bipa kbkx 6ki saBimaHa 
CTpaH* oahhmx H3b Jiyqujuxt ea npeAdaBHTeJiefi, MaAHConoirs, 
no otfeanJieuiH ne3aBHCHM0CTii pecnyCLiBKB, roBopHBiHHM* napoAy: 
cMu BHKorAa He aojkkhh 3a6uBaTB, hto BHCTynnjH b* 6ofi ne 
paAH oahhxi ce6a, no paAH npaB* Bcero le.iOBiqeerBa... AiiepH- 
KaHi;aMi> nopyqeuu Baatnifiraia 6jara qeJioBiiecsaro poAa, a no- 
TOMy, Aa ne safiyxyrb oh« HHaorAa, ito Ha hbxx, b*b to »e BpeMa^ 
B03.io^eaa OTB'tTCTBeiiHOCTb, Kaaaa ne Bos.iarajiact eiue hh Ha 
Ofpwb HapoA'B bx wipi bo Bee npoAO.meme HCTopia ^ejiOBiiecTBai. 

Btpnafl 3aBiTy cBoero npoACTaBHTCJiff, HapoA'B rocTeupiaMHO 
npHHHwaerB bx cbow CTpaHy iiepecejienrteB'B, ne BunocfimHX'B JW- 
menifl h rneia b*b CBoefi poAHHt, h BMtcrt c% t^m-b, ohx A- ia 
jliiefi bx*b mapoKO otkpuji-b A^epa CBoefi cbo6oaho3 ihsojiu. 

9 A- Q.bmmbpmahh'b. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



CEMEfiCTBO CHMHHHXt 



POMAH'L 



^ACTL HEPBAfl. 

TJIABA I. 

#&io 6hjio % b* ^epeBHt, b*b shmhiB cbato^huS Beiep*, Korja 
tojdu HapaaeHux'B chyioti no yjiMjaM-b npa Caeca* HOBopoaweH- 
naro Mijcaija, caunraTca xpynEift 3Bys^ caHeif, sbchat'l 6y6nu h 
KOJiOKOJia. Bx TaKie Benepa ocotfenHO nycTUHBO h yrproMO cmot- 
paTB noMfcoyiibH aoaia h ycartbtfu, BOTOMy tto npncjiyra orapa- 
muBaeTca Ha npa3AHHR*B, a ocTaiomieca o6HTaTe,iH sanapaiOTca Ha 
bc4 saMKH h saTBopu, TepnijHBO DpHHOca cetfa bt> sepTBy 6es- 

BUXOflHOft CKyirfe M OflHHOqeCTBy. 

Ckbo3l mejin daBeHt oflHoro ire* TaKax* aomob-b Mepijaj* 
oroHb. 3to 6iurfc ^OMt MapbH ITeipoBHU CirfcffiHnoft. B* Haerofl- 
myio MHnyTy cewba co6pa;iacb b*b fiajuiap^noft, eAHHCTBeHnofi Ten- 
Jiofi KOMnaii bo Bcewb aomIj, m*h KOTopofi cxbji&jun sajiy, tocthh- 
Hyio h AHBaHHyio. Tyrb ctoajio h ^opienbano, h ;iOM6epHue ctoju, 
h Maraia Kpecja, u pafioiie ctojukit, h najibijfci ct> naqamMH 
pafioTaMH. 

3aMep3mifl OKHa, Befc paapncoBaHnna y3opaMH, roBopiuiH o mo- 
po3t; bt> cTapunnoM'b KaMani necejio Tpeii;a.iB apoca h critaiuie 
^acH noKa3LiBajiH noJOBnny ce^t-Moro. 

IIpoTHB'b o6biKnoBeBifl, osHB.ieenwfi pa3roBop*b cjiuraajca tffc 
KOwnarfe. 3a 6ojibinnMT> Kpyr.iuM-b ctojiom* CHA'bJH qeTnpe »en- 
mnnbr. 9to Cbmh MaTb h TpH aoqepa. 

Pa3roBopi Bejica »hbo3, HeupepuBiraff, nepecnnaeMuft pacsa- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



] 68 BftCTHHffB EBPOIIU. 

TaMH MOJOAoro cwixa n onenL p^akumh BiiroBopaMH co dopoiiu 
MaTepo. CipaHHOCTb aioro HefiuBajiaro aB.ienia nncKo.iLKO He yAH- 
Bii tl, eain mu cKaateM^, hto bt> ceMbi oiy^Mocb hg cobc^m'l 
ofiuKHOBeHHoe cotfuTie: ciapmaa jloil CaiataHoB Buxowa sa- 
iiyat-b h TOJibBO BHeparanifi &eub oGxaBJiena Cujra noMOJiBKa. 3te- 
hhx*b 6bijr& noMimHifb, cociAt Bepdaxi B*b 20-th orb HHX'b, qe- 

JOBtKt MO.IOAOH, XOpOllliii X03flHH*B, CT> HOpaAOHHUMH CpeACTBaMH, 

oahhmx cjiobomx napiia, bo Bcixt OTHomeniaxx, npu-inqeaa. Mapta 
IleTpoBHa, xo3flfiKa Aoua, safiuja cboh nepBHbia 6ojh, Ranpu3u u 
pa3Apa»HTejibHOCTb h Dpe^ajacb 8a6oTaM*b cauaro HHTepecnaro 
CBOucTBa. ^tJio ifljo o CBaAefinuxt npnroTOBjeHiaxx, o saBynirfc 
npeAaHaro, o Cfahfy h nocyAt, o upHroTOBJieHiu Bcero, o lea* aojis- 
ea no3a(JoTHTbca MaTb, Harfciomaa B3poaibixi> AOiepefi. 

MuHyxa, BOTopyw OHa atAajia ct> cauaro, mosho cKasaTb, poat- 
Aenifl nepcofl Aonepw, uunyia, KOTopyio oHa upHBUKJia csHTaTE 
n,4wibK) cBoefi jkh3hh, nacTyna.ia rar uee. ^oqepn ea 6u.iu Bet 
eiue oqent mojjoap; cTapuiefl, Camt, Cu.io TO.ibKO ceMHaaijaTb &rb. 
Oea CHA^Ja Tenepb y cro.ia n no npaBy HeBtcm naqero ne a*- 
jiajra. 3xo 6ujlsl TOHeHbaaa, CTpofinaa A^Bymsa Cb A^HHoofi, 6&io- 

KypoS K0C03 H pofiKHM'b BUpa»eHieM*B BT> tfOJIblUHXl TeMHO-rojy- 

6ux*b rjiasax'b. OHa fiw-ia npaBOK) pyKOio Maiepif, peBHOCTHO no- 
Mora-ia efi b*b xpsaficTBi h neoxoTHo BwfcsawLia ii3i, Aouy, rxh sa- 
xoAHJia a^h ce6a mcaiy npeAMeTOBX yAOBO.ibCTBia h pa3Bjie<ieHia. 
MjiaAioifl ea cecrrpH— HaAa, uiecrnaAijaTH h 3HHa, naTHaAuara .i-fcT^b, 
TOJibKo-MTo Bunyu;eHHua m*b naHciona, ropasAO Combine cauofi He- 
Btdu paA0Ba;iHCb aiyMiiBuiefica bt» dxx aom4 nepeutni h ropa- 
Mia rojiOBbi hxt> npodo KpyaurjiHCb orb pqacrba. 

Hmi> npeACTOMp bt, nepBufi pa3i» bt> sh3hb &iTb ua HacTOfl- 
meMT> Cajii, HMiTb mho^cctbo KaBajiepoBX, A^aTb ho6*ah h Tan- 
itoBaTb ao yjiaAy. BnpoqeMx, bck> 9Ty ftaecTumyK) EapTHHy h nep- 
cneKTABy cqacibii, rjiaBHUM*B o6pa30Mi, pucoBa^a nu.iKaa h neyro- 
Momiaa ro.ioBa canofi Menbineu cecipu, 3hhu, apsie rja3a koto- 
pofl yke CjiecT'LiH mo.ioaoS pa3BepTUBaiome3ca ai3HbK). HaAfl, 
OT'b npnpoAU AOBOJbHO Ba.iaa A^ByniKa, Toaie onenb HeAypnaa co- 
6ofi, 6u.ia yc.ieKaGMa bx o6u{\n BHxpb DpeAnoJOxeHiS u njaHOBt 
iieHbnioio cecTpoio. 

3HHa pocjia coBciifb hhoio H3x Bcero ceneficTBa. ^4th CHi- 
atHiiofi 0T.iuqa.iHCb poBHOCTbio xapaKTepa, nocjymanieM'B, THxocTbio 
h Boofime BciMH AonaiiiHBMH AoCpoA^TejiaMH; 3aHa »e cb a*t- 
ckhxt> jiin, BcerAa cjiwjia KanpH3H0fi, niajiOB.iHBo3 a^bohkoS, ny- • 
raBmeS % cbohmh nopuBaaiH u Hpe3MipHOio atHBOdbio. Efi 6ujlo 
eABa uaTHaAi^aTb ji^tx h OHa 6ujia eme coBepiceHHufi pe6eH0Kx, 
bo bt> oasaxx ea yate pon.ica n,i.ibifi iiipx KOKeTCTBa, erpHBOCTH 



Digitizechby 



Google— 



CEHEftCTBO CMMHHXt. 1 69 

b onapoBania. EfooKypaa, TeMHOi\ia3aa, eb cb^shmh, carfiiomHMHca 
ry6aMH h ciaiomeB <j)H3ioHOMiefi, — ona bca HpoH3BOjjMa *ipe3Bu- 
qaino atHBoe, Becejioe Bne^auiiHie. Us* Bcero ceneficTBa oHa 6u- 
jia Bcfcxt ApyjBH*i>e ci> CTapmeff cecipoff. 

— Bt^b oh*b CKa3a^x, mo npitfleTt? npncTaBaaa ona k*b neffl, 
no;iomHB , & jiokth na ctojh h ycTpeMiiBinH r;ia3a cboh b* saayM- 
HHBue ii THxie r.ia3a CBoefl cecipw. 

— CKa3aj7.! OTB'feTH.ia Ta oflnoo6pa3HO. 

— 3nna, 3ena! pa6oTaii, nepeCnja MaTb; ciiOTpn, th enje h 
KanTHica ne npmnHjra... ^to 3to 3a BiTpeHima? 

— Kanaa CKVKa, Bno.irojoca 3aMtTH.ia 3nna, naooHaacb k* 
cbocmy inHTbio; BaK^ tu ciacTJHBa, Caraa, hto buxo^hiiib saiiyst; 
led acuro He naao tiyxerb nmero paCoTaTb... 

— A mohcgtb 6uTb eme Combine 'npHjeTca, CRasaaa Caiua. 

— ,3,a An^peS HeTpoBiiTb He (Jyaerb xefia saciaBJiflTb, ya* 

3TO a 3HaK). 

— R caMa 6yay sanHMaTbQa, a juo6md patfoTaTb. 

— A hto aie, no TBoeMy mh4hiio, Caini jrfjjiaTb fezi> pafioTH 
h 6qvl sanarifi? nacsiiuuHBO cnpociua MaTb, cocTaB,iaa BUKpofiKy 
asT> CyMare. 

— 0, ecin Gyxen Bee Toace *rro Tenepb, Tor^a He fljra nevo 
h BLixoAHTb saMya'b, B03pa3HJia 3nna piniHTOiiBHo. 

— Maaia, Kara tu BwxoAtura sanyatx? cnpocMa TyrB Hajia, 
Bee Bpena npiiJiemHO pa6oTaBinaa h bch npeBpamiacb bt> cjyxt, 
osaaaa c* JTroGonBiTCTBOM-b OTBtia MaTepa. Caraa Toate nepeBejia 
cboh sajtyMiHBue nra3a Ha MaTb. 

TtHb ynunia a ueiajiH nponecnacb no 6ojils3HeHHOMy h yBaj- 
jneMy j»my MaTepa. Kara nepe^aTb bthm* TpeM* HaHBHHM'B #•&- 
TBWb, araAHO »AaBiiiiiMT. ea 0TB$Ta, Ty nocTUflHyio KOMeAiro Top- 
roB.iH h nojuiaBjiHBanbfl, KOTopyio ynoTpefijiaaif oua h ea p'oah- 
Te,m npn BU^aBaniH ee saMyafb? Mapba IleTpoBHa oTB'fcTMa 
ojnocjioaino: 

— DaBejix ITcTpoBH^b 6hjii o^imepT.; naneHBica h ManeHbica 
xopoino ero npHmmajiH; on'b h cj&jiaM> npexjioxenie. 

— H tu (Jujia oienb ci hbhi ciacTJHBa, iiaMa? cnpocHja 
Cauia. 

CHtaciiHa onaTb saTpy^HH-iacb otb^tom'b. Moacno jih 6ujio Ha- 
BBaTb c^acTieMx aecaTb ji-fex'b aaMyjRe^TBa, npoBejenHHe ew cb 
iib^nuueio MyateMt, 6e3C0HHwa ho^r, bt, BOTopua OHa no^^ajia 
cro B03Bpainenia ci Bece.iofi nonofiKH, ta* HepfcflKO nponrpMBa- 
jiHCb noc&kpjiia AeHbrB, — h B*b KBapTHpli hxi cjuraavica, noc.Tfe 
aTHX'b HOieft, TpecK*b cTyJbeB^, nwiHtia pyraTe^bCTBa h puA^ R i ft 
e3My^eHHo2 »eHu? 



Digitized by 



Googk 



170 BftCTHHKB KBPOIIH. 

— Ja, OTB$THJia ona; to^lko b*b noxoaax* ^acTO tfuB&iH He- 
npiaTnocTH; x Kan Bumaii b*b OTCTaBKy, Tyrb jyime crajio. 

— A y»b nenpeutnno naao6no 3aMyjET>? JiyaaBO cnpocHja 3Hna. 

— %o ate xopouiaro o<rraTbca CTapofi a*bom? 

— Ho ec.ni Cyxerb ceaTaiBCfl KaKofi-nn6yAb npoTHBnufi, so- 
Toparo h JiioOmb HtMbaa? 

— He Brib buxoahtb no .ik>6bh, Oflnaao ciacuiHBO anByrb. 

— To-ilko ne a.... Ho-woeMy, bto noA-aocTb! pt3K0 BuroBopiua 
3HHa. 

— TepntTb ne Mory, 3nna, Kara th nainemb pa3cysxaTb, 
pa3Apa»HTe^bno sawtiH-ia MaTb, h Cpocum* orb cetfa noa;n*mu T 
DOAOuua bt> Caiut, u iiojm iianajia npa.ia»HBaTb BuapofiKy kt> eg 
njeqy. 

— AHjipefl neipoBH^i.! B^pyn citasajra Cama, h pyra ea Tax* 
jporayjia, mo OywaatHafl BUEpoiiRa ouieTtja orb ea iuieqa. 

Hocjiwinajica bi cawoarb fltjit jiajieRifi SBya'b KOJOROJibqeKa. 

— KaE*b iu MCHa Bcnvrajia! saiitTHJia Ha.ua. 

— Hy hto »e! nporoBopHja MaTb, apoasaiUHMH pysaiiH cofapa* 
BURpoHRy: ny hto »e, dobboiih b* ROJOROJibHUBi, na^o orna *b 
nepeAHioio... 3nHa, Hajia, noaoBHTe ,Hynainy. 

MojioAua A^ByioBii hchcsjih sa ABepuo. 

MaTb, Me»Ay xtirb, safioTjiiBo uaqa;ia onpaBjraTb ryajcn 
Came, cna.ia ct> nea KO.ieuRopoByio ne.iepauKy n nocnlmno na- 
(5pocHja Tio^eByio, npHroTOBJieimyK) sapaHte. 

— Kanaa tu 6jrh/jMn 9 ucaBaHTaanaa! roBopua OHa; h noza- 
jyfiCTa fipocb 8th nancioHcsia saMaujuu: AnApeft DeTpoBuq-B Te6a 
ijaiyerb, a tu jimo BopoTHiiib! 

— ^a Bafti Kc, nana, a ne npuBuiua! 

— BsAopx; KorAa uaua Te6t npuRaauBaerb, tu AOJaraa ciy- 
maTbca. 

Anepb OTBopHjarb h, bi conpoBOJRAmiH HaAH, necmeS CB*fc*iy> 
Boniaat xeiiHXT», An^pefl HeTpoBBH'b HeBlpoB*. 3to Cuj-b Bucosia 

H KpaCHBUH dpiOneTX, JI'IiTT, ABa^aTH CeMH, CI EtCKOJIbKO pf>3KHMH, 

ho nejiHuiennbiMH npianiocTH, MepTaiiH, nacwtuMUBofi yjuCaofi h 
He6o,ibnjofi Maraofi CopoARofi; BOo6me Jinqnodb Cb nepBaro Bsriflja 
AOBOJbno Baaitmaa h opuraBajibnaa. 



TJIABA II. 

3nna, npn nepBOWb BSB^CTin o npii3A* An^poa neTpoBBHa^ 
caiia ne snaa othito, onponeTbio Opociuacb bi AiTcayio. Ea 11a- 
jenbKoe ccpachko CH.nno dmiocb h ptsaua hoiu AposaJin. OHa 



Digitized by LjOOQlC 



CBIXfiCTBO CHMHTHHM. 1 71 

cpHTaHjracB 7 saMepsmaro orm bx A^TCKotf, h BHyTpeirao cxiacb, 
BpHCjyuiHBajiacb k*b HeacHUMx SByRaax, AOJieiaBiDHMx jo Hea. 
Ona He noaaMajia, oTiero efi 6ujio TaRx HeBupa3UHo Beceao, 
TaRx xopomo, ito jaate Ayx* saxBaTbiBajo h nopuBucroe Auxante 
CHJbno KOJieSajio ea rpyAb. 

Bx yrjry KOMHaTu ropiJia jaMnaja nepeAx otfpasoMx h ocb4- 
maja Tpn nocTeaif, croaBmia BAoib ctI>hx. 3to Cu.ia KOMHaTa 
Tpexx cecrrepx. Eijiua ct^hh, we6ejb bx Cijibixx iax.iaxx, cny- 
menHua Ctjiua eropH npnAaBnjin ROMnarfc RaRo8-TO TyMaHHufi 
OTtfjiecRX. OrpofiHaa <|>irrypa npirraHBiDeSca AtBymicH AOBepmaia 
onapoBame. Bapyrx ona yciuxaaa marn, h ne ofiopaqHBaacb, yra- 
jajia npHfijiHaeHie HeBtpoBa. 

HeBipoBx HCRajx ee. Ohx BOcnojrb30Bajca nepBHMx cjyia- 
€mt> h, cnpocnBX no^BOJiCHbH y CfltatHeofi, ompaBiuicfl ucsaTb 
ee bx fliiTCKyio. Ha^o saarfeTHTb, tto mibRo nicROJibRo AHeB TOMy 
Ha3aAi>, Kor^a oat yxe c^ijiajx npeA-ioxenie r CTa.it coBepraeRHO 
cboumx bx aom4, eaiy y^ajiocb ntcKO.iBKo no6.m»e 03naKOMHTbca 
ex MJia^niHMH cecTpaMH neBtou, ROTopuxx ao Toro BpeMeHH 
EaR-b-To AepsajiH bx qepnoMx rLrfe, bx rfcnn, bx r.iy6mr& aIjtckoS, 
B^poflTHO Aia Toro, hto(5x Bee BHH^iame cocpeAOTO^HBaaocb na 
Cauit, BcerAa na BHAy y Bcixx, h sa nafiauMx cto.iomx, h bx ro- 
cthhoS, h sa ^opTenbaeo. 

Bx 8th H-fccROJibRo Anefi, Rorja MaTb ex paAOCTH o&iaftua 
(5pa3AU npaBJieuifl, 3ana, (wyTHBiiiHCb Ha Bojrfe, TOT^acx se npa- 
BJieR.ia rx ccfifc BHHManie HeBtposa, ycnfcjra ex hhmx h nutfoa- 
TaTb, h nocnopaTb, h 3aTpoeyTb bx hcmx qyBCTBO neTepeca, 6utb 
MO»eT*b aa»e h£yto 6o,rfee.... 

Teuepb, KorAa ohx BOine,ix bx KOMnaTy, ona cxBamja co crryaa 
Basoc-TO BH3anbe h npajeatno naiajia nocryRHBaTb criHi^aMii. 

J^b* innpoRia pyaa thxo cxBaTriJM c3aAH ea CBtMopycyio ro- 

JIOBRy. 

— 3naio, 8Haio, *rro 3to bu! OTB^THJia ona bch naiaion^aa, — 
h HHCRO-ibRO He Hcnyrajacb! Hy saqtux bh npauiju? II yc Tine, a 
to a neuiK) cnyn;y! 

H ynpauaa A^BO^Ra Beprfcja Jian,o cBoe bx ero jacROBUxs 
pyRaxx. 

— 3aniMx npHmejix? OHa en^e cnpaniHBaerb! A ^oji-x-to? 

— KaROfi 8T0? 

— B^epauiHifi noijajiyff... safiuja? Kto ne xorfjix ueem no- 
^ApaBHTb? A? 

— Eme 6u npn bc4xx... Ha sa hto na cb4t4! 

— A Tenepb? MoatHO? 



Digitized by 



Googk 



172 MCTHHro IBPOBH. 

— Tenept? bx pasjyMba noBTopaja 3flea h qyaosi ynan ki 
ea Horaax. 

Om> BOcnojiBSOBaacfl ea cMymemerb h, npHBjieKina ee kt» ce6i, 
aapKO noaajiOBajri*. 

— Eme! ynpamBBajn oh*b, yjepataBaa BBipiiBaBmyioca 3HHy. 
Ho eft / CTaao BApyra Taa-B atyTRO a, BMtcrfe cb rtMi, Tan 

BeceJio, hto oaa aeyAepsHMo saxoxoTaja, BHBepHyjacb h3t> 061- 
aTifi HeBipoBa a yC-fcaaJia bt> KoppaAopx. 

— *Ito sa npeaecTHufl, mimuS pe<5eooKT>! noAyaajn oh* npo 
cefia, u 60106.11, ci cirfciomeflcfl 4>H3ionoiiie3, Bt rocTHHyio. 

— IIpeACTaBBTe ce6t, hto A^ftJ* njiyroBKa, aor^a a Bomen? 
CKa3ajn» 0Ht, ocTaDOBACb cpe^a KOMflam; — Basajia Hyjoai bi 

TeMHOTt! 

Om> eme ne koh'ihji'l <f>pa3Bi, aaax y noA^s^a nocaumajflci 
KOJOKO^bHHKH a BH3rx cane 2 no CH$ry. 

— rpania! TpQiua npifcxaax! BCKpaiaja cecipu, BBi6$rafl Ha 
BCTpiqy. 

— H He oahbx! ci> hbmx enje kto-to! caasajn HeBipoBi, 
OTBopaa ^opToqsy a cMOTpa Bt ace. 

— KoHeqno raa^apa HnanoBHa! noAXBaTBja 3ima, A^aiie 
napa, vro ona? 

— OHa a cctb! noATBepAHJix HeBipoBi, — aeaaCiKHaa cnyTBHim 
Bassos cBaABfiu, noxopoHx, apecTaax, poAaax a aMeHHnx. 

— He aaBOJiBTe carfca-rbca! 31 oieab pa^a! B03pa3B.ia Cutaraa: 
— oaa Bcer^a kctbtb! 

— Eme 6u! Kto ae 6u noBipH.rb cBaAbtffc, aa BOTopofl He 
6buo Tja^Hpii HBaaoBBu! • 

Hasoaeivb ABepb oTBopajiacb a Bonier Tpama Ca^asae*, ejM- 
CTBeiiufcig a jhoOhmhA chhb Mapba IleTpoBnu, He^aBHO BiinymeH- 
Hufi bt> o^on.epu. 3a hbmt» nua Tjia^apa HBaaoBHa Hbiibm, 
crapaa A*Ba, npoatBBniaa j4tt, 45 bt> oabom*b a tomt> se ropo/tf 
a snaBiuaa ao tohboctb bc* oCpaAU, raAaaba, noB*pba, npairfmi; 
OHa ywfejia hihtb, kpohtb, a yfinpaTb tojiobbi; 6e3T> nea a^ctbh- 
TejbHO ae oCxoabjiocb hh oahoA CBaAbfiu bi ropoA*. 

HpiixaBraa, Tpaoia naqajit BBirpyaaTb npaBe3eeHbia bmb 03t 
ropofla noayaKH, a bc* aaayjiHCB cmotpIjtb bx*b. HeBtpoBa, BaK* 
Myaraany, 9to Majio saHHuajio a oht> cb paBHo^yoinuii'L a yTOMjen- 
HKiMs bhaom'b ctjii, bt» Kpecia nooAajb, a noA03Bajrb ki ce6i 
Cainy. 

— Te6a oneHb 3aHUMaeT*B sto Tpanbe? cb yjiufiKofi cnpocHJ^ 
ohx y CBoefi aeBicTH. 

nepBufi paax fb stotx Be^epx ohh ociaBa.iacB oahb. Hepewfi 
pa3i» 3a3Byqajio bx ymaxx Caoia sto ctu> 9 TaKt BeaHaROMoe h 



Digitized by 



Googk 



CMBftCTBO CHMtHHHX'B. 1 73 

TaRi npHBJieRaTejitHoe &xa j^ByniRH b*b ycTax-B ateeexa... n^eRB 
ea sap^iHCb, BpacHBua ry6u paaijBimiHCb yjsu6sofi h ona npo- 
roBopnjia Cb poCrhitb cqacTbeMi> bt> oa3axi>: <o niix! a coBcira 
nepecT&ia AywaTb o Tpannaxx!> 

— qeirB »e th jyiiaeiiib? #a noata-iYHCTa He roBopn mh$ 
cbh>! nopa yse npHBusHyTb Tetffc ue ijepeMOHHTbca co mhoh... 

— fl Bee eme He npHBURja... & npodo He Mory noAyMaTb, 
hto a TBoa HeBtcra.., roBopajia Cama, nyiaacB h Rpacn&a; MaMa 

rOBOpBTb, HTO TU JHOfiHlUb MCHH, eOlH XOHdllb Ha MH$ aeHHTbca; 

a xoqy cnpocHTb y Te6a caMoro... 

Ptqb 9Ta 6bua ao Toro efl HenpHBHiHa h Taacia, ito OHa 

COBCfeMT> CMyTH.iaCS, 

— Hy, KOHeiHO, .m6juol otb4thji , b HeBipoBx, h wl MOJiiamjr, 
CTajn* cMorpiTb Ha ea jhu,o. 4t6 TaHTca b* stoh xopomeHBRoft 
rojOBKi? Ay^ajii ohb. 

Ona Maenja ero, RaRB Hepa3ptuieHnaa sara^Ka, EaRyio *mcro 
npeACTaB^afOT^ Mo.iOACHBRia ^tcyiuKH oepataHHaro h pofaaro xa- 
paKTepa, ot*b ROTopuxx sij^rb Bcero BnepeAw, cb pasBHrieiiB a 
roiaMH. Bt> btomx cjiynai ewy cy»Aeno 6hjio onroCnTbca. Cama 
uo.iqajia h yjiufiajiacb. Mipi ea mhcjh 6u.ro bb caMOMi Akak 
TaRi y30Kx, hto mofb BeprfeTbca to.ibro Meat^y CanRaMH BapeHBa, 
3hmhhmh npenacaMH, npHKa3aun iiosapy m np. h np. HaKaBaa 
iiyApenaa H^ea, hh oaho coMHime, he oahhi pasjiaA'B, RaRie 
TaRi qacTO MyqarB mojioahh AymH, hh pa3y ne noTpeBO»MH ea 
cnoROHCTBie. 

— Cama, noaBajia Mapba IleTpOBHa, th eme ne BHAajia, Ayma 
Moa, botb 3Ty BOByio MaTepiw; saHaaacb ci> aeHHXOMi>, a mh Tyr& 
y»e Bee nepecMOTp'fejH! IIoah ciOAa; b^ab ^to tfyAerb He Ayp^o, 
G'fejioe RpyseBO Ha po30BOM-B ny-Ae-cya? 

Cauia noAonua ex Maiepn. HeBipoB-B nocrofl.ro orojio hhxt^ 
b'b HeAoyMtmH, crrapaacB noHaTB a&eHCRifi TyajeTnufi a3HR*B r 
saAyMHHBO nocMOTpiji'B Ha hx* JHiija, ciaBmia BOdoproMT, npn 
HCMHCJienin ooopoqeKi>, CaHTHROBt, KpyateBi, — h HaqajrB M^puTb 
ROMHaiy CojibniHMH, MeAJieHHUMH maraMH. 

3a^iMi AnApefi IleTpoBaqx HeBipoBt B3AyMa,TB seHHTbca Ha 
AjeRcaHApi IlaBJiOBni Ch^shhou? Bonpocb 3tott> pa3pimaeTca 
caMi* co6ok), eoaa BHHKnyTb bb o6cToaTejibCTBa ero »h3hh h b'b 
cymnodB ero xapaRTepa. HeBipoB-B jinnnuica oma eme b*b a^t- 
ctb$. Ero Bocnmajia MaTB, Coraiaa seHn^HHa, CTpacmo jiio^HBmaai 
h CajiOBaBUiaa cuna, ho ona He uorjia AaTB eny ocHOBaiaibHaro 
BocnHTaHia, eme Meaie — o6pa30BaTB xapaRTepa. Out* BuniejB hsx. 
pynx ea CTpacTHuwB h BneqauiHTe.iBHUM'B ioHomefl, HCKa.n, HAea« 
job*, pa3oqapoBUBajica bt> hhxb h CTaHOBHJica cypoBB h HeAOBip- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



174 BlCTHIEl BBPOIIH. 

TOB* B*b SH3HH. Apy3bJI, B*B KOTOpHX* Offi BHJ'fcXB repoeBt, OKaSK- 

BajiHCb npocTUMH npaKTHqecBBMH .iKUbMH, Bt senmitnaxt ohb 06- 
vaHUBOJica. Om» nepecTana.ii> BipuTb bo Bee xopomee na 3eu.rfe. 
DycTOTa jkh3hh, iieyAOBJieTBopcHnocTb nyBCTBa MyqHjra ero TaK* 
CHJn»no, wo oht> roTOBt 6tijn> na Bee, hto6t> H36aBHTbca orb hexi. 
y nero o6pa3ona.iacb cboa coficTBeneafl fyiuocotyin. <Ec.ih He cnoco- 
6eni> na nojBuni, Tain> n jkubh nasi bc1>! roBopu.ii> oht> ce6t co 
8JOCTbio, Kor^a ^epnaqcB-b neAOBO.ibcrBa cmibiite noACTynaxb ki ero 
cepAUy. ^to 3a repoa Taitofi? J&HByrb ate jiioah, aeHb>3a ^eeak-b, h 
HHqero ce6fc, CHacTJHBw! A a qtut 3aaBHjn> ce6a? ^to CAt-iajii? 
BufiAy bt> OTdaBKy, aeniocb, h 6y\y »HTb Rant bc£...> Ct bthmh 
mucjihmh oiit> buiupjtb bt» OTdaBKy h noce.iu.ica BT, MMtlliH. Mara 
y Hero AaBHO yae yMepja; on* (rra-Tb cepbe3H0 Aywarb seHHTb- 
64, KaKi eAMHCTBennoM-b cpeACTBi cnacenia orb jiy^iiBuieft ero 
tocbh, ero THnyjio HMeano kt> t3ko3 ^Byiincfe, bt> KOTopoB 6u oh* 
He Mori pa3oqapoBaTbcii. Om> ncKajrb To.ibico xoaafiKii, A'tByuiKH c* 
poBUUMi> h noBofiHUM*b xapaBrepoarb, H yBtpmfb cc6fl, *1T0 3T0 Bce y 
*t6 eny nysuo. Ct> ihcto xo3>iucTBenno3 toikh Bsr.ifiHyjro oh* 
na Cauiy: cay npaBiuocb, itaRb ona 6fcra.ua ct> oioqaMH no &ia- 
AObumi h an6apaMT>, 3anHCUBa,ia npuxoAt h pacxojb, sap 11.1 a Ba- 
peiibe h BiJ^aBajia npoBM3iio noBapy. JIoTOM-b euy npeACTaB,i>uiocb, 
ito B-b ceMi/fc CiitffiHHwx-b 6hun> a.ih nero cbou yroji, cboiI npirorb, 
hto Taait 6ujia Mo.ioAeatb, cpc^n KOTopofi Jierne jMuieTCfl n sh- 
BeTca nocjii APfl3ri> eateAneBnoS »m3hh. Dpa Been* tomi, oh* He 
ycnoKOUBa.ica. . 

Oh-b riOAoniejrb kt> OTKpuTOMy <J>opTenbano h, KaRi 6u bx pas- 
^yMbn, B3fl.il irbcKojibKo aKKopAOB^. Kaic-b no cnmajiy, abbjihck 
Tyrb ae rpuuia h 3nna. Onu ji[o6ujih nbTb BTpoeM-b. HeB-fcpoB* 
o»HB.iMCfl, Kor^a nLib. Ero i\ia3a ^Liajncb Marqe, ryfiu yjiufia- 
jincb, 3joh ym, CBtTHBUjifica bi ero MepTaxiy yciyuajii mIjcto sa- 
AyuqiiBOU n thxoh nLrt. Be3co3naTGJibuo noAAaBjuiacb ero Bjianiio 
Becejiaa u piaBafl 3una, h rojioca hx*l aiuBajucb bi» rpycmot 

MeJIOAlH. 

Tpuina cha4jix, o6naB*b pyKofi cecipy. Owb ne 3aMf.qa.rb, hjh 
jiy^uie cKa3aTb, saMiwajn. Cem yAHBJiciua, MarKie mrMxa, eoto- 
pue KHAajx HeBtpoBi> b*b iiojioAue saAyM4iiB0 ,6iiecTau^ie rjasa 
3hhu. 

B*b uejioAHqecKBxx 3ByKaxx BHCBasuBa^ocb to, ht6 ne cni.io 
6u BucKa3arbca na bt> saaofl Apyrofl $opMt, n Bo.ieH-iieBo^efi, 
B036y»AaJiHCb nepBu, KpoBb CucTpte npoCirajia no aa^aMi h 
HesAy n^BuaMH saBasuBajiacb neniuoAiaa cbhsb. Kpyroarb nuxx 
6mia rjiynib A e peBHH, oAunoKaa KOMHaia, yeAHHennui sHMnift Be- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



CEMEflCTBO CHfcMHHX'B . 175 

^epx, — otfcraHOBRa/ B* KOTopofi KaatAoe BneHaTjieie aosHTca na 
Aymy nojuite h rjiytfae... 

Meawy t^mi MaTb, yTOMBBnmcB TOjRaMH o npeAanoM'B, OTomjia 
orb CTOJia, h TyT*B tojbko odpaTUJia BHBMaHie Ha rpynny y 
^opTenbuno. 

B'dTJinxb ea ynajrB Ha 3flHy, h ona He ysHajia cnoefi joiepH. 
BuicTO A^TCKaro MH.iaro JianuKa ona yBBA'kffa r.iy6oKiii, aa^yM- 
HBBufi b3[\ijut> h i&r-inxb BTOTi cmotpLj-b Ha OAHy Tossy, He ne- 
peuiHjifl no.ioatenifl, 6yATO npoKOBanuufl uarnuToiix. 3ia T04Ka 
dujia— r.ia3a HeaipoBa. 

— 3«Ha! pl3KO no3Baja ona, He.iB3a jh CpocnTB bto namaHBe! 
IIoah CK>Aa, a Te6a cnpaniHRaio, BaKi tu cuiLia odaBHTt pa6oiy, 
He cnpocHB-B Moero nosBOJienia? 

Tohi CHtatBHOH 6u.tl pasApajKeHx h ptsoK-B. Oua 8jo rjra- 
A^fejia Ha 3uny, h o6t nonnMajtH, 3a ito BbixoAHJia 9Ta cijena. H 

TOJLKO OH-t OAnt. #JIfl rpHIIlH, X-lfl rjia^Hpbl HbQHOBHU, AJIfl BCfcx* 

npHcyTCTByroiuHX-B, bto 6ujia caaiaa o6uKnoBennaii, eaeAiieBHaa 
6paHB. Ho HeBtpoBT> Tose 3Ha;rB npniBHy. Oh*b nyBCTBOBajTB, hto 
BexB ce6a npeAOcyAHT&ibHO h piniH/ica sanaaAHTB cboh) BHRy. 

— Mapbfl IleipoBHa! CBasajii oh*, ofipamaacB si GijimnLuoi. 
^OJiro jii 6yAeie bh naci tomhtb CBaAB6ofi?.. Efi-6ory nopa! 

OflApiaHHO ptuiHBHiHCb seHHTbCA ua Canit, om> oxotho ro- 
Bopn.i'B TaKia piiu. 

Mapbfl IleTpoBna Kaatiuft pa3*L B3juxajra cl ofaerceHieirB, 
KorAa ciwmajia bto otb HeBipoBa. 

— IIoAo»A0Te, AHjpefi IleTpoBHH'L, rojiytf^HK-B, aaroBopHja 
OHa, He noBtpHTe, Kain> y uenn roaoBa Kpyroifb HAen>! flfimi 
npHroTOBbTe ctojh h KapTU, otfpaTHjacB ona kt» AoqepaifB, mu 
CLBrpaewb b*b paMci. Tjiama, th xoienib? 

— OneHb pa^a, bu snaeie, Hero bbi xoTHTe, Toro h a xoiy! 
zeifanHO oTBiTaaa Ta. 

— Mu cbHipaeMt BieTBepoifB, a bu, #&th, uoseTe hath cnaTb, 

CC1H XOTHTe. 

— Mu He XOTHM"B, OT03BaiHCb BCfc TpH. 

— 5to me ran* sa^cb A*JaTb? Caina xotb HeBtcia, a bh-to, 
hto ate 6yAeie sa^cb TopqaTb? roBopBJia Mapba IleTpoBna, caxacs 

8a KapTOHHUH CTOJI'B H B3HITB BT> pyKH KOJIOAV KapTB. Tjia^Hpa 

HBanoBna h HeBfcpoBT, MOJna sanMH cboh Mfecia, uoiOABia a*- 
bjidkh pascTaBjiajH cb^hh, m4jikh h n^eTOHKH. 

— 3ia 3Hna, b^hho OHa bo3htc« cb RtMi-HntfyAB, Bospasnjia 
CHOBa waTB, cjuuia fitromio Bt^pyrowt Koi^t KOMiiaTbi h cjep- 
asaHHUH cwix-b 3hhu. rpama, hojiho Te64 Aypa^HTBca, hah 
HrpaTBl 



Digitized by 



Googk 



176 BSCTHHKT) EBPOUH. 

— IIo6i>Aa! otiuutb! TopaecTBeHHO Kpaqaj^TOTB, npana jioc- 
ByTOB'B 6yjiarn Bt KapMan*. 

HeBipoBy oieHL xorfcjioct tfpocHTb Bar-iaA* Bt hx-b CTopony, 

HO HOA* IipOHimaTCJbHUM'L B30pOM*B MaTCpn, OUT. OCTaBaJCfl XOJO- 

j&bi> e paBHOAymeHi. 

— 3nHa, Te64 roBoparB, CTynaff cnaTb! Si ne jik>6jik), Eorja 
th B03Hfflbca! roBopHja MaTL. Tpuiua! hto tu y nee OTHajn>?.. 
BOEa»H, aafi cioAa. 

Ho rpnuia, ea asotfiiweiVB, ne AyMa.i'B ncnojmaTB npHica3aHia, a 
3nna MOJina Bunua h3t> KOMnam. 

— BtHHO y 3T0fi ^tBOIKH TafiHH, CeEpeTlI, BCflfiifl B3AOpT»! 

roBopnia isaTB, B3AHxaa. YasacHO Tpy^no cji*I>ahtb sa noAo6Hunt 
xapaKTepoMi*. 3HaeTe jlh hto, Aiwpen IIeTpORU4i>, net cAaeica, 
ito ona nn xopomefi aenofi, hh xopomefl waTepbio uasorAa ne 
<5yAen>. Kas-B bu ^ywaeie? 

— Oua eme coBctart peCeuoK^! yEJiOHqnuo aaxtmii HeBi- 

pOBl>. 

— »• ,H,a, — ho B^Rb y MOHfl 6ujh Apyria bx ea roja; bot*b Cama, 
Ha^H. Caina! a TeSi moA Apyj&oE-B nopa cnaTB— 3aBTpa b*b aep- 
kobb, MOJieCem, Ha^o oTCiyatHTb! Cama Bdajia h naqa.ia npomaTbca. 

— Hpomaft, Cama? CKasa^Th HeBtpoB-B, MejibKoirB i^jiya noA- 
♦craBjeHHua eMy ry6ti h oEHnyB'B B3rji/iA0Mi Bcfcx* npucyTCTByio- 
maxx, xjionoTaBiunx'B o npHEynEi, TOpatecTBenno csasaji: <Toc- 
moAa, y Mena K03upHofi pasjcB*. 

Hcnyrb oua^ii HrposaMH. JKiiBOTpenemymift HHTepec*B na- 
^cpTanx 6ujtb Ha hxx jinu.ax'B. Cauia, co bs^oxomi Buuwa hsx ro- 
XTHHofi BMicrfc Cb Ha^eB. Ilpo6njio nacb, Asa. ^eTBepo napT- 
nepoBi Hrpa.in He nepecrraBaa, tiesMOjBnue, EaicB aBToaiaTU. Giu- 
iuajocb mejiKan&e m^ikobx, CAana Kaprb, KopoTEie Bosr.iacu, no- 
BtpKa sanacaHHuxx nutyyi,. a Bpeaia jerfcjio h HacTaBa,ia r:iy- 
^OEaa hoib. ^ocTarajacb se.iaHHaa i$jib: Bpeiia y6eBajiocb. 



TJIABA III. 

Mu onaTt bt> 3HaEOMOH cnajiBH-fc Tpexx ceciepx. Ha^a pa3- 
^Ba-iacb, na^aa oti cna h csopo sacnyjia. PacnycTHBi cboh ajihh- 
Hua koch, CToaja Cama nepeAt sepKa^OMx, nesojibHO 3ar.iaA*B- 
:ihhcs Ha cbok> cTpoflHyio $ Hr ypy H MucieHiio o6.iesaa ee bi hoa- 
iBiHe^Hoe HJiaTbe; ea Boo6pa»eniH) npeAdaB^a.ica y3Eifi Eopcen, 
^aTaHyiaa Tajba h myMamee mejiKOBoe n.iaTbe. 

— 3aHa, no3Ba;ia OHa, h TiHb yA0B0.ibCTBia npoMejbEHyjia bx 



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Googk 



CBMlfiCTBO CBMtBHHX'b. 177 

«h rjiasaxx; th snaeuiB, hto kx CBa^bCi y ucha (JyaerB hobhI 
*opceTi? 

3nHa, KOTopan enjc hc Aywajra pasfl^BaTbca, norpyateHnaa Bt 
saAyMHHBOcTL, nopuBHCTO BCTajia h uoj^onua m cedpi. 

— Th BHaeuit, Cama, 3aroBopn,ia 0Ha, Kaaaa 6iaa co Mnofi 
oyinjiacb; B$flb rpnma Bunyjrb y Mewi h3*b aapnana jihctoki, bb 
xoTopufi a sanHCHBajia cjiOBa Anapea HeTpoBH^a. 

— Kania wom? y^HBJieHHO ciipocH.ua Ta. 

— JI,a TO, HTO OHT> rOBOpHJI-B OAHHX pa3l BCHepOMi; a B3flJia 

h 3anHca.ua. 

— Saitx?.? 

— TaET.; onn BepT&mcb bcc y Mena Ha yarfe; a ciua h na- 
iiHcajia; uwk noHpaBH-iocb; th 3Haenib, Eaicb out xopoino roBO- 

PHT1>... 

— Hy TaK*b hto »e? 

— Boiocb, Masia y3Haerb, Cy^era 6panHTb. 

— ^a KaKia jRe 9to ciOBa? aoSnBajiacb Cania; no^H ko mh^, 
3 b na, Ha mok) nociejib! Hy hto rae oh*b roBopnjn>? Eomy? Te6i? 

— Hirb, Boofirue on'b bc^mi roBopiun., tto ne Hajo cmot- 
ptTb Ha Mninie CBirra, mo nejiOB'IiK'b AOJiaen* HMiiTb na Bee cbou 
P3r.ifl^T>, xo-iseffB iiaxo;iHTb bt> ceCi caMOMt peccypcn am shshh, 
roBop»Jia 3HHa BaaRnwui cJoroMi* HeBipoBa. 

Cama BHHMaTeJibHO ee ciymajia, cnjacb nonaTb hto-to. 

— SI syMaio, 9to nnqero, 3HHa, CKa3ajia ona; th npoca TpH- 
my ne noaa3UBaTb MaMt; a, noacajiyS, caMa ero nonpoiny... 

3nna ropaio noijajiOBajia ee bi meiiy. 

— TjiaBHoe, Ae^peK) IleTpoBH^y hto6*b ne nonajiocb! »hbo sa- 
roBopnjia ona; ne xo^y a, mo6T> on'b mnwbl 

— Xopouio, a nonpomy rpniny! 

— /IjineHica, Cama, th Bcerja MeHa Bupyqamb! 
H atapKoe o67>aTie CHOBa oxBamio Camy. 

— Pa3Ainbca, 3nHa, h noroBopnirb ct> to6oS, CKa3a-ia Ta, 
aoxacb B* nocrejib. 

3nHa rOTOBa 6ujia nporoBopnrb ivfcayK) noqs Ha npojierb. 

— ripeaae Bcero, caaaeH mh'£, aBaHTaana jih a tiujia ceroj- 
na? <$h,tb nepBUfi Bonpoct CamH. 

— Kanaa th cjiaBHaa, -sorAa cnpamHBaemb o6i> otoitl, otb4- 
THJia 3ana, naooHaacb na^t ea .htuomt>; eaiH6i> AH^pefl Ilerpo- 
smm> Tyrb 6uji'b, out* 6a Te6a npocTO pacnajioBa.Tb. 

— ^a, OTcinMa Cania, Kpacirfcji; a KaaeTca euy neMnoxKO 
HpaB.iiocb! 

— TIociiyQiafi Cama, CKa3aja 3nHa, noMOJi?aB^ h saAyMiaBo 
CMOTpa bt» ea rjia3a; th oneHb jno6nmb An^pea OeTpoBnqa? 

Tomi Y. — Cehthbpl, 1871. 12 



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Googk 



178 BftCTHflK'B BBPOBH. 

— OieHt! OTB^THJia Cauia o<ienb CKopo. 

— ^to ace tu ijBCTByeuih, soma out. nprfcisaeri? 

— Cuaqajia a Bcer^a HjBCTByio aa.ieubKiu CTpaxt, 6yAT<* 
cepwe ynaAerB, a noTOMT> Bee jymue, jiyiuic... 

— A KorAa on* noerb? 

— KorAa noerb? nepecnpociua Cama h nouo.iiaB'b npntfaBH- 
ja: npaBO ya-b ne npBnomiio, mto a MyucTnyio, K<>rja on* noerb!... 

3nHa rpycTHO B3Aoxny.ia. Oua lyucTBOBa.ia ne to: ona nyB- 
cTBOBaJia Tuaejioe, bo otaARoe Opeiia Ha CBoeff Mo.io.iofi rpyA«; 
m> ea iuiobIj 6po^njo cto.ilko »hbwxt» h cnjibnux'b BiieMaTjbuifi, 
CTOjibKO Ce3CBji3nux , b h neoTCTyiiHuxT* Bonpocoi t, ito ne Morjia cv 

BBMH CnpaBHTbCH. Ho MOJOJUMl f>C3lie<M0CTb lipOBOAH.ia BSiXb BCtM* 

btbm-b cbok) ycnoKOHiejibnyH) pyKy h ona cHOBa OTAaBaaacb a*t- 
CKBid-b CBOHM'b naanaM-b, itetrram u npeA"0.ioa?eniflMT>. 

— CnpocH eme HTo-HH6yAb.... rOBopu! ncMtitro cohhuitb ro- 
jocoMt saaimia Cauia. 

— A tu cjiuuia.ia, kbr-b om> pa3CKa3UBa.it npo CBoff jom* h 
caAt— Tair&, bx JIbuobk*... KyAa bu not^eTe nucat CBajbCu!.. 
To-to CyAeTx npaiecTb Haaii Tain xnTb! Bfcjb tu Meflfl B03b- 
Meinb bt» ce6*, Cauia? 

— Bo3buy! OTB^TH^a Ta. 

— CuacHCo TeOiL Axt>, Cama, KaKt mij CyAeMt ctoctjibbuI 
H bt> nopuB* BOCTopra 3nua oxBaTwaa ee cyAopoaeuMi, no- 

pUBHCTUMl OClBTieil'B H DOKpUJia UOUQ.iyflMH ea fflCK), MUflr 

pyKH... 

— EyAerb! AOBOjbno! Kpn^aja Ta, ho bt> cH.iax'b nomerciHTbca. 
Ho 3bh4 bth jiacKH Obun Tain> cibarh, Tast nepenojueHO 

6ujo ea cymecTBo CesoTHeTnofi ni>rofi jio6bh, hto oua npoaojaa- 
ja, yjufiaacb, jacKaTb nojiycoHHyio cecipy. 

— Ma Ma, naua BAerb! nyrjiuso BApyrB BCKpHnajxa Haxa npo- 
cunaacb. 

B* oaho MrnoBeHie nephroma* jaMna saramena, Cama ocbo- 
tfoamena h 3aua yse Ha CBoefi eoctcih, npBKiinyBinaaca cna- 

meK) KptHKBlH <HOMT>. 

^Bepb OTBopH.iact h Bonwa Mapta ITeTpoBna Cntarona. IIoc- 
Tynb ea (Ju.ia TBcpAa, na inmfb Oujio noKofinoe h yBtpennoe bu- 
pasenie FJiacTeJiBua, BxoAfliuaio bi> cbcb BJiaAluia. Oua neTopon- 
jbbo 8acBiTHJia cid>My y noracdKmefi jiaunaAKu h cb omcM-b no* 
Aomjia Kt nocTejiBMi Tpcxi* cb(»mx , b Aonepefi. 

*ki]<iBK'b Ha ah cnyciHJica efi na rjiaaa; ona nonpaBHja ero k 
TBXonbKO ocBBAtTejbciBOia.ia, etTb jim ua ncfi K( ^na, To»e canoe 
CAt-naja b cb Cauicfl b nanuia pee b% nopaAKt; ho hoaoAab kv 
nocTe^u 3bhu, che saiii/raja ct ysaconx, hto bojiocu ea pa«H- 



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Googk 



CMlfiCTBO CHMWHHX'B. 179 

HyjHCB no nOAyraafc h roioe n.ie^o BwcTaBJMMOCB Hsx-noA* oxba- 
jia. ^enijBi h ko$tu (Shjih eohbeomi Mapba IleipoBHu; oiia Bccr- 
ja CTpameo BoeBaja im-aa hhx-b cb AonepBMH. Oaa TomacL se 
pastfyA&fla cnamyio, no ea MH^mio, 3aHy. 

— Th onaTb 6e3t neima? CTporaMi nionoTOMx saroBopwa 
OHa, okb^ubm ee cyponbiMt BsiMHAOin.; oTqero th mh4 Bcer^a 
jjiuaeniB oahh HenpiarHOCTH, oahh HeyAOBOJibCTBia?... 

3H»a ysacHO xor&jia B03pa3HTb, hto rojioBa ea co6cTB6HHaa 
h hto MoatHo 6ujio 6h ocTaBHTb ee b-b nosoi, no y^epsajiacs h 
nai&ia po3HCEHBaTb CBofi qenHHR-b h Kotjrry. 

Mapba IleTpoBHa cfcjia co cirfcqRofi na CTyji*, HatwiioAaa sa 
noncsaMH 3nnu. Ilo oSuRHOBeHiio, RO$Ta h Hen<iHR*B Hcqe3,in, jsan> 
<JyATO bxx HHEorAa h He (Jllio. 3nHa nepepujia bck) nociejB, Ha- 
KoneivB nepe6yxiLia cecrept, OTOABHra.ia Bcfe komoah h KpoBaTH, 
h Bee 6e3ycniuino. OHa HCRaia Aaae bt> neiKax'B h mcanaxi <tb 
BHeraMH, y o(5pa30B-B h noA^ crry;ibflM&. Mapba IleTpoBna cmot- 
piuia Ha o3a6oiennoe n BMfccrfc cb rfcarB A*TCRH-u?aJOBjiHBoe jih- 

Vfl 3HHU, BX EOTOpOM*B He 6fcUO HH rfcHH CHa HJIH AocaAH h ac- 

ho BHA^ia, *ito AO^b ea h TyrB nanua ceCfc 3a6aBy. 

Efi xoTi.iocL npnfiHTB ee, xorfciocb sadaBHTB ee njiaaaiB, 
xorfuocB CAtjaTb cboh npHEa3anifl CpeMeHearB, nroMi aih 3hhh, 
h dpaHHoe ^yBCTBO Henpifl3HH pocao b*b nefi ex BTOMy BecaiOMy 
h pi3B0My pe6ensy. 

— HnrA*, HarAi h^t-b, Maaia, ito ate TenepB Mfffc A&iaTB? 
o^BABHja ona, cTaB*B nocpeAH EOMiiaTU, sanuxaBinaaca on TpyA- 

HiIX*B UOHCROB*. 

— BapBapa! no3Ba.ia CntatHHa. 
Bonua 3acnaHnaa nanbRa. 

— IIoAaS SHHaHA^ IlaBjoBHi Apyroft HenieR* h RO$Ty, n 
<ana na Hee naAfcny. 

HanbEa noAa.ia h to h APyroe. MaTB nojoona e-b Tpenemy- 
nsfii 3viu% noABeja ee 3a pyRy r*b nociejH, pa3Apa»iiTejiBH0 cthc- 
nyja TeceMsaMu neni^a ea no,*6opoAORB, HaTanyjia Ha ea iuiew 
so^Ty, 6pocnjia Ha nee OA^flio h csa3ajca: 

—*• 3aBTpa He caiifi hoaxoahtb ex mocS pysi, HenocjiymHaa 
^BqoHRa! 

3ana nprnaHja AaxaHie, oxBaiennaa HenonflTCLiMt CTpaxout. 

Tyrb CHtTRHHa noTO.iROBa.ia ct» HHHbKofi o tom*b, EaRia saa- 
^rpa n^aTbfl npnrOTOBaTB 6apumnaMi, h Bunua, nepespecTHBi ao- 
^epefl, KpoMi 3hhu. 



12* 



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Googk 



180 BlGTHHKft EBPOHfl. 



TJIABA IV. 

Ha Apyrofi AeHS naixa.™ as* ropoja, OTCToamaro bx Aaaj- 
i^aTH BepcTaxi>, nopaAOHHoe bojih^cctbo snaKoMuxT,, ncwpaBHTb. 
seHHxa h neBicTy. Eu.ih Tyrb h uojioAeHbEia x^ByiuBu h xo- 
jiocTue Mysqunu, u dapHKH h (rrapyxE. Bee 3T0 oCukhobchho 
o^enb cKyqajio h pa3BJieKaiocb to^hko b*b o6.iacTflxi> KapTO^eofi 
Hrpw, cnjieTerib, boakh h jiobjih aeHHxoB'b. Ha btowb Bpaoja^acb 
HHTepecu ofimecTBa h ohh oahh m npHAaBajia eiiy ^ibmuBufi ot- 

fijieCBT, SH3HH. MHOrfe H3T> H0XT> 6lJJlH JHOA0 AOBOJIbHO yMHUe, COO- 

co<5H«e noHHMaTb Hiiue HHTepecu ; ho wacca Taa* 3aTarnBajia m*> 
b*b Kpyn> cbobxi AemeBUx^ paAOCTefi h cBoefi yAo6o-Hcno.iHHMoft 
Mop&ia, qTo npoAO^ataTb CTOflTb sa nepTOio 6ujio oieub Tpyjiio 
h, BOJiefi-HeBO-iefl, HajotfHo 6u*o BXOAHTb B*b 3TOTb xpyra H BC- 
BaTb yiiiiieiiifl bt> tomi, bt> ne&n Hcna.iH nxi» HaxoAamieca bi 
HeM*b jhoah. MajenbEaa saja nepeA* o6hwm> npeACTaB.ia.ia \o- 
Bo.ibHO OKHB,ieHnufi bha*. PasAaBajica Bcceaufl roBopT*, cm^x* ir 
uepemenTUBaHbfl. Myacicaa KOMnania fin-ia sanaTa b* liacroamyio- 
HHHyTy npoeKTOMi> HanoHTb AO-nbana Kaaoro-TO cocfeAa. noirfciAH- 
Ka, no.iy-HAioTa h CKpary, yBipaTb, ito oht» HMaHneiiHKi h bc!»m-l> 
o6mecTBOM , b HarpanyTb icb Heaiy B-b aomi ajh norfcxa. Y 8to* 
»epTBw B*b AOM-fc »Hja MaTb h TeTKa, — ne noAospiBaBiuia ofo 
yrpoataBmeft hmx nanacm, ho 9to-to b npHAaBa.10 uhikt> npeA- 
npiaTiro. Bci 6hjh Becejiu, — pasBjre^eHie Cwjio xoTb KyAa. 

Mapbfl HeipoBHa noAOuuia kt» HeBtpoBy, HHTaBuieay B* yray 
raseTU h cootfiuojia eny, it6 nponcxoAHJO B*b sajift. 

— 3aTfcM-b 9Ta sarfca? aaM'fcTHJTb oirb neAOBO.ibHUM'b tohoitb: 
ne mo6jik) a CuBaTb bt> hxt> AOirfcL Mm B^Ab npocTO xotLih no* 
ixaTb KaTaTbcn; ^aHiM* ate nopTHTb KaTanbe? 

— Earn bmi Beceio, — nycaafi wxiL. Maxajia na nex* pyxofl 
Mapba HeTpoBHa: — to.ilko 6u saHajiacb xoTb TfcMT»-HH(5yAb! A mu 
RCTaTH cTapyxaMi h bh3htt> aojjkhu! npaSaBBJia OHa, crapaaci* 
CMar^HTb u cr^aAHTb o6cTOATe.ibCTBa. 

— Hy, no-ino ofo 9tomt», nepefimi'b HeBtpoB'b h cjieraa yjii- 
6aacb cnpocBji-b: h^ti, bh ^yqnie mh4 caaatHTe, sa hto bu Ha 3n- 
Hy cepAHTecb?... ^mt. OHa TaK*b npoBHiin.iacb? 

Mapba neTpoBHa BcnuxHy.ia, 

— A ona BaM-b aajOBa^acb? 

— Hy botx, aajiOBajiacb! Caraa mh^ cb yTpa inenqerb b"b. 
yraa: npocn, mtoCi Mana npocTHJia 3nHy! 

— nocyAHTe caMH, AHApefl HeTpoBuqx, mosho .ih 0CTaB.iaTS 
ee 6e3i> Haaa3aHia, slhbo 3arOBopnjia CHtsBHa: — 9to Taaaa b4t- 



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OUlfiCTBO CH**HHHXT>. 181 

peaHaa, Henocjymflaa x^BHOHsa; a jho6.ik>, hto6t> oh4 ch&ih b*b tch- 
i^ax's h RO$Taxi; Kaaeica, b* 9tom*b Hin> nHHero TpyAHaro; Ka- 
serca, a HM^fo npaBO TpetfoBaTb otb xoqepefi ncnojmeHia mohx*. 
aeiamfi? 

HeBtpoBi> cjiersa noaaiaji'B ro.iOBoS. 

— noieify-acB Taici? cita3ajn> oht>, B3AyMaBina nocnopHTs: oh4 
iioryra hmIitb toiho Tasse cboh sejiama, cboh npaBa... 

CHisHHa 6esnoKofiHO noBepHyjiacB Ha Midi. 

— Bora bu, AHApefl DeTpoBH<rB, BcerAa cb BaraaMH moahhmh 
HxeflMB! IKaiaja 6u a nocMOTpiTB, Kaa-B bu (JyAeie nponoBl>ABi- 
BaTb hxi» cbohmi. codcTBeHHuwB A^TawB! Kaa*B npiarao 6yAerL 
HcnuTUBaTb Ba&rB Tor^a yAotfcTBO cbohxt> co<$CTBeHHUX'B npaBFLTb! 

— Hy, ny! iiaifoiKa; He CyAeMiTe ccopaTbca; a bIjab caafB 
3Haio, hto Ha ^ijii (Spy nopaAOHHUM'B agchotoitb, — ho bo mh£ 
6yAeT*B pa3HHi;a: a 6y^y cosHaBaTb, *ito a AecnorB, a bu h^t-b... 

— AH^pefl neTpoBHqt, AecaoTHaarB Jin bto pyaoBOAHTB mojo- 
AeHbKHXx A^BymeE-B h npeioxpaHaTB Hxt orb neocTopo»Hux'b no- 
CTynKOBx!.. 3ima, nanpuMipi,, Taaaa BiTpeHnwua, ito sa Hefi Ha^o 
rjiasa h i\aa3a... Pa3Bt a ue Busy xotb 6u Toro, hto ona ko- 
BeTHHqaerb cb BaM«?~ 

HeBtpoBx, eecMOTpa Ha yarfcHBC B.ia^Tb cofiofi, noKptucA or- 
BeHHUlfB pyMaHueMX. 

— Mapba HeTpoBHa, mh* jih 6u sto ne aaMfrniTb? Ho, rm- 
nycb necTbio, Kpowi A'fcTCKBX'B uiyTOK'B a, cb ea dopoHH, pinui- 
TeJbHo HHHero He BHAajTB... Bu He 3naeTe Bauiy 3aHy: no Rpaft- 
Hifi Mtpt, a na nee cmotpk>, mk'b na AByMtTHee AHTa! 

— HirB, y nea 3aManiKH He A^TCBia: a BaM* noaaaty Bam* 
nopTperb, KOTopufi ona HapncoB&ia, h paauua Bamn MHlmia, eo- 
Topua OHa saniicuBajia n bhaho ohchb noHHMaJia. Biepa a Bonua k*b 
TpHint, a oh*b jieaHT'B h HHTaerB: OTHa.TB y Hea Bnep?t Beie- 
poiix... 

HeB'fepoB'B onaTB BcnHXHy.TB. Ho jihijo ero, apoM* Epacan, 6w- 
10 bi Toase BpeMa ohchb HacMtiiiviHBaro n cnoaofiHaro BBipaae- 
Bia. MapBa UeipoBea noAa.ia e»iy cKOMicauHufi jihctor'b 6yAiani. 

3to 6mm, b*b aopoTKHXT*, ho cHJbHbix'B caoBaxx, pasi Bbicaa- 
aaRHbiii MHiHia HeeipoBa o cboCoaI* aenu^HHu, o 6yAymeMi> ea 
pa3BHTiH, o tomx, mto ea TpefioBaHia Taaate 3aaoHHH, aaai xpe6o- 
Bania My»HHHH, qio MHtnie CBlwa He aoji»ho ee ocTanaBJiH- 

BaTB HH Bl qeM'B... 

^HTaa, oh* KaqajfB ro^ioBofi h yjufiajica b*b CMymeHie. 

— Bmxoaht'b tojibko oaho, qio npH A^Taxx Hcibsa Bcero ro- 
BopHTb! CKasajix oh-b, OTAaBaa jihctok'b CHtatHHofi. Hotomx, no- 



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182 BftCTHHtt EBPOHH. 

jyiiaB*, owl CHOBa otfpaTDjca ei> Heffl:— Taict bh sa 9to ee Hasa- 
suuaeTe? 

— SI BOo6me ne.TOBOJibna ero b xoiy x^tb efl bto noiyB- 

CTBOBaTb!... HO BU BMAHTe, MTO 3TO IIOHTM BeB03M02RHO, iipHtfaBina 

ona, CMOTpa na rpynny jt£bhivi», r%k 6uja h 3iiHa... Ed Bee bh 
no HeMV, BHAHTe, xoxoserb! 

— BrjMWjQCb iioBnMMaTejibn'fce! BawfemrB HeB'fcpoB'b, 6pocHBi 
Bsrjfl^ na 3nay; a bhkj, «rro ona BOBce neBcceja h Aase Bdpe- 
Boaeiia... 

— Hy, Aa a efl BopflAOHHyio cijeny h CAfaaja! 

— HeyaKMH no noBoAy 3Toro JiHCTKa? 

— KoHeqflo!.. BiTpenuaa A^BiOHKa! Ona Ee Toro <$u sawy- 
*HBajia. 

— Hy bot'b, h bu CA'fe.iajH MaieHBKyio omn6Ky! yjudaacb 3a- 
iftiTHJii HeBtpoBr.; HHKorAa ne najo nojo3ptBaTb xf.nyuiBy b*b 
tomi nyBCTBt, KoTopoe cymecTBOBaTb ne AOJffino. HoAoap-fcHia 
oqeiib iado ero pa3BHBaiorb, eciH ne poKAaicrb.... 

— YsR'b ne roBopureL. MaTb jyqme 3iiaerb, Kas-b otfpamaTbca 
Cb AonepbMH, ct» Aocajioti onrLTu.ia Cnt/Enna, noqyBCTBOBaBt bck) 
neTKOCTb saMtnania HeBipofea. 

— Mawa, nopa noAaBaTb Kyraanbe?... cnpocnja Bjpyrb Cama, 
noaBJiaacb okojo nuxi> ct> 03a6uiennuM < B h pacRpacntBiuHMca jih- 
jjomi. 

— He spaio, KOTopu8 qac-b? 

— Aiupeii neTponH4T», nocMOTpme na Bamnx'b qacaxx, CKa- 
saja Cama h noTowb sacTinnuBO na&aoHHBmHCb k% newy, npntfa- 
BHja: — m6 ate, bu roBopiMn, o qean* a Baci npoeiua? 

— roBopn^i; Aa mto tu Taiti o6-b nefi x-aonoqeuib?... Honjra- 
^eT'b, nonjmerb, a& h nepecianerb! otbIth.i* HeBtpoBi, ao Toro 
BeCpearao h paBHOAymno, q-ro BcaniS ou,rb 6u odManyrt. 

— Ho mh4 npauo auub 61>Anyio 3nny, 3aroBopH,ia cnoBa Ca- 
ma, KaKt ate ona bh KaiaTbca, bh ryjiflTb BHRy^a ceroAna ue 

XloAjlfiTb? 

— nydb nonpocarb npomenba, BuroBopnaa Cnianna, (JyATO 

BCXOTfl. 

— TaK-b a nofiAy caaay e3, o6paAOBannuM'B roJOCOMX CRa3aia 
-Cama; BycTHTe MeHa... 

— HtTi, ne nymy, a npeawe nepeijajiyK) tboh naibiBKH bc*6 
AO OAnoro, fi.iarocKJonno niyTHJi HeBtpoBi ct> CBoefi HeDicTofi, 
ijajiya ea TOHKie najibuu. 

Cama orapaBiuacb Bb cbok) KOMnaTy, ta*6 co6paaacb bc4 jflxu 
a a^jbhi^u, HMtBiuia upHBuwy HaGHBaTbca BcioAy APy^ 3a ApyroicB, 
jwufb daAO OBei^i. 



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CEMlfiCTBO CHftXHHHrB. 183 

TauTB oah$ nonpaBJiMH nepeA* 3epKajoM'B cboh npHHeocn, jpy- 
ria roBopHJiH o napaAax-B, TpeTbH ate ciuiuiH cb HenoABHHtnoK> 
yjiufiKoio na ryfiaxt h CMOTpknn Apyr* na Apyra, BbiatHAaa, ht& 
oni cKaayTt oAna Apyrofi. 

— Mesdames! BacB npocarB B* rocrnnyio, CKa3a*ia Cama^. 
nosiBJinncb bi ABepaxT.; noatajyuTe 3aicycHTb! 

llpii 9toi1 aejaanofl b4cth, iiy&Ausa rypifiofl craja bhxoahtb, 

1131 KOMnaTU. 

— 3ana, no3Bajia Caina, noAn-Ka ciOAa! 

B*b onycrfcBinefi KOMnarb ocTa-iucB oh* BABoeifB. 3a6oTjiHBO> 
na^ajia Caina pa3CRa3UBaib cecrpi pasroBopi cbo3 cb aieuHxoMS 
h waTepbio. 

— Te<$i> naAotfno npocHTB npomeHba y Mauu! saKOHmia ona 
y64«AaK)mHMx toromi. 

3ana AOJiro Moaqaja b*b pa3AyMBH, nepetfapaa kohijh CBoero 
^apTyca. 

— 3 caM^ na hcc cepAHxa, BApyrx nporoBopnjia ona, hoa- 
hjib^ rjiasa na cecipy. 

— 3nna, 3nna! cb HcnyroM* nporoBopnjia Cama; mosho jib 
Tain. roBopHTi.? B4ab ona Bee cb to6oh nosera CAkiaTb! 

— *It6 ate Bee? 

— TyjiflTB, KaTaTBca He nycTHTi! n,iaTba HOBaro ne comberb! 
3nHa, 3nna! paAH Bora, ecjin tm mcha jik)6huib, He A^au dToro!... 
npocH.ia Cama, saBjiaAtB* oC4hmh pynaMH 3hiim. 

— B*b neai'B ate a <5yAy npocajB nponjenba?... yrpiOMO cnpo- 
cnjia Ta; a BnnoBaTa b*b tom*b, hto cnjiio 6c3T» ko<J>th h 6e3i> qenu,a? 
TaE*B,^T6 jib? HirB, Cama, a He BH«y bt> HeirB BBHOBaTa, a Ayp- 
ho 6yAy npocHTB npomenbH, n ona Ha Mena nyu;e pascepAHTca! 

— HirB, th xopomeHbEO nonpocnoiB, 3ana! Hy, *to Te6k 
8to ctohtl? Tu noAyaiafi tojibko, — nonpocnjia npomeHba h cbo^ 
CoAHa na bc& neTupe croponu!... 

— SI ne xoHy <5utb cBo6oAHa na bc£ nempe cropoHa! ^[to 
md4 b*b RaTaHbK h b*b ryjiaHbn, sorAa ona OTiuua y rpnmn h 
nponjia won 3anncKn, h Kor^a ona BUCftasajia Miii Bee, b* neM^ 
ona Mena noA03piBaerB h ht6 060 MHt xyvaerb! Hira, h*tt>! 
BCEpnqajia 3ana, nopuBHdo cxBaTHBinacB sa rojiOBy: a «e ^ozy- 
TenepB npocHTb y nea npomenba! 

— 3ana, tu 3Haeiub, Kasi» MaMa Bee npeyBejiimaBaerB! ona AaBna 
yacB h 3a6ujia 060 BceMi, h a CJiumajia, BaK*B ohh cb AHApeeMt 
IleTpoBHieiii 061 3tom*b roBopnjiH, h owl cMtacB Ha3UBajn» Te6a 
pe6euK0Mi>. 

— Ci AnApeeM^ ncTpoBHHeirB? 061 9tomi? BCKpn^a^a 3nHa f 



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184 BSCTHHM* BBPOBH. 

^yBCTBya, tto apiafi pyMiieeux 3ajrHJCL Bee ea jihijo, h saicpuBS 
ero o6*hmh pynaMH. 

KaKoe-TO ciaflKoe <?yBCTB0 npoSia&jio no ea cepwy, h bm 
ccopa cb MaTepbK) h ropeib npoTHBt nea BApyrt oTOABHHyjiacb 
Ha BTopofi UJinWh. 

— Om» HHiajt, HHTa.TB, Cania? bcc cnpameBajia oea Be 
OTKpuBan ;nma. 

— JU! tu BB^nnib cawa, hto tw ncocTopojRna! Koneqno, th 
eme MajieubKaa h y Te6a dto oaho a^tctbo, roBopn,ia Cama, hobto- 
paa cjiOBa ApyrHxi. 

— Hy, xopomo, a nonpomy npomeuba, Bxpyn pimejia 3hm, 
^h yfcAy KaiaTbca Ha u^jiuA aeHb. 



TJIABA V. 

Cm** naKpraJiH bt> tfojbinofi saai, KOTopyio Tornuni ct> yipa, 
ho necMOTpa Ha bto, bt> neff 6u.io Bcc-Tass oqciib CBtaio, it6 
npHBOAHJio B'b OTiaanie HayMosy h xpyrnx'b Bafenx'B rociefi. Bc*fc, 
HaKoneut, yckwcb h nocjii* nepBuxi. 6.iku* n corpfcBaiomaro 
AtfiCTBifl pa3HUX*B Ha.lIIBOK'b h boahhori, nouieji-b HeyMOJiKaeMuii 
roBopx. UpeAcroamee KaTanbe B?bxi> oneiib sanHMa.io; bc% tot- 
^acb nocJit ofitAa, CTpewHjmcb nacia^nTbca BUAyMaiiuofi norfcxoff h 
uojiy-nwiHHfi HAion. He 6bun> ociaBjiein. bt, noKcfc. 

— TaKi tm Ha(rb soBeuib Kb cefib, Baca! cnpainnBaan y Hero 
coc$ah, noMHpaa co cuixy h ncwiHRaa eMy 6e3npecTanno BHHa. 

3aHa, Mem^y t^mt,, cnacTJinBaa h tfjiecTanjaa, CHA^a na aajib- 

HCMl ROBI^fe CTO.ia, BT» I^mpi MOJIOACatH, BOTOpafl TBKTRe BCia 

cboh pa3roBopu noA'b oCiuifl myiti h roBop*. 3nea Bca 6w.ia Tast 
yBjenaTejibHo MHJia, AoOpa h Becejia, tto aaate cana Cntatana, 
r.ia^a Ha nee, co3HaBa.iacb, hto bt> HapyKHocrn ea Xo^epn ecu* 
hto-to HenpeoAO-iHMOe. 

HaAo6Ho sawiTHTb, hto oaho MajreHbKoe o6cToaie.ibCTBO ipe3- 
Bia^afiHO cnoco6cTBOBa.To npBBPAcniio 3hhh b^ TaKoe cqacr^HBoe 
pacnojoaieHie Ayxa. BtiHAa nepeA* oC'feAOM'b b* 3a;iy, oHa ctojir- 
Hyjiacb cb HeB'fepoBUM'L b*b Koppiuopi n mennyjia eMy bt» bha* 
BOnpoca: 

— IIpocHTb mh4 npon;eHba? 

— IIpocHTb , noTOMy ito a xoiy cero^na caMX cb to(5oh 
noKaiaTbca! OTBtTHJi HeBipoBi, B3r.iaHyB , b na Hee h MtHaacb 
B*b jwivfe. 

BsrjiaA'b ero 6axb fiucTpwu, ho 3nna onycTH.ia r.ia3a, Cjato 
•ohx oCmevb BTb. Ea cepAi^e satfujocb TaKi cn.ibHO, hto ona omy- 



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CKIIEfiCTBO CHMKHHHX'B. 185 

THJia MBnyTHyio, nojiHyio Hacjiaamenifl h hctomu, Cojil. 9to mu r 
nepBbifi pa3i> c.iumaiiuoe eio otb cepbe3naro HeuipoBa, o64ui,a- 
Hie KaTaibCfl cb Hew, nonpeRH uaTepH, MTenie hmt> ea saMirroKx, — 
Bee 8to npoooAHJio Meatiy hbmh TaBHCTBenHyio cba3b, cspuTyio otb 
nocTopoHHHX'B. ToxiacB nocjrfc Toro, 3BHa, caata ne cosnaBaa 
CBepmaBiuaroofl bt> Hefi nepeoopoTa, Cpocn.iacb b'b KOMHaiy ua- 
Tepa h ocunajia ea pyica noijajiyaMB, BCBpenno npoca npo- 
meHba, h He ofoacnaa ce6t, oiiero eu TaE* jierRO, npocro 
h Becejo 6buo 3to Afciari.. Hotomx, ona, ciaiomaa, Bunuia Bt 
3Xi y, Hanajia Becaio myinTb co bc4mh, KOKCTfiHiaTb cb aok- 
TopoMi*, ci flpyrmiH wyaHHHaMu, a na HeBipoBa noiviaAHBaTB 
Cb AiTCKH-JiyKaBofi ycMtuiKofi, 6yATO ne o6pamaa na nero miKaKoro 
BHHMaHia. On* ct BocxHmeHieMT. co3epuajrB pacnycnaiomyioca ne- 
pea* hhm*b KpacoTy, eiue HaKaHyni 6e3HBi>Tnyio h neonpeAijen- 
nyio... 3a ofiiAOMt, ona Bcix-B oatHMBja h sapasajia cbohm*b Be- 
ceJibeMi>. 

Meat^y rlaix aa CTO.iOMt sanies pasroBopx o neAaBHO ciyiBB- 
ineflca B-b ropoA^ HdopiH: notftrfc oaho2 mojoaou AiByuiEH, yuieA- 
inefi H3* poAHTejiLCKaro Aowa cb KaKBii * - to hhhobhhkom'b h npo»H- 
BaBiucH Tenepb bt> Mockb*. Hcropia pa3CKa3HBa.iacb, Katcb bo- 
flBTca, cb pa3ntiMH npBKpacaMH, ho bc4 6ujih yfiiKAenu ia qy- 
^OBHmHocTH nodyiiKa — notfira H3X poAHTe^bCKaro joMa. Pa3cya- 
jajin o 6e3npaBCTBeniiO(TH nuniuiHaro noKOJiima, HaucKuea^u 
cpe^CTBa noMOHb 3,iy, npHAywuBaa pasHua aecroKia HaKasanifl bb- 
HOBnuMt, h eAHHOAyumo yiBepatAa.iH, hto Myxana norutfinec cos- 
AaHie, hto oahhi pa3BpaTT> mcfb noOyAHTb ee Ha noAotfuufi no- 
CTynoKi». 

Mnoria AaMH sna^in noApotfiiie BcropiK) Myxnuofi, h moivih 6tr 
BOspasBTb npoTHBi> B3BOABMaro na npe«HK)K)3HaK0MyH) ofiBBHeeia, — 
ho npB.iBiia npeAnacbiBajiB hmt> ne BosBumaib b*b 9thxt> cjyqa- 
jro rojioca, m6 uotjlo 6u noBecTB Kb Aypnowy mh^hIk) o hhx^ 

CaMBX'L. 

O^na 3BHa 6uja eme cjbuibomx Mo.iOAa, qTo6b MOJiTOTb, KorAa 
no en Mirtniio Hy^no Cwjio roBOpBTb u saaiB^aTb. Ona xopouio 
3Haja aiy Ojibry. ,3,01b 6iAHUxi hhhobhhkobt>, ona Bejra bt> poah- 
TeJbCKOiii> aom4 cawyio TBaejyK), HCBecejiyio »n3eb. Oieui 6uat> 
cyu^ecTBO coBepmenHO 6e3.mquoc, BiaTb nonpeKa.ia AapMoiJACTBOwb. 
h, BctMH npacAaMH h nenpaBAaMH, xortja CTOJiKHyTb AOHb saMyacB 
8a Coraiaro BAOBH,a Bparuna. Ci> ut^Lio BbinyABTb efl cor.iacie, 
O-ibry 3annpajin na ivtuue ahb bt. qyjiaHi, Ha x.*i6T> h na BOAy- 
y 3hhh, oti BOJiHeHia, npa BOCiiOMHeaBiii o6t> btomx, A^»e Ayxi- 
saxBaTUBa^o, u cb apkhm'b pyMiiHueMb ua n^CKaxx, ApoKaiAHirb 
roaocoM^, ona BHe3aniio saroBopn.ia: 



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186 BROTHER'S EBPOBH. 

— Ee HacHjrBHO saiiya* xotLih OTAaTb; sanHpara, Bfl3ajra cl 
pyRH.... Hy, ORa h y6imaja, h Bunuia saitys-B sa Koro xorlua... 
^ero-ffi-B tyti aypHoro? 

IIotoki ea ptiH 6hjtb ptsRo npepBaffL »ecTOin» rja$Hpir 
HBanoBnw, KOTopaa cnjrbHO Aepnyjra ea sa njraTbe. 

— He TBoe a^io, 3unaHAa, cKa3ajia efl CTapaa j$ml BHynni- 
TejiBHo: — BHAnnib, KaRoro o Hefl MHieia MyawHHH. 

HeBfepoBi> nocn*fcaiHJi'B kt» 3nni na Bupyqsy. Om> Bee Bpeica 
fie cbo.hh.tl cl Hen rjiasi: ero Cn.ia jiaxopaARa. Efl iuiocb, en KopoTKaa 
BamHTHTejbHaa pinb, npofiyiBJiH bt, neyn> jaBHo sacHyBinie hh- 
cthhrtn, ^yBCTBa h rpe3u.... 

— TocnoAa! saroBopajrb oni, h pyna ero jpoaaja, noAHmraa 
(JoKaJix. TocnoAa! noBTopHjrb oh* cl chjoA, a npesHaio nocTyno** 
MyxBHofi xopomewb, h ui\o sa ea 3AopoBbe! ^ecm'fce Gius&Tb 

B3T> pOflHTCIbCRarO AOMR, H'tMT>, npeA* J1HU0WL Bora, KJflCTBCI 
B*B JIIOCBB H BtpHOCTH TOMy, KOrO HeHaBHABfflb! 

BsptiBi oCnjaro HeroAOBania sarjymnjrB ero cJiOBa. 

— IloMMyfiTe! Bonia.iH Cjhoctbtc^h irfccTHJUX'b HpasoB-*. — 
Kanaa ae bto xoporaaa A*ByuiRa notftaurrb H3*b AOMa? 3to, hs- 
BHHHTe, oah4 ryjamia co.iAaTRH mibRO 6i>raK>TL! Oieivb, y*pa- 
ineHnui cfcAHnaMH crapHicb, h BApyra, Tas* onosopBTb ero aoitl! 

CH^xHHa 6pocHjra neoAoCpHTejbnui Bsrjaj'b Da HeBtpoea x 
HocntrnHJia BCTaTb wsi-sa cmia. 

3a Hero noAnajHCb bc$ rocTB, uiyMHHMH TOJnawn pacxo.ua 
no ROBiHaTau'b. 

HeBipoBi BdptTHJica b^ KoppHAop* cb 3hho3; OHa CToaja 
y CTinu n n.iaRaja; iviasa HeBtpoBa ropi.iH CTpaHHHirb h Mar- 
khm* orneMTi npH B3i^aA* na Hee. 

— Boslmh ct» co6ofi HaTaffly AxMaTOBy h.... caaucb b* mox 
caHH.... mei norOBopHMT,! — uienByjrb on*b noc.it irfeROToparo paa- 
XyMba h TaKHMi CTpanHHM'b toooux, Cjato zkjio vuio o saRom-TO 
oco6ennoM-b AJa nero C4acTin. 

3«Ha ytftaajia, ee noA03p r liBaa, tto CBepma^ocb Cb hum*&. A 
ohi nocMOTptjii efl BCJilu'b h saAywiHBO nome.vb no Koppn^opy 
ofipaTBO bt. aajiy. Oni 6ujn> ne-iOBtK^ BneiaLiHtejiMiuH h nepBewfi; 
dpacTBoe aejaeie ocraTbca Cb 3hho3 HaeAHH'fe, y3aaTb ea xapas- 
Tep-b, ^yBCTBa, xoTa <5e3T> BcaRaro eme onpeAt.iennaro njiana h 
vftMi bt» oTnouienin kt. neft, onjiaA^io hmi TaR-b ca-ibiio, hto 
nepeAi 9THM*b aejanieMi noS.itAH'iJiH Bci 0CTa.ibHue ero nHTe- 
pecu. 

— Hy, 3anaHAa TIaBJioBHa, OT.iHHMacb! BCTpiTHJH MeaAy t*m^ 
rojoca BomeAinyK) 3nny. 



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CEUEflCTBO CHMTOHHTB. 18? 

— ^to Tasoe? cnpocHJia OHa, nomifaa OAMBO o Hears axers 
pinb. 

— IIoMHjryfi! pasB* womno Tenepb roBopmrb o6t OjentBi, 
na^o MojiMaTb, oco6emio Aternvfe.... 

— Ho Bt^b bw Btiaeie, hto eff (Joanne Henero 6r»uo A^JiaTB, 
ropano sacTyna.iacb Saoa, — hjih 6fc;RaTb, hjih yTOiiHTbca! 

— FocnoABl npocTH efi ea corpiuieHba! saroBopujia Tjiatyvi\)& 
HBaHOBHa; — (nuio 6htb bw, 3HiiaMAa IlaBJiOBHa, onpaBAUBaeTe 
aenoKopcTBO h nenoBHHOBeHie poAHTeJibCKofi B/iacm... Ecjih otci^ 

.He no3BOJiiiJi'B Btfl^aTbca, 3uaMnn> jiynnie 3Hajn>, hto na^odHO jyi& 
Aonepn h iiMijrb npaBO Tasx nocTynaib.... 

— Hy TaK-B h OHa Harfc.ia npaBO nocrynaTb.... BcnwxHyja 
3aHa. — Bt^b Bcasifi xo«?erb »HTb, Fjia^npa PlBaiiOBHa.... He Bee 
hath no HyjRoS wipa*.... no ofiwAenHoS Boae-i.... 

— Hy, 3aHaHAa HaBjioRHa! 3aroBopiua yse ApoatamHirb ots 
rniwa ro.iocoM'b T^a^Hpa HBanoBna; eainfo Te64 pacmiEOBaTb, 
hto sHawir* asHTb ne ho MtpKt, a& 6'kacaTb Cb nepeiJM^ BCTpiq- 

HiJM'B, — TQKT> TBI nOHHJia 6u, KaBX CTUAHO TO, HT6 TU rOBOpHUJb.... 

— He CTHAHie, h4mt> otfwanuBaTb Bora h jiraTb nepeA^ ajiTa- 
peMi>! CTapajracb npanoMHHTb 3wna cjiOBa HeBipoBa. 

— Tc! TcL. ocTaHOBUJia ea Tja^apa cb HCTHHnuMT. CTpaxoafb* 
He yoiuxajix 6u Te6a kto! HoroAH, a waTepn CBasy Bee, hto th 
nosBOjaeoib ce6$ rOBopHTb! 

— Ona lopoAHBaa KaBaa-To! ijepefinjia m-me HayMOBa co 
CMtxoMx: oh4i o64 Cb OjienbaoS, aojsho (JuTb, OAHoro noaeTa 

HTHI^U.... 

— y»^ ne (JpanHTe ee, HaTaiba CcprfceBHa, jHAeMtpRo aacTy- 
HHjacb Tja^npa, — OHa no rjiynocTH roBopnrb: Bcaaaa yama* 
A^ByuiKa snaeTT*, hto ntrb jyime »HTba, Baax noA'b BpwjiuniBOM'b. 
poAHTciefl: h Tenjo, h npiaiHO, h Bee Te6i totobo, 6yA& mibso 
caaia xopouia, a» nojroatwcb Ha hhxx bo Bceaii.... Ohh ohuthh, 
ohh jbbjih, ohh Bee 3naiorb.... 

— Onu.... Bee ohu\ onaTb BCTynnjacb 3ana; onn oahh snByTbJ 
KorAa are CyAeT* nama onepeAb? KorAa ace mu CyAeMi asHTb? 

— Bu?... BCKpHHaja CTapaa A*Ba oraHyBi 3uHy neonncaHHUM'b 
B3rjraAOMT», bx KOTopoMT> HepeAOBa.iocb h HayMJienie, h neroAOBanie 
h KaBofl-TO nanHHecKiii CTpax-b, hto6i 9Ta cwtjiaa lonocTb ne 
3aBoeBa;ia ce64 bx caMOMi xbji'h npaBx na c^acTbe h CBofioAy..- 
Cx neBupa3Haiofi ropeHMo npnnOMiiH.ia ona bcio cbok) AOJiryfo 
acH3HL! CopoEx naTb ji^tx 6e3yKopH3HenHofi penyTai^in, CAepjRannux'B- 
nopuBoBx, HeycunHuxx tpjaobi h crapanifi BTHCHyTb ce6a bt» He- 
BipoflTnyK) paMBy, ysKOCTH EOTopofi hoahbhjcb 6u Bcaaifi CBiatift 
HeJioBiBi; copoai naTb jrfcrb nenpecTaHnaro noABHra, — A ajH e S Ha " 



Digitized by 



Googk 



188 BftCTHIKB EBPOHH. 

BOHeiVB npaBO KHHHTbCfl BTHMB DOABHTOMB H TpetiOBaTB OTB KpjTBTh 

flcnojiHeHia Toro ate.... H Borne! BasB HeMoiocepAHO TepsuH oe*, 
3th crapua a*bh, h KJieflMH.iH bc4xx rfcxB, kto Chjib nonrape h no- 
Buine 3Tofl pause h He xot&ib jrouaTB ce6a, hto6h bb nee no- 

JI*CTBTBCa! 

Bee 9to bciuluo bb atejiiHofi jyrai r^a^Bpii HBaHOBHB ■ 
aanojiHUJio ee 3.10608 CTapnecRaro <$e3CBjiia, saBBCTH h rfffcBa.... 

— Bh? noBTopua ona, cb KpacHUMB nHTHawn na oTeBmm 
mesaxB; bli cwfceTe aiajOBaTbca, hto BaifB He Aarori araxb?... A 
BaKi, ate mu-to bb sanm roxa »bjih, a* nHKnyTL, 6ub8jio, ne 
cm&ih? CnpocH, KaKB MaMeHbKa mchb saMymt He Bujajia, tto 
caua 6wjra tiojibnaa h nesovy 6h.io xoabtb 3a Hero?... Cupocx, 
KaRB a, ao TpHAijaTH ji4tb, 6esB nosBOJieHia MaMeHbKH He cirfcja 
bb OKey noAOMTH, ne CMiua cb sHaBOMHMH paciuaHBTBCfl, He cu-tia 

DHCbMa HOJyHHTB, JIHIDHHrO CJIOBa CRasaTb, HJaTBe CfflHTB BaBHXB 

$acoHOMB xoiy!... He roBopa yse o rpy6ocTH RaaoS, bba7 Bocoro 
iiOBasaTB He orfcjaL. saAuxaacb otb BOJineflia, AOCRasuBaJia oaa, i 
nepenaia AyxB. 

— 3a to Tjia^Hpa HoanoBna Bceraa (Sujia npnMipnaa A^Bynuca, 
sauiTH^a HayMOBa; penyraiua ea incTa, BaRB pcnyTaitfa hobo- 
posAeHHaro MJiaAeHija, — h bc£ otb Ma^aro ao 6ojbinoro ee jhoGhtb 
h yBasaiorB.... 

— BjiaroAapro Moero Co3AaTejia! noATBepAnja rjra$Hpa, cb 
TeaTpa^BHUMB bbaoxomb; coxpanujia Aymy h rfejio CBoe bb hhctot*, 
n ApyreMB Toro me me-iaio!... ITposE.ia »B3Hb d*iaronoJiy<jHo, KaKB 
Aafi BorB BCHROMy npoaiBTb! #e6pue SHaROMBie Mena jno6arh 9 — 
qero ate mh* enje? 

— Mu Bci Tjia^Hpy HBanoBny jirotfaiiB, b<t6, Bcfc!... nepe6a.ii 
j$bbijh h Aawi, ORpyaiaa CTapyio A*i*y cb H3BflBjeBiaMB H-fcm- 

HOCTB. 

3flHa He BiTAajia nn btbxb o6BflTi8, hh noija/iycBT* ... Oea 
<3HJibB0 saxyMa^acb: stotb o6pa3*iBRB AaBJieeia oGmecTBeHHaro wn-fe- 
fiia npousBOAiMB h Ha Hee CBoe o6u?Hoe B^ianie: »H3Hb, jHrnen- 
Baa yBaatema b coqyBCTBin 6jib;rhbxb, Ka3ajiacb eS CTpamHoi 
aLH3nbio; HeBo;ibHO Aaja OHa ce&h cjobo 6uTb ocToposnie, 6utb 

^OCMOTpHTaibllte.... 

^cpesB nojinaca bb 3a.1t yse Bee myM*6.io h Bo.iuOBajocb, 
cofiapaacB iaTaTbca. Ha^ajiB CMOTp^Tb bb oRHa, CKopo jih sanpii- 
ryTB .lomaAefi; MyatHHHw noBa3MBajiB niap^w h croBapEBajiacB 
xoMy cb r*6mb cfccTb. HeB^cTa eme ne BHxoAB^a; roBopnjiH o ea 
«OBofl, to.ilro-hto BuiiHcannofi H3B Mockbh my6st, KOTOpyK) OHa 
xork/ia oChobbtb Ha 9tomb RaTaHbB. 

Me^Ay tIjmb, noM^mHRB - HAioTB, aomb BOToparo H36paJIH 



Digitized by 



Googk 



cmkIctbo cHftsmm. 189 

utibK) saTaHEK, nponan HeH3B%crHO njffl. h ero paaucMBajin no 
bc£mx ROUHaTaHx.... Ofcaaajocb, wo ora, nsaHufl, Bajuuca w*-to 

B*B fltBHHLefi.... 

— Kaai ate sto? saM^THJia CHiatHHa; nejOBKO npiixaTb ties* 

X03flHIia HeSBaHUMl, H TaKOK) Toinoio!... 

— fl bo BCABOM'B cjyna* saijy k*b crapyxi, OTOSBaiacB Hay- 
noBa; a AOJSHa efl bhshtb. 

— H mli, h mu! noAXBaTMH Bci. Yai eara ixaTb, TaR* 
bc4mi! KaK-b Becejio CyAerBL. 

— Ecjih caMa HarajBa Cepri&Bna ijien, coiMacniacb Ch$- 
attraa, npeKJonflflCb nepe^t aBTopmeTOWL HayMOBofi, u3BicTHofi 
saaoHOAaiejibHHq.u h 6.iiocTHTejibHai;u wfccTHtixi HpaBOB-b, — to a 
fl03B0,iaK> h Moe8 MOJiOAesn ixaTb cb hc3! 

MoJOAeatB 3anpura;ia otb BOdopra, paAyacB, hto coBepraeica 
Kaianbe ufkaoi tojihoA, b-b h^cbojilko Tpoea*, npn ayHHOMT* CBirh, 
nero nosa^yB, Bt Apyrofi pasi, u Be yBa^nmb 6oJiie bt> jrhshh. 
CyMaTOxa, tojirh, rphrh, OAtBaese h (Jiroraa sapasfUH BecB aoicb. 
HeBtpoirb, cToa b*b 3ajrfe h yayTHBaa mew map<f>OMi>, co6npaxcK 
bath oaoHHaTCJiLRO pacnopaAHTbca KaTaBbeMx. JReHuxy oAHoi 
cecTpu, ixaib KaTaTbca cb Apyrofi, 6buo a^iomi aobojbho 3a- 

MHClOBaTUMX. Ho OH*B pa3CHHTUBajn> DyCTHTb b*b xoa*b pasatia 

XHTpocTH h coo6paaeni)i do qacra seHCKHXt xapaRTepoBi Boo6me, 
h xapaRTepa Camn b*b ocoCchhocth. ' 

— Hy, AHApefi HeTpoBHq-b! BCTp^THJia ero CnfcatUHa, no bos- 
Bpan;eaiH ero h3t> rohioidhh; bh, rojiy6iHR*, coBciM'B mok> mojio- 
jeatB cb TOJ!Ry cChjih!... Be* xoTarB RaTaTbca pa Bauiefi TpoflRt; 
He 3Ha» ysT», ne npmipeiB jh BnepeA* eme napy; bIjab weoro 
■x* oienbl... 

— fl, ecjrH xoTHTe, pacnopflAHJca, OTBimi-B HeBtpoB* MarRo; 
TpouRy cboio Be.iij-b sanpeiB b*b HiapaAflua von tfo.ibiuia cane, a 
A*a cetfa Bexijib nparoTOBHTb npocrua h sanpeib 6yjianaro.... 

— JIfl, cb r4mb se bh-to noiAeTe? cb peBHHBofi nocniinnocTbio 
cnpocH,ia CHisHHa. 

— Ci Riifb?... Pa3yMleTca cb Caraefi!... otb ? £thjtb HeBipoB*, 
npnnHMaa bha'b HeroAOBaHia npH HeyutcnioMB Bonpocfe. 

— Ci Camefi, Ha 6y^aeoMi h bi npodux-B caHHXB! b*b pas- 
xyMBH saM^TBJia naTb. 

— Hy Aa! iia CyjianoM-b, bt> npocTHX-B canaxi h cb Camefi! 
noBTopnxb on*B HacMinuHBUMi todomx. Mero ate TyTt Taaoro? 
CRaatHTe nosajiyilcTa? 

— 0, HH^ero! 

Bi> 9Ty caMyio MHHyTy, ABepn TopaecTBCHHO pacnaxnyjHCB h 
Bonuia Cama. Ha Hefi 6uja ^epHaa dapxainaa mytiaa, o&iosea- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



190 nCTIDEB EBPOHH. 

iaji co6oxewb f manoiRa htb ^epearo cotfoia tfu.ia HajBHHyTa h& 
en rojioBBy h npespacno nua Kb ea CiioMjr jHiiy h apsosiy py- 
mmnj mem. MaTL rjiij^tjia na nee ci» HecEpuBaeMum TOpatecr- 

BOUT. 

aCenn^HnLi wme neMnoro CMyTBJHCB ott» 8<|><|>eKTHaro Bocnoiia 

H npHTBOpHJinCb-CujIO SaHJITUMH CBOHMH C06CTBeHHHMH CfiopaMH. H<> 

mytiica BCKopt npnTaHyjia et> ce64 MHorHxt. 

— Botb $aHTa3ia! nepBaa B«3Ba.iacb madame HayMOBa, He- 
HaTypajibHO cwfcacB, CA^iaTb Taayio mnpoEyio onyniKy! 

— Oiqero ase Hirs KapManoBi>? cnpamHBajia ArHeca. 

— OrnopH th, pa ah Bora, bth jreHTu! roBopiua APyraa; kto 
se TaFCB HOCHTB? 

— 9to H3T> Mara3BHa otb m-me Annette! o6aseHBO h ropjo 
OTB^THja Cama. 

— Bot*b npeKpacHo! R. BH^a y EHflseHi opano HS-B-sarpa- 
hhi^u: lepHua ysaia saeasKH h 6ojibme naqero! 

— TIto bto, KaBi 6yAlo jiaccu? A*Jiaja csa^H cboh BaMtaaaia 

TpCTBfl. 

— Ta*? ci> HcnyroMt cnpocH.ia Cama. 

— HH^ero: ycnoEofica! y.iu6aacs menayja efi 3oHa h nonpa- 
BHJia no.iH ea niy6KH. 

IlaTHa Aoca^u h CKpiiToi sbbhcth eme He ycnfciH coSth c* 
jhivb DpespacHaro nojia, Kor^a rojioeojibibrh SBBBHyjH y no^- 
isffl. h dyra aojiohbjtb, hto jioraaAH totobh. 

— Kor^a Cama BufiAerB 3aMjan>, iieHa CyAyrB HapaxaTB totoo 
Tarae, ycnoKOHTejiHo eawtmia Ha^a, cxoah ct» apujiBija. 

Tpoflaa HyAecBuxx rntA^xT* jioinaaefi, Bca ytfpaHHaa 6-fciMMir 
h po30BHMH CaniaMH, KaKi> BBonaenaa CTOflJia y noAvfe3.ua. Mo- 
joAn^OBaTijfi Kynepx h BejiBKOJiiiiHue, CapxaTHwe caHH cb mbito- 

HH nOAymBBMH SaCTaBnJIH BCtX* BCKpHEIiyTB OTB yAOBO^BCTBia. 

Mojoahh A^ByniKH nanopepuBt cntniBJiH nonacTB b-b HapaxHiw 
caHH h tojuibjibcb y noAHOxeKT., KaK*B y ABepefi paa. TpBina Ce-fc- 
sbhi nanpacHO RpHHajn b3*b cbohxi caHefi A^MaM*, KOTopuff 
ofiimajiH cb hhm^ 4xaTB, hbkto ero ne cJiymajrB: spas*, uiyH-B, 
nepe6panRa B03pacTaM Bee rpow^e h rpoime. / 

— Cama! rpoMRo nosBajii HeBtpoBi cboh) HeBidy, noAi'ka- 
saa r*b EpbijiBi^y Ha bi^icbbkoiI 6yjianofl jioma^R* h bt> npocTuxv 
^epeBBHHBix'B ca^x-B; a Bac^ »Ay> babtg CEopte, *a^mi! 

Cama ofocpja. Kasx! bb ea noRofi napflA"ofi myCa^ noixaTs 
MTaTBca bx npocTBixi canaxx, TorAa EaEi. bc* noiAyT^ b*b Cap- 
xaTHUxi h na JomaAflx^ cb posobumh CanTaMD? Kto sue yraxaeT^ 
hto ona HCBtcTa? Kto noBf.pnrB, ^to ona HeBicia? 

Cjcsu totobu 6ujib 6pu3nyTB aai ea rja3*B. 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



CSMlfiCTBO CHftXETHHrB. 191 

rja$epa HBaHOtaa h TyrB nocntawuia eft Ha BwpyiBy. 

— HejibSH jih, ApyauMeBi, caputs, hto6*b th cb Hauir noi- 
xajia, Bspa^^BBO saroBopujia oHa, KH^aa b3imhau Ha wpaHHo osh- 
jaiomaro HeB-fepoBa; mu bc4 Te6a npocHMi nocjrfeAHifi past cb 
naMH noKaTaTLca! Cameqica, hoah chab cb Haim! BorB Te64 Ba- 
soe Micro ocbo6oahji , b Oprfcft HHROjiaeBHq*, roBopn.ia ona, yna- 
suBaa Ha KaKoro-TO ycjiyauHBaro Kasajiepa, yse cnptirHBaiomaro, 
woC* nOAcaanTB Cauiy b*b cana. 

— Sl caMa xoqy cb BaMH... nocjiiAnift pa3i>! Jieneia.ia Cama, xpoxa 
on BOJiHGHifl h dpaxa, ^to6*b »eHnx , b ch.toA He ycaAHJTB ee b* 

*cboh raARifl caHH, h3*b KOTopuxi Topnajia cojoiia, djioxo npespu- 

Taa CTapblM-L ROBpOlfB. 

— Cama, He AypaqBca, xiokj&wiA HacraHBajrB HeBipoBt. 

— Ob BaMH OHa BecB BiR-B npo»HBeTt, a HaMt yatt ee He 
AO-rro BHA^Tb! JK)6e3nnqafl roBopHja r.ia<f>Bpa, noAMarnBafl BcfeM* 
Ha HebtpoBa. 

B-B BTy MenyTy kto-to CRasajii HacBiiinjHBO bt> TOjrni: 

— Hy, ym* caM&a atenaxoBCRaa noABOAa! Ta* tojibro Taxyn 
Kjaqy ao<5ujih!.. 

Cama nospiuracB nypnypoM-B h pnnyjiacB bt> tiojiBmk caHH. 

— fl cb hhmh no*Ay, 3aKpHia.ia OHa ateHHxy; oh4 MeHa oqeHB 
upocarb!.. 51 sejaio nocjrfeAuiii past cb noApyraMH!.. 

TorAa HeBtpoBi BonpocHTejEbHMifB b3imbaom , b OBHnyTB BecB 
jBopi. Ob Kpujibi;a, AepsacB sa pyRH, c6taa jh rt> HeMy Haxaraa 
a 3eHa h ci> nocntiiiHocTbio naqajiH ycaaHBaTbca bt> ero caHH. 
AHApefi HeTpoBHH'B HaABenyj-B iia rjiasa man By, ito6i> cspuTB 
CMymeHie, c4jfB bosjIj 3hhh, sacrerHyjTB Tenjroe oa^hjio h, nepe- 
MB* bo3«h Ryqepy, BejiiirB cRopte ixaTB mvb Bopor&. 

Ho 6oj\bw\n canif, AO.iaeHCTBywmia ynpaB.iaTB RaiaHBeM'B, ropAO 
Tponyjiocb BnepeAi... 3bohb ROJORojrbqHROB-B pasAajica bo Bcfext 
BOMHaiax-b jojja H Bl yraaxi noqeTHhix'B a^mb h crapHROB-B, 
cxSahbhihx'b sa KaTameM-b h3t> okoht*. Mapbb HeTpoBfffe npflMO b*e 
TJia3a Cpocejiacb, cBepsaiomaa KpacoTOit h HapaAOM'B, (|>nrypa 
-Camu, CHAHiueft na r.iaBROMT* Mfccit. OHa y.iutfnyjiacb, Topse- 
trrBya h Aywaii, hto Cama nocTaBHja-TasH Ha cbocmx, sacraBHBi 
senexa h3m4hhtb cBoe naMtpcnie 11 ycajHB-B ero cb co6ok> b*b 
napaAnua canH. Ho Hanpacno masa en HCBajiH HeBfepoBa b-b HHCii 
BaBDJiepoB^, ero He fiu.io Tain*, n 6e3noicofino cji^ah 3a 0TT>-fe3rKaK)- 
h^hmh 9EHna»aMH, ona yBHA^Jia ero HaRoaei^'B BU*fe3»aBinaro H3-B 
Bopon cb HaTaiueft h 3»hoh. Mapbt neTpoBnij a^jio noBa3a.iocB 
o^ieHB noA03pHTe.n>nuMT> h iiciobbhm-b. Ona TOTqacB npHAyMa,ia na- 
nacaTB kt> CBHiueHiiHBy o H3xitacnin Ana CBaAb6u, a hmchbo bm£cio 
^Ba^naTaro aHBapa Ha3Haq»ja A^caToe. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



192 BftCTURft IBPOOH. 

KaTaiomieca, Mes^y rtirb, 6,iarono.iyqno BBtipajincB H3i ceia 
h HaqadiH cnycEaTBca i\6xt> ropy, oTA'fe.ifliomyio ycaABtfy Ch4»h- 
huxt, orb coctAuefi AepeBHR. Iloro^a 6u.ua Tenjiaa, Texas, B03xyx^ 
MflroKT>, B^Tepi. coBcfewB yna.ix; 6kiufi poBHbifi CHirB ciajii Bciojiy 
na Heo6o3puMo\ii npocrpaHCTBi, ciHBaacB cb TyiiaHHum ropasoH- 

TOM* H TpOHKH JIOmaAefl, CB Cepe6paHHM*B SBOHOlfb KOJlOKOJIbHH- 

kobt> h CyfieHHeKOBi, KasajHCb jeTamHMn (JaHTacTHqecEHMH iiTuiyuiir. 

— Xopomo jih Bani 3«Ha? cnpocaai HeBipoBi, Eorja bc4 
yckincb njioTHie h yioTHie b*b caHH. 

— Mni oqenb xopomo, OTB^THja Ta EaEHM-B-TO jpoJKamHMS 
ro.iocoMi>, no^HUMt cxepsaHHofi paAOCTH h cjaAEOH TpeBora; botb 
Haiaujy HaAO VKyiaTb ojitajiOMi! 

OHa sa6oTjHBo naniyjacb h Haqa.ia sanaxHBaTb efi hoth. 

HeB'tpoBX Toate cb qpe3BbiHa3Hofi, bobco HecBOficTBeHHoft euj 
jacBoio, AOJro bo3h;ich cb noraiiH HaTamii. Hanpacno Ta 6,iaro- 
Aapn-ia h yju6ajacb; HenipoB-b u 3nna cnopHJii bt> aaCoTaxi h 
BHnaiaiiin kt> ne8; hxt> jtnija 6ujie hojihh cqacrba h onH, Kasaaocb, 
xoTijH B03HarpaAHTB 61>ahyk) A^BOHEy, hto ona 6e3co3HaTejbBO 

CJyfflHJia HMT> Ii;UTOMl H OTBOAOMl B*B ' 8T0M*B SHaMeHaTeJbHOlTB 

EaTaHbH. 

y nuxb o6onx , B cjihdjeom'b MHoro HaEonu:iocB Ha Aym* pa&raq- 
hhx*b TanHCTBeenux^ ({metob'b jho6bii h npeAnoHTeniii, Yrotrb ohb 
MorjiH ne omymaTb HiEOToparo CMymcflia bt> npHcyTCTBin jpyr* 
Apyra; ho cm y memo bto Cujio Tanx ciaAKO h TaE*B qyBCTBOBajocb 
oCohitb, ito oho cKopo HCHe3HeTi>, ne ocTaBHB-B caiAa h hto cqa- 
CTie yae CErosHTB, cb cbohmh jryqe3apnHMH paAOcraMH, Km 

COJIHI^e 113* TYMaHHHXT* jfrrflBXl OfijiaEOB*. 

Haqanajio cwepEaTbca; npw CiuoM* cb^t* 3BMHaro Beqepa, 
apKaa $Hrypa 3hhu, cb ciaiomHMH rja3aMH h y^ii6Eofi, BHAtawacB 
hs* MpaKa, KaEi o6ojibCTBTe;ibBb)fi npHspaEx. HeBtpoBi He mofb 
BHA^Tb ee paBHOAyinHO, oh-b CAep;EHBajn> AuxaHie, HTod* baobojb 
nacjaABTbca sptjraiiieiii 9Tofi CB'Latefi rpai^ia, CeaneqnocTH, huctoth^ 
HeonHTHOCTn, npopuBaBiueficii h3*b Bcero cymecTBa 3huu. 

H BApyrb euy npeACToa.io cnycTHTbca b*b cawue TafiHHKH ea 
A^BHqecKaro cepAUa h ysHaib, ht6 hmcbho TaHTca TaM*B e^ Haiy r 
HeBipoBy!.. 

— KaE*B Mnoro Mnb hsao BaMT» nepeAaTb, 3flna! saroBOpw* 
ohi HaEOHCUT., npHAaBaa CBoewy Jiauy h ro^ocy CeanenHoe h npo- 
CTOAyniHoe BupaseHie; bu 3naeTe jih, saiiM* a ycTpoe^TB 9T0 Ka- 
TaHBe? 

— HiTTi, ne 3Haio; ho Mn*fc HeMnoro yAHBHTe.iBno, hto bh hh- 
ceo.ibko He no6jiaroAapH.iH wena, mo a TaEi> nocjiymno h Cesnpe- 
xocjiobho iiciio.inn.ia Bauic »e.iame m noixa,ia cb Baaia! Eoicei* 



Digitized by 



Googk 



CIMElCTBO CHMtHHHTB. 193 

jtobo BaM^THja 3eHa; mh4 Dpe^arajH KaTaTBca h xase BaB* 
KpacHop'&qnBo... 

— KTO? 3ROBO CnpOCHJTB HeB^pOB'B. 

— Koja ryceBi. Mh cb hhm'b apy»hh cb A^TCTBa... 

— Bh Apy»Hu cb Kojiefi TyceBHMi? noBTopHJit ohb cb jer- 

JCHWL <$e3HOROHCTBOM* B*B rOJIOCfej BH XOTijH 4xaTB CB HHM'B? A fl? 

Bh 060 mh* h He noAyMajia, 3HHoraa? Bh 6h pimMHCB npeHedpenb 
Moefi npocBdofi... npocBdoi Bamero (JyAymaro 6paTa? Hy-Ka, tto 

BBI OT^THTe Ha 8T0? 

Ohb TaKi» jiacKOBO h Apy»ecra npnawuica kt» Hefi, onycTHB^ 
Ha Hee cbo2 BBT&aKb, dojihuh H*£»Haro ynpena, hto 3nHa bchhx- 
Hyja. 

— & noixaia cb BaMH, oTB'fcrajra OHa b*b cjl^kowb CMymemn, 
noTOMy hto MHi caMoS HysHo Chjeo neperoBopHTB cb Bann o mho- 

TOWb... 

— & SHaio o ieM*, npoHSHeci HeBipoBi nprao h npocro- 
AymHO; bh xot'&ih b$pho cnpocHTb y mchh, tt6 roBopH,ia co mho3 
MaMa o BacB h qid OHa AywaerB o HanncaHHOMi BaMH jihctb4? 

— r- Ax*b, bto oynocTH! CBa3aaa 3HHa. 

— H'tTi, 8to He oynocTH, 3nHa, cepBe3HO nepefaji'B ee He- 
BipoBi,; 8HaeTe jih bh, nasi bh OTA^JiaeTecB otb tojiiih Bcixt 
8thxt> Tynux-B CapumeeB, ospysaton^HX'B BacB? TIto Tyrb 3a f$Jio p 

HTO 8T0 MOH CJIOBa? BonpOCB COBC^M'B He B*B BTOMl, npilCaBHJI'B OWL 

ccpoMHo: a caM-B BHHHTajrB hx-b b*b xopomnx-b BHarax*; BonpocB 

B*B TOMl, HTO OHM npUBHJIHCB KT» BaM*B ; HTO BH BX*B nOHaJIf... PaSBJl 

fb cocToafiiH 6hjh CA&aaTB 9to BamH noApyra? 
CepAije 3hhh yoHBa-iocB 8toB jiecTBK). 

— A Bci MeHa cqHTaioT'B KOKeTEofi, nycrofi BiipeHHofi )&b- 
hohboS, cb naHBHOH) ropAocTBio nporoBopnaa OHa; b$a* 3to ne- 
opaBAa, AHApefl HeTpoBHH'B; Heymem a, bt» caMOM* a*^*, noxoaa 
Ha soKeTKy? cnpamHBaJia OHa. 

— TOTB, KTO JiK)6EM» <5h BaCX, A$fiCTBHTeJBHO Hameji* <$u BaCB, 

bx HecnacTiK) ajio. ce6a, cjohibomi CojiBmofi bobctboh! noAyMaBt 

OTBtTHJlt OHl. 

— PasBi 9to npnsHaKB jk)6bh, — AypHO AyMaTB »eHHHH'6 H 

HaAitfHTB ee TaBMMH HenOXBaJIBHUMH dHHTeTaMH? 

— H4tt>, 9to npHSHaK* Toro, hto MyaqHHa cjihidrom , b Aopo- 

SHTB SeHH^HHOfi H peBHHBO CJI^AHTl 3a K&KAUWh npoflB^eHieM'B 

ea qyBCTBa kt, ApyroMy... HanpHMipi*, Ha^ajit oh*b yjiudaacB... ho 

HOSBOJBTe, 9T0TT> paSFOBOpi 6yAeTB AJHHHHfi, HpeAJHHHHH, a BU, 
41 BHffiy, 03fl(5jH H BaMI» He.lOBKO CHA*TB, — BH AO^ISHU OTBepHyTBCH 
COBCfeMT> OT*B B^Tpa, H H03BOJIHTB MH4 COrptTB BamH XOJIOAHH& 

py^KH. 

W Y. — CEHTSBPi, 1871. 18 



Digitized by 



Googk 



194 BfcOTHHK'B 1BP0IIH. 

— YBipaio Baci, hto mh4 otohb xopomo, roBopmia 3raa, He- 
xoth ocTaB^flfl cboh) pysy bb ero pysi, saiiEHyBniei ee bb rop* 
neMt h KpinKOMi noaaiin... 

— IIpeAnojojEBMB, HanpHiriipB, hto KTO-HH(5yAB no.no6H.aB fa 
BacB, KaKoe lyBCTBO ^iJKenx 6u oh*b Chjit, HcnmHBaTB xota 6h 
npa noBeAeRiH BameM* ceroAHamHaro yTpa, Koraa bu TaEB KoieT- 
HaqajiH ct> Kojiefi, cb AxMaTOBUM^ h Boo6m,e co bcImh... 

— Kowa ate bto? cnpocwjra 3aHa, TpeBoatact npn ero co- 

BCiM'B CTpaHHOMt H HenpHBUHHOMl TOHt. 

— BorB BH^BTe; bh Aa»e He saMtqaeie sa co6ofi! 

— noqeny »e bbi HaauBaeie bto kokctctbomb? HaAotfm) ze 
o HeMi»-HH6yAB roBopHTb... H npHTCMT,, npu6aBejia OHa ci jer- 

KHMfc OTT^HEOM'B TOpeHH, ETO »e MCHfl JIIoGhTB? KTO MOffleTB IipH- 

HHMaTb eb cepAijy moh nocTynEH? KoMy a Mory 6htb Taw jo- 
pora h MHjia? 

— KoMy? cnpocHJH HeBipoBi sas^-TO HeTBepAO, h saMom 
Ha MHHyiy. 3eHa lyBCTBOBaja Ha ce6t ero npHdajiBHui Bdvujy 
Oesl npHBUKJia bh^tb ero cm£jibim'b, xojoaho-chokohhhmb, Tenep* 
bb neM-B 6hjio ito-to Apyroe, h 9to apyroe ex chjoS cTyqaiocsn 
ea cepAuy h Hanojmajio ero HeyAepa&HMUM'B BOJiHeHieMB... Ban 
8to ciymiocB, ona He noMHHJia, hto oh*b BApyrB ocTaBMi ef 
pyEH h, 6yATO abh»hmu8 HeyAepffiHMofl chjioh, npHTaHyjB ee n 

CBOH OdTBflTifl... 

Bea* ciob^b noHMa 3HHa, ht6 ohb xorfui'B efl CEa3aTB... Bi*W 
6e3M0^BHaa OHa CHAtJia noHTH 6e3i> cosHama... 

— HpocTHTe, a HcnyrajiB BacB!... npomeniaJTB oh*b, cjepii- 
Baa nopuBHCToe ofiBjnle. 

— 3HHO<iRa! BApyrB BHpBajiacB y Hero: CEptiBaTB jojrfce a He 
Mory h He yM$io, a jik>6jiio Te6a cb Ka»AOio ceEyHAOK) Bee CiiiBHte 

H CH^BH^e... 

Tojocb ero 6bun> npepHBHCTB, jihij<> noEpHTO rycTHM* pj- 
MaHijeM-B... 3aHa Apomajia; TeMHOTa cyMepeR'B oxBaTHia hxt>; wi» 
ero He OTpuBajiacB otx MHJiaro JiaqaKa, AwtustBuiaro Been npc- 
jeerBK) HflTHaAn,aTH ji4tb, Easi BApyrB cb 9Toro JiHaa, Kaio 
no Ma^y, cfilifflajia h t4hb yjiu6EH, 6poBH naABHHyjiHCB, hcb^ho 
ea coBepnieHHO HeoatfwaHHO copBajiHCB yrpwMua ciOBa: 
■— B*AB bbi jiK>6HTe Cainy! Bijkb bu ateHHTecB Ha Camt! 

Eme He ycn^jiB HeBipoB'B npHAyMaTB OTB^Ta, KaE'B OHa y* 6 
OTCTpaHHJia ropBEHM-B h ynopHBiMi aLecTOM-B ero jiBHyBinii & 
He2 pyEH. 

Hohb cobc4m-b noEpuBajia hxv, Haiaraa ApeMaja, npH»aBinHCB 
b*b TeMHufi yroJOEi, ohh ixajH noaaftH Bcixi, syqepx hxb sea 
<5ujii norjiomeH'B t4mx, too A^a^ocb bx Apyrnxi caHaxB, otbjP 



Digitized by 



Googk 



CEMElCTBO CHMtHHHM. 195 

XOierajra BocRjraijaHia, xoxotb, kphbh BynepoBi Ha jromaaeif; hx'b 
co6cTBeHHUA JomaAH pBajracB aa nepeAOBtiMH, Moposi Bee 6ojiie 
h (Jojrfee Kpinqajii), BHMHBajia (r&Jiaa JiyHa; ho eaniH repoH He 
saMtnaJiH h He nyBCTBOBajiH ra^ero stopo: ohh 06a ApoawuiH otb 

CMflTeHifl H BOJHeHifl. 

Ho B^pyrx 3Hna saBpmia jihijo pysaMH h neo&iajLaMEua cjiesKT, 
HenpHTBopHHH h HCKpeHHia, KaK*B OHa caiia, Cucxpo sasanajH 
cbbosb najiBijH cb en rjiaax. 

— IIpaBO, a ne 3Haio, tto a&iaeTca co mhoh! fl HaiHHaio He- 
naBExiTL BcixT> h Bcfeiii saBB^QBaTB... fl He jk)6.ik> 60.3'fce Caray, 
a He SHaio, ito a ^yBCTByio kt> nefi!.. Oahhm'b cjiobomt>, a BH»y, 
*qTO bo mh4 npoHcxo^HT'B hto-to AypHoe, Hejia^Hoe h bbi, K0He4H0, 
f.ojLT&EU Mens. pa3Jiio6nTB 3a 9to coBciMt, AHApefl neTpoBHRx, H 
Tor^a, o Toraa *n6 sue fiyaerB co mhoS? roBopajia OHa TopoiuraBO 
OTHpaa ropBKia cjresn. 

— HaaorAa, HHEor^a! BCKpniajrB HeBipoB-B. 

Ha Hero 6y^TO HaxjiHHyjrB tokoS-to hphjibbx HeotfysAaHHoft 
jiacEOBOCTH, rbwb cb 6bAbmeio chji6io, hto oh-b He nacto no;wa- 
Bajica euy b*b o6uAennoS kh3hh h ofipameeiH.... HeoKHAaHHtia 
jiacKH BToro xoJiOAHaro iejtoB&ica, ero pi^H nojraua OTapoBeH- 
Huxt HSJiiaHifl, 6ujh hoaoChh CHJii npopBaBmaroca noTOKa, yHO- 
CHBmaro hxi Bee Cucipie n tfucTpie, h 3nHa, 3a6uB*B ocropoa- 
hoctb, MopajrB Tjia^HpH HBaHOBHBi, co6cTBeBHBia cboh pascys- 
Aeaia, He Morjia He 0T03BaTBca coqyBCTBeeHo ero jiacaaMx h npn- 
3HaHiflMT>... Fjia3a ea CTaan cyxH oti ero nouaJiyeB'B... 

Ho B^pyre BafaeertjiH onw, aaApoasaJiH 6y6HU, KOJioaoJia; npoc- 
HyjacB Haiauia AxMaTOBa h k*b no^Hoariio hxi caHefi yae hoa- 
xo^hj'b rpHHia Ch4»HH'B. 

— Hpiixajiir, buxoahtc! bh KaseTca conc&wb sacHyjH, Ha- 
TajiBa HBaHOBHa, roBopHjrB oh*b npoTaraBaa efi pym 

3aHa CH^Jia b*b canaxi nenoABH^Ho. JIhijo ea ciajio cnacTBeM-B, 
hojihotoS y^oBjieTBopeHHaro *iyBCTBa. Hh t4hh cmAa h pacKaaHBa 
sa AaHHoe h B3aioe cqadLe, hh o#Horo ynpesa cob^cth: cb^tl 
hhctoth h no93iH en^e Jieatajn* na BceMi cymecTB* ea. 

HeB'fepoB'L Meamy t*6mx 6oapo bhceohhjcb H3i» caHefi h BWCMaT- 
pBBaji'B cbok) HeB$CTy MeatAy hpohhmh A^MaMH. Oht» 6u.tl ropas- 
XO fiesnoKofiHie h TpeBo»Hie 3nnu, noTOMy hto He Harka* b*b 
sanac^ ea 6e3neHBofi HeoniiTHOCTH. 

— ^a! Ho B^Rb a hohth yae »eHarB! HOAyMajiocB eMy cb 
cipaHHUifB MyBCTBOMx HsyMjieHia, h oht> siKOTopoe BpeMa ocTax- 
ca b*b BaaoifB-TO xaoci MHCJiefi h nyBCTBi. 

Ohx 8Hajix, hto Ctuii hohth senaTB, tco H3dirHyTB cynpy- 
secTBa y»e HeBosiiosHo; ^o jramHTBca 3hhh 6ujiq w& Hero 

13* 



Digitized by 



Googk 



196 BftOTHUB KBPOIIH. 

Tasase HeimcjiHMO h HeBOsxosHO. Oh* Bci chjii yiia h pascyxsa 
TenepB ycrpeMH^B Ha to, hto6i> 9Ty xiriuBHyK), BHe3anH0 oxBa- 
THBmyio ero crpacrB houhphtb c*b o6cToaTejbCTBa*H. Bcfi cpeACT- 
Ba wa 9Toro eMy itasajiHCB xopomu, no3BOJieHu, bosmoshh, jhqib 
<5h He yipaTHTB saiiaHHHBaro npo6jecita cqacTta, EOTopEift cyjin- 
aa eiiy jiioGobb 3hhh. IIoTpe6eocTL chjbhhxb h ocB^saion^HX'B 
BneHauieifi, noTpefaocTB ctoctb*, jhoCbh, pasftpaxaiH h ohba- 
HajH ero KaKi bhho. 

y nowfe3^a nocJiHmaaca myMHHfi ryjr* tojiocob-b. HaBcrpfriy 
npiixaBmnxt Bu64aaia HcnyraHHaa cjysaHsa co cBtneio b% py- 
vfc. Bha* neTBipexi TpoeKt h, saa* eft noBasajrocb, HeciifrrHoft 
TOJinu rocrefi, nepenyrajii ee h oea, bhpohhbi CBiny, yCixaja 
nasaA* b*b nou*b. 

— ?to ae 9T0 Tauoe? Kyja mii nonara? nocjEimajocB vb> 
TOJrni. 

— OxoTa (JiJja TamHTBca! 

— ^a BoflAeMTe, b*ab He BHroMTB se nacx! 

— Axt, a TaKx pa^a bha£tb Bipy HBanoBHy, npHiHTaia 
HaxoAHHBaa r.ia^npa em,e cl Kpujitn,a, bb HaAe»A*, hto xosaftaa 
BaK'B-HHdyAB ee ycjumnrB. Bi ABepax* ona jificTBHTejiBHO ctojk- 
HyiacB ph caMofi Bipofi HBaHOBHofi, iiaieeBKofi HenoBopoMHBoft 
CTapyuiKOH, cTpaAaBmefi Horaife h 6ojnaBmeft Ceax yifOJiay. 

Bet nocniniHjiH rb Heft HaBCTpiqy h HaiajiH TOJEOBaTB, sax* 

BBTB A&BHO XOT"fej!OCB HaB^CTHTB ee, KaKB OHH ee JlV>6fiTb f H HTO 

ea BacHJiifi EeTpoBHTB Taicoft Aoporofi y hhxt, rocTb, hto Map** 
HeTpoBHa He xoT-fcjia nycTHTB ero, hto eft oahoA AOMa csy?HO 
h np. h np. 

— BjaroAapro BacB, MHjrae, Aoporie tocth — npomy nosopHO 
cajHTBca! saroBopajia cTapymaa B3AHxaa h ca^acB Ha ABBaH*; — 
a y MeHa aaaoe rope ceroAM cjiyrajrocB: cecipa RaTepima HBa- 
HOBHa saGojribjia! Si yara xorkia-Cujo sa aobtopomtb nocaiaTB, a 
Bora ohx h can* sflicb, Moft rojytfHHE-B, o6paTMacB OHa e'bAx- 
MaTOBy, MOJioAOMy yi3AHOMy AOETopy, npewieTy o6oaaHba Bcix* 
y$3AHHXT> 6apuraeHB. 

— Hy, a HeB-fecTa Haraa rA$? npoAOJiaajia 6ojnaTB CTapymaa, 
OKHAUBaa rjra3aMH KOMHaTy. HeB^cia, neBtcTa! ^to ae ko mh4 
ne noAoSAemB? Hacroamifi po3aHHHKB! A? Bca BcnuxHyjia! Hiroero, 
HH^ero! 3to a*^o 6oatBe! 

— OHa y Haci huhbhc, Bfcpa HBaHOBHa, CBoeiiy aReHHxy hs- 
MiHioa! noAmy^HBajia Tjia^Hpa, — He xdija cl hhitb bb oahomi 
.SEHnaai ixaTb! 

— yMHH^a! XBajiio! A oh*b yai h rojioBy hob^cexb, Moft ro- 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



CMlICTBO CHftUHHX*. 197 

jy6*iHB*! Hy, xa nycToe! HoinipBTecB! Do^a-ica cttja, noijaxyft eet 
otfpaTHJiacB OHa kx HeBipoBy. 

HeBtpoB-L o6E&jtb Caniy h, rjiytfoRO BSflOXHyB*, non,ajOBajB 
<ee bi jiofo. 

— rojiyfiKH, HacTOflm,ie rojiytfaa! noc-raimajica csaAH nacjaHtift 
rojocB rjia^Hpu— HCTOMHJiHCfc coBciifB bt> pa^ya*! 

BxpyrB xBept H3t» cnajBHH CTpeMHTe^tHO pacTBopraacB h boih- 
ja ropHH«raaa. 

— HoaajiyfiTe CEoptfl a* KaTepnHi HBaeoBHi! Hitb ohhtb 
*ypno! 

— Axx, axi, aaa* a pascTpoeHa! TBcpxMa Bipa HBaHOBHa, 
BcnraBaa; rojiyGiHiPB, HBam, HaaojiaeBHH*, otipaTHjacB OHa wb floa- 
Topy, — Bact can* Bon nooiaJTB, noiiorHTe Moefl cecrpi. 

— #a hto c*b Heft Taaoe, cnpocHjrt floaiop*, BCTaBaa h co- 
<tapaacB hath sa xo3aftaoft. 

— HoftxeMTe, tiaTfomaa, bto a Bairs caaaty oT*ero! 9to otb 
orop^enia! Y Hee TenepB aypHOTa, aop?H, Hy, hbbIjctho, ot-b orop- 
^ema! Bn^a OHa, daTfomaa, coh'b, hto 6ynT0 dphxoxht'b b*b Heft 
«a noEofiHHK , B-My» , B h roBopHTL oht> eft: <Hy, KaTa, a sa Totfofi; 
roTOBsca>! roBopnrB. OHa Tan* h o($Mepja Ha Midi! Eft-6oryl 
Taa*B ee noTpacjio bch>! Ona raft nepe^B BaMH tojbko h coh'b 
CBoft pa3CKa3HBajia. 

OHa yaaeajia AxnaTOBa ax CojbhoS, tocth B3aHMHO o(5bhmjih 
apyrx apyra b*b tom*b, tto Taai He b6 Bpeiia h He BCTaTH npi- 
rfcxajiH. 

— Mesdames, y aoro nepBH norcpftnTC? ofipaTHJica bopothb- 
mifica aoktop'b Kb otfnjecTBy; noMonne pacropaTB 6ojibHyio; oahoS 
c-iyaaHKH najio! 

— Ax'B, He npocHTe! Bceft ayniofi 6u pa^a, — He iiory! otos- 
sajiacB Tjia^apa. - 

— Ilporay He BHJieTaTB ayaa ne cjift^yerB! meimuia oflHa MaTB, 
jepraa cbow ao% 3a naaTBe: — TaM'B MyatHHHH fiyxyn ee pa3,nft- 
BaTB h tu Ty^a aBHmBca! Kyaa aaax HHTepecno! 

— Hy a bh, EjieHa Oe^opoBHa, AHHa HaBJiOBHa? ofiparajca 
jobtop'b b*b AaMawL. 

* — Mu sa Cojibhhmh He npHBWKJiH xoahtb; Ha 3to ecTB jik>- 
jh! ropxo otb^thjih xaMu, ayitaa jetb xoaTopy ypoa* otfmexHTia. 

— HeyatejiH ate hheto? cnpocH.TB flOKTopx. 

— HBaH*B HaaojaeBHq'B, He Mory jih a? BU3BajiacB 3ima, noa- 

XOAH KT> XOBTOpy H CMOTpa Ha Hero BOnpOCHTeJBHHMH h yMO- 

aaiomHMH r^iasaMH. 

— Ohchb MO&eTe; no»aiy8Te! 

^BepB OTBopHJiacB h norjiOTHJia 3nHy h flOBTopa. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



198 B1OTHBM IBPOEfl. 

G& Tin nop* 9Ta jBepB crajra sanoBi^HOfi rpaHHijefi **& 
ocTaBmHxcA JHn,i> seHesaro nojia. HeB3B£cTHO hto npe^cTaBjifljiocs 
em* bi hxx BoofipaaeHiH sa 3toS jBepBK), tojibko or4 Gftsajm 
or* Hee saKt otb nyMH. HeB'fepoB'B, no^yMaBt HeitHoro, Hecjmm- 
ho OTBOpMi 9Ty jBepB h CKpiwica TaMi »e, r^t CKpiwacB 3£Hat 



TJIABA VI. 

— fl HHKorAa, HHKOfya 6h ne ateHB.ica na toS, Koro jk>(J- 
jb>! aapKHMx nojymonoTOM'B roBopHJit HeBipoBX, cH^a b*b icpec- 
jfe cb carapoH) b*b pyKax* h noasepaa rja3aMB 3eHy, croflBmyio 
B03Ji4 Hero co ctejahkoh JieaapcTBa. 

Ohh pa8roBapuBajiE yse flaBHO h /tojrro; o6ohxt> CHijaja jb- 
xopa^Ka juoCbh, njaMcnewL oTJiHBaBmaa b*b r.iasaxTi, ry6axi>, Barjui- 
flax* h ABHseHiflxi. PyicaBa 3bhu 6ujib sacyMenu, u^esn ropluH 
ot*b ycTajiocTH, rjasa ropkiB otb cracTBa, jho6be h onBaHema. 

— BpaE'B, noBTopan HeB'fepoB'B Bee CoJite h 6oji4e yBJie- 
xaacB cTpacTBio; hto TaKoe 6paKi>? 3to, no woeMy MHimio, npo- 
cto KOMMepqecKaa cflkiBa, HeoCxoaHicaa bt> nameMt 6utv h nps 
HacTOim.HX'B yc.iOBiax'B HameB jee3hb. Be^ »eHu nejiBsa bt> jo- 
irf> HMtTB he EOM^opia, hh nopaflKa, hh coeflHneBia o6mecTBa, 
he ceMeflnaro Kpyra, Bcero Toro, ht6 mh, MyawBHW, TaKt jik)6hmi> 
e ^hemi. fl He juo&ho Camy, no KpafiHefl Mtpt, TenepB, npo- 
AOJisajii ohx noHHataa tojiocb so caMaro THxaro monoia, ho a 
oxotho ateHWCB na Hefi, — hchiocb hmchho noTOMy, hto He jk>6jk> 
ee n Haxosy coBepmenHO aoctomhoh toe HeaaBH^Hofi pojie, Kaitaa 
Buna^aeT-L, no MbeMy MHimio, Ha kojik) Hamnxi 3aROHHux f B mem> 
h xosaeKx, o6peHeHHux , B BpamaTBca tojibko bt» Kpyry a^tckoe h 
KyxHH... Ho, — aKenn^EHy, EOTopyio jho(Shidb? Ee no^BepraTB stoh 
norajiocTH? Ee, Ty, Koro a jho6.ik), jejrfcio, EOMy a sejfaio Hpa- 
BBTBca, — ee BooCpasHTB Moei aeHofi, HepamjiBBHirB cymecTBOMt,, 
y»e pacnymeHHUMi cb nepBaro if&caija CBaflBtfu, — ffferb, Hiirt! 
9to HeB03M0WH0, 3flHa! 

OHa MOJiiajia, He CBo^a cb Hero rjiaa'B e ynoeHHaa ero pi^a- 
mh h B3rjflAaME. Ohi, co3HaTejiBHo HJH CescosHaTejiBHO, saTporn- 
bsult* bi net bc4 HyBCTBHTejiBHua cTpyHti, Bcfe o/ia6ocTH ea co6- 
CTBeHHaro Bsyca e cep^i^a. 

— Ho cnacTJiBBi toti, y Koro bh* stob »e3hb ecTB spy- 
raa npEBasanHocTB, Apyraa jho6obb! fl BaM'B BycKa3a.11> TenepB 

HOE Me^TH H BBJSfiSEiJp*... 3BHa! CEaSHTe, MU 6y$fiMT> CHaCTJHBU? 

ne npaB^a ^h? menTajii oh*b, asa^Ho ^o6BBaacB oTB^Ta n saxBaTH- 
saa niBpoKofi JiaAonLio ea 06*6 pyKE, cspen^eHHua Ha ctoj4. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



CEMEflCTBO CHfcMHHX'B. 199 

— EyaeM*! oTB^THjra oHa, He bt> CHjaxi yirfjpirrB 6,/iecKa 

CBOHXt C06CTBeHHUX'B TJIB.ST>. 

— 0, mo8 aHreji^! bt> Bocroprfc npoHBHect HeB'fcpoB'B. Th h 
He BHaeint, Baiti 6,iaropoflHH h cbatu tboh cJOBa! 

— IIocTofiTe, BtiroBopHJia 3eHa, KoaefaacB h cofinpaacB cb 
mhcmmh: B*fc#b 3to Bee bt> flMcTBHTeabiiocTH Ha3HBaeTca npeciyn- 
jieHieM'B h o6MaHOMT>? He Tani jih? 

— Kto Baiit 8to CKasajit? nepetfHJTB cb nHJKOCTBK) HeB$- 
pOB'B. #a noejymafiTe: Koro ate mm Cy^eMi* o6MaHMBaTB? CBirB? 
Pa3Bi oht> noBipHTi* Kor^a - «H6yAB, hto6t> ero He oiiMaHHBajiH? 
Ee? Ho pa3Bt Majio eft Toro, hto OHa 6yAeTT> hm^tb no 3aE0Hy 
h npaBy? Efi HyjRHO 6htb 3aMy«eM^, 6mtb xo3afiKoft, — bot*b ea 
H^eajix!.. H ^obo.ilho! npojio:i/Kaji* HeB'fcpoB-B cboh co<J)H3mh, yBjie- 
EaeMtifi cTpacTsio. J[m Koro He 6y^eMx mm sepTBOBaTB cbohm'b cna- 
crieM'B. JJjia TaKHXT* nciujiuxx jmiHOCTeft, icanx Tja^Hpa HBaHOB- 
«a, HaT&aba CeprfceBHa h TOMy noflofiHua?... 

3flHa saKpujia jihijo pynaMH. 

— EoiOCB, 60K)CB! BHMOJIBHJia OHa. 

HeB*poB*B Mojm cMOTpftjn Ha Hee. 

— Orcero ate a He 6ok>cb? saroBopajrB oh*b, CHOBa noHHHaa 
tojiocb ao monoTa; a BBiparo BaM*B caMtia coKpoBeHHua moh mhc- 
jih, caMua tfaftHua moh no6ymflpmn h bm oahhmt, cjiobomi uorjiH 
<5h MeHa Bw^aTb, nory6aTb bt> rjiasax* Bcfexx, ho b4^b a BaMx 
B$pK); a bh? bh He pimaeTecb ^OBipaTbca MHi; bh 6ohtccb, bh 
HeoTKpoBeHHH co mhoh! EcjihG-b bh MorjiH cjiino na MeHa nojio- 
»HTBca, — CKaatHTe, Kanaa He^OBinecKaa CHJia Moiua 6a paso- 
<>jia<raTB Haray TafiHy, Kor.ua 6h ee 3na;iH TOJibKo BorB na mm? 
HojiOiKnTecB Ha Mena, 3ana, h bh fiy^eie hm4tb yBaaeHie npe- 
sptHHaro CBiTa, ecjin bh ero TaKT> seaaeie, fiy^eTe hm*£tb jho- 
<5obb, n$jib 3LH3HH, bh ydpoHTe c<?aerie ^e.iOBiKa... 

Tjia3a HeB-fepoBa fijiHCTa^n; ero He.iB3a Cmjio y3naTB. OrpacTB 
ero, RaiTB 3M4a, oCaaHieM'B npHTarnBajja aymy 3hhh. 
B^HaatKa aposajia ne roBopa hh cjioBa. 

— HoMHHTe, hto a BacB jho6j\\o, 3aHa, h npomy tojbko so- 
Bijpia?.. Heyme.iH 9to TaKX Tpy^HO? 

Eeciaa hxx B^pyrB 6u.ia npepBaHanpHxoAOM'B h BM*maTe.iB- 

CTBOMX BtpM EtBaHOBHM. 

— Ox*b, 3aroBopHjia OHa, Taasejo onycKaacB Ha cryjrB bosji^ 
HeBipoBa; H3BHHHTe MeHa, ro.iy6iHK , B, hto a BacB odaBRjia! 
TaKi, MeHa Bee sto pascTpoejio, hto a npocTO caMa He cboh! Cna- 
ch6o HBaHy HaKOJiaeBHqy, BHpyqnji'B! H tefii, 3HH0*!Ka, npH6a- 
BHia OHa, xjionaa ee no njie^y, cecipa MHJiocep^ia, npaBo! ^to 
3to? tm EanejieK*B xoieniB eft ^tb? Xopomo, xopomo, Moa jymal 



Digitized by 



Googk 



200 BftCTHKfc IBPOIIH. 

— BojBHOfl jryime, eft Ha^o 3acHyn>! CEasaji AQBTOpi, bh- 
xoAfl Ha cpeAiray BOMHara. 

— Axi>, 6aTK)mEH-CBiTLi! nporOBopnja Bipa HBanoBHa, yja- 
pan ce6a pysoio no Ji6y; b*ab a cobcImi sa6ujia ofo mohxl 
AoporHxi rocTflxx; ocraBHJia bx*b oahbx-b. HoiUeMTe Tyja ceo- 
pie... 

— Mu noiAem* TaB* xel, saBi h npeame? cnpocHJix HeBipoBX > 
ycTpeMHB^ Ha 3imy npHcra-iBHHfi Barm**. 

— TenepB, Mosert 6utb, dyAei* mh* m4cto h vh 6o*bmux'h> 
caHflxx! OTBiTiua Ta. 

HeBtpoBi* BCTan*B, CpocHJit CHrapy h ct> saMiTHinrB pa3Apa- 
aeeieMt BaxjionHyB* ABepB, BiiniejrB b*b nycrofi BoppHAop*. 

Ho He osH^ajTB ohi, tto6t> ABepB 6ucipo OTBope.iacb h crpoi?- 
Haa (|)Hrypa 3hhh, rpaiyosHaa h a*tcbh nopuBHCTaa, noBHaia Ha 
ero met, menna jacKOBua p$hh o npomemn h jih)6bh. 

O^yTHBiDHCb bx 3a.it, oBpyaeHoaa noApyraitH, OHa nioxo no- 
HHMaja BHA^HHoe h cjiumaHHoe; ho hhbto He o6pamajn> Ha Hee 
BHHMaHifl; 6ujio necarb ^acoBX Benepa; — bc& roBopajn h Ay*M» 
tojibbo o&b OTbtexb. Borneo neaoBiKi cb sanHCBofi h no^an* 
Caini CHisHHoft orb Maiepn. 

— MaMa bo30kt> npacjiajia HaM-b, ofoacHaja ona; Ha abop& 
no3eMKa, a y 3hhu, neiuerB, RamejL 6hjtb, BaiHTt Hani Bcbifk 

C"fcCTb B*B B030Kt H HaTamy B3ATbl 

HeBipoBi 3aKycH.Tt ry(Sy bt> cTpaHHOMx pasAyMBH h saHHJica 
CBoeft cnrapofl. 

BcJiiACTBie hobuxx HHdpyBiufl, Bcixt a*bbivb, uoa* npeABO- 

AHTe.lbCTBOMX OAHOfi fjBMU, 3aEJH0«lMH BT» B030B1>, H CI nOJHHM^ 

co6^K)AeHieMi HpHJHHift, Bet oTnpaBHJiHCb no Aopori b*b aom*- 
IIo3eMKa vb caMOM'B xkxh chjlbho saweTaJia Aopory. 



TJIABA VII. 

Ha Apyroft Aens, 3aHa, noTarHBaacb, npocHyjacb b-b CBoeft usr* 
soft noereji* h oTBpmia iviaaa, oierKa yroifjeHHue AO.iro8 tfescoH- 
HHi^efl. OHa AOJiro He iiooa CBHsaTL cbobx-b Mucaeft h hohbts. 
nepeM*Hy nponcnieAinyK) bx He2; ho, uajio no Majy, yjiadaa sacBfc- 
THJiacb na e& ry6axi>; ona npnnoMHBjia BHepamHifl Benep^, ciOBa 
HeBipoBa, ero yBtpenia bi> jiioCbh... OHa He saAyMUBaaacB o tomi^ 
hto fiyAeTi Aajibme, xopouio jh Aypno jih Bee aro, ne TpeBoaRH- 
jiacB cnyTHUMB onaceniaMH fiyAy^aro; AOBtpie, BOTopoe ona omy- 
n^aja b*b HeBipoBy, ea yfiiaA^Hie bt» ero yni h HpaBCTBeHHOirB. 
npeBoexoACTBt nanojinajiH ea Aymy fiaaateHCTBOMi, fiesne^HOCTBio 



Digitized by 



Googk 



CBMSfiCTBO CHftSHHHX'B. 201 

h noicoeM'B. Oh*b ee H36pauix, nojnotfajTB ee, ofoacHH-TB efi KaKt 

BHCORO CTaBHJTB OH* STJ JK)60BB, H eS OCTaBOOCB TOJIBRO TOp* 

^BTbCfl BHymeHHHMT> eio ^yBCTBOifE h 6hiTb eMy 6e3KOHe t ino 6jia- 
rojapHOfi. OHa ct a!>tcrhm'b hybctbom-b npeHetfpejKeHia ayMajia 
o cynpysecROM'B SHaieHiH Canm b*b aom$ HeB'fcpoBa, h bt, mhc- 
jflXT> cbohx* ci> pa^ocTtio ycTynaaa efi jlomo rfcx* rfe3aBMjHuxi> 
yAOBO^tCTBifi, KaKia cyjiHjrB CBoefi cynpynfe AHflpefi HeipoBBTB. 
3hh4 6hjo aaae cob^ctho sa CBoe cnacTte h ona atejiaja ero 
sarjaAHTb nepe^i bc4mh, aacTaBHTB Befexir 3a6uTB ero... OHa bcro- 
"qejia ch nocTejiH, <5e33a6oTHaa, Becejiaa h aoCpaa, 6e3ROHe<rao pa- 
ayacB CBoefi ROMHarfc, CBoeMy iuiaTBK), sepRajiy, i^BiiaifB Ha okh4, 
qyjixy, KOTopue OHa Biepa Basajia; Bca 5RH3Hb efi Ba3a.iacB He- 
HCHepnaeMtiM'B hctohhhkom-b paAOCTH h OHa nepe»HBaja Ty MHHy- 
Ty, rowl nejioB'fcR'B TaRX cnacMBB-B h yjoBJieTBopeH'B, hto He »e- 
jaerB dojiie HH^ero. 

AeHB Hanajica xjionoraHBufi n myiiHufi; 6wlo BOCBpeceHBe; 
nprfc3»ie rocTH h toctbh cotfapajiHCB b* oCH&iHH*; caMOBapx rh- 
jtLtb Ha ctoji* bt» ABBaHHofi, Roraa Btfisajia Tyaa 3nna. TaMi 
CHjiJiH MaTB, Gama h HeBipoB-B. 

— GramHTe, npoAO^sajia CH*»HHa HanaTHft pasroBop* ct> 
seHExoirB; HeB^CTa Bauia Bee xoieTx OTRjajHBaTB CBaAb6y, a bu 
xaRi? 

3HHa b*b 9to BpeMa HaRJioHHJiacB rt> pyR* MaTepa sflopo- 
BaTBCfl. CHiaHHa He o6paTMa na Bee BHHMaHia h npo^ojiaaja 
<m4ahtb 8a HeB'fepoBUM'B. 

— tHwB caopiie, t$m*b jiynme! OTBiTMi ohx ropotro. 

Oh* dapajica He cmotp^tb na 3nHy ho^t* npoHHu;aTejiBHHM , B 
rar.iflAOM'B MaTepn; yae h B^epainnee RaiaHbe h^crojibro orom- 
iipoMeTTupoBajio ero b*b oasaxTb iiaiepif, h nOTOMy owl bc6 chjih 
ynoTpeGaji'B, HTofix RasaTBca paBHOAyinHKHTB. 

— Emfi BonpocB, npojojiataja Cff&aciiHa: vjijk mbi, cui-naeM* 
*amy cnajiBHio? 3a*cb, bx 9Tofi ROMHarfc, b4ab xojioaho? HenpaB- 
j^a jh? 

Caraa, RpacH-6a, onycRaja na3a h BeprfjiacB Ha CTyjrife. 

— T^i BaiTB dyxeT'B yro^HO Hacx hom4cthtb! OTBiTM'B He- 
BipoB'B, i^ajya pyRy MaTepH. 

TaR'B H 6&ITB, OT^aMl BaM*B CBOK) CnaJIBHK)... 2RHBHT6 

c^acTJiHBO, RaK-B a bx Hefi npoaajia! ofixaBHJia GnisRum^ co cjie- 
^aMH Ha r;ia3ax^, saRJUo^aa hx-b bi cboh oCxaria. 

HeBipoBi dHJi-B He cobc£m^ AOBOJiemi BToft (meHofi, rbwh 60- 
jiie, hto Cania sanyTajiacB Bo^ocaMH sa ero ^acu -h ^o.iro OHt 
spHHysAeH'B 6uai> ee pacnyTusaTB, 



Digitized by 



Googk 



202 BfcCTHHKB BBPOHH. 

— Maua, no3BOJiB mh4 bb o64ahh, BHMoaBMa 3HHa, noiw- 
paBmaa co CMixy ma*b 8toh ajeeoft. 

— Ciynafi, ja npomy He aypaHHTBca! «ff Bi^b Bee ysHaio orb 

rja^HpU HBaHOBHH. 

3ana noCtaajia 6$roMB no bc4mt> KOMHaTanx, sarjA^wBajia bb. 
oraa, npHCJiynJHBaacB bb ijepBOBHoay so.ioKO.jy, ryA*Bmeiiy no 
npa3AHHiHOMy h ToponjiHBO OA^BajiacB ki o(H;ahh. 

— HeysejiH hhkto eme He hoh^tb co mhoio? Ta* bc£ Hama 
KaBajiepu? IIoftAy BH30By Kojik) TyceBa hjih aoBTopaL. Axb, eme 
<5h Koro-Hn6yAb!.. 

Eft 6ujio oieHB, o^eHB Becejo, ho bb ea cepaafc BOBce He 
(Shjio npeo&iajiaioiiieft dpacTH kb HeBtpoBy, KOTopaa Biepa co- 
BcfcMB-6tijio BCKpyaajia eft rodOBy, HanpoTHBB, Coffee, h4mb Korja- 
jrafio OBja^jia eio dpacTb kb KOKeTCTBy. OHa 6ujta TaEB ciacT- 
jiHBa, hto eft xot^jiocb BcfexB pasBeceJHTB, pacTopMomHTB, aaspy- 

«BIITd«.« 

— Cania! kb o6&ab£..., saapnqajia OHa, cb myifOMB OTBopaa 

ABepB flHBaHHOfi. 

Cama cb HeBipoBUMB 6hjih y»e o^hh bb KOMHarfc; OHa ch- 
jija Ha ero eoji^hhxb h ohb ijajOBajiB, ee bb frkiyio meftay. 

3b Ha 3axjioneyja ABepB bb Ty ate ceKyHjy h n^esi ea 3ana- 
jajiH apRHMB njiaMeneMB. 

Haqcuiacb h KomnjiacB o6$$aa> a ona Bee croaja b-b uepKBH 
Ha oahomb Midi, He meBejiacB, norpyaseHHaa bb rpycTHua a 
CTpaHHua xywu. 

<& juo(5jik> seHHxa Moeft cecTpu, pa3cyxjaja OHa cava cb co- 
6ok). ?to se cyjiHTB iinfe Tanaa JiK)6oBb? KaKia paaocTK iioseTB 
o6£maTB ona mh4 h eMy? IIpaB^a jih to, *to roBopHJTB ohb unk 
Biepa? HcKpeHHa jh ero jhoCobb? He noiitxa jh a ero ciacTBio?... 
MoseTB 6utb, yBJieieHie npomjio h ohb He nyBCTByerb TenepB 
HHHero, KpoMi TarocTHaro o6a3aTe.iBCTBa, KOTopoe ohb aaBatt 
irai. TaEB Haxo OT^aTB eiiy CBo6ojy; nycTB ohb 6e3B cMymeHba 
JiacBaeTB Camy h no3a6y^eTB 060 mh4>. CepAije ea ormocb Be- 
BnpasHMoft nenajibK) npn 3toh mhcm; ona 6uja TaEB ciacTJHBa 
aa MHuyTy nepejB t4mb, TaKB Bipn.ia bb bosmoxhoctb shshh 
BTpoeMB, a TenepB AOJisea 6bua otb Bcero 0TBa3aTbca. 

<A b*xb a ero bb caiiOMB jiu* oieHB juoCjuo! TBepjiua OHa, 
He 3aMiiaa, hto rjiasa ea do.ihli cjie3B; sa<rf>itB npmjieBB ohb 
MeHa kb ce64? H4tb, h4tb! pasopBeut jiy^me pasoni*; bh^ho Ta- 
soBa Haina cyAb6a!> 

— ^Ito 9to? bu Kaa^Tca njaneTe? pas^ajca sa Heft tojocb 
AxiiaTOBa, cb yjiufcofi HaKJOHHBmaroca bb Heft. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



CmftCTBO CHMUfflHTB. 203 

— Cobc6mt> Bin,; 0TB$THja 3b Ha, ornpaa iviasa h yjratfaacB: 
ny o neifB ate a Mory njiasaTb? 

— Bot-b o6t> btomx-to HMeeHo a xorfcjB Bad cnpocHTb! 
Bt> 3Ty MHHyTy Tjia^Hpa HBaeoBHa AepHyna 3hhjt sa iuaTBe, 

npejocTeperaa ee. Buxoahjtb CBJnqeHHHKi cjiysHTb MOjeCeHB, ht6 

TpetfoBajio oco6eaHaro BHHMaHia. 

Meawy t$mb bi aom4 npoBCXo^HJiH ei^Ayiomia Bemn: 
HeB^poBi, HHKor^a He xo^HBmifi kx o6*AHfc, BApyrB coBep- 

meHHO Heoan^aHHO co6pajica bb ijepKOBb. Ho erpaHHie Bcero 

<5UJlO TO, ^TO BC& y»e AaBHO BOpOTHJIHCb, HO HH 3eHa, he HeB4- 

poBt ne flBJiajiocB, h npoHecca aiyxi, hto ohh nomiH kt> CBjameH- 
HHKy. TafiHufi ysacs Maiepa h HeBicra 6um> HeonecaHHuft. ' 
Oh* He noHHMajiH, hto sto Tasoe Aijaerca h cb MHHyrH Ha mh- 
gyTy dytfuiH 6*ah. 

Ho 6i^u HHKaKofi He 6hjo. HeBtpoBi oneHb npocro npe^io- 
asMi 3HH4 h HaA* safiTH bm4ct4 cb hhmb kb CBameHHHKy, cb . 
KOTopwMB eMy Haw 6ujio neperoBopaTB o cBaAbtfi. HaAa, eohchho, 
OTKa3ajiacB co crpaxoM* h TpeneTOMB, a 3HHa corjiacnjiacB, pfc- 
mHBmHCB o6BflCHHTbCfl cb hhmb pa3B HaBcerAa. 

— HoneMy bto bu TaKB fiucrpox aaxjonHyjiH ABepb, KorAa yBH- 
S^jih, hto a ijajyio Camy? Haqa-iB HeBipoBX, yjynHB'b faaronpiflT- 
Hyio MHHyTy h nonyBCTBOBaB'b, k*b cBoeMy yAHMeHiio, hto cepAije 
ero cmbho dyqaio. 

— HoTOMy, *to a hm4k> npHBHHKy nsfrfcraTb Toro, hto MeHa 
MyiHTB! OTBtTHJia 3nna npocTO. 

— MyHHTB? noBTopnjB HeBfcpoBB. A b4a* 9T0 BOBCe He aojhr- 

HO 6uJI0 6u'BaCB MyHHTb, HOTOMy 1TO HMeHHO BB 9Ty CaMytt 

ifHHyTy a xjionoTaJB o naraeMi a***. & cMiio roBOpHTB o na- 
tueMSy 3HHa, nenpaBAa jih? 

— Mu, KameTca, 06a CpeAHJin Biepa! OTBiiTHJia Ta chokoBho. 

— BpeAHJiH? nepeCH.TB HeBipoBi cb (JjiHcraiomHMH rjiasajiH; 
BHeparaHifi HainB pa3roBopB 6wjib CpeAt? Ho3BOJibTe ysHaTb, Ka- 
khmh nyTaMH aohijih bu a<> dToro 3aMH>qeHia? 

— JI He Mory BHHOCHTb TaKoro npHHyatAeHia... He wh coaxB! 
csasajia 3nHa cb iiophbomb; ROH^uMTe Jtynme pa30M*b! 

— A mhB, bu Ay^aeTe, He Tarae-io, He 6ojbHo, 3»Ha? Ho a 
Tepnjno bb BHAy Jiynmaro CyAymaro; a A*ficTByro, a ycTpaHBaK) 
Hamy »H3Hb... 

— KaKyio? thxo cnpocMa 3«Ha. 

— 3HaeTe avl bu, otb4thjib HeB^poBB TaKB thxo, ^to OHa 
^ABa Morjia pa3c.iunjaTb, o hcmb a roBOpHTB cb CanieS bb Ty MH- 
HyTy, KaKB bu bohi.ih: a cnpamnBajiB, Koro hsb cecTep'B ona ate- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



204 ncnmiBFom. 

jaero bsjitb sara cicotiot, h ohe otb4thji: 3ray! 3a bto a ee 
h noijajOBaxt. Mh ctuh 6u shtb Butcrfe... notxajra (to b* Mo- 
cay, IleTepCyprb! PaayMierca bto Bee 6uio <5h jm Te<5a, mo& 
aHren! 

— MeHa HBBorxa ne oraycTarb cb Bane! rpycrao OTBtoaaa. 

3HHa? ?TO rOBOpHTL O Hec6HTOHHOMl? 

— EyjeM* xxaTL 1 .... HeyxejiH th Taa* Maio xopoxmnb mohmx* 

9yBCTB0M*b, Moeft Jno60BbK>? 

— Ho neysexH Taaaa jjoGobb xopoma? BUMOJBua ona, cienta 
BaxyBmacb* A, no spafieefi nipt, se nyBCTByia oco6eeHoft npia- 
thocth 6htb nocroaHHO ocraBJieHHofi , cEyiaiomeH h ojHHOKoft y 
h He cm*tl csasaTb cb BanH bb OAHoro ciOBa!.. Xopomo Bairs, 
xorja y Bac* ecTb HeBicra h Korja bu Mosere rfuaTb Bee, mo 
xotbtc, ho aasoBo ze mh* BBxepxaBaTb Birauft nax?op* Mann 
m ea nocToaHHyio tipaHb 3a saxAufi not man!.. 

HeaipoB* bhojih* cosHaBaxb bck> cnpaBeAJHBOcn> ea cio**- 

— Hy, nocjymaHTe, Bapyr* csasaa* oh*, nocrb jOJiraro paa- 
XyMba: pinnm* cefiiac* stotb Bonpocb: botl jom* CBan^eHHHxa, 
a ajy npocmb ero HanacaTb mb* HyaHyio 6ynary Aia Moei CBajb- 
(fa, — H03B0JibTe mh4 BHHcaTb same ma bm£cto Cammaaro h — 
ofiBtH^aeMCfl! Hani Hyrao xhtl BMtcrfe, h tiyjeM* sara BMicrt, 

BftBOeM*, 603* BCAKOll DOliXH. 

3flHa nocMOTptjia eny fb rjiasa, h Bjpyrx ei crajo Tax** 
cirtfflHO, Tax* Hec6iiT0HH0 noxasajocb ero npeAioxenie, vro oea 
sax* hh Kptnw-iacb, ho B*pyrb pacxoxoiaiacb. — npexparao, Ah- 
jpei IleTpoBHTb! Tax* bu mh* npeA-iaraere CBa;u>6y; xoTHTe ne- 
Ha yHHSHTb, onomjHTh? He oxma.ia a BToro orb Bac*! 

— PetieHOK*! nporoBopni* HesiipoB*, Tarb o61>maft xe mh£ 
xorja-HH6yjb, hto no/uoCemb MeHfl? 

— Hanero He o6imaK>, ncrroMy *to Bee 9to nycTaxa! mcia- 
BBieibHO saMimia 3ana; x* tcmj o6imaTb to, tto HeacnojiHHMO? 

— OHa He jk)6btl MeHa! nojyuaxb HeBipoB*, Bcrynaa Ha 
xpujtijo CBan^eHBHKOBa AOMa; ho vro 9to sa hhjiu! petieHOK*! 

Hes$poB* 6hj* npaB*; nopa Hacmamei .ik>6bh en^e He npn- 
nua ^ja 3hhu h BHepanmia cssfiBu He ocraBHJH HHaaKoro cepb- 
esnaro ca^asl na ea mojoiomx cepjovfc. Ea e^Ba co3p*Bmaa iohoctb 

HpOTHBHiaCb DYTH JHUeJltpifl, 06naHa H CipUTHOCTH, KOTOpUA 

npe^araj* ei HeBipoB*. 

Ohh booijh n CBameHHasy h ejBa HeBipoB* ycnixb Ha^aTS 
cb him* pasroBop* o ^kiax*, sax* 3aHa, croaBniaa a cmotp^b- 
maa b* oxho, B^pyr* BCKpasHyjia. Ho ropi, sanuxaBmacb, en*- 
ma.ia rja<J>Hpa IlBaHOBua b* conpoBoaLAeeia jiasea. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



CIMlftCTBO CHftSHHHX'B. 205 

— 3to sa MHofi! nporoBopfljra 3aHa h HeBOJbHHirb ABHate- 
BieifB yxBarajiacb sa pyny HeBipoBa, aaai 6h npoca ero nowepa- 
kh h samara. 

^Bepb myMHO x-ionHyjia, h Bouuia Tjia^apa HBanoBHa. 3:io<5a 
Ha mi# ea npeBBimajia, bi axy MHHyiy, Macay nocToaraaro ea jh* 
i^eM^pifl h flotfpojyniia. 

— B^arocjiOBHTe, CaTroinaa! saroBopajia OHa, hoaxoah a* cm- 
meHHHKy. Kaa* Bame saopoBbe? A! h th, (JirjiaHKa, 3A$Cb? MaMa 
tboh Becb aomi nepenojiomajia; Te6a amyrB^ 

— ^a b^ab Ha^a SHaaa, nro a nonua cb As^peeifB Heipo- 
BH^eMi, B03pa3Hjia 3eHa. 

— Hafli Tetffc ho MaTt, th y Maxepa AOJiSHa 6u.ua ho3bo- 
JieHba cnpocHTB 1 .... 

— B* casioifx A^Jii? HacM^m^HBO saninrjix HeB^poBi; cbojbko 
ate na^o HHCTaHijifi nepefiTH, hto6*b Bspocioi A^Bymai npocTO Buft- 
th noryjiaTb! 

— KoHe^HO, HUHifflHaa MOJOAe&b He i^hhtb npaaasaHHOCTH; 
yMHie Hacx cisuml roBopHjia I\aa<|>Hpa ct caepaaHHofl s*o<5ofi; 
3aHaHAa, cotfapafica! 

— #a a h caiia nofiAy! OTB^TMa pasAocaAOBaHHaa Siraa. 
IIofiAeMTe, AHApefi DeTpoBHTbl 

M ohh otfa Topon.iBBO Ha^ajin cotfapaTbca bi nyTb, ocraBHBS 
rjia^apy HBaHOBHy HanaMBaTB na ce6a cajioni h aanopi. 

Ho Ha nojoBHHi Aopora Bca xpafipocTB 3hhh HCie&ia h OHa, 
yMOMJia HeBtpoBa bohth BiiicTi h samHTHTb ee ot-b npeACToa- 
h^hxi BHroBopoB-B h HanaAeHiil co CTopOHbi Maiepa. 

HeBipoBy 6eai> yMa xorfcjrocb npaataTb ee a* CBoeMy cepwy, 
npHJiacKaTb h o(Soaphtb, ho Tja^apa EfeaHOBHa Haciarajia axx Bee 
CjiHate h Causae h oh* MOjnajix, tojibko apinao csaMaa ea pyay. 

Ohh BsfiiawuH Ha BpHjbijo* 

— 3aHa, nocjiiAHee cjiobo, b*b BOJreemH npomenTaiHb oh*, tfe- 
pacb sa pynay ABepa; ofiimafi mh4, ?to th He satfyAems Bcero, 
hto a Te6i roBopHJH, hto th fiyAemb homhhtb o Moefi jho(Sbh h 
TOTqacb ate ko mh4 otfpaTambca, ecjra Te6i noHaAofinTca nOMomb, 
coBirb, Apy»ecaoe y^acTie? 

— Xopomo, Cy^eMx »e Apy3bHMH jsfi rpo6a, OTB^THJia, yjH- 
(5aacb CKB03B cjie3u, 3aHa h csaja bi cbohx-b pyaax^ era npo- 
TaHyTyio a* Hefi pyay. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



206 ncnm ibpoidl 



TJIABA YHI. 

CH&raiia cb HeBtcTofi 6hjih bi cnajbHi. Cama CHA&ia c* 
noAHflTUMH 6poB£MH h onymeHHHMH kt» HH3y rytianH, CO0HpaACb 
He Ha inyTsy niasaTB. 

— Boti ohb HAerB, HfterB, Cama! Cmotph ate, csasH eny, 
too tbi oneHB oropieHa n too th Ha Hero cepAamBca; ecjin oh* 
noAO&A6Th, saxoierB nonpocHTB nponjeHBH, to tu noAOJBme ero 
He npomaft h noBaauBafi bha*b, too Bee Ha Hero cepAHmBca... 

OHa uocniraeo Bunua bt> Apyryio ABepB, npoTHBonoJiosHyio 

TOft, B*B KOTOpyK) BXOAWB HeBtpOBT>. Oh*B OCTaHOBHJICa B*B H3yM- 

jeHia npH bha* Cama, BOTopaa OTBepHyaacB otb Hero b*b obhj» 
npHTBopaacb, too He CJunrarB ero maroB-B h oieHb He rapiio- 
HflqecKH BcxjiHHUBaa. 

OffB CTOfl.Tb MEHyTX CB HflTB paSApaseHHllft H 3J06Hblfi. 

— PaHO ae bh Ha^HHaeTe jftjianb mh4 cijeHH, AjescaHjpa 
IlaBJioBHa! saroBopnji'B ohb cb 3jio6hoA apoHieft: HeyroAHO jh Bam 

OfoaCHHTB, TOO BCe 8T0 BHaiHTB? 

Cama nocMOTpijia Ha Hero, xorfcia-tfujio hchojhhtb cob^tb 
MaTepe, ho noiyBCTBOBaBi BApyr* nanaiecEifi CTpaxi npn bha4 
ero rpo3Haro h HeAOBOJBHaro jraija, He BHAcpaaia h BApyrx Bcsps- 
qajia, npoTarHBaa ex HeMy pyKH: 

— 3to He a, sto Bee Mawa Bei&iaL 

— *Ito MaMa? Mana Bejit^a BaM'B njiaaaTB? Cthahtccb, AjeB- 
caHApa IlaBJioBHa! 

Cama noTynnjiacb h 3aM0jreajia coBepmeHHO noTepaHHaa. 

OHa He noHHMajia xopomenbKO, 3aqiMi> MaTb Beiiia eft HrpaTB 
8Ty komcaik); ho HOBHHOBajiacB eft bi> no.iHofl yBtpeHHOCTH, mo 
Bee noflAeTi no HanepTaHHOMy sapaHie naaHy; TenepB »e, Eorja 
HeBtpoBi nocTynajii coBcfcM'B ne b*b toh* saAaHHoa pojia, Cama 
npanua bi coBepmeHHua TynaicB h He sHaaa liM* bohtotb. 

Ho HeBtpoB'B, nooni AOJrofi 3aAyMHBB0cra, noA03BaxB ee kb 
ce(S4 h naiajTB pa3cnpamHBaTB 060 BceMB. Cama tottocb »e bh- 
(JojTajia eaiy Befc mucjh h npeAnojioaeHitf MaTepa. Ohb HaaoHei^B 

OTBtTH^'B T^MB, TOO BZBJib ee HOA'B PJBy, HOmeJIB CB HdO Bl H)- 

cthhjio h, nporyjiaBfflacB cb Heio nepeA'B rocTAMH no BOMHa- 
TaM*B, oh'b noAomejix kj> MaTepa h CHOBa cb yjnifooH saroBopajrt 
CEopifimeft vxt> CBaAbCi. Cn4»HHa OTBinajia b'b caMOM* npo- 
ctomi h Apy»ejrio6noM'B toh4 h ne CA^Jiaja hh OAnoro HaMeKa, 
hh OAHoro noMHHa npoacmeAmeMB. Ha 3aHy He 6wio TO»e 
CA^jaHo OTBpuiaro HanaAema, Kponi jierKaro BLiroBopa 3a neno- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



CEMBfiCTBO CHWMHHX'B. 207 

cjymanie, ho sa to ycTpoeHa (Jtua cb Hero ocotfaro poxa TaKTHKa, 
BOTopaa, noBHflHMOMy, aojiatHa 6ujia HenpearfeHHO AOCTeraTb CBoeft. 
H^jie. rjia(j)Hpa HBaHOBHa, Haja hm caHa CH&KHHa He otxoahjh 
orb Hea hh Ha man, 

MaTb xoia h 6-fccHJiacb bx aym-fc Ha 3nHy, ho Bn^fejia, hto no- 
crynaTL HHa^e He;ib3a. 3eHa, oGpaAOBaHnaa, hto OTjiLiaJiacb Tarcs 
^emeBO otx bc^xx cbohxx npoAfciOFCb, 6ujia (5e3neqHa h Bece;ia, 
HBKb A^Tfl. Ob HeBipoBUMi eft He y^ajiocb CKa3aTb hh cjOBa, dh 
pa3y ofiMiHATbca ci hem* BsrjiaAOM'b: h ohx h ona H3(54raj[H 
aToro, 6oacb B036yAHTB noAOspinia ex cbohxi CTpaatax'b; t4mx 
He MeHie OHa nojb30Bajiacb Kaaaoft MHHyTofi cboCoau, BunaAaB- 
mefi Ha ea aojho h KOBeTBHiaja co bc4mh, Haxo^a b*b 3tomi> hc- 
BpeHHee h HenpHTBopHoe yAOBOJibCTBie. 

Ea OTiyjKAeme orb HeBipoBa h BecejHft cm^xx bo bc$xi 
KOHn.ax'L sa.iLi coBepmeHHO ycnoKOHjH CHisuHy, h OHa pimHjacB 
ocjia^HTb HaAsop-L 3a Heio h na cbo(5oa4 upexaTbca cb chokohhhmi 
cepweicb sa CBa^efiHaa xjiohotu h npHroTOBjreHia. Me»Ay rhwb, 
ropoACfcie cotfpa^iHCb aomoS h ynpocHJiH ct cotfoft Bee ceaieficTBo 
CfliffiHHQX'b. OnaTb hoamjihcb rayarB h cyeTa, h bt> cyMepsaxi 
Bee oCmecTBO yaaTHJio 3a AsaAuaTb naTb BepcrB bi ropoAx. Bt 
^om4 odajiHCb TOJbKO Mapba DeTpoB^a h HeBipoB*. OHa ocia- 
Jiact 3aHflTbca cbohmh xjronoTaMH no CBa^bfii h o64ntfua npiixais 
naca Hepe3t Aaa. Ohi, Kan* noHTHTeabHuft, 6yAymift saTb BiisBajica 
npoBOsaTb ee. 

Ha caMOMi a*** e**y xoT&aocb OTAOXHyTb, cotfpaTbca ex mh- 
cjaMH, noAynaTb na cboCoa*. Ohx npujierB Ha AHBaH-B bx yfiop- 
Hofi h saKypH.TB enrapy. HeBipoBt 6hun> CTpaHHO HacipoeHt h 
BoaCyaAGH'b. Oh-b Bee pa3AyMHBaxB CBoeirb nojiosenin. 

<3aHa npaBa, ona 6e3KOHe?HO npaBa; Aywajit oht>, cb ro- 
peibio nosimaa njie^aiiH; HH^ero co BcfcifB sthmi He noA&iaemb! 
HeyseJH ate 0TKa3aTbca orb Hea? Hirb, HiTbli Ohx nonyB- 
CTBOBajx ce6a TaKHMx HecHacTntiMX npn oahoA stoh mhcjih, hto 
ToponH^ca OTornaTb ee otx cetfa. cHa^o »AaTb, am&Tb Bcero otx 
BpeMeHH>, piniHj'b oht> MicjeHHo, — h B^pyrx, vb ero Aymi, bos- 
BHKajio MynHTejbHoe coMHiflie, ^to ero CTpadb— mac* Boniton^laro 
bi nyemni h 3HHa, saseTca, paBHOAymHa kx Heft... 

A mwb OHt ffiejiajii* ee! Kasx 6h.iocb ero cepwe npn mkcjih, 
hto 8Ta AiBOHica nojiK)6HT < B ero, h oT^acTca eMy Bceft Aymoio! 
<To.ibko oahhi ji.enb a Dpomy y cyAbfiH, — MHoaeHHO BOCKJumajs 
ohx, oahhi A^Hb cb66oah, — h Bee fiyAen caa3aH0>! 

BApyra jHHHOCTb MapbH IleTpoBHU Ch4»hhoh BCTaia nepeAX 
bhmi>, saK7» suBaa nperpaAa bc^mt* ero HaAe»AaM*B h saMucjairb. 

Ohx cataii ayjiaaH h npomeaca no KOMnarfe. dpacTHaa HeHa- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



208 BtcTHim kbpohh. 

bhctb ko Bceicy, hto CTaHOBHjocb none pert ero xoporn, xynraja 
evo. JlfiBuo He HyBCTBOBajT* ohx HHiero noAO^Haro. 

DpoBeAfl pyKOio no j6y, Baax-Cu sejiaa CTpaxHyTb h oto- 
rHaTb oti cetfa bc4 bth cipannua mhcjh, ohb TBepjo pinnace* 

OBJaflliTb COCoft, HH O HeMl He AJMaTB H SaHflTbCA HTemeirB. 

Tlo^h pyKy eMy nonajica saRofi-TO aHr-iificKift ponaHx bb nepe- 
bo#6 h ohb Ha^aix ycep^HO HHTaTb ero. 

CipaHHi^a nepeBepTHBajiacb sa cTpaHHi^eS jo rfcx* nopx, noica 
dewHijio h KHHra Banana y Hero hsi pyRx. ^lepesx naTb mh- 
Hyrb ohb BApyra o^ymica bi sajrfc sa $opTenb£Ho h naiajrb Ha- 
HrpuBaTb sHasoMbiS ponaHCi... Ohx nepeatHAajix 6oh ^acoBx, *no6i> 
saniTb. Ob KaKHMi-TO MynHTejjbHHM'b ^yBCTBOM'b Haiajix ohi npa- 
cayinHBaTbCfl Kb hxx o£HOo6pa3HOMy 6010. HaROHeivB npofiajio naTb, 
nacb, Ha ROTopoirb (Su hmx ciiAOBajio ociaHOBUTbca. Oht> xoiij-b 
h^tb, ho laca Miraajia eny: ohh npoXojisajiH fiHTb. 3totb MejueH- 
Hiifi, npOTflatHufi 6ofi toc&ihbo A'fcficTBOBai'b Ha ero nepBbi, offb ace- 
jraux 6a ocTanoBHTB hxx, ho He More: HesojibHO cwrajrb ont qact sa 
^acoMi, yxap'b sa yaapoMx h HaKOHe^ nacHHTaj'b TpHHajtjaTb. JSMy 

-Cfl&JMOCb KaKT>-TO SyTKO, CJIOBHO B'b X*TCTB4 HpU CTpaiDHUXS 

pascaasaxx HaneRT*; npw stomx TpHHajwaTOM'b yxapi, ohb B'b 60- 
mftHBOMi BOJiHeHin ycTpeMHJTb rja3a Ha CTpijucy tocobx. OHa no- 
jsasiiBajia hojiho%. cHey»e^H nojHOHb? 3a6ujiH nocraBHTb; qacH 
iBpyrL>! 3aroBop0jn» ohx caMX ex cotfofl, cHOBa ca^acb sa poajb 
m CTapaacb niHieMX sanymHTb bc* neiioHATHua, tockjhbue 
sJUflHia, HaBiflHHua na Hero cyMpaROMX h nycTOTofi stoA ajihhho§, 
/iezjnojfloli saw. 

Ohb CTajrb niTb, ho B^pyrb eMy noiyjBJiocb, hto sa ok- 
homx sajH eMy btophtb KaRofi - to OTxajieHHuft rojocb. Oht> 
-CHOBa naiajTb poaiaHCb, ho rojiora upoflojnRajfb btophtb Bee 
<JjH»e h tfjinme h ot^ctjibbo noBTopaJi rpycTHufi npontsT.. He- 
B'fepoB'b B3xporHyji'b ; cepAAe y Hero sameMUJio: ohx y3Hajrb ro- 
jiocb 3hhei. Out xoT^JTb BCRoqHTb, KaKi> BApyfb ABepb pac- 
cnaxHyjiacb h OHa BCiataja, B.ierfe.ia wb RonnaTy. OHa 6tuia b*b 
Tenjrofi mydRij, bch paspyMflHennaa Mopo30M-b, ea nocntniHoe, 
jioptiBHCToe AHxanie o6Aaao euy jiHi;e... <& BopoTtrjiacb>! men- 
Taja OHa, xposa bc^m-l rfcjioMT> h KpiuKo ofiBHBaacb orojo 
nero. Ohi B3rjaHy^'b Ha Hee, ne bx cu.iaxT> BHMO^BHTb cjioBa. 
Tjasa ea roptjin, hckph.ihcb HeBupasHMOfi, ucbhhochmoh nirofl. 
HeBtpoBx npn6jiH3HJi , b cboh ycTa rx ea ycTaMi. IIoi^a.iyH Hanajica 
h flJiMca TaKl A0 ^ro, ^to xaxame y Hero saxBamio, bx rpy^H 

'CTfcCHH.lOCb, OHX BCRpHRHy.Tb H — HpOCHyJICH. 

Ohi jeataji'b Ha ^HBaHi; nepe^x hemx, yjnfiaacb, ctoaja Mapba 
IIIeTpoBHa co CB^qofo bx pynaxt. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



cemeHctbo ch*shhhx'b. 209 

— Kaa* bh pa80cnajiHCB, rojiyfaHE'B! roBopnna OHa, nonpaBJiaa 
noaymEy Ha flHBaH*; a a Beaijia 3anparaTB, Ha^o faaTB! 

— IIoifleMTe! ManiHHajiBHO otb'&thji'b HeBipoB'B, npHnoflHiraa- 
aci ct> noAyuiKH Bees CjrfcAHufi h c*b pacTpenaHHUMH BO-aocaMH. 
Tjiasa ero, He BH^a, npHdajiBHO ycrpeMiuHCB Ha oany TOiEy. 

— *Ito 8to CB BaMH? Bh Mena ncnyrajiH! npoao-majia Cnfe- 
:atHHa, ycasHBaacb obojio Hero; a yonnxajra h3-b apyroft KOMHaTH, 
KaE'B bh sairLiH; npaxoasy, bh BpinBO cnHTe h yjiw6aeTecB bo 

-■ch*, hotomi Bflpyr* HanajiH MeTaTBca h 3aKpHqa;iH... *Ito sto cb 
*aMH, An^peS IleTpoBHYB, 3flopoBH *jih bbi? 

— Hanero, otb^thjh, ohb onoMHHBniHCB h BHHHBaa craBaHB 
«oah; a Boofime (JeanoEofino chjik), oco6eeno cerojHa: hohbio 6blmi 
<Je3COHHHi^a, rojiOBa Co.Tfejia. Ho bto nycraEH. Mu noEyaa cb Ba- 
uh nofiojiTaeM'B, a • Tan* h noiACMB, npufiaBot ohb, saKypnBaa 
carapy h CHOBa cnycsaacB Ha no^yniKy. He 6e3noEOK) jih a BacB 

^HMOM'B? 

— Haqero, Hnqero, JiesHTe! Botb y Canm to^b bx to% Ta- 
icaa ae HepBeaa Haiypa, KaE'B y Bacx! npo^ojiatajia ona, Hairfcpe- 
-BaacB HanaTB HHTHMHyio Cecily: — OHa qacro no Hoqaii* <5pe;*HTB h 
BCKaKHBaeT'B; cb aaMyatecTBOMi dto HenpearfeHHO aojhbho npoffTe! 

— A ceojibbo efi jAtl? cnpocHJTB HeB'fepoB'B, htoC'b no;wep- 
.ataTB pa3roBop^. 

— Eft B^ aBrycrfc MHHyjio tojibeo ceMHa^aTB! 3HaeTe an, 

AH^pefi neTpOBHH'B, ITd MH$ npHHIJIO B*B TOJIOBV, CeiiTHBieHTaJIBHO 

saM^THJia MaTB cb yjiutfEofi h jierEHirB b3aoxomt>. 

— *Ito Tasoe? 

— ^to nan*, MaTepaMi, na^oCHO 6h aanpeTHTB BH^aBaTB TaB'B 
rpaHo saMya'B HaniHX'B aoqepefi. Hy Easx a OT^aMi BaraeMy 6paTy, 

nyatHHH*, mok) potfEyio Cauiy, petfenKa, HTenija, B3pocnraro hoa'b 
.naTepHHCEHM'B KpujiOMi? ro:iy6qHB , B AH^peft HeipoBHTB, npatfa- 

BHJia OHa, upH^aBT> CBoeny ro.iocy yMOJiaromee Buparaeme: 06$- 

vii^aHTe mh!j juo(5otb ee h 6epeiB, Kasi a ee jiiotfHJia h 6eperja... 

HeB'ipoB'B yjtitfajica. Oh-b 3Haii, ^to MaTB HrpaerB EOMe^iK), 

ito efi xoqeTca BHCTaBHTB Camy b*b BHro^HOM^ CB^Ti nepe^ ham-b, 
— ho ohx acejiajfB upojojiataTB pa3roBop*B h onaTB cnpocMi: 

— A bij, CKaatHTe, xoporao npMHHTe jenB Bameft CBa^BfiH? 
KaEia 6ujie BauiH BneqauiiHia? ^to bbi qyBCTBOBajin? 

MapBa neTpoBHa sacMifljracB. 

— Axi, CKa3aJia OHa y^apaa ce6a no Ji6y: a BcnoMHHTB He 
Kory, BaKaa a 6w^a b^ AeHB Moefi CBa^B6u! 

OHa Haqaja oqenB HHTepecHuft pa3CKa3'B, npanpaBjiaa BOO(5pa- 
. ateHieifB bc6 cboh BocnoMenaHia h coBepmeHHO BH^yMiiBaa H'iKOTopue 
• BHH30AU, mucjh cboh h qyBCTBa. Morjia jih OHa, ABawaTH-naTH- 

Tomi Y. — Cbhtjibpb, 1871. 14 



Digitized by 



Googk 



210 BftCTHHffB EBPOHH. 

ja^THflfl cospiBmaa A^sa, BOTopaa JOBH.ia »eHHX0Bx, xaRx somna 
iiuinefi h nepeA'B b^huowb eme ApoaaBmaa, hto ynycTATL cboh> 

X06uHy, — OmyiUaTb BCl T4 HaHBHOCTH H HeBHHHOCTH, o KOTOpuyb 

ona pa3CKa3UBajia? 

HeBtpoBUMt bo BpeMa ea pascKa3a CHOBa OBjia^ja KaEas-TO 
6oji43HeHHaa ApeMOTa. 

— ^to bto, bu CDHTe? jiacKOBo npepBaja OHa, saraaAUBaa 
eiiy b*l jhiijo. 

— Mh4 hto-to nesAopoBHTca! OTBiiTHXb ohi, npenoAHMaack 
h BBrjanyj-B ea nee cb fiji-fcAHoa yjiHfiaoB. 

KaKoS-To Hcnyrt npoGisaxb b*b rjiasaxii ea. OHa npHdajiLHO 
sa Hero Bsr.iaHyjia. 

B'B BTy MHHpy Bomejix .laaeft h aojiohlhji-l, qT0 jiomajH ro- 

TOBH. 

— IIoiAeMTe! SI npoiAycb, Ha BC^yx!* mh4 Jiy*nne (JyAerb,, 
CKasaJit HeB^poBi, BcraBaa. 

CH^xHna coBctm 3ax;ionoTa;iacb, yayTHBaa h yBa3HBaa era 
map^auH h njaio^aaMH. HaKonet;* ohh yc&iacb Bt caHH h bh- 
ixajia co ABopa. Hoqb Cujia JiyHHaa; Hefiojibmaa onenejib cauuiajiacb 
b^ B03Ayxi; Tpoflna jiomaAeS HeciuniHO h pobho Hecja bx-l no 
rjaABOH Aopori. MapMi DeipoBna 3aroBapnnaja-6ujo, npofioBaja 
ero BcanecKH pa3BJieKaTb, ho HeBipoB'b, OTKHHyBnrocb bi yrojrt 
npocTopHux'b caHefi, ynopHO Monan. E&iy npanoMOHajiacb BqepauiHaa 
ero not3AKa cl 3hhoh h oni, Bcen.t.io npeAajca BOcooMBHaHiaMX. 
Jlypa CBiTH.m no BqeparaeeMy, cann ckojbshjh toiho Taase no 
h3b4cthoh Aopori, ho CTpaHHO hhjio cepAije HeBipoBa bx btoh 
snaKOMoi oficTaHOBKi. JlaxopaAKa, hto jh, Ha^anajiacb cl hbitb, 
noTpaceeie jih KaKoe ct> hhmt> cayrajiocb, ho TOJibKO o(5hhhh2 pas* 
cnerb h pa3yM*b noKHAaja ero h ohx HyBCTBOBa-n*, ^ro b^ Aymfc 
ero Ha^HHajiacb 6opb6a, 6opb6a nyBCTBa cl oGcToaTe/ibCTBaMH h 
hto oht> cjia6ieTT> h H3HeMoraeTi> bt> bto3 6opb6£. Hm* CHOBa 
OBjaA^Ji'b KaKOH-TO joxopaAOHDHH coh-l. Onb oqyTHJica b* <5o,ibinoft r 
apKO ocB-fcmeHHofl sajii, b:b KOTopofl KpyaMBCb h TaHijOBajui cto 
hjih ab*cth seHn^HH'B. Bcii oh4 hm^jih HapyatHOdb a (J)opMH 3hhli; 
oh4 bc& y^u6ajiHCb, CMiajmcb, A&&&J1H ABnaeHia B'B oaho BpeMa, 
Kopoqe, 9to 6ujit> o6pasi 3hhu, yMHoaeHHufi bx cto h 6ojiie pas'B. 

OH'fe CTpOHHO TaHHOBaJIH KaKOH-TO HCB^AOMUfl TaHCII.'L, CABHraaCb BC& 

(5jiH»e BOKpyn> Hero. HeBipoBy CTa^o ayTKO, Ayuino, ho HeBupasuMO 
ciaAKo; ^h-b pacnpociep'b pyKH h cb yjbifiKofi fijiaaeHCTBa sa- 
KJiioHHji'b bi ofixaTia ^aHTacTH^ecEiffl ofipasx. OH'b onaTb npocHyjca 
bx Hcnyrfc otx cbohxi omymeHifi, OH'b cotfpajica cl mucjibmh, npn- 
noMHHJi'b Bee, ht6 ero o»nAajio, h HHKorAa en;e A*ScTBHTeJibHOCTb 
He npeACTaBja^acb eMy wl TaKOMx oTBpaTHTejbHO-fiesofipasHOM 1 ^ 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



CEMSftCTBO CHfcSHHHrL. 21 1 

CB'fcrfc, saffB Teneps. EMy CHOBa no^HJiocB hto-to HeBipoarao- 
dpaHHoe. Hpoiiuio 6yATO AecaTB jrferB; ohx nporyjiHBaeTca cb 
aceHOfi no KaKBMi>-TO ajihhhhm'b h tcmhuM-b capaaMx, pyKa 061 
pyny, tfyjTO rojioahhrh, npHROBaHHtie Ha b^s'b kt> oflHofi ijinn. 
JEeHa ero — paciuHBineeca, 3Jioe, KanpssHoe cymecTBO, soTopoe 
OTBepTHBaeTca on> Hero h Ha BOTopoe ohb cant He MoaterB B3rjiaHyTB 
-(Sea* oTBpameHifl... H Meamy t4m*b, yawtcx! oh-b nyBCTByerB, tto 

pySH BX*B CpOCJIHCB BM&CT&, HTO OH'B HenpOHSBOJieH'B B'B CBOHX'B 

gjBHa&emax'B, hto BCK)Ay, Ky^a 6u ofb hh abhhjjich, K y Aa g u HH 
pacnaxHyxB cbohx* OTqaaHHHX'B pyBi, BCK>ay oh'b BcrpiiaeT-B ea 
TJBLasejiua waHH, Bacamia, BaK'B rape, Haero pysax* h h^tb otb 
hhxt> otfopoHM, h'It'b H36aBjeHia... A B'B rjiyfiHH* yiOTHaro, caaB- 
Haro AOHHBa, y OKna, ofiBHTaro njuomeBTB, ctohtb 3HaKOMufi o6pa3*B 
^ajyMqHBO-neqajiBHofi 3hhh. OHa npocrapaerB kt> HeMy pyBH, mojia 
o neifB-To; en r.ma soByrB ero, Man an,, o6'femaK)Ti> Bee ynoeHie, 
bck) pa^ocTB BsauMHofi jih)<5bh... HeBtpoBi Bceit Ayinoffl pbctchb-b 
dTOMy HeAOcaraeMOMy o6paay, pacnaxaBaenb nrapoBO cboh HeAyaHtia 
o6*BHTia, nuTaeTca crpaxayTB cb cefia HeHaBHCnma rope, — HanpacHo! 
JEro aymarB puAauia,— h b*b 3Ty caMyio MHHyTy oh* npocHnaeTca. 
Ho aeijy ero A^ScrBHTeaBHO RaTHdHCB ropa<iia cae3u. Hm-b OBJia^'B 
ysaci. 

— Mapsa ITeTpoBna! 3aroBopH,TB ohb crpaHHuirB, uyiHTeaBHO 

HBMiHHBfflHMCa TOJOCOMl H COBC'feM'B HpHABHHyJICH B'B Hefi. 

— *Ito TaKoe, hto BaMB? OTB^TH^a Ta HcnyraHHO. 

— OnafiTe MHfc ee! npoAOJisa.i'B oh'b, cxBaTflB* ea pysn h 
i^uya hx'b: OTAaiie, oTAaBTe mh4 ee! 

Ohh 06a He saarfcTHjiH, mto noA'BixajiH Bijipujibiiy HayMOBCRaro 
jjoiia. Bj^b 8to MHHyTaMH naTbH) pante, Hen3BtcTHO, Basoii 6h 
KaracTpo^ofl ROHimiacB oia cu,eHa, ho Teneps y»e pimaTejiBHO 
He 6ujo HHKaKofi bo3mokhocth npoAOJi»aTB Basoe 6bL TO HH 6bIJO 
ofoacHeme. OrnH B'B cbnax-B apKO ropiaa, cjiyrn nocirfcinno bu- 

(SijKaJJH B'B HHM'B Ha BCTptiy H Ha^aJIH BUCaaHBaTB HX'B H3*B 

dRauasa. B'B oaho BpeMa cb hhmh noAvkxaa'B eu;e npejBOAHTe.11> 
Ch ateHoff, h ohh Bci qeTBepo B3o6paJincb na Kpujibi^o. Ha Ch^- 
3KHHofi, ht6 HasuBaeTca, jHu,a He 6ujio. HeBfipoBa TOTqacB se 

OXBaTHJia' stHCTBHTeJBHOCTB H OH'B BCTyHHJTB Bl pa3rOBOp^ CB Hpefl- 
BOAHTeJieM'B. 

— IIo3ApaBJiHio, no3ApaB^>jH), roBopHj*B totx, paAyniHO Tpaca 
eropyRy; nauiero uojiRy ^eeaTuxt jiioj.eS npa6biBaerB; a oqeHB paAt! 

— .Ha-CB, seniocB, HHROjrafl HBanoBHHB, o63aBoatycB ceMeff- 
ctbom-b, cb yjiufiKofi oiBiqaji'B HeBipoB'B, noAaB^aa Ha aho AyniH 
bc4 cboh raMK)i;HHai;iH, CpeA^ h TOCOHByio Hcroay h xpa6po H^a 

Ha BCTptqy A^HCTBHTejIBHOCTH. 

14* 



Digitized by 



Googk 



212 MOTHHKB IBPOHH. 



TJIABA IX. 

KajpiMB (Jtura bx caiioifB pasrapfc, Rorja ohh boimh vl saiy. 
TaHijOBajH bt> ceMB hjih BOceMs napx. Caraa, ybh^bdih a&eHHxa h 
uaTB, cnyTaja bck> Ka^pais h nprnnja fb TaKoe Bojeeaie, to> i 
o6paTHJia Ha cefia Bceotfnjee BHHManie. HeBipoBB yjiirfHyjca ei 
Hs^ajiH, 6yato paflyacB, hto fliflcTBHTejiBHOCTB He noxoata Ha coei 
h rjasaMH OTbicRarB 3any. OHa TaHijOBaja cb AxMaTOBtixt: 
n^eRH en ropijH, bojhch pacsHHyjiHCB, OHa yju6ajacb napy- 
K>meft yjiHtficofl cnacMBBaro afcrcTBa, h oiymajia AxaiaTOBa, so- 

TOpHft CB JRHBOCTBK) HTO-TO I'OBOpHJI'B e3, pa3a JBa HJIH Tpfi 

BZTJtanywb Ha Hero, HeB$poBa. 3nHa ycTpeuHjia Ha Hero maa, 
BOTopue na MHHyiy noflepHyjiBCB-Gujio RaRHMB-TO TenjiuM-B ?yB- 

CTBOM*B, HO TOJBRO Ha MHHyTy, HOTOMX otfpaTHJiaCB CHOBa KS 

AxMaTOBy h, yju6aacB, noRanajia tojobo8. HeirlspoB'B, (Ses* axon, 
noHjjjrB hxx pasroBopx. TeuepB yate ne npn3paRH, He <j>aHTacr§- 
necRie hphjihbh tocrh catHMajn 6ojbk> ero cepaqe. Oh* osHjaiv 
h pasciHTHBa^TB Ha dpacTB, a yBHj.aJT'B, hto jmijn> xkao tojmo 
cb a4tcro3 BcnHHiRoft. 9ia 3eHa, co CTpacTBK) h TpeneT<m 
Hirn o6BHBaBraaa ero bt> CHOBHA'fcHiax'B, 6ujia bt> A*2cTBHTe^BH0cn 
paBHO^yniHHM'B, BecejiMMX petfeHROii'B, mojrct-b 6htb, HaxoaHBmHiiv 
HecpaBHeHHO 6ojiie yjOBOJBCTBk bt» yxasHBaHBH xojo^Haro h nps* 
jHHHaro jORTopa, ^mx b*b CTpacTHux-B nopuBaxi ero caMoro, 
HeBipoBa. Owl MHroarB nocrapajca OTpesBHTB cetfa. Mpa^Hafi a 
pa3flpa&eHH&iij, yc&ica oh-b bx Rpecao bx tocthho#. 

cMosho Mena nosapaBHTB, flyaiajrB ohi, saRypaBaa cerapy, ^ 
RaseTCjr, oflapeffB cboSctbomb npHHHMaTB 6yjiu^uuKi> 3a 6pi- 
JiiaHT'Bi! 

Bm^cto JHXopa^oHHHX'B rpfex h ^aHTasifi, xojro#B flificTBH- 

TeJTBHOCTH 6HCTpO OXBaTHJTB erO HyBCTBa H OH'B CTaJTB CDOBa CaMHlTB 
CO(5o3, HaCMimjBBHM'B H XOJOAHHM'B. 

Ka^pHjiB KOHHMacB h Tamjyiomie xxunym b*b rocTHHyro. Kt 
HeB^poBy nojoniJio Bee ceMeScTBO Ch4shhhx , b, HCKjuonaa 3hhh, 
ocTaBnreScfl B* sauii. 

— Bel hto 9to XBopaTB HSBOJiHTe, o6paTHJica rx Heny TpHina, 
AOCTaBaa nannpocRy h cofinpaacB saRypwTB ee. 

— AH^pefi IleTpoBHq'B, ht6 cb BaMH? jeneia^ia Cama, Rpacflii 
h Ao6piiMH 3acTiniHBHMH rjiasaMH BHHBaacB bt> juat\o CBoero aceHHxa. 

,3,aate h Ha^a cnpocoa h3*b npnjHqia ero 6oj*3nH, a MaptH 
HeTpoBHa, y^Hfia^CB, cfcra h saroBopoa HiyMHBO-jacROBUMB to- 
hom-b: 

— HnRaRHxx oTroBopoRx He npHHHMaio, a no npaBy CyAym^ 



Digitized by LjOOQlC 



GSntGTBO CTKKHHHX'B. ' 213 

po^CTBa, (fyjy caMa, caiia jeHHTB Bacx, HHBOMy He jaM* nox- 
CTynHTbca!... 

HeB^poBt xojjoaho yjiatfajica, ho hcsjcho CAep»HBajr& CBoe 
pa3Apaseme h TepnijiHBO buhochjh 3HaBH apj»6m h ynacTia, 
BUKasHBaeMne eMy ceMtefi. noAomejrB Taase xoshhht, jona, xosafiaa 
h MHoro Apyraxx, h saaiAHfi Hana-it HaBiisuBaTb eMy on* ero He- 
3^opoBBfl cpe^CTBa h jieKapcTBa. Ero 8to yroMMJo; owl auiT&RWh 
ocTaTBCfl oahetb. Mapsa HeTpoBHa, He jiHraeHHaa npoHHijaTejiBHOCTH, 
yBHfliJia 3to. HcKycHO y^uHBi po^HuxT, h aeaBOMuxt, OHaocTa- 
jiacB HaKOHen,!, oAHa ex 6yAymHMx saTeMx n noBeja ex hams 
jacKOByio fieci^y. 

— A propos, BdaBHjia OHa bx cboh) pint, hto 9to bh mh^ 
nanajiH roBopHTB, aaax mu cfo^a noAxisatajiH, bh mchh npocHJia 
o hcmx-to, eme Tasx ijaioBajiH moh pyan; a? o neMx bto? 

HeBipoBx, ex onym.eHHOH ro jo bo ft, TymHJix carapy h coCepajica 
yse oTBiqaTt, caMx He 3Haa eme, hto ohx otb*thtx, Kant BApyrx 
hsx AeepeS sajiii BnopxHyjia 3ana, h Bca pa3ropfeBinnci> otx Bajibca, 
ex ciaiomBMH rjia3aMH, onycrasacB Ha CTyax B03JI& Hero h Ma- 
Tepn. 

— IIpaBAa, hto bh HesflopoBH? enpoeoa ona, saraaAHBaa 
eMy bx rjrasa. 

HeBipoBt ne Morx eme paBHOAynrao bhhochtb en npncyTCTBia: 
BpacoTa ea ApasHHJia, pasaarajia, TyMann.ia ero pascyAOBx. Ohx 
eABa ycnt.TB noAHaTB Ha nee rjiaaa, Bast yse AxMaTOBx, bhxoah 
hsx 3ajiu, OTsyAa CHOBa pasxajiHCb SByKH B&ntca, crfonHJix bx 
3wHi, npoTarHBaa efl pyaa: <H Bacx amy ^aBHO, nporoBopnjix 
ohx; o6*femannufi Bajibcx sa BaMH>! H ohx npaHajix ee bx cboh 
ofixaTia. HeBipoBy noaaaaaocB, hto na.ibn,u AOBTopa TpeneTaan, 
KorAa ohx cauux bx hhxx TOHensKyn) TaaBio 3bhh h hto rjiaaa 
y o($ohxx 6hjih onymeHH, a Ha meaaxx pasjiHBajica apaift pyMa- 

Ohx nepesHBajrB CTpaHHtia MBHyTtj; ohx HCHHTHBajx nyBCTBO 
HeaoBiaa, BApyrx nopaateHHaro BaBofi-HafiyAB BHe3anHo3 tfe^feHbio, 
npoBa30H, nyMofi, BOTopaa BBpaJiacs b*b 3AopoBua opraHHSMx h 
ry6HTB ero, hoao6ho aHTOHOBy orHio. Ohb y»acHyjica 9TOMy cocto- 
amH) h piinnjica hobohihtb Bee pa30MX. 

— Mapta IleTpoBHa, csasait oh-b cepsesHO h BHpa3HTejiBHO, 
eaiH bbi saBTpa »e He nopiuiHTe co mhoS Bonpoci CBaAb6t, 
T.-e. saBTpa ate ne noB^Hqaeie Meea cb Carae8, to a AyMaio, hto 
cepBesno saxBopaio! 

— AnApefi IleTpoBHH'B, rojiy6HHBx, hto cb BaMH? TBepAHJia 
B3B0JH0BaHHaa waTB, Kaax ate mosho saBTpa? noAyMafne, Bij^b 
HHHero eme He totobo! 



Digitized by 



Googk 



214 BtcmsfB ibpoiih. 

— *Iero ate totobhtb? BjnarH y uena, cmxbi&nL Ha -rajo, 
joma^H totobu; noc^t BiHija ceitaacB se ah yiAy cb Cameft. 

— A 6a», a yromeHBe, a BitHiajiBHoe iuaTte? TBepjHja 

€H*kKHHa. 

— Tain> HeyseJH ate bu bc6 bth m&iohh npeanoiHTaeTe Moeif y 
«^poBbio, noKOK) h ciacTbio? cb Aocaxoft nepe6Bjn> HeBipoBi. 

cHe HaA^eTca jh Ha oTaaa-B, He xowb jih hoccophtbc*, na- 
nyraTb, HaftiuaTB Aep30creii? npoMeju>KHyio b*b pascrpoeHHOirB yai 
MapbH HeTpoBHbi, h cb MHHyry OHa 6uja bx HepimHMOCTH sa no 

CXBaTHTbCJI, ^H*B 06*BflCHHTB BCe 9T0. 

— Ilocjii saBTpa, ecjia xoraie, BApyra csasaia OHa piraH- 

TeJIBHO. 

— Oreero ate He aaBTpa? HacraHBajTB-fiu-io HeBipoB* cb 60- 

ji3HeHH0K) paSApaSHTeJbHOCTBH), HO yBHAaBl MyHHTeJIbHyK) TOCBy, 

H8o6pa3HBmyioca npn ero ciOBax'B Ha Jimi* MaTepn, nosopHJca 

BHAHMO HeH36tSHOft OTCTpOlrfj H, HOpiniHB'B CB2Lj^b6% TOpOHJHBO 

Haias-B ptiuaTb h jpyrie Bonpocu HawerB CBajefiHaro napa h 
aceft fipa^HOH ijepeiiOHiH Boo6me. 

HeBtpoB'B xoTiji'b pasoMi. hokohihtb cb cotioff. CeroAHa se 

BX HO% yi^TB AOHOH, H Hpi^erB 8^ AOMl CHtSHHHX'B TOJbRO 

bt» caMOMy Btni^y, Boe-saBi npoMaerca Benepx h upnuo cb 6aja 
yBeaerB Cauiy e*b ce6*fc. Om> piroajca ocraTbca HenpeajioHHtiMi 
fiacieTi> CBaAefiHux-B 60301061, 064*08* h BenepoBt, Eoxopae 
-npeAHOJiarajiHCB docji* hx-b cb3ab6h. 

EABa-e^oa Aonycaaj-B oh* HefiojbraoS noi^A*, codoamiS hsx 
nocaaeHux'B waiepefi, TeTyineni h KpecTHuxx MaMeHefcB, eenpe- 
m4hho Ao.iateHCTByiomHX'B npoBoaaTB MOJOAyro R-b neMy bt» aoh*. 

— fl npouiy Bacx, npHAyMafiie, nosa-iyficra, Tro-HH6yAB a*h 
ofaacHenia Bcefi 3toh nepeiiiHu, a a, ex CBoefi cropoHU, nepe- 
roBopio soe cb k^m-b saBTpamHetfB Ant h nociapaiocb ycipaeaTb 
Bci npenaTCTBifl... 

— XjOHOTB-TO, XJOHOTB-TO BaM*B CBOJBKO! OCTOpOSHO TOBOpHJia 

CH^atHHa; a hto, earn eme AeHbaa Tpn neperoAHTb? IIoAyMafiTe, 
b*b neMi, se OHa 6yjerb BieqaTbca? ijbIjth eme He noayTCHH, 
BtHHajbHoe njiaTBe He totobo! MojiOAaa A^BOHBa! ^a ee HH<rfur& 
He yiiniHinb! 

— Ecjh 3to nojosHTejibHo HeB03MO»HO carpaTb CBaflbtfy saBTpa, 
TaK*B y»i TorAa jyqine otjo»htb eme Ha Micai^x, a a noKyja 
Cb43»y bx CapaTOB^; MH*t hcoCxoahmo TyAa, HOTOMy ito a pimHix 
ne ocTaBaTbca noc.rfe BtHi^a bt> 9tomt> HMtHia, a yixaTb bx 
JlanoBKy, Aa-ibHioio mow AepeBHio, h TaMx ycTpoHTbca naBcerAa cl 
Caaiefi! roBopnj^ HeBipoBx TaBBMi tohomi*, 6yATO xopohhxb ce6a 

SaSHBO. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



CEME&CTBO CMJRHHHX'b. 2 1 & 

— Ecjih bh aToro HenpeirifcHHo atejiaeie, nocnimH^a nepe(>HT& 
ero pi^b CHiatHHa, to a cor.iacna cflijiaTb cBaflbtfy nocjife saBTpa. 
senepoM^. 

HeB^poBi HaiuoHHJicfl noi^ajiOBaTB ea pyKy. 

— CKaatHTe bc4m*b, hto a nojyqoji'L hhcbmo, hto y iieHH aaaa 
yMBpaerB, BusuBaerb k*b ce64 h a cntmy no aroMy cxynaio CBafli>6o8, 
nporoBopHji'B OHt BCTaBaa h baa Ha BCTpiny X03iinny, BOineAnieMy 

Fb TOCTHHyiO. 

Oh* nporaejrb mhmo Hero, He CKaaaB* hh cioBa, hotom'b ocia- 
HOBHjea y ABepH h sarjuiHy.i'B bt> 3ajy. TaMT> 6 to a necTpaa, o»n~ 
BJieHHaa KapTHHa. OCmecTBO 6hjio saHflTO CBaTonnHMH rajiaHbflMH, 
srjH 6yMary, jihjih bock* h t. n. Ho oht> Hnnero ne Bnn&.vb; 
BSTAERb ero ynajcB TOTHacx ate Ha rpynny y (ftopTeabaHO h ocTano- 
bhjicji Ha HeS KaKi> npHROBaHHufi. TaMi AxMaTOBt ctohji'b y 
jaMnu, ffipma, 3flHy sa pysy. Ohh cnoBa coiSapajHCb TaHijoBaTb,* 
h HeB'fepoB'L 3aMiroT», hto aoktop* ropaso h h4sho oKHMajrb. 
ea pyKy. 

— KaKi cKBepHo ce6a Aepa&Hrb! Th BHx&ia? paaflajca Bosjfc 
Hero moiiOTB AByx'B KyMyracBt, miasa Koiopaxi 6mjih ycTpeMjenuc 
no TOMy ate HanpaBJieHiio. 

— *Iero Mapbfl HeipoBHa cmotphtx?... IIporyjaTb efi AOTOy- 
to!... Oxi, xbJia, flkia! 

HeBipoB'B cfliuiajica em,e MpanHie, h npome.ix b-b Ka6HHeT-b y 
htoCt* ocTaTbca OAHOMy. 

— H H3^ nero a xjonony? roBopnjrb oh* caaix ce6i: — h hto^ 
sa rjynaa npnqyaa Bapyrb pasurpajiacb... Bee bto B3flopi, 6pouiy 
a Bci 3th fipe^HH! K npocTO 6ojeni; aaio cefrfe cjiobo xoponieabKO 
BucnaTbca n 6o.ibnie sthmh nycTaKaMH He saHHMaTbca. 

Bo bc4x^ yrjiaxx, Mesjy t^m*, cocTaBH,incb rpynna, cjiamajica 
TaHHCTBeHHufl nionorb: hoboctb o nocntmnofi cBaAb6*6 HeB'fcpoBa 
y»e o6jieTtjia bcio sajiy h nopoAHJia pasHue CKanAajbnue tojikh. 
Hhkto eiue He BHajx, Ha newb ocTaHOBHTbca h saByio cn.ieTHK> 
nycTHTb bt> xx>Kb, ho oaho yace npHfaHaeme csan^a^a npeo6pa- 
shjk^ Bci Jinn,a h HaBiajio Ha ahx* sjyio h TafiHyio paxocTB. Bt> 
ocofieHHocTH 3&e oatHBHJca npeKpacHufi no.Tb: CKyita Hcnes^a, mum 
pa3Ba3aj0CB, Bpara CitftfajHCB xpysbaHH; bc6 chjiotmhcb neatly 
co6ofi, HTOfix BAOBOJib HacJiaAHTbca HeoatHAaHHHM'b spijiameM-b ny6- 
jmhhoS HOTtxH. 

— fl Bcei\na iipeABHAija, hto y hhxi He cnpocTy xb&o HAeT'b, 
menTajia o^Ha H3X 3anHCHHX'b cn^eTHHi^'b, ORpyawBi ce6a cofie- 
ctAHHU.aMH: bli noMHHTe, em,e mu cMOTpija, BaRi ohh Bee pa3ro- 
BapHBajin, — B#pyrb oh-b BdajTB... 



Digitized by 



Googk 



U 1 6 BfcCTHHRB SBPOIin. 

— A noMHHTe, RaRB ohb rojibijo-to cb pysH chajtb *a et 
nojaJiB? 

— A oea *ito »e? 

— Ofla botb sTaKHMx MaHepoMB Bsajja, ja Ty* 1 ^ xe eM Y Ha 
naJieijB ohhtb h Ha;v6jra! 

— Mesdames, jbhahtc, *ito CBaabtfu nocjrfc saBTpa He 6yjerB! 
8T0 oahhb otboab! npoponnjia apyraa. 

— KaRaa se Tenepb, aymeiRa, CBaAbtfa? Pa3Bi Raicaa-HHdyjB 
naTB corjacHTCH Ha TaKyio CBaflBfiy? 9to fiojisme iiHHcro, sas-B 
OTBasB cb ero cropoHbi! 

— Heya&ejw bh no*WTe? 

— Hh 3a vro Ha cb^t*!.. IIoMHJiyfiTe, 9to ^Hcraa HacMinaa: 
Moe <Saj?BHoe njiaTBe TOJibRo ^epesB HeflluK) tfyaerB totobo! 

MaptB HeTpoBHa BBA^Jia acHo Bee, ht6 hpohcxoahjio BORpyrt. 
Ee He otfuaHBiBajiH CJiajRia h yMMeHHHa $H3ioHOMiH, oficTynHBinia 
ee TyTB ate cb BupaaemeMB pa^ocm, coqyBCTBia h oaofipeeia; 
OHa 3Hajia no co6cTBeHHOMy onmy Bee, hto CRpHBacrca sa no*o6- 
hhmh jHHHHaMH; — ho nociynaTB HHaqe eft 6ujio Hejib3a: Aofiuna 
Ctuia cjihihkom'b jopora h HaflotfHO tfaaojaHyrb hso BcfexB chjtb 
h HenpeM^HHO BUTaHyTB ee Ha fieperx. 

Cama cHA^a Kas'B bb Boay onymeHHaa. OHa 6ujia saTponyTa 
bb caMOMB AoporoMB ea cepAuy HHTepecfc: B'iHHajikHOMB njiaTBi. 
KaBB hh noKopHa 6uja OHa, ho Tyn* Bos&iyTHJiacB AyxoMB. Cs 
Hen, bb caMOMB a$jl% totobb Cujtb CA^JaTbca HcrepHHecKifi npa- 
naAORB. 

CHfcRHHa piniHjiacB nocRopfce yfcxaTb flOMofi. CofipaBB Bcfcx* 
-cbohxb, OHa Bonua bb saay. 

— Mesdames, mhjiocth npocHMB saBTpa rb naHB Ha ^Ibhh- 
hhrb, a nocjrfc saBTpa Ha CBa^b6y! ptmeTeibHO roBopma OHa, nofl- 
:xo*a npoiuaTbca nooqepe*Ho ro bc4mb. 

— HenpewtHHO, Mapba IleTpoBHa, mbi HenpeM^HHO 6yAeMt 
nopaHbme, ^to6b BaMB iiOMoraTB; mbi bc£ npHHHMaeMB TaROe bb 
BacB yiacrie! CRaatHTe noauuyficTa, crojibro B^b BaMB xjiohotb! 
He npHRaseTe jih npnciaTB rb BaMB woeo nopTHHxy?.. Mh bc4 

rOTOBU BaMB CJySHTB! 

— Cama, TeC* ne HysHO jh ijbIjtobb na roJOBy; tboh b4ab 
eusfi He npHCJaHti?.. Y uena ecTB rapjaH^a coBepineHHo CBixaa! 
BU3HBajracB oana Mojo^aa *aMa. 

— OseHb BaMB 6.iaroAapHa, OTBiTH^a MaTb sa Caray; a ceS- 
^acB se nocujiaio napo^Haro bb T. kb m-me atano! 

Cama pasuB'kia HeBOJibHoft yju^KOfi h saMtmo noBecejija- 
OHa daja bc4xb 3BaTB cb cbo6oxhhmb h OTXoxHyBmHMB cepx- 
i^eMB. Xo3aeBa h tocth bbiih.ih hpoboahtb ceneflcTBO Ch^shhux^b 



Digitized by 



Googk 



cemeIctbo chmmhhx'b. 217 

b-b nepe^HiOK). 3Hna Bycaaa fb pa3AyMBH posoBHa ryfaH, nocMaT- 
pHBaa Ha HeBipoBa, KOTopuft, MOjreajHBHH h fafcAHiift, OA^sa-ic* 
okojio hex's. HHsor^a eme He BBAaja OHa ero TaBUM*; cypoBOds 
h HacMiuiRa ero HCHesjra, bt> newb bha*jich (Jojibhoe, cjioMJieHnufi 
h AymeBHo h $H3HqecKH, nejiOB'fcB'B. Ee noumyjio Bt HeMy BcfcM'B 

CTpaCTHHM'B, 6e30TSeTHmTB »e.iameM'B iOHOCTH. OhX B3r.lHHy.TB Hft 

nee h noHJu-B no oAHOMy B3iuiaAy. Ohx TO»e xoriurb 6u cbp^hhtb 
Ha 6yAym.ee BpeMfl cBoe BJiiaHie HaA'B Heft* Ero oAOJiiBajix Tpeners. 
npn mhcjth, hto batb He yAacrca HacjiaAHTscfl hoc^^ahhmh npo- 
majBHUMH jiacBaMH. Ho yBu! cyABfia He Aacr* Taa* jrerso cboex*b 
paAOcreft: rjynaa, cyeuHBaa TOJina ospyataja Hxt, co CBiqaMH r 
cajonaMH, tfoTHHBaMn; MaTB BJHKajia AonepeS. 

Botb h Caina ocraHOBHJiacB Ha miomaflBij, Ha^^CB, tto se- 
hhxb CTaHen ycasHBaTB ee b* bo30bb; nosasaiacB HaAfl, bot*b h 
3ciHa... HeBipoB-L ctoaji'b, cjiiAa sa Heft BSopoMi, niujinacb 3a 
nocj^AHroio MHHyTy, aaa* yTonaK>mift sa co-iOMHHBy, ho ABepiju 
B03Ba saxjionHy^BCB, jioniaAH TpoHyjacB. 

— *Ito offB, BaateTca, He noija-iOBajica cb to6oS Ha npomaHBH? 
cnpocHjia MaTB y Canra, noAHHMaa saMep3niee creBJio. 

— ffijTB! fiHJI'B.BOpOTBifi OTBiTB. 

HacTynH.io rayfioBoe Mojreame, cKpunx noJosBeB'B h TeMHOTar 
hohh cspHBajiH h sarjiymajiB h 6ieme cepAAa, h TpeBory jieijb^ 
hhbto ne npopoBHJTB hh cjioBa, JiHfflB oAHa HaAfl myMijia auiac- 
hhmx cajonoMi, AOcraBaa 23% sapifaHa KOH^em. 

IIo npiisAi HeBipoBa bx ce64 aomob cb hhm*b CA^-iajca ne- 
tfojBmoft »ap-B h 6peAi>. TpHina ncnyrajica-6ujio h xot4jtb a^tb 
8HaTB Maiepn, ho AHApefi ITeTpoBHH'B sanpeTHJTB. EyAymift mypHHs 
HanoHJi'B ero MaaHHOH, BUTept bebomi e npocMA*Ji , B HaA'B homs 
bch) hohb. K-b yipy oeb Bpinso sacHyji-B n BcraaB cb h^cbojibbo 
0CB*»eHH0K) tojobok). Ho BnaBmie rjiasa h noxyAiBinia mean ro- 
bophjih npBcyTCTBiE HeAyra. K*b Be^epy Harpanyjia bca xojocTaa 
KOMnaHia, n nonoftBa, opria e BapToinaa Erpa npoAOJKa.iiHC& 
bhjiotb ao yipa. 



CBaAb6a cocTOHJiacb saB'B he bb newb He tfuBaio. Bb Hasna- 

TOHHUft A6HB CTiHU CojBfflOft 8aJIH B'B AOM* CH'feKHnHX'B CLflJIH 

orHAME e 6bijih dojihbi HapoAOM*B. HeBida 6ujia ocJiinHTe.ibna Kpa- 
cotok), HapiiAOMB E MOJOAOCTBK); Ha ea aobojibhoitb vui'k cifljia 
CTeopeTHHHaa rBpjaHAa fleurs (Toranges, npHBeseHHaa e3*b ro- 
poAa, a He saHATaa y SHaKOMux'B, BopcerB 6uat> jiobob'b, njiaTB& 
CHAtjio xoponio, e Bee HOBoe, na<mnafl otb 6hibz ao 6auiMaBOBX Y 
o6jieRajio ea t4.io e HanojiHfl.io BOcroproMT, Ay^y. JKeHEXx, xota 



Digitized by 



Googk 



1218 BftCTHHKb EBPOUfiL 

<5u^t» h xyfl-B h fijrtA^H'B, ho npiixajrb Bt Ha3HaieHHHi wi; 
nocit ijepeMomii, mojio^ux'b bctp4tbjh maiinaHCKHMi h ny3Hwi 
MojoaoS caa3a.ica He coBciMi sAopoBUMi h Hacro yxojum bo 
BHyTpeHHia KOMHaTU, 3a to MOJOflaa TaHijOBajia (Jest ycia.iH h bh- 
<5opa co bcakhm-b, kto npHiuainaj'L ee. Hoc-it ysmia Ha<iajoc& 
upom,anie ct» Maiepbio, cecTpaim h flOMaomHMH. Hotoml 6ucrpo 
codaBHJica HefioJibinou nofcsA*, j no6i> npoBOAHTb mojoaux-b aomoi, 
h CjiecTJimaa Kapeia ynecja hxt> est> BHAy cofipaBumxca BOKpyra 
spmejieg. Bora Jinuecan cTopona Measure, sarjaHeMt Tenepb Ha 
ofipaTnyio $a CTOpoHy. 

YatacB h CMaTeHie HanojHa^n AOMt ChIjjkhhhx'b: c* caiiaro 
yipa cBa^b6w ateHux^ 6lut> o^eHB 6ojiewb; cl hem* bhjhmo Ha- 
-qunajiacb ropaiKa; Bci AOMatnme 9to bhaIuh, Kponi HeBteu, on 

KOTOpoB nOCTapajIHCB CKpUTb 3T0 HenpiflTHOe o6cTOflTe.UCTB0. 

Mapta ITeTpoBHa, Tep3aeMaa, ci o^nofi cropoHU, pacxoAana h je- 
He»HUMH 3aflMaMH, 3aTpaqeHHHMH Ha 3Ty CBaAb6y, a> Apyroi— ira- 
BJiTejibHUMH, jiiofionuTHUiiH B3rjiaAaMH HaixaBuiBxt rocTefi, sas- 
^aBinaxt cEae^aja, KasAyH) MHHyiy xpeneTaja, ito KaTacrpotya 
npopBeTca h CBa^bfia He coctohtca. Ho 6.iaronojyiHOM'b ea co- 
BepuieHin, CTpaaania ea Bce-TaKH He KOHqiijiocb: ee Tep3ajn»jo 

<5o.JH BHA'b STHXt rOCTefi, BTHXX B&pilRRblX'b J&Wb , BCIOjy SaDYC- 

EabiunxT> npOH3HTaiF>HLie B3rJia^u h nocTOAHHO nepemenTHBaBinHici 
neatly cofioft. Ha jiimaxt MysqaHL TOKe: bc6 HyrbeMT* nojospi- 
BajK hto-to Heja^Hoe bt> AOM4 h cTapajiHCb npoHHKnyTb b*b came 
TafiHHKH ero; Taan>, rA*fc He 6ujio CbIhrhhuxt., monort 6ypH0» 
dpyeio pa3JiHBajicfl no saji*, h KaKt pacxoAHBnrifica sepHon, 
mojojii bt> fitmeHtixt sydjaxi* cbohx*b h niaTbe HeBicm, h oc- 
Stmenie AOMa, , H DOAaBaeMua KymaHba, h ceMefiHBia TaiHHi 
narjiyio nojiHTHKy MaTepa. A ht6 npoHcxoAH,io bo BiryTpeHHifl 
KOMiiaTax^ flOMa, Ky*a yAajiajca HeBipoB* h KyAa MaTb He jo* 
nycaajia flarae rpaniy, , KOTopufi xhjivui-b cb ne8 bc6 3a6oTH i 
xaonoTu no x03a8cTBy? KaKia ci^eHM flOJiKHa 6uja OHa BHAepaa- 
BaTb naeAHni ci> 6ojibmawb 3aieM^, Koropun bt> 6pe^y roBopwt e' 
6e3CBfl3Hua, ho poKOBwa A^ia Hea p*£qH? KaKie B3r.iaAH W«* 
ona nowfe Toro Ha fiiAHaatEy 3uHy, Apo/KaBinyio qti> dpaxa HHe- 
BSBtcTHOCTe? Oahmmi cjiobom-b, aTMoc^epa Gtuia rp03na, HyBCTBO- 
Bajocb npHfi.iHmeHie 6ypa, — h TaSHufl yacact h cMATeHie i^apw 
Bt ciawmnxt sajiax-b h yfipaHHux^ KOMHaTaxi AOMa. Ho aiana 
6bim Tas'b 64ju, KopceTU TaKii jiobk^, Btepa Taa'b yjaqoocBpH- 
Ba^H h pyMaHeqt Aocaiu h yjruOBH HaciffeniKH; Bci TaH^OBUi, 
•CM*fea;iHCb, 4.111 Mopo»eHoe, y?BHfiajiH h hhjih luaMnancaoe... Kaw 
6n to hh 6ijjo, ho 6a^x, HaKOHe^, KOH^ajca h Bcfc pasiixajiHCB 
no flOMaMt. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



CEVESCTBO CHMLHHHXfc. 219 

ByjiKam* paspasHJicfl Ha Apyrofi AeHb nopa3HTejibHOK) hoboctbk), 
ofijeTiuiueio Bcfc ^0Ma ropo.ua h Aepeeenb: HeBtpoBx jiesa.Tb npa 
CMepra Ha HOBo6paqHo3 hoctcjih h npHCJianu 6ujih tohijh 3a 
SOKTopawa. ^pesBunafiHoe BOjmcme oxBaTojio ropo^t: hoboc™ 6uia, 
HopasBTeJibHaji h Bonpocw, oahhb jpyroro HHTepecHie, nocunajiHCb 
Ba o6cya;Aenie nyfijHKH: Kor^a hmchho CA^Jiajiacb ropanica? MOMeHrs 
ea? ea pasBHTie? ea hphhhhh? JlroConuTHua Aymif, hoa* bhaom's 
cocrpaAania, jeTajiH kx HeMy BV aomx h B03BpamajiHCb oCpaTHO 
ct> caMHMH sBBOTpenemymHMH HSBidiaMH: mojioaoo ynaxb B* o(5- 
MopoKi bt> Kaperfc h MOJicuaa CTpaniHO nepenyra.iacb, 6pocnjiacb 
B'b naTcpu; ero yate BbiHecjiH Ha pyKax7> 7 nojoatHJiH Ha riociejib 

H B'b 8Ty «e HOHb Cb HHMT> HaHaJlCfi 6peXb H OTKpUJHCb BCfe 

npH3HasH ropaHKH. ^OKTOpa npHnncbiBa.in Co.rfonb no o6biKnoBeHiK> 
npodyA*, ho ropoACKHX-b raaTejiefi ne TaK'b CKopo npoBeAemb: 
oen eAHHOAynmo 3a&jiK)HHJiH, hto HeBipoBT* 3axBopajn> oti 'orop- 
^eHia, hto CirfeaLHHbi o6ManyjH ero Hacnerb npn^auaro h a^h 
3a Cauiefi oahh TpanEH &a Kyny AOJrroBT>. Ohh A03Hajrncb Aa»e r 
^ito HeBtpoB'b He AonycKajrb K* ce6*fc bx KOMHaTy MO.iOAyK) ateHf 
h hto OHa na BpeMa npHHyaKAGHa 6bua yixaTb onaTh K-b ce6i h 
SHTb ct> cecTpaMH... 3KAa.iH-6ujio cifep™ HeoipoBa, AOJiJKencTBO- 
BaBmefi 3aK0HHHTb poManHnecKOH pa3Ba3K0fi 8tott> KpynnuH cKan- 
flajix, — ho BCKopi B'b ropoA^ y3HajH, hto KpH3HCb ero 6oji43hh 

MHHOBajTb H 0Hb BH* OIiaCHOCTH, a HepeS'b Hl>CKO.IbKO BpeMeHBC 

pasHeoaacb BicTb, hto MO-iOAwe yixajiff b* cbok> Aa.ibHK)K) AepeBHio,, 
h Cojiie o Hexi ennero yse He CTajio cjifcimno. 

BlHSHEB'b. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



BCE BEEPER 



POMAHI». 
IlepeBOAx ex pysonncif. 



TJIABA BTOPAfl. 

H^ckojibeo HHHyn cnycTa nocjii Toro, Easx rejBHra .ocTaBMa 
naBBJisoHi, noflxixajix rx HeMy aEHnaax npHHua. Ohx ke- 

TaJCfl CX MapKHSOMX, HOCl>THJIX OXOTHHqifi AOMHEX H XOtklX 

noKasaTB eiiy Ha o6paTHO*ix nyTH $a3aHifi jBopx. Ohh nojxixa- 
jih npaMO rx naflHOMy flOMHRy, a cjiyri opBRasaHO 6ujo hath sa 
rjkwomx rx npaxaTBijy. 

Ho OflHa hsx ABepeS tfioa omepia; BipoflTHO IIpaxaTH^ 
4Sh.ix bx flOMHRi h yCapajix ero bh$ct£ ex cbohmh noMon^HHRa- 
mh; bo bcjjromx cjiyqai bx rjhoh4 He npe^CTaMEJiocB 6oji*e na- 

flO(5HOCTH. 

06a rocnoflHna ocTanoBHjHCb y jtIcthhijh; MapRH3x ex ot- 
jinqHO pa3HrpaHHUMx HHTepecoMx 0603piBa.11> napnx h qafinuS 

flOMHRX. 

— Ho b^ab bto npejiecTHO, bocxhthtcjilho! Bo Bee BpeMfl, bo- 
Topoe a hm&ix cqacTbe npoBecTH bx o6n^ecTB4 Baraeft cb4tjiocth, 
Mni nocTOHHHO Ka3ajiocb, mo a Kanx 6y#ro Aumj <J)paHuy3CRHMX 

B03^yX0MX. HO SfliCb MB* Ka»eTCH, HTO H CHOBa OHyTH.lCfl BX MO- 

efi MH.iofi ^paHuin: bch 3Ta npciecTb, hchoctb, H3flnpufi BEycx... 

H npH BTOMX 9TH nepeXOflU 0TX CB^Ta KX t£hH, 8T0 COJHIje— 
BCe 3T0 HHCTO <J>paHIjy3CE0e. H3BHHHT6, Bauia CB^TJlOCTb, eciH 
CJIOBO 9T0 He BHOJIHi HpHJHHHO, HO Biflb BX CymHOCTH HCJIbSi 

Jiynme oxapaRTepH30BaTb Toro, ht6 HaMx HpaBHTca, Eanx cicasaBx: 



Digitized by 



Googk 



BC1 BUKPE^B. 221 

coBciMt Ran y Hacx! &ji& $P aH m sa se 8T0 nojio«HTe»HO He- 

W>3M03KHQ. 

— Bi HacToameii'B cjywfc BHpa»eme, b*b caMoifB jfaA, boos- 
h* noaxojunuee, BoapasM* npHHivb Bece.io; ecjrn stotb naps* na- 
4seTCfl (j)paHn,y3y saE* 6u lacrniEofi $pam;iH, to sesame TBop- 
Ha ero jocnirHyTO. BogjeMTe Ha MimyTy. 

MapEH3i> npexJuosHjn npHHuy pysy h ohh bsoidjih no j£ct- 

HHI^i, UOCTOflJIH H^CEOJlbBO MHHyTB Ha njlOH^a^Ki H BOfflJH B*B pO- 

TOHAy; rfiHb h npoxjiaaa, n,apcTBOBaBmia B* Hefi, KaaajuHCt BjBoe 
npiflTHie nocjii jojirofi nporyjiEH Haco-imvfc. IIphhivl HeMHoro yjH- 
bhjch, He Hafi^a sffbch HpaxaTHi^a h ero noMon^HBROBi, ho MapKesi 
He A2&b eMy BpeiceHH pa3jyMaTbca o6i 3tomt>. MapKHst Haniejx BHyT- 
penHee y6pancTBO eme H3flm,Hie, gcjih bosmosho, lim BHfem- 
hoctb s^aHia. Oh'l BOcxHm,ajic5 ro6ejeHOBtiMH otioaiiH, ciyiiin 

On,4HHTL CeBpCBifl Ba3U HO flOCTOHHCTBy, SaCaBJIflJICJI KHTaHCKHMH 

^)HrypKaMu, EpacoBaBnraiiHca b^ojib KapHHsa, h npHmejix bt> boc- 
rroprb ott> MpaMopHofl rpynna, H3o6pa»aBmefi ocBo6oameme Ah- 
npouew IlepceeMi, BOTopaa, ecjiH He 6wja Eoniefi cb HSBicraoi 
JiyBpcEoi rpynnu, c#fcjaHHo8 pysofi caMoro xyaoaeHBa, to 6esi> 
eoMHiHia HcnojiHeHa yieHHEOM* IIk)&6 h Ha rjiaaaxb y canoro 
y^HTejifl. HpnHivB fijarocKJioHHO cayraajrb 6ojtobhk> MOJiofloro ?e- 
jiOB^sa, no Bce-Tara ne mofb cocpe^oTO^HTB Ha Hefi CBoero bhh- 
nama. Mhcjih ero nocTOJiHHO B03BpamajiHCB b*b cojepaaHiH) Bas- 
Baro pasroBopa, BOTopafi oh* Bejix cb MaprasoMi Bnepa Bene- 
poMi h cero^Ha, bo BpeMa nporyjotn. Bt npoMesyTBi dthx'b jByx* 
Ge&bxb npoHCxoAHja Ta, ;i;;ui icoTopofi oh* npnsuBajrL ceroAHa 
yTpoMt repuana, h 3Ta nocJiiAHflfl nponsBOAHJia na Hero BnenaT- 
jitHie OT^ajieHHofi iv&dh ropi, Jieffiameft Meayjy jByMH o^apoBa- 
TejibHKiHH AOJiHHaMH. To, ht6 napEHSt Bqcpa h ceroAHfl npexcTaBJo^ 

TaKHMT> JierEHMTi, TaEHlTB npOCTBIMX H BUTeEaiOU^HM'B H3I> nOpflfl- 

Ba Bemefl, — 060 BceM* dtowb TepMaH^ yTBepa^ajii npoTHBHoe h 
ero npeAdaBjieHia, ero npoctCH npoesBejH na npHHi^a rbwb 
CHJibHiBmee BneiaTjrfcuie, ^to xota owl hmchho oshaju'b ycjM- 
maTb OAoCpeHie cbohmt> njiaHaifb otb icojio^oro raHHOBepu,a, ho 
<Su.ii, rjy6oEO y6't»Aee'b bi hccthocth ero HanpaBjeHia h b-b 6es- 
KopucTia ero cob^tobi. C% CBoefl ctopohh icapsnsx xopomo sa- 
h^thji, ^to cero^Hfi npHH^ Aajieso He cb TaEHMx aapoMi ot- 
nocHjicfl ei ero iuaHaMi h 6uxl ropas^o cAepaaHnie bt> Btipa- 
seHiax'b. Ha* aioro wapKH3'L 3aoioHH« 7 hto co BiepaniHaro Be- 
lepa npHHi^B, ntpo^THO, nomajcb noA'B HHoe BJiiHHie h npHiiHcajrb 
ero TeABHrt. E^iy xoTijiocb y64wTbca bx stomi h owl RbjLSWb 
irfecKcubKO eaMeKOBt cb 9tom n,t.ibio, ho npuHo.'B hoctoahho ys- 
jmhmca ort npaMoro OTBiia h wapEH3i> He hocm^ji HaciaHBaTb. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



222 BfcCTHHKi SBPonn. 

— SI yTOMJuiK) Bamy cb^moctb CBoefl 6ojiTOBnefi, CKasaa* oh* 
HaEone^, saMiTHBi, hto npHHivb, cn^Bmifi b* Kpecjii, sajyii- 
hhbo noAnepeBi pyKofi roaoBy, nepecraai OTBiiaTB eiiy. 

— Hhckojibko, hhckojlko, OTBinaji'B npHHivt, no^Hiiaa tojo- 
By; bo bh nofiweTe, hto HeaoBiKb mohx* i^ti He tslkl Jierao, 
Kara Bania 6paTba, Moao^esb, othochtca kt> TaKHMi BasHUMs 
Ben^aMT*, Kara t4, o KOTopuxx sin TO.iKOBa.ie, He roBopa yxe a 
tomx, mo to, ^ero bh seaaeTe, Bt cymROCTH KaateTca Bairs Becs- 
Ma npocTUMt, BectBia jiofhhhiim'b h nodTOMy Bamx jyxi coBep- 
meHHO cnoRoeHt; Moa »e po.it h.ih, aynme cRa3aTb, sa^aqa, ko- 
Topyw bh mh* 3a*aaH, BecBMa Tpy^Ha, Becbiia TeMHa h c(5HB«niBa, 
a noTOHy moh mucjih hojihh npoTHBopiqia h aaaeico He BeceiH* 

— HfeBHHHTe, Bama cb^tjioctb, BOspasHax ^paHi^ysx: a Bnoi- 

H§ OA^HflK) BeJIHKOCTB »epTBU, ROTOpyK) BH HpHHOCHTe, B03BH- 

uieHHOCTB sa^aqn, npHUHMaewofi BaMH na ce6a, iiysecTBO cep^a, 

H CMijIOCTB Ayxa, CB KaKHMH BH 0TKa3UBaeTeCB OTB HtKOTOpHXS 

^yBCTBi, CBameHHHX'B b*b raa3ax-b tojhh, oTBepraeie npejaHia, 
ocBameHHHa cya^eHieMi ijfcjiaro Mipa. SI aaaera orb Toro, hto- 
<5h HacTaaBaTb jojrfee, noTOMy *ito nyBcTByio, hto yate h 6esi to- 
ro flOJHKeH'B HSBHBHTBca nepe^i BaMH 3a Moe naTpioTHiecRoe pBe- 

Hie. HO BH flOJlKHU H3BHHHTB Mflt, Bama CBtTJIOCTb, ecjia fl CKa- 

xy, hto a.ia MeHa jih^ho— eaiH mh1> no3BoaeHO cpaBHBTb bwh- 
Koe cb MajiuiTB — nojiojKeme He MCHie saipy^HHTejibHoe h 3any- 
TanHoe. IIpaBo, ne nycrraKH aaa noTOMKa TaKoro apeBBaro po^a. 
safiHTB HCTopiro cbohxi npcflKOBi, safiuTb, hto MHoria noKOJiima 
MapKHsoB'B Ae-$JiopBHJiB cpaasajiHCb sa aom*b Byp6oHOBi, CTpaja- 
jih 3a Hero, h BCTynHTb Ha cayattfy neJiOB-feKa, KOTOpufi wb mohxs 
raasaxi, Kara h b*b raasax^ Bctxx eAHHOMucjiaiuHX'B co mhoS 
jno^eB, ne kto hhoh, bi cymnocTH, Kara cnacTJiHBuft npoxojHMeij'B, 
BHABHHyTHfi Bnepe^vb caMofi naryfiHofi H3^ Bcixx peBoaroiUH h bs 
H^KOTopoMi pos* npe^cTaBJiaiomiH nocjitAHee cjit^CTBie stoh pe- 
BOjroBtin; noBToparo, Bama CB^TJiocTb, sto Ta»ejoe no hcthh* 
HcnuTame, TepHHCTaa sa^ana h o^HOMy Bory h3b*ctho, ht6 a 
HcnHTHBaio, npBHHMaa Ha ce6a 8Ty sa^a^y h B0H3aa bx cBoe, 
KpoBbio HCTeKaiomee cepAi^e 8th Tepma; ho, Bama CBiuocTb, 3to 
HeoCxo^HMo. Ka»AHS pa3yMHHH, CaaroMucjan^ift neaoBiKi joji- 
aeH'b BufiHpaTb est> AByx'B so^tb HauMeHtmee, h ecjin b'b nacTHoi 

XH3HH 3T0 HpaBH.10 MOKerb OCHapHBaTbCa H HaCTHaa HpaBCTBeH- 

HOCTb MoaieT'b B03CTaBaTb npoTHBi Hero, to oho 6e3ycaoBHO ua # 

PHTX BT> 06meCTBeHH0ft »H3HH H HOJIHTHqeCKaa HpaBCTBeHHOCTb 

AoasHa npH3HaTb ero. Ho HHaTC h 6uTb He woim Konbe, Ha- 
Becmee pany, Morao sajie^HTb 9Ty caMyio pany; saKOHHBTb peBO- 
jioniK) Morb aamb toti, kto aBHaca BOnaomeHieMi 8to8 peBO- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



BCE BOTPBAT*. 223 

jnor^in, ea Btieraefi chjioh h EpafiHHM^ BupaaemeirB. Ilpa nacTO- 
ameM*B nojioaeHiH js?bjn> — HMnepaTopi, h tojibko ohx oabhb, Bt 
cocTOflHiH o6y3AHBaTb peBOJioi^iio, tfymyKJinjK) y Haranxt Hore, a 
xoqy CKa3aTL, y norx Ebpohh. Ecjih HMnepaTopb na^eTi, to pe- 
BO-itoitfa HeH364»na, a oh'b naaeT-B, ecjiu 6yneTB no6iaKAeH , B. yc- 
D'tx r L njieCHcijHTa tojilko Kaaymifica; Aep3Koe «7&m* 6ojibuihx , b ro- 
POaob'b, Tucana ww>ma apMin noApuBaroTx Bet ceMB mh^^Iohobi 
da. Pecnyfi^HKaHUH xoTarB bohhh, apMia Taitate, HMuepaiopy npa- 
XOAHTCH hath Ha Hee npoTHBi bojih, Bt HHTepecax* Hopa^Ka, Wb 
HHTepecax'b Bcero, ht6 CBaTo am 6jiaropoAHO Muc.iaajHX'B juoj&H, 
bi HHTepecaxt Mnpa. H bb dtom-b OTHomeHia a nojaraio, Bama 

CB^TJIOCTB, 1TO HQTepeCU <|>paHHy3CKHX , b H H'flMeiJKHX'B JierHTHMH- 

ctobb— ecjiH mojkho ynoTpe6aTb 9to Btipaateiiie — TOJKecTBeiiHH. 
TaKofl npoHHi^aTe.iLHEiH yaii, KairB Bamt, He uoizerb 6htb BBeaeffB 
vb satfjiysaeHie RamyiijHMca pa3J!H<rieMB, TO-edB rfewB, tto y Had 
peBOJioi^ia yBiHiaHa Kpacnofi uianKOit aKoCtmija, a b-b TepMaHiH 
"ysypnaTopcEofi Koponofi! 3,ivfccB, KaicB h Tani, BecB Bonpocx cbo- 
^HTca kb TOMy: aoji;khh ,ih nofii^HTB BapBapcTBo, HaoocTL, rpy- 
<>aa CHJia, rpafieatB hjih ijHBHJiH3aijia, ryMaHHOCTb, MnpHoe pa3BH- 
rrie, co6cTBeHHocTb? h KaK'B TaMB, Tasi h sflicB na 9to uomerb 

<5blTB TOJLRO O^HHt OTB^rB. 

MapKHSX rOBOpH.TB CB piiflHMOCTblO H OJKHBJieHieM'B, THXH1TB 

roaocoMi, Kant 6yATO B^oxnoBJieHHua t4hhctoh npoxjiaaofl, ro- 
cnoACTBOBaBmefi bb naBH.iBonij. Hphhijb ciymajii pa3cianHO. Bo- 
o6paateHie ero nepeHecjrocB bb npouie^uiee, K'B OTijy, ROTopuB sa- 
^aBoca TaKHMH ae iiucjijimh, jtenisjvb t$ ace njiaHu, Tasse He 
Movb npn^TH k'b pinieHiio, h npoBe.TB bck> cbok) »h3hb bb RO;ie- 
{Jada, Kor^a BpeMa TpetfoBaao fl-fcifcTBia, h bb pacKaaHia, Kor^a 
BpeMa A^ScTBOBaTB nponuio, h CA&sajn ce6a HecqacTHiSmHMB H3^ 
jiioAeft. Oet> Aywa.i'B, saTiMi, KaKoe CTpaHHoe CTeqeme oCctoh- 
rrejiLCTB-B npHBejio K'b TOMy, ^to HacToa^it pa3roBop*B npoacxo- 
Ah.tb HMenno 3Aicb, b-l qafinoM-B flOMHR'fe; hto cjOBa (j>paHuy3CBara 
SMeccapa pa3AaBajHCb bi tom-b caMQMB npocTpancTBi, r^t h*6- 
Kor^a oTej^t ero BHHMaji'B cioBaMB HanojeoHa, h hto ero OTeit'B 
nocrfc Toro HHBorAa He uepecTynaji-B 3a aiorB nopon, a OffB 
C2lht> AOJirie ro^H Hsfitraji-B ero; aa h He jiyqme jih 6u 6ujio } ecjH- 
6a ohb He noAaBHJTB Hacn^bCTBeHHO 6jiaroroB , hiHaro TpeneTa h 
BHRorsa He npaxoA^'B 6u cio^a. Ho pa^a ^ero oh^ 9to c^i-iaJiB? 
Pa^aa j\fo6bn kb Hefi! OHa, oTBepraiomaa ero jiK)6oBb, AO^iaaa ot- 
BinaTB, ec^H oh'b npoBeAeT'B roau, KOTopwe MeiTajn nocsaTHTB 
thxoh AOMamHefi jkhshh, b'b BOJiHeniax-B, eaia oh*b fipocHTca b*b 
noJHTHHecKyK) 6opb6y, hto6h safiuTb rope, rope, KOTopoe OHa Ha 
aero HaKJiHKajia. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



224: BfcCTHHKB EBPOflH. 

IIpHH^ B3AOXHyjrB h npoBeji pjkoS no atfy, Meauy rku%> 
Kara MapEHai yMOJEx. IIpHmtB He ciuniajrb nocjjiAHHX'b cjob* 
CBoero co6ecfc^HHK% h oTBtqajTB Ha y^aiy. OxBfcrB ero ne yAOB- 

aeTBOpHJTB H He. MOFB y^OBJieTBOpHTb MapKHsa. 

<Mh4 HysHO AofiHTtca TOJKy>, noAyMaji MapBH3B npo ce6« 
h rpoMKO npnfiaBHJix: 

— fl BnojH* noHHiiaK) Bamy CAepaaHnocTb, xoTa Bpeua ne 
TepnHn> h Bant HeofixoAHMo piuiHTBca. Mory jih a roBopHTt ot- 
BpoBeHHO? a TiMt cHJibHie sejiaio, hto6h bh pimaiHCB, hto 
hm4h) ocHOBaHie onacaTbca, hto to BnenaTJiiHie, sasoe vono 
hm$tb Moe CJiatfoe KpacHopiiie, BcaKifi pasi napajiH3yeica B-ii- 
aHieMi, nepeA*B botophm'b a cb ropedbio nyBCTByio ce6a 6es- 

CHJBHHM'B. 

— *Ito bh xoTHTe CKasaTb? CHpOCHJI'b npHHBt-B, 

— He SHaio, onintfaiocb jh a, OTBirea jb uapKHsi, ho mh£ ra- 
seica, ito Bamefi cynpyri HenpiaTHO iioe npe6uBame 3a$cb. 

— Hsx nero bh bto saKJHoiaeTe? cnpocHJiB npHHivb. SI Ha- 
A^iocb, hto bh y6$awHH b^ npoTHBHOMi. 

— A npouiy He nepeTOJKOBHBaTB mohx'b cjobb, B03pa3iui 
MapKH3i>. J^ama, cb tslkeme 6e3yKopH3HenHHMH MaHepawH, HHBor^a 
He hosbojibtb ceCi BbicKa^aTb cefii jmqHyio aHTHuariK), ecjH<5u oh* 
ee HyBCTBOBajia, kb rocno joiia h a Jbmy ce6a HaAe»Aoft, hto a 
He BHymaio TaKoS aHTHnaiiH; HanpoTHB'b Toro, a iiory 6utb tojb- 
ko faaroAapeH'b aa 6e3KOHe<rayK) jo6poTy, cb Hanoi ona bcoom- 
HHJia Hame npesHee suaROMCTBO, h A^BcTBHTejibHo bb Bucraeft ere- 
neHH fijiaroAapeHi 3a 3to. Ho saIjcb a*-io HAerb He jbihux* 
Bonpocaxi>. Cynpyra Bama npiaTH-feflmaa oco6a h kohchho bh *a- 
jio He Tepaen CBoei npHBJieKaTejbHocrH on Toro, tto HHTepe- 
cyeTca bc£mi, a TaBse h hojihthkoh. fl, kohchho, He Mory era- 
bhtb efi bb ynpeKx, mo ea no-iHTHqecKia B033p4flia npoTseono- 
jLOSLRhi mohmb seaaHiaM'b; ho bb 9tomb coctohtt> iioe Hecqacrie. 

— KoTopoe bh, bo BcaKOMx cjiynai, npeyBeJHHHBaeie, saMi- 
thjix npaHi^'B. H Mory a&»o yBipHTb BacB, hto HenaBHCTb iioei 
seHU k-b npyccanaicB eABaiH yciynaerb Moeu. 

— fl totobb 6uiii> saEJiioHHTB npoTHBHoe Bnepa Benepoir^, 
KorAa rpa^ no^oatHjB TaKofi HenpiaTHHM KOHeitB Hamefi onapo- 

BaTeJBHOH HAHJJliH, CKa3aJTB HapKHSl. 

IIpHHI],T> TaffL fiHCTpO H Cb TaKHM'B CTpanHBIMB, rH^BHUMl 

BHpaaceHieM'B norjiaAtJi'B Ha napKHsa, hto tot*b HeBOJibHO onycTii.i'K 
iua3a. B*b 9Ty MHHyTy ohb, A^HCTBHTe-ibHO, aejia-Tb TOJibKO )3HaTs: 
^ero ohb Mo^eTt onacaTbca hjih HaAiaTbca, bb btowb ciiucji'fe,. 
co dopoHH FeABHTH. OKa3UBajocb, hto TyrB npeACTOHTi eu;e HO- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



bci BniNftt. 225 

Boe OTBpuTie, ho xeaie A*a Hero HHTepecHoe, a noTony ohx npo- 
AOJ»aji>, piniaacb H3CJ&AOBaTb nowy b-l btom'l HanpaBjeHia: 

— Ho Kpaiaefl irtpi otipauieme Baniefl cynpyrn ob rpa^OMi 
xoaterB ciyauiTb AOBasaiejibCTBoii'b, East Majio BjiaioTB hojhth- 
necKifl yfifci^eHia Ha ea JiaqBiia oTHomemfl. 

Hphhivl 6ucrpo noAHBAca ci spe&ia h pt3Eo CKaaajit: 

— KoH^HMTe. — Ho saTiMx, KaKt 6u pacKaBBaacb bb CBoeft 
pi3KOCTe, npH6aBHJT>: — H BH»y, hto ABepb bi> Ka6nHerL Tose 
OTnepTa; onyxa OTspuBaeTca npeBpacHufl bha* Ha ropxi. 

— Eas* yroAHO Bamei CBtuiocTH, oTBfoajrb MapRHSx. 

Ohh bomjih Kb HacrepCByK) TeABHrH; npHHi^t Bt ncnyrt ocia- 
hobhjich na noporfc. Oht> HHKaEB He noAOspiBajn, hto TeABera 
CuBajia 8a4cb bo Bee bto BpeMa h Bcero iieHbine, hto 0Ha chobe 
BO3CTaH0BHJia cbok) iiacTepcKyio, a Meawy t^mb, cyAa noTOMy, ito 
ero ospysajio— pacspuTud bu^hs'b cl KpacsaMH na ctojt6, khctb, 
jexaBmaa Ha dyjit, mpaitopHaa najiica, eroaBmaa bo3ji4 MOJii>6ep- 
Ta — OHa 6uja sa^cb eme ceroAHa yipoMB, coBciMB HeAaBHO. Ho 
saBHMB o6pa30M'L nonajr* 3tot*l nopipeTB na UOJlb6epTh? 

— IIpeBocxoAHaa KapruHa! cBasajiB MapBH3x, BdaBJiaa bs 
oast CTeKJiiJiflKo; a roBopio o neu, BaEB o BapraHi, noTony hto 
He n6ry cyAHTB o cxoactb±. Ho, bo bcbeomb ciynai, opurHHa^'B 
Moaten, ce6a H03ApaBHTb, eoan tojbko xyAOSHHEB He dojibcth.tb. 
eny. npaBo, sasofi spacHBiafi qejioBiKi>, hco(>ubhob$hho spacHBufi! 
T lei 8to nopTperi, Baina cb^tjioctb. 

— OAHoro H3B mohxI) npn&iEiffieHHux'B, ct> botophmb bu eme 
Be ycnijiH nosHaBOMHibca, OTBiiaji'b npHmvb, Bee eme He npn- 
meAmifi b*b ce6a orb Hsyuiema. 

— A mk-b 30Byrb xyAOSHHBa, cifiio cnpocHTb? 

— H AOJiateHi npeAuojio»HTb, mo xyAoaHHE'b hheto hhoS, 
xsLKb Moa sena, noTOMy sto mbi BaxoA&Mca bb ea MacTepcKoS, 
OTBimaaB npHHivb, yjiufiaacb cb CMymemeirb. 

— Axt>! 'Aaitfcrarb MapBBSB, cnofia BdaBJiaa bb was* ctck- 
juhiko pascnaTpHBaa nopxpeTi <?b yABoeHHUMi HHTepecoMi. 

— HO HCTBHi, H3yMHTeJlbHOl 

— Btt He AOJHKHH CJHmBOH'b KpHTBHeCBH OTHOCHTBCfl KT> 9TO- 

xy nopipeiy, TaB*b saBt atena Moa pHcyen., r.iaBHuifL o6pa30M , b, 
jiaHAma^Tu h tojbbo bi> bha* HCEJuoqenia CA'fe.iajia stotx nopT- 
pen, h bo BcaKOAfb CAy?a£ sao^Ho. 

— 3aoHBo? Bi caMOM'b %&& bto saMinaiejibHo! csasaji^ Map- 

IIpHHi^'B OTBepHyjica ct HiKOTopuMt HeTepnimeaix; BOCTopri. 
napEH3a Kasajica eny npeyBejaqeHHUMB h eMy nocjiumajacb Aa- 
*e EaKt 6yATO jiersaa HacMimaa bi> ero cjiOBaxx, orb BOTopoa 

Tom V. — CtHTaBPt, 1871. 15 



Digitized by 



Googk 



226 BttTHUft IBPOBH. 

spOBB tfpocsiacB eicy fs roiOBy. Oh* noxomero n oray, xeiu 
coBJiaxaTB cb cbohitb BOJiHerieirB h cspHTB HenpiffTHoe cxyiqe- 
Hie. Bb maraxi jByxcrax-B on naBUBOHa, no auei, lOTopu 
Beia otb Hero b*b sanaxHyio toctb napsa, nua TexBHra c* rpa- 
$okb; rpa^i Bei*B lomaAB no** ysjiju h roBopHXb cb xapoin; 
re^BHra CJiymaja ero, Kara sasaxocB, cb onynieHHHXH riaaan 
h niuaiomBMH mesaMH. HTast, to, nero oh*b tioaica, xtacra- 
TeiBHO ocymecTBMOCbl IlepeAi ero rjasara, npn apsom jhcb- 
homt> cb£t$, npeAcraxa crpamHaa BapTtraa, KOTopaa a&bho Mepe- 
mn^acb eiiy bx BOotipaxeHin: ohb 6hjtb CBHxfrreieirB CBHjami i, 
XJ* Toro, HTotfii oho coctobjocb, eny ctohjo tojbbo fbizn 1a- 
TaTBCfl naca na xBa! #a, to 6llio cBBAaHie, am soroparo mhkxu 
BHcraBia bt> MacTepcsofi xoJisHa 6iua, fb BpafiHeMi ciyiai, no- 
ciysHTB jobbhmi npeAJorora. 

npHH^ OTCKOIHJTB OTB OKHa H HOITH yiUIJIfc Ha pyM R JOp- 

BHBy, KOTopufi Bee eme croon y MOjbGepia. 

— HoHAeiiTe, cBasaro ohb. 

— Bama cb$tjoctb He xopomo ce6a npcrByeTe, cnpocin 
iiapBHsx, tfucTpo XBaiaa pysy npiHija, soTopufi noraa-raym fl 
Coiocb, hto aap-B, a 6htb MoserB h pasroBopB, KOToptnrb a jro- 
mhjx Bamy cb4woctb... mh4 otchb tojb, otohb, oiera »a»! 

— 9to CBoponpoxoxamaa xypHOTa, KOTopoi a. HHorja noj- 
BepoenB, oTBiqajn npimivb; xojoahhS hotb BHCTymurB y hod 
Ha j6y. Bt> bthx-b ROMHaiaxt otohb Aynrao, a nojaraio, to> bub 
nopa jOMoft. 

MapRH3rB CBeJTB HpBHIja CB JI$CTHHItfI H BaMfrnUTB HpH BT0»» 

hto nociiAHiS otobhaho cb TpyAOMi Aepauuca Ha Horan. Ho 
npHHi^'b He xot4jh> noAAftTBca oiatfocTH; rfuio aojhbho 6hio do- 
BBHOBaTBca, KorAa Ayma BSHBaia o Mmema. Owb BBAOXHyxs cbo- 
CojHie, npcrfeasaa noA* bmcokhmh A^peBbaMH ^asaHBflro xbop>? 
no HanpaMeHiio e*b inocce. EMy Kaaajocb, hto CacTpoia XBHse- 
Hia bcxoahtb otb Hero caMoro, hto cmu hopoahctkeb JLoraa^ei 
HpaHaAJieasaTi eify caMOMy, tto ohb Bee totb ae, BassirB 6ba 
KHoro JiiTx TOMy HasaA'B, Kor^a b*b 9to3 caicoi jerBofi KOJ^cxi 
OTnpaBJiajica na oxoTy b*b ropu. ,Ha, Tenepb oh*b TaK&e ompaB- 
jaeTca Ha oxoTy, Ha oxoiy! Ha Apyryw, 6ojiie BasHyio oxory, 
vbwb Ta, BOTopoS oh* saHBMajica b* ahb cBoei k>hocth! Tow 
oh*b Be.Tb BOHHy ci» BafiaHaMH, KOTopue onycTomaiH hojw ero 
KpecTbanx, Tenepb ohi> Ao^seH* (Jhjtb ocbo6oabtb cboh co6cTBefl- 
HLia BjaA^Hia ott> AepBKHXTb npHmejibii.eB'b; ohx aojisohi c$iw 
bto, xoTa 6u 1V&HO& CBoefi norn6ejiB! 

— MapKH3i>, csasajx ohb BApyrB, noBopaqHBaacb Kb cbocij 



Digitized by 



Googk 



bgs bhepbj'b. 227 

cnyrHHEy: kx KaKOMy BpeMeHH, roBOpMH bbi, HyateHB bkwb icoft 

— & y»e nojyrajrB ero, Bama cb^tjoctb, OTB-feiarB Mapra3B. 
Tfrb Banrax'B i\ia3axB cb4thtcji ayma, yate npHHaBmaa pimeme! 

Ohb B3jijrx pyKy npnHija h npnatajiB ee rb cBoefl rpyan. 

— Bjarojapio BacB, Bama cb^tjioctb, cKa3ajiB ohb; (faarofla- 
pK> Bact bo HMfl $pamtfCT, bo HHfl cnpaBe,pHB0CTH h ryHaH- 

HOCTH. 



IMABA TPETBfl. 

BojBmoe otfnjecTBO, npnoaraeHHoe Ha Benepi, 6mo BOBce He 
no flyrafc npiraijy. Ohb nyBCTBOBajB ce(5a, nocjrf* yatacHaro Boane- 
Hia, nepeaiHTaro hmb yipoMB, k&rb Cy^TO orjymeHHHMB. HoTe- 
piTBi» choco6hoctb mhcjihtb, He nyBCTBya ce(5a b*b caaaxB npHHaTB 
BaKoe-HHCyjt pfcmenie, Tepsaeiiufi MyqHTejiBHHMH omymeHiaMH, 
•ri&cHHBHiHMH ero rpy^B, jesajB owb bb CBoefl cnsuibni Ha co$4, 
He ^BHraacB, He npoH3Hoca hh cjOBa, He saM^aa CTaparo saMep- 
fliraepa, KOTOpafi, BpeHa otb BpeMeHH, thxo 3aiviaflHBajiB bb ^BepB 
hsb nepe^Hefi, noflxoflH-JB aa#e He pas* bb co^i h thxhmb ro- 
jocomb cnparnHBajx: He npHBa»erB jth nero ero cbIjtjioctb? Tneix* 
6mn> bb CMymemn. Ohb SHajiB, hto ero cb$tjioctb (5hjtb cerojna 
yrpoifB cb MapKHsojfL Ha (ftasaHteMB flBOpi; eMy cBopo ctslio hb- 
b*ctho, hto, cynpyra npnHija TaRse npoBejia TaMB Bee yipo, ho 
h cjiyra, h RynepB bb iuiocb noflTBepAHjra, HT0 fapHHH He (Jhjto 
bi toAhomb jomhk*. CaiiflOBaTejiBHO npnHi(B h ero cynpyra He 
BCTpirajiHCB apyri cb apyroMB. Ho iTO-HH<5yjB Aa npoesonuo, 
oxHaBo. TjeflxB e^e pasB BH3BajrB hsb kohbohihh ^nrpHxa, hto- 
<5h xopomeHBKO pascnpocHTB ero b*b Roppnaop'fc. ytsawuiB jih rto- 
HH(5y#B hsb rocno^B cero^Ha noyTpy? — KoHeiHO, yfoaMura: rpa^i 
h flOBTOpB; K yw ■is^HJi'B rpa$B — eMy HeesBtcTHO, ho jOKTopi 
6mrb Ha flBopi $a3aH0BX, eMy csa3UBajia MeTa, KOTopaa cjiima- 
jia bto otb OTija; ohb cb %cb TOMy Ha3aflB npoxojHJB b*b Po- 
TeCiojiB h 3ame^B no ^opori bb s&mobb. 

Ha 8T0TB pa3B raeflxB ne notfpaHHJiB ^HTpnxa 3a to, hto 
totb caMB He aoraflajica coo6n;nTB eMy o TaKofl BasHofi hobocth. 
Ohb cflHinKOMB otfpaAOBajica, ^to HamejB TO«y onopBi bb CBoeS 
CesnoMomnocTH h npe^MeTB jjia pasroBopa cb ero cBiMOCTBio, 
Kor^a ero cb&tjioctb CTaHeTB OAftBaTBca eb Benepy, 

— Bama cb4tjioctb ohchb HanyraJH MeHa cero^Ha, Ha^ajB 
rjiefixt, Rorxa ^acB cnycTa ero noBejiHTe'jiL cha$jii nepeAB hhmb 
BecB 6jibpflui h pascrpoeHHBifi, a ohb npH^ecuBajiB ero Bee en^e 

' 15* 



Digitized by 



Googk 



228 BftCTHHKb IBPOIIH. 

AObojibho rycTue h BBiomieca bojoch, xoth irfccianH vb next 
cmbho npo(5HBajracs ctwHa. fl yae roTOBiMca HaejenB Ha ce6* 
HeyAOBOJi&cTBie Bainefl cb^tjocth h nosBaro AOBTOpa, ho hotoms 
noAyMaji*, hto Baina cbIjtjioctb, (Jhtb lioaerB, yae roBopwra cs 

^OKTOpOMT* Ha <£ a3aHbCMl ABOpt H COB$TOBaiHCB C*B HHJTB HA 

cierB CBoero 3AopoBBa... 

— ^OKTopi> ropcTt Ha ^aaaHBeirc XBopi? CnpOCHJTB npHHI^B. 
*Ito th xo^einB CKa3aTB? Kor^a oh*b 6hjtb TairB? 

— & no.uraio, hto bt> Tose caifoe BpeMa, Kara h Baraa 
cb^tjioctb, OTBt^a^i Fjefix-B. 

— Otb Koro th 3to 3HaemB? cnpocHJ'B npHHivB. 

— npaxaTH^ <5h,tb SAtcB, oTsfriaji'B rjefixx, ywoH^HBO. 

— KaKyio jiomajB ocijmsum jja Hero? 

— BpoyjiOEa, cbojibko mh* hsbIsctho, OTBfciajrB TiefirB Ha 
yjaiy. 

npnniCB norjBA^Ji'B b*b sepsajio Ha CBoe 6a$fpoe jlhho. He 
oniHfica jh ohx? rpa^i (Jhjtb b*b nuaTCEOBit njaTi>4, saisi oto 
6uBajio yae He paa-b, ho owl xopomo pasr-aHA*** ero. HfrrB, Hfrrs, 
oht> He orantfca. Crapaa jincima, rjiefixT., Bee ein,e AepaHTCH -10a- 
Haro cjii^a. Kohchho, nopTpeTx, KOTopufl oh*b bha^jtb Ha mqjb- 
Ceprfc... h OHa tojibko-hto tiepe^ rtwB saHHMajacB hbtb... a3aj- 
HJifl ABepB b*b ajuieio 6u.ia oTRpiiTa... CTpaHHo, (vrpaHHo! oieu 
CTpaHHo! Ho r;ia3a HHKor^a ne ofinanuBSuiH ero h Ha btotb pa3* 
oh* Taicae MoaerB Ha hhjfb ho.ioikhtbch. 

— SL tfu aejiaj* ocTaTBca oahqi Ha h4cbojibbo MHHyrB, 
AnApefl. 

IIpBHi^'B CTarB xoahtb B3ajx h BnepeffB no BOMHaT*. cCTpaH- 
Haa cjiyqafiHOCTt! pascyaAaJi* oh* caMi cb co6ok>; a eoiH sto 
BOBce He cnyiaflHocTB, ecra oh*b xotLtb neperoBopHTB cb net 
o<So mh4... ot*b Hero bto crraHeTCfl. 31 He TpetfoBajB otb Hero 
xomHta, dto caMo co6oft HOApasyiitBajiocB, ho, 6htb lioaerB, oh* 
nojarajB, hto wa nea MoaeT* cs*JiaTB HCR.iK>HeHie. Oh*b h hc 
noAOspisBaerB, AotfpaR'B, Kara B&iHBa ea HBMiHa, nxerB h npe- 
Aaen> Mena 3.itfinjHMT> rst, mohxi BparoB^. C^iAyerb jh xeA 
npeAOdepe^B ero, npeAOdepe^B ero ot*b Hea? Hey»ejiH mh* npa- 
AeTCH Bee 6ojihme n Combine norpaaaTB b*b 9tomt> hobophoitb 6o- 

JOTt?> 

Oh-b o6jobothjich na nncBHeHHuft cto-tb, Ha kotopomx CTOHJTk 
ea nopTperB: MajieHBKiS, npespacHHa naciejiB, npoH3Be*eHie 3Ha- 
MeHHTaro xyAO»HHKa b^ Phm4, CHaTHfi wrtrpe ro^a TOMy Hasa^K. 

Oet> BexLii. on*j[aTB ero b-b CpaxiiaHTOByio onpaBy h OHa 
Bcer^a Ba3a^acB e.My HeAOdaTorao xparoi^^HHOfi, a sojoiaa no*- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



BG1 BIKPKAl. 22* 

ctsbka, na BOTopoA CToajfB nopTperb, neAOcrofinoi! noAAep&HBaTB 
cmibKO npejecTH h KpacoTH. 

Ohx jflxvo viBjfbn na nopTperB. BnepBwe nosasajica ohx eMy 

4fe8SH3HeHHtUCb, HepTBIUTB EyCKOMfc paspHCOBaHHOfl CSOHOBOfi KO- 

cth.... h tojsko. Ho BApyri oh* saiposajrB: botx 3anrpajia npe- 
aecrHaa, MejaHxojHqecsaa yjru6Ea Bospyrb Ma^eHbEaro poTesa, 
TeMHue rjiasa sacBepBajin; Jiersifi raai, npHspuBaBmifi npespacHyio 
rpyAB, Baaajocb, BaBOJiixajca. — Aa, ^a, th MBemb, npespacHuft 
nopTperb! npomenTawb owh, jyia vena th SHBemb h b4hho <5y- 
jemb »HTb; h ecjiu6u a A&*e yHHHToatHJi'b Tetfa, to Bce-TaKH ho 
Morh 6u yHHHTOSBTb BOcnoMHBaHifl; h ecjatiu th noKHeyj'L iiena, 
to Bee ate a HHBorxa ne paaciajica 6u c% to6oh. 

Oh* npHTpoHyjcfl Apoaameff pyKofi jo rpyAH, npoBeJTB pysoft 
no Ji(5y h tipocnjica b*b Kpecjio. — Bee HanpacHO, npomenTajn. oh*. 

r^efixx cHOBa Bomejrb b*b KOMHaTy h ^ojioawb, tto ^oh-b- 
Heisejb AOSHxaeTCB bb nepe^HeS. OCnjecTBO y»e cotip&iocb; He- 
jocTaerb Jinmb rpa$a HexTHreja; He yroAHO jih tfy^erb ero cb4t- 
jiocth?... 

— Hto, aeHa yate BHuua? 

— Tocnosa reABHraceflqacb BufiAeTi, h no otfuKHOBemK), BCTpfc- 
thtx ero csiTJiocTb b*b seaeHoS BOMHart. 

IIpHHijt BHraejii arb CBoefl EOMHaTu h bi nepeAHefi bsaji $oh*b- 
I^efisejia noA'B pysy. ^offb-IJefisejib saMiTH.TB, hto npHni^b CHJitHie, 
^£mi> KorAa-JH6o, onapajica Ha ero pyicy h wo ero Bootfnje aobojibho 
aerKaa noxoAKa, Ha stoti, past, sasaiacb HeTBepAofi h HeyBipeH- 
hoh. Ho owl B03Aep»ajica otb BcaRaro saMinama, xoia npHniyB, 
hoab npe^ioroMi* ycTaiocTH h HeoSxoARMOCTH notfepenb chjiu am 
uenepa, He buxoahjb rt» o6iAenHOMy cTOJiy. Ohb sHara, wo 
npHHi^t He jik)6ht'l, hto6u ero pa3CQpaniHBa;iH o SAopoBbH. 

— KaB* havtb npnroTOBJienia b* npasAHHRy? cnpocoB npHHivE 
joporon: <5hjh jh bbi b*b PoTefiio^i? 

— TOHHO TaEX, Bania CB^TJIOCTb, H CO BCiX'b CTOpOH'B BCTp4- 

th*tb caiiyio nojHyio totobhoctb coAificTBOBaTb mohm-b njaHaM^ 
soTopaa caMHMi ^pbemi o6pa30M , b AOBasuBaeTx cHJibHyio jlioOobb, 
eHymaeMyio Bamei cb^tjioctmo. 

$OH?»-I^e83ej[b, He yBipenHuft, ^to He npeBucM'B janHaro eicy 
fiojHOMO^ia no nacTH npnrjiauieHifi, hrjlt> BpaTBifi othct'l o cbohx'b 
neperoBopaxx ct» poTetfiojibCBBMH flaMaMn; no 3aiiiTHji'B, hto npHHi^s 
cjyuiajn> BecbMa pa3ctaHH0. 

Tjiasa ero 6ujik HenoABHSHO ycTpeMjeHH Ha ABepb, ?epe3x bo- 
TopyK) AOJiSHa tfujia boSth TeABura. 

— TexBHra AOJiro He HAerb, 3aMiTHJii oh*b. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



280 BftCTHEfft SBPOOH. 

— Bora craa, OTBi^a.^'B fyowb-Hfiisejih, yBHja rejBHry, wto- 
paa npoxoAH^a no coc^Hefi KOMHarfc. 

.Upoat npo64afajia no rtay npnHi^a. #0ffB-IJefi8eiB HeBonHo 
spiui?e npHKajB ero pysy. Ho npHHtvB p%3K0 BwpBajn> ee h Hanpa- 
BRjica kt» ABepii. rexBHra Bomjia; OHa 6bua Bca: b*b 6bjLom>, (Sen 
bchkhxi yBpamenifi. Tanoio totoo bh^&jtb ottb ee cefiqao, n 
nopTpeTi; tslkoio totoo npejCTaBjajiacB OHa eiiy bt> B006pasemi. 

— Kacrpyqnio, csasa-it ohi jiposan^HMH rytfaira. 
TexBHra BonpocHTejBHO noraajvfcjia Ha Hero. Ohe coBepmerao 

nosatftura, hto sthm-b HMeHeMt sBajin pHMCRaro xyjoararoa, hi- 
pncoBaBinaro ea nopTpera. OHa ne noHajia, no^eiiy npraiy& npo- 

HSHGCL 9T0 HHA. 

Ho wa npnnija BonpocHTejiBHHft Bsraaffb HMfei HHoe sBa^e- 
me, a rnieHHO: ohb noxyMajrt, *rro OHa OTTajiBmaera ero Hjaie 
XpysecKifi tohb, o> BaKHMx Te^BHra, onnpaacB na nojarayinn 
pyKy h cjiiaya sa (JoH'B-ItefisejieM'B b-b npieiiHyio sajiy, cnpoeuf 
He npaBja jh, TeC* Jiy^nie? He vors BOSBpaTHTB eny xopomee pt- 
nojoxeme jyxa h ycMirpBTB ero BOJiHenie. 

— Bjiaroxapro Te6a, oTBinajrB ohb, h BarfcM* npHtiaBim a 
CTpamHUMt BOjraeHieMi: th 6iwa ceroflM yipoMt Ha jBopi $t- 
saHOBX, He npaB^a jih? 

— 31 HeMHoro pncoBajia, BoapasMa rejBHra. 

Uocjii pasroBopa cb rpa^OMX ona nocnfcnrao ocTaBiua naBifr 
oh*b h He saMfrraia cjfcflOB'B, ocTaBjieHmixi sojiecaira nepej* nojv 

fejOM'B. 

— Th npHrjamaJia cb co($o8 CTe$aHiio? cnpocm& npmni. 

— CTe^aniio, nepecnpocHjia TexBHra; wrhwb? 

— Cjit^OBaTajbHO, th (fajia Bee yTpo ojraa? 

— ^OBTOp^ TopCTTv npiisaUUTB Ha MHHVTy. 

— Bote mbx, CKasajx npHHitx npo ce6a, h sariMX rpoiw 
cnpocHJTB: a <5oj&me HHKoro He 6hjio? 

— Ero cb*tjioctb ex cynpyroff, bo3b4cthji , b <|>0H , B-IJeft3eiB n 
XBepaxx, o64 hojiobhhh KOTopuxt 6hjh pacKpuTH JiaBean, h hi- 
npaB^jica bb otfmecTBy, co<5paBmeMyca b*b ctojioboS. 

— Bhjtb Tasae rpa^rb, CBasajia TexBHra. 

9THBerB TpeCoBajTB, hto6h npHHi^, cb cBoefi cynpyroft, otfomen 
sajy, pacRiaHHBaacB ex sHaKOMUMH h HesHaBOMHMH rocraMir, jo- 
Topuxx npexcTaBJiaj-B eiiy (J>oni> - D^efiae jl. HodToiiy Bai»jep* 
nop^OHHo Hcnyrajrca, Kor^a, oToft^a h$crojibko b*b cropoHy, yw- 
Kbjn>, ^to npHHi^'B BHnycTHJi'B pysy CBoefi cynpyra h, oTBepe^ 
hihcb otb Hen, nomejx na ji4bo, Mea^y flswb, Kasi OHa noBepHytt 
Ha npaBo. ^OH'L-IllefisejiK) npHnrjiocB paspHBaTBca Ha nacrH, ito(5h 
HcnojnoTB cbob o6a3aHHOCTH, t^mb 6ojie, hto cero^Ha Benepoift 



Digitized by 



Googk 



boi biiipixb. 231 

npHCyTCTBOBUO 3A$CB HiiCROJBRO JIHI^B, ROTOpUfi, XOTfl H HOjy?JUIH 

npHrjameflie, ho He 6uj\e jleheo srslhouu hh cb ero cb^tjioctbk), 
hh cb ero cynpyrofi: 6apoHT» Manetfaxx cb ateeofi h AByMa chhobb- 
amh, rocnoAHHi* h rocnoata (froHB-IIlMiorre cb curomt. h AByM 
AO?epBMH, rocnoAHHi h rocaoaa $0ffB-ByxBaj[BAfc cb cuhom'b k 
AOiepBH), ABa mojoauxt> aerjiayanuHa, M-pi AjiB^peA'B h ii-p* 
ApTypi Chmdjibtoh'b bh*ct4 cb cbobmi ryBepaepoiCB M-poito A&ib, 

Cb KOTOpUMB MOJIOAHe (fapOHU (J)OHt-MaHe6aX'B HOBHaROMHJHCB BO 

BpeMa CBoero nyTemecTBia no AHr-iia m> nponuoiCB roAy h ko- 
Topue Tenept, otiitssaa EBpony, orffiun bh3htt> h iiprkxajm cio^a 
no nporjiaioeHiio, KOTopoe BuxjionoTa-ifc jvul hhxi> (JapoHi MaHe- 
tfaxi. KpoMi hhx'b tfttio eme cb hojak>shhu HeaHaROMHX'B a^m-l 
h MyawHffB.... h BApyrL ero cb4tjioctb oiyrHaca Ha oahom* kohiv& 
aaau, a cynpyra ero Ha Apyron*! 9to sHaiHjro, Rani saMiTui* 
mhmoxoaom*b ^OHvQ,efldejiB repnaHy, Tpe6oBan> on Hero HeB03- 
Moa&Haro. Ho $OHB-I^e£3ejB bhhojihhjii HeB03Mo»Hoe, $0HB-IJeft- 
aeiB 6uai> BesA^cyn^'B, h Rorja, tctbcptb *aca cnycTH, oh* otiB&ra 

TjaBaMH BAOJB BaJIU, OCTOpOSHO BUTHpafl CaTHCTOBHM'B IUiaTBOM'L 

BucTynHBUiifl Ha &6y hotb, to Mort cRasaTB ce6i, *to Bunrpai'B 
cpaateme. TenepB Bee a^JO 6lijio H&ia&eHO. Ob a^cath ao oahh- 
HaAuaTH HaaHaneHU 6llih Tann,u; rt> OABHsaAAaTH AO-BatCH* 6htb 
cepBHpoBaHi ysHHi, a bt> mmobhh* ABiHaAijaTaro noAaHu brh- 
nasn. Bi HacToamyio MHHyTy cjyra hoahocmh hoahoch c% naeMi 
oatHBJieHHOMy o6mecTBy. $OH*B-Il,e83ejib nepeBera Ayxi. Y Hero 
BHAaB&iacB CBotfo^Haa MHHyTa, h ee oh* HaidipeH'L (Jhjtb hocbhthtb 
jcfeBHi^fe Aa&ih (J)OHT>-$Hin6ax'B 9to pimeme oh*b hphhajii eme 
B?epa BeqepoM^, bo BpeMa ocHOTpa o(5pa3n,OBaro xo3aftcrBa, aorja 
oh*b He otxoahjb ot*b npejiecrfcoil a^bo^rh. Rz, ba^cb HamexB 
Ocsap'B $0HirI{e38eJB to, ^ero t^ctho HCRaai, cb TpeneTOifB 
cepAeiHUMi, b-b Teqema BceS cBoefi AOJir^fi, ABaAuaTH - neTupex- 
jffeTHefl shshh: rojy6ue rjiasa, bt> rotopux'b eme He cb^thjiocb 
BOBeTCTBO, sunn poTHRx, HeaHaROMui cb rpHicacaMH; 3A*CB OBTB 
Hamejn Bee, Aase BecBHa npHJwiHoe npaAaHoe h HesajoseHHoe 
ptmapcKoe noirfecTBe bt> CyAynteMi, RorAa rocnoAHHi h rocnosa 
4)OHx-$Hffl6axT,iiepecTaHyT'B yRpamaTB cbohmi npBcyTCTBieMi> aeMJio... 
Aia npoA^iHTB Tochoab hm*b Biay! Ocaapi ^OHi-I^eiaejiB He 6mjtb 
RopucTOJiK)6HBx: ohi> cHOcofieHi 6klm> bjik)6htbca 6es% bchkhx-b 
BaAHHX'B Mucjefi, A&se He Ay^aa npa 9tomi o HecnacTHoft jio6bh, 
soTopyio tojbro-too coRpuJia CB^safl Morn-aa. Tojibko oahhi pa3*B, 
bo BpeMa Heon,4HeHHOH, cjihihromi RpaTRofl CectAH, ROTopyio oet 
Beji> cb AAejBio b*l HHmi OKHa, BOcnoMHHame o6t> 9Tofi CBisefi 
Morujii, nociTHJio ero Ayiuy> noTOMy hto t£hb npo6iaa.ia no ero 



Digitized by 



Googk 



232 BMTUEl 1BP0DH. 

jumy h ohi> cnpocnjTB, cobc&hi He Bcxara: 43ahtb jb Ajett Bep» 

XOMT>? 

Ho jhijo ero npocB&TJ&xo, sorAa MOiOAaa A*BRija aoboiuo 
jkhbo B03pa3iua: <h4tb, Man& HaxoAWB bto Henpejia^Huii ^u 
MOJiOAofi A*ByniKa>. — Bon foarocjiOBti Bamy iiaTyinBy! BCKpawi 
saBajiep'L TaKHMt pacTporaHHUM'B rojiocoifB, *to MOiOAaa aiBymu 
He MorjBWt cetfi btoto o6i>acHHfb, Taxse sara h TopaemeHHoi 
BasHOCTH, cb xasoS om> nperjiacHJi'B ee Ha BajibCB h, aarfciii, ci 
hhsbhm'b noKJOHOMi yAajajtca bjih, BaB*B ohb CRasajB repiaHj, 
xoTopoMy HeMe&2ieHHO coo6mjijn> o CBoefi hobojI CTpacm oto- 
pBaaca on Hea ci pacTepsaHHiiirB cepAijeMB. 

$OHx-U,e83ejiio HysHO 6hjio neperoBopHTb cs TepHaHom; rep- 
iiaHT, AOJiseHi 6umi> oCmbhtb: npHHHMaerB jh ohi» Ha ce6a pwk 
Eap6apyccu bjih h^tb. IJefisejuo npanuia faeciamaa hucji, bi to 

BpeMfl, BaK* OH* CTOfiJl'B CB^A^eJIbK) <|>OWB-$flin6aX < B Bt HHfflt oBHa: 

yroBopHTb MOJio^yio x^Bymsy yiacTBosaTB bx shboh sapmi, 
r^i h oht>, paayirteTca, AO-ia&eH-B arpaTB po.it, h TaKUMi> ofipuovw 
y Hero CyAerB cayiaft hIicroabro pas* bha^tbch h roBopm cv 
upeAMeTOM'L CBoero noB^iOHeeia ao uiecTHaAn,aTaro nacia. 

HO 9T0TB OCTpOJMHUfi UairB MOTO JIOHHyTB, KaBl MHIMBli 

nysapB, ecja He ycTponrca h&croabro »hbhx'b RapTHHi, no spai- 
nefi Mipfe eme OAua, a noaioiiy TepMaHi HenpeniBHO Aonm 
caasaiB a*- 

Ho cjioBaMi fyowb-Ufiisejia, foecR*, noBsia, npocTOcy^aBcew 
npas^HHRa saBiicluH otb 9Toro. 

— Ho a pobho HH^ero He Mory pimBTb, caasaix TepMasi; 
eciH a Aase npotfyny saIscb ao niecrHaAi^Taro wcia, ht6 Becwi 
combhtchbho, to eme Bonpocx: cor.iacHTca jih rocnoxa TexBHrt 

— 9iy 3a6oTy npe^ocTaBbTe wh$, OTB*£qajrt ^oH'B-H.eflseA; * 
cnpamBBaio tojik>ro: corjiacHti jih bh, eoia ona corjacHTCH. 

— Hy, xopomo! CKa3a.11> TepMaH'B b*b TBepAoft yBtperaocn, 
hto TeABiira CRaaserB h*tx. 

^OHB-IJeflaejiB cjynaHHo Mora tfesnpenaTCTBeHHO noxoin » 
TeABHrfe, ROTopaa bb 3Ty MHnyTy pacsjiaHajiacB cb o<5ohiih m(uo- 
Auhh anoHHaHaMH. 

TeABara nepeacHBajia nenajiBHQa MHHyTu cpe^a yjiHtfaromaroci 
h Cojuaiomaro oCmecTBa, xota caw a Taase yju6ajiacb h 6oirait 
Omymenie, npocHyBiueeca b^ Heft, Rowa MeTa xorijia naA*Tb © 
-nee CpajuiaRTBi: mo eft ne cjiiAyerB HapaawTBca A^a o<Jn\ectBi, 
KOTopoMy He npHHaweawuia fio.ibme hh OAna hiicib ea, hh oaho 
ABHateHie cepAi^a — 9to omymeHie Bee CHJibnie h cHJiBH^e OBiafti- 
Bajio eio, TaifB qio OHa HyfiCTBOBaja ce6a coBtfurB nysoft cpe^i 
Bcixi> arax'B jioAefl, aanaiux^ pa3.iH^iiuMH Bniepccanu. Ofla w 



Digitized by 



Googk 



BCB BDEPEA'B. 235 

ycnfoa eme ofixyxaTB, aaaoe SHaieme hm'&ie Bonpoca npHHua. 
PasB% oht> 6ujh> Ha ^asaHbewi* ABop4? y3Hajr& jih oh* tsuvb hjh 
mane, hto ona pasroBapiiBajia Tan ci repMaHOirB h cx rpa^oMi? 
Iloxose Ha to. H Bipoarao oht* xorfeii BBiaasaTb eft CBoe He- 
yAOBO.ibCTBie, sorxa ct» Taaoft nocniinnocTBK) 0CTaBHJi7> ea pyay? 
JJojxho 6utb TaKi>. Ho aaaoe eft nfbjio ao Toro h^h Apyroro? Xase 
to cocTpa^aHie, KOTopoe oHa lyscTBOBajia ceroiHa yrpoMb ri cTa- 
paay, KOTopufi 6utb Moaerb H3x-sa Hea Cpaai Ha ce(5a Taayio 

OTB^TCTBeHHOCTB H rOTOBHACa HOMpaWTb OCTaTORX CBOHXT> AHeB, 

Aaate 9to cocTpa^aHie, no mhjiocth soroparo ona yHH3Hjracb ao 
npocbtfu k*b rpa$y.... no^TH coBcfewb aciesjio B* ea jymi. 

PasHopoAHua HHTpnrH, KOTopua BCJiHCb Ha ea rjasaxi h B* 
<5ujoe BpeMa nenpeMiriHo saHajH 6h ea iipoHHuaTeabHuft yMt, 
noTepajiH Becb cboS HHTepec* A-na nea; OHa HHiero He (Joajiacb, 
hh na ito He HaAia.iacb; OHa ateaaja tojibro OAHoro: ito(5h Bee 
nocaopte KOH^Mocb, noAofiHo TOMy, aaa* yToitaeHHiift MejoB^ifL 
3B^erb He jo»^Tca, norxa coh-b cMe&Hrb ero rjiasa. 

H Borb B*b 9Ty MHHyTy noAomorB a-b Heft osatfoneHHHft ^oh*- 
I^eSseJb h CTajra yMOjaTb ee, tohho cnaceHie Mi pa saBHctao ot& 
ea corjiacia, 6ejtb Taaoft Aotfpoft h npHHaTb Ha cetfa pojib rep- 
Mama. To tfyjeTi aapTHHa BecbMa noAxoAamaa kt> HacToameft mh- 
wyrfe, TBjt'b kslkl Taaaa repMama— sA^cb $0ffb-II|eft3ejb juo6e3HO 
yaaCHyjica — npHMnpirrb bc6 napm; act oh* saxoTarb cjysHTb 
Tasoft FepMaHiH; tto, kpom* Toro, ero cthxh.... cthxobt> ne yroAHO 
•ea mhjocth? Hy ocraBHMii hx* b* dopoHi! B* caiiOMi a^j*, Tep- 
nania cb TaaaMH BHpasHTejbHUMH lepTaiiH He HysAaeTca bt» cio- 
©axT>. Bti c^jisuih MeHa cnaCTJiHB^ftniHirb hb* CMepTHux*b! 

$0HT>-D,eft8e.Jb HH3RO hobaohhjich, npnjioiKBBT> pyay kt> cepAUy. 
— TIoqeMy 6n mh4 BToro He cj&iaTb, ciipocnjia cetfa TeABHra. 
Stotb Aotipufi Majufi oaasuBaji^ mh* 6esHncjLenuuz yciyra, a a 
eMy ao chxi nopx hh oahoA. 

MapEH3*b noAonieJH et> Heft. Ohi (Muniajn>, *to CyAyrb TaHi^u; 
TeABHra cx^aerb ero ciacTJiHB'iiftniHM'B H3i> CMepTHiax'B, ecin co- 
rjiacHTca npoTaHi^OBaTb ch hhm^ aaApajb. 

TeABHra ne bo jib ho y^Hfinyjiacb; OHa ycjuinaja Ha $P aHl ^y 3 ' 
<^komt» asuKi Ty caiiyio ^pasy, soTopyio TOJibRO-HTo Bucjiymaja 
he H*Meii,KOMT». BesA* h BcerAa n^aTarb Toft »e ^UbmnBoft mo- 
HeTofl, noAynajia OHa h xoiijia caasaTb HapsHsy: a He TaHi^yio, 
no bx BTy MHHyTy eft CpocMOCb bi riasa jihi^o rpa^a, CToaBHiaro 
Hexa^eao otb nea a rjiaAfomaro Ha nee ci nojiy-yraGaiogiefica, cs 
nojiy-yrpo»aioiuefi mehoS. <Th He CM&emb HaBa^UBaTb mhI; cbok> 
bojh», noAyMaia ona h ci yautisoft HawoHHJia rojiOBy nepeA'b Map- 
KH80M'b, b% sBdJi-b cBoero corjiacia. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



234 BfcCTRBR* EBPOHH. 

MapRH3* pasciniajica fb diaroflapHOCTax*. Co Biepanraaro 
Benepa ero ocaam&KH HfooTopBia coMHimia HacieT* Toro, yjaiHHii 
jra oh* H36paa* nyrt r* ceproy npeRpacnoff jKenmnHH. Ma.iem>Kift 
ycnix* B03Bpara?i* eMy caMoyBipeHHOCTB. Oh* hh okhhm* cjoboii* 
He BanoMHHjrB o B^epamHeS ci^Ht b* oropo#fe, ho bcI* ero aecra, 
Bci mhhh, 'toh* rojioca mootjtb o npomenm b* tom*, *ito oh* 
0CM*JiHJica nojwaTBCH CBoefl cTpacTH. 9tot* rocnoflira* HaerepcKH 
pasurpHBaji* cbok) pojib, cb h^eotophmh BapiaijiaMH, Kan* Toro 
TpeCoBajH o6cTOHTejiBCTBa, h Te^BHra npeiepacHo noHiraajia ero, ho 
BHpaateflie, noAMiweHHoe eio na xeh$ rpa$a, He CBOjHBmaro cb 
nea rjras*, sacraBHJio ee npo*oji»aTB nrpy, ROTopaa (Jes* Toro He 
HMijia 6u wa nea HHKaRoro HHTepeca. Bjpyr* icapRHB* saro- 
Bopsui* o TaROM* npeAMerfe, KOTcfpufi hcbojibho npHROBaj* ea bhh- 
uame. MapRH3* 6ujit> b* Bocroprfe ot* naSHaro flOMHRa; oh* coBep- 
meHHO pasfliuaji* npucTpacrie Te^BHra r* nosTHiecROMy yejrae- 
Hiio 9Toro HHjrama, oCHTaeMaro bc4mh icysaMH h rpai^iam. Oh* 
Mon> Tasse horjiohhtbch CorHH* dToro xpaMa, earn He jhiho ea 
ocotffc, to ea npoHSBeAeniio, MadepcTBo EOToparo oh* BnojiHi 
ouiHflerB Tenept, Rorja HiiieT* bo3MO»hoctb cpaBHHTB Koniio cb 
opHnraaioM*. PosejiB y»e MHoro roBopaa* eny o ^OKTopi, saHi- 
MaiomeM* TaKoe noneTHoe m&cto npn ABopfc ero cb^tjocth. Oh* 
xoierB HenpeM^HHO OTiicRaTB $OH*-IJefi3ejiH h hpochtb nosra- 

SOMRTB erO CB flORTOpOM*. 

— Kor^a TaR*, to a He craHy Bacx saaepjRHBaTB, cKaaaja 
Te^BHra; boh* TaM* $OH*-IJea3ejB pasroBapHBaeT* c* aokto- 

pOMB. 

OHa cb MHHyTy npocroajra b* rjy<5oROM* pasjyMBH; sarfeics 
pimHTejiBHO noAomjia k* npHHijy, ROToptifl (JecfcflOBaji* cb crapi- 
eom* *Hni6axoM*. 

— Mh4 Ra»eTca, rocnoflHH* $OH*-$Hm6ax*, qT0 sania aoib 
HnjerB Bac*. 

$0H*-$Hm($ax* OTome;i* npoHB. 

— & joji»Ha neperoBopHTB cb Totfoft. 

npHHEt* CpOCHJTB Ha Hee MpaHHO-BOnpOCHTeJBHBlfl B3IM&XB, HO 

noartaoBaji* sa ned. 

— Tu He asm* xh£ BpeMeHH caasaTB Te6% ht6 npnaejo ce- 
ronHa ro mh$ bb toShhA jomhr* joRTopa Topcia h rpa$a. He 
cep^HCB na flORTopa, ecjin oh* hsjthji* mh* Bee CBoe cepwe, noj- 
Hoe satfoT* h nensuH, nojara^r, rohchho, hto a nojB3yH)CB 66xb- 

HIHM* flOBijpieM* C* TBOefi CTOpOHH, HtM* 9TO ecTB Ha CaMOH* 

tiki. Oh* npocHJi* mchh ynoTpe^HTB CBoe BjiiaHie Ha to, hto6h 
y^ajiHTB rpa$a, TaR* Ran* ero HenpiaTHoe flM Te6a npacyTCTBie 
onacHo BJiiaeT* Ha tboh HaMipenia. TaR* KaR* rpa$* npitxajn. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



BOS BUKPEA'b. 235 

fliCBOJIBBO HHHyT'B cnycia, TO a UOTM nomrraTBca, HO nonHTBa 
MOfl He yaiuacB. rpa^x yTBepamaerB, h He 6eai HfesoToparo ocho- 

hSLEULy HTO TaKX BaBB TH CaMB HpHrJiaCMB ero ClCHa, TO OH* 

HMieTi npaBO ocTaBaTBca, h tto ecjm bx HacToamyw MHHyTy eny 
h MapsH3y Hey^o6HO 6htb tbohmh rocMMH o^HOBpeneHHO n sto 
HoseTi noBecTH bb pa3HUMB HenpiflTHOcraicB, to ne eMy, a Map- 
BHsy orfcayerB yfcxaTB. J^jul iceHfl coBepmeHHO hohhtho, hto ecia 
napsHsx caMt He aoraauBaeTca o6x 9tomx, to th He MOseniB 
HaBecTH ero Ha 9Ty mhcjb; ho a Moraa 6u CfffcjiaTB sto aa Te6a, 
KoHeqHO, aeHmnfli HnKor^a He npomaiorB, eciH ona BMimaBaeTca 
bb cnopn MysHHHi; ho ycMia seHu^HHU yja^HTB cnop-L, y;uuHTB 
upHHHHy cnopa He BaatyTca mh£ npe^ ocyAHTejBHUM h; a ecra h ecra 
#b stomb qTo-HH6y^B npe^ocyAHTejiBHoe, to a oxotho (Jepy 9to Ha 
ce&a, ecJH T£i aaniB mh4 cBoe coiuracie* 

— fl He iiory mtb Te6i Moero corjiacia, OTBiiajn npHHijB. 

— ,2 npoiny Te6a. 

— H nocTaBJieHi bb TasByio HeotfxopuiocTB OTBasaTB Tetfi 
bi npocBfi*. 

— 3to, cbojbbo mh4 homhhtch, moa nepBaa npocttfa. 

— H Bce-TaKH a He Mory hchojihhtb ee. 

— #a»e h bx TasoMt c-iyqai, eoin moh nepBaa npocbtfa 6y- 
aerB nocjrfcAHefl. 

Tjiasa npHHi^a (Jbuih ycTpeMJieHH na rpa$a, EOTopiifl bb 8Ty 
MHHyTy pasroBapHBajn cb (JaposoM'B HeSro^OMx h cwiajica, xora 
He bo Bee ropjro, o^HaBO #obojibho rpoMKO, Taics sto cm4xb ero 
XOJieTbji'b ffl npraija; Eny HOBa3ajiocb, hto btoti cm$xb otho- 
chtch kb ,HeMy, hto rpa$B y»e 3apaH$e TopaecTByerB Haflfc no- 
KopHOCTBio, cb saBofi HcaojiH&K>Tca ero npHBa3aHia. 

— H^tb, #aae h bb TaBOMx uywi, npoasHecB npHHi(B. 
Oh* He co3HaBajn>, ?to csaaajifc sto rpoMBo; ohb ohomhejch 

jihoib Tor.ua, Bor^a re^BHra BHe3anH0 OTHfljia cboio pysy h OTBep- 
Hyjiacb otb Hero. Ohb xot$jib uo3Ban> ee Hasa^B, nofi-feataTB 3a 
He3, ho saM^THjiB, hjih Cijy TaBB noBa3ajiocB, hto cn,eHa 3Ta Ha- 
^HHajia B036y»AaTB BHHMaHie; bb 9Ty MHHyTy bb HeMy HOAomejiB 
tyowb-Heiiseab, hto6u npe^cTaBHTb CTaparo rpa$a HexTHrejia, bo- 

TOpLIH TOTqaCT. 7&e HaiaJTB H3BHHaTBCa rpOMBHMB, BpHBIHBUMB TO- 

jiocom'b bi tomb, 9to TaBB no3#HO npitxajix; ho ero CBtTJIOCTB, 
KOHeiHO, 3HaeTB, hto CTapufi BanHTaHB, nojiyqaiomifi nojoBHHHyio 
neHciio, He Bcer^a uMieii> bb cbocmb pacnopaaeHia 9BnnasB, a 
hto BacaeTca ^o Hero, to y Hero HHBOiyja ne 6iiBa.io TaBOBaro 
nocjit Toro, sasB bb TpHHa^aTOMB ro^y ohb nojb30Bajica hmb bo 
^paHn,iH, Cjiaro^apa peBBH3Hi^iH, a Ha ero flnyxB cTaptixB, pa<$o*HXfc 
juaqax'B fla,ieB0 He yiAeuib bb a£cy h no .nypHofi flopori. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



236 Bftcrairo ibfoiul 

— He Mory se a, OAHaao, BSAyTB ero xjuctomb, tfen jaa- 
Hifiranx-b oKOJiHHHOCTefi, roBopHJiB rpa<f>B tfapoHy Heftro^y. 

— Oh* ctohjib 6bi aToro, OTBtaaxB 6apoHB. Ho a coriaceHi, 
^to TaKB, hh cb Toro, hh cb cero, cx&raTB 8to Hero^eTca; Hajo 
HafiTH npeAJorb. Ecih6u tu 8aMfrrHjB eny, hto ohb roBopm 
^epesB-nyp* bb hoc* e hto sto Te<$4 He HpaBHTca. 

rpa<J>T> sacM'iajica. 

— Tu He 3Haenib m> stoiib tojikj, KyprB. Cbojbko mh4 no- 
MHHTca, tu Bcer^a nojiyia.!* aboBre hsb <J>paHuy3CBaro asusa. 

— T4mi> He weHte otjhhho Hayiajca cb rfcxi* nop* o6mc- 
HaTbca ct» ^paHi^ysaMH, OTB^HaaB <5apoHB. 

— Cepte3HO, Kypn! Mh* HyseHB npewon>, npHaHiHuB npej- 
jorB. Moa CBeicpoBB, KOTopofl de^ama, noBHAaaoiiy, coofimwa no- 
ApofiHufi oTHerB 060 BceMb, qi6 3a4cb npoHCxoAHTB, yiiojiaerb urn 
He aoboahtl ^feja &o CKaHftajia, Bcero se uenie jo Taaoro <m- 
jaaa, ocHOBamem> BOTopoMy nocajauME 6u nojHTHHecRi* aeco- 
rjiacia. XI BnojiHi conyBCTByio efi, xoia BUHa 6ujia 6u lien* 
Moefi CTopoHi. Hiia BcerAa cTpaAaeTB npE» stomb, a a He xoiy, 
hto6h Hite PoAa,— ecjin tojbbo a nory BToro Eatiiu&aTb, — 6mo 3a- 
MtinaHO bb nojETHiecKoiTB CKaHAajii, hjih bb nojHTEqecBOMi npo- 
n,ecci. H npa ea ABopi, — Moa CBeapoBB roBopaaa TaaiB o6b stovi 
#6** — AyMatorB tohho Tasse: pa^e cauoro He6a He saTpoman 
hoaoCbuxb BonpocoBB! HpespacHo; ho sa sthmb capuBaeTca: n 
He hojurbu 6hjih AonycitaTB sToro. fl b^ab SHaio sto: Bcerja bb- 
csasyrB mhcjb, ho HHBorAa He CA*aaiOTB H3B Hea npaBEUBsaro 
buboa2l 9 eaiH ohb HeyAotfenB. 

— Xoporao, CBa3a.iB (SapoHB, ecjra Ta»B, to CA^jafi OTBpinie, 
hto oht» caMUM*B HarJiuMB otfpaaoMB yxasHBaera sa npeBpacHoi 
reABHrofi. 

— Ho 9Toro h4tb. 

— Th 6ojibme He BJiiotfaeHB, mhjiuS reflHpnxT>, a He to— hi- 
mea* 6a araHepu sToro Aypajrea HeBUHOCHMUMe. 

— HOJIOSHMB^ HTO a HaXOSy HX* HeBUHOCHMUMH. 

— KorAa TaKB, to mbi HaniJH to, lero TaKB ycepsno jiofii- 
BaioTca ero cooTeqecTBeDHHKff, npe^orB kb boAh*. KaBB 6iBzai- 
uiift poACTBeenHKB AOMa, tu He Moaeins 8Toro AonycTHTB; n& 

mojioaoh neJiOBtKB, tu o(5a3aHB H3(JaBHTB cTapERa otb Tpy^a noca- 
Ahtb napKE3y uyjiK) bb npaBoe hjih jiiBoe naeno. Bee SAanie, so- 
HeHHo, nocTpoeHO, TaaB caasaTB, na necai, noTOMy hto Mapsn^ 
noBHAHMOMy, He noabsj^Tca Hpe3M*pHUMB ycntxoMB, a npeKpac- 
naa TeABHra, ecjH yTBep»AaeTB, wo saHaTa ApyrHMi>, bo BcaBOJft 
eayiaii A 0K ^ 3HBae TB, ^to dto cnpaBeAJHBo. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



BCBBMPlAfc. 237 

— Moh mancu BOBce He biicobh no&ifc ceroAHaniHaro yTpa, 
sairtTHj^ rpa<J>T>. 

— Tboh mancH, jfo<$e3HHfi refiHpHxi? nosajyflcTa He pascep- 
Xhcb, ho a nojiaraio, q-ro saBOBu (Su hh 6ujih Bauin npe&Hia otho- 
meflifl, a y Tetfa AaBHO y»e Hira HBKaKHxt inaHCOBi. 

— %o th xoiems CBasaTb? cnpocHax rpa^i. 

— Ho pa3Bi seHa moh, HCKJiioHHTejbHO saHHTas 3thmi» npeA- 
neTOMi bt> HacTpamee Bpewa, HaaorAa tc64 o bout* He roBO- 
pBia. 

— qeifB iiorja pobophtb co jmofi tbo^ aena? 

— y^HBHTejiBHoe a&io, ito hoao6hhh Bemn Bcerja AoxoAflT* 
Bcero nosAHie ao rfcx*, Koro oh* 6jiH»e bc1xt> KacaioTca, saiit- 
thji'b CapoHt h coo6mHJi rpa$y b*b npaTEHxt caoBaxt o cjy- 
xaxi, KOTopue — (Jort b£ctb nasi h OTByAa— hobbhjihcb bi» o6m,e- 
ctb4 h bo Bcefl oepccthocth, HacTCTi OTHouienifi Te^BBni k*l 
jOKTopy. 

Tpa^i aiyniajii cb HeAOfffcpieMT. 

— KaKi MoaemB th nepewBaTb TaBofi nycToB h — hsbhhh sa 
BHpaaeme — TaKofl rjiynufl cjiyxi. 

— HoieMy nycTofl? noneMy wynufl? cnpocajTL 6apoHT>. 

— HoTouy, qTO TeABHra cjibiueomi ropAa, hto6h noAyMaTB 
tojh>ko o TaKofl aajiKofl HHTpnri, He to, hto saBB3UBaTi> ee, 
a eme noTOMy, hto He 6yAi> oea cuhhibomb ropAa, to oea Bce- 

TBBH CJIHIHROMB yMHa, HTOCil BflfipaTb JiyTB, KOTOpiJM TaKT> AaJCKO 

3aBejii> 6m ee otb en necTOJUodBBofi i$.ih. A bb HacToamee Bpeiia 
41 hh sa OAHy MHHyTy Combine He coMHfcBaiocb bb ea iecTOJiK>6iH, 
xoTa npeaue AywajTB HHaie. KorAa OHa oTAa-iacb npHHuy, to ca$- 
aajia bto 6e3i> pa3cieTa, npocTO H3x Mecm OHa oahhbbobo 6po- 
CHjacb 6u bb ofiiBTia BcasoMy Apyroay. Ho ci TeieHiearb Bpe- 
MeHu OHa OTKpujia, hto Mem He tojimm) ciaABa, ho h oiea*. 
BiiroAna h MoaerB 6utb enje BHroAHfci. Oahhmb cjobomb.... 

— Oahhmb cjobomt>?... 

— OHa XOHOTB 6HTb He TOJbKO »eHOfi npHHIja CB JltBOfi 

pyKH, OHa xonerb sa6paTb 6pa3AH npaBJiema He TOJibKO $aBTHie- 
cbh h b% TiiinaHi, ho saBOHHUM'b h rjiacHUMi o6pasoHi, a no- 
TOMy noon^pBeTB HOJiHtHqecKia iviynocTH crapHKa, KOTopaa ero Bee 
<SoJiie h CoJite naojinpyiorB, oaecTO^aiOT'b npoTHB* Bcero CBiTa 
h, 6iaroAapa kotopumi, ohi npoceeica wb oaho npeKpacnoe yTpo 
HsrHaHHHKOM'b h saKOHHHMi cynpyroMB MO.iOAOfi »eHmHHU, (Jesy- 
cjiobho ynpaBJiaiomeft . hmx. 

— fl nojiaraj^, hto ero (SoraTCTBO a^b Hea Aopose. 

— Hami ABop*B o^enb BeJiHBOAynien'B, Bast Te64 b3b4ctho. 
Ha caMHfl xyAoi KOHe^ A^Herb y hhxi tiyAers aobojtbho. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



238 Bftonm opoiih. 

— TaiTB TH BOTB JUJfb cyAHinB o a$j4? 

— fl Bcer^a noAosptBsuiB yio, ho cb ceroAHanraaro yrpa 
bhojh£ y64^HJca. *Ito se Bacaerca dToro $paHTa, hojioxoh) raH- 
HOBepqa, to, 6htb Moserb, 0Ha nojBsyeTca hmb am saBHXB- 
HH6yxb cbohxb ivkiefi, ho bthitb ^fcjo h orpaHHHHBaeTca, nosfepB 

MH$. 

BapoHB Hefiro<J>B nooajra njeiaifH. — Tetf* aoj&ho <Jhtb jy?ine 
H3BidH0, cEa3ajrB ohb. fl, cb CBoei dopoHu, BcerAa xepxaicff 
Toro MHiHia, h He HMijiB aiyiaa BaaTBca, hto xom seHn^HHH, 
ciaBa Bory, He MoryrB cyjHTB o HamexB BEycaxB, ho h mh, ss 
cosan^HiiOy He MoseMB cyAHTB o6b hxb BaycaxB. A npo AOBTopa 
roBopaT'L, hto ohb npnxoAHTca no Baycy aseHn^HHaiiB. 

rpa$B 6pochjb Mpa^Hiifi B3rjw^B Ha CBoero Apyra. EapoHB sa- 
cwiajica: — Ecjih th BBAyMaeuiB TenepB ap&tbc* co mhoh, to jh- 
HumiBca cesyHAaHTa Ha totb aayiafi, ecra sa mhoS HacTynHTB 
onepe^B MapKHsa. MysHBanrH safipeHqajra, Ham. cx%j$eTb He- 
mhojbbo nonpuraTB, TefiHpnxB; sajn>, hto tboa sena He Tamper*, 
OHa 6o»ecTBeHHO BajiBcnpoaajia bb 6ujoe Bpeiia. 

de^aHia rimiM na TaHijH, chjh bb yny sepsajBHofi sara, 
By^a TenepB nepenuo o6mecTBO. Xopomee pacno-ioseHie Ayxa co- 
BepmeHHO dokhhyjio ee; OHa roTOBa 6uja pacnjiaaaTBca otb CByse. 
Cero^Ha Ha nee He otfpamajm hoith HHsaaoro BHeMaHia, caMmra 
ysacHiiMB ofipaaoMi npeHeCperam ew. My&B, BOHerao, npiyiHJi'B 
ee bb 3T0My, ho HUKor^a eme He Chjtb ohb tsbb HeBHHMaiejieffB 
kb Hefl, saBB ceroAHa. ^oKTopt MOJina h hs^jle noR.iOHHJica ei; 
jaate caMB tfapoHB He2ro$B, HiaorAa npHHaA-aesaBinifi bb raciy 
ea hobjohhhbobb, He otfpanjaJiB Ha Hea hohth HHBaBoro BHHiia- 
Hia h fflme caMB npHHijB cobc^mb H3M$HHJca bb nocjrfcAHie ahh; 
owl aojisho 6htb cobc^mb nosatfiMB o Hen; a He to, aaBB moitb 
6h ohb AonycTHTB Taimti, Bor^a OHa He Morjia npaMTB bb hex* 
yqadie! IIpaBO, ecJHfiu cxapaa, HecHOCHaa rocnosa $nin6axB He 
yctJiacB TenepB bo3j4 Hea, to ona, 6htb MoseTB, BnepBLie bb CBoef 

2SH3HH CHAtJia 6u Ha OAHOMB M'fedt BB 60JBfflo3 3ajii bo BpeME 

TaHi^eBB, h, hto Bcero xyae, CHAtJa <$h OAraoKofi- 

— Mu oqeHB paAH, MH.iaa rpa^HHa, roBopuja Ao6paa ciapyxa, 
hto bu naKOHen,B npiixajn bb HaMB, rA* bh Moseie cqaiaTbca 
cbohmh no npaBy h no Coaiefi mhjiocth. BaMB noHpaBHTca y HacB; 
B^At mh HaA^eiica, hto rpa^B ocTaBHTB cjiyaiOy h noceJHTca 
sa^cb, BorAa CTapufi npnHi^'B — Tochoab npoAJin ero ahh! — nepe- 
cejiHTca bb b4hhoctb. Mh 3a4cb suBeHB no npocTOTi h HeMHoro 
otctsjih otb Bisa, ho atHBeTca y HacB neAypeo, a BacB-TO ys-B 
6yAyTB Ha pysaxB hocatb. Bame HOJioaeHie ropasAO jerqe h npi- 
aTHie, h4itb noaoaeme botb stoh 64ahoh a^bohbh, Kb qeaiy ciy- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



BOB BBlPBKt* 239 

sara efl spacoTa, mojiojoctl e BejHHecTBeHHufi bha'b? k*b Hefi he* 
kto He ^yBCTByerB Hacioamaro noHTema, xoTa bi rjiasa Bci, 6htb 

HOSeTB, OHeHB JK)6e3HH. C0(5CTBeHH0 rOBOpfl, 9T0 CJtySHTB He Kfc 

qecTH jnoACBOfi, nOTOMy hto bx rfe qempe ro.ua, xoTopue ona npo- 
BeJia s^icB, OHa crfuaja MHoro, roBopa no cnpaBejJiBBOCTB, otohb 
MHoro jotfpa. rj4 h Boraa toibbo he noHaaofiHTca noMom,s — a 
kb AepeBHi OHa Bcer^a HysHa, — Tam yai OHa TyrB Kasi TyrB 
h noMoraen cjoboicb h ai-noM*. Kor^a HHH&nHefi semoS, TaM* 
Ha Bepxy, b-b j^chhx'b aepeBHax* CBHpfcncTBOBajrB th^x, to OHa 
6uia MoasHo csaaaTB BTopum npoBB^HieifB ftia 64ahhx*b jfo- 
jeS. Bee bto BipHo, oxHaso.... be^etc je, rpa^HHa, TasoBH ysi 
jhojh... mh4 caMofi Tpy^HO BipHTca, hto Bee bto OHa AijiaerB 
hsx sejiaHifl yro^HTB Bory; Kara se nocii dToro o6bhhatb jfo- 
jefl, ecjH ohh roBopara: OHa Bee 9to xbj&erb hs-b sejaHia eme 
CHJibHie onapoBaTB cTaparo npHHija, hto(5h ohb Ha CTapocra jiTS 
crfuiaji'B ee cooefi sasoHHoi cynpyrofi, ht6, bohchho, mosho Aony- 
cthtb, xoTa a HHiero Tyn» He nommaK). Hy, a botb npo Baci 
HeJB3H 6yxerB CBasaTB HBiero TaBoro, a noTOMy a noBTdpaio: 
Bacx 6yAyrB Ha pyBaxi hocetb, Korja bh fiy^eie 3a$cb rocno- 
&e&. Bh BOHeHHO CyaeTe otohb aofipn, b"b 3tomt> a He comh£- 

BaKKB. 

Ore^ama HHBorjia He xyMaja o tom'b: (SyjeTi jh OHa ftotipa 
hjh HiTB, Borxa CftftiaeTca npaHAeccofl Po.ua; Bonpocx o tomx, 
icaR-B 6yxyTB cy*HTB o nefi -iiojh, sasajca efl Tasse He ocotieHHO 
BaasHSHi; OHa otfparaaa BHHHame tojibbo Ha Ty qacTB piw CTa- 

pyXH, B*B KOTOpOH ynOMHHaJOCB, ^TO BCfc CHHTaiOTB, 6yjTo rej- 

BHra xjononerB o tomx, hto6h CA&iaTBca saKOHHoi cynpyrofi 
npBHi^a. Ona no^Hajia rjiasa h yBH#£ja, hto TeABHra bi h^csojib- 
BHXt marax'L ot*b Bea Becejo TaHijoBa^a Ba^pHJiB ex MapKH30M'L, 
yBH^iJia, hto x rjiasa MHoraxi MysHEHi cji^ahje sa dpolHofi, 6i- 
jiofi (J)Hrypo§, a Hefiro<|re>, TaHi^OBaBmaa Boaai Hea, HarHyjacB r*b 
nefi e CKa3ajia: He 6y^B Taxi nenaiBHa: npH^eTi BpeMa h tu 
onaTB 6yAeini> xopoma! — TyTi yse ona He Moraa 6oj*e cxepsa- 
BaTB CBoero ropa e sajHjaeB ropBBHHH cjesaMH, yTHpaa hx'b vk- 
paAKOfi KpyaeBHHifB njiaTKOM-B. Cbbosb oiesii yju6Hyjacb OHa 
Hefiro^i e nocjia^a BOSAjniHNfi non^ijiyfi npeHi^y. 

— Boti e^t-b Mofi CTapBKi», hto6h Becra vena. Kb yaHHy, 
CBasajia xo6paa $Hin6axi>. KymaHse Baseica eiiy HeBsycHBucB^ 
ecjiH a He rjraay, KaKX owl icTi. A BorB E^eTi 3a BaMH, me- 
jiaa rpa$HHa, CapoH'B HeirojrB. Taitofi BpacEBui saBajiep^ KaK*B 
past BaM'B noA*B craTB. 

Tbhi^ bOhhejiecb; o6mfiCTBO nepemjo yaraHaTB bi xpyryio 
sajiy. MapEH3x, TaHi^OBaBmifi nepe^t t$mx cb reABHroa, npoBejii 



Digitized by 



Googk 



240 BftCTHTO IBPOm, 

ee bt> CTOJroByio. IDatHoe, oanBJieHHoe jnmo MOiojoro neiosiia 
ciajio h ero orHeHHBie, qepnue raasa CBepsajiH, sorxa oicb npoxo- 
jhjtb cb Heio mhko rpa$a. rpatjrb sacEpHuiart sytiaMH. 

— 3a hto TaKaa hcmhjioctb, .iio6e3HBift rpa^rt? ' cnpocwia 6a* 
poHecca Hefiro^i, KOTopyio oh-b Beii coab pyay. Mh% 6b xort- 
jiocb pacr^tjOBaTb TeABHry, a naxosy, *m> ona jocrofiHa o6o»a- 
sife; OHa mcthttb secTOKHM'B uymmmawb sa Hanii (S-fejHHft, 6es- 
cOMomHHfi ho-tb. Bu cMteiecb? boti bto xopomo! cm4xt> 3Byiim 
flicBOJiLKO npHTBopHO, ho Bii nonajn Ha HacToaiAVK) jopory; bh 
opHMHpHTecb cb CBoefi cy^bCofi. Bh cb caiiaro Haiaja npHmiiaji 
SCe 3T0 CJIHniROM'B cepbe3H0. 

— Hjra neAOCTaTOHHO cepbesno. 

— Bh CHOBa BnajaeTe bx ciapyH) OHm6By! S^paio BacB, to 
<cm$x , b ropasAO yamie h yjo6H4e. fl yxe aajra btotb 6,iaroi co- 
b^t*b Cie^aHia. Axt>, sasyfo ciacrjrHByio napy cocTaBHTe bh, Korja 
Hay^HTecB cM'feaTBca. 

BoKpyra tfojiBmoro npeKpacHaro 6y$eia, doaBmaro nocpqoi 
•KOMHaTH, 6hjo pascraBJieHO Mnoro MaJienbKHX'B ctoahbobi, saw- 

TOpBIMH pa3C*JOCB, 6e3X BCflBHX'B IjepeMOHifl H BeCeJIO 60JT8A, Bee 

ofimecTBO. 

— He npaB^a jh, Kasofi yjia<rau8 Be^cpi? cnpocM'B (fcoffB-IJei- 
sejB, hojxoah bb Konn,* ysHHa kb TepiiaHy; Bee H^erB npeiioc- 
xoflHO, KaK'b no HHcaHHOMy, HecMOTpa na to, hto nama npi- 
<Myra Henpmijqna si jiuy h MHorie B3B JiaseeBB cero^Ha Bnep- 
Biie o6^eBJiHCB bb qepHiifl (frpaBi? coBciMx t$itb hh ojhhb hc 

yAapHJfB JlBH,OMB B-B rpH3b", HOJHOCH He pOHflJRCb, hh ojhoh hsb 

j&m He onpoKHHyjia tfjiKwa Ha Bojrimn h He OTopBajiH mjie8<j>a! 
1A caMO o6mecTBo! HHKorja bt, sh3hh He noB^pejiB 6h, tto bem* 
yaacTca co6paTB sjicb Tanoe o(5mecTBo: H3an^H£ie My&?HHH, no- 
«6esHua aeHin,HHH, oiapoBaTCibHua a*bhuh! Ax*, xpyrs moI, 
►npocnrre, a ne ayiiajrb b-b BTy MHHyTy o Bamefi HecnacTHoS jw6- 
ibh. CqacTJHBtie He tojibbo ^acoBi. ore HatfiiOAaroT'B, ho h He sha- 
iotb yrpuseHifi cobIjcth! Bee sa*cb ncnojiHeiio ^ocTOHHCTBa, Be- 
^cejibfl, rpai^iH, rapMOHiu, bb ROTopofi He SByqara hh oxhoS $aft- 
4hhbo2 hoth, HecMOTpa Ha 6e3o6pa3Haro, craparo rpa^a HexiH- 
reja... CosAaieJb! wro bto Tasoe!.. 

*onB-I],efl3ejb HanpaBiuca 6$vom> vepe&b bch> KOMHaiy bb 
crapoMy rpa^y HexTHrejio, BOTopufi cb CoKajOMB maicHaHCBaro 
m> pysax'B ctoajib nepeAT> ctojbeomb, aa botopumb cha*jb Map- 
khsi cb TexBHroff h, en^e h^cbojibbo javi h MyaHHH'B. 

— Kasaa TaifB HcnaHia! Baaaa TaifB roreHi^ojuepHCBaa b&h- 
.XHWTypa! EpHqajr* CTapuft 6yaHi>; Bee bto nenyxa! Ohh npocTO 

JLOTHTh HaCB BSjyTb; OHH ffiBRO dTOtO XOTflTB. Ho « S61UV 



Digitized by 



Googk 



bci biiipwb. 241 

<*5h sitotb, hto mh* a&wtb cb ^pamjysaire; a Bcerja shmb, tto 
:jih4 xhAMb cb 4>pamjy3aMH! 

— 9totb rocnoAHHB otfpamaeTca, KaaBeic*, bo mh4, cBa3a» 
iiapsHSB HcnyraHHOMy o(5mecTBy. He BOSbMerb .ih kto hbb roc- 
jioab Ha cefia TpyAB ofoacHHTB eiiy, wo a He hm*k> cucria ero 

BOHHMaTb? 

— Ho fl-TO xopoino noHHMaio BacB, npeKpacHui mojoaihkb, 
ocpaqa-Tb CTapHKi... a... 

— #afiTe mh* Baray pyny, rpa$B, BCBpniajB cfjOH^-IJefoejib, 
XBaTaa sa pyny nojy-nbaHaro CTapnsa h necxoTpa Ha ero bphbh 
m conpoTHBJieHie, BUBO^a ero 3a *Bepi>, BOTopaa, bb cqacriio, naxo- 
.^HJiacb no 6jh30Cth h BOTopyio cjyrn .nocrrfeniHJH otbophtb. 

IIpHHivB TOTiacB ase BCTajit, sasx tojbbo ao Hero AOJcrijio 
nepBoe rpOMKoe cjobo, h sthmb noAajB 3HaBB bc6mb ocTajBHUMB. 

€OBCl>ML TtllB OHB He 1IOFB HOM^HiaTB BCfcMB npHCyTCTByK)Ul ) HM , B, 

saMiTBTb 6e3o6pa3Hyio cn,eHy, xota bc4 h noBastiBajra bhab, hto 
iiHiero ne cauxajra h ne BHAajiH, h noca^AOBajH npBMipy npeH- 
na, KOTopufi choeoSho pascysAajii cb dapHMB $Hui6axoMB h 
tojibko Tor^a noTepajiB saBB Cy^TO caMOo6jaAaHie, sor^a bb neiiy 
^io^onijra cb pasHuxB cropoHB rpa$B b TeABHra. 

• — Hy, cBasaai ohb, pfeito OTBopawBaacB otb rpa$a h 06- 
jmmaacb bb re^BHrife: BaBB Te64 sto HpaB&Tca? 

Bji4ahhh rytfu TeABHra rotfopHJH o nepesHTOiiB en> Borae- 
min. 

— fl bb HeroAOBaniH, OTBiraajia OHa; ho... 

Ona yMoaBja, yBHAa BApyra paAOMB cb co(5oS rpa$a. 

— Hy, 8au$THjra npHHivB, mh4 CAaeTca, hto Tyro ne MOxeTB 
~6uTh HHKaKoro no. BcflKoe ho npeBpaTHTB nacB bb BapsapoBB, 
xora A&xe caMBie B^tpBapu yBaxaioTB rocrenpinMCTBO. Axb! sto 

«U, ^K)6e3HWft JtapBHSB. 

IIphhijb OTBepnyjca, h onepmncB Ha pysy HapsHsa h qhcbhaho 
cb HaarfepeBieirL saBasaBB cb hhmb APy&ecsyio 6ecfcAy, CTajB 06- 
XORBTh bck> 3ajiy. 

rpa<J>B h TeABHra npncrajiBHO norMA*** ApyrB Ha APyra- 
Ohi, He 8Haa BaBB A&*eBo sanuia OHa bb stomb A^i, npo^H- 
TBjn> b% ea xuni tojbbo Aep3Byio HacMimsy; OHa, cb CBoet cto- 
poHti, yBHA^ia kb HeifB bu30bx h yrposy. OHa ne xorfcia yAO- 
ctohtb rpa^a cjobomb: a cA*-iajia Bce ; ht6 Horjia, rpa$B noxajiB 
noieqaMH, TeABnra OTBepnyjracB. 

' — Ero cb*tjoctb sejiaert yAajHTBca bb cefii, CBasaaB $ohb- 
I^efisejib reABHri. Ocm4jih}cb npeAJiosHTb BaMB cbok) pysy? 

TexBHra nonua cb BaeajiepoMB bb npHHi^y. HpHHi^B 9 npoxoAa 
-•cb reABHrofi iiHHO rocTcfl, BasAony hsb hhxb csasaJiB BaBoe-HH- 

Tom T. — CiBTaBP*, 1871. 16 



Digitized by 



Googk 



242 BftCTHHKft IBPOIIH. 

6y*B JK)(5e3Hoe cjobo; ho tJoffB-IJefeeaB saMirajt, tto oh* BHe- 
sanHO ^aMO-wajrB, KaK* tojbko npieMHaa 3&na ocraiacB noaajH 

HHX*B H OHH BOfflJH B*B BeJieHyK) KOMHaTy, H TTO HpHHIJ-B, HOKJO 

HHBfflHCb aeH*, BnepBue, cbojbko Mora sanoMHHTB ^OHi-ijeflaeit, 
Be non.ijOBaji'B y nea pyBH. 



TJIABA qETBEPTAfl. 

— Bora yBHAHmb, ona tiojibme He BepHeTca, roBopu* $g- 
jnnnrB. 

— Ho orb jfljuRewb se BepHyTBca, OTBfriajrB ^HTp&rt. 

- — KaKofi j&e Te64 hsi OToro npoKi; th AOJiateH'B npoBojm ro- 
cnoftHHa ceBpeTapa b-b KaBajepcicifi ^jnrejiB, a Tiara BpeneHexs 

KOi MyCBH) BHH3T* HO JlfcCTrnm*, fla H (ShJTB TaKOB*. 

— TaBB HflH th! 

— A $cjh Tim BpeiieHeM'B Moil rocnoAHHB hosbohhtb? 1 

— fl nepejoMaio bc& kocth MOJiojTOKy. 

— fl ne OTCTany on* Te<$a, cbslssuvl $HJiHinrB; ho npeaje mb 
AOishh nofiMaTB ero. Cjymaft, ^HTpexx, mh botb Bans gtfuaem: 
Kor^a th BepHeuiBca, to TOT^acB nofiAems b'b ca#B; a a yze 
TaMi 6y*y. rocnoAeny lioeicy a Bipoarao tiomne He noHajofi- 
jiocb, a ecjH 6h Aase... a fl&rajo 9to ho ^pyatfii fb Te64. 3a- 
t4mt, hh BCTpiTBMca BHHsy, y (J)OHTaHa, sHaemB, h ecjia mh ero 
nofraeMi... 

" — Jla^HO, OTB$TOJTB ^HTpHXi; yXO^H CKOpM, HyCTB OHl JJ*- 

me He sacTaHero Te6a 8#£cb h noxyMaero, hto hhsto eMy Be Mi- 
maerB. 

— HTaffB, y $0HTaHa! 

^HTpHxi BHBHyjT, roaoBofi h ocTaaca ojhh'b B'B nepeairei y 
cmaa, Meamy t4mi> Ban* ero TOBapnnvL oTnpaBHJica na cboh 
hocti. 

.Hhtphxi h $HJrann*B 6hjh saEMTHMH BparaMH, HOTOliy w 
4>0jHnn'L npoBOAHJi TenepB hohth BecB aeHB b*b KoppHjopi, bo- 
Toptifi BejL% H3T» BOHHaTi rocTefi B'B MajeHBsifi sajrB, nepexi Kpac- 
Hoft 6amHefi. i 3,htphx , b mofb jhihb HspfytKa h na MirayTy noaB- 
jiaTBca TaifB im cBoefi KOHioniHH; ho t4mi name Morja Bcrpiwwa 

CB $HJHHHOMX MeTa, BHXO^a B3*B ROMHaTO CBOefi rOCHOSH BB TOTt 

se soppHAopi; ^htphxt, se Hwijit ocHOBame flyicaTB, tto 9th 
bctp^hh 6uBajH ropas^o nan^e, h*itb Toro Tpe6oBajia cjrys6a Mem. 
Ho co BHepamHaro yTpa, Kor.ua BanTHCT'B, KaMep^iraep'B MapKB8a, 
tohho Tanate nocejinjica b'b npnxoaefi nepe^i KOMHaTaiiH CBoero 
rocno^HHa ; pacno.ioseHHUHH b*b RpacHofi damni, Bpas^a ^HTpexa 



Digitized by 



Googk 



BC1 beipka*. 243 

m $&iHnna npeBparasacB b-b rfccHyio jpyatfy. $oiHnny KasajocB, 
4Sy/ero oh* 3aM$THjn>, hto BanTHcrL h Meia, BcasiS pa3B, Kara 
ohx cjyqafiHO bxoaht'b b*b KOMHaiy, Ka3ajacs BecBMa CMymeHHbiMH, 
a juja y o(5ohxb 6ujh otohb KpacHu. B*b CBoefl peBHOCTH, oh* 
coo6m,HJTL 3to HafaBoaeme ^HTpHxy, koto pa 2 npnaajica CTpamHO 
pyraTBCfl h yBipaTB $uHmia, hto ecjin yaa Ha to hoihjio, to 
ohb jiy^ine saaaert ycrymrrB eMy AiByumy, ^int npouaTOMy 
<J)paHn,y3y. Ohi sacTaBHJi-B $HJHnna noB-iacTBca, Ha(uK>AaTb 3a 

HHMH H HOfiMaTB MOJOAHHKa, eCJEH &03M0SH0. $MHHHB OXOTHO 

npHHajL Ha cetfa po«ib Ha($jiK>AaTejiH, pa^tr cbohxb coficTBeHHHX'B 
HHTepecoFB, ho ro chxb nopt Hnqero He MorB otrphtb, HecMO- 

Tpa Ha TO, HTO npHTBOpHJICfl HenOHHMaK)ffl ( HM'L HO - $paHI^y3CKH, 

troika web, HanpoTHBB^ npotfbiBB aobojibho AOJiro bo $pam;iH, oh* 
nopflAO^HO noHHMajB <|>paHijy3CBifi asbisi. Ho ceroAHa Be^epoMt 
XHTpocTB yjajiacs eMy. Ohb, EanTHcrB h MeTa, nojiB3yacB cbo- 

^OAHUH'B ^aCKOMB, BHA&BHIHMCa y HHXB BB TO BpeMfi, EaBB CO- 

<5pajHCB rocTH, ydtanct bb npaxoaefi KpacHofi 6am hh 3a 6ymi- 
KaMH BHHa, EOToptia MeTa yxnTpnjiacB AOCTaTB, cotfnpaacB hohh- 
poBaTB bb cbok) onepeAB. Bhho npajajio cm&iocth BanracTy, a 
MeTy caSuhuo MeH$e ocTopoatHofi. $uhiiiii o^eHB HCKycHO pasu- 
rpaix rjiyxoro h citnoro h yBHAiurB, KasB ohh nosHMara Apyr* 
Apyry pysn ho#b ctojiomx, a HaKoneu.'L ycjHmaJB, EaBB Bankers 
CKasajB Merfc: HTaBB, ceroAHa BenepoMB, y $OHTaHa, b'b ca,ny, 
rflfc Teppaca! 

MeTa MHrHyja i\ia30MB h ytfisa-ia, noTOMy ?to aBena&H no- 
saTHJiHCB no ABopy h rocnoAa MorjiH npH^TH Kaat^yio MHHyTy. 
BanTHCTB h $hjhhhb e^Ba ycnfciH ytfpaTB (JyTLiJBH h CTaKanti, 
BaBB MapKHS'B h Po3ejib noKasajHCB bb KoppHAopi, H BanTHCTfc 
fioci^AOBajiB 3a hhmh. BcjiifrT, wrbwb npamejit rpa$B, h $h- 
jurnnx yraejiB sa cbohmb tochoahhomb. BepHyBmncB, ohb HamejiB 

JI,HTpHXa, KOTOparO OTBOMaHAHpOBaJH B'B KOppHAOpB, Ha MiCTO 

ABrycTa, KOTopaft AOjmeHB 6hjtb npacjiyatHBaTB ceroAHa BenepoM* 
rocraM-L, BaBB 3to yae He pasB 6uBajio. ^hjibhob HeMe^JeHHO 

C006mHJIB O CBOeMB OTBpHTiH ^HTpHXy. 

H botb TenepB CH-tfurB ^HTpaxt oAHHOBifi, ropecTHO pasuuni- 
jaa o CBoaxt jik)6obhhx , b HeB3roAaxB h, AoatHAaacs Po3eja, no- 

TJIHAUBaJI'B TO Ha $OHapb, KOTOpUM-L OHB AOJH&eHB 6uJTb OCBimaTB 

uyTB Po3eJK), npoBoataa ero nepez'b ABopt bb BaBajiepcEiu $jih- 
re-iB, to Ha ABepB, qepe3B EOTopyio AOJ»eHB 6ujn> buath Po3ejB, 
to Ha cboh qacu, KOiopue cero^Ha Kaicx 6y^,To ocTaHOBHjracB, h 
bx Aynii Kjuuca, hto yTonerB ceroAaa Hero^aa, xeTa 6h 3a bto 
jiHmHJica M^CTa h MeTu. 

TiMB BpeMeHeMB BanTHCTB npHBejix bb nopa^oKi cnanBHio 

16* 



Digitized by 



Googk 



244 Btcmra ebpoiih. 

CBoero rocnoxHHa h Tasxe HeTepirfcjiHBO, Kara h ^htphtl fb kojk 
pHjopfc, AosHjajca, hto6u MapKH3i> npocTHJicfl cb Poseieirb a 
aero cnaTt. 

MapKH3i> HH^ero TaicB ne saiajn, xairb yxoxa Poaeja, ho no- 
CJit^Hifl csasajrb: 

— HaBHHHTe, MapxHS'b, ecjH a HaAo$Aaio BaMi>, ho a ciBTai* 
CBoefl o6asaHHOCTLK) HanoMHHTb, hto bi cymHocrH mn noaoHrara 
Hame a*JO sAicb h TenepL xopoino CA&aaeirb, ecaa noAyMaem 
o6* ocTajibHofi qacTH Haraefi sa^aHir. 

— AywafiTe, AywafiTc, 9to Baaie peMecio, OTB$iaxb iiapBas^ 
a cb CBoefl ctopohu eme He totobi. 

— Kasi, MapMsi? saitfrrHjrb Pos&ib; noui Toro Bast npBHi^ 
xaai cero^Hfl yTpoMx <J>opiiajibHoe otfimame, KOTopoe ohi Henpe- 
MinHO hcdo^hht'l; nero ze Bam* eme HyatHO? 

— Bh oieHb aerico OTHOCH^ecb a* Ai^y, oTBiw* MapKH3i h 
Tor^a icaa* eme sqepa BeiepoM* Bon> BicTb nero HaroBopniB o 
ero BaatHOCTH. Tenepb, Kor^a a Haqenaio hmi HHTepecoBaTsca, 
Bani^ HHTepeci y*e octujtb. 

— IIoTOMy hto HaMi bt> caMoarb xbib H^iero (SoJibme sjkb 

A^JATb, B03pa3HJT> P03eJIS. CKJIOHHB'b IipHHI^a Ha CBOK) CTOpOHJ, 

hu AO^HJiHCb Bcero, hto ToabKo bo3mo»ho. OapaHia moh npiofi- 
pijcrn Baiame Ha ero oapyataiomHX'b, ocTajincb TmeraHMH! 

— A bu Tasi pasc^HTUBa^H Ha hhxi! 

— JBE npocwTaaca, h tohho Tarate oiuatfca vb HacipoeHii* 
(SioprepoB*. CeroAHa a Bee yipo CpoAHJ* ho ropoARy a ero ob- 
pecTHOCTaBfb. HoBipbTe mh-6, MapBusi, bc* sth jiioah onojnaTC* 
Ha Bad, Baire CRopo BcnuxHerb BofiHa, a* ohh *y»e h Tenepb 

B036ySA6HU npOTHBT* Hacb. 

— HpeKpacHO, oTBfcqajrb lepras*, nparoTOBbTe xopomeebBii 
OTieTeivb, KOTopufi mu nomaeui MHHHCTpy. YnoTpetfHTe Ha 9T0 
HOHb, ecjin bli He ydajH, a Mena H3BHHHre, ecja a cb cBoei 
cropoHH aary cnaTb. 

— A pa3Bi Bacx He osaAamia ci^Ha, ROTopaa npoB3onu& 
ceroAHfl BeaepoMi, ifapsHsx? 

— HycTaKH! OTBiqajrb MapRH3%. 

— fl nojiaraio, hto rpa$*b, a 6uTb Moaerb TaBse 6apoet 
Heiro^'b 3aM f bmaHH Bb a^*, Hna^e crapufl BeroAafi He sameii 
6u Tasi AaJieao. 

— OneHb bo3mo»ho, sairfcTHJii MapKH3i,, npHTBopao 3iBafl. 

— MapKH3*b, CKasajix PoseJb, 6epa b% pyKH uuiany, mh* faso 
6u BCCbHa npacEopfiHO, eciatfa a namaica BUHyatAeHHHMb npex* 
nocjaTb OT^eTy, botophS a AOJi»eH'b orapaBHTb kx repqory TpaM- 
MOHy, ^adHoe nacbito sx OjuaBte, ci Kojopum, nasi MapKBsy 



Digitized by 



Googk 



bci mm&. 245 

H3B4CTHO, a OqeHB 6.1H30K^, H B* 9T0MT, UECbUi yflOUflHyTb, HTO 

X^flTeibHaa nepemicRa MapRirca cb rpa^OMx Elan Copt OTHHitaerB 
y rocnoftUHa MapEH3a to open a, Kanoe, bb HnrepecaxB Tenepem- 
Hflro npaBHTejBCTBa, rocnoAHH'b MapBH3i HCRJimHTeabHO AOJseHB. 
<Sujn> 6u noCBjiTHTb Hauiefl Mncciu. 

— TaRB, TaRB, 3aM*THjn> napKH3i>; saiiarB bu He CKasua 
BToro TOTqacB se? Crojkro Bain, eyano? 

— Moa Ct^uaa iiaTyniKa wb CTpactfyprfc, Baiaa* Poaejb... 

— H enje 6*AH4finiee «MeauyHapoAHoe o6m,ecTBo> bt> JToh- 
£0*4, nOAXBaTHJBfB iiapRusB. 

— MapBH3i>! 

— BejiHKifi Borne! BCRpHqaai irapRH3*, ji BOBce He sejraio 
BMimHBaTBca bb Bame noiHraqecRia TaffHu; xopouio 6u.io 6u, 
€Cjih6u h bu A?psajiHCB Tofi ace noxBajbHofl npHBHqKH! K'B TOMy 
ate Bame cMex^yHapoAHoe o6mecrBO> paCoTaen, bb eainy nojbsy; 

OJHHMB C10BOMB... 

BaaTHcrb, orb cRyRH npH.io»HBmi8 yxo rt> aaMoqnoi CKBaatHHii, 
He pa3CiumajrB OTBtTa Po3ejH, ho ycauiuajn>, Kaia» MapRH3*B 
OTnepx cbok) niKaTyjRy h cnoBa aaneps ee, h sarfcMB, cM$acB, 
CKasajii: 

— BHAHTe jih, mon cher; ao r6xB nop*, nowt bei He CTaneTe 
nepe3B nypi HaBBaqeBUMt, bu Bcer^a HaflAeTe MeHa totobumb njia- 
THTb Bam sa naynocTb, cb Kanofi a AOBtpnaca Baarb BHaqajrfc. 
Ho, noBTopaio, bu He aojikhh <5utb HaBas^HBUMB. 

— BjiaroAapio Bacb, iiapRH3B, OTB'feqajfB cenpeTapb, h Taas 
KaKi» bu cTo.ib AO(5pu, to no3BOJibTe Bupa3HTb Baifb moio (5aaro- 
AapHOCTb bt, (})opii4 Aofiparo coBiwa: 6ynbte octopokhh, MapKB3T>! 
a yBipem>, mo rpa<jn> Hmerb jib in b npuanqiiaro npe^jora, qTotfu 
8aTiaTb cb BatiH ccopy. 

— Ilo.iHTHRa, npn HacToauiHXB otfcToaTCJibCTBaxB, nenpHroAwa 

JJfl BTOfi IVfejIH, CBa3aJTB MapBHSi; MH TOJIbRO 1TO BHA^W, RaR'B 

jk>ah, He pasAkiaiomie no,iHTHqecRHXT> iraf.Hift iipHima, BuroHa- 
K)Tca no npocTy sa .ABepb. 

— Tpa4>a Hejibaa BurHaTb 3a ABepb. 

— IIoaTOMy ohb h He AOJimee'B (rraBHTb ce6a bb TaRoe no- 
jioateHie, npa ROTopo^i Bcanaro Apyroro nocTHivia 6u tbrm yiacTB. 

— IlycTb ae MapRH3B ne noAaeri ewy neoro noBOAa, ROto- 
pufi, BAo6aBOK%, (JyAerB HM^Tb eme oauo xyAoe necjiiACTBie, a 
HMeHeo: oatecTQqHTB hpothbi Hero HpHH^a, TO-ecrb caaiuMi cepb- 
esHUMB o6pa30MB CROMnpo&ieTTHpyerB ycntxB HameS iinccin. 

— JlK)6e3Hu3 Po3e.ib, CKa3a.ii> MapRH3B, a BaMB eqeHb 6,ia- 
roAapeHB. Ho bu nnnero b^ stomi He cmucihtc A Tenepb, uo- 

BOfiHOft HOHH. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



246 BBOTHIBB iBPOHH. 

MapSHBl n03BOHEIB. 

— HocBiTH rocnoAHHy Posejiio, a hotomb MOxemB He bos- 
spamaTsca, a cam pasA^HycB h juary bb nod&ib. 

BanTHCTi> npoBejB Poseja bb nep^XHioK) h TaaiB npeAOCTaBHXB 
ero ^HTpHxy, MpaiHO norjiaA$BnieMy Ha Hero; aarfcMB hoctohjtb 
cb MHHyTy y OBHa bb BoppBAop*, Ha<$-iK>Aaa sa t4mb, KaBB ,Hht- 
pexB npoBoawun* Poseja no ABopy* cb $OHapeMB, u c6£sajB Ha- 
BOHei^B cb j[4cthhijh, KOTopaa paaBiTBJiajacB HH»e Ha xsb tocth 

« BaSAAA H3B HHXB B&ia BB OCo60My BHXOAy. BaHTHCTB npocTO- 
JUIB CB MHHyTy BB HepilHHMOCTH H SaT^MB, AyM&& HOBepHyTB 

aanpaBO, noBepHyjB HaaiBO. 

KasB CBopo MapsHSB ocTajca oahhb, tslkt> HeneAJeHHO oTfipo- 
"Chjtb nanapocy h npaHjuca 6£raTB BsaAB h BnepeAB no ROMHarfc, 
ycTaaHHofi BOBpoMx, pasdaBHBB pyKH. KpacoTa TeABHrn pa30zrxa 
<ero CTpacTB ao nocxiAHeS CTeneHH ceroAHa BenepoMB; jfo6e3HOCTt, 
cb Bason OHa corjuacH^acB cb hhmb TaHijOBaTB, APy^ecaoe otfpa- 
meHie ea 3a y»HHOMB, ohcbbahhS HcnyrB bo Bpeiifl cueHH cb 
*CTapuMB, fiesyMHUMB CapoHOMB— Bee 3to nocjiyaauo ciaABofi na- 
•mefi ero Tmea»aBiK>. 

— OHa *k>6htb MeHa, OHa ao6wrh mcha! bcbph^ub MapBH3B: 
h ecjH Mo6ohb am Hea, KaBB h am Mena, Bojunefaaa CKa3sa, 
to OHa Bce-TaKH yM*eTB oi^hhtb cja^ocTB oTnomeHiu, hhcbojbbo 
ae Tepaion^HXB cBoefi npeiecTH otb Toro, hto 3apaH$e npeABH- 

AHTCa HXB EpaTBOBpeMeHHOCTB. OHa He TaKOBa,, KaBB BCfc OCTaJB- 

«Ha, HecHOCHua HiMeijBia meHmaHti, saRB, HanpHMipB, 9Ta 6k- 
jiosypaa de^aHia; OHa He TOJibKO 3HaeTB, nero xoiera, ho h 
UMieTB MyaecTBO AO0HBaTBca Toro, iero xoieTB. Kto aocthtb 
Toro, Hero OHa AOCTHraa, TOiiy He HyatHO xoahtb 3a AOKa3aTe.11>- 
CTBaMH cBoero MysecTBa. ^to aacaeTca yrpHsemfi cob^cth, to y 
Hea He hosctb <5utb hhxb u pfcqa; CTapai cynpyrB, EOTopoi 
npHTOMB ate peBHyeTB HenpaBHJiBHO, peBHyeTB kb BTOMy nporaB- 
HOMy npyccKOMy rpa$y, 9T0My ^OHB-KnxoTy bb MyHAapi, BOTopai 
nodoaHHO A^aeTB bhab, hto oxotho H3py6njiB 6m Mena bb Byc- 

bh a&, cjiyqai, yAOfiHtifi cjyiafi — botb Bee, hto Tpe6yeTca! 

Bb BoofipaateHia Mo.iOAoro HeJiOBtsa hochjhcb necipiiMB po- 
eHB caMua 6e3yMHO-CMijiLia noxosA^Hia H3B $o6ja3a. Oh*b muc- 
jieHHO i^tnjiajica 3a xpynEia uinaaepii caAOBoi ct4hu. Ohb omynBK) 

B36npaJlC£L HO TeMHHMB 3aAHHMB JltCTHHI^aMB H HCBaJIB CKpiITyK) 

npyjstmy noTaeHHofi ABepn; ohb BCTpinajiB Tticaqa npenaTCTBii 
h npeoAOJ^BajB hxb bc$, h hoab kohci^b Bcero Jierne conpoTHB- 
•ieHie ofioataeBioS aeHmamj, sorAa eMy yAajiocB Ao6paTbca ao Hea. 
A ohb 6bun> b-l 6jh3Bomb cocfeACTBi otb Hea; ^ase t$ ab^ bom- 
HaTLi, KOTopua ohb saHHiiajB, HeAaBHO em,e npHHaA^eaajH en. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



bos BrapsffB. 24T 

Eify cootfmHjri 9to Ban-ram, KOTopuft HewpoiTB yxaatHBaw 8& 
xopomeHBKofi KaMep's-ionr^pofi. CnpaBa k*b Gaumi npHMUKajiH ea 
KOMHaTM. 3ia ABepB Bftaa b-l ROMHaTy, pacnoaoateHHyio bt» yrjy r 
ue&Ay $Marejiewh h (SanraeH h bb Hacroamee BpeMa hhr'Ih'b hc- 
o6HTaeMyio; h3*b Hen, no Bcefl BtpoflTHocTH, mo»ho 6ejjo npofiTff 
bi en noKOH. He noiniTaTBca jih eMy? BoRpyrB ct&hh raeji'B ihh~ 
poRifi ycTynB, Morymifi cayatHTB toiroS onopH jjia Hora, a py- 
saMH JierKO yxBaraTBca aa RapHH3*B. EMy ciyiajiocB y*a?HO co- 
BepmaTB Goalie rojoBOJOMHiia nyTemecTBia, a bt» ROMHarfe, pa^OM*. 
ci ea cnajibHeft, 6&jmom> ne sairapajca bck) hohb. 

MapKHSi BHwaHyji b*b orho. Ho^b hhih — aobojibho rjiyCoRO, 
KaKi eMy TenepB nonasajoCB — pacKHriyjica ca#B, osapeHHHfl Ma- 

rHHeCBHM'B CB^TOlfB J^THefi HOHH. $OHTaHX myMikTB. Hsi OTspa- 

thx* ABepefi 6a^Roea toA KOMHaTM, rj4 »H.ia Te^BHra, naxaji^ 
CBbrb Ha BepxymRH AepeBT>, pocnraxx ropa3^o jajiie. Bi eacro- 
amyio MHHyTy 6hjio cjthiukom'l paHo; b*b s&mvk, sHa^HTeJiBBaa 
iacrB ROToparo (Jtuia BH^ea h3*b Buaaiomefica 6amHH, BHjHijiHCk 
eme ocBtmeHHHa oRHa; ho BCKopi s&mor* AOJURenB 6uxt> norpy- 
sHTBca bo upaRi, KairB h Biepa hohbk), h hto sacaeTca caw, to- 
xoTa MapKH3i» npncTajiBHo Hafi-HOAajn sa hem* Biepa bt> 3tot-l. 
caMufi nacx, ho hh jyniH He bba&i'b kb Hem. 

Ho hto 9to TaRoe? 6tiJiajiH to erpa ero padropaneHHofi $an- 

TasiH, HJIH fffefiCTBHTeJIBHO TO MeJBKHyjIO SeHCROe HJiaTBe, CRpUB- 

meeca bx Kycrraxi? Cepwe MapKHsa chjbho safojocB, b*b to Bpem* 
RaRi sopRie raasa npncTajBHo BiviHAHBajHCB b*b TemiOTy, pascra— 
jraBmyioca no» ero HoraMH. KaKi> iviyno! eciH *a«e orb h b& 
onradca, to Maao jih rto mohb 8to 6htb: MOJiOAaa rpa$HHa, ro- 
Topaa, Kast oht, SHaji, TaRse SHjia no Cjhsocth, ^a eme b%. 
HHJRHeiTB 9Taa4, h Mor^a cofira bx ca^x; h^tb, tojibro He OHa;: 
OHa He noS^erB ryjiaTB b* stotb ^aci, ho 6htb MoseTi rto-hh- 
0y^B H3i» ropHHqnuxx; noneicy HenpeM^HHO TeABHra? 

TyTB CHOBa iiejiBRHyjro niaTBe. 

^[epesi ceRyH^y ohx 6ujli> yae y jBepn, ROTopyio thxo otbo- 
Phjt,. Bt RoppH^opi ropitfa jairna, ho HHRoro hsx npHCJiyra He 
6ijjo. MapRHS^ npoRpajca Ha itfinoiRax'B kt> ji^cteeji^ h c6i- 
aajix ci> Hea, He safijy^acB, RaRi BanTHcro, TaMi, r^i oua pas* 
BiTBjajiacB. Oh*b snajii xaax ^o6paTBca ao ca^OBoS Teppacfl, rjfc 
Mejn>RHyjio 6ijioe njiaTBe, KOTopoe b*b ero BOo6pajE£Hia HHROMy He 
Morjo npHHa^eaiaTB, KpoMi TexBHrH. 

Tiwb BpeMeHeMi BanTHCTB, bm4cto Toro, ^to6u bw^th wb~ 
cax'B cnpaBa iiesAy RpacHofi 6auiHefi h rjraBHBiifB s^aHieifB, bu- 
mejii* cJiiBa Me»Ay RpacHoS 6ainHefi h RaBajiepcKHMi, fyAurejiewby 
h onyTHBuiHCB eoa'b oRHaiiu rpa^a Tm,eTHO noA2KH l pui'B Meiy, ko- 



Digitized by LjOO^LC 



U4S B3CTBHK& 1BP0IIH. 

« 

Topaa, no ycioBiio, AOjsHa (Jma »bho naxoAHTbca Ha m4ct4 cbi- 
AaHia. BanTHCTB, BocnojibsoBaBmifica BpeMeHent, hto6u oruxbTbca 
jtpyroMi* ce6a, Hanajra HOAoapfeBaTb, hto aafijiyAwca; h a*bctbm- 
TejbHO, eMy Raaajiocb yAHBHTejibHiurb, hto oh* ne Moxen, othc- 
BaTb $0HTana, hto sa^cb ctoatl Bucosia jepeBba, KOTopuxi ob-e 
hto-to He npHnoMeHTii h ito aiuen TBHyTca no rjaA&oMy iricrry, 
Tor^a saRx no ero m Him to oh$ neoAHOBpaTHO aojshh npepuBaTbca 
€TyneflHMH. O^HaKO bot'b (Sanma, h bt> nefi ocBfcmeHHHa ORBa, h 
rott> otkphthB 6a.iB0HX, BeAymiff Taiusc bt> ocBimeHHyio KOMaaTy; 
sto, no Bcefi BtpoflTHocTH, 110KOH 6apiMH Mem. Ho botl.... ja, 
M, AtficTBHTejibHO, nepeA* rjra3aMH ero nejibKnyjio ateHCKoe naaTbe. 
BanTHCTB nocniraiHO Cflfejiwh ABa mara h yAapajca o flepeBO, ja 
Tasx BpinKO, hto He- Morb yxepsaTb aerRaro Kpaaa ncnyra i 
Cojih; ho KorAa om> Hamejn> cbok) nuiany, ROTopaa caerfeaa y Hero 
*rb rojOBM, to $nrypa, Hcnyrannaa aojhkho CJijtl kphromt,, Bcneaia. 
BanTDCTi Hamejcb npHjraiHHM* otfoApnTb h npHBJie<n» HisHUMH 
3BysaMH pofayio A*BymRy h saTBHya-b nepBiift nynjierb oaboSiA- 
-ceHBn, CHai&na o?eHb tbxo, 3arfcin>, Tas* saB^ Ayponita, BOTopaa 
Koneino, cnpaTaiacb no Cjhsocth orb Hero, Bee eme He noiU3u- 
Bajiacb, HeMHoro rpoM^e; naROHeiVB bt> HeiepniHia sanka* un 
rpoMKO, hto rpa<j>x, xoAflBmifi maxb h BnepeA* no CBoefi KOMHart, 
iiyqHMuft CeacoHBHijefi, bcho ycjumajii irfcHie. 

— $paHu,y3CBaa nfccHa! npiaTHuft TeHopt! noA* ero OKnaml 
Tai ne Bsxynaji'B jh MapKHS'B.... noTOMy mto, kto ase hhoA mo- 
sen, ntTb.... nocMtaTbca ma* hhmt»? Hjib so, 6uTb Moserb, irka* 
noeTca He wa Hero? Ho a*h Koro se? KoamaTu Te/tBHrH pacno- 
jioseHEi na Apyroi ctopoh*. rpa$y, npa ero HacTpoenia, He Mom 
6HTb nonyTpy $pamiy3CKaa nicna, nponiTaa noAi> ero OBBaiw, 
Bee paBHO j&wb 6u h am Koro 6u OHa mi niuacb. Om» CpocHJica 
km% 6ujn>, bt. CBoeMx ineJiBOBOMT, xa.iarfe, H3t> ROMHaTU, aaiBa- 
thb-b cb co(5ofi TOJbKo (Jxypa»Ky h xjiLicTi), jiesaBmiS na cTOJit. 

MapRnsy nocnacTJiHBHjiocb 6ojr£e, vku-b ero KaMepAHHepy. He 
ycnijb ohi> QA^jaTb naTHAecaTH inaroBT> no caAy, xaBT» scncm 
^arypa, wl BOTopoi pBajocb ero cepAi^e, noRasaaacb Hsx-sa Kyc- 
tobx HeAajieKo or& 4> 0HTaHa h — ohcbhaho cl HaMtpemeMi — cbph- 
jiacb bi oahoI H3*b TeMHux'B aajiefi, rA* nnrposia KaMeHnaa cTy- 
neHH Bejw hsi Bepxeefi hbcth caA& bi hbshioh). 

MapBHat 6pocNca 9 pncBya cjOMaTb ce64 meio Y bhhst, no co- 
BepmeHHO TeMHHMi crynenaM'b, HacTnrb $Brypy, BOTopaa, sacJH- 
niaBT, ero npudiHseHie, ocTaHOBHjacb y nociiAneft dynenbRH h 
noASBAua ero, 6pocHjica kx ea noraifb, nospuai tfesHBCieflBUicH 
a aapBHMH noi^tjiyaMH o6i pyBH, BOTopaa y nero ne OTHHMajH, 



Digitized by 



Googk 



BOi biiipxa'b. 249* 

M FB CBOeMX BOJHeHiH He SaM'fefHJl'L, HTO BTH PJKH H6 6hJM Ta- 
BHMH HtXHUMH, BaBl T*fe, BOTOpHMH OH* TaiCB HaCTO BOCXHUiaJICH^ 

— 0, cyjapHHtf, Batcaa AotfpoTa, Basaa MMOCTb! nporaenTajrB- 
oht>. Bh BHflHTe 7 cbohxt* hofb cqacTJiuBijfimaro hs* caepTHiixit 

Aaiia cb HiKOTopwMx ycmueirB BbipBsuia pjbh; MapsHsi cqejrB 
9T0 sa nperjanieHie nocKopift bctbtb Ha Horn h saiuioqHTB b^. 

CBOH O&bBXUL SepTBJ CBOefl HeOTpaSHMOi JK>6e3HOCTB, BaKT> BApyPB, 

HeBOjbHO ycTpeMHBx rjiaaa Ha BepxHifi BOHeiv* ajuien, ohb yBHAkrB 
TairB ab* $Hrypw, Bec&aia acHo Bu^fiBiDiaca na cbIstjiom'l $oh£ 
HOHHoro He(5a. Ho AaMa, b^ohtho, TO»e 3aMiTHja dTy (J)Hrypy. 
Ona ct. chjioB BbiCBo6oAHJiacb h3t, ero o&barii, 6ucTpo cCiauu*. 
cb nocjiiAHHX'B cTyneeeE^ h b* oaho MrHOBenie ncqesja. 

MapsHd^ npocTOAJii cb MHHyTy b-l HepiuiHMOCTH, hto ewy 
npexupHHJiTb. BpocHTbca bc^a* sa A&vofi, 3naqnjo HeHstfksHO 
CBownpoMeTTHpoBaTL ee, a Taaaa mbicjib 6mia npoTHBHa ero pii- 
napcKOMy Ayxy; hath Ha BCTpiqy AByM* ^HrypaMi, KOTopua cxo- 
jhjh Teuepb co CTyneneici h iiuh Ha Hero, — Tose (Jhjio HepasyuHO, 
noBa cym,ecTBOBa.ia Baicaa-HBtfyAB bo3mo»hoctb H36tacaTb hxi> a 
coxpaHHTb CBoe incognito; ho otfpaTHTtca bt> 6-fcrcTBO Ka3ajocb> 
xapBHsy Ae-$JopBHJiK) Toae HenpoaqHO. Eny HHiero ne ocraBa- 
jiocb Combine, icast H3(SpaTb cpeAHiil nyrb h 6e3i> ocotfaro cnixa, 
ho h ae oqeiib iieA^eHno, hath no ajuei h ytfiAHTbca, XBamrt 
jul (JeacTHACTBa ero npecji$A<>BaTB. 

MapRH3T> BCKopi ytftABJica bt> btoitb CescTUACTB*. 064 <|>h- 
rypa ABHra.incb sa hhmt> t*m*b caMuifB lnaroMt, BaBHHi oht> mm. 
MapBHsy dajio He no ce&b. J[o chxt, nop* oht, npeAnoJiara.!^ 

HTO 8TH JIK>AH 6UJIH HOMOH^HHKH CaAOBHHKa, KOTOpBIXT> CI)' Haft IipH- 

Be» na ero Aopory h BOTopue aojshm (Jhjih CKopo y6tAHTbca, 
^to Bwbiorb a*JO He ct> BopoMx. 3naqHTX to ne (Jhjih homou^hbbs 
caAOBHBRa? 3HaqHTi> He oiyqafi cBexb ero ct> hhmh? HeyxejH ohi> 
nonajii bi joBymBy? h He noToMy je huh ohh sa uewl tslKK 
Me^jeHHO, hto ne cm^jih HanacTb na Hero? 

Pa3Mbim.iaa TaBHMi o6pasoM'b, HapBH3 , B cnycaajca co CTyne- 
neBi, nosa, HaBonei^-b, He Aocrarb, ropa3AO tfucTpie, vim* npeA* 
nojara.TB, ysBofi tpohhhbh, BOTopaa Beja noA*B cBa^iofi kt> Poa^. 
3Atcb AapcTBOBaji iiojhmm wpasi. h boabi ptsw rposHO njiecRajracb. 
CJiBa, y caniixi ho^th ero uorb, MeaAy t^mi, BaB*b upaBofl py- 
sou owb omynuoajB cieajiy. 

MapBBS'b nporyjiHBajica sa*cb ceroAHH yTpoMX n homhhji'b, qTO 
. HeAajicBo ot-l TponHHBH, no KOTopofl oni uiejii, Apyraa Beja 

oCpaTHO Bl C8AT>. Ohi HaA^HJICH AO^paTbCfl AO 9T0U TpODHHBH 

npeatAe, qtMt ero npecjiAOBaTeaa HacTHrHyT'b ero, u saT^Hi yse 
uaiitpeBaJca nycTHTbca bo bc£ -lonaTBH, wofiu yfira otx hex*. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



250 Bicrmn ibpobh. 

Ho botx ycuimaji owb mam nosa^H, h ecn yxo ero He otf- 
jcaHUBaerB, to h BnepeAH ce6&. Bi> caMOMi fffeji* 8a mm* men 

UQXb KOHen,^ OAHHb ^HTpHX-b, MeSKAy T*M*b Raft* $HJHHITb H8- 

<5paxb xpyryio Aopory am Toro, tto(5u sepTBa He ycROJbdHyja 

OTb HHX*b H OHH MO 1MB tibl DpHBeCTH Bl HCHOJfleHie RUtHl, CO- 

CTaBJieeHufl hmh Ha CKopyK) pyny, h saRiKwaBmiiica hh 6oxfee, 
bh MeH'fee, Bafit bt> tomt>, ito6u c(5pocHTB npoaiaTaro 4>paHnj8a 
at PoAy, rA* oht» cb ycnixoM* Mora ocTyAHTb cbojo ropa?ya> 

JtpOBL. 

— Teneps ocTaerca oaho: cm&io atAaTb «para, caasan Map- 
bh3t» npo ce6&. 

Oht» npkcjiOHHjica cnHHofi vn> cauli h hcbojeho crajii mapBTb 
orojo ce6a, OTucRHBaa BaRoro-HHtiyAb opyaaia, ho HHsero He na- 
meat, KpoMi aojOTofi CHrapoHHHi^u, b-b BOTopofl <$mh Taase h 

-CflHHBH. 

— Ilpeapadio, noAyMaro Mapairab, no apaflHeft Mipfe a Mory 
JDorjuiA^Tb npH ore* Ha mobxt> moioauobi. 

Owb noppwiflflui'b noaa mara cnpaBa h cxfcBa orb Hero npatfjra- 
•SHJHCb bt» HeMy h sasera BocKOByio cnawy. Cnsua Tycuo ocb4- 
Teja oKpecTHOdb, norpyseHHyio m HenporjflAHaS Mpaai, ho h 
SToro ocBiiueBia 6ujo AOCTaTorao am Toro, hto6u MapKHSi Mora 
ae tojbko pasrjflA&TB atipacb cbohxt> npeciiiAOBaTejeft, ho h 
ysuaTb, aaifb eiiy uoaas&aocb, aobojbho cBoeotipasHoe jhijo rpa$- 
cRaro aaxepAHHepa. Ho enje acrite pasuaAiuui Abtphx* h $h- 
jencL MapBBsa, jibijo ROTop&ro Ha MHHyTy ocb^thjocb aobojbho 
-apBO. YsHaTb MapRHsa, noBepHyTb HaxfcBo RpyroM* h yApaTb co 

Bc4x*b HOI-b — ($HJIO AM HEX* XhlOWb OJHOfi MHHyTtt. 

— Kaaie Tpycu! ocasaxb MapRHs*, sasaraa narmpocy cnawy, 
coroByfo yae noracHyTb; aaaie suaie RiMeijRie Tpycu! nyrattTCff 
oaho2 BCEopBH, tohho nojbCRie bojibh! a mul Taicb AOJro aoietfa- 
jiHCb: nporaaTb jib bthxi ckotob-b sa Petal, bjh H$rb. 

MapKH3i, He coMH-feBajca (fcurbe, hto ero BMnpoBHSHpoBaHHOMt 
CBHAamH cb npejecrHoa seHn^euofl AoraAajiHCb Taxi hjh HHa^e; 
hto 3th TpycH 6ujh noAOCJiaHU rpa^oMi. *Ito Tenepb tfyAer^? 
AoeecyrL jh Ha Hero npHHuy? ho bi neu-b mosho ero o6bhhbtb? 
bt> tomi, hto ohi coBepinHJi'b HOHHyio nporyjuty no caAy H bo 
fipeiia ea cjiynaflHO bctp^thjca ct» TeABBroi, paciciaHfljica Cb Hefi 
e cnoKofiHO npoAOjataji-b cboh) nporyjiay? %o »e hsi BToro? obtl 
©nojiHt HeBHneffb. Ho rpa^b! rpa^, ROTopufi bm4cto Toro, hto6u 
jnquo noTpefioBaib orb Hero yAOBJieTBopeHia, ecjia ciHTaeT-b a*b- 
-CTBHTejbHO, hto y nero edb ocHOBaHie a*b ccopt, — noACHjaera 
SOHbfO cbohxt> jaReeBi, yAHpaK)iu,HXT> bt> ptioHTejibHyio MHHyTy! 
Hy, npaBO ate, rpa^i Moserb CHHTaTb ce6a ciacTJHBUM'by eon 



Digitized by 



Googk 



BCE BDEPEfll. 251 

oh*b yuozmkTb 660 Bcear& btomb jtfyii. Ho He cjifcayerB jih eMy 
caMOHy noTpefioBaTb TenepB ot-b rpa$a yaoBjieTBopeHia? Ho js^ 
neiiy 3to nocjiyaBHT'L? Tpa^x hh bt> ^ear* He npH3HaeTca, oto- 
npeTca otb cbohx* cootfnjHHROB'B; h4tb, xkxo TaKoro po^a, hto> 
Basjjoi CTopoH* cji^yeTx xparaTB rpotfoBoe Mojreame; Kt TOMy 
»e Bcer^a (SyaerB BpeMa aaroBopHTB, Boiyja oficToaTeJibCTBa Toro 
HOTpeCyioT'B. Ojjho hccomh4hho: npejiecTHaa atenmHHa, cb Taicoft 
oxotoS npeflocTaBHBinaa eify cboh pysn &ia noij-kjiyeBB, 3araji^ 
iSLKiy jajreKO, hto y»e He Mosera ocTaHOBHTBca, a aojnRHa h^tk 
Xajisme. , 

MapRHsi fours TaBB flOBOJieH'B cbohbtb hocji^ahhitb bhboaomi, 
tito saBypnji'B BTopyio nanepocy h Becejo nomas* no toA caiiofi 
joport, no KOTopoS He^aBHO mecTBOBajTB He (test pofiocTH h (Kema 
cepwa. ' 

rpa^B, nojibsyacB t&hbk) aepeB*, ocTopossHO noflBpajica b*b 
npiflTHOMy TeHopy, Bee eme npoflOjaaBineMy, xoth h rarae npeac- 
Haro, Han^BaTB cbok) niceHBy, ho HaBOHeiVB yMO^BHyBmeuy n 
saMiHHBraeMy irimie jerBHifB n&mjiewb. Oiobhaho oh*b Ha^HHa^'B. 
HpnxoAHTB b* HeTepnime. 

rpa^ He coMH*Bajicfl Cojri&e, hto HanajrB Ha CBnaame; ho> 
bto Cujtb n f 6Ben,i>? h kto 6w;ia aaMa, sacTaBjiaBinaa cefia Tas*. 
jcaro a^aTb? Tpa^y KasaaocB, wo oh* ysHaerB tojiocb MapBnsa^ 
Ho bobmoxho jih, ^toCkt Mapic^*, cb TaKoft He,nejiHKaTH0CTBK), sa- 
rtaji'L cBHflanie? Ho ecjin sto ne MapBHSB, to bto »e Moaterk 
bto 6htb, *ioprB bo3bmh? co CToponu cayrn, no MH^Hiio rpa$a, 
TaKaa jepaocTB Ciuia HeMHCJiHMa; Posejib Kasajca He 6oJibinHM'B 
oxothkbomx ffi TaEHX* jfHpH^ecKHXB intermezzo. A ec^H to 6uj% 
MapBHsi, to bto ate, ^opT* nofiepn, ero flaiia? Te^BHra? HeB03- 

MOJKHO, HeMUCJHMO! OHa HHBOrfta H6 CHH30JfAeTB ro Tasoft sajiBoft 
HHTpHTH. 

H HOBTopaa ceCi, hto HeBOSMOHHO, hto6bi to 6u^a rejBHra,. 
a cjiijoBaTejBHO bto bobcc He mapbhsi, — rpa^x MHoieHHO npea- 
CTaBHjn, ce6* TeABHry bi oCMTiaxi MapBHsa, h sacBpeseTaB* sy- 
6aMH, spinBO catajrB pyBoaTKy xjiHCTa; ho B^BTy MHHyTy, nocife 
HicBOJBKHX'B MHHyTB MOJHaHia, oh*b ycJiHmaj'B b6jh3h ce6a mo- 
poxi. 

Ha Ma^eHBBOft, Kpywof, OEpyaeHHoft ^epeBBHMiD n^on^awfey 
Ha Kpaio BOTopoft oht» CTOfljn>, nosasajacB seHCRaa ^^rypa a 
nonua npaMO Ha Hero. Ha MHHyTy ona ocTaHOBBjacs, h sarfeM^ 
ocTopoatno npo^ojiaajia cboA nyTb. Ho bb totb »e caMHft mo- 
HeHTB nosasa^ca cb Apyrofi cTopomi n^Be^, no^imajit b^ 
aseHn^HH^ h npoH3Heca no-^paHuyscEH: <HaKOHen,T>, HaKOHen,*, 
cjiaBa Te64 rocno^H>! xorfj* o6hhtb ee. JKeHin,HHa BCKpHKHy.ia; 



Digitized by 



Googk 



252 BftCTflttl IBPOHH* 

Bt oaho MrnoBeoie rpa$B oqyraica bo3ji4 hhxb, cxBaTMB chjbhob 
pyBoft HysHHHy sa rpyAB h apocrao yxapui ero xjhctomb pan 
ABa no rojOBi h no njieqaMB. 

— UoMHJocepACTByflTe, rpa$B, BcspaqaxB HaBa3aHHuS. 

— Ho cb bIjmb »e, TOpra no6epH, a Hirfeio a**o? csasan 
Tpa$B, xBaTaa HejioBisa sa hjhbopott. h orracRHBaa ero Ha h4- 
•cbo.ibbo maroBi jajiie, ny^a naxajB apaift ay** cafrra, cbbou *e- 
peBBB. 

— ff, BanTHcrB, MHJocTHBifimia rpa$B, OTB^aaB cuepTeAHO 
HcnyraHHufi BaMepAHnepB, na^aa na koj4hh. 

— A bto 9Ta atcHmraa? cnpocnjiB rpa$B. 

— MaAeuyasejB Meia, oTBiwajrB BanTHCTB, bgcb Apoxa. 

— HpeapacHo; bb Apyrofi past HmaTe Apyroro arfccia ji* 
CBHxaHiB, a He nepe^i mohmh okhbmh. 

— HepejvB oBeaiiH rocnoAHHa rpa$a? npomy aoRopHiflme hs- 
bhhhtb MeHa, BaBi» Mort a npeAnojiaraTB.... 

— Xoporao, csasajiB rpa$B, ciynafiTe. 

EanTHCT'B He sacTaBHJiB hobtophtb ce64 ABa pasa dioro npi- 
EasaHia h ncqe3T» cb (JucipoToi mojihIh. 

— Hy, npeKpacHoe jhtb, sarOBopaiB rpa$B, otipaniaacB n 
TeiCHofi ^arypi, BOTopyio CTpara aasaJocB npHBOBajiB bb m^ctj; 
uwk oiohb aajib, hto a BauB noM'fema.TB. 

TeMnaa (fmrypa Haiero He OTBfcqajia. Tpa^B ciejn, npnjm- 

HHHB Hf>CK0.1bKO oSojpHTB C^HyiO, XOpOHieHbKyiO A*B01By. 

— SL ne cepaycB na BacB, aaM^THJB ohb h xot&ib, bb iioa- 
Bpin-aeHie cbohxb cjobb, oxBaTHTB pyaoK) ea Tajuio, saBB BjipyrB 
nonyBCTBOBajiB, wo ero .oGhbjih AB*fc pyaa. 

— rcflnpHXB y TeHHpHXB! npomenia-iB sarjryinaeMufi puAaHiavi 
roiocB. 

— PaiH Bora, Ore<|>aHia, aaBB tu oiyTHjacB 3A^Cb? Bcspi- 
tojb rpa^B. 

— Tu caMB upn^HiioS dTOMy; tu nporHa.iB neua on. cetfa, 
piiAaja Oe^aHia. 

— Ho MHJioe AHTa! sauimn* rpa^B. BecB xoab p$ji& am Hero 
ofoacHHJica. JlfotioBB h peBHOCTb npeBejiH Cie^aHifo nojB ero OKHa. 
OHa aejiajia H36iraaTb BanTHda, noASHAaBmaro sa1>cb cboio Boa- 
viK)6^eHHyio h Bce-TaKH onyTHJiacB 6u, bb rohi;^ bohi^obb, b*b ero 
o6BflTiflxi» ; ocjih6ij eb cqadiK) ca cynpyn* ne BUBait ee H3B 
TaKoro onacHaro nojioscnia. 

— Ho, MHJioe AHTa! noBTopHjcb rpa$B; tu bhahiub, h4mb boh- 
naiOTca noAofiHua cyMac6poACiBa. H bb tbocmb noJoaemH.... pa3»i 

TU O H6MB BOBCe He AyMaCHIb? 

— A tu pasBi Ay Maerat o HeMB? npomenia^a CTe$aiiia. 



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Google 



Bfli bhbpwb. 253 

Tpa^B ne Hamejra ^yqraaro OTBfrra Ha dtotb BonpocB, KaBB 
^ipHBJieHb vb ce6i cynpyry h noijijOBaTB ee b% jo6t» h rjiasa. 

— Ax-b, reBHpHXi, refiHpHXT,! sasi mh Morjin 6a <5htb ciacr- 
jhbm, csasaja OrecJmBia. 

Tpa^-B Aase b*b 3Ty MHHyTy ycynHiuica fl bobmojrhocth 9Toro 
«c<racTia; ho ero npHcmw.no h ao HiBOTopofl CTeneHH TpoHy.no otc- 
BHAHoe X0Ka3aTejiBCTB0 .ik>6bh GTe^anin. 

— Sl 6ujl'l 6h fiesyrfenieH'B, npaBO tfesyrfimeH'B, ecjiaCu, bci$a- 
•CTBie TBoeS mhjioS HeocTopoatHocra, ex To6ofi uryuuacB Kasaa- 
CH^yxB 6*Wj CRasajii ohb. 

— Tor^a th nojyisjrB 6h cbok) CBO($OAy h seHMca <5u Ha 
jpyroft, KOTopaa He sacTaBiua 6u ie6a las* AO-iro aRjaTB cuhs. 

— H, nojHO, 0TBiHa.TB rpa^i.; a*bho jh mli seHara! a Hepeai 

XliCHIVB.... 

— Axt, reflBpHXi! ecjH6u poAHJica MajiLHHKt. 

— A he MHHyTH bb btom-b He coMH&BaioCB, OTB'fciajrB rpa$t; 
3, TenepB moTH^e saBepHHCB b*b maiB, najieHBBaH, r.iyneHBBaa, 
eeocTopo&Haa aenmHHa! 

Ohi> b3jj;tb ee now pyBy h octoposho hobcjib no tomhoS 
ajuet. PasroBopx He npoAO-aacajica; rpa$a crfccHJwa h£cbojibbo 
e&KHaa cu,eHa, Ha ROTopyio ohb HeosHAaHno nonaji>, h ohb Ay- 
atajB, hto am ne^oB^Ba, he bt> newb nenpoBHHHBinaroca, ohb 
BMBaaajii c^hidkomt, MHoro ao6potbi. Cie^aHia, cb CBoeS ctopohh, 
Be xor&ia yTparaTB npio6piieHHaro, RaRHiix-HaGyAB HeocTopoa- 

HBUTB CJOBOMT). TaRB AODI.IH OHH AO eH ROMHaTH, B*B OTRpH- 

thxt, ABepaxi, KOTopofi cToaja RaMepB-K)Hr<|>epa CTe^amii, Co$Ba y 
aejoyMiiBaa, Byxa iiorjia A*BaTBca en (SapwHa. Cie^aeia xoT&ia 
uoi^'ksoBaTB pysy y CBoero synpyra, ho rpa^t thxo csasajii: enpomy 
7e($a!> a saTiwi rpoMKO npnfiaBHJi'B: <noBofino8 hohh, MHjaa Gre- 
«4>ama, a ohatb 8afiAy sa to(Jo8 saBTpa BeiepoicB, ecjie, saBB a 
eaA^K)CB, MaiieHBBaa nporyjiKa nocjiyatHTB Te64 b*b nojB3y>. 

Tpa^x MeA-ieHHO nome,rB HaaaA* no caAy. Pa3a ABa ohb ocra- 
BaB.?HBajica h saAyM^HBO xjona-trB xjiwctomb ho tcuhumt, EycTaifB. 
B*AHaa de^aHia! XoTa, kohchho, b*b ea nociynK* csasuBajiacB ho 
jiajiaa Ao.ia BroasMa. HaRorAa eu^e He C03naBaja OHa TaBB rjy- 
^5oko, Rasx TenepB, sairB mhofo Buerpajia ona otb 6pana cb hhmb; 
bo Heflro^-B npaea, bb nocji*AHee BpeMa oh*b cjhidkomt» npeHe- 
^Jperaji'B eio. H KaR* jierBO mooo noAo6Hoe nponcmecTBie hm$tb 
^yAHa nocj^ACTBia wk Cie^aHia; nero Ao6paro, fiyAeTX hm*tb 
xyAHa nocJiiACTBia! H paAH iero Bee 9T0? Ecjlvl6u eme paAH BsaaM- 
Hofi jk)6bh? a to HiTi», paAH jiioCbh OTBep^eHHoft, ocMiaHHoft, otb 
BaiaHia BOTopofi oni Bee eme He Mora ocBofioAHTBca, paAH boto- 



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Googk 



254 BftCTHHlTB IBP01IH. 

pol owb paamyio MHHyTy iotofb 6wu> Ha bcskjio r-iynom.... sto 

CJIHinKOlTL, 9T0, npaBO, CJOUBKOWbl 

rpa^B norjtaj&rB Ha ORHa rejBHnr, mhmo BOTopim npoxo- 
jhtb. ^a, ea CTera cb hhitl He hobohtchh, h Teneps oea i* 
joary y nero. flctfo, nero Te^BHra xorfura, ec.in OHa, Tarn yiraaa, 
Tasaa npoHHn,aTejn>Haa, j&xsuia, bh^b, tto ne saiiireaeTB Toro, ht& 
(fauo OAHaBO oieBHjHo! Bt hpothbhom-b cjy^ai, passi* He xom 
OHa BOCHOJbsoBaTbca cjiyqaeMi> h hcho *0Ba3aTB npirai^, hto rrpg- 
cyrcTBie BToro <})paHijy3a Hee36fcBHO BHauBaerc, Taicifl BOBMyTereiB- 
hhh cijemj? Mora jra oh*b, Mooa jh OHa yjHBjaTBca, ecra sa dim 
myrOBCBHifB npoJiorowB nocjr&flyerB BpoBaBaa xpaica? Ecjh ohi 
BcrynHTca sa craparo o<|>injepa, BOTopafi, bt, cymHocra, 6011 npaft 
h cb CBoefi ctopohh no&ejaerB ysHaTB otb MapBH3a: Bars oh* 
xyMaero, MozerB jih fb HacToamyio MHHyTy npyccBifi o$Hijepi, mne 
*aro cb HHCTOJieTOifB fb pysaxi, pasroBapraaTB cb 4>pamjy3crair& 
DMHCcapoMx? ^a, KJflHycL BoroM'B, 6opMOTaji, rpa$x, a seian 6h, 
wto6u ceroxHH BeqepoM-L ohh sanum h£ceojibbo jamme, ona ci 

CBOHM'B BOBeTCTBOM'B, a OHT, — CB CBOHBTB HaxaJTBCTBOlCB, H AtiCTBI- 

tcibho HasHaHHJiH 6h 9totb HeBOSMOXHiifi rendez-vous. Ho obi 
cramBoifB ynHa, hto6h oftaeraiTB mh4, TaBHifi otfpasom, hod 
raynyio saxaqy, 

rpa^B (Shjtb ao Toro norpyaeH'B b*b cboh pasMiinureHia, to 
eiiy nosa3ajiocB 9 tto neiOBitaecBaa $Hrypa, MejBKHyBmaa mo 
Hero fb to BpeMa, BaBi ohi ctohjtb b*b t4hh nsropojH, BHpoca 

IHUCB 6yAT0 H3*B 86MJIH H 0IIHTB npOBaJHJraCB CBB03B SeMJIH). Oft 

totofb (Jhjtb xase hphhhtb Bee bto sa Hrpy CBoero pasropffieH- 
Haro BOo6paseHia y ecjinfar hohhoA BirrepoB'B He joHecB jo Hero 
apoHaTH^ecBaro sanaxa TypeijRaro Tatfasy, BOTopuft otfiiKHOBeHHo 
BypHJT» MapsHB'B. Heysejra to 6ujn> MapBHs^? OTByja oh* men? 
TftEse cb rendez-vous, jsakb h ero BanTHCTB? s 

OranCBa, fb BOTopyio oh*b BnajB nepe^ rfirB, ociatfeja pt- 
hihmoctb rpa^a. Ilpea.ne, vfeirB oh*b ycniji ohomhhtbch h horti 
bcj*^ sa ^Hrypoft, ona HC^esjia (JescjiiAHO. Bes-B coMHima, on 
cspujiacB fb o^Hy H3 , B ^Bepeft spacHofi 6amHH, no Cjthsocth eo- 
Topofi npoHsonura 9Ta Bcrpiqa. 

— JIaxHO, CKasaii rpa$*B, b*b cii^yion^ift pasi, bow ib 
BCTpiTHMca, aBOCB tfyjeTB cb*tjo h mh xopomo pasrjHAHifB xpyrB 
xpyra. 



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Googk 



bcbbiiipia'b. 255 



tjiaba aaTAa. 

IIo spijioMi, pasMHnuemH, BanTHcra npnmejrB ki saKiKraemio, 
^to eMy Jiyqme Bcero mojutb, nosa mosho, o CBoem Hec^acT- 
homt> npHKJiioqeHifl h He sansaTBCA o npeTepniHHBixi» yAapaxi. 

B-B 9T0MT, HaMipeHiH, BHyffleHHOM'B, IBJVb CKasaTB, caMoi MyA- 

pocTbio, ero enje 6oji4e yspinaja yipeHHaa BCTpfcia bi> sop- 
pH^opi cl MeToS, KOTopaa menHyjia eMy hhmoxoaomi: ceroAHfl 
BenepoM'L h aBocB y^aHHie, h^mx Biepa! Ohb ycnin tojbko 
cnpocHTb y6iraBinyio A^Bynnty: ho hto, ecjin oh* HacB BHAacrt? 
Ha ht6 Meia OTBiwsuia cb Kosef jihboA yjufooii: ohb He piniHTca 
SToro CA'fejaTB, Aa icb TOMy ae oh-b mchh He y3HaxB. 

BanTHCTB He ycnimx chpochtb: noqeity Mera Ay^aerB, hto 
rpa$*B He pfcmHTca roBopsTB ofe stomi a***? Bhtb MoateT* no- 
TOMy, hto He saxoien,, hto6h oho aohuo a<> CBiA^Hia Mapsraa? 
BOAyiuurB BanTHCTB; KOHenHO, mob rocnoAHH-B He noTepniJn 6u 
HH^ero TaKoro, a TaKB Baro A^Bymxa Tamse xopomo ko mh4 ot- 
hochtca ceroAHJi, bbb* h Bnepa.... ^pamjyffieHKa HHBorAa He npo- 
CTHja 6a HHnero nOAofoaro CBoeMy Bo&aHtfjewoMy, ho y bthx* 

fifeltOB'B H4TI HHBaKOrO HyBCTBa COtiCTBeHHarO AOCTOHHCTBa,... 

— Aa h y HiMei^BHX'B cjyrB to?ho TaBse, npH6aBH£B Ban- 
thctb, BorAa rpa^CKifi $H.sHnai>, KOToparo ohb BCKopfc sariuc* 
bctp'Sthji'b, OTHecca kb HeMy Apysejjo6ja'fee, niMt BorAa-JHfr). 
BaAyMai-Ba paicofi-HHtiyAB H&Meivb TaifB yxaasHBaTB sa Moefi bos- 
joodieHHoft 9 sasi a 8a MeTofl, a& Gy»> a npH btoitb AByMa roio- 
saMH Bume ero.... yai a <$h eMy saAaji! 

C*B 9THMH yTifflHTejLHLIMH MUCJflMH BaQTHCTB HOAHeCfc IDOBO- 

jaA'B kb nodejiH CBoero rocnoAHHa h Cm* ne Majio HsyiueHi, 
xorxa tot*, gpsa ycniB'B npoiepeTB raasa, oCpanuca k-l HeMy oo 
cioBaMH: 

— Kara tbi Aynaeuib, BanTHCTB, MosemB th pasysHaTB, (faua jh 
Biepa BeqepoMt, nocai Toro, Rasfe tocth pasiixaMCB, rocnoxa 
TexBHra b*b caAy? 

MapBHsy npHin.ia mhcjib — sara hh BasajiacB OHa HeBipoaTHoS — 
^to b*ab, nero Ao6paro, ohb ohih6cji b*b jihtoocth Biepanraeii a^mu. 
IIodTOMy ohx seaa.i'B Bno-rai pasiacHHTB a^a ce(Ja Basnoe o6croa- 

TeJIBCTBO., 

— SL nojaraio, OTBiraajfB BanTHcrB h npa6aBHJi f B: 6ok>cb 
tojibbo, hto He Mory TaKt CKopo ycjrysHTB rocnoAHHy KapBesy; 
no Bcefi BipoaiHOCTH, He paHBme ceroAHainHaro Beiepa, ho Tor^a 
HaBipfloe. 

— noneiiy HaBipHoe? cnpocejrB MapsHSi. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



2&6 BMTHm IBPOHH. 

— C% nosBOjeirifl rocnoAHHa jiapKHsa, 7 MeHa HaaeaneHO cbi- 
jame cb ropHHHHofi, OTBiwra * BanracTi c* caMOjoBOJibHoi yjiii6- 
Koi. 

— He 6hjio jh y Te6ji HasHaieHO CBHAame h B^epa? enpocius. 
MapsH8i. Eiiy BApyr& npeinjio bx roJiOBy, Be Aepauurb jh oht> bs 
cbobx-l otiiflTiflxfc ropHHHHyio bm4cto tiapuHi. 

— Tohho TEEl, OTBfrUU'B BaOTHCTl. 

- r*t? 

— B* cwy. 

— Bi saBOKb iiicrt? 

BanTHCTL onaca-rb MicTHocrb HacKOJtKO cLyuftii; MapH3v 
BCTpiTBj'B jaMy He Tan*. 

— B* KOTopoMi lacy? 

— Bx ABiHawaTb. 

— Th yBtpem* bi btomx? 

— CoBepmeHHO yBipeHT>; a cjjumajrb, Basx 6mh nacH Ha 

MapBH3i» TaKse (uumaj'b 6ofi tocobi, Borxa Bomejra bi auew. 

— A tu yBipeHT*, hto to 6u;ia Ma^eMyaseJb... nan 6imb 
ee.... Meia?... 

— IIoMHJiyfiTe, rocnoAHH'b ifapBHffB, B03pa3Hjn> BanTHcn to- 

HOMX OCKOp6jeHH02 HeBHBHOCTH. 

— Xoponio, CKa3aj*L napMa-b, CTynafi. 

— OqeHb xoporao, hobtoph-tb mojioao* HejOB^BTb, noTareuaacK 
b* CBoeft naraofl nocTej*. Tenepb wkrb coMHimia, hto to 6uj* 
OHa. Bee Kan* pas* coBnajiaerB oaho cb Apyrnta; h k* tomj » 
Bcrpiqa ci HeroAflaMH! Ecjh6u ohh raajracb aa EauracTOM*, to 
He dajiH 6u tubt* aojh) i^epeifOHHTbca, a oahht> hsi hhx*b (Sh^ 
BecoMHieHO saHepAHRep'b rpa$a. Blitb Moaerb, HeroA&ain> no* 
pyneHo (Jhjio y($HTb Men*, tipocHTb b*b plray, no^em a sHaio! Ho 
a odaHOBHJi'b hxt» cbohmt, xjiaAHoapOBieM*. Ecjh<$h TO-ibBO Mai 
ysHaTb, BaKx moivih Tasi csopo HanacTb Ha ca*fcA*? aojoho fiHTb 
HOAoaptBajiH, acmrho 6htb noArMAHBajin. Hy, Biepa ee BHpBM* 
H3* mohxi ofi^BTifi, ho sa to ceroAHa ona rimi BipRie fipocirrca 

B*b HHXT>. YaEb BTH HiMeiyue 60JBaHLl! 

^HTpaxi h $H^Hnn , b eme Biepa BenepoMx, BepHyBnmcb 6ir 
Tou-b b-b 8&mokb, C0Bi>m,ajiHCb APyrb a> Apyroirb, hto hitb a* 3 ^^ 
npa t^xx CTpaHHHX'b oficToaTejibCTBax'b, KaKia nponcxoAH-iB nepe^ 
hxt> HsyitieHHUMH rjiasaMH. 06a otjhhho yaeajiH napBH3a h BOBce 
ne 6ujih yB^peHH, qTo6u MapBHSi He y3na^*b bxi Tasate xoponio r 
Basi h ohh ero. Hx'b no^cACHie oTHOCHTejibHo SHaTHaro, HHocTpaH- 
Haro 6apHHa, noAOspHTejibHoe npecJiiAOBanie h en^e 6oa4e no^o- 
spHTejibHoe (JircTBO momh Aoporo otfoflTHCb hmx, ecjiH TOJbuo nap- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



BCE BIIEPBA'B. 257 

t 

TO3X saroBopHTB o6b 9tomb A&rfc. CoBciMB rfcMB nocji^AHee 6ujlo 
ubjo BtpoflTHO, a no spkiOMB oficyHjcHiH h cobc£mb HenpaB^o- 
hoao6ho. TocnoAHH'B MapKHSB He MorB saroBopHTB 0.61 9tomb a$ji*, 
He ynoinanyBB, hto AepaauiB bt> cbohxb oCxaTiaxB Meiy noMbio, 
bb ^BiHawaTB nacoBB, bi cajy. 

— Ho Torao jih to <5HJia MeTa? cnpocMB ^hjihhhb. 

— TaKB kto ate, ecjn He OHa? OTBisajiB ^htphxb. 
06a napHfl norjiapfem ApyrB Ha Apyra. 

— y MeHfl He BUXOAHTB H3B T0JI0BH, CKasaXB $HJHHHB, HTO 

MeTa bm4ct4 cb B03jiK)6jieHHHM f b nepewiHHJia TaRate h ijb4tb 

IUaTBB. 

— Ho BCTpfria Mooa (Jhtb TaKate h cjynafiHaa, saiiiTM-B 

^HTpHXB. 

<E>HjrannB corjiacHJica, ho hpothbb 9Toro npeAnojioatema ro- 
sopHJio Apyroe odcToaTejBCTBO. iKeHCKaa <J)nrypa, kto 6n OHa hh 
6tuia, Bunua hsb Asepa, KOTopaa Beja npaiio bb hokoh ateHH 
npani^a h aBHjiacb KaKB pa3B Ha ycjioBJieHHoe m^cto CBHAasia, 
B03Jii ^OHTana, npn bxoa* bb TeMHyio axieio, b6jh3h KOTopofir 
cnpHTajHCb HamH Apysba; BMicrfe cb t£mb h MyatHHHa, 0Ka3aBniifica 

2iapKH30MB, npHOie.TL H3B KpaCHOH CaiUHH, KaKB pa3B BB TOTB ate 

^acB h npano, He K0Jie6.iacb, HOAomejiB kb ateHCKofi (ftHrypi. Ecjih 
to CHJia He MeTa, to kto ate, kto ate HaKOHeijB? 

3a4cb 06a APyra CHOBa norjiaAi-iH APyrB Ha Apyra; KaatAufi 
oxotho npeAOCTaB,iaJiB pimnTejibHoe cjobo ApyroMy. 

— #a, Wi TaKOBH Bet SHaTHue rocnoAa, cKa3ajiB HaKOHeivB 

^HTpHX'B. 

— OflH He jyqme HacB, rpinmuxB, OTBi^ajiB ^hjihhhb* 

— A to, tt6 tu noAC^ymajiB, KacajiocB tochoab, CKasaji* 

^AJiHunB noAyaiajiB npo cetfa, hto eaiH BanTHcrB h MeTa 
ycjiOBJiHBajiHCb bb CBHAaHia He wa ce6a, a am cbohxb rocnoAB, 
to MorJiH 6u odoflTHCb npn 9tomb 6e3B noataTia pyKB hoab cto- 
jiomx; eiiy Ka3ajiocb TaKate He cobc^mb BipoaTHUMB, htooli ateHa 
npnHrja, yroBapHBa^iacb nac^eTB TaKoro CBHAania nepe3B ropHH*- 
Hyio. Co bc£mb tIjmb eMy npnnuo bb rojiOBy, tto ohb caiiB, bb 
no^oCnuxB ciyqaaxB, xoTa h He TaKB npaMo, nrpajrb pojb no- 
cpe^HUKa AJifl CBoero 6apHHa, Aa h ecjra ero rocnoAHHB HaKasHBaj-s 
eMy oco6eHH0 CTporo: KaKB MoatHO djinaie cofiTHCb cb MeTofl, to 

BllAb 06l>aCHHTb 9T0 MOatOO 6HJ0 TOJIbKO'OAHHMB waHepoMB. KaKB 6u 

to hh 6ujio, a 06a Apyra ycjiOBHJiHCb bb tomb, hto6u HHKOMy hh 
CJiOBe^Ka He npopoHHTb 060 BceMB stomb ^,1% h cb bthmb pa3- 

CTaJIBCB. 

CeroAHa ate yTpoMB HOAOspiHia $HjiHnna bb tomb, hto uap- 

Tom Y. — Cehtopb, 1871. 17 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



258 BftCTiHitt BBPonn. 

kh3t> pasurpajTL Bqepa hoibh> b*b ^BiHawaTB nacoBi, y (J)OHTaHa, 
fb cajy qyBCTBHTejibeyio^ cijeHy He cb MeToft, a cb Kim-To jpy- 
reirB, — nepeuuo hohth b*b yfffepeHHOCTB. Ohx bctp4thjtb Bleiy 
b*b KoppHAop-fe h He Mora yaepacaTbca, KaKi> ohb noTOifB ofaac- 
HflJi^ ,3,HTpHxy, hto6u He HaBecni cnpaBOBi*, h CRasajfB, wo oh* 
h ^HTpHx-B bctjAthjih Bqepa Mapaasa bt» cajy CB OJSJLOi jaiioj, 
KOTopofi He xotat'b HasHBaTb. Meia, BnojiHt yBipeHHaa,sHTo 06a 
npec-iiAOBaTejia, bx BOTopuxx oHa TOTHacx se npHSHaaa ^HTpna 
h <&HJinnna, He Morje yseaTB ee, h He MeHie yBtpemaa, hto Map- 
KE3X, HasHBaBmift ee <cy^apuHeS> h itfmoBaBmii eS pyan, npi- 
HfljrB ee sa apyryio, ycnkia y»e ofayiiaTb, it6 efi roBopim, ecra 

BOCHeTCJi p^HL 06-B 3T0M1» flfejllj H B03pa3HJa BOJBO: eCJIH $HJHniTB 

BHaeri, hto to Cliji'b MapKHS-B, to AO.meH'B TaKse 3HaTb, bto 6ma 
xaica. C*b 9THMH cnoBaMu OHa yuijia otb $MHnna. 

— Hy ym-B rocno^a! npaBO, ohh He jyqine Hacx, btophhho csa- 
sarB ^BJinnni, npo ce6a h nomejit kt> cBoeMy rocnoAHHy, ko- 

TOptlfi B*B 9Ty MHHyTy n03BOHHJTB. 

rpa^i He cnajB hohth bck> how. YaacHaa mhcjb, BOTopyn 
owl ceaMa.ia OTroHoi ot*b ce6a cb OTBpameHieirB, h BOTopaa 
noHTHKa3ajacB eMy npecrrynjieHieirB nepe^B TeABHrofi, hih, no 
BpaflHeS irfepi, nepej-B co6cTBeeHo8 ropAOCTBio: mhcjib, hto rej- 
BHra Mor.ia satfuTbca ao Taao3 CTeneHu, Mooa Ha3HaiHTt CBHja- 
Hie Mapsusy — 3Ta mucjb hoctoahho B03Bpam&iacb b*b ero pas* 
ropaienHyK) rojioBy h hoa*b kohcivb He BuxoAHJia 6ojbme H3B m 
Ohb npHnoMHHajTB Tenepb, hto MapBH3*B nosHaaoMHJica cb npiH- 
UfiWb h TeABHrofi HeTiipe ro^a TOMy Ha3aA*B, bo BpeMfl hxb nyte- 
mecTBia no HTaniH, h hto Tor^a oh*b npoBej^ HicEOJibBO Hewitt 
b*b hxx ofi^ecTB*. OffB AyMa-rB o tomx, Basia CTpacTH 6yraeBaiH 
Tor^a bx Ayin* mojioao3, ceMHa^i^aTHJL'iTHeft xhvymvM, BaKB 60- 
ji4jio ea cepwe ot*b ocsopCjieHeoft jfo6bh h BaBx HeBipoflTHO, 
hto6h . ea MOJio^oe, H3CTpaAaBtneeca cep^ue Hanuio yTimeme b* 
jik)6bh CTapaEa; n Basx, HanpoTHBX, ecTecTBeHHO, ^to6h Tasoi mo- 

JIOAOfl, JIOBBift H HeCOMH^HHO nopasHTejbHO - BpacHBut qeJIOBtlTB, 

Basx MapEHSx, cByMijx yTiinnTb ee b*b to BpeMa. ^ajiie ohi 
jyMajx, hto MapBH3*B y»e Tor^a jajix o6*maHie hoc*thtb npaHita 
h ecjH TaBx AOJiro OTBjaAHBaji'B HcnoiHeme cBoero ofitmaHia, to 
npH^HHOH 9T0My MorjiH 6utb pa3jHqHBia o6cTOATe^bCTBa. Bo bch- 
bomx cjiyqat, Tasaa jOjirojiiTHfla npHBA3aHH0CTb co ctopohii Ta- 
Boro B^TpeeHaro HejiOBiaa Hpe3BunaSH0 nopa3HTe^bHa h ^aeTB sa- 
EJiioqHTb 6jih30cth hx*b npeatHHXx OTHOmeHift. 

%o He HHTepecB b*b HiMei^KOMy cejibCEOMy xo3alCTBy npi- 
Bejix ciOAa Mapsasa, bto He Tpe6oBajo AOBasaTejibCTB'b; h ecan, Kan 
rpa^x npe^noJiarajB hohth HaBtpHoe, btotx HejioBiBx 6hjb $%- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



BCE BIIEPBA'B. 259 

CTBHT&JIBHO OAHHMB H3B MHOrOHHCJieHHHXB <|>paHIi;y3CKHXB 9MHCCa- 

Pobb, cHOBaBmHX'L no repMaHia bb HacTOflmyK) MHHyTy, nepe^x 
npexcTOflBmefi bohhoA, — to h 9to hhcko.ibko He M-fcmajio; Map- 

BH3T> 6ujVb HaCTOJILKO JOBOKB, TTO MOrB IipeCJliAOBaTB niCKOJlbKO 

qiuefi sa pa#B h cocahhhtb nojiesHoe cb npiaTHUMB. 

3aT*MB eMy bchombhjiocb to, hto 6apoHB Hefiro^B roBopibra 
o(Sb OTHonieHiaxx reABura kb AOKTopy, H ohb rpoMKO pacxoxo- 

TaJICfl BB HOHHOft THfflH Ha^B TaKOH BS^OpHOH (JaCHefi; 3aT^MB 

CHOBa Mfcicjra ero npHHAJin npesHee HanpaBJieHie n ohb npaHajca 
jOMaTB rojOBy HaAB cbohmb hobhm'b orapuTieMB, yBipaa ce(Sa, 
hto h oho TaKaa »e B3AopHaa 6acHa, h ohb efi He b^phtb, h hh- 
KOMy He noBipHTB, kto <5h hh saroBopnjiB o Hefi; moo Toro: 
BcaKaro, kto saroBopnTB o Hefi, nocTaBHTB hoab Ay-io CBoero hhcto- 
jieTa; ho npa btomb eMy npnaijio b^b rojOBy, hto Kor^a TaKB, to 
ohb AOJi»eHB ce6$ nepBOMy BcaAHTB nyjK) bb jo6b. HaAB TaraMB 
sa6aBHUMB npeAnojioaeHieMB ohb CHOBa h rpoMKO pacxoxoTaJca. 
TaKB, bb 6opB<5$ Meamy jhoCobbk), KOTopofi ohb He bb coax* 
6um> noAaBHTB, h HeHaBHCTBK), KOTopaa pasropajiacB cb hoboS ch- 
jofi Bcarafi pasB, KaKB ohb xot^jib ee noTyuiHTB, TaHyaacB km 
oCypeBaeMaro CTpacTaMH HeJiOB^Ka KpaTRaa jriraaa hohb, KaKB 6e3- 
BOHe^Haa ajCKaa nuTKa. HaKOHeE^B, Kor^a yTpeHHaa 3apa y»e 
sarjLAHyja bb KOMnaTy ckbosb onymeHHEia rapAHHH, ohb B3ApeMHyjrB 

CB TOCOKB, HO BCKOHOB, Hpo6y»AGHHHft ^HKHMH CHOBH^HiflMH, CO 

ciOBaMH: «a xo^y 3HaTB HaBipHoe; a cb yMa cofi^y, ecJH He 6yAy 
SHaTB HaB*pHoe>. 

Ohb hosbohhjtb; BomeJB $hjhhhb. 

— Bb mkhxb th OTHomemaxB cb MeTofi? cnpocMB rpa$B. 

— TaKB ce($4, rpa^B! OTBlmjiB $mhbhb, HcnyraBmHCB 3Tdro 
Bonpoca h nopiiniHBB BUHHAaTB, noKa BHacraTca: *iero ero 6a- 
pHHy yro^HO. 

— SI npHKasBiBaJiB Te6i KaKB mosho tfjeate co3thcb cb A^Byni- 
koS. Ho ne My th BToro He hchojthhjib? 

— SI crapajica^ HacKOJiBKO yM'fcji'b, rpa$B; ho b^a* hh oahhs 
^ejiOB^KB He MoaeTB npjiHyAHTB Apyroro chjo3, a A*BymKa, KpoM* 
Toro, potfiea h aabho y»e boahtch cb ^htphxomb, kotophh xonerB 
Ha nefi ateHHTBca. 

— H boaht*b BacB o6ohxb 3a hocb, saM^THJiB rpa^B; noneMy 
th ne MO»einB aoChtbca Toro, nero MoryTB Apyrie, Hero CByMiji'B 
XotiHTBCfl KaMepAHHepi MapKHsa? Ohb cKopeHBKO o6omejn, ee, bb 
BaBHXB-HHfiyAb ABa Ana aocthfb Toro, hto OHa HasHaiBjaa eBiy 
CBHAame bb caAy, Ha botopomb a caMB fero nofiMajiB. 

— Ecjh rpa$B caMB nofiMaxB ero, OTB'ina^B $HJiHnnB, to a 

17* 



Digitized by 



Googk 



260 BtcTHin iBPona. 

He cm4k) cnopHTL; bt> hpothbhomi oiyqat a 6u nojyMa-n>, w> 
to 6HJfB He BanTocTL, a caul MapBHSx. 

rpa^i HaBOCTpHJH yira; oet co6Hpaaca notipanirrB $HJHnna 
8a to, hto totb aonycTB.TB EanTHCTa nepe6HTb y Hero MeTy i 
He mofl ott» nea ysHara Toro, nero eMy 6buo soiaTe.ibHO. Tenep& 
oEa3UBajocb, hto ^HjHnni, h <5e3*B Toro Hanaji> na BacToanjii 
erf*,**. 

— Kt> qeMy TU npHiLie.Tt MapsBsa? cnpocnj^ rpatfrB. 
$njrHnm>, Boo6pa»aBinifl, hto ero rocnojBHB, RaseMi-TO He- 

hohhthhm'b axh Hero oCpaaoMi, npoBijaxB o CBHjaniH Mapnisa i 
reABHra, h to-ibeo oniBtfajiCfl bx Mijaxx, He ciex* npun- 
huitb BHKa3aTBca HepaABBiiMi cjyrofi h ynojqaTb o toiit», *t6 
SHajx. 

Oh-b pa3CKa3a.TB, saBi caiioe aocTOBipHoe cotfuTie, hto oh* 
h ^htphxx xot$jih Bnepa hoibk) nojBapayjiHTB BanTHda h MeTy, 
ho BMicro EanTHCTa HaTBHyjHCB Ha MapEH3a h eABa He ctfpocMi 
ero b% PoAy; hto me sacaeTca jaMu, to oho, EOHeiHo, Tarae 
y3uajm ee, a ecjratfu ^aae h He y3HajH, to Bee paBHo ohb uon 
ysHaTB ot*b Mctbi, — EOTopaa, 6utb MoaterB, h He bx TaKBxx Cjihs- 
kexx oTnomeHiax'B cb EanTHCTOirB, Basx nojiaraerB rpa^i,— kto 
6iLia saiia; ho rpa^x, KOHeHHO, 6yAeT*B Taicx Aofipx h He craHen 
paBcnpaniHBaTB ero (So-iie, noTOMy mo BBitniBBaTtca bt> TaEia jfria 
TaKOMy na-ieHBKOMy HcaoBiicy, Basx oht>, Bcerja onacHO, a rpa$* 
yatx tfyjeTx 3HaTB, *rr6 eMy ffkiaTB. 

— Tu CojiBaHx, ch*a3awTL rpa^x, noTowy hto nosBOJiaeniB 
AiB^oHKi HaCaBaTB Tefi* ro;iOBy TaBBMx B3AopoM-B. TenepB cry- 
naS h He CM-fcfi tobopbtb o6*b dtomt, hh caoBa, ecjH He xosem&, 
HTofiii a Te6& npornajix. 

— Giymaio, rpa<|n>! oTB^aji $H.innirB, saM^THBraiS , *ro 
ero rocnoAHHi to fijrfcAH'fcji'B, to KpacHi.TB bo BpeMa ero pa3CBasa 
h sycajn, hhshk)H) ry6y, Ktxx.'b ohx Bcer;ja xfoajra, aoraa 6HBan 
ocoCeHHo cep^uTx. — rpa^x MoaterBHaiieHanojiosHTBca. DpBEasere 
npHHecTH TenepB BO$e? 

Epa^x He OTBiqa^x, ho Eoraa cjyra BBimej'B H3*b KOMHaTH, 
to ohb, KaKi> CesyMHHH, HOACKoqH.i'B Ha KpoBaTH h y^apH^i pyiwft 
no ximnKy ex nncTOJieTaMH, cTOiiBineMy Cjib3'b Hero Ha ho^how 
CTOJiBKi. To 6blih T'i canue hhctojcth, KOTopue oht» BynHJix Bt 
nepBoe BpeMa no npiisA* cro^a y $Hn,nejiBMaHa bx PoTe6K).i4, 
TaKx KaKi ero coficTBeHime ociajiHCB bx BepjiBH*, h 831 boto- 
puxx onx eme ne x^ui npo6flaro BHCTpi^a, xota ^h^biwi 
Tor^a ae sapaABJix bxx. 

OflX BBIHyJIX OABHX Wb HHCTOJeTOBl H ^pH^4JIBJICa Wb OKHa, 

OTBopeHHaro $HJiHnnoM r B, btb saC^BBa, mefieiaBUiaro Ha BiTEax* 



Digitized by 



Googk 



BCE BIIEPEAt. 261 

eiH. Pysa ero He jpoawura h TBepao jepxajia mcTOJieTB. rpa^& 
onydBJit nncTOJierB. 

— Axb! Korja 6h a Mora Taw npniyfcjiHTBca b*b Te5a, $paH- 
nyscaaa otfesBaHa! hpomojibbjb ohb. 



TJIABA mECTAfl. 

Bb totb see fleHB, paHHHMT> BenepoMi, n;ijibi3 pa^B npHjBop- 
buxb 3BHnaae8 TBHyjica no npenpacHOMy mocce, KOTopoe Beio 
otb Poah, nepesB $a3aHia napBB, HanpaBO bb jric& bb oxothbhb- 
€Biy s&MEy h bb pasBajBHaMB ApeBHaro tiypra Po^a, JiesaBfflHMB 
ea o^hhokoS CRaji, HeaaaeKO otb oxoTHH%aro saMKa. ,H4hctbh- 
TejiLHoe pascToaHie Meamy hbmh h s&meomb 6hjio Bcero BaBBxi- 
EH6yAb noJiMHjiB, ho pfl Hsfi'feKaHia BpyToro no^BeMa, sannasH 
orfl6ajin ropti 6e3?HCJeHHHMH HSBHBaMH. J^opora noBTOMy oaa3a- 
jiact B^Boe ^HHHie, h Bce-TaEH joinaaaMB npaxoflBJOCB bo mho- 
rax* MtcTaxt ixaTB maroMB, a He pucsio. 

— Ho kto tojibko cnocotfeHB noHHMaTL apacoTy Jiicnoro jiana- 
ma$Ta b*b npeKpacHufl jiTHifi aghb, totb He MoaaerB 6utb Hejo- 

BOJieHT> STHMX odCTOaTCIBCTBOMB, rOBOpHJIB <J>OnB-IJefi3eJIB CB BOC- 

-ToproMB. CaaatHTe, mesdames, ne npaB^a jib, btotb sojothctu* 
OT&aecRB na mojhcthxb CTBoaaxB, Ha j4chhxb, nopocmaxB Tpi- 
bok>, jyaafiKaxi, 3th t4hh bt> jitcHofi ?au& h botb 3totb. bb^* 
Ba cHH'fcromyK) B^a-ia flHEyio AOjaay Po^h, — He npaBfla jib, Bee bto 
Btime Bcaicaro onacaHia? Axb, bb^b Ha Poay y»e hchcbb, ho oh'b 
cHOBa oTKpoeTca naMB, Kor^a ma noflHHMeMca Bume, maroBB na 
^b^cth, b flase TaMB ohb eme Be,iuqecTBeHH , fee; h npn dtoh'b 
im HOJiroCyeMca eme bhaomt> Ha flOJiHHy Haraefl npnpyqeHHoi 
Poah h na CKajiy cb s&mkomv, a Ha^foocB, hto ero cb$tjioctb 
cpHaascrb CRhjisxh MajieHLKifl npBBaji'B na stomi nynBrfc, no apai- 
sefi Mipb, a ero npocnjiB o6x 3tom*b. Botb 3KHna»B ero cb^tjiocth 
yrae ocTaHOBHJica; He yro^HO jib bbm* GyaerB, mesdames, bhath 
»3t> kojtbcbh; npomy BacB, M-p*B CHMnJiBMaHB? 

*onB-l^e5ae.iB HaxoflHJica bb jinxopaAOHHOM'B BOJiHeHie. ^aicu, 
•CHjvfeBLiiifl bb aKHnaaffe, 6ijjih He kto bbub, aaKB npe^MeTu ero oc- 
sop6jieHito3 h ero nocj^HeS jtk)6bh: 9jiH3a H^jepB h A^ib 

4$OHB-$HIIl6aXB. 

$0H%-D,e33eJiB o^eHB acnyrajica ceroAHa yTpoMB, aowa npnHi^B, 
icoTopoMy ohb coodnjHJiB o cbohx'b pacnopa»eHiax'B HacqeTB npo- 
ry.?Kii, BApyrB caa3ajiB eMy: <^a, KaBB 6h He sa6uTB, JK)6e3Huft 
Hjefise^b; Ha^o oaa3aTB neBo^iBuioe BUBMaHie H$$JiepaMB; caMoro 
Jl(J)(}).iepa mh4 He Ha#o, a em,e iienie noHHMaro ero noBeA^Hie 



Digitized by 



Googk 



262 BfeCTHHKB IBPODH. 

Tenepb, nim npea^e; mh Tasate MoaeMB o6ohthcb h 6esT> ero 
cynpyra; ho y mcb bb rocTHXB MHoro mojioahxi ^BymeKi h 
jowy hxt> MOSHO npHrjracHTB. Bu HoseTe hocjwtb hmb sEenazi 
cb sanHCKofl, sa nojmca ao orBi>3Aa. EyAbTe xaKt Ao6pu, pac- 
nopajHTecB! 

$OHx-D|efi3ejiL 6ujib bhS ce6n. B^epa Be^epoMB ohb paAO- 
Baicfl, KaRB ahth, nporyjuds, KOTopyio om> mopb coBepmmb bb. 
otfmecTB'fe A^ejiH $0HB-$Hffl6axB h Aa»e, eaiH y^acTca, bb oahom* 
aKHnasi. Y Hero 6mo aiaARoe npeA^yeeTBie, <rro 3Ta nporyjKa 
piraHTL ero cy#>6y. Ohb, Ha bchkIh oayiafi, co6pajica saxBaTOTB 
cb co6oi coHerB <Kb cojOBbio h HaAiMca, hto eMy yAacrca 
H3JHTL TaRze h npo3ofi cBoe nepenojHeHHoe cepAije. Be3o6iauoe 
jifrrHee He6o Ka3ajiocB eMy BecB Aero KynojiOMB co6opa, h3*b so- 
Toparo 3Byqajiii cjiaAKie xopu hobhabmbix'b aHrejiOBB, BOcniBaBmie 
AjejB h tojibko ojHy Aacib.... a TenepB, hto CyAert TeneptL. 

Ho 6ijka, HAeT^ sa 64aoS. $OHB-II,eii3ejiB CTHTajii, ito ohb> 
oco6eHHO jiobbo pacnopjiAHJica, bhhpochbb y npam^a uosBOJeme 

pa3MtCTHTb MOJOAWX'B JHOAefi BT> TpeX"B nOCJI'bAHHX'B KOJflCEaX'B, 

ota*jbho ot* CTapfflHxx rodefl, h nocaAHTt hx*b BMtcxi cb mo- 
jioahmb $OHB-ByxrojibijeMB h CTapmeff 6apoHeccofi MaHefiax* kb 
nepBuxi* AByxi BojacRaxB, a bb nocjiiAHioK) ohb pacno.iarajrs 
cfecTL caMi», bm^ctL cb AAe^Bio $0Hi>-$Hiii6ax'b h MJia^mefi 6a- 
poHeccofi Marafiaxx, saBajrepoMB KOTopofi pflJi3Rem> 6ujix (Jutb. 
ApTypi Chmhjibtohb. Ohb y»e ocMOTpij5T> bb nocjiAHifi pas-L* 
AJiHHHiii paA'B 9KHna»eft, nepBEie y»e TpoHyjiHCB cb M$CTa, cro- 
pexoHBRo no64saj[B ohb kb CBoefi kojack^ h Hame.iB bb Hei r 
npaBAa, Aacjib <f>OHB-$Hm6ax'B, ho KpoMi Toro, kb BejuqaanieMy 
CBoeMy yaacy, bm^cto ApTypa, AjiB^peAa CflMMBTOHa h BMicro 
AiBB^u $0HB-MaHe6axB— 9.iH3y H^JiopB. 06a M0J0A«e aHrae^a- 
HBHa nepenyTajiH aranaaH bt> cyMaToxt; Hec^aciie coBepmn-iocB, 
HcnpaBHTB ero, bb HacTOflmyio Mnnyiy, He 6ujio HHKaKOfi BosMoasr- 

HOCTH. 

H botb cha , 6ji , b TenepB sjionojiyHHHfi (froH'B-IJeHseirB h, b-b co- 
3HaHiH CBoeS bhhobhocth, He ocMtjHBajiCH rjiaA^TB npjmo, & 
6oju>me norjraAHBaji^ no CToponaMi», to HanpaBO, .to Haji^BO; h 
nepeBOAa cboh B3opu cb oahoh ctopohu Aopora Ha Apyryio doa- 
HHMajiB hxb, 6oJEBmeH) nacTBio, kb ro.iy6oMy He6y hjih onycKaji*K 
Ha co6cTBeHHHa KOJiiHH hjih Ha koji4hh Ajb(J)peAa CoMnjiBTOHa. 
Ohx He piinajica TaK»e saroBopHTB npaMo c^b toh hjih Apyrofi a*- 
BymKOH, a KorAa npaMoe o6pau^eHie OKa3MBajiocB HeH36tatfluM , B > 
to TOBopnjiB: mesdames. Ohb CTapaTejibHO H36irajrB, BMicT* c^ 
rfeMt, bchboh TeMti, KOTopaA Morjia 6u npBHATB JiiiHHoe panpaaje- 
flie, a Aepaca^cfl hoctobhho sa He&TpajiBnoS hohb^ Bocxnmeeia 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



BCE BIIEPEA'B. 263 

upiipoflofi. Ero A0GHpaM(>H Haxo^Me OTrojocoKi y MHCTepa Ajb- 
^pe^a, KOTopuft aKEypaino, ^epe3*B RaatAwa naTb MHnyrb, nspe- 
Kajx MOHOTOHHoe: beautiful! hjjh very fine indeed! npHHein 
A^ejib $OHi»-$Hni6ax'E otl Ayine pacxoxoTajiacb pa3a ABa, npa- 

BptlBaJICb CBOUMl) 30HTHKOMl», Me»^y T*MX K2LKT> 9jH3a H$(J)Jiepi», 

noBHAHMOMy, huh ero ne cjmxajia h He BB^aja hsi Bcero, ht6 npo- 
vcxoahjio BOKpyrs Hea. OHa CHA&ia HenoABH»Ho, ycTpeifHBB rjiasa 
b'l npocTpaHCTBO. Tohho CTaTya eraneTCKoS Hshau, saH^THjrb 
HpoHHHecBii (jKHTB-IJeSsejib, Kor^a, B&rcaAHBB jaM-B H3T> aRBiiaxa, 
ohx Morx, HaKOHe^, OTBew AaejiB h^ckojibko BB cTopony, Ha 

CBOfiOAfc nepeBHHyTBCfl CB Hefl H^CKOJIbRHMH CJIOBaMH. 

— • OHa BcerAa TaRaa? cnpocH-aa A^eJib b'l hcbhhhocth ayiM. 
. — He 3Haio, OTB , fcqa*T& co3Haromi3 cbok) BHHy KaBajiep*B. 

— Ho, MH*fe Ka»eTca, bh (JuBajin y hhxb b*b aom4 eseAHeBHO, 
B'b TeneHiH i$jiaro roAa? 

— EateAHeBHo! B'b Teqeme ivfc;iaro roAa! BCRpHnaJTB ^oh*- 
E,efi3ejib; paAH Bora! kto BaMB CRasajrb 3to? j^Ba, Tpw BHSHTa h 
no Cojbmefi tocth caMuxx ijepeMOHHHXB! Axt>! bu, MaAeMya3eA 

AjifiJlh, ffiHBfl B'B TaKHXT> C^aCTjlHBUXl, yCJIOBiflXl,, KaKX Baron, BU 

ne MomeTe ceSi npeAdaBHTB, BasB TB^ejio (JuBaerb OAHHOEOMy 
nejioBtKy, Basi ero TaeerB ex ofimecTBy h EasB 3to CTpeMjeme 
sacTaBJiaerb ero HHorAa AOBOJibCTBOBaTbca hhhtokhhmh, a*» hh- 
HToaHifiniHMH H3B jfOAefi, Me»Ay t*mt> KaEB cnacTbe ot'l Hero Tas* 
<Sjih3eo, Tast 6jih3ko! Ecjih<Jh voxb TOHy Ha3aA*B; BorAa a CK>Aa 
uprfcxajTb, a HM'fcjrb cnacTie no3HaEOMHTbca cb BaraaMB npeBOC- 
xoahhmb 6aTH)mEofi, cb Bamefi imoroyBaa&aeMofi MaTymEofl h no- 
jiyHHTb nosBoaeme nocfcTHTb Baci bi $Hm6axt, axi>! He TaEB, He 
TaE*b 6u cuoaejica A-*a mcha stot* toai! 

— ^tojex, CEa3ajia AAejib, y HacB A^ficTBHTejibHO xoporao, 
HeMHoaRO npodo, bohchho, EaBB %jib. nacx h noAotfaerB; wr Bacrb, 
<5htb MOseT-b, noEa3ajiocb 6u cjihibeom-b npodo; b^ab bu tor* 
B36ajiOBaHu. 

— 9to HeB03MO»Ho! BCBpHHajix saBajiepx cb BOcroproMx; & 
o<5o&aK) npocTOTy, npocTOTa — Moi HAea^, moa »H8Hb! SI Mory 

<5blTb CMaCTJIHBUMX TOJbEO DOAB yCJIOBieM'b npOCTOTH. 

— KorAa TaEB, to bh Mo»eTe pncKHyTB noctTHTB Hacx, CRa- 
sa.ia Aacjib, CMtacb. 

— fl'yate cofinpajica saBTpa yTpoMi HcnojHHTb 8to, OTBi^ajn 
^OHi-I^efisejib; ho rpa$HHfl-MaTb npnc^ajia ceroAHfl piniHTejibHoe 
H3B*£meHie o CBoeM^ npifeA* saBTpa Benepoarb. 

— KorAa TaRt, to nprfc3»afiTe nocjii saBTpa, 3aM*THJia Aacjb. 
OAHaso, a nojiaraio, HaMT» nopa CHOBa c4ctb bb BEnna^'b. 

9ia HajieHbEaa 6ecfcA^ yAHBirrejibHO sasi ocBfcRUJia ^OH^-I^eH- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



264 BfcCTHHK* BBPOHH. 

8eifl; oei> yse ne HyBCTBOBai'B 60.1 b me ce(Sa TaRnarB nepBHUMi; no 
BpauHeii Mipi HacTOJbKO coBjaaajre cb cbohmh i\aa3aiiH, koto- 
pue jo Toro 6e3noBoflno nepedirajiH cb oanoro npe^MeTa Ha Apy~ 
rofi, hto Mori» 7 BpewH ott> BpeMenn, dorohtb hxt> na CBfeaein,, 
yjiutfaiomeMca jiHHHEii AaejiH. Tohho TaKrce h BOCXHmenie era 
npHpoAofi H-fecKOJibKO noy.ierjiocb, xoth hmchho Tenepb— Henocpej- 

CTBeHHO HOA'B B03BHUieHH0CTbK), HaKOTOpOH CTOHJTB OXOTHH41H 3£- 
MOKT, — OHH HaXO^HJIHCb B*B CaMOM*B IjeHTpt TOpi, T^t TOpHUH .ifcCB 

pacBHAUBa^ica bo bccmt> cbocmi, Be.niKo.iiain h tohho BaKHM'b-Ta 

BOJimefiCTBOM^ OKOJI^OBa.l'B KHHJIHBOe OtfmeCTBO, CTaHOBHBffleeCfl Bee 

TBiue h mine, noBa, naicoHeiVB, cryR-b joina^HHUx-b kohhtb h myM'b. 
KOJiecb He pa3Aa.iHCb cHOBa h otfujecrBO He B3AOXHy.io CBo6oaRlse, 
Kor^a 9BHnaatH, BEitfpaBinncb h3t> cyMpa<raaro jiica, noKaiHjucb. 

nO OTKpUTpMy M^CTy HepeA'b OXOTHHHbHM'b SaMBOMX. 

3;vfecb o6mecTBo bctp^thjix o6ep , B - ^opcTMeficTepx npHHija,. 
$0H , b-Keccejib6ym'b, ciap^R* cb CImhmh, Kas-b cniri, ycaMH; ohi, 

B*B CBOe BpGMfl, BOCnHTUBaJCa BMicrfc CB HpHHI^eMT. H ao CHIS 

nop* 6ujrb o^eHb ^pyseH'b cb hhm*, xoth Tenepb, BCJiifcCTBifr 
CBoefl 6ojrfc3HeHHOCTH, oqeHB pi^KO buxo^hjeb 03* cBoero AOiia, 
Becaao BwrjixiflUBaBniaro H3T>-3a sycTOBi h ^epeBbeBi, HanpoTHBs 

OXOTHH^bflrO 3&MKa. 

IIphhivb npeACTaBH.TB CTapHKa otfmecrBy h Bfcicjyniaji'B AOKjajs 
KacTciaHa, hoa* pyROBOflCTBOMi KOToparo oCiuecTBO HeneAJieHHO 
OTnpaBHjiocb ocMaipHBaTb saMOBi, npeEpacHoe s^ame, naqaioe ot- 
HOmx npHHua h OEOHqeHHoe 8thmt> hocji4ahhm , b bi nepBue roau 
ero npaBJieHia. 3jjaHie 6ujio BHcrpoeno btb powancKOMx cthji* h 
ot.ihhho rapMOHHpoB&io cb BejHHecTBeHHoi npHpoAofi, 0Kpy»aBinefi 
ero; o6mecTBo oiv£hhjio ero no AocroHHCTBy, Tasse KaK* h BHy- 
TpeHiiee ytfpaHCTBO, npodoia h MaccHBHOdb KOToparo Bnojraico- 
OTBiTdBOBajiH xapaBTepy h b^jie 3&MRa. 

MHoroHHCJieHHoe o6mecrBo Bnaqajii aepraajrocb bm^ct^, ho 
Kanx cBopo nepecTynejio h3t> npeKpacnofl npHxoateS, yKpameHHOH 

piflKHMH 9K3eMHJflpaMH OJieHbHXT> pOrOBX H APyrHMH OXOTHHHbHMK 
9M6jieMaMH, BT> OCTaJIbHUe HOKOH, TaKl CTa^O pa36HBaTBCa Ha OT- 

pfejibEua rpynnu: kto nie^x sa KacTCJHHOMx, eto ociaHaBJHBaJCff 
nepe^ Tofi hjih APyrofi oco6chho ^paro^HHofi Me<Je.ibK> h^h jiio- 
6oBa^ca KaKofl-HH6yAb 3aaiiiaTe:ibHOH KapTHHOn; TaKUMi> o6pa3owB r 
bx HenpoAOJijKHTe.ibHOM'b BpeMeHH, o6mecTBo pascfeajiocb no Bcewy 
oxoTHHHbeMy 3aaiKy, cocToaBuieMy H3i» AByxi. aiaffiefi; IIpHHAx^ 
BOo6me ne Tepn^BUiifi TaKOro HapynieHia jiio6e3Haro eiiy nopa^R*, 
cero^na, nOBHAHMOMy, He aaMiqajii ero. YwyfijieHHuS b-l caMoro 
ce6a, MOJHajHBiii!, Hspixsa Jianib nepeEHAUBaacb cjobomi cb o6epx- 
4>opcTMeficTepoM , B hjh rocnoAHHOM*B <J)ohx ^HiuCaxoM-L, npoxo^u.Tt 



Digitized by 



Googk 



bcs beeper. 265 

<owl no KOMHaTaM*, nacTO ocranaBJiHBajicB nepe^x KaKHMfc-HHtfyaB 
srat OKpyataiomnxx ero npeAMeTOBi: KajRAUH us'b hhxx npofiya- 
jtajii bt> Heart KaKoe-HH6yAB BOcnoMHHame, ho to 6hjih HeBecejiM 

BOCOOMHHaHifl. 

TpawaTb naTB aim TOMy Haaa^, okohtobx nocTpoflicy 3&MKa, 

OH'B HpOBOflHJI'B BX UeWb BT> TeHemH H'fcCROJIbKHX'B JtStX JI^THie 

acfecflitfi BMidi cb CBoefi cynpyron, npH3HBafl b*b MeTrax'B to 
c^acrie, Kanoe HHicoraa He nepexo^HJio b*b ^ificTBHTejiBHOCTB. Xo- 
jiojjHtif!, y3Ki3 yM'B npemjeccH wimaji's BtmoMy cepaeraoMy c6jh- 
»emio abyxi cynpyroB'B h Majio-no-Majiy npeBparaji'B w& npHHija 
<$esxb , mui& tfpaicB bt> nHTKy, otb KOTopofi hc Bnojini ocBotfofloa 
€ro AdiTRe nocjEi^OBaBmaa, neTtipe ro.ua cnycra, KOHHHHa Birao 
^ojii3HeHHofi jKeHmaHBi: nenajiBHaa t4hb, ocTaBmaaca nocjii dthx'b 
HecnacTHux'B OTHOineHiS, pa3pyniHBninxi caMua floporia ero na- 
^eatAH, oMpaiaaa bcbo ero nooi'fcAyiomyro shshb. Cx cep^eMi, 
»aaKfl,aBiDHM'B juo6bvl, oh'b ncroMBJica BJiana j&hshb, He corpiTyio 
jik)6obbk), h cb bthx'b nop* Ha^ajix nstfiraTB aseHmHH'B, Meamy 
t^mi KaKi 6ojiie, nkwb kto flpyrofi, cnocotfeM, 6bi.tb nafiTH b*b 
jho6bh aKeHiaHBH, KOTopyro oh'b caMX jhoShjh 6h ot'b Bcero cep^a, 
onjoTt h cnaceHie otb jeh3hh, npe#craB;iaBmeHca ciatfoxapaKTep- 
«0My $aHTa36py roaofi, 6e3njio^Hofi nycT&meH h sa^acryro same 
rpo3HHMi, onacHHMi c$hhkcomt>. H botb, HaKOiieivB, b'b totb ne- 
pioA'B ffiH3Hn, Kor^a y CHacTJiHBHX'B jno^eS nrparoTi Ha KOJiinax^ 
uecejue BHyKH, eMy bctp^thjiocb cymecTBO, 6biBmee, hobh^hmomv, 
ojimjeTBopemearB Bcfcx* ero Mewranifi; Kor.ua ohx co crpacrbio, 

KOTOpOH He CM^JIl OtfnapyffiHTB, paCKpBTJIX CBOH oS^BflTifl 9T0MJ 

onapoBaTejibHOMy cyujecrBy, — Tor^a-To eMy npnmjocB ydi^HTBca, 
^to to, mb oh'b ao chxx nopx c^HTajix ropeMi h CTpaaameM'B, 
<>ijjio tojilko MHMOJieTHHM'B odjiawoM'B, oTyMaHHBaiomHMfc nefio, 
mto TOJibKO Tenepb roTOBa pa3pa3HTbca Haax hhmx 6e3HtajiocTnaa 
tfypa, Tenepb^ Kor^a y Hero He 6ijjio 6ojibme chji'l 6opoTbca ch 
-cb Hefl h Kor^a rjul nero, Kanx h rjiz npecTap^jiaro Jlnpa, 6ypHaa 
Hoqb B-B noji* Mooa hm^tb tojibko o^hhx hcxo^: 6e3yMie hjih 

CMepTB. 

IIo BpeaieHaM'B oh'b cb ycnjieM'B OTpuBajca otb bthx^ Mpa^* 
Mux'b nywb h pa3cfcflHH0 yjiti6ajicfl Ha KAKoe-Hndy^B saMi^ame 
^TapHKa $Hin6axa hjih oTBiqaj'B Ha BonpocB oCepx-^opcTMeficTepa, 
n saT^Mx CHOBa OT^aBajica rjiyxofl tock*, KOTopaa norjioujajia ero, 
noAofiHO TOMy, KaK*B THxifl bo^h ji^CHoro 03epa cMHKaroTca Ha^t 
TpynoM^ caMoy6i3i;u. B^pyrx npHH^B ncnyraHHO BS^porHyjix, no- 
^qyBCTBOBaB'b, hto kto-to b3AvTb ero sa onyn^eHHyio bhh3t> i>yKy: 
•oh'b CTOfl-ix bx mimi OKHa oahoA mi> 3&jn>\ rocno#a, conpoBoat- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



266 BftCTHHK'fc EBPODH. 

AaBmie ero, jraotfoBaiHCB Ha npoTHBonoaoatHOMi rohi$ sa^ii cotipa- 
HieM'B daparo opyatia. 

Ho to <)KMa Hfe TeABHra, o6pasi ROTopofi, RaR^ h BcerAa, ho- 
CHjea B^ ero Aynii; to 6u.ua 9jiH3a H^^iept, cxBaTHBmaa era 
pyny h no ah ec in an ee rb cbohmt> ryCaafB, ycTpeMHBi Ha Hero 
MeHTaTejbHufi B3op"B h menqa: Mofl beicokIS horpobhtcjib! 

— #o6poe ahth, cKaaajt npHmji. 

Oh'b xopomeHbKo He hohhm&m>, Ran* worja p-fcniHTbca mojo- 
jaa A'feBHU.a Ha TaRoff HeofiuRHOBeHHHfi, HapymaiomiH scaEift 9th- 
Ken», nocTyuOBT>; 6htb HOseTx My^HTeaBHwa mhcjih, HanojiHaBmia 
ero Ayniy, cjihhirom'b acno BwpasHJiHCB Ha ero jihi$ h HaHBHaa 
^f»Bo^Ka AyMa.ia BHRa3aTB eMy CBoe yiacrie TaRHMi CTpaHHunt 
cnocofioMi. 

— Mofi BucoKift horpobhtcjib! nOBTopnjia 3aH3a. 

Ehtb MoaeTx ffbjio He b-b 3T0m>b: y a^bo^rh ecTB npocbfa, 
ho OHa ne caierB ee BHCKa3aTb. BipoaTHO nijio HierB o6i ea 
OTHonieHiax'B K'B AOKTopy, h caM'B oht> BcerAa atejiajTB, nro6u ohh 
okohihjihcb CpaROMi. repliant ceroAHa jinqHO h3bhhmch, *ito He 
MoateT^ ynacTBOBaTB B^ noisAicfc, TaRx zslkt> ne More AO-iie ot- 
KJiaAHBaTB cBoero ortfeAa, nocjrfe Toro, KaKT> npi'fesA'B rpa$HHH cb 
TafiHUM'B cob^thhromx oROHwrejiBHo BosBimeHB Ha BaBTpanraiii 
AenB. To 6ujn> po^i npomajBHOfi ayAieHijin. IIpHHm He mofb 
CKpuTB, ^to ciHTaerB ce6a ocRopfijieHHUM* h pascTaBaHie 6iuo 
ne oco6chho ApysecRoe. 

— Mnt caMOMy BecbMa »ajB, cRasaji* npHHifB AotfpoAynmHM'B 
tohoitb: ho <5htb MoaterB 6yAymee npHHecerB to, b*b qeM* ot- 
Ra3£iBaeT'L HacToamee; ecaa ne am ueua, to am Bact, MMoe 
AHTa, bh enje TaRB mojioam. 

— 0, a cxyMiio »AaTB, OTB-fenaja 9;iH3a; Tanoe BHCOKoe 
ciacrie HHRorAa He hphxoahtb cjihhirom'b hosaho am, crpomhhx*b 
cepAei^x. 

— PasB* stotb CpaR* npeAcraBJiaeTca BaMi TaRHM-B bhcorhmb. 
c^acTBeMT>? cnpocHJix npHHivB cb MejranxojiHqecRofl yjutfRoft. 

— Moaeie ;ih bh cnpaiunBaTB o6*b 9tomi, Bama cb^tjioctb? 
nponienTa.ia 9jH3a, npHKaaAUBaa pyny r-b cepAijy h cthajhbo 
onycRaa r.ia3a. 

— Xopomo, xopomo, saM'feTHJi'B npHH^; CyAeMi HaA*aTBca r 
^to BaarB ci hsOhtromx AaHO 6yAeTi to, *iero bbi TenepB b^ mo- 
joaocth TaR'B ropa^o aiejiaeie, h 6yAeM , B naAiaTBca, hto c^acTte 
nocfcTHTB Bacx He na CTapocTH jifavb. Bee, ^ , 6m , b a Mory 9T0My 

COA^HCTBOBaTB — a ROHeHHO, CpeACTBa MOH TyT*B He OCOCeHHO Be- 

jthrh — (JyAeTx, pasywieTca, HcnojiHeHO. A TenepB, mhjtoc AHTa, He 
jiyqme jh BaMX cHOBa npacoeAHHeTBca rb o6m,ecTBy MOJiOAesH. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



bcs buepb^. 267 

3jHsa xorlba enje pasx noijijOBaTB pyKy y npraija, ho oh*b 
jacBOBO ywoHEJca otx aToro h noBepHyjca b*b CBoei cbht*. 
Sjrnsa y6$saja cOBepmeHHO oiapoBaHeaa ycnixoMi, KOTopufi 
npeB3omejiT» caMua cm4jiijh HajeaRAH ea, xqta MaM& hoctoahho 
roBopajia efi: cb4pbmh&, JlH3a, bch sa^a^a b*b tomx, yto6h sa- 
CTaBHTt CTaparo rocnoflHHa BHCBa3aTBca>. 

OerajiBHoe otfmecTBO Bee eme tfpoflHJio no sanrey rpynnaMH, 
EOToptiH cocTaBJHJHCB no boji4 ciyiaa hjih no mejianiH). $Off&- 
II.efisejiB, noMHa crapHHHHyK) noroBopsy: kto xo^eTi oBJia^iTB 
AOhkoS, to nycTt yxaatHBaeTt 3a MaTymsoft, hoctohhho bo^hjtb 
uoxb pyay rocnoray $0H'B-<I>Hin6ax , B h cb Tasoft TpeBOSHofi sa- 

tfOTJHBOCTBK) BOJ.HJI'B HO J'fcCTHHIjaM'B 9Ty flOBOJIBHO nOJHyK) jaMy, 

EaKx CyflTO ocTynacB oHa tojibbo pas* — h noratfejiB ea HeMtftsHa. 
MapBHS'B crapaaca, HacBOJiBBO to 6ujio bo3mo»ho, He npHBjesaa 
ofimaro BpHMania, aepsaTBca b6jih3h reflsnrH. Oht> roBopnji^ cetffc, 
ito TenepB, Bor.ua ero jno6oBHua fl&ja npHHMH Tasofi onacHuft 
o6opoT*B, HeofixoAHMa BejiHianmaa octopojkhoctb h 6hun> Cjarofla- 
peHi TeABHri, CHHTaa 9to aoBasaTejiBCTBOM'B BejE^aoraaro yMa cs 

€fl CTOpOHU, HTO OHa CBOHM'B CHOBOfiHO-CB'fcTCKHM'B 06pftIH,eHieMT> 

ycTpaHAJia BcaByio t^hb noaospinia h COBepmeHHO otboahjo rjia3a 
HafijnosaTejaM-L. OHa aoBOflajia octopojbhoctb ao Toro, hto flaate 
6My caMOMy hh oahhmx BzrjiaROWb He HanoMHHajia o Biepanraeft 
cijeHi. BnponeMi, kt» qeMy HanoMHHaTB o tomt>, qero HejBsa sa- 
(Jhtb, TrdaomHO 6hjio bo3o6hobhtbch b*b npeBpacHyio, CBo6oflHyK> 
MHHyTy, BaBofl, pasyM^eTca, He;iB3a 6hjio HafiTH cpe#H niyMHaro, 
<SojiBmoro o6mecTBa. 

TaKi> pasMunwaJi'B MapBHSi, n^a pa^OMX cb reflBnrofi, KOTO- 
paa npoxaatHBaiacB no BOMHaTaMi iioa^ pyny cb aiBHijefi tyOnj>- 
^nrafiax'B, h BHyTpeHHO no^cMtHBajica Bcasifi pa3*B, Ban* npoxo- 
#hjtb mhmo rpa<J>a, no<iTH HCEJWHHTejiBHO pa3roBapHBaBniaro cb 
(JapoHOM* Heflro^OM'B. Oh-b cpfbawb 3Toro rocno^HHa cbohm'b hob4- 
peHHHM'B, syuajn MapBHS'B, h TenepB 06a JOMaioTi tojiobu h ah-' 
batch, yto RHBaBx He MoryT*B HaiTH y^o6Haro npe^iora c6htb mohji 
<n> pyBB. TjiynHe H^Mei^Bie cbotu! 

Tpa^i, Bone^HO, coofimnji'B CBoeMy apyry o ho^hmxi npoHC- 
mecTBiax'B, ho TyrB me npHCOBOBynHJix, ^acTBH) hs'b npaB^HBOCTH, 
lacTBH) hs'b ropwcTH, hto ^ajieBO He yOiffi^H-B bx cnpaBeflJiH- 
bocth cbohx-b nofl03piHig; Majro Toro, hto xom pficToaTejBCTBa, 
noBH^HMOMy, roBoparB npoTHB'B TeiBHrn, ho oh'b cMTaerB ee He- 
€hoco6ho@ Ha TaKyK) atajEyio HHTpnry— 3to BapaateHie hoctoahho 
HaBepTHBajiocB eMy Ha hshb'b — h bo bchkomi cjyqai fflju&ewh 
JS^aTB acHaro noATBepa^enia BecBMa CMyTHaro pp chxt» nopt no- 
AosptHia, npes#e h^mx A^HCTBOBaTB ja.iBnie. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



268 Bftcmn xbpoiih. 

EapoHi He xot$jh npjjuo npoTHBopiiHTb any; b* noxotfBHX'&» 
Bem.ax'L <m ixyeT-b bccth cetfa Becbua ocuoTpnTe.ibeo. BosHOXHOcn^ 
hto Bee Beprfjiocb na hhctoh ohib6b&, 6ujia cjHniBOirb oieBHXHa, 

XOTfl OH*, CB CBOefi CTOpOHIJ, OCHOBUBaflCb Ha CBoem H08HaHi» 

ateHm,HHT», He HaxoxHn B'b 3tomt> x&rfc HHiero Heo6uBHOBeHHaro»» 
qyxoBHmHaro. 

3aMtTHB , B, BaKi 6oji»bo 6hjio rpa$y Tasoe nanpaBjenie pas- 
roBopa, tfapoHx BepHyjica bi mhcjh, BucsasaHHofi hmi B<iepa: He^ 
sponge Jin, He sarporaBaa Tasoro meBOTJiHBaro nyHKTa, H36paT&> 
npexaoroifb nojiBTBBy, ecjiH yae nyacenb HenpewtHHo npexJiorb, h 
XJia rpa(|)a, Bas* npyccKaro XBopaHHHa h o$Hi\epa, HHiero He mo- 
sen 6uTb npMHHHfee wb iiipt. B4xb ynoiiHHajn se ceroxHanmis 
raseTH SHaiieHHToS $pasft <Pays> BaBXHHCKoirb Hrfe, osHfta- 
K>mein> IIpycciK), nox* KOTopoe noxnaxera Ilpyccia, no6iacxeHHaa 
h o6e8opy»eHHafl fieai 6opb6u. 

— HXT» BOHHCXBeHHUfl KJHKT> 0CT8BaXCa XO CHXl nopt feffk 

OTBtia, roBopaji'b tfapoHx; npeKpacHO, xafi BTOMy aojioxijy tots 
otb4tx, RaKoro oh* sacjryaiHBaerb; noroeopH ex HHirb TaBHVt* 
asuaoirb, KaKHMi, B'b coata-itHiio, Ilpyccia xo cbxi nop* He 3a- 
roBapHBajia h oTnpaBb ero B'b qopTy. 

— SI cHOBa xyMajii o6t> stomx, OTBfoo'b rpa$T>; ho 9to He- 
bosmojkho He tojibko no Tofi npn^HHi, KaKyio a Tetffc Biepa co- 
o6mHJn>, ho npeatxe Bcero HMeimo noTOMy, q-ro a, Baicx o^oijepv 
He Mory x'k&aTb npexMeTowb pacnpa Tasoe otfcToaTejibCTBo, boto- 
poe Bopojb He ciHTaerb npHroxH&wb. 

— y Te6H H-feTl Tfal npH^HHl EX OCMOTpHTeJTbHOCTH, BaBUl 

ecTb y Bopo;ia, sairfcTHJi'b Caponx; 6uTb uoserb, ohh Tairb b*> 
BepjiBH-fe npocTO He totobu. Tenepb saatxafi xenb ddnrL HicKOJb- 

BHXl MHJIJliOHOB'B TaJiepOBT> H H^CBOJIbBHX'L TUCfl^'B CO.IXaTb. Ttt 

se roTOB-b, orfexoBaTejibHo: en avant! 

— He Toxhtcji, OTBtiajx rpa^x. 

— Korxa Tasi, BCKpnqa;iT> HeTepnlmHBo tiapoHx, to mh4 h*6ts 
oceoBania 6utb TaBHarb ocToposHuifb, saB* tli, ne roBopa yate^ 
pa3HUXT» xpyrexx coo6pa»eHkxx. IIpexocTaBb mh4 x^ftcTBOBaTb. 

8a Tetfa, h xbjio bi nuani. 

— I5wiaroxapK) Te6a, Kyprb, OTB^^a.ii rpa$i, CMiacb; ho a 
lie Mory nocwjiaTb Te6a bt> oront b Micro ce6a; tm, xa h tboji 
aseea Tas»e, bu cjHniBOM'b xoporn xm MeHH. 

— TexBHra xopora ?e6% botb h Bee! noxyMsuii 6apoH*b np<v 
ce(5a, ho odeperca BHCKasaTb 3to BCJiyxx, h saMtTHjx:— Xopomo t 
TeAHpHX^, qTO TBoe ny»ecTBO He noxjeaarb hh MajitfimeMy co- 
MniHiio; a noTOMy mu, bohchho, moxcmt, hphhatb BBiSBxaTeJbHoe- 

oojoseHie* 



Digitized by 



Googk 



bce Brapsx*. 269 

— But* Mosera oho npo^JHTca He aojiro, OTBiiajn rpa^x. 

nocxtAHifl ciOBa 6ujih npoHSHecemi yae Ha Mo^ajK* nepe^ 
s&uRoafB, Kyxa Majo-no-Maxy com.iocB Bee otfmecTBO. ^OH^-I^efiaejib. 
Toponajii OTvtaAOM^; qepe3i> qac* cojinije aoji»ho 6hxo 3aRaTBTBCB; 
hto6h joCpaTbca Hepe3-B ropHufl jiici jo Bepmnnu ropu h jo 
pa3B&nHinB, rpe6oBajiocB nojqaca BpeiienH. Oh* npocHJit y npnHija 
nosBOJieHifl noaaTB stok* kx orB-i^y. 

Rah noatn.iHX'B rocno^ nojaHU 6hxh aKenasH, tski kbr*. 
KOjecHaa jopora uua ho^th &o caimx* pa3Ba.THHi, xora, KOHe*rao r 
jobojibho BpyTaa h rojiOBo/ionnafl. MoaojeatB, hoa*b pyKOBOflCTBOMfc 
HicKOJiBKHXTb jffecHHHHX^, oTnpaBBJiacB ntniKOMi> qepes* .t6cl, npn- 
HHBaBinifi Henocpe^cTBeHHo kb sa^HeMy (ftacaay 3&MKa, tto6h no- 
iK>6oBaTbca npespacHUM'B bhjomi, KOTopufl OTEpuBaica no xy cto- 
pony aJlMKa. 

Hepe** nyTHHKaifH BosBHnuuca, Ha npoTHsemH, 6htb mosctb^ 
nflTHCTa uiaroBt, jobojibho KpyTofi, KaMeHBCTHfl otkocl ropu, Bepx- 
Hflfl rpaeaua KOToparo 6tuia yBiimna BejiHKOJi'&nHHarB ropHUMt 
aicoM-L. Co.iHi;e, cnycTHBmeeca yse ^obo.ibho hh3ro h k*b EOTopoMy 
name nyTHHKH croaxH cfihhoS, 6pocajio cboh Rocue Jiy<ra Ha ot- 
koob: 6e3HHCJieHHHe o6jiomrh rpanBTa, RO'ropuMH ohb Cwji'b yd*- 
a hi, CBepKajiH, KaK'B Mope CpHjrxiaHTOB'B b-l apaficBHX'B crcasBax^. 
TojCTue »e ctbojbh ncnojiHHCRHX'B e,iefi, Ha Bepxy ropBr, bua&m- 
jbcb Ha TeMFio-cHHeM'L (J)OH-fe jicHofi qaiijH, hoa'b nenponHn,aeMLiMT> 
synojiOMT>, o6pa3yenuM'B hxt> BepmnHaifH, tohho ctojiGh apeBuaro- 
xpana, BOTopue saxHBaao nypnypoM* Be^epnee co-raije kmrhoto ne- 
6a. Thxo h TopsecTBeHHO pascnixajiocB na,TB BejinqecTBennoi sap- 
thhoh 6eso6jiaHHoe ne6o, bi jia3ypnyio rjnytfimy KOToparo B3op* 
yxo^H^TB ch Hacaa^eHieM'B. 

06mec/rBO 6ujio B3yiLieH0, BocxnmeHO h, 3a oTcyTCTBiem npHH- 
qa, yfcxaBraaro cb CTapMinHMH H3* rocieS, ocunajio ROMiLiHMen- 
TaMB $0H'B-IJefi3exa, tohho ohb Hapo<rao ftia rocieff C03Aaji*B 9Ty 
lapTRHy. 

KaBajiep'B c^ CKpownoS -CjiaroAapHOCTBK) npHHHMajTB bc* 3T» 
JH)6e3H0CTB, ho bx Ayint ohchb pa^oBajica, ^to eMy BHnaaa Ha 
Aojik) TaKaa iecTB bx npacyTCTBiH jaMH ero cepwa, h no^yBCTBO- 
Ba.ii> ce6a na ce^BMOM^ He64, Kor^a uB^Tymaa, Mo.iOAaa A^ByniKa 
fb cbok) oiepeAB notfjiaroaapiMa ero. Ohi pacBjianHBa^ca bo Bet 
dopoHw, upH»HMaa ppcy k*b cep/wy, h itoCbi ckpmtb CBoe cwy- 
meHie Bucne^suiiy npocB6y: He MiniKaTB %ojiie, hto6u ycniTB joSth 
10 pa3BajHHi BO-BpeMH h, ecjiH mosho paHBme, vkwb no^iAyTt 
dKHnaa&H. 

BcKopi oCfl^ecTBO hoahbjiocb no citaTy h boidjio b^ jt^cx, Bee 
enje jnofiyacB Thwb } k&kl rop^n ctbojih jep^BBeBT*, KOToptie flame 



Digitized by 



Googk 



270 BfcCTHIirb IBPOIIH. 

Tenepb b(5jih3h KasaiHCB KaKb-<ta bhjhthmh hto 6poH3H, s boc- 

XHIIjaflCb 80JOTHCTHMH OTtfjieCKaaiH, TaiTB H CAWb JOSHBIDHlflCI 

noJiocaiiH Ha aajibHHX'B jepeBbax-b h npejamiflBinHMH carat qyj- 

HBlfi SOHTpaCTB CB rOJytiOBaTOH TllHbK) $OE2L H HepHOH nytfiiBoi 

Beceio fiojTaBnra jo Toro, otfmecTBO cmoihlio no** (fesMoiBBO 

THXHMH jepeBbfiMH H K|)HKH 3a6&KaBmHX'b Bnepe^ UQJIOfjm* &H- 

rjHiaH'b, yBieKmaxca coBepmenHO HSjmuHeK) pojbk) nyTeBOjHTe- 
jefi, 6hjih pfoKHMi jHccoHaHCOMi cpeje npespacHofi rapMomi. 

TaKT> Bupa3HJiacB Ajejb, h $OHi-U,efi3eifc, onyTHBiniHca sslkb 
pa3t cl Hefi B^BoeiTB, noATBepAH.TB ea cnoBa, npHieifb omynan 
6okobo3 EapMaHi, r^ naxo^rjica cohctb <Ki» cojiobbk>>; bi to se 
BpeMa ohi noqyBCTBOBa.iT> KauT» CbeTca ero cepwe h CKaaajt npo 
ce6a, tto oho noseT-b roBopaTb Apyrnifb, jiyHuiBMi a3HK0irb, <rfcir& 
3th HCKyccTBenHue cthxh, ho hto BpeMa am 3Toro fl3Lisa cepffla 
npHAeTT> mmb TOr#a, Koraa npeKpacHaa ^Bymsa CyAerb Merie 
sacTiHiHBo CMOTpiTb Ha Hero cbohmh iuxyfoiMH rjasaifH. Oh* 
cnpaniHBa.iT> ce6n, B03MO»no jib, hto6h BorAa-HHtfyAb eMy HpaBH- 
juhcl ro,iy6fiie raa3a, a& cymecTByioT'b jh Boo6uje rojiytfHe wasa, 
KpoMi t4xt», KOTopue CBtTHJiBCb Tenepb m& aero, Bani SBfejH 
bt, jrfecHofi Mr.it; yr.iy6jieHHufl bt> 3th BasHue BonpOcu ohb men 
juicoM'b B03Jii cBoeS BosjiiofaeHHoft, KaKx-fiH nepeatHBaa oieBHj- 
huh coht> h hohth ncnyrajca Bpnsa ypa! ci> KOTopuMT> aHriHUHe, 
BCTpiTBJH ofimecTBO Ha njibmaAKt ropu y noflHoatba pa3BajHHi. 

Bt> to se BpeMH noA^ixajiH ct» Apyrofi ctopohu 9EanaatE e 
Bee otfmecTBO, coeAHHHBniHCb, oTnpaBHJiocb ocMaTpBBaTb pa3Ba- 

JTHBH. 

ITpaBAa, no mh^hIk) HiKOTopuxT> cKenTHKOBB TaMT» neqero 6uio 
ocMaTpBBaTb, h A*BCTBHTejbHO tfpeHHHe ocTaHBH CTaparo Poja- 
tfypra coctoajih h3t> pabcfcaHHux'b o6jiomkob , b, noKpiiTHxi mxomi 
h BepecKOM'b, nacTbK) nopocfflBx-b KycTapHHKaMH, h He npejcTaB- 
jubbbihx'b oco6enHaro HHTepeca am jno^eS, He saHBMaiomHxcii 
HCTopiefi hjih He pacnojomeHHUXT* k-l po^aHTHSMy; bmat» bt» ^aiB, 
sacJOHeHHufi BepxymBaMB ^,epeBbeBT> paspocmaroca KpyroMB jka, 
OTKpuBaeTca cb HeTHpexi-yrojibHoS 6aniHH, He^aBHo nocTpoeBBoi 
npHHi^eMx Ha otrputomx wfecTi. 

Oahh, B*b TOM'b qncj!* MOJO^ue aHOHqaHe, ropijH HeTepni- 
HieMT> b3o3th Ha 6aninio, h o6o3piTb npejiecTHbig bh^t* na jt- 
cncTbiH ropu; Apyrie nporyjHBajiHCb bx jicy hjh Mes^y pasBaJH- 
HaMH, n ofimecTBO, TOjbKO hto coeAHHHBnieecB, CHOBa pas6peJioci, 
h Aaate ne ycnijio euo,e codpaTbca, sasx npumvb, ocTaBniHCb Bcero 
Cb neiBepTb TOca na Bepxy, no^avTb cnrHa^x nycTHTbca bi o6paT- 
HBifi nyTb. 



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Googk 



BCB BIIEPEAI. 271 

— CnycKx cl ropw, no kpjtum'b jrfccHHMX TponHHKaii'B h am 
n<mnjiux'b rocTefi 6yAerB yAoOHie coBepmHTt nimKOMt, h^mx b*b 
dKHnasax'B, ho oto noipefiyeix CoJiime BpeMeHn; o^hhm'b cjio- 
bomt>, jnotfeseuft IJeilsejib, bbi ueHfl o6a»eTe, ecJirf npe^ynpe^HTe 
ofe dwm> o6mecTBO. 

npHHAi TaK-L HeiepnijiHBO spiara nycraTBca Bt otfpaTHuS 
nyTt, hto Aaate He xomwuica, noKa IJefoeJB, cb noMonjBK) j[4chh- 
raxx h npHCjyrn, coCpajr* nporyjHBaiomeeca otfmecTBO, n OTnpa- 
bhjca BnepeA'B ex t4mh kto (Jhjtb bo8j£ Hero, bt, to Bpena Kara 
D|efi3ej!B, CMymeHHHfi bthm-b HeBHHiiameM'B CBoero rocnoAHHa, o6h- 
KHOBeHHO ctojib MjirKaro vb o6pamemH, oftbacEajn* cofinpaiomHMca 
rocTAM'B, hto ero cb^tjoctb, satfoMCB o nosHjrux'B rocTaxx, He 
Mon> aojBme AOSHAaTBca, h oh-l cl cBoefi ctopohu npocHTi npo- 
CTHTBca cb npeKpacHBiMi spijiHB^eM'B cojrHeHHaro saKaTa, hto6h 
He ocTaHaBjiHBaTBca cHOBa y oxoTHHqBaro s&MKa. 

HaaHmHee ycepAie RaBaaepa npHBejio kx TOMy, hto npoHcmeA- 
maa HeypaAHija tojibro ycnjiHjracB: oahh nocnfcniHjH 3a npHmjeMx, 
flpyrie sa^BHJH sejrame AoaeAaTBca OTCTaBuiHXi>, ho He AOSAaBnract 
Tose BBicTynajiH b*b nyTB, TaKx *ito HaKOHen,T> Q,ei3ejiB He ZKVun> 
Cojitme, kto ymeji-L, Koro He^ocTaBajro h OTnpaBHJica cairt bs 
o6paTHufi nyTK ex HetfojiBniHM'B oCmecTBOMX, coCpaBinHMOfl Bospyrx 
Hero, bx kotopomx, Kb ero yTiunemK), HaxojHjiacB h Aa«jib $oir&- 
$Hm6ax , L. 

— Tflfc rocnosa re^BHra? cnpocHJia Aa&ib, Kowa otfnjecTBO 
BCTynHjio CHOBa Ha ysKyio jrfscHyio TponHHRy. 

— OHa nonwa bx oCmecTB* cb ero CBtoocTBio, CKasajia OAHa 
xaiia. 

— fl ee He BHA&aa, B03pa3Hjia Apyraa wu&. 

— Mh4 Ka»eTca, mo h MapK03T> eme He OTHCKajca, CKasajrc 
OJQWb H3-B rocnoAx. 

— #a h rpa^x Tose, npntfaBM'B Apyrofi. 

— HoMHJiyfiTe, BCKpHqaji-B TperiS, rpa$x ymeorB oahh* hsx 
nepB^ixi,. 

— & nojiaraio, ^to cjiiAy^Ti Heiinoro hoaoka&tb rocnoacy TeA- 
BHry, citasaja Aacjib. 

— Kone^HO cjiAyeTx noAO»AaTB, noATBepAHJix ^oHx-I^eftsejrB, 
sl npomy o tomx o6n^ecTBO. 

TeABHra 3aMirajia cyiiaTOxy, KOTopan npoesonuia bx o6n^ecTB% 9 
tojibko Tor^a, KorAa, neosnAaHHo Ma caMofi ce6a, ocTaiacB OAHa 
cpeAH pa3BajiHHi>. OHa m.ia MeAJeHHO no HepoBHofl noBepxHOCTH, 
nesAy ofijiOMMMH h 6hui& 6jaroAapHa nojrypa3BajiHBmBMca ct4- 
nawL, KOTopBia cBpHBajin ee otx o6n^ecTBa, CM-fexx h kphkh ko- 
Toparo aohochjthcb ao Hea. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



272 B*cTHm iBPomL 

3th pasBajHHH 6hjih xk>6vmoA ujbsbio ea AajtHuxB nporyjon 
eepxoMB. npiflTHO iieHTajiocB uoa*b mejecn> AtBCTBerauxB esei, 
neasAy o6jioHKaiiH pasBajiHHB, na KOTopua Ct-iua ofaaaa rjaAin 
•cb rojy6oro He6a, a ateaTue ub^tu Apoaa, pacrymaro b-l TpenjH- 
Haxi> crfeHB, yHujio noaainBajmcB on, BeiepHaro B^Tepaa. Ko 
Bceny 3T0My BHAB cb tfamHH Ha Mnoria mhjih bo bc4 ctopohh Ha 
mraxaiomeeca nope Jiica. 

KaKi» qacTo oahhb BBTJiaxh Ha btv niopt BJHBajB bt> nee HOBoe 
>iysecTBO h HOBua chjih nepeHoceTB y3Kyio npoay ea sh3hh. 

Rozasm ace aorAa-HHtfyAB 6utb AOCTHrHyia Ta ofifrroBaHHaa 
CTpana, KOTopaa chhhmh jeHiaMH ropt pncoBajiacB Ha rops- 

30Ht£. 

TeABHra ocTanoBMacB 6e30T<ieTH0 Ha iuomaAK'fe nepeAB 6am- 
Heft, OTspHTaa ABepB KOTopofi aairajia ee enje pa3x BsrjaHyTB Ha 
KapTHHy HaAe»AH, Ha jifiuib. ^yxt ea TpeCoBajB hmchho Tenepb 
^Toro noAKpinjema. Oea noAHajacB no bhtoh saneHHOH Ji4cTHHn,'fe, 
*rpn DOBopoTa KOTopofi hphboahjh bb Bepxmfi BxaasB, OTKy^a A^pe- 
BflHHaa jiicTHHn,a Be.ia Aa.iie ao Bcpxa. Bb BepxHent 9Taxi aoc- 
^a-roft neperopoAKofi ota*m^ocb He6o.ibmoe MicTeiao, ta* cto- 
post oxoTHHiBaro AOMHaa, npoBoaatBmifi nyieuiecTBeHHHKOBB Ha 
<5ainiiK), coxpaea.TB 3pHTejiBHua Tpy6n, fyjiarn h Bcaaia Apyria npn- 
HaAae*HOCTH, a Taase TOJCTyio EHHry, b*b KOTopofi npocHJix pacnH- 
*CHBaTBca noefeTHxejieS. 

IIpoxoAa mhmo dToro noM^meHia, TeABHra yaimnajra mopox*, 
KOTopufi npHnacajia croposy, npHBOAameiiy b*b nopaAoax cboh Bemn, 
h noAnajiacB A*Ji$e no A^peBaHHofi jtimmnjb. 

H botx hqab ea HoraMH hohbhjiocb B03Jio6jieHHoe Mope 3ejie- 
HiiomHX'B BepxymeaB, cpeAH kotophx'b Tm*b h chmb BHAaBajracs, 
icaBB odpoBKH, TOJiua cicada h thxo npHB*TCTBOBajra ee noAep- 
Hyiaa CHHeBofi jricHaa AOJiHHa. 

^a-ieao KpyroarB He cjihuiho hh eAHHaro 3Byaa, tojlko ot*b 
BpeMa ao BpeMeHH AOJieiaioTx rojioca yAaiaromaroca otfnjecTBa hjih 
jnyMB aaonaaeS, peccopu kotophxb 3BeHarB otb $3ah no apy- 
Tofi aaMeHHCTOfi Aopori; saT^MB 3aMHpaiorB h 9th 3Byan h kphk'b 
.acrrpe6a, npojieTaioiu,aro bhcoko naA'B 6aniHe3, pa3AaeTca aaa^ 
:no6^AOHOCHufi kjihex: oh*b CHOBa oahkb bt> cbocmb AapcTBi. 

— Te6i OAHOMy oho aojikho npanaAJieaaTB, caa3aja TeABera. 

OHa noBepHyjacB, hto6h hath, ho BApyrB ycjrumaaa nocnira- 
Hue mara BBepx'B no jL$cnnmi$; 9to HaBipeo KTo-HH6yAB hsb 
# o6m,ecTBa ee OTwcKHBaert, oahhb bst> t4xb ^necnocHLixt JiEDAea, 
KOTopue tojjhhjihcb BoapyrB nea itfuufi aghb h He xothtt> nonja- 
jifltb n TenepB h^ckojibko MHHyro ea OAHHoiecTBa. 

MapKH3B, cjiiAHBfflia Bee BpeMa rjiasaMH sa reABHrofi, Rairs 



Digitized by 



Googk 



BCE BUEPEA'B. 273 

tojibko saM^THjix, *iTO OHa He HaMipeBaeTca hath b-b o6mecTB^ 
<cb npHHi^eM'L, h, KOHeiHO HapoHHo, Me^eHHHM'B raarom upfin> 
jieat^y pasBajrHHt, npnHaB'B HanpaBjeme, npoTHBynojrosHoe TOMy, 
«y,a;a yaa.ia.nocB o6meerBO, — ceSnacx-se' nocjitAOBajit npaM-fepy, 
KOTopufi mopb 6htb no^an* tojibko eMy, h noTHXOHbRy norae.TB 
sa ne2 cjiI^omt,. OHa Bouua bt> fianiHK), ocTaBjennyK) yae aaBHO 

JIK>6onHTHHMH. 

MapKHSx 6pocBJix 64r-iHg BsrjiaA'B KpyroMT>, tto6h yfiijHTBca, 
ito BOJH3H HUKoro HirB, h nofiixaji'B dpeM naBi, nepecKaKHBSua 
^epeax Tpa cryneHBKH, BBepx'B no jrbcTHHiift. 

— Axt, MapKH3i! CKa3ajia re^BHra. 

OHa cEa3ajia 9to He ocotfeHHO Jiio6esRuwb tohomi; mi> Bcero 
o6ra,ecTBa oh'b 6hjtb ceroflHa jjih Hea caMUMt HecHocHHMT>. Ho 

MapKH3-B 06'BaCHH.TB HO-CBOeMy HeJK)6e3HH0 BSrjafl'B FeflBHrH. 

— He tfofiTecL, madame, CKasajii oh'b, qacB, KOToparo mh 
06a He MorjiH .noamaTBca, HaKOHei^B HacrynHJi'B— mh oahh; b*b qtomx 
yeAHHeHHOM'B Micrfc fisKvrca oahh HamH cepjija, CTpacTHO asejiaromia 
npHataTBca oaho k*b flpyrony, axx! He b*b nepBufl pasx. 

re^BHra bt> nepByio MHHyTy 6aja Goate nopaaeHa, vbwb 
«03Myu;eHa flep30CTBio, bx KOTopofl ne nyBCTBOBajia cefia hhckojbko 
.bhhobhoS, h ROTopafl naaaJia i^ijiHKOM-B Ha HapKHsa. OHa no- 
cwoTpkia na napBH3a 6ojibuihmh rjiaaaMH, Kaai cmotpat'b na 
^ejiOBiaa, KOTopufl coBepuieHHO HeoaLHfl&HHO cKa»eT"B hjih cfffcjiaeT'B 
^To-Hn6yAB TaKoe, Ha hto ero craTa-ia Hecnoco6HUMi, Ha *ito He 
mrfeeTca pa3raAKH; saT^M* OHa BcnoMHMa cijCHy, npoHcme^niyH) 
TpeTBaro jHa bt> 3pnxcTaji4; 9to 6hjio tfjaroaapHOCTBio sa MaraocTB, 
<x> KOTopoio OHa OTKJioiiH.ia ero (J>aHTacrHqecKoe ofoflcneme b^ jh>- 
<>bh, h rH^Bi BaKHnijii b*b ea ropxreeM* cepwfc. 

Opa xoT^jia yfira, He yaocTOHB'B uapaHsa OTBfcroirB. 

Ho OH*, coTra oto Mojreame, sto dircTBO sa ocraTOK'B sacr&H- 

'qHBOCTH, HOGiAHTB KOTOpyK) B03MOJEHO TOJIBKO CmIuOCTBK), — npe- 

rpajHJi'B efi aopory. 

— A, madame, CKasajix ohx, pa3B* bi caMOMi ^iji* cepwa 
HiMen^KHXT, seHH^HHi cm*jih tojibbo bo MpaK'fc hohh, h pa3Bi iioa 

SHHa, HTO BHepa HOHBH) BaUIH MHJIHa py^KH TaKT» CKOpO yCKOJIBB- 

HyjH oti mohxx ajapKHXi noi^ijyeBi? 3fl4cB hhkto He no^cjiy- 
inHBaeT'B; mnioHU rpa$a cro^a He hpohhkjih. 

— vein* roBopHTe bu? Bcapnqajia TeABHra, BunpaMHBniHCB 

BO BeCB pOCTB. 

MapKH3B oTrf^aji'B na diOT'b BonpocB yjiH6Kofi, KOTopaa &jul 
reflBHTH noKa3ajacB oCnRuie BcaKHX'B cjiob-b. 

— MapKHsx, caaaajia ona: — ecjiH He cHHTaTB Bacx sa npespiH- 
^rfjfiuiaro H3*B juopfii, npaKpHBaioffliaroca Aep3Kofi JioaiBH), to npn- 

TOMl Y. — CEHTflBPB, 1871. 18 



Digitized by 



Googk 



274 BftCTHHKi iBPonn. 

xoahtcji npHseaTB, ito Bama nepes'B-Hypx xeBaa tfiaHTasia b&ci. 
coBepmeHHO ofiMopomia, hto bu BaxoAHTecB b*b dpaniHOMB sa- 
fayaAeniH. Ho KaKT>-6ti Tarn hh 6uio, dTa cn;eHa, soTopaa 
6tua 6u BecbMa cwiinHa, ecjratfu He 6wja TaKt HenpHJEraa, — 
AOMtHa KOHHHTBca. CteasaTB, hto OHa He AomHa noBTopaTbc* r 
3HaHHJ0 6h naHecTH mh4 o6n^y; yraaaTB BaM'B tott> cnocofo, 
nocpeflCTBOM'B EOToparo bu 6h jiene Bcero H3<54rJH HcsymeHis, 
soTopoMy bh noBHAHMOMy TaK'B nOABepseHu, Bocnpen^aeTB Met 
BOcnoMBHanie o ^pyae.iio6iH, KOTopoe bu mh*6 npeayte osasuBajiH, 
h Moa Bipa bt> Bamy xopomyio naTypy, KOTopaa hosaho hjh paHO 

jflMRBSL BOCTOpateCTBOBaTfc. 

Ha 3T0Tb paB'B Mapras'B He nocMijTB noirifeniaTB TexBHri 
npo@TH mhmo ero n Hcqe3HyTB qepe^i bhxoa'b Ha jiicTHimy. 

— HpoBaJHJiacB ckbosb hojix, Kaicx Ha cijeHi, CKa3axB Map- 
bust,, Tonaa Horofi 061 nojiB, KaKi na a^H*, b*b Boropofi ji 
pasurpajrB po.it, sa EOTopyio AO-meHx caifB ce6a ocBHCTaTB. 

Ohi noAomejTB b*l nepejaMx h yBHA&i'B, KaBL FeABara BHnua, 
BHH3y H3^ 6aniHH. 

— fl BaM'B He jocTaBJiK) yAOBOJBCTBia, saspHiaji oh* ei 
BCJiiA'B, He y*Ay. 

— Bt> TaKOM'B cjiyqai a Baci> zzctslbmo bto CA^aaTB, pasjajics 
rojoci> csa^H ero. 

rpatJvB HaxoAHJca, cx> nacTbro otfmecTBa, naBepxy tianran bs 
to BpeMH, Kor^a (ftoHi-IJeiteejiB saaBJiajrB rpoMorjaeHO, hto era 
Cb4tjoctb yse orapaBHJica bt> oCparaHfi nyTB. OtfnjecTBo nociA 
miuo nocJi^AOBaTB dTOMy npnsiiBy; rpatftx nomeji'B sa ApyrHMH He 
Toponacb. x 

DpoxoAfl mhmo nyiaHa eropoaa, oh-b sarjurayjrB bt> Hero * 
BHHManie ero ocTanoBHJiocB na HaxoAHBmefica Ha ctoji'S bhht& axs 
nyTeraecTBeHHHKOB'B. Ohb Borneo MainHnajBHO, crajrB nepaiec- 
TUBaTB KHnry, BameJiTb b^crojbbo hmchx, ero HHTepecoBaBmexx, 
h npoflOJiacaji'B nepejiHCTHBaTB, b*b HaAeaw* nafiTH hma FexBnnr. 
Bt> Tu^eTHOMi CTapaeie Hafira en hma nponuo h4ckojilko MHHyri, 
KaKi> B^pyrB, oh*b ycjramajrB mopoxx njiaTM h ckbo3b meib ffeepR 
yBH^ij^ AaMy, noAHHMaioniyioca no aepeBAHHofi ji^cthh^. Eiiy 
noKa3ajocB, hto oh*b ysHajii TeABHry. HenoABH»HO, cl chjibho 
6h¥>mflMc& cepAueMt, ociaHOBHJica ort> 7 A^psa Me»Ay naiBi^aMK. 

JHCTB, KOTOpHfi XOTijI* HOBepHyTB. 

c3ia dpacTB npeBpa^aeTx Tetfa b*b TpycjHBaro pe6eHBa>, 
CBa8ajrB oh*b npo ce6n. 

HoBa oh*b MeAJHJit bb Hep^niHMocTH, yAocTOB-fepaTBca jih eMy 
fb CBoeMi npeAnojioateHiH hjih h^tb, nocjiuma.iHCB Apyrie mare, 
marH My»TOHH, CucTpo noAHHMaiomaroca no jicTHHn,i. JIhcte^ 



Digitized by 



Googk 



BCS BEEPER- 275 

KOTopufi owb Aepsara, sa^posajTB; Ha »tott» pas* pysa ero 
Aporayjia ott> rnfcBa. Komj cniinnTL, BaKi He Maprasy? 

H 3to 6hji , b MapRHSi. ^epe^ Ty se mejrb, nepes'B KOTopyio 
ofb bhx£xb, KaK-L eMy noKa3ajiocB, rejBrity, acho yBHA*J'B oir& 
BeHaBHCTHaro lejiOB^Ka, cTpeManjaroca na-Bepxi h bc^a* aaiint 
ycjumaji'L HaA* cofiofl ero HeHaBHCTHuft rojocx. Bt> i;hhkobo3 
spuiui, xo KOTOpOH ohb hotth Bacajuca rOJOBOli, 6bijio MajieHBKoe 
okho, ocB*maBraee qyjiaHT* h OTKpwToe bx 9Ty MHeyTy. Fpa$y 
ne Hy»no 6ujio npHCjymHBaTbca: sas^oe cjiobo, Kas^fi BByKx, 
npoH3HecenHLie HaA* hhmb, aoxoahjh ao Hero ex iiojihok) achoctlio, 
sa&Aufi 3ByKi» nepBBix'B cjiobx Maprasa 6hLjn> ajui Hero y^apons 
BHHsaaa bt» MHTeatnoe cepAije. 3arfcMx naqaja tobophtb TeABara; 
rpa$y Kasaaocb, *jto ero jkhshb saBHCHrb ot-l ea oTB^Ta. Topa^ee 
qyBCTBO fijiaro^apHOCTH nepenojiHHjio ero cepwe, B§pa b*b Hee He 
Bnojraij ofiMaHyjia ero; ohb noqyBCTBOBaxb, hto BHHOBarB nepefl-B 
Hefi. Kor^a OHa npon3necjia nocjrfcAHia CJOBa, cmbicj'b KOTopux'B 
6ujit> acewb am napKHsa, TopatecTByiomaa yjraSita noKa3ajiacb Ha 
ero Jiaivfc; yc.iuinaB'L lnopoxx iuiaTba Ha jrfcCTHHr$, oh*b xot'Lhi 
(JpocHTtca eft Ha BCTp'feqy h cKa3aTb: 6aaroAapio Te6a, TeABara! 
ho eMy npe^CToajio Apyroe xfaio. Ona ynuia ojHa, MapMst ne 
nocwfejii> sa Hefi nocjrfcflOBaTb ; BCJrfcA'B 3aTiMi> rpa^B ycjiumaxB 
CBepxy cjiOBa: 

<${ BaMi He AOCTaBJK) yAOBOJibCTBia, madarne, He y£Ay>. 

Oahhm-b npnaKOMi B3jrer6ji'b rpa$t no cryneHbEaMB HaBepxi 
h CpocHJix HcnyraHHOMy $paHijy3y CBoft cepAHTufi otb4ti. 

Ohh croon Apyrx npoTHBt APyra, Ha BecbMa <5;ift3KOMfc pas- 
<5ToamH — Ha MajieHbKofi HJomaARfc 6uno Heimoro arfccTa — h 
BnepHJiH nHJiaiomie B3opu oahh^ bb Apyroro. 

— 3a4cb He TaKt jierKO y<iH3HyTB, KairB bt> caAy 3&MRa, cra- 
sajn» rpa<J)x, h AOCTaTo^no cb4t.io, htoCu He omnfiHTBCfl bx tom;b, 
<n> KiMx BMiemB a^JO. 

— Si He HM-iK) yAOBOJibCTBia noHHMaTb, hto atejiaera cBasaTB 
rpa^x, BOspasHJix MapBH3B. 

— MoateT^ 6uTb a He AOCTaTOHHO xopomo Bwpa»aK)Cb no- 
4)paHny3CKH, co»ajiiio, hto He Mory roBopHTb cl BaMH no-H^Mei^BH; 
ho Bce-TaKH HaA^wcb, hto mh APyrx Apyra nofiMeMB. 

Cl> 3THMH CJIOBaMH OHl SaTBOpHXB ABepH H SaTOpOAHJ'b EX'S 

€o6ofi, KaK-B^H asejiaa CA&iaTb HeBosMOSHBiMi A'a MapBH3a BcaKyro 
nonuTKy kx CircTBy. 

MapsH3T> noHajB 3Ty o6HAy h kpobb yAapHJia eMy wb rojOBy. 

— ^OBOJIBHO, CKa3aJH> OHl, BnOJH§ AOBOJIbHO! BU mh4 H6 

OTBaseTe bt> yAOBJieTBopeHia sa HaneceHHyio oCH^y. 

— KaBAHHCKoe ymejrbe totobo, BoapasaiB rpa^x, otxoah oti 

18* 



Digitized by 



Googk 



276 - BftOTHHffB EBPOIin. 

jBepir, OTBopafl ee sa kojbi^o h npmrjiainaa pyKoft MapRHsa hath 
BnepeA*. 

MapKHBT. OTCTynHj'B Hasajt. 

— KaBAHHCKoe ymejibe totobo, noBTopn.TB rpa<|rB. TojbKfr 
oflHa Aopora, noTowy *rro Apyraa *iepe3T> nepnjia, BOceubflfi%tm> 
$yTOBx otb BeM.iH, BtpoflTHO, BaMi He no BRycy. 

— Ho 3to3 BTopoft .noporfc BaifB KOHeiHO npnuuiocB 6u link 
conyTCTBOBaTB, CKasa.i'B MapRus'B, Apoata ot-b apocm 

— fl bx btoitb coMH^Baiocb, OTB^qajit rpa<|n>; pa3B*6 bu He 
npH3Haeie, *ito * no RpafineS M'fcp-fe BTpoe cajBHie BaeB. 

— HacHjie, na KOTopoe cnoatfeH'B tojbro HiaieivB, npomen- 

TaJIl MapKH3l. 

— ,3,aBai! BorB, ^to6u mkt, Hl>im«, Bcer^a BHRa3BreajH TaKoe 
HacHjie! B03pa3HJTB rpa<j)i. He i;epeMOHBTecB, b*6ab tojh>ko nepBiift 
marB Aoporo ct6htb. 

— Ohb fiyjierB ctohtb Bameft atH3HH, CEa3a.TB MapRH3*B, npo- 
MejiBKHyBi mhmo rpa<J>a Ha jrfecTHHijy. 

— 3to mu yBHAHMi, saMiTHJn rpatfrB ci npe3pHTejBHoft yju6- 
Rofl, h ocTanoBHJica, OKHAunaa ^obo.ibhumi BaopoM* MaientKoe 
npocTpancTBO, rbr-b uo6iflMTejib no;ie cpajRema, 6e3cnopHo bh- 
nrpaHHoe; sai^M* nocrfcAOBajT. sa MnpRH30MX bhh3 , b, ^epesi jrfccB 
h AorHa.iT> o6mecTBO hohth hto bx oaho Bpewa ci hhmt>, h h4c- 
rojibro MBHyr-B paHbiue TeABHrn, ROTopaa una A^tHefl Tponna- 

BOH U npHCOeAHHHJiaCB RT> OfimeCTBy CB APyrofl CTOpOHU. 

TaKEMx o6pa30Mi> rejBHra, xota h 3aMiiH.ia ^epe3x HicRO-ibKO 
BpeMeHH npocyTCTBie o6obx*b, ho He Mor.ia noA03p4BaTB o tomb, 
*ito npOH3orajio; Jimo rpa$a hb oahoh ^epTOfi He nanoMHeaio 
o cufin% KOTopyio ob'b pa3urpa.iT,, jiHxopaAo<maa so Becejocrt, 
cb EOTopofl MapKH3i» BM'buiHBajca bt> pasroBopu, 6u.ia wn hch 

BHO.lHt nOHflTHa. 

KpoM*fe Toro peBHOCTHHA ycJiyrH pa3jnmHHX'B rocnoAi, xjioiio- 
TaBinHx* BOKpyrb nea h npeAJiaraBmHX'B cbow noMOiijb npa Ras- 
AOMi noxBeirfc b'b ropy, He AaBa.m eit BpeMCHii AyuaTB. $oin»- 
D^eS3e.iB nodoaHHO ToponH/fB oCmecTBo, yKa3UBaa Ha onacHOCTb> 
Kaaofi rpo3HTB ropHoe o6;iaRo, Ha,iBnraBineeca uzb TeMHaro yn^e^Ba, 
roBopiM'B Aaate o rpost, KOTopyio cyjuTT. 6o.ibmoe, 6iJioe, OBafi- 
MjeHnoe 3ojotomi ofaaKO H'KOTopaa no Bcefi b4pohthocth 3a- 
CTHrHeT'B o6m,ecTBO eu\e na nym 

CMifljincB, myTHjrn, noKa3biBa.iH Apyrx nepe;n> ApyrOMx npn- 
Mipu jobkocth h npoBopcToa, nepecKaKHBan cb KOMna Ha Kaiieni, 
h itb raMOM^ npiflTHOMi pacnojioateniH Ajxa aocthoh n.iomiiAKtt 

OXOTHHHBflrO 3dMKa. 

Sa^cb no pacnopaateHiro rjaBHaro .licHHHaro, ycjiOBHBmaroca cb 



Digitized by 



Googk 



BCE BIIEPEA*. 27? 

fyowb-JIfiisejieu'b, 6uja ycTpoeHa (JojiBraaa OTKpuTaa tfeci^aa H3s 
eiOBUxi B^TOKt, bt» KOTopoft noiffcmajHCB cTOJibi, tforaio y6paHHiie 
BceB03M0SHUMH hhtbhmh n saicycKaMH; TaKofl ot^uxx nocjifc TpyAnaro 
nyra (Jhjtb &ia bc4xx BCCBMa npiaTeH'B. Cojmije ToaBKO-Tro cnpa- 
tejocb 3a ropu, bo ocBfemajio eme 3y6n,Ki sdMRa, HaROHeivB hokh- 
Hyjio h hxx, o6jmBT> nypnypoMt Kpaa (Sijiaro ofaaBa; jirotfyjics 
8toS KapTHnoH, sa nacM'B hjih 3a maMnaHCKHa^, ofimecTBO npo- 
Bejo npiaTnue nojnaca, nona noBiaBmaa H3i» ppjmwb npoxja^a 
He HanoMHHJia o tom*, hto nopa aomoh. 

ITyTt ex ropa coBepniMCff npaBjja tfucTpte, tIm* He Meeie 
yse CTeMH'fejo, Kor^a o6mectBO hoaohijio k*b sdMKy Poaa, a qacs 
cnycra, Kor^a oho npomaaocB ct> npiumeifB bt, nepcnacRofi bom- 
Hart, r^t eme pas's noaaBajica nafl h saBycsa, 6Bua coBepmen- 

Hafl HOHB. 

— Hy, BH^aJica ^eHfiKi, CBaaa^ii (ftoHi-IJeflsejiB, bxo^a b'b cbok> 
KOMHaTy: TpyflHiift Cjiarono.iyqHufi jifinh. Ero cb4tjioctl mofb npe- 
BecTH bx oTqaame xotb Koro cbohwb pacnojoatenicMT. ayxa; no 
ona 6uji& CosecTBeiia, ,h a TaBT> ycTaax, hto CiaroAapio Bora, 
tto nfiEb MHHOBajTB: RanpnsH ero cb4tjioctif, ^iHHHOHorie anr.in T 
HaHe, Hac.ia^Aenie npnpoAOH, ji4choh Boaayx'B, cianie cojran,a, jio- 
Cobb, bcc! A saBipa b'b no^enB Ha CTaHijiio a-ia BCTpfoH rpa- 
<j)iHB-MaTepu, o6iA^ b'b hhtb qacoB'B — nenero CBasaTB sHTte — 
hto(Sh nopTB ero noCpa.n'B! ^obojibho Toro, qTO €fpBJi£&n> flneBH 
sjotfa ero>; cerojHa a 6ojiBme hh na q-ro HecnocotfeH'B, Kpoarfc 
cnaTB. 



OABA CEAbMAJL 

$0HB-IJe33e-iB, yTOMjeHHBi8 3a6oTaMH h TpeBora3iH ahh, sacHy.TB 
TaRB KpinKO, hto He cjBixajr'B cyMaTOXH, HapymnBmefi nocjifc 
nojyHoqa rjrytfoKyio ramany, B'B KOTopyio Ciltb norpyffieii'B 3&MORX; 
ohb ne cruxajTb (SiroTHH, npoucxoAHBinefi Mea,iy 3&mrom"b h 
RaBajiepCKHMi ^nre.ieM'B, ne .craxajre niaroB-B npHc.iynj, CtraBiueft 
no KoppH^opy, niyMa, cb KaKHMi qacB nos^i^e BURaTfua na ABopt 
Tpn KapeTH H3x KapeTHaro capan, notca HaKonei;T> y ^aepefl ero 
ROMHaTu He pas^avica ciyKi, CHa^aja thxo, a hotomi Bee rpome 
h rpoMne. 

Ilepe^ ero nocreJiBK) ctobjtb co CB-feiefi bt. pyK'fe aiyra h 
npoc^ii H3BHHeHia b'b tomx, hto ieMy npnin.iocB pa36y^HTB rocnoAHea 
^OHi-II^eHsejia. 

— ^to ciyqn.iocB, cnpocHJTB KaBajepx, npoTapaa 3acnanHtie 
ua3a. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



278 BftCTHIKb KBPOHH. 

— $pamty8CBie rocnoja yfeaaiore. 

— *Ito? KaKi>? BCKpa^ajx KaBajepi, He B^p* cbohot yma». 

— rocno^BHi Po3ejiB wl KOMHart rocnoAHBa $OHi-I^ei8eu 
h sejiaerL neperoBopHTb ci rocnoAHHOwt $0H'b-II t eii3exeM ( b. 

KaBsmep'B bcbotojtb cl nocrejiH, imKHHyxt nacKopo xajian k 
sunieji b*b CBOfo BOMHaTy, iy# name^i Posejia yse ojiraro no 
^opo»HOMy. 

— Or& HMeHH MapKHsa h otb Moero cotfcTBeHHaro Twaray 
pa3i» HSBHHaiocb, CKaaaurb Posejib, ho aia HecHOCHaa nojiHTHsa, 
^ci> BOTopot Mir ayMaan pa3i h HaBcerxa hokohhhtb, HairB He 
jiaei"b 3acjiyseHHaro HaMH hoboa. Hame npaBHTejibCTBO nojaraen, 
^to He MoaerB wb Tasoe BpeMa o6ohthcb 6631 ycjyrb Mapsraa. 
Bnepa MapBHsi, no BOSBpAmenin, Hauiejrb co6cTBeHHopy^Hoe hhcbmo 
MHHHCTpa, bt> kotopomi tott> yMOjaerb ero, bsx jipysfiH kx Hesiy, 
CHOBa BucTyniiTb Ha TepeHCTwfi nyTb jwuiOMaTa h neMeweHHO 
ixaTt na noMomb BeHe^eTTH b*b 3mcb. Mapses-b Bnt cefia, ho 
qTo npHBaaeie fliuiaTb? OTBtnaTb Ha TaKyio npocbtfy «ja>, boiw 
TaB*b Becejio npoBOAHinb BpeMfl, Becbua thsgjio; csasaTb cHfrr&>, 
Bor^a j&jio HAeT'b o tfjarfc 3>paHiuH, TepMamH, i$jiaro Mipa eoje 
Tfl&ej'fee, Majio Toro, neB03MO»HO. MapKH3T» xork™ ceaiau 
no^osAaTb jo yipa, ho HeiepniHie bbajo Bepxx, oh'b xotctb hjh, 
jiyqrae csasaTb, ohi aojuBeffb ixaTb TOTqacb-xe, neMejaeHHO, h 
npocHTb rocnoAHHa (ftonb - IJefisejia aaTb Jioma^efi no^b Haina 
9EHna»H, caMO co6o8 pasyMieica TOJibao ao PoTetfroja, rj4 mh 

B03bMeM'b nOHTOBHXl. 

— Ero CBiuocTb 6y#erb HeyrfcmeHb, CBasara ^OHx-IJefiaeib. 
SL cefiqacx npnKajKy ero pa3(JyAHTb. 

— Yhojuivo Bacx, nepefieji'b Po3ejib. 

— Ha mok) OTB^TCTBenHOCTb, saMiTHTb KaBaiepi. 

— yMpjflio Bacb, hh B-b EaaoMx ciy^a* He jfcjiafiTe 3Toro, 
npo^ojuBaji'b Posejib. Mapsasx HHEorja He npocTHT'b cefii 3xoro. 

BOTb Bb 8T0M*b HHCbM^, KOTOpoe fi HBf&K) TOCTb BpyHHTB BaiTb, 

npoca AOCTaBHTb ero cb^tjiocth, ho ero npofiyameHie, MapBioi 
(Jjaro^apHTTb ero CB^TJiocTb 3a HeonHcaHHyio ^ofipOTy h -raep^o 
HaaieTca 9 hto oh-b bx cocToamH tfy^erb jhhho BHCKasaTb 3Ty 
faarojapHOCTb nepes* HicBO^bBO ^Hefi, sor^a sto HecHOCHoe ^6io 
cqacuHBo yjia^HTca, sasx mu bc* 3Toro sejiaeM'B, h ohb chobs 
ocBoCo^HTca. Ha B03BpaTHOMT> nyTH hu bo bcakomt. cjyHai 3ai- 
&ewb B-b MHJufi Po^e, xora 6h Ha ojhh'b naci. HraE*, ^o cbe- 
AaHin. 

Po3eib npoTHHyjrb aaBajepy pyKy, BOTopyio totb HeoxoTHO 
.Bsaji-b. 

BHesanHHft OTbkzRb, bi HOiHoe BpeMfl, 6e3B npeAyB^OMjemi, 



Digitized by 



Googk 



BCE BBBPEA'B. 27* 

tiero npomaHM.... wb cTo^Mapinajii MajK)pr£> stotb cjiynafi He* 
6hjt> npeABH^Hx; KaBajepi Chjh cobcImi paacTpoeHi. 

— Bh KpafiHe HsyMH^iH iieHa, CKa3a.11> ohx, a npaBO He 3Haio... 

— Hame pacnopaaeme yse cflimaHO, nepetfot PosejiB y64^H- 
TejiLHUM^ tohom'b; Kansas MHHyTa.... 

— SI oT^aMt neofixoflHMHa npHKa3ama, oiB^aJi^ KaBajieps 
pimHTejibHO. 

^eTBepTt ^aca cnycra ctoajtb oh* Ha wop* Bos-afc roTOBHX^ 
m> oTbksny BKHnaaefi, kt> KOTopuMt Teneps noaomejrB MapKH3i, r 
BumeAQiifl H3t 3dMRa. 

MapKesi 6u,tb bh4 ce6a, hto rocnojjHHa (froH'B-IJeHsejrH no- 
6e3noKOHjiH. 3to 6hjio coBciMi npoTHBi* ero seaamfi, xota eMy 
noHCTHHi npiaTHo BHCKa3aTt faaroaapHOCTB rocno^HHy (ftoHi- 
D,efl3aaio sa ero juo(5e3HOCTB h jihhho hodpochtb ero nepeflaTB* 
noiTHTejiBHoe npHB^TCTBie ero cb4tjocth h ero cynpyrfe. 

MapKU3i> HtcKO.ibKO pa3*B no&aji'B pysy (ftoHi-IJeiteejiK) h no- 
cnimeo ycfe-ica b*b Rapery; Posers we^eHHie noarfwBajrB sa. 
hhm'b. 3aneca yse Hory Ha noflHoraRy, ohx naitjionujicji kt> RaBa-iepy 
h cEasajii no-H^MeiiKH: 

— Mm Ha^fceMca bt> tfjiaroaapHOCTB 3a Baoie rocTenpiHMCTBO, 

BX CaMOMT> HenpOftOJI&HTeJIBHOM'B BpeMeHH, HM*TB B03M0SH0CTL, 

DpncjaTb Ban** KpoBaBBifl Tpo<|>efi, bt> bha* OTiLiaTH sa Ca^OBy, 
KOTopufi MapKHsi AywaerB a^pecoBaTb dapoMy npHHijy h ero 
MOJiojoi cynpyrt, ana cBoefi ctopohu a^pecyK) ero Bait**, caR- 
coHCKOMy o<|>Hijepy. 

Po3ejB ycijica pa^OM* cb MapRH30M* h Bci Tpn 3RHnaa& 
rpoHy^HCb vb MicTa. 

IJeSsaiB CKa3ajix cjyraifB, TOJinHBnraMca BORpyrB h fli.mBinHM'B. 
bt> nojirojioca cboh 3aM$*iaHia, ^to ohh MoryTi Tenept hj*th cnaTB 
h cam ch tok) se h,4jibio OTnpaBHJica bx cbok> ROMHaiy. 

Ho MHoro BpeMeHH nponuio npesae h4mt> cont coMRHyjii era 
rjiasa. Orbtexh MapEH3a, ROTopufi jsfl cbx-l nop* Chjtb eify 
HenpiaTeHi jihuib do OTHomeHho Kt npHHijy, npHHajrB, 6jiaro£apa 

BOCJI'i^HHM'B CJIOBaMX P03e.1fl, CTpaHHHft, JByCMHCJieHHBlff, TaHH- 

CTBenHHH xapaKTepi, h HaBOAM'B ero Ha pasMHuurenia. *Ito xoriji-B 
CKa3aTB Po3e.ib sthmh cjiOBaMfir, coAepsame h (j)opMa KOTopuxi^. 
TaKi npoTHBopi^HjiH nepBOMy B'feauiHBOMy saaBjeHiio? 

— KpoBaBui Tpo$en b*b bh^ OTHJiam sa Ca^OBy, a^peco- 
BaHHHfi npHHAy h mh4? Heyseja xbno A*HCTBHTe^BH0 aoSa^t^ 
no boShbi? Y^b He jyMaeTt jh ohx, hto a 6yAy pafl'B, ecjin mu 
SyAeMi nofiHTu? Kohchho, b^ THcany BOceMBCort mecxfc,necar&. 
uecTOMi) roAy a Aynajx BHaie: TorAa Bci moh CHMnaiie, KaKi> 11 
Bcixx Hacx Boo6iu,e, 6buhj, na dopoHi ^paHn.ysoBT,; ho a nojaraio,. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



280 BftCTHUBl BBPOIIS. 

^to ddHTt npoBedH ABa am b^ o6mecTBi sthx* rocno^x, mo6u 
ocnoBaTejLHO H3jreHHTbca orb CBoero npHCTpaeria. 3th $paHi*y3CKie 
roJOBopiftu! SL ne oneHb-TO AOJiio&iHBaK) h rpa$a, ho ohi Bce- 
TaEn cobc$mi» ApyroB ^aiOBiB^; mh*6 Hajo (Jyaerb na ainxt ^Hax* 
noaywaTb o ero npeflJionieniu; Bi>Ab HHBairb nejibsa Cy^era ociaTbca 
nasa^n, ecan BOflna aifiCTBHTejibHO BcnuxHerb. K*b tomv ae dapuft 
rocnoAHH-b $OHx-*Hin6axx apufi npycas*, A^ejib BOHerao Tasxe 
sapasena npycco^HJibCTBOMx, efi B'b yroay a roTOB*b 3anncaTbca bi 
KaaaBH hjih TaTapu, a npyccaBH Bce-TaKH mh* notf-inse. 

IlOJIHTHEa fiWJia TaKUM* npeAMeTOMT>, KOTOpUH jtfiCTBOBaj'b, 

npn BcfcxT* o6cTOflTe,ibCTBax , b, sas'b ycunHTejibnufi nanHTOKi> Ha 
<Jpoin>-Ilfi&3ejiA, aaae h Tor^a, Bor^a 9toti> nanHTOE*, EaEi> b*l 
nacToameMi, cjiyqat, fiti-ii* ciuibno pa36aBJrem> jioCoblio. $ohi- 
I^eflaejib sacHyjiv, no eMy He cyjRAeHO <5mjio aojiro cuaTb. 

— Ilpomy npomcHia, CKasajn cjyra,— croaBinifi cHOBa y spo- 
BaTH, Ha 9Torb pa#b Cesi cbIjhh, iioTOMy hto sapa yate sanHMa- 
jiacb h nepBue Jiynn npoiiHEa.ie ckdo3h OKOHHua aaHaB-fecKn: ho 
rocnoAHHx rpa^i aejiaerb nojysHTb 9BHnaan» am nof>3AKu Ha hu- 
Htinnia aenb bt> Heflro^x, a TaE^ KaBi ccrojHa yTpoMi Haao eme 
iiocnaTb 8BHnaiKH na crraHiuio, Ha BCTpiny ea npeBocxojHTeJibCTBy, 
to HaACMOTpmHEi sa dBHna&aHH ne snaerb saBofi mojrho xaTi>, 
a mTaJMeficTep'b npucujaerb cnpocirrb.... 

— BepnTe tto xoTHTe, ocTaBbTe MeHa B'b noEoi, Bcspa^a** 
^Offb-II^eflseJb, npotfyameHHufl H3i> HeGecHaro CHOBH^Hia, bx eo- 
TopoMi oht. noA'b pyicy cb A^ejibio ryjfljrb no fiepery py%a, 
YRk Hrpajin cepefipanua putfBH, a no Ty dopony (Jepera eroajiH 
CMacT.iuBue poAiiTe.iH h rocnoflHn'b (f)(jHT>-<I>fliii6axT> nojinuMH npii- 
ropniHHMH 3a6Hpa.i*b uz-b nepe^HHEa CBoeS aenu cepe6paHux , b pu- 
Cokt> h 6pocajn> 11XT) bt> pyqefl, nparoBapHBaa: Bee dTO jvlr Bacx, 
^yAbTe cnacTJiHBH. 

— PajH caMoro He(5a OdaBbTe MeHa B*b noEoi, CBaaaj-b en;e 
pasx $on , b-II l efl3e.ib h noBepHjvica na ^pyrofl <5oex. 

Ho ne ycnijix ciyra bwhth H3X BOMHaTti, sasi EaBajepx yae 
CH^Tb BHnpaMHBinacb Ha CBoefi BpoBara. 

KaEoe o^HaEo dpaHHoe coBna^eHie o6cToaTejbCTB*b! B'b jBa 
^aca, To-edb TpeMa qacaMH paHie, Hiwb HyasHO, hto6u ^otxaTE 
^epes'b PoTeCiojib na CTann,iio ae^fenofi ^oporn, yisaaerb MapEHS'B 
B'b Toponaxx. Tenepb bx Tpn Maca yipa rpa^x orapaBJiaeTca b^ 
He3ro(J)T>, Ey^a ohi> choeohho MoaeT'b AotxaTb bi> no.uopa naca, 
^to6ij npoBecTH Taui i^-fejiufi ^enb, tott> caMufi Aent, Be^epoifL 
KOToparo AO^»Ha npiixaTb ero Tema! 

^to Momerb 3to osHanaTb, EpoM* ^yaw? 

Ho 06a rocno^nna eu^e Bnepa Be^epom* 6ujih TaE-b Beceiu, 



Digitized by 



Googk 



BCS BDEPEAT). 281 

xaacAufi Ha CBoft jia^x, bo BpeMH sasycRH nepeflB oxoTHnqbHars 
3&mkomt> u no3^H*e, sa HaeMi>, h aaate 6apon , b Heiro^*, KOTopufi 
jo Toro BpeMeHH He saMi^axB P03e.ua, BCTynnjrb ci> hhmb b*b 
tfecfcay. A a > n <> 9T <> canoe h (Sblio noao3pHTejbHo; tojikobojih o(5s 
ycjiOBiax-b, yroBapHBajiecb; Bee bto 6mia noaTacoBaHnaa nrpa. 

— KoTOpaa #o uem He RacaeTca, CRa3a.Tb KaBa-iepi,; qoprb 6m 
no6pajrB o6ohxt> 3a to, hto ohh He aaiorb cnaTb qecTHony 
nejiOBfeKy. 

TyrB npHBe^ena 6ujih domain h KaBa-iepB bckohb.i'b o64hmh 
HoraMH ch KpoBara. 

— Heymejin y rpa$a yrae tf&ui ceKyHAanrt? Pa3B* homt> 
IJefi3eJifi ne noBe.iliBaerb ctoatb Bt 6opb6i 3a Pofla-IIlTefin6yprb! 
A 6u mopb B3ATB Ha ce6a P03e.ua h buiu.io (5h partie-carrte! Ctua- 
ho rpa$y, ito ohx He no^yMa.TB 060 ami! Ho 9th npyccBie apn- 
CTOKpam jiiotfarb jnynrae BOflHTbca apyr* ex ApyroM* h He yao- 
CTOHBaioT'B ^recTnaro ^eJOB^sa cboiimx BHHMaHieMT.! 

Ha 3T0TB pasx <J>0HT>-IJeB3e.ib ne. Jierb Cojitme b-b nocTeab, 
TaiTB KaKT» nyBCTBOBa.iB, hto He sacnerb. Onx 3aKypHji , B carapy h 
pacTaHyjca Ha AHBani, ytoCh na aocyrfc o6AyaaTb 3Ty CTpaHHyio 

HCTOpiK). 

Bt> to ate caaoe Bpena Pep^iae* npoxamHBaaca no CBoefi 
BOMHarb Meauy neMOjaHaMH, KOTopue ohb yrce yjiosKu.Tb Bqepa, 
BaKi cKopo y3naJB, tto rpa^nna npiijeT'L cb TaflHUMx cob^thhkom'b 
na cjrfcayraiiUH jeHb. 

Oni> TOTqacb jkc nopfcmnjrb, hto bxx npi&3A'b h ero ot i b*3A'b 
coBepmaTca bx oahht, h tott> ae aeHb h hto ohb hh 3a hto ne 
corjiacHTca ocTaBaTbca jo Ana posjenia npHHija. 

Owb c^ejTb HyatHuwb jih^ho cooCujHTb o CBoearB HaMipenin 
npaimy; npHHivb Bticjiyina.Tb ero oqeHb neMiuocTHBO h o^eHb ne- 
mhjocthbo npocmica c% hpim*. Ho TepMaHT> ne ,nonycTHjn> cetfa 

STHMX CtfilTb Cb T0.1K)*; OHT> B0CH0JIb30Ba.lCfl THfflHHOfi H CnOKOfi- 

CTBieMi, KOTopaa napcTBOBa^n Bqepa bx sAmkIj, hto6h nHK'feM'B 
HesaMiqcHHOMy, HHK'iM'b neyAepntHBaenoMy h HnK^M^ HeoTCtuaeMOMy, 

IipOJIO»HTB CBOH OAOHOKifl nyTb. 

Tasx npomeji-b ^enb, HacTynn.Tb Beqepx. 06mecTB0 BepHy.iocb 
H8i» oxoTnaqbaro 3&MKa; ohi ciumajTB CTyKx 9KHnaKeH h osdhvji^ 
&kvAUWb B3oaA0Mi ocBimeenufi (fraKciaMH SRopi. 34MKa, Kor^a 
o6n^ecTB0, qacoM-b no3An f te, pasxisatajiocb m bx r;iy6HH'fc Aymn 
noqyBCTBOBaj-b 6jiaro^apnocTb 3a to, qTO y nero Haqero He 6lijo 
6ojihwe cb hhmh o6maro, sa to, hto ero ocTaBjiajra cnoBoSno b*b 
ero KOMnaT*, Kaic& aKTepa, OTfibiBuiaro cbok) pojb n cnoEoflHo 
yAajiawo^aroca co c^eHIJ, bt> to Bpeaia, KaBB myMi enje i^apcTBy«TT> 
sa Hefl. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



282 BfcCTHHRB EBPOHtf. 

3aBTpa eny ein,e npeAdoajio pasurpaTB Ha 9toS ci^ee-fe npo- 
D^ajibHyK) pojis, auuEyio pojib, soTopaa 6tiJia 6u am Hero cobc&vb 
HeBUHOCHMa, ecjnfiu ohb He yrfcmaji'B ce(5a mhcibio: bto yse bb 
nocjfcAHifi pa3i>! Ohb cobc4mt> yjoanjB cboh Bem,H, npHBexB n 
nopaAOBB cboh tfyMarn, HanHcajcB nncBiia. Cpe^H »thx*b saarrii 
fiacTynejia hohb, THmena KOTopofi Ha btotb pas* tfujia Tan BHe- 
sanHO napymeHa. Ho repMaet ne otfpanjajiB BHHMaiiia Ha mym; 
TaBi> npoine.TL nacB, ABa HaEOHenB oh-b koh*ihjib; Bcra.ro h no- 
jomejiB bb OTKpuTOM y OBny. 3apa nyTb saHHMaiacb Ha boctob*, ho 
Bee eme Chjio thxo, hh oahoA hthijh He cjuxaTB Chjio b* He- 
hoabhirhhx'b AepeBbaxx. KaEB iacro bb oy6oBo8 paAOCTH Bcrp4- 

HSJFb OHB fl&Hb, BB KOTOpufl AOJHEeH'B 6UJTB BHAaCTbCa HaROHeip 

MacB, icorAa oh'b Mori ee bha^tb, CBHefl roBopHTb! Tase yTpeH- 
eaa SBis^a, KOTopaa yjiufiajiacb eMy; , Tiwe&e ropti, cmythhh oiep- 
Tama eotopbixb hphbuejih pasjHiaTB ero sopsie i\ia3a; rfKe Bep- 
lDHHU, KOTopua npofiya^aJiHCb H3B rjytfoEaro cea hoa*b jyHOBe- 
HieMB , yTpeHHaro B^Tepsa; totb ase TaHHCTBeaHufi raonoTi h me* 
jiecrB, CBoficTBCHHtie jiHuib hohh — Bee 6ujo uaRB h TorAa, a Birtcri 
cb t4mb Bee 6ujo enaqe: to 6hjib Apyroff cobcIjmb Mip-b. 

Ha ABopi npoHcxoAHwia cynaioxa: totobhjih sEanas'B jji* on- 
*3Aa MapEHaa. Bb EoppHAopi, KOTopufi Be.ii> bb KOiiHaTy repMiHt 
ciuniajiacb xoAtOa h ABnseHie, h bb HacroamjK) MHHyTy kto-to 
nocTy^ajica eb HeMy bb ABepn. 

Ha ero H3yiuienHoe <boAahtc> bb KOMHaTy npocBOjBSffyn 
PoaejB. 

— SI yBH^t cbIjtb bx m&ib Baraefi ABepn, cEa3aj*B Poaen, 
h xoTi.n> nonuTaTBca Ha Bcaicifl ciyjafi jihtoo npocTHTbca cn> Ban. 
^a, Mofi Jno6ezEui Apyr*> — a HasuBaio BacB TaEB, xoth bu m- 
oco6enRO noompa.iH Ty CHMnariH), KOTopaa BJieqeTB MeHH k-b Ban, 
ho o6uxm HHTepecB 6o.iije ca,ibnaa cbh3l, vkwb JHqnua cHMnani 
— A^, Mofi jK)6e3HBifi Apyrx, 6opb6a, EOTopyio a BaMB npejcEasu* 
BajiT>, HaqnnaeTca ti HanHHaeica TasB, EaRB a bomb npe^csasa- 
BaiB. HauiH rocnoAa co6npaK)Tca b'b lacTHOCTH cioMaTb Apyrb 
Apyry raeio, nocjii ^ero, a^ctb BorB, hchojeatb 3to h btb 6an- 
raHxi) pa3M*fepaxB. Ho zpemee quidquid delirant reges He aoixao 
Ha 9tott> pasB HiiiTb cbohxb B^onojy^HuxB noc^iACTBii: Hapojpi 
no ck) h no Ty dopoHy PefiHa He 6yAyTB TepntTb otb 6e3yifii 
cbohxb rocyAapefl. Bh CMOTpaTe Ha Meea cb H3yjLieaieMB t .iH>6e3- 
huh Apyri; ho pa3Bi a Mory h BaMB Taicate nyCTHTb nu.ib b^ 
rja3a, naEB a 3to ceflqacB CAtJiaJiB Mn-iOMy n^efisejio, no npasa- 
aaniio MapKim; He Mory ae a BaMB Taaae pa3C(ca3UBarb o A"- 
njiOMaTHHecEOH MHccia, EOTopaa npnsuBaeTB MapRH3a vt> 9mcb? 
51 cjihidkomt, yBaaaro BacB ajui 9Toro, h nawB citAyeTB ynoTpe- 



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Googk 



BCE BUEPEA'B. 285 

<Jhtb HaiDH nocjiiama mhhyth Ha (fojifce Ba»nua Benin. ,^a, mo& 
flpyra, TpoaHCKaa Bofina aaropaeTca h mm 6y^eMi> cpasaTbca Ha. 
oahoS CTopoH*. Mu 8Haea^ r#& o6p$TaeTca CBHToe H3o6paa&eHie 
Hajuaftu, H3o6pa»eme B,iacTBTejiBHHitfi; KaKoe HaM* ftfcjio #o npe- " 
BpacHofi EjieHu, KOTopyio Hamn Majue r^8 B36pajiB Kant casws- 
6e#i. Hann> Aofipuft, cTapua MeHeaaa, y KOToparo Ha pynaxt 
onyTHJiocfc pasoMi> #Ba Ilapaca, tojibko, KaK'B KaseTca, nacToamia- 
to ocTaeTca npa Hem, Meatfly t^mt, KaK'B jioatnua ho<ibk>, bt> He- 
noroay ^0Ji»eH , B 6iaaTB H3B CnapTu! IIoTixa #a h tojbko, ho 
mh* aaae h cwfcaTBca HirB BpeMeHH. EforaKB, ao CBHflama, moS 
APyrB, mo3 TOBapan^B no opysiio! 

PosejiB acnes* H3i KOMHaTw. TepMaHB npHCTajiBHO nor.iaA'fcjis 
eMy BcafyvB. 

^to xoTtjix CKasaTB 3T0TB lejroB'fcK'B, ci> ero 3J0Bin;HMH rjia- 
3aMH? Ellio jih to nopo»Aeme ero <5ojrf>3HeHHofi (fraHTasia, ko- 
Topaa caMHM'B npocTHMi BemaMT, npn^aBajia npaqyAJiaBwa <|>opMH? 
HcKa3Hjn> jib oht> Ha CBofi coficTBeHHufl Jia^B ^anr* BHesanHaro 
OTi>'l>3Aa MapKH3a h cj&jiwb hs'b Hero sara^Ky, KOTopaa 6htb mo- 
s&eTb 6ujia BOBce He Tan* CTpaHna, eoaa yjioBBTB hhtb, npoxo- 
xoAHBrayio Hepe3i> ero 6e3yaiHBia pfcqa? 

^a, #a, pfriB 9Toro nejiOBtKa He 3aK.noHajH bx ce6i HHKaKoft 
3araAKH; HanpoTHBB aIjjio hlio o paspiineHia Bonpoca: kto est> 
AByxx AOJiaeH-B ycTynaTB; rpa^i. hjih MapKB3T>. Ohb ayMajn, x^o 
rpa^-B; ho rpa$i> (Jwjtb apyroro MHima; ohb BT^Hy.TB MapKasa b*b 

CHOpi, HpHHyAH^TB K'B flySJIH, HTO H IipHBeJIO K*B IvfejJH, BHHyflHB'B 

jiapKRsa 6isaTB. IIoflo6HMa cpe^CTBa noxoata na rpa<J>a. 

H TO, HT6 CJiyHHJIOCB, 6UJLO J1H efi BSB'feCTHO, COBepniHJOCB JIB CB 

ea corjiacia? 

OHa ofiimajra ynoTpetfaTB CBoe BJiiaHie, ^to6h noHyaaTB rpa$a 
Kt oriisAy. Emia jih OHa bt> cocToania ncnojiHUTs CBoe o6'ku\ame? 
OTHero Sie HiTi? Pa3Bi rpa^i He yfcxaxB 6u, ecjiH6 , B OHa ero 
cepBesHo o6t> 9tomi> nonpocnjia? GepBesHo! ^a MoateT'B 6utb OHa 
h He npocHJia ero o6t> diows cepBesHo. OHa He xorfcjia ero yTpa- 
thtb, jiynme bthhytb b*b 6opb6y, hs'b KOTopoS, KaK'B h3t> bchkoS 
^pyrot, ea puiiapB Bufl^eT-B no64^HTejieM r B! B4ab cnacB »e oh'b 
ee otb pa3BapeHHaro o^eHa, OTiero ae ne cnacTH otb yiTHBara 
4>paHn,y3a 7 kotophS k*b TOMy se h4hto bt> poA'£ conepHHKa, hjih 
no KpafiHefi Mipi jerKo moh& 6htb B03Be^eHx btb conepnaKH, 
ecaH6u 9to noTpe(5oBajiocB rjul BUHrpuma j-fejia. 

Aa, ^a, TaK-B oho h 6kmo, ne Morjio 6bitb HHa^e. Tn^eaiaBHLift 
$paEH ) y3'L caMt HanpaiDHBajica Ha pojib Hapaca, a ^ofipHfi, da- 
pufi Menejiafi Ao.i^eH7> 6htb en^e 6.iaroAapeni» HacToau^eMy tla- 
pacy sa to, hto oh^ ocbo6oahji , b ero otx jioatnaro! H cero^Ha, 



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Googk 



284 MCTHHIfb BBPOOH. 

HoserB 6utl nepe3i nicKOJbEO HacoBt, ohi yse BepeeTca sa 
<J.iaroAapHOCTbK), Bas'B no6$wiejLb, Ban* repofi! 

— Ha sojaeHx npn stomi npucyrcTBOBaTb, cdoboSho Ha Bee 
chotp^tl, Rto&e no^ajiyfi fijaro^apHTb sa to, hto He noTpeiSosan 
jkohx* ycJiyrL bx sToifB ^ejiHKaxHOM'B Aftri*? ByAb a npouan, 
ecjiH 9to CAfoaio. 

II B^pyri> bt> B036y»fleHHofi ao KpaSnocTH ,n,yini TepMaHa no- 
^bhjocb HenpeKJiOHnoe piineme ne ocTaBaTbca tfij&c, HecMOTpa 
hu na Basia npHJiaqia, hh na Kaaia cootfpaaeHia; BcaKoe npnjirae, 
Bcasoe coo6pa»eHie, BOTopua ao chxt» nop* hm$m am Hero 3Ha- 
^eme, c^ajiu 6u ero npeapifleuMi bi> co6cTBeBHUxi> rjasaxi. 
*Ito eny eme 3A&Cb flijaTb? IIpHHua onx npeAynpexASUTB, yMO- 
jifljrb — npHHivb Bucjiyuia-i'b ero hcmbjiocthbo, HenpomeHHaro, ra- 
sofijiHBaro coB-iTDHKa, h npocTHjica c*b hhmi B^epa BeiepoirB san 
cx> cjyrofl, KOTopiiM'b neaoBo.ibHH. 

Ofl'b roBopujrb c* He8 aauKOMi Apyra — ona ne BHHja ero 
ptaaro, OTBopoTHja OT*b Hero CBoe cepAije! Offb A*k*a*"B bcc, 
hto Mori, hh nepeAt k1>mt> ne ociaica bt> Aoary, BCflKifl Mosen 

Caifb B* 8TOMI yfiiAHTbCJL 

Ottb CHOBa Cfe.TL 3a HHCLMeHHUH CTOJTb. 1131 HHCCM'bf ySRB HI- 

nHcdnnuxx, H^ROTopiia npninjiocb nepenacaTb, ojho 6ujlo Hani* 
caHO bhobl: HicEOJibEO CTpoK^b K'b eAHHCTBennoMy HOJOB-feay, 10- 
Topufi ci> caMaro Hasajia orHOciuca kx HeMy Hecrao h Bipao i 
cb kotophmt» pasjiytea 6yAeT*b a-m nero omyrarejibHa. 

Ha ABopi CHOBa noAnajca uiywb h cuoBa cthxjo; MapEH3*b i 
rpa<J>* yfexajia. Tenepb HacTyniua ero osepeAb; eMy cj^aobjjo 
yixaTb ao BoexoAa co.nin,a uaAi> PoAe, ao BoexoAa co.iHija Haj> 
MicTeqKoM'b, npeACTaBjflBfflHMca eMy npe»Ae paeMi, Tenepb se 
npeBpaTHBmcMca a-N- Hero bt> aAi. Oni» eme pa3*b noAonieai n 

OEHy. 

y»e coBciMx dohth pa3CBijio; jHHifl ropb acHO o6o3Ha^ajacb 
Ha boctok4; napK*b pacTHjajica B'b nojiyMpaKi hoai> ero uoraMr, 
TaMi h cawb noEaqHBajca jthctl ott> ^ersaro AynoBenia yTpeHaaro 
B^TepEa; nicEO^bEO iiTHi; r b noAajin ro.iocb, EaEi> 6u CEB03b cohi; 
saT^Mx Bee cnoBa cthx.io. T^aie.io 6u.io Ha cepAH* MOJiOAoro ie- 
jioBtsa. Om. nocjiajn cbog npHBiTCTBie ropaMi h thxomy ca^y- 

— fl Bacb TaEi jtk)6hjix, csasajix oh* npo ce6a, h bu bt» toi» 
nenoBHHHu; bu HHEorAa ne npn^HHajiH mh4 ropa, npomafiTe! 

$0Hx-H|efi3eJib Bee eme Jie^ajx pacTaHyBmacb Ha AHBaHi, ne- 
pe6npaa dpaHHua cofiinia ho^h bx CBoeS 03a(5o^eHiiofl rojioei. 
BApyn> yciumaj^ ou'b na ABop4, ta^ yaw c*b neTBepT^ qaca Bee 

CTHXJIO, CHOBa CTyEl HOAKOBX, H nOACEO^HBl K'b OKHy, yBHA&Ib 

BcaAHflEa, Bu r fc3aaiomaro bt> Bopoia. 



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BCB BflBPEWB. 285 

Ha stotx pas* ohi He AOjRH#ajica poKOBoro aonecema oiyra 

SI n03B0HHJIT> TaEl rpOMRO, <!TO otfopBaJTb BOJOKOJBqHKX H EpHR- 

fiyjri IoranHa, KOTopufi yae hi&tl kt> HeMy: 

— Kto 3to TaMi> cefl^act ytxajn? 

— FocnoAHni aoKTop*, OTB'feqaji'b IoraiiHx, h botx hhcbmo, ko- 
Topoe rocnoAHH-L joktop^ flam mh*, ca^acb iia Jioraa^B, ,pa ro- 
cno^HHa (froH'b-IJefise.aa. 

KaBa.iep'b pa3opBa.Tb naKeTt h nponejrb: 

<IIpomafiTe, MHJut APyn! JI 6u flo^sem tfujrb csa3aTB BaifL 
CBoe npocTH Bt TeieHia ^hh, ho y»t nydb cjiyHHTca 9to h4- 
cbojbrhmh iacaMH paHbme. Ec.ih a He nonmajca npnATH nosaTB 
-eme paa* Baray pyKy, to 9to e^HHCTBeHHO aaa Toro, hto(Sh h3- 
<>aBHTb h BacB h ce6a orb npomam>a. Bh CRaseie: sto He oti- 
^ZRT> y bto 6 r ircTB0. ToBopHTe 3to, ckojibko xoTHTe! SI He sejaio 
rh bx HbHX'B rjiaaaxi sa3aTbca xpaCpie, h^mi> a ecTB, MeHie ace 
Bcero bt> Bamnxi> raasaxi. BcaRifi nejiOB'fcK'b aoji^cii'l coo6paao- 
eaTbca bo BceMt ct> cbohmh ce.iaMH, — mohatb cHJiaarb HacTynmrb 
npcrLTb. S cfipaciiBaio ex ce6a TajsecTb, KOTopyio He B'b cocToa- 
Hin AOJibine Hecm H CBajiHBaeTe ee Ha mcha, CKameTe bh? H$tb, 
M08 APyr'B, BH HH 3a TTO He OTB^THTe. JEhhho sjh Bacb, a npocTO 
yixa^Tb, h 3Toro aobojibho. Bee ocrrobHOe npeaocTaBbTe mh^. 
IIpHHij'b mh4 He Moater^ hpocthtb, ho Ha sto a H^y. Moh Bema 
du Hafi^eTe b*b Moea KOMnarfe. IIoTpyflHTecb BHCJiaTb mh^ hxi b-b 
TaHHOBep'b, Ky^a a fc^y. Moero TgTe a ociaBJiaio; BaM*b TaKi 
epaBHjocb 9to H3AaHie. BpayHjraKa a ociaBJiK) B'b <3ojotoh Ha- 
c£ab&>; a He npoiny HOKpoBHTCibCTBa KpacaBOMy, BipHoary sh- 
BOTHOMy; a 3Haio, hto bh h 6e3i> Toro o Heitb no3a6orHTecb. Enje 
paax npon^afiTe, mmhh, eflHHCTBCHHHfi apyrb, a #a (Syaerb am 
Hacb acHO, aor^a mh cnoBa BcrpiTHMca, tto kto CTaBHTi CBoe 

■CTaCTbe B'b 3aBHCHM0CTb 0Tb JIHIHOCTeB, TOTb npeCJli5AyeT*b rfeHb, 

^to mij Mo»eMi HaflTH yAOBjeTBopeHie e^HHCTBeHHO B'b ciystfi 
Be.iHBOMy, Bceo6i>eMJK)meMy, nepeA'b KOTopiiM-b naM-b ne npn^eTca 
*CTHAHTbca, ecju mu caMH He npeACTaB.iaeM'b Hnnero BejiHBaro, 
HH^ero Bceo6xeMJiK)maro>. 

— Hy»HO 6uTb anrejiOMx, ^to6h npn btomx He CA^jaTbca 
^optomx! BCKpHHajii Kaoa-iepTi, 6pocaa nncbMo Ha ctojix. He *o- 
cTaeTT> TOJibKO Toro, HToCti h a casrb yixa-ii*! H kto MO»er& 
ocyAHTb MeHa, ec-ia a bto CA^aio pansme, ntMi MeHa BLiroHarb! 
JEro CB-iTjiocTb Mni HHKorAa He npocTHTi* 9Toro; a flojuaeffb 6hjtb 
Bee bh^tb, Bee npe^yBCTBOBaTb h 060 BceMT* npeAynpe^HTb ero 
CB^T^ocTb. CBaTofl MajopTHCb, 6HBaj*b jlvl Kor^a-HnCyAb ro$Mapmaji , B 
bt> Tasofi 6$xk\ KaK*b AOJaten*b oKOHHHTbca ^cub, Tan* Ha%B- 
iniSca! 



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Googk 



286 BftCTHHffB EBPOHH. 



OABA BOCbMAJI. 



Iloaii tfesnoKouHofi hoto, ceroflHH Ha ^Bopi sJtMKa h bx ca- 
komt> saMK* i^apcTBOBaJia- THfflHHa, 3.ioB*maa no Mffimiio ^oh*- 
n,efi3ejifl. 

HacTynnjii qacb, Kor^a ea«y HeotfxoaHMO (Jbjjio hath cb nncb- 
jiohx ypin, Kairc ohi Ha3HBajrb nocjrame MapRHsa ex npHHijy, 
,ecjra seuara cnacTH no Kpafiaefi Mipi npejuraifl, otfasaBinia era 
cootfnjHTb npes^e jpyrHx-b BaatHyio hoboctl npHHijy. 

KaBajepi> cjhhikom'b xopomo 3Hajn>, xota h He arb&jit> sairfc- 
naxb, hto ofiuKHOBeHHO Bee, it6 oh* hh cootfmajrb npHHijy, H3- 
b4ctho yate eMy hs* apyroro Hdo^HHKa. 

^OH-L-DjefisejiK) nacTO tftiBa^o Becbwa HenpiaTHO bto otfcToa- 
TejbCTBO, rjiaBHUMt »e o6pa30Mi noTOMy, ito hcto^hhk*l, h3t> ko- 
Toparo ^epnajix npHHiji cboh hobocth, 6h.tb sanacTyio BecbMa MyT- 
Hufi. Ho cero^Ha oh-b 6bun> ne npo^b, hto6h AH^pefi r.aeflx'b majn* 
sa ce6a Hcnojineme ero o6a3anHOCTe8. 

Ho ceroAHa Tjiefixi. Kant Haponno He cniumjrb npeaynpe,nHTB* 
9Toro »ejiaHia, xoth 3HajTb o coGuTiaxt hohh paHbine, niii* (froH'b- 
Hefisejib BHmeJi'b H3i» CBoefi KOMHaTH: ofo orbfofli MapKH3a, rpa- 
$a h AOKTopa. nocji^HeMy o6cToaiejibCTBy oh* ne npH^aBajrt. 
ocotfaro SHa^ema; owl cjihhikomx jiqjito jjejrfcajrb njiaHU, HirfcBinie 
ij-fcjibio y^ajiHTb rjiyfioKO neHaBHCTHaro ^ejioB^Ea hst. oCmecTBa. 
npmija, a noTOMy He CMi-ix Ha;$aTbca, hto oh* Tan* aemeBO ot-b^ 
Hero H36aBHjica. Owl Bl^b 6hvn> yfiimjeH'b, ito Bcfc tojieh kob- 
Topa 061 on&sui ne hto HHoe, Easx nycTwe pasroBopu, EOTopue 
BJOHWHCb jinnib e^ TOMy, hto6h 3acTaBHTb ce(5a ynpaniHBaTb oc- 
TaTbca h BBticTlj ci» TiMi BUMaHHTb y npHHAa no6oJibme »a- 

JIOBaHbH. 

Ho oflHOBpeMeHHufi oT^fe^ MapEH3a h rpa$a HaBOflM'b era 
na pa8MumjeHia. TeMnoe npe^yBCTBie, tto Measly hhmh Glim 
CBasb, Hey^epatHMo oBjax&ia hmx, TaE* Easi. pa3JiHqHua saarfm- 
nia, CKa3anHua bckojii>3i> npHHijearb h ero coCcTBennua m6Juo&ema 
npeBejiH ero ei y6i»AeHiio, tto OTHoraenia weatAy SByna rocno- 
xaMH <5bmh oTHioAb He Apy»^^K)6nHa. Ho HacToamifi CMucji'b co- 
6fiTia Bce-TaEH Cujix ^fl Hero He BnojHi aceHX h He mofb 6hts 
aceHt, TaE*b EaKi 06a Apyra, ^utphxi h ^H^annx, nopiniH.iH ne 

TOBOpHTb HHEOMy HH CJlOBa TOMX, HT6 npOHCXOJMO BHepa B'K 

caxy. 

AH^peio Tjeflxy o^ho 6ujio acHO, hto EaEoe 6bi sHa^enie hh 
Bwkjim Be^BEia hobocth cero^HamHaro yTpa, owl ne votjlu 6hitb. 
oco6eHHO npiaTHH ^jih ero noBejiHTejia, EOTopufi desx Toro no- 



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Googk 



BCB BHBPEA'B. 287 

•ciisnie xhh 6ujn> hoctoahho He bt> Ayxfc. A Taut sasi oh* jep- 
^sajicfl npaBBJia He aoboahtb ao npHHija Toro, qio momo 6utb eMy 
ocofienHo nenpiaTHo, ecM oho npaiio ero He Kacaaocb, h npefto- 
CTaaBaTs 9to ^pyraM-L, to ceroAHa yTpoirb, noqTHTeJibHiSrae ?jo- 

pOBaflCB CT> nptiHU.eM'L, OH*b CKopqnJii> awuofiHyK) MHHy h Ha BO- 

npocu npHHija OTBfcqajrb, q-ro ohl npoBejix naoxyio hoib h sa- 
CHyjit TOJtKo okojio AByx* qacoBi, noneMy h H3BBHaeTca b*b cbo- 

€!Tb H03flHeMfc npaxoA*. 

ITpHHii.'B HeMe^JieHHO dajix HaciaBBaTb, hto(5h oh* ohotb Jiers 
bi» nodejb, ho rjeflxt oqeus BiauniBO, ho TBepAO OTKJionejrb sto 
npewo&eHie. Ci noSBOjema ero cb^tjiocth ohx nOApeMJierb c* 
^acoKB bi nepeAHefi Ha CTyjrfc. 

H botb Tenepb cnji$jn> Tjiefixx b* nepeAHefi na CTyjii, ho 
BOBce He apeMaji'b, a npnc.iyinnBa.ica kt, maraicb bt» KoppHAopi, 
asejiaH ysnaTb ue n^eix jh (ftoHb-Hjefisejib, EOTopuft AO-iseHt 6hun> 
bt> nenpoAOJiffiHTe^bHOM'b BpeMena aBHTbca ci panopTOM-b si ero 
cb*t;iocth. H boti HaKOHei^b nocJiumajiHCb marH KaBajiepa; oh* 
sar-iflHyj-b bx ppepb h cnpocHJTb TjeSxa, EOTopufi BCEOqujn cb 
n*CTa, Kas-b qejoBiKi, npotfyAHBmifica orb iviytfoKaro yipeHHaro 
cea: Bdaji'b jih npHnn.t h He Moserb jh npHHaTb' ero, Kb BHjy 
ocofieHHux'b otfcTOjrre.ibCTB'b, HeMeAJieHHO. 

rjiefixi* CKaaaji'b, yto ero CBiuiocTb yate BCTaa* h naxoxHTca 
bx CBoeM'b Ka6HHeT*i, h ito ohi cnpocHTb, MOaen jih boAth $ohi- 
Hefi3ejib. 

— CiapHKi eme Hnqero He 3HaeTb, noAyMajrb (ftoHx-IJefiseJib, 
hjih He xoierb SHaTb; yaoBOJibCTBie Bee cnojiHa Buna^erb mh4 Ha 

£OJIK). 

— Ero CB^MocTb npocHTb Bacb boSth, CKasajrb Tjiefixx. 
KaBajiepa xot^'b cnpocHTb o tomi, KaE*b noiHBa.i'b ero cb4t- 

jiocTb, ho oht> eu;e HHKor.ua He nycitajica bt> Tania hhthmhoctbl 
cx> BceMorymHMx BaifepAHHepoM'b h noaTOMy nporjiOTiurb cboS 
Bonpocx, h c^ 6bK>u;HMca cepAijeMt nocji^AOBaji'b 3a TjiefixoM-b, bo- 
TopuS pacnaxHyji nepe^i HHM'b jBepb Ka^HHeTa npHHi^a. 

IIpHHi^^ cha^'b 3a DHCbiieHHUM'b ctojiom'b, nocpe^H npeEpac- 

HOH KOMHaTH, BT> OK Ha KOTOpOH BHAH&THCb ropU, H OfiepHyjICa KT> 

BxowmeMy D,eH3ejiK). flpnoe yTpeHHee cojiHi^e ocb4thjio npn stom-b 
ero Jinn.0 n oho noKaaaaocb ^)OHT>-II,e33e^K) TasHMi 6jARRum> h 
HSMyqeHHuiix, hto ero sa^ana CTa^a w& nero B^eoe TajEejie h 
naMipeHie, ao Toro Jianib MejbKnyBinee B-b ero yu% ne tobophtb 
^OJite Toro, tc6 (Jhjio KpafiHe Heo6xo^HMO, bhojh4 yTBepAHJiocs 
bi Hearb. 

HiaK-b, owl Hanajii B03MoaLHO HenpHHyaweHHHM'b o(5pa30irb co- 
o6maTb npHHAy, apyaKecKHM'b aecTOMi> nparjiacHBraeMy ero c6ctb, 



Digitized by 



Googk 



288 BftCTHIKB EBPOHH. 

cboh hobocth, dapaacb yAepisaTb 9Ty nenpHHy»^eHHOCTfc, HecMO*rpj» 
Ha to, hto bh^jtb, sas^ $e3ioHOMia npHHija nepexo^oja orb. 
HSYMjeHia kb CMymeHiio, h orb CMymeHia et> HeyAOBO-JbCTBiio. 

— JI B'b 8tomt> HenoBHHeHx, noAyMajrb npo cetfa saBajepv 
nydb OTBinafOTx rfc, Koro 9to Kacaerca. Si He BHaty npa^BHti ot- 
BiraaTb sa Bee CBoefi mBypofi. 

H oh*b MyatecTBeHHo npoAOJauuix coodmaTb coChtIh H3yM.ieH- 
HOMy, cMymeHeoMy h pa3cep»enHOMy npHHijy, *ep;Eacb oahoS $aB- 
THHecBofi ctopohh h He nycaaacb bi paacy^eHia; He ynoMflny.Tb. 
o nocaiflHuxx ^eycMucjieHHHX'b, ho rfca* He MeHie acHnxi, aso~ 
BaxT, Po3eM, hh eAHHUMT> cjiobomi. He no3BOJiHJi'b ceOi HaMeBHyTb. 
Ha noAOspime, BOTopoe nepenuo y nero B'b yBipeHHOCTb, h Ha- 
BOHeivb uepeAa.Tb iracbMo MapBHsa. 

$0H , b-n i efi3ejib saM-fcTH-TB, hto pyBH npHHi^a CHjibHO ApoawuH,. 
Bor^a OH* B3H.ix HHCbMO h pacBpuji'b ero H HTO OH*b, npOHHTaBS 
nepBHH cjroBa, OTBepnyaca, 6e3T> coMHimifl am Toro, ttoSli cKpHTb* 
Bne^aTji-tHie, npoH3BOfltiMoe na Hero cosepsaHieux nucbKa. 

$0H*b-n|efi3ejib noHfljii HaMipeme npeima, OTOuiejix B'b cto- 
pony a npHCTfuibHo cTajii* rjia^Tb bt> pacBptiToe obho, nepe3s 
BypraHH ca.ua na ropu, saaHTua apKHM'b yipeHHHM'b cojiHijeM-b, 
AoauiAaacb nosa ero CBi>TJiocTb KonHHTi HTenie h 3aroBopHTb Cb> 

HHM'b. 

Ho <|>0H'b-IJefi3e, , iK> npnnuiocb TaBT» AO-iro co3epijaTb ropu, hto 
boat* Boneivb y Hero noieMHijio B'b rjiasaxx h noAHHJica myu-b- 
B*b ymax*. Ohb He norb pfljike BHAepKaTb h pacsya 6uTb He- 
CBpoMHUMi, noBepHyjca B'b npHHijy. 

— Be-iHKifi Eorae! BCKpnqaji'b <|)0H , b-IJeH3e.iib. 

IIpHHi^i jesKajii, OTBHHyBniHCb B'b CBoeM'b patfoneMx Bpecjr&,. 
(faiAHufi KaBi cuepTb, ex HCBa^eHBHMH ^epTaMH jiHija, ct> 3aBHHy- 
toh Ha3aAi> rojiOBofi; npaBaa pysa, H3i> EOTopofi Bunajio hhclmo^ 
CescHJibHo noBHC.ia, Meayy rim* Ban* jrfeBaa, csaTaa bt> Ey.iaET>,, 
cyAopo»Ho npnacHMa^acb bt> cepAijy; npnim*b 6ujlt> bi o6Moposk 

HJH 6jH30B'b B7> TOMy. 

H|eH3ejib 6pocH,ica bt» HeMy, ho npnni^i, BUTflHyB'b o6i pysa^ 
ycTpanHJii* ero noaiou^b h npanoAHajica w> neBipoaTHUM'b ycajiieMTb. 

— Hnqero, Jno6e3HtiH D^efi3e.ib, cEasajii OH*b, 9to cyAopora 
cepA^a, BOToptia nocjiiAnee Bpewa ocofieeHO ^esnoEoafb weHH. 
Ohh cBopo npoxoAaT-b. rjiefixi* SHaen KaBb noMoqb ropio; b*k 
BpafiHeMi aiyqa* Ham-b AOBTopt BcerAa noMora.i*b mh^. 

^oKTopx? Be.iHKi3 Boae! 

^OHx-D^efisejib p$niHjn> coo6wflTb o6*b OT^bisA* TepMaHa nocjii 
Bcero, h TaB*b Basx SAicb pfluLo huo oC'b ero Apy r ^ H EpoM*t Toro 
oroBOpBH h HeAOMOJBKH 6hjih cobc^mi He y MicTa, to nepeAaTK 



Digitized by 



Googk 



BCE BHBFWB. 289 

Me jjfcjo bi bosmojbho cManreHHoff ^opM*. HeyaejiH ohb joj- 
seHi Chjtb HaHecTH n bto ofop^enie npamjy, soToparo y»e h 
<fes* Toro Ta»B noTpacjio cjtfuiaHHoe hm*b aoHeceme? 
9to KasajiocB neB03MO»HttMX. 

— ^OKTopx TopcrB yfeajit ceroAHa paHo yTpoMi, CKasajit 
orb, a npe^nojiaraio.... 

Oh* xot$jtb CKasaTt: b*b rKraep^ejbj'B, ho ji3hb , l ero He no- 
BepHyjcn csasaTB nojo&HTe^BHyio jto»b, h ohx ykoxkb b% cMymemn. 

— ^to owb He BepneTca, csasajrB upHHivB ex yjiiSitofi, ko- 
Topaa (Jojbho OTOBBajiacB bx cepaiji; (ftom-IJeHseM. Hy, sto iiena 
He yAHBjraerB, ohi aocTaTo^no nawo roBopHXB mh4, hto xotcti 
yixaTB, h eme B^epa a aobojibho HeapyacejiotfHo pascTaaca cl 
hhm*b. Kara eMy Chjio He yfcxaTB OTCiofla, Kor^a oh* s^cb Chjtb 
sax* Ha roparax'B yrojibaxx. 

^OHx-I^efiaejiB oieHB nenyrajrea. HpHHij'B nporoBopnji'B 3th 
ftioBa iaKHMT> cTpanHUMT> tohomx, Kara 6y#ro oh* pa3roBapHBajrB 
fie cb, hhitb, a cb caMHMi co6ok>, h ^OHB-IJeBsejiB oatHflaai> Kaat- 
Xyio MHHyTy ycjHfflaTB TaKia BeHjn, KOTopua c-numaTB eMy ne 
N noaotfoo, h TBepflo piranjica He onymaTB hx*b; no npnmvB hokoh- 
wun> 3Ty TaacejiyK) cijeHy h, npnHHMaa cboh o6uhhuh toh*b, cna- 
sa**: 

— OieHB 6jraroAapemb BaMi, juo6ezuu& IJefisejiB, h ecJH BaM* 
Henero 6oxbme Mirfc cootfajHTB.... 

KaBajiepx xot&i*b cKa3aTB, hto eMy eme MHoroe cjiiayerB co- 
o&uhtb, ho ohts <5hjtb TaEx CMymeffB, hto He Morx Ha bto pfc- 
tHHTBca h o^yTMca bt> KoppHAopi, caM*B He saMiTHB'B Kara Ty^a 
nonajfB. 3s*cb C03name BepHyjiocb raHeMy. EMy npamjio Ha mhcjib, 
wo neAocTOfiHo Ocxapa ^OH'B-D.efise^a, hsi> oahoh 6oa3HH aecTKO- 
cth npHHua, pasHrpiiBaTB pojib BeB^Aymaro h H$Moro; hto ero 
o6asaHH0CTBK) 6ujio, npn TaRHxx oficToaTejiBCTBaxx, He octrbjihtb 
np0Hn,a, KOToparo ohb Tara jho6hjtb h yBasajiB, Ha npoHSBCMi 
^7Ab6h; hto eMy no BpafiHefl M*pi ^i^oBOJio chpochtb: ecJH ero 
cb4moctb Hys^aerca bx cjiyat^ BipHaro h bdojih* npe^aHHaro 
^ejiOB^sa 9 to MOserB pasc^BTUBaTB na Ocsapa $0H r B-D,efi3ejifl. 

Ofb yae xorfc^ BepHyTBca, ho sHajx, hto sacTaHen TenepB 
y CBoero MHJiocTHBaro rocno^HHa r^eSxa, KOTopufl memo ero npo- 
mMurHyji'B bt> ero Ko^naTy, h cKa^ajix ce6i, hto npHHn,y bi Ha- 
croamyH) MHHyTy nysHH ycjiyrn Cojiie ouhthbix'b juonei, H^Mit 
OcBapx $OHi,-II,efl3eJi>. 

Tbwb ne Menie, bi ero nacTpoeHiH eMy KasajrocB HeB03Mos- 
hhxs npeAoeraBHTB jfaji* caMHMi ce6i. H B^pyrB npninjia eMy 
mhcjib, yBasaBmaa na hcxo#b hsx aToro jratfepHHTa. 

Tomi Y. — Cbhthbpb, 1871. Id 



Digitized by 



Googk 



290 BftCTHIKb IBFOIIH. 

— ?to »e OHa 3a sera, csasaji oh* npo ce<$a, ecu He npi- 
/jen Ha noMonjB b*b Tasyio MHHyTy! 

H $OH , b-IJe33ej[b OTnpaBHjica npocHTt TeABHry HaieweBHo, 
no BecbMa Baa&HOBiy Khuy, npHHATB ero. 

re^BHri npHffljiocb cerojHa yipoMi MHoro pas* sbohhtb, npezjie 
h^m* Meia pinrajiacb hphath Ha ea sobb. ^Bymsa tiuaa bb 6<m»- 
hiom'l ropi h saCoii. Ea adwiaa jio»b, hto b* caxy fajia He 
OHa, h hto cjiiAOBaieJibHO A^Ma, soTopyio ,3,htphxb s Nullum 
BHAiJiH ci> MapKH30Mi>, 6uja Apyraa, Jieaajia nyjOBoft rapeB y m 
Ha Ayini), sani OHa cetfa hh yBipaaa, hto AOJ»Ha 6uja cefa bu- 
pyqHTb, ecjiH tojbbo npeACTaBJiaaacB bosmoshoctb; hto OHa Boace 
ne roBopn.ia, hto 9Ta A&ua <5u.aa rocnoata re^BHra, a hto #ie 
ecjin h cnasajia, to eto se ocM&iHTca yaopHTb bb axovi ei 
rocnojRy. 

Ho ' vb Tose speaia pacBaaBaiomiftca $h jennB, aejai sarja^sn 
cbok) HecppaBeMHBocTB, coofiinHjiB eft, BasB ero tocuoahhb Bcrpt- 
thjib rocnoAHHa MapKH3a bb ca^y h noBH^HMOMy oneHb xopoio 
y3Ha,iB, kto 6bi,ia jaMa, z hto ohb, cb cBoefi ctopohli, tojuo 
ateaaerb, hto(5h STa HCTopia otfonuacb tfjiaronojiyHHO Bast ia 
MapEH3a, TaKB e pa H3BicTHo2 a&mu, noTOMy hto ero rocnoAUQ 
myTHTB He juo6htt», oco6chho se bb hoao6hijxi BemaxB. 

Ilpa stomi h3b4ct1h cepAije Me^u satfmiocB h OHa o6imaa 
npHnecTH bb sepTBy CBoeMy aHrejiy-xpaHHTeJHO meJiKOBoe mane, 
noAapeHHoe eft rpa^oMi, ec-in ohb mhjiocthbo BupynHTB ee la 
6$AH h He Aad'B pa3pa3HTBca yaapy mab ea rojoBoft. 

B% TaKOifB-TO pa3CTpoeHHOMB cocToaHie xyxa npoBew obi 
BiepamHiii a^hb h B3AOxnyjia jerKo, Bor^a oh'b MHHOBajiB diaro- 
nojiyHHO, h nocTaBHjia ceCi bb 6ojiBUiyio 3acjyry, hto He hcdoj- 
HH.ua o6iiuauia, A&HHaro BauTHdy, BCTpfcrHTBca cb hhmb choih 
Benepoifb. 

KauoBO ate <5uao ea OTnaame, Kor^a JI,HTpuxB ceroAHa yipon, 
oneHb paHO, hoaceohhjib Ha ijunoHKax'B bb Hen bb Eoppfljopii 
co CTpaxoMi npomenTajfB eft Ha yxo: Maps^* hohbio yixan, 
tocdoahhb rpa(J)B Toate, h 4>oHiinB, npoBoataBmift ^Boero rocoo 
Anna, CKasajix eMy, Kor^a ohb noMorajB sanparaTb, rrepeAB caxu^ 
otb^aomi: Tenepb rocno^HHy Mapaasy npH^eTca hjioxo; ecnfc 
rocnoAHH* rpa^i mh4 A^caTb pa3B hobtophjit*, hto ohb fe^ 
bi tocth bt, 6apony, ohx, ^h-bhhh'b, nonaMaeTB aoe-HTO bb 3T0ft 
A*ji* h roTOBi* nopyHHTbca roJOBoft, hto He npofiaerb &u&, Kan 
y MapBHsa Me»Ay pe6paMH fiyAeT'b CHA^Tb nyjia, ho hto ero npo- 
ronaT'b, ecaH ohb o6b 8tom*b (SyAerB CoJiTaTB; ho ^HTpaxy-TO y» 
ohb cnaseTB h ,H,eTpexB AO.iseHB csa3aTB Meii, hto6u 0Ha,pa# 
caMoro He(5a, hh cJiOBe^KOMB He nporoBopajiacb o6b 3toI HCTopii) 



Digitized by LjOOQLC 



BCX BIOPXX'B* 291 

noTOMy qTO ojHoro CJOBa aocTaTOHHO, yto6u hxb Bcix-B hocmtb 
BB HopTy. 

C* 9THMH cjioBaMH ^eTpHxt HCHesx, a MeTa 6pOCHJiaCB Ha 
CTyjii*, HaMipeBaacB noBH^MOMy BHamKaTB cboh xopomeHBRie 
nepHue rja3KH. 

— Axx, Kasie 9th My&HHHEi! IIpaBO, cl hhmh Hejitan hm^t^ 
PObho HBRaKoro jsfasil Hy, Roraa OHa roBopoa, ito dTO titua e* 
rocnoata? OHa CKasaaa, mo to tftuia apyraa, a He ona; najo jih 
flpyraxx Ha cb*t4, Heysera Ha CBirfc tojibko h cymecTByerB, hto 
ea rocnoata? 0, bto npocTO nosopHo! H ecjiH Tenept rpa$x ytfBerB 
irapKHsa, sa to hto MapKH3i> hm^.tl jno6oBHoe CBHaame cl rocno- 
sefi TeABHroS, to hcxoa*b moi-b 6htb tojibko oahhb: Bee AOJiatHO 
OTRpiiTBCfl, hto He rocnoata reflBHra, a cma caiia 6ujia fb caay, 
h Boace tli iioft mhjiocthbhh! hto ate h3*b Bcero BToro aojisho 
bhAth! pH^ajia MeTa. 

T£epe3*B h£crojibro BpeMeHH, OHa hactojbso OBjaaijia cetfoff, 
hto Aora^ajiacL no Bpafinefi wipi ocBiaoMHTBca o cnpaBe^iiiBOCTH 
Toro, ht6 eft coo6h^hjtb ^htphxt*, h BCRopi y6^HJiacb, hto Bee 
CKasaHHoe hmt> 6uji& npaB^a. MapKH3x yixajix, rpa$B yfcxajrB, h 
^t6 Meii Ba3ajiocB CTpanm'fce Bcero — jioflH, ct> rotophmh OHa 
o6t> wowb roBopHJia, Bci xkjLam Tanifl SHaiHTeJibHua $H3ioHOMiH, 
noatHMajiH iurenaMH h npnroBapHBajH: Bon b4ctb, n$m> eme 9to 

BOHHRTCfl, H BeJIH TOMy IIO^HUfl CT pa III HUH ptHH, OT*B ROTOpHXfc 

cepwe ea chjbho (huiocb noa* ysRHMi BopceTOM*. 

OHa CHOBa BepHyjiacb Ha cbo2 hoctx b'b RoppHAopx, nonjianajia 
cl qacoKt, noMOJMacL cbhthmx yroAHHRaMi, noneMjia Ha ot- 
BpaTHTejBHHfi po#B Myatcaofi h Bca B3^porHy.!ia, Ror.ua BApyi"B pa3- 
Aajca sbohori hsi horocbx ea rocnoam; oflHy MHHyTy OHa ay- 
najia, He jyraie jul CyaerB, ecjH OHa bh6pochtch b*b OTKpHToe 
OBomRO, y ROToparo ona CHA&ia, ho saTiM* sadjiaropascyAoa 
nocjiAOBaTL poROBOMy npH3LiBy n Bonuia^Bi ROMHaTy CBoeft roc- 
nose. 

— *Ito c*b to6oA woe ^hta? cnpocHJia TeABara. 

Oshoto B3TJiB]is. 6ujio eft ftocraTOHHO, hto6h saMiiiiTB, hto- 
MeTa tojtbro-hto n.iaKajia. 

— Th BipHO onaTB noccopnjiaoB c*b ^htpexom-b? npoiOJiatajra 
OHa. Te6* npaBO cJi^AyerB hphath r-b KaROMy-HntfyAB pimcHiK)^ 
& iHe xo^y Te6i hh coBiTOBaTt, hb oTCOB^TOBaTB; th sHaemt, 
Kasoro a MHima o ^HTpHxi, h y Te6a 6hjio jocTaTO^HO BpeMeHH, 
^to6h OT^aTB ce6i ottct'b bi cbohx-b nyBCTBaxTb. Ecjh th He 
Moaemt cb hhmt> pa3CTaTBca, to cEaacn cm^jio: Aa! h a nepe- 
roBopio cb tbohmi OTiteMx, xoTa TenepB ohx en;e 6o^4e Boopy- 
xea% npoTHB-B ^HTpnxa. 

9* 



Digitized by 



Googk 



293 Bftcmra ibpobh. 

C* KaaAHMi cjiOBOifB TexBHra cjie3u Mem Team ofiutafa. 

Hy He CKBepHO jih 6ujlo ct> ea CToponti jfijiaxb Taida Heapi**. 
hocth TaKofi AoCpoft rocnoai.... EOHCTHO npoTHBi bojh! OHasoHeuo 
HH^ero Aypnoro Ha jui He HMfcjia, a 6tAa Bce-Tasa npoHsoiua. 

— Axi, cyAapHHfl! piiAaaa 0Ha. 

— Euje pasi: pimncb Ha ^TO-HBtfyxt! csasaja TexBHra. A 
Teneps a xorfcjia cnpocaTb, OTnero ceroAM HO?bK> 6lul moi 
myMi bi saMai? He cjiyraaocb an TCro-Ha6yAb? 

— Axi, cyxapHHa! MapKHBi yixajit! BCKpn^aia Mwa. 
Te^BHra B3AporHy;ia, ho saT^Mt yjufoa nosasaiacb na ei 

ydaxT,. HiaKT), ohi nyHBTyajibHO hchojihhji'b ea npHsasame, jaw 
CJEHmKOMi nyHKTyajbHO, saBi saa&eTca. 

OHa noAom.ia kt> OBHy. ?to CKa3ajrs Ha sto npee^? B4# 

8T0T1» HOCniniHUfi OTX'&SA'B Tpy^HO tfbUIO MOTHBHpOBaTb. HecMoipi 

Ha Bee OHa npeAnojiaraaa bx neirb (Jo-ibme MarsocTH nyBCTBi, tioibae 

fleJHKaTHOCTH. 

TeABHra Ha MHHyry coBepmeHHO nosaCtuia o npHcyrcTBM Men 
h noBepHyjiacb kt» Heft jhihb Tor^a, "Kor^a onaTB nocjbima.iHCb pe* 
AaHia A^BymRH. 

— Hocjiynjaft, o neurb 2Be th Maiemb, MeTa? cnpocHia om. 

— Mnaaa, xo6paa, xopomaa 6apima, 3aroBopmia Meia, joxu 
pysn: a npaoo coBepineHHO HeBHHHa; a xorfcjia tojubo noApa3Hm 
J^HTpuxa 3a to, tto oht> Tasoi peBHHBiii h ya&e HaAO^AWb ufli 
cb rpa^cKHM'b ^HJinnnoMi, h a npocTO TOJbEo myrma h <rb ran 
h ci> BanxucTOMT,, KOToparo a cobc£mb TepniTb He Moraa. H MR 
ifor.ua a AynaTb, hto Bdpiqy caMoro rocnoAHHa MapsH3a h tto 
rocnoAHnt rpa$i npuAerb bt> caA* bx to »e caiioe Bpeua, h Bee 
8T0 TaB'b cjyiHTca. 

— Ho *rd ate cjiyqajiocb? cnpocmia TeflBHra, y soTopoft npi 
hocj4ahhx'b cjoBaxTb 3a6a.iocb cepAije. 

Ho npomjio He Majro BpeMeHH, npeawe vkwb OHa niswa 
pflAOMx BonpocoBi Ao6ajacb ott> Mcth npH3Hama o tom*, wn 
ona CBiTpeunnqajia, a* h Torja eft Boe em,e He 6hjio hcho, Basoe 
OTHomeHie Bee dto HMieix jihhho b^ nefi, nosa, HasoHeot^, Mm, 
bhah, hto rocnosa ea HHRaBi He noHHMaerb B^neirb xb*o } 3aii- 
Baacb ropio^HMH cjieaaMH nponienTa^a, ito OHa HicierB npuMHfi 
npeAQOJiaraTb, hto MapBHS-b nponaoii ee sa ea rocnoaty, hotoij 
hto Ha3HBa.Tb ee <cyAapuHa> h ^jioBajix y Heft pyKH, a rocnoAHHi 
rpa^'b, BOToparo OHa He BH^ajia b-b easy, xoTa ohx aojikho (Jmti 
TaMi 6hjii, Tasase npHnaji-B ee sa rocnoay TeABHry, o ^em ei 
CBa3ajn, ^Htpaxx; H f ecjiH6u OHa TOJbBo Moraa noAOspiBan, w 
cjy^HTca h4ito noAo6Hoe, to caopie caMa npasHajiacB 6u, w 
dTo OHa 6hUL2L> h wo ecjH rocnoata TeABHra Tenepb nporoHim ee 



Digitized by 



Googk 



bo* bbbpmb. 29$ 

It CAiaaen ee Ha bcbo jrhshb HecnacTHOH, to BOHeiHO, oHa aa- 
uiystHJia 3to secrosoe HaEaaame. 

Meia fipocaiacb Ha KOJiipn h jioBHja pysa TeABHrn h hoaojc* 
ea iiJiaTta, ho TeABiira npu&a3ajia efi bctetl h bhhth boh* hs* 
KOMHaru. OHa AOciaToqHO Haciyuiajiacb h saiaerB oeraTbca OAHa. 

HiaEt, boti npeqaHa, no BOTopofi MapKH3i» 6tun> TaK& Ha- 
xajeHtl Owl ciHTaji'B ce6a bt> npaBt OTuecTHCb b*b Heu, Has* 
Kb noTepaHHofl ateHmHHi; no3opi>, o no3opi! EL rpa(J)i> noBipaj^ 
TOROMy 6e3yMHOMy npeAuojoaeHiEo; oh*b c^ejrb ee cnoco6flofi Ha 
Tasoe nocTUAHoe fttjo! no3opi>, o no3opi>! H HecMOTpa Ha to, 
oh* Bce-TaKH 6pociw nep^aTKy sa noTepaHHyio seHmHHy? Hira, 
&e sa Hee, ho sa qecTb joMa, sa necTb ciapHKa, soTopufi— Basi 6k 
en 6uji-b Bpa»AO<$HO kt> Hewy HacTpoeH* — ne AOAxewb HasuBaw 
cynpyroi noTepaHHyio xeHU^HHy! 3to (Jhjio caMOH roptBOi xaajieft 

B* OTpaBJieHHOfl H H030pH0H Hamt! 

TeftBHra sacRpeaeTaaa sytfaMH h pBaHyja kjihhhm bocu, 
BOTopua yaaiH Kt nefi Ha bojt&hb, nosa OHa cHA&aa HarHyBniHCb» 

^TCBia buxoabh! Y Te6a 6ujio AOCTaxoqHO BpeMeHH, 1T069 
npHHATb jtaBoe-HH6yAt pimeme! To, *t6 cnpaBe^HBO am toB 
-64ahoh a^boubh, to cnpasefljiBBO Tasate h am Te6a! Ho bi> way 
49L Bee 3to TepnjiK)? TojibEO noTOMy, wo He xony cosHaTbca B* 
rpoMaAHOH oiqb6k4, noTOMy hto bi> SApasoifB yni coiuamaiocB 
<5htb patfofl cjiOBa, Aaanaro mhoh bi> qacB 6e3yMia, atesAy t^m* 
»aET> oht> AaBiio napyuinji'L CBoe cjiobo, KOTopoe aojsho 6utb ajm 
Eero He MeHie cbbto. ^a, owl Hapymejn ero, cep^eMi, BOjefi, 
BBrjifl^MH, mhhoh, Tucaiy past HapymHjrc,, a uwb Bee eme HysHQ 
noATBepaA^Hifi! 

Tajn> cHA*Ja OHa, norpysennaa bt» ysacHua mhcjih, HeABH- 
aBHMaa, noKa MeTa He npHHecjia ea sanucBH ot*b <{>0HT>-IJ l eft3ej[a. 

— Mhjiocth npocHMx! CKa3ajia FeABHra. Butl MoateT'B, ero npa- 
cujiaerB npHHu,T>, no^yMajia ona; 6utb Moaert, oui> npncuaaeT^ 
MHi pasBOAHyio. 

Ho H,e33ejn> He npnHecs HHKaKoro nactMa, Kor^a Bcaopi 
8aTiMi» BOinejt kx FeABuri. Ob-b npuiuejit jbihb sarfcu'L, ^to6u 
coo6iABTb o CBoeMt 6e3uoKofiCTB'b Ha c^eTt npHHn.a, KOToparo 
noBHA^MOMy BecBMa npTpacjjo H3Btcxie o6b onfeAi MapBW3a, He- 

CMOTpa Ha TO, HTO OHT* He MOrt HOA03phBaTL HaCTOBLHefl CBH3H; 

^a h caM*B OHt JiHfflB AoraAHBaeTCfl o6t> He8 no cecbMa neoupe- 
A^eHHUHi* npu3HaKavji), a Teneps ae^ajB 6bi noBeprHyTb bc^ 
3to Ha 3ApaBoe o6cyatAGHie rocaoata TeftBHrH. 

$0Hi»-I] l efi3e.iB pa3CBa3ajii> o tomi», ^t6 eMy coopmjajvb Pose-is 
BOHbio, h EaKb eMy Ra3£Liocb BenpaBAonOAo6noa A^uJioMaTiiHecttaa 
nuccia MapBH3a, a ceroAna yTpoMi c^tjiajacb h BOBce combh- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



294 B*eram ibpoih. 

TeiBHO§, nocjii Toro, kekt> oh* ysHajrs orb ro$$ypbepa HopcTS, 
hto Biepa BenepoMi saBi past He nojynajiocb BOBce evoujultb 
DHceirB, KOTopua uoiuh 6u nepe^aTb MapBH3y npasaat ero npa- 

BHTaiBCTBa. 

3aiiiMi owl saroBopnj'b o CTpaHHom coo6meHiH Poseja: 
xpoBaBBifi Tpo^efi b-l oTnjiaTy sa CajOBy, BOTopufi HapBHSi aj- 
pecyerB npemjy, a Posaib <J>oin>-II,efl3ejiK>; 8arfeMT> BHesaiiHNi 
OThiwb rpa$a bt> 6apoHy, TO-ecTb vb TOMy caMOMy neJOfflBy, 
bx KOTopoiiy rpa^i ao.&ateH'b 6ujn> otipaniTBca bx oiyqat jyajnu 

— Bee 9to, BairB a yse csasaj'B, oaho tojlko npexnojoiEeHie, 
npoiojiauu'L <|>0H , B-IJefi3ejib; bo3mo»ho, hto AHHJOMaTHiecBaa Mnccia 
MapsHsa BOBce He BuayMEa, hto rpajrB, Bore b*ctb no saBHifb 
npHTOHaHi, Hamejx, hto Tpn naca yipa caMoe yjotfHoe BpeMa 
juul BHSHTa. Ho Kor.ua a noflyiiaK), bt» Basoirb cTpamHOifb boj- 
Henin naxoAHJica rpa^i bc£ 8th jhh B&itACTBie nojiiiTHiecHHra 
cofimifi, Bor^a a bchomhk) jocTaTOHHO oneBHjHoe Hey^OBOJiBCTBie, 
sasoe Bostfy&ftajo bi, HeifB npncyrcTBie ^pamiyscBHX'B rocTefl, — 
BHaifenaTejiBHUH HSBicria em,e B^epa 6uj\u HaneiaTaHti kb ra3e- 
Taxi sacaTejibHO no hcthh* 6e3yMHaro noBeAeaia <|>paHijy8CB0§ 
najam — Bas* jerBo o^nofi ecKpi 6ejjio sa&eib Beet 9tot*b 
nopox7>! HsBHHHTe sa 9to 6aHajbHoe BHpameme, ho rojoBa moh 
ne CBisa nocjrfc moxo npoBeaeHHofi how, a Ha cepjutf* meiiHrB, 
Bor^a a noAyMaio, hto fijiaro^apa 9to3 sjionojiyHHoft hojihthb4 
pacToprHyTi Bpya&OB*B, ajih BOToparo HaiHHajacB npespacHaa — a 
Mory aase csasaTb H^eaJbHO npespacHaa — sh3hb; h bo Bcewy 
dTOMy Ha^o ate, hto6u Ham* npeBocxojHHfi jpyra nocrynHJTb 
cawtiMi, cTpaHHBiifb ofipasoM'b, Hcnesi cpejH hom, He paenpo- 
H^aBniHCb 0<|><|>Hijiaj[BH0 h bthmi canBiMi nocTaBBJH Mera bi> canoe 
HeyxotfHoe, caMoe Taseaoe nojioseme. 

repiiaH'b ytxajn,; en;e h 9to bo Bcewy odajLHOMy. 3to 6ujlo 

CJTHHIKOMX! 

TeABHra onycTHjia rojiOBy, hto6u CKptiTt ciesu, HaBepHyBmiaca 
y Hea Ha waaaxx, ho TOTqacb ae CA&iaia Ha#b co6ok> ycejie. 
-H bu nojiaraeie, hto OThisxb AOBTopa FopcTa Haxo^HTCJi 

BT> CBA3H Cb rfeMT> 06CT0flTeJbCTB0MX, BOTOpOM'b BU T0UB0-HT0 

roBopaJiH? cnpocHja OHa oyxHMi rojocoM^. 

— O^Hy MBHyTy a Tasi npeAnojaraj^, B03pa3Hjrb saBajepi; 
ecjiH xkjio H^en o AjdJin — a mh4 saaeTca, hto Taicse h bm 
CKjoHaeTecb B*b dTOMy npe^nojioaeHiio — to spani coBepuieHHa 
HeoCxoAHMi), a Bcero 6j[Hae 6hjo o6paTHTbca B'b HameMy ^OBTopy. 
KpoMt Toro a y3Hajn> otb CBoero cjyra, hto cero&Ha hohbk> 
Posejb, pascTaBmecb co mhoh, ompaBBJica b*b TopcTy h ^ojroe 
Bpena Cb hhm'b CeciAOBajn. Ho no spiuoirb pa3MunuefiiH 9 a 



Digitized by 



Googk 



bci BrnpiffL. 2Q5 

BepHyjcfi Kb uqeuj nepBOMy npejnojioKeHiK). Bo - nepBHXB, a 
TBepxo yBipeHx, hto oh*l HanncajB 6n mh$, ccjihCh 9to (Shjo 
TaK%; sartifB — h bto caMoe cymecTBeHnoe — mh^ Bcewa BasaaocB, 
ito rpa<f)B h TopcrB He oco6eHHo CHMnaTH3HpyioTB apyra jpyry, 
h a nojiararo, ito sHaio jipHHray; ho bh coiTeTe Mena sa cmieT- 
eHKa, ecjin a (Syay npofloJiataTB, h sa jscien^a, ecjiir a csa»y, hto 
npn tomb CesrpaHHHHOM'B yBsuKenin, KOTopoe a bb BaMB nHraio, 
,HJia iieHa coBepmeHHO HeBosMOSHO coxpaHHTB tto-jih6o bx TaflHi 
orb BacL. 

— BaEofi TaflHi roBopHTe bh? cnpocnjia Te^BHra. 

— 8. xot^jit, csasaTB, npoAOJsaxb BaBaaepB, hto noiaraio, 
hto mh4 HBBicTHa npn^HHa, BOTopaa Tas*L oTynaHHja CBiuiLifi 
yMi Hamero jpyra, hto oh*b 6e3n,epeMOHHO noBHHyiB Ham* flBopi, 
h 9Ta ate caMaa npnTOHa He ao3bojihtb, no Bcefi BipoaTHOcra, 
rpa$y o6paTHTBCH b*b HacroameMT, cjiywfe bb TopcTy. Ciobom-b, 
ji nojaraio, hto rpa^ma nponsBeaa rjiytfoBoe BneHaTJiime Ha 
•cspuTHoe, ho t*mb He MeHie BecBMa Harsoe cepwe Hamero apyra; 
ho a KoneHHO coo6maio BaifB o tomb, ht6 Bama npoHHijaTejiBHOCTB 
AaBHo yse c^aia jjia BacB acHHiix. 

— BoBce h*tb, CKa3aja re^BEra, a o6b btomb cobcImb He 
jyMaaa; ho CJiyranocb jih flOBTopy TopcTy npesae, hjih bi tomi 
hhcbm$, o botopomb bh roBopHTe, HaMesaTB o6b dTOMB otfcToa- 
rrajiBCTBi? 

— j^OBTopy TopcTy, BToiiy CBpHTff&fimeMy;H3B jHo^efi! BCKpHHajfB 
KaBajiepB. 

— He MoseTe jh bh nosa3aTB mh^ ero hhcbmo? cnpocnjia 
Te^BHra. 

— Botb oho, OTB*6qajiB (ftoffB-IJeflsejiB; a h$cbojbbo pas* 
nepe^ejrB ero, ho oho Bce-TasH octsjiocb (Sh flia uena. He bhoih& 
acHHirB, eciH6u.... ho npomy BacB! 

remark hhcbmo BOBce He nosasajiocB HeacmiM'B, ho Kor.ua 
OHa AO^HTajia &o BOHija, to ctpohbh sanpnrajH y Hea nepe^B 

TJiasaMH, H3B KOTOpHXB HeyflepJKHMO HOJIHJIHCB CJie3H. 

— He npaB^a jh, saar&THjiB $0ffB-I]|e83ejiB, sa$cb bosmosho 
tojbbo o^ho ofoacHeHie. Tojtbbo .ik)6obb Morjia nofiyAHTB SToro 
Boo6me cnoBoflHaro, (JescTpacraaro HejOB^sa bb TaKOMy Hepa- 
syMHOMy nocTynsy. 

$0HT>-Il,eH3eJiB npoflOJHKaj'B: 

— IIpHMHTe B*B TOMy Ke BO BHHMame TO 06CT0aTeJTBCTB0, 

hto rpa$HHa-MaTB ^ojiaHa ceroxna npHfiuTb cb TaflHHMB cob4t- 
hhbomb. Aojisho cosHaTBca, hto RiLs. TopcTa 9to 6u.ia o6ha& 9 
nOTOMy hto ohb TaBB HaAO^rro ouosu^ cboS oTBta^ e*HH- 
CTBeHHo TOJiBBO ffiB rpa$HHH, ycTynaa npocBtfaMB npaHi^a h HacToa- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



2$6 B*CTHHKT> IBPOHH. 

msMi> caMofi rpa$HHH ; BcariS Apyroff Bpara npHMJi 6h 9to sa 
oBn^y, ne ^yBCTBya jaae HHKaKoro cepAeHHaro BJie^eHia fb CBoeft 
nan.ieHTK'fc. rpa<|>DHa hh bt> RaKOM* oTHomenia He BHHOBaia Bt 9tom* 
dynafc, KaKi bx (So.iBnjHHCTB* ApyrHx*B, oHa Hcnojraaen ciino 
jtejiama rpa$a; ho b*^b neyAofiHo ofipanyiTBca bx TaKOirL BasHOMs 
j4jt&, KaKx ApJt, R* HejiOBtsy, OT^tsAy KOToparo cnocofierBOBaai. 
H mhI; npnxoAHTca AyaaTB, hto ero cb^tjioctb, KOTopoMy, no 
cftfaaaHHOCTH, a coofimMi o6t> OT^aaHHOMi marl TopcTa 9 iiohh- 
juterB Ben^n ne HHa?e. 

KaBa^epi yiiOJiBX. 

Te^BHra cwfcjia cb cyjopo»Ho ctrmuue ryfiaMH h HenOABHSHHMH 
raasaiiH. HaKOHe^ ona npoHsnecjia: 

— KaKoro ace poja Bjriame a Mory OKasaTB npn sthxi otfcroa- 
TejiBCTBax'B Ha npHHija? 

— fl no-iaraio, yto bh OKaateTe 6e3KOHeTOoe fijiaro^iaHie bc$mtb 
HaifB h ocofieHHo ero cb^tjiocth, eain noAroTOBHTe ero cb$tjoctb> 

Kb B03M02SH0CTH CTOJKHOBema Me»Ay MapKH30M'B H rpa^OMi, BJH 

fb tom*b cnyrafc, ecjin ero cb^tjioctb — hto mh4 Ka&eTca BecBMa 
B^poaTHUM'B — HM-fceTi npeAiyBCTBie o HacToan^eifB nojosemii 
^fejia — hhcbmo MapKBsa flOJjRHO 3aKJiK)^aTB ynasaHia na 9to, nna^e 
a ne Mory cefii oBmchhtb ncnyra ero cb^tjiocth — homo^b eMy b* 
avows TasejoM'B HcnHTamH, ht6 bh oahh b*b cocTOamn CA$-iaTB. 

— Bjiaro^apio Bacx, CKasajia reABura. 

— Bjiaro^apK) h a BacB, OTBinawTB KaBa^epi, BcraBaa h ijiuya 
pysy TeABHrfc. Bh yae TaKx nacTO 6hjih HanraMx aoCphm-b remeM% 
€y^BTe hmx Ha 8tot*b pa3*B, KaKx h Ha CyAymee speMa! 

KaBajiepx ymejrB. 

TeABHra nocMOTpijia eny bcji'Ia'b cb rpycTHofi yjratfBoft. 

— #a, cRasajia OHa, Aofipafl rem8! TaicB Ha3HBa;n& weHa da- 
pmci Ttica^y pa3x, ho AofipHx* renieBx He cymecTByen, a ecTS 

TO.ILKO 3JIHe JK)AH. 

Oea xoAHJia b*b cTpanmoM'B BOJiHema B3aA*B h BnepeA* no 

XOMHaT^. 

— 3;iHe mom h cjaCrne jiioah — He 3Haro KOTopae xyae* 
CKJpocHTB Homy, KOTopyio He bx cHjaxi AOJiBme hccth! Cbojbko »e 
BpeMeHH TOMy nasaA'B a-to fiflji&m 6um c6pocHTB cboio Homy! 
KaK*B jerKO 6hjo 6u hchojhhtb bto TOMy HejiOB^Ky! Ho oh*k 
xifiCTByeT'B TBepAO, piniHTejrBHo, HenpeMOHHO, oh-b ocTaeTca cetffc 
BipeHi: BnepeA*B, BnepeA'B! H^ti noma ah hhkomy, BnepeA^! 
BTomaTB bx rpasB Toro, kto CM^eTi conpoTHB^aTBca! A mh, mm 
CoasjiHBo ycTynaeMi eMy Aopory, mk-b totb h CA&iaji'B, hjth npe- 
XjfOHaeMca nepeA^ hhmx, rocnoAHHOMi. ^a, Aa, ohi rocnoAHffB^ 
ttoept, stoi h BcerAa, noTOMy hto yMierB cosAaTB ce6i uojio- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



bcb bihpw*. i 297 

xeHie, Kasoe eay xpe(JyeTca. Ecjih a He xo*y <5htb ero jhxJo^- 
HEmefl, to nycTb ate a (Syjy noTepjiHHo3 aeHmaHofl, aeraoS xofoiiei 
scasaro, kto npoMHeTX so mh£ pysy! H ohb mofb dToaly noff&- 
Phtb, ohb Tasse! H4TB, OH* 9Toro He Hon C^&iaTB, HO OH* 
Hon* ^onycTHTB, hto6u Apyrie BTOMy BipejH, cbohmt* (ftrcTBOx*. 
oh* noAajrL xopomifi npaiiipi; (SpocaTB Ty, BOTOpaa Bee paBHO 
DOTepflHa vie Hero — dto oh*l moi"b cAiuaTB, fb btom* coctooo 
cce ero MyatecTBo! 

— Ha noratfjia b*b ero oasax*, bx raasax* CTapiuta, b-b na- 
saxt Bcero CBiia, jtor^a imi ct6hti toibbo CKa3an> oaho cjobo, 
^to6h BOSBucHTBca ma* 3thm*l CBBepHHM'B noaoateHieM'B, noAo6eo 
eojiocbami Ioca^a, nepeA* BOTopuMH npeBJOH&iHCB bojocba Apy- 
rax* 6paTbeBi>! Kto MOseTi ynpeBHyTB MeHa, ecaa a npoasHecy 
9to ciobo! PasBt ohh He npecjiiAOBa^B, He TpaBHJH MeHa, Ban 
AHBaro SBtpa b*b Jiicy, KOTopoMy h$tb cnaceHia, iiesxy T&r& 
Kara 8TOTB ropAHfi aaMOK-B, Bee, Bee iiorjio (Sbitb mohitb h pt 
SToro CTderB mh* jlhihb MarayTB rjiasoMil Ohb, rocnoAHH*! Oyer* 
se noyHHTca npesJiOHHTBca nepeji rocnosefi! 

— H He Mory HecTH nra rocnoACTBa. IIpeBpacHo! ho h nro otfpy- 
raHHofi cjiyasaHBH toiho Tasse mh* He k*l j«my. ^o.mHa jh a 
aBAaTB, ttoCh iiena BHraa-iH, sasi ArapB? OHa Aoaana 6ius 
XAaTb, OHa jHniHJia ce6a npaBa yHTH, sowa saxoserB, aas* h a 
j^OJiSHa CtiJia 6u ocTaTtca, ec.in6bi nycmaa aya-ia H e MeHa OAHy, 
^cjb6u sa mhoS ao.mbhh (5hjih aifcAOBaTB no ropaneiiy necay nyc- 
thhh HisHua, HenpHBUHHHa Horn aiofiHMaro pe6eHBa. Ho a, cs 
mohm*l hhcthwb aas-B BOAa cepaijeM'B, ctojib ate CBotioAHaa vbjowb^ 
KaKB h AyxoMX, a Mory noAMTBca b*l B03Ayxi, saB* cobojtb k 

BOCDOJIBSyiOCB CBOHMH COBOJIHHHMH BpUJlbaMH! 

OHa no3BOHHJia h csasa^a Merfc, BOTopaa Bonua ex sanaa- 
/EaHHHMH rja3aHH 9 hto6u AOJoaoH ero cb£tjiocth, teo OHa ate- 
aaera tobophtb cb hhm'b HeMe^eHHO. 

MeTa BepHyjiacB Hepe3*B h*cbojibbo MHHyT'B: 
* — Ero cb4tjioctb (tb HacB yate, sas'B yixajx b*b oxoTHirait 
«dnoBx, roBopHTi TjieHX'B. 

Bejia cefi^acB-se sajiosnTB jjra MeHa joma^efl, cefracB-se. 



RIABA ^EB£TAff. 

IIpHHi^x 9 BOTOpafi cb nojHaca TOMy HasaA'B npiixajii, xoahxs 
b*b TiHHCTOM'B ca^y rjiaBHaro ji4cHnqaro # Ohi AOJiro roBopan ro- 
jiocoatb, ApoaaBDiHM'B otb CTpacTH h Heo^HOBpaTHo 3arjryoiaeMHM*s 
xxie3aMH, Me»Ay t^mi saicB ero cnyTHUKt BHHMaTejBHo cjiymajs 



Digitized by 



Googk 



298 BttTHflm ibpoiih. 

ero cl noHHBmeS rojiOBofi. HasoHei^B npHHm saicojrau'B, acnjT- 
hhk'b, ycrpeMHB'L cboh Bee eme acHiie rojytiue rjiasa Ha (xiijHGe 
mno npHHi;a, cEasaa*: 

— Bama cBiraocTb.... 

— Ilpomy Tetfa He HasuBafi iieHfl TaKx; a npmnexL zi cn- 
poiiy Apyry, ki» TOBapamy Moefi iohocth; a xoiy ycjumaTb too- 
BinecEifi roJOCL, nwiocb TCJioBiEa, BOTopufi, a sHaro, itemi juh 
6htl. IIpeACTaBb ce6i, hto mh na naTbAecarb x£rb MOJiose. 

— Ecjih6h to.ibko mosho 6ujlo ce6i bto npeACTaBHTb, csa- 
ssutb cTapHBx, cl uejaHxojiHHecEoS yjH(5BOfi. Ho Bama cb4tjocti_ 
hjih, ecjra xoneinb, 9pHXT».... 

— Boti TaKi xopomo, CRasajr* npHHivb. 

— KaKrt Tefifc yroAHO, hobtophjtb CTapHBi. Axx, ecjraCu a 
iforB Taitate jierRO hcdojihhtb Bcasoe TBoe aejame! Ho CTparaaii 
Ben^b 8th sejiaHia. Geojubko pas* tej ynpeBajn* Mena, hto y vena 

HX*L COBCtlTb WkTb H HTO TH MOSemb TaBt MaJO &M MeHfl cji- 

jaTB. Ho a He xo*iy XBaaMTLCa, Moaert 6htb bpobb Moa He Tan 
ropana, Bas* y Apyrnx* juoAefi, H.ie, 6ejtb Moserb, -rfccHOi bos- 
Ayxx, bt> botopoh'b a poAHJica h BBipocB, Tasi oxaaAH-rb ee, HOI 
Mory ce6a jthuib nosApaBHTb cl 9thmx. 0?eH& bo3mo»ho, *to i 
He snaBajn* MHorax'L pa^ocTefi, BunaAaiomHX'b Ha aojih> Apyi™ 

JIKD^MX, HO 3a TO He 3HaBaJI*L H MHOrHX'L SafiOT'B, or& KOTopun, 

a bha*jit>, CTpa^ajiH Apyrie; h TaEHMx oCpaaoMi, a ojHHOKiu co- 
dapijica b*b woeMi oahhobom , b Jiicy, He noAapHB* hh oahih 
bsaoxomx yTpa^eHHyio mojoaoctb, a Tenepb, botb yse h4cbojbb> 
jiirb, a CojeH'b HeH3JieqnMofl (SojiisHbio, bo He 30By cnepTb. Ta- 

BOH HeJIOBiK*L 6MTL MOSeTl COBCiMt' HeCH0C06eHX HOAaTb COBto 

bt> Tasoifb A*J»i, Bant Hacroamee, buih bo BcaBOMi cjyHat mosbo 
3apaHie 3HaTb, sasoro poAa fiyxerb ero coBirb. Oh^b tfyAerb npo- 
HOBtAHBaTb Toase, hto h BcerAa: npeAociaBJiaTb Bemn hx^b Te^emi), 
sorAa He Moseuib hx'l saAepsaTs; oftl (JyAeTi nponoB^AUBaTb ca- 
MOOTpe^eHie. H ecjaCx a 9Toro He CA^a-ax, to pa3B* moh. ct- 
Aue bojoch, Moa corfieHHaa $arypa He CBa3aJtH 6u Toro se ca- 
waro, tojibko eme BapaaHTeJibHie, Tfcifb moA tojioci? Th roBO- 
pHnib, wo He iioseinb oti> Hea OTopBaTbca, ho noAywaft, tto is 
oTpMBaembca otx Toro, ht6 Te64 HHEorAa ne houio npHHaAiezan 
h He npHHaA-neatajio bi> AificTBHTe^bHocTH. Te6i (Jujio inecTb^ecaiv 
ABa roAa, BorAa th nsfipajn* ee b*l cynpyra, eft mecTHaAAaTB. 
Ilto ofiu^aro MeaKAy uiecTHaAi^aTbio h mecTbioAecaTbio ? Tasxe 
uajio, saKx MesAy 6oApofi atH3Hbio Ana h CHOBHA'knieM'L ho^h i 
Aaae MeHie, noTOMy hto CHOBHAtHie Moaterb conpoBOs^aTb naa 
h AneMX, a CHOBHA^nie namefi iohocth HeBosBpaTHO orjievhio, hi 
ne roBopio, hto TBoe BHasecBoe aoctohhctbo h Bee, yto ci hi» 



Digitized by 



Googk 



. BCI bibpwi. 299 

csasaHO, MOserB ypoBMTB pa3HHijy ji&tl b*b r.sasax'B mojioaoS 

WMH. ByjB 8T0 TaKt, OHa 6uJia 0H BABOfiHt H BTpOHH* HeAO- 

crofiHa 6htb cynpyrofi 3pnxa 4>offB-PoAa. Ho th cam roBopnniB, 
OHa cjHfflKOMt qaciaa, BOSBHineHHaa Haiypa, ?to6h AonycraTB 
ce6a ocjiinHTB o^apoBaHieni BJiacm HpeBpacHO, npeAOCTaBB noa- 
Hyio CBodo^y btoB hhctoS Haiypi; He roBOpn Aa, TaMi rji OHa 
roBopHT'L HtrB, TaMx r#6 — a AOJiateH* bto BucicasaTB — OHa npH- 
Hya^Ha roBopHTB h^tb, ecM OHa a^hctbhtciibho Hncxaa, B03bh- 
meHHaa Haiypa. #a 9phx*b, sto tslkt>: npapoAa npoTHB* Tetfa. 
OHa ne Harpa^njia pefieHKOM'B 3Ty hosahiok) CTpacTj>. 
flpsaa spacsa sajriua (MfcAHoe jihijo nprnma. 

— Th ne Bee BHaeniB, TepapA'B, cBasaj* oh-b. 

— 3HawrB, th He Bee mh4 cKasaji'B, BOspasHJix o6ep$opcT- 
neficTep'L. 

— HfrrB, h^to, BCBpHiaji'B npHm^i, a Tetfi He Bee csasajTB. 
SL AOJiseHx bto CAiuraTB, noTOMy hto Boay, hto th Mem He no- 
HHMaemB. OHa HHKorja ne tituia Moeio, TepapA'B, a HHBorAa He 
i^ijiOBaji'B en pysa HHane, saBi* otcivb y CBoefi Aonepn. 

— SL Mory 3T0 tojibbo xBajHTB, aaMtTH.TL o6ep$opcTMe3cTep , B. 

— A He sacjiySHBaio 3toh noxB&iH, OTBiqajrB npHHi^B. SL 
A^ficTBOBSuTB He no Ao6pofi bojtI; a 6mjii> pa(50Mi> cjiOBa, KOTopoe 

jaJTB eft BT, TO BpeMfl, BT> 6e3yMHOM'B nopHBi CTpaCTH, He 3HaB- 

nieft rpaHun.'L, bt» naiesAi, hto OHa <feMa, saKi csopo nofiMerL, 
BaK'B BeJiHKa Moa jooCobb, caiia B03BpaTHrB mh$ Moe cjobo; hsi 

<Soa3HH BHOJIH^ HOTepHTB 6e, eCJIH a He yAOBOJBCTByiOCB MaJlHMX. 

Ax*b, repapAi, th caMi roBopnniB, hto He 3HaBajrB jk>6bh. Th 
He 8HaeniB 9 Bas* a TorAa cTpaAaai, aaax a CTpa^ajn* nocjii Toro 
h Easx a TenepB cTpaAaio.... 

Oh*b fipocHjrca Ha rpyAB b*b Apyry h sapHAajTB sasi petfeHOB'B. 

06ep$opcTMeficTep , B 6u.tb iviyCoBo TpoHyrB. 

— BiAHufi Apyn, csasajix obi, TaB* bot*b BaBOBH tboh A**a! 
^a, TenepB a noHHMaio Maoroe, Hero npe&Ae He noHHMaji'B. Ho 
Apyra h npHHn,x T pncsya sacjiyatHTB tboh) hcmhjioctb, a noBTopK) 
to, tt6 yse mh4 pantme noACsasuBaji'B BHyTpeHnifl rojiocL. Spexx! 
^[to (5ujo 6ij, ecjra6si OHa 6ujra a^Sctbhtcjibho TBoefi AonepBio, 
^rasoi Be^H^aBofi, npespacHoft, Ao6pofi AonepBK), pasBi tu He nyB- 
CTBOBajn> 6h ce6a ctoctjihbhm'b? Pa3Bi bx jk)6bh b*b TaBOMy pe- 
•CeHBy am Te6a He paci^Biua 6bi BTopHHHaa, npeBpacH^ftmaa ho- 
jiOAOCTb? H Ha hto xo?emB th npoirfeHaTB bth cjiaAOCTHHa otho- 
mema? Ha Apyria, BOTopna y»e npHHecjiH Te64, nosa th 061 
hhxt> TOJiLKO MeHTajx, 6e3EOHeHHyio rope^B h BOTopua, eCJIH6l> TH 
MorL bxt* ocyii\ecTBHTL, en^e 6ojBme 6u OTpaBejin tboh) jbhshb. 

— CjHfflKOM'L H08AH0, CBa3aJIi HpHHI^'B, HH a, HH OHa He MO- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



$00 BfcCTHHKB IBPOIIH. 

jseirB (JojBme pipoBaTB bb to HfltturireecKoe cnacTte, moe m 
pncyeraB. 

— He 8Haio, BospasHJiB o6ep4>opcraeHCTep , B, jerKO BtpaTcg 
TOMy, ht6 corjiacHO cb npHpo^ofi. H ecjin OHa ^ificTBHTejbHO no- 
XOspiBaerB o TBoef cipacTH, to cuoBa Hafixpra bt> Te6t oma, 
xoToparo bb Te6t HCKajia, ecjin tojibro tit OBja^emb cam co6oi 
h tfyaeTB Te64 B^BofiH'fe fijaro^apHa h (JyjeTB jik)6htb Tefia jboI- 

BOK) JII06OBBK). 

— CJIHIUKOM'B H03flH0, HOBTOpHJTB npHH^. 

— A ecjoCn TaKi>, to ie6t Bce-TaKn Huiero He OCTaeita, 
wibb npe^ocTaBHTB Bemn kxb coCdBeHHOMy Tenemio. npHHiyB mob 
h ApyrB, HeyatejiH ^iflcTBHTejifcHO cnpaBejjiHBO, hto bh, bhcoio- 
HOCTaBjeHHue jiioah, He woxeTe HayHHTbca TOMy, TCMy mh, bc4 
npocTue CMepTHHe, HaynaeMca? 3to aojhkho 6htb TaKB, ecjia jaie 
TaKOH Ao6pH6 6jraropoAHu8 ^ejiOBiKB, Kara th, BOToparo a ta** 
jnofijiH) h yBaacaio, He MoaeTB BTOMy HayiHTbca! Ho th jyqnie 1 
nyap4e ^mb ce6a npe r ncTaBjiaeniB; & 3Haio 3to> noTOMy hto bck> 

TBOK) XH3HB Ha6jH0^a.TB 3a T0<50H H BffyfcrB, WO TH CVJitito 

OTpeiBca otb MHoraro bb jkhshh. ^a *ito Tanoe fiwjia tboa xh3hb, 
saBB se Atjiafl pa;rB caMooTpeneflifl? Kanie ropaue njiaHu xejri- 
xjfb th bi» npexpacHHe ahh Hamefi mojojocth! Cepwe tbo€ 6ujk> 
otkputo jjih Bcero ^ejoBinecTBa; th xortjiB — npoB03BicTBim 
^Hcraro ynenia, rjiyCoicyio faftHy KOToparo Ajvajn>, hto nocTHr*— 
B03BbicHTB HejiOBiiecTBo Ha BHcniyio* fi.iaropoflHMiiiyio CTyueBB. 
JLiOflp ocTajHCB TiarB, i$wb 6hjih, nivh o^h fiyayTB BiqHO. Kan 
ropaio jik)6bjib th repMamio! Th xotLib otfpasoBaTB bsb iei 
crpaHy cbo6oah, fipaTCTBa h paBencTBa! Fa* CBofioja, 6paTCTB0 h 
paBeHCTBO? Te6t npHnuiocb OTKasaTBC* h otb stoS ue^Tu; th 
Hayrojca hoab rneTOMB npaB,iema, coBepmeHHO npoTHBonojoxHaro 
TBoeMy H^eajiy, bb thhih safioTHTbca Ha CBofi Jia^B o Gaarfc cBom 
nowaHHHxrs. 

Op. IIIniiBrirBHi. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



wmmmm 



XAPAKTEPHCTHKH 

IHTEPATyPHUXt MEBHlfl 

On flBAflWTHX'B AO MTHflECaTHX'B rOflOB'B. 
HcTopH^ecKie ohcpkh. 



n*). 

HAPOflHOCTB OfcfcHIJIAJIBHAa. 

BnenaTjiHie, npoHSBefteBHoe co6HTiaMH Kornja flBajijaTB nflTaro 
roja, no saMiqaHiio BecBiia aocTOB4pHflx , B HaCjuoaaTejreS, oieasHBajo 
CBoe A*2cTBie bx Te^eBie Bcero onHcuBaeiiaro nepioaa. BjHatafimie 
coBpeweHHBKH nojarajH, ^to 9th cotfuTia kojishh 6lijih Ha^ojiro 

bCTaHOBHTB yCirfcxH, KOTOpHXTi 6e3T> BTOrO OBH, nOBH^HMOMy, 0»H- 

Jifijim. — Ah, mon prince! vous avez fait bien du mal k la Russie, 
vous l'avez reculee de cinquante ans (axi, rmsb; bu cflijiajni 
MHoro 8ja Poccm, bh ee oto^bbhyjih nasaa* Ha n&Thjificxrb ji4tx), — 
TOBopHjfB bt> nepBHe me ahh KHasio Tpy6en,KOMy oabhi hs* ero 
Cyjymnx'B cyaefi, BjriaTejBHoe jrimo HOBaro ijapcTBOBama. Ty ae 
bucjib BHCKasHBaerB, HicKOJitKO BpeMeHH cnydfl, "^aaAaeBt bt> 

CBOe Wb HBBiCTHOMX <$HJOCO$HHeCK01il nncBM^ 1 ). 

*) Cm. BHme, Maft, CTp. 238. 

*) Bt 1829. — Oh-b roBopHT-L o Hec^acTHoft cyjLGi Bam eft i*HBHJH3aniH h, yno- 
MBRjwb o HeTpi B&iHKOKi, jiao noTopaio jaieito ho npiraecio Bctxi zeiaHHuxs 
pesyjDtTaTOB'b, obi npojojsaer*: «Une autre fois, un autre grand prince, nous aasotiant 
Ik sa mission gloneuse, noua mena victorieux d'an bout de PBurope a l'autre; revenue 



Digitized by 



Googk 



302 Mcram ibfoiol 

MOSHO COMH^BaTBCfl Vb TOITB, AftfcTBHT&TBHO JH TOJBBO HJteHHO 

-9TH cotfmia OTOABHHyjH Pocciio na juiTbjifiCiLTb ji^tx HasaA>, 
Mooo jh OTiijiBHoe flBJienie osasaTB ctojb otimnpHoe h npoAOx- 
XHTejbHoe Bjiame Ha cyAbtfy orpoMHofi Hai^H, — h Be onpe#6- 
jr&icfl jib, HanpoTHBt, xoa* Bemefi npHHHHaMH tfoxfee ofimHMH, He 
hm^ji-b jih ohx Cojiie rjytfoKaro EopHa Bt ivkioifB xapaRTepi 
BpeMeHH h ofimecTBa. Bi> caMOitb a***, xoa*b Benjefi Bcero Gorane 
onpeAi-iMca naccHBHiiMi* nojioseeieMi> napoAHofi naccu, bhjoctbid 
h cjiaCocTBH) o6pa30BaTeji£>Hux r b hhcthhbtob'b vb fiojite ahbhjhso- 
saHHOH'B BepxHeMi cjioi: He (Jujio acHaro C03Hama h sanpoca Ha 
Apyrofi nopaAOK'B BemeS, hjh ae 9to cosHame orpaHHHHBajiocb 

CTOJIB TtCHilMl KpyrOM'L HCTHHHO O^paSOBaHHBIX'B H HM'fcBIIIHX'B 

jiynmia aejiaHia JnoAeft, h CTpeiuieHia dToro Bpyra pacnpocTparaMCB 
Ha ctojb HefiojibmyK) wctb ivfejiaro ofinjecTBa, hto bx Ty Mrayiy 
^totb spyrB He 0Ea3HBajrB HHKaitoro BJiiaHia Ha Teqeme a*"* 
h ero atejiama He npHHHMajincb hh bt> sasoe coofipaaeme. Xoa'b 
Bemeft pnojHi OTBiia.i'B npeACTaBJieHianx h HpaBain* CoibmnHCTBa, 
h nojib30Bajica Hpe3BbmfiHo8 nonyjapHOCTbio. 9to 6ujio rjias- 
aiflinee ocHOBanie nop^AKa Bemefi, rocnoACTBOBaBmaro bi ohhcu- 
BaeHua AecaTHJiiTia. 

Ho co6uTia ABaA^Tb nflTaro roAa hm$jih oAHaKo CBoe SHaieme, 
KaKt noBOA'b a&tb eme fiojrfee pisBifi xapaKTepi* to3 cHCTeM*, 
EOTopaa Teneps naciynajia, Easi jiHuraee no6y»Aeeie k*l 6e3yaiOB- 
BOMy BOHcepBaTHSMy. 3totl BO v HcepBaTH3M , B Ha^HHaeTca b*b cym- 
bocth ropa3AO paHbrae, noTOMy hto nocjriA H ^ r( >AH npeAHAy- 
maro ijapcTBOBama yace AociaTOHHO hchum'b o^pasoMi BdynajiH 
M8l 3Ty Aopory; ho coCmtLi EOHija 1825-ro roAa B036yAMH cmibHoe 
onaceHie bo3Mojkhocth uoBTopeHia BaEoro-HntfyAb noAofiHaro abh- 
aeHia b*b CyAymeirb, yueamujiu ao ^pesBHiafiHOH cieneHH npeAy- 
6$&&eme npoTHBi Bcaaaro npB3Hasa nojHTHHecBHX'B HHiepecoBi 
31 ofimecTBi. CoficTBeHHO roBopa, noBoe BpeMa tojibeo npoAOJiaaJio 
bi> 3T0M& OTHomeeia B3rjaA* Ha Bemn, rocnoACTBOBaBiuifi b*b ho- 
-cjibpflie roAH AapcTBOBama A-ieEcaHApa, ho stotx B3rjaA , B npaMt- 
aajica Teneps cb ropasAo 66jn>mefl HacTofiwBOCTBio h cypoBOCTBio, 
n h4tb, EaateTca, HHEasoro ocHOBaHia yTBep»AaTB, hto6u 3Ta 
nporpaMMa 6mia hmchho BUHysA^HHaa, hto6u bt, HacTynaBmeM'K 
jaepioAi mo»ho Cujio 6u— fiesx ynoMAHyTHx-B co6ht1h — osHAaTB 
cpoAOJiseHia junfiepajiHSMa nepBBixx jiirB hmh. AjeEcaHApa. 

HacTynHBDiaa TenepB cacTeMa (JH^a, aiiAOBaTejiBHO, Ta se boh- 



^cbes nons de cette marche, a traveri lea pays let plus civilises da monde, noai ne rap- 
portamet que des id^es et de« aspirations dont one immense calamity qui nous recula. 
4d'un demi-siecle, fat le resaltaU (dp. 28). 



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Googk 



XAPARKPICTHRI. $03 

cepBaTHraafl CHcrewa onera, ho caMofl nojmofl h crporoi oneRH, 
KaKafl tojtbro 6uji& ynoTpefaaeMa bt. pyccROfi jrhshh. Ob caifaro 
Haiajfa, no noBO^y ynoMaHyTHxt cofomfi, 8Ta CHCTeiia saaBHjia 
totb npHH^iTB, hto TaKt mki tipo&eme ^Ba.m^aTHX'B ro^OBs 
npoHCXO^Hjio orb noBepxHocTHaro BOCHHTaHia h otb BOJBHOflyMCTBa, 
8anMCTBOBaHHaro h3*b HHocTpaHHuxx yTCHiS, to crfjjyeT'B OtfpaTHTB 
ocotfeHHoe BHHMame Ha BOcnHTanie mojiojbix'b noROiimiH, jaTt coy 
Bi BocnHTamH hcthhhhm'b pyccKHMi HanajiaMt h CTporo y^ajiaTB 
b3*b Hero Bee, ht66h hmt& npoTHBopiraoo. Ha rifex* «e Ba^ajraxx 
XOJixHa 6uja ocHOBaTBca bch rocyAapcTBeHHaa h o($mecTBeHHaa 
»h3hb. CyiuHocTB dthx* Baiai* fimra onpefliweHa coBepraeHHO 
nojtosHTejn>HO, h b*b HaijioHajiBHOft jrh3hh npn3Hanu 6hjih 3aR0H- 

HLIMH TOJIBRO T& JlfkiCTBXB H aBJieHJfl, ROTOptlfl OTB^HajH HyHR- 

TaMi onpe^ijreeHaro TenepB HaijioHajBHaro cHMBOJia, bx ^Hci-fe 
KOTopaxt BnepBue HasBaHo 6mo o$<|>HitfajrBHO cjobo cHapofl- 

HOCTB>. 

GaMaa cymHOCTB noHaiiff, EOTopwa 6eijjh nocTaBjeHii TenepB 
spaeyroJiBHUBfB KaMHeni Bcefi HaijioHa.iBHofl jkh3hh, (5uja oneHB 
6jiH3Ka Ei vkm>, KOTopKia yate HaqajiH rocnofldBOBaTB b'b no- 
cjrfejme row HMnepaTopa AjeRcaH,npa. 9to (fours totb TpaflH- 
i^iOHHwft H.nea.it, RaiCB oht. H3jaBHa BHCRa3HBajica b*b Mfffceiax'E 
Bcefi KOHcepBaTHBHofi napiin h HSJioaceHB bt, sanHCKi KapaM3Hna; 
ho TenepB npHHijHn'B BwnojiHajica cl neBH^aHHofi npn AaeRcaHflpfc 
nocjiAOBaTejrEHOCTBio, KOTopaa 6uji& rfcMx fiojsme, ^to HOBaa 
BjacTB He HM&ra nporaeAmaro, KOTOpoe pacnojarajio (far ee r*b chh- 
cxo^HTejitHOCTH h RaRHiTL-HHtfyflB ycTynKairB jra6epajiH3My. Tpa- 
ffHE(ioHHHe npHHE(Hnu 6win pasBHTU, ycoBepniencTBOBaHH, nocraBjeHti 
na creneHB Henorpiramiofl ecthhh, h abhjihcb KaRB 6u hoboH 
CHCTewoff, ROTopaa 6mia saRpinjieHa HiieHeMx napoAHOcm 

*Ito&i roBopHTB o JHTepaTypHBixt H^eaxi h ABHatemn 9Toro 
BpeMenH, naMx neofixo^HMo cociaBHTB ce64 niiROTOpoe noHaTie 
o6*b BTofi o$<|)HuiajiBHO saaBjrenHofi HapoAHOCTH, noTOMy hto ona co- 
cxaBHjia Ty no^By, Ha ROTopofl flonycRajiocB ^BHatenie yMCTBeHnofi 
hhbhh; von RpyrB H^efi, ROTopufl A*Jiajca o6a3aiejiBHBiM'B wa. 
jrHTepaTypH h nayRH. 9ia noiBa (saMiTHM'B RCTaTH — Ta caMan, 
ROTOpyio TenepB eB^e nponoBi^yeTx ocoCaa napTia cjaBAHO^H^B- 
CRaro OTTiHRa) oRasHBajra Ha JHTepaTypy h HayRy caMoe cyn^e- 
CTBeHHoe BJiiaHie; jHTepaTypa h nayRa, npe^cTaB^aa yMCTBeHHyio 
jfciTejiBHOCTB o6mecTBa, B'B HcnojrHeniH cBoeft sa^aHH npeat^e Bcero 
SOJ3KHU 6HJIH BCTp^THTBCfl H hm4tb jfijio CB 8to8 noiBoff, ROTopaa 
xoTijra Bnepe^ yRasaTB hmi hx-b cojepataHie h hxx ropH30HTB. 
9th OTHomeHia h onpeA^JHJiB, ci*AOBaTeJiBHO, npaRTHiecRoe hojio- 
seHie jHTepaTypu h ea o6n^ecTBeHHiiS cmuchb: 0(J)(|)Hn l iajiBH0 sa- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



804 Mtmnnrop. 

*M6HHafl HapoAHOCTB cocTaBiua hcxoahh* Hynm xu jnTaparypii, 
BOTopaa AOJiKna (Suia un raojwii npHSHaBaTb dTj nowy h <feaj~ 

CJIOBHO eft BOAHHHATBCfi, HJIH CTaHOBHTBCB Kb Heft BB BpHTHTOCSOt 

oTHomeHie, h npa dToifB hjh Tasase npHBHaaaTB ee h OTHearaaTfr 
AM nea TeopeTHiecaoe ocHoaaHie h onpaaAaeie, uh 9 Haoponn^ 
paaoftracs cb Heft. 

Mh He hm^cm* hh bosmoxhocth, hh HaM-fepeoia roBoprrB o 
ivfcjioMB xapaKTep* aroro nepioAa, h xothbb aw Hameft ufau 
ysasaTB TOJibao HfesoTopua otin^a TeoperaqecBia ?epTti CHCTenH t 
BOTopoft npraaweawuia rocnoACTByiomaa pojib bb Teneme odhch- 
BaeMHX*B AecaTwimft h 6esi> sHaaoMCTBa cb BOTopoft HeaoaicosHQ 
bcho npejcTaBHTB hh ABHsaeHia noHarift aa totb nepiojB, mi toto 
xapairrepa hxb, aaaoft cajaAUBaica bb pesyiBTaTt hxb bhocj&actbih, 

HcTopHHecsoe seaneHie cacTeMH, o BOTopoft mh roBopauB, 0C0- 
8HaiHjiocB acHO Aaae am Maccu o6mecTB€HHaro Meinia, bow 
8toti> nepioAB cuiniuicx HacToamaiiB ijapcTBOBameirB. HairB ew# 
oneHB naMBTHo to pa^ocTHoe, nojfloe oxaxaHift BOstfyatAeme, 
BaaHHB OBHaMeHOBajiocB Haiaxo HimiinHaro nepioAa, h nauaiHe 
Taaiae, mbb cyAHJH TorAa o npeAmecTBOBaBmeft anoxfc. 

Tohho noM3Ba ynajia cb rjrasB,— TaaB acuo hbhhhuh bha$t* 
cjatfua ciopoHu npomeAmaro. Cy&Aeme 6hjio coraacHoe, h BaatHo 
(Jhjo T*feMB Gojrte, hto oho BusBaHo 6ujo ^aKTaMH 9 BucKaaaH^ 
6ujlo nocirfc HCTopa^ecaaro HcnuiaHia chctcmu, BorAa oaaaaioct, 
mo cHCTena cjihiukomb caiioHaA$aHHo ciHTaaa cetfa HenorpimaMoft 
h npacBOHBaia ce64 ncaaiowrejibHyK) AiaieiBHOdB, hto OHa He 

BB CHJaXB 6fcUa yAOBJCTBOpHTB nOTpe6HOCTBMB HaiUOHaJIBHOft SH3HK, 

Aaxe bb Toft o&iacTH, aoTopyio OHa BuGpaaa npeAMeTOMB CBoeft 
waBHMmeft, cneijiajibHofi 3a6oTH — bb boohhomb jfrjii, bb a*** 
Hau,ioHaji£>HOH san^HTii. OtfmecTBeHHoe MHime BnepBue nocxfc aoi- 
raro iiojmHia erajio Biicaa3HBaTBca aobojbho bbctbohho. To BpeMa, 
nesAy npoHHMB, nanBTHO ocofieHHMMB pacnpocrpaHeHieifB pyao- 
nacHoft JHTepaTypu, BOTopaa (Juxa HMeHHo npaaHaBOMB npotiyx- 
AeHia otfmecTBeHHaro iiHima. 3to He (Stuia tojbbo anrepaTypa 
aeraaxB TeHAeHijio3HUXB CTHxoTBopeHifl h anHrpaMMB (xotb <5buh 
b TaaoBua); HanpoTHBB, 9to Cbuia. bb oco6eHHOCTn jBTepaTypa 
ny6jHu,HCTHqecKaa, TpaaTOBaBinaa nojraTHHecaie h o6n\ecTBeHHHe 

BOnpOCLI, Hep$ABO CB fiOJIBfflHMB HOHHMaHieMB A^^j 030HB HaCTO 

cb BtpHoft ouisKofi HeAaBHaro nponuiaro, h BcerAa cb HCBpeHHHVB 
seiaHieMB Jiyninaro nopaAM ao BHyTpeHHeft Hameft shshh. 3ia 
jHTepaiypa 6mia cooacna bb cbohxb HCTopaqecKHXB nparoBopaxB. 
o npoTesmeft dnoxt. Bb pe3yjbTaTt, ne tojibbo o6n^ecTBO y ho caMO 
npaBHTejiscTBo cosnaBajo, hto Hy*eHB hhoh nyis &&& BHyTpeHHeft 
hojuthkb: saroBop&iH o wacHOCTH, o6pa30Bania 7 o KpecrBaHCBoxs 



Digitized by 



Googk 



Mppoe$, o Heo(Jxo«MOCTH pe$opira pi paaiHTOwx'B oTpacjuix^ 
otfu^ecTBeaEOCTH h ynpaBJieaia, h t. a« , 3th sejrastia cemh cotfot 
jsaauBajiH, nero iifeHHO HeAOcraBa-io npomeAmeMy nepioAy, Tim* 
oh* He yfloaaeTBopajii noTpefoocratfb rocy^apcTBa h ofimecTsa* 
JB* o6m,eM*L HTori, saiaHui 3th cboahjhcb kt» oAHOMy — Kt 66jbine^ 
otfmecTBeHHofi CBofioA't, a* BasoMy-HH6yAB npodopy jia ofimecx- 

B6HBOE HHHI^iaTHBH; OHH OTpHIjaJlH BeTepHHMOCTB H CTfcCHHTeJB- 

coctb oneBH , soiopaa 6Ma rocno^CTByiomefl nepTOH npesHuro 
jBpeneHH. 

TasEni o6pa30M'B, nepBBifi h£crojibko CBotfoAHtifi noptiBi 
vcspeHHaro otfmecTBeHHaro MHiwia CTaaoBaica npoTHBt cHcreMu 9 

BOTOpaa, B*B HBCjrfl CBOHX'L KaieCTB*, BMCTaBHJia €HapOAHOCTB>. 

£% tom* ate codoajia hjh aaa* noflHHajiacB ba$cb HapoftHocTB? 
Easofia fouia TeopeTHHecaaa i^hhoctb npHH&iaro dfjkch noHaria 

•O pyCCBOi HapOAHOCTH? 



MHorie hs'b lynmaxi coBpeifeHHHBOBi . y&e a*bho Haqajm 
coiffliBaTBca b*b <HapoAflOM , B> xapaKTepi chctcmu; ohh coraa* 
tnaAHCB, hto OHa yAOMeTBopaja npeAamaMt h BOHcepBaTHBHHM* 
BBycaMx HepasBHToi noiHTH^ecaoi Maccu, ho yTBepaytfUH, ito 
to (frwrfce mepoaoM'B eiiucjr& cHCTeMa BOBce He 6wjia HapoAHa, 
trk-b aaa* no cBoefi apafiHefl HCoio^HTe.ibeocTH OHa He A&Baja 
BHaaaoro Hcxo^a rjik pasBHTia yifCTBeHHux'B h MaTepiajBHUxs 
-can HapoAa, hto bt> cnocofii ea aMctbIh rocno^CTBOBajiH B3raaAH h 
aaMHHHCTpaTHBHue npiQMHjBHyoieHHueeBponeficaoS «peciaBpaiUeH>. 
Ti apaTHKH, KOTopue, ABa^i^aTB jiIjtb Tony HasaA*, snepBue pt- 

ffiMHCB OT^aTB Cefifi OT^eT'B B*L XapaKTepfc MHHyBHIHX'B AecaTH- 

jr&Tifi, TaKate saM^qajiH rfccHyio CBa3b iie»Ay Hamefi cacieMofl h 
B8rjaAaMH eBponeficaofi peaicniH, KOTopue, Cyflyna BocnpHMTH 
nepBOHanajibHO npu AjieKcae^pi, noA* npaMUMi BjriaHieM* MeT- 
TepflHxa, nojiy^HjiH Teneps HOBoe pasBHTie h 6hjih nocjrfcAOBaTe.iBHO 
pacnpocTpaHeHu Ha bg£ OTpacM ynpaBjema. 

Oa«h*b h3*b ny6jHijHCTOBT> ynoMaHyiofi pyaonHCHoS jnHTeparypu 
bt> uaiOBHei naTBwecaTHX'B toaob'b nojiosHTejbHO AORa3UBa.TB 
bto rocnoACTBO MeTTepHaxoBofi cucieMU b*l Hamefi BHyipeHHefi 
nojiHTHKi, HecMOTpa Ha Bee pasjiaqie A^yxi cipaax, KOTopoe 
^.ijiajio 3Ty CHdeMy ne TOJibao H3JHiuHefi b*b Poccih, ho h 
BpeAHOH A^fl ea pasBHTia. <IIoAAepsaHie status quo bt> EBpont, 
oco6eHno b*l Typn^in h AscTpiti, -B03B'feiu,eHie h orpaK^nie, aio- 
Bout h a^iomt,, oxpaHHTejBHaro, HeorpaHHqeHHaro MOHapxH^ecaaro 
Banana noBcioAy; npeaMymecTBeHHaa onopa Ha MaTepiajitHyK) cMy 
3o8caa; nowomenie B^iacTiK), cocpeAOTO^enHofi bi oaho3 BOwii, bc4x*b 

TOMl V. — CEHTflBPB, 1871. 20 



Digitized by 



Googk 



306 MCTHHBl IBPOIBL 

chjtb Hapo^a, tt6 ocotferao nopaacaerB bs opraHHsanje otfmecr- 
BeHHaro BocinrraHia h bi BOJioccajBHOifB pasBtrriH ajMHHHCTpa- 
THBHaro 9jieMeHTa, k*b ymep6y nporairt, o6pyc$Hie HHonieMeHran 
napoAOB7», npHCoeAHeeHHHx-B k*b HMnepin Ha ocofiiix* npaBan,; 
crpeiueHie C03^aTt, xoia (Sh HacHJiBCTBeHHHM* o6pa30irE, eAHHCTBo 
BipoBcnoB^ama, aaBOHoaaTeaBCTBa h ajMHHHCTpai^H; nojaBieme 
BCAKaro caMOCTO^TejiBHaro npoaBjrema mucjth Bas* bt> JHTepaTypi, 
TaifL h Bt ofimecTB*, h Hawopi* na^ neio; per.iaMenTan,ifl, BoeHM 
AHCi^HiiJiHHa h nojHueficKia Mipu jaae bb tomx, ht6 HamicHfe 
noAJesHTi hitb, h TairB flajiie, — Bee 9to HeonpoBepatHMO o6n- 
^aeT*B y Hact npHcyrcTBie chctcmh, B03HHBmefi vb ABCTpii, ho 
BCvi^ACTBie ropBKofl HeotfxoAHMOCTH, saBTb conditio sine qua non 
ea cymecTBOBaeia, — Bt PocciH- ate, He noflxojameff noj* npHMM 
ycjiOBia ea 6uTa, a noToaiy irfcmaiomefi npaBHJBHOMy pasBHTiro ei 

HpaBCTBeHHHX'B, yMCTBeHHHXt H MaTepiaJIBHHX'B CHJTB> 1 ). 

BeacnopHO, hto bc4 9th npieMU (5hjih 6jth3BO noxoaa he tj 
nojHTBKy, BOTopaa pa3BHBajiacB bt> EOHTHHeHTajiBHofi EBpotrt, 
ocoCeHHo Bt ABCTpiH, bx nepioA* pecTaspaijiH; 9to 6ujih npieiw 
Toro Polizeistaat, BOTopoe Tor^a KasajiocB BepxoarB nojHTiroecKar* 
(JjaropasyMia h HaiuryqmHM'B cnocofioarB ynpaBJiemfl HapojajiH i 
o6mecTBaiiH. Bt> Hamefi jrhshh 9th npieira moimth yeraHOBirrwi 
T*feMX jrerne, tto ona He npe^CTaBJiajra HHBaKHX'B gjieMeHTOB-B caio- 
CToaTejBHocTH, h cJi^OBaTejifcHO HHBaBHX'b saTpysHemfi; h no 
toB ate npnraHij, y nact 9th npieMu hm$jih, 6htb MoaserB, hm- 
<5ojr£e TaroerHoe a HefijiaronpiaTHoe SHaieme. B'B rocyjapcrBan 
3anaAHux^, iiuia aBHaa 6opt6a HaijionajiBHHX'B h o6mecTBeHH0- 
nojiHTHqecKHxi otjtb hpothb-b aaHHofi cpeAHeB^EOBOH <J>opMHrocy- 
^apcTBa; peaKujoHHoe ynpaBJieflie 6hjio flaa 9toh nocaiaHefl cpej- 
ctbom-b 3amHTM h opyflieMB caMOCOxpaHenia; bx caaioirB oCnjecnii 
BpaBCTBeHHO-nojiHTHiecBie hhcthhbth 6hjh TaB'B chjibho B036yx- 

fleHH, HTO MOOH BBI^epSHBaTB 9T0 AaBjeme. y HaCB 6EIJIO COBCtft 

HanpoTHBi,: Haraa rocy^apcTBeHHaa echshb He npeacTaBJiajia Hinero 
noAofiHaro TOMy CpomeHiro, BaBoe coBepina^ocB b'b aBCTpiiciwi 
HMnepia, rpoMa^Haa Macca ofin^ecTBa ocTaBajacB eme Ha creneBi 
pasBHTia BnojiH-t naTpiapxajEHofi; OHa HysxajacB He b*b erifecHeHif, 
a b'b B036y<KAenin ea yMCTBeHHofi h HpaBCTBeHHoS A*aTejBnocni; 
ee ny»HO 6ujo ne y^epatHBaTB cypoBBiMH orpaHHneHiaMH, a Ha- 
npoTHBi noon^paTB h ABHraTB BnepeAi*, noTOMy hto b*b Hefi B^itaiffl 

HaBOHHJlOCB H 6e3X TOrO CJHOIKOM'B MHOrO JltHH H Ces^feScTBW. 

3th cBofidBa CHdeMH, npHHHMaBmefi CBoew xapaKTepecTHKoi 



l ) «Mucih Bciyxt 061 HCTeKmeM-B TpH^aTHjiiTiH PocciH», — CTaiM, loiopu 
npHDHCHBaaaci. T. H. rpaHOBCKOMy. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



XAPAKTBPHCTIBV* 307 

<HapoAHOCTB>, 6hjh bchh flxa MHCjamnx'B jno^eft bx nepio^B 
BpwwcKog boShu. PyRODECHaji nydjHitHCTHKa Toro BpeMeHH 6tiJia 
aipeHcnojiHeHa pascyatAemaMH o BHinmefi h BHyTpeHHefi hojihthk^ 

POCCIH,— KOTOpHM'B H6JIB3JI OTSa8aTB B*B fiOJIBmoS B$pHOCTH: HOJIHTH- 

qecnifl oficToaTejiBCTBa h nojioseme Bemefl BHyTpn cjibhikomi Ha- 
<croATejiBHO ysaauBajiH, Aaate &na jiro^efi iiajto jywaBniHX'B, snaieHie 
upeatnaro xoaa jtfun> no ero HacTynaBmnirB nocjrfcflCTBiaM'B. IIpH- 

flOMHHMT, H^KOTOpiie $aBTH. 

Bt eBponeBcKOH nojiHTHKi Poccia, sa HCR-raieHieM'B pasBfc 
nepBofl Typen,Ko8 boAhh h nospoBBTejiBCTBa rpen^ia, CTporo cjt£- 
AOBaja npHHipiiaM'B CBameHHaro Coiosa, h samemaaa naTpiap- 
xajuBHyK) MOHapxiio h jierftTHMH3MT&. Bjiiame PocciH b*l dTOifB 
cmbicj* 6huo oneHB cHjBHoe bt. TpH^uaTuxi, h copoBOBUxi ro^axx, 
a MHoro cjiysBjro ki» no^epsaHiio b*b EBponfc CTapuxi a6c0JK)THCT- 
^bbxi aaprifl h si DOAaMeHiio aBH»emfi BOHCTHTyiuoHHLix'B. B% 
CBoe BpeMB 9to BJiinHie Morjio jibcthtb Han^ioHajBHOMy cawoJiK)6iK), 
bo pedyjbTaTH ho Clijih (JjiaronpiaTHH ma Poccie: ona cjihih- 
bom* caMoyBipeHHO daBHjia cboh aBTopaTerB npOTHB'B ijiuaro 
ABHseHia, KOToparo, b*b cymHOCTH, Be bx cnjaxi 6u.ia yaepaaTB; 
oaa daffOBHjacB HanepeKop*L BnyTpeeHeMy nojiHTHqecKOiiy pasBBTiio 
^eponeflcKaro o6m,ecTBa, h HeMyapeHO, mo OHa Bosfiyfloa npoTHBt 
cetfa 6ojrbinyio Bpasay bo BcewB jiH6epajibHOM , L ofimecTBeHHOM-B 
mh4hjh Ebpobh. 9ia Bpaas.ua, HaiaBmncB enje c% nocjiiytHHX'B ro- 
nowb i^apCTBOBaHia AjieKcaHApa, sor^a Poccia yse otspeito CTajia 
Ba 3Ty A^pory, yBonHTOJiacB bx TeieHiH onacHBaeMHX'B aecaTH- 
jrimfi jsf> BeHaBHCTH, KOTopaa CAijajia BpHMCByio BofiHy qpesBU- 
nafiHO nonyjiBpHofl Ha BceMt eBponeficROMX Sanaa*. TaRtui* o6pa- 
•80)11, <HapoAHOMy> xapaKTepy TorAamHsro nojoKema Poccin ^ihh 
6bijH qepTii ca&iaro BpafiHaro BOHcepBaTH3Ma, h pesyjiBTaTU bto§ 

flOJHTHRH 06paTMHCB npOTHB'B HCB »e. B*B BpbJMCBOft BOfiH$ npO- 

tbfb PocciH 0Ka3ajHCB no tojibbo AHrjiia, BpaatAa BOTopofi o6t- 
BCHBJiaCB nOJHTHHeCKHM'B HeAOB^pieiTB, He tojbbo ^paHi^ifl, Bl 
BOTopofi Poccifl 6Hja nocTOBHAO Hepacnojiosena Kant b*b rH^sxy 
aa6epajiH3Ma, He tojibbo Cap^HHiB, b*b BOTopofi Poccifl He sejuua 
npH3HaBaTB KOHCTHTy^oHHofi pe$opMB, — npoTHB-B PocciH osasa- 
4hcb Aaae rocy^apcTBa, npaBHTCiBCTBa KOTopux'B HaxoAH.in oco- 
CeHHyio nowepsBy Poccin. Poccia nowiepaHBajia, b-b TpH^i^aTux'B 
roAaxt, Typujio, BOTopaa BsaMimb yraeTajia poACTBeHHua HaM'b 
cjiaBBHCBifl njeMena; noAAepsajia wb BenrepcKyio BOfiHy paaiaraB- 
myiocfl ABCTpiio, ajiz BOTopofi noC^Aa nocjiysHja tojibbo kb bos- 
^TaHOBJiefliK) caMaro Heo6y3^aHHaro a6coJiK>TH3Ma, o6pameHHaro 

•OHBTB npOTHB'B HamHX'B eflHHOHJieMeHHHBOB'B, H BOTOpaB SaT^lfB, 

b*b nepiofti BpHMCBofi bohhbi, Bor^a Poccia iiorjia 6u osa^aTB ot'b 

20* 



Digitized by 



Googk 



^1 



808 BftcranrB rbpohh. 

oex orcuirra 3a ycjryry, npeAnoiia cyAHBHTB ifipi CBoefi He(Sja- 
roAapHocTBio>, T.-e. narjio HacirtaTBca Ha ax Poccieff. 

TaKHMi* o6pa30MT», oKOHqaTeJbnwe pesyjibTaTH 3T08 nojarrro 
fb eBponeficKHX'B A^axx Aajieso He 6ujih fijiaronpiaraa jjia Poccia 
b*b MaTepiajbnoM'B oTnoraeniH: ona Konqwiacb CTOJiBHOBeBiem, in 
kotopowb Poccia nonecia tojtbeo noTepu h ecjiH nojiyqma cbod 
BejiHKVFo oTpHuaTejibiiyK) noaB3y b*b npaecTBeHHux-B nocjitjcTBim 
boShbi ajib ofimecTBa, to Ha 8Ty nojitsy mwiHTHBa KOHerao Be pas- 
CTBTHBajia. TpyflHO Tarate AOKa3aTB, ?to6u 8Ta nojHTHEa tfHiajii- 

CTBBTCJBHO HapOAHa, T.-e., HT06U KpaHHifi K0HCepBaTB3M*B AiHCTBB- 

TejrBHO cocTaBJia.TB HapoAHKH xapaRTepi, hto6u nofi,o6ma hojh- 
THKa OTBtqaja TpefioBaHiaM'B Han,ionajbnaro O.iara h xapasrepiu 
9to ftaaro, eohciho, He TpetfoBajio BMiniaTejiBCTBa b*b jija no- 
<rropoHHHXT> ^epataBi cb ivfcjaMH TpaAun,ionnaro. aerBTBMBsiia, 
a CKopte Tepnijio BejBBifi ymepfii otb Toro paswjimeHiii cv 
HHTepecaMH eBponeficicofi khshb, ROTopoe conpoBOTK^ajo 3Ty do- 
iiHTHBy. ^to KacaeTca Han,ioHa,ibHaro xapaBTepa, to, eohchho, m]- 
xpeno 6uj[0 6u bhbccth h3*b Hero Kaaoe-HHCyAB ofiasaTcibHoe npa- 
bmo b*b DOJiHTBqecKHX'b BODpocax'L TaKoro oTAa.ieHHaro HBTepea 
^jia napofla, He atHBymaro nojiHTHqecKofi xhshbk) h He miiiomaro 
HHsaEHXi npeACiaBJieHifi o no.iHTHiecEHxx oTHomeHiaxi, 8th bo- 
npocu npocro He cymecTBOBajH, h co BpeMenx bobhh 1812 roja. 
e^Ba jh ne e^BHCTBeHHUMi cjyweift, rA$ npoflcjuuecb HapojHBe 
EOJBTHqecKie BHTcpecu, 6ujisl rpeiecEaa BOBHa sa ocBo6o*jeBie, 
bo Bpeufl KOTopofi BucKa3ajiocb Hapo^Hoe coiyBCTBie kt> rpeiecKM* 
eABHOBipuawb. To ate coiyBCTBie 6ujo Tor^a h b*b o6pa30BaHBon 

KiaCCfe, H BX' 3T0WB, HJTB JIH He eAHHCTBeHHOM'B CJiyiafc A*HCTBI- 

TejiBnaro BHTepeca, ohi> coBnaAajn cb HHTepecaMH Bcefi saBajnoi 
EBponw. B*b Apyrnxx Bonpocaxt nameS eBponeficRoff hojutbh, 
Hacca He FMija HHBaRoro acHaro npeACTaBaeBia, a bt> oCpasoBai- 
hom'b Kjiacci oCmecTBeHHoe MniHie, saB* yBHAHKB, 6u*o pas- 
AiieHO.... TaKBMx ofipasoMx, <napoAnoe> SRaqenie mosbbo 6bjo 

UpBAaBaTB 9T0H nOJIHTHK* TO^BKO HCKyCCTBeHHHlTB, AOBTpHHepBHIS 

ofipasoM-B: HaAO 6ujio TeopeTHiecBH npeAnojioatHTB, hto &yxb b%- 
poAa Tpefiyera hcbjuohbtcjibho 8Toro cnocofia A*ficTBift. Tasoe npei- 
HOJioseHie h 6ujio CA^JiaHo CHCTeiiofi: ho 9Ta Teopia eapoAB^ 
Ayxa AaJieso ne 6ujia AOCTaTOiHO Aona3aHa.... 

Bo BflyTpeHHHX'B A^^axt TeopeTHMecRaa cyninocTB chctcib 
TpeCoBajia CesrpaHH^Haro aBTopBTeia BJiacTB h caiiofi nojraofi oness 
BaA*B bc4mh cToponaMH rocyAapcTBeHHOH, HapoAHofi h o6u\ecrBemoi 
JKB8HH. Mli 3aMiMajiH, hto 9to coCcTBeHHO He npeACTaBJiJMo HH^ero 
BOBaro, ho TenepB onesa Aocrarja, BipoaTHo, caiiBixi mBposim 
pasirifepoB'B, BaBie tojbbo ona BorAa-Ha6yAB HMija bx Hameft 



Digitized by 



Googk 



XAPAKTEPBCTHRK 309 

wrsHH. Ona CTpeMH^acB CBaaaTB b*b oahowb KpinKOM'b ysjifc bc& 
hhth ynpaBJiema, pacnpocrrpaHHTb HaA3op^ Ha bc* j&wKemE na~ 
sioHajitnofl »h3hh, Bee noABecTH m> ojmouy ypoBnio. CjiiACTBieM^ 
6mo ^pe3BHHafiHoe paenpocTpaHenie 6ropoKpaTin, KOTopaa npej- 
eraBjfljacB am neHTpaasHOfl BJiacra eAHHCTBeHHUM* cpe^CTBOM^ 
ynpaBJieHiii h KOHTpo^jf, h AificTBHTeJisHo, npa BceofixeMJUomeA 
ones* rocy^apcTBa, 9to h 6hjto e^HHCTBeimoe cpeACTBO. 3a o(S~ 
mecTBOMi> He npH3HaBajrocb HHKarcoro caMOCTOiiTe.ibHaro sHaienia;; 
oho He hm*jo HHKaKoft HFiHiijaTHBH; o6mecTBOHHoe MH^Hie JIHUieHO 
(Jhjio BCflKaro Bjiania; ofimecTBo He moiuio caiio HHiero A*JaTs 
vb cbohx-b HHTepecaxi., «aae caMuxi 9JieMeHTapHux r B, h moimio- 
XBHraTBca tojilko bx ^aHHUxi paMKaxx; sa Hero jyiiaoiH h a*8- 
CTBOBajiH KaHnejiapiff h eMy ocTaBajiocB noBHHOBaTbca. 

Pa3BHTie (JwpoKpaTin BJieMO sa coCofi bc4 HenafitatHHa ero* 
nocji^CTBia. Bo Bcbxi yfe^ax'B, b*b aflMHHHCTpaiUH h cyA*, roc— 
no^CTBOBajio CywaatHoe npoH3BOACTBO, coBepuiaBmeeca bi> KaHije- 
jiapcKofl TafiH'i, He^ocTynHoe He tojilko kphthk4, no Aa»e cb4~ 
Atmro ofimecTBeHHaro Mnima, He HMijBinee HaA* coCofi HHKaKoro- 
orpaHHqenia h kohtpojh, KpOMi BjacTH HenocpeACTBenHaro buc- 
maro Ha*iajH>cTBa, KOTopoe eciecTBCHHo c^HTajio ce6a /BceB-hAynjHMv 
1 HenorpiiiiHMHM'B h He HaxoAHJio HHTepeca OTRpuBaTB neAoenraTKa. 
CBoero BtaoMCTBa. Kasjiafl BjiacTb 6mia BcecRJLna Ha^i, t£itb, 
yt6 Chjio HHace ea, h b'b cboio oqepeflb 6e30TB*THa nepeAt buc~ 
Hie8 BHcraHuieS, TaKB ^to bx ufrxowb .rfccTHmja ynpaB^ema npeA- 
CTaBjrajia paAi> CTynenefi npoH3Bo;ra aAMHHHCTpauin, npoTHB* koto- 
paro <5wjm ho^th 6e33au;HTHu ynpaBjaeMoe ofimecTBo h napoA'B. 
^ija o6uKH0BeHH0 huh npeKpacHO h Bee o6ctohjto fijiarono.iyHHO* 
Ha Cy&iari, ho hhkto hc CBipajit fiyafarn ct> AtficTBHTejiBHOCTbio.. 
Cjiy^ajioct HHorAa, mto Boniiomee hxt» npoTHBop-feqie Cpocajrocb bt; 
ram TaE'B, ^to HejiBsa 6m.io ero ne yBHA^Tb; oiiJAOBajiH H3*b 
bhchihx'b npaBHTejibCTBeHHuxt ofijracTefl ctporia Kapn npoHSBOJry^. 
ho bi> U'fejioM'B A^a npoAO^aajin hath no npeaHeify. 

HoHflTHo, hto CiopoKpaTia (JojiLUie h 6oJibHie napajiH30Bajra. 
ofimecTBennHa chjih: (JiopoKpaTia He Aonycaajia nnicaKoro y^acTi'A. 
otin^ecTBa B^ pimeniH BonpocoBi, 3aTporHBaBinnx , B caMue cyme- 
CTBeHHiie ero HHTepeca, h icpoMi Toro, ^to 6iopoKpaTia, ne bm- 
cjiyiuHBaa btoiI saHHTepecoBaHHoB CTopoiiH h jiHmaa ceCa sanaca. 
cBiA*Hifi npeAMeTi, KaKoft 6u moti fiim coofimen'b yqacTieii-b 
o6mecTBa, piuia^a 3th BonpocH no Heo6xoAHMOcra oahoctopohho- 
hjih coBciwb HeBipno, — Kpowi BToro, 0TAa.ienie oSmecTBa ot'b^ 
y^acTia b'b ero coficTBeHHUX'B A^axi eme 6ojbme ycn.iHBajio Ty 
BiKOByro yucTBeHHyio JiiHL, KOTopaa h 6e&% Toro yApy^ajia pyc- 
CKoe ofin^ecTBO h woivia CTaTB pokobhmt> fiiACTBiewB Ha^iOHaJlBnoa, 



Digitized by 



Googk 



310 BftCTHm BBPOHH. 

3KH3HH,— ecjratiti co&iTifl He npHmiH HasoHeivB pastiyxETB otfmecrao 
h rocy^apcTBO orb Tas&iaro CHa. 

^acTHtifl Bpe^Hua jificTBia tfiopoBpaTiH Tasse o6Hapysuia 
otohb cKopo. Be3BOHTpojibHOCTB HHHOBHHHecTBa, ero orpoMHoe pjtt- 
MHOseflie h CRyjHoe cojepkaHie, saaoe xaBaiocB rocyjapcTBOtt 
sa dTy MHOro?HCJieHHyK> apMiio, pa3BHBa.*H B3aTO*iHMecTB0, npo- 
thb'b BOToparo OKaauBajiecB ^escnjiBHii Bcasia HerojoBama np&Bi- 
TejiLCtBa h BOTopoe rocno^CTBOBajro bo bc*6x*b CTyneHaxt ynpaii- 
jema, otb HH3fflax'L h jo bhchibx'b. CymecTBooaja hoith onpe- 
jtfueHHaa Tasca sa rfe hjih jpyria yciyrn HHHOBHHHecTBa, sa no- 
jyHeeie wfccrB, sa ajMBHHCTpaTHBHua h cyaefiHua pfcmeHia h t. j, 
06uqafi 6hjtl yse AaBHHnwift, h o6m,ecTBO hohth mhpejocb ci 

flHMT>, "rfafB tfOJIbme, HTO BHjiuO HeB03MO«HOCTB JJfl 6tflaT0 
^BHOBHHHeCTBa CyO^eCTBOBaTB OftHHKB BaBeHHHlfB SUOBaHben. 

Otb npaBHT&HBCTBa He crphjiocb &to neqa,iBHoe nojioateme Beujei, 
* oho tfesx coMHiwifl aej&io homoib eny, ho no TorjaniHm 
xsTAHUBM-b xynajH HOiio^iB eicy tojbko hobuhh (fopoBpame- 

4BH11H irfjpaMH, BOTOpiIfl eilje pa3MH0»HJIH $0pMMH3M'B, HO Ott- 

bhb&jihcb BOHe^HO tiesnojesHH, noTOMy hto eAHHCTBeHHUMi cpej- 
ctbowl Hs6aBBTBca otb BToro 3Jia 6ujio HdMiraeHie caMofi cHerem, 
noAHATie ofimecTBeHHaro u Hiwia a HHHu,iaTHBH, a 9Toro He cumm 
bosmoshewb jonycTHTB. Uori> BOHei^B nepiofla, npaBHTejbCTW, 
aasoHeivB, cepBesHO osatioTiuiocB npe3MipHUM'B pasMHO&emem. i 
HcnopHeHHOCTBio HHHOBHHHecTBa: HanajiHCB npeAnojoxema o co- 
Kpam,eniH nepenncBH, ofa yMeHBmeHiH nrraTOBi, ho tfuio (mow 
nonpaBBJiocB aajio; Bpe#B, npoH3BOjHMHfi hcbjoototcjibhoh 6iopo- 
ftpaiiei, npoflojaajca, xota hbhobhhrob'b, 6bttb iioaerB, h jfaH- 

JOCB. 

Hame HOJBTHiecBoe ycipoficTBO cb jaBOTx* BpeMero otjhu- 
jocb cMiraeHieifB BJiacTH saROHOAaTejbnofi, aAwraHCTpaiuH h cyjt 
Ilpn toh ^pesBBinafiHOi tfiopoBpaTiH, EOTopaa Tenepb okohw- 
Te-iBHO opraHBSOBaiaCB, bto CMimeme OT3UBa.iocB ocotferao raae- 
jiumh uoci^ACTBiaiiB. B-b npa&teme hmh. AjescaH^pa 6uxb y» 
losHanB btotb BaHHTajbHtii nopoBi Hamero ycTpoficTBa, ho mm 
^cob4tbhkobx AjeKcafl^pa, xoTtBrnHxi ycTpaHHTB 3T0 oAmm 
BJiacTeg, He ocymecTBBjiecB, h b*b nocjiijrjiomfiwb nepio^i oho npo- 
AOJiauuiocB bo Bceft chj4. Btot'b xoa"b Bem,et cnyTUBa.n>, Baso* 
een.'B, bc4 HpaBCTBeHHiia noHaria o6m,ecTBa. SaKOHT* h bi Bpyn* 
bux% h MeiBHxi oTHpaBJieHiaxi cbohxi sanacTyio oTCTynan hi 
3aAHi2 njaHx cepe^ npoH3BoioiTB CiopoBpaTHnecKofi BjacTB, p^' 
nopaaaBmefica 6e3BOHTpojBHo Basxaa b*b CBoeMx pafloei. Oapitf 
^y^u en^e xoxo^flrB &0 Hamero BpeMeHH, h en^e naMflTHa hi* 



Digitized by 



Googk 



XIPlKTKPHCTHKff. 311 

Me^eHnaa KaHijejrapcKaa npoijeAypa, ycnoatneHHaa MHoatecTBOirs 

BHCTaHI^iH, 3HaMeHHTaa CBOHifB npOH3BOJIOM'L H JIHXOHMCTBOM'L. 

OahoA H3x rjiaBHifimnxx 3a6on> Toro BpeaieHH 6lijo ycrrpofi- 

CTBO HHOrOHHCJeHHOS apMJH, BXKOTOpOH BHA'klH H SaJIOFL BHilfl- 

naro nojiHTHqecaaro MorymecTBa, h BHyTpeHHaro cnoaoficTBia. 

H4r& HaAOfiHOCTH rOBOpHTb MHOrO ofe 3T0fl BOCHHOft CHCTCM*, 
HeAOCTaTKH KOTOpofi TaKt TparHHeCKM AORasaRlI 6£IJIU KpHMCKOfi 

Bofieofi. Ha apMiio yxojipjm jyHmia mojioaeia chjh napoAa, — yxo- 
fl0jm 6e3B03BpaTHo BoaiACTBie Kpaflne npoAOJiawmjibHaro cpoaa 
cjryjRCu,— h caMaa KpynHaa Maerb CroA^era. Boopyacema Poccia 
KOHe^Ho noMep»0BajiH ea nojiHTHiecicoe BJiiame b-b EBpont, ho 
3to Bjriame, He npuHocHBraee omjTUTe.ibnHX'b nojibs* caiioft CTpaHi, 
pa3Apa»ajio npoTHBi Poccin eBponeflcaoe otfmecTBeHHoe MH^Hie, 
Boa'IucTBie xapaaTepa, kotophm'b OTJinna^acb pyccKaa BHfenmaa 
HOJiHTHKa. BnyTpn ycHJieHHbia BOopya&eHia 0T3HBa;iHCb HecoMn-fcHHO 
o6t,nH , fcijieM , L HapoAa, H3t cpeAH KOToparo Hanojmajiocb boScko h 
Ha njeqaxi* KOToparo jiesajKO, noiTH HCKJiKWHTaibno, coAepaanie 
9Toro BoflcKa h Bcero rocyAapdBeHHaro MexaHH3wa. 

BoenHaa AacijHn;iHHa h napa^naa BiinpaBKa Hrpajra rjaBHifl- 

Hiyio pojib bt> ycTpoficTBi apaiiH. B*l BpHTHqecKYK) MHHyTy oaa- 

sajiocb, hto 3a bthmi 3a(5uTbi 6ei;ih caMbia cymecTBeHHiia noipetf- 

hocth apMin Ha BoeHHoe BpeMa, MeaiAy npoHHWb BOopyaKeme, ko- 

Topoe OKa3ajiocb coBepmeHHO HeyAOBjreTBopHTe^bHUMt b^ cpaBHeHin 

Cb BOopyateHieMt HenpiaTejbCRHX'b Boflcrb *). 3an;HTa CeBacTonojra 

noaa3ajia, ^to He 6llio HeAOCTanca bt> HpaBCTBeHHiix'b cH-iaxT> ap- 

niH, He tfujjo He^ocTaTKa n bt> BoenHiix* TajiaHTaxi, no 6opb6a 

n'kM'b ee MeHie 6ujia HeB03M02cna. 3aMiHaTejibHbifi paA* npeofi- 

pasoBamfi, coBepmeHHux'B h coBepinaeMtix'B bx nacToamee BpeMa 

b*b HameM'L BoenHoarb xkjvb h 3aTpoHyBuiHx , b caMwa cymecTBeH- 

Bbia CTopoHH daparo BoeHHaro yerpoficTBa, npeACTaBJiaiorL caMH 

ho ee61> AOCTaTO^Hyio KpHTHay 3Toro npomeAfflaro. 

^pesMipHoe pa3BHTie MMHTapH3Ma saxsaTUBajio h inioria *ra- 
cto rpa»AaHCKia oTpacjin ynpaBJieHia: Tain> v b^aomctbo MeaeBoe, 
jrfccHoe, nyiefi cootfmenia, ropHoe, HHZKenepHoe nojiyrajiH ycHJieHHbifi 
BoeHHufi xapaaTepa, HHCKoabKO He Tpe6oBaBuii3ca cymnocTbio xbj&; 
HaKOHen.'b, yro^OBHoe cy,sonpoH3BOACTBO, no MHomarB poAaM'b a*^^, 
T&Kme dajo nepexoAHTb bi B^A^Hie BoeHHBix'b cyAOB*. CoBpeMeH- 



') Korxa 3to oojoxenie A'fe-ia h3m4hhjocb, b*e HacToamee i^apCTBOBaBie, jod^h, 6hb- 
mie CBH^tTeJflWH npezHsro nopji^Ka, pacspujH nno.iHt ero RexocTaTKH tn> paacsasaxi, 
nejyhjpLo nopa3HTeji>HMX'L,— r* cosaliHiD tojbko, pacspiun no^Ho. Pa3cna3H 9Toro 
poxa noaBjunoTca 10 caxt nopt; ysazeMi iin npHiitpa noMfemeneua He^aBHo x Bi 
«P. ApxHBt> (1870) BOcnoMHoaHifl o^eoro noiKOBaro Ka3fla4ea (oieHb 6jH3ttaro cbh- 

X^TeJH) nOpfl^KaXl Bt BHTeHAaHTCKOMt Bi^OMCTBi BO BpeMH RpUMCKOfi BOfiflU. 



Digitized by LjOO^LC 



312 Bicrapsi ibpohh. 

hhkh ofoacEium 8to npeammeHie BoeHmizi nopajBOBB t4», 
«rro Bucmaa Bjadb He flOBipaja iieAJieHHofi h jhxohmhoS rpa*- 
xaHCKofi (bopoBpaTiu. HoaoGho nojiaratB, *to 3to o&BacaeHie 

<5fcJJIO BipHO, — HO HaCBOJBBO Cawafl B03MO»HOCTb nojoCHaro B$- 

jOBipifl (k-b coatajiniK), Ha jijii cjihulbomx tocto cnpaBepH- 
*aro) CBHA*TejiBCTBOBajia o HopMajtHocm Tasoro nojioseHia Benjei, 
n Bcer^a in Tasaa nepeM^ea pojefl OBa3UBajia AificrBHTeiBHyio 
coMomb, h ne TepjiJiH m, HanpoTHBt, cne^ajBHua jcfcia, Bast 
ynoMBHyTua Bume, otb BoeHnuxt nopa^BOBX, h oco6eHHO yroiOB- 
moe cyAonpoH3BOACTBO b*b A^axx, He HMiiomaxT* naicaKoro otho- 
meHiji k* BoeHHUMi npeAMeiaMx? HaKOHe^, no^eicy ate cox pa • 
fiajiacb bx apyruxx oTpacjiax* Ta HcnopqeHHaa CiopoBpaiia, boto- 
pofi ne jOBipjuH 3a$cb? Pbaomx cb 8thmx, coBepmajiocB jpyroe 
jiBJieHie: H^eajix c.iy»6u 6bua Tor^a oiyx6a BoeHHaa. OHa co- 
o6ma;ia h3b4cthub sa^ecTBa, BOTopua cwraancB jyimmcH sa- 
-^ecTBaMH cjiyaamaro qejiOBisa: 6e3npeBocjOBHoe HMHonoqwaHie, 
juexaHH^ecKaa Hcnojn?HTe.iBHocrB, cyeTOHBaa pacToponHocTB. IIo- 
8Tony, BoeHnaa cayatfJa OTBpuea^ia Aopory bo bc4 OTpacjra ynpaB- 
jema, ne HCRJK^aa h ohchb cnen.iajbHux'B, Rasx, Hanp., cjys6a 
npn cb. cbhoa*; npeAnojiarajocB, hto ynoMBHyTHa KaiecrBa jiia- 
iot'b Boennaro qejiOB'fcKa roAHum> bo bcbboS cjiystfi, nasaa 6u hi 
6bi.ia eiiy ysa3aHa. TaKX, Bcero ?aa^e Ha3naqajHCb BoeHHue no- 
ne^HTeJiaMH yietfHHX'B ospyroB'B, h t. h. Be3*B coMHfcHia, ifeajy 

HHMH 6HJIH JK)AH ftOCTOfiHbie, HO BCerAa JIH OHH yAOBJieTBOpflJH I 

norjiH jih BOo6in,e yAOB-ieTBopaTB hcthhhhm'b saAanaM'fc ext> hojo- 
jReHia bx a^* napoAnaro npocBl>meHia? 

Tose Hanajio npaBmejiBCTBeHHaro aBTopsTeia hpoboahjiocb bi 
^iaxT> i^epROBHBixi. Haina ijepsoBB, co BpeMeHi> Ileipa BeJHsaro 
h nocxfjAHJiro naipiapxa, crajia bt> noAinneHHoe oTHomeeie n 
<B r iTCKofl BJiacm, BOTopaa npeAOciaBja.ia e3 h3b*6cthhh npocTopi 
bt> npeAMeiax'B cnen,iajibHO h hcb,ik>hhtcjbho ^yxoBHUxx, ho he- 
KorAa He ycTynaja nepneHCTByromaro, pimaromaro rojioca, Kaw 

TO.lbKO n,epKOBHblfl BOnpOCB HM'Ll-b CBfl3b CB np-IHTHqeCBHMH K 

ofin^ecTBenHUMH oTHoaieHiaMH. HeMHorie ruioca, BOTopue bb Te- 
neHie XYIII-ro CTOJiiiia pima-iHCB tobophtb b*b no-iB3y HesaBHCi- 
mocth AepEBH, nponaAajH 6e3CjrhAHO. Bi o6wfiWb xoa* a*^^ n P°" 
^o.imajiocB 6e3npeso&iOBHoe noAHBHenie ea rpasAaHCEofi BJiacTi, 
h i^epsoBHoe ynpaBJieHie iujio saypflA^ cb APyrHMH OTpacjraMH aj- 
MHHHCTpai^iH. TenepB, stotx nopaAOK*B ocraBa^ca Hen3MiHHUait, 
ho TaKse no.iyqu.n> etu,e 66.ibuiyio CiopoBpaTHHecKyK) onpeA^JeHHOCT& 
h crporocTb. ITpn AwiescaHApt, bt> o6mecTBeHHoS shshh 6sua pasi 
j^onymeHa H^KOTopaa T^nB pe.inrio3Ho8 cbo6oah, KOTopaa Bupa- 
-SHJiacB paaptnieuieMx MacoHCKHXi jioafB h 6n6jieficKaro ofimecTBa, 



Digitized by 



Googk 



XAPABTE?ffCTffKH. 313 

h TepnnMOCTBH) k'b pacROJiy, Mesxy npoiHM-B k^ xyxotfopcTBy. 
Tenepb MacoHCRia jioibh, 3aRpHT&ra npn AjeitcaHxp*, 6ujih sanpe- 
mjeHu enje pa3*B; 6H6jeficRoe ofimecTBo, npiocTanoBJieHHoe npir 
AjeRcaHxpi, Cujio ynpa3XHeHO ORonnaTejBHo; TepnHMOCTB jyia pac- 
KOJia ROHmiacB. Iterjiax'B, rocnoxcTBOBaBinifi Tenept, sootfme He* 
XonycRajn HHRaRHXT. «BM , femaTejiBCTB'fc> ofimecTBa itb xiura, koto- 
pna c^HTa.iHct yatc o6e3ncreHHUMH, ecvin nan Hnxx cymecTBOBajiir 
ocotfua B^AOMCTBa, KaHnejiapiH hjih KOMHTeTw; npexnojrarajocB, hto* 
9th B^OMCTBa 3BaioTi Boo6me naHjiyHinffM'B oGpasoMi to, ^to^ 
rat nopyieno, h nacTHUMi jnoxaiTB He 6ujio yse HHRaRoro xls-m. 

XO 9THXI npeflMeTOBTb. 

IIojioateHie pacROjra snaHHTejiBHo h3m^hhjocb co BpeMem> A.ieR- 
caHxpa. 9totb nepiox'B 6hjtb B* ocotfeHHocTH BpeMeHeirB cncTe- 
nainqecKaro npecjrfexoBaHia. rocnoxcTBOBaBmift BSTJinxb TpeOosajit 
nojinaro exHHCTBa h $opMenHaro oxHoo6pa3ia b*b ijepROBnofi, RaRs* 
kb rpaatx^HCKofi acH3HH HaitfH, h pacROJTB npexcTaBjrajica Boniio-* 
njHWB HapynienieM'B nepROBHoS xacijHnjiHHfci. ^ja o pacROJife 
TpaRTOBajiHCB RaR-B rocyxapcTBeHnaa TafiHa, cociaB^a.iHCB Mnoro- 
pasio^nne komhtcth wr onpexl^enia pacKO.iLHHiBHX'B tojkobx m 
deneHH hx* rocyxapcTBennofl onacHocTn, npn neMx pa3JiHqHBie ceitpeT- 
HUe KOMHTeTM (CO CTOpOHBI i;epR0BU0§ B.iacTn; co CToponu MHHHCTep- 
CTBa BHyrp. a^jit,; co dopoiiBi BBicinei! nojrni^ifi) ne anajra nnorxa 
xaae o cymecTBOBanin oxbhi xpyroro. HeB03MOJKHOCTB npeoAOJiiTt 
paCKOJIt aAMHHHCTpaTHBHO-nO.lHI^eflCKHMH MipaMH BcxtxcTBie caMofl 
rpoBiaxHocTii xfora,, 3acTaBjrajia orpanHHBBaTB npeojiixoBaHie n na- 
npaBJiaTB ero b*b ocoSeHnocra npoTHBx rfcxx ceRTB, KOTopua 
faun npHsnaHH HaHtfojrle BpexHHMH. IIpeciixoBaflie npoH3Boxa^ocB 
•rfaiH ate cpexcTBaMH hojihi^Scroh CropoRpaTin h HcnopqeeHOCTs 
^HHOBHHqecTBa x^^ajra to, *rro npeoi'fcxycMije oTRynajracb, tobob- 

HHRH CHQTaJIH paCROJIBHHqBH )!$J12L npHfolJIBHOfl CTaTBefl, paCROJIt 

BCRopeHa.ica na (JyMarfe, a Ha caMOM-B xk 1 ** ne xysiajrb yMCHB- 
maTBCJi. Bt> pacROJiBHHiBefi Maccfc enje 6oxhwe pacnpocTpana^act 

CBptlTHOCTB H HCXOBtpie Rt O^^HH.iaiBHHM'B BJTaCTflMT», H Kb> 

lipeacHBMi ceRTaMt CTajiH npnCaBjiflTBCfl hobejji, bhobb H3o6p4- 
TeHHua nox^ BJiiaHieM'B cymecTBOBaBmnx'B yrjiOBift 1 ). Korxa, b% hli- 
Biraeee ^apcTBOBaHie nacTynn^TB ohatb fiojite MarRifl o6pa3^ 
xiflcTBifi oTHOCHTejBHO pacROJia, Korxa w> nero 6hun> cnarb Rani;e- 
lapcRifi ceKpeTx, h oh^ cTajr-B npexMeTOMx jiHTepaTypHHxt pa3*B- 
icHenift, hctopbhccrhx'b h 6htobhxt>, — to oxhem-b h3*b nepBuxs. 
jRa3aHifi ^HTepaTypn 6ujh> $aRTB, hto o$$Bn,iajBHafl i^H^pa pac- 



l ) Tart, HanpHMipt, f^utom 061 oco6eHHOMt pacnpocTpaHeniH bi. nponuo» 
AapcTBOBame cerru «cTpaHBEKOBi». 



Digitized by 



Googk 



314 BftCTHUfr HIPOUB. 

EOJia, no npesHHiTB CBi^HiawL xHHHcrepcTBa BHyTpeHHex* tin, 
jajieKO He npeACTaBJtajia i^n^pu AificTBirreJibHoft, h fiujra Meesrae 
ea nyTb He bt> noaOBHHy. TaRtm* ofipasoro Bucmaa B-iacrb, npn 
cbohxt* cpe^cTBaxt, He 3H£ua Aase raoieHHux'B OTHoraemfl pacicojia; 
ToqHO Tasse He SHajia <raa Hacroamaro OTHomemA hh3oihx^ 6h>- 
poKpaTHHecKHxx BjacTefl vb pacKOJiy, soTopufi 6ujt> am hhx* 
npeAMeTOMx 3Kcn,iyaTan,iH, h He 3Ha-ia jMcTBHTejbHaro 3HaneHii 
pacBo^a bt> HapoAHofi cpe^t. Eojrfce ryaiaHHoe OTHomeHie RaacTH si 
pacBOJiy bt> Hame Bpeua ciajio npoH3BOAHTb «o6pameHia> ropasjo 
ho&e HCBpeenia h A*3cTBHTejibHua, ifcirb 6uBajio npe*AC, h 
BOo6m,e, Aaate Teneps, ycn&ro noA^flcTBOBaTb npoTHBt pacKOJia He- 
cpaBneHHo cHJBHte, viwb Bcfe npecjrfcaoBaHia nponuux'b aecaTH- 
jfrrii. H-feTT> coMH^Hifl, ito npn jajibH'fcfiiiieM'B pa3BHiia h 66ib- 
meS mapori aiflcTBia, STa lepnaMOCTB Moaerb BOo6me a^tl ijepso- 
BHO-HapoAHUM'b OTHOffleHiaMt to HopiiajibHoe h cnoKofiHoe noio- 
seme, sanoro hmi ao chxi nop* HeAOcraerb.... 

KaKi> Bonpocx o pacKOJii Clltb a^omx 6iopoKpaTiH h ocvra- 
Bajica cespeTOifb jyia oCnjecTBa, Tasi ono ocTaBa.iocb ny*A0 h 
ApyrHMt HBJieBiflMi, coBepuiaBinHMca bx otfjiacTH n,epKBH. Oahhiii 
hs* caMLixt KpynHHx*b coCuTiff BToro po^a b*b Teqeme oiihch- 
Baewux'L AecaTHJiiTia 6iv\o BoacoeAHHeme ymaTOBb. 9to co6tnie, 
BOTopoe npeAna3HaHajioci> kt» TOMy, *rro6H BOcnojHHTb HCTopa- 
lecicift ynjeptf'b, noHeceHHBifi pyccBoS AepKOBbio bt> XVI-mx cto- 
jrimH, coBepmHJiocb h npouuo bx pyccBOM'b oCmecTB* hhcto 
0$4>Hiiia.ibHBiM'b o6pa30Mx; otfmecTBO He 3Hajio o npHroTOBjaBmeMca 
coChtIh, nm^wb He BHCRa3ajiocb no ero noBOAy, He yiacTBOBajio 
cbobmx coAificTBieMt mh MH^HieM'b bx ero coBepmeniH, h aojsho 
(Shjio npocTO npHHATb ero Basi coBepmnBrnifica (fcaRT'b. 3totb 
cnocofii A*2cTBia inejrb Boo&ne bx napajue-ib cb o6pa30Mi> jcfcficTBii 
OTHOCHTe^bHO IIojibiuH h sanaAHaro spaa: BJiacTb ycTpaHa.ia Bcasoe 
yiacrie ofimecTBeHHaro MHima h ^igcTBya TOJibKO ch.io8 aBTopH- 
T:eTa, AOJ»Ha 6wjra AOBOJibCTBOBaTbca peayjibTaiaMH, KOTopue 6hji 

yAOBJieTBOpHTejlbHH BT> (J)OpMa,lbHOM'L OTHOffleniH, HO, KaK'b CTaJO 

acHO BuociiACTBin, He A&Ba.iH OAHaKO npoHHaro, A^^CTBHTe-ibHaro 
paapimeHia Bonpoca... 

TpaAHi^ioHHufl nopaAOBi Bemefi He yjiyimiuca h bo BHyTpeHHei 

HepKOBHOS SH3HH. OTHOIDCHie H,epBBH KT> 06meCTBy 6bIJlO CJHffl- 

fiOMt BHifflHee: npn hojhomx noAHHHenia rocyAapdBy, i^epsoBHoe 
ynpaBjeHie ciamRoirb qado 6tuio opyAienx aAMHHHCTpaTHBeo-no- 
jimeBcKHX'b n,tjiGfi, oTHocHJiocb kt» o6a;ecTBy o^eHb $opMa.ibH0 k 
BOo6a;e cjniinKOMx oTJiH^ajrocb rfeMH cBoflcTBaMH, npoTHBi koto- 
puxt bt> Hame Bpena newaTb ycni.ia BucRasaTbca BecbMa pimi- 
le.ibHO (ra3eTH <^,enb>, <MocKBa>) h npoTHBi BOTopuxx Tenepfc 



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Googk 



XiFAKTXFHOTHU. 315 

SaHfcTHO HBB^CTHOe XBHSeHie Vb CaMOMX jyXOBeHCTBt. dTOTK 

^opiiajiHSifb OTHomemfi ijepaBH a* o6m,ecTBy ycHJHB&ica 6e3- 
npaBHuifB nojiozseHieirB HHsmaro jyxoBeHCTBa: ayxoBHaa BjiacTD- 
fouia Haj'B hhitb Bceaubna, — mu MOseMx bha^tb h Teuept 
b*b Bonpoci o Bu6opHOMT> Hanaji, xo KaKofi deneHH 6e3KOHTpojibHa 
enapxiajibHaa BJiacTB; bx t$ Bpeifena HeB03iiosna 6bua h oah» 

MblOIb 06l> 3T01TB Bu6opnOMT> Hawaii. CBflmeHHHKT> <5hjTB CBflSaHS 

He TOJiKo b*b cbohxi iepapxenecKHXT. OTHomeHiaxt, ho h bi OTHome- 
Hiax'L kt» nacTB-fe: ecjra He omnfiaeiica, h ao chx*b nop*, hto6h caa- 
saTb nponoBiA*, CMmeHHHKt oCasanB npeACTaBHTb ee Ha <6jiaroc.no- 
Beeie>, T.-e. na ijeHsypy at CB&eMy na^ajbCTBy. H He tojibko SHBoe 
cjobo cBa3HBaJiocB 8Tofi neoCxoABMocTbio nncaTB nponoB^AB, npex- 
crraBJiaTB ee b*b ijeroypy h AoatiiAaTbca faarocjiOBeHia: 3to crfecHeHie 
HeBuroAHO OTpaaaaaocb h Ha cawowB coAepstama nponoBtAefi, boto- 
ptia ipesBHiafoo p$A&o bhxoahjih H3i> ofiuKHOBeHHoS peTopaie- 
cboS pyTHHH, Bpam,ajiHCB Ha oC^hxtb Miciaxt Mopajia e cbohmx 

HOJiy-CJiaBHHCKHMX fl3UKOMl>, KOTOpUH CHHTMCH 06fl3aTeJIbHHM'b, 

eme 6ojH>me yAaJi&iHCB otb shshh. ^yxoBHoe odpasoBame, npeA- 
craBjiaeMoe ceMHHapiaMH, coBepmajrocB no npeAaHiairb XVIH-ro 
CTOjiiria, h o^eHB uajo coAificTBOBaao c6jumeuiio AyxoBHaro co- 
cjlobia cb ofimecTBonx h ero yiiCTBeHHiiMH HHTepecaMH. AyxoBeH- 
ctbo BH&ijiajiocb Bt aacTy h ocTaBa^ocs bh6 T<jro ABHaema, ao- 
Topoe coBepmaiocB wb cBfrrcBofi Hayafc h jiHTepaTypi. 

^•fejio HapoAHaro npocB'fcmeHia mjio, b*b cyn^HOCTH, b*b t^x-k 
4>opMaxi>, aaaia AaHH 6um eiiy b-l n,apcTBOBanie hmh. AjiescaHApa. 
Bpeiia A^ajio CBoe, h yneHoe ofipasoBame oaaauBajio HecoMniHnue* 
ycnixH, BCJiiACTBie Toro, hto eBponeScsaa nayaa na^HHajia npi- 
o6piTaTB aoctoAhhx'b h KOMneieHTHHX'B A^^Tejei, h ota^jibhbia 
irfepu npaBHTejiBCTBa, o KOTopuxx ynoMaHeirB Aaabine, npHHecai* 
HecoMHinHyio HOJitsy pyccKofi Hayai. Ho b*b cymHOCTH nojiQjpeHia 
HaysH b*b o6mecTBi ocTaBajocB h Tenepb ctojib se HenpoqHo, Baa's. 
npeatAe, h ofipaaoBaHie, KOTopoe AOJUBHa 6tuia A&aaTB mKOJra f 
6ujo cjiHrnKOWb orpaHHHeHHo h no CBoeMy pacnpocTpaHeHiio h ho 
coxepsaHiio. 

IIpesAe Bcero, napoAHoe npocBimeHie, no CBoeMy ofi^eMy, He 
ynuo BnepeA'B co BpeMenx. HMnep. AjieKcaHApa. Oho no npesneMy 
orpannqHBajiocB tojbbo BepxHHMH cbo6oahumh cocjiOBiaMH, b*l oiem* 
HeCojibmofi cTeneHH cyn^ecTBOBajio jpii Hesmaro ropoACsoro Hace- 
jienia h BOBce He cymecTBOBaao ajm KpecTBaet, T.-e. BMeHHO A*a 
Hapo^a, fflE ochobh nai^in. KpinocTHoe npaBO npoAOjaajio a*- 
jaTb ofipasoBaHie HeAOCTynHUMt ajih Kpinocnioro cooroBia. Oho 
6uj!0 HeAOdynHO h M& n.tjiofl HapoAHofi Maccu, — - He tojlko no 
HaTepiajibHOiiy nojioaemio btoh Maccu, ho h no npHHiyiny, koto- 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



318 MCTHHff& BBffOJUI. 

pufi HaxoAHJi'B ofipasoBaHie tiesnoJiedHLurb h jaKe BpeAHunv am 
fiH3inHXi> KjaccoBx, h BOTopufi bx Tesenie Bcero onHCUBaexaro 
nepiQAa cfc ynopcTBOMt cTapajca noAaBJiaTb <Beo6y3,a,aaHoe (!) 
'CrpeMJienie moaoaux* jno^efl eas husqihx'l cocaobjA kx Bucmeny 
-o6pa30BaHiio, HaxeiMJomeMy b^* h3*b nepfiotfuTHaro cocroaHia 6e3T» 
nojbsu A^ia rocyAapcTBa>. 9totb npuHmiirL A*8cTBOBaj» Bnom-b 
ycnturao. 

.fl/bjio yHHBepcHTeTOB'B bi> Hamii onHCUBaeMaro nepioAa crajio 
. ayime, h^m-l 6mjio bi> no&iftAHie roAH nainep. AjfeiccaHApa; hs*b 

yHUBepCHTeTOBl BUHUH H BT> HHX'B IIOTOMt AtfiCTBOBaJIH yieHbie 

u nucaieiH, 0Ka3aBiuie Ba»Hoe BJiiaHie Ha yMCTBemioe pasBHTie 
pyccsaro otimecToa; rkwb ho Meeie, noJOseHie yHHBepcHTeTOB'B 
bi U'LiOMi) 6ujio onenb He6.iaronpiaTHoe. Bucniia c<f>epH hm4jih 
npoTHBt Haxx upeAy6iaweHie, coxpaHHBuieeca otl BpeMee^ Aje&- 
caHApa h bhobb noABpin^eHHoe BJiiaEueMt flfoiemoft h aBcrpiflcKofi 
peaKi^ioHiiofi chctcmu. Go BpeMeHH Bapitfyprcraro npasAHHKa h 
Apyrux* 6esnoKo8cTBX b* repMaucsHxt yHHBepcHTeTax'b, H'iufen&ia 
upaBHTeJbCTBa ciiorp'Liii Ha ynHBepcuieTu KaKt Ha th^bao <iexa.- 
TorHqecKHXinpoHCKOBi»>, HMarmmaifi yae ex ycuixoMX BKCEuya- 
THpoBajix BTy TeMy Ha HaniHX'b yHHBepcHTeTax'b, yBfcpHBiim BJacnr, 
hto HaiDH ynHBepcBTeTH, HaxoAHBOiieca eme bi MAaaeHiecRoirB 
cocToaniH, Taaate 3apa»eHH BOJibHOAyMCTBOM* n onacnu. MarHHi^sift 
<5surb, npaBAa, yAa.ient Ha nepBuxt »e nopaxi nooaro uapcTBo- 
Baiiin, u 6e3o6pasia ero cnocoCa A'bficTBiS 6hjih npeKpamenu, — 
no 3to BOBce He oaHamio yHamoTEenia peasnionHou chctcmh, h 
*b MHiiHCTepCTB'6 AepraajHCb eu^e HicKOJibKO ji^Tt cnaqaja HIhih- 
bobt,, noTOMT> JIiiBeHT), 06a jiioah oqeub crapofl hikojiu h tohho Tas- 
a;e npeAy6'i*AeHHbie iipoiHBt oCpasoBaoiii. H3b4ctho, Kaaia noHHTla 
ooo6ui,e hm&to LLIhiubobi* o naysk; bshtuS AjieBcaoApoin,, b% 
:MHiiyTy 8aTpyAHeHia h Hepacnojioaenia, Kaic* qeaoBttrb, npOTas* 
Boroparo ne ohi.io bo3mojrho hh Majiifluiee ofaHHenie bs BOJibuo* 
AyMCTBi, — KOTopoe TorAa npecjifeAOBa^ocb h kotopumx nepeicopajiHCB 
TorAa caMua o6cKypanTiiMii napiia, — UIuiiikobt> ovcbhaho Aepsajca 
TOJbKo, KaB^ noHTenHaa h 6e3o*6HAHaa ;TpeBflocTb; oTHocHTejbao 
<ero roAHOCTH Ha m4ct'6 MHHHdpa napoAuaro ripoCBimeHia He nor-io 
<5uti> u Bonpoca. JiiBeiit fiu-it nianicrB, h e^Ba jih jiyvoie HIhui- 
EOBa yAOBjieT3opajn> TpefioBaniflM'b CBoero uoAoaeiiia. BnepBiie, 
nfecTO MHHHCTpa napoAuaro npocB$menia sanaTo 6u.io ^ejOBbaoM^, 
A'fcucTBiiTe.ibno CToaBniuM'b Ha Bucori eBpoueacBaro o6pa30BaHUf, 
-rorAa, Eowa Ghjii na3HaqeH^ YBapoBi. HeAaeno 6ujih HaneTOTanu 
BOcnoMHHaaia o^noro coBpeMeHnmca, aoTopufi bu^l 6,ih3B0 mh- 
BHCTepcuyio A'^TaibHOdb YBapoBa. Gjhhhb'b 3th BocnoMHeaHia, 
Boodu^e oTHOcamiaca ki» YBapoBy 6jaroupiaiuo, cl h3b*cthuh^ 



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Google 



1LFJHTEPHCYHKH. 3tT 

^asTaHH ero xapa&repa h ^TejBHOCTH, H&ibaa He bha*ti>, %to> 
CTporo roBOpa, jihtoo h YBapoBi AaaeKO He yAOBJiexBopajrb Tpe6oBa~ 
HiaifB jvfejia, Majo qyBCTBOBaix h samamajrB nacymHyio noTpe6HOCTb 
otipasoBaHia flja o6^ecTBa h ocodeHHo ^ih Hapo^a, ho HecMOTpa 
Ha to, bt> Tor^amHefi o6craHOBB'fc, 6hun> cjihidkomi Jia6epaieHT> & 
hoa'b BOHen.t 0Ba3aaca HeBOSMoxHuirb. YBapoBt BOBce He mere 
Hapanni ct pasBHBaBinHMHca yMCTBeBHtiMH CTpemieHiaMH otfnjecTBa, 
He pasA&UM'B MHiHiu h HAeaJOBx jiro^eS, cToaBmax'b Bnepe^a 
yMCTBeHHaro ABaseflia,— ho Aarae ero MHfeHia Ka3a-iHCb cmniKowh 
cukjiu vb TorAanmearb o^xjHmiajibHOirb wipi, h npn Bceft yirik- 

peHHOCTH CBOHXT* BBIVIflAOB'B, HpH RCe8 A^HJlOMaTH^eCROi OCTO- 

poatHOCTH CBoero oCpasa A*8cTBi8, oet 6uat> He b*b CH.mxt ot- 
eraHBaTB A&&0 npocBimeHia h yHHBepcHTeTOB'b on npeAyGiuKAemi, 
rocnoACTBOBaBiDHXt fb BHcmefl npaBHTejibCTBeHHofi c$epi e Haxo-. 

Ben,!) AOJIHieHT, fifcUTL OCTaBHTb CBOe M^CTO HO HeB03MOffiHOCTH h4- 

cbojibso canocTOiiTeiBHHM'b o 6 pa 30 Mi, bccth MHHHCTepcTBO. HpH ero 
npeeMHBBax'b cnooa hohulh b-l xoat> noHaTia, coBepmeHHO Hano- 
ifHHaBmifl nidTHCTOB'B BpeMen'L Hiinep. A^escaHApa l ). Co6ut\% 
1848-ro rOAa coBepmeeHO HeoaHAaHHO OTOSBajiHCB y Hac& yBe- 
jiBHeflieM'B cTporodeff, ycajienieMT> naA3opa sa yHHBepcHTeTaMH, sa 
jrarepaTypofl h otfmecTBeHHuirb MHiaieMt. CipanHo CKasaTb, ho 
bt> pyccKOMt o6n;ecTBi Taitrae onacajucb peBOJUoijionuaro 6poseHUU 
EAea jih Hyaeo tobophtb, ito Ha a^i* He npeACTaBaajiocb h t4hh 
KaKOfi-HHfiyAB onacHocTH: Macca ero npeAaBajiacb 6e3MaieatHOMy CHy... f 
YHHBepcBTeTu bx jyquiyK) nopy yBapoBCKaro ynpapjieHia 3Ha- 
HHTejiBHO noAHfljiHCb cpaBHBTejbHO ct npeatHHMi., h npiofip'kin 
sanacB pyccEaxt npo^eccopoB'b, oBOHqaBinHX'b CBoe y*eHoe bochh- 
TaHie sa rpaHHijefi a CTOaBuinxt Ha ypoBHi* eBponeacKoS naysa. 
JI,iaTejibHOCTb ynHBepcHTeroB^ Morja 6u cayamb onopofi ai& 
pacnpocTpaHeaia bt> pyccKoft kh3hh otfmecTBeHHaro co3HaHia a 
BKyca kt> nayBi; kt> coaajrfcHiK), 9Ta A^TejBHOCTb fiuuia aiamBowB 
crfecHeHa rtM-b KpafiHBMi HeAOB'fcpieirb, o KOTopoM* mbi ynonHHaM- 
Bucinaa BJiacTb noA03pHrejibHO CMOTp'kia Ha yHHBepcHTeTCEyKfc 
»H3hb; noneiHTejH oKpyroB*, hohth BcerAa HasHanaBinieca H3t jh^ 
no npeaiHeS cjym6t coBepmeHHO HyatAHXi ynefiflOMy B^AOMCTBy, 
ho^th BcerAa pa3A*Jia;iH 3Ty noA03paTejibHoeTB, He hm^jih hh hhtc- 
peca, hh noHHMama bi jifajik npocB^mema h rjaBHiiMi o6pa- 
somx bha^ih CBoe xbjio vh no^ime2cKOMi npacMOTpt. HeAoc- 
TaTOKt HpaBCTBennaro h yMCTBeHHaro npocropa ne Mort He ct^- 
cnaTb o6pa30Baie.ibHOH A'b^TeJibHOCTH yHHBepcaTeTOBi; oni *M- 



1 ) Cp. 061 aTOMi h BooGme o xapasTepi TorAamHefi CHereicu ud^ohutheia aaxi* 
^aaia bi P. Apia**, 1863, orp. 989—991. 



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Googk 



818 BftCTHIVb BBPOIIH. 

ctbobsutb noxaBJiaioiUHM'B otipasoifB , ohghb iacTO npeBpamajn* 
npo^eccypy bx npodoe OTnpaBjeHie yneHaro npoMiicja, h hoa- 
Beprajn> TaaejiOMy HcnuTamio peBHOCTb h dHepriro jiyqmHxi jnojet, 
KOToptiMt HiieHHO Bcero Combine npexoAMOCB qyBCTBOBaTb Ha cetfi 

9T0T1> TEeTb. JSlJE HpHMipa JOBOJIbHO BCUOMHHTb, KaKT> TflSeJKV 

AOCTaBajocs, b*b qcoCchhocth nocjiiAHee Bpeiia, rpaHOBCKOiiy: 3to 
6wjh> oahhi> H3X npocBtmeHHifirnHxt jnojeft, Basie tojebko 6ujh 
y Haci b*b to BpeMa, o^hhi hsi HsCpaHHuxT* yiiOBi, ctobbidhxs 
bo rjiaBi Hamefi otfpasoBaHHOcra, HejiOBtRx caMuxt cnoKofiHuxs 
nojiHTHqecKHX'L yfiiaK^eHiH, yir&peHHOCTb KOTopuxt daja xase 
iioboaom'b pas^opa ero cs h4kotopumh as* ero CjiHaaflmnx-B jpysefl, 
HaKOHen,T,, HejOBiKb, nojibsoBaBinifica 6ojtmofl nonyjiBpHOcrbtt n 
yBasemeifB B* oCpasoBaHHOM-B o<$mecTB$, h Bee bto o^HaKo h& 
cnacjio ero ot*b noAoapimfi, npHrfccHeHift, h ott> noJiHijeficKaro 
HaA3opa.... 

Mbl ynOMHHaJTH TOM* flyx* llHJIHTapH3Ma H BOeHHOft AHCn,HTI- 

juhhei, BOTopufl Boo6me cTapajHCb Tor^a pacnpocrpaHHTb h Ha 
npieiiu ynpaBJieHia h na otfmecTBeHHyio »H3Hb. Oco6chhumi pas- 
ca r a,HHKOMT> ero aoj&ho 6uw cjiyaraTb BoeHHoe BocnHTanie,* jojiseB- 
CTBOBaBmee totobhtb o^HijepoFB wh apifin. Bt> name BpeMa cant* 
npaBHTe-iBCTBO — npeaae Bcero, KaaeTCH, onaTb no Tony ae ohhtj 

KpHMCKOfi BOHHH— y6*AHJI0CB, 1MIBI MaJO yflOBJieTBOpHTeJIbHO 6UJK> 

9to BocnHTanie, KOTopoe ctbbhjio BOcneTaHHBRa cb caMaro jiTCTBa 
b*b dporia (f)opMn cjiyaCa, otfpamajio Bee BHBManie Ha tocto 
BHtmHioFo BoeHHyio jpeccnpoBKy, h safiuBSui noTpe6HOCTH otfujaro 
BoenHTaHiir, roTOBHJio jnoaei, sHaBniHXX ^opMeHHyio pyTBHy $pyH- 
tobo3 cjry»6H, ho Majio pasBHTHxi h na^o cnocotfnux'B kb caMO- 
CToaTejibHOMy h cosHaTejibHOMy ^ficTBiio aaae b*b CBoeft cneijiajb- 
hocth. HoBtfimaa pe^opira BoekHO-yneCHiJX'b saBejeHift coBepmeHBa 
OTBeprjia BTy npe»HiOK) CHdeMy BoeHirofl ApeccapoBRB cl iiajio- 
jiTCTBa, h nocTaBHjra cbobitb npHHi^anowb to hccomh^hho BtpHoe 
npaBHJio, hto Bocnfrrame o6meo($pa30BaTejibHoe jojisho 6htb nepBoft 
CTyneHbio, a cneitfajbHoe — yae BTopofl.... 



Mu He tfy^eirb hphbo^htb ^ajibHiflniHX'b npHMipoB^ Toro r 
KaK'B BsrjWAu, rocnoACTBOBaBmie bt> b«cidhxt> c^epaxx, oTpaaajHCb 
bi» paajinHHUxt o6jiacTax'L ynpaBJieHiii, o6pasoBaHHOCTH h o6me- 

CTBeHHOH »H3HH, KaK'B npHHU.Hn'B HCKJUO^HTeJTbHarO aBTopHTeTa B 

oxpaHeHia Bcio^y bhochjii npaBHTejibCTBeHHufl Ha^opi h oneKy r 
bi $opM* BoeHHaro h CiopoKpaTHHecKaro ynpaBJieHia, Be3A* crlc* 
hbh h noAaBMa caMocToaTejibHua jBHaenk o6m,ecTBa. IIpHHflTaa 
CHCTeMa 6tuia bx caMOMt hojhom'b cmucj* oxpaHHTejbHaa CHCTena 



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Googk 



XAPAKTEPHCTHKH. 319 

CMmeHHaro Coiosa, bo BHimeefi h BHyTpeHHefl dojhthb^, san^HTa 
aticojuoTHaro MOHapxHiecicaro npHHijHna b*b Apyrnx* rocyaapcTBax* 
h cypoBoe ocymecTBJieHie naipiapxajiBHofl a6co;iK)THofi MOHapxin 

BHyTpH. HeCMOTpa Ha TO, ?TO HCBJIIOHHTeJIbHOCTB dToro hocjAa- 

Hflro npHHn,Hua caaia no ce64 yaa3HBajia Ha OTcyTCTBie hojihth- 
Hecsof spijiocTH oCmecTBa; Heciioipa Ha to, ito CHCTena hmch- 
ho sa6oTHjacb o tomt», hto6li b*b sto o6m,ecTBO ne npoHflsajrb 
HHKaBOH ajieMeHTB HOJiHTHiecKaro ABaaeHia; HecMOTpa Ha to, hto 
(5pocajiocb bt» rja3a, aaai amoro eiu.e ociaBajiocb Poccin cfli-iaTB 
bt> o6pa30Bama h odmecTBeHHHX'B npaBax* h y^peamemax'B, ajh 
Toro, hto6h paBHHTLca ct> eBponeficBHMH Hapo^awH, — uecMOTpa 
Ha Bee 3to, CBCTena, npoHHKHyTaa yB*fcpeHHOCTBio b*b nenorpi- 

JHHMOCTH CBOHXl HpHHIJHnOB'b, H BipOHTHO, OCHOBUBMCB TaM&e 

sa BHiniHeM'B noJiHTHnecKOM'B SHaneHiH Poccin bt> EBponi, yTBepac- 
jaia, hto Poccia yme Aocrarjia spiuiofi caMocroaTejibHOCTH h H3- 
bh4 h BHyTpn. Pyccaaa jkh3hb CHHTajiacb BCTynHBuiefl bt> cbom 
OKOH^aTejBHO spiiufl B03pacnb, h OT^tjieHa 6u.ua ott» jkhshh 
o6meeBponeficRo2 h Aaxe npoTHBonocTaB.ieHa eft 3a^B,ienieMi> ea 

HCKJIIOHHTejbHUX'B OCOtfeHHOCTefi, AaBaBHIHXX eS OTA^JBHOe nojio- 

seme, HesaBHCHMoe orb TeqenLa eBponeficaaro pa3BHTia h jiase co- 
BciM*B nyamoe eny: oco6eHHOCTb Poccin OTHOCHTeabHo nojiHTHie- 
ckhx'b 4>opafc h OTHocHTejibHO pejmrio3Baro xapaaTepa Bbipamenu 

<5UJ1H H3B4CTHUMH npUHU,HnaMH, BHCTaBjeHHHMH H HCTOJIKOBaHHUMH 
B'B CaMOMl HCKJUOqHTeJIbHOMB CMblCJrfc; OCOCeHHOCTB CtlTOBaa H 

EyjbTypHaa Bupaaena 6buia HapoAHocTbio, dohbtok) enje iieH^e 

yAOBJieTBOpHTeJIbHO* 

9th Hanajia Chjih apoMi Toro HenpepeaaeMu: b*b hhx*b 6u;ia aa- 
TeropHHecKH Bucaa3ana Bca nporpaMMa pyccaofi jkh3hh, ohh yaa- 
3UBajiBCb bx npomeflmefl HCTopia h npeanoaaraJiHCb bx 6yjymH0- 
cth naijiH,— b'b TaKOM-b ate cufHCjrfc, aaax b'b <HdopiH> h b'b 3a- 
nHCRi KapaM3HHa, Eoxopufi ct> caMuxx BpeMeHX Piopnaa bhahtl 
b^ Poccia Taaoe, TOJibKo MeHie cjioaiHoe, rocyaapcxBO, Baa* b* 
^eBBTHaAi;aTOM , B CTOjrfcTin h OTapuBaerb b'b HeMi* bth otjihhh; 
TeibHiie pyfcoBOAflmie npHHi^nau. He^b3a He 3aM^THTb cxo^CTBa 
h B'B caMOMi> ocvu^ecTBjieniH npaBHTejibCTBeHnaro H^eajia a> toA 
nporpaMMofi, saayio npeAnojarajrB KapaM3Hni>. ^ificTBHTejbno, 
bx Teneme onHciJBaeMux'B AecjaTHJiiTiS, xapaaiepx npaBJiema 6ujlt> 
HMeHHo tot*b naTpiapxajibHO - KOHcepBaTHBHHH, EOTopuS KasaiCH 
TaKBWb BcepaspimaiomBMB h npuBJieEaTejibHuii'B w& KapaM- 
3HHa. Mu roeopHJiH o pe3yjLTaTaxT>: bt» KOun,i kohi^ob-b Hejib3a 
6ujiq ne bha^tb, ^to 3a HapyatHWMx nopaAKOMi 6ujlo iiajo &&- 
CTBHTe^bHwx'B yjiyifflenifi h ycntxoBi, h, HanpoTHBi, HaKonnjiocb 
CTOJlbKO aAMHHHCTpaTHBHOH h ofin^ecTBeHHoS nop^H, ito HasoHe^ 



Digitized by LjOO^LC 



S20 mcTHHSi iBPora. 

XJia Bcix-b dajia oieBHjHa HeotfxojHMOCTB ivfcjaro paja pe$opm, 
KOTopua h cocTaBJiaiorB cjnaBy HHfffemnaro ijapcTBoBamfl, san 
HcnojraeHie jaBHO nociaBjeHHofi samara, KaM yxoaieTBopeme 
hcthhhumi DOTpe^HOCTflU'B HapoflHaro faara, Baa* nepeiom n 
fccropiH. 

JIioaH, <5,ih3ko BHA^Binie Bucmifl c$epy npexHaro nepioja, 
nojrosHTejrsHO roBopara, hto fb hhxx 6m.io HCKpeflHee seiame 
yjiy^meHifl, Hanp., pacnojoateme kb ocBo6oxjeHiK> BpecTBBHt, n 
yHHTroaemio (SiopoBpaTHHecBofi ncnopqeHHOCTH h t. n. Ho *& yjn- 
jieHiH), jjih 3Toro He 6hjio cjfoaHo mqero, hjh no spafiHefi itpi 
HH^ero BnepnnecKaro h fl-feficTBHTejiBHaro. Hpa Bcein> rpoiiapon 
aBTopHTerfe BJiacTH, KOTopuu ona caaia otchb xopoino cosHaBaia, 
OHa OTEa3HBajiacB otb ptmHTejBHHX'B jtficTBifi no 3thmi npei* 
MeiaMt, ona ciHTajia hxt> cjraniKOMi TpynnHMH, ewfeja onacema 
o tf^aronojyHHOMx hxx pa3ptmeRiH. Tasi, nanpHM'fcp'B, (fouo, n- 
aeTca b*b BpecTBancKOM'B Bonpocfc, — xoTa b*b Toae Bpeii 
BJiacTB He OdaHaBJiDBa^acB nepea* camiMH BpyniMH irfepaiiH npo- 

THBl TaKT-Ha3UBaeiIUX f B KpeCTBAHCKHXl <6yHTOB'B>, — HacToamit 

cmucjtl EOTopuxt, BaateTca, Mosera Tenepb He TpefioBaTB ocofam 
JrasMCHemg. KaKi ofoaCHfleica sto npoTHBopiqie MeKjy TBep- 
jhitb C03HaHieMi 6e3rpaHH<raaro aBTopBTeia h 6e3CHjieM , & b* pas- 
JrifemeHin HacToaTe.iBH'feflmnx^ TpyjnocTeS h yHnqToatemH BODi»- 
iu.hxi> 3JioynoTpe6^eHi5,— jo chxt> nop* eme TpyflHo cnasaTB. 

IfpH^HHBI BTOMy MOJMH 6UTb pa3JIMHHH. HpeACToaBniie BonpocH, 
npe»je Bcero, buxoahjh EST, pyTHHH xhjn>, BaKia o6uKHOBeHH0 
npnxoAHjiocB ptmaTB npaBHTejiBCTBeHHofi Baacm Yace c& xaBHiixi 
hpeMeffB BJiacTB ycnoBOHJiacB Ha cymecTByiomeM'B nopals* Bemeii. 
HoBOBBejeHia, Easia fliurajiHCB nocj* Be^anx* neipoBCBHXi pe- 
$opMx, noHTH HHKorja Co.iBrae He saTpornBajin KopenHux'B Bonpo- 
Cobx rocyiapcTBeHHaro h otfmecTBeHHaro 6uTa; BJiacxt bbojwi 

MHOrO HOBarO EX aflMHHHCTpaTHBHHX'B CHOCOfiaXl, HO HOHTH BC 

Kacajiacb cymecTBeHHaro — hh KptnocTHoro npaBa, hh cHCTeim 
nojtaTeff, hh peKpyrcTBa, hh MHoatecTBa Apyrnxx noaofiHux'B Ben^eJ, 
itOTopua hm^jih rpoMa^Hoc sBaieme bi Bapo^Hofi ^h3hh, 6wh 
oieHB MaKHMi CpeMeneMx jjh Hapo^a h — b*b HHTepect canoro 
rocyjapcTBa — Tpe6oBaviH sopeHHoro h rjiytfoiearo npeoCpasoBaHia. 
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"hjih onacajiacb hxx TporaTB, bha« btb hhx*b TaB*B - Ha3HBaeioii 
<ochobu> Haraefi xhshh, riwb 6ojiBme, ^to ijlk Bucmaro wacca— 
^XHHCTBeHHaro, HirifeBniaro no KpafiHefli wtpi npn^BopHHi rojioci h 
wiflHie— dapLie nopa^KH (Jujh Bcero ^an;e BuroAnH, hjih ate hhjh$- 
^epeHTHii. HMnepaTopx AjreKcaH^pi B03tiM*fej , B cnjiBHyio aHTin^ 



Digitized by 



Googk 



XAPAETEPHCTHEH. 321 

TiH) KO MHOrHMl nOflotfHHM'B HOpflUBail'B pyCCBOfi »H3HH, HO He* 

HcnojiHHJi'B rjiaBHifirnHxi H3i cbohxi npeofipasoBaiejiBHHX'B nja- 
hob'b, OTHacTH no HejoeraTBy xapaKTepa, OT«iacTH no HeaocTaTBy 
drama pyccKofi shshh: aToro sHaHin HejQCTaBajio h 7 ero mojio- 
jimi'b cob4thhkobi, — a cTapae 6ujik yGiaanenUy hto npeotfpa- 
BOBiiBaTB 6ujio Henero, noTOMy wo npeacme nopaara xtficTBH- 

TCIBHO BnOJH^ COOTB^TCTBOBajIH HpHBHIHUlTB 3r0HCTHHeCBHM'B HH- 

TepecaifB Bucmaro cociOBia. Orapue coBtTHHRH ycn-Liu, HaBOHeiyB, 
y64,W!T& HMnepaTopa AjieiccaHApa, wo wa pyccaofi sushh He- 
HysHu HEBaxia pe$opifu, — hto mh h ties* Toro bcjihbh h mcs 
(SoflTca b*b EBponi. 

HOBUfi nepio^X, OTHOCHT&IBHO BTHX*B KOpeHHHX'B BOnpOCOBT*, 

HaxoAHJica bt> aobojibho cxosein nojiosemH. 3totb nepio^x He 
WaB&nca HBBaBHMH HjeajiBHO - BeJiHBOAyniHHMH ruaHaMU, Bas'B- 
hud. AjreacaHflp'B, — btoS HAeajiHCTHiecBoft nepiu b*b Heirt He 
(Sbijio coBepmeHHO, h ohb, HaupoTHBt, othochjica Kb nojio6nuMT> 
Ben^aifB oienB BpaaBaetfHo; ohb rcejiaj-B yjiyqraeHifi bt> ^opMax^ 
ynpaBJieHin, HcaajTB bh^oihhx'l rocyaapCTBeHHHX'B BHro^t, pyso- 

BOflflCB OTqaCTH aAMHHHCTpaTHBHUMH C006paseHiaMH, OTiaCTH H3- 
BtCTHOi <|>HJiaHTpOniefi, H0 n P H 9T0MX He XOT'fejI'B, H He AyMaJIfc, 

he Ha MHHyrjp buAth h3*b pojih CesycjOBBaro aBTopoTeia, h bto 
nooa^Hee e^a m He (Jklto oflnofl h3*b rjiaBHuxTb npHiHHB, no- 
neMy miaHH yjiyqineHiff He coctohjihcb, haul orpaHHmiHCB neMHO- 

THMH CJiatfUMH HaTOTEaMH. BjiaCTB OTiaCTH He 3Ha;ia, KaB-B H BO 

BpeMeHa hmh. AjieKcaHApa, Bcero xapaBTepa Beiuefi h ecjin BHA*-ia 
HHorAa coBepmaBDiiaca sjioynoTpefaeHia, to He BHjvfcjia Bcero hx* 
otfieMa. TaKx, eAsa jih OHa 8Haja bt» hcthhrom*b cBirfc cmucjix h 
npaBTHBy splmocTHoro npaBa, Bootfme TarocTHoe nojfoseHie Ha- 
po^HoS Maccu, HasoneivB cjihiiikom'b jierKo jonycBa;ia ofiMaHHBaTB 
ce6a BHiinHHM'L ^opMaJiBHUMi» nopaABOMi h noAroTOBJieHHUMH Bne- 
wrjrfcHiaMH. OrqacTH, Meatfly npoHHirB, BCJii^cTBie toA ate hcbakwh* 
TejiBHOCTH aBTopHTeTa, He AonycBaeinefl pa3T>acHeHifi otfmecTBeHHaro 
Mnfema, BJiacTB Bipoaino npeyBejrnqHBajia BeiAH cb APyrofl CTopoeH, 
Hanp., Morjia flyiiaTB, hto npenaTCTBia wa HOBOBBeAeHifl, otfjierqaio- 

H^HXl HapOA'B, HeO^OJIHMH, HTO, Hanp., OCBOtfOK^eHie BpeCTBafll BH30- 

BerB CojBffloe h ^aae onacHoe hcaobojibctbo noMimnsoB-B, hjih onac- 
Hoe BOJiHeme BpecTBaHB h t. n. Cjobom-b, BHHa bthx-b HeyAani fitwia 
Baserca bt> caMofi cynj,HOCTH nojioaema: Tasia pe^opMU e^aa jih 

B03MOSHBI (5UJ1H B006me &&E TOrO BpeMCHH H JJIfl T^Xl. HOHaTift 
06*B aBTOpHTeTi, CJHmEOlTB HeTepnHMUX'B H HCBJIlOHHTeJIBHUX'B: 

npHCBOHBaa ce6i bc4 ompaBjeHia rocy^apcTBa h o6ii;ecTBa, 
aBTopHTerB xot4jix He tojibeo A^ficTBOBaTB, ho h AyM^TB sa HEX*, 
He AonycBajn, HHBaBoft ofimecTBeHHofi uHnqiaTHBU hjih MHiHia; 

Tom V. — Cehtjbpi, 1871. 21 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



322 BftCTHHBft IBPOHH. 

HSjaBHa otbhkhih otb rojroca o(5mecTBa, owl He npnsHaBara y 
ofimecTBa hhhxb noTpetfeocTeS, apoMl* t*xb, Kama caiiB eMy 
HpejtocraBJuurB. Meatfly t^mb caMua pe$opifH, Kaaia 6mh HyatHH 

H SaKifl TOJBKO H MOOH HOMOHB 3aM4ieHHHMB HeAOCTaTKaiTB, 

bb CBoeMx pe3yjn>TaTi (soTopnfi ejiacrb flojra&Ha (Sajia, bb hsb^cthoS 
crenetfH, npe^noJiaraTb) npeflCTaBMJiH co6oS, BO-nepBHXB, bo3bh- 
meme otfmecTBeHHaro ajreMeHTa, — noTOMy hto TaKoe #fcficTBie 
Pfl&XRB, 6firia HeoCxo^HMO Hii^TB Bcaaaa ocBotfo^HTejiBHaa M*pa, — 

BO-BTOpHXB, 3TH pe^OpMH eflBa JIH H MOrJIH 6UTB npOH3Be£eHH 

<5e3B yiacria caMoro ofimecTBa, oahhmh (SiopoKpaTHiecKHMH cpej- 

CTBaMH, CJI^AOBaTeJbHO , OnflTb JOJfSHH 6MJIH JjaTB H3BiCTHLlft 

npocTopi otfmecTBeHHOMy MH*mio. Hh to, hh apyroe He bxojmo. 
OAHaso bb bh^bi BJiacnr, h aase npaifo npoTHBopinnjo ea npej- 
eraBaeHiairB o CBoeMB aBTopHTeT't* TaKB, piraeme KpecTtaHCKaro 
Bonpoca Heo(5xoAHMo Bejio (Sh sa cofiofi kbicib 061 h3b^cthoh 
o6mecTBeHHofi cbo6o^4, a 3Ta noorfeAHaa Bootfnje npeacTaBJiajacB 
tojibko BpeAHUMx MeTrameMB, nopoaweHieMB sanaflHoS Heo6ys- 

^aHHOCTH. 

06mecTBeHHEie npaBH hohhthhmb o(Spa30MB OTpaaaura bb ce64 
rocnoACTBOBaBmyio cncieMy: o6m,ecTBa, Ma-10 pasBBTiia hojehthhcckh, 

OfiUKHOBeHHO 6HBaK)TB CJIHmKOMB flOCTyilHH HOflOtfHHMB BJliam&WB. 

Haao($HO CKa3aTB, hto orpoMHoe 6ojibiuhhctbo, no CBOeny crapo- 
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nero Tpe6oBajiocb. 9to 6buo nomoe oTcyTCTBie BcaKaro caMocToa- 
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tojibko BecbMa orpaHHieHHyio h tojibko o$$Hi^iajiLHyK) ny6jiHHH0CTB 
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<5hjo coBepmeHHO saapHTo otb otfmecTBa h jiHTepaiypu. Pa3rosopH 
o6b stTHXTb npe^Meiax'B bcjhcb tojibko cb KpafiHefi octoposhoctbio; 
Heiraoria nonHTKH nncaTB o6b hhxb fffcjiajHCB tojibko ho^b ceape- 
tc^mb; npaBHTejiBCTBO HHor^a nyBCTBOBajio hco6xoahmoctb bb co- 
AiScTBiH yqeHaro h JHTepaTypHaro H3HCKama, ho h 3th coiHHeHia 
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nyfijHKy. OfimecTBO, 6htb MoateTB, eme MeH^e npeKaaro CTaio 
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hhmh CBifltHiaMH a cjiyxaMH; en^e 60-iBnie npHBuaajio nojiaraTBca 
BnojiHfi Ha aBTopHTeTB. OTToro Bnocjri&^CTBia 3to ofimecTBO h 6po- 
CHJOCB CB TaEHMB sapoMB Ha o6flj,ecTBeHHue BonpocH: ohh hm^jh 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



XAPABTBPHCTHKH. 828 

tcio flpeaecTB hobitchei, cjthhiromb jojiro jreacaBineft hojcb aanptf- 

TOMB. 

Bb TaKHX'B npaKTH^ecKHx-B ycaoBiax'B CKJiaflHBajiocB to npej- 
eraBJieHie o pyccRoft khshh, KOTopoe o$$Hi;iajii>HO rocnoflCTBOBajio 
bb Teneme onHctiBaeMHXB flecaTHjrfmft, h KpaeyroJi&HHMt KaMHeMt 
soToparo Fuji's ynoMAHyTUH chmbojtb, BHCRa3aHHHfi BnepBHe, ecjH 
ne omntfaeMca, yBapoBHMB. CynJHocTB 9T0ro npeacraBJieHia cocrooa 
kb tomb, *ito Poccia ecTB coBepmeHHO ocotfoe rocy^apcTBO b 
ocotfaa Hai^ioHajBHocTB, Henoxosia Ha rocyjapcTBa h HaiuoHaJB- 

HOCTH EBpODH. Ha BTOWb OCHOBamH OHa OTJIHHaeTCJi H <flOJKRHa> 

OT.iHqaTbca otb EBponu bcSmh ochobhhmh qepiaMH HaitfoHajiBHaro 
h rocywpcTBeHHaro farra. Kb Heft coBepmeHHO HenpHJioaHMH 
TpetfoBama h dpeMJienia eBponeficRoft sbshh. Bb Heft oaho* 
rocno^CTByerB hcthhhh5 nopa;ioRB Bemeft, corjacHHfi cb Tpe6o- 
BaniaMH pejnrriH h hcthhhoS nojHTHHecKofi MyapoCTH. EBpona 

HM'leT'B CBOH HCTOpHieCEia OTJIH^ia: B'B pejHriH — RaTOJIHIJH3MB MH 

npoTecTanTCTBO, b'b rocy^apcTB* — ROHCTHTynioHHHa hjih pecny(5- 
jiHKaHCKia yqpesflema, B'B ofimecTB* — CBO(So#y caOBa h nenaTH, 
cboCo^v ofimecTBeHHyio h t. n. OHa rop^HTca hmh, Rarc& nporpec- 
cowb h npHBHJierieH, ho stoti nporpeccx ecTB satfjiyatjeme h 
pesyjiBTaTB <j>paHn,y3CRaro BOJBHOjyMCTBa h peBOJuoijiH, nonpaBraeft 
bb npomaoMB cmiimH pejHriio h MOHapxiio, h xOTa ynpon^eHHOft, 
ho ocTaBHBinefi cjniflu CBoero narytfHaro BJiiaiiia h 3apo,piin!i 
^ajBH'fcftniHX'B eBponeftCRHX'B tfeanopwoBi. h BOJHeHia yMOBB. Poccia 
odajiacB cBotfo^Ha otb othxb TJieTBopHHXB Bjriamft, ROTopua 

TOJFBKO pa3Tb npHHIJIH B03MyTHTB eff OtflljeCTBeHHOe CHOKOftCTBie. 

OHa coxpaHMa bb ij-fejocra npeflama b*kobb h, Cyayra Tines 

Hpe^OXpaHeHa OTB 6e3nOROflCTB'B H O0MaHOBB ROHCTHTyH.iOHHHX'B, 
He MOSeTB COiyBCTBOBaTB JIHtfepaJiBHBTM'B CTpeMJieHiflMB , BaRIfl 

otfnapysHBaiOTCtf h aaace HaxoaarB CHHexoa&Aeme npaBHTejiBCTBi 
bx pasHHX'B rocy^apcTBaxB Ebpohbi, h He MoateTB He nowepKHBaTB 

CB CBOefi CTOpOHH npHHI^HHa TOCTOH MOHapxiH. B'B peOTri03H0M'B 

OTHonreHin Poccia TaR»e nocTaBJieHa bb noaoseHie, necxoflHoe 
ci eBponeficKHM-B, HCEJiH)HHTejiBHoe h BuroflHoe. Ea HcnoBiflaHie 
saHMCTBOBaHo H3B apeBHaro BHsaHTificKaro HCTo^HHKa, Bipno xpa- 
H&Bmaro npeflama ijepRBH, h Poccia ocTaaacB cBotfoflHa otb rtxi 
pejrariosHHXB BOjrHemfi, ROTopua nepBOHaqajiBHO otkjiohhjih otb 
HCTHHHaro nyTH KaTOJHHecByio i^epBOBB, a hotom«b nocejrejiH pacnpH 
bb ea coficTBeHHofl cpeai h nponsBejiH npoTecTaHrasMB cb ero 
6e3^HCJieHHHMH ceKtaMH. UpaBAa, bb pyccsofi ^epKBH Tarate npo- 
hcxoahjih Hecoraacia, h toctb HeBiaecTBeHHaro napo^a ynuia bi 
pacROJB, ho npaBHTejitcTBO h i^epROBB ynoTpefijiaiOTB bc* ycnjria, 
ytfiatfleHia h MipH CTporocTH, rb BOSBpanjeHiio safi-iyAmnxB h 

21* 



Digitized by 



Googk 



324 Bftcram ibpooh. 

vl HCKopeHemK) hxt> 3a6jyat^eHifi. 3th OTmenemju ne mAvm i 
He aojukhh HMtTb irfccTa fb rocyAapcTB* npaBOCjaBHOMt; ohh 
8acjyatHBaK)n> H^KOToparo CHHexoauenia no hxx neBtaecTBy, Borja 
hxx satfjiyameHia He npHHOcan SHanHTejibHaro Bpeja, ho Boofime 
TepnHMu 6uTb He Moryrb. 

Poccia h bo BHyTpeHHeifB CBoeMi 6ht4 ne noxosa Ha eapo- 
neScaie napoAU. Ee mojbho HasBaTb Boofime oco6oft ladbio cfffcia. 
Ob opuraHajBHUMH yqpeaueHiflMH, c*b ^peBnefi B$poft, ona coxpa- 
HHJia naTpiapxajiEHua Ao6pox^Te.iH 9 it&io H3B$CTHua Hap<waiti 
sanaxnuMi. TaaoBO, npe»Ae Bcero, HapojHoe faaroiecTie, nojraoe 
AOB-fcpie Hapo^a kt> npexepsamHM'B Bjacrairb a 6ednpeKocjiOBBoe 
noBHHOBeHie hmx; TasoBa npocTOTa HpaBOBt h noTpefiHocrefi, He 
HaCajiOBaHHHxx pocKouibio h ne HysAaion^Hxcfl Bt Hefi. Hami 
€iiTB yAHB^aeTi HH0CTpaHn,ein» h HHor^a BiisuBaerb hxt> ocys- 
jeHia; ho oh* OTB*qaen> Bamnirb HpaBawb h cBHAtTexbCTByen o 
HeHcnopneHnocTH Hapoaa: Taa*, apinocTHoe npaBO (xora h Hy»- 
Aawmeeca bt> yjiynmeniH h npeotfpasoBamH) coxpaHaerb bb ce6i 
MHoro naTpiapxajitHaro, h xopomifi noMimeBi jyime oxpaeaen 
HHTepecu BpecTbaH-B, nbwb MorjiH 6u ohh caMH. 

EBpona, bohctho, onepe^HJia Pocciio bt> i^HBHJiHsauiH h Haysi; 
ho sa to Poccia He 3Haerb hxt» sjoynoTpetfjieHiii h npe;ioxpaHaeTca 
orb hhxx. Bucmia yipettAema tfjHOAyT-B sa rbwb, ito6u Hayna 
npHHOcn.ia Haicb TOJbBO no^e3Hoe, h aanpemaiorb Bee, mo icosen 
noBecTH Kb Bpe^HUM-b yMCTBOBaHiaMi. HaAaopt ijeH3ypH*i8 sa 

HPHB03HMUMH HHOCTpaHHHMH BHHraMH H CBOefi He?aTbK> CTpeMHTCI 

r*l dTofi a^jih. Kb HaM-b He npoHHRaiorb HSBpau^eHHua yMCTBOBaeia 
sanaAHtixt Bo.ibHOAyMijeB'b, t* Heo6y3AaHHua yncHia, BOTopai 
HapyraaioT'b B^EBponi o6mecTBeHHoe cnoBoficTBie h Hano-iHaion 
jmh jkwrhhmh TeopiaMH a HeyBafteHieifb Kb miacTn h nopaAKy. 
Tot* se aBTopHTeTt CTporo aapaerb y Hacb ciyiafoniiaca aapy- 
HieHia npasHJix h npecbaaerB hxx BpeAHoe jificTBie. 

Ha 8THXT) ocnoBaeiflX'b Poccia npoArrfcTaerb , Hacja«Aa* c * 
BHyTpeHHHM'B cnoRoficTBJeMi. OHa CHJibna cbohmi rpoMaxHUMi 
npoTaacemeirb, MHoroqecseHHocTbio njeMCiix h npocTUMH naTpiap* 
xajbHUMH Ao6poA*TejiaMH Hapo^a. Hsbh* OHa He (Johtch BparoBb; 
ea tojiocb ptmaerB eBpoiieflcKia jvkia, no«ep»HBaeT'B BOJie6jno- 
mifica nopaAOBi; ea opysie, hhjjIoh'b mTUKOBi, jfosen noj- 
^epsaTb 3to laiflHie, h eMy cjynajiocb Haaa3UBaTb h HCTpe6jflTt 
peBoxKmioHHyio KpaMOjy. 

BHyTpeHHeM'b nopaAR* A&T& 6ujo Taaoe ate npeACTaBJieme. 
Ero ochobbi He MorjH noAJeaaTb coMHimio. YnpaBJieHie yTBeps- 
AaeTca Ha Bceo6u\eMx, BcecTopoHHeM-b h HCBJiioqHTexbHOM'B none- 
qemn BJiacTH o 6jarfe HapoAa. YcTpoficTBO rocyAapcTBa He npeA* 



Digitized by 



Googk 



xiPiKTipicTira. 325 

craBJiflerB HHfcaBoro x&ieRta BjacTeS, KOTopoe nporaBOXHTi ctoxbro 

QOCTOgHHilXB CTOIKHOBeHifi Vb XPJVETb CTpaeaXT,, H HHKaKOft 

<$o]u>6h ojhhxb nacTefi HanJH hjih cocioBift npoTHBi jpyrHxi,— - 
BciMi», HanpoTHBi, Hasna^eHO bi% onperfuieHHoe m£cto, h Ha#B 
mc&MB B03BumaeTca oahbb pyBOBOAaniift aBTopHTero. Ectb BOHeiHO 
seAOCTaTKH bt> upaBTHqecKOMT» TenemH xfen, ho ohh npoHCxoaarB 
ae orb HecoBepineHCTBa saEOHOBt h yqpesAemfi, a otb Hencnoi- 
eenia sthxb aasoHOBi h otb jfoackhxb nopoBOB*. JIk>xh xojshb 
BcnpaBHTbCH ycHJiemeirB Haxsopa, BOcnHTaHieicB bi crporoft ahc- 
ipinjiHHi, ycTpaHeHieifB BpexHuxi BHorB, cTporofl ijeH3ypoft h t. n. 
Be* 9TH Mipu Boo6me hcoCxoahmu jjui yxepacaHk fl o6mecrB* 
/ojatHaro nopajica h cnoBoftcTBia.... 

Oahhm*b cjiobom-b, CHCTeMa npe^CTaBjiflja BnpatfoTannoe ijlijioe; 
vb Heft 6ujh, o^naKo, HiBOiopua HeacHocm Tasi, un ysaauBajni 
aOAofoyio HeacHOCTb vb BpecTBAHCKOMi Bonpoci, T&i CHdeMa 
BOJieOajact neatly TpetioBamaMH qejOBiKO-iiotfia, EOTopua, roBopart, 
OHa npH3HaBajia, h xase TpetioBaHijuiH noiHTHiecBaro 6jaropa3yiria 
cb oAHofi ctopohu, h cb xpyroft — HexejiaHieifB pacspuTB Hexoc- 
TaTOK-B b-b cymecTByiomeirB nopaflRi Benjeft, HaqaTt jioMKy yipes- 
jemff, KOTopaa Mor\ia 6u OTpa3HTE>ca n yMaxB noaBJieeieirB 
jiH6epajBHiix , B EffiS. TaKoe se KOJiefiaoie noBHjHMOiiy cymecrBOBaao 

B*B H^BOTOpBIX'B BOnpOCaXl BH^fflHefi UOJHTHKH, — B* OC06eHHOCTH 

to cjraBHHCKOiCB Bonpoci.- Poccia BcrynmiacB (bm£ct£ cb xpynncs 
xepsaBaMH) aa xhno rpesoB*, noBHHyroe eio npn AjescaHxpi, h 
npH3Haja HpaBCTBeBHyfo otiasaHHOCTB nojaTB noMonjB eAHHOBip- 
miro, — TaKaa se otfraaHHOCTB cymecTBOBaja to TypeijKHMt cia- 

BfiHaifB, He TOJEBBO eAHHOB'ipHHM'B, HO H eAHHOlI.ieMeHHLIirB, — 
HO 3T0fi 06a3aHH0CTM, CI APyrOfi CTOpOHU, npOTHBOpfoHJTB npHH- 

ijhitb jierHTHMHSMa. OcBoCoaAeme cjaBaHCBuxt napoxoBi Mor.io 

<$HTB AOCTBrayTO TOJIbBO HX*B B03CTaHieiTB, CJltAOBaTeJbHO, CO CTO- 

poeu Poccia hco6xoahmo 6ujio 6u BcrynHTB b*b cbasb cb peBoaio- 
nioHHtiMi, ABBsenieM'B, a bto 6hjio, Kone^HO, HeB03MOSHO. BonpocB 
TaK-L h odajica HeBuacHeuHEiMx: Poccia osasiiBajia cjaBaHCKHMi 

DJieMeHaM'L CBOe nOJHTHHCCBOe COfltSCTBie TO.IBBO Ft HSBtCTHOfi 

nipi; b*b pyccROMx o6n^ecTB% CHCTeMa Aonycmua bb H^BOTopoft 
deneHH nponaraHxy cjiasaHO^HJiBCTBa, onasajia efi cujbHyio homoiub 
yqpesAeHieMB ctaBancKofi BaeeApu b* yHHBepcHTeTax'B h t. n., 
jtonycs&ia BUCBasuBaTBca ^HTacTHHecBHifB MeqiaHiaM'B o <nojy- 

BOqHOM'B Op,Tfe>, IipOCTHpaiOmeM'B KptUba HSg^B KCbWb CiaBflHCBHlTB 

nipoMT,, ho wb Toae Bpeiia noaasjiajia bc4 h^cbojibbo ntusui 
BupaaseHia ciaBaHO^HJBCTBa vb o6m,ecTBfi. HasoHei^'B, He roBopa 
o ApyrHX'B npnMipax*L, MOJiqanie, HajioxeHHoe Ha oCmecrBO h 
JHTepaTypy, ci oaho§ ctopohu (Jttio ecTecTBeHHuirB aifprBiewh 



Digitized by 



Googk 



326 WCTHHK* IBPOHH. 

cncTemj, He^onycKEBmefl BOspaseniS h npHCBOHBaBmeft ce<54 hcejuo- 
TOTeJOHyK) HenorpimHMocTB , ho Cb apyroft 6tua npHSHaxons 
Toro ae BOjre6aHia h HeHCKpeHHocro, — noToiiy hto, Hanpmrfcpi, 
qeHBypHHH 3anpemeHia Be tojibbo ocTanaBJiiBajEH Basis 6h to hi 
<$hjio BMimaTejibCTBa jHTepaTypn pb Hacroamee TeieHie xkn, ho 
pacnpocTpaHfljiHCB jaate Ha H8K&crHiie h HecomiHHNe Hcropwe- 

CKie $aKTU, KOTOptlX-L, O^HaKO, He HOSBOJUMOCB rOBOpHTL, Ha MHO- 

ria Boniiomia HBJieeiH napo^Hofi h o6mecTBeHHofi jrhshh, o koto- 
pax* cana RiacTb xopomo BHajia, ho Bcropua Tasse cTapaaacB 
cspiiTB i^eHsypHUMH aanpememflMH. 

Ecjh 6hjih TaKifl HeacHOCTH, Romania h [npoTHBopfrrifl rs 
xpyry caMofi CHCTeMu, BOTopua noriH BHSHBaTB coMHfcma h bos- 
pa&eHia, to euje 6ojibme cnopraiTB BonpocoBx aoj»ho 6uao jmt&cj 
wl tomi cjyqai, Boiyia 611 BpirrHBa 6ujia npnnoaceHa bt> canoi 
CHcreMi. 9Ta BpHTHiecEaa mhcab yse sapojHJiacB bi pyccxoira 
oCmecTB*. 81 n.ijiOM'B hjih Haeraira, npaxo hjth socBeHHO, npai- 
thtochh hjh TeopeTHqecKH spHTHKa He Morjra He KOcnyTBca caMoi 
CHCTemi, aaaBJHBfflef cetfa eAHHCTBeHHHM'B pesyjiBTaTOM* npomej- 
maro h eAHHCTB€HHUMT> coxepsaHieH'B pyccsofi skhshh h ea 06a- 
saTejiBHofl nporpaMMofl bt> HacToameM'B, — h oicioAa BBipocio jbh- 
seme, 6opB<?a mrfcmff, ycHjia mhcjh co3flaTB KpHTRqecsifi bhboji, 
BOTopiia cocraBJiaiorB yMCTBeHHyro HCTopiio onHCHBaeMux'B #<*- 
mrimfi. • 



TaKOBH (Jhjh HiKOTopua o6iu,ia lepra Toro npeACTaMeeiii 
pyccBofi BapoAHOCTH, EaKoe rocnoACTBOBajio o$$Hi{iaJBHO fb totc- 
Hie onHCUBaeufiix , B jiecaTHJiiTifl. B*b TeopeTHHecaoMi cmbict£, Kan 
mh saarfeqajra, 9to 6buo paaBorie hjih pacnpocTpaeeme Hjeaji, 
Hacji^AOBaHHaro otb BOHcepBaniBnoft crapnHH h HSJioxeHHaro Ea- 
paM3HHHM , B. Bt pajjy Hamnxx o6mecTBeHHiix , B noHffrift ero moxbo, 
BaseTca, onpeaiuiHTB, Kara HaijioHajiBHyio poiiaHTHBy, BecBxa napn- 
jejiBHyK> TOHy eBponeficBOMy $eoxa*BHOMy poManrHSMy Bpenen 
pecTaBpaqin, BOTopuff, bm4ct4 cb HaAioHaJBHo-apxeoAonraecKBft 
ajieMeHToirB, ooH^ajica TaRse h KpaftHHm. noJiHTHHecBmrB KOHcep- 

BaTH3MOM'B. 

cHapoxHocTB> cocTaBJiajia, KaKi mli bha*jh, oaho hsx ^Jt^ 
HLixi, npHTflsaHifi cncTeMii. Ho KapaMSHHy cyiiAOBajo, ^to Poccii 
npn AjieKcaHAp* ne CToaja Ha CBoefi Haeroamefi ^oporfe, hto Biam 
cjhidbom'b yBJieiwuacB 3anaAHHMH HpaBaMH; h sa6uBaja tox^ 
BaKoe flfljixno 6htb HacTo^mee pyccBoe npaBJieaie, BOToparo <Tpe- 
6oBajfB> KapaM3HHi». CacTeMa, HacTynHBmaa TenepB, xoTija hmchh^ 
^cymecTBHTB 8T0 Tpe6oBaHie, h yTBepsxaa vb CBoeifB cuucxb ho- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



XAPAKTKPHCTHKI. 32? 

IN® UpaBU H HOBH& XOpHAOBK, OHa HaCTaHBIUia Ha TOM*, 7EO no- 

jo6hhS nopaAOB'B Bemeft ecTt eaHHCTBenHuft, cooTBiTCTByiomifi pyc- 
•CROMy Hapoxy H xoKasuBaeMud ero HCTopieft. YTBepa^aa cbok) 
<HapojeocTb>, cHCTena npeACTaBMJiacB KaKt 6y^TO aaase HcnpaBje- 
jueM-L toS oihh6kb, BOTopyio Teopia Kap^M3HHa BH^ijia b*b neT- 
jh>bcbo8 pe^opMi. MHorHMt coBpeMeHHHBaM'B Ka3ajioct, tto bto- 
j>aa TOTBepTB HHHiniHaro CTOJiiria 3HaMeHyerB noBopoTS cl toS 
jopora, sasaa 6H.ia ysasaHa UeTpon-B Bcjibkhhx; hto CHCTeiia 
stoto BpeMeHH ecTB ctojibbo se, eoiiH He fiojfee Beamtoe aMeme, 
BaB'B 6uja, b-b CBoe Bpewa, pe$opMa IleTpa, — h no CBoefi BHepria 
h no TOMy HanpaBJieuiK), KOTopoe 9Ta CHCTeHa aaBaaa pyccsof 
jbhshh, — HanpaBjemio, csofoftHOMy otb noApaataTejiBHOCTH, bhojih$ 
HauiOHaJBHOMj H CaM06LITHOMy. Mosho 6ujio 6u npHBecTH MHoro 
npHMipoB'B noAo6Haro Bsraaaa ira* Tor^aniHefl jreTepaTypn, ho He 
ccBiiancB Ha nee TenepB, hto6h He onnpaTBca tojbbo Ha naHera- 
Phbh, Mil yBaseifB Ha otohb H3B$cTHyio (BnpoHeirB TenepB hs- 
BicTHyio (Joibrae tojbbo ho hmchh) KHnry Mapirasa EiocTHHa. Kk>- 
cthh-b, npiissaBinig b% Pocciio bx kohi$ TpHjmaTHX'B toaobi h 
M#fcBmifi jriOAeS h Benjn bx jynnyK) nopy chctcmh, jimaerB 8Ty 
canyio napajuejit cl IleTpoMi Bcjihbhm'b, h OHa bhxoaht'b HeBii- 
roAHa rj\& uocjiijiMavo. 3aMiTHMt, hto TaB* roBopnrB iracaTejiB, 
BHHra BOToparo TaB* aoaro CTOTaaacB HenoBBOJHTejTBHOfi no cbo- 
hm* Bpaawe6HUM , B H3o6paateHiaMx pyccBoi »h3hh. Kiocthh'l roBO- 
Phtb o cHdeMi onncHBaeMaro nepio.ua cl BOCTopseHHUMH noxBa- 
jaHH; ero Mfffeme bt> (Jojibihoh CTenenn 6hjo MHime $paHD,y3CKaro 
aerHTHMHCTa, ho cl apyroi eroponu ohx, sonerao, noBTopajrB h to, 
hto cjnumajTB bx pyccBOifB apHCTOBpaTHnecKOM'B o6mecTB$. 

Macca otfnjecTBa aificTBHTejBHO Bipnjia bx 8Ty CHcreMy h bi 
t4 HCTopHHecBia BanecTBa, BOTopua npHnncHBajracB efi Teopiei. 
BipHJH ^aate h jiio^h, ^yMaBmie 6ojibine ; h^itb xyMaerB Macca, ho 
CBJOHHue b*b TOMy npeyB&KOTeHHOMy naTpioTH3My, BOTopuft, sasi 
BCHBa* citnaa CTpacTL, Bipan 6e3yciOBHO h 6iiBaerB Hecnoco- 

6eWh HH KX BaBOfi BpHTHB*. MlJ yBHAHMl A&JBme, HTO bb cia- 

bhho^hjibcbom'b yHemH (5hjh MHoria TeMu, o^hb cxoahue cl bli- 
mensjioseHHUMx HjeajiOM'B. UpaBxa, rocno^CTByromaa cncieMa qa- 
cto He o^oCpHjra cjraBaHo^HjBCTBa, ho rjaBHUMx o6pasoM , B noTOMy, 
^to TaBse b*b CBoeMi po^i ne JiM)6HJia <Ej[eojiovm>; ho hx'l cym,- 
hoctb 6ujia oieHB cxoAHaa, noTOMy hto bx o6$hx , l Tonsaxx spi- 
Hifl rjiaBHtfimyio ^ojiio cocTaBJiajin npe^aHie, KOHcepBaTHSM'L, Ha- 
i^ionajTBHaa HCBJifOHHTejiBHOCTB h (5ojite hjih Menie Bpa»A^Hoe 
OTHoraeme k4 EBponi. 

KaBoe »e 6ljjio HCTopH^ecKoe 3Haqenie 9to3 cncreMii b*b pa^T 



Digitized by 



Googk 



828 BftCTHUTB IBPOIIH. 

otfmecTBeHHO-no^HTHHecKHXi npe^CTaMeHii, npoxoxromni bb he- 
meft SH3HH? 

naHerapncTH 8Tofi CHcreira He 6mh cobc6mb HenpaBu, sor^a 
yKa3UBajiH ea npoTHBonojoatHOCTB cb riir* HanpasjeHieirB, lasoe 
XitHO Cujio SH3HH neTpoBCRoft pe$opiioft. Bt caiiOMi A***, Taxaa 
upoTHBonojiosHOCTb cymecrBOBaja, xots fb coBepmeHoo hhoms 
cmejcj*. 06* cHCTeMti, oqeet cxoahuh no xapaRTepy aBTOpHTeia, 
b*b o6obxb ciyqaaxB nponsBOAHBinaro OAHHanoBo (JesrpaHiuHytt 
h HerepaHMyfo onesy ma* oCmecTBOMX, npe^CTaBJifljiH orpoMHyto 
pa3HHay b'b CBoeM'L coAepsaniH, b*b cbohxb iiohhtlhxb o Ha- 
Poahom'l faarfc. y EfeTpa (Jhjio KpHTfraecftoe OTHomeHie rb pyc- 
CBoft SH3HH h ea HeAocTaTKaMt, OTHomeHie, nacro nopasawmee 
reaiajibHofi acHOCTBio Bsrja^a, h btotb Bsnaxb npaBext EfeTpa kb 

MUCJH Heo6xOAHMOCTH CBHSaTb PoCCilO CB EBpOHOfl, BHeCTH BB 

pyccKyro jkhshb eBponeficsyio Hayay h ijHBHjnmijiK), xota 6n HerpB 

H He nOHBMaJII HXI, CB AOCTaTOTOOfi mnpOTOfi 1 ). B*B 9T0MI KpHTH- 

HecEoifL oTHomemii h Jiesaja bca cHJia nerpoBCRoft pe$opMti, bc* 
npHHHHa ea MorymecrBeeHaro aMctbui na pyccRyio shbhb, npo- 
AOjraaBmaroca ^ojro nocii cairoro EfeTpa. 3a*6cb, HanpoTHBi, wo- 
koio KpHTeqecKaro OTHoraenia coBepmeHHO He (Shjio. 3a$cb a*h- 
Hufi status quo h ciHT&ica HaRiyimeifB; nociiAnefi iv&ibk) Chjio 
TOjibKO ycofiepnieHCTBOBaTB, AHdjHnjraHHpoBaTB btotb status quo 
cb hbcto BfffenmeS, ^opitajBHoft hjh Jiyqrae $opMajHCTH?ecRoft 

CTOpOHH, HHCROJEBRO He RacaflCB en) BHyTpeHHflrO CMBICJia, T.-e. 

ne saAaBaacB MyApentiMH BonpocaifH o BHyTpeHHeirB KaqecTB* a*h- 
naro uojoseeia Bemeff, o tom*b, cooTBiwcTByeVB jih oho cymecrBeH- 
humb HHTepecain* Hai^iH, Tpe6oBaHiflMi» BpeiieHH, yaasaHiaifB Haysi 

H IJHBlUH3aijiH. TOHKa 8p$Hia Cttaa HCRJKHHT&IBHO ROHCepBaTHBBafl; 

pyccRaa jrhbhb h ea <Haqajia> noqHTajiHCB HanjiyqinHMH h xase ne 
noAJesanuruH rphthr4. — TaRHifB o6pasoMx, no cymHOcra A&sa ho- 
Bufi nepioA'B A*ftcTBHTejiBHO npejcTaBJiajTB npoTHBonojiosHocrB Bpe- 
MeHaifB UeTpa BejiHRaro. Kt EBpont, ea HayB* h ijBBHJiH3auJH r 
HOBufi nepioA'B othoch^ca cb npeAyCiatAeHieMB, neAOBipieifB h 

BpaSAOfi; OHB BHA^'B CBOfi HAetUfB B*B Ha^OHaJIBHOft HCRJIIOHHTaiB- 

hocth, h bi yAepacaHia h bb ycoBepmeHCTBOBaBiu cymecTByromaro 
status quo. 

Bt> 3tomt> h 8aKJiK)qaeTca cymecrBeHHCifi HCTopHHecaifl cmhca 
BToro nepioAa; OTcioAa oTRpiiBaeTca h ofiopoTHaa cropoHa a^asl. 



l ) Om> noBnnaj% hxi ci HcuDmejiLBoft rocyxapcTBeBHO-yTiiHTapHoft tow vpb* 
bui, aa KOTopyi) ero nsorie o6bhhjiih, h KOTopas, Koseieo, eme ae npeACTasuen 
AtftcTBKTeibBaro BBejieek sayKH a n^BUHsaniH; bo XHorie jk Torxa h bi aana^eot 
EBpont npi3HaBajR HacToamjui 6e30THOCBTei&flJia npasaMHCiH HSBaai*, h aacToaiBJa 
TpeooBaaia n^BKiasanja? 



Digitized by 



Googk 



XAP1KT1PHCTHM. 829 

KoncepBaTHSifB AjreKcaH^poBCKHXt BpeiceHi, pasBBBinifica b* 
onHCUBaeMua ^ecjiTMiTia bb o<J><|>HivajBHyK> cacieMy HapoAHoenr, 
HirfejiB Tp SHaqeme am oCmecTBa h t4 acTopaqecKia nocjitACTBia,, 
Ba&ia o6uBHOBeeHo HiffcerB KoncepBaTH3MB. dapaeie yxepsBBaTB 

B% 6e3A4flCTBiH HapOAHHfl H 06meCTBeHHHfl CHJH H IlOAaBJIflTb EX'S 

crpeMJieHia hit&jo cafcACTBieMB to, hto SHaqaTe-ibHaa hxx mctb 
a AtficTBHTejiLHO ocTaaacB b*b HenoAB^sHOCTH h saaroi, BOToptie 

SB HCTOpHHeCBOMl CHeT'S paBHflEOTCfl ^BHaWHiH) Ha3aAB. Mm y&a3u- 
BaJIH, BaKX A^HCTBHTeJIbHOCTb BT, KOHIVfc KOHl^OBX OIipOBeprja TO, 

st6 cHCTeica Ayra-ia o npeBoexoACTB* cbohx'l Haqaxt h cBoero 
cnocotia A^ScTBig. 9totb pesyjbTaTB, BOiie^Ho, HeyAHBHTeaeHB: 
Ba^aTBH ero Jiesajin bb omH6Bax'B caaiofi chctcmh. 

TorAaniHifl BOHcepBarasMi yTBepamajiB, h Miiorie, ja»e <5ojib- 
idhhctbo oCmecTBa BijpMO, hto Poccia bb caMOBfB a*6ji4 edb CO- 
bcIwb oco6oe rocyaapcTBO, bb botopomx Bee edb, h aoji»bo 6htb 
•CBoe oco6eoHoe h am Koxoparo He A*ficTBHTejibHH — yaiOBia a Tpe- 
6oBdiE\a. efiponeicKaro pa3BHTia. IIpaB^a, a*h {Poccin Bocce ne 
6ujh oCaaaTejiBHU eBponeflcKia $opMii pasBHiia bi» t*chomt> CMiicjrfc, 
Be HeofixoAHMa nocjiAOBaTeibHOCTB ea yqpeatAeHifi, He nysHii 
^adHOCTH ea sh3hh h otftmeBi: ho KanaTa^baa/i oma6Ka yno- 
iiAHyTaro Metma 6ujia bb tomb, hto ecTecTBeHHHfi xoa*b naijiii 
jpjUKeHB 6ujn> OAHaKo hphboabtb ee kb fioaie coBepmeHHUM'B 

<J)OpMaMT> »H3HH, TfeMB 6hJIH <J)OpMH pyCCKOft SH3HHJ HTO pa3B 

HanaBnieeca o6pa30BaHie Hea36*»HO aoikho 6ujo npaeocaTb, h 
yse A^flcTBHTejibHO npaHOcajio, hhhh noBaria o6ffl,ecTBeHHO-nojia- 
THqecKia h HpaBCTBeHHwa, KOTopaa ne moivih ysHBaTbca cb npeac- 

HBMB CKjajOMB SB3HH H BOTOpUMX OAHaKO CHCTeMa He XOT'feia 

A,aBaTb HHKaKoro MicTa; ito, HaKOHeiVB, Poccia yace Bdynajia b*b 
eBponeficKia CBa3H a Moraa coxpaHHTB sHaieHie TOJbso npHSHaBaa 
9th CBA3B, TOJiBBo BBiAep^BBaa OTKptiBineeca conepeaqecTBO He 

TOJIbKO MaTepiaJEbHUMH CHJiaMB, HO KyJBTypHHMB, yMCTBeHHHlTB 
H HOJIHTBHeCKHMB pa3BHTieMB. 

MaTepiajbHoe MorymecTBO Poccih, noBHAHMOMy, He ocTaB^iajo 
<5ojibme Haqero seiaTb. B^iaHie ea bb EBponi He noA^esuo co- 
MHiaiK); ocHOBaHHoe HMnepaiopoMB AjieBcaHApoMB, npn bochhomb 
pa3rpoMi h oCmecTBeHHOMB ynaAB* eBponeficKHXB rocyxapcTBB, oho 
6n&o HacjiiAOBaHO hobbimb nepioAOMB, a npoAOJauuocb TenepB, 
KaBB MorymecTBeHHHfi MaTepiajbHBifi oqjotb OBponeScBOfi peaKu,ia, 
HasoMy ho^th fie npnxoAHJio bb rojiOBy, hto bto Bjriame Poccia 
^ujo He cobcImb npoHHo, hto oho He hm4jio be ce($a AOCTaio^- 
huxb BuyTpeoHBX'B ocHOBaHift. KaKB npH A.ieKcaHApt BHiniBee 
Bejiaqie Aswexo He conpoBO»AaJOCB paBHOMipHUMB BHyTpeHHHirB 
pa3BHTieMB, h rocyAapciBO dpaAajio BHyipeHHHMH HeycTpoflcTBaMH; 



Digitized by 



Googk 



330 tocttffift mm. 

TaBB 9TOTT, xapaBTepi Bemefi He h3m4hhjica h bi hobostb nepiojj, 
h 8to npoTHBopide He mooo yfira otb pa3CHeT0BB Hcropia. Ms 
bha&ih, hto npH Bcefi chji4 aBTopHTeTa, npn BceMB BHiniHm. 
nojiHTHnecEOMt sHaneHin Poccm bt> lexeme onncuBaeMiixB jecra* 
jiimff (ao KptiMCKofi bohhu), npe BceMB HanpaaeniH (JioponpaiE- 

TCCBOfi H HHJLHTapHOfi OHCBH, BO BHyTpeHHeMt CKJaA* SH3HH w 
BB XOA* A&TB OCTaBaJIHCB J&JLhL CymeCTBeHHM H3BH pyCCBOfi XH3H1, 

h 8T0 nojioaeme Bemefi wbojiq Bparaart Poccin hoboab Ha3UBaTt 
ee <bojioccomb Ha rjraMHHXB Horaxi>. 

BHyTpeHHaro MorymecTBa Hejibsn 6lijio co3AaTB t$mh cpej- 
CTBaMH, saBifl am 3Toro ynoTpe6juw[HCB. HcBJimHTejBHaa onesa 
Heo6xoA0MO ocTaBJiaeTi o6mecTBO MJiaAeHHecBHMB, noTOMy hto ct4- 
CHeme cbo6oam ABHsemfi OAHHasoBo ociatfjraeTB h ocTaHaBJHBaer^ 
pa3BHTie HjieHOBi h bt> $H3HqecKofi SH3HH nejiOB'fcKa h bi> roq- 
AapcTBi. Onena jinmajia o6m,ecTBO caMOA^flTejibHOCTH h bb yir- 

CTBeHHO-HpaBCTBeHHOMt, H BB HaTepiaJIBHO-dKOHOMH^eCBOM'B OTH0- 

memu; oxpaHaa «HapoAHyio> Hamy caM06uTH0CTB, OHa He jony- 
CKajia bi> Pocciio hh cm&ihxb bhboaobb eBponeficsofi Haysa, m 
atejiisHHX'B APporB, Baa's 6yATO h 9th nocjvbflpia 6ujlb Tarae 

BOJIBHOAyMCTBOMt; CaM06ilTH0CTB BOHHajaCB H yiiCTBeHHOH, H ME- 
TepiaJIBHOft CiAHOCTBK) H OTCTaJIOCTBH). MfclCJIB TOMt, HTO HC- 

THHHoe MorymecTBO HaitfH AOCTHraeTca tojbbo cbo6oahhm*b h Ban- 
66.ibfflHM r B pasBHTieMTb ea caMocroaTejiBHO A^ficTByromBX-B cui* 
fiHJia HenoHBTHa. JIjMajiH, hto stotb pe3yjiBTaTB AOCTHraerca tojbio 
$opMa.UBofi AHCi^HnjiHHoi h Bceo6mefi onesofi, fl Ba3aaocB, tto k 
npHMipi Poccin 9to noATBep^AajiocB: ea rpoiiaAHHa npocTpas- 
CTBa, ea MHorowcjieHHoe, xom h pacBHAaHHoe Hace-neme mxuu 
yse npeACTaBJBJiH 6ojiBniyio BoeHHyio, a cj^AOBaTejiBHO h hojhti- 
necKyfo CHJiy; spafiHM HaijioHajiBeafl HCBJHoraTejiBHOCTB, Borneo 
m&a bb HapoAHue HpaBH BCJiiACTBie npoAOJKBHTejiBHaro OTAfciemi 
otb EBpouH, yBejiHHHBajia BoeHHyio ciuy rocyAapcTsa ciiioieB* 

HOCTBH) pyCCBHX-B 3CMCJIB H HeTepUHMOCTBK) BB HH03eiIHOMy, — npi 

dTOMB noJoseHin A*««a, HerjiytfoKOMy Ha6jK)AaTejiH) mosho 6uio 
BnacTB bb HeAopa3yM^Hie, h CMimaTB BHimnifi oCxeM* chjb Poc- 
cin cb hxb BHyTpeHHefi KyjiBTypHofi aHepriefi. Ohcbh^ho, nexjy 
TiMB, hto BHiniflifi ofixeMB h BHyTpeHHee saqecTBo chjbi — ab* co- 
BepmeHHO pasHua Bem,H. BjiaroAapa cBoeny npodpaHCTBy h bs- 
ce.ieHiio, Poccia Mor.ia BucraBJiaTB BecBMa sHaiHTejBHiM, A^^e 
orpoifHua chjih, ho 8th ycHJiifl H3HypfljiH H^HCTon^ajiH ee 6ojBme, 
h*mb bto 6HBajio y ApyrnxB HapoAOBB; BHiniHie ycnixn ho^ti 
BcerAa cohpobosasjihcb BHyipeHHHMx pa3opeHieMi»: <Konifii&> 
CTaBHiacB <pe6poMB>. 

KaKHiiB o6pa30MB BHyTpeHHee nojioseHie dpaHH He cooiBiT- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



XA?AKttPKGHtt. 331 

CTJOB&ao BH'fefflHeMy Bemqiio-^-3TO piaico ofiHapyauuiocB b*b BpHSBCfc 
BpuMCKofl bo8hh. Bee BHHMame, bt> Teneme ij , 6jihx'b AecaTKoars 
jritab, 6ujio HanpaMeHO Ha apMiio; ho npn HcnuiaHiH OKasajiocB, 
^to ofia coBepmeHHO oTCTaia on apirii eBponeScBHxx; ea Boopy&e- 
jaie OKasaJiocB ycTapfcuiMi *o CesnojiesHOCTH; apMia He Moraa 
^BHraTBca no oTcyiarBiio flopor&; cojepaaHie apiira CTaao hcto*- 
fiBKOMt 8JioyHOTpe6jEeHiH — Bci nejocTaTKH ynpaBJieHia CRasajiHCB 
&b KpHTHHecKyio MHHyTy. Cascaa onacHOCTB oTesedBa He ocia- 
HaBJiHBajia 6e3o6pa3Htixi> (ftaKTOBB, hpothbb soTopux'B, bb aojirie 
toah, He Morjra HH^ero caiuiaTB BHHyaAeHHaa kb MOJiqamio o6m,e- 
CTBeHHan cob4ctb. EijcTBeHHua nocjr&jarBia HCKJiBDiHTeJiBHoI one- 
3H r npeBpamaBmefica kb 6e3HaKa3aHHHfl 6iopoKpaTH*ecEifi np0H&- 
boxb h noflaMHBmefi Aaae caMHa BCKpeneia h Ao6poaRejaTe.iBHHa: 
*aaB.aeHia o6mecTBeHHaro MHima, — osasajracB bi> no-ifffciimefi Mipfc. 
OTcyTCTBie BHyrpeHHefi chjih yEasueajiocb yae hsi nojioxema 
fpoMa^noja Maccu Hapo^a. KaEB 6u ftjianpoHm naA* <HapoAHOCTtH», 
3Ta Macca Cujlsl EpfcnocTHaa mh no-iy-Kpinocraaa, h pojB Hapo^a 
tfiua hhcto naccHBHaa. EeanpaBHBifi jopH^H^ecKH, HeBiatecTBeHHiift, 
j6$Ahhh, sanyraHHufl Hapoji 6ujcb toh ochoboh, Ha KOTopofi yTBep*- 
Aaaocb ropAoe s^ame chctcmh. H bt> nojoatemH btoh KpecTMHCBoi 
Maccu bb Teieme onHCHBaeMuxB AecaTHjri&TiS He npoH3onuo hh- 
sasofi nepearifcHH. HanpoTHBB, saBOHi BaRpiMaxB TpaAHitfoHHiift 
sopaAOE'B Bemefl, h saMineHO 6ujo «aate, hto npa cocTaBJieHiH 
<CBOja>, saBOHonoJoaema EpinocTHOMi coctojihih KpecTBavB 

?01HO Cb y&UCJLOWb COeABHHJH BT> Ce6£ BCe, HT6 MCHRHO tfttJIO 

HafiTH HeBBiroAnaro jjia BpecTBBH'B b*l paajiHHHHX'B ysasax^ H3AaH- 
hhx'l no qaCTHHMt CJiy^aaMB; ysaBOHema BHTOAHHa am BpecTBaHS 
o6pam,enH bb HeBuroAHiia rji& hhxi>, HasoHci^'B HiBOTopue ysasii 
UeTpa BejHBaro, am BpecTBaH* BuroAHHe, npaMO ycTpaHenu l ). 
TaBHifB o6pa30M'B, H>pHflH^ecKoe nojoateHie BpecTBaffB noHTH yxyx- 
niHjocB sa 3T0 BpeMfl. KaKOBO 61110 Boo6m,e cocToame BpecTBaH- 
CRaro 6uia — bto eme naMaTHO no H^aBHEMi HarjaAHUMi npn- 
M-hpaMt h no cjrf*AaMx, KOTopue ociaioTCfl en^e noHHHi. Ha 
fb Toae BpeMa, Ha 9to3 CiAHifimefi h 6e3noMom l HOH Macci je- 
auua Bca TarocTB cojepasaHia rocy^apcTBa: Ha Hei jesajin Ha- 

40rH H peKpyTCTBO. 

Ha Ty ate HapoflHyio Maccy na^ajia jpyraa TarocTB. Bi Tpa^n- 
n,ioHHUxi> nopaABaxi rocyaapcTBeHHaroxosaficTBa, o^Hy h3*b rjaBHifi- 
jdbxb cTateS Aoxo^a nowaBJiajia OTKynHaa CHdeMa, rjp£ neqajiBHtiMt 



x ) Cm. noKoflnaro B. IIoporaHHa: Nos questions russes, Paris. 1865. Tfc se saici^aHia 
^•fejiaerB H. H. TypreHeBt. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



332 MCTOKb IBPOIIH. 

otipasoMi BHroxa mshh craBiuacB f& 8aBHCixocrb on lapovoi 
Hcnop^eHHOCTH. 

To, bx lem coctoitb pymreibCTBO HapoxHaro diara h hi- 
i^ioHajbHaro, rocyxapcTBeHHaro MorymecTBa, — naKi mu ejBa n- 
TOHaeMt 9to noHHMaTb Tenept, — rpasAaecaaa CBotioAa wa Bcixi, 
nrapoKoe HapoAHoe otipasoBaHie, xotb xasaa-HHtfyAb creneBt cavo- 
ynpaBJieHLa h napoAHaro npexcTaBHTejibeTBa, lopHAHqecKoe ypaBie- 
Hie BcfacL nepeA*B oahhmt> sasoHoirb, BOSMoatHoe ypaBBeBie n 
HeceHin rocyAapcTBeBHEncB Tarocreft, — bc* sth Benin, n ioto- 
pHMi> h Tenepb eABa HaTOHaerb npHBuaaTb Tyroe noaHicame 
6o^i>mHHCTBa, He toako He cymecTBOBajH Tor^a hh bi Kasoi ere- 
neHH, ho 6ujul npocTO HeiiucjiHMH. Mu yBHAHifb Aaibme, hto bi rt 
roAH tojtbbo HeMHonurB hsi jiyqmHX'b yiiOBi b*l oGpasoBaHHMmei 
nacre ofimecxBa, acho npeACTa&uuacb ifucxb o HeotixoAHMocTH bo* 
buxx oCmecTBeHHuxx ^opifB, Kas-b e^HHCTBenRaro ycnoBia aapox- 
naro CjarococToania;— no h aia Mbiaib He Morjia (5utb BticxaaaBa, 
h bth jiioah — 6ujih jiioah, sanoAOspieHiie bt> ne(5.iaroHaMipeBBocn. 
Bt TaBOHx npoTHBoptqin 6bua rocnoACTBOBaBinaa CHCTeiia m- 
POahocth> cb hctbbhhuh Tpe6oBaHiaMH Hai^ioHajibHaro pa3BiTu, 
h Ta»B mmo npeAcraBiaja ona nepcneKTHBH Ha BaKoe-M6yAi> co- 
raacie cb bthiih TpetioBamaMH. 

Ho BpoMi dToro nojoxeHia Hapo^HHxx if accb — uaBHoft onopn 
h cyn^HOCTH rocyxapcTBa, — CHCTeaca Majio onpaBAUBajacb h Apyrm 
aBjemaMH HanjcmajibHOfi sb3hh. Upii Bceifb HauioHajibHOMT> bucoko- 

MtpiH, BOTOpUMX OTJH<iaJIOCb TO BpeMH, HeJIbSA 6UJIO CKpilTB, TO 

Poccia 6ujia npeAMeToifb caMofi HeorpaHneHHofi axcnjiyaTaiiji 

BKOHOMHTOCBOfi. CbOH HpOHSBOACTBa 6UJLH 6*AHH. BHioiHflB TOp- 

roBJfl PocciH 6tua hotth HCBJiKWHTejibHO bi pysaxt HHocrpaffijeBV 
Bt> to Bpena, Bor^a mh ropABJiecb cbohmh CoraTCTBaMH, HasuBaji 

K)SHyK> PoCCiK) SHTHHI^efi EBpOHH,— MH HOCTaBJIBIH EBpOIlt TOJUO 

cupbie npoxyBTii, BOTopue BOSBpan^ajiHCB b*b Ham bi bha* hho- 
dpaHHaro TOBapa, oiera HeBbirojHO Hamr noxynaeiiaro; orb «mt- 
Hwn l bi> Hafl66jibffliH npoi^eHTb AocTaBajfca ohbtb HHOCTpaHHuifb ne- 
roi^iaHTairb. Pyccsaa npoMunuieHHOCTb AOBOJbCTBOBajiacb oCuxho- 

BeHHO TOJbKO npOCTtfifflBMH HpOHSBOACTBaMH.* BCt HS^liiT, wbCKQJLblO 

TOHsia hjih cJio»Hua, hjih nocTaBJfljiHCb HHOCTpaHHoft Topro&iei, 

BJH rOTOBHIHCb B*b PoCCJH y HHOCTpaHHHX'b SaBOA^HKOB-b H HHO- 

cTpaHHUMH MacTepanH, xoTopue BOoCa^e xepzaiecb m> PocciH 
ho^th Tasse, Basi 6uio vl XVII-mi> cTOjferiH, T.-e. o6ora(qaacb 
caiiH, h ne coo6maa pyccKHifb BH^ero b3t» cbouxi TexHHHecxHXs 
3HaHiB, YM*Hba h npeADpiBMqBBocTH. Ha^o6HO sairfeTHTb, ^to pas- 
BHTiio npoMbim.ieHHofl npeAnpieMHBBOCTH h HapoAnaro o6oramefiia 
upenaTCTBOBaju Hanoneivb h cboh AOMamflia npaqanu, cspuBaBmuca 



Digitized by 



Googk 



XAP1KT1PHCTHBB. 333 

tfb toS ae hcrjuototcjibhocth aBTopmeTa. IIpoTHB'B aToft npeAnpiHic- 
ihbocth (Jujia, HenoHaTHWM'L otipaaoMi, npeAytiixAeHa caiia BJiacTB. 
Bb aTOJfL OTHomeeiH, Kara h bo MHorpxi> APyrnxx, cpaBneme c*b 
HHeiniHHMx nojioseniem Bemefl owhb otf-bacHaerB, ao Baaofi cre- 
neHH 6u.ia crfccHeaa a naxoAMacB bt> sacTO'6 Aaate BROHOMHie- 
CBaa »h3hb: ct6bto BarjiaHyTB Ha oCnrepnoe nuHimnee pa3BHTie 
aKiuoHepHoi npeAnpieMHBBOcTH, hjih ae.it Bno-Aopoacnaro a*-i&9 b* 
npearaee Bpeaa npocro HeMHCJiHMoe. 3to nocjii^Hee (Jhjio Torja 
no npHHi^nny saapuTo am nacTHuxi npejnpiflTifl; caico rocy- 
AapcTBO nocTpoHJio, h to yduTOHHO, to.uko OAHy 3naqHTejbHyK) 
Aopory, KaKHXi>Tenepb bi ueMHoro jiIstb nocrpoeHu AecaTBH.... 

CncTeita <HapoAHOCTH> He Morjia noxBajHTbca h BHyrpeHHiurL 
pacnopa^aoM'B, cbohmh cyAaMH h aAMHHHCTpauieft. Mu ynoMHHajH 
Bume o HeAOCTaTKaxx ynpaB^enia, o6i> OTcyrcTBie npaBOcyAia h 

npOCTOfl HeCTHOCTH BX HHHOBHHieCTBt, — HeAOCTaTRaX*, BOTopue 

6ijjh oqeHb xopomo h3b*cthh caaioff Bjacm Tenepb, Bor^a wctb. 
sthxi (rrapHHHux^ 30.1^ HCTpetfjiaeTca hobumh yMpeawHiHMH, nans 
coBeptneHHO bhaho, mo npumma 3thxt> HeAocrraTBOB'B bt> npeanee 
Bpeua Cujia BOBCe He bt> neAOCTaTBt AoCpoAtTeaH bt> jiKuaxx, a 
bt> caMOM-b xapaBTept npeaHHxi yspeTSAeaift, OTRpuBaBmaxi* hoji- 

Hblfl npOCTOp-b 3T0fi HCnOpHeHHOCTH. 3tH BOAOCTaTKH dOAMHU 6blJU* 

Cbitb, noTOMy <jto hhsto He fibijo 3amnmeH0 on> npoasBOJia 6iopo- 
BpaTiH, hto npaBa o<5njecTBa HHTfcM-B He 6u.in rapaHTapoBaHH. 
CyAta bi saapfaTOMx cyA*, aAMaiiHCTpaTop'B, BOopyseHHuft npo- 
hbbo-iomi h KaHn,e.iflpcKofl TaftnoB, BcerAa h Be3A* BceMorymK HaA* 
nacTHUMH .iHi^aMH; oTcyTCTBie ofiaiecTuewHaro npaBa BcerAa h Be3A& 
OTRpuBaeTX oOmopnoe nojie 3JioynoTpe6jieHiaMT.. — HasoBeiVB,. 
speM* <HapoAHoeni> cTpanauMb o6pa30MT> coBiiaAa.10 ct> oco6en- 
HiiarB rocnoACTBOMi <H'timeBi>, tt6 saMtiajia TorAa h MajiooaHTHaa 
jiacca nyfijiBBH. 

^aate, bt. 9to8 CHCTeaii He AaBajocB HHBaaoro npaBa a^Sctbh- 
tcibhoS Hayat: OHa noHBMajiacB tojibbo b*b caMOJTB TtcHoarB yriMH- 
TapHOMi* 3naqeHiH, Bnt BOToparo ona ne TOJibBO He AonycaajacB, 
ho Aa&e npearfeAOBajiacb. Ea Mido 6uj\o crrporo onpeA^eHO 
B3b^cthumh dopoKpaTHHecKUMH sanpen^eniflMH, BOTopua A^ajia 
B3i> Hea h4hto crpaHHoe, crkcnenHoe h ofipfeaHHoe: BaaAufi paai, 
Korxa mucjib nay^Haa hjih otiiuecTBennaa npnxoAHJia wb MajtSntee 
CTOJBHOBeuie ct> cyme.cTByioiuHM'B nopaAKOifB »h3hh, cb npeHa- 

T1JMH MniniflMH H 06uHaflMH, 8Ta MUCJb TpaKTOBaJiaCB BaBl 3JI0- 

BpeAHHft yMHce-ii. HasBaBuiH ^[aaAaeBa, KnpteBCBaro, HaAesAHHa, 
IIoJieBaro, XoMaBOBa, AscaBOBa, BijiHHCKaro, TpaHOBCsaro, Pyjibe 
h t. x » BOTopwMi npanijioCB HcnuTaTB 8T0 Ha ce64; ynoMaHyBmn 
o CT&CHeHia yHHBepcHTeTcaaro upenoAaBama, o cTporocTaxi neH- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



334 JW3THHEB BBPOIIH. 

sypa, o nojiBoiTL OTcyTCTBin ny&raijHCTHBH, mh ysaseMB aeiaaioe 
nojoseme Benjefi bb btomt* Bonpoci. 

Bb toh pyKonHCHOfi juTepaTypi naTHAecaTHXB rojOBB, o so- 
Topofi mu BHme ynoMHHain, a bb noca*AHee Bpewa h bb newi, 
abhjocb MHoro pa3CKA30BT, o ijeHsypfy BaKOBa Ofla 6nia kb -re- 
Heme onHCUBaewaro nepioja, h oco<5chho Bt Komvfc era. Mozaa 
CKasaTB, *rro OHa aorajia bb 8to BpeMa ao CBoero nee plus ultra. 
He flOBOiBHO 6ujio oaho2 o6uKHOBenHot ijeMopcsofi orien a e* 
06114HMH HHCTpyKn,iflMH; onacajHCB, hto OHa He nosera ycMOTpin 
sa bc&mh HecKpoMHocTjuiH ne^aTH; OTdo^a ynpes^Hie cnepui- 

HLIX'L IjeH3ypB, TOC10 BOTOpUX'B 60JTbffle H fiOJIBffle yMHOXaJIOCb,- 

noTOMy hto jta»Aoe MHHHCTepcTBO, Kaa^oe OTA&iBHoe b4aomctbo 
2tejajH orpa^HTB ce6a otb KaBmrB-HHtfyAB HecBpOMHOCTei neun, 
otb KaBHX , B-HH6yAB nonoji3HOBeni3 ea na <CBoe cys^Hie>. 0ki3H- 
bmocb, KOHe^HO, hto Bi^oMCTBa saTpyAHaiH oficyamenie noaaeia- 

H^HXB HMB npeAMeTOB'B AO nOJHOfl HCB03MOJBHOCTH; B03M02SHH 6uii 

naHernpHKH, ho ne 6Hja BOSMOSHa KpnTHEa.... 



Hsb cKasaHHaro ao chx*b nop* mojkho yraAHBaTB noioseme 

o6n^ecTBeHHaro MHiHia h jHTepaTypu. IlepBoe ynaao bb cpaBHemi 

' ^ase cb TiM'L, hto 6uao bo BpeMeHa AaescaHApa, Kor^a ecu He 

upaBO, to o6m$& bbcjih H3B$CTHyK> CBotfoAy mh4h18 h HHrepeci 

bb xoAy co6uTift. Tenept bt, oco6eHHocra ctsuib rocnoAcraoBaTB toh 

E3BiCTHUfi HpHHIJEHB, HO KOTOpOMy CHHTaJOCB Hen03BOJHTeJttHH)ft 

pastinpaTB A*ficTBifl npaBHTejiBCTBa hh bb ocyatAeme eMy, hi h 
noxBajiy: pascyac^eHie, xota 6u bb btomb nocaiAHeM'B cmucjt&, npej- 
nojarajo, hto pascysAaronjii HMieiB npaBO a&mwb t£ hjbh ^pyrie 
SHBOftu, cjr^AOBaTejBHO h 6jiaronpiflTHHe h He6iaronpiflTHue, - 
jie&Ay t4mb EBTopHTerB Ckmb Tara peBHHBB, tto nocjrfcAHaro Be 
icora xonycTHTB hh hoab sasHMB bhaomx: kphthbh oh-b He J03- 
BOJiajrL, h opa cjhhikomb jierEO Moraa hoaoSth ho^b <HeyBaz&- 
TeiBHue ot3ubh>; BnponeMB, noxBajra 6iuh pacTO?aenn H30- 

<$HJ1BH0.... OCHOBHOH HepTOfi BpeMCHH 6UAO OTCyTCTBie ny6jHTO0CTi; 

<uiAOBaTe^BHo, HesHame Toro, ht6 A*J»eTca bb cfpaH*, hjh zu- 
Bie H3i» oAHoro o^^Hi^iajiBHO-CiopospaTHHecKaro ncTOiHHsa; otck>a 
HaROHeAB, chjibho pacnpocTpaHeHHoe 6e3y?acrie bb co6htw» i 

HHTepecaMB, BB EOTOpUXB CaMO O^meCTBO He HMijO HHICaKOd aBTHB- 
HOfi pOJEBL 

JlHTepaTypa, BsaTafl bi» n^'fejoMx, He roBopnrL o caMHXB Eam- 
TajiBHHXB, Hacyn^HUXB Bonpocax*B shshh, o kotopuxb yate ro- 
BopHJo bo BpeMeHa HMnep. AjescaHApa He tojbbo o6mecTBeHHoe 
iMHiflie o(5pa30BaHHMmHx f B spyroBB, ho otucth a&x£ h ne^aib, 



Digitized by 



Googk 



XAP1BTBPHCTHBH. . 835 

Basi hh tffiuia OHa Tor^a HenpHBtiua e'b no^otfHHifB npefli£eTair&» 
TaE* JiHTepaiypa hh cjiobom'b He aaaBajiacB o nojHTHHecRHX'B npefl- 
Meiaxx, o BHyTpeHHHX'B A^axx, o hcoCxoahmocth pe^opMt FB 
yHpesAemax'B aAMHHBCTpaTHBHHX'B h cy^efiHuxi, o BpecTBaHCROMfc 
Bonpoci, oahhmt> dOBOMt, 060 BceifB, ht6 Kacajocs rocyxapcifia 
h ynpaBJieHia. JTHTepaiypa Baa* , 6ynTO He noflosp^Baerfc bthxs 
BonpocoBi>, He MoserB 3auBHTB, hto aie.iajia 6u hmh saHHMaTBca. 
B* cbohx'b jiy^niHX'B npeACTaBHTeJiaxx OHa bos ymjia bt> HHCTyio 
xyaoaecTBeHHocTB, cTpeanuacB sx oTBJieieHHofi $H.ioco(|)iH, daBHja 
o6u\\e HpaBCTBeeHLie Bonpocti (mh cKaseMt aajiie, BarcB pasBHTie 
ea nepemjio b^ axy HCEJiioraTejiBHyK) c$epy, bt, BOTopoft OHa ycnijra 
noflAepataTB CBoe nporpeccHBHoe ABH&eHie). IIy6,iBn,HCTHBa, mosho 
CRasaTB, coBepmeHHO He cymecTBOBajia; aaate bt> toS cspoMHoft 
(J)opMi, BTb BaKofi mh HMieMi ee TenepB, OHa H0Ra3aaacB 6m He- 
c.iuxaHHofl Aep30CTBio, npecTymieHieMt. Mh Gy^eM* hmIjtb cjyiaS 
ynouHHaTB o tom-b, Baaia Bema mooh Tor^a B036y»AaTB nofl03piHia 
h ocysA^Hifl. IIpeAMem noJHTHqecKie 6ujiu jo TasoH CTeneHH 
yAajiaeMH otb o6m,ecTBeHBaro BiflOMa (aaai BeujB onacHaa), yto 
HOB^Smafl nojiHTHHecKaa Hdopia HsroHjwacB hb-b npenoAaBama h 
h3*b JHTepaiypu; nojiHTHnecKaa bbohomui OTHOCHMa 6hjki e*b ?ncjy 
npeAMexoBTb onacHHX'B, h t. a. 

Tasoe nojioaeBie Bemefi He moimio (Shtb faaronpiaTHO ajui 
ycntxoB-B o6njecTBa h JiHTepaTypu: 8Ta CTporaa onesa, flonycBaB- 
maa tojbbo caMyio y3Kyio o6jiacTB MHiHiS, onpeffLieHHHX'B 3toS 
CBdeMofl, paBHfljiact KaieropHHecKOMy oTpHr^aniio Bcaaaro ABH&e- 
Hin BnepeA'B. Ho eoan tojbko oCmecTBO hm4jio Baaie-HHtfyflB 3a- 
AaTBH chjih h HCTopnqecKaro BHaHema, eMy npeacToaia tojibko 
o^Ha jopora — dpeMHTBca bx 6o,iie h 6ojiie nojHOMy pa3BHTiH> 
Han,ioHajiBHaro yiia ycBoemearB eBponeffcaoft Haysn h b*b BHyTpeH- 
HeMy nojiHTaqecBOMy ycoBepnieHCTBOBamK); flJia jraTepaiypH OAHa 
Aopora — fiojiie h 6oj*e aiaTejiBHoe z chjibhoc aiyaeHie BTOMy 
Tpe6oBaHiio, cjiyseme A^iy CBotfoflHoft KpHTH^recBofl mhcjih h o6m,e- 
CTBeHHaro cosHaHia. Hmchho b*b 3tomt> CMHorfc h coBepraajocB pp 
t&x'b nopx Bee ABHsenie hoboh pyccKofl jiniepaTypH. TaBBMi o6pa- 
30MX, Heofixo^BMufi 8aBOB* BHyTpeiiHflro pasBHTla BeJit jiHTepaiypy, 
BHpaauiBniyK) Jiynuiia nporpeccHBHua CTpeMJiema o6mecTBa, coBep- 
meHflo Bt hhomx HanpaBJieHin, h4mt> yKa3iJBajia h Tpe6oBajia ch- 
CTena. OicfOAa Hen36i»HO 6lijio cio.iKHOBeHie ppyxb HanpaBjieBifl, 
h TaKt saBTb o^ho h3*b hhx*b noAAepatuBajiocB bc4mi> MorymecTBOM* 
aBTopmeTa h noJioaeHieMx napoAHuxi Macct, to pojib JiHTepaiypu 
daHOBHJiacB qpe3BHqafiH0 Tpy^Hofi.... 

Ho npH BceMi CTicHeBin, Basoe oaa jojiffiHa 6ujisl bhhochtb, JiHTe- 
paiypa He H3M*&HHJia CBoeny npeflHa3HaseHiK>, h ecjH b3b*Icht& 



Digitized by 



Googk 



331 * BftCTHIKB IBPOIIH. 

» 
► 

_ isaTpyaHema, cb kotophmh eft npnxoxuocb (JopoTBca, to hcxbs* 
ee npn3HaTb 3a ea rjiaBHUMH AiaTeMMH bucoboS saciyrH. Jlaiepa-. 
Typa yKa3UBajia o6mecTBy jynuiie HpaBCTBeHnue HAeaiu, samamm 
jfoo npocBimeHiB, o6iacH&ia HpaBCTBeHHoe joctohhctbo qeiOBisa 
h o6m,ecTBa. 

PeaRitfa hocji'&ahbx'b toaobi hmd. AjsescaHApa nojaBH^a MHoro 
^totrobb ofimecTBeHHoft iiucjih h noHnsHja ea ypoBeHB, — ho 
Be Mona h3m4hbtl HdopoqecKaro pa3BHiia. Bb hobomb, Haciy- 
BHBffleMx nepioA* pasBBTie npoAP-isaiocB h jHTepaxypa pasji- 
jiHjacb, KaBi 6uBajio npeame, Ha ab4 naBHua CTopoeu, soto- 
pua BupasajiH co<5oft jBa rocnoacTBOBaBmia HajB »h3hbk) HanpaB- 
jema. O^na CesyoiOBHO npHHaaa aBTopHTera, Bomia bdojih4 b* 
Ty poiB, Kasaa eft npe*Ha3HaHajiaCB hm>, npeBOSHOCHja status 
<juo, h CTajia Boo6me opyaieMB h HSotfpaaeHieifB peasijioHHaro 
X0HcepBaTH3Ma. Apyraa — BOcapBHBJra Haqaioe npexfte j^izo rphthkh, 
H3CJitAOBaHia Han,ioHajLauxi> h o6m ) ecTBeHHLix r B OTHomeHifi: 9to 
<5hjio nocji^OBaTeJiBuoe npoaojiateHie toS o6m,ecTBeHHo3 mhcjh, 
soTopaa saaBJiajiacB cb BOHija XVIII-ro Bisa *feaTejiBH0CTBK) Ho- 
3HBOBa h PajiameBa, h noTOM*— JiH6epajiB3M0MB BpeneHi nicnep. 
JUeKcaHApa. Ha nepBoe BpeMa, b*b Haiaji'b onHcuBaenaro nepioja, 
jiHTepaTypa BaR-B-tfynTO OTdynMa otb BonpocoBB, Karie (Shjih yae 
BOdaBjieHLi bi o6m,ecTBi, oTicasajacB on> HHTepecoFB, soToptie 
y»e Haxo^HJiH sb ce64 peBHOcraoe ynacTie: fb btoB jiHTepaiypi 
jC&fiCTBHTeibHO OTcyTCTBOBajn, 3jeMeHTi» nojHTiraecBift, h oea ci 
ocoCeBHUMx npeAnoweHieMB o6pamiacB kb BonpocaMB TeopeTH- 
*qecKoft fynuiocotym h HHCTaro HCByccTBa. 3to 6ijjio, BB h3b1>ctho8 
oCTeneHH, CJiiACTBieMt peaKijioHHaro cTicHema; ho, cb Apyroft cto- 

POHIJ, 8T0 0HJIO TaKJKe H eCTeCTBeHHHMt paSBHTieMl tlOHBTifl. B'B TO 

ace caMoe BpeMa, Koraa ynoMaflyroe crfecHeme noaaBaajio BcaKoe 
.ABHseHie peaJtHuxx ofimecTBeHHO-nojHTHHecKHXi HHTepecoBB h no 

Be06X0AHM0CTH np HBO AH JO yMCTBCHHyK) 3RH3HB B'B ^HCTO-OTBJieHeH- 

bumb h coBepmeHHO oCniflWb BonpocaMB — to se HanpaBJieHie 
npoH3BOAHJiH h apyria BJkiflHifl. TaKx, bt> btom'b cmhcj* a*S- 
tCTBOBajiH BJiiaHia eBponeficRofi jnHTepaTypu, bt> BOTopoft fyuzocofycm. 
»3yqeHia h poMaHTHqecKoe HCKyccTBO, hmchho b'b to BpeMa, 6ujh 
rocnoACTByiomHMx HETepecoMx h KOTopaa npo^ojisajia 6utb nJiaRWi 

HCTOHHHKOM'L HOBBIXl HOHBTift. Bl CaMOfl pyCCBOfi JUHTepaTypt BB 

to BpeMa HyniKHHT, nmjica nepBUMX caMOCTOflTOJiBHUM'B npeACTaBH- 
TejieMt xyAoatecTBeHHoft, otiieKTHBHofi, h bm^ct^ no.iBTHqecKH bh* 

JlB^epeHTHOft HJH Aase BOHCepBaTHBHOft H033iH, H JHTepaTyp* B'B 

BBAy 9Toro aBJieHia Buna^aja eciecTBeHoaa 3aAana — o6xbchhtb Ilyni- 
iHea h ycraHOBHTB TeopeTBHecKia noHaiia HCByccTBa h jHTepa- 
^ypu. HaKOHei;i>, — h oto 6buo He nocjii^iiee oCcToaTejLCTBO, ofc- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



XA*JLRTlPICTHIffl. 337 

« 

jLQBsmwfie AajBHMmifi xox& jHTepaTypu, — nojHTH?ecBoe abeto- 
me ^BaAAaTHxt roAOB* caMO no ce6i bu3&ib&io HeoCxoABMOCTk 

•eCJH He BT> HMeHHO TaKOMX, BaSOe CJyHHJIOCB, TO BT, nOA06flOMfc 

o6pam,eHie kt» o6muMi> BonpocaMi: ropa^ee h HCBpeHHee, no 
«cbohmt> uo6ymjsfiEiawb 9 HCTopnqecKH saiitnaTejiBHoe no cbohmt. 
•CTpeMJieHiflMx bt> HapoAHOMy faary, 3to ABHateme 6ujlo cjmm- 

KOMt Ma^O C03p^BmnM'B 9 CJIBfflKOM'B AHJieTTaHTCRBM'B DO CpeACTBaMfc, 

sasHMH korjio pacnoJiaraTB. 06meerBeHHOMy oCpasoBamio Hyasao 
<>ujio BBipa6oTaTB fiopie acHua TeopeTH^ecKia npe^cxaBjieHia, 60- 
-xfce noJiHua noHaTia o HapoAnoft xhshh, — Kb TOiiy h ApyroMy, 
npaMO hjle KOCBeHHO, cjysHjru r£ H3yqenifl, BOTopua ctjuih Te- 
nepB rjaBHUMi yMCTBeHHuux HHTepecoM'B oCnjecTBa. Kaai noBH- 
j(HMOMy ohh hb yAaaajiHCB oti npe»Ae nocTaBjeBHux'B ijiuieS, ho, 

B*B BOHIjt KOHI^OBX, 8TH $BJIOtO<|>CKifi, XyAO»eCTBeBHHH, HCTOpHqe- 

^Bia, HapoAHua CTpeMjienia u yRieneHia JHTepaTypu, najio no Maay 
BuacHaact, B03BpaTHJiHCB Kb Tony se o6m,ecTBeHHOMy Bonpocy: 
oaho BpeMA saK'B 6yAT0 ocTaBJieHHufi xHTepaTypoio, ohi> aBJiaaca 
shobb, cb ropa3AO 6oxBHie3 BHyipeHHeft onpeAkieHHOCTBio. 



IIpesAe, i^MTb nepeflTH ki H3o6pa»eHiio bthxi jkbbuxt> sje- 

MeHTOBX JIHTepaTypH, MBI AOJISHbl OCTaHOBHTBCa Ha toh CTOpOHi 

€a, BOTopaa npaMO npeACTaB.ia.ia coCojJ status quo, nyBCTBOBaaa 
bt» HeMi» ce(5a AOMa h 6ujia bwb noompaeMa. Mu BCTpiTHMi, 3a%cb 
h oneHB KpynHua HMena, Aa»e caMua itpynmia, Baaia (Jhjih b*b 
stom-b nepioA* bi jiHTepaTypfc no9TBHecKo3. 

3Ta KoncepBaTHBHaa juHTepaTypa, paaBBBaBinaa 0$<|>BijiajiBHyK> 

HapOAHOCTB, 6ujia Bt 6.1B3BOH CBa3H C'B pOMaHTH3MOMT>. Mh BH- 

j$jih Bume, hto JKyKOBCKifl cb caiiaro nana.ia Chjix CBiOHeHi b-b 
BOHcepBaTHBHOMy 6e3AiflcTBiH). Ero no93ia, HanojiHeHHaa 3ao6xa*- 
heimh CTpeMJiemaMB, HBaaKBH'B nyTeMi> ne Moraa CTOJKHyTBca cl 
seMHofi A^ScTBHTejiBBOCTBH); OHa Morxa B03pocTaTB 6esnpenflT- 

•CTBeHHO B*B BaBHXX yrOAHO yCJIOBlflX* H Ciy»HTB, BaBX TOBOpHTCa, 

cyBpaineHieMfci CBoero BpeweHH. Oaa npaaecjia cbok) oTBJieneH- 
eyio nojiBsy, noTOMy ito yMLi h cepAH,a, HCBaBmie HAeajBHofl nn- 
ni,H, HaxoAHJiH ee sa£cb; ho aojisho CBa3aTB, hto HCTHHHyio nnTa- 
-xejiBHocTB OHa npio6p^Tajia tojbbo BMicrf c-b ApyrHMH, Cojiie 
chjbhumh 9JieMGHTaMu. SKyBOBCBifl, Hanp., nepeBOAM-B h noMoraji'B 
noHHMaTB niojjiepa, — ho aoji»ho 6ujio npo^BTaTB caMoro Ohji- 
jiepa, hjih Apyrie em,e nepeBOAu «3t> Hero, He CA*JiaHHHe JKyBOB- 
cbhm'b, oto6h nojiyHHTB o Hew* npaBB^BHoe noHarie. HepeHoca 
Kb u&wb eBponeficBifi poMaHTH3M'L, atyKOBCKifi BLiCHpaji-L H3i> Hero 
rroiBBO OTB^eqeHHiifi, Aa^eKifi oti> shshh poMaHTHqecaii mhcth- 

Tom* Y. — CBHTjua*, 1871. 22 



Digitized by 



Googk 



388 toCTHHKB XBPOflQEI. 

H.H3MX, KOTOpHfi, BHymafl paBHOXymie KB jMCTBHTCJlBHOCTH, H BOH- 

v&j\c& cjinmBOMx jenum* npuMnpeHieM^ cl Hefi... nymuHi, Ha- 
naBinn cl JtH(5epajiH3Ma, BnocjiACTBiH ne Harae^x b*b ce6t jocia- 

TOIHO KpHTHHeCKOfi HesaBHCHMOCTH, TT06lI BHflepaLaTB 3T0 HanpaB- 

jeme. Ero oCmecTBeHHua noMTifi yAOBJieTBopnjiHCb toh 2rh3hmo,. 
Kasaa 6iuia Ha jhijo, h aaase ero xyaoatecTBeHHUH noTpefaocnr 

y^OBJieTBOpMHCB TiMT> H3UCKaHHUMl> H HCByCCTBeHHUMt faeCEOlft, 

KOTopud npeACTaBJiajia 3Ta anoxa. HyniKHH-L npejiBmajicfl aim 
6^ecKOMi> h He saMiiaji'B ero noAKJia^KH. H3X Hero, KOHerao, He 
Mor.io yae bhSth JJepaaBHHa; tSmt, He MeHie y Hero aBiHBOTca 
mothbh, KOTopae a$juuh ero nacaiejieMi eaiu He napm, to 
H3BicTHo2 cropoHLi otfnjecTBeHHaro MHieia, hmchho toh, ROTopaa 
BocnpHHHMajia h BOSAfcjHBajia npeacTaBJieHia o^auiajbHofi Hapoi- 

HOCTH. 3Ta CTOpOHa, BO BCflKOMX OflyTO'fc, MOivia 6h BHflfcTB BT> Be- 

jmHaemeM'B pyccKOMX host* cTopoHHHBa cbohx-b H^eft, h Cum 
cjyqaii, iwfc oua cctuiajiacB Ha Hero, KaKi> Ha crjaro Hapoja>. 
3arfcMX, Kor,na C03piBmee o6m,ecTBeHHoe ^ybctbo BU3Bajio nopa- 
satomift loiiop* h carapy TorojH, to hojvb BjaameM-B Tin u 
yaiOBifi 3T0Tt nncaTejiB, sam h3b4ctho, OTKa3ajica otb SHaicm- 
TejBHaro CMsrcjia cbohxx npoH3BeAeHi2, ho TaRT> saKx nepeTOJSo- 
BaTB 3Toro CMLiaia 6hjio HeB03MoatHo, ohi> xot^jix HcnpaBHft 
oinnCtey BTopofl nacTBK) <MepTBuxi> flyurB> h <Ba6paHHHMH Mic- 
TaMH> ; KOTopiia, BTb CBoefi TeHaenijiosHofi nacTH, OKasajHCB Tasse 

6e3SH3HeHHKI, KaKT» Teopk, KOTOpOH OffB XOTi.TL CJiySHTB , )... 

Tasoro poaa A*3cTBie 0Ka3UBajia aaae Ha nepBOCTeneHHue Ta- 
jiaHTH Ta cpeaa, to orpoMHoe oCmecTBeHHoe CojBinHHCTBO, hi 
noHaTiaxx KOToparo yTBeps^ajiacB cucieMa o<J>$HijiajiBHofi Hapo^- 
hocth. BjriaHie aBTopHTeTa, noflAepatHBaBmaro 9T y cncTeMy, OTpa- 
sajocB Ha BceMi xapaKTepi xhshh: Ha&iioAaTejiK) moimo Ka3aTbca, 
hto TaKOBX n #£3cTBHTejiBH0 caMufi xapaRTep* Hapo^a, Bca ero 
HCTopm h Bee 6yAym.ee; ^aae ciuBHEie yMu h TajiaHTU, Bpaqaaa 
b-b 3Toft SH3HH, noABepraflCB MHoropa3jiH<raHM , B ea Bne^aTJiimiuci, 
catHBajiHCB cb Hero h ycBOHBajH ea Teopiio. HacTOflm.ee Ka3ajocs 
Tswb pa3p4nieHieM , B HCTopnHecBOH sajaHH; cHapo^HOCTBi c^HTaiaa 
OTHCKaHHoro, a c*b Hero yKasHBajca h npeAiJi CTpeiueHii: ocra- 
BajiocB OTAHxaTB na jaBpaxi-. 

B*b dTOH o6uKHOBCHHofi cpe^ 6ojiBHiHHCTBa rocnoACTByionui 
tohx npoH3BOAO'B CTpaHHyro JHTepatypy, Bi KOTopofi 6uasl 6yAT0 



') XapaiTepi «BH6paHHHxi nicn» mvbcrem, ho ytoGh noiy^HTs 06s nxv 
noiHoe noHjnie, Haxo ^HTaTB ene t4 nHCBMa h otphbkh, xoTopse 6hxh ihubicbs 
xmb Hixi npH neHaTaaiH aBTopom hue ero xpyabAiu, h xoTopiie eznubm 6ua » 
P. Apx. 1866, cxp. 1730 h citx* 



Digitized by 



Googk 



XAPATOFICraM. 839 

<5h h »ypnajiBCTHKft, h no&sia, h Hay&a, 6wq &&& e8b4cihoo 
oaHMeme, no spatHeft M&pi raym, ho KO^opaa OAHaso nopa- 
jsaero csoet nycTOTofi h HaTaHyTOCTBK). JKypnaJHCTHsa orpaHH*a~ 
BaiacB dohtu hcbjknlht&ibho JiHTepaTypHUMH HHTepecaMH; Jiersaa 
noB-fecTt hjih poMaffB, jiersaa jHTepaTypHaa KpHTHta, hhainNN- 
peflTHUfl HCTopn^ecKia h xpyria CTaTba, iiyTemecTBia, pasuaro pOA* 
aHeKAOTH^ecftii MaTepiaii — cociaBJKJH oaBHyio cymnocTB ea co- 
AepasaHia. Boapocu ofimecTBeHaue <Jbuh Bootfme am JHTepaxypK 
•3aspHTu; HS^aHia ceptesHHa He npotfoBajH ^a»e roBopaTB o hex*,— r 

HOTOMy HTO O HHXt MO&HO 6bU\0 rOBOpHTB TOJBBO B"B H3B4CTH0M'B 

tohIj CjaroHaMipeHHofi cbpomhocth h ftiaroAapHOCTH nonesaTejiB- 
HOMy Ha^JUbCTBy, B* poA$ Toro, KaBt roBopjun <6jiaroAapHHe 
rpa&Aanei y roro.ua. JlaiepaTypa pyTBHHaa Tara o hhx'l h roBopoia, 
IIpeAMeTii nojETuiecKie, — roBopBTB o KOTopuxi Hama jsaxepaTypa, 
gas* h8b4ctho, nojyHHJia H$KOTopoe npaso tojibbo oieHB eme He- 
^aBHO, — craTajHCB Boofime ?pe3BBrcaiflO ojiacHHME: npeAnoiiara- 
jocb, hto saHaria coBpeifeHBoi Hdopiefl h hojuhthboS He mo- 
ryrB npnHecTB odmecTBy HEnero, BpoMi BpeAa, — noTOMy hto es- 
poneficBaa jbe3hb cnniaJiacB HcnopieHHoii h upeacTaBMiomeH 
tojibko npHMtpu 6espadcyABaro pojBHOAyMCTBa h npecTynHaro 
CBoeBOJiia. EABHCTBeHHaa hohth ra3eia <zb noMTE^ecBBii'B ota4- 
jiom'b Cuja seaMeHHTaa <CiBepHaa IIqam>; 0Ha noari&majia crraTBH 
no nojiHTHqecKHMx BonpocaMi, h ycepjHO nponoB$AOBajia doao6- 
ayio To^Ky 3piHla: Poccia h EBpona, oco6eHHO EBpona BOHCTBTy- 
ijioHHaa, upeACTaaaajiH pissyio dpothbohojio»hoctb — nopaABa a 
-cnoBofiCTBia cb oahoh ctopohh, <5y3cTBa h CBoeBOJria cl Apyroi; 
Poccin Henero 6ujio saBEAOBaTB 3anaAy, noTOMy wo MHEMaa ah- 
B04H3an,ia bpeboaet'b 3anaA*B tojibko kb 6e36o»iK> h peBOJiKmifflo; 
HaMx, HanpoTHBi, cjiiAyeTx BcanecBE otb Hero otfeperaTBca, hto6h 
kt> HaifB He npoHHBja ero sapaaa. cCiBepHaa Dtaejia> He Haxo- 
AHjia cjiobi, ?to6lt BHpasaTB csoe OTBpameme kt> BOHCTETyijiaMx 
a HacMixaTBca HaA^ home: napjiaifeHTCBie opaTopw $paHn,m h 
AHrain 6hjih <BpHByHH>, BOJiBHOAyMi^u, BOTopiixi cji^AOBaio npo- 

CTO yCMHpHTB HOJIHUeftCBHMH BHymeHiflMH. PeBOJIK)ipOHHlia ABIUBe- 

nia 1830 h 1848 ro#a tojibbo AoeraBUH npHBHJierHpoBaHHoa no- 
jiHTH^ecKofl ra3eT4 hoboa'b b*b hobhmi BspuBaM^ 6jiaroHaMipeH- 
Haro HeroAOBauia l )„. IIpaB^a, <CiBepHaa IIqeJia> yae cb nepBLixt 



l ) KaKOBH 6ujlr Bsru^ii HarnHxi noiHTHqecKHxt ra36Ti (nojHTH^eciua CBi^iHia 
xpoxi «CiB. nnejH» noMimajract eme b* Cn6. hMock. «BiAOMOCTaxi», HOOco6eHHO 
xapaKTepHCTHTOH 6ujlvl bi, nepBoft), mozho xocTaTO^HO yBH^iTB H3v JDo6onuTHaro 

PAW BHBUCOKl, CjijaHHUX-B Bt CTaTB* r. AHTOHOBHHa npH 8-M% TOM* BTOpdO H3- 

j^slhul «HcTopiH BocexH. CTOxtTiaw Dlxoccepa, Ca6, 1871. 

22* 



Digitized by 



Googk 



340 BMTHm BBFOItB. 

nop* CBoero cymecTBosaHia eraja npio6p$TaTB cboio raricTHy* 
penyTaitf x>, KOTopaa, noBHjHMOMy, jojaraa eme yxpacHtbca on k- 
TopHnecBHxx paso&iaqeHifi, yse HaqHHaiomHx* noauflTbcii; bo 
9Ta penyiaitfa, AfoaBinaa ee, npejMeroirb npeaptaia n xpyry 
o6pa30BaHHaro MeHbmHHCTBa, He ni>m&ia efi npejCTaBjm cotiofc 
n.tiui orpoMHufi cjio8 pyccxaro otfnjecTBa, hsi cpe*Hnro rpaiw- 
Haro KJiacca, qeHOBHaqecTBa, xaopaHCTBa, rocTHHOflBopcBoi ny- 
6jhbh, Boemaro cocJiOBia, jaaie BHcmaro, — KOTopue yxoBimo* 
pfljiHCB noHATiflHH cC^BepHofi n?ejiH>. TpeTB, BOTopaft, roBopa 
o cbohxt. CBasaxi Cb By-irapHHUMi, cairb, KaKi pascsaBUBaim,. 
ci HsyMHTeibHofi oTBpoBeHHocTbfo cpaBBHBajB ce6fl ct» cBaiopa- 
hhbomi, TacKawu^HMt 3a cotfoft cBoe a^po> f ), — rpevB nerocnoj- 
bh*rhkt» hm*jh CBoero poaa nonyjapHOdb, Bt rfe BpeneHa oiem. 

06lDHpHyK). 

IIoaHTHqecBifl OTHomema 8to8 napu h ea cbash cb paajiroini 
o$$BiuaibHUMH yqpexjeHiaMH jo chxi nop* eme Be BnojraiBB- 
ACHeHu; ho HSBicTHO yjse e Tenepb, vro bth cbh3h (Jain jobojh>ho» 
rfccHua, KaKi»-6w Apysecsia. Ojho ocfxfwiiiajbHoe y^peacxeHie npaio 
pyKOBO^HJio nojHTeqecKHMH MHteiflMH <C$BepHofi IIqejiu> v o^bo 
BpeMfl nojHTHiecBifl HSBtcria xocTaBJiajHCB bb ra3eTy roTOBU 
H3i BTOco yqpeatftema *). 

<Ci>BepHaa IIqejia> mffena, BOHeiHo, cboh rpHSHue ajeneHTH, 
xotopuxb HeibSfl HaBA3UBaTb BtAwb nocjiiAOBaTejiaMB en Maimi, 
fb 6oJibmHHCTB* 6ojrfce HaaBHUM-b h He3naK)in l HM r b, Heseora 310- 
Ba^ecTBeHHO-JiBi^eMipHUMx; ho OHa, ties* coMHiaia, BticftasuBUi 
He cboh TOJibKO jihihuh MBima, Kor^a npejaBajiacb naitfoHajrbHoiy 
caMoxBajbCTBy h tfpaHH Ha Espony c% oaho8 cropoHu h patfcEoay 
yHHqHseHifo cb Apyroi. To se, hjih booth to se OTcyTCTBie kphthsi 
OTeocHTaibHo Hamero BHyTpeHHaro nojioa&enia eain» cjyqajoct 
yKa3UBaTb h y jno^efi coBepineeHo Heoro HpaBCTBeHHaro joctohbctba, 
h^mi KhaxejiE <C*BepHofi Hqejiu>. 

Mu BHAiJH, yto nepBaa poMaHTOTecsaa nreoaa yse oTJinaiacb 
bthitb He^ocTaTKOM'b otfmecTBeerioa KpHTHBH. Tenepb 3Ta msoia 
zonula ffl CBoero nocatAHaro npeA^Ja. TjaBHEiMH ea qepiaMB 
ocTajiHCb bt> no33ia — CTpeM.ienie kt» (mrhmoh) cboGojIj nodTHHecsaro 
BAOXHOBeHia h TBopnecTBa, CBoeropoja Kraftgenialitat, KonTOBraaaci 
TOJibKO Heo6ysAaHHOCTbK> $pa3u; bt, nonaiiaxi o6n^ecTBeHHbix^ tots 
npeyBejHqenHufi, hjh BipH'be, H3Bpainennufi naTpioTH3Mi, KOTopuJ, 
no CBoeMy jiorenecBOMy AoeroHHCTBy, yxoAHJ'b Majo Aajbme cC^BepHoS 
nqeju>. B*b btoicb cthj$ uacajit K yKO.it hhex cboh poMaHTHqecKO- 



») Cm. «3api», 1871, & 4. 

*) Cm., Hanp., «Pyccwft Apxin*» 1869, ctp. 1557—1658. 



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Googk 



XAP1BTEPHCTHEI. 311 

HaxyTua h xBacTJiHBO-naTpioTHqecwii Apaira; hxi myMHaa nonyjiap- 
Hocrb nofiasuBaen», hto oh* npuxoAiuracb no BBycy h yifCTBeHBHifb 
epexcTBaifb 6ojbuiHHCTBa, KOTopoe yAO&neTBopajocb Ha6opoifb 
rpoMKHXi $pa3T>, Haxojfi b-s Heirb BAOXHonenie, h anoBpu$H<iecBoii 
Hai^ioHajiBHoft aiioTeqaofl, HaxoAa b*b He§ hcthhhuS oaTpioTHBM'b. 
C.iyqafi cb oahoi! hbb1>ctho3 ero Apaiiofl noBa3UBaerb, hto Aa»e 
Bucmifl 0(|)<J)Ruia.TbHbiH yqpeatAeHia, — KOTopua pyKOBOftiuiH ikmhth- 
^ecRBMH MHiHiaMH o(5mecTBa, — RaBvCu AaBa^iH efi cbofo caHKi;iio, — 
TaKi> hto ycyMHHTbca Bi>eefi, Baa* bto cA^iajn* IIojeBoB, craHO- 
BHJiocb npecTyajieHieM'B. 

Bi ABa^uaTux'B h TpHAijaTux* ro^axt y Hacb Bomejn> b* 
6ojibiuyB0 Mojy HCTopHqecsifi poMaHi bo BByci BajbTepa-CsoTTa; 
8T0TB poMam> oTJiH^ajicH Tofi se TeHAeHuiefi, h sa HeMHorsME 

TO.lbBO HCBJUOHCHiflMH, SaAaBaJIC* He CTOJIbKO Se^aHieifB IIOAHBTb 

h H3o6pasBTb anoxy, ckojuro seJiaHieira HatfpaTb nofturbme pouaHTH- 

HGCKOH 9$$eBTHOCTH H OCOtfeHHO lipeACTaBHTb pyCCBJH AO&ieCTB. 

Hae6ojite nony/iapHHMX poMaHHCToifb dToro cth.ia 6ujrb 3arocBuro; 
bt> ero poMaHaxi> Hejibsa, BOHeqno, ncaaTb HCTopaqecsaro BOJopaTa, 
h xoTa Bt ero caHTHMeHTajbHOM-b npuapainHBaubfl cTaparo u HOBaro 
6ujia HcapeHHOCTb, aoTopaa mephtb cb hmtb h Boxopaa ao 
cbxt» nop-b noAAepaBHBaefb nonyjiapHocTb BToro nacaTejia bt> hb- 
BicTflOM'b apyrfc HHTaiejiefi, — ho npn Been* tom* bt> TeHAefmiaxt 
3arocRHHa 6luo MHoro h Toro, ht6 HasuBajiH Tor^a BBacHHirB. 
naTpioTH3MOMx, h BOHcepBaTHBHaa HeTepnHMocTb Atjuua ero tcjo- 
BtKOM'b napriH. JIk)6obb r* <CBoeuy pyccBOHyi, <eapoAHOMy>, b* 
coauu^Hiio h Tor^a, aaBi mu gihuibomt, qacio bhahatb bto Tenepb, 
ciyanjia noAKJiaABoB h npeA-ioroirb && o6cBypaHTH3na, y oahhx'b 
npocTOAyuiHaro h nponcxoAHBinaro tojibbo ott. HeAOCTaTBa o6pa30- 
BEHia, y ApyrHX'B co3naTe.ibHaro h sjocTHaro. He oqenb Aaaeao otb. 
noAoCnaro o£>CKypaHTH3Ma cToa-ni HHorAa h 3arocKHm>. Bi Taaowb jse 
poA* CKjaAUBajica BxoAHBiuii TorAa b*b MOAy <HpaBOonHcaTeJbHufi> 
poicaHi. 3th poMBHu, HirfcBinie npuTasame HsofipaaaTb pyccsyio 

SHBHb, HHCaJlHCb DO H3B^CTHOMy UiafijIOHy, BaB^ CTapHHHMfl BO- 

MeAi». Bt> hexi AB.ia.iHCb A*flcTByiomia jui^a Ao6poA*TejibHua h 
nopoMHua, AoCpoA^Tejib cTpaAa^a, ho ut> bohu* bohuobt* Harpas- 
Aajiact, a noposx HaaaauBajicfl, — wb pesyjibTaTi buboahjiocb Hpa- 
BOyneHie bt» Ayx4 KoacepBaTHBHofi uopajia: bx HeypaAHAax^ aa3na 
BHHOBaTii 6hjih TOJibico jioACBie nopoKB, Bee ocTajibHoe 6ujo co- 
sepmeHHO xopooio. Bojibuihhctbo bthx'b poManoBi 6ujih coBep- 
meHHo nJioxH, h ecia Aa»e B3aTb Hanfiojiie saMtqaiejibHbia npo- 
H3BeAeeia dToro pa3[>aAa, HanticanHtia eme bh* BJiianifi roroJia r 
uu HaHAeMx bt> hbxx BHorAa caMua jiyqmia Hawipenia (bt> npn- 
Mtpi* ynaaseM^ xoTb Ka/iaoiHHKOBa), ho h coBepuieHHoe eeyirfeflbe 



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Googk 



342 .BtCTHIKb BBPOIIH. 

AatTH HacToamyio Towy 3piHia, h jiortf^ecByio, h xyjoaecTBeHHyio. 
3a oTcyTCTBieji'L ea 3th poMaflu, h noAotfHHa hicb npoH3BejeHia 
Toi nopn, odaBajiHCb coBepmeHHO (5e3iuoAHu bb jHTepaiypHOMi 
^BHsemH: *H3Hb HdoGpaxaJiacb Bt ycjiOBnoMt bjmubhom'b CTait t 

CX BHAyMaHHHMH JK>AbMH, CT> peTOpflieCEOH A06pOA'I>Xe.lbIO, CT» 0(S- 

jiH^emeMx oTBae^eHHHX'b uopobobx. 9ia ^mepaiypa eme He 3Haja 
(XJmecTBeHHoi caiapu . ToroJia; ho OHa He BOcnojibsOBaiacs h 

KaKie raTepaTypHue HpaBti CKJia^uBaJiHCs B* dTOMi Bpyrfc, ofo 

ATOM'S M03KHO 6bLJ\0 HVTMb BB pa3JlHqHhIXI> BOCQOHHHaHiflXX H3*B 

aToro BpeMeHH. HasoBeM* BocnoMHHania Tpeia, BocnoMHHama o 
Tpent flpyrHxi jhovb, 3anacKH Fjhhbh, BOcnoauiHaHia H. H. IlaHaeBa. 
8th EpyatKn, B* botophxb Hrpajin pojs rpe^B h EyjrapHH'B, CeH- 
KOBCBifi, KyKOJibHHBx, rA$ CTpaHHO conpaaacajiHCb JHTepaTypa h no- 
jnijia, poMaHTHHecKift 3aAopi» h BOdopaeHHaa 6jiaroHaMtpeoHocTb *), 
6tijH BecbMa xapaKTepHCTHHHH. B* hhxl Taicme He 6hjo HHKaaoro 
jicHaro CTpeMjeHia, Kaai> h bt> Macdfc otfmecTBa; BHimmfi bha* 
osHBjeHifl sacTaBjiajn AyMaTb bthxi nucaiejiefi, ito hmh aep- 
»HTca jHTepaiypa, h hto jHTepaTypa TasoBa h AO-iama (Jut*, 
KaKx ohh ee pasyiciuiH; y hhxt» He 6ujio hh Majiiimaro hoao- 
spiHia o coBepineHHOM'B HHHToaecTB'fc mxi <|>pa3HCToii peTopHM 
h hxx o6fl^ecTBeHHo£ (J)H^oco4)iH. 3a HCBJimeHiearB AByx't-Tpex* 

JIIOAeH C0MHHT6JBH0H penyTa^H, KOTOpHe HrpaJH pOJb Bl> 9T0H 

jiHTepaTypi, A^Tejia ea 6hjih BOBce He Aypnue juopp: sto 6blih 
xojibKo jiboah, CJ^AOBaBmie sa o6^hm , b TenemeMX, ne HcniiTHBaB- 
mie, bm4ct£ ex Maccoi o6m,ecTBa, HHBaKHXt TpeBorb coMHiHia, a 
BnojiHi BipaBfflie bt> rocnoACTByiomyK) CHCTeMy. HacTynHBmee 
ABeaieHie but4chhjio 3Ty JiHTepaiypy Ha saAfliS njanb, "oiByja 
OHa yate He BuxoABja u r^i OHa eme AO-aro ciysua BBycairb 
nojiyoCpaaoBaHHofl nacra otfmecTBa. 

PoMaHTH^ecsaa HanumeHHOCTb, BHimeiu fijiecsx h OTcyTCTBie 
^OAepaania, HenoHHMaHie AificTBHTeibHOCTH, ouiHTOiomia BOHcep- 
BaTHBHyK) pOMaHTH^eCKyH) HIBOJiy, JuaConHTHHMt o6pa30Mi» oTpa- 
saioTca h bi> TorAanraeMi HCKyccTBi, oco6eeno bi tomx, BOTopoe 
6o,iie saM^THHM'B o6pa30Mi» 6ujio caasaHo ci TeHAeni^iaMH BpeMeai 
h xorfmo bi CBoeft c^ept ciyaaTb hm-b. HpocjiaB^eHHiia Tor^a 
KapTHHH BpiojoBa npeACTa&iaiorB MHoro o6n^aro cb poMaHTHnecKHMi 
cpa3MaxoM'b» KyBOJibHHBa, Bi to BpeMa nocTaBJieHo 6ujlo ui- 

CBOJIBKO naMflTHHBOBt SHaMeHHTHMB pyCCBHliB JWAHM'b, H 3TI 

naMaTHHEH oTJiHHaioTca saMiqaTeibHoS HeecTecTBeHHocTbio a ot- 



x ) BtnopuFt Tasofi 6-saroHaM'fepeHHOCTH KyKOJbHTrei sa^BJUUx roTOBHOCTb «8asrpa 
^ht& asymepOMt, ecu npiwayn*. Cm. «Pyc. Orap.> 1870, n, cTp. 884. 



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Google 



XAPABTEPHCTHEH. 345 

cyTCTBieMx co3HaHia iiicia, BpeMena u Hapo^a: TasoB* JIomohocobv 
nocTaB.ienHLifi hojvb uojuiphumt> KpyroMt bx aHTHMHofi HaroT-fe, e^Ba. 
npnicpHBaeMMH KaKofi-TO MaHTiefi; TaKOBa $Hrypa Kjiio, nocrraB- 
jieHHaa bt> ryfiepHCKOMi ropoAfc ,pa H3o6pa&eHia KapaM3Hna. 
HaTanyTaa TopxecTBeHHOCTb h (ftaiBinuBOCTb 3tuxt> npoH3BeAeHifl 
Cpocajiacb b*b rjia3a jaae HHOCTpaHijaM'B ! ); iiohatho, hto b*b 3thxi. 
naMiiTHHKaxi), iiobhahmomy yAOBjEeTBopaBinHXT* Tor^amHHM'B 0<|><|>Hiji- 
ajBHiiM'B npe^cTaBJieuiaifb o HapoAHocTH, Bcero MeHtuie Chjio pyc- 
CBaro h HapoAnaro. 

Hantfojiie nonyjapHUM'B atypHajiHCTOMi bto8 BOHcepBaTHBHoff 
jHTepaiypsi Chjii CeHEOBCBifi, nacaiejib HeconH^HHO co cBiaiHiaMH 
h TajiaHTOMi, ho BOTopoMy, HecMOTpa Ha to, npnaeTca saHaTs 
oneHL awuKoe m4cto b*b Hcropis 9Toro BpeMeHH. CeHBOBCKifi, Ha 
nepBoe Bpewa, yM^jn, flaTb CBoeMy xypHajy HHTepect ftia o6uA6HHOft 
nyC^HKH aanacoM, jrersaro HTema h bh^ihhhm'b uiytobckhm'b ocrrpo- 
yMieMi, ho OTcyTCTBie co^epaaHia 6ujlo TaBi bcjihbo, ^to sypHaxs 
HaKOHei^-b ynaji'B #o coBepineHHaro HuiTosecTBa. CeHBOBCBiS ctoajtb. 
coBepmeHHO bh4 HHTepecoB'B pyccsofi mucjih; ero Hac&itm.iHBOcTS 
h ocTpoyaiie, bt> cymHOCTH oieHB aemeBoe, botophmh ohi TaB'v 
BpaBBJica H3B$CTHofi nyfijiHri*, He HMijia HHKaKofl hhoS nOAKJaARQ, — 
BpoMi nomaro paBHoaymia b*b HHTepecaM'L pyccKofi jHTepaTypu, 
a TaK&e npesBU^auHaro caMOJiiotfiH h 03:io6jieHia sa to, hto susaa 
jHTepaiypa nponuia mhmo ero, ociaBHJia ero bt> CToponfc h no3aaH 
cetfa. HacMtniKH 6apoHa BpanCeyca HanpaBMHCB BCKopi h Ha rk 
npoH3BeAeHia uainefi JiHTepaiypu, EOTOpua aBjra.iHCB bucwewl 
uyHBTOMt ea pa3BBTia h jiyqiri&M'b ea npiofipiTeHieMi, Basx, Hanp., 
BpoH3BeAema Toroja, EOTopux* ohx yMunuieHHO hjih AificTBHTeabHO 
He noHHifaji. CeHKOBCKifi CTajn> Bootfme BpaayjetfHO bx hobo My 
jiHTepaTypHOMy ABHsemio; owl He npH3HaBa.ii> ero h ayMajrB, 
hto MoaieTx CMiaTBca nax'B hem*. HeMyapeHo, hto bi Hame BpeMa 
BpHTHBa oTHecjiacb b*b CeHBOBCBOMy noAospHTejiBHO h naxoAH.ia ero 
fliaieJibHocTb ^ByciiucjieHHofi. Bi» caMOMt j&Jih, Bor.ua aBHjHCb 
rorojib, spHTHBa Bi.mHCKaro, cHaTypaabHaa msojiai, to 3thhobhh 
HanpaBJieHia, ohcbhaho 3aTporaBaBuiia caMyio »h3hb, ct> o^nofi 
ctopohu Cum He bhojih^ BpasyMnrejiBHBi juo^aMi rocaoACTByioniefl 
inBOJiu, cl Apyroii hmi hhcthhbthbho h chjibho He HpaBHJiBCb, 
sasi hto-to hmi He HOA^HHaBHieeca, me^niee mhmo ycTanoBJieH- 
hhx'l TpaAHAifi, saftaBaBHiee sasie-To HOBue Bonpocu. Cio.ibKoae 
He HpaBHJiHCL ohh h jijoAaM'B, BOTopHe BejH EOHTpojB HaAi o6n^e- 



J ) Cm., HanpHMipi., HicKomo otshbobi 061 9tbxi ■ ooxo6buxi BpOB3BexeBiBxs 
y KncTHBa, A HKC0Ha > Bpoi. 



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Googk 



3*44 BftCTHIKb BBPOHH. 

^TBeaHUMT* MH^HieifB. <C$BepHaa Ilqejai h sypHaaii ea copn 
BcaqecKH HauaAajiH Ha bto HOBoe ABHxeme; bhxoarh CeBKOBcsaro 
npoTHB'L Hero nojiyqajin toti» a&e cmhcjtb h, tfest comh4hib, jojehh 
<5ujih 6tiTb npiaTHH jhoaamx, He seiaBmnHi, hto6u b*b jurrepaTypi 
aBJia.iacB KaKaa-HH6yAb HesaBHCHMaa mucjb, KaKoe-HHfiyjb eiU- 
Tejibnoe HanpaBJienie. CarfcxoTBopcTBO h myTOBCTBO CeoKOBCKaro 
daHOBH Jiocb paAOMt CL nojiui;e2cBHMH AonocaMH <CiBepnofi n?eju>. 
TaRX ero u noHHMajia ynoManyTaa nosAHifliiiaH KpHTHKa 1 ), soTopai 
HHorAa He maAHJia HHBaRHX'b BupaateHii jaa xapaRTepHcrau 
o6mecTBeHHofi pojh CeHROBCKaro, npanHcuBaa ewy poib mcto 
no^Hi^eflcsyK). Ho noRa OTnocHTejibHo *nocjii>AUflro h4tb eme hi- 
KaBex'L ocHOBaHifi, h pojb CeHBOBCKaro ofoacHaeTca, sazeTci, 
npome otfmHMa yaiOBiaMH JHTepaTypu h jiuhhum-l nojoseHien 
'CemcoBCKaro. Yc-iOBia, wb KOTopuxx cocTaBHjmcb jiBTepaiypeye 
BKycu CeHBOBCKaro, 6ujih cjiHfflBOMi, HeC.iaronpiaTHH .pa cepbesHoi 
jHTepaTypu, h bi> caMOMX Haqa.ii CenKOBCRifi norb Bu6paTbCB0D 
Aopory HMeHHO hoa* BnenaTjiimiaMH ABaAH,aTUXT> e TpHAuaiun 
roAOBi: coo6paaeBifl jihtooh (5e3onacHocTH b aroHSHa oTorHan 
or* Hero BcaKyio mucjib o KaKofi-jiHtfo nponaraHA*. Ct> APjroi 
ciopoHH, cb caMaro Hana^ia oht> 6bun> 3Ha?HTejibH0 lya** jffrepi- 
TypnoMy ABHaemio. Oht> Bocnmajica b*b Hysoarb o6m,ecTBi, h pyccse 
HHTepecu He 6ujih ero 6jinsa8inHMH BmepecaMH; noBHAHMOMy, on 
Aase He 6hun> BOBce peBHocTHUM'b nojiaROM'b, ho h b*b pyccson 
ofimecTBi Aepawuca Ha CToposfc. Buib MomeTt, bt» nepBoe speu 
h yieHaa jvfcaTejibHocTb, bt> BOTopofl ero y^enHKH npHUHcuoaiDn 
eiiy BejiBRia sacjiyrn, saHHuajia ero nacTOJbBo, mo ohb He w 
cTBOBajii ocotfofi jik)6bh #b jiHTepaTypi, BaRi bto CbiBaera He- 
P*abo. IIo yMy h ofipasoBamio, hjih BipHiie — nawraHHOCTH, on 
-CToaj-b KOHeiHo Bume Bcefi CBoeft TorAauiHefi otfcTaHOBRn, h Bee 
bto bm4ct4 npoHSBOAH^o bt> Hem to oTHomeeie kt> pyccRoi ji- 
TepaTypi csenTH^ecBH h CBHCORa, bx KOTopoafb ohi HasoHeip 
cqejii> AJia ce6a no3BOJiHTejbHbiML caMoe Harjioe mapjaTaHcm 
bto OTHomeHie Mono noKa3aTbca ewy cnaqaja ecTecTBeHHU5 
<(oho Hwijio ycnixi>), h oht> He Mon> 0TBa3aTbca oti Hero boo- 
' CJiiACTBin, h noTOMy, hto yciynuTb h couth co cupru 6h.io He- 
npiaTHO Aia ero caiiojKrfia, u noTOMy, HanaBmeeca ABHseuie yse 



*) Mu ciHTaeMT. qoith H3JiHfflHBMT» ynoMWHaTB o xpyroici MHiHUi, EOTopoe o6v 
acnaerb AtflT&ibBocTb CeBEOBecaro, uarb eme oahhi JHinHiA npaMtpi «naiBCKofi iBrpBi'. 
3Toft HHTpurH HBrxt Be brxbo, a HanpoTHBi, oRasHBaeTCB (cm. ctath) o Ttiiao 
o6mecTBax'& bi sana^nom. Kpa* npa bmb. AjieKcaaxpt, bt» «3apt», 1871, eb. 5), iff 

CenKOBCKift, OTBOCBTeibBO «IIO«Il>C»Oft HHTpBrBH, X06p0C0BtCTB0 BCBOJBAn O^JKtHBOCtl 

; pyccaaro ^bbobhhba. 



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Googk 



XAPABTIPHCMBH. S4&- 

BCKopi OKaaajrocb eMy He no coairB. Ho Hameiry mh$hik>, CeH- 
KOBCRifl e^Ba jih HrpajTB Ty sjiocrayio po.iB, BaByio eicy npenHCu- 
Bawrb; bto 6ujtb npocro totb jHTepaTypHHft nycTOtjBtrB, koto— 

pLlS TOJTBBO H MOrB BBipOCTH B*B OBpyaaBIHBX'B erO yCJIOBiflXL 

Ohb npHHWB 8th ycjioBia, He sajajTB ce6fc HHKaRoro Bucraaro 
iwaia, h bohihj'b doihumi. hhhto«cctbom'b. DoBTopaeM*: ohb 
saaeTca HaiTB to;ibbo ecTecTBeHHUMt nopoaaemeirB CBoero Bpe— 
HeHH, npjiMUM'L cjiijcTBieM^ rfexi ycjiOBift, b*b RaRifl rocno^cTByio- 
m&& cecTeMa crraBH^a yMCTBeHHyio jkh3hb, h oTBaaaTBca otb bo- 
Topaxx y Hero ne jocTajo hh xapaKTepa h qyBCTBa cotfcTBeHHaro- 
AOCTOHHCTBa, hh oCmecTBeHHaro HHTepeca. 

HasoHe^, rocnojjcTByiomift toh-b noHarift OTpasHJica h wb* 
HCTopnqecBHX'B npejcTaBJieHiax'B. Mh ynoMaHeirB aajiBine, Bas^ 
HOBoe ^BHseHie BUSBajo ocoCeHHoe osuBJieme HCTopuHecKext pa- 
6otb; TenepB mu ynoMAHeMi tojibbo, KaByw HCTopiio cosaaBajio- 

Ce64 TO tfOJIBIDHHCTBO, BOTOpoe BHfliuiO Bl HaCTOflmeiTB BHCfflift 

nyHKTi HCTopn^ecBaro <npeycn*ania> h BnojiHi npHHHMajio Bees- 
ofoeMi h bc6 nocjrfcjCTBia npeaania. Ta HCTopia, BOTopaa <5um 
Toi\na npn3Hana 0<|><|>Hijia>iBH0, npenoxaciajracB bt> niKOJiaxx, BOTopoft 
paapimeHo 6hjio jobccth pascBaa* jo HOBtfimaro BpeMeHH, — no* 
CBoefl ochobhoA mhcjih 6ujra OT<racT& npow^aeHieM'B «HcTopiH To- 
cyAapcTBa PoccificEaro>, OT^acrn opnniHajBHHM'B nocTpoenieifB. 
Ob KapausBHUifB HOBaa o<|Mf>HitfaJiBHaa Hcropifl pacxo^BJiacB Hanp^ 
bo B3rjra#6 Ha IleTpa Bejissaro h pe^opiiy; Kapaii3HH'B He juoShjtb. 
hx*b, — OHa BH^iJia b*b IleTp* Be^H^afiinaro hs'b pyccBHx*B rocyaapeiL 
OHa pacxo^HjacB Tanate CB KapaMSHHHMi bo B3rwfc Ha HoBropoA^ 
Ha JlHTOBByio PycB. SaTiwB ocnoBHwe nyHBTU KapaMSHHa noBTopa- 
jihcb. Pycesaa HCTopia He npeacrraBJiajra ctojibko pasHOotfpasia h 6.iecBa r 
KaB-B HCTopia sana^Haa; ho ona tforara My/jpHMH rocyAapaifH, 
cjiaBHUMH no^BHraMH, bhcobhmh flotfpoa'frrejiHMH. HcTopia caMo- 
AepxaBia Ha^HHaeTca cb PiopnBa; npepsaHHoe hjih oaiafaeHHoe* 
npacBoptfHHMH MeatfloycotfiaMH yjrfejiBHaro nepiojia (npeACTaBjaiomaro 
AiuieHie Poccin Me»ay BHasBaMH o^eoro AOMa, BcrfeflCTBie Aypnoro 
HOHHTia o npecTOJroHacjrfcfliH), oho aojxho 6ujio nadB hojvb Ta* 
TapcBHirB HamecTBieMt, ho B03CTa;io bhobb noAT> My^pofl hojihth- 

KOft BeJHBHX'B SHHSei H I^apcfl MOCBOBCBHX'B. TIpHHaBX XpHCTiaHCTBO 

H3T» BH3aHTia 9 Poccifl nojiymuia. BTOpoe H3i» cbobx^ ochobhhxt. h 
He3Li6jieMBJXT» Hanaji'B — npaBocjraBie, BOTopoe paa*B HaBcer^a ycTaHO- 
bhjio bt» Heft HCTHHHoe npocB^n^eHie. C*b jipeBHiamnxT) BpeMCH'B 
ify^pwe iepapxH h yiHTejra i;epKBH nowepatHBajia ^hctotv axon* 
npocB^n^eHiff, soxopoe b^ stom-b bha* aohi.io h ^o Haraero Bpe- 
MeHH h, AOCTaBjaa Han^ TBep^ua npaBMa Bipu h HpaBCTBeH- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



346 BftCTHHKb EBPOHH. 

hocth, ycTpaHfljp orb HacB Bci 340Bpe,3iHua yroma, wb Basil 
BBeprajica He HiiiBinifi 3toS hhth 3ana^*B. TpeTBe ocHOBHoe Hai&io 
jpyccBoS jrhshh, HapoAHOCTB, HBMjiacB KaffB aioffB HOBijfimaro 
BpeMeaa h HOBifimaro npaBjienia: c% Eeipa BaiHKaro Poccii 
jjojiKHa 6iuia imoroe 3anMCTB0BaTB H3T> EBponu; BOBjeaaeiiaa n 
eBponeBcEia A^ia, saHMCTBOBajia eBponeficme HpaBu, a Tasase i 
HiKOTopaa satfjiyjEAenia — HOBoe Bpeiia B03BpamaerB ee n hc- 
thhhhm'b HanajiaMt pyccKofi HapoAHOcm Cfc BOABopemeM-B hx* 
pyccKaa »h3hb HasoHeivB ymHaBJiBBaeTca Ha hcthhhoS crrezi npe- 
ycniaHia, h Poccia, ycBOHBaa ce6i 3Hama 6e3*B caiiOMfffcrna .rae- 
HMeHHaro pa3yMa h ujioru i^HBHjmsai^H 6e3*B ea safiayaLAemi, 
jioaeTi ropAHTBca npe;n> EBponofi. 

Hdopia Poccih npe^CTaBJiajia tqjibko nocieiieHHoe CTpeMjeme 
kt» 9T0My fijiareeimoMy HadoameMy, pa3pimaBmeMy bc*£ Bonpocn. 
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BHyTpeHHaa HCTopia Kast 6yATO cocToaja tojtbko b*b pa^fe iiipo- 
npiaiifi, KOTopwa BJiacTB ynoTpe&ioa ajlx hxt» yTBepsAema. Hcro- 
pHEH He bha&ih Apyrnxi ajieMeHTOB'L HcropiroecRaro pasBirria, He 
sv&'kjm h t4hh Tofl 6opBfoi bx caMiaxx HapoAHHX'B Maccaxx, Tin 
pa3Hoo6pa3Hux , L a&aeHifi BHyipeHHefl atH3HH, H3CjrfcAOBame koto- 
puxx npeACTaBJiflen, Tenept ocotfeHHyio npnBJiesaTejbHOCTB in 
HCTopHKOBi. Hapo^Tb, HanpoTHB'B, npeACTaBJiajca CTpajaTexbHot 
Maccofi, npeAMeTOMi npaBHTejBCTBeHHHX'B pacnopaaemfi, He mcti- 
HiHirB hh rojioca, hh coficTBeHHaro pascyameHia. Oahhitb cjioboyb, 
ECTopHKH nepeHocH.iH wl npofflejfflee cboh npeiciaBjeHia o m- 
•CToameifB; hx* HCTopia Kbjisa&cb He tojbko HCTopiefi rocyAapcrea, 
jcasi* 6ujlo y KapaM3HHa, ho npodo Hdopieft npaBHTejBCTBa, Ha- 
poAHaa Hacca 6iua rpyfia h HeBiasecTBeHHa, — efi AaJiH rocy^apcTBo 
h npocBtiaiH ee xpHCTiancTBOM'B, npeBein b'b nopaAOK*B ea rpax- 
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JET MflTeSH, HO OHH HpOHCXOAHJIH TOJIBRO OTB He0<5y3AaHHUX'B CTpa- 

ciefl h HeB&KecTBa, h BJiacTB, bi» koh^ kohi;obt», ycMHpaja m 
b B03CTanoBJiajia nopa^OK'B; 6hjh 6^ctbih, 6bijih secTOBOCTH npa- 
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HyjpBixx Mipi npHBOAHJOCB h saKpinomenie KpecTBHHCTBa — 

Mbi ynoManyaH, ito hctophkh stoS saieropia Cpa^HCB H3o6pa- 
aiaTB h Hadoamee. Moatno ce6i npeAdaBHTB, ^to 3to 6uxb no- 
^ToaHHufi h aiHnjKOMt HeyMipeHBufi naHernpHR'B, ncTopH^ecsai 
aMHJiH(|)HKai^ia h3b4cthoh TeMH, hto Bee oCctohtb Cjraronojy^HO, 
h *to rpaat^aHe 6.iarocjOBjaK)T^ cboio cyABfiy. JIwAaMt pa3cyff- 
TejiBHUMt h Tor^a CTpaimo 6llio HHTaTB 9th Bema; en^e CTpaHHie 
6ujlo ^HTaTB hx*b BnoaifyiCTBiH, sor^a Te^enie co6iiTifi coBepineHHO 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



XAPARMPHCTimr. 34T 

onpoBeprayjo flaHerapHK'fc: EreyMfepeHHiia BocxBueHia RHorjja era- 

BOBMHCB HOXOJKH Ha HpOHUO.... 

Rt ^onojraeHie Kt btoS HCTopiH aBjaracB TpyjH,' MeH'fce npo- 

HiTKHyTue 0(|)(|)Hi;ia^BHOCTLK), ho He MeH-fee OTJiH^aBiniecH BOCXB&ie- 

mmi pyccKofi CTapHHU, OTprnjameirB EBponH h hhskodokjioh- 

hhmb npeBOSHecemeMTb Hacroamaro. Oahhitb hto caiiHXB xapaK- 

TepHnxi o6pa3qHKOB , B TaKofi HCTopiH Moatert cayaarrB <HcTopi& 

pyccKofl caOBecHocra, npeHMymecTBeHHO jpeBHefi> HleBapeBa, ir 

jpyria nponsBeaenia 9Toro nncaTejra, npe^cTaBJHBmaro, bm*ct4 cb 

r. IIoro^HHHM'L, oco6yio mBOJiy, KOTopofi He Hajo dfinraBaTB &> 

cjaBflHO$HJibCTBOM'B (xoTa Me»#y HHMH 6ujio BCe-TaRH MHoro 

oCnjaro). Cthjib IHeBtipeBa, OTJiHTOBiniica ejrefiHHMB BpacHop4*ii- 

eMi, cooTBiTCTBosajTB coflepmaHiio ero HeMyapeHoft Teopin, — Ha- 

xo^HBinefi B'B ^peBHefl Pycn bc£ HpaBCTBeHHHe H^ea.iH: ohb ohjitb 

nepenocHJix bt» npome^mee rfe noMTia h HpaBH, KaRHHH ohb sub- 

bx HacToameM'B, h He GyayiH b*b cocroaHin npe^cTaBHTB ce64 hhhx^b 

$OprfB K03HH H HHUXl HfleaflOB-B, HleBMpeFB ItpaMO BHCTaBEJIlw 

BBicmHifB H^eajioirB ne tojbko jinqHUMx, ho h rpaatfaHCKHM*,, 
^o6poA*TejiB «CMHpema>; cmhcjtb npomeamefi HCTopiH h 3aja?y 
(5yjynte3 ohb BHjffcuB &&& pyecwo napo^a BB <npHHHxefiiH Jim- 

HOCTH>. 

Mil orpaHH^HMca bthmh npHM*paMH, <ito6h noKasaTB, Kama 
^epTH npHHHMajia jraTepafypa, BwpocTaBmaa hsx Torjaranaro no- 
jioatema Bemefl, H3B rocnoflCTByiomHXB noHaiifl h HpaBOBB. 3ia 
jHTepaTypa <5Hja; w> o/jHoft cropoHH, npoflojiaeHieM'B BOHcepBaTHB- 
Haro poMaHTH3Ma, cb apyrofi, npHMiHeHieMB o<J>4>Hijiai[BHoii h&P<>A- 
hocth; Bootfnje bto 6njia JHTepaTypa Heno^BHKHocTH h sacroa, ot- 
jinHaBmnxB orpoMHoe 6ojiBfflHHCTBO ofimecTBa. OHa ne npeffioiiarajia 
h bosmokhocth apyroro nopajjKa Hjefi, apyroro Tesema srhshh,, 
^4m'b rb 9 BOTopue BHjtjia rocnoacTByiomHMH, ne npe^nojiarajia 
HHKaKOft B03Moa;HocTH coMHiraia ; cypoBo oneKaeMaa h cBjraaH- 
Baa, OHa ne Hirfjjia aaace cosnama cBoero nojioaeHia, nojiaraja^ 
"^to HHaie 6htb ne mokctb h He ^ojratHo, h HaKOHeut saBepraa- 
jraCB Mpa^HUMB <f>atia'nraec$HM'B otfcKypaHTHSMOMi <Maasa> 9 hjs 
Bu^yMBiDajia cboh sa^Ria Teopin, tco6u MHHuro-Hay^HUMi otfpasoM'E 
(noTOMy wo m*h eBponeflcKofl jnrrepaTypH ysHaja o cymecTBOBa* 
HiH flayrauxB npieMOBB h Tpe6oBanifi) onpaB^aTb cBoe cymecTBo- 

BaHie, H B03B0AHJia Bl npHHB[Hn^ — OTCpCTBie BCaKOfi JHHHOfi IT 

otfa^ecTBeHHofi cboCo^u h caMOfffeaTeatHocTH. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



348 BftCTHIffb IBPOflH. 

Herpyxno bh^4tf>, mkobo mopjio 6utl, bi bto» nopajucft Bemefi, 
cojfoxeme to8 ^acra jHTepaiypu, ROTopa* npoxonuLsa npexeee 
nporpeccRBHoe ABBxeme. B* yicasaHHOirL ceflqacb xop* KOHcep- 
BaTHBBUxt rojiocoBi He 6ujio MicTa ex CTpeiueBiaMt, sasi He 
<5tuo hmi» oTrojocsa h ocHOBaeia b* HacTpoemH orpoMHaro 6ojb- 
mHHCTBa o6u^ecTBa. Ona BCRopi se BiirfuHJiacb oco6hmh rpyn- 
naMH HHcaTejiefi H3t o6meft Maccu h, cnopo sairiraeHHaH cboh» 
t4chumx BpyroifB HBTaTejiefi, He ycaoibaeyjia h orb BHHiiaHia 
yqpea^eaifi, KOTopuirb npHHaAiesaj'b ROHTpojb na#b neiaTbio h 
odn^ecTBeHHUM'B MH4me*n>. Ha nepBuxT* se nopaxx OHa 6uja ot- 
xiraeHa Kant jiaCep&ibHaa h nojnajia B<yfcirb Tasejuifb crfccHe- 
HiflM7», RaRHMi noxBepraeTca mucjh>, HicKOJibKO Buxojamaa h» 
otin^efi pyTHHH, bi otimecTB-fc, 6oibmHHCTBO KOToparo He omymaerb 
HHRaRofi yMCTBeenofi noTpetaocTH. IJeHsypHufi rHerb Chjii rfcirb 
Tflxejie, qtM'b 6ojbine 6ujio pascTOHHie noHflTifi , ct o6*6hxx cto- 
poHi. 9to pa3CToame 6hjk> oqenb 6ojbinoe: ijeeaypa npexcTaaiua 
spafiHK)K) neiepneMOCTb e noA03pHTejibHOCTb npHHflTux'b noHATii, 
#b HOBEix'b JiHTepaTypHux'B HanpaBJieHiaxi cTpeMuca BucRaaaTbca 

pa3pUBT» Cb 9THMH HQHATiflMH, Cb KOTOparO TOJIbKO H Morjio Ha- 

^aTbca pacnpocrpaHeme hobux'b B033p$Hifi bt> oCmecTBi. Bt 8TOirb 
upoTHBopiqin jHTepaiypa 6iuia coBepmenHO 6e3npaBHa: ciynajocb, 
^to h ijeH3ypHoe OAo6peaie He cnacajio on roeeeiii co ctoiK>hh 
BHcranxi yipesxemfi — yHHqTOsajiBCb caMUH nsxaHia, cb HaKasa- 
eieMt h BzjfiTejLei h ijen3opoBT>. Ilojioseme necaiejifl 6hjio, fe 
ooao6hux^ CJiyqaaxt, coBepineHHo 6e3noMomnoe: nacaT&ib He toa- 
so Tepaj^ bi sypHajit cbok) cotfcTBeHHOCTb, h HcnuTUBajrb Tase- 
Jioe sacHJiie najcs cbohmx yifCTBeHHHM'B TpyxoMv. oh* coBciMt tc- 
pajii noqBy no#b HoraMH, noTouy qTO Becb o6pa3x cro vucjei 
ORasuBajiCA HeflosBOJHTejibHBiM'b, CToaiuHM'b bh£ daKOHa; bt> ofinje- 
<rrB , b oht> flBjfljica TCJioBiraoM'b sanoAOspiHBMM'b. 9th crfecReBii, 
♦ofiuKHOBeHHO conpoBOSAaion^ifl i^eHsypy, 6uj\e y Hact rbwb Tflseie, 
^to na^ajiH Ha HesHaqHTejbHoe MenbinHHCTBo, jnmeHHoe onopu bt» 
o6m,ecTBt, em,e He npuBUKnieMt jaBaTb wfecTO rphthr6 h paaiH- 
9iio HH^Hifi. IIoAo6HUfl ycjiOBia KpafiHe crfecHajia j^&ATejibHOCTb 
jiHTepaiypu, cbysHBajifl ea pasM^pu h pe3yjbTaTH, bs^ x^ja, 6mb 
Hoxerb, KpynHaro A^a.iH MejiRoe; B* r^liOM-b pafioTa jraTepaTypa 
saTpyAHfljracb, ^ijiajiacb otphbohhojI, ciyqafiHofl, yMCTBeeHoe pa3BH- 
•rie o6n;ecTBa nuio ex t^mh CKaqRaue, yMO.iqaaiflMH, HeBCHOCTaHi, 
nocntniHLiMH nopuBaMH, BOTopue ffl chx^ nopt kt> cosuiBix) 
OTpaxaioTca b*b Haraefi »H3hh h jiJiaioT'b Haina o6mecTBeHHwa 

flOHflTia BT» 60JbUIBHCTBt CTOJIbKO HiaTKHMH., HenpOHHUMH, He^O- 

^ywaHHUMH h ciyqafiflUMH. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



xipaktipictho, 849 

Hy*HO H0MHHTB Ofo BTBX* yCJOfiiaX'B, VTOtill, B-B AOJSHOJt crre- 

neHii, oiv&hhtb TpyA'B Tixt HeMHornrB nacaTaiefi, BOTopue, bi Te*ie- 
Hie onHCUBaeMuxi AecaTEJiiiTiii, aoctoAhumt. otipaaoro npeACTaBJiajE 
BCTHHHtie HHTepecu o6mecTBeHnaro pasBETia. 3totb TpyA* BHymaert 
b*b ce64 HCTHHHoe yBaseHie. JIfoah, ero HcnojHflBmie, <5ujih npe- 
^ocraBjeHH cbohitb jiuhhum-b HpaBCTBeenuM'B CHJiaMt b*b o6mecTBi, 
xacca KOToparo Aaace He noHHMaja bxt> ycsjiift 9 hoa*b TasejiuMt 
BeAOBipieMi'H noA03p*HiaMB, hoa* onacHomio MiBaro cnosoft- 
CTBifl. He HaAO Ta&se yAEBJETBca, hto 8Ta oticTaHOBBa oTpa- 
asajiacB He6jaronpiflTHUMH Bji/raiaMH Ha canons xoa4 yMCTBee- 
Bofi pa6oTu. Bci^ACTBie Toro, *to bto hoboc coAepasaHie, soTopoe 
crpeMsuracb Bbipa6oTaTt JiHTepaTypa, oieHB qacio 6ujio 6ojiie hie 
uewie sanpeTBUMi moaoitb, hto Haysa npoHBRaia r* Ham* h 
pacnpodpaHfljiacB tojbbo otphbbbmh, HOBoe ABHReaie JiETepaTypu 
eeptAKO BDaAa,io bt» oahoctopohhocth, yBjeienia, BHorja h^ceojibbo 
4>aHTacTHqecKia: EHa?e h 6utb He moimo, noTOHy wo hh OAHa 
mien He Morja 6htb AoroBopeHa jo Koan,a, hh OAHa He aocth- 
raia BcecTopoHHaro o6cyxAemfl. Mu sHaeirB h Tenept 8Ty Her 
npHBuiKy zi> spHTHKt; ho aojkkho cnaaaTB, hto HhiHinmee hojio- 
seme jHTepaTypu He MoaerB hath he bt> sasoe cpaBHeHie ci> 
npesHHM'B. 

B* BHAy btbxb ycjiOBifi, A^flTeiBHOCTB TorAanmefi nporpeccHB* 
boh jiHTepaTypu npeACTanjiaeTca ropasAO Cojrte 3na*BTOiBHoff, sim 
Bootfme AynafOTB. Ilpn bc^xx HefijiaronpiaTHuxi ■o6cToaTejiBCTBax , B, 
OHa noAAepsaaa HHTepecrB CBofioAHaro H3CJiij,OBaHia h o6mecTBeH- 

HOfi SpHTHEH; OHHpaaCB Ha CHJH HetfOJBIHOrO HHCJia H36paHHUX'B 

yiiOBi, OHa daja ^ynmnM-B BupaseHiem yMCTBeHHaro ABHseBia 
h ayqniHMx saAaTKOMi ero 6yAymaro. 

Mu ynoMHHajiH b*b Apyrous m4ct4, wo jHTepaiypa bthxk 
xecATBiiTifi npoAOJisajia TpyA'B h pacniHpHJia saAara, nocTaBJiteH- 
Hua JHOABMH AB^AHaTuxTb roAOB*. 06cToaTe,ibCTBa, a bm*ct6 h ca- 
Mafl cymHOCTB A*Ja coofinjEJiE btoA JiHTepaTypi bho2 xapaRTep^ y 
*rhwb tott», BaBOH hm^jih dpeMJieHia A^aAAaTHxi roAOBx. OHa 
coBepmeHHo noraAaerB nojiHTHqecKie Bonpocu, He tojibko noTOiiy, 

^TO OHH (SilJIH 8aBpHTH ^JiQ RGB BHtmHHM'B 06pa30M*B, HO H HO 

CBoefi Ao6po8 bo jit: ona coxpaHHJia Bee noqienie b*b npeAmecTBeH- 
HBRaMT», ho qyBCTBOBaja, ^ito nocTaB^eHHue hhh Boupocu eme He 
no CH,iaMi> pyccBOMy o(5mecTBy, ^to ohh caMH no ce64 en^e He- 
XOCTaTO^HO BwacHeHH, ^to hmi AOJt»Ha npeAmecTBOBaTB DpnroTo- 
BHTejitnaa pa6oia, (Jojibmee paaBHTie noHaiifi h oCmecTBeHHaro 
C03Hania. DoaTOEy, xoTa JiHTepaTypa a oTCTynnja b^ CTopoHy oti 
saMiqeHnuxx npe»Ae nytefi, ho, bx boh^ bohi^obi, OHa rjiy6se 



Digitized by 



Googk 



350 MCTHH&L tiBPOlfH. 

BHHKaerB bi cynjecTBeHHyio CTopoHy rftaa: *& Hsyneme pycotaro 
ofimecTBa, ero HCTopHqecKHXTb h HacTOdmffXT, OTHomemi, ero yx- 
croeHHHX'b h o6mecTBeeHHxi» noTpefoocTeft. 

HecMOTpa Ha to, *rro TaRtaro oCpasoarb osa CTOua bh* cotfcrBCHHo 

DOJHTH^eCKHX'L H 06n^eCTBeHHUX l B BOnpOCOBT,, BX efl $HlOCO^CK0Ml } 

HCTopireecROM'b, noaTHHecsoM'B coAepsaniH CBasuBajacb otohb hchu 
o6n;ecTBeHHaH TeHfleHijia: efl oTHomeHie vb rocnoacTByroiniM* no* 
HflTiHirB h nopflAKaifB 6mo cymecTBeHHO OTpHn;aTejLHO€. Efl ot- 
BJieHenrnjff npeacTaBjeHia, efl H^eaju cjimnROirb Majo BBsa.ira cs 
toft A$tcTBHTeJH>HocTBK>, KaKyK) npejeraBJoa pyccicafl shshb. &* 
3toS jiHTepaTypn He Moraa ocraTbca OBpHTofl HecocroaTeiBHOcft 
yEa3aHHofl BHme cacieMu ofytymtisLXbROi Hapoflnocm Bjaro»ipa 
TeopeTHqecKHMx mjHem&wh h BnyTpeHHHMt HHCTHHKTain>, \m 
9toh jHTepaTypu OTKpuBajiHct HHHfl nepcneRTHBH, KOTopmn oia 
He Morja He oTjaTb npeflnoiTema: kb HacToam.eM'B, 0Ha He mom 

npHMHpHTBCfl CI TiCHHMH paMKaMH, KOTOpiIfl OTBOflHMH 6HJH JlflB*- 

njoHajbHux* chjtb; bx HcropiH OHa HaHHHajia ontpiiBaTb Hapopiie 
9.ieMeHTu, ROTopuxi He BH^iJia h He npHSHaBaja cHCTeMa, h koto- 
pmrB otcbhaho aomna 6tua npeacroaTb cboa CynymHOCTb. He 
npHMirpflflCb cb TeoperaqecKHMi, cmhcjiom-b cHCTeim, 8Ta jrarcpa- 
Typa enje MeHbme Mor.ua npnsHaTB nopMajiBHOCTB h ufeiecootipas- 
hoctb efl npaETH^ecBHX'B npHMineHift. Pas* noaywBniH HHTepeci 
kt> o6m,eqejiOBtqecKHM r i, H^eajiaMi, no3HaBOMHBnracb fiojite cepbeseo, 
h4mt> to CuBajio npeame, ct> coxepsameMi h HCTopieS eBponei- 
CKaro npocBimema, Vra jHTepaTypa He Morja He BsrjiAHyTb cv 
6ojvbe nrapoRoft tohrh 3piHia h 6ojrfee HcspeHHO Ha as-iem* pyc- 
CKofi jiScTBBTejbHOCTH. CTaBfl y»e Tenepb Bonpoct o Hapov 
homt* tfjiarfe h pa3BHTiH cbobmi ochobhehtb HHTepecoMi, jhtc- 
paTypa, H3^ CBoero Teopera^ecRaro ya&aeHia, Combine h 6om& 
no^xoAHjia Kt HapojtHOfi sbshh, ROTopaa h eraja hcxoahhi* 
nyHETOMi efl CTpeMJiemft: oahh HjeajibHO B03BejfHiHBajiH eapoft 
ayicaa bt> btoh <f>HJioco<j>cROfl, HCTopH^ecKoft h nodTHqecsoft H#fr 
jH3aiuH ero orapHTb nyTH ero B03po»AeHia; apyrie HcsaiH xto 
ate caMuxx nyreft bi KpHTH^ecKOM-b aHajinsft A^CTBHTeibHocTi, 
B r b co3HaHm cjia6ux < b ctopoht> Hapo^a bt> ero npome^ineirb h hi- 
CTOfl^eM'b, Haxo^fl b*b btom^ co3HamH nepBufi man ero ^.tficTBh 
TeJbHaro coBepnieHHbJitTifl. 

B*b tomt* h Apyrous cMHCJrfc h HanpaB^eHin BTa jHTepatyp* 
ORasajia cboh fiojibmifl 3acjiyrH. Ea Tpy^H ctohjh eft mhoto 6opb6v; 
OHa xajieKO ne 6uja b^ cocroaHin cxasaTb Bcero, it6 AJ^aia, b* 
h rbwb, ht6 6ujio CRasaHo, ona ycntjia BBecTH Bt otfpameme MHoro 

pasyMHHM H CjiarOTBOpHHX'b HOHfllift. BHCOBHM-b TpeCoBaHiMS 



Digitized by 



Googk 



361 

saKia OHa TeopenraecKH craBiua jyi& HaijioHajrBHofi shshh, bh- 
<cokhit6 HAeajraMi h i$jraMB, Rank CTaBHJia cma #ra cepbe3Htix'B 

yMOBX, MET 06fl3aHH MHOreMH H3B rfix-B JryqmHXB 0<5meCTBeHHHX'& 

noHATifi, Kama bi> Harae BpeMa HaiEHaroTB CpocaiB KopeHB b-b 06- 
n^ecTB^, — h MHorHMH Hst t^xx otfmecTBeHHHXB npeo(5pa30BaHii, 
jfl& KOTopuxx HHHiniHee uapcrBOBaHie Hanuo bb o6medBi h oy- 
<JoKoe co^yBCTBie h HcnojHHTejieft, 

TO BpeMfl 6UJIO HpaBCTBeHHHlTB DpHTOTOBJieHieifB B'B coBpeMeH- 

Hofi npeofipasoBaTejTbHoS 9noxi. Bb nepio^B kphmcroS boAhh,— 

O KOTOpOMB MH CTOJIBKO pa3B BCnOMHHaJIH, H KOTOpHH npHHCCt TaKB 

MHoro pa30iapoBamfi, paspymujiB TaKB MHoro caaiootfojiBmeHifi, — 
jho^h, BoenHTaBmieca ho^b BJiiameM'B btoS MTepaTypH, ne na- 
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bhmb Ha^ajoM'B Haraero otfnjecTBeHHaro Bospoayjema. Harae BpeMa, 
KOHeqHO, ynuro sHaneTejiBHO cb rfcxB nopx; bb BonpocaxB Hacroamaro 
oho bo MHoroM'B paaonuocB cb ocraBnraMHca npeaciaBHTejiaMH TOH 
snoxn, — ho b'b Ha^aj* HacToanjaro nepio^a, jryqmie jtoxh coBpe- 
MeHHoft jHTepaTypu HaiajiH cb nojmaro, hosho cKa3aTB, tfjiaroaap- 
eslto npusnama sacjiyrn jsfb&Tejieib Toro BpeMeHH, KaKB cbohx-b 
flpe^mecTBeHHHKOB'B h y^HTejiefi. 

A. Ehiihhb. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



^ECflTB XBTb PEOOPMX. 

1860—1870 it. 



CTATBH CEJbMAa*). 

8I1CKJ* 7VBSAKHIH. 

L 

Bi p«y axMHHHCTpaTHBHuz'B pe^opifB, nocrh specTBAHCsaro noio- 
semfl, BaxH&fimee Micro aaHnMaera, 663% Bcasaro coMHfrri*, Etojoxe- 
me o sencBHX'B yqpesAemHX'B. Bi ocofeHHocTH oho HM-fcerB Tasoe 3Ha- 
Heme BCJi^cTBie rfcx* HaAeawB, KOTopna oho BOsCyjHJo npn cBoen. 
noflBjemH Kara bx o6ntecTB$, TaKB h b*b JHTepaTypk KoHeiHO, BecBxa 
ecTecTBeHHo, hto o6m,ecTBO, jo chxi nop* He HM&Bmee b-l cBoen pac- 

HOpflSemH HHKaKHX'B 06ffl,eCTBeHHUX , L HHTepeCOB'B, yBJeKJOCB h, Hejo- 
CTaTOHHO BHHKHyB'B B*B rfc npaBa H O&mHHOCTH, BOTOpUH COSftaBaJHCK. 

jxa Hero hobum-l sasoHoifB, bo3jojkbjo Ha Hero npeyBejraraeHHtui Ha- 
AesAu, BOOtfpaaHBx, hto Tenept oho 6yAen> kb coeroaHin cjiaaTB mho- 
roe. TaKoe Hacrpoeme o(5mecTBa o6ifiCHaeTc& otohb npocro HenpHBire- 
kod BHHKaTB vb cynjHOCTB rocyaapcTBeHHHX'B y^peajemfi h noHHMam 
rat BdanMHUH OTHomeHia. Ho Ham xaseTca aobojbho cTpaHHHifB, no- 
neMy Hama ne^an* oraecjacB si dTOny saEOHy cb rkwb se jerKOMHC- 
i\zwh, Kara h ofin^ecTBO. IIoBHjHMOMy, nenaTL Morja 6h othccthcb k^ 
rfuy fftcKOJLKO cepi>e3Hie. OHa HMija b«b BHjy h HCTopn^ecKie npn- 
Mtpu, h Hay^HyD paspafioTsy BonpocoBi rocynapcTBemioirB ynpaBje- 
mn, h Hame npexHee saKOHojaTeJBCTBo seMCKHX'B yHpeatAemaxTb, h t& 
Hanajia, kotophji 6euh noioxeHU b«b ocHOBy KpecTBiracKaro h sencicara 
Hojoaemft, Haraja, KOTopua He coBcira cxoahjhcb Meatfly co<5o», h Ha- 

*) Cm. Bume: $eBp. 778; MapT. 832; anp. 771; Maft 386; uohl 812; umb 346. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



XPOHHKA. — AKC£Tb JIMB PMOPU. 353 

Borons Hanra HpaBH h oforcaH bi c^epaxx KaKB o$4>Hitiaj[bHofi, Tarcb h 
H60(|)<t)Huiaji>Hofl. Bee 3to moimo pfl.Tb Hamefi jntTepaTyp* boshoshoctb 
ca&i&tb dTOMy saKOHy bhojh4 CesnpncTpacTHyK) h ocHOBaTeJBHyro oitfra- 
Ky h onpeAiJHTL ero aificTBHTejibHoe SHa^enie bb jkhshh. Meamy rimi, % 
BMtcTo Taporo cepbe3Haro KpHTmecKaro oraomeHia kb a&iy, bb Hamefi 
nenaTH mli bha&ih Tiace npeyBejraraeHHHa Haaeamn, KaKB h bb o6m,e- 
CTBi. Bm&cto Toro, tto6li yKaaaTB o6m,ecTBy Ha onratfoiHOCTB ero sa- 
uiraeHia, Haraa ne^an> noMepaHBaji ero. TaKoro oTHoraema kb xhxy 
Mil ce64 HHEasi oGbhchhtb He MoateMB. Xoth ijeroypa Tor^a em,e cy- 
mecTBOBaja, ho npaBMa, kotophmh OHa pyKOBOflMacb, 6hjh He nacmiB- 

KO CTporH, TOOCb BHOJH* HCKJUmTB BCHKOe BpHTH^eCKOe OTHOfflemQ 

Kb sasoHO^aTeJBCTBy. Hani cjynajiocb nnor^a cjoimaTB saarimHia, too 
HeJBSA 6hjo yKaaHBaTB He,nocTaTKOBB HOBaro 3aKOHa Ha tomt> ocnoBa- 
inn, ?to6h Ha nepBHXB nopaxB He BOsCyflHTB HeyaoBOJbCTBia npaBHTejb- 

CTBeHHUXt JIHIIB H rfiMB He OCTaHOBHTB HepBHXB JLHfiepajIBHUX'B Ha^H- 

Hamft bb #ki$ pe<j>opMB. Mh, BQHe^no, He 3Haes£B h He moscmb pimaTb 
Bonpoca: HacKo-ibKO 6luh npaBH rh jltdru, Boropue paacya^ajiH tslkjswl 
oCpasoMx; ho Ham Bcer.ua Ka3aaocB cTpaHHHMB no;i;o6Hoe saKJiro^eme. 
HeyxejH, ayMajH mh, npaBHTeJbCTBeHHHa jraija, npncTynaa kb H3MiHemH> 
OTSHBHiaro nopaflKa Bemefi, ne HacrojibKO ytikAHjmcb bb hcoGxoahmo- 

CTH BTOrO H3MiHeHLS, TTO HyatflaiOTCa BB KaKHXB-TO OAOCpHTeJIBHHX^ 

oraraaxB co ctopohh JHTepaTypn, hto(5b npoAOJiaaTB cboh) pe<f>opMa- 
TopcKy» ^iaTejBHocTB? Bi.nb rocyAapcTBeHHne jnoRu He aira, pa ko- 
tophxb TaKia noompema hcoGxoahmh. noaofaufi B3rjiaaB Ha OTHome- 
aia nenaTH kb saKOHoaaTe-ibHofi A^Tejn>HOCTH Haranx-B npaBHTejo>CTBeH- 
101x1 jihijb HaMB Bcer.ua Ra3ajca ohihCo^hhmb, n 6hjib cjit^CTBieirB 
HeAopasyutmfi. Kb cosaaiHiK) 3th HeaopasyirkeiH y HacB HrpaiOTB 
BecBua BH^Hyi) pojo». BcjrfjflCTBie He,nopa3yirf>Hiii aBjaeTca o^eHB npn- 
CBopfiHoe HeAOBipie kb oC^ecTBy h npeACTaBHTejiBHHi^* ero jiHTepaTypi; 
sto ne^OBipie, bb cboid OHepe^b, BH3UBaerb bb hctoth h oCn^ecTBi He- 

^OCTaTOKB HCKpeHHOCTH H HpHMOTH^ Cx O^HOfl CTOpOHH JLJDRB. CaMOCTOH- 

TejBHHXB MHimfi 3anoA03piBaK>Tca bb nojniTH^ecKofi HeCjaroHa^eatHO- 
cth, — cb Apyrofi aBjaeTca HenoHaTHaa pofiocTB BHCKasHBaTB cboh mh4- 
bul ^ecTHO h OTEpoBeHHO. Mh »e Aynae^B HanpoTHBB, ^to 6e3npH- 
crpacTHaa KpHTH^ecKaa OAimta Hamefi saroHOAaTeiBHofi A*«Te-n>HOCTH 
He MoateTB BusBaTB Hey^oBOJBCTBia npaBirreiBCTBeHHHXB jhi^b yse no- 
Tony, hto caioifi saBOHB AonycKaerB ee, pasyMieTca bb hphjh^huxb bh- 
paaemaxB. £cjth6h nenaTB bb CBoe BpeMa h cb caMaro Ha^aja He ct£c- 
Hajacb hoaoChhmh He^opasyMimaMH, a npaMO h otkpobchho BucTaBHja 
ciatiua ctopohh Hojosema, to o^eHb BipoaTHO OHa npe^ynpeAHJa 6a 
MHoro yBjie^eHifi, a oaiAOBaxejiLHo h paso^apoBaHifi. CBepxB Toro, OHa 
npe^ynpeAnja 6u h imoro ynpeKOBB, BOTopne CHHiDTca BOBce Hecnpa- 
BeAXHBo Ha rojiOBH 3cmckhx"b A&iTejefi. Bcajsoe HOBOe A*JO H 6e3B TO- 

Tomi V. — Ckhmbp*, 1871. 23 



Digitized by 



Googk 



354 BfcCTMffb BBP0IIH. 

ro Bjnewrb sa co(5oft MHoro oihh6oe'b, sa KOTopua HOBtie jteen hq- 
cyrL oTBiTCTBeHHOCTB, a noTOMy He irtraajio 6u hxi orpaairn, on ?oi, 
KOTopa* Ha HHxt B03JiaraeTca coBepmeHHO HanpacHO, toilko hotoij, 
hto cjafiua CTopoHH EojioaeHia HecoBepmeHHO acHH ajui oG^ecm. 

Ceojbeo mh MoaeirB hphhomhhtb, Hama neiaTB otohb BHHxaieiBB) 
cai^Hjia sa AiaTejBHocTBi) scmcehx'b coGpamft n ynpaBi, o6cysj»a 
B03HHsaBinie wb hhxi Bonpocn h pa3pimeBde hxi saEi co CTopora n- 

HHCTepCTBa BHyTpeHHHXl ftkll, TaEt H CO CTOpOHH HpaBHTCIBCTByBmarO 

ceHaTa; OHa pascHaTpHBajia Taicate h rfc saEOHono-ioaema, soropmai fiun 
orpaHHiemi BnocjrkACTBin npaBa scmcehxi jrepeaaeHii, ho mh He no* 
hhmx, wrofoi canoe Hojoaeme no^Beprajoct EpftTmecEOMy pasSopy. 
MeatAy t4mx, Ham Ea»eTca, tto Tasofi pa36opi» noiosema h cparae- 
Hie ero ct t^mx, too BupaGoTaja Haysa h shshb napo^ora, onepejcn- 
nrax'B Hac*B Bt cBoeMt pa3BHTin, oCmchmh 611 HaMi MHoria sum 

HSfc SeMCEOfi JEH3HH, HOHTH HeHOHATHUH £0 CHXt HOJWb, H JEaSaiE 6l 

BipHHfi nyTB ei ycTpoficTBy y Haci caMoynpaBjema vl fiynymett. Me 
roBopHMi bi GyAymem noTOMy, too He MoaceMi npnsHaTB sa Bacioi- 
h^hmh seMCBHMH ynpeaAemaiLH Toro SHa^ema, EOTopoe o6pa30BaHHrf 
Mipt npH^aeTi nora-rii) caMoynpaBjema. 

Borb 3TOTB-TO npofiijfB b*b Haraefi JHTepaTypi Hairs h seiaTeiui 
6h 6hjo hohojebhtb; ho, npeaae, Heace-ra mh npHCTymorB ki stout, bus 
HeoCxoAHMO B3iMaHyTB, b*b sasoMx nojosemn HaxoftHJOCB Hame 3»ooe 
A* jo ao HSAama Hojoatema. 

B* (Jmiia BpeMeHa oneHB MHorie pacxojpi rocyAapcraa, sa Hen** 
HieirB y npaBHTejBCTBa AeHesHHX'B cpeACTBi, y^OBJieTBopajracB mtj- 

paiLHOfi HOBHHHOCTBH). Ci paSBHTieMl rOCy^apCTBeHHOft JEH3HH no^o6ffid 

nopa^OEi ynoBjeTBopema, no CBoefi HepaBHoirfcpHOCTH h saTpyAHHTe* 
hocth A*«*aaca neyAoCHHM'B saEi am npaBHTejn»CTBa, TaK* Hwat 
^aHHHX'B, a noTOMy sth HaTypajBHua hobhhhocth ottocth nepexown 
BTb A6HesHHa, hjh no pacnopaatemi) npaBHTeJBCTBa, Hjra no xeaamD a- 
mhxi anTeiefi. #o 1805 roAa bi sthxi cCopaxt rocnoAcrayerb doi* 
nifimifi 6esnopa^oE , B, ht6 h 3acBH^iTeJBCTB0BaH0 ysasoirB axoro ro^ 
icaa 2 Afla. J^ja ycTpaHema sthxi 6e3nopawoB , L noBe-rfeHO no suuoi 
ryCepmn ryfiepHaTopy, Baae-ry6epHaTopy h ryCepHCEOMy npeABOjHrei* 
COCTaBJflTL CMtTH BCfext HOTpefiHUX'B HSAep&es'B, yTBepaMeHHHXi »■ 
kohomx; pacsja^sy ace no sthicb CMiTairB Ha saatAiie Tpn ro^a npe^o- 
CTaBjeHO #kiaTB j^enyTaTaurB ABopaHCTBa. Bi 1811 roay, yicasoirB i»M 
25-ro ycTanoBjeuo, ^roCfe cocTaBjeHHaa cMiTa 6£ua pa3cn aTpHBaexa » 
cofipamn AenyTaTOBi ^BopaHCTBa h ropoflOB'B, h Eaat^oe TpexxfeTie upcj: 
craBjajica 6u oT^en ABopaHCEOMy cofipamro b* ynoTpefijremB cyn*- 
TaKHM"B oSpasonTB, BosHHsaerB npaBo MicTHaro o6mecTBa BOHrponpo- 
BaTB A*flcTBia aAMHHHCTpai^H. Ki> coawuimi), Toraanmee o6mecrBO m 



Digitized by 



Googk 



XPOHHKA. — flECOTB MTB PIAOPKB. 355 

sairfeTHjro 9Toro npaBa h oho octuocb ao noartaHaro BpeMeHH tojbko 
vh aaKOHo^aTeJiBCTB*, He nepexoaa B'B nparcrHKy. 

Ob pasBHTieMi rocyflapcraeHHoft shshh B03HHKajra hobhh noTpe(JHo- 
cth h MHoria e3t> hex's othochjhcb Ha 3eMCKifl c6op r B, TaK'B too c6opi> 
stotb flijaeTca kobojbho ^yBCTBHTejBHUM'B. rjraBHifinria v&b fleHea- 
hhx*b noBHHHocTefi nayrB Ha y^OBjeTBopeHie: a) bohhckhx* noTpefaocTei, 
klkx-to Ha HaeM'B, oTonjeme h ocBimeme bohhckhx'b noMimemS, Ha- 
eirB nacT6HmHHX'B m4ctb h aarepHHH noTpe6Hocra; 6) Ha coaepxamp 
no^TOBHX'B jonia^efl; b) Ha co^epaame BTaiiHHX'B CTamtffi; r) Ha ycT- 
PoBctbo aoporB, moctob'b h nepeBosoB'B h t. a. Ho TaK'B Kara pacnojo- 
seme BoficE*B 6ujio He Be3A*, a tojilko bte> h'Ijkotophx'b MicTaxx, o^hh 
noTroBHe h 3Tanraie TpaKTH TpeCoBa-ra 6ojtbiiihx'b HSflepxeK'B, apyrie 
MeHBrnHxi, to hohjitho, tto seMCKie c6opn faura bx pasHHX'B ry6epm- 

SU> He OflHHaKOBH. IIOBa. CyJttMH 3TH He B03p^CJ[H 3HawreJBHO, TO H 

pa3HHija 9Ta fiiua He BecBMa o6peMCHHTej[BHa, ho b% KOHiji copoKOBiixt 
roflOB'B sHa^HTejiBHoe BosBumeme 3eMCKaro c6opa, b'b ocoGchhocth b6jih- 
sh ctojihij'b, BH3Ba-io Heofixo^flMOCTL ypaBHema njaTeaefl. HoaTOMy b*b 
1851-Mt roay H3^aHrB 6hj-b hobhA ycraB'B o scmckhx'b noBHHHOCTax'B, Ha 
ocHOBamn KOToparo nocjrfeflHia pa3;$jieHH Ha rocy^pcTBeHHua h ry- 

CepHCKia. ryfiepHCKHMX KOMHTeTairB (COCTOHBIHHM'B H3i ynpaBJCHID^HX^B 

otj^jbhiimh ^acTHMH b'b ryCepHin, npe^BOAHTejeft ^BopaHCTBa h aeny- 
TaTOBi ora ^BopaHCTBa h ropo^oFB) npeaoaraBJieHO 6hjio no rocyjap- 
CTBeHHoi hobhhhocth cocTaBjeme jehhib cmAth H3,n;epseK'B, paooaflKa 
ate 9Toro c6opa pa 6ojBmefi paBHOMipHOCTH b'b n.iaTeaax'B npoH3BOflH- 
jacB b'b MHHHCTepcTBt no ijijioft HMHepin. Ho ryCepHCKOiry »e cCopy 
KOMHTeTaMt npcuocTaBjieHo Kara cocTaBjieme CMfcra, TaK'B h pacKiaflKa 
Era Ha 3eMjH, rajB^eflcKia CBHfliTejrBCTBa h no^aTHHa peBH3CKia ay- 
nm fb ryfiepHiaxi. HoBHAHMOMy, pa flocTH»ema paBHOMipHOCTH pao- 
npe^ijeHia c6opa caiaoBajro 6u npnracjiHTB kb rocyaapcTBeHHHM'B no- 
BHHHOCTax'B JHfflB t4, KOTOpHH CymeCTByTOT'B T02BKO B'B fffcKOTOpHXfc 

ryCepHiax* h T-fc, KOTopna 3HaraTejiBHO pasHHTca no cyMMi H3AepaeKt 
B'B pasjH^HHX'B m4cthocthx!b; pacxo^H »e o6mie Bcbwb ry(5epHiaiPB 
ocraBHTB b'b ^ncjrfe ry(5epHCKflx , B noBHHHocTefi. Mesay t^itb hsi cjih- 
^eHia CTaTBH 12 h 13 ycTaBa o scmckhx'b noBHHHocTax*B, B'B KOTopuxi 

HCTOOiaBTCa pO^H H SHAH KaKl TtX'B, TaK'B H APyrHXl HOBHHHOCTet, 

mtj BH^nifB, hto TaKOMy npaBHjiy BOBce He oiiAOBaJH cocTaBHTejffl ycTaBa; 
nanpoTHBt, HiKOTopne o6ni,ie pacxo^u npH^HCJiemi k% rocy^apcTBeHHot 
hobhhhocth, ^pyrie K'B ry6epHCKofi, h HaoCoporB, HtKOTopna hobhhho- 
cth, cymecTByiomia tojibko b'b h^kotopiix'b MicTHocTaxt, ocTaBjemi b*b 
^nrarb ry6epHCKHx , B. TaK'B, HanpnMip'B, co^epaaHie seMCKOft ^OJlH^iH ot- 
HeceHO k'b rocyAapcTBeHHoS hobhhhocth, xoth 9th hsacpskh hotth o^h- 
HaKOBH Be3fl4; a HanpoTHBi M^pu no npeci^eHiro KOHOKpa^cTBa hjh 
CH6npcKofi a3BH Ha tiiraeBHHKaxi, cymecTByDn^ia tojbko b'b HiKOTopHX'B 

23* 



Digitized by 



Googk 



356 BfcCTHHKB KBPODH. 

ry6epmax , B, iqraraHCjEeHH rc& ryCepHCKoft hobhhhocth. Han xaaewt, 
hto cocTaBHTejra ycTaBa hphtocjijlih k*b rocyA&pcTBeHHmrL dobhhho- 
CTHirE HanCojie KpynHua cxaTBH pacxo^a, Menfce se aHaTOreaHM 
ocTaBjfljra b*b racjA ryCepHCKHX'B. Mh He tfyaeM* nepe^HciarB Beta 
CTaTei, a nonpocHM'B raTaTe-ra otfpaTHTBca kt> nepeimD fb ct. 12 1 
13 ycTaBa scmckhx'b noBHHHOCTefi. 3totl nepeieHB bhojh4 nojTBepjm 
name MHime bi 3tom*b cjynai. TanoS omHtfoHHHft BsriHAi comraTe- 
jiefi ycTaBa BH3BajrB ABa He&iaronpiflTHHX'B nocxfeflCTBia: cTpememe, n 
cpeA* ryfiepHCKHX'B komhtctofb, k»b pacnrapemro cm4tb Ha rocyAapcraeH- 

HUfi 3eMCKifi cCopTB H HeypaBHHTeJBHOCTB BT> ry6epHC£OM'B SeMCKOMT* c6o- 

pi. nepBOiTL mii roBopnjH bt> anpijBCKoS khhsk£ ^BtcTHHia Eb- 
ponu tt ; itotcb KacaeTca nocj$£Heft, to b'b AOKasaT&iBCTBO mh Hoxen 
npe^CTaBHTB, too ao BBeaeHin seMCRnxi ynpeataeHift, Hanp., vb CapawB- 
CKOfl ry(5epmH bc4 pacxojjn, ynaaaBinie Ha ry(5epHCKift c6op*B, nospsBa- 
jhcb njaTO© cl rajB^eScKHX'B CBHAfrreJBcrB'B h c6opoMS> cx> fficxrm 
1 h V/ 2 son., Tor^a Kara bi TBepcEoft, 3a HCEjroieHieirB ruBAeicsaro 
h noAecaTHHHaro c6opa, ynaaajo sthxi pacxoflOB* otb 7 ao 8 boil m 
flymy. BcjrfiACTBie Tasoro flijieHifl seMCRHxi noBHHHOCTefi rjiaBHaa m«- 
ca HSAepaceKt 6nja oTHeceHa kb rocyaapcTBeHHOMy c(5opy, TaKB tto» 
ofimeft cjoatHOCTH, ryfiepHCKift c^opi He npeBiimajTB V, rocyAapcnwi- 
Haro. Mh Haporao bohijih B'B 9th hoapoGhocth, hto6h yraaaTB to, to 
BnocjrbACTBin nocTynnjio B'B B^ime somcrhx'b yHpesaemft h to He bito* 
H*fe, — TaKt KaK'B tojlko %ctb ryCepHCKaro seMCRaro c6opa nepe*aHa» 
pacnopaaeme hx'b. 

He3aBHCHM0 otb cocTaBjemn (arferB h pacKjaAOKB, Micraoe oCmemo 
hm4jo npaBo noBipaTB ottcthoctb Kara no rocyaapcTBeHHOMy, Tarn 
no ry6epHCKOMy seMCKOHy c6opy b'b nepioAHnecEHX'B co6paHiara jbo- 

pHHCTBa, Cl 9T0* U$MV) AJH H0AP06H0ft HOB*pKH HepeA'B ^SLSUXOWb W- 

pioAH^ecKHM'L co6pamera XBopaHcrea cocraBjiajacB kommhcoh H3i W 

TaTOFB ABOp^HCTBa H rOpOAOB'B, BOTOpHe H Hpe^CTaBJIflJIH CBOft &QU& 

co6pamD. Bx cjy^ai HafifleHHHX'B (JeanopHXKOBrB hjh ajioynoTpefiitfB 
ABopaHCKia coGpama MorjH npeACTaBjHTB oftB 9tojtb MHHHCTpy BHyrpea- 

HHXl AijI'B. 

B'B o£Hofi Hsx Hanmx'B npe^iwymHX'B cTaTeft mh yRasHBajra, , rro Bci 
9te npaBa He HMijra npaKTHHecKaro SHaneHia BCji^cTBie Toro npHHixeB- 
Haro nojoaema, b'b kotopomi HaxoAHjocB name oCmecrao no oTHomcM 
B'B aAMHHHCTpaiUH, tto hbjuuocb cjA^CTBieiTB o6maro nopH^Ka rocy- 
^apcTBeHHaro ynpaBjema h He^ocTaTKa oCpasoBama wl cpefl* Mtcraaro 
ABopaHCTBa. Ho, OB ycTpaHeHieMi BTHxi HeAOCTaTKOBi h cb nepeHecfr 
HieMi 9thx'b npaBx wb cpe,ny o6m;ecocjiOBHHX'B co(Jpamfl, ohh momh 6b 
ejtjiaTB MHoroe h fl9Wiy2BBT& p^aTKaMH Toro kohtpoja, kotoph* °^ 
n^ecTBo, no hco(Jxoahmocth, aoj»ho hm4tl Ha^B A^ftcTBiaMH a^M?^^* 
paniiH h BOTopHfl npnsHaBaJca nojiesHHM'B co ctopohh Hamero aaEOio- 
WTeJBCTBa aa BecB nepioA'B BpeMeHH ora 1805 &o 1864 ro^a. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



XPOHflKA. — AECflTB .TBTB PEGOPJTB. 357 

II. 

Hocjrfc 9Toro RpaTsaro yKa3ama, vb kekomi* nojioaemn 6hjio seMCKoe 
jtfbjo ao HS^ania HOBaro saKOHa, mu nepeftfleirB K'B ero pascMOTpimiD. 

Hojoaeme o 3eMCKHxx y^ipeaflemaxx, Bt nyHKrfj XI CTaTBH 2-fl, no- 
CTaHOBjaerB, ^to Bi^im© seMCKnxi yipeaflemft nofljeanra pacnopa- 
3Beme MtcTHHMH cCopaMH ry6epHin h yfefla. KaaajrocB (Ju, ^to Ha stom^ 
ocHOBaHia cxfeflOBajo noABeprHTTL CTporoary pas6opy hobehhocth, oTHe- 
ceHHHa kb rocyaapcTBeHHHMi, h onpeA*JTHTB, jAtl jh iieajy hhmh Ta- 

JKHX'B, ROTOpUH OTHOCSTCfl K'B M'feCTHHM'B, RJLX Eepe^a^H HXfc COBepmeH- 

ho B'B Biflime seMCRHxi y^pe»^emfl; t$ ae, KOTopaa pacxoayroTca Ha 
iricTi He b% hojihoS ip^pfc c6opa h KOTopaa noaTOMy rojlxhh ocra- 
BaTLca b* THCJirfe rocyAapcTBeHHHxx, npeaocTaBHTB 36MCTBy pacxoflOBaTb 
b^l Tofi n,H(J)p4, KOTopaa saHOCHTca b-l cm4th ry6epmn, pa pacxoaa 
•BHyTpH 9toS rytfepHiH. Hto ae KacaeTca ryCepHCKHxi noBHHHOCTeft, to 
bxt> cii^OBaJO nepe^aTB bc* 6e&b HCKironeHia. TaKoe pacnopaaeme co- 
OTB^TCTBOBajio 6u bhojir$> KaKB CMHCjy BiimenpHBe^eHHaro nyHKTa, Tara 
h CMHCJry VII h IX nyHKTOKB Toft ae CTaTBH, Ha ocHOBamH KOTopuxt 
.to o6a3aHHOCTairB seMCTBa OTHeceHH none^eme o TDpLMaxi h hchoj- 
neme norpeCHocTeft BOHHCRaro n rpaa^aHCKaro ynpaBaema, a Tarate 
noTroBofi hobhhhocth, t.-c coaepaame hootobhx'b joma^eft. Ka3ajiocB. 
4>h, too npaBHTftiBCTBO, yfii^acB bt> HecocTOHTejBHocTH Ka3eHHaro ynpaB- 
jieHifl no ycTpoftcTBy noiTOBHX'B h ToproBimB nyTeft cooffmema, Gojb- 
nanp h flpyrmcB 6jiaroTBopHTejBHHxi saBcuemft, h yqpeaaaa ocoGue 
opraHH flja saB^^QBaHia xosaflcTBeHHinra fliuraMH 9Toro pofla, Rairs 
cica3aH0 bx 1-fi ctaTbt Hojoaema, — #ojiaHo 6h BOcnojiB30BaTBca hmh 
.jm Toro, hto6 , b H36aBHTB ce(5a orb t4x$ hmchho o&reaHHOCTeft, koto- 
l>Ha Bcero Tpy^Hie hchojhhtb Ka3eHH0My ynpaBjremro. H3B*fecTH0, too 
bcI* onepanioHHHe pacxo.pi no 3aroTOBK*fe pa3jra*ffiHx , B MaTepiajOBi h no 
npoH3Bo^CTBy pafio'PB o6xo^;aTca npaBHTeiBCTBy B^Boe h BTpoe ^opoae, 
*&wb ^acTHHMi jraijaM'B hjih oC^ecTBauTB. K'B TOMy ae acHO, ^to pac- 
xo^h, Hanp., Ha 3aroTOBjreme OTonjiema h ocBimema bohhckhxi hom4- 
n^eHifi, Ha co#epaame hottobhx'b hjth 9Tajmiix , B CTaHi;ift cjtb ^ija 

^HCTO X03afiCTBeHHHa^H npHTOM*B 6jH3K0 KacaiD^iaCa MtCTHarO 3CMCTBa. 

HecMOTpa ojjHaKoa'B Ha bc* 9th o6cToaTejBCTBa, BpeMeHHHH npaBHja 
jyui seMCKHxi y^pea^eHift, KOTopna onpe^ijraiDTx no,npo6HO to, ht6 
mepexoAHTB m> Bi^Hie hobuxx y^pea^eHift, 3HaTOTejBH0 orpaHH^HBarorb 

^TOTTB KpyPB A^flTeJIBHOCTH. CoCTaBHT&IH BpeMeHHHX'B npaBHJTB, nOBH- 

jtHMOMy, coBepraeHHo pa3onuiHCB bi cbohx-b Bsrja^ax'B cl cocTaBHTejia- 
jra cairaro HoJioaema, Tatra KaKi Mea^y hhmh BCTpfiqaeTca aBHoe npo- 
THBopi^ie. KoHe^HO, HaMX MoryrB CKasaTB, ^to sto He npoTBBopi^ie, hto 
3to tojibko BpeMeHHoe Henojinoe npHMiHeme Ha npaKTHKi o6m;aro 3a- 
jcoHa, ^to, TaKnsfB o6pa30M!B, saKOKB ocTasjaeirB sa coCoft npaBo pacnra- 



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353 BUCTHHK'fc XBPOQH. 

Phtb Bnocjrt^CTBin npeA*JH B*AOMCTBa semcKHxt y^peaAemft. Ho, howb. 
KaaeTca, tto bi> dTOWb h4tb HHKaKofl h£ao6hocth, ^to saKOHi Bcerja- 
MoaerB pacnrapaTB uye&ijiu Bi^oMCTBa opraHOFB, hmt> co3AaBaeMiix*, h 
He HysflaeTca wb tomt*, too6h sapyqaTBca 9thitb npaBOMi Bne^t; Ha- 
upoTHB'B mh AyMaeMi, mto nojiHTHKa, KOTopaa co3AaerB H3BicTHiia npa- 
Ba o6mjiWh saKOHOM'B n orpaHHTOBaerB nxt qacTHHM'B, MoaerB BH3BaT^ 
o^eHB HeCjaronpiflTHHa noarfcACTBia. Ham Kaaerca, too npHBeAemoe 
HaMH B03paseme BOBce ne hm4jocl bt> BH&y. Topa3AO CKopie Aony- 

CTHTB, TOO 3T0 BpOTHBOpfclie Iip0H30fflJI0 HJH BCJrfeflCTBie pa3H0CTfl Mfft- 

Hifi •rtx'B jihitb, ROTopua cocTaBjajn Hojoaeme h BpeMeHHiia npaBHja y 
hjh BotACTBie HeAOCMOTpa bt> peAaKuin, TaKT, Kara MexaHH3irB a** 
onpeAiaema Ttxt noBHHHOCTefi, KOTopua, Ha ocHOBaniH BpeMeHHHX'B npa- 
bhjtb, nepexoAaTx bi BiA*Hie 3eMCTBa, aobojibho cioaeH'B. Ha ocHOBams 

DOJOSeHlfl MOSHO 6HJO AJMaTB, TTO BCi MiCTHHH HOBHHHOCTH H H*feKO- 

Topaa rocyAapcTBeHHHfl nepexoAarB bt> B$>ji$Eie seMcrea, Tara nam* 

SA^CB, Bt dTOMl OTHOmeHiB, He TOJIBKO He CAijaHO HHKaKHX'B oroBopoK 1 ^ 

ho h yKa3aHH HiKOTopiia hsi rocy.napcTBeHHHX'B noBHHHOCTefi, Kara hoa- 
xeaamia nepeAaTfc; ho na ocHOBamn BpeMeHHHX'B npaBHjx sto OKa3H- 
BaeTCH He Tara: bc* rocyAapcTBenHua hobhhhocth ') hsmth hfb b4- 
Ainia 3CMCTBa (ct. 4 BpeMeHHHX'B np.). KpoMi Toro fb craTBi 3 BpeM. 
npaBHJ'B CKasaHo, tto bi oco6om!b po&racamH, npMoaeHHOM'B ra 3toS 
CTaTBi, yKa3aH0, Kama hobhhhocth othochtch ra paspaAy Ttx'B h Apy- 
thxi. Bx duowb ae ocoSomi pociracaHiH fb ct. 2 § 1-ro CKasaHO, *rro 

TTb HOTpe6HOCTHM'B rOCyAapCTBeHHHMfc OTHOCHTCfl TaMte BC& t4 HOBHH- 
HOCTH, KOTOpHH He BOHMeHOBaHH Bfc ^HCJI* SeMCKHXX (ry6epHCKHX'B H 

y43AHHx%). TaEHM'B o6fS30ws> b'b saEOHi HirB npaMoro, a ecTB tojbko 
KOCBeHHoe ysasame, KaKia noTpeCHocra, kotophh npeaAe othochjhcb ra> 
ryfiepHCKHM'B, no HOBOMy nopaAKy HCKJiro^aroTca hs'b B*A*Hia seMCTBa h 
npHTOMTb fb npoTHBop'feqie cb npaBHjiaMH ct. 2 Hojosema. CxtAOBa- 
TaiBHo, wa Toro, ^to6h onpe^JiHTB, hto HSiaTo h tto ocTaBJieHO fb 
pacnopa»eHin hobhx'b y^peaAemft, hcoCxoahmo cjh^htb 13 ct. ycTasa 

O SeMCKHXl HOBHHHOCTaX'B He CB CaMIJM'B HOJOaeHieM'B SeMCKHXl Y*- 

pea^eHiax'B, a cb § H oco6aro pociracaHia, npnjoaeHHaro K"B 3-fl CTaTB* 
BpeMeHHiixi npaBHjrL. Hs'B aToro ciH^ema OKasiiBaeTca, tto HCKjroneHB 
pacxoABi Ha yflOB*eTBopeme KBapTHpHHX'B h jarepHHX'B noTpe6HOCTeft 
m4cthhx , b BoftcEi, pacxo^H TiopeMHHe, Hpon3Bo,ji;HMHe HO HeflOCTaTKy 
ropoACKHxi aoxoaofb, pacxow Ha coAepataHie h OTonjeHie ryCepHa- 
TopcsHX'B aomobi h pacxo^H Ha coflepaaHie 3TanHHx , B cTaH^ft Ha 
BHyTpeHHHx r B joporax'B ryCepHin ao coeAHHeHia hxi cb rjiaBHHMH ny- 
thmh (ct. 12, § IY, nymtT. a, hphm4h.). Bci 3th pacxoAH cocraBjaja* 



J ) Kpont coxepzaHU cii^CTBeenHxt npHdaBOB^ ja* npeci^eeia KOHospaxcnui r 
^r6 iCTpfe^aeTCi toj&ko r& HinoTopuxi ry6epHUxi, h pacxoA* btoti HHTroxeH'L. 



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Google 



XPOHHBA. — AECfiTb MTL PEflOPlTB, 35$ 

OTa^HTeJLHyK) toctb, aoxoxHBinyi) ao hojiobhhu ry(JepHCKaro c5opa. 3a- 
rrfciTB bo II § pocnncamH, npiuoaeHHaro kt> 3-fi CTaTti BpeMeHHHX'B npa- 
bhxb, nepe^HCJeHi^ bt> 23 CTaTBaxt, bc4 t£ hobhhhocth, KOTopua ne- 
pcnaHH B'B Bi^'tnie hobhx-b yipeaaemft. Ho ecjra mm hckjikhhm'b hb* dToro 
r qHCja bc4 rfc cTaTBH, pacxoA** Ha KOTopna, co BBeAemeM'B seMCKHXi 
yHpeajemfi, aojhkhh 6hjh npeKparaTBca, a Tanae t*, KOTopua cocTaB- 

JfaDTB paCXO^H TOJBKO H^KOTOpUX'B MtCTHOCTefl, TO OEaseTCA, HTO H^ 

oOmHxt ry6epHCBHx , B noBHHHOCTefi bx BiAime bcmckhx'b yqpeafleHifi 
nepe^aHo: a) ycTpoficTBO h coaepaame floporB, moctob'b, nepeBOBOBi h 
xepcTOBnx'B ctoj6ob'b; b) Haem AOMOBt w peKpyTCKHXi npncyTCTBii, 
CTaHOBUxi upHCTaBOB'B h cyAe6HHxt cjr&AOBaT&iefi; c) coaepaame hoaboa'b 
npH noJHijeficKHX'L ynpaBjemax'B ') h CTaHOBuxi KBaprapax-B; d) coflep- 
asame nocpeAHHKOB'B no cneijia.iBHOMy MeaeBaHi» n EaHijeMpift nocpe^- 
HH^ecKHx r B BOMMHecifi; e) coaepaame m4cthhxt» no KpecTMHCKHir& 
j&iairb yHpeaaemft h f) coaepaame CTaTHCTHHecKHx* BOMHTeTOBx, Bt 
pacnopaaeme kotophx* scmctbo o&rnHO omycKaTB no 1,500 py6. b*b roa'B. 
Oajo Ghtb, h3*l raoia Bcbx* seMCBHxi c6opoBi» npeararo BpeMeHH 
b-b Bi^inie seMCTBa nepe^ana tojbko caMaa HHrooaHaa iacTB, h flgb 
stoS-to HH«rro»Hofi -^icth xoMftcTBeHHoe pacnopaaeme TpetfoBaaocb 
tojlko no OTHomemro kb floposHoft noBHHHOCTH, Bci ae Apyrie pacxoAH 
He TpeGoBajra HHKaMX'B xosHficTBeHHuxx pacnopaaemft, TaKB Kara ohh 
HcnojHfljiHCb bi cyMifb pa3i» onpeaiiJieHHOft saKOHOMfc djh aoroBopoMi. 
Eohatho, too npn OTcyTCTBin xo3aficTBeHHO - onepa^OHHHX'B pacxo^oBt 
h npn HH^ToaHoft AH^pt nepeAaHHUxi kb Bi^ine seMCTBa cfiopoKB, — 
HH^pi, bo MHornxi ryCepmax'B He npeBumaBmefi 40 hjh 50 thcatb 
pyCjeft,— cyMMa, noTpe6Haa Ha co^epaame 3cmckhx , b yipeaflenift h npo- 
CTHpaxmjaaca oti> 80 ao 100 thcahi Ha ry<5epHi», bca ao-iaHa Chjui 
je^B hobiimi HajoroM'B Ha HjaTeJBn^HKOB'B. TaKoS nopa^OKi Bemefi He 
hopb npoH3BecTH HHBaKoro CjaronpiffTHaro Bne^aTjribma b*b cpe^i rbxT, 

JOQ^eS, BOTOpmfB npoXOWJIOCB HeCTH 9T0TB HOBHfl HaJOPB. 

EcjihCh bi B^A^nie seMCTBa 6hjih nepe^aHU bc4 pacxow onepa- 
i^ioHHHe, yna^aiomie Eafi'B Ha rocyflapcTBeHHufi, TaKB h Ha ry6epncKift 
cfioph, — pacxoAH, Hcnojraeme KOTopux'B &jl& npaBffrejn>CTBa BecBMa sa- 
Tpy^HHTejiBHO n o6xoahtcs eny HecpaBHeHHO Aopoae, qiarB ^acTHHirB 
jan.aM'L h 06n^ecTBaM , B, Tor&a On tsl 8K0H0Mla, Koxopaa Morja nponsofixE, 



x ) 3aMi^aTaiLHa pexasi^ia dToro § TiMt, tto Bt neft nponymeHH, io-nepByn, 
XBapTupu cyxe^Biixi. ciiAOBaTejeft, paem, uoTopuxi. D03J03KeH*& Ha rytfepncicift c6op%; 
CBepxi Toro roBopHTca o DoxBoxaxb nps 3eMCKHx% cyxaxi, KOTopux* B*b to Bpeiia yxe 
He cymecTBODa^o, h Hirb he cioBa o uo^BOAaxb opg CTaeoB^xt BBapiapaxx, KOTopiu 
coAepxa-iacL h coiepzaTca jo chxi nopi, Taxi Raxi CTaaoBiie npuciaBa c<iHTai)Tai 
vieuaiiH nojHi^eficiiHxx ynpawemli. He npaeu ah mu 6uiu } roBopi Buuie o He^ocMOTpk 
b* pexaxniH? 



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Googk 



8G0 BftCTHHffl* KBPOUH. 

« 

se tojwm) noBpiua (fa bc4 HSAepsBH % Ha coAepsame seMcxm yqpo- 
jemfi, ho A«a 6u eme SHaTOTejBHiifi ocTaTOKB. 

^Tofo Haura cjOBa He 6hjh co^renu ro jocjobhumh, to kh onaa 
conueMCfl: a) Ha npHMipfc HOBropoACBaro seiicTBa, Koropoe yniioicnoi- 
hhtb no^LTOByro hobhhhoctb Ha 42 thcoth AeineBje, HeseiH Hcnonuo 
ee noTTOBoe f6aomctbo; 6) Ha npHMip'L capaTOBcsaro seMCTBa, soropoe 
ynoTpeSoio Ha toto se npeAMers bm^cto 93 thcotb Bcero 65, a not 
b) Ha npHMipx, ysasaHHHfi Haara b% oahoS h^ npeAHAynpat craiei, 
i?o (aiamoBCKaa ynpaBa fb 1868-itb roAy saroTOBJuurai ApoBa no 12 pyi. 
aa caseHL Tpexnoji&HHHX'B apobi, a BoeHHoe b^xomctbo vl to» xt 
ro*y orb 18 ao 25 py6. 

Ecinfe bc4mi» seMCKHirb A&HTaiHMi Graa npeAOCTaBieHa bowox- 
hoctb AOCTHTHyTB hoao6hhx , b pesyjBTaTOFB, to, soHe^Ho, coipcrae 
oCmecTBa K'b 8thmi» yqpesAeHiaMt Bospacjto 6u SHaTOTej&HO, ocofemo 
bt> cpejtfi Toft ero ^acra, BOTopaa HanSo-rfee otfpeMeneHa Haxoraii i 
xoTopoS Ra&Aafl KoniflBa AOCTaerca TasEBWB TpyAOMfc. 3to coqyBcnie 
ycHJHJo (fa 3Ha^HTeJLHo dHepriio seMcrax'B A**Tejefi, noTOMy too jfr- 
TeiBHocTB sasAaro nejOB^Ka 6uBaeri> rbwb aHeprHHHie h raoAOTBopHte, 
ntMi. CojtfflBM'B co^yBCTBieicb OHa nojLsyeTCfl b-b cpe^i oCm,ecTBa. 

Ham Moryra cKaaaTB, wo 3eMCKia y^pesAema nojiyHMH bi cb» 
Bfi^Hie He oahh ryfiepHCKie 3eMCKie c6opu, ho hmx, Kpowfe Toro, nepe- 
AaHii h APyrin Alua, sara-To: bc* saBeAema ^libbihx'l npHsam 
o6m,ecTBeHHaro npH3p4Hia, A*aa no HapoAHOMy npoAOBOJBCTBii), no b- 
poAHOMy npocBimemro, no B3aHMHOMy CTpaxoBam», no pasBHTi© to?- 
roBjiH h npoMHCJiOBi, h HasoHei^B, 3aBiAHBame bc£mh HaTypanmii 
vobhhhocthmh, too a-m yarfcmHoft A'bflTejBHOCTH no oCmecTBCHHOij 
npHsptmi) h HapoAHOMy npoAOBOJiBCTBi© scmcbhm'b ynpesAemaia nepe- 
AaHu sHa^HieiLHue Banirrajm. Ha bto sairfcHame mh Moseirc csaatfv, 
hto npe»Ae, Hesem A*JaTB Basin- jh6o saBjmeHia, hcoCxoahbo p&> 

CMOTptTL, BI> BaBOMl HOJOSeHifl HaXOAHIHCB 9TH HaCTH BO BpCXfl & 

nepeAaia h AOcraTOHHU zh (Jhjh t* cpeACTBa, kotophhh norjo pacro- 
jaraTL seMCTBO w« yAOBjeTBopema coGcTBeirao rtx* noTpeCHOcrd, 
KOTopaa BOSHHBaiH. ?to BacaeTca ofin^ecTBeHHaro npnaptHia h ycTpoflcra 
Cojbhhi^i, to Hairs He^ero tobophtb, bi BaKOMi ne^ajBHoirb cocroiaa 
9ra ^acxb HaxoAHjacB npa saseHHOMi ynpaBJiemH — dro h3b4ctho nctA 
h saxAOMy. Hejtaa 6hjo h AyMaTB ocTaBHTt Bpe?e6Hys) ^acTB b%to0 
nojosemn, bte, kotopom'b OHa HaxoAHjaci>. He toabo He 6hjo HHStfd 
Bpane6Hoi homoh^h bi» ybsAax'B, ho jtfiate h ropoACBia 6ojn»HHQB ^ 
h Ce»t cpeACTBt, h 6es^B Bpa^eS, a aoxoa'b nepeAaHHHxrb KanHTajro^ 
AajeKo He HOEpiiBajCB hcoCxoahbihx'b H3AepateB , B. Bee aro coBepmcHU 
BipHO h coaHaaajocB csluewl npaBHTeJiBCTBOMi, Tasrb Bacs ct. 79 B?* 
MeHHUxt npaBart paspimaers seHCTBy Ha btotb npeAMers fb*& 
ocofiue c6opn. To se mosho csasaTB h o HapoAHOMX npoAOBOXbCTBia, % 



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xpohhka. — item xvn> vuovn. 361 

m ^oKasaTejttCTBO HeaocTaTOTOOCTH cpexcTVB nproecTH to oCcToarencTBO, 

nro He Beet npoaoBOJttCTBeHHHft BamrrajEB, co6paHHHfi kb npesnee BpeMH, 

nepe^aHi) b-b Bfyffeme seMCTBa. HacTt ero 6iua HS^epaaHa paffbe h& 

noTpe^HOCTH, naiTB HeH3BicTraa; toctb 6raa ynoTpetijena Ha nosymef 

juriMJa W* nocotfia HyaaaromnMca to rojoanHe ro*a, — xjfrfc, 

EOToptift, kb coaajrtmx), He BecB Aome^B no Ha3Ha?eHii>; bb HcKOBCKot 

ryfiepmH, Hanprnrfepi, b*b copokobhx'b ro^ax* imoro xxb6a Ghjo no- 

Tpe6jeH0 ffpediouMu otcueomuHMu. HaBOHei^B, ^acTB 6xua ocraaieHa * 

jjo chx'b nopB ocTaeTca bb pacnopaaemn MHHHCTpa BHyrpeHHHxi ^4jTB» 

Tara KaKB othcth no KannTajy Hapo^Haro npoaoBOJBCTBia Hmcorfta H6 

<5hjh nyfaHKOBaHH, to mh, KOHerao, He Mosewb hm^tb CBi^imft, sasa* 

qacTB h3*b Bcero co6paHHaro EanHTaja n HapocmnxB Ha Hero npoiieHTOB* 

nocTynnjia vl pacnopaaeme seucsHX'B y^peaAemfi, ho, bohciho, caMO 

upaBHTeJBCTBo cosHaBaio ero BeaocTaTOTOOCTB, paspinraBmn seMCRmfe 

-cotfpamaMB (55 ct. BpeMeHHHXB npaBBjB) h bb btomb cayqai /tfuun* 

«c6opn Ha ycHJieme npoflOBOJBCTBeHHaro Bamrrajra. Ko Bceny SToicy Hajo 

npnCaBHTB, ^to saBoro crtcHHJB pacnopaaeme bthmh EamiTaiaMH, ysa* 

3aBT> seMCBHM'B y^peaaemaMx bb ct. 57-ft BpexeHHHxi npaBHXB, hto npn 

pacnopaaemn btovb aojraHH 6htb coS-no^aeim npaBiura ycTaBa Hapox- 

Haro npoAOBOJBCTBia. Cji^AOBaTejBHO, BanHTajni 3th tojbko bb b3b&ct- 

hlix'b cjryiaax'B Morjn 6htb OTnycEaeMH wl ccyay, fb cbo6oahoc ae 

BpeMa flOjeaHtr Ghjh xpaHHTBca b% BpeflHTHHX'B yHpeajeHiax'B. Mea^y 

Tiara, ecjrafi'B seMCKia y^peaaema 6ujle cbo6o^hh b»b ynoTpefaemH hx^ 

to no Kpaftneft Mtpt qacTB hx'b Morja 6htb ynoTpefaeHa ;wa paaBHTi* 

HapoAHaro spe^ma h hpomhc.iob'b, T.-e. Ha cocTaB-reme apTejieft sasfe 

KpeAHTHHXB, TaKB h npoH3BOflHTej[BHHXfc. Bthmi nyTeMi Tasae otJesne- 

^HBaJiocL 6h Hapo^Hoe npo^OBOJiBCTBie, TaBB KaK'B Hapoay 6uasl 6h AaHa 

B03MO»HOCTB Tpy^HTBCa 60J&e npOH3BOAHTeJIBHO H OHfc MOPB 6H HOCTC- 

neHHO ocBo6oxAaTBca otx aRcnjtyaTai^iH KyAanoeb h Miporbdoe*, — »Tora 
<5aqa, BHTarHBaromiaro bc* SHBHa chjih pyccRaro ^eJioBisa. IIpaBe- 
jceHHaa ace CTaTBa saBOHa napajrasoBajia no^o6Haro po^a a^atcjibhoctb 
^eiiCTBa, TaKi Kaai ycTaBi Hapo^Haro npoAOBOJBCTBia ne paapiraaerB 
noAoOHaro noMt^ema co6paHHLixB w btoh u^je KanHTajOBB. Botb 
k-b KaKHSfB nocxfeACTBiHMB Be^eTB H3JiHniHaa perjaMeHTania bb saBOHO- 
AaTejrbCTBi. 

Hto se BacaeTca ocTaJBHHX'B npe^MeTOBrB, npe^ocTaBjeHHHXB Biutfraio 
seMCTBa, to AJia hhx'b oho He nojyraio HHBaBHX'B cpe^CTB^, BpoMft 
npaea o6jaraTB ce6a hobiimi H&ioroM'B. Ho mh cnpaniHBaeM'B Bas^aro 
6e3npncTpacTHaro nejOBtBa: Morjo jh scmctbo Bocnojn&oBaTBca sthmb. 
npaBOM'B bi Toft Mip*, Basi 3to 6hjo Heo6xoAHMO, Bor^a npaime s 
BOCBeHHue rocyAapcTBeHHiie Hajrorn, yna^aromiie Ha (JiAHiftniift sjaccB 
napoAa, B03BHmajracB nocToaHHO? 3eMCBift Haior'B na^ajx Ha Toro se Bpe- 
CTBAHHHa, a seMCKie jooah, naxo^acB 6jiH»e kx Hapo^y, ^iMt -raua npaBH- 



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Googk 



362 BtCTDHKB EBPOIIH. 

TeVBCTBeQHHH, MOTJH XOpOHIO OI$HHTB HOJHyiD HeB03M0KH0CTB KpeCTUIHi- 

na yiua^HBaTB aaae to, hto ohb jojiaeHB 6hjb njiaTHTb, He roBopa o ho- 
bhx'b Haioraxx. KpoMi Toro 3eMCKie jto^h He MorjH He HMtTL bi bhjj 
too OB BBe,n;eHieMi hobhx , b cyaetfHHXB yqpeaflemfi, Ha aToro KpecTLaHm* 
nox&ewb 6wn> nacTB hobuS aobojibho ofipeMeHHTeaBHufi Hajon,, Tass 
BaifL coflepaame MHpoBoro HHCTHTyTa yna^ajo Ha scmctbo. 

3to nocjrfcAHee o6ctohtcjibctbo HaBOAHT* HacB Ha mhcjb o Henpa- 
bhjlhocth Toro raiuafla, KOTopufl noaiyamrB ocHOBameMB npi jm- 
HOBjieHiH noAo6Haro nop&AKa. Xoth 9totb hophaokb BBeaeHB cyji$m& 
ycTaBaMH, pa3CMOTpfcHie kotophxb y Haci eme BnepeAH, no, roBopao 
MaTepiaj&HHx^B cpeflCTBaxB 3encTBa, mh He iioaeMB o6oSth 3tor> 
Bonpoca bb HacToamefl CTaTB*. Hara KaaeTca, ?to hoaoShhh sasoffi. 
6yAy*ra HecnpaBwraBB no OTHomeHiro kt> noaaTHHM'B KjaccairB, ocbo- 
6oaAaerL tojibko noBHAHMOMy rocyAapcTBeHHoe Ka3na^eficTB0 maw 
pacxo^a. CocTaBHTejra saKOHa, He HaxoA* bo3mo»hhm'b oCpeneHHTB rocy- 
AapcTBeHHaro KasHaieftcTBa hobhmb pacxoAOMB Ha coAepaame mhpoboto 
HHCTHTyTa, ^yMajH H36irHyTB 3aTpyAHeHia, bo3joxhb , b ero Ha 3eMCTBo; 
ho ohh ynycTHjn H3T» BH^y, wo TaKHMi o6pa30MB ohh oGpamatfra 
B'B t$mb se HJaTejiBmHKaM'B, Ha kotophxb jeaHTB rjaBHaa Macca rocy- 

AapCTBeHHUX'B AOXOAOBB. A TaKB KaKB H3B*BCTHO, TTO KpeCTMHCEOe 

cocJOBie y HacB o6joaeHO Bume cpeACTBi cbohxb, to bb kohb,* kohq,o^ 
OKaaerca, hto bch npn6aBBa rb seMCKOMy Haaory ocTaHeTca HeAOHMM 
hjih bb no^aTaxB, hjh bb BHKyHHHX'B miaTeaaxB. CKaseirB 6ojte, ecu 
jwaTejBnpiK'B He HMterB bosmoshocth bhccth nojHofi n,n4>pu cfiopon 
h fieoOxoABMO AO-iaeHB noABeprayTBca MipaMi BSHCKama, to oh* k 
HOHecerL bb BasHa^eficTBo h Toro, hto mopb 6u 3amraTiiTB; noaToiy 
HeAOHjcsa Moaera 0Ka3aTBca bb 6o.iBmeMB pasM^pi, HeaeJH cjiia& 
npH<5auKa. KpoMi Toro, HaifB KaaeTca, hto BOSJioaeme Ha seiccTS) 
pacxoAOBB no coAepaamro MHpoBoro HHCTHTyTa BOBce HecnpaBejuw. 
Ho poAy a**b, OTHeceHHHX'B kb BiflOMCTBy axoro cyw, KH bhahu^ TO 
s^icB npoH3BOAHTCH ?&&&, KacaDm;iflC£ npenMym,ecTBeHno Hn3mnx^ siac- 
cobi o6mecTBa. KpecTLflHHHB ho^th HHKor.ua He HirfeerB nyaw o6p4- 

H^aTBCJI B'B OKpyJKHHft Cy^B, TaK'B KaK'B TaMB HpOH3BO^HTCJi A*J» BflDK 
500 py6., B03M0»HHLH TOJIBKO B'B CpCH* ^OCTaTOHHHX'B KJiaCCOBX. T&BD5 

o6pa30M'B Ha co^epaame t4xb cyAe^HUxx ynpeaAeHifl, B'B Koropio 
BpecTBHHHH'B Hya^aeTCH , owl nxaTHTB oco6ufi Hajora, Tor^a i^ 
Bucraie Kiaccu nojn»3yoTca npaBOcy^ieM'B Hac^erB rocyAapcTBeHHar& 
BasHa^eficTBa, aoxQah KOToparo onjia^HBaroTcn npeHMyn^ecrBeHHO spec& 
flHCKEUTB cocaoBieMB. Mea^y t4mb npaBOcyAie — ecTB rjiaBHaa o6xs&' 
hoctb rocynapcTBa bb oTHomemH cbohxb nowaHHHXB h sa ri 400 hhj- 
KOTopae HapoA'B ynjia^HBaeTrB rocy^apcTBeHHOMy Ka3Ha^e3cr6y, 6hjo& 
BnoJHt cnpaBeAJHBO a&tb eMy BOSMoaHocTB noaB30BaTBca npaBHiBHim 
cy^OMB, He ymnaraBaa sa to oco6aro Hajora. 3a*cb HejBaa ccmana 



Digitized by 



Googk 



xpoHiiu. — AKflTB im px«opn. 363 

jpse Ha HeAOCTaTOK-L cpeACTBi: ecra mh nosera TparaTB ao 150 Mm. 
na coAepaame apirin, KOTopaa, Kara h3b4ctho, coAepsHTca He xju Hop- 
najBHaro nopaAita Bemeft, a kb BHAy HCuroraTeiBHHXfc oiynaeB-B, kb 
BHAy BOSHOSBHofi onacHOCTH, KOTopaa Moxeto 6htb OTBpamena 6-iaropa- 

<8yMH0fi H OCTOpOSHOft UOJHTDKOfi, TO H3A6pSRa B*B 2 HJH 3 MHJ., fes* 
KOTOpofi HeMHCJHlTB HHBaKOfi HOpHAOKfc Bereft, OieBHAHO AOJMKHa CTOHTB 

snepeAH. Ha npnroTOBjeme ae kx aanpTt OTenecrBa, koTopony kb Ha- 
cToam.ee BpeMa He yrpoaaerB Hnkasaa onacHocTB, mosho TpaTHTB tojibro 
t4 cpeACTBa, KOTopua ocraroTca 3a HOKpiiTieMi HSAepaeKB Ha yAOBje- 
TBopeme H0Tpe6H0CTefi, cocTaBjunomnx'B npaMyro h HenocpeACTBeHHyD 
H*jb rocyAapcTBa npn hopm&ilhhxi ycaoBiax'B shshh. Ecjh CTpana 

B*B MHpHOe BpeMfl HanparaeTB BCt CBOH CH-ra Ha yCTpofiCTBO BOeHHOA 

HacTH, to Heo6xoAHMHirb cJi^ACTBieifB TaKoro nopaAKa Bemefi CyAert 

TO, HTO KB MOMeHTL OnacHOCTH, BT> MOMeHTB KpHBHCa — y Hea He CyAerB 
CpeACTB'L AJH TOrO, HT06'B MO&MH3HpOBaTB CBOH CHJH, TaKB R2lR1> BT> 3TH 
JCHHyTH POCTOPOHHHH HOMOH^ ee OCTaBJaeTB H OHa AOJMKHa HaA^HTBCH 

tojbko Ha eBOH co6cTBeHHiM cpeACTBa. Ho ito Hanra cpeACTBa hcto- 

m,eHH yCTpOflCTBOM'B BOeHHHXt CHI'S, TO dTO HpflMO OHeBHAHO HffB TOIX), 

^to mi He HM'beM'B bosmoshocth OTHecTH Ha cpeACTBa rocyAapcTBeHHaro 
sasHaieficTBa hh coAepaania MHpoBoro HHCTHTyTa, hh ycTpoftcTBa Ha- 
poAHHX'B mROjrb. &b neiiy ate nocjtyaairB bc4 cpeACTBa, ynoTpe&ieHHua 
XiH ycTpoftcTBa Hamnxi bochhhx'b chji, ecjn m> urejtj onacHOCTH 
Me GyjifiTb cpeACTBi rjul hxi hojehoA Mo6njiH3aijiH? A tto Bt stokb 
ciynafc mu MoateMi hw&tb ocHOBaTejiBHHa onacema, to eBponeftcKaa 
•tinpsa HaMi» npeACTaBJaero HeonpoBepauMiifl AOKasaTejBCTBa, no KpafiHeft 
jfipi, cpaBHHTe-iBHO cb APyrHMH rocyAapcTBaam. IIocj4ahhh peajHsauia 
Hamex-B aejfcsHO-AopoaHHX'B odaraijifi, ex rapaHTieio npaBHTejBCTBa 
3% imtb npoi^eHTOB'B, Ciua cA*JaHa no 82% H 9T0 HecMOTpa Ha to, 
ito Poccia nojn>3yeTca hojhhm'b cnoKoftcTBieM'B icaKi BHyrpn, TasrB a 
H3BHi, a saen'B o6e3neqeHi» AOxoAaara seji'bsHux'B Aopon». MesAy Tiwb 
^pam^ia, nocjii Taaoro CTpanmaro norpoMa, — $pamjia, o6fl3aHHaa 
ynaaTofl 6-th MHJuiapAOB'B EOHTpHfiyj^in,— $paHiya, cb HeycTaHOBHBnnmca 
^ni,e npaBHTejBCTBOM'B, KOTopoe MoaerB BCTpiraTBca eaeAneBHO cb hobo5 
peBOJioi^iefi, — HMteTB bo3moxhoctb A^^aTB saeifB 6e3i BcaRaro o6e3ne- 
^eHia no Tony xe caMOMy Rypcy, RaKB h Poccia. O^bhaho, ?to 6Hpaa 
BbfBTb bi 66jLhmj¥) coctJohtcjibhoctb $paHii,iH, viwh Poccm, HecMOTpa 
sa ea norpoM-B. Heyataan nocafc aToro Hysmi hoboh AonasaTeJBCTBa, 
hto HaiiiH TpaTH Ha ycTpoflcTBo BoeHHuxi chjtb MoryrB OKasaTBca 
^e3noje3HHMH? 

Mh npocHMi H3BHHenia HHTaTejra 3a 3to HeBOJBHoe oTcrynaeme, 
so oho HaMi KasajrocB BecBMa yM^cTHiurB npH HacToameMfc cxyqai. Boa- 
Bpan^aeuca vn> HameMy npeXMeTy. 

Mm CKa3aiH, ito 3eMCTBy, npnBcasoMi yjy^meHia, soTopoe oho sa- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



36 1 Btrnrcin* kwoiih. 

ayHa.10 6h c^tjaTL, npnxoAHJocb B03BuraaTt Hajonr. Ho toss Ran* 
KpecTbflHCKoe cocjiOBie o6peneHeHo ropaa^o 6ojte Apyrnx'B rocynapcTBeH- 
hhmh HajioraMH, to acHo, ito 3eMjiH oCjiaraTB hobumi najoroMt 6wu> 
HeB03MoacHO. Bt TaKHxt o6cToaTeJbCTBaxi>, h pyBOBOACTfiyacB 9-d CTaTteft 
BpeMeHHHX'B npaBHjrs, iraoria 3eMCKia co6pania npn3HajH Heo6xoAHM£ur& 
ofaoaHTb KaniiTa.it!, saTpa^eHHiie b% <J>a6pHKax , b, aaBowB h jpyrex^ 
npoMuinji3HHLix , B h ToproBHxt 3aBe < nemax , b, no CTeneHH hxi» BurojHOCTH 
h aoxoahocth. 3to 6hjk> Tkwh (Joaie cnpaBe^JHBO, <ito BaoHTajrb, sas^ 
mi BuxbzvL npn pa3CMOTptHiH Hajiora Ha ToproBjno, flo cero BpeMeHH 
Gewb o6j!0»eHi» bt» cpaBHemn cl apyrHira HMymecTBaMH mnrroaHo. Oahh 
seMCKie HaaorH ob seMJiH npeBuraajra ofaoaeme KanHTajoBt Kara b*b* 
noJB3y rocy^apcTBa, Tara h 3eMCTBa. HecMOTpa, owaEom'B, Ha Taioe 
noaoaeme flija, a^MHHHCTpaitfa Bosmuia npoTHBt hoao6hhx , b pacnopa- 
aemfi 3eMCTBa, h 22 HoaCpa 1867 ro,na nocjrfc,noBajio pasbacHeHie 9-ft 

CTcVTbH BpeMeHHHX'B HpaBHJfb, HO KOTOpOMV <{)a6pHEH h saBOAH noa-ieaa-m 

o&ioaeHiro tojbko Kant cTpoeHia, a ToproBHa cBH^T&ibCTBa h naTeHTBt 
He Bume 25% ct bhochmoS b* ko3hv hohuhhu. TaKoe pacnopaaeme 
coBepmeHHO napajrasoBajio BcaKyro noje3HyE) aiaTcibHocTb seMCKnx^- 
coCpamfi. Othhh* BcaKoe BoaBumeme 3eMCKHx-B pacxoflOB* na^a-ia 

TOJILKO Ha OflHH 3CMJH, TaKX KaKt TOprOBHa CBH^kTCIBCTBa H HaTeHTH 

DOBceMicTHO 6hjih o6jo»eHH bhchihm'b HajoroM r b. Ho 3eMJH HeoiH yae 
Hajior-B AaJieKO Biime Kanimuia, a BpecTbaHCKia jaae BLime hx*b joxoa- 
hocth; CTajio 6utb, wh coS-iKWHia cnpaBe;uHB0CTH hphxoabjocb OTKa^ 
saTBca otb BcaKHxi nojesHuxt pacxo.noB'b. HeyflOBOJbCTBie bi cpe^fe 
seMCKHxi aiaTejieft no noBoay 9Toro pacnopaaema (Jhjo Bceo6mee h. 

MHHUCTepCTBO BtiyTpenHHX'B A*fejTB CO*MO HyaHHJTB H3JIOaHTB Wb o<Jh|>h- 

lyajiLHofl CTaTbi, HaneiaTaHHofi b* „Ci>BepHofi HoiTi", rfc mothbh, bo- 
Topae cJiyanjH ocHOBameM'b no^oCHOMy pacnopaaeHiro. 9to ofiMcneme 
Cbijo BnpoqeMTE* Kpaflne Heyna*rao h noKa3ajio acHO, cl KaKoro jerKOCTBK> 
OTHOCHJacB a 1 HM^HHCTpa^ia k'b 3aTpy^HHrejibHOMy noaoaemro 3eMCTsa. 
BMicT* ct> T%wb mi* 3Toro o6*LacHeHia oSHapyanjiocB, tto MHHHCTepcrB<x 
BOBce He H3CJ[^AOBajio BHHMaTejBHO CTeneHB aoxoahocth KannTaJOB^ 
saTpa^eHHHX'B bt> ToproBtixi h nponiunijieHHux'B npeAnpiaTiaxi. Oho- 
pinrajocB rjacHO yTBepa^aTB, ^rro KaneTajrB neceT'B Apyrie Hajoni, 
Tor^a KaK'B semra noMim;HqBH He HecyrB hx*b; Mea^y Tiwb bc4mi k 
Kaa^oMy h3b£ctho, hto noMimn^iLH seMJia njtaTarB oahhx'b seMCBHx^ 
noBHHHOCTefi 6ojrbe, vbwb sanHTajiu h scmckhx'b h rocy^apcTBeH- 
hhx'b HaJioroB-B. DoMimnK'L cb 1000 aec. semra, npeACxaBjaromieft n^H- 
HocTb bt> 30 hjh 40 t. pyfaeff, bo MHornxi ry6epmax , L maTHTb *o loo 
pySjefi oahexi scmckhxi cfiopoB'B, Mea^y TiMt, KaKb Kynei^'B 2-ft raib- 
Ain, qacTo Topryiomiift Ha HicKOJbEO cotb TKcaqx py6jefl, ^aae b^ 
irtcTnocTH 1-ro Kiacca iuaTffrb tojlbo 85 py6., h npuTOM'b Birbcrt c^ 



Digitized by 



Googk 



XP0HBE1. — fcBCaTb JOTX PEGOPMX. 365 

6HieTOMT> Ha ToproBoe saBeaeme, a bx m4cthocth 5-ro uacca tojleo 
30 py6. 

Cx Hsaama 9Toro nocTaHOBaema 3airireaeTca oco6eHHoe oxaaafleme 

EX 3eMCKHMT> fli-iaMX EaEX BX OfimeCTB*, TaEX H BX Cpeflli 3CMCEHXX 

jliHTeaeft. HpeACTaBHTejiH seMaeBaafliameBx ytfiAHjHCB, too aa He^oo- 
TaTKOMt cpe^CTBx, aeircKia co6pama o6pe?eHU Ha orpamreeHHyio ata- 
TeiLHOCTL no HcnojiHemH) otfasaTeabHiixx pacxojjOBx; KpecTtjrae, arao 
saHHTepecoBaHHHe BHa^aai dthmx fliadMX, bx pe3yjLTarh yBHA&ra 
oaho B03BHmeme naaora; a npeACTaBHTcin ropoaoBx, Cyayra ofiaoatema 
Bcer.ua o,hhhmx h t&mx ae c6opoiix, araan othochtbcji ex neiiy coBep- 
meHHO naccHBHO. HffrepecyroTca bx Hacroamee BpeMa dthmx aiaoMX 
jhihb rfe, KOTopue pa3c^HTHBajw noayroTB MicTa bx ynpaBaxx h rapo- 
bomx HHCTHTyrt, *a eme rfc HeMHoria jh^hocth, EOTopua, ex noaepTBO- 

BaHieiTb CBOHXX JH^HHXX HHTepeCOBX, SaiattTB UpHHeCTH HOCHJELHyi) 

nojL3y o6n^ecTBy. Ho B*fe;u> pa3craTtiBaTB bx a&rk oCmecTBeHHiixx y*- 
peaaemft Ha caMonoaepTBOBame hbckojlkhx'l jhijx, no MeHLraei M*fepfc, 
He6jaropa3yMHo; — 3to fiyayTX Bce-TaKH cuhhhhhm yenaia, Tor.ua Easx 
rjul nojraaro yenixa aija nyatHU yenaia Bcero o6mecTBa. HeotfxoflHMO, 
-qro6H Bee ofimecTBO 6hjio npaMO n Henocpe^CTBeHHO 3aHHrepecoBaHO 
TfeMX hjih Apyrniix pimeHieMX Bonpoca, — Tor.ua, ho tojlko Tor.ua npeA- 
craBHTejra dtoto oCmecTBa CyayTX BHHMaTeaBHo nsynaTt 3th Bonpoca, 
a o6m,ecTBo cjtb^htl sa xoaomx npemfl n pimemeMX. Bx hpothbhomx 
cay^ai Hey^HBHTejiBHO, hto npn roaocoBamn tocto raacHHe He SHaBTx, 

HySHO JIH CHA*TL HJH BCTaBaTB, HOKa He yBHflaTX, Ha KOTOpol CTOpOH* 

H3b4cthhh amja hjih, HaKOHeut, 6ojbhihhctbo. 

Bx aiai HapoAHaro o6pa30BaHia Bjriame seMCTBa Tasse otohb orpa- 
HH^eHO. Oho MoaeTx, EOHcmo, accnraoBaix cyMMH HeorpaHmeHHo, ho 
bx pacnopaaeHin sthmh cymiaMH npaBa ero orpaHHHHBaDTca nsCpameiix 
OTyxx ^jeHOBx bx y^Hjnnn;HHft cob4tx, bx eotopomx bth ^JieHH cocTaB- 
jiaxyrh MeHLniHHCTBO. TaKHM'B o6pasoifB OTcyTCTBie npaBa pacnopasemfl 
cyMwaMH 6uzo o^Hoft hsx hph^hhx paBHO^ynria seMCsuxx co6pamfi ex 
atjy niEoax; no y^pea^eme HHcneETopoBX HapoAHiixx y^Hjnn^x, ecra 
ohh fiyflTTx ^iftcTBOBaTB no npHM^py TBepcEoro HHcneETopa r. ^pyatH- 
HHHa, KOTopufi He ocTaHOBHaca Aaae nepe^x HHCHHyai^iaMH h H3BiTaxH, 
rpo3HTx otChtb BcaKyro oxoTy y 3cmcehxx co6paHift acepTBOBaTB yr6- 
jni6o Ha pasBHTie o6pa30Bama bx Hapo^*. 

in. 

Pa3CMaTpnBaa npe^Mera Bi^oMCTBa seMcsnxx yqpeacnemfl, HeaBsaHe 
npn^TH sx sasaxraemK), ito spyrx hxx xbaTeaLHOCTH BecBMa orpaHH- 
^eHx, to^ho Tasate sasx h hxx cpe^CTBa. Hoaoaeme hoapo6ho onep^H- 
saeTx rfe npe^iaH, 3a EOTopue ohh He hm4k>tx npaBa buxo^htb. Bca- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



366 BftCTHHBft IBP0HH. 

Boe onpeaiaeHie, BncTynano^ee mi> bthx* npextaoKB, He tojlko ocraerca 

HQ^fiCTBHTeJBHHKb, HO H HOftBepraeTB BHHOBHHX'B OTB&TCTBeHHOCTH 8a 

npeBinneme Bxacra (ct. 7 h 8 DoaoaeHia). Ho dToro huo: sasoHi orpa- 
HHHHBaerL h cpe^CTBa seMcanxi ynpeaaeHifi, yieasiiBaa npeflMera 06.10- 
seHia h ycTaHOBjaH Bucmie pasMipn ero pfl h*kotophx'& npexiceTOKB, 
T.-e. orpamrraBaerb CTeneHL hx-b y^acTia aaae b*b tom-l He6oxbmoM* 
Kpyrt jfcficTBifi, KOTopufi wn> OThenewh. Ha stowl ocHOBamn, mh hh- 
Bara He Moaera npHSHaTB 9th ynpesAema opraHaMH caMoynpaBjema. 
IIoAt STHMt HMeHeifB mo»ho pasyirfiTL Taide opraHu, soTopne Moryra 
ynpaBjflTB bc6mh iActhhmh HHTepecara sa HCKJD?emeMx jhoib t^tk, 
EOTopue BBipeHH opraHa*TB ijeffrpajLHaro ynpaBjema. Bx npe^aaymeft 
CTaTtt mh paaBHJH Xobojlho hoapo6ho noHaTie o caMoynpaBjemH h vl 
npaBaxi seifCKHX'B y^peaaemfi He bhahm*b hh Maaifimaro cb hhhx cxox- 
CTBa. HpeAMera BijoMCTBa opraHOBi caMoynpaBjeema He nouaiDTca hh- 
BasoHy onpefliaeHiK), noTOMy hto h3m4hhk)toi h ho BpeMeHH, h ho irfccry, 
h no Hya^airt Hacejema, Tor.ua KaKt npeAMera Bi^oMCTBa seycKim 
yqpesAemfi npiypoieHH vl h3b4cthhm'b paMKairb, bhxoahtb hs* soto- 
puxi> ohh He MoryrB, xoth 6m HHTepeca apaa TpetfoBajH orb hhxx 
BOBce He Toft A*aTejBH0CTH, aaaaa hm*b onpejixeHa. OpraHti caMoynpaB- 
Mema caMH onpeA*JWi)TB npeAMCTH ofaoaenia HCTeneHB ero, Tas v BBas , B 

B03MOSHOCTB pfl paSJHTOHXfc HMymeCTB'B BHHOCHTB Ty HJD1 flpyry» IJH(f>py 

naiora saBHcnrb coBepmeHHO otl mIjcthhx'b ycjoBiS h Moxero rork- 
hhtbch Bcxt^cTBie MHornx'b o6cToaTeJBCTB-B. KpoHi Toro HHTepeca spaa 
Moryrt TpeCoBaTb pasBmia H3BicTHaro poaa npoMHnueHHocTa; no9Toxy 
AJifl 9Toft u$jui Moaert HOTpe6oBaTBca ycTaHOBjeme Kaaoro-jraCo cne- 
ijiajBiiaro Haiora Ha H3BicTHufl po^t HMymeCTB'B. Taat, HanpHM£p&, 
yjynneme chocoGobi CMOJiOKypema moxcpb sacaTBca tojilko BjajtiB- 
neB*B jicHHX'B aaTO, a noTOMy HecnpaBeAJHBO duo 6u h3*b otfmaro 
Haiora TpaTHTL cpeACTBa Ha yjryHffleme aaaoro - Ha(JyAB OTjijBHaro 
npoMiicja. Bet bth npaBa HeocnopHMO npHHaweaarb opranaMi caMo- 
ynpa&ieHia, noTOMy hto saaoHi He HMieTx HnaaKHXi cpeACTBi cx&- 
Ahtl, hh sa nya^aMH mIjcthhx'b aaTejeS, hh 3a nxt cpe^CTBaMH, m> 
oco6eHHocTH Ha SHa^HTejiBHOiTB npocTpaHCTBi. Ho HHHero noAo6Haro Hanrs 
saKOHx He npe^ocTaBjaerB seMCTBy; HanpoTHBi ofb npe^ocTaBjaerb eny 
neorpaHHHeHHo o6xaraTL tojlko OAHy seMjro, ^to HeBosnosHO hjth 
no Ses^oxoAHOCTH ea, hjh noTOMy, hto KpecTtaHcaia seiciH o6joaeHH 

CHALHO H 6631 9T0r0. 

HejiB3a Taaae npn3HaTt scmckhxi yqpesxeniB opraHaMH caMoynpaa- 
jeHia h noTOMy em;e, wro ohh He HMiionb HHaaaoft HcnojHHTejLHoft 
BjacTH. nojoaHMX, seMcaoe co6pame onpe^JHTL h3b^cthh& Hajor^, 
ho HiaTejBH^HKH ero He bhochtb.... Hto ^ijaTB vl TaKOMi cjy^at? 
B3HCKHBaTL Hepe3i nomijiiD? A ec-iH nojni;ia He hchojihhtb Tpe(JoBafida? 
Caasyn, mojkho aaJOBaTBca ryCepHaTopy. Ho b4ab nojnu^ia He -co* 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



XPOHHKA. — AKCflTB JIM* PEGOPJTB. 367 

SHaeTca, too OHa He xoneTi HcnojraaTB TpetfoBama ynpaBH, h npeflCTa. 

BHTB MHOXeCTBO 06CT0flT&U>CTB'L, HO KOTOpHMt eft He 6ujlo BpeMeHH sa- 
HHMaTBca B3HCBaHieMt. Hto ^ijaTB Tor.ua?.. Bo3bMeMt apyroft npHMipx: 
ynpaBa&i'B, wa npeacTaBJieHia CMiTi h pacKJia^KH, Hyami pa3jra*mHa 
CBtfl&Hia H3i» BOjiocTHUxt npaBJieHifi; ho bojocthoS CTapmHHa otb ynpaBH 
He saBHCHTi h iioaerb He HcnojiHHTb Tpe6oBaHie ynpaBH, bi ocofieH- 
hocth, ecjw MnpoBofl HOcpe^HHK'B He bi jiaay ct ynpaBofi. TaKHMt o6pa- 
30Mt CBt,n*Hifl Hira, nivb h CMirs, Eivb h pacKJiaflOKx. Co6paHie 
OTKpiiBaeTca, h eMy He^ero yTBepac^aTB h Hei'fcM'L hcho-thhtl o6a3aTeJB- 
mixt pacxoAOBi. 3to c-iyian He HeB03MoanHe. Ha flHaxi* mh cjumajra, 
too no B3anMH0My CTpaxoBamio Bt oahoS ynpaBt Htrt aeHerB Ha yn- 
jiaTy 3a cropiBmia SflaHia, BCJ^ACTBie hcaohmok'b, B3HCKania KOTopuxi yn- 
paBa He MoaerB aoCnTBca. Pa3B* opraHH caMoynpaBJieHia Moryrt Haxo- 
Ahtlch bi HOAo6Hiixt nojoaemaxfc? 

He MOtteMt mh npnsHaTL seMCKia y*qpea,n;eHia opranaMH cairoynpaB- 
jeHia h noTOMy em,e, ^to nocjii^Hie 'aojhkhh flificTBOBaTL caMOCToa- 
tcjbho (TarcB, no KpafiHefl Mipi, 3to SHBaeTb Be3A*, ni ecTB caMO- 
ynpaBieme), OTBinaa 3a cboh flificTBia use nepe^T» H36npaTeiaMH, hjih 
nepejw> cyAOMi. 3eMcaia ae y^peawma fliflcTBywT'B no^t KOHTpojieirB 
aAMHHHCTpauin. CfraTba 93-a Hojoaema onpeflijaerL, too bc* nocTaHOB- 
jiefiia seMCKHX'L cofipamfi cooCmaroTca <5e3T> saMefljema Ha?ajQ»HHEy 
rySepHiH, a ct. 9-a roBOpHTB, too HaiajEBHHK'B ryCepmn wwherb npaBO 
ocTaHOBHTB HcnojraeHie BcaKaro nocTaHORiema seMCKaxt co6pamft, npo- 
THBHaro saEOHaM'B, hot oCmiHM'B rocyAapcTBeHHHirB noJL3aMi>. Ho bIjkb 
Ha^ajBHHK'B ryCepHin Toae ^ejroBia'B, offb MoaerB onra6HTBca h aaae 
aioynoTpefiHTB CBoefi BjacTBi), rbwb 6oj4e, tto nonaTie o6t> o6ih;hx , b 
rocyAapcTBeHHHX'B nojBsax'B ?pe3Bu^afiH0 3jacTH*mo h noflfc Hero mosho 
noABecTH o^eHB iraoroe. B'B Tasom cjyrai nocTaHOBaeme ocTaHeTca 
HeHcnojHeHHUM'B ao cjrfeayromaro ro.ua, tbjlt> Kara Bospaaeme ry6epHa- 
Topa He Bcer^a MoaerB npn^TH bo Bpena ceccin co6pama. Ho pasB^ 
Hajo TaKHX'b cjy^aeB'B, b*b kotophx'b OTcpo^Ba HcnoJHema paBHOcajBHa 
coBepmeHHOMy yHH^ToaeHiio onpeA*Jenia? HojioaHM^, hto seMCKoe co- 
6paHie nocTaHOBjiaenb Bu^aTB KpecTLaHaMt "h3b4cthoB m4cthocth Ha 
oGc^MeHeHie nojiefi 8Ha^HTeJBHy» cyimy mT> npo^oBOJBCTBeHHaro sa- 
iunuia. TyCepHaTOiKB HaxowrB sto pacnopaaeme HenpaBHJBHHM'B h 
npoTecTB ero hphxoahts yae nocai 3aKpHria co(Jpama. Ho OTHomemro 
m> yfe3AHHMi co6pamaMi 3to ho^th Bcerw Tssrb h SiiBaeT'B. Bonpocfc 
ocTaeTca ao ai^Ayro^aro co6pama, a BMicTi cb t^wl ocTaHyTca He- 
sactaHHHMH a specTBaHCRia noja, a seMCKoe co6pame, no^TBepAHBi, CBoe 
onpeflt-ieHie Bt cji^y»meM , B ro^y, hhckojbko bthmi He nonpaBHTB ^jlsl. 
TaKofi KOHTpojiB a^MHHHCTpaipH, npH KOTopoifB cm4th 3cmckhx% co6pa- 
hlB He HMirorB CHJH 6e3i» yTBepa^eHia Ha^ajBHHKa ry6epHia, npoTHBo- 
pi^HTTB Bcasoiiy noHaTiD o caMoynpaBjemn. Mu hosbojhitb ce64 em,e 



Digitized by 



Googk 



368 BftCTHIKl IBPODH. 

pas* HanoMHHTL roraTeiD cioBa ipa$a EncxapKa vb xaft wbunft v& 
repMaHCKOM-L napiaxeHTfc. rpa4fe aaaBBXB, to> okb He Gohtcji caxo- 
ynpaBjemH, ho 6ohtch hciobrocth cbohx-l coScroeHHiro tohobhhbobi, 
MexAJ Tiwb KaKi Hame Hojomeme onacaerca BiriunaTencrBa m6cthhx% 
o&necTFb bx a&io aAMHHHCTpai^H h AOBftpaera tojlko rySepHaiupan, 
KoropiDTB npe^ocTaBjaerL xoHTpoinpoBaTB nocTaHOBjeHia seMcrara co- 
tipanifi. 9to ao Taaoft CTeneHH npoTHBop&urL noHarii) o caMoynpaaje- 
HiH we aana^Ho-eBponeftcaoMTb ckhcjI cxoBa, too Hanra npesma ABopm- 
cicia co6pama iiorjH craraTBca fojrfce noAxoAantnxH kb opraHara cano- 
ynpaaiemH, Heae-ra seMCsia coCpama. B* sana^HoS EBponi H^crmur 
otfnjecTBa HMiDTL npaBO kohtpojw Ha#B A*ficTBiaMH aAHHHHCTpaiqH, a 
He Ha oGopora. Hamn abophhcbui co6pama mrfura oTiacTH sto npano. 
Ohh H36Hpajra itfuryi) Maccy aojishocthhx% jam* a-m o6m;aro ynpaBje- 
ma rySepmn, h xoth H36paHHHH jimja yTBep»AaJHCB ryCepHaTopon, ho 
vl cjynai HeyTBepaAema coSpame hm£jio npaBO npoTecTa. ^bophhctbo 
kpom4 Toro Morjo oSpanjaTBca k*b xHHHCTpy, wl cjyroax'B HenpaBHXBHH» 
npHrtcHemfi H36paHHux r B hmx jhu;'l. 3arfeirB oho KOHTpoznpoBaio npa- 
bhjbhoctb A**CTBift ry6epHaTopa no pacxoAaira h3t» rocyAapcTBeimaro 
h ryCepHCEaro seMcsaro c6opa h, HaaoHeij'B, mrbjio npaBO bxoahtb rs 
BcenoAAaHHtftnraMH npomemaMH o cbohxi Hy»Aaxi» h nojBsaxt. Taum* 
o6pa30M*B, bx npesHee Bpeaca 6hjtb xoth oahhi uaccB irfccTHaro 06- 
mecTBa, KOTopufl hm4jl, no RpafiHefi irfep4 de jure, fffcaoTopoe Bjriame 
Ha A^ATeJiBHOCTL aAMHHHCTpaniH; ho cl yHHMToateHieMi> npaBa BH<5opoFB 
bt> cyaefiHiM h nojraijefiCKia aojhkhocth h cl npeKpamemeirL noB-hpM 
pacxoAOB'B no aeMcrairb c6opairB b*b abophhckhx'b co6paHiHx r B Y ncnesaerB 
BCHEoe BjdflHie MicTHaro o6m,ecTBa na A*aTejrBHOCTB aAMHHHCTpaiUK. 
Mes^y niwb TaKoe Bjriame, BCjrfcACTBie npncynnHxt aasAOMy qejoftbay 
HeAOCTaTKOBi, HeofixoAHMO bo bchkom'l faaroycTpoeHHOM'B o6m,ecTBt. 
Hax Bcero cKaaaHHaro Ham hcho, tto npaBa mIjcthhx'b oCn^ecTBt, BcxbA- 
CTBie nocjfeAHHX'B pe^opirt, ec-rn h 6hjih pacnrapeHu cb oahoA cropoHS 
npeAOCTaBjiemeiffB b*b b^l B*A*Hie HfeKOTopux'B MicTHnxi HHTepecoB^ 
to ct Apyroft ctopohh, Bt cMHCjfe Hxt nojHTH^ecKaro SHaneHifl b*b 06- 
m,efl cncTeM* rocyAapcTBeHHaro ynpaBJiemtf, — ohh 6hjh BHaHHTexBHO 
orpaHBrqeHH. He npaBii jh mh (Jhjh, caaaaBX b*b nocjrtAHeS Hameft CTaTsi, 
^ro cncTeMa ^eHTpaJH3a^iH noj^taeTB y HacB oco6eHHoe SHaneHie vh 
nocjr^AHee Aec^THJiiTie, t4mt> 6ojie, tto 3eMCKia yqpesAeHia nocTaBieHff 

BI» COBepmeHHyD 3aBHCHMOCTB OTL aAMHHHCTpaitfH, XOTfl CT8TBH 6-a no- 

jLOTBLema h roBopHTt, hto seMCEifl y?pe»AeHi&, vb Kpyry BB^peHHsxs 
hm^ A**** A^ficTByrorB caMOCTOHTeJbHO. Haii'B KaseTCH, hto Taaoe HO- 
CTaHOBjreme, bx BHAy (JojLniefl JoriraecKofl nociiAOBaTejBHOCTH, xorjio 
6u 6urb BOBce HCKjro^eHO H3i» IIojoseHifl, Taai Baa's ero TpyAHO co- 
rjacHTL KaK'B cb OKOH^amejrB 9Toi CTaTBH, TpeSyron^ei A^a HiKOTopira 
pacnopaatemfl seMCTBa yTBepaAema aAMHHHCTpaTHBHHX'B BjiacTei, Tan» 



Digitized by 



Googk 



xpou&i. — xicm nn ti«opn. 369 



4 m cb cTaroet 9-fi, no BOTopot Ha?ajLiniB& rytiepmi xosen 
jxcnojraeme Boutaro nocTaHOBjeHi* seMCBHra coGpami. 

3x&cb mh cHHTaeifb vjmmm oroBopHTLca ai& toih), vrofo nanra cjob* 
He 6um Biirb-HHfiyxB nepero JBOBaHH vb xpyroMt cmhcxL Bee to, ht6 mk 
CBasun Bume, mh roBopun He bt» cmhcj* samara xbopahcehx* npi* 
BHjerift, a tojbko vb cmhcj* cosajriuri*, tto seMCBta co6pama, xora 

OHH HBHJHCB OTTOCTH GOJTfee FbpHHMH UpeACTaBHTeJAMH MtCTHHXT» MB* 

TepecoBX, He y^ocTOH jhcb no jj^ihtl rfex-L nojramecBHxi npasi, soropiis 
<6hjh npe^ocTaBJBHU ABopmcTBy saxoiro Bnepejt. Heyaejra irbcraoe 
otfmecTBo BTopofi no jobhhh XlX-ro cto jtTia sacjysHBaJO MeHLmaro xoBfe* 
T>ia? Ms OToro ne AyMaeMi. 

ToBopH o npe^Meraxt B&xoMCTBa seMCsrab cotfpamft, mh hh cxob* 
He CKaaajH o BH6op£ mhpobhx'b cyaeft, noTOMy vro fojie hjh Menhe 
yAOBjeTBopHTejLHoe HcnojraeHie 9to& otosaHHocTH saBHcim otb jraroaro 
^ocTaBa seMcsnra co6pamft. Ha btomt> ocHOBamn mh OT£iaAHBae« 
name saKjmeme o6*b stomal npeAMerfe ao paacMOTpima npaBHXB o co- 
craBi seMCBHX'B coCpami, vb BOTopoMy h nepexo£HM£ Tenept. 

IY. 

Mh He 6jnem> roBopnTB o pas^jiemH seMCBExx y^pes^emfi, npex- 
uojarafl 9to hsbIjcthhm'l bcAmx h sas^OMy. Hepefl^eMt npjnro ir& bh- 
6opy HjieHOB'B aeMCKHxt cofipamft, T.-e. rjracHHxi. 9totb bhCop* irpora- 
bo^htca no CTaTB* 16-ft nojoaema: a) Ha c%&3a£ seMjreBjafl'fcjLijeB'B, 6) 
Ha cxisai ropo^CBHX'B H3(rapaTeJieft, b) Ha ottoA* BHCopHHxt or& cea*- 
CKHxt o(5mecTB%. Hto sacaeTcs xo Hac&, to mh p*fcniHTeji»HO He hohh- 
MaewB, sasaa 6ma ufkjb noflofaaro j^ijiemE. HeymeJH b* pa&raqHHxs 
mraccax'B Haraero o6m;ecTBa Majo cocjiobhoS poshh h OT^ya^eiriH, ofiy- 
cjroBjraBaeMHxt BaB*B Bceft npomeamefi ncTopiero, Tasx n pasjH^HHM^ 
noJoaiemeM'L no MaTepiajLHOMy SjiarococToaHiro h o6pa30BaHiro, — wro6*b 
bhochtb era;e BTy po3HB bx TaB^-HasHBaeMHa hccocxobhhh coCpania? He- 
y»ejH BOMMnccia, cocTaBJiaBraaa 3th npe^nojioaema, He B^yMajiacb, KaKOfi 
paajia^x BHoenja OHa bt> caMy© cpe^y 3eMCKHx% co6paHiS, bboah b^ 
hhxi, ot^4jlhhx , b npeflCTaBHTejieft Tpext BjaccoBi namero ofin^ecTBa? 
Mh, BaaceTca, Bci BoenHTaHH Ha (Jacraxt ,n*AyniKH KpujoBa, a Mes^y 
Tiin,, npn nepBOMt cTOJiKHOBeHin cl stohlk), 3a(5uBaeMi» ero ny^poe 
npaBHJO, tto nejn>3H bt> o^hhb B03X BnparaTt Jie6e^n, n^ysy n pasa. 
JfjiK Be^emH BcaKaro o(5maro pfbiib HysHo, Bo-^epBHx^, cunHOAynrie, a 
ero-TO n Tpy^HO 6hjo ^ocTHrayTb npn TaKOMi nopa,HK4 H36pama Mac- 
hhxi. Kaaflxift H3X hexx ^OJiateHi, hbhtlcs bi> cofipaHie aar Toro, Trofe 
bi> h6m«b OTCTaHBaTL HHTepeca cbohxi HsfinpaTejiei, T.-e. y3Kie, cocjiobhh6 
HHTepecBi, a He HHTepecn ^iJa^o o(5m;ecTBa. Ha ocHOBamn 3Toro npa- 
BHja jik>ah, BOTopHM^ ^opora o6n^ie HHTepecn h npncyTCTBie KOTopaxt 

Tomi Y. — Cehthbpb, 1871. 24 



Digitized by 



Googk 



870 BfcCTHHKB BBPOHH. 

bccto xexarexBKbe bi» seMCKnxs coCpaHiax'B, Bcero MeH&e hmIuotl maH- 
cofb nonacTL btb raacHue, h ecjn ohh BCTptoaDTCfl bt> seMCKHxi co6pa- 
MinXl, TO 3TO MH OTHOCHMfc Kt ^eCTH HamHX'B seM.ieBjan'IubijeB'b, KOTopue 
He Bcer.ua pyKOBOflHTCH cocjobhhmh HHTepecaara. Ecjih se bto He Bcerxa 
rasi CuBaerb, ecjra mm tocto BCTpi^aeMt npoTHBonojiosHoe ABjeme, to 
mh Bce-TaKH He vLOi&ewb CTaBHTB dToro b-l BHHy aeMjeBjaA^JwiairB, 
TaE-L Kara caMonoaepTBOBame Moaerb nposBjaTbca tojbko m> otaIub- 

HHX'B JIH^HOCTHXi, a He Vb MaCCaXX. PaSC^HTHBaTB Ha BHCOKifl cTpex Je 

ma kb ujbjwxb EiaccaxB o(5m;ecTBa, no MeHbinefi CTeneaa, HeocToposHQ, 
h ecm&b chjih paaxH^HUxx KiaccoBfe o(5m;ecTBa b*b seMCBkx'B coGpamiro 
(Jhjh paBHH, to orb hhxx Heabsa 6hjo 6h oanaaTb HH^ero jpyroro, 
ipoM* CesnopflABOB'B h 6oj)h6u. Ecjh ae uu aToro He bhahmx, ecra 
seMesifl co6pama mouth npHxoAHTb wb KaRHMi-HHGyAB aaKjmeHiaM*, to 
bto noTOMy, <rro 3eMjieMaA*JB^ecBOMy Kiaccy npeAOCTaBjeHa, sara ysn- 
Xhm*b Heme, noAaBMiomaa cnja h no incjy raacHHx* h no HpaB- 
CTBeHHOMy hxx 3HaqemK). ^jh Toro, Yro&b coGparie npeACTaBJuo co6oi> 
AificTBHTejibHo o6m,ie HHTepecti d3b4ctho8 m^cthocth, HeotfxojHMO, 
vro&b H36HpaTeJBHHe Cfcisjm He npej^CTaBJWJH 6n coGoio mraero co- 
cjOBHaro. HoBTOMy mh He noHnMaeMi HHKaKHX'b apyraxB HsGepaTenHircb 
abiaflOB'b sa HCKJiro^eHieM'B TeppHTopiaorbHux'B. JKhtcjh HdBJbcTHaro ospyra 
Aojshu cofopaTbca Bt oafih-l o6mift H36HpaTejn>HHfl CBtsA'B, h paanraie 
Mez^y hhmh Moaera 6htb flonymeHo pa3Bt tojp>ko no KOjH^ecTBy bju- 
AieMaro EaaAHMfc HMymecTBa, noweaanjaro Hajory, h no CTeneHH o6pa- 
soBaHia. IlycTB Bci jHija, BjaaiDmia h3b4cthhm'b HMymecTBOMi in 
nojyHHBraifl H3BtcTHoe oCpasoBame h npHTOMX atHBymia Ha npocTpaHcmt 
OKpyra, noJB3yx)Tca miho H36npaTeiBHHM'B npaBOMi, a HeHMiromie 3Toro 
ueH3a nycTb npHCiuiamrb vl nsCnpaTejBHHfi CB'bsA'B ynojraoMOTOHHHi'k 
H36npaTe-u>HHfi cb^sa^ cocTaBjreHHufi Tsjuwb otipasoM'B, AMcTBHTexboo 
MoaeTL aaTb rjacHLix-L, KOTopue 6y&yrh npeACTaBjaTb o6iu,ie HHrepeen 
H3B*bcTHoi m^cthocth, to osH^aTb no^ofiHaro npeACTaBHTejBCTBa on 
cvbajiflwb cocjobhhx'b — HeBOSMosHo. Rawb xbjia. whrh, kto 6y xers 
uacHLifi. IlycTB bc4 6y&yrh 3eMjeBjra,n*-ibAH, ho naMi EaseTca Heo6- 
xoahmumi, ^To6t npaBO rjacHaro — roBopHTb otx hmchh o6in,ecTBa — 6iuo 
npe^ocTaBjeHO eny He oahhmi,, a bc^mh cocjobIamh. 

Ob Toro BpeMeHH, Kast b-l Poccin cymecTByeT-B Bu6opHoe Haiajo, oho 
Bcer&a 6lijo cocjOBHoe h KaseTCA hhkto He Cynevb OTpnaaTb, tto Bu6opK 
0Ea3HBajracB BecBMa HeyAOBjeTBopHTejbHHMH. BcjrbACTBie orpaHH^eHHaro 
Kpyra HsCBpaTe^efl b-l abophhckhxi cofipaHiax'B, caMoe BasHoe SHaneme 

HM^JH He AOCTOHHCTBO H CHOCO0HOCTH, a JIHIHHfl OTHOfflema KB BJ1- 
ATeJEBHHM'B JHD.aM'B. Bl» ropOACKHXl BBl6opaX'B TOCHOACTBOBaJO CHJBHOe 

AaBjeme KaBHTaja; b% KpecTbaHCKHxi, HaEOHei^i, no.raoe OTcyTcrsie no- 

pflAKa fl 3aKOHHOCTH OT^aBajO B£l6opiI Ha npOHSBOJB npeSHHX'B OKpjS- 
HHX'B Ha^aiBHHBOBl H HHH'fcmHHXfc MBpOBLlX'b HOCpeAHHKOBX. HeyxeJK 



Digitized by LjOOQIC 



xpomka. — fjcm nn pmopii. 87 1 

BSJtb MfLIO 9THXI OHHTWB, HTO&B yAepBHBaTB COCJOBHIlft HOpflAOKB BH<50- 

poFB h kb seMCRim yipesAemurfHairB KaseTc*, hto coeAHHemeitB Bcira 
n86HpaTejieS fb o^hhi H36npaTeuHHfi ciii3A> yHHOToaaTca bc4 t4 

HeAOCTaTKH COCJOBHUX-L BirfopOKB, Ha BOTOpue MH yKasaiH. ^BOpJiHCTBO 
BBeJO 6U Vb BTH C&&3AH HOpflAOKB H IipaBHJBHOCTB IipOHSBOACTBa BIl6o- 

poBt; synenecTBO He moimo 6n hm£tb Toro cajBHaro Bjmma, sasoe oho 
HMierB Ha irbniaffB; KpecTwme se ymraTosH jh 6u BCflsyn bosmoshoctb 

paSCqBTUBaTL Ha SyMOBCTBO H 1HHHHE OTHOmeHia, KaK-L BTO CUBaJO KB 

^BopjmcBHxi co6pamaxrB. Hara saseTCH, hto ctohjo <5h HcnuTaTB no- 

A06HHfi HOpXAOKl XOTH <5ll HOTOMy TOJBKO, WO HpeSfilfl OHHTB OKaS&ECJE 
HeyAOBJeTBOpHTaibHUM'B. 

HaMt Moryn csa^axB, too ynoJHOMO^eHHue otb KpecTBHKB Ha ro- 
<SnpaTejn»HHx , B CB&SAax'B hx&ih 6h noAaBJunoniee 6ojldihhctbo h bh- 
6paiH 611 Bcix-L rjacHHxi* H3i» CBoero cocjobui, Tasi hto b-l seMCBOirB 
<o6pamH 3eMjeBja f n,*JbqecKifi KjaccB He 6y&&rb BOBce hmIitb cbohxb 
npe^CTaBHTeJieS, hjh hx* 6jjsfiTb Tain> otohb Majo. Tobophtb 3to mojkctb 

TOJbEO TOTB, KTO BOBCe HeSHaBOMl* Vb HaCTpOemeMX HamHXl SpeCTBflKB 
A CB HXt HOHHTieifB 06* 06in,eCTBeHH0fi AiflTaiLHOCTH, — T0JBKO TOT-L, 

sto xoserB OTKaaiiBaTB HameMy npocroiiy HapoAy ^ase b* SApaBora 
•CMHCJb. Mh cnpocHMB iioaoGhiix'b CKenTHKOBx: HeysejH se ohh hh bo 
too CTaBOTB <auy HpaBCTBeHHyB, caiy o6pa30Bama? Heyse-ra ohh He 

^CJtlXaJIH HHKOrAa BLl60pi ABOpHHX rjaCHHMH OTB KpeCTBHHCBHXl 
OfimeCTBl? A BTH <J>aKTH BCTptiaDTCH OTOHB HaCTO, HeCMOTpH Ha TO, 

*rro ABopHHe He yiacTByrorB b*b hxx H3(5HpaTejbHiix f B CBt3Aax%, a bto 
MHoro 3HaqHTB. Ecae6t> h cjyqiuocB Tanoe nenaju»Hoe HBJerie, too kb 
BaBoiTB-HnCyAB OKpyrb arfecTHue seMjeBjaA^iBi^u He (5iuh 6h H36paHH 
kb rjacHHe, to bto OBHanaJO 6u tojbko to, too ohh He yMijH sacjyatHTB 
yBaseHJH BpecTBHHx; ho otb noAofoaro po^a rjacHMxi 6luo 6h o^eHB 

4KejaTeJBH0 H36aBHTBCH. Ham-B EpeCTBHHHH'B HeBducsaTejeH'B, h eaiH 

qeJOFfefi-B He HeroA^fi, to oh-b Bcer^a HasoBeTB ero xoponimfB 6apHH0irB, 
^ A^ficTBHTejBHo xopofflaro Bcer^a coraacnTca Bu6paTB b-b rjacmie, h 
Aaxe CKopie, Heseju CBoero 6paTa, Tas-B sani c^HTaen* ero ^ejiOBtsoirB 
rpaMOTHHM-B. ^tficTBHTejBHO xopomie j»ah, KOTopaxi aejaTeJBHO 6u 
bha'&tb Bcer^a Mea^y 3€mckhmh xbaTvuiMu, HHKor^a He OTKasyTCH no- 

CTaBHTB CBOft BLl6op / B BI» SaBHCHMOCTB 01TB IUIOCOBaHifl BpeQTBflffB: OHH 
HHCKOJBKO He 6jAJTb COHH^BaTBCH Wb CBOeM'B BHtfopfe. Ho eCJH6l» H 

cjy^HJOCB Tara, ^to b-b H^BOTopox'B seMCBHX'B co6pamHX f B ^bcjo rjac- 

HHX'B KpeCTBflffB 6HJ0 6bL 60JTte, itM-B 3eMJeBJ[aA^JBI^eB < B, TO Wb BTOWb 

oahoitb eme HeJBdH bha4tb oco6eHHO xyp^oro. B4ab cymeciByDTB se 
co6paHia, b-b KOTopux-B ^hcjo rjacHHX'B otb KpecTBAHi npeBumacTB 
hhcjo rjacHHX'B on 3eMjeBjaAiJBn,eBT», h bx bthxi co6paHiHx , B HHRasoro 
HeyAoCcTBa He BCTpiqaeTca. HanpoTHKB, a^io HapoAHaro o6pa30BaHin vb 
Braxb MicrHocTax'B hactb ropasAO ycn*mH4e, Hesejra b-b Apyrim, ta& 

24* 



Digitized by 



Googk 



372 B*CTBHK* EBPOIIH. 

npeoffja^aert seMjeBjaflijiLHecKifi EjaccB. Bi nponuroMt roay bs 
^BicTHHKi EBpoini a , fb cTaTBaxi „3eMCKie HTorn", 3to o6crosxejacr» 
B3.iomeHO 6hjio bt» noapo6HocTH co Bciira HysmiMH uo(|>paMH, a norovr 
vu He CTaHeMt HOBTopaTB 3Toro h corajeiica tojibko Ha yrvrb tyasrh, 
KaKX Bnojrai AOsasaHHiifi. ^ijio ae HapoflHaro oCpasoBama ecTB Hantforfce 
BasHoe H3t Bcfext aeMCKHxt ^t.TB h saTpaTa Ha Hero ecn> cava* 
nporoBOAHTeJiBHaa hs'b Bcixi saTpara, KOTopaa Moryrb 6htb cxtaami 
seMCTBOMTb. TaiPB, HanpHM^pt: b-b BaTcnoft rytfepmn npeo&iaaajo ibcjo 
rjacHHxi otb KpecTBaH^, a Measly rbwb BHTCEoe seMCTBo hohhjio cbod 
saaa^iy jyqme, Hemejra MHoria apyria, r*4 npeofaaaajTB uaccb sejue- 
MaaijiBiecKift. CTajo 6jitb, eoiH6'B h cjyqnjocB, wo b*b H^KOTopHrv 
irfecTHocTaxt 6hjo 6h rjracHHXt RpecTBHH'B (foirfee, to otb 9Toro (frfc^pi 
HHKaKOfl He 6yaeTB. 

Bunie mh cKaaajra, tto seMJeBjia^ijib^ecKift KjaccB HM-fcen, hoasb- 
jaromee Go-iBniHHCTBO b*b bomckhx'b coCpamaxt. BsniaHearB Ha ijwfrpn 
^HCJia rjracHHX'B, HasHaneHHHX'B Bt SS-x'B ryCepmax*, b*b KOTopuxt npej- 
nojroaeHO bbccth 3th cofipania. OCmee ^hcjo bc^xi yfenHuxt rjacmixs 
13,024. Hra 9Toro <racjra otb 3eMJieBja;$Jn>ijeB , B Ha3HaieH0 6,204, on 
KpecTLaHt 5,171 h otb ropo^cEHxt ofin^ecTBt 1,649. CpaBHHBa* ojh£ 
9th ijh$ph, noBH^HMOMy, Hejtt3a npH^TH Kb Toary saKamemro, KOTopoe 
mi BHBe-ra, xota h est* bthxi ijncfrp'B 0Ka3HBaeTca, hto 3eMjeBja^LxmH 
miiroTi SHa^HTejBHHft nepeB-fecB. Ho ecjH mii npHHOMHHJTB, ito ropoj- 
CKie rjacHHe o6a3aHH nocToanHHM'B MaTeaeM'B b-b seMCKifi c6op^ i 
oneHB Majio BaHHTepecoBama b*b 6ojBnmHCTBi bcmcrhx'b a*-pb h to> 
BCjrfeACTBie 3Toro ohh 6o.i4e cojraaapHH cb 3eMJeBjraai>.iBijaMH, to toc- 
jeHHoe OTHomeme 3HaraTeJBH0 H3MijHHTca; a kt> 3Toary Ha^o npH6aBHTV 
eme, tto MHoria cejBCKia o(5m,ecTBa BHfaparoTB rjiacHUMH mhpobhxs 
nocpeAHHKOBT> BCJiiflCTBie Toro BjriaHia, KOTopoe nocjrifctfHie mrkioTb bs 

BOJOCTaXX, HM'B HOflBfcflOMCTBeHHHX'B. TaKHlTB OCpaSOBTB, Hpe^CTaBHTeJCt 

KpecTBaHCKHxi HHTepecoBi 6y,neTB MeH*e 5,000, Tor^a Kara sanxHTHHsoirs 
seMjreBjiaAtjib^ecKHX'B HHTepecoB^ 6oji4e 8,000. Ho ecjra npHHaTB fs 
cootfpaaceme, qTO npcuciAaTejB cofipaHia ecTB npeABOjHTeJB ^BopaHCTBi, 
wo HpaBCTBeHHoe BjiaHie Cojie fioraTaro h Cojie pa3BHTaro sxacca 
HMteTt rpoMa^Hoe SHaneme, to HaiBsa He cKasaTL, tto ABopaHcrw> 
HMierB, bi seMCKHxi coCpamaxx, noAaBjaromee (Jojbdihhctbo. Tasoe 
nojioaeme xbjrb acno BHpaacaeTca b% BH6opi rjacHHx*B m ryCepHCEOfr 
8eMCKoe co6pame. JIh^hhA cocTaBi sthx* co6paHifi coctohti ho^th Bcerxa 
H3i> o^Hnxi rjacHHX'B otb seMjreBjra^ijiLi^eB'B; 9T0My oCcToareJBCTBT 
coA*ftcTByeTX ct. 30-a HojoaeHia, KOTopoft Boenpen^aeTea Ha3Ha^an> co- 
Aepsame rjiacHUMx; KpecTBaHijHy ace hcbosmokho OTpiraaTBca otb cbohx^ 
saHaTift h xbjLSLTb H3,a;ep»KH nm ho*3akh bx ryCepHCKift ropoj^B, na Tpa 
hjh scrape HeA'feJH: Ha bto y Hero h*tb cpe^cTBi. Ecjh h cjyroerc* 
kb ryCepHCKOMX cofipaHin bctp^thtb HHor^a KpecTBaHHHa, to BToo^eHB. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



XPOHHKA. — AlWtb mn> PEGOPM*. 87$ 

p*AKoe HCEameme, KOTopoe aonycicaeTca Hnorja pa Toro tojtbko, woftk. 
noxBacTaTL j&meBUWb jra6epajra3MOM*B: botb mh, aecKaTB, Kanie aeMO- 
KpaTH, y Hara ecTB h KpecTLflHe Bt rytfepHCKOMt seMCKOMt cotfpamH. 
Bt A^ScTBHTeiBHOCTH »e no,no<)Haro copTa rocno.ua BnojiH-fe yBipeHH, 
^to OAHHi HJin ^Ba roaoca otb KpecTBani He HMirors HHBaKoro SHa^eHia,. 
a HHor.ua bth rjracHiie npifeaaroT-B Ha cierB KaKoro-HHCy^B 6oraTaro 
rjacHaro otb 3eMJeBja,nijrBu;eBfc h Bu6paHH tojbko noTOMy, wo ohh 
Bcer.ua 6jjijTb BOTnpoBaTB coraacHo cb cbohmx noKpoBHTejieMi* 

TaKHMi> oCpasoM'B, mh npHHHMaeirB sa o6cToaTejn>cTBo coBepraeHHO 
jOKaaamoe, *rro flfcja ryCepHCKaro aeMCKaro coGpama pimaiOTca hckjito- 
HHTejBHo rjracHHMH otb seMjeBjia.n'kjrBijeB'B, wb aijrax'B »e yfes^HHX'B. 
scmckhx-l co6pamft Ha hxi CTopoH* noflaBJiaromee (Sojbihhhctbo. ' 

HOCJTB 3T0r0 06paTHMCH BHOBB Kfc HpeflMeTaM'B Bi^OMCTBa 3eMCKHXfc~ 

y^peataemft h hocmotphmt>, bt> vewb coctohtb raaBHaa cyTB hxi saHHTift? - 
06e3neHeme HapojHaro npoaoBOJiBCTBia, ycTpoficTBo Bpaiefaoft lawn, 
pa3BHTie Hapo^Haro otfpasoBama h ycTpoftCTBO BHyTpeHHHxx b*b rytfepHia 
nyTeft cooCmema — mvb rjaBHHe Bonpocn, o6cya^;aeMHe Bt seMCKnxs 
co6pamax , B. Ho mh npocHMt Kaaj;aro 6e3npHCTpacTHaE0 i&iOBiKa otb^thts 
no ^HCToft cob4cth Ha cjrfcAyromift Bonpoci: kto nat rr. rjracHHXt otr 
seMxeBJiSLj&jibiifiB'b jhiho saHHTepecoBak'B Bt Aijax'B noflofaaro po.ua? 

IIpOAOBO^BCTBie HXt BHOJIfffc 06e3HeTOH0 H HH O^HHt H3Tb HHXt, KOHeiHO,. 

He 6jjt,evb npnfiiraTB wl btomi oraomeHiH Kt noco6iH) seiiCTBa. Ecjk 
kto-jhGo H3!B hhxi Cy^era HysaaTBca b* mcahi^hhckomi nocoGin, to- 
KOHe^HO He BocnoJB3yeTca hh 3cmcko5 6ojn>HHn,efi, hh cob4tomt» 3eMCKaro 
Bpana <5e3n.iaTHO. He nonweTX owb TaK»e h A*Teft cbohxt. m> seMCKyro 
niKOjy. HoBTOMy accHTHOBanie mi> seMcraxt c6opoKB cyMMt Ha no^oCHHe 
pacxoaii 6yAeTT>, co ctopohh rjacHaro otb 3eMJeBJia,ni.iBijeBx, ^hcthms 
noaepTBOBameM'B wb nojisy fii^Haro Kiacca, tslkt> Kara BcaKaa npnfiaBKa 
bt> seHCROM^B c6opi, Kara mu bh^jih, pasjaraeTCfl tojibko Ha 3eMjro: 
T.-e. Ha HMymecTBo ero h ero ^OBipHTeJiefi. CorjamaacB Ha bto ho- 
»epTB0Bame, oh*b 6y^eTx y»e ^ificTBOBaTB bo Bpe^i cbohx* AOBipn- 
Tejeft, HHTepecH KOTopaxt, HanpoTHBt, ohi xoju&ewb samnn^aTB. Boars . 
noneMy mh HHBaKTb ne MoaeMi bhhhtb t4xx rjacHHX'B, KOToptie He oieHB 
n^e^pn npn accHTHOBamn noaoCHHX'B pacxo^OBX. Mh MOKeMi othochtbch 
cl, co^yBCTBieMrB Kb Tiwb jfoRTeJiRWb seMCTBa, KOTopue c^HTaroirB He- 
o6xo^HMHM f B atepTBOBaTt cbohmh HHTepecaMH Bt nojn>3y Hapo^a, HO He 
b*b npaBi TpefioBaTB, no KpaflHeS Mipi ci> 4>opMaxbHofi to^kh sptHin, 
Toro ae orb ApyrHxi. Mea^y hocji4ahhmh ecTB MHoro jro^eft, KOTopae 
roTOBH ^aTB HSfc cBoero co6cTBeHHaro KapMaHa B^Boe h BTpoe (Jojrifee, 
HesejiH ^TO npnmjocB 6u hmx 3anjraTHTB no pacRia^K* Ha napoAHHa 
HyawH, ho HHKor^a He corjiacaTCH noj^HHcaTB HasHa^eme pacxo^a h3 , b- 
seHCEaro c6opa Ha totb ate npe^MerB. Ha btom-l ocHOBaHiH mu ^yMaeMX^. 



Digitized by 



Googk 



374 BMTHin IBPOHH. 

^to cTaBHTt Tasie Basmie HapoxHHe HHrepecH, EasB napoxHoe npojo- 
bo JBCTBie, o6pa80Bame h Bpa?e6Hoe noco6ie, bb saBHCHMOcrb orb bhcokhtb 
CTpeiueHifi oahoto &iacca otfmecTBa, BecBMa pncsoBaHO, h bb Tasm 
o6cToaTeJLCTBaxt mh Mosen cefia cmTaTB ciacTiHBiiMH, tio npHx&p* 
XoiMCKaro yisAa He ecTB oGuAemoe raieHie. Ecxh saBofi-jra6o HHTepec* 

flapOAHHfi CHHTaeTCA BaatHHMX H npaBHT&IBCTBO HaXOAHTB HysHiun 

npe^ocTaBHTL ero, a«m 66jbniaro yAoGcrBa, b^a^hud irfccTHaro ofimecraa, 
to, tomb sa&eTCA, hto rjaBHiie pacnopfiAHTeJH aojshh 6htb jhwo 
^aHHTepecoBaHu fb A&rfi- Bb iipothbhomb cjyqai, ecjra joow npmie- 
BaiOTCfl wl co6paHie He HHTepecoMB caicaro A^-ia, a ApyrHMH coo6pasemaici ) 
xas'B, Hanp., sejameMB BHCTaBHTB ce<5a, faecHyTB cbohmb spacHoptaieio, 
nojy^HTB m*cto no seMCTBy hjh MapoBOMy HHCTHTyTy, Tor^a Hens* 
s^aTB ycirfcxa. KoHerao, ecTB HCEjnDiema, ecTB jhhhocth, soTopHa jM- 
•CTBynTX bb seMcsoafB a* J& cb noJHofi dHeprieft, pynoBOAHMOfl seiamem 
npaHecTH oCmecTBy noauBHjD nojB3y, ho b4a& 9to HBjema eAHffiram, 
4 mk roBopmn> o(5b o6meMB HanpaBjemn A^Ja, Ha KOTopoe OTAiJMHX 
ohtoocth MoryrB hm^tb BecBMa HeaHararejBHoe Bjiame, orpaHHWHHoe 

TOJBEO H3BtCTHOft MiCTHOCTBK). BnpOieMB, #ase H 9TH JHIja TepfflM* 

cbod dHepriK) bb BHAy t$xb orpamraemfi hjh, jynne cnasaTB, Toro to- 
BiixoAHaro uojoatema, b^b soTopoe nocxaBaeHo scmctbo, — noioaema, 
npH KOTopoirB BCAKoe xopomee Rbzo Tpe6yeTB HOBaro Hajora, naAa»maro 
OT^acTH Ha caiiaft 6tAHifimifi E-iaccB HapoAa. 

ECJLH MLI B3rjJffleMB Ha A*JO CB flPyroS CTOpOHH, a HMeHHO CO CTO- 

Pohh Aefle»Haro pascieTa, to h sa^cb yBHAHMB, *to raacHiifi otb seiie- 
» BjaAi-iBijeBB hhceojbeo He 3aeHTepecoBaffL. Bosbitcmb ajih npwiipa 
noiAmHKa, BJiaAiromaro 500-mh acchthhb h Maramaro bb aeMcaifi c(5op& 
no 10 koh. cb AecHTHHH, T.-e. 50 py6. bb roA*. Bb npaBEUBHOMB pac- 
npeA^eHin bthxb cfopoBB, sasB mh bha*JH Biune, ohb He saHHTepeco- 
saHB, noTOMy hto Han6oJLinaa qacTB hxb H^erL Ha o6a3aTeJBHHe pac- 
xoah, a ocTaTOES H^eTB Ha HyacAH a-ih Hero nysAUH. OrpaAHTb cbo& 
HHTepecB yMeHBmemeMB iuaTeaa, ecra ero MHiRia 6yAyTB npMHaHH, 
ohb HoseTB Ha 5 hjh Ha 10 pyCjieft, a neat Ay t^mb ajh Toro, tto6i 
npHHATB y*iacTie bx 3cmcehxb co6paHinxB, eiiy hcoGxoahmo, BO-nepBiixi, 
ixaTB bb ropoAB Ha cbI&a^ 3eMjeBjaAiJi>aeBB h xjonoTaTB t> Bu6opt 
ero bb ^hcjo r.iacHHX'B, sariMB eateroAHO 6htb, bb TenemH 10 ah^S» 
vl aeMCEOMB co6pamH, a ecjn ohb 6yAeTB BHfipaHB bb ^hcjo ry6epH- 
CEHXB TJiaCHHXB, TO HpOBOAHTB okojo TpexB HeA^ bb ry6epHCBom 
ropoAi. KpoMi H3Aep»eKB, oahh otphbeh otb cbohxb a*Jt& eMy 6jAT n 
ctohtb 6ox%e, Heaejra bocb HiaTeatB ero bb 3eMCEifi c6opx. CTaio 6htb, 
^ja seMjceBjiaA&stbija h^tb Hnsasoro HHTepeca bb scmceomb co6pama, 
h ecjH ecTB MHoro sejaromexB 6htb rjacHOMn. tobto h jh noTOMy, hto 
sth rocnoAa He yacHHJiH ce6t ao chx^b nopB sHanemfl scmcehxb yqpes- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



XPOHHKA. — a*chtb nrb PE*0PITB. 375 

Aenift, HjranoTOMy, tto sto CBoero poAa pasBjeneme otb Henero A^aTB, — 
pa3BjeieHie, 3a KOTopoe ohh Bcer^a totobu sanjaraTB, met, HaKOHen.'B, 
aejarorb ciymnTB vl seMCTB* hjh mbpobom-b HHCTHTyrb. Haira Moaer^ 
6htb cKaayro, ^to no OTHomemro Kt KOJiroecTBy BjaAieMoft 3eMJH p& 
KpecTBHHBHa npeACTaBjaeTCH Taicme HeBuroAHUMx yqacTBOBaTB bb 3eM- 
ckhxb coCpaHiax-B. 9to OT^acTH cnpaBeAJHBo, TaKB KaKB Kpyr* a*«- 
TejiBHocTH seMCKHxt jnipeaAemS oiem orpaHBHent. Ho hu aojshu. 

UpHHflTL Bt C006pa»eHie, BO-nepBtlXl, HTO KpeCTBflHHHfc CHJIBHO saHHTe- 

pecoBaHi, wb caMOMX pacnpeA^JemH seMCKHxi c6opoB'L, ocTaiomHxca sa, 
yAOBjieTBopeHieMt o6fl3aTejBHux , B pacxo^OBt; a bo-btophxi, mh HHKorAa 
Be roBopaiH, hto cocTaBi seMCKHX'B co6pamfi AO-iaeffB 6htb HenpeMiHHO- 
H3t KpecTLapi; — MH rQBOpHMt TOJBKO, ?T0 JHO^H, KOTOpHe nojEyiaroT^ 
IipaBO TOBOpHTB 01TB HMeHH 3eMCTBa, ^OJIKHH 6tITB H36npaeMH BCiMH 

cocjoBiflMH. A too npH BTHxt ycjOBiax-B b'b seMCKifl coGpamn BofiAer^ 
SHa^HTejLHaa toctb 3eMjeBja f a 1 , fejim 1 eB'L, to sa 3to py^aeTca Kasi Bucmaa 
CTeneflL o6pa30Bama nocjrkAHHX'B, tslkt> h 6oJi>rae6 MaTepiaaBHoe o(5es- 
neieme. 

MHorie roBopnTL, tto eara Ha Btrfopi Cy^yrB hm*tb Bjiiame KpecTBflHe* 
to hxi rojoca mokbo Cyders noKynaTB sa BOAKy. Kohctho, cnpaBeAJH- 
bocth Tajtoro npeAnojosema, Kara oho hh ne^aJBHo, coBepraeHHO ot- 
pHijaTb Hejtaa; noaTOMy mokho noHcsaTB npn^HHt bosmoxhocth Taicora 
jaBjema h nocTapaTLCH Hxt ycTpaHHTB, ho J&maTB ut jhS uaccB o6m,ecTBa. 
BOSMOSHOCTH HMiTB BJMHHie Ha ycTpoftcTBo cbohx-l HHTepeCOB'B — He CO- 
BcfeM*L cnpaBewHBo. Ecjh KpecTBHHe npo^aDTB cboh ro-ioca 3a BOAKy* 
to bto noTOMy, vro ohh He npHAaiorB hm-b HHKasoro SHaneHia. nTyT^ 
roBoparB ohh, HH^ero He noAi-iaeoiB, TaKi AaBaft xotb boakh BunbeMB". 
Ho b^ab noAO<5Hyi) apryMeHTai^iro He TpyAHo bctp^thtb h bb cpeA** 
TaR-B-HasHBaeMHx^, o6pa30BaHHuxi uaccoBi. Ecjh RpecTBjrae npoAarorB. 
cboh rojoca otkphto h hphmo 3a Boaicy, to MHorie H3B rr. seMjeBJia- 
KhjLbnfiWb a* jaiOTB Toae sa 06km h maMnaHCKoe, cb tod tojlbko pa3HHuero, 
^to hx-l rojoca hm4»tx HHor.ua SHa^eHie, a KpecTBHHCKie — HHsaKoro^ 
Hto sa*cb jyqme: BO^Ka hjut masuiaHCKoe? Ho Hameicy MHtHiro, y»e 
jiy^one BO^Ka: OHa ^emeBjie h, cjtAosaTejBHo, KOHKyppeH^H neatly nosy- 
naTejflMH B03M0»Hie. 

3jo, HaKOTopoe mu cefi^acB ysasajin, ycTpaHHeTca, Bo-nepBHxt, o6paso- 
BameirB, a bo-btopux'b— cepBe3HKM'B sna^emeicB wa BOTHpyDH^Hxi Toro 
^tjia, no KOTopoMy ohh no^aDTB cboh rojoca. CaMO co6ok> pa3yMieTCH, 
^to noftaia rojrocoBt mosctb 6htb HCKaaceHa Apyr^HH cpeACTBaMH, ho. 
vh He roBopHMt o6b btomi, a yTBepsAaeirB, ^to to paBHOAymie, bcjt6a- 
CTBiaROToparo npoHcxoAara yKasaHHun HaMH aBjemn, o6*BflCHHeTCH BecBMa. 
npocTo OTcyTCTBieifB cyui,ecTBeHHaro HHTepeca b*l j&x'b. 

HaMB BaSeTCH, TOO H CaMHft SaKOHB npeAHOJaraJPB B03M0SH0CTB Tar- 



Digitized by 



Googk 



376 MCTHEBl 1BP0ITH. 

Boro paBHO^ymia kb jluy. OraTwi 34-a Ho-ioaem* roBoporo: s eciH6ft 
Ha raterf} (3eMjeRia^tjBn 1 eBT>) hhcjo HstinpaTejeft oxasuocB Merifc 
<racja rjacHHXi, noAJiexamnx'B Hsfipami), to bh5oph He npoHSBojaTca, 
a bc6 HsfinpaTeiH ciirravTCH rjacnuMH*. Ecjth He npejpioJaraTB paBHo* 
aynria kb j* jy co cropoHH seiueBxaaiiMjeFB, to He Axa Hero h bbojhtb 
9to npaBHjro, Taxi Kara ihcjo seMjeRia^tjmeB^ fl HtcicoJBKo past 
npeBHinaerb hhcjio onpeftfejeHHHX'B r.iacHHX'B. 

EjHHCTBeHHOe fl*JO, H3l IHCJia BB^peHHUXl 3eMCBHM*B COGpamfiMB, B* 

BOTopoicb sanHTepecoBaHH 3eMjeBjaAi-n>n,H — 9to bhCop* mhpobhxb cy- 
jeft. Ho flaae h bi 9tojtb aixfc KpecTBHHHH'B saHHTepecoBaHB tioxie, 
TaK-B Kara ero HHTepecH BecBMa pt^Ro BuxoaarB h3t> npeatjOB* xHpo- 
Bofi DpncAHKiiiH, Torja Kara seMjeBjaAluelUB othochtch otohb tocto bb 
OKpyxHuft cy#B. pTajio (Shtb, h bi aTora OTHoraemH nbrB pe30Ha npe- 
^ocTRBjaTL aeMjeBjraAiJB^ecKOMy Kjaccy 6oju»mee 3Haieme vh 3cmcmxb 
cofipamaxi. UpaBTHsa AOKasuBaera bho-ih* cnpaBewmocTB Hanrax* 
ciora, too vb A&rfe, HMtK)m,eM'L cepBesHoe 3Haieme ajiz o(SmecTBa,nocjfcj- 
Hee He ocTaerca paBHoaymHHM'B. Ho spafiHefi M*pi, mh He cjnxajiH hh oj- 
Horo cjyroa, htoC-b bi co6pame, HasHaieHHoe ajis. Ba6opa mapoBim cy^eft, 
He hbhjocb aocTaToraoe tccjio rjacHnxi. Ilpn bthxi BnCopaxi seiue- 
Bja^ijrmu AiificTBOBajm Kara opraHH30BaHHaa napria, h cjynaftHOCTaMB, 

MRl BX npeJKHHXt ABOpHHCBHX'B COGpamOTB, He HpeAOCTaBJHJOCB HH- 

?ero. Cor jacHBmeecH 6ojbiiihhctbo jiiicTBOBaJo eflHHoaynrao. Tara Ghio 

BO BCtx-L MiCTHOCTHX'B, HaMfc H3B'fcCTHHX'B. ^Jlfl XapaKTepHCTHKB TaKHXl 

BHfiopoirB, mh CTOTaeiPB He jhihhhm'b npHBecTH cjoBa o^Horo v&b Biia- 
TeJbHMX'B jtbht>, cKa3aHHHfl n&wb no HOBO^y saCajoTHpoBama rocno^HHa, 
bhojih* .nocToftHaro h nojy^HBraaro ropnflHHecKoe o6pa30Bame. „Mh jep- 
aajncB, roBopnjTB HanrB coSeciflHHra, Toro npaBHja, ito jynnie BH6paTB 
hjoxhx'b aa cbohxi, vkwb yneHHX'B — xa npHmjmxx. CboS otb Haci n- 
Ky^a He yft^eTi h mh ero Bcer.ua nok&ewb, ecjra ohb BSXyMaerB a**- 

CTBOBaTB npOTHBl HaCB tt . CjOBa 9TH HCHO yKa3HBaroTB Ha TOTB BpeA"B, 
KOTopnft MoaterB npoH3oftTH orb npeo6jaj;aH)maro Bjinma seMjeBja^iiB^e- 
CKaro KJracca npn BH6op* mbpobblxi cyfleft. Mh He roBopnM^, hto dtorb 

BpeA^ A'feflCTBHTeiBHO CymeCTByeTB, HO AOCTaTOHHO H O^HOft B03M03KHOCTE 

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XPOHHKA. — 4ECJITB MTb PE»0P». 377' 



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BexcRHXi y^pesAemfi. 

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Digitized by 



Googk 



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nojoxema seMcsaro Akia: 

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